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17
0,
0,
0,
0,
0,
0,
0,
0,
0,
0,
0,
0 sun
23 strand
12 succeed
0 surround
0 suspect
0 talk
0 throw
0 tie
0 train
0 treat
0 understand
0 use
23 triumph
23 underestimate
23 upheld
23 veto
0 wait
0 wait for
0 want
0 wear
0 wind
0 work
0 wound
0 write
15 you'll
23 zest

sunned
stranded
succeeded
surrounded
suspected
talked
threw
tied
trained
treated
understood
used
triumphed
underestimated
upheld
vetoed
waited
waited for
wanted
wore
winded; wound
worked
wounded
wrote
#
zested

1552
phoneti
cs
simple
past
word
referenc
e

671
Simple
Past

0
Verb

vacios

68447
35.839 1793

/sksidd/
/srandd/
/tkt/
/ru/
/trend/
/ndstd/
/juzd/

/wetd/
/wetd//f/
/wntd/
/w/
/w3kt/
/rt/

#
1778
simple
past
talked
word
referenc
e

1585

Simple
past
talked
Tellme
more

New
simple
past
talked
duoling
Old
o
simple
past
talked
duoling
o

about= /bat/ ; away= /we/ ;


back= /bk/ ; down= /dan/ ; for= /f/ ;
from= /frm/ ; in= /n/ ; into= /ntu/ ;
of= /v/ ; off= /f/ ; on= /n/ ; out=
/at/ ; over= /v/ ; to= /tu/ ;
through= /ru/ ; up= /p/
#
2434
2411
2409

US

surraunded
tookt

iust

iust

iust

uided
uanted(uanuanted(ua uanted

uerkt
reut

reut

#
#

#
#

#
#

treind

US-Southern

andeerstud
iuusd

US-Southern
US-Southern

#
#
uanted
#

#
#
US
#

#
1778

1612

2368

simple
past
talked
Google

simple
past
talked
word
referenc
e

1691

2379

phoneti
cs
simple
past
Collins

UK

US

saksidded
serraunded

#
#

#
#

tookt
zriu

treind

UK-RP

treind

andeestud
iuusd

UK-RP
UK

andested
iuusd

#
#
uanted
#

#
#
UK
#

ueited
uedeifor
uanted
uoor

UK

juzd

juzd

wntd

ueekt

wkt

reut

rot

rt

#
2379

simple
past
talked
Collins
US

671
Past
Participl
e

2368

UK

iuzd

iuuzd

uanted

ueekt

reut

rent

sunned
stranded
succeeded
surrounded
suspected
talked
thrown
tied
trained
treated
understood
used
triumphed
underestimated
upheld
vetoed
waited
waited for
wanted
worn
winded; wound
worked
wounded
written
#
zested

sunning
stranding
succeeding
surrounding
suspecting
talking
throwing
tying
training
treating
understanding
using
triumphing
underestimating
upholding
vetoing
waiting
waiting for
wanting
wearing
winding
working
wounding
writing
#
zesting

1258
3ra
persone
present

Present
Participl
e

667

suns
strands
succeeds
surrounds
suspects
talks
throws
ties
trains
treats
understands
uses
triumphs
underestimates
upholds
vetoes
waits
waits for
wants
wears
winds
works
wounds
writes
#
zests

His basket is fuller than mine.


The butcher's steaks are fresher than the supermarket's.
Is your car big enough, or should we take hers?
Mike's cake tastes better than Jamie's.
Use my refrigerator if yours is full.
We'll need my silverware and yours too.
Let's go to the butcher's and buy a leg of lamb for Sunday.
All right, where is it?
Across the street from the small grocery store.
How much is a leg of lamb?
Not very expensive and I'll cook it in the oven.
Great, and you can serve it with carrots and potatoes.
What time is it?
It's 11:30.
The supermarket is going to close at noon.
What so you need to get?
I need a chicken, a pound of potatoes and a pack of butter.
I can go with you and push the cart!
They arrive at the supermarket at noon.
They take a cart and go into the store.
First they get some eggs and butter.
Then they find two loaves of bread.
They want a sponge cake but there aren't any left.
They decide to get some strawberry tarts.
Where's the shopping list?
Here it is. Do we need any milk?
Yes, a big carton.
What about some sugar?
Yes, I want to make a cake when we get home.
Don't forget the flour!
My favorite season is summer.
It is warm all the time.
I love to play tennis.
I get up early and go to the gym.
It's the best season.
------------------------------------------------------------------Hello, how are you?
Sorry, I don't recognize you.
We met at the party yesterday evening.
I remember, how's everything?
Just fine!

Here we are. You may get in and sit down.


I'll put your bags in the trunk for you.
You have a really nice car.
It's pretty old but it works just fine.
It looks like an Italian car.
How old are you?
Twenty, my birthday was last month.
You'll meet lots of Americans here!
I hope they'll understand me when I speak English.
Don't worry, everything will be fine.
One day you find a brochure in your mailbox.
The ad offers inexpensive summer homes to rent.
You call for more information.
They still have several places left.
And they are close to the ocean.
That is just what you need!
My new apartment is very large.
I have a living room, a dining space and a big kitchen.
The kitchen has two windows which open onto the backyard.
I also have two nice bedrooms, so I can invite my friends over for the weekend.
I don't have much furniture, so they bring their sleeping bags.
We eat dinner outside on the veranda and always have a good time.
The Martin family decides to take a summer vacation.
They find a nice place near the ocean.
They will be staying there for two weeks.
The place is close to the tennis courts and playground.
Mr. Martin likes to play tennis with his daughter.
The young children like to play on the beach.
This villa is horrible!
Look at the color of the carpet!
And the shutters are stuck!
The curtain rod's fallen off in the bedroom!
The kitchen isn't clean at all!
And there's a huge building in front of this window!
We went on vacation on Friday.
Our car was so full!
I don't understand why we need so much!
Bob put his surfboard on the roof of the car.
Tom put the life jackets and the flippers in the trunk with the suitcases.
We left the hammock in the garage at home.

I'm closing the last suitcase and I'm so happy!


I am going on vacation tomorrow.
I am staying in a summer house I rented.
It is on an island, facing the ocean.
I am taking my surfboard, my beach umbrella and my deckchairs.
I have to remember my bikini and sunglasses!
We are having a good time on our vacation.
The resort is facing the ocean.
The beach is wonderful, except for the wasps!
The children love swimming and making sandcastles.
They also love to splash us when we are sleeping.
Next year we'll rent the same house.
Some people don't like vacations at the beach.
If there are jellyfish, they can sting you.
You can get sand in your eyes, in your bathing suit or in the sandwiches.
The water can be cold.
The flies get in the food, too.
And you can get sunburned!
You are working for a firm in Chicago.
It will soon be Labor Day, a popular American holiday.
Somebody invites you to go to a picnic.
You and your friends find a nice spot in the park.
You eat hamburgers, hot dogs and potato salad.
Later on people play a game of baseball.
What's Apollo one?
The first U.S. space capsule.
And the Titanic?
The ship that was supposed to be unsinkable.
Where did the Mayflower land?
Off the coast of Massachusetts.
How about coming with us to the lake this weekend?
Sorry, I'm behind in my work.
I have to come into the office.
I have two reports to finish by Monday.
That's too bad!
Maybe next weekend, OK?
Bob woke up with a terrible headache.
And he was shaking with fever.
He called his family doctor.
The doctor came to the house and examined him.
He gave Bob some medicine and told him he had the flu.
Bob stayed home from work for a week.

Is he a teenager?
Are they your grandparents?
Am I funny?
Is the view pretty?
Are you happy with your job?
Is it an old house?
Do you want to go to the movies?
All right, what time is it?
It's eight o'clock now.
We have to go soon.
Where's your car?
It's outside in the street.
Do you want a cup of coffee?
Yes, but not weak.
And don't fill up the cup.
Is it too hot?
Hot, it's boiling.
I need a pencil. Do you have one?
Yes. Look on my desk.
Where is your desk?
In my bedroom, next to the bathroom.
I see it now.
Look, there's a blue butterfly on the chair!
Yes, it's very nice.
Look, behind you!
What is it?
It's a big, fat wasp!
How old are you?
Twenty, my birthday was last month.
You'll meet lots of Americans here!
I hope they'll understand me when I speak English.
Don't worry, everything will be fine.
Here we are. You may get in and sit down.
I'll put your bags in the trunk for you.
You have a really nice car.
It's pretty old but it works just fine.
It looks like an Italien car.
By the way, what's your last name?
My last name is Smith.
Do you speak another language?

Just a little Spanish and Italian.


That's nice, I wish I could too.

1 You are working for a firm in Chicago.


It will soon be Labor Day, a popular American holiday.
Somebody invites you to go to a picnic.
You and your friends find a nice spot in the park.
5 You eat hamburgers, hot dogs and potato salad.
Later on people play a game of baseball.
What's Apollo one?
The first u.s. space capsule.
And the titanic?
The ship that was supposed to be unsinkable.
12 Where did the Mayflower land?
Off the coast of Massachusetts.
How about coming with us to the lake this weekend?
Sorry, i'm behind in my work.
I have to come into the office.
18 I have two reports to finish by Monday.
That's too bad!
Maybe next weekend, ok?
Bob woke up with a terrible headache.
And he was shaking with fever.
He called his family doctor.
25 The doctor came to the house and examined him.
He gave Bob some medicine and told him he had the flu.
Bob stayed home from work for a week.

Hello, how are you?


Sorry, I don't recognize you.
We met at the party yesterday evening.
I remember, how's everything?
Just fine.

OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
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OK
OK
OK
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OK
OK
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.
0 a few
0 a long time
0 a lot
0 a lot of
0 a year
0 about all
0 according to
0 guess who
0 practical joker
0 as much as
0 over here
0 over there
0 as soon as
0 as long as
0 as far as
0 don't you?
0 can I try it on?
0 around the clock
0 energy hog

.
unos, algunos, unos pocos
mucho tiempo
mucho
mucho, mucha, muchos, muchas
al ao
sobre todo
segn
adivina quien (soy)
bromista
tanto como
por aqu
por alli
tan pronto como
siempre y cuando, a condicion de
en la medida que, en tanto en cuanto, en relacin con
verdad? no es asi?no? cierto? no es cierto?no es verdad?
puedo probarmelo?
durante todo el dia, dia y noche
algo que traga mucha energia

aiier

ges ju

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It's surprising what you can find at the end or your garden. Wild flowers and
even smaller yet, insects!
Look! This caterpillar can't even see his friend who's hiding on the same leaf.
His vision is very bad, no doubt, but finding glasses his size is very difficult!
And did you see the praying mantis? Her camouflage is very effective. Nature
has givan her the best of defenses: invisibility.
How annoying to be woken up by an impolite caterpillar! You'll have to find another leaf to
finish your nap.
At the very beginning of his life, the caterpillar is yellow and black. He builds a
cocoon, metamorphoses and becomes a handsome butterfly. He now has black
and orange wings.
Overnight he has become the symbol of good weather and everyone loves
him. Which isn't the case for the other creepy-crawlies!
Don't worry, this little black and white kitten in the basket isn't the dish of the
day. Listen to her purr.
She's looking at her "doggy" friends and would like to play with them. What
vitality! The brown dog must bring the stick back to his owner, but the black
dog says it's his. "Give it to me! It's mine!"
It's well known that only dogs would play and fight for a piece of wood. But some of our
sports may seem just as bizarre to animals.
Let's change location! Let's go on a safari! There, where the animals are still
wild!
In the savannah you can find the zebra. From the same family as the horse, he's got black
and white stripes. You'd think he's wearing pajamas. Even at noon!
Look! There are giraffes as well! They've got spots, however. With their long neck, they're
sometimes more than fifteen feet tall.
They don't need a ladder to eat the best leaves on the tree. But with a neck like theirs,
you don't want to get a core throat in the winter.
Far from the savannah this horse is running in his field. Like a car, a horse has
four speeds. He walks, trots, gallops and bolts.
It's best not to be on his back when he does that. If not, you'll find yourself in a rodeo. To
help you get off, the horse bucks.

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In for a penny in for a pound


In for a dime in for a dollar
In the altogether
Indeed
Inside out
Is cutting edge
Is giving him hell
Is water under the bridge
It gives me the goosebumps/It gives me creep
It sounds Greek to me
It turns out that
Its a rip off
Its bullshit
Its finger licking good
Its high time/About time
Its in the lap of the Gods
Its my treat / Its on me
Its not a big deal / Its not that of a big deal
Its on the house
Its raining cats and dogs
Its up to you
Its worthless
Ive enough on my plate
Just in case
Keep an eye on
Keep dreaming
Keep it up
Keep you hair on!
Kind of/Give or take
Kiss and make up
Last but one
Last night
Lest you forget
Like father, like son
Like water off ducks back
Long story short
Long time no see!
Look out!
Make my day
Make up your mind
Make yourself at home
Maybe
Me neither
Meanwhile/In the meantime
Mind the gap

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Mofo
Moreover
Much to my dismay
My bad
My goodness!
Never again
Never mind
New brush sweeps clean but old broom knows all th
No bother
No brainer
No way
No wonder
No worries
Nor/neither do I
Not a chance / No way in hell
Not at all/Youre welcome/Its Ok
Not Bad
Not for nothing
Not half!
Not my bussiness
Not my cup of tea
Not worth a penny/red cent
Not worth a shit
Off the top of my head
Oh dear!
Oh my Gosh
On one hand on the other hand
On the face of it
On your bike!
Once in a lifetime
Once in a while/from time to time
Out of the blue
Over and over again
Paint from the same brush
Pardon my French
Peanut bladder
Phony baloney
Piece of cake!
Piss off
Pleasure/Bless you
Point taken
Raining cat and dogs
Really?
Rings a bell
Say when

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See you anon


Seen
Shake/show a leg!
Shame on you!
She turns me on
Shoot the breeze
Shut the fuck up!
Shut up!
So bad/badly
. So do I
. So long
. Some other time
. Speaking of which
. Start froom scratch
. Stick someones nose up at someone
. Stop Messing around
. Such is life/Thats life/Lifes like that
. Suck it up
. Take it easy
. Talking of the devil
. Thanks in advance
. Thats quite dodgy
. Thats the straw that brokes the camels back
. Thats what I mean
. Thats what matters/Thats all that matters
. The more the merrier
. The seal is broken
. The sooner the better
. Think twice
. This is my bread and butter
. This is not rocket science
. To ask for the moon
. To bang/screw [alguien]
. To be a bellend
. To be a cunt
. To be a dickhead
. To be between the devil and the deep/between a ro
. To be caught between a rock and a hard place
. To be down to fuck
. To be high/stone
. To be on the ball
. To be/sit on the fence
. To be over the moon
. To be such a [adjetivo]
. To be wasted/blackout/legless

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To be/feel under the weather


To blackmail
To call it a day
To cheat on
To chew the carpet
To clutch straws
To cut the cheese
To do [alguien]
To feel blue
To get along
To get by
To get frisky
To get laid
To get rid of [algo/alguien
To get the hang of it
To give somebody a lift
To go all out
To hang around
To hang up
To have a blast
To have a bone to pick (with someone)
To have a finger in every pie
To have a thing about [something]
To have an argue
To have forty winks
To have the face
To keep at bay
To make a point
To make do
To make out
To make out
To murder something
To run an errand
To see eye to eye with somebody
To set the (whole) world on fire
To shag/press
To snog
To sow your wild oats
To spoil [somebody] rotten
To sum up
To take [something] with a pinch of salt
To tan somebodys hide
Toff/Posh
Train bound for
Upside down

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Watch out!
Were even
What a drag!
What a horses ass
What a palaver!
What a pity
What a rip off!
What a shame!
What the fuck?
What does it have to do with
What were you up to?
Whatever
Who is this?
Who on earth.?
Without any doubt
You and what army?
You are on your own
You never know
You rock!
Youve got another thing coming
Youre fit
Youre hot
Youre on thin ice

De perdidos alro (UK)


De perdidos al ro (US)
En pelotas
Ya lo creo
Del revs
Es el ltimo grito/moda
Le hace la vida imposible
Es agua pasada (cuando se hacen las paces por ejemplo)
Me pone la piel de gallina(Hacemos un inciso, si bien es cierto que vienen a decir lo mismo, la connot
Me suena a chino
Resulta que
Es una estafa
Es una mierda
Est para chuparse los dedos
Ya es hora / Ya va siendo hora
Que sea lo que Dios quiera
Invito yo
No es para tanto
Invita la casa/por cuenta de la casa
Llueve a cntaros
Como t quieras / Depende de ti (en tono amable)
No vale nada
No puedo ms (en la vida)
Por si acaso / Por si las moscas
Vigila a/Echa un ojo a
Sigue soando
Sigue as
Clmate!
Ms o menos
Borrn y cuenta nueva
Penltimo
Anoche
Para que no (te) olvides
De tal palo, tal astilla
Palabras necias, odos sordos British
Resumiendo
Cunto tiempo!
Cuidado!
Algrame el da
Decdete / Decide t
Ests en tu casa (expresin de cortesa)
Tal vez/A lo mejor
Yo tampoco (informal)
Mientras tanto
Cuidado con el hueco

Modo abreviado y vulgar (ms an) de decir motherfucker


Adems
Para mi desgracia
Culpa ma (USA)
Madre ma!
Nunca ms
No importa (tono amable)
Mejor malo conocido que bueno por conocer British
No te preocupes / no es molestia
Sin duda
Ni hablar / De ninguna manera
No me extraa
Sin problema / no te preocupes
Yo tampoco
Ninguna posibilidad / Ni de coa
De nada (tras agradecimiento)
No est mal
No es por nada
Ya lo creo! / Por supuesto! (Do you fancy a beer? not half te apetece una cerveza?, ya lo creo)
No es asunto mo
No es lo mo British
No vale un duro
No vale una mierda
As, de cabeza | Creo recordar que
Oh Dios! / Dios mio!
Forma polticamente correcta de decir Oh my God
Por un lado por otro lado
Segn las apariencias
Vete por ah /no me cuentes milongas/no me cuentes historias
Una vez en la vida
De vez en cuando
Como cado del cielo
Una y otra vez
Distinto perro, mismo collar British
Perdn por lo que voy a decir/acabo de decir (palabras malsonantes)
(Vejiga del tamao de un cacahuete) para los que no paran de ir al bao
Cuento chino
Est chupado!
Mandar a la mierda a alguien o cabrear alguien
Jess (para cuando alguien estornuda)
Te entiendo (el punto de vista)
Lloviendo a cantaros
En serio?
Me suena
Cuando sirves algo dices say when para que te digan cuando parar

Te veo luego
Ya/aham (forma de asentir en UK)
Espabila! / levntate! / muvete!
Vergenza debera darte
Me pone (cachondo, a tono)
Darle a la lengua
Cllate de una puta vez!
Cllate!
Mucho / Un montn (I love you so bad)
Como yo / Yo tambin
Hasta la vista
Otra vez ser
Hablando de lo cual
Empezar de cero
Mirar por encima del hombro British
Deja de hacer el tonto
As es la vida
Te aguantas / Te jodes
Tmatelo con calma
Hablando del rey de Roma
Gracias por adelantado
Eso es muy cutre
Esta es la gota que colma el vaso
Aeso me refiero
Eso es lo que cuenta
Cuanto ms, mejor
Me estoy meando. Lo usan sobre todo las chicas
Cuanto antes, mejor
Pinsalo dos veces
Con esto me gano la vida
No es tan difcil (si alguien est intentando hacer algo fcil y no sabe cmo)
Pedir peras al olmo
Tirarsea alguien
Ser un capullo
Ser un capullo/gilipollas British
Ser un capullo/gilipollas (se pronuncia dicked)
Estar entre la espada y la pared
Entre la espada y la pared British
Querer un polvo
Estar colocado/ciego/borracho
Estar en la onda/al da
Dudar
Estar feliz, contento
Ser un autntico [adjetivo]
Estar bastante borracho

Sentirse mal/enfermo
Chantajear
Dar algo por terminado
Poner los cuernos
Tragarse el orgullo
Agarrarse a un clavo ardiendo
Tirarse un pedo
Liarse (con alguien, plan folleteo)
Estar deprimido, de capa cada
Llevarse bien
Para ir tirando/Para arreglrselas
Ponerse juguetn (en sentido sexual)
Acostarse, tener sexo con alguien, echar un polvo
Librarse de [algo/alguien]
Pillarle el truco
Llevar a alguien (en coche, en moto)
Hacer todo lo posible / Darlo todo
Andar por ah
Colgar (telfono)
Pasarlo bien / divertirse / pasarlo pipa
Tener cuentas que ajustar (con alguien)
Estar en misa y repicando / Intentar estar en todo a la vez
Estar loco, obsesionado por algo
Tener una discusin
Dar una cabezadita
Estar de morros
Mantener a raya
Querer dejar clara una cosa
Conformarse
Enrollarse (pareja)
Entender
Modo informal de decir que te apetece comer o beber algo
Hacer un recado
Tener el mismo punto de vista / Ver de la misma manera
Comerse el mundo
Follar British
Morrearse
Ir de flor en flor
Malcriar/mimar/consentir a alguien
En resumen
Coger algo conpinzas (sobre algo que te han dicho)
Darle una paliza a alguien
Pijo
Tren con destino a..
Boca abajo / patas arriba / del revs / invertido (dado la vuelta)

Cuidado!
Estamos en paz
Vaya coazo
Vaya imbcil!
Menudo folln!
Qu pena
Vaya/menuda estafa!
Qu vergenza!/Que pena!/Qu lstima!
Qu cojones?
Qu tiene que ver esto con
Qu estabas haciendo?
Lo que sea (resignado)
Quin es? (al responder una llamada de telfono)
Quin coo?
Sin ninguna duda
T y cuantos ms?
Ests solo en esto
Nunca se sabe
Tmolas!
Lo tienes claroLa llevas clara! (connotacin irnica)
Ests en forma / Ests bueno British
Ests bueno/a
Te la ests jugando

en a decir lo mismo, la connotacin de ambas es distinta, es decir It gives me the goosebumps se dice cuando

e una cerveza?, ya lo creo)

he goosebumps se dice cuando algo te pone la piel de gallina en el buen sentido de la frase; This song gives m

o de la frase; This song gives me the goosebumps, por el otro lado la frase It gives me creep tiene connotac

gives me creep tiene connotacin negativa y hace referencia a algo que te da escalofros o miedo)

scalofros o miedo)

Infinitivo
Pretrito
Participio de Pasado
Traduccin
abided/abode
abided/abode
aguantar
arose
arisen
surgir
awoke/awaked
awoken/awaked
despertar
was, were
been
ser, estar
bore
borne
llevar, aguantar
beat
beaten
batir, golpear
became
become
hacerse, ponerse
begot/begat
begotten
engendrar
began
begun
comenzar
bent
bent
torcer
besought/beseeched
besought/beseeched
suplicar
bet/betted
bet/betted
apostar
bade/bid
bidden/bid
ofrecer
bound

Pretrito
Participio de Pasado Traduccin
Participio de PasadoTraduccin
abide
Traduccin
abide
abided/abode
abide
abided/abode
abided/abode
abided/abode
aguantar
arise
aguantar
arise
arose
arise
arose
arisen
arisen
surgir
awake
surgir
awake
awoke/awaked
awake
awoke/awaked
awoken/awaked
awoken/awaked
despertar
be
despertar
be
was, were
be
was, were
been
been
ser, estar
bear
ser, estar
bear
bore
bear
bore
borne
borne
llevar, aguantar
beat
llevar, aguantar
beat
beat
beat
beat
beaten
beaten
batir, golpear
become
batir, golpear
become
became
become
became
become
become
hacerse, ponerse
beget
hacerse, ponerse beget
begot/begat
beget
begot/begat
begotten
begotten
engendrar
begin
engendrar
begin
began
begin
began
begun
begun
comenzar
bend
comenzar
bend
bent
bend
bent
bent
bent
torcer
beseech
torcer
beseech
besought/beseeched
beseech
besought/beseeched besought/beseeched
besought/beseechedsuplicar
bet
suplicar
bet
bet/betted
bet
bet/betted
bet/betted
bet/betted
apostar
bid
apostar
bid
bade/bid
bid
bade/bid
bidden/bid
bidden/bid
ofrecer
bind
ofrecer
bind
bound
bind
bound
bound
bound
atar, amarrar
bite

bound
atar, amarrar
bite
bit
atar, amarrar
bite
bit
bitten
bit
bitten
morder, picar
bleed
bitten
morder, picar
bleed
bled
morder, picar
bleed
bled
bled
bled
bled
sangrar
blow
bled
sangrar
blow
blew
sangrar
blow
blew
blown
blew
blown
soplar
break
blown
soplar
break
broke
soplar
break
broke
broken
broke
broken
romper
breed
broken
romper
breed
bred
romper
breed
bred
bred
bred
bred
criar
bring
bred
criar
bring
brought
criar
bring
brought
brought
brought
brought
traer, llevar
build
brought
traer, llevar
build
built
traer, llevar
build
built
built
built
built
construir
burn
built
construir
burn
burned/burnt (Brit)
construir
burn
burned/burnt (Brit) burned/burnt (Brit)
burned/burnt (Brit)
burned/burnt (Brit) quemar
burst
burned/burnt (Brit)
quemar
burst
burst
quemar
burst
burst
burst
burst
burst
reventar(se), romper(buy
burst
reventar(se), romperbuy
bought
reventar(se), romper(sebuy
bought
bought
bought
bought
comprar
can
bought
comprar
can
could
comprar
can
could
could
poder
cast
poder
cast
cast
poder
cast
cast
cast
cast
cast
echar, lanzar
catch
cast
echar, lanzar
catch
caught
echar, lanzar
catch
caught
caught
caught
caught
coger, agarrar
chide
caught
coger, agarrar
chide
chided/chid
coger, agarrar
chide
chided/chid
chided/chidden
chided/chid
chided/chidden
reprender
choose
chided/chidden
reprender
choose
chose
reprender
choose
chose
chosen
chose
chosen
elegir, escoger
cleave (fendre)

chosen
elegir, escoger
cleft/clove
cleft/cloven
partir, hender
cleaved
cleaved
adherirse, aferrarse
clung
clung
pegarse, agarrarse
came
come
venir, llegar
cost/costed
cost/costed
costar, valer
crept
crept
arrastrarse
cut
cut
cortar
dared/durst (arch.)
dared
atreverse
dealt
dealt
tramitar, operar
dug
dug
cavar, excavar
dived/dove (US)
dived
tirarse, sumergirse
did
done
hacer
drew
drawn
tirar, sacar
dreamed/dreamt
dreamed/dreamt
soar
drank

elegir, escoger
cleave (fendre)
cleave (fendre)
cleft/clove
cleft/cloven
partir, hender
partir, hender
cleave (sattacher)
cleave (sattacher) cleaved
cleaved
adherirse, aferrarse
adherirse, aferrarse cling
cling
clung
clung
pegarse, agarrarse
pegarse, agarrarse come
come
came
come
venir, llegar
venir, llegar
cost
cost
cost/costed
cost/costed
costar, valer
costar, valer
creep
creep
crept
crept
arrastrarse
arrastrarse
cut
cut
cut
cut
cortar
cortar
dare
dare
dared/durst (arch.)
dared
atreverse
atreverse
deal
deal
dealt
dealt
tramitar, operar
tramitar, operar
dig
dig
dug
dug
cavar, excavar
cavar, excavar
dive
dive
dived/dove (US)
dived
tirarse, sumergirse
tirarse, sumergirse do
do
did
done
hacer
hacer
draw
draw
drew
drawn
tirar, sacar
tirar, sacar
dream
dream
dreamed/dreamt
dreamed/dreamt
soar
soar
drink
drink
drank
drunk
beber, tomar

cleft/clove
cleft/cloven
cleave (sattacher)
cleaved
cleaved
cling
clung
clung
come
came
come
cost
cost/costed
cost/costed
creep
crept
crept
cut
cut
cut
dare
dared/durst (arch.)
dared
deal
dealt
dealt
dig
dug
dug
dive
dived/dove (US)
dived
do
did
done
draw
drew
drawn
dream
dreamed/dreamt
dreamed/dreamt
drink
drank
drunk
drive

drunk
beber, tomar
drove
driven
conducir, manejar
dwelt/dwelled
dwelt/dwelled
morar, vivir
ate
eaten
comer
fell
fallen
caer(se)
fed
fed
avivar, alimentar
felt
felt
sentir
fought
fought
luchar, pelear
found
found
encontrar
fled
fled
huir
flung
flung
lanzar, arrojar
flew
flown
volar
forbad(e)
forbidden
prohibir
forgot
forgotten
olvidar
forsook
forsaken
abandonar
froze

beber, tomar
drive
driven
conducir, manejar
dwell
dwelt/dwelled
morar, vivir
eat
eaten
comer
fall
fallen
caer(se)
feed
fed
avivar, alimentar
feel
felt
sentir
fight
fought
luchar, pelear
find
found
encontrar
flee
fled
huir
fling
flung
lanzar, arrojar
fly
flown
volar
forbid
forbidden
prohibir
forget
forgotten
olvidar
forsake
forsaken
abandonar
freeze
frozen

drive
drove
conducir, manejar
dwell
dwelt/dwelled
morar, vivir
eat
ate
comer
fall
fell
caer(se)
feed
fed
avivar, alimentar
feel
felt
sentir
fight
fought
luchar, pelear
find
found
encontrar
flee
fled
huir
fling
flung
lanzar, arrojar
fly
flew
volar
forbid
forbad(e)
prohibir
forget
forgot
olvidar
forsake
forsook
abandonar
freeze
froze
helar

drove
driven
dwell
dwelt/dwelled
dwelt/dwelled
eat
ate
eaten
fall
fell
fallen
feed
fed
fed
feel
felt
felt
fight
fought
fought
find
found
found
flee
fled
fled
fling
flung
flung
fly
flew
flown
forbid
forbad(e)
forbidden
forget
forgot
forgotten
forsake
forsook
forsaken
freeze
froze
frozen
get

frozen
helar
got
got/gotten (US)
conseguir
gilded
gilded/gilt
dorar
girded/girt
girded/girt
ceir de, rodear de
gave
given
dar
went
gone
ir(se)
ground
ground
moler, picar
grew
grown
crecer
hung/hanged (Jur)
hung/hanged (Jur)
colgar
had
had
tener
heard
heard
or
heaved/hove (Naut)
heaved/hove (Naut)
tirar, empujar
hewed
hewn/hewed (US)
cortar, tallar
hid
hidden/hid
esconder(se)
hit
hit
pegar, golpear
held

helar
get
get
got
got/gotten (US)
conseguir
conseguir
gild
gild
gilded
gilded/gilt
dorar
dorar
gird
gird
girded/girt
girded/girt
ceir de, rodear de
ceir de, rodear de give
give
gave
given
dar
dar
go
go
went
gone
ir(se)
ir(se)
grind
grind
ground
ground
moler, picar
moler, picar
grow
grow
grew
grown
crecer
crecer
hang
hang
hung/hanged (Jur)
hung/hanged (Jur) colgar
colgar
have
have
had
had
tener
tener
hear
hear
heard
heard
or
or
heave
heave
heaved/hove (Naut)
heaved/hove (Naut) tirar, empujar
tirar, empujar
hew
hew
hewed
hewn/hewed (US) cortar, tallar
cortar, tallar
hide
hide
hid
hidden/hid
esconder(se)
esconder(se)
hit
hit
hit
hit
pegar, golpear
pegar, golpear
hold
hold
held
held
tener, abrazar

got
got/gotten (US)
gild
gilded
gilded/gilt
gird
girded/girt
girded/girt
give
gave
given
go
went
gone
grind
ground
ground
grow
grew
grown
hang
hung/hanged (Jur)
hung/hanged (Jur)
have
had
had
hear
heard
heard
heave
heaved/hove (Naut)
heaved/hove (Naut)
hew
hewed
hewn/hewed (US)
hide
hid
hidden/hid
hit
hit
hit
hold
held
held
hurt

held
tener, abrazar
hurt
hurt
lastimar, perjudicar
kept
kept
guardar
knelt/kneeled
knelt/kneeled
arrodillarse
knew
known
saber
laded
laden
cargar de
laid
laid
poner, colocar
led
led
llevar, guiar
leaned/leant
leaned/leant
apoyarse
leaped/leapt
leaped/leapt
saltar
learned/learnt
learned/learnt
aprender
left
left
dejar, partir
lent
lent
prestar
let
let
dejar
lay
lain
tenderse, acostarse
lied

tener, abrazar
hurt
hurt
hurt
hurt
lastimar, perjudicar
lastimar, perjudicar keep
keep
kept
kept
guardar
guardar
kneel
kneel
knelt/kneeled
knelt/kneeled
arrodillarse
arrodillarse
know
know
knew
known
saber
saber
lade
lade
laded
laden
cargar de
cargar de
lay
lay
laid
laid
poner, colocar
poner, colocar
lead
lead
led
led
llevar, guiar
llevar, guiar
lean
lean
leaned/leant
leaned/leant
apoyarse
apoyarse
leap
leap
leaped/leapt
leaped/leapt
saltar
saltar
learn
learn
learned/learnt
learned/learnt
aprender
aprender
leave
leave
left
left
dejar, partir
dejar, partir
lend
lend
lent
lent
prestar
prestar
let
let
let
let
dejar
dejar
lie (sallonger)
lie (sallonger)
lay
lain
tenderse, acostarse
tenderse, acostarse lie (mentir)
lie (mentir)
lied
lied
mentir

hurt
hurt
keep
kept
kept
kneel
knelt/kneeled
knelt/kneeled
know
knew
known
lade
laded
laden
lay
laid
laid
lead
led
led
lean
leaned/leant
leaned/leant
leap
leaped/leapt
leaped/leapt
learn
learned/learnt
learned/learnt
leave
left
left
lend
lent
lent
let
let
let
lie (sallonger)
lay
lain
lie (mentir)
lied
lied
light

lied
mentir
lit/lighted
lit/lighted
encender, iluminar
lost
lost
perder
made
made
hacer
might
poder
meant
meant
significar
met
met
encontrar(se), conocer
mowed
mowed/mown
segar, cortar
paid
paid
pagar
put
put
poner, meter
quit/quitted
quit/quitted
renunciar, abandonar
read
read
leer
rent
rent
rasgar, desgarrar
rid/ridded
rid/ridded
deshacerse de
rode
ridden
montar en, ir en
rang

mentir
light
lit/lighted
light
lit/lighted
lit/lighted
lit/lighted
encender, iluminar lose
encender, iluminar lose
lost
lose
lost
lost
lost
perder
make
perder
make
made
make
made
made
made
hacer
may
hacer
may
might
may
might
poder
mean
poder
mean
meant
mean
meant
meant
meant
significar
meet
significar
meet
met
meet
met
met
met
encontrar(se), conocemow
encontrar(se), conocmow
mowed
mow
mowed
mowed/mown
mowed/mown
segar, cortar
pay
segar, cortar
pay
paid
pay
paid
paid
paid
pagar
put
pagar
put
put
put
put
put
put
poner, meter
quit
poner, meter
quit
quit/quitted
quit
quit/quitted
quit/quitted
quit/quitted
renunciar, abandonarread
renunciar, abandonaread
read
read
read
read
read
leer
rend
leer
rend
rent
rend
rent
rent
rent
rasgar, desgarrar
rid
rasgar, desgarrar rid
rid/ridded
rid
rid/ridded
rid/ridded
rid/ridded
deshacerse de
ride
deshacerse de
ride
rode
ride
rode
ridden
ridden
montar en, ir en
ring
montar en, ir en
ring
rang
ring
rang
rung
rung
llamar, sonar
rise

rung
llamar, sonar
rose
risen
levantarse, elevarse
ran
run
correr
sawed
sawed/sawn
serrar
said
said
decir
saw
seen
ver
sought
sought
buscar
sold
sold
vender
sent
sent
enviar
set
set
poner
sewed
sewed/sewn
coser
shook
shaken
sacudir, mover
shaved
shaved/shaven
afeitar(se), rasurar(se)
sheared
sheared/shorn
esquilar
shed
shed
derramar
shone

llamar, sonar
rise
rose
rise
rose
risen
risen
levantarse, elevarse run
levantarse, elevarserun
ran
run
ran
run
run
correr
saw
correr
saw
sawed
saw
sawed
sawed/sawn
sawed/sawn
serrar
say
serrar
say
said
say
said
said
said
decir
see
decir
see
saw
see
saw
seen
seen
ver
seek
ver
seek
sought
seek
sought
sought
sought
buscar
sell
buscar
sell
sold
sell
sold
sold
sold
vender
send
vender
send
sent
send
sent
sent
sent
enviar
set
enviar
set
set
set
set
set
set
poner
sew
poner
sew
sewed
sew
sewed
sewed/sewn
sewed/sewn
coser
shake
coser
shake
shook
shake
shook
shaken
shaken
sacudir, mover
shave
sacudir, mover
shave
shaved
shave
shaved
shaved/shaven
shaved/shaven
afeitar(se), rasurar(seshear
afeitar(se), rasurar( shear
sheared
shear
sheared
sheared/shorn
sheared/shorn
esquilar
shed
esquilar
shed
shed
shed
shed
shed
shed
derramar
shine (briller)
derramar
shine (briller)
shone
shine (briller)
shone
shone
shone
brillar
shine (faire briller)

shone
brillar
shone/shined
shone/shined
sacar brillo a
shod/shoed
shod/shoed
herrar
shot
shot
pegar un tiro a
showed
shown/showed
mostrar
shrank
shrunk
encoger(se)
shut
shut
cerrar
sang
sung
cantar
sank
sunk
hundir
sat
sat
sentarse
slew
slain
matar
slept
slept
dormir
slid
slid
deslizarse
slung
slung
lanzar
slunk
slunk
zafarse
slit/slitted

brillar
shine (faire briller)
shone/shined
sacar brillo a
shoe
shod/shoed
herrar
shoot
shot
pegar un tiro a
show
shown/showed
mostrar
shrink
shrunk
encoger(se)
shut
shut
cerrar
sing
sung
cantar
sink
sunk
hundir
sit
sat
sentarse
slay
slain
matar
sleep
slept
dormir
slide
slid
deslizarse
sling
slung
lanzar
slink
slunk
zafarse
slit
slit/slitted

shine (faire briller)


shone/shined
sacar brillo a
shoe
shod/shoed
herrar
shoot
shot
pegar un tiro a
show
showed
mostrar
shrink
shrank
encoger(se)
shut
shut
cerrar
sing
sang
cantar
sink
sank
hundir
sit
sat
sentarse
slay
slew
matar
sleep
slept
dormir
slide
slid
deslizarse
sling
slung
lanzar
slink
slunk
zafarse
slit
slit/slitted
cortar, abrir

shone/shined
shone/shined
shoe
shod/shoed
shod/shoed
shoot
shot
shot
show
showed
shown/showed
shrink
shrank
shrunk
shut
shut
shut
sing
sang
sung
sink
sank
sunk
sit
sat
sat
slay
slew
slain
sleep
slept
slept
slide
slid
slid
sling
slung
slung
slink
slunk
slunk
slit
slit/slitted
slit/slitted
smell

slit/slitted
cortar, abrir
smelled/smelt
smelled/smelt
oler
smote
smitten
golpear
sowed
sowed/sown
sembrar
spoke
spoken
hablar
sped/speeded
sped/speeded
correr a toda prisa
spelt/spelled
spelt/spelled
deletrear
spent
spent
gastar
spilt/spilled
spilt/spilled
derramar
spun/span
spun
hacer girar
spat
spat
escupir
spitted
spitted
ensartar
split
split
dividir
spoiled/spoilt
spoiled/spoilt
arruinar
spread
spread
tender, desplegar
sprang

cortar, abrir
smell
smelled/smelt
oler
smite
smitten
golpear
sow
sowed/sown
sembrar
speak
spoken
hablar
speed
sped/speeded
correr a toda prisa
spell
spelt/spelled
deletrear
spend
spent
gastar
spill
spilt/spilled
derramar
spin
spun
hacer girar
spit (cracher)
spat
escupir
spit (embrocher)
spitted
ensartar
split
split
dividir
spoil
spoiled/spoilt
arruinar
spread
spread
tender, desplegar
spring
sprung

smell
smelled/smelt
oler
smite
smote
golpear
sow
sowed
sembrar
speak
spoke
hablar
speed
sped/speeded
correr a toda prisa
spell
spelt/spelled
deletrear
spend
spent
gastar
spill
spilt/spilled
derramar
spin
spun/span
hacer girar
spit (cracher)
spat
escupir
spit (embrocher)
spitted
ensartar
split
split
dividir
spoil
spoiled/spoilt
arruinar
spread
spread
tender, desplegar
spring
sprang
saltar

