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: 
1. What is elect ric flux? Writ e it s S. I . unit s. Using Gauss’s t heorem, deduce an
expression for t he elect ric field at a point due t o a uniformly charged infinit e
plane sheet .
2007 Boar d Quest i ons: 
1. Writ e t he relat ion for t he forece act ing on a charge carrier q moving wit h a
velocit y t hrough a magnet ic field in vect or not at ion. Using t his relat ion,
deduce t he condit ions under which t his force will be ( i) maximum (ii) minimum.
2. The elect ric field E due t o a point charge at any point near it is defined as
where q is t he t est charge and F is t he force act ing on it . What is t he physical
significance of in t his expression? Draw t he elect ric field lines of a point
charge Q when
Q > 0 and
Q < 0. 2
3. Define elect ric flux. Writ e it s S. I . unit s. A spherical rubber balloon carries a
charge t hat is uniformly dist ribut ed over it s surface. As t he balloon is blown
up and increases in size, how does t he t ot al elect ric flux coming out of t he
surface change? Give reason.
2008 Boar d Quest i ons: 
`
1. ( a) Using Gauss’ law, derive an expression for t he elect ric field int ensit y at
any point out side a uniformly charge t hin spherical shell of radius R and
charge densit y 2 / C m s Draw t he field lines when t he charge densit y of
t he sphere is ( i) posit ive, ( ii) negat ive.
( b) A uniformly charged conduct ing sphere of 2. 5m in diamet er has a surface
charge densit y of
100 2 / C m m calculat e t he
( i) Charge on t he sphere
( ii) Tot al eclect ic flux passing t hrough t he sphere
2. ( a) Derive an expression for t he t orque experienced by an elect ric dipole kept
in a uniform elect ric field.
( b) Calculat e t he work done t o dissociat e t he syst em of t hree charges placed
on t he vert ices of a t riangle as shown.
ELECTRI C CHARGES AND FI ELDS
Here q = 1. 6´ 10 10C
2006 Boar d Quest i ons: 
1. Define t he t erm ‘dielect ric const ant ’ of a medium in t erms of capacit ance of a
capacit or.
2. The elect ric field and elect ric pot ent ial at any point due t o a point charge kept
in air is 20 NC1 and 10 JC1 respectively. Compute the magnitude of this charge.
3. The given graph shows t he variat ion of charge q versus pot ent ial difference V
for t wo capacit ors . The t wo capacit ors C
1
and C
2
have same plat e separat ion
but t he plat e area of C
2
is double t han t hat of C
1
. Which of t he lines in t he graph
correspond t o C
1
and C
2
and why?
2007 Boar d Quest i ons: 
1. Deduce an expression for t he elect ric pot ent ial due t o an elect ric dipole at any
point on it s axis. Ment ion one cont rast ing feat ure of elect ric pot ent ial of a
dipole at a point as compared t o t hat due t o a single charge.
2. A parallel plat e capacit or, each wit h plat e area A and separat ion d, is charged
t o a pot ent ial difference V. The bat t ery used t o charge it is t hen disconnect ed.
A dielect ric slab of t hickness d and dielect ric const ant K is now placed
bet ween t he plat es. What change, if any, will t ake place in
Charge on t he plat es
Elect ric field int ensit y bet ween t he plat es
Capacit ance of t he capacit or.
Just ify your answer in each case.
ELECTROSTATI C POTENTI ALS AND CAPACI TANCE
10cm 10cm
10cm
q
+ 2q –4q
q
A
B
V
2008 Boar d Quest i ons: 
1. Derive the expression for the electric potential at any point along the axial
line of an electric dipole?
2. Prove that an ideal capacitor, in an a.c. circuit does not dissipate power.
2006 Boar d Quest i ons: 
1. Sketch a graph showing variation of resistivity of carbon with temperature.
2. Write the mathematical relation between mobility and drift velocity of charge
carriers in a conductor. Name the mobile charge carriers responsible for
conduction of electric current in
i. An electrolyte
ii. An ionized gas.
3. Derive a mathematical expression for the force per unit length experienced
by each of the two long current carrying conductors placed parallel to each
other in air. Hence define one ampere of current.
4. Explain why two parallel straight conductors carrying current in the opposite
direction kept near each other in air repel?
5. The given circuit diagram shows a series LCR circuit connected to a variable
frequency 230 V source:
a. Determine the source frequency which drives the circuit in resonance.
b. Obtain the impedance of the circuit and the amplitude of current at
the resonating frequency.
c. Determine the rms potential drops across the three elements of the
circuit.
d. How do you explain the observation that the algebraic sum of the voltages
across the three elements obtained in (c) is greater than the supplied voltage?
CURRENT ELECTRI CI TY
~
230 V
5.0 H 40 Ω 80 uF
6. A 10 m long wire of uniform crosssection and 20Ω resistance is used in a
potentiometer. The wire is connected in series with a battery of 5 V along with
an external resistance of 480Ω. If an unknown emf E is balanced at 6.0 m
length of the wire, calculate:
7. Two cells E
1
and E
2
in the given circuit diagram have an emf of 5 V and 9 V
and internal resistance of 0.3Ω and 1.2Ω respectively.
Calculate the value of current flowing through the resistance of 3Ω.
8. Define the terms threshold frequency and stopping potential in relation to the
phenomenon of photoelectric effect. How is the photoelectric current affected
on increasing the (i) frequency (ii) intensity of the incident radiations and why?
2007 Boar d Quest i ons: 
1. A cylindrical metallic wire is stretched to increase its length by 5%. Calculate
the percentage change in its resistance.
2. State Kirchhoff's rules of current distribution in an electrical network. Using
these rules determine the value of the current in the electric circuit given below.
3. Write the mathematical relation for the resistivity of a material in terms of
relaxation time, number density and mass and charge of charge carriers in it.
Explain, using this relation, why the resistivity of a metal increases and that
of a semiconductor decreases with rise in temperature.
4. Given below are two electric circuits A and B Calculate the ratio of power
factor of the circuit B to the power factor of circuit A.
E
1
E
1
6Ω
3Ω
4.5Ω
2008 Boar d Quest i ons: 
1. The plot of t he variat ion of pot ent ial difference across a combinat ion of t hree
ident ical cells in series, versus current is as shown below. What is t he emf of
each, cell?
2. Der i ve an expr essi on f or t he i mpedance of a. c. ci r cui t consi st i ng of an
i nduct or and a resist or.
3. A pot ent iomet er wire of lengt h lm is connect ed t o a drive cell of emf 3 V as
shown in t he figure. When a cell of 1. 5 V emf is used in t he secondary circuit ,
t he balance point is found t o be 60cm. On replacing t his cell and using a cell
of unknown emf, t he balance point shift s t o 80cm
( i) Calculat e unknown emf of t he cell.
( ii) Explain wit h reason, whet her t he circuit works, if t he drive cell is replaced
wit h a cell emf 1V.
( iii) Does t he high resist ance R, used in t he secondary circuit affect t he balance
point ? Just ify your answer.
V
6V
0 1V
i
3V
B A
1. 5V
R
2006 Boar d Quest i ons: 
1. The vertical component of Earth’s magnetic field at a place is times the
horizontal component. What is the value of angle of dip at this place?
2. State the principle of working of a cyclotron. Write two uses of this machine.
3. With the help of a neat and labelled diagram, explain the underlying principle
and working of a moving coil galvanometer. What is the function of:
i. Uniform radial field
ii. Soft iron core in such a device?
4. Draw a schematic diagram of a cyclotron. Explain its underlying principle and
working, stating clearly the function of the electric and magnetic fields applied
on a charged particle. Deduce an expression for the period of revolution and
show that it does not depend on the speed of the charged particle.
2007 Boar d Quest i ons: 
1. Why should the material used for making permanent magnets have high coercivity?
2008 Boar d Quest i ons: 
1. A metallic rod of length l is rotated at a constant angular speed, normal to a
uniform magnetic field B. Derive an expression for the current induced in the rod, if
the resistance of the rod is R.
MOVI NG CHARGES AND MAGNETI SM
MAGNETI SM AND MATTER
x
x
o
R
o
2
i
1
1
R
2006 Boar d Quest i ons: 
1. How is t he mut ual induct ance of a pair of coils affect ed when: 3
i. Separat ion bet ween t he coils is increased?
ii. The number of t urns of each coil is increased?
iii. A t hin iron sheet is placed bet ween t he t wo coils, ot her fact ors remaining
t he same? Explain your answer in each case.
2006 Boar d Quest i ons: 
1. The primary coi l of an i deal st ep up t ransf or mer has 100 t ur ns and t he
t ransf or mat i on rat i o i s also 100. The input volt age t he power is 220 V and
1100 W respect ively. Calculat e:
a. number of t urns in t he secondary
b. t he current in t he primary
c. volt age across t he secondary
d. t he current in t he secondary
e. power in t he secondary
2007 Boar d Quest i ons: 
1. Dist inguish bet ween t he t erms ' average value' and ' rms value' of an alt ernat ing
current . The inst ant aneous current from an a. c. source is I = 5 sin ( 314 t )
ampere. What are t he average and rms values of t he current ?
2. Explain wit h t he help of a labelled diagram t he underlying principle and working
of a st ep up t ransformer. Why cannot such a device be used t o st ep up d. c.
volt age?
3. Draw a labelled diagram of an a. c. generat or. Explain briefly it s principle and
working.
4. Explain, wit h t he help of a schemat ic diagram, t he principle and working of a
Light Emit t ing Diode. What crit erion is kept in mind while choosing t he semi
conduct or mat erial for such a device? Writ e any t wo advant ages of Light
Emit t ing Diode over convent ional incandescent lamps.
ELECTROMAGNETI C I NDUCTI ON
HUMAN EYE AND COLOURFUL WORLD
2008 Boar d Quest i ons: 
1. The oscillat ing magnet ic field in a plane elect romagnet ic wave is given by
By = ( 8 x 10
–6
) sin [ 2 x 10
11
t + 300πx] T
( i) Calculat e t he wavelengt h of t he elect romagnet ic wave.
( ii) Writ e down t he expression for t he oscillat ing elect ric field.
2006 Boar d Quest i ons: 
1. Draw a labelled diagram of Hertz’s experimental setup to produce electromagnetic
waves. Explain t he generat ion of elect romagnet ic waves using t his set up.
2. Define t he t erm ‘crit ical frequency’ in relat ion t o sky wave propagat ion of
elect romagnet ic waves.
On a part icular day, t he maximum frequency reflect ed from t he ionosphere is
10 MHz. On anot her day, it was found t o decrease t o 8 MHz. Calculat e t he
rat io of t he maximum elect ron densit ies of t he ionosphere on t he t wo days.
2007 Boar d Quest i ons: 
1. Writ e any four charact erist ics of elect romagnet ic waves. Give t wo uses each of
1. Radio waves
2. Micro waves.
2. What is meant by t he t erm “ magnet ic field lines” ? List t wo propert ies of
magnet ic field lines.
2008 Boar d Quest i ons: 
1. Name t he part of t he elect romagnet ic spect rum of wavelengt h 10 2 m and
ment ion it s one applicat ion.
2006 Boar d Quest i ons: 
1. Draw a labelled ray diagram of a reflect ing t ype t elescope. Writ e it s any one
advant age over refract ing t ype t elescope.
2. What is diffract ion of light ? Draw a graph showing t he variat ion of int ensit y
wit h angle in a single slit diffract ion experiment . Writ e one feat ure which
dist inguishes t he observed pat t ern from t he double slit int erference pat t ern.
ELECTROMAGNETI C WAVES
RAY OPTI CS AND OPTI CAL I NSTRUMENTS
3. How would t he diffract ion pat t ern of a single slit be affect ed when:
i. The widt h of t he slit is decreased?
