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Alpha Field

---------Reservoir Data

Etienne MOREAU

Outline

Data Review
Rock Properties
Fluids' Properties
Reservoir Pressure

Data Analysis
Well Testing
Water Oil Displacement

Alpha Field

Reservoir Data

Data Review

Rock Properties

Alpha Field

Reservoir Data

Rock Properties

Permeability (Core / Test)


Air permeabilities measured on clean cores and compared with well tests
Kh test / kh core ratio (average 0.7 in hydrocarbon zone)
Permeability decrease below OWC

Capillary pressure
Initial Sw similar in majority of Ness & Tarbert ~22%
But higher in Ness close to OWC ~30%

Wettability
Capillary tests on preserved and unpreserved cores
Water wet in aquifer and mixed wettability at top of reservoir

Relative permeabilities
SCAL on small plugs to determine Sorw but scatter in measurements
Not fixed for field life : further analysis can be required after start up based
on saturation logging, matching of field performance.

Alpha Field

Reservoir Data

Rock Properties: Core Permeability

Alpha Field

Reservoir Data

Rock Properties: Capillary Tests

Alpha Field

Reservoir Data

Rock Properties: Relative Permeability

Alpha Field

Reservoir Data

Rock Properties: Work To Do

Core Permeability (Core / Test)


Is K.H. core calculated over total or net reservoir thickness?
Can you explain why the ratio K.H core / K.H test is not equal to 1?

Capillary pressure & wettability


Can you calculate irreducible water saturation in Tarbert & Ness?
How varies maximum capillary pressure with wettability?
Why maximum capillary pressure in Ness is higher than in Tarbert?

Relative permeabilities

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How varies the curves when the flow rate varies


How varies these curves when the oil viscosity varies
How varies maximum water rel. perm with wettability?
Why maximum water rel perm in Ness is lower than in Tarbert?

Alpha Field

Reservoir Data

Data Review

Fluids' Properties

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Reservoir Data

Fluids' Properties: Fluids' Properties

Hydrocarbon properties
Lab measurements
Constant Composition Expansion
Constant Volume Depletion

Composition
PVT properties
Saturation pressure
Black oil functions for oil and gas

Water analysis
Compatibility study with injection water (scaling risk)
Salinity

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Reservoir Data

Fluids' Properties: Lab measurements

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Alpha Field

Reservoir Data

Fluids' Properties: Lab measurements

Initial conditions
Reservoir pressure
Reservoir temperature

Pi = 451 bar @ 3200 m TVSss


Tr = 112 C

Oil & Gas properties


Saturation pressure
Solution GOR
Gas density @ surface
Oil density @ surface
Oil Bo @ Pi
Oil Bo @ 340 b
Oil Bo @ Pb
Oil viscosity @ Pi
Oil viscosity @ 340 b
Oil viscosity @ Pb

Pb
Rsi
rgs
ros
Boi
Bo
Bob
moi
mo
mob

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

270.1 barg @ 112C


170 m3/m3
1 kg/m3
836 kg/m3
1.637 vol / vol
1.676 vol / vol
1.711 vol / vol
0.40 cp
0.35 cp
0.31 cp

Water properties
Water viscosity @ 112C
Water viscosity @ 50C
Water compressibility

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Alpha Field

mw = 0.27cp
mw* = 0.58 cp
cw = 0.5 10-4 bar-1

Reservoir Data

Fluids' Properties: Fluid Composition

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Reservoir Data

Fluids' Properties: PVT functions (Oil)

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Alpha Field

Reservoir Data

Fluids' Properties: PVT functions (Gas)

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Reservoir Data

Fluids' Properties: Work To Do

Lab measurements
What is the measured saturation pressure?
Can you calculate oil density at initial pressure, 340 bars and saturation
pressure?
At which pressure oil density is minimum?
Can you calculate oil average compressibility between initial pressure and
saturation pressure?

PVT functions

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At which pressure oil volume factor is maximum?


Why solution gas ratio constant above 270 bars?
What is the relationship between gas Z factor and gas volume factor?
Can you check this relationship at saturation pressure?

Alpha Field

Reservoir Data

Data Review

Reservoir Pressure

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Reservoir Data

Reservoir Pressure: RFT data

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Reservoir Data

Reservoir Pressure: Well Testing

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Reservoir Data

Reservoir Pressure: Work To Do

RFT Pressure ( Initial Pressure versus depth)


Can you compare free water levels & oil density on wells 3/9a-2 and 3/9a-4?
Can you derive initial pressure at datum (3200 m TVDss) on wells 3/9a-2
and 3/9a-4?
Can you draw some conclusions regarding possible reservoir
compartmentalisation?

Well Test
Can you derive bottom hole flowing pressure and initial reservoir
pressure?
Is initial reservoir pressure compatible with RFT measurements?
Can you calculate the well productivity index associated to the test?
Can you anticipate any influence of well flow rate on well productivity
index?

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Reservoir Data

Data Analysis

Well Testing

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Reservoir Data

Well Testing: Main Data

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Reservoir Data

Well Testing: Unit Systems

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Reservoir Data

Well Testing: Unit Systems

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Reservoir Data

Well Testing: Log Log Analysis

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Reservoir Data

Well Testing: Semi Log Analysis

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Reservoir Data

Well Testing: Skin Calculation

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Reservoir Data

Well Testing: Investigation Radius

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Reservoir Data

Well Testing: Partial Penetration Effect


Sg

1 - Re re
Ln
0.75

Re rw

Exploration
well

H, total thickness (m)


h, perforated interval (m)
h/H ratio
Re, Partial penetration
efficiency
Drainage radius (m)
Well radius (m)
Geometric skin

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Alpha Field

Reservoir Data

Well Testing: Work To Do

Log log Analysis

Identify the duration of well bore storage


Identify the duration of well bore storage & skin effect
Identify the K.H. of the formation?
Can you identify a no flow boundary? Explain why?

Semi log Analysis


Identify the K.H. of the formation?
Identify the skin effect
Can you identify a no flow boundary? Explain why?

Productivity index calculations


Calculate the productivity index corresponding to skin of 60?
Calculate the productivity index corresponding to a zero skin?
Give your comments

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Reservoir Data

Data Analysis

Water Oil Displacement

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Alpha Field

Reservoir Data

Work to Do

Microscopic Displacement
Complete the following table

Calculate the displacement efficiency in Tarbert and Ness

Fluids Mobility
Calculate the mobility ratio in Tarbert and Ness corresponding to a
reservoir pressure of 450 bars and 340 bars

Give your comments


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Reservoir Data

Work to Do

Fractional Flow
Give the expression of the three components of the fractional flow
(mobility term, gravity term, capillary term)

Front Saturation
Give the expression of the front saturation by taking into account the
mobility term
Calculate this saturation in Tarbert & Ness formations
What can be said about this saturation if the reservoir dip is taken into
account?

Give your comments

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Alpha Field

Reservoir Data