smelled/smelt
smelled/smelt
smite
smote
smitten
sow
sowed
sowed/sown
speak
spoke
spoken
speed
sped/speeded
sped/speeded
spell
spelt/spelled
spelt/spelled
spend
spent
spent
spill
spilt/spilled
spilt/spilled
spin
spun/span
spun
spit (cracher)
spat
spat
spit (embrocher)
spitted
spitted
split
split
split
spoil
spoiled/spoilt
spoiled/spoilt
spread
spread
spread
spring
sprang
sprung
stand

sprung
saltar
stood
stood
estar de pie
stove/staved
stove/staved
evitar, aplazar
stole
stolen
robar
stuck
stuck
pegar
stung
stung
picar
stank
stunk
apestar
strewed
strewed/strewn
esparcir
strode
stridden
andar a pasos largos
struck
struck/stricken (rare)
golpear, pegar
strung
strung
ensartar, encordar
strove
striven
esforzarse
swore
sworn
jurar
swept
swept
barrer
swelled
swollen/swelled
hincharse
swam

saltar
stand
stand
stood
stood
estar de pie
estar de pie
stave
stave
stove/staved
stove/staved
evitar, aplazar
evitar, aplazar
steal
steal
stole
stolen
robar
robar
stick
stick
stuck
stuck
pegar
pegar
sting
sting
stung
stung
picar
picar
stink
stink
stank
stunk
apestar
apestar
strew
strew
strewed
strewed/strewn
esparcir
esparcir
stride
stride
strode
stridden
andar a pasos largos
andar a pasos largosstrike
strike
struck
struck/stricken (raregolpear, pegar
golpear, pegar
string
string
strung
strung
ensartar, encordar
ensartar, encordar strive
strive
strove
striven
esforzarse
esforzarse
swear
swear
swore
sworn
jurar
jurar
sweep
sweep
swept
swept
barrer
barrer
swell
swell
swelled
swollen/swelled
hincharse
hincharse
swim
swim
swam
swum
nadar

stood
stood
stave
stove/staved
stove/staved
steal
stole
stolen
stick
stuck
stuck
sting
stung
stung
stink
stank
stunk
strew
strewed
strewed/strewn
stride
strode
stridden
strike
struck
struck/stricken (rare)
string
strung
strung
strive
strove
striven
swear
swore
sworn
sweep
swept
swept
swell
swelled
swollen/swelled
swim
swam
swum
swing

swum
nadar
swung
swung
balancearse, oscilar
took
taken
tomar
taught
taught
ensear
tore
torn
romper
told
told
decir
thought
thought
pensar
throve/thrived
thriven/thrived
prosperar
threw
thrown
echar
thrust
thrust
empujar, clavar
trod
trodden
pisar
woke/waked
woken/waked
despertar(se)
wore
worn
llevar
wove/weaved
woven/weaved
tejer
wept
wept
llorar
won

nadar
swing
swing
swung
swung
balancearse, oscilar
balancearse, oscilar take
take
took
taken
tomar
tomar
teach
teach
taught
taught
ensear
ensear
tear
tear
tore
torn
romper
romper
tell
tell
told
told
decir
decir
think
think
thought
thought
pensar
pensar
thrive
thrive
throve/thrived
thriven/thrived
prosperar
prosperar
throw
throw
threw
thrown
echar
echar
thrust
thrust
thrust
thrust
empujar, clavar
empujar, clavar
tread
tread
trod
trodden
pisar
pisar
wake
wake
woke/waked
woken/waked
despertar(se)
despertar(se)
wear
wear
wore
worn
llevar
llevar
weave
weave
wove/weaved
woven/weaved
tejer
tejer
weep
weep
wept
wept
llorar
llorar
win
win
won
won
ganar

swung
swung
take
took
taken
teach
taught
taught
tear
tore
torn
tell
told
told
think
thought
thought
thrive
throve/thrived
thriven/thrived
throw
threw
thrown
thrust
thrust
thrust
tread
trod
trodden
wake
woke/waked
woken/waked
wear
wore
worn
weave
wove/weaved
woven/weaved
weep
wept
wept
win
won
won
wind

won
ganar
wind
winded/wound
ganar
wind
winded/wound
winded/wound
winded/wound
winded/wound
dejar sin aliento, ovillwring
winded/wound
dejar sin aliento, oviwring
wrung
dejar sin aliento, ovillarwring
wrung
wrung
wrung
wrung
torcer
write
wrung
torcer
write
wrote
torcer
write
wrote
written
wrote
written
escribir
written
escribir
escribir
abide
abided/abode
abided/abode
aguantar
arise
arose
arisen
surgir
awake
awoke/awaked
awoken/awaked
despertar
be
was, were
been
ser, estar
bear
bore
borne
llevar, aguantar
beat
beat
beaten
batir, golpear
become
became
become
hacerse, ponerse
beget
begot/begat
begotten
engendrar
begin
began
begun
comenzar
bend
bent
bent
torcer
beseech
besought/beseechedbesought/beseeched suplicar
bet
bet/betted
bet/betted
apostar
bid
bade/bid
bidden/bid
ofrecer
bind
bound
bound
atar, amarrar
bite
bit
bitten
morder, picar
bleed
bled
bled
sangrar
blow
blew
blown
soplar
break
broke
broken
romper
breed
bred
bred
criar
bring
brought
brought
traer, llevar
build
built
built
construir
burn
burned/burnt (Brit) burned/burnt (Brit) quemar
burst
burst
burst
reventar(se), romper(se)
buy
bought
bought
comprar
can
could
poder
cast
cast
cast
echar, lanzar
catch
caught
caught
coger, agarrar
chide
chided/chid
chided/chidden
reprender
choose
chose
chosen
elegir, escoger
cleave (fendre)
cleft/clove
cleft/cloven
partir, hender
cleave (sattacher)
cleaved
cleaved
adherirse, aferrarse
cling
clung
clung
pegarse, agarrarse
come
came
come
venir, llegar
cost
cost/costed
cost/costed
costar, valer

creep
cut
dare
deal
dig
dive
do
draw
dream
drink
drive
dwell
eat
fall
feed
feel
fight
find
flee
fling
fly
forbid
forget
forsake
freeze
get
gild
gird
give
go
grind
grow
hang
have
hear
heave
hew
hide
hit
hold
hurt
keep
kneel
know
lade

crept
crept
cut
cut
dared/durst (arch.) dared
dealt
dealt
dug
dug
dived/dove (US)
dived
did
done
drew
drawn
dreamed/dreamt
dreamed/dreamt
drank
drunk
drove
driven
dwelt/dwelled
dwelt/dwelled
ate
eaten
fell
fallen
fed
fed
felt
felt
fought
fought
found
found
fled
fled
flung
flung
flew
flown
forbad(e)
forbidden
forgot
forgotten
forsook
forsaken
froze
frozen
got
got/gotten (US)
gilded
gilded/gilt
girded/girt
girded/girt
gave
given
went
gone
ground
ground
grew
grown
hung/hanged (Jur) hung/hanged (Jur)
had
had
heard
heard
heaved/hove (Naut) heaved/hove (Naut)
hewed
hewn/hewed (US)
hid
hidden/hid
hit
hit
held
held
hurt
hurt
kept
kept
knelt/kneeled
knelt/kneeled
knew
known
laded
laden

arrastrarse
cortar
atreverse
tramitar, operar
cavar, excavar
tirarse, sumergirse
hacer
tirar, sacar
soar
beber, tomar
conducir, manejar
morar, vivir
comer
caer(se)
avivar, alimentar
sentir
luchar, pelear
encontrar
huir
lanzar, arrojar
volar
prohibir
olvidar
abandonar
helar
conseguir
dorar
ceir de, rodear de
dar
ir(se)
moler, picar
crecer
colgar
tener
or
tirar, empujar
cortar, tallar
esconder(se)
pegar, golpear
tener, abrazar
lastimar, perjudicar
guardar
arrodillarse
saber
cargar de

lay
lead
lean
leap
learn
leave
lend
let
lie (sallonger)
lie (mentir)
light
lose
make
may
mean
meet
mow
pay
put
quit
read
rend
rid
ride
ring
rise
run
saw
say
see
seek
sell
send
set
sew
shake
shave
shear
shed
shine (briller)
shine (faire briller)
shoe
shoot
show
shrink

laid
led
leaned/leant
leaped/leapt
learned/learnt
left
lent
let
lay
lied
lit/lighted
lost
made
might
meant
met
mowed
paid
put
quit/quitted
read
rent
rid/ridded
rode
rang
rose
ran
sawed
said
saw
sought
sold
sent
set
sewed
shook
shaved
sheared
shed
shone
shone/shined
shod/shoed
shot
showed
shrank

laid
led
leaned/leant
leaped/leapt
learned/learnt
left
lent
let
lain
lied
lit/lighted
lost
made
meant
met
mowed/mown
paid
put
quit/quitted
read
rent
rid/ridded
ridden
rung
risen
run
sawed/sawn
said
seen
sought
sold
sent
set
sewed/sewn
shaken
shaved/shaven
sheared/shorn
shed
shone
shone/shined
shod/shoed
shot
shown/showed
shrunk

poner, colocar
llevar, guiar
apoyarse
saltar
aprender
dejar, partir
prestar
dejar
tenderse, acostarse
mentir
encender, iluminar
perder
hacer
poder
significar
encontrar(se), conocer
segar, cortar
pagar
poner, meter
renunciar, abandonar
leer
rasgar, desgarrar
deshacerse de
montar en, ir en
llamar, sonar
levantarse, elevarse
correr
serrar
decir
ver
buscar
vender
enviar
poner
coser
sacudir, mover
afeitar(se), rasurar(se)
esquilar
derramar
brillar
sacar brillo a
herrar
pegar un tiro a
mostrar
encoger(se)

shut
sing
sink
sit
slay
sleep
slide
sling
slink
slit
smell
smite
sow
speak
speed
spell
spend
spill
spin
spit (cracher)
spit (embrocher)
split
spoil
spread
spring
stand
stave
steal
stick
sting
stink
strew
stride
strike
string
strive
swear
sweep
swell
swim
swing
take
teach
tear
tell

shut
sang
sank
sat
slew
slept
slid
slung
slunk
slit/slitted
smelled/smelt
smote
sowed
spoke
sped/speeded
spelt/spelled
spent
spilt/spilled
spun/span
spat
spitted
split
spoiled/spoilt
spread
sprang
stood
stove/staved
stole
stuck
stung
stank
strewed
strode
struck
strung
strove
swore
swept
swelled
swam
swung
took
taught
tore
told

shut
cerrar
sung
cantar
sunk
hundir
sat
sentarse
slain
matar
slept
dormir
slid
deslizarse
slung
lanzar
slunk
zafarse
slit/slitted
cortar, abrir
smelled/smelt
oler
smitten
golpear
sowed/sown
sembrar
spoken
hablar
sped/speeded
correr a toda prisa
spelt/spelled
deletrear
spent
gastar
spilt/spilled
derramar
spun
hacer girar
spat
escupir
spitted
ensartar
split
dividir
spoiled/spoilt
arruinar
spread
tender, desplegar
sprung
saltar
stood
estar de pie
stove/staved
evitar, aplazar
stolen
robar
stuck
pegar
stung
picar
stunk
apestar
strewed/strewn
esparcir
stridden
andar a pasos largos
struck/stricken (rare) golpear, pegar
strung
ensartar, encordar
striven
esforzarse
sworn
jurar
swept
barrer
swollen/swelled
hincharse
swum
nadar
swung
balancearse, oscilar
taken
tomar
taught
ensear
torn
romper
told
decir

think
thrive
throw
thrust
tread
wake
wear
weave
weep
win
wind
wring
write

thought
throve/thrived
threw
thrust
trod
woke/waked
wore
wove/weaved
wept
won
winded/wound
wrung
wrote

thought
thriven/thrived
thrown
thrust
trodden
woken/waked
worn
woven/weaved
wept
won
winded/wound
wrung
written

pensar
prosperar
echar
empujar, clavar
pisar
despertar(se)
llevar
tejer
llorar
ganar
dejar sin aliento, ovillar
torcer
escribir

eseeched
eseeched

ken (rare)

e), romper(se)

se), conocer

abandonar

elevarse

rasurar(se)

sos largos

iento, ovillar

infinitivo
arise
be
bear
beat
become
begin
bend
bet
bind
bite

traduccion
levantarse
ser/estar
aguantar
golpear
volverse
comenzar
torcer(se)
apostar
atar
morder

preterito
arose
was/were
bore
beat
became
began
bent
bet/betted
bound
bit

participio pasado
arisen
been
borne
beaten
become
begun
bent
bet/betted
bound
bitten

sb
sbth
sb's

somebody
something
somebody's or someone's

alguien
algo
algunos

http://blogpara-aprenderingles.blogspot.com.es/p/dialogos-en-ingles.html

Dilogos En Ingls y Espaol: WHAT'S YOUR NAME?

Cul es tu nombre? es la pregunta mas bsica en el idioma espaol y en ingls, por lo tanto es neces
Dialogue 1 / Dialogo 1 (What's your name? / Cual es tu nombre?)

Tom: Hi! My name is Tom. What's your name?


Dan: I'm Dan / My name is Dan
Tom: I'm glad to meet you!
Dan: I'm glad to meet you too!

Dialogue 2 / Dialogo 2 (How are you? / Cmo estas?)

Laura: Hi, Tom. How are you?


Tom: I'm fine, Laura, and you?
Laura: Very Well, thank you.

PERSONAL INFORMATION
Informacin Personal

Susan
Peter
Susan
Peter
Susan
Peter
Susan

Peter

Susan
Peter

Peter
Susan
Peter

PROFESSIONS
PROFESIONES
DIALOGUE
DIALOGO

John

Mark

John

Mark

John

Mark

Mark

John
Mark
John

WHAT ARE YOU DOING?


QUE ESTAS HACIENDO?
DIALOGUE
DIALOGO

Carl

Paul

Carl
Paul
Carl
Paul
Carl

Paul

Carl

Paul

Carl
Paul

Dilogo En Ingls Sobre: Can You Do Me a Favor?

Alex
Billy

Alex

Alex

Billy
Alex
Billy
Alex
Billy
Alex
Billy

AT THE SUPERMARKET
DIALOGUE

Tom
Tim

Tom

Tim

Tom
Tim

Tom

Tim
Tom
Tim

Tom

Tim

Tom

A PARTY IN THE HOUSE


UNA FIESTA EN LA CASA
DIALOGUE
DIALOGO

Donald
Camila
Donald
Camila
Donald
Camila
Donald
Camila
Donald
Camila

At The Cinema
En El Cine

Carla

Marta

Joseph

Carla

Marta

Joseph

Carla

Marta

Joseph

AT THE TRAVEL AGENCY


En la agencia de viajes

Mary
Travel Agent

Mary

Travel Agent

Mary

Travel Agent

Mary

Travel Agent

Mary

Travel Agent

Mary
Travel Agent
Mary

Travel Agent

Mary

Travel Agent
Mary
Travel Agent

PACKING THE BAG


Empacando la maleta

Tony

Mary

Tony

Mary

Tony

Mary

Tony
Mary
Tony

Mary

Mary

Tony

Mary

CHECKING THE LAST DETAILS


Revisando los ltimos detalles

Mary

Tony

Mary

Tony

Tony

Mary
Tony
Mary
Tony
Mary
Tony
Mary

Tony

Mary

THEY ARE IN THE CAR


Ellos estn en el coche
DIALOGUE
Dilogo

Tony

Tony

Mary

Tony

Mary

Tony
Mary
Tony
Mary

AT THE AIRPORT
En el aeropuerto
DIALOGUE
Dilogo

Tony

Tony
Mary
Tony

Mary

Tony
Mary

Tony

Mary

Tony

Clerk

Mary
Clerk

Tony

Clerk

Mary

Clerk

Mary

Clerk

Mary

Clerk

Mary

ON THE AIRPLANE
En el avin
DIALOGUE
Dialogo

Mary
Stewardess
Mary

Stewardess
Mary
Stewardess
Mary
Stewardess
Mary

AT THE COFFEE SHOP


En la cafetera

Linda

Mary

Linda

Mary

Linda

Mary

Linda

MARY AND LINDA ARE AT THE COFFEE SHOP


Mary y Linda estn en la cafetera

Mary

Linda
Mary

Mary

Linda

Waiter

Linda

Waiter
Mary

Linda

Waiter

Linda

Waiter
Linda
FIVE MINUTES LATER....
Waiter
Linda
Waiter
Mary

A RELATIONSHIP FROM THE PAST


Una relacin del pasado
Mary
Linda

Mary

Linda

Mary

Linda
Mary

Linda

Mary

Linda

Mary

Linda

Mary

Linda

REGISTERING AT THE HOTEL


Registrndose en el Hotel

Desk Clerk

Mary

Desk Clerk

Mary
Desk Clerk

Mary

Desk Clerk

Linda

Desk Clerk

Mary
Desk Clerk

Mary

Desk Clerk

Mary

LINDA AND MARY ARE IN THE ROOM


Linda y Mary estn en la habitacin del Hotel

Linda

Mary

Linda
Mary
Linda

Mary
Linda

Mary

Linda

Mary

Linda

Linda

Mary
Linda

Mary

WAITING FOR A BUS


Esperando el autobs

Mary
Linda
Mary

Linda

Mary

Linda

Mary
Linda

Mary

Linda
On the bus.....
Mary
Linda
Mary
Linda
Mary
Linda

THE SISTERS ARE ON THE BUS


Las hermanas estn en el autobs

Mary

Linda

Mary

Linda

Mary

Linda
Mary

Linda

Man

Linda

Man

Linda

Driver

Linda
Driver

Deciding What To Buy


Decidiendo Qu Comprar

Clerk

Mary:

Clerk

Linda

Mary

Clerk

Mary

Clerk

Linda
Clerk
Linda
Clerk
Linda

Clerk

Linda
Mary

Clerk

Mary

Linda

Mary
Linda
Clerk

Clerk

Linda

Mary

Linda

A Terrible Experience
Una Terrible Experiencia

Laura

Mark

Laura

Mark

Laura
Mark
Laura
Mark
Laura

Mark

Laura

Mark

Laura

Mark

RENTING AN APARTMENT
Rentando un apartamento

Carl

Tom

Carl

Tom

Carl
Tom
Carl

Tom

Carl
Tom

Carl

Tom

Carl

Carl

CONVINCING THE WIFE TO MOVE TO AN APARTMENT


Convenciendo a la esposa a mudarse a un apartamento

Carl
Mary
Carl
Mary

Carl

Mary

Carl

Mary

Carl

Mary
Carl
Mary
Carl

Mary

Carl

GOING TO THE DOCTOR


Ir al Mdico

Mother
Daughter

Daughter
Mother
Daughter
Mother
Daughter

Mother

Daughter

Mother

Daughter
LATER................

Mother

Daughter

LAURA IS AT THE DOCTOR


Laura est donde el Mdico

Laura
Nurse
Laura
Nurse
Doctor
Laura
Doctor
Laura
Doctor

Laura

Doctor
THE DOCTOR EXAMINES LAURA......
El doctor examina a Laura........
Doctor
Laura

Doctor

JOB INTERVIEW
Entrevista de trabajo

Mr. Trump

Candy

Mr. Trump

Candy

Mr. Trump

Candy

Candy

Mr. Trump

Candy

Mr. Trump

Candy

AT THE DRUGSTORE
En la farmacia

Mrs. Collins

Pharmacist

Mrs. Collins

Pharmacist

Mrs. Collins

Pharmacist

Mrs. Collins

Pharmacist

Pharmacist
Mrs. Collins

CASHING A CHECK
Cobrando un cheque

Troy
Teller
Troy

Teller

Troy
Teller
Troy

Teller

Troy

Teller

Troy

Teller

Troy

Troy

PETER HAD FORGOTTEN CARLA'S BIRTHDAY


Peter haba olvidado el cumpleaos de Carla

Peter
Carla
Peter
Carla
Peter

Carla

Peter
Carla
Peter
Carla

Peter

Carla

Peter

Carla

Peter

Carla
Peter

Carla

Peter

Peter

Carla
Peter

Carla

Peter

You're fired!
Ests despedido!

Donald

Albert

Donald

Albert
Donald

Albert

Donald

Albert

Donald

Albert
Donald
Albert

Donald

Albert

Albert

Donald

Albert

Donald

Expresiones.
Break the news. Esta expresin significa hacer algo que ya sabas, como soltar una noticia mala.
Cost an arm and leg. Esta expresin significa que algo es demasiado costoso.
Top dollar. Indica que algo est por encima del precio estndar.
Give one the creeps. Es utilizado para indicar un sentimiento de disgusto y horror.
Go belly up. Ir a la bancarrota.
Save the day. Una accin que previene el desastre o la mala suerte.
Let's face it. Aceptar la difcil realidad.
Real flop. Falla, error.
Go back to the drawing board. Comenzar una tarea ms, porque el anterior intento no funcion.
Give someone the ax. Echar, expulsar o despedir.
Sharp as a tack. Brillante, inteligente.
Talk over. Discutir, acordar.
No point in. No vale la pena, sin razn.

At least. De todos modos lo bueno es que...


Put up with. Soportar sin quejarse.
Dead end job. Trabajo no importante, que no conduce a ningn lado.
Lose one's temper. Enfurecer, enojarse, perder la paciencia.

I got canned today at work.


Me Despidieron del trabajo.

Mary
Albert

Mary

Albert

Mary

Albert

Mary

Albert

Mary

Albert

Mary

Albert
Mary

Albert

Mary

Albert

Expresiones.

Get canned. Es una argot utilizado para cuando se quiere decir que se pierde el trabajo o ser desped
Right-hand man. Trmino dirigido para el asistente o empleado ms til del jefe.
Stab someone in the back. Traicionar a alguien.
Keep one's chin up. Para decir que sea optimista.
When the pigs fly. Es un argot para expresar nunca.

Tell off. Indica regaos, gritos, decirle a alguien palabras fuertes e hirientes.
Look on the bright side. Expresin que indica ser positivo, mirar el lado bueno de alguna situacin
Set eyes on. Expresin para indicar Mirar o ver algo a alguien por primera vez.
Hang in there. Para indicar perseverancia, no darse por vencido.
Out of work. Desempleado, sin trabajo.
Live from hand to mouth. Para indicar que se tiene poco dinero para sobrevivir.
Make ends meet. Expresin que indica que se administra correctamente el dinero para sobrevivir.
Last resport. Para indicar la ltima solucin a una dificultad, si las otras no funcionan.
I worse comes to worst. Expresin para indicar en el peor de los casos o si todo sale mal.
Easier said than done. Expresar que algo es ms difcil de lo que se piensa.

Poor grades
Malas Calificaciones

Mary

Harry

Mary

Albert

Harry

Mary

Harry

Albert

Mary

Albert

Expresiones:
Blow something. Expresin para indicar que se echa a perder algo o se estropea algo.
Cut class. Expresin que indica faltar a clases sin excusa alguna.
Slack off. Perder el tiempo.
Hit the books. Expresin para empezar a estudiar pero en serio.

Can't stand. Odiar una actividad.

Over one's head. Expresin utilizada para indicar que algo est muy superior a la capacidad de algu
Buckle down. Indica empesar a trabajar en serio.
Not give a hoot. Para indicar que algo no importa a los dems.
Beside the point. Algo no relevante, no importante.
Heart set on. Expresin que indica que se desea algo con todo el alma.
Stand a chance. Tener posibilidad de excito.

A wonderful day at school


Un maravilloso da en la escuela

Mary

Lucy

Lucy

Mary

Lucy

Mary

Lucy

Harry

Mary
Harry

Mary

Harry

Expresiones:
Pay (someone) a compliment. Dar un cumplido, ofrecer a alguien una admiracin.
Head and shoulders above. Para indicar que algo est muy superior a otro.
Way to go! Exclama que algo se hizo muy bien.
Go into. Entrar a alguna profesin.
Gung ho. Indica gran entusiasmo sobre algo.

Drives (one) crazy. Para indicar que algo molesta demasiado.


Butt in! Indica interrumpir o interferir.
Hit the nail on the head. Expresin coloquial que indica que algo es correcto.
On thin ice with (someone). Indica que se est en una peligrosa situacin.
Shak in one's shoes. Temblar de miedo, estar asustado.

Harry leaves to go visit his Girlfriend Penny


Harry va a visitar a su novia Penny

Harry
Mary
Harry
Mary

Harry

Mary

Harry

Mary

Harry

Mary

Harry

Mary

Harry

Marry

Expresiones.
Drop by. Hacer una visita casual, pasar a saludar.
Up in the air. Algo incierto, an no determinado.
Hang around. Pasar el tiempo sin hacer nada, aburrirse.
Down in the dumps. Muy triste, estar muy deprimido.
Take (something) the wrong way. Tomar algo ofensivo, ofenderse.

Cup of tea. Tipo de persona o cosa que generalmente agrada.


Hang out. Pasar el tiempo, generalmente haciendo nada.
Have a blast. Divertirse mucho.
Under one's breath. Susurrar, en voz baja.

Mary bakes Cookies


Mary prepara galletas

Mary

Albert

Mary
Albert

Mary

Albert

Lucy
Mary

Lucy

Albert

Mary

Lucy

Mary

Expresiones.
Heart of gold. Expresa que alguien es muy amable y generoso.
Pig out. Expresa comer con avidez.
Cheer (someone) up. Hacer feliz a alguien.
In a bad mood. Infeliz, depresivo o irritable.
On edge. Nervioso o irritable.
Just what the doctor ordered. Expresa que es algo que exactamente necesitabas.
Help yourself. Servirse uno mismo.

Out of this world. Delicioso.


Go into business. Comenzar un negocio.
Make a bundle. Hacer mucho dinero.

Give credit where credit is due. Expresa agradecimiento o reconocimiento a la persona que lo merece

Mary hires Albert to run her Business.


Mary contrata a Albert para conducir su Negocio.

Albert

Mary

Albert

Mary

Albert

Mary

Albert

Mary
Albert
Mary

Albert

Mary

Albert

Expresiones:
Bright and early. Expresin que indica levantarse ms temprano de lo habitual.
Not sleep a wink. Expresin coloquial que indica que no se pudo conciliar el sueo.
Work like a dog. Indica trabajar muy duro.
Fat chance! Definitivamente no.
Not have a clue. No saber nada sobre algo.
Crash course. Corto e intensiva instruccin sobre algo.

Needless to say. Decir o indicar algo obvio.


Mixed feelings. Tener sentimientos positivos y negativos a la misma vez.
Happy camper. Persona contenta y satisfecha con su participacin en algo.
Give it a shot. Intentar algo.

Harry forms a Rock Band


Harry forma una Banda de Rock

Mary
Harry
Mary
Harry
Mary

Harry

Harry

Mary

Harry

Mary
Harry
Mary

Harry

Mary

Harry

Mary

Harry
Mary

Expresiones.
In good spirits. Feliz, de buen humor.

Good for you! Buen trabajo!, Bien hecho!


Beat around the bush. Indica hablar con rodeos o evitar llegar a un punto en contreto.
Shell out. Pagar.
Made of money. Muy ricos.
Wise guy. Sarcstico.
Take (something) by storm. Ganar popularidad rpidamente.
Pipe dream. Un sueo poco realista.
Dime a dozen. Algo comn.
Make a splash. Sobresalir de los dems.

Lucy for President!


Lucy para Presidente!

Lucy

Harry

Harry

Lucy

Harry

Lucy

Harry

Lucy

Harry

Lucy

Harry

Lucy

Harry

Lucy

Expresiones.
Get some experience under my belt. Tener u obtener experiencia.
Run for your money. Fuerte competencia.
By far. Amplio margen, gran diferencia.
Full of oneself. Estar muy confiado en uno mismo.
Kid around. Bromear sobre algo, tomar el pelo.
Get down to business. Tomar en serio algo. Ir al grano.
Talk into. Persuadir, convencer.
Give someone the cold shoulder. Ser fro con alguien a propsito.
Goody-goody. Santurron.
Brown-noser. Frase despectiva que se refiere a personas que elogian a otros (profesores o jefes) para
You scratch my back and I'll scratch yours. Si me haces un favor, te har un favor, vamos a cooperar.
Count on someone. Depender o confiar en alguien.

Albert visits the Lucky Market


Albert visita el Lucky Market

Albert

Laura

Albert

Laura
Albert

Laura

Albert

Laura

Albert

Laura

Albert

Laura

Expresiones.

Make time for. Tener tiempo para algo.


Don't mention it. De nada.
From scratch. Caseras, hechas con ingredientes naturales.
You can say that again. Estoy de acuerdo contigo.
Make a pig of oneself. Comer demasiado.
Go nuts. Argot para reaccionar con gran entusiasmo.
Roll up one's sleeves. Prepararse para trabajar.
Figure out. Resolver, determinar.
Ballpark figure. Un nmero aproximado.
Jump the gun. Hacer algo antes de tiempo.
Sit tight. Esperar pacientemente.

Albert Drives a Hard Bargain


Albert es un Negociador Duro

Laura
Albert

Laura

Albert

Laura

Albert

Laura

Albert
Laura
Albert

Laura

Expresiones.
How's it going? Cmo ests?
Can't complain. Las cosas van bien, no me puedo quejar, estoy bien.
Crunch numbers. Realizar clculos (financieros).

Out of the question. Imposible.


Worth one's while. Justo para un esfuerzo o tiempo.
Sweeten the deal. Hacer una oferta ms atractiva.
Make a living. Ganar dinero lo suficiente para sobrevivir.
Twist one's arm. Persuadir a alguien.
Take it or leave it. Aceptar o rechazar una oferta, usado generalmente como ltimo recurso.
Now you're talking. Ahora ests diciendo lo correcto, as se habla.
Drive a hard bargain. Ser duro en negociaciones y acuerdos.
Get the ball rolling. Para empezar.

Albert needs help for baking cookies.


Albert necesita ayuda para hornear galletas.

Albert

Lucy

Albert

Lucy

Harry

Mary

Lucy

Albert

Harry

Mary

Expresiones.
Things are looking up. Cosas estn mejorando, situacin que mejora.
Like crazy. Con rapidez o entusiasmo.
Bite off more than one can chew. Agarrar ms de lo que uno es capaz.

Run around. Moverse rpidamente.

Like a chicken with its head cut off. En una manera histrica, en frenes, en una manera muy nerviosa
Pitch in. Ayudar.
Get going. Comenzar algo.
Help out. Dar asistencia, ayudar.
For heaven's sake. Una manera de expresar emociones como la sorpresa, indignacin e impaciencia.
Like pulling teeth. Muy difcil.

Penny comes over to bake cookies.


Penny viene para hornear galletas

Harry

Mary
Penny
Mary

Penny

Mary

Harry

Penny

Mary

Penny

Mary
Penny

Harry

Penny

Mary

Penny

Penny
Mary

Harry

Expresiones.
Lend a hand. Dar una mano, ayudar.
All the rage. La ltima moda, lo ms popular.
Take a break. Parar y descansar de una actividad.
In good hands. En buen estado, atencin competente.
Know one's stuff. Tener experiencia en un rea.
Sweet tooth. Un degustador de comidas dulces.
Los one's touch. Perder la capacidad o habilidad de algo.
Out of practice. Ya no servir para hacer algo.
Pick up. Adquirir, aprender.
Tricks of the trade. Atajos adquiridos por la experiencia.
Feel free. Seguir adelante y hacer algo, no dudar al hacer algo.
Get out of the way. Apartarse, dejar de interferir en los planes o actividades de alguien.
Too many cooks spoil the broth! Demasiada gente implicada en una actividad pueden arruinarlo.
Call it a night. Detener una actividad por el resto de la noche.
Work one's tail off. Trabajar muy duro.

Penny and Harry heat up the kitchen.


Penny y Harry acaloran la cocina.

Penny

Harry

Penny

Harry

Penny

Harry

Penny

Harry

Penny

Harry

Mary

Expresiones.
Love at first sight. Atraccin inmediata, amor a primera vista.
Nuts about. Gustar mucho, loco por algo.
Broke up with. Terminar una relacin con alguien.
Give me a break! Dame un respiro!
Crank out. Producir rpidamente. Terminar alguna actividad rpidamente.
Head over heels in love. Muy enamorado.
Crunch time. Pequeo periodo cuando hay presin para lograr un resultado.

One-track mind. Tener todos los pensamientos en una sola cosa o actividad. Centrado en una sola cos
Plug away. Continuar con una tarea aburrida, seguir intentando.
Go ahead. Continuar, proceder sin vacilacin.
Treat someone like dirt. Comportarse de manera desagradable con alguien, tratar mal a alguien.
Make out. Besar con mucha pasin.

Lucy practices her Election Speech.


Lucy practica su Discurso Electoral.

Mary

Lucy

Mary

Lucy
Mary

Lucy

Mary

Lucy

Lucy

Mary

Lucy
Mary

Lucy

Mary

Lucy
Mary

Expresiones.
Pull an all-nighter. Para mencionar que se estuvo despierto toda la noche haciendo un trabajo.
No wonder. No es una sorpresa.
Basket case. Argot para indicar que alguien o algo est en malas condiciones.
Load off one's mind. Un alivio.
Nervous wreck. Muy preocupado.
Rule of thumb. Expresa una frmula de fcil memorizacin como una regla general.
Conventional wisdom. Una creencia popular.
Do the trick. Lograr los resultados deseados.

Turn off. Causar disgusto o hacer sentir aversin.


Big head. Arrogante, demasiado orgulloso de uno mismo.
I'll say. Si definitivamente.

Albert brings the cookies to the Lucky Market.


Albert entrega las galletas a el Supermercado Lucky.

Laura

Albert

Laura

Albert

Laura

Albert
Laura
Albert

Laura

Albert

Expresiones.

Get the hang of something. Para indicar que se aprende cmo hacer algo, aprender una efectiva tcni
Learn the ropes. Aprender conceptos bsicos.

Second nature. Un comportamiento que se ha practicado durante mucho tiempo, que al final parece q
To tell you the truth. Hablar abiertamente, admitir algo.
Round up. Reunir gente.
Pain in the neck. Una molestia.
Piece of cake. Muy fcil.
Your guess is as good as mine. No lo s, no s ms que t.
In any case. Cualquiera que sea el caso, sin duda.
Keep posted. Proporcionar informacin actualizada.
Give someone a ring. Llamar por telfono a alguien.

Laura tells Albert the good news


Laura le da buenas noticias a Albert

Laura

Albert

Laura

Albert

Laura

Albert

Laura

Albert

Laura

Expresiones.
Sell like hotcakes. Vender rpido.
Sold out. Completamente vendidos.
Right away. Inmediatamente.
Tall order. Una tarea o meta que es difcil de lograr.
Blow it. Echar a perder una oportunidad.
Take off. Convertirse popular, crecer de repente.
Burn the midnight oil. Quedarse despierto hasta tarde estudiando o trabajando.
Sitting pretty. En una buena posicin (financieramente hablando).
Rest assured. Ten por seguro.
Do one's best. Intentarlo tan duro como sea posible.
Deliver the goods. Satisfacer las expectativas, hacer lo que se requiere.
Chitchat. Conversacin casual, chismes.

Everyone bakes cookies.

Todos a hornear galletas.

Albert
Harry

Albert

Lucy

Harry

Albert

Lucy

Harry

Harry

Lucy

Albert

Expresiones.
Night owl. Una persona que disfruta hacer actividades por la noche (noctmbulo).
Stay up. No ir a la cama, quedarse despierto.
Nothing doing! No lo creo!, Nada de eso!
Lighten up. Para indicarle a alguien que se relaje y deje de tomar las cosas tan seriamente.
Big shot. Una poderosa o importante persona.
Get on my nerves. Me sacas de quicio.
Fool around. Perder el tiempo.
Get the show on the road. Empezar a trabajar, comenzar una misin.

Lucy loses the election at School


Lucy pierde las elecciones en la Escuela

Lucy

Harry

Lucy

Harry

Lucy

Harry

Lucy

Harry

Lucy

Mary

Expresiones.
By a hair. Apenas, por muy poco.
Give up. Admitir la derrota, rendirse.
Live with it. Aceptar una difcil realidad.
Sure thing. Un hecho que es seguro.
Mess up. Cometer un error, arruinar una oportunidad.
Put the blame on (someone). Responsabilizar a otra persona de un delito o desgracia.
Give it one's best shot. Intentarlo tan duro como se pueda. Mejor esfuerzo.
Set the record straight. Corregir una cuenta inexacta, aclarar las cosas.
Make a fool of yourself. Provocarse a s mismo algn ridculo.
Fair and square. Honestamente.
Go wrong. Cometer un error.
For sure. Definitivamente.

Albert gets an angry call from Laura


Albert recibe una llamada airada de Laura

Laura

Albert

Laura

Albert

Laura

Albert

Laura
Albert

Laura

Albert
Laura

Albert

Laura

Albert

Laura

Expresiones.
Rant and rave. Hablar fuertemente, en un tono de enojo.
Taken aback. Sorprendido (Casi siempre en un sentido negativo).
As a matter of fact. De hecho, en realidad.
Blow things out of proportion. Exagerar.
Throw the book at (someone). Castigar o reprender severamente.
Find out. Descubrir, enterarse.
Sweep (something) under the rug. Ocultar algo, que puede llegar a ser un escandalo.
Get a handle on. Comprender, entender.
Ones heart goes out to (someone). Sentir pena por alguien.
Get one's act together. Organizarse, para comenzar a operar de manera ms eficaz.
Know oneself out. Trabajar muy duro en algo.

Mary gets a surprise call.


Mary tiene una inesperada llamada.

Mary

Carol

Mary

Carol

Mary

Carol

Mary

Carol

Carol

Mary

Carol

Mary

Carol

Mary

Carol

Expresiones.
All over. A lo largo de, en todas partes.
On a shoestring. Presupuesto muy bajo.
Track record. Trayectoria.
Make one's day. Dar una gran satisfaccin a alguien.
Work out. Encontrar una solucin, resolver algo.
Nuts and bolts. Detalles, componentes bsicos de algo.
In touch with. Poner en contacto con alguien.
Look forward to. Esperar ansiosamente.

Mary shares the good news.

Mary comparte la buena noticia.

Albert
Mary

Albert

Mary

Albert

Mary

Albert

Mary

Albert

Mary

Mary

Albert

Mary

Albert

Mary

Expresiones.
Dragon lady. Una mujer autoritaria que abusa de su poder.
Better off. En una posicin ms afortunada.
Nothing to do with (someone). Que no tiene ninguna relacin con alguien.

That's the way the cookie crumbles. Esa es la manera en que a veces suceden las cosas y no hay nad
No laughing matter. Algo que no debe ser hecho de burla. Algo serio.
Buy out. Comprar el negocio entero o parte del negocio de alguien.
It looks like. Parece que.
Strike it rich. Volverse rico repentinamente.
Rolling in dough. Muy rico.

Albert has a surprise visitor


Albert tiene una visita sorpresa

Donald

Albert

Donald

Albert

Donald

Albert

Donald

Albert

Donald

Albert

Donald

Albert
Donald

Albert

Expresiones.
Stop by. Hacer una visita rpida.
Come on in. Entra, pasa.
Hold a grudge against. Estar enojado con alguien por una ofensa del pasado.
Burn someone up. Enojar a alguien.
No hard feelings. Sin rencores.
Three sheets to the wind. Borracho.
Got rid of. Liberarse de, deshacerse de.
Get something straight. Entender, aclarar, reconocer.
Get plastered. Emborracharse.
On the job. En el trabajo.
Lose one's head. No saber lo que se hace.
Level with someone. Hablar honestamente con alguien.

No use crying over spilt milk. No llore sobre la leche derramada (dicho). No se puede cambiar el pasad
Not on your life! Definitivamente no.
Well off. Ricos, financieramente seguros.
Small fortune. Una buena cantidad de dinero.

Penny writes a song


Penny escribe una cancin

Penny

Harry

Penny
Harry

Penny

Penny

Harry

Penny
Harry
Penny
Harry

Penny

Harry
Penny

Harry

Expresiones.
All along. A lo largo, desde el principio hasta el final.
Sick and tired of. Completamente aburrido con, harto de.
Freak out. (Argot) Responder a algo irracionalmente, reaccionar demasiado.
First things first. Primero lo primero, antes que nada.
In progress. Que no est completo, en construccin.

Buy time. Ganar tiempo.


Cut it out. Basta, usado para detener un comportamiento molesto.
All better. Completamente curado.
Make a fortune. Hacer mucho dinero.
Chill out. Relajarse.

Harry brings home more good news


Harry trae a casa ms nuevas noticias

Harry

Mary

Harry

Mary
Harry

Lucy

Harry

Lucy

Harry

Lucy

Harry

Mary

Expresiones.
Break into. Entrar en una profesin.

Spending money. Dinero para pequeos gastos.


Foot the bill. Pagar.
Wine and dine. Invitar a alguien una noche o comida cara.
Cream of the crop. El mejor de un grupo.
Out of it. No consientes de las ltimas tendencias, hbitos, modas modernas.
Winning streak. Una serie de triunfos, una racha ganadora.
Big deal. Y qu? eso no es realmente importante.
Wrap up. Terminar.