ii. The monochromat ic source of light is replaced by a source of whit e light ?
4. What is int erference of light ? Writ e t wo essent ial condit ions for sust ained
int erference pat t ern t o be produced on t he screen.
5. A convex lens made up of glass of refract ive index 1. 5 is dipped, in t urn, in:
i. Medium A of refract ive index 1. 65
ii. Medium B of refract ive index 1. 33
Explain, giving reasons, whet her it will behave as a converging lens or a
diverging lens in each of t hese t wo media.
2007 Boar d Quest i ons: 
1. A convex lens of refract ive index 1.5 has a focal lengt h of 18 cm in air. Calculat e
t he change in it s focal lengt h when it is immersed in wat er of refract ive index.
2. Define t he t erm ' resolving power' of an ast ronomical t elescope. How does it
get affect ed on
1. I ncreasing t he apert ure of t he obj ect ive lens?
2. I ncreasing t he wavelengt h of t he light used?
Just ify your answer in each case.
3. Explain, wit h t he help of a schemat ic diagram, t he principle and working of a
Li ght Emi t t i ng Di ode. What cr i t er i on i s kept i n mi nd whi l e choosi ng t he
semiconduct or mat erial for such a device? Writ e any t wo advant ages of Light
Emit t ing Diode over convent ional incandescent lamps.
2008 Boar d Quest i ons: 
1. A glass lens of refract ive index 1. 5 is placed in a t rough of liquid. What must
be t he refract ive index of t he liquid in order t o make t he lens disappear?
2. Draw a ray diagram of a reflect ing t elescope. St at e t wo advant ages of t his
t elescope over a refract ing t elescope.
3. ( a) For a ray of light t raveling from a denser medium of refract ive index n1 t o
a rarer medium of refract ive index n2, prove t hat where ic is
t he crit ical angle of incidence for t he media.
( b) Explain wit h t he help of a diagram, how t he above t he principle is used for
t ransmission of video signals using opt ical fibers.
= sin i
e
n
2
n
2
2006 Boar d Quest i ons: 
1. Draw a graph showing t he variat ion of int ensit y versus t he posit ion on t he
screen in Young’s experiment when ( a) bot h t he slit s are opened and ( b) one
of t he slit s is closed.
2. What is the effect on the interference pattern in Young’s double slit experiment when:
i. Screen is moved closer t o t he plane of slit s?
ii. Separat ion bet ween t wo slit s is increased. Explain your answer in each case.
2007 Boar d Quest i ons: 
1. What are coherent sources? Why are coherent sources required t o produce
int erference of light ? Give an example of int erference of light in everyday life.
I n Young' s double slit experiment , t he t wo slit s are 0. 03 cm apart and t he
screen is placed at a dist ance of 1. 5 m away from t he slit s. The dist ance
bet ween t he cent ral bright fringe and fourt h bright fringe is 1 cm. Calculat e
t he wavelengt h of light used.
2. St at e t he condit ion under which t he phenomenon of diffract ion of light t akes
place. Derive an expression for t he widt h of t he cent ral maximum due t o
diffract ion of light at a single slit . A slit of widt h ' a' is illuminat ed by a mono
chromat ic light of wavelengt h 700 nm at normal incidence. Calculat e t he
value of ' a' for posit ion of
1. First minimum at an angle of diffract ion of 30°.
2. First maximum at an angle of diffract ion of 30°.
2008 Boar d Quest i ons: 
1. St at e t he reason, why heavy wat er I generally used as a moderat or in a
nuclear react or.
2. How does t he fringe widt h of int erference fringes change, when t he whole
apparat us of Young’s experiment is kept in a liquid of refract ive index 1. 3?
3. How is a wavefront defined? Using Huygen’s const ruct ion draw a figure showing
t he propagat ion of a plane wave refract ion at a plane surface separat ing t wo
media. Hence verify Snell’s law of refract ion.
WAVE OPTI CS
2006 Boar d Quest i ons: 
1. Wit h t hat purpose was famous Davisson Germer experiment wit h elect rons
performed?
2007 Boar d Quest i ons: 
1. I n a plot of phot oelect ric current versus anode pot ent ial, how does
a) The sat urat ion current vary wit h anode pot ent ial for incident radiat ions of
different frequencies but same int ensit y?
b) The st opping pot ent ial vary for incident radiat ions of different int ensit ies
but same frequency?
2. Phot oel ect r i c cur r ent var y f or di f f er ent i nt ensi t i es but same f r equency of
i nci dent radiat ions? Just ify your answer in each case.
2008 Boar d Quest i ons: 
1. A ray of light passing t hrough an equilat eral t riangular glass prism from air
undergoes minimum deviat ion when angle of incidence is 3/ 4t h of t he angle
of prism. Calculat e t he speed of light in t he prism.
2. The energy level diagram of an element is given below. I dent ify, by doing
necessary calculat ions, which t ransit ion corresponds t o emission of a spect ral
line of wavelengt h 102. 7nm.
( a) What is plane polarised light ? Two polaroids are placed at 90o t o each
ot her and t he t ransmit t ed int ensit y is zero. What happens when one more
Polaroid is placed bet ween t hese t wo, bisect ing t he angle bet ween t hem?
How will the intensity of transmitted light vary on further rotating the third Polaroid?
( b) I f a light beam shows no intensity variation when transmitted through a polaroid
which is rotated, does it mean that the light is unpolarised? Explain briefly.
DUAL NATURE OF RADI ATI ON AND MATTER
A
C
B
D
 0. 85eV
 1. 5eV
 3. 4eV
 13. 6eV
2006 Boar d Quest i ons: 
1. Why is the mass of a nucleus always less than the sum of the masses of its
constituents, neutrons and protons.
2. If the total number of neutrons and protons in a nuclear reaction is conserved,
how then is the energy absorbed or evolved in the reaction? Explain.
2007 Boar d Quest i ons: 
1. An electron, an alphaparticle and a proton have the same kinetic energy.
Which one of these particles has the largest deBroglie wavelength?
2. The radioactive isotope D decays according to the sequence.
3. If the mass number and atomic number of D2 are 176 and 71 respectively,
what is
(i) the mass number
(ii) atomic number of D?
2008 Boar d Quest i ons: 
1. An electron and alpha particle have the same deBroglie wavelength associated
with them. How are their kinetic energies related to each other?
2. An electromagnetic wave of wavelength is incident on a photosensitive
surface of negligible work function. If the photoelectrons emitted from this
surface have the deBroglie wavelength
2006 Boar d Quest i ons: 
1. Draw a graph showing the variation of binding energy per nucleon with mass
number for different nuclei. Explain, with the help of this graph, the release of
energy by the process of nuclear fusion.
ATOMS
NUCLEI
λ
1
, prove that λ = λ
1
2
2mc
h
2007 Boar d Quest i ons: 
1. Calculate the amount of energy released during the adecay of
Given :
a) Atomic mass of
b) Atomic mass ofIs this decay spontaneous? Give reason.
2008 Boar d Quest i ons: 
1. A nucleus Ne undergoes decay and becomes Na Calculate the maximum
kinetic energy of electrons emitted assuming that the daughter nucleus and
antineutrino carry negligible kinetic energy.
2006 Boar d Quest i ons: 
1. Draw a circuit diagram for use of NPN transistor as an amplifier in common
emitter configuration. The input resistance of a transistor is 100Ω. On changing
its base current by 10μA, the collector current increases by 2 m A. If a load
resistance of 5kΩ is used in the circuit, calculate: 1 + 2
i. The current gain
ii. Voltage gain of the amplifier
2. What is an intrinsic semiconductor? How can this material be converted into
(i) Ptype (ii) Ntype extrinsic semiconductor? Explain with the help of energy
band diagrams.
SEMI CONDUCTOR ELECTRONI CS, MATERI ALS,
DEVI CES AND SI MPLE CI RCUI TS
23
10
23
11
23
10
Mass of Ne = 22.994455 u
23
11
Mass of Ne = 22.989770 u
1u = 931.5 Me V/c
2
3. Draw and explain t he out put waveform across t he load resist or R, if t he input
waveform is as shown in t he given figure.
Explain how t he widt h of deplet ion layer in a p n j unct ion diode changes when
t he j unct ion is ( i) forward biased ( ii) reverse biased.
4. Explain, wit h t he help of a nuclear react ion in each of t he following cases, how
t he neut ron t o prot on rat io changes during ( i) alpha decay ( ii) bet a decay?
2007 Boar d Quest i ons: 
1. The out put of an OR gat e is connect ed t o bot h t he input s of a NAND gat e.
Draw t he logic circuit of t his combinat ion of get es and writ e it s t rut h t able.
2. St at e t he principle of working of p n diode as a rect ifier. Explain, wit h t he help
of a circuit diagram, t he use of p n diode as a full wave rect ifier. Draw a
sket ch of t he input and out put waveforms.
3. Draw t he symbolic represent at ion of a ( i) p n p, ( ii) n p n t ransist or. Why is
t he base region of t ransist or t hin and light ly doped? Wit h proper circuit diagram,
show t he biasing of a p n p t ransist or in co mmon base configurat ion. Explain
t he movement of charge carriers t hrough different part s of t he t ransist or in
such a configurat ion and show t hat .
2008 Boar d Quest i ons: 
1. Dist inguish bet ween an int rinsic semiconduct or and P t ype semiconduct or
Give reason, why, a P t ype semiconduct or cryst al is elect rically neut ral,
alt hough nh> > ne?
2. The give input s A, B are fed t o a 2 input NAND gat e. Draw t he out put wave
form of t he gat e.
+ 5V
 5V
A
A
( input )
B
( input )
t
1
t
4
t
2
t
3
t
5
t
6
3. The figure below shows the V1 characteristic of a semiconductor diode.
(i) Identify the semiconductor diode used.
(ii) Draw the circuit diagram to obtain the given characteristic of this device.
(iii)Briefly explain how this diode can be used as a voltage regulator.
2006 Boar d Quest i ons: 
1. Name the type of communication in which the signal is a discrete and binary
coded version of the message or information.
2. Define the term modulation. Name three different types of modulation used
for a message signal using a sinusoidal continuous carrier wave. Explain the
meaning of any one of these.
2007 Boar d Quest i ons: 
1. Why is frequency modulation preferred over amplitude modulation for
transmission of music?
2. What is a digital signal? Explain the function of modem in data communication.
Write two advantages of digital communication.
2008 Boar d Quest i ons: 
1. A transmitting antenna at the top of a tower has a height of 36m and the height
of the receiving antenna is 49m. What is the maximum distance between them,
fro satisfactory communication in the LOS mode? (Radius of earth = 6400km)
2. Draw a plot of the variation of amplitude versus w for an amplitude modulated wave.
Define modulation index. State its importance for effective amplitude modulation.
COMMUNI CATI ON SYSTEMS
I(mA)
I(μA)
100
100
80
80
60
60
40
40
20
20
20
30
10
V
br
0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0
V(V)
SECTION – I
Straight Objective Type
This section contains 6 multiple choice questions. Each question has 4 choices (A), (B), (C) and (D), out
of which ONLY ONE is correct.
24. A spherically symmetric gravitational system of particles has a mass density
>
≤
ρ =
0
ρ
r o f r R
r o f r R
0
where ρ
0
is a constant. A test mass can undergo circular motion under the influence of the gravitational
field of particles. Its speed V as a function of distance r (0 < r < ∞) from the centre of the system is
represented by
(A) (B)
V
r R
r R
V
) D ( ) C (
r R
V
r R
V
[Ans.C ]
IITJEE
Physics
Question Papers
2008
Sol.
v
0
r
R In
Out
For r < R
3
R
GMmr
=
r
mv
2
∴ v
2
∝ r
2
∴ v ∝ r
For r > R
2
r
GMm
=
r
mv
2
∴ v ∝
r
1
25. An ideal gas is expanding such that PT
2
= constant. The coefficient of volume expansion of the gas is
(A)
T
1
(B)
T
2
(C)
T
3
(D)
T
4
[Ans.C ]
Sol. Given PT
2
= C, As PV = nRT
∴
V
nRT
3
= C ∴ V =
C
nRT
3
dT
dV
=
C
nRT 3
2
=
T
V 3
[Put T
3
=
nR
CV
]
V
dT
dV

