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Organic Vegetable Business

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Organic Farm Business


(Royal Greens)
(Saidabad)
(Hyderabad, TG)

(30-Aug-15)

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Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]

Understanding the concept of Organic Cultivation.

Need of organic farming


The key characteristics of organic farming include
Principles of Organic Farming
Principle of health
Principle of ecology
Principle of fairness
Principle of care
Need of organic farming
Basic Steps of Organic Farming
Organic Farming Vs Conventional Farming
Modern Farming
Crop Rotation
Composting of poultry wastes
Value addition of Poultry Waste through Composting technology
Technology for composting of poultry wastes
Preparation of poultry waste compost using coir pith
Organic Marketing (Organic Exporters)What is organic farming?

Organic farming system in India is not new and is being followed from ancient time. It is a
method of farming system which primarily aimed at cultivating the land and raising crops in
such a way, as to keep the soil alive and in good health by use of organic wastes (crop, animal
and farm wastes, aquatic wastes) and other biological materials along with beneficial microbes
(biofertilizers) to release nutrients to crops for increased sustainable production in an eco
friendly pollution free environment.
As per the definition of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) study team on
organic farming organic farming is a system which avoids or largely excludes the use of
synthetic inputs (such as fertilizers, pesticides, hormones, feed additives etc) and to the
maximum extent feasible rely upon crop rotations, crop residues, animal manures, off-farm
organic waste, mineral grade rock additives and biological system of nutrient mobilization and
plant protection.

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Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]

FAO suggested that Organic agriculture is a unique production management system which
promotes and enhances agro-ecosystem health, including biodiversity, biological cycles and soil
biological activity, and this is accomplished by using on-farm agronomic, biological and
mechanical methods in exclusion of all synthetic off-farm inputs.

Need of organic farming


With the increase in population our compulsion would be not only to stabilize agricultural
production but to increase it further in sustainable manner. The scientists have realized that the
Green Revolution with high input use has reached a plateau and is now sustained with
diminishing return of falling dividends. Thus, a natural balance needs to be maintained at all cost
for existence of life and property. The obvious choice for that would be more relevant in the
present era, when these agrochemicals which are produced from fossil fuel and are not renewable
and are diminishing in availability. It may also cost heavily on our foreign exchange in future.
The key characteristics of organic farming include

Protecting the long term fertility of soils by maintaining organic matter levels,
encouraging soil biological activity, and careful mechanical intervention

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Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]

Providing crop nutrients indirectly using relatively insoluble nutrient sources which are
made available to the plant by the action of soil micro-organisms
Nitrogen self-sufficiency through the use of legumes and biological nitrogen fixation, as
well as effective recycling of organic materials including crop residues and livestock
manures
Weed, disease and pest control relying primarily on crop rotations, natural predators,
diversity, organic manuring, resistant varieties and limited (preferably minimal) thermal,
biological and chemical intervention
The extensive management of livestock, paying full regard to their evolutionary
adaptations, behavioural needs and animal welfare issues with respect to nutrition,
housing, health, breeding and rearing
Careful attention to the impact of the farming system on the wider environment and the
conservation of wildlife and natural habitats

Principles of Organic Farming

The four principles of organic agriculture are as follows:


Principle of health
Organic Agriculture should sustain and enhance the health of soil, plant, animal, human and
planet as one and indivisible.

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Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]

This principle points out that the health of individuals and communities cannot be separated from
the health of ecosystems - healthy soils produce healthy crops that foster the health of animals
and people.
Health is the wholeness and integrity of living systems. It is not simply the absence of illness, but
the maintenance of physical, mental, social and ecological well-being. Immunity, resilience and
regeneration are key characteristics of health.
The role of organic agriculture, whether in farming, processing, distribution, or consumption, is
to sustain and enhance the health of ecosystems and organisms from the smallest in the soil to
human beings. In particular, organic agriculture is intended to produce high quality, nutritious
food that contributes to preventive health care and well-being. In view of this it should avoid the
use of fertilizers, pesticides, animal drugs and food additives that may have adverse health
effects.
Principle of ecology
Organic Agriculture should be based on living ecological systems and cycles, work with them,
emulate them and help sustain them.
This principle roots organic agriculture within living ecological systems. It states that production
is to be based on ecological processes, and recycling. Nourishment and well-being are achieved
through the ecology of the specific production environment. For example, in the case of crops
this is the living soil; for animals it is the farm ecosystem; for fish and marine organisms, the
aquatic environment.
Organic farming, pastoral and wild harvest systems should fit the cycles and ecological balances
in nature. These cycles are universal but their operation is site-specific. Organic management
must be adapted to local conditions, ecology, culture and scale. Inputs should be reduced by
reuse, recycling and efficient management of materials and energy in order to maintain and
improve environmental quality and conserve resources.
Organic agriculture should attain ecological balance through the design of farming systems,
establishment of habitats and maintenance of genetic and agricultural diversity. Those who
produce, process, trade, or consume organic products should protect and benefit the common
environment including landscapes, climate, habitats, biodiversity, air and water.
Principle of fairness
Organic Agriculture should build on relationships that ensure fairness with regard to the common
environment and life opportunities.
Fairness is characterized by equity, respect, justice and stewardship of the shared world, both
among people and in their relations to other living beings.

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Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]

This principle emphasizes that those involved in organic agriculture should conduct human
relationships in a manner that ensures fairness at all levels and to all parties - farmers, workers,
processors, distributors, traders and consumers. Organic agriculture should provide everyone
involved with a good quality of life, and contribute to food sovereignty and reduction of poverty.
It aims to produce a sufficient supply of good quality food and other products.
This principle insists that animals should be provided with the conditions and opportunities of
life that accord with their physiology, natural behavior and well-being.
Natural and environmental resources that are used for production and consumption should be
managed in a way that is socially and ecologically just and should be held in trust for future
generations. Fairness requires systems of production, distribution and trade that are open and
equitable and account for real environmental and social costs.
Principle of care
Organic Agriculture should be managed in a precautionary and responsible manner to protect the
health and well-being of current and future generations and the environment.
Organic agriculture is a living and dynamic system that responds to internal and external
demands and conditions. Practitioners of organic agriculture can enhance efficiency and increase
productivity, but this should not be at the risk of jeopardizing health and well-being.
Consequently, new technologies need to be assessed and existing methods reviewed. Given the
incomplete understanding of ecosystems and agriculture, care must be taken.
This principle states that precaution and responsibility are the key concerns in management,
development and technology choices in organic agriculture. Science is necessary to ensure that
organic agriculture is healthy, safe and ecologically sound. However, scientific knowledge alone
is not sufficient. Practical experience, accumulated wisdom and traditional and indigenous
knowledge offer valid solutions, tested by time. Organic agriculture should prevent significant
risks by adopting appropriate technologies and rejecting unpredictable ones, such as genetic
engineering. Decisions should reflect the values and needs of all who might be affected, through
transparent and participatory processes.
Need of organic farming
With the increase in population our compulsion would be not only to stabilize agricultural
production but to increase it further in sustainable manner. The scientists have realized that the
Green Revolution with high input use has reached a plateau and is now sustained with
diminishing return of falling dividends. Thus, a natural balance needs to be maintained at all cost
for existence of life and property. The obvious choice for that would be more relevant in the
present era, when these agrochemicals which are produced from fossil fuel and are not renewable
and are diminishing in availability. It may also cost heavily on our foreign exchange in future.
The key characteristics of organic farming include

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Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]