New Classemates
Nuevos Compaeros

Enrique
Daniela
Enrique
Daniela
Enrique
Daniela

Daniela
Ahmed
Daniela
Helen
Daniela
Kaori
Daniela
Enrique
Daniela
Enrique
Daniela

What's your Address?


Cul es tu direccin?

Cristi

Cristi
Enrique
Cristi
Enrique
Cristi
Enrique
Cristi
Enrique
Cristi
Enrique
Cristi
Enrique
Cristi
Enrique
Cristi

What do you do?


A que te dedicas?

Enrique

Kaori

Enrique
Kaori
................
Waitress
Kaori
Enrique
Enrique
Kaori
Enrique
Kaori
Enrique

Excuse me! That's my book


Disclpeme! Ese es mi libro

Kaori

Enrique
Mr. Parker
Enrique
Cristi
Mr. Parker
Enrique
.........
Mr. Parker
Cristi
Mr. Parker
Cristi
Mr. Parker
Cristi

Do you have any pictures of your family?


Tienes algunas fotografas de tu familia?

Ahmed

Daniela

Ahmed

Daniela

Ahmed

Daniela

Ahmed

Daniela
Ahmed
Daniela
Ahmed
Daniela

Ahmed

Daniela

Ahmed

Daniela
Ahmed
Daniela

Do you have any brothers and sisters?


Tienes hermanos y hermanas?

Daniela
Ahmed
Daniela
Kaori
Ahmed
Kaori
Ahmed
Kaori
Ahmed
Kaori
Ahmed
Kaori
Ahmed
Kaori

Ahmed

Kaori
Ahmed
Kaori

Making friends
Haciendo amigos

Ahmed
Enrique
Ahmed

Enrique
Ahmed

Enrique

Ahmed

Enrique

Ahmed
Enrique

Daniela meets her Teacher


Daniela conoce a su Profesor

Mr. Parker
Daniela
Mr. Parker
Daniela
Mr. Parker
Daniela
Mr. Parker
Daniela
Mr. Parker
Daniela
Mr. Parker
Daniela

Is there a bank near here?


Hay un banco cerca por aqu?

Gino
Ahmed
Gino

Ahmed

Gino

Ahmed

Gino
Ahmed
Gino
Ahmed
Gino

Ahmed

Dnde est el aula de Clases? (Dalogo)

Gino
Ahmed
Gino
Ahmed

Gino

Ahmed

Ahmed

Gino
Ahmed
At night....
Por la noche...
Gino
Cristi
Gino

Cristi

Gino

Cristi
Gino
Cristi

Let's get something to eat.


Consigamos algo que comer.

Mr. Parker
Kaori

Mr. Parker

Gino

Enrique

Gino

Enrique

Kaori

Enrique

Kaori

Enrique

Mr. Parker

Kaori
Enrique
Kaori

Kaori
Enrique
Kaori

What would you like?


Qu le gustara?

Waitress

Enrique

Waitress
Enrique

Gino

Waitress

Kaori
Waitress
Kaori
Later.....
Enrique

Waitress
Enrique
Waitress
Enrique
Waitress
Kaori
Waitress
Gino

What do you do in your free time?


Qu es lo que haces en tu tiempo libre?

Kaori
Enrique

Kaori

Enrique
Kaori

Enrique

Kaori
Enrique
Kaori

Enrique

Kaori
Enrique
Kaori
Enrique

Kaori

Kaori

What kind of movies do you like?


Qu tipo de pelculas te gusta?

Kaori
Enrique
Kaori
Enrique
Kaori
Enrique
Kaori

Enrique

Kaori

Kaori

Enrique
Kaori

Enrique

Kaori

Making Planes
Haciendo Planes

Serena
Kaori

Serena

Kaori

Serena

Kaori

Serena

Kaori

Later ....
Waitress
Kaori

Serena

Waitress
Serena

Kaori

Waitress
Kaori
Later ....
Kaori
Serena

Kaori

Serena

Kaori
Serena

Kaori

Serena

Kaori

aol y en ingls, por lo tanto es necesario introducirnos un poco en su uso y no hay nada mejor que hacerlo con

Tom: Hola! Mi nombre es Tom. Cual es tu


nombre?
Dan: Soy Dan / Mi nombre es Dan
Tom: Estoy contento de conocerte!
Dan: Estoy contento de conocerte tambin!

Laura: Hola, Tom. Cmo estas?


Tom: Estoy bien, Laura y tu.
Laura: Muy bien, gracias.

Yes, may I help you?


Si, Puedo ayudarlo?
I want to register in the Vacation Club
Quiero registrarme en el Club de Vacaciones
All right. What's your name?
Muy bien. Cul es tu nombre?
Peter Logan
Peter Logan
How old are you?
Cuntos aos tienes?
I am 20 years old
Tengo 20 aos
What's your address?
Cul es tu direccin?
My address is 9th street and 4th avenue, house #
7.
Mi direccin es novena calle y la cuarta avenida,
casa # 7
What's your telephone number?
Cul es tu nmero telefnico?
My telephone number is 72489860

Mi nmero es 72489860
Ok, the club starts on monday
Ok, el Club empieza el lunes
Thank you, see you on monday.
Gracias, nos vemos el lunes

Mark...after all, What do You do for a living?


Mark...despus de todo, Qu haces para ganarte
la vida?
I'm an architect. I work for "Genius Build". And
you John?.What do you do for a living?.
Soy un arquitecto. Trabajo para "Genius Build". Y
tu John.A que te dedicas?.
I'm a journalist. I work with my father. We have a
newspaper
Soy periodista. Trabajo con mi padre. Tenemos un
peridico
A family business, that's wonderfull. What about
your mother?
What does She do for a living?
Un negocio familiar, eso es grandioso. Qu hay
de tu madre?
A qu se dedica?
She is a photographer
Ella es fotgrafa
Well, I imagine that she works with You and your
dad.

Bueno, me imagino que trabaja contigo y tu


padre.
No She doesn't
No Ella no lo hace
Where does she work, then?
Entonces Donde trabaja ella?
She works for "Bose Magazine"
Ella trabaja para "Bose Magazine"

What are you doing?


Qu estas haciendo?
I'm reading this article. I have to finish it today
Estoy leyendo este artculo. Tengo que terminarlo
hoy da
Why Do you have to finish it today?
Por qu tienes que terminarlo hoy da?
Because my boss wants the main idea.
Porque mi jefe quiere la idea principal
What is the article about?
De qu trata el artculo?
It's about job opportunities in Asia
Es acerca de oportunidades de trabajo en Asia
That sounds interesting
Eso suena interesante

It is interesting and difficult. I'm trying to


understand these numbers
Esto es interesante y difcil. Estoy tratando de
entender esas cifras.
What is Carla doing on the computer?
Qu esta haciendo Carla en la computadora?
She is helping me. She is looking for information
on the internet
Ella esta ayudandome. Est buscando
informacin por Internet
Do you need my help?
Necesitas mi ayuda?
Well, thank you. That's very kind of you
Bueno si gracias. Eso es muy amable de tu parte.

Hi Billy, Thanks god you are here!


Hola Billy, gracias a dios estas aqui!
Hi Alex, What's the matter?
Hola Alex, Cul es el problema?
I don't have cash and my credit card is not
working, and
I need to buy CDs for the Choir. Can You lend me
money?
No tengo dinero y mi tarjeta de crdito no
funciona,

Y necesito comprar CDs para el Coro. Puedes


prestarme dinero?
Sure, how much money do you need?
Claro, Cunto dinero necesitas?
$40 dollars
$40 dolares
Here you are!, How many CDs do you need?
Aqui tienes!, Cuntos CDs necesitas?
Two
Dos
Ok, good luck, Alex
Muy bien, buena suerte Alex
Thank you very much, Billy
Muchsimas gracias Billy
You are welcome. See you tonight!
De nada. Nos vemos en la noche!

Hey Max, Are you busy?


Hola Max, Estas ocupado?
Not really, why?
No realmente, Por qu?
I have to buy some things here in the
supermarket.
Can you come with me?
Tengo que comprar algunas cosas aqu en el
supermercado
Puedes venir conmigo?

Ok, but we have to hurry because I have little


time to help you
Bien, pero tenemos que darnos prisa porque
tengo poco tiempo para ayudarte
First, I need some bread and some eggs
Primero, Necesito algo de pan y huevos
Do you want some potatoes?
Quieres algunas patatas?
No, I don't want any potatoes. I'm trying to lose
weight
No, Yo no quiero nada de patatas. Estoy tratando
de perder peso
Oh, come on! Potatoes are fantastic
Oh, vamos! las patatas son fantsticas
Ok, but only a few
Bien, pero solo un poco
Do you like fish?
Te gusta pescado?
Yes, I love fish. Please, get me some Ocean Perch
Si, Me encanta. Por favor treme algunas Percas
Marinas
I'm afraid they don't have any Ocean Perch. What
else do you need?
Me temo que ellos no tienen ninguna Perca
Marina.
Qu otra cosa necesitas?
I need some Salmon and a little sugar.
Necesito un Salmn y un poco de azcar.

What time is it?


Qu hora es?
It's 7:00 pm
Es las 7:00 pm
The party is going to start at 8:30 pm
La fiesta va a comenzar a las 8:30 pm
When are you going to pick up the beverages?
Cundo vas a recoger las bebidas?
At 7:30. Aren't you going to get the snacks?
A las 7:30. No vas a traer los bocadillos?
Yes, I am
Si, Los traer
Where are you going to buy them?
De donde vas a traerlos ?
At Bernie's
De Bernie
Are they good?
Son buenos?
Oh yes, they are tasty. Your uncle is going to
enjoy them
Oh si, son sabrosos. Tu to va a disfrutarlos.

These are very comfortable seats. I feel home!


Estos son cmodos asientos. Me siento en casa!
You're right, but I don't like this cinema. It's too
old for me!
Tienes razn, pero no me gusta este cine. Es
muy viejo para mi!
Come on Marta... give me a break! This cinema
shows the movies without any interruptions,
While the others have 10 minutes snack breaks!
How Do you like that?
Vamos Marta...dame un descanso! Este cine
muestra las pelculas sin ninguna interrupcin,
mientras los otros tienen 10 minutos de
descanso! Cmo te puede gustar eso?
Shhh! hey, guys please! Marta.... Jean Claude Van
Damme stars in this film. What Do you think
about him?
Shhh! hey, muchachos por favor! Marta... La
estrella Jean Claude Van Damme esta en esta
pelicula. Qu opinas de l?
What can I tell you? I think he's very handsome:
beautiful eyes, nice body (oh, my God!). On the
other hand, I think He is a martial arts expert but
not an excellent actor.
Qu puedo decirles? Pienzo que el es muy
guapo: bonitos ojos, buen cuerpo (oh, dios mio!).
Por otro lado, Pienso que l es un experto en
artes marciales pero no un excelente actor
I think he speaks with an accent. Where is he
from, Carla?
Creo que l habla con un acento. De donde es el,
Carla?
He is from Belgium. Therefore, French is his
nativelanguage and that's the reason for his
accent.
El es de Blgica. Por eso, el francs es su nativa
lengua y esa es la razn de su acento.

Hmm, I understand. However, Arnold


Shwarzeneger is from Austria, He is not american
and he doesn't speak with an accent
Hmm, Entiendo. Si embargo, Arnodl
Shwarzeneger es de Austria, l no es americano y
no habla con acento.
Be quiet!. The movie is about to begin
Silencio!. La pelcula est por empezar.

Good afternoon, Sir


Buenas tardes, Seor
Good afternoon, Miss. May I help you?
Buenas tardes, Seorita. Puedo ayudarte?
Yes, I need information about flights to
Switzerland.
Si, Necesito informacin acerca de vuelos a Suiza.
Are you going on a pleasure or a business trip?
Vas a ir por placer o viaje de negocios?
I will meet my sister there. We will spend our
vacation in a figure skating club.
Visitar a mi hermana. Nosotras pasaremos
nuestras vacaciones en un club de patinaje.

That sounds like fun. I bet it will be a great


experience for you! When Are you planning to
travel?
Eso suena divertido. Apuesto que ser una gran
experiencia para usted!
Cundo estas planeando viajar?
On May 21st and I'll be back on August
5th.
El 21 de mayo y Regresar el 5 de Agosto.
Well, today is your lucky day. We have a special
price with TAM-Air.
Bueno, hoy es su da de suerte. Tenemos una
especial oferta con TAM-Air.
Good news!, How much is the ticket?
Buenas noticias!, Cunto cuesta el pasaje?
Do you want a one way or a round trip ticket?
Usted quiere un pasaje simple o uno de ida y
vuelta?
Round trip
De ida y vuelta
That will be us 1.200
Eso ser 1.200 dolares
It's perfect, but... is it a non-stop flight?
Es perfecto, pero...Es un vuelo sin escala?
No, it has stopovers, but I don't think it'll be a
problem, unless you can't stay in Munich for one
night
No, este tiene escalas, pero No creo que ser un
problema, a menos que no pueda permanecer
una noche en Munich
It won't be a problem at all. As a matter of fact, I
have some friends in Munich
Esto no ser un problema en absoluto. De hecho,
Tengo algunos amigos en Munich
Great! Excuse me, How Will you pay for the
ticket? Grandioso! Disculpe, Cmo
pagar por el boleto?
I'll pay with my credit card
Pagar con mi tarjeta de crdito
All right!
Muy bien!

Time to pack, Mary.


Hora de empacar, Mary
Yes, I have many things to pack and not much
time to do it.
Si, Tengo muchas cosas para empacar y poco
tiempo.
Relax, I'll help you.
Relajate, Te ayudar
Let me see. First, I'll pack the toothbrush, the
toothpaste, the perfume and the deodorant in this
bag.
Dejame ver. Primero, Empacar el cepillo de
dientes, la pasta dental, el perfume y el
desodorantes en esta maleta.
Put them together with your cosmetics
Mtelos junto con tus cosmticos.
Good idea. Now I'll pack some blouses, my new Tshirts and three pairs of jeans
Buena idea. Ahora empacar algunas blusas, mi
nueva camiseta y tres pares de pantalones
vaqueros.
How many blouses?
Cuntas blusas?
Not to many, only three.
No muchos, solo tres.
What else do you need to pack?
Qu otra cosa necesitas empacar?
My new skirt, bras, panties, pantyhose, my
sneakers and my jacket.

Mi nueva falda, sostenes, pantis, pantimedias, mi


playera y chaqueta
Is that all?
Es todo?
I think so. Anyway, my sister and I are going to
visit some shopping centers
Eso creo. De todos modos, mi hermana y yo
vamos a visitar algunos centros comerciales

We have to hurry, I don't want to be late


Tenemos que darnos prisa, No quiero llegar tarde
Don't worry Mary. I know a short cut to the
airport. It will save us 20 minutes
No te preocupes Mary. Yo conozco un atajo al
aeropuerto. Nos ahorrar 20 minutos
I hope You are right.
Espero que tengas razn.
Ok. Let's see. Are there any bags in your
room?

Ok. Veamos. Hay alguna maleta en tu


habitacin?
No, there isn't anything in my room.
No, no hay nada en mi habitacin.
There's something next to the door
Hay algo junto a la puerta
Oh yes, that's my carry on!
Oh si, aquello es mi equipaje de mano
Do you have your passport?
Tienes tu pasaporte?
It's in my purse
Est en mi bolso
And Where is your purse?
Y dnde est tu bolso?
I think it is somewhere in the kitchen
Creo que est en algn lugar en la cocina
Let me get it........Sorry. Your purse isn't anywhere
in the kitchen Dejame
traerlo........Disculpa. Tu bolso no esta en ninguna
de la cocina
I know. It's here on the sofa. I'm sorry
Lo s. Est aqu en el sof. Lo siento.

We will arrive to the airport in ten minutes

Llegaremos a el aeropuerto en diez minutos


Perfect! I will have time to buy some magazines.
Perfecto! Tendr tiempo para comprar algunas
revistas
Are you going to meet your sister at the
airport?
Vas a encontrar a tu hermana en el aeropuerto?
No, We are going to meet at the train station
No, Nosotras vamos a encontrarnos en la estacin
del tren
Will anybody wait for you at the airpor?
Alguien te esperar en el aeropuerto?
Yes, somebody will be waiting for me
Si, alguien me estar esperando
Great. Who?
Genial. Quin?
My sister's teacher
La maestra de mi hermana

Where are we going?

Dnde vamos?
To TAM-Air's counter
A la recepcin de TAM-Aerolineas
That's an excellent airline
Esa es una excelente aerolnea.
I know. They have professionals in all the
areas
Lo s. Ellos tienen profesionales en todas la reas
I have a friend working there
Tengo un amigo trabajando all
Who is it?
Quin es?
Her name is Sharon. You don't know her. She is
pilot
Su nombre es Sharon. No la conoces. Ella es
piloto
Is she good?
Es buena?
Oh yes, She is a magnificent pilot and she speaks
four languajes fluently
Oh si, ellas es una magnfica piloto y habla cuatro
idiomas fluidamente
May I have your passport and tickets, please?
Puede darme su pasaporte y boleto, por favor?
Here you are
Aqu tiene
Are you travelling together?
Ustedes estn viajando juntos?
No, I'm not flying today. I'm here to help her
No, Yo no estoy viajando. Estoy aqu para
ayudarla
Ok, I see everything is in order. Please, put your
suitcase on the scale Ok, Veo que todo est en
orden. Por favor, Introduzca su maleta en la
balanza
Can I keep my carry on?
Puedo mantener mi bolso de mano?
Sure. Do you want the smoking or non-smoking
area?
Claro. Quiere el rea de fumadores o no
fumadores?

Non-smoking please
No fumadores por favor
Here is your boarding pass. Let me attach the
baggage tag to your suitcase. Ok, your seat
number is 14c
Aqu esta su pase de abordar. Djeme poner la
etiqueta a su maleta. Ok, su nmero de asiento
es 14c
Is the plane on time?
El vuelo est a tiempo?
Yes, It is. Please proceed to the international area.
You will board the plane at gate 7. Have a nice
trip!
Si, lo est, Por favor contine a el rea
internacional. Abordar el avin en la puerta 7.
Que tenga un buen viaje!
Thank you
Gracias

Can I have a pillow?


Puede darme una almohada?
Sure, big or small?
Claro, grande o pequeo?
Big, please
Grande, por favor

Anything else?
Otra cosa ms?
Yes, I'm very tired. I want to sleep
Si, Estoy muy cansada, Quiero dormir
What about lunch?
Que hay sobre el almuerzo?
I don't want to eat anything
No quiero comer nada
Ok, When Do you want me to wake you
up?
Ok, Cundo quieres que te despierte?
Fifteen minutes before landing
Quince minutos antes de aterrizar

I'am starving. Can We eat something?


Me muero de hambre. Podemos comer algo?
As soon as we get to the hotel, you can order
whatever you want from the hotel's
restaurant.
Tan pronto como lleguemos al hotel, puedes
ordenar lo que quieras del restaurante del hotel.
I have a better idea. Let's go to the airport's
coffee shop.
Tengo una mejor idea. Vamos a la cafetera del
aeropuerto.

Are You out of your mind?. The food there is more


expensive than in the city.
Ests loca?. La comida de all es ms cara que
en la ciudad.
I know that it's cheaper and more delicious in the
city's restaurants, but I need to eat something or I
will faint.
Se que es ms barato y delicioso en los
restaurantes de la ciudad, pero necesito comer
algo o me desmayar
All right, I'll go with you but you have to pay.
Esta bien, ir contigo pero tu invitas.
Don't worry. I work as hard as you do. I can
pay.
No te preocupes. Trabajo duro como para hacerlo.
Yo pago

This is the most beautiful airport in


Switzerland.
Este es el ms hermoso aeropuerto en Suiza.
Really?
En serio?
Yes, and the most important too.

Si, y el ms importante tambin.


I hope the food is as good as the airport.
Espero que la comida sea buena como el
aeropuerto.
Good afternoon. Are you ready to order?
Buenas tardes. Estan listas para ordenar?
Yes, please. I want a sandwich, french fries, tuna
salad and a coke. Si, por favor. Quiero un
sandwich, papas fritas, ensalada de atn y una
soda.
What about you, miss?
Y usted, seorita?
I want a chicken salad and a diet coke.
Quiero una ensalada de pollo y una soda
diettica.
Excuse me, Waiter. Can I ask you a question?

Disculpeme, Camarero. Puedo hacerle una


pregunta?
Certainly.
Desde luego.
Is the cuban sandwich bigger than the
american?
Es ms grande el sandwich cubano que el
sandwich americano?
The cuban is smaller than the american.
El sandwich cubano es ms pequeo que el
americano.
I'll stay with the american, thanks.
Me quedar con el americano, gracias.
Do you care for dessert?
Le gustara un postre?
Yes, I want a big chocolate ice cream.
Si, quiero un helado de chocolate grande
And you?
Y usted?
No, thanks. Bring us the check, please.
No, gracias. Traenos la cuenta, por favor.

Linda, What happened to Pablo?


Linda, Que pas con Pablo?
Who?
Quin?
Pablo, the guy from Mexico, You used to write a
lot about him and suddenly you stopped. Why?
Pablo, el chico de Mxico, tu solas escribir mucho
de el y de repente te deteniste. Por qu?
Because we broke up. But don't worry, it's not a
big deal.
Porque rompimos. Pero no te preocupes no es
importante.
If it's not a big deal, it will be easier for you to tell
me.
Si no es importante, ser ms fcil contarme.
Ok. What do you want to know?
Muy bien. Qu quieres saber?
Why did you break up with him?
Por qu rompiste con el?
All right. I'm going to tell you the truth. We had a
great relationship. He was a very nice guy and he
seemed to love me, but he had the worst idea.
Muy bien. Voy a contarte la verdad. Tenamos una
gran relacin.
El era un buen chico y pareca que me amaba,
pero tena la peor idea.
What was it?
Qu era?
He asked me to marry him and of course I didn't
accept.
El me pidi que me casara con el y por supuesto
no acept.
Why didn't you accept?
Por qu no aceptaste?
Because I didn't love him that much and I wasn't
ready for that step.
Porque Yo no lo amaba mucho y no estaba lista
para ese paso.

What did he do?


Qu hizo el?
Nothing. He understood and one week later, he
moved to Spain.
Nada. El entendi y una semana despus se
traslad a Espaa.

Good afternoon, Miss. May I help you?


Buenas tardes, seorita. Puedo ayudarle?
Yes, my name is Mary Burton. I have a reservation
for two.
Si, mi nombre es Mary Burton. Tengo una
reservacin para dos.
Let me see, Burton you said..... no I can't find it.
How long ago did you make the
reservation?
Djeme ver, Burton usted dijo ....no no puedo
encontrarlo Hace cuanto hizo la reservacin?
About a month ago.
Hace un mes.
Do you know the exact date?
Sabe la fecha exacta?
Give me a second, I think I have it in my agenda.
Yes, it was the 25th of May
Deme un segundo, Creo que la tengo en mi
agenda. Si, fue el 25 de Mayo
Ok, I found it. The problem was that someone
forgot to write your name on the main
list.
Ok, lo he encontrado. El problema fue que alguien
olvid escribir su nombre en la lista principal.
Is everything in order?
Esta todo en orden?
Yes, ma'am. There's no problem. Fill out this
registration card please
Si, seora. No hay ningn problema. Llene la
tarjeta de registro por favor.

Here it is.
Aqu tiene.
How long are you planning to stay?
Cuanto tiempo piensan quedarse?
Three days. We will spend our vacation in a
club.
Tres das. Pasaremos nuestras vacaciones en un
club.
That sounds like fun. Here is your key. The room
number is 801. Thanks for choosing us and enjoy
your stay.
Eso suena divertido. Aqu tiene su llave. La
habitacin es la 801. Gracias por su preferencia y
disfrute su estancia.
Thank you
Gracias.

We can finally rest. I'm so tired.


Por fin podemos descansar. Estoy muy cansada
You can sleep if you want. I'm going to finish this
book.
Puedes dormir si quieres. Yo voy a terminar de
leer este libro.
What is it about?
De que trata?
Pablo Picasso's biograpy.
Biografa de Pablo Picasso
I didn't know you like art
No sabia que te gustaba el arte.

I admire his work


Admiro su trabajo
When was he born?
Cuando naci?
On the 25th of October 1881. If you want to I can
read something for you
El 25 de Octubre de 1881. Si quieres puedo leer
algo para ti
Oh yes! please!
Oh si! por favor!

Picasso showed his exceptional talent from a very


young age. He learned how to draw before he
learned how to talk. His father got a job as a
drawing teacher at a college. He watched his
father paint and had the chance to help him. After
that, his father and many people realized that he
was a genius. He disappointed those who wanted
him to become a traditional painter, because he
broke the rules of artistic tradition with his
strange and powerful paintings. He changed our
ideas about art. Picasso created more than 6000
paintings, drawings and sculptures. Today a
Picasso costs millions.

Picasso demostr su excepcional talento desde


una edad muy temprana. Aprendi a dibujar
antes de aprender a hablar. Su padreconsigui
un trabajo como profesor de dibujo en un
instituto. El mir a su padre pintar y tuvo la
oportunidad de ayudarlo. Despus de eso, su
padre y mucha gente se dio cuenta de que era un
genio. l decepcion a aquellos quienesqueran
que el fuera un pintor tradicional, porque rompi
las reglas de la tradicin artstica con sus pinturas
extraas y poderosas. l cambi nuestras ideas
sobre el arte. Picasso cre ms de 6000 pinturas,
dibujos y esculturas.Hoy en da un Picasso cuesta
millones.

A long time ago, our Uncle Carl told me that he


hat the opportunity to buy a Picasso.

Hace mucho tiempo, nuestro to Carl me conto


que el tena la oportunidad de comprar un
Picasso.
And what happened?
Y que pas?
He couldn't because he had an accident
El no pudo porque tena un accidente
Now, that's what I call bad luck
Ahora, a eso es lo que yo llamo mala suerte

I want to go shopping. Are you coming?


Quiero ir de compras. Vienes?
Sure. That's music to my ears
Claro. Eso es msica para mis oidos
Let's take a cab
Vamos a tomar un taxi
No, the best way to know a city is by bus
No, la mejor manera de conocer una ciudad es en
autobus
Bus?. Are you kidding?
Autobus?. Estas bromeando?
No, I'm not. And if you don't like it, I'll go
alone
No, Yo no bromeo. Y si no te gusta, me ir sola

What am I going to do?


Qu voy a hacer?
You can take a cab
Puedes tomar un taxi
Ok. I'll take the bus if it has air conditioning.
Ok voy a tomar el bus si tiene aire acondicionado.
Don't worry they all have air conditioning
here.
No te preocupes, todos tienen aire acondicionado
aqu.
Where would you like to sit?
Donde te gustara sentarte?
I would like to sit by a big window
Me gustara sentarme junto a una ventana grande
Is that one Ok?
Aquello esta bien?
Which one?
Cul?
The one with the sign
El de la seal
That will be perfect
Ese ser perfecta

Do you know where we are?


Sabes donde estamos?

Not really, but the clerk at the Hotel told me that


this bus passes by the best shopping center.
En realidad no, pero el recepcionista del Hotel me
dijo que el autobs pasa por el mejor centro
comercial.
Yes, but we took this bus 30 minutes ago and
there's no sign of a shopping center.
Si, pero tomamos el autobs hace 30 minutos y
no hay seal de un centro comercial.
Ok, I'll ask someone.
Esta bien, preguntar a alguien.
Why don't you ask the guy in the third row?
Por qu no le preguntas al muchacho de la
tercera fila?
Which one?
Cul?
The one with the blue shirt.
El de la camisa azul.
Excuse me, Sir. Do you know if we are close to
any shopping centers?
Disculpe, Seor Sabe si estamos cerca de algn
centro comercial?
I would like to help, Miss, but I'm new in the city.
Me gustara ayudar, Seorita, pero soy nuevo en
la ciudad.
Thanks anyway.
Gracias de todos modos.
Why don't you ask the driver? He has to know.
Por qu no le pregunta al conductor? El debe
saber.
I'll do that, bye... Driver, are we close to any
shopping center?
Har eso, adis... Conductor, Estamos cerca de
un centro comercial?
Yes, miss. The shopping center is around the
corner. Go to your place. I'll let you know
when we get there.
Si, seorita. El centro comercial est a la vuelta
de la esquina. Vaya a su lugar. Le har saber
cuando lleguemos.

Thanks a lot.
Muchisimas gracias.
You are welcome.
De nada.

What Can I do for you?


Qu puedo hacer por ustedes?
We want to buy a pair of sneakers. Can you tell us
what is in fashion?
Queremos comprar un par de zapatillas
deportivas. Puede decirnos qu est de moda?
Let me go get my assistant. He will help you
inmediately.
Djeme ir por mi asistente. El las ayudar
inmediatamente.
Mary, don't forget that we need to buy gifts for
our friends.
Mary, no olvides que necesitamos comprar
regalos para nuestros amigos.
Yes, you are right. As soon as we finish here, we
can go to that store.
Si, tienes razn. Tan pronto como terminemos
aqu, podemos ir a esa tienda.

My name is Ariel. My boss asked me to help you.


Mi nombre es Ariel. Mi jefe me pidi que les
ayude.
We want to see the sportswear section.
Queremos ver la seccin de ropa deportiva.
Follow me, please. Here we are. What's on your
mind?
Siganme, por favor. Ya llegamos. Que tienen en
mente?
I need a pair of sneakers.
Yo necesito un par de zapatillas deportivas.
What brand do you prefer?
Qu marca prefiere?
Nike
Nike
What size?
Qu talla?
Size 8, please.
Talla 9, por favor.
Try on this pair. They are our newest model.
Pruebe este par. Son nuestros nuevos modelos.
They fit me perfectly. I'll take them
Me quedan perfectamente. Los llevar.
I want you to show me your best scarfs.
Quiero que me ensee sus mejores bufandas.
No problem. We have a fine selection of scarfs.
No hay problema. Tenemos una buena seleccin
de bufandas.
This one is beautiful. What do you think,
Linda?
Este es hermoso. Qu opinas, Linda?
I prefer the brown one, It's more elegant. I'd like
to see some ties.
Prefiero el caf, Es ms elegante. Me gustara ver
algunas corbatas.
For whom are you going to buy ties?
Para quin vas a comprar corbatas?
For our father. How much are they?
Para nuestro padre. Cunto cuestan?
35 dollars each.

35 dolares cada uno.


For that price, I'll make him wear it. Mary I'm
going to let youchoose it.
Por ese precio, har que el los use. Mary voy a
dejarte que elijas uno.
Give me the one over the mannequin. Where are
your sneakers, Linda?
Deme el que est en el maniqu. Donde estn
tus zapatillas, Linda?
They are under the chair.
Estn bajo la silla.

Mark, you are as white as a sheet of paper. What


happened?
Mark, ests plido como una hoja de papel. Qu
pas?
I was depositing some money in the bank, when a
man took out a machine gun.
Estaba depositando algo de dinero en el banco,
cuando un hombre sac una ametralladora.
My godness, and?
Dios mo, Y?
He told us to lay on the floor. Then he asked the
manager to open the safe box.
El nos dijo que permaneciramos en el piso.
Entonces el pidi al gerente que abra la caja
fuerte.

What did the guy look like?


Cmo se vea el tipo?
He looked normal, but nervous.
El se vea normal, pero nervioso.
How do you know that?
Como lo sabes?
Because he was shaking all the time.
Porque l estaba sudando todo el tiempo.
Di he get the money?
Consigui el dinero?
No, he couldn't get it. When they were opening
the safe box, the police came in.
No, el no poda hacerlo. Cuando ellos estaban
abriendo la caja fuerte, la polica lleg.
Did he resist the arrest?
El se resisti al arresto?
No, he realized that he had no chance. There
were ten policeman pointing their guns at him.
No, l se dio cuenta que no tenia oportunidad.
Haba diez policas
What about you?
Qu pas contigo?
I stood up and finished my business there as fast
as I could.
Me levant y termin mis negocios all lo ms
rpido que pude.

This is a beautiful apartment. I've looked for one


like this since I got married.
Este es un hermoso apartamento. Yo he buscado
uno as deste que me cas.
Well, in that case you had better hurry, because I
have rented two apartments in this building
today, and this is the last one.
Bueno, en ese caso ustede debe darse prisa,
porque Yo he rentado dos apartamentos en este
edificio hoy, y este es el ltimo que queda.
What about the neighbors? Are they quiet?
Y los vecinos? Son tranquilos?
I've lived in this building for 18 years, and I've
never received any complaint.
He vivido en este edificio por 18 aos, y Nunca he
recibido ninguna queja.
What's the rent?
Cunto es la renta?
$1100.
1100 dolares.
Is that final?
Es el precio final?
I can lower it to $1000. Do you want to take it?
Puedo rebajarlo a 1000 dolares. Quieres
tomarlo?
I would like to discuss it with my wife.
Me gustara discutirlo con mi esposa.
Don't you like it?
No te gusta?
No, that's not the reason. I love the apartment
but my wife has lived in the same house since
she was 10 years old. It won't be easy to convince
her.
No, esa no es la razn. Me encanta el
apartamento pero mi esposa ha vivido en la
misma casa desde que tena 10 aos. No ser
facil convencerla.
I understand. I'm going to give you my phone
number.
Entiendo. Voy a darte mi nmero de telfono.
Perfect. I'll call you when we decide.

Perfecto. Te llamar cuando nos decidamos.

Mary, I have something important to discuss with


you.
Mary, Tengo algo importante que decirte.
What is it, Honey?
Qu pasa, Cario?
I want us to move to an apartment.
Quiero que nos mudemos a un apartamento.
Why do you want to move?
Por qu quieres mudarte?
Because We have lived with your parents for two
years.
Porque Hemos vivido con tus padres por dos
aos.
And What's the problem?
Y cul es el problema?
There's no problem, but we are a couple and I
think we need our own place.
No hay ningn problema, pero somos una pareja
y creo que necesitamos nuestro propio lugar.

Ok. Do you have any apartments in mind?


Ok Tienes algunos apartamentos en mente?
I have seen many, but there's one that called my
attention.
He visto muchos, pero hay uno que llam mi
atencin.
Why?
Por qu?
Because it is brand new, confortable and very
beautiful.
Porque es nuevo, cmodo y muy bonito.
What about the rent?
Cuanto es el alquiler?
It's fair, $1000 per month.
Es justo, 1000 dolares por mes.
Well, it won't be easy for me at the beginning, but
it sounds like a good idea.
Bueno, no ser fcil para mi al principio, pero
suena como una buena idea.
You won't regret it, Mary.
No te arrepentirs, Mary.

Daughter, get up. You are going to be late.


Hija, levantate. Vas a llegar tarde.
I'm not feeling well, Mother.

No me siento bien, Mam.


What's the matter?
Cul es el problema?
I have a terrible headache and a fever
Tengo un terrible dolor de cabeza y fiebre
You should see Doctor Beker.
Deberas ver al Doctor Beker.
I feel weak. Do you think he might come if you
call him? Me siento dbil. Crees que
podra venir si lo llamas?
I don't think so. It's two o'clock. He must be
working at the clinic now, but you could see
Doctor Smith. He is an outstanding physician.
No lo creo. Son las dos de la tarde. l debe estar
trabajando en la clnica, pero podras ver al doctor
Smith. l es un mdico excelente.
No, I prefer Doctor Beker. Would you do me a
favour?
No, Yo prefiero al Doctor Beker. Me haras un
favor?
Yes, What do you need?
Si, Qu es lo que necesitas?
His secretary may be at the clinic. Call her to find
out when I can see him.
Su secretaria puede estar en la clnica. Llmala
para saber cuando puedo verlo.

.........
The secretary said that the doctor will be there at
4:30. Shall I drive you there?
La secretaria dijo que el mdico estar all a las
4:30. Debo llevarte all?
No, I'll take a cab. It's not that serious.
No, Tomar un taxi. No es tan grave.

I have an appointment with Doctor Beker


Tengo un cita con el Doctor Beker
What's your name?
Cul es su nombre?
My name is Laura Torres
Mi nombre es Laura Torres
Yes, Miss Torres. The doctor will see you now.
Si, seorita Torres. El doctor la ver ahora.
Hi Laura, how are you feeling today?
Hola Laura, Cmo te sientes hoy?
Not very well Doc.
No muy bien Doc.
What seems to be the problem?
Cul parece ser el problema?
I have a headache and a fever.
Tengo dolor de cabeza y fiebre.
Are there any other symptoms?
Hay otros sintomas?
Yes, all of my body aches and I feel weak.
Si, todo mi cuerpo me duele y me siento dbil.

I'm going to examine you. Please take off your


clothes.
Voy a examinarte. Por favor qutate la ropa.
NES LAURA......
a Laura........
I think you have a serious case of the flu.
Creo que tienes un serio caso de gripe.
What should I do?
Qu debo hacer?

I'm going to prescribe you some medicine, but


you must stay in bed if you want to get better.
Te voy a recetar alguna medicina, pero debes
permanecer en cama si quieres mejorar.

It says here that you are a qualified professional


Aqu dice que usted es una profesional cualificada
Yes, I have studied in the best universities and I
have obtained the highest grades.
Si, he estudiado en las mejores universidades y
he obtenido las ms altas calificaciones.
Why do you want to work for us?
Por qu quieres trabajar con nosotros?
First of all, this is the best company in the city, a
company where I can take pride in my work.
En primer lugar, esta es la mejor empresa en la
ciudad, una empresa donde puedo estar orgulloso
de trabajar.
You seem very excited about this opportunity.
Usted parece muy entusiasmada con esta
oportunidad.
I would like to think that you are seriously
considering me for the position.

Me gustara pensar que me est considerando


seriamente para el puesto.
There's one thing I have to point out. We have
been having bad experiences with young
professionals.
Hay una cosa que tengo que sealar. Hemos
tenido malas experiencias con los jvenes
profesionales.
What kind of experiences?
Qu tipo de experiencias?
Responsability. Let me give you an example. It's
ten o'clock. I've been here since 8 o'clock and the
Vice President of Projects has not arrived yet. I'm
going to fired him as soon as he shows up.
Responsabilidad. Djeme darle un ejemplo. Son
las diez en punto. He estado aqu desde las 8 de
la maana y el vicepresidente de proyectos an
no ha llegado. Voy a despedirlo tan pronto como
aparezca.
I see your point, Sir, but you have nothing to
worry about. I'm always on time.
Veo su punto, seor, pero no tiene nada de qu
preocuparse. Yo siempre soy puntual.

Good morning, Mr. Mendez


Buenos das, Sr. Mendez
Good morning, Mrs. Collins. You look sad. Why?
Buenos das, Sra. Collins. Se ve triste. Por qu?
I'm really concerned about my daughter, Laura.
She has been sick for three days.
Estoy muy preocupada por mi hija, Laura. Ella ha
estado enferma por tres das.
Has she been to the doctor?
Ha ido al doctor?
Yes, she went by herself on Sunday. Doctor
Becker said it was the flu and He prescribed her
rest and some pills. I was sure that she was going
to get better.
S, se fue por s misma el domingo. El Doctor
Becker dijo que era la gripe y le recet descanso
y algunas pldoras. Estaba segura de que iba a
mejorar.
Why don't you take her to a different doctor?
Por qu no la llevaste a un mdico diferente?
I did. We went to see Doctor Nick Riviera. He gave
me this prescription.
Lo hice. Fuimos a ver al Doctor Nick Riviera. El me
dio esta receta.
Let me see. Oh yes. This is a very effective
antibiotic. Give me a second.
Djeme ver. Oh, s. Este es un antibitico muy
eficaz. Deme un segundo.
Ok, here you are. It's 5 dollars
Ok, aqu esta. Es 5 dolares
Ok, thank you.
Ok, muchas gracias.

I'd like to cash this check


Me gustara cambiar este cheque
May I see your ID please?
Puedo ver su identificacin por favor?
What do you need my ID for?
Por qu necesita ver mi identificacin?
In order to cash your check, I have to see your ID.
Con el fin de cambiar su cheque, tengo que ver
su identificacin.
I don't have it with me now.
No lo tengo conmigo ahora.
If I were you I would look for it.
Si yo fuera usted lo buscara.
I would rather talk to your boss.
Preferira hablar con su jefe.
He hasn't arrived yet, but if he was here, he
would tell you the same.
El no ha llegado an, pero si estuviera aqu, le
dira lo mismo.
Isn't there any other way to cash this check?
No hay ninguna otra manera de cobrar este
cheque?
Well, now that you ask, I remember. There's
another way, but I know you won't like it.
Bueno, ahora que lo menciona, recuerdo. Que hay
otra manera, pero s que no le va a gustar.
What is it?
Cul es?