.

\

=
T
3
26. Two beams of red and violet colours are made to pass separately through a prism (angle of the prism is
60º). In the position of minimum deviation, the angle of refraction will be
(A) 30º for both the colours (B) greater for the violet colour
(C) greater for the red colour (D) equal but not 30º for both the colours
[Ans. A]
Sol.
r
1
r
2
For minimum deviation
r
1
= r
2
=
2
A
= 30º
Option A is correct
27. Which one of following statements is Wrong in the context of Xrays generated from a X ray tube ?
(A) Wavelength of characteristic Xrays decreases when the atomic number of the target increases
(B) Cutoff wavelength of the continuous Xrays depends on the atomic number of the target
(C) Intensity of the characteristic Xrays depends on the electrical power given to the Xray tube
(D) Cutoff wavelength of the continuous Xrays depends on the energy of the electrons in the Xray tube
[Ans.B ]
Sol. (λ
c
) cuttoff wavelength is given as
λ
c
=
. E . K
hc
=
eV
hc
Hence λ
c
does not depend on atomic number of target but depends on potential difference between
cathode and anode (target
28. Figure shows three resistor configurations R1, R2 and R3 connected to 3 V battery. If the power dissipated
by the configuration R1, R2 and R3 is P1, P2 and P3, respectively, then
Figure :
1Ω
1Ω
1Ω
1Ω
1Ω
3V
R1
1Ω 1Ω
1Ω
1Ω
R2
3V
1Ω
1Ω
1Ω
1Ω 1Ω
1Ω
1Ω
3V
R3
(A) P1 > P2 > P3 (B) P1 > P3 > P2
(C) P2 > P1 > P3 (D) P3 > P2 > P1
[Ans.C ]
Sol. Resistance of R
1
using wheat stone bridge equivalent circuit
Req. of R
1
= 1 Ω
3V
1 Ω
1 Ω
1Ω
1 Ω
Equivalent resistance R
2
3V
1 Ω
1 Ω
1 Ω
1 Ω
1 Ω
2Ω
2Ω
⇒
1Ω
3V
⇒
R
eq
of R
2
= ½ R
1/2 Ω
3V
Similary R
eq
of R
3
= 2Ω
Power =
R
V
2
V is same for all
∴ power ∝
R
1
Q R
2
< R
1
< R
3
∴ P
2
> P
1
> P
3
29. Students I, II and III perform an experiment for measuring the acceleration due to gravity (g) using a
simple pendulum. They use different lengths of the pendulum and/or record time for different number of
oscillations. The observations are shown in the table.
Least count for length = 0.1 cm
Least count for time = 0.1 s
Student Length of the
pendulum (cm)
Number of
oscillations (n)
Total time for
(n) oscillations(s)
Time period(s)
I 64.0 8 128.0 16.0
II 64.0 4 64.0 16.0
III 20.0 4 36.0 9.0
If E
I
, E
II
and E
III
are the percentage errors in g, i.e.


.

\

×
∆
100
g
g
for students, I, II, and III respectively,
(A) E
I
= 0 (B) E
I
is minimum
(C) E
I
= E
II
(D) E
II
is maximum
[Ans.B ]
Sol. Student % error in l (% l) % error in T (% T) % error in g = %l + 2×%T
I 100
64
1 . 0
× =0.156 100
128
1 . 0
8
1
× × =0.00976 0.1755
II 100
64
1 . 0
× =0.156 100
64
1 . 0
4
1
× × =0.03906 0.2341
III 100
20
1 . 0
× =0.5 100
36
1 . 0
4
1
× × =0.0694 0.6388
SECTION – II
Multiple Correct Answers Type
This section contains 4 multiple correct answer(s) type questions. Each question has 4 choices (A), (B),
(C) and (D), out of which ONE OR MORE is/are correct.
30. Two balls, having linear momenta i
ˆ
p p
1
=
r
and i
ˆ
p p
2
− =
r
, undergo a collision in free space. There is no
external force acting on the balls. Let
1
' p
r
and
2
' p
r
be their final momenta. The following option(s) is (are)
NOT ALLOWED for any nonzero value of p, a
1
, a
2
, b
1
, b
2
, c
1
and c
2
.
(A) k
ˆ
c j
ˆ
b i
ˆ
a ' p
1 1 1 1
+ + =
r
; j
ˆ
b i
ˆ
a ' p
2 2 2
+ =
r
(B) k
ˆ
c ' p
1 1
=
r
; k
ˆ
c ' p
2 2
=
r
(C) k
ˆ
c j
ˆ
b i
ˆ
a ' p
1 1 1 1
+ + =
r
; k
ˆ
c j
ˆ
b i
ˆ
a ' p
1 2 2 2
− + =
r
(D) j
ˆ
b i
ˆ
a ' p
1 1 1
+ =
r
; j
ˆ
b i
ˆ
a ' p
1 2 2
+ =
r
[Ans.A,D]
Sol.
1
P
r
= i
ˆ
P
2
P
r
= – i
ˆ
P
Net linear momentum just before collision
2 1 i
P P P
r r r
+ = = i
ˆ
P – i
ˆ
P = 0
There is no external force acting on the balls, hence net linear momentum will be conserved.
P'
f
= ′ + ′
2 1
P P
r r
= 0
In option (A), ′ + ′
2 1
P P
r r
= k
ˆ
c j
ˆ
) b b ( i
ˆ
) a a (
1 2 1 2 1
+ + + + ≠ 0
Q c
1
is non zero
In option D also
2 1
' P ' P
r r
+ = j
ˆ
b 2 i
ˆ
) a a (
1 2 1
+ + ≠ 0
Q b
1
is non zero
31. A particle of mass m and charge q, moving with velocity V enters Region II normal to the boundary as
shown in the figure. Region II has a uniform magnetic field B perpendicular to the plane of the paper. The
length of the Region II is l. Choose the correct choice(s).
Figure :
Region I Region II Region III
V
l
(A) The particle enters Region III only if its velocity
m
B q
V
l
>
(B) The particle enters Region III only if its velocity
m
B q
V
l
<
(C) Path length of the particle in Region II is maximum when velocity V =
m
B ql
(D) Time spent in Region II is same for any velocity V as long as the particle returns to Region I
[Ans.A,C,D]
Sol.
B
C
l
Region I Region II Region III
If radius of circle is more than l then particle will be in region III
R =
qB
mv
qB
mv
> l
V >
m
B ql
Option A is correct option B is wrong
B
When v is
m
qBl
then particle will take maximum path as shown. Option C is correct.
Time period =
2
1
qB
m 2


.

