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College of Science,

Technology
And Applied Arts
Of Trinidad and Tobago
School of LIBERAL ARTS AND HUMAN SERVICES

Developmental Mathematics
Course Outline

Course Code: Math 091

E-Mail Address:

Course Title: Pre-Algebra

Telephone No:

Number of Credits:

Class Hours per week: 3 hours


Duration: 45 Hours

Lecturers Name:

Campus Location:

Recommended Text Book:


Developmental Mathematics: Basic Mathematics and Algebra
2nd Edition
Lial, Hornsby, McGinnis, Salzman, and Hestwood

Purpose of Course:
This course is intended for
students who have either never
been exposed to arithmetic or
who have been away from the
subject for quite some time, as
well as those students seeking
CXC Math equivalence.
The
course is designed to improve
and review skills and concepts,
as
well
as
cultivate
an
appreciation for operations on
numbers.
Pre-Algebra
will
provide
the
mathematical
foundation
for
continued
studies and success in college
math and other areas.

General Objectives:
In this
will:

course,

students

1. Engage in new, creative


challenging ways of learning.

and

2. Gain a greater awareness of ones


own abilities in mathematics.
3. Increase ones level of comfort with
maths place in the world.

January 5, 2016

4. Develop number sense and the


ability to represent numbers in a
variety of forms as well as use
numbers in diverse situations.
5. Use a variety of estimation strategies
and will be able to recognize
situations in which estimation is
appropriate.

6. Develop reasoning ability and


become self reliant, independent
mathematical thinkers.
7. Be able to link mathematics to other
learning by understanding the
interrelationship of mathematical
ideas and the roles the mathematics
play in ones personal and
professional life.
8. Interpret
and
communicate
mathematical symbols and notation
through oral, symbolic, written and
visual forms of expressions.
9. Develop the ability to pose and solve
problems in mathematics and other
authentic situations.
10. Develop an understanding of
Arithmetic concepts and processes,
and will be able to use them to

determine the relations among


variable quantities in order to solve
problems.
11. Determine
how
mathematics
provides a language for the sciences;
plays a role in art, music, and
literature; is applied by economists;
is
used
in
business
and
manufacturing; and has had an
impact on history.
12. Develop ideas on the basis of past
experiences and intuition and test
these ideas by using probabilistic and
statistical reasoning.

January 5, 2016

At the end of this session, the student


will be able to:

Module 1: The Real


Number System
Session 1: Whole Numbers

At the end of this session, the student


will be able to:

Understand and use the


place value system and
expanded notation.
Understand and use the
fundamental properties of
addition of whole
numbers (including use of
number line or another
analogy)
Understand and use the
fundamental properties of
subtraction of whole
numbers (including use of
number line or another
analogy)
Understand and use the
fundamental properties of
multiplication of whole
numbers
Understand the concept
of divisibility
Understand and use the
fundamental properties of
division involving whole
numbers including zero
(use both long division
and short division
methods).
Understand and use the
relationship between
division and
multiplication.
Interpret and perform
arithmetic operations on
whole numbers by
correctly following the
accepted order of
operations in expressions
Homework:

Kuta

Pre-Algebra: Basics
Reading & Writing Whole
Arithmetic Order of Operations
Numbers
Number Theory Divisibility and
Factors
Text: Chapter 1

Use the number line to


understand and introduce
number types (natural,
whole, integer, rational,
irrational and real)
Define natural numbers,
whole numbers and zero
Define an integer
Understand and interpret
positive and negative
numbers.
Compare and order integers
using the number line and
less than and greater
than symbols
Define and use the opposite
of a number e.g. 2 is 2 units
away from 0 in the opposite
direction (moving to the left)
on the number line.
Define and use the Double
Negative Rule e.g. (2) =
+2
Use the number line to
perform addition and
subtraction on integers from
10 to 10.
Perform multiplication and
division on integers.
Recall (2) = 1(2) = 1
multiplied by 2 = +2
Apply whole and integer
number concepts to word
problems involving numbers
from
-20 to 20. (Students should
be able to apply the
knowledge of the -10 to 10
number line to these)
Understand the commutative
and associative properties of
real numbers
Homework:
Kuta worksheets
Infinite Algebra 1 Basic Number
SetsSets of Real Numbers
Infinite Pre-Algebra Arithmetic
Adding and Subtracting integers
Dividing integers
Multiplying Integers
Text: Chapter 9