I can call for confirmation, but that would take 30


minutes, and we are going to close in twenty
minutes. Why don't you go to your house? You
may make it.
Puedo llamar para confirmar, pero
aquellotomara 30 minutos, y vamos a cerrar en
veinte minutos. Por qu no te vas a tu casa?
Usted puede hacerlo.
My car broke down las week. Would it be all right
if I borrowed your car?
Mi coche se averi la semana pasada. Estara
todo bien si me prestas tu coche?
I'm sorry Sir, but I don't have a car.
Lo siento seor, pero no tengo coche.

Hi Carla. Do you need some company?


Hola Carla. Necesitas algo de compaa?
Not really.
En realidad no.
Well, if you don't mind, I'll stay with you
Bueno, si no te molesta, me quedar a tu lado
I mind.
Me molesta.
Hey!. Why are you being so rude?
Hey!. Por qu eres tan grosera?

You came to me as if you hadn't done anything.


Te acercas a mi como si no hubieras hecho nada.
What are you talking about? What did I do?
De qu estas hablando? Qu hice?
You have nerve. What date is today Peter?
Eres caradura. Qu fecha es hoy Peter?
Today is December 27th, Why?
Hoy es 27 de diciembre, Por qu?
If today is the 27th, yesterday was the 26th,
right?
Si hoy es 27, ayer fue el 26, Correcto?
Oh no! Your birthday! I had forgotten. But it's
never too late to give you a big hug.
Oh no! Tu cumpleaos! Lo haba olvidado. Pero
nunca es tarde para darte un gran abrazo.
Hold it. You not only forget my birthday, but also
insult my intelligence.
Un momento. Tu no slo olvidaste mi cumpleaos,
tambin crees que soy tonta.
I don't think I'm following you.
No creo entenderte.
I had a party at my house yesterday and you
didn't come.
Tuve una fiesta en mi casa ayer y tu no viniste.
Because you didn't tell me anything. Last time I
saw you was on the 20th and you hadn't
mentioned it.
Porque tu no me lo dijiste. La ltima vez que te vi
fue el 20 y tu no lo mencionaste.
Did you spend the 21th with Ruth?
Estuviste el 21 con Ruth?
Yes, I did.
Si
She said that she had been inviting you to the
party all day long.
Ella dijo que haba estado recordandote la fiesta
todo el da.
That's not true! In fact, I remember that before
she left, I had asked her about you.

Eso no es cierto! De hecho, recuerdo que antes


de irse, le haba preguntado acerca de ti.
I don't know Peter.
No lo se Peter.
Come on, Carla. You've got to believe me.
Vamos Carla. Tienes que creerme.
Ok, but if anything like this happens again, you
are history.
Ok, pero si algo como esto vuelve a suceder,
ereshistoria.
That's a deal.
Es un trato.

Albert, I hate to break the news, but our sales


were down again last month.

Albert, odio dar estas noticias, pero nuestras


ventas cayeron nuevamente el mes pasado.
Down again, Donald?
De nuevo, Donald?
Yes, These days, everybody's shopping at our
competition.
Si, estos das, todo el mundo compra a nuestra
competencia.
But everything in there costs an arm and a leg!
Pero todo all es demasiado caro!
That's true. They do charge top dollar.
Es cierto. Ellos cobran demasiado
And their salespeople are very strange. They
really give me the creeps!
Y los vendedores son muy extraos, En verdad
me dan escalofros.
Well, they must be doing something righ over
there. Meanwhile, we're about to go belly up.
Bueno, deben estar haciendo algo bueno,
mientras nosotros nos hundimos.
I'm sorry to hear that. I thought my new
advertising campaign would save the day.
Siento or eso. Pens que mi nueva campaa
publicitaria nos ayudara.
Let's face it, your advertising campaign was a
real flop.
Aceptemoslo, tu campaa fue un fracaso total.
Well then I'll go back to the drawing board.
Bueno entonces empezar de nuevo.
It's too late for that. You're fired!
Es demasiado tarde. Ests despedido!
What? You're giving me the ax?
Qu? Te deshaces de mi?
Yes, I've already found a new manager, She's as
sharp as a tack.
Si, ya he encontrado un nuevo gerente, ella
realmente es muy brillante.
Can't we even talk this over? After all, I've been
working here for 10 years!

Vamos No podemos discutirlo? Despus de todo,


he estado trabajando aqu por 10 aos.
There's no point in arguing, Albert. I've already
made up my mind.
No hay nada que discutir, Albert. Yo ya he tomado
mi decisin.
Oh well, at least I won't have to put up with
your non-sense anymore! Goodbye to you and
goodbye to this dead end job.
Bueno, al menos ya no tendr que soportar ms
tus disparates! Hasta nunca y hasta nunca a este
maldito trabajo.
Please leave before I lose my temper!
Por favor vete antes de que pierda la paciencia!

as, como soltar una noticia mala.

asiado costoso.

e disgusto y horror.

que el anterior intento no funcion.

What's the matter, dear?


Qu sucede, querido?
Mary, I got canned today at work.
Mary, Me despidieron del trabajo.
But Albert, you were Donald's right-hand man!
Pero Albert, Tu eras la mano derecha de de
Donald!
Yes, and he stabbed me in the back.
Si y me apualo por la espalda.
Keep your chin up. Maybe he'll change his mind
and take you back.
No te deprimas. Tal vez cambiar de opinin y te
devolver el empleo.
When pigs fly! Once he makes up his mind, he
never changes it. Besides, I told him off.
Nunca! Una vez que el decide algo, nunca
cambia de opinin, adems le grit.

Look on the bright side: you won't have to set


eyes on Donald ever again.
Mira el lado bueno: No tendrs que ver a Donald
otra vez.
Thank goodness for that!
Gracias a Dios por eso!
Hang in there. I'm sure you won't be out of
work for long.
No pierdas la fe. Estoy segura que no estars
mucho tiempo sin trabajar.
In the meantime, We'll have to live from hand
to mouth.
Mientras tanto, Tendremos que vivir como
podamos.
Don't get too stressed out, Albert. We'll make
ends meet.
No ests estresado, Albert. Vamos a llegar a fin
de mes.
I can always get a job at KFC as a last resort.
Siempre puedo conseguir un trabajo en KFC como
ltimo recurso.
I don't think they're hiring righ now.
Creo que ellos no estn contratando ahora.
If worse comes to worst, we can sell our home
and move into a tent.
En el peor de los casos, podemos vender la casa
y vivir en una tienda de campaa.
Let's thing big! Maybe you can start your own
business.
Pienza en grande! Tal vez puedas comenzar tu
propio negocio.
Easier said than done!
Es mas fcil decirlo que hacerlo!

que se pierde el trabajo o ser despedido.


ms til del jefe.

e hirientes.

ar el lado bueno de alguna situacin mala.

or primera vez.

ro para sobrevivir.

ctamente el dinero para sobrevivir.

as otras no funcionan.

os casos o si todo sale mal.

ue se piensa.

How was your day at school today, Harry?


Cmo te fue en la escuela Harry?

Bad, I had a chemistry test, and I blew it!Mal,


tuve un examen de qumica y lo ech a perder!
Maybe if you didn't cut class so often, you'd do
better.
Tal vez si no faltaras a clases muy a menudo, lo
haras mejor.
That's right, son. Stop slacking off and start
hitting the books!
Eso es cierto hijo. Deja de holgazanear y
comienza a devorar los libros
But I can't stand chemistry class. Besides, it's a
lost cause. That class is way over my head.
Pero no soporto la clase de qumica. Adems es
una causa perdida. Esa clase es demasiado para
mi cabeza.
You need to buckle down.
Tienes que esforzarte ms.
When I'm a famous musician, people won't give
a hoot about my knowledge of atoms and
molecules.
Cuando sea un msico famoso, a la gente le
importar un comino si se sobre tomos y
molculas.
That's beside the point.
Ese no es el punto.
We know you have your heart set on going to
Columbia University.
Sabemos que deseas ir a la Universidad de
Columbia.
And you don't stand a chance of getting in there
with such poor grades!
Y no tendrs posibilidad de entrar all con esas
malas calificaciones!

algo o se estropea algo.

muy superior a la capacidad de alguien.

How was your day at school, Lucy?


Cmo de fue hoy en la escuela Lucy?
It was great, Mom. I gave a presentation on
Hillary Clinton in government class. Afterwards,
my teacher paid me a compliment.

Fue genial mam. Tuve una presentacin sobre


Hillary Clinton en la clase de gobierno. Despus
mi maestra me felicit por mi presentacin.
What did she say?
Qu te dijo?
She said my presentation was head and
shoulders above the others.
Ella dijo que mi presentacin estaba muy por
encima de los dems.
Way to go!
As se hace!
She also said I should go into politics, just like
Hillary.
Ella tambin dijo que debera entrar a la poltica
tal como lo hizo Hillary.
You're so gung ho about school. It drives me
crazy.
Ests tan emocionada por la escuela. Que eso me
vuelve loco.
Harry, don't butt in! You're just jealous.
Harry, no te metas! solo ests celoso.
Right. You hit the nail on the head. I'm green
with envy.
Es cierto, acertaste. Estoy verde de envidia.
Would you just shut up? You're on thin ice with
me right now.
Podras callarte? Estas en la cuerda floja
conmigo ahora mismo.
Oh no! Look at me. I'm shaking in my shoes!
Oh no! mrame, estoy temblando de miedo!

una admiracin.

ior a otro.

es correcto.

See you later, Mom!


Hasta luego mam!
Where are you going, Harry?
A dnde vas Harry?
I told Penny I'd drop by.
Le dije a Penny que la visitara.
What are you two going to do?
Que van a hacer ustedes dos?
Maybe go to the movies or to party. Our plans are
still up in the air.
Tal vez ir al cine o a una fiesta. An no lo
decidimos.

Why don't you invite her over here?


Por qu no la invitas a aqu?
I don't want to hang around here. Dad is really
down in the dumps.
No quiero aburrirme aqu. Pap est muy
deprimido.
Is Penny the girl with the nose ring and the purple
hair?
Penny es la chica con el aro en la nariz y el pelo
color prpura?
Yeah. I'm crazy about her!
Si, estoy loco por ella!
Don't take this the wrong way, but she's not
exactly my cup of tea.
No lo tomes a mal, pero ella no es exactamente lo
que espero de una chica para ti.
Take it easy, Mom. We're not about to get
married. We just enjoy hanging out together.
Tmalo con calma mam. No vamos a casarnos.
Solo vamos a divertirnos juntos.
I guess there's no accounting for taste. Have a
good time.
Supongo que nada est escrito sobre los gustos.
Que la pases bien.
Don't worry. We'll have a blast!
No te preocupes. Vamos a divertirnos mucho!
That's what I'm afraid of! (under her breath)
Eso es lo que me da miedo! (en voz baja)

Albert, I baked cookies for you.


Albert, horne galletas para ti.
That was so nice of you, dear. You've got a heart
of gold!
Es muy amable de tu parte querida. Tienes un
corazn de oro!
Go ahead and pig out!
Adelante tmalos y cmelos!
These are delicious!
Estn deliciosos!
I thought they might cheer you up. You've been
in a bad mood lately.
Pens que podan animarte. Has estado de mal
humor ltimamente.

I guess I have been a little on edge. But these


cookies are just what the doctor ordered!
Creo que he estado un poco nervioso. Pero esas
galletas son justo lo que necesitaba!
Do I smell cookies?
Huelo a galletas?
Yes, Lucy. Help yourself.
Si, Lucy srvete uno.
Mmm mmm. These are out of this world. You
could go into business selling these!
Mmm mmm. Estas galletas son deliciosas.
Podras abrir un negocio y venderlos!
You could call them Mary's Scrumptious Cookies.
You'd make a bundle.
Podras llamarlo Las Deliciosas Galletas de Mary.
Haras una fortuna.
Good thinking!
Bien pensado!
Don't forget to give me credit for the idea after
you're rich and famous!
No olvides darme el crdito por la idea desus
que seas rica y famosa!
You know I always give credit where credit is
due!
Sabes que siempre doy el reconocimiento a
quien se lo merece!

nte necesitabas.

ocimiento a la persona que lo merece.

You're up bright and early this morning, Mary.


Te has levantado muy temprano esta maana,
Mary.
I didn't sleep a wink. I was awake all night
thinking about the new business.
No pude cerrar los ojos. Estuve despierta toda la
noche, pensando sobre el nuevo negocio.
Running your own business is lots of work. Are
you prepared to work like a dog?
Hacer funcionar tu propio negocio requiere mucho
trabajo. Ests dispuesta a trabajar muy duro?

No. But I am prepared to hire you to run the


business.
No. Pero estoy dispuesta a contratarte para dirigir
el negocio.
You want me to run a cookie business? Fat
chance!
Quieres que dirija un negocio de galletas? No lo
creo!
Why not?
Por qu no?
I don't have a clue about making cookies. I
don't even know how to turn the oven on!
No tengo ni idea de hacer galletas. Ni siquiera s
cmo encender el horno!
I'll give you a crash course.
Te voy a dar un curso acelerado.
Do I have to do the baking?
Tengo que hacer la coccin?
No. You'll just manage the business side.
No. Solo manejars la parte comercial.
Needless to say, I have mixed feelings about
working for you.
No hace falta decir, que tengo sentimientos
encontrados sobre trabajar para ti.
I'll be nice. I promise you'll be a happy camper.
Ser buena. Te prometo que estars muy
satisfecho.
Okay. Let's give it a shot, boss!
Muy bien. Vamos a intentarlo, jefa!

de lo habitual.

conciliar el sueo.

n en algo.

You're in good spirits today, Harry


Hoy ests de buen humor Harry
I've got great news, Mom
Tengo buenas noticias Mam
What is it?
Qu es?
Penny and I are going to start a rock band!
Penny y yo vamos a comenzar una banda de
rock!
Good for you!
Bien hecho!
Mom, I'm not going to beat around the bush. I
need to borrow $1000 for a new guitar.

Mam, No voy a andar con rodeos. Necesito un


prstamo de 1000 dolares para una nueva
guitarra.
Harry, your father and I can't shell out that
much. We aren't made of money.
Harry, tu padre y yo no podemos pagar tanto
dinero. No somos ricos.
You're not? I thought you were millionaires, like
Donald Trump!
No lo son? Pens que eran millonarios como
Donald Trump!
Ha ha. This is no time to be a wise guy!
Ja ja. Este no es el momento de ser sarcstico!
I promise I'll pay you back.
Prometo que te lo devolver.
How?
Cmo?
We're going to take the music world by storm
and make lots of money.
Vamos a ser muy famosos y haremos mucho
dinero.
That sounds like a pipe dream. Aren't high
school rock bands a dime a dozen?
Eso suena algo imposible. No son ya las bandas
de secundaria algo comn?
Yeah, but we're different. With my guitar playing
and Penny's beautiful voice, we're sure to make a
splash!
Si, pero somos diferentes. Con mi forma de tocar
la guitarra y la hermosa voz de Penny, Seremos
famosos!
Well, we're going through hard times. You're going
to have to work for that $1000
Bueno, estamos pasando por tiempos difciles.
Vas a tener que trabajar para conseguir los 1000
dolares.
How?
Cmo?
You can bake cookies.
Tu puedes hornear galletas.

un punto en contreto.

I've decided to run for student body president! If


I'm going to become a senator one day, I should
get some experience under my belt now.
He decidido postular para presidente del cuerpo
estudiantil! Si voy a ser senador algn da,
necesito algo de experiencia ahora.
Amy Power is also running. She'll give you a run
for your money!

Amy Power tambin est en competencia. Ella te


dar una dura pelea!
Amy Power is an idiot. I'm by far the better
candidate.
Amy Power es una idiota. Yo soy por mucho la
mejor candidata.
Don't be so full of yourself! I might vote for
Amy.
No ests tan confiada! Yo podra votar por Amy.
Stop kidding around. Let's get down to
business. I need your help.
Deja de bromear. Vamos al grano. Necesito tu
ayuda.
You want me to help you?
Quieres que te ayude?
Yes, I need you to talk your friends into voting
for me.
Si, necesito que hables con tus amigos para que
voten por mi.
But you never give my friends the time of
day. All you give them is the cold shoulder.
Pero tu nunca hablas a mis amigos.
That's because they're got blue hair and nose
rings!
Eso es porque ellos tienen el cabello azul y
tienen aros en las narices!
They're better than your friends, a bunch of
goody-goodies and brown-nosers!
Son mejores que tus amigos, unos santurrones y
chupamedias.
That's beside the point. Let's talk about your
friends and their votes.
Eso no es importante. Hablemos de tus amigos y
sus votos.
Okay. You scratch my back and I'll scratch
yours. If you do my chemistry homework, I'll help
you get the votes.
Esta bien, vamos a cooperar. Si me haces la tarea
de qumica, yo te ayudar a conseguir los votos.
I'm not crazy about that idea. But, okay, it's a
deal. I hope I can count on you.
No me gusta mucho la idea. Pero esta bien, es un
trato. Espero contar contigo.

gian a otros (profesores o jefes) para recibir favores.


te har un favor, vamos a cooperar.

Thank you for making time for me today, Laura.


Gracias por tener tiempo hoy para m, Laura.
Don't mention it, Albert. What's up?
De nada, Albert. Qu sucede?
My wife baked these cookies from scratch.
Please take one.
Mi esposa horneo estas galletas caseras. Por
favor toma uno.
Mmmm, chewy. These are out of this world!
Mmmm, est masticable. Muy sabroso!
My wife's a great cook.
Mi esposa es una gran cocinera.
You can say that again. I don't want to make a
pig of myself, but let me take a few more.
Estoy de acuerdo contigo. No quiero comer
demasiado, pero djame toma unos cuantos ms.
Oink oink! Just kidding!
Oink oink! Slo estoy bromeando!
I'd like to sell these at the Lucky Market. My
customers will go nuts over these!
Me gustara venderlos en el Lucky Market. A mis
clientes les encantarn!
How much would you pay us for each cookie?
Cunto nos pagaras por cada galleta?
I'm not sure. I need to roll up my sleeves and
figure out the finances.
No estoy segura. Necesito preparar unas cosas y
resolver las cuentas.
Can you give me a ballpark figure now?
Puedes darme una cifra aproximada ahora?
I don't want to jump the gun. Sit tight for now,
and we'll talk things over this evening.
No quiero adelantarme. Espera tranquilo por
ahora y hablaremos de estas cosas esta noche.

Hi Albert. How's it going?


Hola Albert. Cmo ests?
Fine thanks, Laura. How are you?
Bien gracias, Laura. Y t cmo ests?

Can't complain. Albert, I've had a chance to


crunch some numbers. I can pay you 50 cents
per cookie.
No me puedo quejar Albert. He tenido la
oportunidad de hacer algunos clculos. Puedo
pagarte 50 centavos por cada galleta.
That's out of the question. At that price, it's not
worth our while. The ingredients alone cost us
30 cents per cookie.
Eso es imposible. A ese precio, no vale la pena
nuestro esfuerzo. Slo los ingredientes nos
cuestan 30 centavos por galleta.
Okay, let me sweeten the deal. 60 cents per
cookie?
Esta bien, djame mejorar el trato. 60 centavos
por galleta?
Laura, my wife and I need to make a living from
this business.
Laura, mi esposa y yo necesitamos ganar dinero
de este negocio.
Okay, okay, you've twisted my arm. I'll pay you
75 cents per cookie. Take it or leave it!
Bueno, bueno, me has convencido. Te pagar 75
centavos por galleta. Tmalo o dejalo!
Now you're talking! We'll take it.
As se habla! Lo tomaremos.
You drive a hard bargain, Albert.
Eres un negociador muy duro, Albert.
Yes, but we make a good cookie.
Si, pero hacemos una buena galleta.
Let's get the ball rolling. Bring me 3000
cookies on Monday morning by 8 a.m.
Vamos a empezar. Treme 3000 galletas el Lunes
por la maana a las 8 a.m.

mente como ltimo recurso.

I konw I've been down in the dumps since I got


fired, but things are lookig up now. The Lucky
Market wants to sell our cookies.
Se que he estado deprimido desde que fui
despedido, pero las cosas estn mejorando ahora.
El supermercado Lucky quiere vender nuestras
galletas.
That's great news, Dad!
Esas son buenas noticias, pap!

We're going to have to bake like crazy over the


weekend. They want 3000 cookies by Monday.
Vamos a tener que hornear como locos todo el fin
de semana. Ellos quieren 3000 galletas para el
lunes
Three thousand cookies in three days? Don't you
think you've bitten off more than you can
chew?
Tres mil galletas en tres das? No crees que es
mucho para ti?
Yeah, you're going to be running around like a
chicken with its head cut off!
Si, van a tener que moverse muy rpido.
Fortunately, there are four of us here. You kids will
have to pitch in too.
Afortunadamente, somos cuatro. Ustedes chicos
tendrn que ayudarnos tambin.
Sorry, but I can't. I have to finish Harry's
chemistry homework and then I've got to get
going on my election speech.
Lo siento, pero no puedo. Tengo que terminar la
tarea de qumica de Harry y despus tengo que
preparar mi discurso.
What's that about doing Harry's chemistry
homework?
Qu es eso de la tarea de qumica de Harry?
Never mind! Penny will help out with the cookies
instead of Lucy.
No importa! Penny nos ayudar con las galletas
en lugar de Lucy.
For heaven's sake, Lucy! It's like pulling teeth
getting you to do any work around here.
Por amor de dios, Lucy! Es difcil que colabores
aqu.

frenes, en una manera muy nerviosa.

sorpresa, indignacin e impaciencia.

Mom, Penny is here to lend a hand with the


cookies.
Mam, Penny est aqu para ayudarnos con las
galletas
Hi Penny. Nice to see you again.
Hola Penny. Me alegro de verte de nuevo.
Good to see you to, Mrs. Smith.
A mi tambin me alegra verla seora Smith.
That's an interesting hairstyle.
Ese es un interesante peinado.
Thanks. I'm glad you think it's cool. Blue hair is
all the rage this season.
Gracias. Me alegro que crea que es cool. El
cabello azul es lo que est de moda.

Well, I'm going to take a break now and let you


kids take over.
Bueno, me voy a descansar ahora y dejaremos
que los chicos se hagan cargo.
Don't worry, Mom. Your business is in good
hands with Penny. She really knows her stuff.
No te preocupes mam. Tu negocio est en
buenas manos con Penny. Ella realmente sabe lo
que hace.
That's true. I used to work at Mrs. Field's Cookies
in the mall.
Es cierto. Sola trabajar en Las Galletas de la
Seora de Campo en el centro comercial.
You don't work there anymore?
Ya no trabajas ms all?
No, I got fired. I have a real sweet tooth, and
they told me I was eating too many cookies.
No, me despidieron. Tengo un verdadero gusto
por lo dulce, y me dijeron que coma demasiadas
galletas.
Well, I'm sure haven't lost your touch.
Bueno, estoy segura que no has perdido tu
habilidad.
I might be a bit out of practice.
Puede que est un poco fuera de prctica.
Mom, you can watch Penny bake if you want. You
might pick up a few tricks of the trade.
Mam, puedes ver a Penny hornear si quieres.
Quizs aprendas algunos trucos.
Yes, feel free. As a singer, I'm used to
performing before an audience!
Si, no lo dude. Como cantante estoy
acostumbrada a actuar delante una audiencia!
Thanks, but I'm going to get out of the way. You
know what they say: too many cooks spoil the
broth!
Gracias, pero voy a apartarme. Ya sabes lo que
dicen: Demasiados cocineros estropean el caldo!
Will I see you later tonight?

Te ver esta noche?


Yes, I'll be back in a few hours.
Sii, regresar en unas cuantas horas.
Mom, why don't you just call it a night and go to
bed. You've been working your tail off all day.
Mam, Por qu no solo descansas? Has estado
trabajando muy duro todo el da.

actividades de alguien.

una actividad pueden arruinarlo.

Harry, when I met you, it was love at first sight.


Harry, cuando te conoc, fue amor a primera
vista.
I was nuts about you from the beginning too.
Don't forget, I broke up with that girl Jenny after
I met you.
Yo tambin estaba loco por ti desde el principio.
No olvides que termin con esa chica Jenny
despus de conocerte.
Come here and give me a kiss.
Ven aqu y dame un beso.
Give me a break, Penny! We don't have time for
that now. We need to crank out these cookies.
Dame un respiro, Penny! No tenemos tiempo
para eso ahora. Necesitamos terminar esas
galletas.
You don't really love me, do you?
En realidad no me quieres, verdad?
Penny, I'm head over heels in love with you.
But it's crunch time with these cookies.
Penny, estoy muy enamorado de ti. Pero es hora
de hacer las galletas
Cookies, cookies, cookies. You've got a one-track
mind.
Galletas, galletas, galletas. Solo tienes eso en la
cabeza.

Penny, I need to keep working, but you can take a


break if you want.
Penny, tengo que seguir trabajando, pero tu
puedes descansar si quieres.
No, I'll keep plugging away...I'm just your cookie
slave. Go ahead, treat me like dirt!
No, voy a seguir intentando...Soy tu esclava de
las galletas. Adelante, Trtame mal!
Sorry, Penny. Come here and let me give you a
quick kiss.
Lo siento Penny. Ven aqu y djame darte un beso
rpido.
Hey, what's going on in here? Are you making
cookies or making out?
Hey, Qu esta pasando aqu? Estn haciendo
galletas o besndose?

n resultado.

o actividad. Centrado en una sola cosa.

on alguien, tratar mal a alguien.

What's up, Lucy?


Qu te pasa Lucy?
I pulled an all-nighter working on my election
speech.
Estuve toda la noche trabajando en mi discurso
electoral.
No wonder you look like a basket case! Did you
finish your speech?
No me sorprende te ves en malas condiciones!
Terminaste tu discurso?
Yes, at 6 a.m.
Si, a las 6 de la maana.
That must be a load off your mind!
Eso debi ser un alivio para ti!
It's not. I've got to give the speech tomorrow in
front of 2000 people. I'm a nervous wreck!
No lo es. Tengo que dar el discurso maana frente
a 2000 personas. Estoy muy preocupado!
Just remember the old rule of thumb: Imagine
your audience naked.
Solo recuerda la vieja regla: Imagina a tu pblico
desnudos.
That's gross. Why would I want to do that?

Eso es asqueroso. Por qu querra hacer eso?


According to conventional wisdom, it'll make
you less nervous.
Segn los dems, eso har que ests menos
nerviosa.
Only practice will do the trick.
Slo con la prctica lo lograr.
Okay, let's hear the speech.
Esta bien, escuchemos el discurso.
Good afternoon, everyone. There are four
candidates running for president. You think you
have several choices. In reality, you have just one
choice: me!
Buenas tardes a todos. Hay cuatro candidatos
compitiendo para la presidencia. Creen que
tienen varias opciones. Pero en realidad solo
tienen una opcin: Yo!
You can't say that. You'll turn off your audience
immediately.
No puedes decir eso. Enojaras a tu publico de
inmediato.
It sounds like I have a big head?
Suena como si fuera arrogante?
I'll say!
Si definitivamente!

a noche haciendo un trabajo.

condiciones.

una regla general.

Albert, how did the baking go?


Albert, Cmo les fue con el horneado?
Slow at first, but we're getting the hang of it.
Lento al principio, pero nos dimos cuenta cmo
hacerlo rpido.
Once you learn the ropes, it becomes second
nature.
Una ves que aprendes lo bsico, se vuelve algo
natural.
To tell you the truth, I thought that baking
3000 cookies would be a pain in the neck. But
we managed to round up some helpers, and it
was a piece of cake.
Para serte honesto, pens que el horneado de
3000 galletas sera difcil. Pero logramos reunir
algunos ayudantes, y fue muy fcil.

Well, thanks for coming in person with the


cookies.
Bueno, gracias por entregar las galletas
personalmente.
No problem. When will you need more?
No hay problema Cuando necesitaras ms?
It depends on how many we sell today.
Eso depende de cuntas vendamos hoy.
How many do you think you'll sell?
Cuntas crees que vas a vender?
Maybe 500, maybe 2000. Your guess is as
good as mine. In any case, I'll keep you
posted.
Quizs 500, quizs 2000. No lo s. En cualquier
caso, te mantendr informado.
Okay. Just give me a ring as soon as you know.
Esta bien. Solo llmame tan pronto sepas algo.

acer algo, aprender una efectiva tcnica.

e mucho tiempo, que al final parece que ha estado all siempre. Algo natural.

Albert, your wife's cookies are selling like


hotcakes!
Albert, las galletas de tu esposa se vendieron
rpidamente!
How many did you sell, Laura?
Cuntas vendiste, Laura?
We've sold out. I need more right away! Bring
me another 2000 by tomorrow at 9 a.m.
Hemos vendido completamente todo. Necesito
ms inmediatamente! Treme otras 2000 para
maana a las 9 a.m.
That's a tall order, Carol.
Eso es una tarea difcil, Laura.
Don't blow it, Albert! your cookies could really
take off.
No lo eches a perder, Albert! tus galletas
realmente podran ser populares.
I know, but I'm not sure we have enough time to
bake all those cookies.
Lo s, pero no estoy seguro de que tengamos
suficiente tiempo para hornear todas esas
galletas.

Bake all night if you have to. Burn the midnight


oil! If you work hard now, you'll be sitting
pretty in a few years.
Hornea toda la noche si es necesario.Quema tus
pestaas! Si trabajas duro ahora, estars en una
buena situacin en unos cuantos aos.
Rest assured that I'll do my best to deliver
the goods.
Ten por seguro que voy a hacer todo lo posible
para cumplir con la tarea.
Okay, now let's stop the chitchat. You've got
work to do!
Esta bien, ahora dejemos de hablar. Tienes
trabajo que hacer!

o o trabajando.

The cookies are selling like hotcakes!


Las galletas se vendieron completamente!
Way to go, Dad!
Bien hecho, Pap!
I need you kids to help out tonight with the
cookies. We need another two thousand by
morning.
Los necesito muchachos para que me ayuden con
las galletas esta noche. Necesitamos otros dos
mil para maana.
Two thousand by tomorrow morning? That's
impossible!
Dos mil para maana? Eso es imposible!
Penny and I will lend a hand. She's a real night
owl, so she won't mind staying up late.
Penny y yo ayudaremos. Ella es una verdadera
noctmbula, no le importar quedarse hasta
tarde.
Lucy, we'll need your help too.
Lucy, necesitaremos tu ayuda tambin.
Bake cookies the night before the elections?
Nothing doing!
Hornear galletas la noche antes de la eleccin?
No lo creo!
Lighten up, big shot! You're running for high
school president, not President of the United
States.

Reljate, seorita importante! Ests compitiendo


por la presidencia de la escuela, no para ser
presidenta de Estados Unidos.
Harry, you really get on my nerves sometimes.
Harry, me sacas de quicio a veces.
Okay, kids, let's stop fooling around. We need
to get the show on the road.
Esta bien muchachos, no perdamos tiempo.
Necesitamos comenzar a trabajar.

he (noctmbulo).

r las cosas tan seriamente.

I lost the election by a hair. Just 10 votes! But


I'm not giving up.
He perdido las elecciones muy apenas. A tan
slo 10 votos! pero no voy a darme por vencida.
Give me a break, Lucy. You lost. Live with it!
Dame un respiro, Lucy. Perdiste. Acptalo!
But I was a sure thing! If I hadn't stayed up so
late baking cookies, I wouldn't have messed up
my speech.
Pero estoy segura de una cosa! Si no me hubiera
quedado hasta tan tarde horneando galletas, no
habra estropeado mi discurso.
Come on, Lucy!
Vamos Lucy!
It's your fault, Harry. I lost because your friends
didn't vote for me!
Es tu culpa, Harry. Perd porque tus amigos no
votaron por mi!
Don't try to put the blame on me! I gave it my
best shot.
No trates de echarme la culpa! Hice mi mejor
esfuerzo.
They must've made a mistake while counting the
votes. I'll demand a re-count on Monday and set
the record straight.
Debieron cometer un error mientras contaban los
votos. Exigir un recuento el lunes para aclarar
las cosas.
Don't make a fool of yourself, Lucy. Face it.
Amy won the election fair and square!
No hagas el ridculo, Lucy. Acptalo. Amy gan
las elecciones honestamente!
Well, I just don't know where I went wrong.
Bueno, no se que cual fue mi error.
Here, take a chocolate chip cookie. That'll cheer
you up for sure!
Toma, coge una galleta de chocolate. Esto te
animara definitivamente!

un delito o desgracia.
esfuerzo.

Albert, a lady came into the Lucky Market today


ranting and raving.
Albert, una mujer vino al Lucky Market esta
maana protestando.
Oh yeah? What happened?
Ah s? Qu pas?
She found a blue hair in her chocolate chip
cookie!
Ella encontr un pelo azul en su galleta de
chocolate!
Aha. I can see how she'd be taken aback.
Aha. Puedo imaginar como estara de
sorprendida.
Does anybody in your family have blue hair?
Alguien en tu familia tiene el pelo azul?
As a matter of fact, my son's girlfriend Penny
has blue hair.
En realidad, la novia de mi hijo Penny tiene el
pelo azul.
Albert, I can't sell your cookies anymore.
Albert, No puedo vender tus galletas ms.
Aren't you blowing things out of proportion?
No estas exagerando las cosas?
The health department would throw the book
at me if they found out about this.
El departamento de salud me sancionara si se
entera sobre esto.
Couldn't we just sweep this under the rug?
No podramos solo ocultarlo?
No. This is too serious.
No. Esto es muy serio.
But I was just getting a handle on the cookies
business. Now what will I do? I don't have any
other way of making a living!
Pero estaba empezando a entender el negocio de
las galletas. Y Ahora qu voy a hacer? No tengo
otra forma de ganarme la vida!

My heart goes out to you, Albert, but you need


to get your act together. I want to sell
chocolate chip cookies, not hair cookies!
Lo siento mucho por ti, Albert, pero necesitas
organizarte. Quiero vender galletas de chocolate,
no galletas de pelo!
I guess I just knocked myself out for the past
week for nothing.
Supongo que trabaj duro la semana pasada por
nada.
Clearly!
Sin duda!

r a ser un escandalo.

manera ms eficaz.

Hello?
Hola?
Good afternoon. Are you Mary, of Mary's
Scrumptious Cookies?
Buenas tardes. Es Mary, de Deliciosas Galletas
Mary?
Yes I am.
Si lo soy.
My name is Carol Miller, and I'm calling from the
National Cookie Company. We're nuts about your
cookies, and we'd like to sell them all over the
country.
Mi nombre es Carol Miller y la llamo de parte de
National Cookie Company. Estamos encantados
con sus galletas, y nos gustara venderlos en todo
el pas.
Unfortunately, we're running on a shoestring
out of our kitchen. We can't make enough cookies
for you.
Desafortunadamente, Operamos con un bajo
presupuesto en nuestra cocina. No podemos
hacer suficientes galletas para ustedes.
My company wants to buy the recipe and the
brand name from you.
My compaa quiere comprar su receta y la
marca.
Oh yeah? Why would you want to do that?
Ah, s? Por qu quisieran hacer eso?
We have a successful track record of buying
small companies and turning them into big ones.

Tenemos una exitosa trayectoria comprando


pequeas empresas y convertirlas grandes
empresas.
In that case, I'm sure we can come to an
agreement.
En ese caso, estoy segura que podemos llegar a
un acuerdo.
Great. You just made my day!
Excelente. Me gusta escuchar eso!
You'll need to work out the nuts and bolts of
the agreement with my husband. He's the
business manager.
Necesitas hablar de los detalles del acuerdo con
mi esposo. l es el encargado del negocio.
May I speak with him now?
Puedo hablar con l ahora?
He's at a meeting. I'll have him get in touch
with you when he returns.
Est en una reunion. Har que se ponga en
contacto con usted cuando regrese.
Good. I look forward to speaking with him.
Bien. Espero con ansias hablar con l.

Dear, I've got some bad news.


Querida, tengo malas noticias.
What's the matter, Albert?
Cul es el problema Albert?
The Lucky Market won't take any more of our
cookies.
El supermercado Lucky Market no comprarn ms
nuestras galletas.
Why not? They're selling like hotcakes!
Por qu no? Si se venden como pan caliente!
I know, but a lady found a blue hair in her cookie.
Now Laura refuses to sell them.
Lo s, pero una seora encontr un cabello azul
en su galleta. Ahora Laura no quiere venderlas.
Laura is such a dragon lady! We're better off
having nothing to do with her.
Laura es como una mujer dragn! Estaremos
mejor sino tenemos nada que ver con ella.
She's not my cup of tea either, but she was
selling lots of cookies.
Ella no es de mi agrado, pero estaba vendiendo
muchas galletas.
Oh well. That's the way the cookie crumbles. Ha
ha. Get it?
Oh bueno. As es la vida. Ha ha. Entiendes?
Mary, this is no laughing matter!
Mary, esto no es algo para bromear!
Albert, we don't need the Lucky Market anymore.

Albert, no necesitamos al Lucky Market ms


Why not?
Por qu no?
The National Cookie Company called. They want
to buy out out business.
El National Cookie Company llam. Ellos quieren
comprar nuestro negocio.
Mary, this is a dream come true. It looks like
we've struck it rich!
Mary, esto es un sueo hecho realidad. Parece
que nos hemos hecho ricos!
Yes. Soon we'll be rolling in dough!
Si. Pronto seremos muy ricos!

eces suceden las cosas y no hay nada que se pueda hacer al respecto. As es la vida.

Hi Albert. I was just in the neighborhood so I


thought I'd stop by.
Hola Albert. Pasaba por el barrio as que pens en
visitarte un rato.
Come on in. Take a cookie.
Adelante. Tome una galleta.
Thanks, I'm glad to see you're not holding a
grudge against me for firing you.
Gracias, me alegro de que no me guardes rencor
por despedirte.
Not at all. At first, it burned me up. But I feel
better now.
No del todo. Al principio, estaba muy enojado.
Pero me siento mejor.
Good. I'm glad you have no hard feelings. How
would you like your old job back?
Bien, me alegro de que no me guardes rencor. Te
gustara volver a tu antiguo trabajo?
What happened to your wonderful new manager?
Qu pas con tu maravilloso y nuevo gerente?
She drank at work, three sheets to the wind.
Yesterday, I finally got rid of her.
Beba en el trabajo, era una borracha. Ayer,
finalmente me deshice de ella.
Let me get this straight. You replaced me with
some crazy woman who got plastered every
day on the job?
Djame ver si entiendo. Usted me remplaz por
una mujer loca que se emborrachaba cada da en
el trabajo?
Yeah, I lost my head.
S, no sabia lo que haca.

I don't think you lost your head. I just think you've


got rocks in your head!
No lo creo. Simplemente tiene piedras en la
cabeza!
Albert, I'm trying to level with you. I never
should've let you go.
Albert, estoy tratando de honesto contigo. Nunca
deb dejarte ir.
No use crying over spilt milk.
No se puede cambia el pasado.
So you'll come back and work for me?
Entonces volvers a trabajar para mi?
Not on your life! Mary and I are very well off
now. We just sold our new company for a small
fortune!
Definitivamente no! Mary y yo somos ricos
ahora. Acabamos de vender nuestra nueva
compaa por una buena cantidad de dinero!

del pasado.

dicho). No se puede cambiar el pasado.

Harry, you know how all along you've been in


charge of all the lyrics for our band?
Harry, Sabes que todo este tiempo has estado a
cargo de todas las letras de nuestra banda?
That's right, Penny. Everybody loves my songs!
Es cierto, Penny. Todos aman mis canciones!
Well, I hope they'll love my songs too.
Bueno, creo que amaran mis canciones tambin.
But you don't write songs.
Pero tu no escribes canciones.
I'm sick and tired of singing your songs all the
time. I want to sing my own songs!

Estoy harta de cantar tus canciones todo el


tiempo. Quiero cantar mis propias canciones!
Okay, no need to freak out! First things first.
Have you written a song yet?
Esta bien, No necesito perder el control! Antes
que nada. Ya Has escrito una cacin?
Yes, as a matter of fact, I have.
Si, en realidad, lo he hecho.
Well, let's hear it then.
Bien, escuchmoslo.
Okay, but it's still a work in progress.
Esta bien, pero an no la he terminado.
Stop trying to buy time. Let's hear the song!
Deja de intentar ganar tiempo. Escuchemos la
cancin!
La la la ... My boyfriend is crazy. Crazy about
baking cookies. I know for sure that there is no
cure ... la la la.
La la la ... Mi novio esta loco. Loco por hornear
galletas. Se con certeza que no hay cura ... la la
la.
Cut it out! Stop teasing me. I am cured.
Ya basta! Deja de burlarte. Estoy curado.
All better?
Completamente curado?
Yes. I'll never bake another cookie again. My
parents made a fortune. Now we can all just
chill out!
Si. Nunca hornear otra galleta de nuevo. Mis
padres hicieron mucho dinero. Ahora podemos
relajarnos!

demasiado.

Penny and I are going to break into the music


business. Last night after our concert, a talent
agent asked us to meet with him in New York.
Penny y yo vamos a entrar al negocio de la
msica. Ayer por la noche despus de nuestro
concierto, un agente de talento nos pidi
reunirnos con l en Nueva York
Congratulations! We'll give you some spending
money for your trip.
Felicidades! Vamos a darte algo de dinero para
tu viaje.

