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REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES

EULOGIO AMANG RODRIGUEZ INSTITUTE OF


SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
Nagtahan,Sampaloc,Manila

THE STUDY SKILLS OF ENTREPRENEURIAL MANAGEMENT STUDENTS


IN COLLEGE OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION,
EARIST MANILA: AN ASSESMENT
A Thesis
Presented to the Faculty
College of Business Administration
Eulogio Amang Rodriguez
Institute of Science and Technology
Nagtahan, Manila

In Partial Fulfillment of the


Requirements for the Degree
Bachelor of Science in Business Administration (BSBA)
Major in Entrepreneurial Management

By:
Albus, Mark Anthony
Dayag, Marielle Anne C.
De Vera, Myra P.
Eslera, Jan-Jan S.
Estabillo, Jasmin T.
Rodriguez, Jhonnydel F.

SY 2016-2017

REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES


EULOGIO AMANG RODRIGUEZ INSTITUTE OF
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
Nagtahan,Sampaloc,Manila

CERTIFICATION
This thesis entitled THE STUDY SKILLS OF ENTREPRENEURIAL
MANAGEMENT STUDENTS IN COLLEGE OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION, EARIST
MANILA: AN ASSESMENT prepared and submitted by Albus, Mark Anthony, Dayag,
Marielle Anne, De Vera, Myra, Eslera, Jan-Jan, Estabillo, Jasmin in partial fulfillment of the
requirements for the degree of Bachelor of Science in Business Administration, Major in
Entrepreneurial Management has been examined and recommended for ORAL
EXAMINATION.

APPROVAL SHEET

Approved by the Panel for Oral Defense on

Chairman
Member
Accepted in partial fulfillment for the degree of Bachelor of Science in Business
Administration major in EntrepreneurialManagement.

PROF. ROSEMARIE R. SAN LUIS


Subject Teacher
Approved:
DR. MARGARITA R. SAIDALI
Dean

REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES


EULOGIO AMANG RODRIGUEZ INSTITUTE OF
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
Nagtahan,Sampaloc,Manila

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page

Approval Sheet
Abstract
Acknowledge
Dedication
List of Tables
List of Figures
Chapter 1: The Problem and Its background
Scope and Delimitation
Signifnicance of the Study
Introduction
Background of the Study
Theoretical Framework
Conceptual Framework
Statement of the Problem
Hypothesis
Definition of Terms
Chapter 2: Review of Related Literature and Studies
Local Literature
Foreign Literature
Local Studies
Foreign Studies
Relevance of related literature and studies to the present study
Chapter 3: Methods of Research
Research Methods
Respondents of the Study

REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES


EULOGIO AMANG RODRIGUEZ INSTITUTE OF
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
Nagtahan,Sampaloc,Manila

Sampling Procedure
Research Instrument
Data Gathering Procedure
Statistical Treatment of Data
Chapter 4: Presentation, Analysis, and Interpretation of Data
Sub-Problem No.1
Sub-Problem No. 2
Sub-Problem No. 3
Chapter 5: Summary of Findings, Conclusions and Recommendations
Summary of Findings
Conclusion
Recommendations
Bibliography
Appendices
Letter of Permission to Conduct Study
Letter to Respondents
Questionnaire
Resume

REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES


EULOGIO AMANG RODRIGUEZ INSTITUTE OF
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
Nagtahan,Sampaloc,Manila

Chapter 1
THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND

Introduction

Study Skills or study strategies are approaches applied to learning. They are
generally critical to success in school, consider essential for acquiring good grades and
useful for learning throughout ones life. RespiciousRwehumbiza in his book
Understanding Examination Techniques and Effective study Strategies in 2013 asserted
that the most students fail in examination taking techniques.
Study skills are an array of skills which tackles the process of organizing and
taking in new information, or dealing with assessment. They include mnenomics which
aid the retention of list of information, effective reading, concentration techniques and
efficient note taking.
While often left up to the students and their support network, study skills are
increasingly taught in high school and the college level. A number of books and websites
are available, from works on specific techniques such as Tony Buzans books on mind-

REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES


EULOGIO AMANG RODRIGUEZ INSTITUTE OF
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
Nagtahan,Sampaloc,Manila

mapping to general guides to successful study such as those by Stella Cottrell and
Understanding

Examination

Techniques

and

Effective

study

Strategies

by

RespiciousRwehumbiza.
More broadly, any skill which assists boosts a persons ability to study, retain and
recall information which assists in and passing exams can be termed a study skill, and
this could include time management and motivational techniques.
Study skills are discrete techniques that can be learned, usually in a short and applied to
all or most fields of study.