Session 3 : Number Theory


Session 2: Real numbers and
their properties

January 5, 2016

At the end of this session, the student


will be able to:

Apply number theory


concepts including factors,
multiples, divisors and
primes
Use a factor tree to find the
prime factorization of a given
number
Round off whole numbers
to a specified number of
significant figures
Estimate sums, differences
and products of whole
numbers using rounding
and front end rounding
Define the terms base,
exponent or power
Understand and use natural
number exponents , etc.
(natural number indices
only)
Understand and use the
concept of the square root of
a number
Interpret and perform
arithmetic operations
involving exponents on
whole numbers and square
roots on perfect squares by
correctly following the
accepted order of operations
in expressions
Apply these concepts of
whole numbers to problem
solving for topics in sessions
1 and 2.
Homework:
Kuta
worksheets
Infinite Algebra 1 Basics
Number Sets-Set of Real Numbers
Number Theory Factoring numbers
Exponents - Properties of exponents
(positive exponents only)
Text: Chapter 1, 2 and 9

Session 4: Multiplication and


Division
At the end of this session, the student
will be able to:

Define a rational number


and fraction terminology
e.g. numerator,
denominator, proper
fraction, improper
fraction and mixed
number.
Understand fractions,
fraction notation and

January 5, 2016

place fractions on the


number line.
Understand and interpret
basic facts about fractions
Express a whole or a
mixed number as an
improper fraction
Express an improper
fraction as a whole or
mixed number
Create equivalent
fractions: convert to
higher terms, reduce to
lowest terms
Compare and order
fractions on a number line
by using equivalent
fractions
Use less than and
greater than symbols to
compare rational
numbers.
Perform multiplication
involving proper fractions
Apply fraction
multiplication to solve
word problems
Understand and interpret
the reciprocal of a
number
Perform division involving
proper fractions
Apply fraction division to
solve word problems
Perform fraction
multiplication and division
involving mixed numbers.
Homework: Kuta Pre-Algebra
Arithmetic Multiplying and
dividing fractions and mixed
numbers (selected questions)
Text: Chapter 2

Session 5:
Assessment 1 (35%) containing
material covered in Sessions 1 to
4.
MODULE 2: Fractions,
Decimals, Ratio & Proportion
and Measurement.
Session 6: Adding and

Subtracting Fractions
At the end of this session, the student
will be able to:

Define like and unlike


fractions
Perform addition and
subtraction involving like
fractions
Recall factors and
multiples and use these to
calculate the Lowest
Common Multiple and
Greatest Common Factor
of a list of numbers.
Perform addition and
subtraction of unlike
fractions and use these
operations to solve word
problems
Perform addition and
subtraction of mixed
numbers and use these
operations to solve word
problems
Interpret and perform
arithmetic operations on
mixed numbers by
correctly following the
accepted order of
operations in expressions.
Homework: Kuta Pre-Algebra
Number Theory Factoring numbers,
Greatest Common Factor, Least Common
Multiple
Arithmetic Adding and subtracting
fractions and mixed numbers (selected
questions)
Text: Chapter 3

Session 7: Decimals
At the end of this session, the student
will be able to:
Define a decimal fraction
and interpret the decimal
as a fraction using the
number line.
Define and identify types
of decimals including
exact decimals, recurring
decimals and irrationals.
Understand and use the
place value system and
expanded notation for
decimal fractions.
Use less than and
greater than symbols to
compare decimal
fractions.
Convert decimals to
fractions or mixed
numbers.