Protecting the long term fertility of soils by maintaining organic matter levels,
encouraging soil biological activity, and careful mechanical intervention
Providing crop nutrients indirectly using relatively insoluble nutrient sources which are
made available to the plant by the action of soil micro-organisms
Nitrogen self-sufficiency through the use of legumes and biological nitrogen fixation, as
well as effective recycling of organic materials including crop residues and livestock
manures
Weed, disease and pest control relying primarily on crop rotations, natural predators,
diversity, organic manuring, resistant varieties and limited (preferably minimal) thermal,
biological and chemical intervention
The extensive management of livestock, paying full regard to their evolutionary
adaptations, behavioural needs and animal welfare issues with respect to nutrition,
housing, health, breeding and rearing
Careful attention to the impact of the farming system on the wider environment and the
conservation of wildlife and natural habitats
Basic Steps of Organic Farming

Organic farming approach involves following five principles:

Conversion of land from conventional management to organic management


Management of the entire surrounding system to ensure biodiversity and sustainability of
the system.
Crop production with the use of alternative sources of nutrients such as crop rotation,
residue management, organic manures and biological inputs.
Management of weeds and pests by better management practices, physical and cultural
means and by biological control system
Maintenance of live stock in tandem with organic concept and make them an integral part
of the entire system

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Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]

Organic Farming Vs Conventional Farming


Organic and conventional agriculture belonged to two different paradigms. The fundamental
difference between the two competing agricultural paradigms as follows
Conventional Farming
Centralization
Dependence
Competition
Domination of nature
Specialisation
Exploitation

Organic Farming
Decentralization
Independence
Community
Harmony with nature
Diversity
Restraint

In contrast, several agro-ecologically based researchers stress more the fluid transition between
conventional, integrated and organic farming, as an outcome of different assessments of
economic, ecological and social goals. Consequently, technique strategies such as integrated pest
management of balanced nutrient supply might improve conventional agriculture to such as an
extent that it may appear unnecessary to strictly ban pesticides and mineral fertilizers as required
by organic standards.
However, there is scientific that organic agriculture differs from conventional agriculture not
only gradually but fundamentally. Implementing organic methods consequently seems to provide
a new quality in how the agro-ecosystem works. This functioning cannot be explained by
summing up single ecological measures. Organic farming seems to improve soil fertility in a way
and to an extent which cannot be achieved by conventional farming even if the later consistently
respects some ecologically principles.
Organic agriculture is one of several to sustainable agriculture and many of the techniques used
(e.g. inter-cropping, rotation of crops, double digging,, mulching, integration of crops and
livestock) are practiced under various agricultural systems. What makes organic agriculture
unique, as regulated under various laws and certification programmes, is that:
1) almost all synthetic inputs are prohibited and 2) Soil building crop rotations are mandated.
The basic rules of organic production are that natural inputs are approved and synthetic inputs
are prohibited, but there are exceptions in both cases.
Certain natural inputs determined by the various certification programmes to be harmful to
human health or the environment are prohibited (e.g. arsenic). As well, certain synthetic inputs
determined to be essential and consistent with organic farming philosophy, are allowed (e.g.
insect pheromones). Lists of specific approved synthetic inputs and prohibited natural inputs are
maintained by all the certification programmes and such a list is under negotiation in codex.
Many certification programmes require additional environmental protection measures in
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Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]

adoption to these two requirements. While many farmers in the developing world do not use
synthetic inputs, this alone is not sufficient to classify their operations as organic.
Modern Farming
Today's chemical farms have little use for the skilled husbandry which was once the guiding
principle of working the land. The emphasis today is solely on productivity - high input in
exchange for high returns and productivity (mostly diminishing now however for farmers
worldwide). Four important considerations - what happens to the land, the food it produces, the
people who eat it and the communities which lose out - are overlooked.
Land exhaustion
Fertilizers
Nitrate run-off
Soil erosion

Soil compaction

Agricultural fuel

Biocide sprays

Cruelty to animals

Animal slurry

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The constant use of artificial fertilizer, together with a lack of crop


rotation, reduces the soil's fertility year by year.
High yield levels are produced by applying large quantities of artificial
fertilizers, instead of by maintaining the natural fertility of the soil.
About half of the nitrate in the artificial fertilizer used on crops is
dissolved by rain. The dissolved nitrate runs off the fields to
contaminate water courses.
Where repeated deep ploughing is used to turn over the ground, heavy
rains can carry away the topsoil and leave the ground useless for
cultivation.
Damage to the structure of soil by compression is a serious problem in
areas that are intensively farmed. Conventional tillage may involve a
tractor passing over the land six or seven times, and the wheelings can
cover up to 90 per cent of a field. Even a single tractor pass can
compress the surface enough to reduce the porosity of the soil by 70
per cent, increasing surface run-off and, therefore, water erosion. In the
worst cases, the surface run-off may approach 100 percent - none of
the water penetrates the surface
As crop yields grow, so does the amount of fuel needed to produce
them. European farmers now use an average of 12 tons of fuel to farm
a square kilometre of land; American farmers use about 5 tons (1987
figures).
The only controls used against weeds and pests are chemical ones.
Most crops receive many doses of different chemicals before they are
harvested.
On most "modern" farms, all animals are crowded together indoors.
Complex systems of machinery are needed to feed them, while
constant medication is needed to prevent disease. The cruelty involved
in managing, breeding, growing and slaughtering farm animals today is
unimaginably repulsive and horrifying.
With so many animals packed together in indoor pens, their manure
accumulates at great speed. It is often poured into lagoons which leak
into local watercourses, contaminating them with disease-causing
organisms and contributing to algae-blooms.
Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]

Imported animal feed

Many farms are not self-sufficient in animal feed; instead they rely on
feed brought into the farm. This often comes from countries which can
ill afford to part with it.
Stubble burning
In countries where stubble is burned, large amounts of potentially
useful organic matter disappear into the sky in clouds of polluting
smoke
Loss of cultivated
Large and other chemical farms tend to be monocultures growing the
biodiversity
same crop and crop variety
Threat to indigenous
Native cultivars and animal breeds lose out to exotic species and
seeds and animal breeds hybrids. Many native animal breeds are today threatened with
and species
extinction. The same holds true for many indigenous plant varieties
which have disappeared within the space of one generation.
Habitat destruction
Agribusiness farming demands that anything which stands in the way
of crop production is uprooted and destroyed. The wild animals and
plants which were once a common sight around farms are deprived of
their natural habitat and die out.
Contaminated food
Food, both plant and animal products, leaves the farm contaminated
with the chemicals that were used to produce it.
Destruction of traditional Rural indigenous knowledge and traditions, both agricultural and nonknowledge systems and agricultural, is invariably connected to agriculture and agricultural
traditions
systems.
Control of agriculture
The supply and trading in agricultural inputs and produce is in the
inputs and food
hands of a few large corporations. This threatens food security,
distribution channel
reducing the leverage and importance of the first and the last part of
the supply chain - the farmer and the consumer.
Threat to individual
Chemical agriculture is a threat to their livelihoods and changes their
farmers
lifestyles, unfortunately not for the better.

