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8/19/2016

DesignandanalysisofalgorithmsCourse

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PrisonerEscape
Course
outline
Week1:
Introduction
Week1:
Analysisof
algorithms
Week1Quiz
Week2:
Searchingand
sorting
Week2Quiz

Dueon20160812,23:59IST

PrisonerEscape
(BalticOlympiadinInformatics,2009)
Agroupofwarprisonersaretryingtoescapefromaprison.Theyhave
thoroughlyplannedtheescapefromtheprisonitself,andafterthatthey
hopetofindshelterinanearbyvillage.However,thevillage(markedasB,
seepicturebelow)andtheprison(markedasA)areseparatedbyacanyon
whichisalsoguardedbysoldiers.Thesesoldierssitintheirpicketsand
rarelywalktherangeofviewofeachsoldierislimitedtoexactly100
meters.Thus,dependingonthelocationsofsoldiers,itmaybepossibleto
passthecanyonsafely,keepingthedistancetotheclosestsoldierstrictly
largerthan100metersatanymoment.

Week2
Programming
Assignment
Week3:
Graphs
Week3Quiz
Week3
Programming
Assignment
Prisoner
Escape

Week4:
Weighted
graphs
Week4Quiz
Week4
Programming
Assignment

Youaretowriteaprogramwhich,giventhewidthandthelengthofthe
canyonandthecoordinatesofeverysoldierinthecanyon,andassuming
thatsoldiersdonotchangetheirlocations,determineswhetherprisoners
canpassthecanyonunnoticed.

SolutionHint

ThesoldierscanbemodelledasanundirectedgraphG.Leteachsoldier
berepresentedbyavertex.Addanedgebetweentwoverticesifandonlyif
therangeofviewofthecorrespondingsoldiersoverlaps.Addtwoadditional
Week5:Data
verticessandt,representingthenorthernandsouthernsideofthecanyon,
Structures:
respectively.Connectsandttothoseverticesrepresentingsoldierswho
UnionFind
rangeofviewincludestherespectivesideofthecanyon.Usedepthfirst
andHeaps
searchorbreadthfirstsearchtocheckwhetherthereisapathbetweens
andtinG.
https://onlinecourses.nptel.ac.in/noc16_cs22/progassignment?name=112
1/5

8/19/2016

Week5:Divide
andConquer
Week5Quiz
Week5
Programming
Assignment

DesignandanalysisofalgorithmsCourse

andtinG.

Inputformat
ThefirstlinecontainsthreeintegersL,W,andNthelengthandthewidth
ofthecanyon,andthenumberofsoldiers,respectively.Eachofthe
followingNlinescontainsapairofintegersXiandYithecoordinatesofi
thsoldierinthecanyon(0XiL,0YiW).Thecoordinatesaregiven
inmeters,relativetothecanyon:thesouthwesterncornerofthecanyon
hascoordinates(0,0),andthenortheasterncornerofthecanyonhas
coordinates(L,W),asseeninthepictureabove.Notethatpassingthe
canyonmaystartatcoordinate(0,ys)forany0ysWandendat
coordinate(L,ye)forany0&\leyeW.Neitherysnoryeneedtobe
integer.

Outputformat
Outputasingleinteger:0iftheprisonerscanescape,1iftheycannot.

Testdata
1W50,0001L50,0001N250

Example
Sampleinput1
1303405
1050
130130
70170
0180
60260

Sampleoutput1
1

Sampleinput2
5003004
2500
250300
100150
400150

Sampleoutput2
0
SampleTestCases

TestCase1
https://onlinecourses.nptel.ac.in/noc16_cs22/progassignment?name=112

Input
1303405
1050
130130
70170

Output

1
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8/19/2016

DesignandanalysisofalgorithmsCourse

TestCase2

TestCase3

TestCase4

TestCase5

TestCase6

0180
60260
5003006
1000
100150
100300
4000
400150
400300
5003005
2500
250150
250300
100150
400150
5003004
2500
250300
100150
400150
5003005
5025
45025
100275
250120
400275
5003006
2500
100300
200150
300150
400300
250300

DueDateExceeded.Youscored100.0/100.
Yourlastrecordedsubmissionwas:

https://onlinecourses.nptel.ac.in/noc16_cs22/progassignment?name=112

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DesignandanalysisofalgorithmsCourse

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#include<iostream>
#include<set>
#include<deque>
#include<list>
#include<utility>
usingnamespacestd;
#definesq(x)((x)*(x))
structpt:pair<int,int>
{
inti;
pt(intx=0,inty=0):pair<int,int>(x,y),i(1){}
};

intmain()
{
intL,W,n,r=100,d=2*r;
cin>>L>>W>>n;

set<pt>points;

typedefset<pt>::iteratoriter;
ptP;

list<int>G[n+2];
//PrepareGraphwithintelligence{usinglgnbasedset}
for(inti=1;i<=n;i++)
{
cin>>P.first>>P.second;
P.i=i;
ptQ(P.firstd,P.secondd),R(P.first+d,P.second+d);

iterl=points.lower_bound(Q),u=points.upper_bound(R);
for(iterj=l;j!=u;++j)//onlythosecircleswhichcanoverlap
if(sq(P.firstj>first)+sq(P.secondj>second)<=sq(d))
G[i].push_back(j>i),G[j>i].push_back(i);

if(P.secondr<=0)//ifPistouchingy=0
G[i].push_back(0),G[0].push_back(i);
if(P.second+r>=W)//ifPistouchingy=W
G[i].push_back(n+1),G[n+1].push_back(i);

points.insert(P);
}

//DoDFS/BFStotrack
intvisited[n+2];
for(inti=0;i<n+2;i++)
visited[i]=0;

deque<int>q;
q.push_back(0);//they=0line

while(!q.empty())
{
intv=q.front();
q.pop_front();
if(visited[v])
continue;
visited[v]=1;
if(v==n+1)//they=Lline
{
cout<<1<<"\n";//thereisanpathfromy=0toy=L
return0;
}

for(list<int>::iteratori=G[v].begin();i!=G[v].end();++i)
q.push_back(*i);
}

cout<<0<<"\n";
return0;
}

End

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