No need. The agent is footing the bill for


everything. And when we get there, he's going to
wine and dine us.
No es necesario. El agente est pagando todos
los gastos. Y cuando lleguemos all, l va a
invitarnos a festejar.
He must think you're the cream of the crop.
l debe creer que ustedes son los mejores.
He thinks we sound like the Green Day.
l piensa que nos parecemos a Green Day
Who are they?
Quienes son?
You're really out of it. They're a popular rock
band.
Realmente no ests actualizada. Son una banda
de rock.
Our family is certainly on a winning streak. I
was elected president of the Italian Club today.
Nuestra familia en verdad est en una racha
ganadora. Hoy fui elegida como presidenta del
Club Italiano.
The Italian Club? Big deal!
El Club Italiano? Gran cosa!
You don't get it, Harry. This is only the beginning.
Today, president of the Italian Club. Tomorrow,
ambassador to Italy.
No lo entiendes, Harry. Es solo el principio. Hoy
presidente del Club Italiano. Maana, embajadora
de Italia.
Well, Ambassador, you'll need to wrap up my
chemistry homework before you leave for the
Italy Embassy.
Bien, embajadora, tendrs que terminar mi tarea
de qumica antes que vayas a la embajada de
Italia.
A rock star and a diplomat. I'm so proud of both of
you!
Una estrella de rock y una diplomtica. Estoy
muy orgullosa de ambos!

s modernas.

Oh excuse me!
Oh disculpeme!
That's Ok.
Esta bien.
What course are you in?
En qu curso ests?
English 2.
Ingls 2.
Me too.
Yo tambin.
We're all in English 2. This is Faysal...

Todos estamos en la clase de Ingls 2. l es


Ahmed...
Nice to meet you.
Mucho gusto.
Helen...
Helen...
Hi.
Hola.
and Kaori
y Kaori.
Hello.
Hola.
And my name is Daniela.
Y yo soy Daniela.
Hi, I'm Enrique.
Hola, yo soy Enrique.
Where are you from, Enrique?
De donde eres, Enrique?
I'm from Colombia, What about you?
Soy de Colombia, Y t?
I'm from Spain.
Soy de Espaa.

What's your name?

Cul es tu nombre?
Enrique Montoya
Your address?
Tu direccin?
456 Columbus Avenue, apartment 5G
456 de la Avenida Columbus, apartamento 5G
And your phone number?
Y tu nmero de telfono?
Excuse me?
Disculpe que dijo?
What's your telephone number?
Cul es tu nmero telefnico?
Oh, it's 344-4421
Ah, es el 344-4421
And Where are you from?
Y de donde eres?
Colombia
And you are in English 2?
Y ests en el curso de Ingls 2?
Yes, that's right.
S, es correcto.
Sign here, please... Thank you
Firme aqu, por favor...Gracias
You're welcome
De nada
Next please
Siguiente por favor

Say, what's her name?


Dime, Cul es su nombre?
That's Carla Smith. She's a secretary at the
Languaje Institute.
Ella es Cristi Smith. Es secretaria del Instituto.
And who's that?
Y quin es l?
I don't know. I think he's a teacher.
No lo se. Creo que es un profesor.
What would you like?
Que les gustara ordenar?
Coffee, please.
Caf, por favor.
Coffee for me too.
Caf para m tambin.
What do you do, Kaori?
A que te dedicas, Kaori?
I'm secretary. What about you?
Soy secretaria. Que hay de ti?
I work in a restaurant.
Trabajo en un restaurante.
Oh, really?
Oh, en serio?
Yeah. I work for my uncle.
S. Trabajo para mi to.

There's Daniela and Faysal. Let's go say hello.


All estn Daniela y Ahmed. Vamos a saludarlos.
Ok.
Esta bien.
Excuse me! That's my book.
Disclpeme! Ese es mi libro.
No, it isn't. Look, here's my name.
No, no lo es. Mire, aqu est mi nombre.
Fred, is this your book?
Fred, es tu libro?
Oh, I guess it is.... I'm really sorry.
Oh, creo que s.... Me equivoqu lo siento mucho.
That's ok.
Esta bien.

.
Who's that?
Quin es l?
That's Enrique Montoya.
El es Enrique Montoya.
Is he a student at the Institute?
Es un estudiante del Instituto?
Yes, he is.
Si.
Where's he from?
De donde es?
I think he's from Colombia.
Creo que es de Colombia.

Do you have any pictures of your family?


Tienes algunas fotografas de tu familia?
Yes, I have some here somewhere. Yeah, here
thery are. This is my father with my twin sisters,
Cintia and Rossy. They're both bilingual
secretaries.
S, Tengo algunas por algn lado, Si, aqu estn.
Este es mi padre junto a mis dos hermanas
gemelas, Cintia y Rossy. Las dos son secretarias
bilinges.
What does your father do?
A qu se dedica tu padre?
He's retired. This is my mother. She's a lawyer.
l est retirado. Ella es mi madre. Es abogada.
Really?
En serio?
Uh-huh. And these are my brothers, Peter and
Richard, and that's Cintia's boyfriend, Marc
Garca.
Si. Y estos son mis hermanos, Peter y Richard, y
este es el novio de Cintia, Marc Garca.
His last name's Garca?
Su apellido es Garca?

Yes. It's a very common name in Spain. What's


your last name?
S. Es un apellido muy comn en Espaa. Cul es
tu apellido?
Helal.
How do you spell it?
Cmo lo deletreas?
HELAL
eich i el ei el
Is that a common name in Egipt?
Es un apellido comn en Egipto?
Yes. It means "moon" in English. My wife's maiden
name is Helal too.
Si. Significa "luna" en Ingls. Mi esposa apellida
Helal tambin.
Oh, are you married?
Oh, ests casado?
Yes. And I have a seven year old son. What about
you?
S. Y tengo un hijo de siete aos. Que hay sobre
ti?
No, I'm not married.
No, yo no estoy casada.
Do you have a boyfriend?
Tienes novio?
No, I don't.
No, no tengo.

Where's the ladies room?


Dnde est el bao de mujeres?
Over there, next to the telephones.
All, al lado de los telfonos.
Excuse me for a minute. I'll be right back.
Disclpame por un minuto. Ya regreso
Hi, Ahmed!
Hola, Ahmed!
Hi, Kaori. How are you?
Hola, Kaori. Cmo estas?
Fine, thanks. And you?
Bien, gracias. Y tu?
Oh, I'm fine. Sit down.
Oh, estoy bien. Sintate.
Thanks. What are those?
Gracias. Qu es eso?
They're pictures of Daniela's family.
Son fotografas de la familia de Daniela.
Can I see them?
Puedo verlos?
Sure. This is Daniela's mother.
Claro. Esta es la madre de Daniela.
And who are they?
Y quienes son ellos?
Her brothers.
Sus hermanos
They're cute. How old are they?
Son lindos. Qu edad tienen?
I think one's twelve and one's fourteen. Do you
have any brothers and sisters?
Creo que uno tiene doce y el otro catorce. Tu
tienes hermanos o hermanas?
I have a sister.
Tengo una hermana.
How old is she?
Cuntos aos tiene?
Twenty four.
Veinticuatro.

Where are you from?


De dnde eres?
Colombia
And where's your family, here or in Colombia?
Y dnde est tu familia, aqu o en Colombia?
In Colombia
En Colombia
What does your father do?
A qu se dedica tu padre?
He's a businessman. He has a restourant in
Bogot
l es un hombre de negocios. Tiene un
restaurante en Bogot
Do you have any brothers and sisters?
Tienes hermanos y hermanas?
I have two brothers. One's an accountant and
one's a doctor.
Tengo dos hermanos. Uno es contador y el otro es
doctor.
How old are they?
Cuntos aos tienen?
Twenty-three and twenty-nine
Veintitrs y Veintinueve

Excuse me, is this your notebook?


Disclpeme, este es su cuaderno?
Yes, Iguess it is. Thanks.
S, creo que lo es. Gracias.
You're welcome. Are you a student here?
De nada. Estudias aqu?
Uh-huh. Whah about you?
As es. Y usted?
I'm teacher. My name is Jim Parker.
Soy profesor. Me llamo Jim Parker.
Hi. I'm Daniela Castro.
Hola. Yo me llamo Daniela Castro.
Whay course are you in, Daniela?
En qu curso te encuentras, Daniela?
English 2.
Ingls 2.
Oh, I'm your teacher.
Oh. Soy tu profesor.
Really?
En serio?
Yeah. Would you like a cup of coffee?
S.Te gustara tomar una taza de caf?
Ok.
Esta bien.

Excuse me, is there a bank near here?


Disclpeme, Hay un banco cerca por aqu?
Yes, there's one on Fifth Avenue.
S, hay uno sobre la Quinta avenida.
What about a bookstore?
Y una librera?
There are two. One's on Broadway and one's on
the corner of Washington Place and Greene
Street. Are you new here?
Hay dos. uno sobre la Broadway y el otro en la
esquina de Washington Place y la calle Greene.
Eres nuevo por aqu?
Yes, my name's Gino Rossetti.
S, mi nombre es Gino Rossetti.
Nice to meet you, Gino. I'm Ahmed Helal. Are you
a student at the English Institute?
Mucho gusto, Gino. Yo me llamo Ahmed Helal.
Estudias en el Instituto de Ingls?
Yes, Are you?
S, Tu tambin?
Uh-huh. What course are you in?
As es. En que curso estas?
English 2.
Ingls 2.
Great! So am I.
Grandioso! Yo tambin.
Say, do you have a map, by any chance?
Dime, Tienes un mapa por casualidad?

I think I have one in my Smartphone....Yeah, here


it is. Here's Fifth Avenue and here's the bank.
Creo que tengo uno en mi smartphone....S, aqu
esta. Aqu est la Quinta avenida y aqu est el
banco.

Where can I buy a smartphone like this?


Dnde puedo comprar un smartphone como
ese?
You can get one at the "Charly's Store"
Puedes comprar uno en la "Charly's Store"
Where's that?
Dnde queda?
On the corner of Green Street.
En la esquina de la calle Green.
Thanks a lot for your help, Ahmed. Oh, by the
way, what time is class tonight?
Muchas gracias por todo, Ahmed. Ha, por cierto,
A qu hora empieza la clase esta noche?
It's at 7:00. I can't remember the room number,
but you can ask in the office.

A las 7:00. No puedo recordar el nmero del


saln, pero puedes preguntar en la oficina.
Ok. Thanks again.
Esta bien. Gracias de nuevo.
Any time. See you tonight.
Cuando gustes. Nos vemos esta noche.

Excuse me, miss.


Disculpe, seorita.
Yes, can I help you?
S, Puedo ayudarte?
Yes. Where's English 2?
S. Dnde queda Ingls 2?
It's in room 303. That's on the third floor across
from the Director's Office.
Es en el saln 303. Est en el tercer piso frente a
la Oficina del Director.
Thank you. Oh and where's the men's room?
Gracias. Ah y dnde est el bao de hombres?
It's right there next to the elevator.
Est justo all al lado del ascensor.
Thank you very much.
Muchsimas gracias.
You're welcome.
De nada.

Kaori, what time is it, please?


Kaori, Qu hora es, por favor?
It's 9:30
Es las 9:30
Already? Well, I guess that's all for tonight. See
you tomorrow
Si? Bueno, Creo que es todo por esta noche. Nos
vemos maana.
Let's get something to eat. I'm really hungry.
Vamos a comer algo. Tengo mucha hambre.
That's a good idea. There's a coffee shop near
here.
Buena idea. Hay una cafetera cerca de aqu.
Is it expensive?
Es cara?
No, it's really cheap. You can get a hamburger for
99 cents.
No, es muy barata. Puedes conseguir una
hamburguesa por 99 centavos.
Yeah, but the food isn't very good.
S, pero la comida no es muy buena.
That's true. Well then, where can we get
something to eat?
Eso es cierto. Bueno entonces, dnde podemor ir
a comer?
What about Amy's Restaurant?
Qu hay sobre el Restaurante de Amy?
Oh yeah. We can go there. Can you go with us,
Mr. Parker?
Oh s. Podemos ir all. Puede venir con nosotros,
seor Parker?
I'm sorry, I can't. I have to do some work. Maybe
next time.
Lo siento, no puedo. Tengo trabajo que hacer.
Quizas la prxima vez.
I really can't go either.
Yo tampoco puedo ir.
Oh. Why not?
Oh. Por qu no?
I'm tired and I have to study.

Estoy cansada y tengo que estudiar.


Come on, just for a little while.
Vamos, solo es un rato.
Well, Ok, but I can't stay long.
Bueno, esta bien, pero no puedo quedarme
mucho.

Are you reade to order?


Estn listos para ordenar?
Yes, I think so. I'd like a hamburger with lettuce
and tomato, and a glass of milk.
S, eso creo. Me gustara una hamburguesa con
lechuga y tomate, y una copa de leche.
How would you like your hamburger?
Cmo le gustara su hamburguesa?
Medium.
Mediano.
The same for me, and could I have some french
fries with that?
Lo mismo para mi, Y podra traerme algunas
papas fritas?
Sure. And what would you like, miss?
Seguro. Y qu le gustara, seorita?

Just coffee, please.


Solo caf, por favor.
Is that all?
Eso es todo?
Yes, I think so.
S, supongo.
Excuse me, miss How much is a piece of pie?
Disculpe, seorita Cunto cuesta un pedazo de
pastel?
95 cents.
95 centavos
What kind do you have?
De que sabores tiene?
Chocolate, lemon and apple.
Chocolate, limn y manzana.
I'd like apple, please.
Me gustara de manzana, por favor.
Would anybody else like dessert?
Alguien mas quiere postre?
No, thank you. Just more coffee, please.
No, gracias, solo ms caf, por favor.
Sure.
Claro.
And could I have my check? I have to go.
Y podra traer mi cuenta? Tengo que irme.

What time do you have?


Qu hora tienes?
It's 11:05
Es las 11:05
Oh, I have to go. I live with my cousin and his
wife, and they worry about me.
Oh, tengo que irme. Vivo con mi primo y su
esposa, y ellos se preocupan por m.
Where do you live?
Dnde vives?
On West avenue near 72nd street.
En la avenida West cerca de la calle 72.
We can take the subway together. I live on
Columbus Avenue and 94th street.
Podemos tomar el metro juntos. Yo vivo en la
avenida Columbus y la calle 94.
Who do you live with?
Con quin vives?
I live alone.
Vivo solo.
Don't you ever get lonely?
No te sientes solo?
Sometimes, but not very often. And I really don't
have time to get lonely. I work every day except
Sunday and I go to school at night. Do you just
study, or do you work too?
A veces, pero no muy seguido. En realidad no
tengo tiempo para sentirme solo. Trabajo todos
los das excepto los Domingos y adems voy a la
escuela por las noches. Tu solo estudias, o
trabajas tambin?
I work for Japan air lines.
Trabajo para Japan Air Lines.
Oh, that's right. So you're pretty busy too.
Oh, es cierto. Entonces tu estas muy ocupada
tambin.
Not really. I only work part time.
En realidad no. Solo trabajo medio tiempo.
And what do you do in your free time?
Y que es lo que haces en tu tiempo libre?
Oh, read, help around the house and whatch TV.

Oh, leer, ayudar en la casa y mirar la televisin.

Do you like American TV?


Te gustan los programas americanos de la tv?
It's OK, but I like movies better.
Son buenos, pero prefiero las pelculas.
What kind of movies do you like?
Que tipo de pelculas te gusta?
All kinds, but especially the comedy.
Tota clase, pero especialmente la comedia.
Who's your favorite actor?
Cul es tu actor favorito?
Ben Stiller
Yeah, he's good. I like him too. How often do you
go to the movies?
S, l es bueno. Me gusta tambin. Cuantas
veces vas al cine?
About once a month. Actually, I don't go very
often because I don't like to go alone and I don't
have many friends.
Alrededor de una vez por mes. En realidad, no
voy seguido porque no me gusta ir solo y no
tengo muchos amigos.
I know what you mean. I'd like to play tennis more
often too, but I can't find anyone to play with.

Te entiendo. A mi me gustara jugar tenis con ms


frecuencia, pero no encuentro con quien hacerlo.
I play tennis.
Yo juego tenis.
You're kidding!
Ests bromeando!
No. I play every morning before I go to work.
Would you like to play sometime?
No. Juego cada maana antes de ir a trabajar. Te
gustara jugar alguna vez?
Sure. I'd love to, but maybe not so early.
Claro. Me encantara, pero quizas no tan
temprano.

Let's get something to eat. I'm hungry.


Vamos a comer algo. Tengo hambre.
That's a good idea. Where?
Es una buena idea. Dnde?
Well. Jane's Coffee shop has good hamburgers
and Amy's has a good especial.
Bueno. El Caf de Jane tiene buenas
hamburguesas y el de Amy tiene buenos
especiales.
How much is the especial?
Cunto cuesta el especial?

About four or five dollars, I can't remember.


Cerca de 4 o 5 dolares, No puedo recordar.
That's pretty expensive. Where's Jane's Coffee
Shop? Is it near here?
Es un poco caro. Dnde queda el Caf de Jane?
Est cerca de aqu?
Yes. It's on the corner of 6th Street and Broadway.
S. Est en la esquina de la Sexta calle y
Broadway.
Let's go there. But I can't stay long. I have to go
to the store before I go home.
Vamos all. Pero no puedo quedarme por mucho
tiempo. Tengo que ir a la tienda antes de ir a
casa.
Are you ready to order?
Ests lista para ordenar?
Yes. I'd like a chicken sandwich and a Coke.
S. Me gustara un sandwich de pollo y una Coca
Cola.
The same for me. And what kind of pie do you
have?
Lo mismo para mi Qu sabor de pastel tienen?
Apple, lemon and chocolate.
Manzana, limn y chocolate.
Apple, please.
De manzana, por favor.
That's a good idea. Could I have a piece of apple
pie too?
Buena idea. Me puedes traer un trozo de pastel
de manzana tambin?
Sure. Is that all?
Claro. Eso es todo?
Yes. I think so.
S. Supongo.
What do you do, Serena?
A qu te dedicas, Serena?
I'm a nurse. I work at General Hospital.
Soy enfermera. Trabajo en el Hospital General.

You work and study, and you're housewife too?


Where do you find time?
Trabajas y estudias, y eres ama de casa
tambin? De dnde sacas tanto tiempo?
Oh, I don't know. I even have some free time.
Oh, no lo se. Incluso tengo algo de tiempo libre.
What do you do in your free time?
Qu haces en tu tiempo libre?
I read and I go to the movies.
Leer e ir al cine.
Oh, I like movies too. Would you like to go
tomorrow?
Oh, Me gustan las pelculas tambin. Te gustara
ir maana conmigo?
I can't tomorrow. I have to work. But I'd like to go
sometime. How often do you go?
No puedo. Tengo que trabajar. Pero me gustara ir
alguna vez. Cuntas veces vas?
About twice a month.
Cerca de 2 veces al ms.

ejor que hacerlo con algunos dilogos en ingls y espaol:

Grados de los Adjetivos


positivo
tall
alto
big
grande
intelligent
inteligente
expensive
caro

comparativo
taller
ms alto
bigger
ms grande
more intelligent
ms inteligente
more expensive
ms caro

Adjetivos Monoslabos - Formacin del Comparativo y Superlativo


Monoslabos
small
pequeo
tall
alto
young
joven
old
viejo
new
nuevo
long
largo
short
corto
big
grande
fat
gordo

Comparativo
adj + er
smaller
ms pequeo
taller
ms alto
younger
ms joven
older
ms viejo
newer
ms nuevo
longer
ms largo
shorter
ms corto
bigger
ms grande
fatter
ms gordo

Adjetivos Bislabos - Formacin del Comparativo y Superlativo


Bislabos terminados en: -y, -er, -le, -ow, (y otros muy conocidos)
Comparativo
Bislabos
adj + er
easy
easier
fcil
ms fcil
happy
happier
feliz
ms feliz
crazy
crazier
loco
ms loco
clever
cleverer

inteligente
tender
tierno
humble
humilde
gentle
suave
narrow
angosto
polite
amable

ms inteligente
tenderer
ms tierno
humbler
ms humilde
gentler
ms suave
narrower
ms angosto
politer
ms amable

Adjetivos Largos - Formacin del Comparativo y Superlativo


Adjetivo o Adverbio
good
bueno
well
bien
bad
malo
badly
mal
much
mucho
many
muchos
little
poco
far
lejos
far
lejos

Comparativo
better
mejor
better
mejor
worse
peor
worse
peor
more
ms
more
ms
less
menos
farther
ms lejos
further
ms lejos

superlativo
the tallest
el ms alto
the biggest
el ms grande
the most intelligent
el ms inteligente
the most expensive
el ms caro

mparativo y Superlativo
Superlativo
adj + est
the smallest
el ms pequeo
the tallest
el ms alto
the youngest
el ms joven
the oldest
el ms viejo
the newest
el ms nuevo
the longest
el ms largo
the shortest
el ms corto
the biggest
el ms grande
the fattest
el ms gordo

arativo y Superlativo

muy conocidos)
Superlativo
adj + iest
the easiest
el ms fcil
the happiest
el ms feliz
the craziest
el ms loco
the cleverest

el ms inteligente
the tenderest
el ms tierno
the humblest
ms humilde
the gentlest
el ms suave
the narrowest
el ms angosto
the politest
el ms amable

ativo y Superlativo
Superlativo
the best
el mejor
the best
de la mejor forma
the worst
el peor
the worst
de la peor forma
the most
la mayor parte
the most
la mayora
the least
el menos
the farthest
el ms lejano
the furthest
el ms lejano

Do
Did
Am
Is
Are
Was
Were
Have
Has
Had
Will
Would
Can
Could
Must
Should
Ought to

aren't

can't

couldn't

didn't

doesn't

don't

hadn't

hasn't

hasn't

haven't

he'd

he'll

he's

he's

I'd

I'll

I'm

I've

I've

isn't

it's

let's

mightn't

mustn't

shan't

shan't

She'd

She'll

She's

shouldn't

that's

that's

there's

They'd

They'll

They're

We'd

We'd

We're

We've

Weren't

What'll

What're

What're

What's

What've

Where's

Who'd

Who'll

Who're

Who's

Who've

Who've

won't

wouldn't

You'd

You'll

You're

You're

You've

Contraccin
I'm
you're
he's
she's
it's
we're
you're
they're
Contraccin
I'm not
you aren't
he isn't
she isn't
it isn't
we aren't
you aren't
they aren't
I wasn't
you weren't
he wasn't
she wasn't
it wasn't
we weren't
you weren't

they weren't

Contraccin
I've
you've
he's
she's
it's
we've
you've
they've
Contraccin
I'll
you'll
he'll
she'll
it'll
we'll
you'll
they'll
Contraccin
I'd
you'd
he'd
she'd
it'd(****)
we'd
you'd
they'd
can't
couldn't
don't
doesn't
didn't

mustn't
shouldn't
oughtn't
needn't
mightn't
shan't
usedn't

Las contracciones del vebo auxiliar TO HAVE


Normal
I have
Contraccin
I've
Normal
You have
Contraccin
You've
Normal
He has
Contraccin
He's
Normal
She has
Contraccin
She's
Normal
It has
Contraccin
It's
Normal
We have
Contraccin
We've
Normal
You have
Contraccin
You've
Normal
They have
Contraccin
They've
Normal
I had
Contraccion
I'd
Normal
You had
Contraccin
You'd
Normal
He had
Contraccin

He'd
Normal
She had
Contraccin
She'd
Normal
It had
Contraccin
It'd
Normal
We had
Contraccin
We'd
Normal
You had
Contraccin
You'd
Normal
They had
Contraccin
They'd
Normal
I have not
Contraccin
I haven't
Normal
You have not
Contraccin
You haven't
Normal
He has not
Contraccin
He hasn't
Normal
She has not
Contraccin
She hasn't
Normal
It has not
Contraccin
It hasn't
Normal
We have not
Contraccin
We haven't
Normal
You have not

Contraccin
You haven't
Normal
They have not
Contraccin
They haven't
Normal
I had not
Contraccin
I hadn't
Normal
You had not
Contraccin
You hadn't
Normal
He had not
Contraccin
He hadn't
Normal
She had not
Contraccin
She hadnt
Normal
It had not
Contraccin
It hadn't
Normal
We had not
Contraccin
We hadn't
Normal
You had not
Contraccin
You hadn't
Normal
They had not
Contraccin
They hadn't
Las contracciones del verbo auxiliar TO BE
Normal
I am
Contraccin
I'am
Normal
You are
Contraccin

You're
Normal
He is
Contraccin
He's
Normal
She is
Contraccin
She's
Normal
It is
Contraccin
It's
Normal
We are
Contraccin
We're
Normal
You are
Contraccin
You're
Normal
They are
Contraccin
They're
Normal
I was not
Contraccin
I wasn't
Normal
You were not
Contraccin
You weren't
Normal
He was not
Contraccin
He wasn't
Normal
She was not
Contraccin
She wasen't
Normal
It was not
Contraccin
It wasn't
Normal
We were not
Contraccin

We weren't
Normal
You were not
Contraccin
You werent't
Normal
They were not
Contraccin
They weren't
Las contracciones del verbo auxiliar TO DO
Normal
I do not
Contraccin
I don't
Normal
You do not
Contraccin
You don't
Normal
He does not
Contraccin
He doesn't
Normal
She does not
Contraccin
She doesn't
Normal
It does not
Contraccin
It doesn't
Normal
We do not
Contraccin
We don't
Normal
You do not
Contraccin
You don't
Normal
They do not
Contraccin
They don't
Normal
I did not
Contraccin
I didn't
Normal

You did not


Contraccin
You didn't
Normal
He did not
Contraccin
He didn't
Normal
She did not
Contraccin
She didn't
Normal
It did not
Contraccin
It did'nt
Normal
We did not
Contraccin
We didn't
Normal
You did not
Contraccin
You didn't
Normal
They did not
Contraccin
They didn't
Las contracciones de los auxiliares SHALL-WILL
Normal
I shall o will
Contraccin
I'll
Normal
You shall o will
Contraccin
You'll
Normal
He shall o will
Contraccin
He'll
Normal
She shall o will
Contraccin
She'll
Normal
It shall o will
Contraccin

It'll
Normal
We shall o will
Contraccin
We'll
Normal
You shall o will
Contraccin
You'll
Normal
They shall o will
Contraccin
They'll
Normal
I shall not
Contraccin
I shan't
Normal
You shall not
Contraccin
You shan't
Normal
He shall not
Contraccin
He shan't
Normal
She shall not
Contraccin
She shan't
Normal
It shall not
Contraccin
It shan't
Normal
We shall not
Contraccin
We shan't
Normal
You shall not
Contraccin
You shan't
Normal
They shall not
Contraccin
They shan't
Normal
I will not

Cotraccin
I won't
Normal
You will not
Contraccin
You won't
Normal
He will not
Contraccin
He won't
Normal
She will not
Contraccin
She won't
Normal
It will not
Contraccin
It won't
Normal
We will not
Contraccin
We won't
Normal
You will not
Contraccin
You won't
Normal
They will not
Contraccin
They won't
Las contracciones de los auxiliares SHOULD-WOULD
Normal
I should o would
Contraccin
I'd
Normal
You should o would
Contraccin
You'd
Normal
He should o would
Contraccin
He'd
Normal
She should o would
Contraccin
She'd

Normal
It should o would
Contraccin
It'd
Normal
We should o would
Contraccin
We'd
Normal
You shoul o would
Contraccin
You'd
Normal
They should o would
Contraccin
They'd
Normal
I should not
Contraccin:
I shouldn't
Normal
You should not
Contraccin
You shouldn't
Normal
He should not
Contraccin
He shouldn't
Normal
She should not
Contraccin
She shouldn't
Normal
It should not
Contraccin
It shouldn't
Normal
We should not
Contraccin
We shouldn't
Normal
You should not
Contraccin
You shouldn't
Normal
They should not
Contraccin

They shouldn't
Normal
I would not
Contraccin
I wouldn't
Normal
You would not
Contraccin
You wouldn't
Normal
He would not
Contraccin
He wouldn't
Normal
She would not
Contraccin
She wouldn't
Normal
It would not
Contraccin
It wouldn't
Normal
We would not
Contraccin
We wouldn't
Normal
You would not
Contraccin
You wouldn't
Normal
They would not
Contraccin
They wouldn't
Las contracciones del verbo defectivo CAN
Normal
I cannot
Contraccin
I can't
Normal
You cannot
Contraccin
You can't
Normal
He cannot
Contraccin
He can't

Normal
She cannot
Contraccin
She can't
Normal
It cannot
Contraccin
It can't
Normal
We cannot
Contraccin
We can't
Normal
You cannot
Contraccin
You can't
Normal
They cannot
Contraccin
They can't
Normal
I could not
Contraccin
I couldn't
Normal
You could not
Contraccin
You couldn't
Normal
He could not
Contraccin
He couldn't
Normal
She could not
Contraccin
She couldn't
Normal
It could not
Contraccin
It couldn't
Normal
We could not
Contraccin
We couldn't
Normal
You could not
Contraccin

You couldn't
Normal
They could not
Contraacin
They couldn't
Contracciones diversas
Normal
Let us
Contraccin
Let's
Normal
Let them
Contraccin
Let'em
Normal
That is
Contraccin
That's
Normal
There is
Contraccin
There's
Normal
There are
Contraccin
There're
Normal
I must not
Contraccin
I mustn't

You, We, They

He, She, It

don't

don't

doesn't

didn't

didn't

didn't

'm (not)

's - isn't

're - aren't

wasn't

wasn't

weren't

've - haven't

've - haven't

's - hasn't

'd - hadn't

'd - hadn't

'd - hadn't

'll - won't

'll - won't

'll - won't

'd - wouldn't

'd - wouldn't

'd - wouldn't

can't

can't

can't

couldn't

couldn't

couldn't

mustn't

mustn't

mustn't

shouldn't

shouldn't

shouldn't

oughtn't to

oughtn't to

oughtn't to

You aren't as tall as


your brother
are not
No eres tan alto como
tu hermano
He can't speak english
cannot

El no puede hablar
ingls
We couldn't go there
because we didn't
have a car

could not
No podamos ir all
porque no tenamos un
coche

did not

Tom didn't go to
school yesterday
because he didn'twant
to
Tom no fue a la
escuela ayer porque
no quera

does not

Tom doesn't know


why Mary doesn't eat
meat
Tom no sabe por qu
Mary no come carne

do not

Don't pretend
you don't know
No finjas que no sabes
I hadn't realized the
magnitude of the
problems

had not

No me haba dado
cuenta de la magnitud
de los problemas
I can't believe
Tom hasn't called

has not

has not
No puedo creer que
Tom no ha llamado

have not

Don't hang up;


I haven't finished
talking to you
No cuelgues, no he
terminado de hablarte
If he'd (he had) had
time, he would have
visited us
Si l hubiera tenido
tiempo, nos habra
visitado

he had, he would
He talks like he'd (he
would) already read
the book
Habla como si ya
hubiera ledo el libro
He's sure
that he'll (he will) win
the game
El est seguro que
ganar el juego

he will, he shall

If he keeps drinking
like that, he'll (he
shall) have to take a
taxi home

Si sigue bebiendo as,


l tendr que tomar un
taxi a casa
He's very
young. He's much
younger than Tom
he is

he is
El es muy joven. Es
mucho ms joven que
Tom
When I got home, I
noticed that I'd (I
had)lost my wallet
Cuando llegu a casa,
me di cuenta de que
haba perdido mi
cartera
I had, I would
If I'd (I would)known
the truth, I'd (I
would) have told you
Si hubiera sabido la
verdad te lo habra
dicho
I'll (I will) write to you
or I'll phone you next
week

I will, I shall

Te escribir o te
llamar la semana
prxima

I'll (I shall) see him in


less than a week
Le ver en menos de
una semana

I am

I'm an idealist. I don't


know
where I'm going,
but I'mon my way
Soy un idealista. No s
adnde voy, pero
estoy de camino
I've told Tom
everything I've told
you

I have

I have

Le he contado a Tom
todo lo que te cont a
ti
Money isn't everythin
g, but if you have no
money, you can't do
anything

is not
El dinero no lo es todo,
pero si no tienes
dinero no puedes
hacer nada
It's not your
fault, it's Alison's
it is
La culpa no es tuya, es
de Alison
Let's get up a party
for Tom's birthday
let us

Hagmosle a Tom una


fiesta por su
cumpleaos
It mightn't have been
my youngest brother's
fault, but it wasn't
mine either

might not
Puede no haber sido la
culpa de mi hermano
menor, pero tampoco
fue ma
You mustn't touch it,
because it'll break
easily
must not

shall not

No debes tocarlo,
porque se romper
con facilidad
I shan'tchange my
mind, whatever
happens

shall not
No cambiar de
opinin, pase lo que
pase
She called him to say
that She'd (She
would) be late

she had, she


would

Ella lo llam para


decirle que llegara
tarde
She said She'd (she
had) heard of the
accident
Ella dijo que haba
odo del accidente
Someday She'll (She
will) have to pay for
what she's done
Algn da ella tendr
que pagar por lo que
ha hecho

She will, She shall


She'll (She shall)
water the garden this
afternoon
Ella debe regar el
jardn esta tarde

She is

Even
though She's rich,
She says she's poor
A pesar de que ella es
rica, dice que es pobre

should not

that is

I shouldn't have
logged off
No deb
desconectarme del
sitio
That's not a
cat. That's a dog

that is
No es un gato. Es un
perro
If there's no solution,
it's
because there's no
problem
there is
Si no hay ninguna
solucin, es que no
hay ningn problema
They'd (They had)
started earlier than we
had

They had, They


would

Ellos haban empezado


ms temprano que
nosotros

They'd (They would)


tell us if they knew of
anything
Si ellos supieran algo,
nos lo diran
They'll (They
will)probably come by
car
They will, They
shall

Ellos probablemente
vendrn en auto

They'll (They shall)


not pass
No pasarn!
They're dangerous,
and they have no
natural predators
They are
Son peligrosos, y no
tienen depredadores
naturales
After We'd(We had)
walked for some time,
we came to the lake

We had, We would

Despus de haber
caminado por un rato,
We had, We would llegamos al lago

We'd (We would)like


separate checks
Nos gustara cuentas
separadas
We're not so young
that we don't
understand what love
is
We are
Ya no somos tan
jvenes as que no
entendemos lo que es
el amor
We've got to get up
early tomorrow. We're
going on a picnic
We have
Tenemos que
levantarnos temprano
maana. Nos vamos
de picnic
We weren't able to
buy tickets, so we
didn't go to the
concert
Were not

What will

What are

No fuimos capaces
de comprar las
entradas, as que no
fuimos al concierto

Tom doesn't
know what'll happen
Tom no sabe qu
pasar
What're you waiting
for?

What are
Qu ests esperando?
What's wrong with
what we were doing?
What is
Qu hay de malo en
lo que hacemos?
What've you done?
What have
Qu has hecho?
Where's the children's
section?
Where is
Dnde est la seccin
de nios?
Who'd know that?
Who had
Quin sabra eso?
Who'll take care of
the dog while we are
gone?
Who will
Quin se har cargo
del perro mientras
estemos fuera?
Yesterday I met two
Americans who're bic
ycling through Japan.
Who are
Ayer conoc a dos
estadounidenses que
andan recorriendo
Japn en bicicleta

Who is

Tom doesn't
know who's who
Tom no sabe quin es
quin
There are some
adults who've never
been children

Who have

Who have
Hay algunos adultos
que no han sido nunca
nios
If he doesn't come,
we won't go
will not
Si l no viene,
nosotros no iremos

would not

Don't do anything
I wouldn't do
No hagas nada que yo
no hara
Since you look
tired, You'd (You had)
better take a rest
Te ves agotada, mejor
toma un descanso

You had, You


would
This would be a lot
easier if You'd(You
would) help
Esto sera mucho ms
fcil si t ayudaras
You'll (You will)do
what she says and
you'll succeed
T hars lo que ella
dice, y triunfars
You will, You shall
If you are a good
boy, You'll (You shall)
have a nice cake
Si te portas bien, te
dar una rica torta
If you're not with us
then you're against us
You are

You are

You have

Si no ests con
nosotros, ests contra
nosotros
I've
heard You've been
sick
Me han dicho que has
estado enferma

Pronunciacin

Significado

[am]
[iur]
[his]
[shis]
[Its]

yo soy/estoy
t eres/ests
l es/est
ella es/est
ello es/est

[gir]

nos. somos/estamos

[iur]
[deiar]

vos. sois/ estis


ellos son /estn

Pronunciacin

Significado

[am not]
[iu arn't]
[hi Isn't]
[shi Isn't]
[It Isn't]

yo no soy/estoy
t no eres/ests
l no es/est
ella no es/est
ello no es/est

[gi arn't]

nos. no somos/estamos

[i arn't]

vos. no sois/ estis

[dei arn't]

ellos no son /estn

[ai guasan't]

yo no era/estaba

[iu geren't]

t no eras/estabas

[hi guasan't]
[shi guasan't]

l no era/estaba
ella no es/estaba

[Its guasan't]

ello no era/estaba

[gi geren't]

nos. no
ramos/estabamos

[iu geren't]

vos. no erais/ estabis

[dei geren't]

ellos no eran /estaban

Pronunciacin

Significado

[aiv]
[iuv]
[his]
[shis]
[Its]
[giv]
[iuv]
[deiv]

yo he
t has
l ha (**)
ella ha
ello ha
nos.hemos
vos. habis
ellos han

Pronunciacin

Significado

[ail]

yo para formar futuro

[iul]
[hil]
[shis]
[Itl]
[gil]
[iul]
[deil]

t futuro
l futuro
ella futuro
It futuro
nos. futuro
vos. futuro
ellos futuro

Pronunciacin

Significado

[aid]
[iud]
[hid]
[shid]
[Itd]
[gid]
[iud]
[deid]
[kan't]
[kudn't]
[don't ]

yo para formar
conditional
t condicional
l condicional
ella condicional
It condicional .
nos. condicional
vos. condicional
ellos condicional
condicional
no puedo/puedes
no podra/pudiste
auxiliar negacin
presente

[dasen't]

v. auxiliar negacin
presente

[dIdn't]

v. auxiliar negacin
pasado

[masen't]
[shudn't]
[oten't]

no debo/debes
no debera/s
no deberas/s

[nidn't]

no necesito/necesitas...

[maiten't]
[shan't]
[yusedn't]

puede que no
negacin futuro
no sola/solas..

Nivel bsico: Prepositions

Las preposiciones son una de las partes del ingls que ms cuesta aprender a los hablantes de lengua

Nota: Las preposiciones siempre estn seguidas por un sustantivo, no un verbo (excepto en la forma d
In / At / On

Son unas de las preposiciones ms comunes que se pueden usar para indicar lugar o tiempo: in, at y o
IN

Significado: en, dentro, dentro de


Uso (lugar): Se usa para indicar tanto espacios cerrados como espacios abiertos. Lo utilizamos para in
Ejemplos:

I live in Brighton. (Vivo en Brighton.)


The cat is in the box. (El gato est dentro la caja.)
I found your address in the phone book. (He encontrado tu direccin en la gua telefnica
My parents arrive in France on Monday. (Mis padres llegan a Francia el lunes.)
Uso (tiempo): Lo utilizamos con meses, aos, pocas, partes del da y perodos de tiempo (duracin).
Ejemplos:
We went to Mexico in May. (Fuimos a Mjico en mayo.)
I always run in the mornings. (Siempre corro por las maanas.)
I will see him in a week. (Le ver en una semana.)
She was born in 1976. (Naci en 1976.)
AT

Significado: en, a, al, cerca de, tocando


Uso (lugar): Se usa delante de edificios como casas, aeropuertos, universidades (para indicar que esta
Ejemplos:

He is at home. (l est en casa.)


I always visit my sister at work. (Siempre visito a mi hermana en el trabajo.)
We eat at the table. (Comemos en la mesa.)
She will see him at the theatre. (Le ver en el teatro.)
Her name is at the bottom of the page. (Su nombre est en la parte inferior de la pgina
When did you arrive at the airport? (Cundo llegaste al aeropuerto?)

Uso (tiempo): Lo utilizamos delante de la hora y de fiestas.