Crop Rotation

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Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]

Non leguminous crops should be followed by leguminous crops and vice-versa, eg.
green gram wheat / maize. If preceding crops are legume or non-legume grown as
intercrops or mixed crops, the succeeding crop may be legume or non legume or both.
Restorative crops should be followed by exhaustive or non-restorative crops.eg. seasame
cowpea / green gram / blackgram / groundnut.
Leaf shedding crop should be followed by non-leaf shedding or less exhaustive crops.eg.
pulses / cotton wheat / rice.
Green manuring crop should be followed by grain crops.eg. dhaincha - rice, green gram/
cowpea wheat / maize.
Highly fertilized crops should be followed by non-fertilised crop.eg. maize - black
gram/gourds.
Perennial or long duration crops should be followed by seasonal /restorative crops. eg.
napier / sugarcane - groundnut /cowpea /green gram.
Fodder crops should be followed by field or vegetable crops. eg. maize + cowpeawheat/potato/cabbage/onion.
Multicut crops should be succeeded by the seed crops. eg. green gram/maize.
Ratoon crops should be followed by deep rooted restorative crops. eg. sugarcane/jowarpigeonpea/Lucerne/cowpea.
Fouling crops should be followed by cleaning crops.eg. jowar /maize potato/ groundnut.
Cleaning crops should be followed by nursery crops. eg. potato/ colocasia/ turmeric /
beet/ carrot-rice nursery/ onion nursery/ tobacco nursery/ vegetable nursery.
Deep rooted crops should be succeeded by shallow rooted crops. eg. cotton/ castor/
pigeonpea potato / lentil /green gram etc.
Deep tillage crops should be followed by zero or minimal tillage crops. eg. potato / radish
/ sweet potato/sugarcane - black gram/green gram/green manuring crops.
Dicot crops should be followed by monocot crops. eg, potato / mustard / groundnut /
pulses rice / wheat / sugarcane / jowar or dicot + Monocot crops should be followed by
dicot + monocot or either dicot or monocot crops.

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Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]

Stiff stubble leaving crops should be followed by minimum intercultivation requiring


crops. eg. sugarcane / sorghum/cotton /pigeonpea- fodder crops.
The crops of wet (anaerobic) soil should be followed by the crops of dry (aerobic). eg.
rice-Bengal gram/Lathyrus/pulses/oilseeds. The tendency to buildup difficult-to-control
weeds becomes less in such rotation than in continuous wet land rice culture.
The crops that are susceptible to soil-borne pests and pathogens should be followed by
tolerant / break / trap crops. eg. sugarcane-marigold for pathogenic nematodes, tomato /
brinjal / tobacco / potato-rice / pulses for Orobanche, jowar-castor for Striga and
berseem-oats for Cuscuta.
The crops with problematic weeds (weeds that are difficult to distinguish at any one stage
of crop, may be seedling or seed stage) should be followed by cleaning crops / multicut
crops / other dissimilar crops or varieties. eg. wheat-wet rice for Phalaris minor,
berseem-potato / boro rice for Cichorium intybus, mustard early potato for Cleome
viscose, rice-jute /sugarcane / vegetable/ maize + cowpea for Echinochloa crusgalli, jutemulticut fooder / vegetable or Corchorus acutangulus.
Pasture crops should be followed by fodder or seed crop. eg. para grass maize + cowpea
/ cowpea / rice bean / tetrakalai for seed.
Silage / hay / cleaning crops should be followed by seed crops. eg. maize / groundnut onion, cowpea / jowar for seed crops.
Crops with the same symbiotic / associated microbes should be followed by common
host crops, such as,
Rhizobium melilote
- lucerna, sweet clover, fenugreek
R. trifolli
- berseem, Persian clover
R. leguminosorum
- peas, lentil, Lathyrus
R. phaseoli
- beans, green gram, pillipesara, black gram
R. lupine
- Lupines
R. japonicum
- cowpea, pigeonpea, guar, sunhemp, Bengal gram, soybean,
kudzu
The rotational use of crop varieties, and cultural practices in addition to rotational
cropping provides more and assured benefits than that of adopting only crops or land
rotation.
Composting of poultry wastes

Value addition of Poultry Waste through Composting technology


Poultry industry is one of the largest and fastest growing livestock production systems in the
world. In India, there are about 3430 million populations of poultry with a waste generation of
3.30 million tonnes per year. The localized nature of poultry production also means that it can
represent a large percentage of the agricultural economy in many states or regions. Although
economical and successful, the poultry industry is currently facing with a number of highly
complex and challenging environmental problems, many of which are related to its size and
geographically concentrated nature. From an agricultural perspective, poultry wastes playa major
role in the contamination of ground water through nitrate nitrogen. Also, the eutrophication of
surface water due to phosphorus, pesticides, heavy metals and pathogens present in the poultry
wastes applied to soils are the central environmental issues at the present time.
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Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]

Among the animal manures, poultry droppings have higher nutrient contents. It has nitrogen
(4.55 to 5.46 %), phosphorus (2.46 to 2.82 %), potassium (2.02 to 2.32 %), calcium (4.52 to 8.15
%), magnesium (0.52 to 0.73 %) and appreciable quantities of micronutrients like Cu, Zn, Fe,
Mn etc. In addition to this cellulose (2.26 to 3.62%), hermicellulose (1.89 to 2.77 %) and lignin
(1.07 to 2.16 %) are also present in poultry waste. These components upon microbial action can
be converted to value added compost with high nutrient status. In poultry droppings, nearly
60%of nitrogen which is present as uric acid and urea is lost through ammonia volatilization by
hydrolysis. This loss of nitrogen reduces the agronomic value of the product, besides causing
atmospheric pollution. Composting with amendment seems promising in conservation of
nitrogen in poultry droppings. Nitrogen in poultry waste can be effectively conserved by
composting with suitable organic amendment. The technologies developed will be highly useful
to the poultry farmers.
Technology for composting of poultry wastes
1. Preparation of poultry waste compost using paddy straw
Inputs required

Poultry droppings
Paddy straw
Pleurotus sajor-caju

A known quantity of fresh poultry droppings is to be collected and mixed thoroughly with
chopped paddy straw (< 2 cm size) @ 1:1.25 ratio so as to attain a C/Nratio of 25 to 30 which is
considered to be optimum for composting. Pleurotus sajor-caju is inoculated @ 5 packets (250 g
each) per tonne of substrate. The poultry waste and paddy straw mix should be heaped under
shade. The moisture content of the heap should be maintained at 50 to 60%. Periodical watering
should be done once in 15 days and turning should be given on 21st, 35th and 42ndday of
composting (avoid turning during first 3 weeks of composting). Within a period of 50 days,
materials are converted to matured compost with the following nutrient contents;
N : 1.89%
P : 1.83%
K : 1.34%
C/N : 12.20%
II. Preparation of poultry waste compost using coir pith
Inputs required

Poultry droppings
Coirpith
Pleurotus sajor-caju

a. Collection of poultry waste from caged system


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A layer of 5 cm sea sand and 10cm coir pith should be spread in the manure collection pit of
caged system where the poultry droppings are allowed to settle. Dry coir pith should be applied
periodically as per the table given below. After a period of three months, the partially degraded
coir pith and poultry droppings mix can be transferred to compost yard and heaped under shade.