The must therefore be distinguished from strategies that are

specific to a particular field of study e.g. music or technology and from abilities inherent in the
student, such as aspects intelligence or learning style.

Background of the Study


Study skills are the skills you need to enable you to study and learn efficiently
they are an important set of transferable skills. It plays a major role to get and maintain a
high grades. Moreover, it is a key to cope up easily with them discussion, sharpens your
mind and improve your time management. Today, there are many college students
dropping and failing their subjects. This may due of lack of study skills. Study skills can
be affected by the environment in which the students studies.The amount of time used for

REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES


EULOGIO AMANG RODRIGUEZ INSTITUTE OF
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
Nagtahan,Sampaloc,Manila

studying is another affecting factor. Good study skills minimize failure and enable
students to take advantage of learning opportunities.
This study comprised of the assessment level of study skills of 2nd and 4th year
entrepreneurial student. This will increase the awareness of how to study and become
more confident, once mastered, study skills will be beneficial throughout the life.

A. Conceptual Framework
The conceptual framework is a set of coherent ideas or concepts organized in manner
that makes it easy for them to communicate with each other. It uses an IPO model that
shows how the data is bringing together in order to be processed and provide a certain
output. The IPO includes requirements that are needed for the study.

REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES


EULOGIO AMANG RODRIGUEZ INSTITUTE OF
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
Nagtahan,Sampaloc,Manila

O
u
t
p
u
t

F
E
E
D
B
A
C
K
Figure 1. Conceptual Paradigm

Figure 1 shown for the input, the researchers sought for the profiles of the students: Age,
Gender, and Year level. It also includes the level of the study skill of the students in terms

REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES


EULOGIO AMANG RODRIGUEZ INSTITUTE OF
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
Nagtahan,Sampaloc,Manila

of Reading, Note Taking, Memorizing, Time Management and Test preparation. The
process included the collection of data through used of survey questionnaires, analysis
and interpreting of data. The output of the study is to assess the current level of study
skills of the students. Improvement of study skills and excellent grades can be achieved
as Feedback.

Statement of the Problem


This study attempts to determine the level of study skills of Entrpreneurial Management
students in College of Business Administration.
Specifically it sought to answer the following questions:
1. What are the socio-demographic profile of the students in terms of:
1.1 Age
1.2 Gender
1.3 Year level

2. What is the level of study skills of students according to the following:


2.1 Reading

2.4 Time management

2.2 Note Taking

2.5 Test preparation

2.3 Memorizing

Is there a difference between the response of 3 groups of respondentson the level of study
skills in terms of the afore mentioned variables?

Hypothesis

Theres a difference between the responses of 2 groups of respondents on the


level of study skills.

Scope and Delimitation


The study seeks to determine the factors that affect the study skills among
Entrepreneurial Management students. The researcher will give a self-evaluation
questionnaire that is required to answer by 2 nd year and 4th year students of EARIST,
regarding with their study skills in terms of; Concentration, Time management, Note
taking and Test preparation. The study is largely dependent on the study, sincerity and
integrity of the respondents.
Significance of the Study
The researchers believe that students, particularly EARIST Manila will be
benefited from the findings of this study.
School administrators.likesubject area coordinators, may also be guided in the
formulation of future modification of educational policies, curriculum and strategies
toward a more effective delivery of learning.

Professor.willalso be help in understanding better the diversity of learning of their


students. As such, it is hoped that they could develop more effective methodologies in
teaching their subject matter.
Dean. willalso be help by this study through providing a more focused and factual
knowledge on the factors affecting students study habits. This increased the
understanding of the DEAN on the interplay of the variables studied in this research.
Such knowledge is hoped to help the DEAN practitioners towards the development and
implementation of more effective programs in consideration of these variables.
Students.will be given information on how study affects their academic performance. The
result of the study will make them aware of the common study habits among their coeducation students.
Future Researchers.they may be able to use the result of the study in farther research
similar to what the study is.

Definition of Terms
ACADEMIC EXCELLENCE.Has been identified with achieving high grades and
superior performance.
COLLEGE OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION (CBA).An organization of the
students courses.
COPE UP. To contend with difficulties and act to overcome them.
ENHANCE. To increase or improve the performance of the students.