Ejemplos:
He runs every morning at 6. (l corre cada maana a las 6.)
I will see them at Christmas. (Les ver en Navidad.)
ON

Significado: sobre, encima de algo, tocando


Uso (lugar): Se coloca delante de nombres de lugares con base como mesas, suelos, etc, cuando no
Ejemplos:
The pen is on the table. (El bolgrafo est sobre la mesa.)
They have a photograph of Paris on the wall. (Tienen una foto de Pars en la pared.)
I am on the bus. (Estoy en el autobs.)
Her apartment is on the second floor. (Su piso est en la segunda planta.)
Uso (tiempo): Lo utilizamos con das de la semana, fechas y fiestas.
Ejemplos:
They went to Mexico on the first of May. (Fueron a Mjico a primeros de mayo.)
He runs on Mondays and Fridays. (l corre los lunes y los viernes.)
I will see Luis on his birthday. (Ver a Luis en su cumpleaos.)
Nivel bsico: Prepositions of Place

Las preposiciones de lugar se colocan detrs del verbo principal, que suele ser el verbo to be (estar

Ya hemos visto los diferentes usos de las tres preposiciones ms comunes (in, at, on) en la lecci
NEXT TO (BESIDE)

Significado: al lado de, junto a


Uso: Tanto next to como beside se pueden utilizar indistintamente. Utilizar una forma u otra depen
Ejemplos:
The supermarket is next to (beside) the bank. (El supermercado est junto al banco.)
Sit next to (beside) me. (Sintate a mi lado.)
BY

Significado: cerca, al lado de, junto a


Uso: Se puede utilizar en los mismos contextos que next to pero el significado de by es ms como
Ejemplos:
I sit by the window. (Me siento a lado de la ventana.)
Our house is by the river. (Nuestra casa est cerca del ro.)
BETWEEN
Significado: entre
Ejemplos:

The shop is between the bank and the train station. (La tienda est entre el banco y la e
She is standing between Peter and John. (Permanece de pie entre Pedro y Juan.)
BEHIND
Significado: detrs de
Ejemplos:
The church is behind the school. (La iglesia est detrs de la escuela.)
He is standing behind you. (Est de pie detrs de ti.)
IN FRONT OF vs. OPPOSITE

Significado: contrario, en frente de, opuesto, delante de


Usos: La diferencia entre estas preposiciones la notamos cuando estamos hablando de personas, in f
Ejemplos:
The hotel is in front of the station. (El hotel est en frente de la estacin.)
The bank is opposite the market. (El banco est delante del mercado.)
Laura is standing in front of you. (Laura est de pie delante de ti.)
She is sitting opposite me. (Se est sentando en frente de m.)
UNDER
Significado: debajo de
Ejemplos:
The ball is under the chair. (La pelota est debajo de la silla.)

The dog is under the tree. (El perro est debajo del rbol.)
ABOVE
Significado: por encima sin tocar
Ejemplo:
The clock is above the table. (El reloj est por encima de la mesa.)

Nota: La traduccin literal puede llevar a confusin cuando la traducimos al castellano, ya que en cast
BELOW
Significado: por debajo sin tocar
Ejemplo:
The table is below the clock. (La mesa est por debajo del reloj.)

Nota: Como en el caso anterior, la traduccin literal de below puede llevar a confusin. En este caso
Nivel bsico: Prepositions of Time

Las preposiciones de tiempo se utilizan para indicar cuando sucedi algo. Como vimos en la leccin an
BEFORE
Significado: antes, antes de
Uso: Se coloca detrs de verbos y nombres o sustantivos.
Ejemplos:
Call me before one. (Llmame antes de la una.)
They arrived before me. (Llegaron antes que yo.)
AFTER
Significado: despus, despus de, tras
Uso: Se coloca detrs de verbos y nombres o sustantivos.
Ejemplos:
We will see you after the movie. (Te veremos despus de la pelcula.)
I arrived after them. (Llegu despus de ellos.)

DURING
Significado: durante
Uso: Puede ir seguido de verbos y nombres o sustantivos.
Ejemplos:

Dont talk during the movie. (No hables durante la pelcula.)


I dont like to watch television during the day. (No me gusta ver la televisin durante el d
FOR

Significado: durante
Uso: Se coloca detrs de verbos y nombres o sustantivos. Aunque signifique lo mismo que during no
Ejemplos:
I lived in England for three years. (Viv en Inglaterra durante tres aos.)
He studied for the exam for one week. (Estudi para el examen durante una semana.)

Nota: Vamos a aprender ms sobre las preposiciones de tiempo en las siguientes lecciones sobre los d
Nivel bsico: Prepositions of Movement or Direction

Las preposiciones de movimiento o direccin se utilizan para mostrar movimiento de un lugar a otro. E
TO
To es la preposicin de movimiento o direccin ms comn.
Significado: a, hacia, direccin a (siempre indica movimiento)
Uso: Se utiliza to para mostrar movimiento en una direccin especfica.
Ejemplos:
I go to school by bus. (Voy a la escuela en autobs.)
You walk to work every day. (Caminas al trabajo cada da.)
They came to the wedding. (Vinieron a la boda.)
Sofia flew to Canada. (Sofa vol a Canad.)
ACROSS
Significado: al otro lado de; de un lado a otro
Uso: Across se utiliza para indicar movimiento hacia el lado opuesto.

Ejemplos:

The boat will take you across the river. (El barco te llevar al otro lado del ro.)
You must walk across the street at the crosswalk. (Tienes que cruzar la calle por el cruce
ALONG
Significado: a lo largo de
Ejemplos:
Hes walking along the path. (l est caminando a lo largo de la ruta.)
The street runs along the seafront. (La calle corre a lo largo del paseo martimo.)
AROUND
Significado: alrededor de
Ejemplos:

You must drive around the city center to reach the cinema. (Tienes que conducir alreded
Lets go for a walk around the park. (Vamos a pasear alrededor del parque.)
DOWN
Significado: abajo
Uso: Down indica movimiento de una posicin superior a una posicin inferior.
Ejemplos:
I prefer to ride my bike down the hill. (Prefiero ir en mi bicicleta colina abajo.)
We are going down to Florida this summer. (Bajamos a Florida este verano.)
INTO
Significado: en, dentro de
Ejemplos:
Dont go into your sisters room! (No entres en la habitacin de tu hermana!)
We went into the shop on the corner. (Entramos en la tienda de la esquina.)
OFF

Significado: ms distante, ms lejano


Ejemplos:
Get your feet off the sofa! (Quita tus pies fuera del sof!)
We get off the train at the next stop. (Nos bajamos del tren en la siguiente parada.)
ONTO
Significado: en, sobre, por encima de, arriba de
Ejemplos:
We can get onto the bus here. (Podemos subir al autobs aqu.)
The dog got onto the sofa. (El perro se puso en el sof.)
OVER
Significado: sobre, encima de, arriba de
Ejemplos:
The cat jumped over the dog. (El gato salt sobre el perro.)
You must cross over the bridge. (Tienes que cruzar por el puente.)
PAST
Significado: por delante
Ejemplos:

Walk past the theater on the right and the bank is on the left. (Pasa por delante del teatr
Go past Main Street and turn left at the next street. (Pasa por delante de la calle mayor y
THROUGH
Significado: a travs de, por
Uso: Through se usa para mostrar movimiento dentro de un espacio cerrado.
Ejemplos:

You must turn on your lights when passing through the tunnel. (Tiene que encender las l
She walks through the park on her way to work. (Ella anda por el parque de camino al tra
TOWARD[S]

Significado: hacia, con direccin a


Ejemplos:

Who is that woman running towards us? (Quin es esa mujer corriendo hacia nosotros?)
Walk towards the sea and turn left at the first street. (Camina hacia el mar y gira a la izq
UP
Significado: hacia arriba
Uso: Up se utiliza para indicar movimiento de una posicion inferior a una posicin superior.
Ejemplos:
I dont like riding my bike up these hills. (No me gusta subir estas colinas en bici.)
We climbed up the mountain this morning. (Subimos a la montaa esta maana.)

ender a los hablantes de lengua espaola porque la traduccin directa a menudo es imposible. Las preposicione

un verbo (excepto en la forma de gerundio).

indicar lugar o tiempo: in, at y on.

s abiertos. Lo utilizamos para indicar que algo est dentro de una cosa, en un lugar cerrado, o en el interior de a

u direccin en la gua telefnica.)


n a Francia el lunes.)

perodos de tiempo (duracin).

ersidades (para indicar que estamos dentro), antes de top (parte superior), bottom (parte inferior), the end

ana en el trabajo.)

en la parte inferior de la pgina.)


aeropuerto?)

mesas, suelos, etc, cuando nos referimos a lugares de una habitacin como techo o pared y para indicar que a

foto de Pars en la pared.)

segunda planta.)

a primeros de mayo.)

uele ser el verbo to be (estar, ser) en cualquiera de los tiempos pasados, presentes o futuros y en sus formas

nes (in, at, on) en la leccin anterior. A continuacin encontrars otras preposiciones de lugar.

Utilizar una forma u otra depender del hablante y del contexto.

ercado est junto al banco.)

gnificado de by es ms como cerca en castellano.

enda est entre el banco y la estacin de tren.)


pie entre Pedro y Juan.)

e la escuela.)

mos hablando de personas, in front of no implica estar delante y cara a cara, en cambio opposite significa de

de la estacin.)
del mercado.)

os al castellano, ya que en castellano diramos: el reloj est colgado en la pared. Si quisiramos especificar di

llevar a confusin. En este caso diramos que la mesa est apoyada en la misma pared en la que se encuentra e

go. Como vimos en la leccin anterior, las tres preposiciones ms comunes (in, at, on), pueden ser utilizad

la pelcula.)

ta ver la televisin durante el da.)

fique lo mismo que during no tienen exactamente el mismo matiz. ste se utiliza para expresar un perodo de

nte tres aos.)


xamen durante una semana.)

siguientes lecciones sobre los diversos tiempos verbales.

movimiento de un lugar a otro. Estas preposiciones se usan con mayor frecuencia con los verbos de movimiento

al otro lado del ro.)


que cruzar la calle por el cruce peatonal.)

o de la ruta.)
go del paseo martimo.)

a. (Tienes que conducir alrededor del centro de la ciudad para llegar al cine.)
dedor del parque.)

n inferior.

cicleta colina abajo.)


orida este verano.)

cin de tu hermana!)
nda de la esquina.)

en en la siguiente parada.)

left. (Pasa por delante del teatro a la derecha y el banco est a la izquierda.)
por delante de la calle mayor y gira a la izquierda en la siguiente calle.)

nnel. (Tiene que encender las luces cuando pase a travs del tnel.)
a por el parque de camino al trabajo.)

mujer corriendo hacia nosotros?)


mina hacia el mar y gira a la izquierda en la primera calle.)

una posicin superior.

bir estas colinas en bici.)


montaa esta maana.)

es imposible. Las preposiciones pueden ser traducidas de manera distinta segn la situacin o el contexto de s

ar cerrado, o en el interior de algo fsicamente. Sin embargo, como vemos en los ejemplos, tambin se utiliza p

ttom (parte inferior), the end of (al final de), para indicar acontecimientos como reuniones, fiestas, concierto

ho o pared y para indicar que alguien est dentro de un transporte pblico o en una planta de un edificio.

entes o futuros y en sus formas tanto simples como compuestas.

posiciones de lugar.

n cambio opposite significa delante y cara a cara.

d. Si quisiramos especificar diramos: y por debajo en la misma pared est apoyada la mesa.

pared en la que se encuentra el reloj colgado un poco ms arriba.

at, on), pueden ser utilizadas como preposiciones de lugar o preposiciones de tiempo. A continuacin se pr

iza para expresar un perodo de tiempo ya sean das, horas, meses o aos.

con los verbos de movimiento y se encuentran despus del verbo.

n la situacin o el contexto de su uso. Por ello es recomendable memorizar las diferentes variaciones y usos dep

s ejemplos, tambin se utiliza para indicar que se est en un lugar geogrfico.

mo reuniones, fiestas, conciertos, deportes, etc, detrs de arrive (llegar) cuando nos referimos a lugares que

una planta de un edificio.

oyada la mesa.

de tiempo. A continuacin se presentan otras preposiciones comunes de tiempo.

ferentes variaciones y usos dependiendo de si hablamos de preposiciones de lugar, movimiento o tiempo. Verem

ndo nos referimos a lugares que no sean ciudades o pases.

gar, movimiento o tiempo. Veremos que muchas de las preposiciones se repiten en los diferentes apartados.

en los diferentes apartados.

Nivel avanzado: Conditional Sentences

El uso del condicional significa que una accin depende de otra. Los condicionales se utilizan para hab

Ten en cuenta que no existe un tiempo verbal para el condicional en ingls como existe en espaol. A
Hay cuatro tipos de frases condicionales y el uso de uno u otro refleja la probabilidad de la accin.
Conditional Types (Tipos de los condicionales)
Zero Conditional (Tipo 0)

Se usa este tipo de condicional cuando la condicin y el resultado siempre es verdad, como por ejemp
IF
If

Condition
Result
present simplpresent simple

Ejemplos:

If you heat water to 100 C, it boils. / Water boils if you heat it to 100 C. (Si calientas ag
If I dont practice the piano everyday I play poorly. / I play the piano poorly if I dont prac
Does your mom get mad if you dont call her? / If you dont call your mom, does she get

Nota: Podemos cambiar el orden de las frases sin cambiar el significado. Tambin, en general con este
First Conditional (Tipo 1)

Este tipo de condicional se utiliza para el futuro y en los casos en que es muy probable que la condici
IF
If

Condition
Result
present simplfuture simple (will)

Ejemplos:

If Bill studies, he will pass the exam. / Bill will pass the exam if he studies. (Si Bill estudia
If it doesnt rain, we will go to the beach. / We will go to the beach if it doesnt rain. (Si n
Will you take the train if you miss the bus? If you miss the bus, will you take the train? (
Nota: Se puede usar algunos verbos modales en vez de will para cambiar la probabilidad o expresar
Ejemplos:

If it doesnt rain, we may go to the beach. (Significado: Con el uso de may, el significad
If it doesnt rain, we should go to the beach. (Significado: En este caso, el uso de should
If it doesnt rain, we can go to the beach. (Significado: Can significa que es posible ir a

Second Conditional (Tipo 2)

Se utiliza el tipo 2 para expresar una posibilidad irreal en el presente, como un deseo o un sueo, o pa
IF
If

Condition
Result
past simple would + infinitivo

Ejemplos:

If I won the lottery, I would travel around the world. / I would travel around the world if I
If Rachel had more time, she would learn to play the guitar. / Rachel would learn to play
Would you be happy if you were to get married? / If you were to get married, would you b

Nota: Como en el tipo 1, se pueden usar otros verbos modales en vez de would para cambiar el sign
Third Conditional (Tipo 3)

A diferencia a los tipos 1 y 2, se utiliza el tercer tipo de condicional cuando hablamos de una condicin
IF
If

Condition
Result
past perfect would have + past participle

Ejemplos:

If I had known then what I know now, I would have done things differently. / I would have
Suzanne wouldnt have had the heart attack if she had gone on a diet as her doctor reco
Would you have liked to go to university if you had been able to afford it? / If you had be

Nota: Como en los tipos 1 y 2, se pueden usar otros verbos modales en vez de would para cambiar e

ndicionales se utilizan para hablar sobre situaciones reales o irreales. En general, las frases condicionales llevan

gls como existe en espaol. A la vez, se usa el verbo auxiliar would para formar el condicional en ingls.

a probabilidad de la accin.

pre es verdad, como por ejemplo los hechos cientficos.

eat it to 100 C. (Si calientas agua a 100 C hierve.)


the piano poorly if I dont practice everyday. (Si no practico el piano cada da toco mal.)
t call your mom, does she get mad? (Si no llamas a tu madre, se enoja?)

o. Tambin, en general con este tipo de condicional, podemos sustituir if por when sin alterar el significado.

es muy probable que la condicin pasar.

am if he studies. (Si Bill estudia, aprobar el examen.)


he beach if it doesnt rain. (Si no llueve, iremos a la playa.)
e bus, will you take the train? (Cogers el tren si pierdes el bus?)
mbiar la probabilidad o expresar una opinin. Para ms informacin, ver la leccin sobre los verbos modales.

on el uso de may, el significado de esta frase cambia. Ahora, el hablante reconoce que puede ir a la playa, pe
En este caso, el uso de should expresa la opinin del hablante.)
an significa que es posible ir a la playa, pero no indica la probabilidad.)

omo un deseo o un sueo, o para una accin en el futuro no tan probable.

uld travel around the world if I won the lottery. (Si ganara la lotera, viajara alrededor del mundo.)
ar. / Rachel would learn to play the guitar if she had more time. (Si Rachel tuviera ms tiempo, aprendera a toca
were to get married, would you be happy? (Estaras feliz si te casaras?)

de would para cambiar el significado y la posibilidad.

ndo hablamos de una condicin en el pasado que no ha sucedido.

hings differently. / I would have done things differently if I had known then what I know now. (Si hubiera sabido
one on a diet as her doctor recommended. / If Suzanne had gone on a diet as her doctor recommended she wou
able to afford it? / If you had been able to afford it, would you have liked to go to university? (Te hubiera gustad

n vez de would para cambiar el significado y la probabilidad.

, las frases condicionales llevan la palabra if (si).

ar el condicional en ingls.

when sin alterar el significado.

n sobre los verbos modales.

oce que puede ir a la playa, pero no est tan seguro de si ir.)

dedor del mundo.)


ms tiempo, aprendera a tocar la guitarra.)

I know now. (Si hubiera sabido en el pasado lo que s ahora, hubiera hecho las cosas de manera diferente.)
doctor recommended she wouldnt have had the heart attack. (Suzanne no hubiera tenido el infarto si hubiera
university? (Te hubiera gustado ir a la universidad si te lo hubieras permitido pagar?)

osas de manera diferente.)


iera tenido el infarto si hubiera hecho dieta como su mdico le recomend.)

Nivel avanzado: Future Perfect

Como hemos visto en las lecciones anteriores, hay dos maneras principales para expresar el futuro. A
Grammatical Rules (Reglas gramaticales)
Structure (Estructura)
1. Affirmative Sentences (Frases afirmativas)
Sujeto + will have + verbo principal.
Sujeto + verbos auxiliar (to be) + going to have + verbo principal.
Ejemplos:

The party will [is going to] have ended by the time you finish work. (La fiesta habr term
Ill [Im going to] have eaten before we meet. (Habr comido antes de reunirnos.)
2. Negative Sentences (Frases negativas)
Sujeto + will + not + have + verbo principal.
Sujeto + verbo auxiliar (to be) + not + going to have + verbo principal.
Ejemplos:

The party wont [isnt going to] have ended by the time you finish work. (La fiesta no hab
I wont [Im not going to] have eaten before we meet. (No habr comido antes de reunirn
3. Interrogative Sentences (Frases interrogativas)
Will + sujeto + have + verbo principal.
Verbo auxiliar (to be) + sujeto + going to have + verbo principal.
Ejemplos:

Will [Is] the party [going to] have ended before you finish work? (La fiesta habr termin
Will [Are] you [going to] have eaten before we meet? (Habrs comido antes de reunirno
Uses (Usos)
1. Se usa el futuro perfecto para acciones que ya se han terminado antes de otra accin en el futuro.
Ejemplos:

Ill have finished my studies before I start my new job. (Habr terminado mis estudios an

Is Mike going to have trained enough before his first game? (Mike habr entrenado lo su
We wont have become fluent in Spanish by the time we leave for Mexico next month. (N
2. Utilizamos el futuro perfecto para mostrar que algo va a continuar hasta otra accin en el futuro.
Ejemplos:

Karen is going to have worked for 50 years by the time she retires. (Karen habr trabajad
Next week, Ill have lived in Germany for 1 year. (La semana que viene habr vivido en A

pales para expresar el futuro. A diferencia del futuro simple, en el tiempo perfecto, el uso de ellas es en general

nish work. (La fiesta habr terminado cuando termine el trabajo.)


ido antes de reunirnos.)

ou finish work. (La fiesta no habr terminado cuando termine el trabajo.)


habr comido antes de reunirnos.)

work? (La fiesta habr terminado antes de que termine el trabajo?)


abrs comido antes de reunirnos?)

es de otra accin en el futuro. Tambin, se puede usar para expresar que algo va a suceder antes de un momen

abr terminado mis estudios antes de comenzar mi nuevo trabajo.)

e? (Mike habr entrenado lo suficiente antes de su primer partido?)


eave for Mexico next month. (No vamos a tener fluidez en espaol antes de irnos a Mxico el mes que viene.)

asta otra accin en el futuro.

he retires. (Karen habr trabajado durante 50 aos cuando se jubile.)


ana que viene habr vivido en Alemania desde hace 1 ao.)

o, el uso de ellas es en general intercambiable.

a a suceder antes de un momento especfico en el futuro.

s a Mxico el mes que viene.)

Nivel avanzado: Past Perfect

El pasado perfecto en ingls corresponde al pluscuamperfecto de espaol. En general, lo usamos para


Grammatical Rules (Reglas gramaticales)
Form (Forma)

Igual que en el presente perfecto, se forma el pasado perfecto con el verbo auxiliar to have y el par
Sujeto
Verbo AuxiliarForma Corta Participio Pasado
I, you, he, shehad
Id, youd, hestudied, visited, worked

Nota: Ten cuidado porque la contraccin -d tambin se utiliza con el verbo modal would para form
Structure (Estructura)
1. Affirmative Sentences (Frases afirmativas)
Sujeto + had + participio pasado
Ejemplos:

I had [Id] visited the Louvre before, so I knew where the Mona Lisa was. (Haba visitado
They had [Theyd] studied English before they went to London. (Haban estudiado ingls
Henry changed careers because he had [hed] worked as an accountant for many years
2. Negative Sentences (Frases negativas)
Sujeto + had + not + participio pasado
Ejemplos:

I had not [hadnt] visited the Louvre before so I didnt know where the Mona Lisa was. (N
They had not [hadnt] studied English before they went to London. (No haban estudiado
Henry changed careers even though he had not [hadnt] worked as an accountant for lon
3. Interrogative Sentences (Frases interrogativas)
Had + sujeto + participio pasado?
Ejemplos:

How did you know where the Mona Lisa was? Had you visited the Louvre before? (Cmo
Had they studied English before they went to London? (Haban estudiado ingls antes d

Had Henry worked as an accountant for long before he changed careers? (Henry haba
Uses (Usos)
1. Usamos el pasado perfecto para referirnos a una accin o evento que comenz en el pasado y que
Ejemplos:

Id read the book before I saw the movie. (Haba ledo el libro antes de ver la pelcula.)
Donna had just left when you called. (Donna haba salido justo cuando llamaste.)
Had you ever flown before the trip to France? (Alguna vez habas volado antes del viaje
2. Se usa para acciones que ocurrieron antes de un tiempo especfico en el pasado.
Ejemplos:

I had already woken up when the alarm clock rang at 7am. (Ya me haba despertado cua
He hadnt been to France before the trip in 2008. (No haba estado en Francia antes del v

3. Tambin, como en el presente perfecto, con algunos verbos usamos el pasado perfecto para situaci
Ejemplos:

She had only owned one car before she bought her new BMW. (Haba tenido un coche an
Id been depressed for a long time before I changed jobs. (Haba estado deprimido duran

ol. En general, lo usamos para acciones que han ocurrido antes de otra accin en el pasado.

erbo auxiliar to have y el participio pasado. El verbo auxiliar estar en pasado.

verbo modal would para formar el condicional. Como tal, la forma corta Id puede tener dos significados dif

Mona Lisa was. (Haba visitado el Museo del Louvre antes, as que saba donde estaba la Mona Lisa.)
ndon. (Haban estudiado ingls antes de irse a Londres.)
an accountant for many years and was bored. (Henry cambi de profesin porque haba trabajado como contab

w where the Mona Lisa was. (No haba visitado el Museo del Louvre antes, as que no saba donde estaba la Mo
o London. (No haban estudiado ingls antes de irse a Londres.)
worked as an accountant for long. (Henry cambi de profesin a pesar de que no haba trabajado como contable

ited the Louvre before? (Cmo sabas dnde estaba la Mona Lisa? Habas visitado el Museo del Louvre antes?)
Haban estudiado ingls antes de irse a Londres?)

anged careers? (Henry haba trabajado como contable durante mucho tiempo antes de cambiar de profesin?

e comenz en el pasado y que es anterior a otra accin tambin en el pasado. La accin que ocurri primero es

ibro antes de ver la pelcula.)


justo cuando llamaste.)
z habas volado antes del viaje a Francia?)

en el pasado.

m. (Ya me haba despertado cuando son el despertador a las 7.)


a estado en Francia antes del viaje del 2008.)

el pasado perfecto para situaciones que han empezado en el pasado y que siguieron hasta un punto especfico

BMW. (Haba tenido un coche antes de que compr su nuevo BMW.)


(Haba estado deprimido durante mucho tiempo antes de que cambiara de trabajo.)

en el pasado.

uede tener dos significados diferentes. Podemos distinguir entre estos dos significados por la forma del verbo p

staba la Mona Lisa.)

e haba trabajado como contable durante muchos aos y estaba aburrido.)

ue no saba donde estaba la Mona Lisa.)


haba trabajado como contable durante mucho tiempo.)

ado el Museo del Louvre antes?)

antes de cambiar de profesin?)

a accin que ocurri primero es en pasado perfecto y la que sigue en pasado simple.

eron hasta un punto especfico en el pasado.

ficados por la forma del verbo principal que les sigue. Si queremos decir Id en el sentido de pasado perfecto,

el sentido de pasado perfecto, el verbo principal est en la forma de participio pasado, mientras que con el con

asado, mientras que con el condicional, Id va seguido por el verbo en infinitivo. Para ms informacin, ver la

o. Para ms informacin, ver la leccin sobre las frases condicionales.

Nivel avanzado: Present Perfect

El presente perfecto equivale ms o menos al pretrito perfecto del espaol. Veremos las diferencias e
Grammatical Rules (Reglas gramaticales)
Form (Forma)

Para formar el presente perfecto, se usa el verbo auxiliar to have en el presente y el participio pasa
Sujeto
Verbo auxiliarForma Corta Participio Pasado
I, you, we, th have
Ive, youve, talked, learned, traveled
he, she, it
has
hes, shes, ittalked, learned, traveled

Nota: Ten en cuenta que hay muchos participios pasados irregulares en ingls. A continuacin tienes u
Verbo
be
do
go
make
see

Pasado SimplParticipio pasado


was/were been
did
done
went
gone
made
made
saw
seen

Structure (Estructura)
1. Affirmative Sentences (Frases affirmativas)
Sujeto + verbo auxiliar (to have) + participio pasado
Ejemplos:
I have [Ive] talked to Peter. (He hablado con Peter.)
She has [Shes] gone to work. (Ha ido a su trabajo.)
We have [Weve] been to London. (Hemos ido a Londres.)
They have [Theyve] learned English. (Han aprendido ingls.)
2. Negative Sentences (Frases negativas)
Sujeto + verbo auxiliar (to have) + not + participio pasado
Ejemplos:
I havent talked to Peter. (No he hablado con Peter.)
She hasnt gone to work. (No ha ido a su trabajo.)
We havent been to London. (No hemos ido a Londres.)

They havent learned English. (No han aprendido ingls.)


3. Interrogative Sentences (Frases interrogativas)
Verbo auxiliar (to have) + sujeto + participio pasado?
Ejemplos:
Have you talked to Peter? (Has hablado con Peter?)
Has she gone to work? (Ha ido a su trabajo?)
Have you been to London? (Has ido a Londres?)
Have they learned English? (Han aprendido ingls?)
Uses (Usos)

Se usa el presente perfecto para acciones que ocurrieron en un tiempo no concreto antes de ahora. El

1. Se usa el presente perfecto para describir una experiencia. No lo usamos para acciones especficas
Ejemplos:

I have never flown in a plane. (Nunca he volado en un avin.)


He has worked in many different museums. (Ha trabajado en muchos museos diferentes
We have been to Ro de Janeiro. (Hemos ido a Ro de Janeiro.)
2. Se utiliza el presente perfecto para un cambio en el tiempo.
Ejemplos:
I have become more timid in my old age. (Me he vuelto ms tmido en mi vejez.)
Their English has improved a lot this year. (Su ingls ha mejorado mucho este ao.)
He has learned to be more patient. (Ha aprendido a ser ms paciente.)
3. Se usa para los exitosos.
Ejemplos:

Our football team has won the championship three times. (Nuestro equipo de ftbol ha g
Dan has finished writing his first novel. (Dan ha terminado de escribir su primera novela.
Scientists have succeeded in curing many illnesses. (Los cientficos han tenido xito en l

4. Usamos el presente perfecto para acciones que todava no han sucedido. El uso del presente perfec
Ejemplos:

The plane hasnt arrived yet. (El avin no ha llegado todava.)


Our team still hasnt won a championship. (Nuestro equipo an no ha ganado un campeo
You havent finished your homework yet? (No has acabado todava los deberes?)
5. Se utiliza el presente perfecto para hablar sobre acciones en diferentes momentos en el pasado. El
Ejemplos:

We have spoken several times, but we still cant reach an agreement. (Hemos hablado v
Our team has played 4 games so far this year. (Nuestro equipo ya ha jugado 4 partidos e
I love New York! I have been there 5 times already and I cant wait to go back. (Me enca

6. En general, usamos el presente perfecto continuo para situaciones que han empezado en el pasado
Ejemplos:

How long has Michael been in Barcelona? (Cunto tiempo ha estado Michael en Barcelo
I have loved you since the day I met you. (Te he querido desde el da que te conoc.)

paol. Veremos las diferencias en la seccin sobre usos. En general, es una mezcla entre el presente y el pasado

el presente y el participio pasado del verbo. Para verbos regulares, el participio pasado es la forma simple del p

n ingls. A continuacin tienes una lista de unos de los participios pasados irregulares ms comunes.

no concreto antes de ahora. El tiempo especfico no es importante. Por lo tanto, no solemos usar expresiones d

amos para acciones especficas.

o en muchos museos diferentes.)

ms tmido en mi vejez.)
mejorado mucho este ao.)
ms paciente.)

(Nuestro equipo de ftbol ha ganado el campeonato tres veces.)


o de escribir su primera novela.)
cientficos han tenido xito en la curacin de muchas enfermedades.)

dido. El uso del presente perfecto en estos casos indica que an estamos esperando la accin, por eso, frecuen

o an no ha ganado un campeonato.)
do todava los deberes?)

tes momentos en el pasado. El uso del presente perfecto en estos casos indica que son posibles ms acciones e

agreement. (Hemos hablado varias veces, pero todava no podemos llegar a un acuerdo.)
quipo ya ha jugado 4 partidos este ao.)
ant wait to go back. (Me encanta Nueva York! Ya he estado all 5 veces y no puedo esperar para regresar.)

que han empezado en el pasado pero siguen en el presente. Pero como hemos visto, hay unos verbos que no po

o ha estado Michael en Barcelona?)


desde el da que te conoc.)

cla entre el presente y el pasado. Lo usamos para acciones en el pasado que tienen importancia en el presente.

pasado es la forma simple del pasado. Ver la leccin sobre el pasado simple para ms informacin sobre como fo

lares ms comunes.

no solemos usar expresiones de tiempo especficas (this morning, yesterday, last year) con el presente

ndo la accin, por eso, frecuentemente usamos los adverbios yet y still.

ue son posibles ms acciones en el futuro.

acuerdo.)

edo esperar para regresar.)

sto, hay unos verbos que no podemos usar en los tiempos continuos. En estos casos, usamos el presente perfec

en importancia en el presente.

ms informacin sobre como formar el pasado.

, last year) con el presente perfecto. Se puede usar el presente perfecto con expresiones de tiempo no con

asos, usamos el presente perfecto.

n expresiones de tiempo no concretas (never, ever, many times, for, since, already, yet). Este co

ce, already, yet). Este concepto de tiempo no especfico es bastante difcil de comprender, por este mot

l de comprender, por este motivo, a continuacin tienes los usos particulares del presente perfecto.

l presente perfecto.

talk, meet, feel, cover, choose, remember, increase


stay, build, continue, apply, stop, believe, leave
though, answer, how, allow, win, improve, cut
repeat, wake, understand, let, lets, consider, develop
die, agree, appear, fit, count, miss, accept
begin, avoid, prevent, produce, serve, wait, define
reach, finish, beat, achieve, exist, affect, explain
assume, respond, lose, forget, prepare, hate, introduce
shut, belong, suffer, recover, analyze, read, eat, drink
write, writes, walks, walk, swims, swim, see
sees, cook, cooks, sleep, sleeps, run, runs
want, wants, like, likes, pay, pays, goes
go, play, plays, use, love, loves, rains
touch, hear, listen, hears, listens, say, says
tell, make, find, work, support, need, know
take, design, show
sign, open, think, change, return, call, save
look, live, come, study, offers, give, offer
needs, try, includes, ask, present, works, talk
mark, feel, makes, shows, remember, stop, wish
hope, searches, fail, include, pass, raise, believe
follow, returns, thank, comes, consider, takes, seems
rest, answers, starts, ends, trust
uses, contains, gets, respect, calls, agree, gives
appear, watches, count, looks, miss, lives, follows
fill, produce, reserve, appears, signs, mix, dry
fly, import, helps, spend, supports, knows, continues
deliver, leaves, begins, presents, hate, assumes, tells
finds, counts, serves, creates, believes, adds, talks
visits, introduce, demands, feels, opens, explains, reserves
arrive, receives, wins, cuts, puts, thinks, produces
announce, wishes, fits, delivers, asks, tries, sing
put, allows, sets
was, were, ate, drank, went, cooked, spoke
yesterday, walked, liked, wanted, loved, rained, touched
recently, played, heard, listened, saw, had, said
born, told, made, used, found, left, put
called, started, thought, lost, came, took, wrote
informed, gave, died, turned, tried, supported, decided
returned, looked, felt, knew, performed, kept, beat
introduced, won, happened, finished, reached, showed, entered
opened, seemed, appeared, explained, stopped, fell, answered
stayed, talked, watched

do, does, write, walk, swim, be, see


cook, sleep, have, run, want, like, pay
let, do, go, speak, play, use, love
close, rent, rain, touch, hear, listen, say
place, tell, get, make, exercise, help, find
work, buy, add, need, set, know, take
show, open, think, change, return, call, visit
learn, look, live, start, come, study, give
sell, create, offer, keep, enter, try, ask, drive
did, eat, see, go, drink, hear, say
like, tell, make, answer, do, speak, talk
find, want, follow, play, know, use, ask
add, look, feel, watch, happen, leave, remember
have, write, love, work
have, has, read, been, cooked, walked, wanted
previously, rained, played, heard, eaten, spoken, previous
seen, had, since, paid, told, left, come
before, given, become, put, called, written, done
ago, received, taken, asked, lost, sent, developed
presented, closed, changed, produced, met, turned, tried
felt, followed, gone, prepared, performed, introduced, forced
reduced, won, opened, ordered, lived, stopped, arrived
missed, assumed, allowed, known, finished, drunk, said, passed
had, walked, heard, eaten, found, come, given
called, written, taken, lost, cut, established, led
closed, died, tried, decided, felt, gone, opened
lived, discovered, arrived, assumed, earned, known
having, speaking, touching, making, following, including, getting
taking, trying, giving, thinking, talking, saying, waiting
watching, wearing, happening, studying, coming, walking, eating
drinking, going, swimming, looking, doing, reading, writing
raining, sleeping, writing, eating, walking, reading, seeing
cooking, sleeping, running, paying, going, raining, playing
doing, looking, working, starting, calling, leaving, sitting

will, add, be, break, change, choose, come


call, continue, cook, count, cover, drink, eat
exercise, fall, feel, find, finish, follow, get
arrive, give, go, happen, have, help, introduce
know, learn, leave, let, look, lose, make
miss, offer, pay, present, rain, read, receive
recover, reduce, remember, return, say, see, sell
serve, show, sleep, start, stay, swim, take

think, touch, try, use, walk, want, watch


write, access, register

tipo
1(US)
1(UK)
1(US&UK)
1(US)1(UK)

concatenar
//(US)
//(UK)
/flt/(US&UK)
//(US)//(UK)

1(US)2(UK)

//(US)////(UK)

2(US)3(UK)

////(US)//////(UK)

1(US)
1(UK)
1(US&UK)
1(US)1(UK)

(US)
(UK)
(US&UK)
fett(US)felt(UK)

american

felt(flt Pronunciation for felt)

fett

british

felt1(flt Pronunciation for felt1)

felt

/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/

flt

fett
felt

/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/

(US)
(UK)
(US&UK)
(US)
(UK)
(US)
(UK)
(US)

(UK)
(US)
(UK)
(US&UK)
(US)
(UK)

t
ed
d

k, s, sh, ch, f, x,
t, d
r, v, z, l, m, n, vowel, b, g, j

If you are having trouble seeing the phonetic symbols, please see the bottom of the page.

English Pronunciation
Symbol or
combinatio English Example
n
Vowels and Diphthongs/Vocales y Dipthongs

(length mark) This should appear like a colon (:).


Some versions of Internet Explorer have a bug
which makes it not appear correctly.

bat, apple

farm, calm
e
set, less

above, porter

fern, work

tip, pity
i
see, been

rot, wash

bail, board

soot, full
u
root, fool

come, rum, blood


a
lie, fry
a
now, plough
e
fate, say, waiter

ago, also, note

there, rare, fair

here, interior, fear

toy, voice

allure, pure
Consonants/Consonantes
b
bet, able
d
dime, mended
g
go, agog
h
hit, reheat
j
you, pure

bank, singer
r
rate, sorrow

bear, after
s
sit, scent
v
vine, river
w
wine, bewail
z
zero, roses

rouge, leisure,
d
page, jail

shame, ocean
t
much, chuck

thin, maths
this, other
loch

The phonetic symbols are Unicode symbols. To see them, you need a Unicode font and a browser/navigator that can use t

Fonts: For Windows, "Lucida Sans Unicode" is standard for Windows, but it might not be on your system. Download it from

To download a font or other troubleshooting issues, the best placed to start is the IPA in Unicode pa

bottom of the page.

English Pronunciation
Spanish Example

perro

vino
corra, torre
por

fraile, vais
pausa, sauce

voy

tumbar, umbrio
conde, andar
grande, rango
cuyo, reyes
banco, rango

casa, sesin
huevo, puede
desde, mismo
french: jour, jalousie
french: chambre, fiche

zumbar, ciento
todo, hablando
joven, rojo

Unicode font and a browser/navigator that can use them.


but it might not be on your system. Download it from the link below.

best placed to start is the IPA in Unicode page.