Days
1
1-7
7-14
14-21
21-28
28-35
35-42
42-49
49-56
56-63
63-70
70-77
77-84
84-91

Quantity of Poultry
Quantity of Coir Pith (CP)
Application rate PD : CP
Droppings (PD) excreted to be applied (for 1000 birds)
ratio
(kg)
(kg)
70
105.0
1 : 1.50
490
735.0
1 : 1.50
490
735.0
1 : 1.50
490
612.5
1 : 1.25
490
612.5
1 : 1.25
490
490.0
1 : 1.00
490
490.0
1 : 1.00
490
367.5
1 : 1.75
490
367.5
1 : 1.75
490
245.0
1 : 1.50
490
245.0
1 : 1.50
490
122.5
1 : 1.25
490
122.5
1 : 1.25
490
-

b. Collection of poultry waste from deep litter system


Dry fiber free coir pith is spread as a layer to a height of 5 to 10cm on the floor of the poultry
production unit. The birds are grown on this coir pith bed and the droppings are collected in the
coir pith. After a period of three months, partially degraded coir pith containing poultry
droppings and feathers are shifted to the compost yard and heaped under shade.
c. Method of composting poultry waste with coir pith
A known quantity of the poultry waste as collected above along with coir pith is inoculated with
Pleurotus sajor-caju @ 2 packets per tonne of waste in order to speed up the composting
process. This mixer should be placed under shade as heap. The moisture content of the heap
should be maintained at 50 to 60%. Periodical turning must be given on 21 th, 28 th and 35 th
days of composting. Another two packets of Pleurotus sajor-caju is to be added during turning
given on the 28thday of composting. Good quality compost will be attained after 45thday of
composting. The nutrient contents of the composts of poultry litter collected from caged system
and deep litter systems are as below;
Nutrient
Nitrogen (%)
Phosphorous
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Caged system manure


2.08
2.61

Deep litter system manure


2.13
2.40

Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]

(%)
Potassium (%)
C:N ratio

2.94
13:1

Caged pit system

2.03
14:1

Composting of waste under field condition

Points to be remembered

Elevated shady place is highly suitable.


Within a period of 10 to 15 days, the temperature of the heap will raise to maximum. If
the temperature drops below 50 C, the heaps should be spread and moistened with water
to bring the moisture content to 60%.
Colour of the compost will turn from brown to black.
The matured compost will be odourless.
The volume of the compost heap will be reduced to 1/3.
Temperature of the heap will be same as the ambient air temperature and stable.
Matured compost will be light and fine textured.
Moisture content of the heap can be measured using moisture meter or by taking handful
of compost from the heap and squeezing it with the fingers. If excess water drips out
from the compost, then it is considered to have >60 % moisture. If small quantity of
water oozes out as drops, then moisture content is considered to be optimum i.e., at 60%.
Each compost heap should have a minimum of one tonne to retain the heat for post
decomposition.

Value
Animal manures especially poultry manure are rich in N and the nutrient value of the manure is
reduced by loss of N through ammonia volatilization and denitrification. Good quality poultry
manure can be obtained by mixing the poultry waste with selective carbonaceous material such

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Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]

as coirpith and inoculation with suitable microorganism. It can be used as an eco-friendly


technique for the conversion of poultry waste into valuable compost.
Benefits
Poultry wastes contain higher concentrations of nitrogen, calcium and phosphorus than wastes of
other animal species and the presence of nutrients provides more incentive for the utilization of
this resource. The loss of nitrogen from poultry droppings can be effectively conserved by
composting with coir pith and serves as a good source of organic nutrients to agricultural fields.
To make the organic nutrients present in poultry waste available to plants, the waste has to be
composted suitably to minimize the volatilization of ammonia.
Applications
This technology is widely suitable and applied to the poultry farmers to utilize the solid waste in
an effective manner. The poultry waste compost will be a very good organic manure@6 ton / ha
for all the crops.
Limitations
The uninterrupted availability of the raw materials has to be ensured for continuous production
on a commercial scale.

Organic Exporters
Name and Address of
Exporter

Balmer Lawrie & Co. Ltd


P-43, hide Road Extension,
Kolkata - 700 088
West Bengal
033-24505550/ 54
033-24392704
bltea@cal3.vsnl.net.in

0484667539/666251/2
0484- 668321
ecotea@vsnl.com

Doon Heights Agro


260, Phase I, Vasant Vihar,
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Name and Address Name and Address of


of Exporter
Exporter
Chamong Tea
BBTC Export
Exports (P) Ltd,
Operations
2, N.C. Dutta Sarani,
Post Box No. 573
Estate, 5th Floor, UnitSubramanian Road
1
Willingdon Island
Kolkata 700 001
Cochin 682 003
West Bengal
Kerala

Godfrey Phillips
India Limited

Name and Address


of Exporter
L.T.Overseas Ltd.
A-21, Green Park,
Aurobindo Marg
New Delhi 110
016

Tel: 91-11-2685
9244, 26513450
33-22203742/2243
91-11-26859344/
4979
26513450
033 2243 7923
Email:
chamong@snonline.co ltoltd@del2.vsnl.net
m
.in
Tata Tea Limited,
Parry Nutraceuticals
Tata Tetley Division, Limited

Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]

Dehradun 248 006


Uttranchal

3 Cooper Street, 1st


Floor,Kalighat P.O.
Kolkata-700 026
West Bengal

Mr. K. M. Angelos
73/ 74, K.P.K.Menon
Road,
Willingdon Island,
Kochi-682003 Kerala

43, moore St.


Parry House, 5th
Floor
Chennai 600 001

Tel: 91 135 2763620


Fax:91 011 29216352
Email:
Tel:033-2486
044-25036816
ranjitlall@doonheightsagro.co 0178/179
Tel: 0484-2667427,
SebastianT@pai.mu
m, ranjit_lall@yahoo.com
033-2486 0177
2668758,
rugappa.com
Fax: 033-2486 0177 Mob: 09895712001
Email: akstea@vsnl. 484-2666808
net
Email: tetley@md2.vsn
l.net.in
The United Nilgiri Weikfield Products
Parry Agro Industries Limited
Tea Estates Co.
Co.
Iyerpadi Estate,
Tea Group Exports
Ltd., (UNTE)
(India) Pvt. Ltd.,
20, Coal Berth,
Iyerpadi P.O. 642 108, Via
Chamraj Estate
Weikfield Estate,
Pollachi
Hoboken Road,
P.O.643 204,
Nagar Road,
Kolkata 700042,
Coimbatore Dist. Tamil Nadu
Nilgiris,
Pune- 411 014
West Bengal
Tamil Nadu.
Maharashtra
Tel: 91-4253-222489 / 564
Tel: 033 24391966
91-4253-222250
Tel: 0423 225 8737 Tel: 020 26633111/2
Email:
Email: ambootia@v
0423 225 8837
020 2663 3380
muralipadikkal@pai.murugap
snl.com
Email: chamraj@vs Email: weikfield@weik
pa.com
nl.com
field.com
Mr. Jose Dominic
Mr. Ravinder
Col. Deepak Badhwar Natural Harvest
Kumar
Clestia Impex Pvt. Ltd (India) Pvt. Ltd.
Mr. Vimal Anand
Bhandora Organics Flat 557, Tower III,
XXIV/1350, Casino
Apis (India) Natural Products 29, Sant Nagar, II Kailash Apartments,
Hotel,
18/32, East Patel Nagar,
nd floor
East of Kailash, New Willindon Island
New Delhi 110 008
East of Kailash,
Delhi 110065
P.O. Cochin 682
New Delhi 65
003
Kerala
Tel: 011 25737038
Tel: 011 26483059,
Email: vimal@apisindia.com, Tel: 011 26433934 0135 2742433/3958955
mail@apisindia.com
011 26433934
011 262225293
Tel: 0484 2668221
Email:
Email: dbadhwar@redi 0484 2668001
info@bhandora.com ffmail.com
Email: naturalharves
t@gmail.com
Mr. Jagajit Singh
Mr. Ajay Kapoor
Elk Hill Organic
Achal Industries
Little Bee Impex
S & D Aroma
Project
190, Industrial Area,
G.T. Road, Doraha, Punjab
(India) Pvt. Ltd.
Post Box No. 12,
Baikampady,
141421
C 5/6 LGF Grand Sidapur 571 253,
Mangalore 575 011
Punjab
Vasat,
Coorg
Karnataka
Vasant Kunj, New Karnataka
Delhi 110070
Tel: 01628 258240/258640
Tel:0824 240 8187
01628 259570/258140
Tel: 08274 267756/50 0824 240 8487
www.royalgreens.in

Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]

