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Alpha field data-North sea

Alpha field data-North sea

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- Furui Butler
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---------Reservoir Data

Etienne MOREAU

Outline

Data Review

Rock Properties

Fluids' Properties

Reservoir Pressure

Data Analysis

Well Testing

Water Oil Displacement

Alpha Field

Reservoir Data

Data Review

Rock Properties

Alpha Field

Reservoir Data

Rock Properties

Air permeabilities measured on clean cores and compared with well tests

Kh test / kh core ratio (average 0.7 in hydrocarbon zone)

Permeability decrease below OWC

Capillary pressure

Initial Sw similar in majority of Ness & Tarbert ~22%

But higher in Ness close to OWC ~30%

Wettability

Capillary tests on preserved and unpreserved cores

Water wet in aquifer and mixed wettability at top of reservoir

Relative permeabilities

SCAL on small plugs to determine Sorw but scatter in measurements

Not fixed for field life : further analysis can be required after start up based

on saturation logging, matching of field performance.

Alpha Field

Reservoir Data

Alpha Field

Reservoir Data

Alpha Field

Reservoir Data

Alpha Field

Reservoir Data

Is K.H. core calculated over total or net reservoir thickness?

Can you explain why the ratio K.H core / K.H test is not equal to 1?

Can you calculate irreducible water saturation in Tarbert & Ness?

How varies maximum capillary pressure with wettability?

Why maximum capillary pressure in Ness is higher than in Tarbert?

Relative permeabilities

10

How varies these curves when the oil viscosity varies

How varies maximum water rel. perm with wettability?

Why maximum water rel perm in Ness is lower than in Tarbert?

Alpha Field

Reservoir Data

Data Review

Fluids' Properties

11

Alpha Field

Reservoir Data

Hydrocarbon properties

Lab measurements

Constant Composition Expansion

Constant Volume Depletion

Composition

PVT properties

Saturation pressure

Black oil functions for oil and gas

Water analysis

Compatibility study with injection water (scaling risk)

Salinity

12

Alpha Field

Reservoir Data

13

Alpha Field

Reservoir Data

Initial conditions

Reservoir pressure

Reservoir temperature

Tr = 112 C

Saturation pressure

Solution GOR

Gas density @ surface

Oil density @ surface

Oil Bo @ Pi

Oil Bo @ 340 b

Oil Bo @ Pb

Oil viscosity @ Pi

Oil viscosity @ 340 b

Oil viscosity @ Pb

Pb

Rsi

rgs

ros

Boi

Bo

Bob

moi

mo

mob

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

170 m3/m3

1 kg/m3

836 kg/m3

1.637 vol / vol

1.676 vol / vol

1.711 vol / vol

0.40 cp

0.35 cp

0.31 cp

Water properties

Water viscosity @ 112C

Water viscosity @ 50C

Water compressibility

14

Alpha Field

mw = 0.27cp

mw* = 0.58 cp

cw = 0.5 10-4 bar-1

Reservoir Data

15

Alpha Field

Reservoir Data

16

Alpha Field

Reservoir Data

17

Alpha Field

Reservoir Data

Lab measurements

What is the measured saturation pressure?

Can you calculate oil density at initial pressure, 340 bars and saturation

pressure?

At which pressure oil density is minimum?

Can you calculate oil average compressibility between initial pressure and

saturation pressure?

PVT functions

18

Why solution gas ratio constant above 270 bars?

What is the relationship between gas Z factor and gas volume factor?

Can you check this relationship at saturation pressure?

Alpha Field

Reservoir Data

Data Review

Reservoir Pressure

19

Alpha Field

Reservoir Data

20

Alpha Field

Reservoir Data

21

Alpha Field

Reservoir Data

Can you compare free water levels & oil density on wells 3/9a-2 and 3/9a-4?

Can you derive initial pressure at datum (3200 m TVDss) on wells 3/9a-2

and 3/9a-4?

Can you draw some conclusions regarding possible reservoir

compartmentalisation?

Well Test

Can you derive bottom hole flowing pressure and initial reservoir

pressure?

Is initial reservoir pressure compatible with RFT measurements?

Can you calculate the well productivity index associated to the test?

Can you anticipate any influence of well flow rate on well productivity

index?

22

Alpha Field

Reservoir Data

Data Analysis

Well Testing

23

Alpha Field

Reservoir Data

24

Alpha Field

Reservoir Data

25

Alpha Field

Reservoir Data

26

Alpha Field

Reservoir Data

27

Alpha Field

Reservoir Data

28

Alpha Field

Reservoir Data

29

Alpha Field

Reservoir Data

30

Alpha Field

Reservoir Data

Sg

1 - Re re

Ln

0.75

Re rw

Exploration

well

h, perforated interval (m)

h/H ratio

Re, Partial penetration

efficiency

Drainage radius (m)

Well radius (m)

Geometric skin

31

Alpha Field

Reservoir Data

Identify the duration of well bore storage & skin effect

Identify the K.H. of the formation?

Can you identify a no flow boundary? Explain why?

Identify the K.H. of the formation?

Identify the skin effect

Can you identify a no flow boundary? Explain why?

Calculate the productivity index corresponding to skin of 60?

Calculate the productivity index corresponding to a zero skin?

Give your comments

32

Alpha Field

Reservoir Data

Data Analysis

33

Alpha Field

Reservoir Data

Work to Do

Microscopic Displacement

Complete the following table

Fluids Mobility

Calculate the mobility ratio in Tarbert and Ness corresponding to a

reservoir pressure of 450 bars and 340 bars

34

Alpha Field

Reservoir Data

Work to Do

Fractional Flow

Give the expression of the three components of the fractional flow

(mobility term, gravity term, capillary term)

Front Saturation

Give the expression of the front saturation by taking into account the

mobility term

Calculate this saturation in Tarbert & Ness formations

What can be said about this saturation if the reservoir dip is taken into

account?

35

Alpha Field

Reservoir Data

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