Lista de Verbos Irregulares do Ingls http://www.aulapa


Infinitive
arise
awake

Simple
Past
Translation
Past
Participle
arose
arisen
surgir
awakened / awakened /
Acordar
awoke
awoken

backslide

backslid

be

was, were

backslidden
Denegrir
/ backslid
been
Ser

bear

bore

born / borne Nascer

beat

beat

become
begin
bend

became
began
bent

bet

bet / betted bet / betted Apostar

bid
(farewell)

bid / bade

bidden

Despedir

bid

bid

Oferecer

bound
bit
bled
blew
broke
bred
brought

bound
bitten
bled
blown
broken
bred
brought

Amarrar
Morder
Sangrar
Soprar
Quebrar
Procriar
Trazer

bid (offer
amount)
bind
bite
bleed
blow
break
breed
bring

beaten /
beat
become
begun
bent

Bater
Tornar-se
Comear
Curvar

broadcast

broadcast / broadcast / Transmitir /


broadcasted broadcasted espalhar

browbeat

browbeat

build

built
burned /
burnt
burst

Amedrontar
browbeaten /
/ browbeat
Intimidar
built
Construir
burned /
Queimar
burnt
burst
explodir

bust

busted /
bust

busted /
bust

Falir /
Empobrecer

buy
cast

bought
cast

bought
cast

Comprar
Arremessar

burn
burst

catch
choose
cling
clothe
come
cost
creep
crossbreed
cut

caught
chose
clung
clothed /
clad
came
cost
crept
crossbred
cut

caught
chosen
clung
clothed /
clad
come
cost
crept
crossbred
cut

Caar
Escolher
Unir-se
Vestir/ cubrir
Vir
Custar
Arrastar-se
Cruzar raas
Cortar

daydream

daydreamed daydreamed Sonhar


/ daydreamt / daydreamt acordado

deal
dig

dealt
dug

disprove

disproved

dive (jump
head-first)
do
draw

dealt
dug
disproved /
disproven

Negociar
cavar
Refutar

dove / dived dived

Mergulhar

done
drawn
dreamed /
dreamt
drunk
driven
dwelt /
dwelled
eaten
fallen

Fazer
Desenhar

eat
fall

did
drew
dreamed /
dreamt
drank
drove
dwelt /
dwelled
ate
fell

feed

fed

fed

feel
fight
find
fit

felt
fought
found
fitted / fit

felt
fought
found
fitted / fit

flee

fled

fled

fling
fly
forbid
forecast
forego (also
forgo)
foresee
foretell

flung
flew
forbade
forecast

flung
flown
forbidden
forecast

forewent

foregone

foresaw
foretold

foreseen
foretold

dream
drink
drive
dwell

Sonhar
Beber
Dirigir
Residir
Comer
Cair
Dar de
comer
Setir
Lutar
Encontrar
Caber
Fugir
escaper
Arremessar
Voar
Permitir
Prever
Preceder /
conceder
Prever
Profetizar

forget

forgot

forgive
forsake
freeze

forgave
forsook
froze

forgotten /
forgot
forgiven
forsaken
frozen

frostbite

frostbit

frostbitten

get

got

gotten / got

give
go

gave
went

given
gone

grind

ground

ground

grow

grew

grown

hand-feed

hand-fed

hand-fed

Dar de
comer pela
mo

handwrite

handwrote

handwritten

Escrever a
mo

hang

hung

hung

have
hear

had
heard

hew

hewed

hide

hid

had
heard
hewn /
hewed
hidden

hit

hit

hit

hold
hurt

held
hurt

held
hurt

inbreed

inbred

inbred

Cruzar
animais da
mesma raa

inlay

inlaid

inlaid

Enquadrar

input

input /
inputted

input /
inputted

Preencher
dado em um
computador

interbreed

interbred

interbred

cruzar

interweave

interwove / interwoven /
Tranar
interweaved interweaved

Esquecer
Perdoar
Abandoner
Congelar
Causar
ulcerao
pelo frio
Vrias
tradues
Dar
Ir
Triturar /
pulverizar
Crescer

Pendurar /
enforcar
Ter
Ouvir
Cortar
Esconder
Bater /
atingir
Segurar
Machucar

keep
kneel

kept
knelt /
kneeled

kept
knelt /
kneeled

Manter
Ajoelhar-se

knit

knitted / knit knitted / knit Tricotar

know

knew

known

lay

laid

laid

lead

led

led

lean

leaned /
leant

leaned /
leant

Apoiar

leap

leaped /
leapt

leaped /
leapt

Saltar / pular

learn

learned /
learnt

learned /
learnt

Aprender

leave

left

left

Sair / deixar

lend
let
lie

lent
let
lay

lent
let
lain

Emprestar
Deixar
Deitar

lie (not tell


truth)
regular

lied

lied

Mentir

light

lit / lighted

lit / lighted

Acender

lip-read

lip-read

lip-read

Ler os lbios

lose
make

lost
made

lost
made

Perder
Fazer

mean

meant

meant

Significar /
querer dizer

meet

met

met

Encontrarse/ conhecer

miscast

miscast

miscast

Enganar-se

Saber /
conhecer
Deitar
Conduzir /
comandar

misdeal

misdealt

misdealt

Divider
erroneament
e

misdo

misdid

misdone

Fazer de
forma
imprpria

mishear

misheard

misheard

Ouvir errado

mislay

mislaid

mislaid

Colocar em
lugar errado

mislead

misled

misled

Enganar,
iludir

mislearn
misread
misset

mislearned / mislearned / Aprender


mislearnt
mislearnt
errado
misread
misread
Ler errado
Montar
misset
misset
errado

misspeak

misspoke

misspoken

Falar errado

misspell

misspelled / misspelled / Soletrar


misspelt
misspelt
errado

misspend

misspent

misspent

Desperdiar

mistake

mistook

mistaken

misteach

mistaught

mistaught

Confundir
Ensinar
errado

misundersta misundersto misundersto Entender


nd
od
od
errado
miswrite

miswrote

miswritten

Escrever
errado

mow

mowed

mowed /
mown

Cortar
grama

offset

offset

offset

Equiparar /
balancer

outbid

outbid

outbid

Oferecer um
preo mais
alto

outbreed

outbred

outbred

outdo

outdid

outdone

Cruzar raas
Ultrapassar /
exceder

outdraw

outdrew

outdrawn

Sacar arma
mais rpido
que o
inimigo

outdrink

outdrank

outdrunk

Beber
demais

outfight

outfought

outfought

Vencer no
combate

outfly

outflew

outflown

Ultrapassar
voando

outgrow

outgrew

outgrown

Livrar-se /
crescer mais
rpido que

outleap

outleaped /
outleapt

outleaped /
outleapt

Pular diante
de / saltar
mais que

outlie (not
tell truth)

outlied

outlied

Mentir
demais

outride

outrode

outridden

outrun

outran

outrun

outsell

outsold

outsold

outshine

outshined /
outshone

outshined /
outshone

Brilhar mais
que

outshoot

outshot

outshot

Atirar
melhor que

outsit

outsat

outsat

Sentar mais
que

outsleep

outslept

outslept

outspeak

outspoke

outspoken

outspeed

outsped

outsped

outspend

outspent

outspent

Gastar /
desperdiar

outswear

outswore

outsworn

Jurar demais

outthrow

outthrew

outthrown

Arremessar
demais

outwrite

outwrote

outwritten

Escrever
demais

overbid

overbid

overbid

Oferecer
preo
exagerado

overbreed

overbred

overbred

Procriar
demais

overbuild

overbuilt

overbuilt

Construir
demais

overbuy

overbought overbought

overcome
overdo

overcame
overdid

overcome
overdone

Montar
melhor que
Ultrapassar
Vender mais
que

Dormir
demais
Matracar
Exagerar na
velocidade

Comprar
demais
Superar
Exagerar

overdraw

overdrew

overdrawn

Emitir
cheque sem
fundo

overdrink

overdrank

overdrunk

Beber
demais

overeat

overate

overeaten

Comer
demais

overfeed

overfed

overfed

Alimentar
demais

overhang

overhung

overhung

Ressaltar /
sobressair

overhear

overheard

overheard

Ouvir por
acaso

overlay

overlaid

overlaid

Cobrir
revestir

overpay

overpaid

overpaid

Pagar
demais

override

overrode

overridden

Exceder /
fadigar um
animal

overrun

overran

overrun

Invadir /
expadir

oversee

oversaw

overseen

Fiscalizar /
inspecionar

oversell

oversold

oversold

Vender
demais

over sew

over sewed

overshoot

overshot

oversleep

overslept

overspeak

overspoke

overspend

overspent

overspill
overtake
overthink

over sewn / Reforar a


over sewed costura
overshot
Errar o alvo
Dormir
overslept
demais
overspoken Matracar
Gastar
overspent
demais

overspilled / overspilled /
Derramar
overspilt
overspilt
overtook
overtaken
Conseguir
Pensar
overthought overthought
demais

overthrow

overthrew

overthrown

Causar a
queda

overwind

overwound

overwound

Enrolar
apertado

overwrite

overwrote

overwritten

Escrever
demais

partake

partook

partaken

pay

prebuild

paid
pleaded /
pled
prebuilt

paid
pleaded /
pled
prebuilt

prepay

prepaid

prepaid

presell

presold

presold

preset

preset

preset

proofread

proofread

prove

proved

put

put

proofread
proven /
proved
put

plead

quick-freeze quick-froze

quick-frozen

Partilhar /
participar
Pagar
Alegar /
defender
Pr-fabricar
Pagar
adiantado
Divulgar
Preparar
anteriormen
te
Corrigir
Provar
Colocar
Congelar
rapidamente

quit

quit / quitted quit / quitted Abondonar

read

read (sounds read (sounds


Ler
like "red")
like "red")

reawake

reawoke

reawaken

rebid

rebid

rebid

rebind

rebound

rebound

Acordar de
novo
Reordenar
Amarrar
novamente

rebroadcast
/
rebroadcast
rebroadcast
ed

rebroadcast
/
Retransmitir
rebroadcast
ed

rebuild
recast
recut

rebuilt
recast
recut

rebuilt
recast
recut

Reconstruir
Reformar
Recortar

redeal

redealt

redealt

Redistribuir /
renegociar

redo

redid

redone

redraw

redrew

redrawn

refit (replace refit /


parts)
refitted

refit /
refitted

Refazer
Desenhar de
novo
Reequipar

regrow

regrew

regrown

rehang

rehung

rehung

rehear

reheard

reheard

Repreparar
audio

reknit

reknitted /
reknit

reknitted /
reknit

Retricotar

relay (for
example
tiles)

relaid

relaid

Retransmitir

relay (pass
along)
REGULAR

relayed

relayed

Repassar

relearn

relearned /
relearnt

relearned /
relearnt

Reaprender

remake

relit /
relighted
remade

relit /
relighted
remade

repay

repaid

repaid

reread
rerun
resell
resend

reread
reran
resold
resent

reread
rerun
resold
resent

reset

reset

reset

resew

resewed

resewn /
resewed

Recosturar

retake

retook

retaken

Pegar de
volta

reteach

retaught

retaught

Ensinar de
novo

retear

retore

retorn

retell
rethink

retold
rethought

retold
rethought

Chorar
novamente
Recontar
Repensar

retread

retread

retread

Recauchutar

retrofit

retrofitted /
retrofit

retrofitted /
retrofit

aperfeioar

rewake

rewoke /
rewaked

rewaken /
rewaked

Acordar
novamente

reweave

rewove /
reweaved

rewoven /
reweaved

Tecer
novamente

relight

Renascer
Pendurar
novamente

Reacender
Refazer
Pagar
novamente
Reler
Reprisar
Revender
Reenviar
Zerar /
recolocar

Executar um
casamento
novamente

rewed

rewed /
rewedded

rewed /
rewedded

rewin

rewon

rewon

rewind
rewrite
rid
ride
ring
rise

rewound
rewrote
rid
rode
rang
rose

rewound
rewritten
rid
ridden
rung
risen

roughcast

roughcast

roughcast

run
saw

ran

say
see
seek
sell
send

said
saw
sought
sold
sent

run
sawed /
sawn
said
seen
sought
sold
sent

set

set

set

sew

sewed

sewn /
sewed

Costurar

shake

shook

shaken

Sacudir /
agitar

shave

shaved

shaved /
shaven

Barbear

shear

sheared

shed

shed
shined /
shone

shine

sawed

shoot

shit / shat /
shitted
shot

show

showed

shit

shrink
shut
sight-read
sing

shrank /
shrunk
shut
sight-read
sang

Vencer
novamente
Rebobinar
reescrever
Livrar-se
Cavalgar
Tocar
Erguer
Dar forma
rudemente
Correr
Serrar
Dizer
Ver
Procurar
Vender
Enviar
Preparar /
ajustar

sheared /
shorn
shed
shined /
shone

Tosar /
aparar
Derramar

shit/ shat /
shitted
shot
shown /
showed

Defecar /
cagar
Atirar

shrunk
shut
sight-read
sung

Brilhar

Mostrar
Contrair /
encolher
Fechar
Maestrar
Cantar

sink
sit

sunk
sat
slain /
slew / slayed
slayed
slept
slept
slid
slid
slung
slung
slinked /
slinked /
slunk
slunk
slit
slit
smelled /
smelled /
smelt
smelt

Afundar
Sentar

sneak

sneaked /
snuck

sneaked /
snuck

Entregar /
dedurar

sow

sowed

speak

spoke
sped /
speeded

sown /
sowed
spoken
sped /
speeded

Semear /
espalhar
Falar

spelled /
spelt
spent

spelled /
spelt
spent

spoiled /
spoilt

spoiled /
spoilt

Mimar /
estrgar

slay (kill)
sleep
slide
sling
slink
slit
smell

speed
spell
spend
spill
spin
spit
split
spoil

sank / sunk
sat

Matar
Dormir
Escorregar
Atar
Escapar /
fugir
Rachar
Cheirar

Apressar-se
Soletrar

Gastar
Derramar /
spilled / spilt spilled / spilt
escorregar
spun
spun
Protelar
spit / spat
spit / spat
Cuspir
Dividir /
split
split
partir

spoon-feed

spoon-fed

spoon-fed

Alimentar
beb ou
doente /
(giria) dar de
bandeja

spread

spread

spread

Espalhar
esparramar

stand
steal

sprang /
sprung
stood
stole

stick

stuck

stuck

sting

stung

stung

spring

sprung
stood
stolen

Brotar /
mostrar-se
Ficar em p
Roubar
Cravar /
fincar
Picar /
ferroar

stink

stunk / stank stunk

strew

strewed

stride
strike
(delete)

Feder /
enojar

strode

strewn /
strewed
stridden

Espalhar /
polvilhar
Cavalgar

struck

stricken

Apagar

strike (hit)

struck

struck /
stricken

Golpear

string

strung

strung

Amarrar /
pendurar

strive
sublet
sunburn
swear
sweat
sweep
swell
swim
swing

strove /
striven /
Aspirer /
strived
strived
tentar
sublet
sublet
Sublocar
sunburned / sunburned /
Bronzear
sunburnt
sunburnt
swore
sworn
Jurar
sweat /
sweat /
Suar
sweated
sweated
swept
swept
Varrer
swollen /
Inchar /
swelled
swelled
encher
swam
swum
Nadar
swung
swung
Balanar

take

took

taken

Pegar /
tomar /
durar

teach
tear

taught
tore

taught
torn

Ensinar
Chorar

telecast

telecast

telecast

Televisionar

tell

told

told

test-drive

test-drove

test-driven

Dizer
Testar um
carro

test-fly

test-flew

test-flown

think
throw
thrust
unbend

thought
threw
thrust
unbent

thought
thrown
thrust
unbent

unbind

unbound

unbound

unclothe

unclothed /
unclad

unclothed /
unclad

Testar um
avio
Pensar
Jogar
Empurrar
Desatar
Soltar
desamarrar
Desnudar

underbid

underbid

underbid

Oferecer
menos

undercut

undercut

undercut

Cortar /
baratear

underfeed

underfed

underfed

Fornecer
alimento de
forma
isuficiente

undergo

underwent

undergone

Submeter-se

underlie

underlay

underlain

Dar suporte

undersell

undersold

undersold

Verder a
preo
inferior
Gastar
menos
Entender
Responsabili
zar-se

underspend underspent

underspent

understand

understood

understood

undertake

undertook

undertaken

underwrite

underwrote underwritten Subscrever

undo

undid

undone

Desfazer

unfreeze

unfroze

unfrozen

descongelar

unhang

unhung

unhung

Despendurar

unhide

unhid

unhidden

Descobrir /
fazer
aparecer

unknit

unknitted /
unknit

unknitted /
unknit

Descosturar

unlearn

unlearned /
unlearnt

unlearned /
unlearnt

Aprender o
contrrio

unsew

unsewed

unsling

unslung

unsewn /
unsewed
unslung

unspin

unspun

unspun

unstick

unstuck

unstuck

Liberar /
soltar

unstrung

Frouxar
corda(instru
mento
musical)

unstring

unstrung

Descosturar
Desatar
Desembara
ar

unweave

unwove /
unweaved

unwoven /
unweaved

unwind

unwound

unwound

uphold
upset

upheld
upset
woke /
waked

upheld
upset
woken /
waked

waylay

waylaid

waylaid

Surpreender

wear

wore
wove /
weaved

worn
woven /
weaved

Vestir
Tecer /
Tranar

wed

wed /
wedded

wed /
wedded

Executar um
casamento

weep

wept

wept

chorar

wet

wet / wetted wet / wetted Molhar

wake

weave

whet
REGULAR
win

desamarrar
Liberar /
desatar
Sustentar
Preocupar
Acordar

whetted

whetted

Molhar

won

won

wind

wound

wound

withdraw

withdrew

withdrawn

Vencer
Ventilar /
arejar
Retirar

withhold

withheld

withheld

Reter /
conter/ parar

withstand

withstood

withstood

Opor-se a /
impugnar

wring

wrung

wrung

write

wrote

written

Arrancar
com fora
Escreve

http://www.aulaparticulardeingles.com.br/lista-de-verbos-irre

ta-de-verbos-irregulares-do-ingles.php

Infinitive
accept (acpt)
add (ad)
admire (admiar)
admit (admt)
advise (advis)
afford (afrd)
agree (agr:)
alert (alrt)
allow (alu)
amuse (amis)
analyse (nalais)
announce (anuns)
annoy (ani)
answer (nsuer)
apologise (aplodchais)
appear (apar)
applaud (apld)
appreciate (aprshieit)
approve (aprv)
argue (:rguiu)
arrange (arrindch)
arrest (arrst)
arrive (arriv)
ask (ask)
attach (atch)
attack (atck)
attempt (atmpt)
attend (atnd)
attract (atrct)
avoid (avid)
back (bak)
bake (bik)
balance (blans)
ban (ban)
bathe (bid)
beg (beg)
behave (bijiv)
belong (bilng)
bless (bles)
blind (blind)
blink (blink)
blush (blash)
boil (bil)
book (buk)
bore (bor)
borrow (brrou)
bounce (buns)

brake (brik)
breathe (brid)
brush (brash)
burn (bern)
bury (bri)
call (kol)
calculate
(klkiuleit)
camp (kamp)
care (ker)
cause (koz)
challenge (chlindz)
change (chindz)
charge (chrdz)
chase (chis)
cheat (chit)
check (chek)
cheer (chir)
chew (chu)
claim (klim)
clap (klp)
clean (klin)
clear (klar)
close (klus)
collect (kolkt)
comb (kom)
compare (kompr)
compete (kompt)
complain (komplin)
complete (komplt)
concentrate (knsentreit)
concern (konsrn)
confess (konfs)
confuse (konfis)
connect (konkt)
consider (konsder)
consist (konsst)
contain (kontin)
continue (kontniu)
cook (ku:k)
copy (kpi)
correct (korrkt)
cough (kof)
count (kaunt)
cover (kver)
crack (krak)
crash (krash)
crawl (krol)

cross (kros)
crush (krash)
cry (kri)
cure (kir)
curl (kerl)
curve (kerb)
cycle (sikl)
damage (dmidz)
dance (dans)
deceive (disv)
decide (disid)
decorate (dkoreit)
delay (dili)
delete (dil:t)
delight (dilit)
deliver (delver)
depend (dipnd)
describe (diskrib)
deserve (disrv)
destroy (distri)
detect (ditkt)
develop (divlop)
disagree (disagr)
disappear
(disapar)
discover
(diskver)
dislike (dislik)
divide (divid)
double (dbl)
doubt (dut)
dream (drim)
dress (dres)
drop (drop)
drown (drun)
dry (dri)
dust (dst)
earn (ern)
educate (dzukeit)
embarrass (imbras)
employ (impli)
empty (mpti)
encourage (inkridz)
end (end)
enjoy (indzi)
enter (ner)
entertain (enertin)
escape (iskip)

examine (igzmin)
excite (iksit)
excuse (ikskiz)
exercise (ksersaiz)
exist (igzst)
expand (ikspnd)
expect (ikspkt)
explain (iksplin)
explode (iksplud)
extend (ikstnd)
face (fis)
fade (fid)
fail (fil)
fancy (fnsi)
fasten (fsen)
fax (faks)
fear (far)
fetch (fech)
file (fil)
fill (fil)
film (film)
finish (fnish)
fire (fier)
fit (fit)
fix (fiks)
flash (flash)
float (flut)
flood (flad)
flow (flu)
flower (fluer)
fold (fuld)
follow (flou)
fool (ful)
force (fors)
form (form)
found (fund)
frame (frim)
frighten (friren)
fry (fri)
gather (gder)
greet (grit)
graduate (grdueit)
grease (gris)
groan (grun)
guess (ges)
guide (gid)
hammer (jmer)
hand (jand)

hang (jang)
happen (jpen)
harm (jrm)
hate (jit)
head (jd)
heat (jit)
help (jelp)
hunt (jant)
hope (jup)
hug (jg)
hurry (jri)
identify (aidntifai)
ignore (ignr)
imagine (imdzin)
impress (imprs)
improve (imprv)
include (inkld)
increase (inkrs)
influence (nfluens)
inform (infrm)
inject (indzkt)
injure (ndzur)
introduce (introdis)
instruct (instrkt)
intend (intnd)
interest (ntrest)
interfere (interfr)
interrupt (interpt)
invent (invnt)
invite (invit)
irritate (riteit)
jail (dzil)
join (dzin)
joke (dzuk)
judge (dzadz)
jump (dzamp)
kick (kik)
kill (kil)
kiss (kis)
kneel (nil)
knit (nit)
knock (nok)
knot (not)
label (libl)
land (land)
last (last)
laugh (laf)
launch (lonch)

level (lvel)
lick (lik)
lighten (litn)
like (lik)
list (list)
listen (lsen)
live (liv)
load (lud)
lock (lok)
long (long)
look (luk)
love (lav)
manage (mnidz)
march (march)
mark (mark)
marry (mri)
match (mach)
measure (mshar)
melt (melt)
memorise (mmoraiz)
mend (mend)
milk (milk)
miss (mis)
mix (miks)
move (muv)
multiply (mltplai)
murder (mrder)
nail (nil)
name (nim)
need (nid)
note (nut)
notice (nuris)
number (nmber)
obey (obi)
object (obdzkt)
observe (obsrv)
obtain (obtin)
offend (ofnd)
offer (fer)
open (upen)
order (rder)
overflow (ouverflu)
owe (u)
pack (pak)
paint (pint)
park (park)
pass (pas)
paste (pist)

pat (pat)
pause (poz)
pedal (pdal)
peel (pil)
peep (pip)
perform (perfrm)
phone (fun)
pick (pik)
plan (plan)
plant (plant)
place (plis)
play (pli)
please (pliz)
plug (plag)
point (pint)
polish (plish)
possess (poss)
post (pust)
pour (por)
practise (prktis)
pray (pri)
precede (prousd)
prefer (prfr)
prepare (pripr)
present (priznt)
press (pres)
pretend (pritnd)
prevent (privnt)
print (print)
produce (prods)
program (prgram)
promise (prmis)
protect (protkt)
provide (provid)
pull (pul)
pump (pamp)
punish (pnish)
push (push)
queue (ki)
rain (rin)
raise (riz)
reach (rich)
realise (ralaiz)
receive (risv)
recognise (rkognaiz)
record (rikrd)
reduce (ridis)
reflect (riflkt)

refuse (rifiz)
regret (rigrt)
relax (rilks)
release (rils)
rely (reli)
remain (rimin)
remember (rimmber)
remind (rimind)
remove (rimv)
rent (rent)
repair (ripr)
repeat (ript)
replace (riplis)
reply (repli)
report (riprt)
reproduce (riprodis)
request (rikust)
rescue (rskiu)
reserve
retire (ritir)
return (ritrn)
rhyme (rim)
rinse (rins)
risk (risk)
rob (rb)
row (ru)
rub (rab)
ruin (rin)
rule (rul)
sack (sak)
sail (sil)
satisfy (satisfi)
save (siv)
scream (skrim)
screw (skru)
seal (sil)
search (serch)
separate (spareit)
serve (serv)
settle (setl)
share (sher)
shave (shiv)
shelter (shlter)
shop (shop)
sigh (si)
sign (sin)
signal (sgnal)
sin (sn)

ski (ski)
skip (skp)
slip (slp)
slow (slu)
smell (smel)
smile (smil)
smoke (smuk)
sneeze (sniz)
snore (snor)
snow (snu)
soak (suk)
sound (sund)
spell (spel)
spill (spil)
spoil (spil)
spray (spri)
start (start)
stay (sti)
stop (stop)
store (stor)
stretch (strech)
succeed (saksd)
suffer (sfer)
suggest (sadzst)
supply (sapli)
support (saprt)
suppose (supus)
surprise (supriz)
surround (surund)
suspect (saspkt)
suspend (saspnd)
switch (such)
talk (tok)
taste (tist)
tease (tiz)
telephone (tlefoun)
tempt (tempt)
terrify (trrifai)
test (test)
thank (senk)
tick (tik)
tidy (tidi)
tie (ti)
tip (tp)
touch (tach)
tow (tu)
trade (trid)
train (trin)

transport (transprt)
travel (trvel)
tremble (trembl)
trust (trast)
try (tri)
turn (tern)
twist (tust)
type (tip)
use (iz)
vanish (vnish)
visit (vsit)
wait (wit)
walk (wok)
want (wont)
warn (worn)
wash (wosh)
waste (wist)
watch (woch)
weigh (wi)
welcome (wlkam)
whisper (wsper)
whistle (wisl)
wipe (wip)
wish (wish)
wonder (wnder)
work (werk)
worry (uri)
yawn (in)
yell (il)
zoom (zum)

Simple Past
accepted (acptid)
added (did)
admired (admiard)
admitted (admtid)
advised (advist)
afforded (afrdit)
agreed (agr:d)
alerted (alrtid)
allowed (alud)
amused (amist)
analysed (nalaist)
announced (anunst)
annoyed (anid)
answered (nsuerd)
apologised (aplodchaist)
appeared (apard)
applauded (apldid)
appreciated (aprshieitid)
approved (aprvt)
argued (:rguiut)
arranged (arrindcht)
arrested (arrstid)
arrived (arrivd)
asked (askt)
attached (atcht)
attacked (atckt)
attempted (atmptid)
attended (atndid)
attracted (atrctid)
avoided (avidid)
backed (bakt)
baked (bikt)
balanced (blanst)
banned (bnd)
bathed (bidid)
begged (bgd)
behaved (bijivd)
belonged (bilngd)
blessed (blest)
blinded (blindid)
blinked (blinkt)
blushed (blasht)
boiled (bild)
booked (bukt)
bored (bord)
borrowed (brroud)
bounced (bunst)

Past Participle
accepted (acptid)
added (did)
admired (admiard)
admitted (admtid)
advised (advist)
afforded (afrdit)
agreed (agr:d)
alerted (alrtid)
allowed (alud)
amused (amist)
analysed (nalaist)
announced (anunst)
annoyed (anid)
answered (nsuerd)
apologised (aplodchaist)
appeared (apard)
applauded (apldid)
appreciated (aprshieitid)
approved (aprvt)
argued (:rguiut)
arranged (arrindcht)
arrested (arrstid)
arrived (arrivd)
asked (ask)
attached (atcht)
attacked (atckt)
attempted (atmptid)
attended (atndid)
attracted (atrctid)
avoided (avidid)
backed (bakt)
baked (bikt)
balanced (blanst)
banned (bnd)
bathed (bidid)
begged (bgd)
behaved (bijivd)
belonged (bilngd)
blessed (blest)
blinded (blindid)
blinked (blinkt)
blushed (blasht)
boiled (bild)
booked (bukt)
bored (bord)
borrowed (brroud)
bounced (bunst)

braked (brikt)
breathed (brdid)
brushed (brasht)
burned (bernd)
buried (brid)
called (kold)
calculated
(klkiuleirid)
camped (kampt)
cared (kerd)
caused (kozd)
challenged (chlindzd)
changed (chindzd)
charged (chrdzd)
chased (chist)
cheated (chtid)
checked (chekt)
cheered (chird)
chewed (chud)
claimed (klimd)
clapped (klpt)
cleaned (klind)
cleared (klard)
closed (klusd)
collected (kolktid)
combed (komd)
compared (komprd)
competed (komptid)
complained (komplind)
completed (kompltid)
concentrated (knsentreired)
concerned (konsrnd)
confessed (konfst)
confused (konfist)
connected (konktid)
considered(konsderd)
consisted (konsstid)
contained (kontind)
continued (kontniud)
cook (ku:kt)
copied (kpid)
corrected (korrktid)
coughed (koft)
counted (kunid)
covered (kverd)
cracked (krakt)
crashed (krasht)
crawled (krold)

braked (brikt)
breathed (brdid)
brushed (brasht)
burned (bernd)
buried (brid)
called (kold)
calculated
(klkiuleirid)
camped (kampt)
cared (kerd)
caused (kozd)
challenged (chlindzd)
changed (chindzd)
charged (chrdzd)
chased (chist)
cheated (chtid)
checked (chekt)
cheered (chird)
chewed (chud)
claimed (klimd)
clapped (klpt)
cleaned (klind)
cleared (klard)
closed (klusd)
collected (kolktid)
combed (komd)
compared (komprd)
competed (komptid)
complained (komplind)
completed (kompltid)
concentrated (knsentreired)
concerned (konsrnd)
confessed (konfst)
confused (konfist)
connected (konktid)
considered (konsderd)
consisted (konsstid)
contained (kontind)
continued (kontniud)
cook (ku:kt)
copied (kpid)
corrected (korrktid)
coughed (koft)
counted (kunid)
covered (kverd)
cracked (krakt)
crashed (krasht)
crawled (krold)

crossed (krost)
crushed (krasht)
cried (krid)
cured (kird)
curled (kerld)
curved (kerbd)
cycled (sikld)
damaged (dmidzd)
danced (danst)
deceived (disvd)
decided (disidid)
decorated (dkoreirid)
delayed (dilid)
deleted (dil:tid)
delighted (dilirid)
delivered (delverd)
depended (dipnid)
described (diskribd)
deserved (disrvd)
destroyed (distrid)
detected (ditktid)
developed (divlopt)
disagreed (disagrd)
disappeared
(disapard)
discovered
(diskverd)
disliked (dislikt)
divided (dividid)
doubled (dbld)
doubted (durid)
dreamed (drimd)
dressed (drest)
dropped (drpt)
drowned (drund)
dried (drid)
dusted (dstid)
earned (ernd)
educated (dzukeirid)
embarrassed (imbrast)
employed (implid)
emptied (mptid)
encouraged (inkridzd)
ended (ndid)
enjoyed (indzid)
entered (nerd)
entertained (enertind)
escaped (iskipt)

crossed (krost)
crushed (krasht)
cried (krid)
cured (kird)
curled (kerld)
curved (kerbd)
cycled (sikld)
damaged (dmidzd)
danced (danst)
deceived (disvd)
decided (disidid)
decorated (dkoreirid)
delayed (dilid)
deleted (dil:tid)
delighted (dilirid)
delivered (delverd)
depended (dipnid)
described (diskribd)
deserved (disrvd)
destroyed (distrid)
detected (ditktid)
developed (divlopt)
disagreed (disagrd)
disappeared
(disapard)
discovered
(diskverd)
disliked (dislikt)
divided (dividid)
doubled (dbld)
doubted (durid)
dreamed (drimd)
dressed (drest)
dropped (drpt)
drowned (drund)
dried (drid)
dusted (dstid)
earned (ernd)
educated (dzukeirid)
embarrassed (imbrast)
employed (implid)
emptied (mptid)
encouraged (inkridzd)
ended (ndid)
enjoyed (indzid)
entered (nerd)
entertained (enertind)
escaped (iskipt)

examined (igzmind)
excited (iksirid)
excused (ikskizd)
exercised (ksersaizd)
existed (igzstid)
expanded (ikspndid)
expected (ikspktid)
explained (iksplind)
exploded (ikspludid)
extended (ikstndid)
faced (fist)
faded (fidid)
failed (fild)
fancied (fnsid)
fastened (fsend)
faxed (fakst)
feared (fard)
fetched (fecht)
filed (fild)
filled (fild)
filmed (filmd)
finished (fnisht)
fired (fierd)
fitted (ftid)
fixed (fikst)
flashed (flasht)
floated (flurid)
flooded (fldid)
flowed (flud)
flowered (fluerd)
folded (fuldid)
followed (floud)
fooled (fuld)
forced (forst)
formed (formd)
founded (fundid)
framed (frimd)
frightened (frirend)
fried (frid)
gathered (gderd)
greeted (grrid)
graduated (grdueirid)
greased (grist)
groaned (grund)
guessed (gest)
guided (gidid)
hammered (jmerd)
handed (jndid)

examined (igzmind)
excited (iksirid)
excused (ikskizd)
exercised (ksersaizd)
existed (igzstid)
expanded (ikspndid)
expected (ikspktid)
explained (iksplind)
exploded (ikspludid)
extended (ikstndid)
faced (fist)
faded (fidid)
failed (fild)
fancied (fnsid)
fastened (fsend)
faxed (kakst)
feared (fard)
fetched (fecht)
filed (fild)
filled (fild)
filmed (filmd)
finished (fnisht)
fired (fierd)
fitted (ftid)
fixed (fikst)
flashed (flasht)
floated (flurid)
flooded (fldid)
flowed (flud)
flowered (fluerd)
folded (fuldid)
followed (floud)
fooled (fuld)
forced (forst)
formed (formd)
founded (fundid)
framed (frimd)
frightened (frirend)
fried (frid)
gathered (gderd)
greeted (grrid)
graduated (grdueirid)
greased (grist)
groaned (grund)
guessed (gest)
guided (gidid)
hammered (jmerd)
handed (jndid)

hanged (jangd)
happened (jpend)
harmed (jrmd)
hated (jirid)
headed (jdid)
heated (jrid)
helped (jelpt)
hunted (jnid)
hoped (jupt)
hugged (jgd)
hurried (jrid)
identified (aidntifaid)
ignored (ignrd)
imagined (imdzind)
impressed (imprst)
improved (imprvd)
included (inkldid)
increased (inkrst)
influenced (nfluenst)
informed (infrmd)
injected (indzkrid)
injured (ndzurd)
introduced (introdist)
instructed (instrkrid)
intended (intndid)
interested (ntrestid)
interfered (interfrd)
interrupted (interptid)
invented (invnid)
invited (invirid)
irritated (riteirid)
jailed (dzild)
joined (dzind)
joked (dzukt)
judged (dzadzd)
jumped (dzampt)
kicked (kikt)
killed (kilt)
kissed (kist)
kneeled (nild) USA
knitted (nltid)
knocked (nokt)
knotted (ntid)
labelled (libld)
landed (lndid)
lasted (lstid)
laughed (laft)
launched (loncht)

hanged (jangd)
happened (jpend)
harmed (jrmd)
hated (jirid)
headed (jdid)
heated (jrid)
helped (jelpt)
hunted (jnid)
hoped (jupt)
hugged (jgd)
hurried (jrid)
identified (aidntifaid)
ignored (ignrd)
imagined (imdzind)
impressed (imprst)
improved (imprvd)
included (inkldid)
increased (inkrst)
influenced (nfluenst)
informed (infrmd)
injected (indzkrid)
injured (ndzurd)
introduced (introdist)
instructed (instrkrid)
intended (intndid)
interested (ntrestid)
interfered (interfrd)
interrupted (interptid)
invented (invnid)
invited (invirid)
irritated (riteirid)
jailed (dzild)
joined (dzind)
joked (dzukt)
judged (dzadzd)
jumped (dzampt)
kicked (kikt)
killed (kilt)
kissed (kist)
kneeled (nild) USA
knitted (ntid)
knocked (nokt)
knotted (ntid)
labelled (libld)
landed (lndid)
lasted (lstid)
laughed (laft)
launched (loncht)

levelled (lveld)
licked (likt)
lightened (litnd)
liked (likt)
listed (lstid)
listened (lsend)
lived (livd)
loaded (ludid)
locked (lokt)
longed (longd)
looked (lukt)
loved (lavd)
managed (mnidzd)
marched (marcht)
marked (markt)
married (mrid)
matched (macht)
measured (mshard)
melted (mltid)
memorised (mmoraizd)
mended (mndid)
milked (milkt)
missed (mist)
mixed (mikst)
moved (muvd)
multiplied (mlt-plid)
murdered (mrderd)
nailed (nild)
named (nimd)
needed (ndid)
noted (nurid)
noticed (nurist)
numbered (nmberd)
obeyed (obid)
objected (obdzktid)
observed (obsrvd)
obtained (obtind)
offended (ofndid)
offered (ferd)
opened (upend)
ordered (rderd)
overflowed (ouverflud)
owed (ud)
packed (pakt)
painted (pinid)
parked (parkt)
passed (past)
pasted (pistid)

levelled (lveld)
licked (likt)
lightened (litnd)
liked (likt)
listed (lstid)
listened (lsend)
lived (livd)
loaded (ludid)
locked (lokt)
longed (longd)
looked (lukt)
loved (lavd)
managed (mnidzd)
marched (marcht)
marked (markt)
married (mrid)
matched (macht)
measured (mshard)
melted (mltid)
memorised (mmoraizd)
mended (mndid)
milked (milkt)
missed (mist)
mixed (mikst)
moved (muvd)
multiplied (mlt-plid)
murdered (mrderd)
nailed (nild)
named (nimd)
needed (ndid)
noted (nurid)
noticed (nurist)
numbered (nmberd)
obeyed (obid)
objected (obdzktid)
observed (obsrvd)
obtained (obtind)
offended (ofndid)
offered (ferd)
opened (upend)
ordered (rderd)
overflowed (ouverflud)
owed (ud)
packed (pakt)
painted (pinid)
parked (parkt)
passed (past)
pasted (pistid)

patted (prid)
paused (pozd)
pedalled (pdald)
peeled (pild)
peeped (pipt)
performed (perfrmd)
phoned (fund)
picked (pikt)
planned (pland)
planted (plnid)
placed (plist)
played (plid)
pleased (plizd)
plugged (plagd)
pointed (pinid)
polished (plisht)
possessed (posst)
posted (pustid)
poured (pord)
practised (prktist)
prayed (prid)
preceded (prousdid)
preferred (prifrd)
prepared (priprd)
presented (priznid)
pressed (prest)
pretended (pritnid)
prevented (privnid)
printed (prnid)
produced (prodst)
programmed (prgramd)
promised (prmist)
protected (protktid)
provided (providid)
pulled (puld)
pumped (pampt)
punished (pnisht)
pushed (pusht)
queued (kid)
rained (rind)
raised (rizd)
reached (richt)
realised (ralaizd)
received (risvd)
recognised (rkognaizd)
recorded (rikrdid)
reduced (ridist)
reflected (riflktid)

patted (prid)
paused (pozd)
pedalled (pdald)
peeled (pild)
peeped (pipt)
performed (perfrmd)
phoned (fund)
picked (pikt)
planned (pland)
planted (plnid)
placed (plist)
played (plid)
pleased (plizd)
plugged (plagd)
pointed (pinid)
polished (plisht)
possessed (posst)
posted (pustid)
poured (pord)
practised (prktist)
prayed (prid)
preceded (prousdid)
preferred (prifrd)
prepared (priprd)
presented (priznid)
pressed (prest)
pretended (pritnid)
prevented (privnid)
printed (prnid)
produced (prodst)
programmed (prgramd)
promised (prmist)
protected (protktid)
provided (providid)
pulled (puld)
pumped (pampt)
punished (pnisht)
pushed (pusht)
queued (kid)
rained (rind)
raised (rizd)
reached (richt)
realised (ralaizd)
received (risvd)
recognised (rkognaizd)
recorded (rikrdid)
reduced (ridist)
reflected (riflktid)

refused (rifizd)
regretted (rigrtid)
relaxed (rilkst)
released (rilst)
relied (relid)
remained (rimind)
remembered (rimmberd)
reminded (rimindid)
removed (rimvd)
rent (rnid)
repaired (riprd)
repeated (riprid)
replaced (riplist)
replied (repldt)
reported (riprid)
reproduced (riprodist)
requested (rikustid)
rescued (rskiud)
reserved
retired (ritird)
returned (ritrnd)
rhymed (rimd)
rinsed (rinst)
risked (riskt)
robbed (rbd)
rowed (rud)
rubbed (rbd)
ruined (rind)
ruled (ruld)
sacked (sakt)
sailed (sild)
satisfied (satisfid)
saved (sivd)
screamed (skrimd)
screwed (skrud)
sealed (sild)
searched (sercht)
separated (spareirid)
served (servd)
settled (setld)
shared (sherd)
shaved (shivd)
sheltered (shlterd)
shopped (shpt)
sighed (sid)
signed (sind)
signalled (sgnald)
sinned (snd)

refused (rifizd)
regretted (rigrtid)
relaxed (rilkst)
released (rilst)
relied (relid)
remained (rimind)
remembered (rimmberd)
reminded (rimindid)
removed (rimvd)
rent (rnid)
repaired (riprd)
repeated (riprid)
replaced (riplist)
replied (repldt)
reported (riprid)
reproduced (riprodist)
requested (rikustid)
rescued (rskiud)
reserved
retired (ritird)
returned (ritrnd)
rhymed (rimd)
rinsed (rinst)
risked (riskt)
robbed (rbd)
rowed (rud)
rubbed (rbd)
ruined (rind)
ruled (ruld)
sacked (sakt)
sailed (sild)
satisfied (satisfid)
saved (sivd)
screamed (skrimd)
screwed (skrud)
sealed (sild)
searched (sercht)
separated (spareirid)
served (servd)
settled (setld)
shared (sherd)
shaved (shivd)
sheltered (shlterd)
shopped (shpt)
sighed (sid)
signed (sind)
signalled (sgnald)
sinned (snd)

skied (skid)
skipped (skpt)
slipped (slpt)
slowed (slud)
smelled (smeld)
smiled (smild)
smoked (smukt)
sneezed (snizd)
snored (snord)
snowed (snud)
soaked (sukt)
sounded (sundid)
spelled (speld)
spilled (spild)
spoiled (spild)
sprayed (sprid)
started (strid)
stayed (stid)
stopped (stpt)
stored (stord)
stretched (strecht)
succeeded (saksdid)
suffered (sferd)
suggested (sadzstid)
supplied (saplid)
supported (saprid)
supposed (supust)
surprised (suprizd)
surrounded (surunid)
suspected (saspktid)
suspended (saspnid)
switched (sucht)
talked (tokt)
tasted (tsitid)
teased (tizd)
telephoned (tlefound)
tempted (tmptid)
terrified (trri-fid)
tested (tstid)
thanked (senkt)
ticked (tikt)
tidied (tidid)
tied (tid)
tipped (tpt)
touched (tacht)
towed (tud)
traded (tridid)
trained (trind)

skied (skid)
skipped (skpt)
slipped (slpt)
slowed (slud)
smelled (smeld)
smiled (smild)
smoked (smukt)
sneezed (snizd)
snored (snord)
snowed (snud)
soaked (sukt)
sounded (sundid)
spelled (speld)
spilled (spild)
spoiled (spild)
sprayed (sprid)
started (strid)
stayed (stid)
stopped (stpt)
stored (stord)
stretched (strecht)
succeeded (saksdid)
suffered (sferd)
suggested (sadzstid)
supplied (saplid)
supported (saprid)
supposed (supust)
surprised (suprizd)
surrounded (surunid)
suspected (saspktid)
suspended (saspnid)
switched (sucht)
talked (tokt)
tasted (tistid)
teased (tizd)
telephoned (tlefound)
tempted (tmptid)
terrified (trri-fid)
tested (tstid)
thanked (senkt)
ticked (tikt)
tidied (tidid)
tied (tid)
tipped (tpt)
touched (tacht)
towed (tud)
traded (tridid)
trained (trind)

transported (transprid)
travelled (trveld)
trembled (trembld)
trusted (trstid)
tried (trid)
turned (ternd)
twisted (tustid)
typed (tipt)
used (izd)
vanished (vnisht)
visited (vsirid)
waited (wirid)
walked (wokt)
wanted (wnid)
warned (wornd)
washed (wosht)
wasted (wistid)
watched (wocht)
weighed (wirid)
welcomed (wlkamd)
whispered (wsperd)
whistle (wisld)
wiped (wipt)
wished (wisht)
wondered (wnderd)
worked (werkt)
worried (urid)
yawned (ind)
yelled (ild)
zoomed (zumd)

transported (transprid)
travelled (trveld)
trembled (trembld)
trusted (trstid)
tried (trid)
turned (ternd)
twisted (tustid)
typed (tipt)
used (izd)
vanished (vnisht)
visited (vsirid)
waited (wirid)
walked (wokt)
wanted (wnid)
warned (wornd)
washed (wosht)
wasted (wistid)
watched (wocht)
weighed (wirid)
welcomed (wlkamd)
whispered (wsperd)
whistle (wisld)
wiped (wipt)
wished (wisht)
wondered (wnderd)
worked (werkt)
worried (urid)
yawned (ind)
yelled (ild)
zoomed (zumd)