ENTREPRENEURIAL MANAGEMENT.Curriculum builds the skills necessary to


successfully develop or manage a business enterprise.
FRAMEWORK.A set of ideas or facts that provide support for something.
MEMORIZING. To commit to memory, learn so as to remember.
MOTIVATION.The act or process of giving someone a reason for doing tasks or range
of skills or knowledge for working on a several different projects.
NOTETAKING. The practice of recording information captured from another source.
By taking notes, the writer records the essence of the information, freeing their mind
from having to recall everything.
PERSISTENCE.The quality that allows something or trying to do something even
though it is difficult or opposed by other people.
READING.The action or skill of reading written or printed manner silently or loud.
STUDY SKILLS. Study strategies are approaches applied learning.
TEST PREPARATION.To ascertain (the worth, capability, or endurance) of (a person or
thing) by subjection to certain examinations; try
TIME MANAGEMENT. The act or process of planning and exercising conscious
control over the amount of time spent on specific activities, especially to increase
effectiveness, efficiency or productivity.

CHAPTER 2
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES

The purpose of the review of related literature and studies is to give several ideas
on how the researchers formulate the proposed study.

Local Literature
Ortinero (2000) particularly highlights of family and environment in students
acquisition of rational capacities and skills. It has been scientifically confirmed that
family upbringing, neighborhood culture, schooling experience and the national milieu
positively or adversely affect the shaping of rational capacities.
It is believe that good study habits and positive attitude towards learning proven
in many studies enhance the process of learning skills, including reasoning skills. Good
study habits lead to enhancement in learning as ability improves and sharpens through
mastery of principles and by means of training, exercise and constancy of application

Local studies (Muege 2003; Acuna 2000; Orteza 1999) have also stressed the
need for students to acquire reasoning skills that would enable them to think critically and
to make the right decisions claims on issue.
According to Salandanan (2008) the most important goal of education is to teach
the student how to learn in their own. The quotation on the side margin stresses this. It is
vital that students acquire the skills of how to learn; and that these skills enable them to
learn not just while they are in school but for a lifetime. This entails a deeper awareness
of how one processes information, the ability to evaluate his own thinking and to think of
ways to make his own learning process more effective. Proficiency in employing a
variety of instructional methodologies is the best guarantee of attaining a desired learning
outcome.

Foreign Literature
In conformity with Mcnight (2006) he explained that habits are formed through
repetition. Once formed, habits are difficult to break. And it I formed when we are young
and are likely to stay with us in all our lives. It requires experiences whether they may
bad or may be good. Sometimes it may refer also as a routine of a person as he or she
lives his or her life. Habits are being chosen and not hut something that happens without
a reason. As for the study habit specifically, it has to be processed and developed in order
to come up with a good one. It is not easy for students especially those who are not
consistent with what they are doing to develop their study habit because it requires
consistency and persistence in order to let ones study habit stay in our lives. Attaining
ones ideal study habit is a long-way process.

Mark Crilly (2000) said that Successful students are able to balance social
activities with good study habits. A diversion from studies will alleviate stress and help
prevent from becoming fatigued. He said that a student should make sure that he must
take a break for an hour after studies to meet with friends to play some cards, work out at
the gym, or to gab with anew acquaintance. For this way, that student will find
concentration when he does study, if he plans a social activity afterwards. He said, To
develop a healthy social life, develop routine study habits. After supper, lug your books
and homework to the library, fond a comfortable and quiet riche, and study for two or
three hours, taking intermittent 10 minute breaks every 45 minutes or so, Making friends
with whom you share similar study habits, and share a table or a study space with them
would be a best way in developing study habits as what Mark said.
Frank Pogue (2000) did a research project to determine why students fail. What
he founds to be true in that study habits survey was that more than 30 years age still rings
true today-students fail because they do not know how to study. The best advice he can
give is to develop sound study skills. He said that a student should make sure that he/she
has a good study environment, a good desk, a study chair, good light, comfortable room
temperature and a quiet atmosphere.
In terms of age, Andrew (2006) stated that the older the respondent, the better
grade he gains, expecting that results of this study will yield more older respondents with
better performance. Older existence means better experience. Experience enhances the
way of thinking and gains a sharper view for studying. Age surely doesnt matter but
when it comes to thinking, it does. Critical thinking and understanding are developed
through time and studying.