\
 π
R
C
Region II
So this spent time in region II is independent of velocity.
∴ option (D) is correct.
32. In a Young’s double slit experiment, the separation between the two slits is d and the wavelength of the
light is λ. The intensity of light falling on slit 1 is four times the intensity of light falling on slit 2. Choose
the correct choice(s).
(A) If d = λ, the screen will contain only one maximum
(B) If λ < d < 2λ, at least one more maximum (besides the central maximum) will be observed on the
screen
(C) If the intensity of light falling on slit 1 is reduced so that it becomes equal to that of slit 2, the
intensities of the observed dark and bright fringes will increase
(D) If the intensity of light falling on slit 2 is increased so that it becomes equal to that of slit 1, the
intensities of the observed dark and bright fringes will increase
[Ans.A,B ]
Sol.
∞
–∞
∆x=d
∆x=–d
∆x=0
d
Now when d = λ
∆x = λ at ∞ on above side and ∆x = –λ at ∞ on below side. So there are three maxima. One at centre and
two are at infinite however screen can't be of infinite size so option A is correct.
∞
∆x=d=1.9λ
∆x = 0
λ
–λ
∆x = –d=–1.9λ
⇒ λ < d < 2λ ∴ say d = 1.9 λ See above figure
Three maxima are possible as shown the path difference for these maxima are zero, λ and –λ.
So option B is correct.
Previous intensity of dark fringe = ( )
2
I I 4 − = I
When intensity of both slit become equal then intensity of dark fringe = 0
∴ intensity of dark fringe decreases
∴ option C and D are wrong.
33. Assume that the nuclear binding energy per nucleon (B/A) versus mass number (A) is as shown in the
figure. Use this plot to choose the correct choice(s) given below.
Figure :
B/A
0
2
4
6 6
8
100
200
A
(A) Fusion of two nuclei with mass numbers lying in the range of 1 < A < 50 will release energy
(B) Fusion of two nuclei with mass numbers lying in the range of 51 < A < 100 will release energy
(C) Fission of a nucleus lying in the mass range of 100 < A < 200 will release energy when broken into
two equal fragments
(D) Fission of a nucleus lying in the mass range of 200 < A < 260 will release energy when broken into
two equal fragments
[Ans. B,D]
Sol. Energy is released when binding energy per nucleon increases in fusion of two nuclei of mass number
from 51 to 100, final nuclei has mass number 102 to 200 where B.E./A is greater similarly in fission of
200 to 260 final mass no becomes 100 to 130.
SECTION – III
Reasoning Type
This section contains 4 reasoning type questions. Each question has 4 choices (A), (B), (C) and (D), out of
which ONLY ONE is correct.
34. STATEMENT – 1
An astronaut in an orbiting space station above the Earth experiences weightlessness.
and
STATEMENT – 2
An object moving around the Earth under the influence of Earth’s gravitational force is in a state of
‘freefall’.
(A) STATEMENT – 1 is True, STATEMENT 2 is True; STATEMENT 2 is a correct explanation for
STATEMENT 1
(B) STATEMENT – 1 is True, STATEMENT 2 is True; STATEMENT 2 is NOT a correct explanation
for STATEMENT 1
(C) STATEMENT1 is True, STATEMENT2 is False
(D) STATEMENT1 is False, STATEMENT2 is True
[Ans.A ]
Sol.
35. STATEMENT 1
In a Meter Bridge experiment, null point for an unknown resistance is measured. Now, the unknown
resistance is put inside an enclosure maintained at a higher temperature. The null point can be obtained at
the same point as before by decreasing the value of the standard resistance.
and
STATEMENT2
Resistance of a metal increases with increase in temperature.
(A) STATEMENT – 1 is True, STATEMENT 2 is True; STATEMENT 2 is a correct explanation for
STATEMENT 1
(B) STATEMENT – 1 is True, STATEMENT 2 is True; STATEMENT 2 is NOT a correct explanation
for STATEMENT 1
(C) STATEMENT1 is True, STATEMENT2 is False
(D) STATEMENT1 is False, STATEMENT2 is True
[Ans.D ]
Sol.
R
l
1
l
2
G
Standard resistance
Unknown resistance
X
X = R
2
1
l
l
As Temperature increase x will increase to get same Null point i.e. same value of
2
1
l
l
, value of standard
Resistance R should increase.
∴ Assertion is false, However Reason statement is true
36. STATEMENT – 1
Two cylinders, one hollow (metal) and the other solid (wood) with the same mass and identical
dimensions are simultaneously allowed to roll without slipping down an inclined plane from the same
height. The hollow cylinder will reach the bottom of the inclined plane first.
and
STATEMENT – 2
By the principle of conservation of energy, the total kinetic energies of both the cylinders are identical
when they reach the bottom of the incline.
(A) STATEMENT – 1 is True, STATEMENT 2 is True; STATEMENT 2 is a correct explanation for
STATEMENT 1
(B) STATEMENT – 1 is True, STATEMENT 2 is True; STATEMENT 2 is NOT a correct explanation
for STATEMENT 1
(C) STATEMENT1 is True, STATEMENT2 is False
(D) STATEMENT1 is False, STATEMENT2 is True
[Ans.D ]
Sol. From energy conservation 1/2 mv
c
2
+ 1/2 I
c
ω
2
= mgh
ω = v
c
/R
(I
c
)
solid
< (I
c
)
hollow
Hence (v
c
)
solid
> (v
c
)
hollow
Hence solid cylinder will reach the bottom first.
37. STATEMENT – 1
The stream of water flowing at high speed from a garden hose pipe tends to spread like a fountain when
held vertically up, but tends to narrow down when held vertically down.
and
STATEMENT – 2
In any steady flow of an incompressible fluid, the volume flow rate of the fluid remains constant.
(A) STATEMENT – 1 is True, STATEMENT 2 is True; STATEMENT 2 is a correct explanation for
STATEMENT 1
(B) STATEMENT – 1 is True, STATEMENT 2 is True; STATEMENT 2 is NOT a correct explanation
for STATEMENT 1
(C) STATEMENT1 is True, STATEMENT2 is False
(D) STATEMENT1 is False, STATEMENT2 is True
[Ans.A ]
Sol. Volume rate of flow Q = Av
When velocity increases crosssectional area decreases and viceversa.
SECTION – IV
Linked Comprehension Type
This section contains 3 paragraphs. Based upon each paragraph, 3 multiple choice questions have to be
answered. Each question has 4 choices (A), (B), (C) and (D), out of which ONLY ONE is correct.
Paragraph for Question Nos. 38 to 40
A small block of mass M moves on a frictionless surface of an inclined plane, as shown in figure. The
angle of the incline suddenly changes from 60º to 30º at point B. The block is initially at rest at A. Assume
that collisions between the block and the incline are totally inelastic (g = 10 m/s
2
).
Figure :
60º
30º
3 3 3 m m
C
B
A
M
v
38. The speed of the block at point B immediately after it strikes the second incline is 
(A) 60 m/s (B) 45 m/s (C) 30 m/s (D) 15 m/s
[Ans.B ]
Sol.
A
M
60°
30°
VB''
VB⊥r
30°
E
D
B
VB
3 m
3 3 m C
From ∆ABD
tan 60° =
BD
AD
⇒ AD = BD tan 60° = 3 × 3 m = 3m
speed of block at B just before collision with incline BC is V
B
2
1
MV
B
2
= Mg (AD) (Applying conservation of mechanical energy) ⇒ V
B
= 60 m/s.
Collision between block and incline is totally inelastic. Just after collision with incline BC
component of velocity of block perpendicular to incline BC is zero (because collision is perfectly
inelastic)
Component of velocity of block
parallel to incline BC is V′
B''
= V
B
cos 30° = 45 m/s.
(Component of velocity parallel to surface of contact does not change).
Speed of block just after collision with incline BC is 45 m/s.
39. The speed of the block at point C, immediately before it leaves the second incline is
(A) 120 m/s (B) 105 m/s (C) 90 m/s (D) 75 m/s
[Ans.B ]
Sol. BD = 3 3 tan30º = 3 m
From conservation of mechanical energy
Total mechanical energy at point B = total mechanical energy at point C
( ) ) 3 ( Mg 45 M
2
1
2
+ =
2
C
MV
2
1
V
C
= 105 m/s
40. If collision between the block and the incline is completely elastic, then the vertical (upward) component
of the velocity of the block at point B, immediately after it strikes the second incline is
(A) 30 m/s (B) 15 m/s (C) 0 (D) – 15 m/s
[Ans.C ]
Sol. Collision is elastic.
A
M
60°
θ
V′′B
VB⊥r
30°
E
D
B
VB
3 m
3 3 m C
VB
30°
F
G
Just after collision with incline BC,
Component of velocity of block along BC is V''
B11
= V
B
cos30º = 45 m/s
Component of velocity perpendicular to BC is V''
B⊥r
= V
B
sin30º = 15 m/s along BF
V"
B
= velocity of block just after collision
tanθ =
11 B
r B
' ' V
' ' V
⊥
=
45
15
=
3
1
θ = 30º
B
" V
r
is in horizontal direction
Hence vertical component of
B
" V
r
is zero.
Paragraph for Question Nos. 41 to 43
A small spherical monoatomic ideal gas bubble (γ = 5/3) is trapped inside a liquid of density ρ
l
(see
figure). Assume that the bubble does not exchange any heat with the liquid. The bubble contains n moles
of gas. The temperature of the gas when the bubble is at the bottom is T
0
, the height of the liquid is H and
the atmospheric pressure is P
0
(Neglect surface tension)
Figure :
H
P
0
y
Liquid
41. As the bubble moves upwards, besides the buoyancy force the following forces are acting on it
(A) Only the force of gravity
(B) The force due to gravity and the force due to the pressure of the liquid
(C) The force due to gravity, the force due to the pressure of the liquid and the force due to viscosity of
the liquid
(D) The force due to gravity and the force due to viscosity of the liquid
[Ans.D ]
Sol. Free Body Diagram of gas bubble
mg
F
B
F
V
F
B
→ Buoyancy force
F
V
→ Viscous force
mg
→ Gravity force
Buoyancy force is due to pressure difference.
42. When the gas bubble is at a height y from the bottom, its temperature is
(A)
5 / 2
0
0
0
gy P
gH P
T


.