Email: export1@kashmirhone Tel: 09818010101


y.com

Bush Tea Co., Pvt. Ltd


18, A, Park Street,
Stephen Court (6th floor),
Kolkata
West Bengal
Tel: 033 22296705/06
033 22496707

Golden Mist
Plantations/Birhat
Consultants (I) Pvt.
Ltd.
Golden Mist
Plantations &
Resorts Pvt. Ltd.,
Galibeedu Village,
Mercara, Kodagu,
571 201
Karnataka

08274 258368
Email: achalind@va
Email: fairland@sanch snet.co.in
arnet.in

Harrisons Malayalam
Limited
Touramulla Organic
Division,
Chundale Estate,
Touramulla P.O.,
Wayanad 673 592
Kerala

Tel: 04936 202688


Tel: 08272 265 629 chundale@eth.net
ludwigorganic@hot
mail.com
Muscatel Valley
Muscatel Valley
Kurinji Organic Foods (India) Division of
Rani Tea Estate/ MKB
Pvt. Ltd.
Asia (P) Ltd
Goomtee Tea
Periyakulam Road,
P.O. Rani, Guwahati
Estate,
Genguvarapatti,
P.O. Mahanadi 734 781 017,
Theni Dist, 625 203
Kamrup Dist
223,
Tamil Nadu
Assam
Darjeeling
West Bengal
Tel: 04543 262469/263 575
Tel: 0361 284 2059,
04543 265 496
Tel: 0354 233 8022 284 0074
Email: jakes@md3.vsnl.net.in 0354 233 8011
0361 241 7085
slg_goomtee@sanch
arnet.in
Tata Tea Limited
Tata Coffee Limited
Thiashola Estate
Milne Road,
Pollibetta, South Kodagu, 571
Thiashola Post, The
Willingon Island,
215
Nilgiris, 643 230
Kochi 682 003
Karnataka
Tamil Nadu
Kerala
Tel: 08274
251411/12/13/82/83
08274 251425
Email: hh@tatacoffee.com
www.royalgreens.in

Mr. Paras Desai


Gujarat Tea
Processors &
Packers Ltd.
Waghbakri House,
Opp. Parimal
Garden Ambawadi,
Ahmedabad 380
006
Gujarat

Satnam Overseas
Ltd;
50-51, K.M. Stone,
G. T. Road,
Murthal 131027,
Sonepat
Haryana
Tel: 0130 2482043,
2482456
Email: satnamoversea
s@vsnl.com
Sutlej Power Private
Limited
610 611, Prakash
Deep Building,
Tolstoy Marg,
Connought Place,
New Delhi 110 001

Tel: 0423 250


Tel: 0484 2668356
9897/2509244
0484 2668076
Email: Thiasholaestate.
Tel: 011
Email: raveendran.
Hll@unilever.com
51520078/80,
ma@tatatea.co.in

Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]

3322560/63
011 23322542
Email: sutlej_organi
cs@yahoo.co.in

Welbeck Tea Estate


Lovedale SO,
Udhagamandalam, 643 003
Tamil Nadu

Mr. K.B. Singh


Amar Singh and
Sons,
51 - Industrial
Estate,
Phase - 1, Gangyal,
Jammu Tawi 180010
Jammu & Kashmir

Mr. Karan Singh


Jamwal
Kittu Exports
Kotla Mubarkpur
110003,
Tel: 0422 2212659
No-1 1st Floor
0422 2218628
Sewa Nagar Mkt.
Email: welbecktea@sancharn
Tel: 0191-2480606, New Delhi
et.in
2480350, 2480975
Fax: 0191-2480568,
2480473
Mr Mahesh H.
Thakker
Mr Rohit Doshi
Mahesh Agri Exim Sankalp Bio Cotton
Mr. Dilip Singh Rathore
Pvt. Ltd.
project,
Rathore Organic Farming
312, Sharda
202, kuber house,
Village Post - Bhilgaon
Chamber No. 1,
162, Anchan bag,
Tehsil Kasrawad,
3rd Floor, 31,
Indore: 452001
Dist. Khargone, M. P.
Keshavi Naik
Contact person :
Road, Bhat Bazar, Mr Rohit Doshi
Mumbai 400 009
Mr. B.D. Agarwal
Vikas Wsp Ltd.
(Adm. Office),
Mr. Cherian Xavier
B-86-87 Udyog
Mr. Mayank S. Patel
Accelerated Freeze
Vihar,
Urvesh Psyllium Industries
Drying Co. Ltd
RIICO Industial
Ltd.,
Amalgam House,
Area,
State High Way,
Bristow Road
Sri GanganagarNr. Khali Char Rasta,
Willingdon Island
334002 (Rajasthan)
Khali, Sidhpur-384151
Cochin 682003,
Kerala
Tel: 91 154
2494512/52
fax: 91 154 2494361
Ajanta Industries
Mr.Siddharth
Mr. Atul Kumar
Plot D, Sur. No. 166/1,
.S.P.Zantye
Artousi Enterprises
Apewal Ponda,
Amruta Cashew
B-26, FreedomFighters
www.royalgreens.in

Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]

Sonarie Tea Estae &


MRB Enterprises
Jonak Division, P.O.
Sonarie,
Shivasagar 785
690
Assam
Tel: 03772 256578
0361 220 2746

Mr Rohit Doshi
Swayam Bio Cotton
Project
202, Kuber House,
162,
Kancahan Bag,
Indore 452 001

Mr. Ajay Katayal


Sunstar - Organic
Food Division,
40 km. Stone,
G.T. Karnal Road,
Bahalgarh-Sonepat,
Haryana
Tel: 0130-2381155,
2381925, 2381926
Fax: 0130-2381055
Mr. Sanjay Udashi
Shree Sanjay
Trading Company

Goa-403401

Mr. Saurab Garg


Aryan International
D 184, Freedom Fighters
Enclave
Neb Sarai, New Delhi
110068

Industries
Nathpai Road,
Vengurla,
Sindhudrg Dist
Maharashtra

Enclave,
A/7, Majithia
Neb Sarai, New Delhi- Appartments,
110 068
S.V. Road,
IRLA, Vile Parle
(West) Mumbai
Tel 011-26566611
Fax: 011-26530789
E-mail
:artousi@rediffmail.co
m

Mr. Amir Ahasan


Assam Company
Ltd.
Post Salonah,
Nagaon District,
Assam

Mr. Laxman Prabhu


Damodar Cashew
Company
Kotachery,
Kanhangad 671 315
Kerala

Mr. Kishore Bheda


Mr. Samir Changoiwala
H.Bheda &Co.
Gopaldhara International
202 kapadia
17, Ganesh Chandra Avenue, Apartments
Kolkata-700013,
39,S.V. Road, Vile
West Bengal
Parle (W)
Mumbai 400056

Mr. Umesh N. P.
Zantye
Hira Cashew Industres
Vithalapur,Sanquelim
Goa State

Mr. Udaya Kumar


Hope Spice Project
No 51 Murugan lodge,
Ettines Road,
Ooty 643002, Tamil Nadu

IITC Organic India


Pvt. Ltd.
Village Kamta,
Post Chinhat,
Faizabad Road

Mr. Jayaprakash
Narakkat
Indway International
Asia Fruits, 14
Skandha,
Pestom Sagar Road 2,
Mumbai

Mr. Srinivasa M. Rao


ITC Ltd International
Business Division
31, Sarojini Devi Road
Secunderabad 500003
Andhra Pradesh

Mr. Jyotindra
Jyotindra
International
4 Km, Palanpur
Ahmedabad
Highway
Palanpur 385 001