Translation
aceptar
agregar
admirar
admitir
aconsejar
afrontar
estar de acuerdo
alertar
permitir
entretener
analizar
anunciar
molestar
contestar
pedir disculpas, disculparse
aparecer
aplaudir
apreciar
aprobar
discutir
arreglar
arrestar
llegar
preguntar
adjuntar
atacar
intentar
asistir
atraer
evitar
apoyar
hornear
balancear
prohibir
baarse
rogar
comportarse
pertenecer
bendecir
enceguecer
parpadear
enrojecer
hervir
reservar
aburrir
pedir prestado
rebotar

frenar
respirar
cepillar
quemar
enterrar
llamar
calcular
acampar
cuidar
causar
desafiar
cambiar
cargar
cazar
engaar
verificar
alegrar
mascar
reclamar
aplaudir
limpiar
aclarar
cerrar
cobrar,coleccionar
peinar
comparar
competir
quejarse
completar
concentrarse
concernir
confesar
confundir
conectar
considerar
consistir
contener
continuar
cocinar
copiar
corregir
toser
contar
cubrir
rajar
embestir
arrastrarse

cruzar
aplastar
gritar, llorar
curar
enrular
curvar
pasear en bicicleta
daar
bailar
engaar
decidir
decorar
demorar
suprimir, eliminar, borrar
deleitar
repartir
depender
describir
merecer
destruir
detectar
desarrollar
no estar de acuerdo
desaparecer
descubrir
disgustar
dividir
duplicar
dudar
soar
vestir
dejar caer, caerse
ahogar
secar
limpiar
ganar
educar
avergonzar
emplear
vaciar
alentar
finalizar
disfrutar
ingresar
entretener
huir

examinar
excitar
excusarse
ejercitar
existir
expandir
esperar
explicar
explotar
extender
enfrentar
decolorarse
fracasar
imaginar, desear
atar
enviar un fax
temer
ir a buscar
archivar
llenar
filmar
terminar
disparar, despedir
caber, encajar
reparar
brillar, centellear
flotar
inundarse
fluir, circular
florecer
doblar
seguir, continuar
engaar
forzar
formar
fundar
enmarcar
asustar
frer
recoger
saludar
graduarse
engrasar
gruir
adivinar
guiar
martillar
pasar, entregar

colgar, ahorcar
suceder
daar
odiar
encabezar
calentar
ayudar
cazar, ir de caza
esperar con ansiedad
abrazar
apurarse
identificar
ignorar
imaginar
impresionar
mejorar
incluir
aumentar
influenciar
informar
inyectar
herir, lesionar
presentar
instruir
intentar
interesar
interferir
interrumpir
inventar
invitar
irritar
encarcelar
unir, juntar
bromear
juzgar
saltar
patear
matar
besar
arrodillarse
tejer
golpear
anudar
etiquetar
aterrizar
durar
rerse
lanzar

nivelar
lamer
iluminar, alivianar
gustar
listar
escuchar
vivir
cargar
cerrar con llave
durar
mirar
amar
administrar
marchar
marcar
casarse
hacer juego
medir
derretirse
memorizar
remendar
ordear
perder, extraar
mezclar
mover, mudarse
multiplicar
asesinar
clavar
nombrar
necesitar
advertir, fijarse en
prestar atencin
numerar
obedecer
objetar
observar
obtener
ofender
ofrecer
abrir
ordenar, pedir
inundar
adeudar
empacar
pintar
estacionar
pasar, aprobar
pegar

acariciar
detenerse
pedalear
pelar
echar una ojeada
ejecutar
llamar por telfono
recoger, levantar
planear, planificar
plantar
ubicar
tocar un instrumento, jugar
complacer
conectar
sealar
lustrar
poseer
enviar por correo
derramar
practicar
rezar
preceder
preferir
preparar
presentar, regalar
presionar, apretar
fingir
impedir
imprimir
producir
programar
prometer
proteger
proveer
tirar de
bombear
castigar
empujar
hacer cola
llover
levantar
alcanzar
darse cuenta
recibir
reconocer
grabar
reducir
reflejar

rechazar
lamentarse
relajarse
soltar
confiar
permanecer
recordar
acordarse de
eliminar
alquilar
reparar
repetir
reemplazar
responder
informar
reproducir
solicitar
rescatar
reservar
jubilarse
regresar
rimar
enjuagar
arriesgar
robar
remar
frotar
arruinar
regir, dominar
despedir
navegar
satisfacer
salvar, ahorrar, guardar
gritar
atornillar
sellar
buscar
separar
servir
establecer
compartir
afeitarse
proteger, resguardar
comprar
suspirar
firmar
hacer seales
pecar

esquiar
saltearse
deslizarse
disminuir la velocidad
oler
sonrer
fumar
estornudar
roncar
nevar
empapar
sonar
deletrear
derramar
malcriar
vaporizar
arrancar, comenzar
quedarse, permanecer
pararse, detenerse
almacenar
estirar
tener xito
sufrir
sugerir
proveer
apoyar
suponer
sorprender
rodear
sospechar
colgar
cambiar, enchufar
conversar
saborear
tomar el pelo, atormentar
llamar por telfono
tentar
aterrorizar
comprobar
agradecer
tildar, marcar
ordenar
atar
dar propina
tocar
remolcar
comerciar, negociar
entrenar

transportar
viajar
temblar
confiar
tratar, intentar
volver, dar vuelta
doblar
escribir a mquina
usar
desaparecer
visitar
esperar
caminar
querer
advertir
lavar
gastar, desperdiciar
vigilar
pesar
agradecer, recibir, dar la bienvenida,
susurrar
silbar
limpiar, secar
desear
imaginarse, preguntarse
trabajar
preocuparse
bostezar
gritar
pasar muy rpido, acercar

Infinitive
abide (abid)
arise (aris)
awake (auik)
be (bi) [am/are/is]
beat (bit)
become (bikm)
begin (bigun)
bend (bend)
bet (bet)
bind (bind)
bite (bit)
bleed (bl:d)
blow (blu)
break (brik)
breed (br:d)
bring (bring)
build (bilt)
burn (bern)
buy (bi)
catch (kach)
choose (chus)
come (km)
cost (kost)
creep (kr:p)
cut (kat)
deal (d:l)
dig (dig)
do (d) [does]
draw (dr:)
drink (drink)
drive (driv)
eat (:t)
fall (fol)
feed (f:d)
feel (f:l)
fight (fit)
find (find)
flee (fl:)
fling (fln:)
fly (fli)
forget (forgut)
freeze (fr:s)
get (gut)
give (guv)

Simple Past
abode (abud)
arose (arus)
awoke (auuk)
was/were (us/ur)
beat (bit)
became (bikim)
began (bign)
bent (bent)
bet (bet)
bound (bund)
bit (bit)
bled (bled)
blew (blu)
broke (bruk)
bred (bred)
brought (brot)
built (bilt)
burnt (bernt)
bought (bot)
caught (kot)
chose (chos)
came (kem)
cost (kost)
crept (krept)
cut (kat)
dealt (delt)
dug (dag)
did (dd)
drew (dr)
drank (drnk)
drove (druv)
ate (et)
fell (fel)
fed (fed)
felt (felt)
fought (f:t)
found (fand)
fled (fled)
flung (flang)
flew (flu)
forgot (forgt)
froze (frus)
got (got)
gave (guiv)

go (gu)
grind (grind)
grow (gru)
hang (jng)
have (jev) [have/has]
hear (jar)
hide (jid)
hit (jit)
hold (juld)
keep (k:p)
kneel (n:l)
know (nu)
lead (l:d)
lend (lend)
learn (lrn)
leave (l:v)
lose (l:s)
make (mik)
mean (m:n)
meet (m:t)
pay (pi)
put (put)
read (rid)
ride (rid)
ring (ring)
run (ran)
say (si)
see (s:)
seek (s:k)
sell (sel)
send (send)
shake (shik)
shine (shin)
shoot (sh:t)
show (shu)
shrink (shrink)
shut (shat)
sing (sing)
sink (sink)
sit (sit)
slay (sli)
sleep (slp)
slide (slid)
sling (sling)
smell (smel)

went (unt)
ground (grund)
grew (gr)
hung (jng)
had (jad)
heard (jerd)
hid (jid)
hit (jit)
held (jeld)
kept (kept)
knelt (nelt)
knew (ni)
led (led)
lent (lent)
learnt (lernt)
left (left)
lost (lost)
made (mid)
meant (ment)
met (met)
paid (ped)
put (put)
read (red)
rode (rud)
rang (reng)
ran (ren)
said (sed)
saw (s:)
sought (sot)
sold (suld)
sent (sent)
shook (shuk)
shone (shun)
shot (shot)
showed (shud)
shrank (shrenk)
shut (shat)
sang (seng)
sank (senk)
sat (sat)
slew (sli)
slept (slpt)
slid (slid)
slung (slang)
smelt (smelt)

speak (spik)
spend (spend)
spin (spin)
stand (stand)
steal (stl)
stick (stik)
sting (sting)
stride (strid)
strike (strik)
strive (striv)
swear (sua:)
sweep (su:p)
swell (sul)
swim (sum)
take (tik)
teach (tch)
tear (ta:)
tell (tel)
think (zink)
thrive (zriv)
throw (zru)
tread (tred)
understand (anderstnd)
undertake (andertik)
undo (and)
wake (uik)
wear (uar)
weave (wv)
weep (w:p)
win (un)
wind (uind)
withdraw (uizdr:)
wring (ring)
write (rit)

spoke (spuk)
spent (spent)
spun (span)
stood (st:d)
stole (stul)
stuck (stak)
stung (stang)
strode (strud)
struck (strak)
strove (struv)
swore (sur)
swept (supt)
swelled (suld)
swam (sum)
took (tul)
taught (tot)
tore (tor)
told (told)
thought (zot)
throve (zruv)
threw (zru)
trod (trod)
understood (anderstd)
undertook (andertk)
undid (andd)
woke (uuk)
wore (ur)
wove (wov)
wept (wpt)
won (un)
wound (uund)
withdrew (uizdr)
wrung (rang)
wrote (rut)

Past Participle
abode (abud)
arisen (arsn)
awoke (auuk)
been (bin)
beaten (bitn)
become (bikm)
begun (bign)
bent (bent)
bet (bet)
bound (bund)
bitten (btn)
bled (bled)
blown (blun)
broken (brukn)
bred (bred)
brought (brot)
built (bilt)
burnt (bernt)
bought (bot)
caught (kot)
chosen (chsn)
come (km)
cost (kost)
crept (krept)
cut (kat)
dealt (delt)
dug (dag)
done (dn)
drawn (drn)
drunk (drank)
driven (drvn)
eaten (tn)
fallen (flen)
fed (fed)
felt (felt)
fought (f:t)
found (fund)
fled (fled)
flung (flang)
flown (fln)
forgotten (forgtn)
frozen (frusn)
got/gotten (got/gotn)
given (guvn)

Translation
tolerar, soportar
surgir, plantear
despertarse
ser, estar
golpear, latir, batir
llegar a ser
comenzar
doblarse, inclinarse
apostar en algo
atar, unir, ligar
morder/se
sangrar
soplar, hacer sonar
romper
criar, reproducir/se
traer
construir
quemar
comprar
agarrar
elegir
venir
costar
arrastrar, deslizarse
cortar
tratar, ocuparse
cavar, excavar
hacer
dibujar, atraer
beber
conducir
comer
caer
alimentar
sentir
luchar, pelear
encontrar
escapar, huir
arrojar, lanzar
volar
olvidar
helar, congelar
obtener, conseguir
dar

gone (gn)
ground (grund)
grown (grn)
hung (jng)
had (jad)
heard (jerd)
hidden (jdn)
hit (jit)
held (jeld)
kept (kept)
knelt (nelt)
known (nun)
led (led)
lent (lent)
learnt (lernt)
left (left)
lost (lost)
made (mid)
meant (ment)
met (met)
paid (ped)
put (put)
read (red)
ridden (rdn)
rung (rang)
run (ran)
said (sed)
seen (sin)
sought (sot)
sold (suld)
sent (sent)
shaken (shikn)
shone (shun)
shot (shot)
shown (shun)
shrunk (shrank)
shut (shat)
sung (sang)
sunk (sank)
sat (sat)
slain (slin)
slept (slpt)
slid (slid)
slung (slang)
smelt (smelt)

ir
moler
cultivar, crecer
colgar
tener, haber
or
ocultar, esconder
golpear
sostener, soportar
guardar, conservar
arrodillarse
saber, conocer
guiar, conducir
prestar
aprender
irse, dejar, partir
perder
hacer, fabricar
significar
encontrarse con
pagar
poner, colocar
leer
cabalgar
sonar
correr
decir
ver
buscar
vender
enviar
agitar, sacudir
brillar, resplandecer
pegar un tiro
mostrar, demostrar
encogerse (tamao)
cerrar
cantar
hundir/se
sentar/se
asesinar
dormir
resbalar, deslizar
lanzar con fuerza
oler

spoken (spukn)
spent (spent)
spun (span)
stood (st:d)
stolen (stln)
stuck (stak)
stung (stang)
strode (strud)
struck (strak)
striven (strvn)
sworn (surn)
swept (supt)
swollen (sulen)
swum (sum)
taken (tikn)
taught (tot)
torn (torn)
told (told)
thought (zot)
thriven (zrvn)
thrown (zrun)
trodden (trden)
understood (anderstd)
undertaken (andertikn)
undone (andn)
woken (uukn)
worn (urn)
woven (wven)
wept (wpt)
won (un)
wound (uund)
withdrawn (uizdrm)
wrung (rang)
written (rtn)

hablar
gastar, pasar
girar, hilar
pararse
robar
pinchar, atascarse
picar, arder
dar pasos largos
golpear, sonar
esforzarse
jurar, maldecir
barrer
hinchar/se
nadar
tomar, llevar
ensear
rasgar, arrancar
decir, contar
pensar, creer
crecer, prosperar
tirar, arrojar
pisar, aplastar
entender, comprender
comprometerse, emprender
deshacer
despertarse
vestir, usar (ropa)
tejer
llorar
ganar
serpentear, enrollar
retirar/se, extraer
retorcer, escurrir
escribir

English Pronunciation
Consonants

The following have their usual English values: b, d, f, h, k, l, m, n, p, r, s, t, v, w, and z. Other symbols
g
t

get
chip

loch
ring

Vowels
Short Vowels
a

cat
bed
ago
sit
cosy
hot
run
put

Long Vowels
( indicates length)

arm

hair

her
i
see

saw
u
too

() before /l/, /m/, or /n/ indicates that the syllable may be realized with a syllabic l, m, or n, rather tha
(r) indicates an r that is sometimes sounded when a vowel follows, as in drawer, cha-chaing.
Stress

The mark ' before a syllable indicates that it is stressed. Secondary stress is shown by the mark befo
Foreign pronunciations
Foreign words and phrases, whether naturalized or not, are always given an anglicized pronunciation.

au gratin
bouffant
chanson
frisson

s, t, v, w, and z. Other symbols are used as follows:

this
she

Diphthongs

a
e

j
d

yes
jar

Tripthongs
my
how
day
no
near
boy
poor

fire
sour

h a syllabic l, m, or n, rather than with a vowel and a consonant, e.g. /'bt()n/ rather than /'btn/.

n drawer, cha-chaing.

ess is shown by the mark before a syllable.

en an anglicized pronunciation. The anglicized pronunciation represents the normal pronunciation used by nativ

thin
decision

ther than /'btn/.

mal pronunciation used by native speakers of standard English when using the word in an English context. Howe

ord in an English context. However, it is difficult to show the typical pronunciation of some commonly used Fren

n of some commonly used French words by means of standard English vowel symbols, and for that reason the fo

mbols, and for that reason the following nasalized vowels have been used:

Terminaciones "ed" del Past Tense de verbos regulares


Si la pronunciacin de los verbos
termina con "d" o " t"
to visit (vsit) - visitar
to start (start) - empezar
to want (wnt) - querer
to add (d) - aadir, agregar
to hate (jit) - odiar, detestar
to rent (rnt) - alquilar
to arrest (arrst) - arrestar
to wait (wit) - esperar
to rest (rst) - descanzar
to accept (akspt) - aceptar
to eliminate (elminit) - eliminar
to decide (disid) - decidir
to repeat (ript) - repetir
Si la pronunciacin de los verbos
termina en "r", " n", " i" o "l"
to discover (discver) - descubrir
to conquer (cnker) - conquistar
to notify (nutifi) - notificar
to specify (spcifi) - especificar
to explore (eksplor) - explorar
to destroy (distri) - destruir
to sweeten (suten) - endulzar
to blacken (blken) - ennegrecer
to prefer (prifer) - preferir
to combine (combin) - combinar
to study (stadi) - estudiar
to stay (sti) - permanecer
to answer (nser) - responder
to clean (clin) - limpiar
to call (col) - llamar
to listen (lsn) - escuchar
Con el resto de las terminaciones:
to
to
to
to
to
to

talk (tk) - hablar


walk (uk) - caminar
work (werk) - trabajar
love (lv) - amar
receive (riciv) - recibir
help (jlp) - ayudar, socorrer

to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to

cook (kk) - cocinar


live (lv) - vivir
dance (dns) - bailar
smoke (smuk) - fumar
arrive (arriv) - llegar
wash (wsh) - lavar
fix (fks) - arreglar, preparar
park (park) - estacionar
miss (mis) - extraar, perder
exercise (ksersis) - hacer ejercicio

la "ed" se pronuncia como "id"

visited (vsitid)
started (startid)
wanted (wntid)
added (did)
hated (jitid)
rented (rntid)
arrested (arrstid)
waited (witid)
rested (rstid)
accepted (aksptid)
eliminated (elminitid)
decided (disidid)
repeated (riptid)
la "ed" se pronuncia como "d"

discovered (discverd)
conquered (cnkerd)
notified (nutifid)
specified (spcifid)
explored (eksplord)
destroyed (distrid)
sweetened (sutend)
blackened (blkend)
prefered (priferd)
combined (combind)
studied (stadid)
stayed (stid)
answered (nserd)
cleaned (clind)
called (cold)
listened (lsnd)
la "ed" se pronuncia como "t"
talked (tkt)
walked (ukt)
worked (werkt)
loved (lvt)
received (ricivt)
helped (jlpt)

cooked (kkt)
lived (lvt)
danced (dnst)
smoked (smukt)
arrived (arrivt)
washed (wsht)
fixed (fkst)
parked (parkt)
missed (mst)
exercised (ksersist)

Hi everybody.
Four years after the worst economic crisis of our lifetimes,
our economy is growing again and creating jobs.
But we have much more to do.
Our task now is to build on that progress.
Because this nation only succeeds when we've got a growing,
thriving middle class.
That's what drives me.
That's what I campaigned on for the past year.
That's what will guide me in our work over the next hour years.
And I'm willing to work with anyone of any party to move this country
forward.
Because soon, we face a very clear deadline that requires us to make
some big decisions on jobs and taxes,
on investments,
and deficits.
Both parties voted to ser this deadline.
And I believe both parties can work together to make these decisions in
a balanced and responsible way.
When it comes to taxes, for example, there are two pathways available.
One says, if Congress fails to act by the end of the year,
then everybody's taxes automatically go up,
including the 98% of Americans who make less than $250,000 a year.
Our economy can't afford that right now.
You can't afford that right now.
And nobody wants that to happen.
The other path
is for Congress to pass a law right away to prevent a tax hike on the
first $250,000 of anyone's income.
That means all Americans, including the wealthiest Americans,
get a tax cut.
And 98 percent of Americans, and 97 percent of all small business
owners,
won't see their income taxes go up a single dime.
The Senate has already passed a bill like this.
Democrats in the House are ready to pass one, too.
All we need is for Republicans in the House to come on board.

We shouldn't hold the middle class hostage while Congress debates tax
cuts for the wealthy.
Let's begin our work by actually doing what we all agree on.
Let's keep taxes low for the middle class.
And let's get it done soon.
So we can give families and businesses some good news going into the
holiday season.
I know these challenges won't be easy to solve.
But we can do it if we work together.
That's why on Friday I sat down with Congressional leaders to discuss
how we can reduce our deficit in a way that strengthens our economy
and protects our middle class.
It was a constructive meeting.
And everyone agreed
that while we may have our differences,
we need to come together,
find solutions and take action as soon as possible.
Because if anything,
that's the message I heard loud and clear in this election.
Work as hard as you can to make our lives better.
And do it together.
Don't worry about the politics.
Just get it done.
Everywhere I went in that campaign,
from farms in Iowa to the Vegas strip,
from Colorado's Rockies to the Florida coast.
I was inspired by the grit and resilience of the American people,
by your hard work and sense of decency.
And it makes me want to work even harder for you.
I saw it again this week in New York,
where our fellow citizens are going through a really tough time, but are
helping each other through it.
And we're going to be there to help them rebuild.
Every single day,
the good people of this country work as hard as you can to meet your
responsibilities.
Those of us you sent to Washington
have to do the same.
Thanks and have a great weekend.

Hola a todos
Cuatro aos despues de la peor crisis economica de nuestras vidas,
nuestra economia esta volviendo a crece y crear empleo.
Pero tenemos mucho ms que hacer.
Nuestra tarea ahora es construir sobre ese progreso.
Debido a que esta nacin slo tendr xito cuando tengamos una
creciente y prspera clase media.
Eso es lo que me motiva.
Eso es por lo que he estado haciendo campaa durante el ltimo ao.
Eso es lo que me va a guiar en nuestro trabajo durante los prximos
cuatro aos.
Y estoy dispuesto a trabajar con cualquier persona de cualquier partido para
llevar este pas hacia adelante.
Porque pronto, nos enfrentaremos a un plazo muy claro que nos obliga a
tomar algunas importantes decisiones sobre empleo e impuestos,
sobre inversiones,
y dficit.
Ambos partidos votaron para establecer dicho plazo.
Y creo que ambos partidos pueden trabajar juntos para tomar estas
decisiones de manera equilibrada y responsable.
Cuando se trata de impuestos, por ejemplo, y dos vas disponibles.
Uno dice que, si el Congreso no acta para el final del ao,
entonces los impuestos de todo el mundo subiran automticamente,
incluyendo el 98% de los estadounidenses que ganan menos de 250,000
dlares al ao.
Nuestra economa no puede permitirse eso en estos momentos.
No podemos permitirnos eso en este momento.
Y nadie quiere que eso suceda.
El otro camino
es que el Congreso apruebe una ley de inmediato para evitar un aumento de
impuestos en los primeros $ 250.000 de ingresos de todo ciudadano.
Eso significa que todos los estadounidenses, incluyendo los estadounidenses
ms ricos
obtendran un recorte en sus impuestos.
Y el 98 por ciento de los estadounidenses, as como el 97 por ciento de todos
los propietarios de pequeas empresas,
no veran subir sus impuestos un solo centavo.
El Senado ya ha aprobado un proyecto de ley como ste.
Los demcratas en la Cmara de representantes estn dispuestos a aprobar
un proyecto similar, tambin.
Todo lo que necesitamos es que los republicanos en la Cmara de
representantes se suban a bordo de esta iniciativa.

No deberamos mantener de rehn a la clase media, mientras que el


congreso discute recortes de impuestos para los ricos.
Vamos a comenzar ha hacer nuestro trabajo realmente haciendo que todos
lleguemos a un acuerdo.
Vamos a mantener bajos los impuestos para la clase media.
Y vamos ha lograr que est hecho pronto.
Para que podamos dar a las familias y las empresas buenas noticias al
comienzo de las Navidades.
S que estos desafos no sern fciles de resolver.
Pero lo podemos hacer si trabajamos juntos.
Es por eso que el viernes me reun con los lderes del Congreso para discutir
cmo podemos reducir nuestro dficit de una manera que fortalezca nuestra
economa
y proteger, asi, a nuestra clase media.
Fue una reunin constructiva.
Y todos estuvieron de acuerdo
en que si bien podemos tener nuestras diferencias,
tenemos que unirnos,
encontrar soluciones y tomar medidas lo antes posible.
Porque en todo caso,
ese es el mensaje que escuch alto y claro en las elecciones.
Trabajar tan duro como sea posible para hacer nuestra vida mejor.
Y lo hacemos juntos.
No te preocupes por la poltica.
Slo cumple con el trabajo.
Donde quiera que iba en esa campaa,
desde las granjas de Iowa a las Vegas,
desde las Montaas Rockies de Colorado a la costa de Florida.
Me inspir en las agallas y la capacidad de recuperacin del pueblo
estadounidense,
por su arduo trabajo y su sentido de la decencia.
Y me dan ganas de trabajar an ms duro para usted.
Lo vi de nuevo esta semana en Nueva York,
donde nuestros conciudadanos estn pasando por un momento muy difcil,
pero se ayudan unos a otros.
Y vamos a estar ah para ayudarles a recuperarse.
Cada da,
la buena gente de este pas trabaja tan duro como pueden para cumplir con
sus responsabilidades.
Aquellos de nosotros que enviamos a Washington
van a hacer lo mismo.
Gracias y que tenga un buen fin de semana.

5
43
16
11
6
15
27
38
41
36
50
7
48
47
42
40
3
17
46
31
10
49
33
30
37
1
34
20
32
18
44
2
19
29
8
13
39
23
4
45
22
21
24
28
35

0.61348119
0.60775815
0.75208482
0.00536705
0.81193495
0.00379711
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0.51133745
0.32551039
0.86968687
0.80069782
0.99854164
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0.19523095
0.18972667
0.74785833
0.1017364
0.88030295
0.94541777
0.38250397
0.21645412
0.69035269
0.00168986
0.63089904
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0.95474927
0.78350771
0.51356977
0.80195119
0.86270223
0.09626868
0.26191068
0.53626393
0.98843284
0.82795686
0.37307468
0.42006726
0.09136659
0.2556289
0.73955811
0.44105872
0.52315407

3
6
2
8
4
7
9
10
1
5
11

0.86812284
0.0936249
0.52890286
0.11215453
0.41135408
0.33453907
0.29030007
0.94393991
0.75861727
0.37202168
0.19294642

12
26
14
25
9

0.20199991
0.88144778
0.23263865
0.52669731
0.36809267

5
43
16
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6

3
6

27
4
34
11
13
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41

5
9

Somewhere My Love
Somewhere, my love, there will be songs to sing
Although the snow covers the hopes of Spring
Somewhere a hill blossoms in green and gold
And there are dreams, all that your heart can hold
Someday we'll meet again, my love
Someday whenever the Spring breaks through
You'll come to me out of the long-ago
Warm as the wind, soft as the kiss of snow
Till then, my sweet, think of me now and then
Godspeed, my love, till you are mine again
[jazz instrumental-first four lines]
Someday we'll meet again, my love
I said "someday whenever that Spring breaks through"
You'll come to me out of the long-ago
Warm as the wind, and as soft as the kiss of snow
Till then, my sweet, think of me now and then
Godspeed, my love, till you are mine again!

El Show de La Pantera Rosa


Think of all the animals you've ever heard about
Like rhinoceros and tigers, cats and minks
There are lots of funny animals in all this world
But have you ever seen a panther that is pink?
A panther that is positively pink.
Well, here he is, the Pink Panther
Everybody loves a panther that's pink
He really is a groovy cat
And he's a gentleman, a scholar, he's an acrobat
He's in the pink, the Pink Panther
The rinky-dink panther
And it's as plain as your nose
That's he's the one and only truly original
Panther pink from head to toe
Yes, he's the one and only truly original
Panther Pink Panther from head to toe

Pronunciacin de -ed en el pretrito

El morfema ed al fin de los verbos regulares conjugados en el pretrito tiene tres pronunciaciones posibles. La
Read lesson
* in English
* en franais

En todos los exemplos abajo la primera columna representa el sonido final de los verbos en sus for

Detrs de las consonantes sordas p, f, s, k,


y
el ed final se pronuncia como la t de tigre. Fjese que en estos casos la e se queda muda. Haga clic en los ve
AFI
p
f

base
form
help
stuff
laugh
s

dice
fix
k

look
fish
march

simple
past
helped
stuffed
laughed
miss
diced
fixed
looked
fished
marched

Detrs de las consonantes sonoras b, g, v, z,


,
, m, n, , l, r et
, el ed final se pronuncia como la d de da. Fjese que en estos casos la e se queda muda.
AFI

infinitive

simple past

b
g
v
z

grab
hug
save
ooze
please

grabbed
hugged
saved
oozed
pleased
massage

m
n

l
r

rage

raged

resume
sign
bang
peel
honor
breathe

resumed
signed
banged
peeled
honored
breathed

Detrs de todos los sonidos voclicos, el ed final se pronuncia como la d de da. Fjese que en estos casos tam
infinitive

simple past

stay
free
lie
hoe
sue
ski
snow
try

stayed
freed
lied
hoed
sued
skied
snowed
tried

quedar
liberar
mentir
azadonar
demandar
esquiar
nevar
tratar

Para los verbos que se terminan en d o t, el sonido final del ed se coloca entre el ed de la palabra sed y las d
infinitive

simple past

add
grade
decide

added
graded
decided

aadir
clasificar
decidir

exit
taste
object

exited
tasted
objected

salir
probar
objetar

Fjese que la letra e no es mudo y este ed final aada una slaba al verbo.
una
slaba
add

dos
slabas
added

aadir

exit

exited

salir

dos
slabas
decide
object

tres
slabas
decided
objected

decedir
objetar

es pronunciaciones posibles. La pronunciacin depende del sonido final del verbo en su forma base . Hay que determinar s

final de los verbos en sus formas base. Estos sonidos son representados usando el AFI ( Alfabeto fontica inte

queda muda. Haga clic en los verbos para escuchar los ficheros de sonido.

ayudar
rellenar
rer
missed
cortar en
cubitos
arreglar
mirar
pescar
marchar

extraar

queda muda.

agarrar
abrazar
salvar
rezumar
complacer
massaged

dar un masaje

montar en
clera
reanudar
firmar
golpear
pelar
honrar
respirar

a. Fjese que en estos casos tambin la e se queda muda.

el ed de la palabra sed y las dos letras finales id de Madrid. Al escuchar los ficheros de sonido, es posible que este son

ma base . Hay que determinar si el sonido es una consonante sorda, una consonante sonora o una vocal. Aprenda ms sob

el AFI ( Alfabeto fontica international ).

sonido, es posible que este sonido parece un poco ms al id.

a o una vocal. Aprenda ms sobre los sonidos de las consonantes y vocales en la leccin sobre la fontica ingls . Antes d

obre la fontica ingls . Antes de continuar, revise la leccin sobre el pretrito (simple past).

accept
add
admire
admit
advise
afford
agree
alert
allow
amuse
analyse
announce
annoy
answer
apologise
appear
applaud
appreciate
approve
argue
arrange
arrest
arrive
ask
attach
attack
attempt
attend
attract
avoid
back
bake
balance
ban
bang
bare
bat
bathe
battle
beam
beg
behave
believe
belong
bleach

bless
blind
blink
blot
blush
boast
boil
bolt
bomb
book
bore
borrow
bounce
bow
box
brake
brake
branch
breathe
bruise
brush
bubble
bump
burn
bury
buz
calculate
call
camp
care
carry
carve
cause
challenge
change
charge
chase
cheat
check
cheer
chew
choke
chop
claim
clap

clean
clear
clip
close
coach
coil
collect
colour
comb
command
communicate
compare
compete
complain
complete
concentrate
concern
confess
confuse
connect
consider
consist
contain
continue
copy
correct
cough
count
cover
crack
crash
crawl
cross
crush
cry
cure
curl
curve
cycle
dam
damage
dance
dare
decay
deceive

decide
decorate
delay
delight
deliver
depend
describe
desert
deserve
destroy
detect
develop
disagree
disappear
disapprove
disarm
discover
dislike
divide
double
doubt
drag
drain
dream
dress
drip
drop
drown
drum
dry
dust
earn
educate
embarrass
employ
empty
encourage
end
enjoy
enter
entertain
erase
escape
examine
excite

excuse
exercise
exist
expand
expect
explain
explode
extend
face
fade
fail
fancy
fasten
fax
fear
fence
fetch
file
fill
film
finish
fire
fit
fix
flap
flash
float
flood
flow
flower
fold
follow
fool
force
form
found
frame
frighten
fry
gain
gather
gaze
glow
glue
grab

grate
grease
greet
grin
grip
groan
guarantee
guard
guess
guide
hammer
hand
handle
hang
happen
harass
harm
hate
haunt
head
heal
heap
heat
help
hook
hop
hope
hover
hug
hum
hunt
hurry
identify
ignore
imagine
impress
improve
include
increase
influence
inform
inject
injure
instruct
intend

interest
interfere
interrupt
introduce
invent
invite
irritate
itch
jail
jam
jog
join
joke
judge
juggle
jump
kick
kill
kiss
kneel
knit
knock
knot
label
land
last
laugh
launch
learn
level
license
lick
lie
lighten
like
list
listen
live
load
lock
long
look
love
man
manage

march
mark
marry
match
mate
matter
measure
meddle
melt
memorise
mend
mess up
milk
mine
miss
mix
moan
moor
mourn
move
muddle
mug
multiply
murde
nail
name
need
nest
nod
note
notice
number
obey
object
observe
obtain
occur
offend
offer
open
order
overflow
owe
own
pack

paddle
paint
park
part
pass
paste
pat
pause
peck
pedal
peel
peep
perform
permit
phone
pick
pinch
pine
place
plan
plant
play
please
plug
point
poke
polish
pop
possess
post
pour
practise
pray
preach
precede
prefer
prepare
present
preserve
press
pretend
prevent
prick
print
produce

program
promise
protect
provide
pull
pump
punch
puncture
punish
push
question
queue
race
radiate
rain
raise
reach
realise
receive
recognise
record
reduce
reflect
refuse
regret
reign
reject
rejoice
relax
release
rely
remain
remember
remind
remove
repair
repeat
replace
reply
report
reproduce
request
rescue
rest
retire

return
rhyme
rinse
risk
rob
rock
roll
rot
rub
ruin
rule
rush
sack
sail
satisfy
save
saw
scare
scatter
scold
scorch
scrape
scratch
scream
screw
scribble
scrub
seal
search
separate
serve
settle
shade
share
shave
shelter
shiver
shock
shop
shrug
sigh
sign
signal
sin
sip

ski
skip
slap
slip
slow
smash
smell
smile
smoke
snatch
sneeze
sniff
snore
snow
soak
soothe
sound
spare
spark
sparkle
spell
spill
spoil
spot
spray
sprout
squash
squeak
squeal
squeeze
stain
stamp
stare
start
stay
steer
step
stir
stitch
stop
store
strap
strengthen
stretch
strip

stroke
stuff
subtract
succeed
suck
suffer
suggest
suit
supply
support
suppose
surprise
surround
suspect
suspend
switch
talk
tame
tan
tap
taste
tease
telephone
tempt
terrify
test
thank
thaw
tick
tickle
tie
time
tip
tire
touch
tour
tow
trace
trade
train
transport
trap
travel
treat
tremble

trick
trip
trot
trouble
trust
try
tug
tumble
turn
twist
type
undress
unfasten
unite
unlock
unpack
untidy
use
vanish
visit
vete
wail
wait
walk
wander
want
warm
warn
wash
waste
watch
water
wave
weigh
welcome
whine
whip
whirl
whisper
whistle
wink
wipe
wish
wobble
wonder

work
worry
wrap
wreck
wrestle
wriggle
x-ray
yabber
yacht
yack
yack-yack
yackety-yack
yak
yakety-yak
yammer
yank
yap
yard
yarn
yarn-dye
yaup
yaw
yawn
yawp
yeah
yean
yearn
yeast
yell
yellow
yelp
yen
yerk
yeuk
yield
yip
yo-yo
yock
yodel
yoke
yowl
yuck
zip
zoom

V1
Base Form
awake
be
beat
become
begin
bend
bet
bid
bite
blow
break
bring
broadcast
build
burn
buy
catch
choose
come
cost
cut
dig
do
draw
dream
drive
drink
eat
fall
feel
fight
find
fly
forget
forgive
freeze
get
give
go
grow
hang
have
hear

V2
V3
Past Simple Past Participle
awoke
awoken
was, were
been
beat
beaten
became
become
began
begun
bent
bent
bet
bet
bid
bid
bit
bitten
blew
blown
broke
broken
brought
brought
broadcast
broadcast
built
built
burned or burburned or burnt
bought
bought
caught
caught
chose
chosen
came
come
cost
cost
cut
cut
dug
dug
did
done
drew
drawn
dreamed or ddreamed or dreamt
drove
driven
drank
drunk
ate
eaten
fell
fallen
felt
felt
fought
fought
found
found
flew
flown
forgot
forgotten
forgave
forgiven
froze
frozen
got
got (sometimes gotten)
gave
given
went
gone
grew
grown
hung
hung
had
had
heard
heard

hide
hit
hold
hurt

hid
hit
held
hurt

hidden
hit
held
hurt

keep
know
lay
lead
learn
leave
lend
let
lie
lose
make
mean
meet
pay
put
read
ride
ring
rise
run
say
see
sell
send
show
shut
sing
sink
sit
sleep
speak
spend
stand
stink
swim
take
teach
tear
tell
think

kept
kept
knew
known
laid
laid
led
led
learned or lealearned or learnt
left
left
lent
lent
let
let
lay
lain
lost
lost
made
made
meant
meant
met
met
paid
paid
put
put
read
read
rode
ridden
rang
rung
rose
risen
ran
run
said
said
saw
seen
sold
sold
sent
sent
showed
showed or shown
shut
shut
sang
sung
sank
sunk
sat
sat
slept
slept
spoke
spoken
spent
spent
stood
stood
stank
stunk
swam
swum
took
taken
taught
taught
tore
torn
told
told
thought
thought

throw
understand
wake
wear
win
write
be
beat
become
begin
bend
bite
blow
break
bring
build
burn
buy
catch
choose
come
cost
cut
dig
do
draw
dream
drink
drive
eat
fall
feel
fight
find
fly
forbid
forget
forgive
freeze
get
give
go
grow
hang

threw
understood
woke
wore
won
wrote

thrown
understood
woken
worn
won
written

have
hear
hit
hold
hurt
keep
know
lay
lead
learn
leave
lend
let
lie
light
lose
make
mean
meet
pay
put
read
ride
ring
run
say
see
sell
send
shake
shine
shoot
show
shut
sing
sink
sit
sleep
smell
speak
spell
spend
spill
split
spoil

spread
stand
steal
stick
sweep
swim
swing
take
teach
tear
tell
think
throw
understand
wake
wear
win
write

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