You are on page 1of 26

FUEL CELL, the Cleaner and Wiser DG Solution

Gyeonggi Green Energy


Location

Baran Industrial Park, Hwasung City

Capacity

58.8MW

Operation

Jan. 2014

The Worlds Largest Fuel Cell Power Plant


Distributed Generation for Industrial Park with Heat supply capacity for District Heating
464 million kWh / yr & 195 million Mcal / yr
Provide electricity to 70,000 Korean households
60,000 tons per year of Greenhouse gas reduction

Vincent Ghim
POSCO ENERGY

How it works with Energy System

Fuel Cell, De-centralized Power Generation

Provides power at the point of end user

Improves power quality and reliability


Enhances energy security

Fuel Cell

End User

Reduces social cost (Transmission & Distribution facilities, Electricity loss, etc.)

[ Centralized Power Generation ]


Electricity is mainly produced at large generation facilities,
is sent though the transmission and distribution grids
to the end consumers

[ Distributed Generation ]
Distributed Generation, or DG, includes
the application of small generators, or near to
the end-user to provide the electric power needed

Fuel Cell Community Distributed Generation

Fuel cell deployment as Distributed Generation for multiple number of buildings and
industrial complexes
Supplying highly efficient and ultra clean energy as a form of electricity, heat and cooling

Implementation
Electricity

Building Complexes
Fuel cell

Heat

Electric & Hydrogen Station

District
Heating

Electricity
Heating
Cooling

Cooling
Fuel Cell

Industrial Complexes
Fuel cell
Organic Rankin Cycle(ORC)
Combined turbine
Carbon Capture Storage(CSS)
Electricity
Heating
Cooling

Grid
Support

End User

Application & Deployment

Noel Green Energy


Location

Noel Park, Seoul

Capacity

160 millions kWh / yr & 65 million Mcal / yr


Provides electricity to 25,000 Korean households
20,000 tons per year of Greenhouse gas reduction

20MW

Operation

Dec. 2016

Noel Green Energy


Special Feature
Large scale NRE (New and Renewable Energy) facility constructed on state-owned landfill.

8 months only from ground breaking to completion.

In
City Gas

Out
Electricity

Hot Water for DH

Samcheok Fuel Cell, KOGAS


Location

Samcheok LNG Terminal

Capacity

300kW

1.2 million kWh/yr & 1 million Mcal/yr


Utilization of 500,000 N/yr
Fuel liquefaction cost saving effect (approximately 10% of fuel cost)

Operation Date

Oct. 2014

Samcheok Fuel Cell, KOGAS


Special Feature
Worlds First BOG utilization fuel cell power plant.

Heat from fuel cell is supplied to the heat consumption point in the LNG terminal.

From energy consumption to Energy Production

In
Boil Off Gas

Out
Electricity

Hot Water

Gas Liquefaction
cost saving

BOG Utilization
BOG (Boil-off -gas)
BOG: Vaporized gas from LNG storage facility
Heavy investment and constant electricity consumption
is required for liquefaction process

BOG Utilization Fuel Cell


The facility operation efficiency maximization
Energy self-sufficiency enhancement for mission critical facility, LNG Terminal
Energy
Energy
Consumption
Consumption
Energy
Consumption

Energy
Production

Grid
Substitute

Green Car Charging Station

Insufficiency of charging station is a major obstructive factor on green car dissemination


- Location constraints on FCV charging station establishment (maybe financial constraints as well)
- EV charging station may cause power scarcity in close vicinity

1.
2.
3.
4.

The number of green car increases


Total demand for electricity increases
The number of charging stations increases
Consequently ends up with more power plants, more power lines and more social cost

MORE

MORE

MORE

Green Car Charging Station

Green Car Charging Station + Distributed Generation

Community
Charging Station

Fuel Cell
Electricity

Electricity

Heat

H2

- Electricity from fuel cell: Power the EV charging station and support the community as DG
- Hydrogen from fuel cell: Supply H2 to FCV charging station
- Heat from fuel cell: Provide the heat source for DH/DC for community

Green Car Charging Station

Fuel Cell powered Green Car Charging Station

10 FCVs/hr

30 EVs/hr

Green Car Charging Station


How it works

Input

Reform

Natural Gas

H2

Reaction

Output

75%

H2

25%

H2

H2 Concentrator

H2

Orange County Fuel Cell with FCV Charging Station


Location

Orange County Sanitation District

Capacity

250kW

Operation Date

Dec. 2012

H2 Concentrator

250kW
Fuel Cell

Daily hydrogen charging capacity : 25~50 FCVs

Drivers and Barriers

Drivers

New opportunities derived from the Rapid Urbanization and Energy Imbalance

Drivers

The social stress caused by constructing the energy infrastructure at the


expense of peoples wellbeing

Steve GreenbergVC Reporter, Ventura. Calif.

Drivers

Global interest on clean energy and the Expansion of Demand Source


FCV

Combustion Engine

EV

Drivers

Government's Efforts to nurture the fuel cell industry by providing Subsidies and
other Supportive Policies (RPS, FIT, DG Encouragement Policy, etc)

Barriers
Barriers
High Initial Investment

Natural Gas
Natural Gas
Bio Gas
Boil-off Gas
Process Gas
Flare Gas

Hydrogen

Thank you

TCS1
Location

Sungseo Industrial Park, Deagu

90 million kWh / yr & 30 million Mcal / yr


Provide electricity to 15,000 Korean households
12,000 tons per year of Greenhouse gas reduction

Capacity

11.2MW

Operation

Jun. 2011

TCS1
Special Feature
Mid sized NRE facility established adjacent to large scale residential area.

Exhaust Heat from fuel cell is provided to the heat consumer in the form of steam.

Additional Power generation with Organic Rankine Cycle in case heat is not utilized in full.

In
City Gas

Out
Electricity

Hot Water for DH

Steam for Process

Electricity (ORC)

How to supply Hydrogen feed-stock


Water electrolysis

- High production cost


- Storage and transport constraints

Reforming from NG

- Relatively lower production cost


- Lesser issues with logistics

Reforming

Bio Gas Utilization


Bio Gas Fuel Cell: Diversification of fuel
Biogas is Produced by the anaerobic digestion (biomass, sewage, municipal, waste of crops)
Mostly composed by gas mixture of methane and carbon dioxide
Can be used for reducing OPEX of fuel cell generation