Mr. Sandhir Agarwal


Kamala Tea Company
Ltd
240/B, 3rd Floor,
A. J. C. Bose Road,
Kolkata 700 020

www.royalgreens.in

Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]

Mr. Dharmesh Patel


Geo Fresh Organic
Gulab Park,
S.T.Road,
Sidhpur-384151,
Gujarat
Mr. Jai Chaitanya
Dasa
Eco Agri Research
Foundation
142, 4th Main Road,
4th Cross,
Bannimantap C
Layout
Mysore, Karnataka
State
Mr. Danesh Madon
Eaternal Health &
Organic Foods Pvt.
Ltd.
B/2, Rustom Baug,
S. S. Marg,
Byculla, Mumbai400 027
Mr. Mohan Lal
Agarwal
Kanchanjunga
Herbal Medi Aids
Pvt. Ltd.
669, Marshal
House,
33/1, Netaji Subhas
Road
Kolkata-700 001,
West Bengal

Mr. P. K. Panigrahy
Kasam
Kandhamal Apex Spices
Contractorpada,
Gurumurthy road
Phulbani, Orissa 762 001

Mr. Raja Singh


Kapoor
Kashmir Apiaries
Village: Mallipur,
G.T.Road
Doraha-1410421,
Dist: Ludhiana,
Tel: 06842- 253022, 253531,
Punjab
253380

Mr. Anil Kr. Mittal


KRBL Limited
A1, Pamposh Enclave
New Delhi-110 048

Suresh N. P. Zantye
N.G.P.Zantye & Co
Bicholim . Goa - 403 504

Mr. Thomas Jacob


Poabs Exports
Poabs Organic Products Pvt.
Ltd.
Seethargundu PO
Nelliyampathy Palghat,
Kerala
India 678511

Mr. Vikas Bhat


Khandige Herbs &
Plantations Pvt. Ltd
No. 46/1,
Jaraganahalli,
Kanakapura Main
Tel 0194-2470846,
Road
2470932
Bangalore - 560
Fax 0194-2473169
kkmartsqr@hotmail.co 045
m

Mr. G. Krishnan
Nair
Krishnan Food
Processors
P. B. No. 344,
Iyshwaria Beach
Road,
Kollam-691 001,
Kerala

Mr. Swaraj Kumar


Banerjee
Makaibari Tea Estates
Kurseong, Darjeeling
District
West Bengal-734 203

Mr Uday Singh
Namdhari Fresh
Bidadi 562 109,
Bangalore,
Karnataka

Ms. Shobha N.
Fr. Augustine
Shastry
Kariapuram
Phalada Agro
Peermade Development Research
society
Foundations Pvt Ltd
P. O. Box 11,
No. 266, 7th Cross,
Peermade
9th Main,
Idukki 685 531
Ideal Homes
Kerala
Township,
Bangalore - 560 098

Mr. Mohan
Chirimar
Raghunath
Exporters
5F, Park Plaza, 71,
Park
Street, Calcutta
700 016

Tel: 0492 346554, 346333,


346223
Tel: 033
Telfax: - (0492) 346555
22290092 /
E
22294495
mail: mail@poabsorganic.co
m

www.royalgreens.in

Mr. Sameer Azad


Kashmir Kessar Mart
P.O. Box No. 216,
Munwarabad, Srinagar
Jammu & kashmir

Mr. Sudheer Mudar


Mudar India
Exports
6 426 C2,
Kovoor Nagar,
Anantapur. Andhra
Pradesh

Mr. A.
Somasundaram
Mr. Sayeed A. Patel
SNV Horticultural
Rajena Agro Products Farms
Pvt. Ltd
Savadippatti
Sedrana, Sidhpur,
Village,
Patan-384 151
Alagapuri 625
North Gujarat
523,
Theni District,
Tamil Nadu

Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]

Mr. Rajashekar Reddy Seelam


Mr. Murali B. N
Managing Director
Sri Mata Bio Source
Sresta Natural Bio Products
No. 9/5, 16th Cross,
Pvt. Ltd
Indian Bank
Mr. Sameer Mehra,
Sresta House Plot # 7, LIC
Colony,
Suminter India
Colony,
Raja Rajeshwari
Organics
Sikh Village, Secunderabad
Nagar,
308, Oberoy
500 009
Bangalore 560
chambers,-1,
098
New Ring
Tel: +91 40 27893028, Fax: +
Andheri Mumbai
91 40 27893029
Tel: 0091-80Mobile: +91 0 9392493631
26606259,
E-mail: rajseelam@sresta.com
Fax: 26697992
www.sresta.com

Mr. Binod Mohan


Tea Promoters
(India) Pvt. Ltd
17, Chowringhee
Mansions
30, Jawaharlal
Nehru Road
Kolkotta 700016

Mr. Mukesh
Malhotra
Weikfield Products
Company Pvt. Ltd.
Mr. N. Viswanathan
Weikfield Estate,
Mr. Nirmal Mehta
Fr. Kuriakose Kunnath
Nagar Road,
Vishwas Organic
Veetee Fine Foods Ltd.
Wayanad Social
Pune-411 014,
Technologies
Veetee House,
Service Society
Maharashtra
Lahari, No. 83,
56-57 KM, G.T. Karnal
Post Box No. 16,
14th Main, 4th
Road,
Mananthavady,
Sector,
Tel: 020
Larsauli District
Wayanad-670 645,
HSR Layout
26633111/12
Sonepat - 131 001
Kerala
Bangalore-560 034
Fax: 020
26633380
Email: weikefield@w
eikfield.com
Mr. Tomy Mathew
Mr. Bijumon Kurian
Mr. Joji
Elements Homestead
Manarcadu Social
Farmer Industries
Products
service Society
(Renamed as Golden Vintage
Private Limited
Mini Industrial
Mr. Suresh N. P.
Farmers Industry)
4/1418-B Customs
Estate
Zantye
Khanna Nagar P.O,
Road,
Manarcade P.O
Zantye Cashew
Muringoor, Chalakudy
Calicut, Kerala 673032
Kottayam, Kerala
Industries
Trissur, Kerala 680309
Dhuriwada, Malvan,
Ph: 95 495-2765783
Sindhudurg District,
Ph:0481-6532878,
Ph:0480-2709618,2709718
(O), 2368153 (R)
Maharashtra
9447066757/2
Email:sales@farmerindia.com
Email:
masss@sify.com,
mm@farmerindia.com,
elements@dataone.in,
plantrich@plantrich.
ceo@farmerindia.com
tomy@elementsindia.n
com
et
Organic Farms,
Phaladaayi
Sardar Patel Farm
Ind Frag
Near Jain Temple,
Foundation
Dr. Dinesh Patel
Mr. K. K. Sreeram
www.royalgreens.in

Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]

Sawkarpura,
At Post. Anjangaon SurjiDist.
Amravati 444 705,
Maharashtra State
Contact person : Mr. Deepak
Shinde
TEL: +91 7224 242707

Shobha N. Shastry Naroda Kathwada


No. 266, 7th Cross, Road, Kathwada, T.
9th Main, Ideal
Daskoi, Ahmedabad.
Homes Township,
Bangalore - 560 098
Contact person :
Mr . Ramesh
L.Harve

S. No.102/3,12th K.
M. HosurKelamangalam
Road,
Kundumaranapalli,
Tamilnadu 635113
Made by India F-38,
Sector-8,
Noida 201301
(U.P.)