\

ρ +
ρ +
l
l
(B)
5 / 2
0
0
0
gH P
) y H ( g P
T


.

\

ρ +
− ρ +
l
l
(C)
5 / 3
0
0
0
gy P
gH P
T


.

\

ρ +
ρ +
l
l
(D)
5 / 3
0
0
0
gH P
) y H ( g P
T


.

\

ρ +
− ρ +
l
l
[Ans.B ]
Sol. As the number of moles remains conserved
n
i
= n
f
i
i i
T
V P
=
f
f f
T
V P
H
y
Bubble
Liquid
T
f
i i
f f
V P
V P
. T
i
... (i)
Since bubble does not exchange heat hence process is adiabatic in nature
P
i
V
i
γ
= P
f
V
f
γ
V
f
/V
i
= (P
i
/P
f
)
1/γ
... (2)
Putting (2) in (1)
T
f
=


.

\

i
f
P
P
γ


.

\

/ 1
f
i
P
P
.T
i
T
f
=


.

\

i
f
P
P
1 – 1/γ
. T
i
P
i
= P
0
+
L
ρ g H
P
f
= P
0
+
L
ρ g (H – y)
T
f
=
5 / 2
L 0
L 0
H g P
) y H ( g P
ρ
+
−
ρ
+
T
0
.
43. The buoyancy force acting on the gas bubble is (Assume R is the universal gas constant)
(A) ρ
l
nRgT
0
5 / 7
0
5 / 2
0
) gy P (
) gH P (
l
l
ρ +
ρ +
(B)
5 / 3
0
5 / 2
0
0
)] y H ( g P [ ) gH P (
nRgT
− ρ + ρ +
ρ
l l
l
(C) ρ
l
nRgT
0
5 / 8
0
5 / 3
0
) gy P (
) gH P (
l
l
ρ +
ρ +
(D)
5 / 2
0
5 / 3
0
0
)] y H ( g P [ ) gH P (
nRgT
− ρ + ρ +
ρ
l l
l
[Ans.B ]
Sol. Buoyant force
F
B
= ρ
L
V
f
g
F
B
= g
P
nRT
f
f
L


.

\

ρ
=
i
/ 1
f
i
i
f
f
L
T
P
P
P
P
P
nR
γ


.

\



.

