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Form 2 ScienceChapter 5

FORM 2 CHAPTER 5WATER AND SOLUTION


1.
Diagram 1 shows the apparatus used in the electrolysis of water.
(a)
Suggest
one
example of substance Z.
.[1
mark
]
(b)
Which of the two carbon rods function as the negative electrode?
[1
mark
](c)When the circuit is switched on, some gas is collected in each test tube.(i) What
is the gas collected in test tube P?
..[1
mark
](ii) Suggest
one
way to identify the gas collected in test tube P.
[1
mark
]
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Test tube PWater + Substance ZDiagram 1Test tube QCarbon rod XCarbon rod Y

Form 2 ScienceChapter 5
(iii) What is the gas collected in test tube Q?
.[1
mark
] (iv) Suggest a way to identify the gas collected in test tube Q .
[1
mark
] (d)State the expected ratio of the volume of the gas collected in test tube Q to the
volumeof the gas collected in test tube P..
..[1
mark
]

Form 2 ScienceChapter 5
2.
Diagram 2 shows an activity conducted to determine the freezing point and the
boiling pointof water.

(a)Why is salt added to the ice cubes in A?


[1
mark
](b)What is the function of the glass tube in B?
[1
mark
](c)State the temperature of water in A when it begins to freeze.
[1
mark
](d)State the temperature of water in B when it begins to boil.
[1
mark
](e)What is the change in the state of matter when water (i) freezes:
.
ii) boils..

Form 2 ScienceChapter 5
3.
Diagram 3 shows an experiment to study the effect of humidity on evaporation.
(a) State the variables in the experiment.

(i)
Manipulated variable: ..(ii)
Responding variable: .(iii)
Constant variable: [3
marks
](b)What is the function of the anhydrous calcium chloride?
[1
mark
](c)Name another chemical substance that can be used to replace the
anhydrouscalcium chloride..
.[1
mark
](d)Why is the beaker containing water placed in the bell jar P?
[1
mark
](e)What would be observed in bell jar P and bell jar Q after one hour? Why?

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Diagram 3

Form 2 ScienceChapter 5
[2
marks
]
(f)
State
two
other factors that influence the rate of evaporation.(i)
....(ii)
..[2
marks
]