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HYDROGEN INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT – SEEN FROM A SCANDINAVIAN PERSPECTIVE ASIA N DEVEL O PMEN T BA
HYDROGEN
INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT –
SEEN FROM A SCANDINAVIAN PERSPECTIVE
ASIA N DEVEL O PMEN T BA N K WO R K SHO P
MA N ILLA, SEPTEMBER 16, 2016
U LF
H A FS E L D ,
C E O
H Y O P
Scandinavia – a pioneer in hydrogen development  Early interest in hydrogen fuel in the Nordic
Scandinavia – a pioneer in hydrogen development
Early interest in hydrogen
fuel in the Nordic countries –
first station in Iceland 2003
HyNor – The Hydrogen road
of Norway launched in 2004
SHHP – Scandinavian
Hydrogen Highway
Partnership established 2006
Target set in 2007: »In 2015 it
shall be possible to buy fuel cell
cars and refuel hydrogen
across Scandinavia and drive to
the surrounding countries«
Public Private Partnerships – a key to success  The society needs new technology to cut
Public Private Partnerships – a key to success
The society needs new technology
to cut emissions in the transport
Strong incentives in place in
Norway for BEVs and FCVs
Zero import duty and VAT
sector
Reduced annual tax
Reduced company tax on cars
The car industry is forced to reduce
emissions from their vehicles
Use of bus lanes
Free toll roads
Free ferry trips
The hydrogen infrastructure
Free public parking and charging
providers can not see a clear
Market share of Battery
Electric Vehicles in Norway
business model at present
20%
17.9 %
18%
16.6 %
16%
14%
12.5 %
Dedicated public support programs
can speed up the introduction of
zero emission vehicles
12%
10%
8%
4.7 %
6%
4%
2.5 %
2%
0%
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
YTD
Projects and development in Scandinavia  Scandinavia has joined many European projects Station network 2016 
Projects and development in Scandinavia
Scandinavia has joined many
European projects
Station network 2016
CUTE/CHIC – bus projects
H2Moves Scandinavia, HyFive,
H2ME – car projects
Standardisation projects
Denmark first country in the world
with nation wide network
Development of hydrogen
technology
Target set by SHHP in 2007 reached:
Now you can buy FCVs and drive across
Scandinavia and to surrounding countries
Collaboration at the European level  Strong collaboration in the early 2000s on standardisation  EU
Collaboration at the European level
Strong collaboration in the early 2000s on
standardisation
EU and industry/R&D making joint
commitment by establishing "Fuel Cell and
Hydrogen Joint Undertaking - FCH-JU”
Annual calls for R&D and demo
projects
CUTE, HyFleet:CUTE and CHIC –
major bus projects bringing Hydrogen
Europe together
Hydrogen Europe (formerly
known as NEW-IG) is the
leading European industry
association representing
almost 100 companies in
the fuel cells and hydrogen
industry.
H2ME – large scale car project with
broad participation
A number of countries have been developing national initiatives for hydrogen mobility  Very strong tax
A number of countries have been developing
national initiatives for hydrogen mobility
Very strong tax incentives
H 2
Network based on stations
in strategic locations
Joint venture including
leading firms
Aiming at an early nation-
wide coverage of stations
Approach based on ensuring
good coverage in selected
regional clusters
Market seeding via captive
fleet approach
Followed by nationwide
roll-out when OEMs are
ready
Other nations are also
beginning hydrogen
rollout planning
H2ME brings together the partners in these initiatives in a European approach This project has received
H2ME brings together the partners in these
initiatives in a European approach
This project has received funding from the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint Undertaking under grant
agreement No 671438 and No 700350. This Joint Undertaking receives support from the European Union’s
Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme, the New European Research Grouping on Fuel Cells and
Hydrogen (“N.ERGHY”) and Hydrogen Europe.
7
H2ME 1 & 2 – a major pan-European effort to support commercialisation H2ME 1 H2ME 2
H2ME 1 & 2 – a major pan-European
effort to support commercialisation
H2ME 1
H2ME 2
29 stations
>325 cars and vans
€70m total cost
€32m funding
Started June 2015
49 stations
>1,555 cars and vans
€170m total cost
20 stations
>1,230 cars, vans
and trucks
€100m total cost
€35m funding
Started May 2016
€67m funding
> 40 organisations
A major European activity!
HYOP will build three stations in H2ME Three high capacity stations in central locations in and
HYOP will build three stations in H2ME
Three high capacity stations in central locations in and around Oslo
Hvam
16 km
Høvik
Ryen
The car manufacturers  Shifting focus over the years  Long and costly development of new
The car manufacturers
Shifting focus over the years
Long and costly development
of new technology
Demo fleets in small numbers
Small production series started
Hyundai, Toyota, Honda
Hyundai FCV ix35 in sale in Scandinavia 2014
Volume production after 2020
Not yet strong enough
regulatory requirements to
force the OEMs to launch Fuel
Cell Vehicles in larger scale
Toyota Mirai FCV in sale in Scandinavia 2015
Challenges for the infrastructure provider  Early focus on R&D and Demo  Speed of introduction
Challenges for the infrastructure provider
Early focus on R&D and Demo
Speed of introduction is to slow
for a normal business case
Difficult to find fleet appli-
cations that brings volume
Entry level higher than for
charging stations
ROI on technology development
Must now build larger stations
to get ready for the market
introduction
Need stamina!
Illustration of HYOPs new station outside Oslo
Lessons learned  Hydrogen has checked out to be used as a regular fuel  Initial
Lessons learned
Hydrogen has checked out to be used
as a regular fuel
Initial set-up is tricky and requires
broad cooperation
Cost of hydrogen infrastructure is not
more costly than charging stations –
measured per car it serves
Commercial operation of hydrogen
stations is possible when volumes grow
Hydrogen cars are now in show-rooms
The Hyundai ix35 FCV operates
perfectly in cold winter climate
Total cost of ownership of FCVs will be
in line with traditional cars
Recommendations  Always keep in mind where you want to go and make plans accordingly 
Recommendations
Always keep in mind where you
want to go and make plans
accordingly
The hydrogen infrastructure
should be planned on national
level
Create a broad network of
dedicated companies with
hydrogen competence
Remember to plan for the whole bridge!
Take on board players with
stamina and ability for long
term thinking
Setting up and building the
first stations takes time –
but they are needed before
you can start speeding up
Thank you for your attention! One more barrier down: Driving to my cabin and back =
Thank you for your attention!
One more barrier down: Driving to my cabin and back = 500 km on one tank
Thanks to HYOPs main sponsors:
OSLO
Kommune