\
 ρ
=
i
/ 1
f
/ 1 1
i
L
T .
P
1
.
P
nR
γ γ −
ρ
F
B
=
i
5 / 3
f
5 / 2
i
L
T .
P P
nR ρ
F
B
=
5 / 3
L 0
0
5 / 2
L 0
L
)] y H ( g P [
T
) gH P (
nR
− ρ + ρ +
ρ
Paragraph for Question Nos. 44 to 46
In a mixture of H – He
+
gas (He
+
is singly ionized He atom), H atoms and He
+
ions are excited to their
respective first excited states. Subsequently, H atoms transfer their total excitation energy to He
+
ions (by
collisions). Assume that the Bohr model of atom is exactly valid.
44. The quantum number n of the state finally populated in He
+
ions is
(A) 2 (B) 3 (C) 4 (D) 5
[Ans.C ]
Sol. Energy level diagram
•
–0.85 eV
–1.51 eV
–3.4 eV
10.2 eV
–13.6 eV
n = 1
n = 2
n = 3
n = 4
Hatom
(First excited state)
When hydrogen atom transfers its total excitation energy to He
+
ion then He
+
ion are excited to n = 4
quantum state as seen from energy level diagram
•
–3.4 eV
–6.04 eV
10.2 eV
–13.6 eV
n = 1
n = 2
n = 3
–54.4 eV
n = 4
He
+
ion
First excited state
Hence quantum number of state finally populated in He
+
ions is 4.
45. The wavelength of light emitted in the visible region by He
+
ions after collisions with H atoms is
(A) 6.5 × 10
–7
m (B) 5.6 × 10
–7
m
(C) 4.8 × 10
–7
m (D) 4.0 × 10
–7
m
[Ans.C ]
Sol. The wavelength of light emitted in the visible region by He
+
ions in final excited state is
λ =
3 4
E
hc
→
∆
∆E
4→ 3
= (6.04 –3.4) eV
= 2.64 eV λ =
eV 64 . 2
hc
λ =
64 . 2
10 4 . 12
7 −
×
l = 4.8 × 10
–7
m
46. The ratio of the kinetic energy of the n = 2 electron for the H atom to that of He
+
ion is
(A)
4
1
(B)
2
1
(C) 1 (D) 2
[Ans.A]
Sol. K.E. ∝ Z
2
/n
2
+
He
H
E . K
E . K
=
2
He
2
H
Z
Z
+
=
2
) 2 (
) 1 (
=
P h y s i c s ( C o d e 0 )
2007
SECTION  I
This section contains 9 multiple choice questions numbered 1 to 9. Each question has 4 choices (A), (B), (C)
and (D), out of which ONLY ONE is correct.
1. A resistance of 2 Ω is connected across one gap of a metre–bridge (the length of the wire
is 100 cm) and an unknown resistance, greater than 2 Ω, is connected across the other
gap. When these resistances are interchanged, the balance point shifts by 20 cm.
Neglecting any corrections, the unknown resistance is
(A) 3 Ω (B) 4 Ω
(C) 5 Ω (D) 6 Ω.
2. In an experiment to determine the focal length (f) of a concave mirror by the u–v method,
a student places the object pin A on the principal axis at a distance x from the pole P. The
student looks at the pin and its inverted image from a distance keeping his/her eye in line
with PA. When the student shifts his/her eye towards left, the image appears to the right
of the object pin. Then,
(A) x < f (B) f < x < 2f
(C) x = 2f (D) x > 2f.
3. Two particles of mass m each are tied at the ends of a light
string of length 2a. The whole system is kept on a frictionless
horizontal surface with the string held tight so that each mass is
at a distance ‘a’ from the center P (as shown in the figure). Now,
the mid–point of the string is pulled vertically upwards with a
small but constant force F. As a result, the particles move
towards each other on the surface. The magnitude of
acceleration, when the separation between them becomes 2x, is
F
m
P
a
m
a
2 2
F a
2m
a x −
(B)
2 2
F x
2m
a x −
(C)
F x
2m a
(D)
2 2
F a x
2m x
−
.
4. A long, hollow conducting cylinder is kept coaxially inside another long, hollow
conducting cylinder of larger radius. Both the cylinders are initially electrically neutral.
(A) A potential difference appears between the two cylinders when a charge density is
given to the inner cylinder.
(B) A potential difference appears between the two cylinders when a charge density is
given to the outer cylinder.
(C) No potential difference appears between the two cylinders when a uniform line charge
is kept along the axis of the cylinders.
(D) No potential difference appears between the two cylinders when same charge density
is given to both the cylinders.
5. Consider a neutral conducting sphere. A positive point charge is placed outside the
sphere. The net charge on the sphere is then,
(A) Negative and distributed uniformly over the surface of the sphere.
(B) Negative and appears only at the point on the sphere closest to the point charge.
(C) Negative and distributed non–uniformly over the entire surface of the sphere.
(D) Zero.
6. A circuit is connected as shown in the figure with the switch
S open. When the switch is closed, the total amount of
charge the flows from Y to X is
(A) 0 (B) 54 µC
(C) 27 µC (D) 81 µC.
3 F µ
3 Ω
S
9 V
3 Ω
6 F µ
X
Y
7. A ray of light traveling in water is incident on its surface open to air. The angle of
incidence is θ, which is less than the critical angle. Then there will be
(A) Only a reflected ray and no refracted ray.
(B) Only a refracted ray and no reflected ray.
(C) A reflected ray and a refracted ray and the angle between them would be less than
180º – 2θ.
(D) A reflected ray and a refracted ray and the angle between them would be greater than
180º – 2θ.
8. In the options given below, let E denote the rest mass energy of a nucleus and n a neutron.
The correct option is
(A)
( ) ( ) ( )
236 137 97
92 53 39
E U E I E Y 2E(n) > + +
(B)
( ) ( ) ( )
236 137 97
92 53 39
E U E I E Y 2E(n) < + +
(C)
( ) ( ) ( )
236 140 94
92 56 36
E U E Ba E Kr 2E(n) < + +
(D)
( ) ( ) ( )
236 140 94
92 56 36
E U E Ba E Kr 2E(n) = + + .
9. The largest wavelength in the ultraviolet region of the hydrogen spectrum is 122 nm. The
smallest wavelength in the infrared region of the hydrogen spectrum (to the nearest
integer) is
(A) 802 nm (B) 823 nm
(C) 1882 nm (D) 1648 nm.
SECTION – II
Assertion – Reason Type
This section contains 4 questions numbered 10 to 13. Each question contains STATEMENT1 (Assertion)
and STATEMENT2 (Reason). Each question has 4 choices (A), (B), (C) and (D) out of which ONLY ONE is
correct.
10. STATEMENT – 1
A block of mass m starts moving on a rough horizontal surface with a velocity v. It stops
due to friction between the block and the surface after moving through a certain distance.
The surface is now tilted to an angle 30º with the horizontal and the same block is made
to go up on the surface with the same initial velocity v. The decrease in the mechanical
energy in the second situation is smaller than that in the first situation.
because
STATEMENT – 2
The coefficient of friction between the block and the surface decreases with the increase
in the angle of inclination.
(A) Statement – 1 is True, Statement – 2 is True; Statement – 2 is a correct explanation
for Statement – 1.
(B) Statement – 1 is True, Statement – 2 is True; Statement – 2 is NOT a correct
explanation for Statement – 1.
(C) Statement – 1 is True, Statement – 2 is False.
(D) Statement – 1 is False, Statement – 2 is True.
11. STATEMENT – 1
In an elastic collision between two bodies, the relative speed of the bodies after collision
is equal to the relative speed before the collision.
because
STATEMENT – 2
In an elastic collision, the linear momentum of the system is conserved.
(A) Statement – 1 is True, Statement – 2 is True; Statement – 2 is a correct explanation
for Statement – 1.
(B) Statement – 1 is True, Statement – 2 is True; Statement – 2 is NOT a correct
explanation for Statement – 1.
(C) Statement – 1 is True, Statement – 2 is False.
(D) Statement – 1 is False, Statement – 2 is True.
12. STATEMENT – 1
The formula connected u, v and f for a spherical mirror is valid only for mirrors whose
sizes are very small compared to their radii of curvature.
because
STATEMENT – 2
Law of reflection are strictly valid for plane surfaces, but not for large spherical surfaces.
(A) Statement – 1 is True, Statement – 2 is True; Statement – 2 is a correct explanation
for Statement – 1.
(B) Statement – 1 is True, Statement – 2 is True; Statement – 2 is NOT a correct
explanation for Statement – 1.
(C) Statement – 1 is True, Statement – 2 is False.
(D) Statement – 1 is False, Statement – 2 is True.
13. STATEMENT – 1
If the accelerating potential in an X–ray tube is increased, the wavelengths of the
characteristic X–ray do not change.
because
STATEMENT – 2
When an electron beam strikes the target in an X–ray tube, part of the kinetic energy is
converted into X–ray energy.
(A) Statement – 1 is True, Statement – 2 is True; Statement – 2 is a correct explanation
for Statement – 1.
(B) Statement – 1 is True, Statement – 2 is True; Statement – 2 is NOT a correct
explanation for Statement – 1.
(C) Statement – 1 is True, Statement – 2 is False.
(D) Statement – 1 is False, Statement – 2 is True.
SECTION – III
Linked Comprehension Type
This section contains 2 paragraphs C1416 and C1719. Based upon each paragraph, 3 multiple choice
questions have to be answered. Each question has 4 choices (A), (B), (C) and (D) out of which ONLY ONE is
correct.
P14–16: Paragraph for Question Nos. 14 to 16
Two discs A and B are mounted coaxially on a vertical axle. The discs have moments of
inertia I and 2I respectively about the common axis. Disc A is imparted an initial angular
velocity 2ω using the entire potential energy of a spring compressed by a distance x
1
.
Disc B is imparted an angular velocity ω by a spring having the same spring constant and
compressed by a distance x
2
. Both the discs rotate in the clockwise direction.
14. The radio x
1
/x
2
is
(A) 2 (B)
1
2
(C) 2 (D)
1
2
.
15. When disc B is brought in contact with disc A, they acquire a common angular velocity in
time t. The average frictional torque on one disc by the other during this period is
(A)
2I
3t
ω
(B)
9I
2t
ω
9I
4t
ω
(D)
3I
2t
ω
.
16. The loss of kinetic energy during the above process is
(A)
2
I
2
ω
(B)
2
I
3
ω
(C)
2
I
4
ω
(D)
2
I
6
ω
.
P17–19: Paragraph for Question Nos. 17 to 19
A fixed thermally conducting cylinder has a radius R and
height L
0
. The cylinder is open at its bottom and has a small
hole at its top. A piston of mass M is held at a distance L from
the top surface, as shown in the figure. The atmospheric
pressure is P
0
.
2R
L
L
0
Piston
17. The piston is now pulled out slowly and held at distance 2L from the top. The pressure in
the cylinder between its top and the piston will then be
(A) P
0
(B)
0
P
2
(C)
0
2
P Mg
2 R
+
π
(D)
0
2
P Mg
2 R
−
π
.
18. While the piston is at a distance 2L from the top, the hole at the top is sealed. The piston
is then released, to a position where it can stay in equilibrium. In this condition, the