Local Studies
According to Muega (2003), students need to acquire reasoning skills that would
enable them to think critically and to make the right decisions claims on issues.
Reasoning entails presentation of arguments; it is when one makes conclusions from what
he reads. It is from reading and seasoning one gets to extend his knowledge critically.
The Filipino females under study are more likely to procrastinate and they are
relaxed-pleasure seeking type of procrastinators. In the Filipino culture, women are
expected to be the helper of the husband, and support the family with their income after
school or marriage. These conforming to these roles easily, they tend to put off doing or
performing then instead. Males on the other hand, are tensed-afraid type of procrastinator.
Their basic characteristics as task-oriented, directive and dominating others may explain
why they are tensed-afraid type of procrastinator, Dela Cruz, M.C (Baguio City, 2004)
Based from the unpublished thesis of Jabenete (2004), Study Habits
Enhancement Program: Its Effectiveness It states that the Study Habits Enhancement
Program was established in order to eliminate deficiency in class performance and
promote awareness in improving their learning styles. The researchers formulated the
program based on the students baseline data which was gathered from their given survey
of study habits and attitudes in assessment of adjusting their program. Specifically, the
researchers were able to obtain data from their selected students as profile: sex and grade.
As revealed in the survey, the researchers were able to discover and identify the problems
the students have. These are the delayed attention, learning styles and educational
background.

In terms of age, Andrew (2006) stated that the older the respondents, the better the
grades he gains expecting that results of the study will yield more older respondents with
better performance.

Foreign Studies
Crede and Kunsel (2008) found that non-cognitive factors like study habit, skill
and study motivation, among other attitudinal constructs, accounted for incremental
variance in academic performance beyond standardized tests and previous grades.
Moreover, a literature review by Nagaraju (2004) pointed out that for good academic
success, good study habit and attitude are importants.
According to Chambers (2009), student days are considered to be one of the
busiest moments in our lives. Recitation,, Assignments, projects, and exam are the things
that make students feel exhausted. Aside from that, there work commitments and social
events that they would like to attend. All of these competing demands influence time
management. If the student do not have any idea about bugeting time and keeping a
schedule they can easily spin out of control, get stressed out and faal into bad practices
such as cramming or doing all-nighters. This gives rise to the important of time
management for students.
Nonis and Hudson (2010) also conducted a study on performance of college
students impact of study time and study habits in which they found that some study
habits had a positive direct relationship on student performance but others had a negative
direct relationship

Hassanbeigi et al (2011), in their study of the relationship between various study


skills and academic performance of university students, noted that the study skills scores
of students with GPA of 15 and above (out of 20) were statistically higher than those
students with GPA of less than 15 in all of the seven skills (time management and
procrastination, concentration and memory, study aids and note taking, test strategies and
test anxiety, organizing and processing information, motivation and attitude and reading
and selecting the main idea).
According to Menzel, cited by Rana and Kauser (2011) many students fail not
because they lack ability but because they do not have adequate study skills. Students
who have difficulty in college frequently do not have adequate study habits that affect
their academic achievement. A central problem noted was that many of these students had
not learned how to take effective notes and manage time for studying (cited by Mutsotso
S.N and Abenga E.S., 2010). Moreover, a study by Nagaraju (2004) found that students
usually do not devote sufficient time to their studies and seldom have proper study habits.

Relevance of related Literature and Studies


Each literature and studies are come from article, thesis/dissertation and journals
that are related to the proposed study.
According to the study of Borro (2010) the common reason of drastic decrease of
academic performance of the student is a weak study habit. In the present study the
researcher seeks for the factors that affect the study habits of students; the factors that
causes a weak study habit.

Feilden (2004) once stated that a good study habits have a good effects towards
the academic performance of the students which is hypothetically true.
The present study finds similarities to the study of Jabonete (2004), wherein the
study identified the problems of students to their study skills.

CHAPTER 3
METHODS OF RESEARCH

This chapter presents the method of research, respondents of the study, sampling
procedure, research instruments, data gathering procedure and statistical treatment of
data.

Research Methods
This type of research method that is used by the proponents in this study is the
descriptive research method. That it is focused on the study skills of 2 nd year and 4th year
Entrepreneurial Management students. The descriptive design focuses at the present
condition.
Applied Research defined as scientific study and research that seeks to solve
practical problems. Applied research is used to find solutions to everyday problem, cure
illness and develop innovative technologies. It accesses and uses some part of the
research communities accumulated theories, knowledge, methods and techniques, for
specific, often state-, business- or client- driven purpose. Applied research usually
involves solving useful problems and real world protocois. Krishnakumar (2011).