January 5, 2016

Round off numbers to a

specified number of
decimal places and
significant figures
Perform addition and
subtraction of decimals
Understand and use
multiplication of decimals
by powers of 10 and
perform multiplication of
decimals
Understand and use
division of decimals by
powers of 10 and perform
division of decimals.
Convert fractions and
mixed numbers to
decimals
Compare and order
decimals and fractions on
a number line
Interpret and perform
arithmetic operations on
decimals by correctly
following the accepted
order of operations in
expressions and use these
to solve word problems

Homework: Kuta Pre-Algebra


Basics Naming decimal places
Arithmetic Converting between fractions and
decimals
Adding and subtracting decimals (selected
questions)
Session
8: Ratio
& Proportion
Multiplying
decimals
(selected questions)
Text: Chapter 4
At the end of this session, the student
will be able to:
Define and understand ratios
Define and understand rates
Understand and find unit rates
Define and understand proportions
Understand the fundamental property
of proportions
Apply ratios, rates and proportions to
problem solving.
Homework:
Kuta Pre-Algebra
Proportions Proportions
Proportion word problems
Text: Chapter 5

Session 9: Measurement
At the end of this session, the student
will be able to:

Review metric units and


recognize the differences
between the SI units and
the American system of
units.
Convert one SI unit to
another for linear, mass
and temperature
measurements
Calculate scales using
ratios and create scale
models of buildings and
structures
Apply these concepts to
problem solving.

Homework:
Text Appendix A
Exercises A.1, A.2, A.3,
and A.4
Note: Students will be provided
with appropriate measurement

Session 10:
Assessment 2 (35%) containing
material covered in Sessions 6 to
9

MODULE 3: Percent &


Statistics
Session 11: Percent
At the end of this session, the student
will be able to:
Understand and interpret
the meaning of percent
Convert a percent to a
decimal or fraction
Convert decimals and
fractions to percents
Calculate a requested
percent of a given number
Understand and use the
Percent Proportion
(calculate unknowns)
Solve application
problems using percents

January 5, 2016

including sales tax,


commissions, discounts
and mark-ups
Homework:
Kuta Pre-Algebra
Arithmetic Converting between percents,
fractions and decimals
Proportion & Percents Simple percent
problems, Finding percent change (mark-up,
discount & tax)
Text: Chapter 6

Session 12: Percent and


Application
At the end of this session, the student
will be able to:
Understand the concept
of interest, hire-purchase,
simple interest and
compound interest.
Apply the concept of hirepurchase to solve
application problems.
Use the simple interest
formula to calculate
amount of interest ( also
any unknown values eg.
principal, rate, time etc.)
Calculate compounded
amounts and interest
using first principles up to
three years
Compare simple interest
and compound interest to
determine the better
option.

Homework:
Kuta
Pre-Algebra
Hire Purchase, Simple and
compound interest
Algebra I Equations Percent Problems
Text: Chapter 6

Session 13: Statistics


At the end of this session, the student
will be able to:
Read and interpret tables

Read and understand


pictographs, bar graphs
and line graphs
Read and interpret
information presented in
a circle graph
Effectively use a
protractor
Construct circle graphs
Read and interpret
information presented in
a bar graph and doublebar graph
Construct simple bar
graphs and double bar
graphs
Read and interpret
information presented in
a line graph and a
comparison line graph

Homework:
Text Chapter 8
Page 596: Test Your Word Power
Page 601: Review Exercises
(R.E.)

Prepare a simple
frequency distribution
table for a given set of
data
Construct a grouped
frequency table for a
given set of data
Construct a simple
histogram.
Understand, interpret and
calculate the mean and
weighted mean of a given
set of data
Understand, interpret and
calculate the median of a
given set of data
Understand, interpret and
find the mode of a given
set of data
Determine which measure
of central tendency is
most appropriate in
various situations

Homework:
Text Chapter
8
Page 596: Test Your Word
Power

Session 15:

Session 14: Statistics


At the end of this session, the student
will be able to:
Understand and interpret
a frequency distribution

January 5, 2016

Assessment 3 (30%) containing


material covered in Sessions 11 to
14.

METHOD OF ASSESSMENT
Assessment 1
Assessment 2
Assessment 3
Total

35%
35%
30%
100%

A student must obtain 60% or higher to pass this course.

GRADING SYSTEM
Symbol

Range

Definitions

Department
Performance
Criteria

90-100

Exceptional

Exemplary

B+

85-89

Very Good

Competent

80-84

Good

C+

75-79

Satisfactory

70-74

Satisfactory

D+

65-69

Passing

60-64

Passing

Emerging