distance of the piston from the top is
(A)
2
0
2
0
2P R
(2L)
R P Mg
π
π +
(B)
2
0
2
0
P R Mg
(2L)
R P
π −
π
(C)
2
0
2
0
P R Mg
(2L)
R P
π +
π
(D)
2
0
2
0
P R
(2L)
R P Mg
π
π −
.
19. The piston is taken completely out of the cylinder. The hole at
the top is sealed. A water tank is brought below the cylinder and
put in a position so that the water surface in the tank is at the
same level as the top of the cylinder as shown in the figure. The
density of the water is ρ. In equilibrium, the height H of the
water column in the cylinder satisfies
(A) ρg(L
0
– H)
2
+ P
0
(L
0
– H) + L
0
P
0
= 0
L
0
H
(B) ρg(L
0
– H)
2
– P
0
(L
0
– H) – L
0
P
0
= 0
(C) ρg(L
0
– H)
2
+ P
0
(L
0
– H) – L
0
P
0
= 0
(D) ρg(L
0
– H)
2
– P
0
(L
0
– H) + L
0
P
0
= 0.
SECTION – IV
MatrixMatch Type
This section contains 3 questions. Each questions contains statements given in two columns which have
to be matched. Statements (A, B, C, D) in Column I have to be matched with statements (p, q, r, s) in Column
II. The answers to these questions have to be appropriately bubbled as illustrated in the following
example.
If the correct matches are Ap, As, Bq, Br, Cp, Cq and Ds, then the correctly bubbled
4 × 4 matrix should be as follows:
p q r s
p q r s
p q r s
p q r s
A
B
C
D
p q r s
20. Some physical quantities are given in Column I and some possible SI units in which
these quantities may be expressed are given in Column II. Match the physical quantities
in Column I with the units in Column II and indicate your answer by darkening
appropriated bubbles in the 4 × 4 matrix given in the ORS.
Column I Column II
(A) GM
e
M
s
G – universal gravitational constant,
M
e
– mass of the earth,
M
s
– mass of the sun.
(p) (volt) (coulomb) (metre)
(B) 3RT
M
R – universal gas constant,
T – absolute temperature,
M – molar mass
(q) (kilogram) (metre)
3
(second)
–2
(C)
2
2 2
F
q B
F – force,
q – charge,
B – magnetic field.
(r) (metre)
2
(second)
–2
(D)
e
e
GM
R
G – universal gravitational constant,
M
e
– mass of the earth,
R
e
– radius of earth.
(s) (farad) (volt)
2
(kg)
–1
21. Column I gives certain situations in which a straight metallic wire of resistance R is used
and Column II gives some resulting effects. Match the statements in Column I with the
statements in Column II and indicate your answer by darkening appropriate bubbles in
the 4 × 4 matrix given in the ORS.
Column I Column II
(A) A charged capacitor is connected to
the ends of the wire.
(p) A constant current flows through
the wire.
(B) The wire is moved perpendicular to its
length with a constant velocity in a
uniform magnetic field perpendicular
to the plane of motion.
(q) Thermal energy is generated in the
wire.
(C) The wire is placed in a constant
electric field that has a direction along
the length of the wire.
(r) A constant potential difference
develops between the ends of the
wire.
(D) A battery of constant emf is connected
to the ends of the wire.
(s) Charges of constant magnitude
appear at the ends of the wire.
22. Some laws / processes are given in Column I. Match these with the physical phenomena
given in Column II and indicate your answer by darkening appropriate bubbles in the 4 ×
4 matrix given in the ORS.
Column I
Column II
(A) Transition between two atomic energy
levels.
(p) Characteristic X–ray.
(B) Electron emission from a material. (q) Photoelectric effect.
(C) Mosley’s law. (r) Hydrogen spectrum.
(D) Change of photon energy into kinetic
energy of electrons.
(s) β – decay.
2006
Time: 2 hours
Note: The marking Scheme is (+3, −1) for question numbers 1 to 12 , (+5, −1) for question numbers 13 to 20,
(+5, −2) for question numbers 21 to 32 and (+6, 0) for question numbers 33 to 40.
1 Given,
R
1
= 1Ω C
1
= 2µF
R
2
= 2Ω C
2
= 4µF
C1 C2
R1
R2
V
(I)
C2
C1
R1
R2
V
C2
C1
R2
R1
V
(II) (III)
The time constants (in µS) for the circuits I, II, III are respectively
(A) 18, 8/9, 4 (B) 18, 4, 8/9
(C) 4, 8/9, 18 (D) 8/9, 18, 4
Sol. (D)
τ
1
= 8/9 µS
τ
2
= 18 µS
τ
3
= 4 µS
2. Two blocks A and B of masses 2m and m, respectively, are connected by
a massless and inextensible string. The whole system is suspended by a
massless spring as shown in the figure. The magnitudes of acceleration
of A and B, immediately after the string is cut, are respectively
(A) g, g/2 (B) g/2, g
(C) g , g (D) g/2, g/2
A 2m
B m
Sol. (B)
a
A
= g/2
a
B
= g
3 mg
2 mg
A B
mg
3. A point object is placed at a distance of 20 cm from a thin planoconvex lens of focal
length 15 cm, if the plane surface is silvered. The image will form at
B A f o t f e l m c 0 3 ) B ( B A f o t f e l m c 0 6 ) A (
B A f o t h g i r m c 0 6 ) D ( B A f o t f e l m c 2 1 ) C (
Sol. (C)
−
1 2 1 15
F
F f 2
= + ⇒ = −
∞
15 cm
20 cm
L
O
A
B
2 1 1
15 v 20
− = −
⇒ v = −12 cm i.e.12 cm left of AB
4. A biconvex lens of focal length f forms a circular image of sun of radius r in focal plane. Then
(A) πr
2
∝ f (B) πr
2
∝ f
2
(C) if lower half part is covered by black sheet, then area of the image is equal to πr
2
/2
(D) if f is doubled, intensity will increase
Sol. (B)
r = f tan α
Hence, πr
2
∝ f
2
θ
α
r
+
5. Given a sample of Radium226 having halflife of 4 days. Find the probability, a nucleus disintegrates after
2 half lives.
(A) 1 (B) 1/2
(C) 1.5 (D) 3/4
Sol. (B)
Disintegration of each nuclei is independent of any factor. Hence, each nuclei has same chance of
disintegration.
6. Graph of position of image vs position of point object
from a convex lens is shown. Then, focal length of the
lens is
(A) 0.50 ± 0.05 cm
(B) 0.50 ± 0.10 cm
(C) 5.00 ± 0.05 cm
(D) 5.00 ± 0.10 cm
10
−30
v cm
u cm
−20
0
−10
(−9, +9)
−31
30
31
Sol. (D)
1 1 1
f v u
= − ⇒ f = 5 cm
f =
uv
u v +
u v
f u v
f u v u v
∆ + ∆
∆ ∆ ∆
= + +
+
∆f = 0.15 (for f = 5 cm)
The most appropriate answer is 5.00 ± 0.10 cm
7. A massless rod is suspended by two identical strings AB and CD of equal
length. A block of mass m is suspended from point O such that BO is
equal to ‘x’. Further, it is observed that the frequency of 1
st
harmonic
(fundamental frequency) in AB is equal to 2
nd
harmonic frequency in CD.
Then, length of BO is
(A) L/5 (B) 4L/5
(C) 3L/4 (D) L/4
x
m
O
L
B
A C
D
Sol. (A)
1 2
1 T 1 T
2
=
µ µ A A
T
2
= T
1
/4
For rotational equilibrium, T
1
x = T
2
(L −x) ⇒x = L/5
m
O B
A C
D
T2 T1
8. A system of binary stars of masses m
A
and m
B
are moving in circular orbits of radii r
A
and r
B
respectively. If
T
A
and T
B
are the time periods of masses m
A
and m
B
respectively, then
(A)
A
B
T
T
=
3/ 2
A
B
r
r
(B) T
A
> T
B
(if r
A
> r
B
)
(C) T
A
> T
B
(if m
A
> m
B
) (D) T
A
= T
B
[+3, 1]
Sol. (D)
2 2
A B A A B B
2 2 2
A B A B
Gm m m r 4 m r 4
(r r ) T T
π π
= =
+
⇒ m
A
r
A
= m
B
r
B
∴ T
A
= T
B
rA
mA mB
C
rB
9. A solid sphere of mass M, radius R and having moment of inertia about an axis passing through the centre of
mass as I, is recast into a disc of thickness t, whose moment of inertia about an axis passing through its edge
and perpendicular to its plane remains I. Then, radius of the disc will be
(A)
2R
15
(B)
2
R
15
(C)
4R
15
(D)
R
4
[+3, −1]
Sol. (A)
2 2
2 3
MR Mr
5 2
=
r =
2R
15
10. A student performs an experiment for determination of
2
2
4
g
T
π
=
A
, A ≈ 1m, and he commits an error of ∆A.
For T he takes the time of n oscillations with the stop watch of least count ∆T and he commits a human error
of 0.1sec. For which of the following data, the measurement of g will be most accurate?
∆A ∆T n Amplitude of oscillation
(A) 5 mm 0.2 sec 10 5 mm
(B) 5 mm 0.2 sec 20 5 mm
(C) 5 mm 0.1 sec 20 1 mm
(D) 1 mm 0.1 sec 50 1 mm
Sol. (D)
11. The circular divisions of shown screw gauge are 50. It moves 0.5 mm on
main scale in one rotation. The diameter of the ball is
(A) 2.25 mm (B) 2.20 mm
(C) 1.20 mm (D) 1.25 mm
0
5
0
10
Sol. (C)
Zero error =
0.5
5 0.05 mm
50
× =
Actual measurement
0.5
2 0.5 mm 25 0.05 mm
50
= × + × −
20
25
30
0
= 1 mm + 0.25 mm − 0.05 mm = 1.20 mm
12 Consider a cylindrical element as shown in the figure. Current flowing
the through element is I and resistivity of material of the cylinder is ρ.
Choose the correct option out the following.
(A) Power loss in first half is four times the power loss in second half.
(B) Voltage drop in first half is twice of voltage drop in second half.
(C) Current density in both halves are equal.
(D) Electric field in both halves is equal.
A./2 A./2
I
A B
C
2r 4r
Sol. (B)
1 1
2 2
R A 4
R A 1
= =
2
1 1
2
2
2
P I R 4
P 1
I R
= =
1 1
2 2
V IR 4
V IR 1
= =
1
2
J 1
J 4
=
More than One Choice may be correct .(+5, −1)
13. In the given diagram, a line of force of a particular force field is shown. Out of the
following options, it can never represent
(A) an electrostatic field (B) a magnetostatic field
(C) a gravitational field of a mass at rest (D) an induced electric field
Sol. (A), (C)
14. The electrostatic potential (φ
r
) of a spherical symmetric system, kept at
origin, is shown in the adjacent figure, and given as
( )
r 0
0
q
r R
4 r
φ = ≥
π∈
( )
r 0
0 0
q
r R
4 R
φ = ≤
π∈
Which of the following option(s) is/are correct?
φ
r
R
0
r
(A) For spherical region r ≤ R
0
, total electrostatic energy stored is zero.
(B) Within r = 2R
0
, total charge is q.
(C) There will be no charge anywhere except at r = R
0
.
(D) Electric field is discontinuous at r = R
0
.
Sol. (A), (B), (C), (D)
The potential shown is for charged spherical conductor.
15. A solid cylinder of mass m and radius r is rolling on a rough inclined plane of inclination θ. The coefficient
of friction between the cylinder and incline is µ. Then
(A) frictional force is always µmg cos θ (B) friction is a dissipative force
(C) by decreasing θ, frictional force decreases (D) friction opposes translation and supports
rotation.
Sol. (C), (D)
16. Function x = A sin
2
ωt + B cos
2
ωt + C sin ωt cos ωt represents SHM
(A) for any value of A, B and C (except C = 0) (B) if A = −B; C = 2B, amplitude = B 2
(C) if A = B; C = 0 (D) if A = B; C = 2B, amplitude = B
Sol. (A), (B), (D)
A B C
x (1 cos 2 t) (1 cos 2 t) sin 2 t
2 2 2
= − ω + + ω + ω
For A = 0, B = 0
C
x sin 2 t
2
= ω
For A = −B and C = 2B
x = B cos 2ωt + B sin 2ωt
Amplitude = B 2
For A = B; C = 0
x = A,
Hence this is not correct option
For A = B, C = 2B
x = B + B sin 2ωt
It is also represents SHM.
17. In a dark room with ambient temperature T
0
, a black body is kept at a temperature T. Keeping the