Organic Importers
Name and Address
of Importers
Alterbio France Sarl
5 Rue Levasseur,Zi
Saint Charles,
66000 Perpignan,
France
Tel: +33(0) 4 6868
3838
Fax: +33(0)4 6868
3829
Email:
Info@Alterbio.Com
Internet:
www.Alterbio.Com
Bioprim
Address:530 Av De
Milan,Zi Du
Grand Saint Charles
66000 Perpignan
France
Tel: +33(0) 4 6854
7979
Fax: +33(0) 4 6758
5970
E-Mail:
Contact@Bioprim.C
om
Exodom
P O Box 7025
69348,Lyon Cedex
www.royalgreens.in

Name and Address


of Importers
Heuschrecke
Naturkost Gmbh
Redcastr, 50a
53842,TroisdorfSpich
Germany
Tel: +49(0) 224139726-0
Fax: +49(0)224139726-99
E-Mail:
Bio@Heuschrecke.

Name and Address


of Importers
Arcadie
5 Rue Levasseur,
Zi Saint Charles
66000 Perpignan,
France
Tel: + 33(0)4 6656 9933
Fax: +33(0) 4 6630 6261
Email: Info@ArcadieSa.Fr
Internet: www.ArcadieSa.Fr

Germany
Agasaat Gmbh
Gewerbegebiet Sued,
Dynamis France
Pascalstr.11.
54 Avenue De La
DVilette,94637 Rungis
47506,NeukirchenCedex France
Vluyn,Germany
Tel: +33 (0) 1 4560 4344
Tele: +49 (0)
Fax: +33(0) 1 4687 4405
28459146-0
E-Mail:
Fax: +49(0)
Dynamis@Wabdii,Fr
28457573
Internet:
www.Agasaat.De
Ernst Weber
Image Tutti Verde
Naturkost
Marche Saint Charles
Postfach 750954
P O Box 5129,66031

Name and Address


of Importers

Uni-Vert
Route De Bellegarde
30129, Manduel, France
Tel: +33(0) 4 6620 7525
Fax: +33(0) 4 6620 7526
E.Mail: Uni-Vert@UniVert.Com
Internet: www.UniVert.Com

Denree Versirgungs
Gmbh
Hofer Str 11
D-95183 Topen,Germany
Tel: +49(0) 9295 180
Fax: +49(0)9295 1850
E-Mail: Webernk@TOnline.De

Gepa Fair Handelshaus


Gewerbepark Wagner
Bruch 4

Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]

07
France
Tel: +33(0) 4 3728
7350
Fax: +33(0) 4 3728
7354
E-Mail: ExoDom@Wanadoo.Fr
Internet:
www.Exodom.Com
Naturkost Schramm
Ludwig-WinterStrasse 6
D-77767
Appenweier
Germany
Tel: + 49 (0) 7805
98880
Fax: + 49(0) 7805
966880
E-Mail:
Team@NaturkostSchramm.De
Internet:
www.NaturkostSchramm.De

D-81339 Munchen
Germany
Tel: +49(0) 89 746
3420
Fax: +49(0) 89 746
342222
E-Mail:
Webernk@TOnline.De

El-Ouente Gmbh
Hildesheimestr,59
D-31177, Harsum
Germany
Tele: +49(0) 512798860-0
Fax: +49(0) 51279886028
E-Mail: Info@ElPuente.De
Internet: www.ElPuente.De

Perpignan France
Tel: + 33(0) 4 6868 4040
Fax: +33(0) 4 4868 4048
E-Mail:
Imago1@Wanadoo.Fr

Voelkel Gmbh
Fahrstr.1
29478,Hohbeck/Ot
Pevestorf
Germany
Tel: +49 (0) 5846 9 50-0
Fax : +49(0) 5846 9 50 50
E-Mail: Marketing
@Voelkeljuice.De
Internet:www.Voelkeljuic
e.De

Loders Croklaan
P.O. Box 4,
Neuteboom B.V.
The Nertherlands
1520 Aa
Aadijk 41,
Wormerveer
Platinastraat 50
7202pp Almelo
8211 Ar Lelystad, The Netherlands
The Netherlands
The Netherlands
Telephone: +31 (0)
Telephone : +31 (0) 546
Tele: +31(0) 320
75 629 2911
864 062
282 928
Fax: +31 (0) 75 628
Fax: +31 (0) 546 866 369
Fax: +31(0) 320 282 9455
E-Mail:
028
E-Mail:
Info@Neuteboom.Nl
E-Mail: Info@
Fats.Lc@Croklaan.C
Internet
Detraay.Com
om
www.Neuteboom.Nl
Internet:
www.Croklaan.Com
Simon Levelt B.V. Spack Bv
Tradin Bv
A.Hofmanweg 3,
Telephone: +31 (0) Latexweg 12,
2031 Bh Haarlem
181 48 6486
1047 Bj Amsterdam
Telephone: +31 (0) Fax: +31 (0) 181 48 Telephone: +31 (0) 20 407
23 512 2522
6857
4499
Fax: +31 (0) 23 512 E-Mail: Spack
Fax: +31 (0) 20 497 2100
www.royalgreens.in

42279 Wuppertal
Germany
Tel: +49 (0) 202 266 830
Fax: +49(0) 202 266 8310
E-Mail:
Marketing@Gepa.Org
Internet: www.Gepa3.De

Ctm Altromercato
Via Macello,18
39100 Bolzano
Italy
Tel: +39 (0) 471 975 333
Fax: +39(0)471 977 599
E-Mail:
Info@Altromercato.It
Internet:www.Altromerca
to.It

Rhumveld Winter &


Konijn Bv
P.O. Box 29216,
30001 Ge Rotterdam
The Netherlands
Telephone: +31 (0) 10
233 0900
Fax: +31 (0) 10 233 0574
E-Mail:
Rwk@Rhumveld.Com
Internet:
www.Rhumveld.Com
Programme Manager
CBI, Organic Food
Ingredients
3011 AA Rotterdam
Beursplain 37
The Netherlands

Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]

2505
@Xs4all.Nl
E-Mail:
E-Mail
Info@Tradinorganic.Com
Info@Simonlevelt.C
Internet:
om
www.Tradinorganic.Com
Internet:
www.Simonlevelt.Nl
Mr. Anil Puri
A.M Stubacher
Mr. Anil Puri
Jurg Tumbrunnmen
Berg-10
A.M Stubacher Berg-10
Surgo Ag, Basel, CH
D-91468
D-91468 Gutenstetten
Tel : + 4161 317
Gutenstetten
Germany
3253
Germany
Fax No.: 0421-2475394
Fax No.: 04212475394
Dr Metz KG
WalterDanzer
Galke Hartmut
Siemenstr. 7 65779
Turmstr.6
Am Bahnhof 1-5
Kelkheim
8952 Schlieren
D- 37534 Gittelde
Tel: 06195
Tel: 01 731 1200
Tel: 05327 868 10
3071/3072
Fax: 01 731 1275
Fax: 05327 5420
Fax: 06195 8729
Integgerij G.a. van
der Kroon b.v.
Danner, Mr Weinzier
Van
Labertalstr. 4
Heemskerckstraat 31
D-93161
Postbus 17
Alling/Regensburg
4670 AA dinteloord
Tel: 49 9404 95 55
(Holland)
Fax: 49 9404 2096
Tel: 01671 52 22 50
Fax: 01671 52 30 05

Ian Taylor
Fuerst Day Lawson Ltd
St Clare House 30-33
Minories
London EC3N 1 LN
Tel: +44171 4880777
Fax:+44171 702 1500
Rapunzel Naturkost AG
Haldergasse 9
D-87764 LEGAU
Tel: 083 30910 150
Fax: 083 30910 175

1. General Requirement for Certification


1. A registered operator shall Comply with National Programme for Organic Production
(NPOP) norms and shall adhere to the National Standards for Organic Production
(NSOP) and TNOCD general standards for organic agricultural production, animal
husbandry production, honey, wild collection, processing, packaging, storage, labelling
and transport standards.
2. Prepare, implement, and update annually an organic production plan and submit to Tamil
Nadu Organic Certification Department (TNOCD) every year.
3. Permit on-site inspections with complete access to the production and handling operation,
including non certified production and handling operation, areas, structures, offices by
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the Organic Certification Inspectors and other higher officials of TNOCD and also
officials of APEDA whenever required.
4. Maintain all records applicable to the organic operation for not less than 5 years after
creation of such records and allow authorized representatives of TNOCD, State or
Central Government officials of accrediting agency access to such records during normal
working hours for review and copying to determine compliance with NPOP norms and
TNOCD Standards.
5. Pay the prescribed fees charged by TNOCD within stipulated time.
6. Operator shall inform the TNOCD in case of any
a. Application, including drift, of a prohibited substances to any, production unit,
site, facility, livestock, or product that is part of an operation and
b. Changes in certified operations or any portion of a certified operation that may
affect the organic integrity in compliance with standards of NPOP and TNOCD.