temperature of the black body constant (at T), sunrays are allowed to fall on the black body through a hole in
the roof of the dark room. Assuming that there is no change in the ambient temperature of the room, which of
the following statement(s) is/are correct?
(A) The quantity of radiation absorbed by the black body in unit time will increase.
(B) Since emissivity = absorptivity, hence the quantity of radiation emitted by black body in unit time will
increase.
(C) Black body radiates more energy in unit time in the visible spectrum.
(D) The reflected energy in unit time by the black body remains same.
Sol. (A), (B), (C), (D)
18. The graph between 1/λ and stopping potential (V) of three metals having
work functions φ
1
, φ
2
and φ
3
in an experiment of photoelectric effect is
plotted as shown in the figure. Which of the following statement(s) is/are
correct? [Here λ is the wavelength of the incident ray].
(A) Ratio of work functions φ
1
: φ
2
: φ
3
= 1 : 2 : 4
(B) Ratio of work functions φ
1
: φ
2
: φ
3
= 4 : 2 : 1
θ
0.001 0.002
metal 1
1/λ
V
0.004
nm
−1
metal 2
metal 3
(C) tan θ is directly proportional to hc/e, where h is Planck’s constant and c is the speed of light.
(D) The violet colour light can eject photoelectrons from metals 2 and 3.
Sol. (A), (C)
hc
eV − φ =
λ
hc
V
e c
φ
= −
λ
For plate 1: plate 2 plate 3
1
0.001
hc
φ
=
2
0.002
hc
φ
=
3
0.004
hc
φ
=
φ
1
: φ
2
: φ
3
= 1 : 2 : 4
For plate 2, threshold wavelength
2
hc hc 1000
500
0.002hc 2
λ = = = =
φ
nm
For plate 3, threshold wavelength
3
hc hc 1000
250nm
0.004hc 4
λ = = = =
φ
Since violet colour light λ is 400 nm, so λ
violet
< λ
threshold
for plate 2
So, violet colour light will eject photoelectrons from plate 2 and not from plate 3.
19. An infinite current carrying wire passes through point O and in
perpendicular to the plane containing a current carrying loop ABCD
as shown in the figure. Choose the correct option (s).
(A) Net force on the loop is zero.
(B) Net torque on the loop is zero.
(C) As seen from O, the loop rotates clockwise.
(D) As seen from O, the loop rotates anticlockwise
A
B
C
D
O′ O
Sol. (A), (C)
Magnetic force on wire BC would be perpendicular to the plane of the loop along the outward direction and
on wire DA the magnetic force would be along the inward normal, so net force on the wire loop is zero and
torque on the loop would be along the clockwise sense as seen from O.
20. A ball moves over a fixed track as shown in the figure. From
A to B the ball rolls without slipping. Surface BC is
frictionless. K
A
, K
B
and K
C
are kinetic energies of the ball at
A, B and C, respectively. Then
(A) h
A
> h
C
; K
B
> K
C
(B) h
A
> h
C
; K
C
> K
A
hc
A
C
B
hA
(C) h
A
= h
C
; K
B
= K
C
(D) h
A
< h
C
; K
B
> K
C
Sol. (A), (B), (D)
E
A
= mgh
A
+ K
A
E
B
= K
B
E
c
= mgh
C
+ K
C
Using conservation of energy
E
A
= E
B
= E
C
K
B
>
K
C
K
B
> K
A
Mg(h
A
– h
C
)
+ (K
A
– K
C
) = 0
⇒ h
A
– h
C
=
C A
K K
Mg
−
*Comprehension –I
The capacitor of capacitance C can be charged (with the help of a resistance R) by a
voltage source V, by closing switch S
1
while keeping switch S
2
open. The capacitor can
be connected in series with an inductor ‘L’ by closing switch S
2
and opening S
1
.
21. Initially, the capacitor was uncharged. Now, switch S
1
is closed and S
2
is kept
open. If time constant of this circuit is τ, then
(A) after time interval τ, charge on the capacitor is CV/2
(B) after time interval 2τ, charge on the capacitor is CV(1−e
−2
)
(C) the work done by the voltage source will be half of the heat dissipated
when the capacitor is fully charged.
(D) after time interval 2τ, charge on the capacitor is CV(1−e
−1
)
L
V
R
S2
S1
C
Sol. (B)
Q = Q
0
(1 − e
−t/τ
)
Q = CV(1 − e
−t/τ
) after time interval 2τ.
22. After the capacitor gets fully charged, S
1
is opened and S
2
is closed so that the inductor is connected in series
with the capacitor. Then,
(A) at t = 0, energy stored in the circuit is purely in the form of magnetic energy
(B) at any time t > 0, current in the circuit is in the same direction
(C) at t > 0, there is no exchange of energy between the inductor and capacitor
(D) at any time t > 0, instantaneous current in the circuit may
C
V
L
Sol. (D)
q = Q
0
cos ωt
i = −
dq
dt
= Q
0
ω sin ωt
⇒ i
kax
= CωV =
C
V
L
23. If the total charge stored in the LC circuit is Q
0
, then for t ≥ 0
(A) the charge on the capacitor is
0
t
Q Q cos
2 LC
π
= +
(B) the charge on the capacitor is
0
t
Q Q cos
2 LC
π
= −
(C) the charge on the capacitor is
2
2
d Q
Q LC
dt
= −
(D) the charge on the capacitor is
2
2
1 d Q
Q
LC dt
= −
Sol. (C)
ComprehensionII
A wooden cylinder of diameter 4r, height h and density ρ/3 is kept on a hole of
diameter 2r of a tank, filled with water of density ρ as shown in the figure. The
height of the base of cylinder from the base of tank is H.
24. If level of liquid starts decreasing slowly when the level of liquid is at a
height h
1
above the cylinder, the block just starts moving up. Then, value
of h
1
is
(A) 2h/3 (B) 5h/4
(C) 5h/3 (D) 5h/2
4r
H
ρ/3
ρ
h
2r
h1
h2
Sol. (C)
[P
0
+ ρgh
1
]π(4r
2
) +
2
4r hg
3
ρ
π = [P
0
+ ρg(h
1
+h
2
)]π(3r
2
) + P
0
πr
2
h
1
= 5h/3
g(ρ/3)π(3r
2
)h P0π (r)
2
[P0 + ρg(h+h1)]π(3r
2
(P0 + ρg h1)π(2r)
2
25. Let the cylinder is prevented from moving up, by applying a force and water level is further decreased. Then,
height of water level (h
2
in figure) for which the cylinder remains in original position without application of
force is
(A) h/3 (B) 4h/9
(C) 2h/3 (D) h
Sol. (B)
P
0
π(4r
2
) +
2
4r hg
3
ρ
π = (P
0
+ ρgh
2
)π(3r
2
) + P
0
πr
2
h
1
= 4h/9
(ρ/3)ghπ(4r
2
)
P0π (r)
2
(P0 + ρgh1)π(3r
2
)
P0 g (2r
2
)π
26. If height h
2
of water level is further decreased, then
(A) cylinder will not move up and remains at its original position.
(B) for h
2
= h/3, cylinder again starts moving up
(C) for h
2
= h/4, cylinder again starts moving up
(D) for h
2
= h/5 cylinder again starts moving up
Sol. (A)
For h
2
< 4h/9 cylinder does not moves up
27. Two waves y
1
= A cos( 0.5 πx − 100 πt)
and y
2
= A cos( 0.46 πx − 92 πt) are travelling in a pipe placed along xaxis. Find the number of times
intensity is maximum in time interval of 1 sec.
(A) 4 (B) 6
(C) 8 (D) 10
Sol. (A)
f
1
− f
2
 = 4 s
−1
28. Find wave velocity of louder sound
(A) 100 m/s (B) 192 m/s
(C) 200 m/s (D) 96 m/s
Sol. (C)
v
1
= v
2
= 200 m/s
29. Find the number of times y
1
+ y
2
= 0 at x = 0 in 1 sec
(A) 100 (B) 46
(C) 192 (D) 96
Sol. (D)
y
1
+ y
2
= A cos 100πt + A cos 92π t = 0
cos 100πt = −cos 92πt
100πt = (2n + 1)π − 92πt
(2n 1)
t
192
+
=
∆t = t
n+1
− t
n
=
2
192
Questions 3032 could not be retrieved due to large length of comprehension.
33. There is a rectangular plate of mass M kg of dimensions (a × b). The plate
is held in horizontal position by striking n small balls each of mass m per
unit area per unit time. These are striking in the shaded half region of the
plate. The balls are colliding elastically with velocity v. What is v?
It is given n = 100, M = 3 kg, m = 0.01 kg; b = 2 m; a = 1m; g = 10 m/s
2
.
b
a
Sol. Torque about hinge side
b 3b b
a n(2 mv) Mg
2 4 2
× × =
2 Mg 2 M 10
v 10
3 abnm 3 2 100 0.01
×
= = × =
× ×
m/s
34. In an insulated vessel, 0.05 kg steam at 373 K and 0.45 kg of ice at 253 K are mixed. Then, find the final
temperature of the mixture.
Given, L
fusion
= 80 cal/g = 336 J/g, L
vaporization
= 540 cal/g = 2268 J/g,
S
ice
= 2100 J/kg K = 0.5 cal/gK and S
water
= 4200 J/kg K = 1 cal /gK
Sol. ∑∆Q = 0
Heat lost by steam to convert into 0°C water
H
L
= 0.05 × 540 + 0.05 × 10 ×1
= 27 + 5 = 32 kcal
Heat required by ice to change into 0°C water
H
g
=
1
0.45 20 0.45 80
2
× × + × = 4.5 + 36.00 = 40.5 kcal
Thus, final temperature of mixture is 0°C.
35. In hydrogenlike atom (z = 11), n
th
line of Lyman series has wavelength λ equal to the deBroglie’s
wavelength of electron in the level from which it originated. What is the value of n?
Sol.
2
2 2
1 2
1 1 1
Rz
n n
= −
λ
2
2
1 1 1
R(11)
1
n
= −
λ
h h
mv
λ = =
ρ
hr rh2 2 r
mvr nh n
π π
λ = = = .
10 2
2 r (0.529 10 )n
n (n)(11)
−
π π ×
λ = =
∴
10
1 11
2 (0.529 10 )n
−
=
λ
π ×
7 2
10 2
11 1
1.1 10 (11) 1
(2 )(0.529 10 )n n
−
= = × −
π ×
10 2
1 1
n
n
(2 )(0.529 10 )(1.1 10 )(11)
−
= = −
π × ×
1
n 25
n
− =
n
2
− 1 = 25 n
n
2
− 25 n − 1 = 0
n = 25
Hence answer = 24
36. A circular disc with a groove along its diameter is placed horizontally. A
block of mass 1 kg is placed as shown. The coefficient of friction
between the block and all surfaces of groove in contact is µ = 2/5. The
disc has an acceleration of 25 m/s
2
. Find the acceleration of the block
with respect to disc.
`
θ
cos θ = 4/5
sin θ = 3/5
a = 25 m/s
2
Sol. N
1
= mg
N
2
= m a sin 37°
a
bd
=
2 2 1
ma cos37 N N
10m/ s
m
° − µ − µ
= .
mg
N2
N1
ma
ma sin 37°
ma cos 37°
µ1
37. Heat given to process is positive, match the following option
of column I with the corresponding option of column II
Column I Column II
(A) JK (P) ∆W > 0
(B) KL (Q) ∆Q < 0
(C) LM (R) ∆W < 0
(D) MJ (S) ∆Q > 0
L
M
J
P(atm)
30
20
10
K
20 10
V(m
3
)
Sol. (A)→ (Q), (B)→(P), (S), (C)→(S), (D)→ (Q), (R)
38. Match the following Columns
Column I Column II
(A) Nuclear fusion (P) Converts some matter into energy
(B) Nuclear fission (Q) Generally possible for nuclei with low atomic number
(C) βdecay (R) Generally possible for nuclei with higher atomic number
(D) Exothermic nuclear reaction (S) Essentially proceeds by weak nuclear forces
Sol. (A)→(P), (Q), (B)→(P), (R), (C)→(S), (P), (D)→(P), (Q), (R)
39 Match the following Columns
Column I Column II
(A) Dielectric ring uniformly charged (P) Time independent electrostatic field out of system
(B) Dielectric ring uniformly charged rotating
with angular velocity ω
(Q) Magnetic field
(C) Constant current in ring i
0
(R) Induced electric field
(D) i = i
0
cos ωt (S) Magnetic moment
Sol. (A)→(P), (B)→(Q), (S), (C)→(Q), (S), (D)→(Q), (R), (S)
40. A simple telescope used to view distant objects has eyepiece and objective lens of focal lengths f
e
and f
0
,
respectively. Then
Column I Column II
(A) Intensity of light received by lens (P) Radius of aperture (R)
(B) Angular magnification (Q) Dispersion of lens
(C) Length of telescope (R) focal length f
0
, f
e
(D) Sharpness of image (S) spherical aberration
Sol. (A)→(P), (B)→(R), (C)→(R), (D)→ (P), (Q), (S)
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