2. Application for Certification


A person seeking organic certification of production or handling operation shall submit
application for registration in the prescribed format in triplicate. The application shall include the
following information
1. An organic production or handling system plan,
2. All information requested in the application shall be completed in full i.e. name,
addresses, details of contact person, telephone number of the authorized person etc.,
3. The names of organic certification body to which application is previously made and out
come, non-compliance noted if any, copy of such records and reason for applying shall be
given.
4. Any other information necessary to determine the compliance with the standards
specified.
5. The prescribed registration fee, one time inspection fee, one time travel cost shall be paid
by the operator along with the application form. The other prescribed fees shall be paid
by the operator as notified by TNOCD during the course of certification process.
Download the Application Forms
Form - I A1

Form - I A3

Form - I G

Form - 11

Organic Fee Structure

3. Review of Application
1. Application shall be scrutinized.
2. Any information required shall be communicated to the operator and operator shall
submit the requested information immediately.
3. Application without prescribed fee shall not be reviewed.

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4. After review of application decision shall be made by TNOCD on acceptance/ rejection


of the application.
5. The rejected application shall be returned to the applicant citing reasons for rejection
along with the fees enclosed.
6. Fee paid for the applications accepted by TNOCD shall not be refunded at any
circumstances.
7. An initial onsite inspection shall be fixed and communicated to the operator after
registration or shall be noted in the registered copy of application itself.
8. An applicant can withdraw the application at any time but the fees paid shall not be
refunded.

4. Scheduling of Inspection
1. Initial field inspection shall be fixed at a reasonable time so that the operator can
demonstrate compliance or capacity to comply with the standards while conducting
inspection of land, facilities and activities. Such initial onsite inspection shall be delayed
up to six months from the date of registration so as to give time for the operator to
comply with required standards including record keeping.
2. All onsite inspection shall be conducted only in the presence of operator or an authorized
representative of the operator who is knowledgeable about the operation. However this
requirement does not arise in the case of unannounced / surprise inspections.
3. There shall be one annual inspection and additional inspection shall be fixed based on the
risk assessment carried out during initial inspection.

5. Verification during Inspection


1. During the field inspection, the OCI shall verify the compliance or the capacity to comply
with the NPOP standards and TNOCD standards.
2. Verification of information on organic production plan submitted by the operator and
practical implementation of the standards.
3. OCI shall ensure that the prohibited substances/ materials are not used and in case of
suspicion the OCI, shall draw samples of soil, water, wastes, seeds, plant tissues, plant,
animal and processed products.
4. The samples shall be tested in NABL accredited ISO 17025 laboratories. The operator
shall bear the cost of samples sent for analysis.
5. During onsite inspection the OCI shall conduct interview with the person responsible for
the organic production system to confirm accuracy of information gathered during
inspection and completeness of inspection, observation gathered during the onsite
inspection. The inspector shall also collect other required information as well as issues of
concern.
6. After inspection the OCI shall prepare checklist and inspection report and obtain
signature of the operator or his representative.
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7. A copy of the check list and inspection report shall be sent to the concerned operator and
Evaluator.
8. Inspection reports shall be evaluated by the evaluator within reasonable time and any
additional information required shall be addressed to the operator.
9. In case of any non compliance to the prescribed standards an explanation shall be called
from the operator and sanctions shall be imposed if required.

6. Group Certification Standards


General Requirement
This system applies to farmer groups, co-operatives, producer groups, contract production and
small scale processing unit.
1. The producer group shall have similar production system and within the same
geographical proximity.
2. Farmers holding four hectares and above can be part of group but has to be inspected
individually. The total area of such farm shall be less than 50% of total area of group.
3. Processor and exporters may be a part of the same group but they shall be inspected
annually by TNOCD.
Constitution of Group
1. Group shall have a legal status or structured organization
2. The group shall maintain a documented Internal Control System (ICS)
3. The responsibilities of the group shall be delegated to individual members/committee for
carrying out specific activities.
4. The group shall develop an internal quality system manual comprising of implementation
of internal control system and assessment of risk.
Internal standards for group certification
1. Internal standards shall be prepared in local language under the framework of NPOP
standards
2. The internal standards shall include definition of production unit, method of dealing with
part conversion, parallel production, period of conversion, production norms for entire
production unit, harvest and post harvest procedures.
3. The IQS shall include buying procedure, trading procedure and processing procedure for
the group.
Granting Of Certification
1. TNOCD shall issue Scope Certificate or Certificate of Registration, Transaction
Certificate and Product Certificate to the eligible operators.
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2. The issue of certificate shall be based on the decision taken by the certification
committee.
3. Scope Certificate
Denial of Certification
1. If the Organic System of operation does not comply with the Standards, the operator shall
be intimated about denial of certification stating the reasons for such action with non
conformities noticed and time limit for submission of correction.
2. Upon receipt of such reports the operator shall correct the non compliance and submit the
action taken report to the TNOCD.
3. TNOCD shall ensure the correction carried out by the operator before issuing certificate.
4. Operator with another certification body willing to come under TNOCD certification
shall submit a new application form to TNOCD along with the notification of issue of
non-conformities issued by the previous certifier.
5. TNOCD upon receipt of such application shall verify the correction carried out onsite and
supporting documents .Any records required shall be received from the, CB previously
registered or from APEDA.
6. TNOCD shall issue written notice to the operator for denial of certificates in case of
operator failing to respond to the notification of non-compliance.
7. A notice of denial of certification shall inform the operator about the reasons and
applicants right to reapply for certification or file an Appeal to the Appeal Committee.

7. Continuation of Certification
1. To continue certification the operator shall renew registration by paying fees for renewal.
2. An updated annual report for production or handling operation shall be submitted by the
operator.
3. An updated corrective action for minor non conformities previously identified shall be
submitted by the operator.
4. TNOCD after receipt of renewal application for continuation of certification shall
scrutinize the application and verify the facts.
Fair trade
All the operators shall perform their operation with social justice, they shall not employ child
labour, and shall protect rights of women, smallholder, traditional agriculture and indigenous
peoples rights.
Appeal
1. Registered operator may appeal against the notice of denial of certification, proposed
suspension or revocation to the appellate authority (Director, TNOCD ).

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2. An appeal shall be made within the time period mentioned in the notification or within 30
days from the date of receipt of the notification, whichever occurs later. The appeal shall
be considered filed on the date of receipt in the office of Director, TNOCD. The decision
of the appellate authority shall be final.

8. Tamil Nadu Organic Certification Department (TNOCD) Standards for Organic Certification

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