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Mud Pump
Daily maintenance and inspection:
1. Check the oil level of power end when stop running, do it once everyday.
And also check the pressure gauge of lubrication system. Check the oil
level of chain drive box if chain drive is adopted.
2. Inspect the working condition of liner and piston, a little mud leakage is
allowable. If leakage is huge, inspect the abrasion of the piston and liner
inner hole. If the abrasion is bigger, the liner and piston should be
3. Inspect the liner chamber of mud pump frame; clean it if there is too much
mud sediment.
4. Inspect and ensure water in water tank for spray pump.
5. Check if the charging pressure of discharging air dampers meets the
operators requirement.
6. Check the reliability of shear pin safety valve.
7. Loosen the piston rod clamp daily, turn the piston a quarter turn, and
tighten the clamp again. This ensure that the piston wear evenly and
extend the service life of piston and liner.
8. Check the valve cover and cylinder head every 4 hours of tightness.
9. Observe valve cap sealing, liner seal ring and liner seal relief hole, if mud
is seen to flow out, replace seal ring timely.
Weekly Maintenance:
1. Dismantle the valve cover and cylinder head once a week and clean them
thoroughly. Check the inner bushing of valve rod guide for abrasion,
replace it with new one if the clearance between valve stem and bushing
excessive 3mm. Coat thread with molybdenum disulphate compound
calcium base grease when reinstalling valve gland and cylinder gland.
2. Check the condition of valve and valve seat, replace them in pair if valve
rubber, valve body, valve seat are badly worn or washout. These should be
replaces together.
3. Check the piston lockout, replace if it is corroded and damaged.
4. Drain the water from the screw plug on drainage help cover of machine
until oil appears.
Monthly Maintenance:
1. Dismantle and wash discharge filter.
2. Check tightness of all nuts and studs and tight them accordingly to
recommended torque.
3. Check the seal ring in packing box for intermediate extension rod, replace
if necessary.
4. Check and tighten the screws of lubrication system oil sump, and gear
scrapper plate should be in correct position.

5. Every 6 months or when confirm the oil is polluted severely, replace all
lube oil in crosshead sediment cavity and power end sump after clean
them thoroughly.
Annual Maintenance:
1. Inspect the crosshead guide for tightness; add shims under guide to adjust
the clearance between crosshead and guide plates to meet the specified
2. The crosshead should be rotated 180 o firstly and then it can be used when
replace the guide plates or dismantle the crankshaft assembly.
3. HH recommends overhauling and inspecting the pump every 2 or 3 years,
to include inspection of main bearing of crank shaft, pinion shaft bearing,
connecting rod bearings, crosshead bearing for wear and damage, replace
if necessary.
4. Inspect gear surface for abrasion and wear, if badly, the crankshaft and
pinion shaft should be reinstalled by changing their direction
simultaneously to use the unworn gear surfaces.
5. Replace the seal of rear cover, crankshaft end covers etc., and replace all
oil seals if necessary.

1. Mud pressure or
2. Drops mud
decreases or no
fluid displacement
3. Mud discharge
pressure fluctuate
badly, abnormal
sound in cylinder

Possible Causes
1. Bad seal of suction
line air entering
into line
2. Suction strainer

4. Suction pipe line

has abnormal

1. Air enters into


5. Abnormal sound
in liner

1. Piston locknut loose

2. Cylinder cover
retainer loose
3. Bad suction, water

1. A piston or valve
have been worn or
2. Valve is clamped by
guide sleeve

1. Tighten the suction
flange bolt or
replace filter
2. Clean suction filter
1. Replace damaged
2. Replace damaged
3. Replace guide
1. Tighten the suction
flange bolt or
replace gasket.
2. Tighten cylinder
cover and valve
cover of replace
seal ring
1. Tighten the piston
2. Tighten the
3. Handle as per the
factors result in
bad suction

6. Mud leaks from

valve gland,
cylinder cover and
liner seal
7. Air dampener
cannot be inflated
or leak

1. Valve gland and

cylinder cover loose
2. Liner seal damaged

8. Overloading

1. Filter screen of 5-w

and discharge
pipeline blocking
2. Safety valve wrong
setting, pump

9. Bearing

1. Oil line or oil hole

2. Lubrication oil is too
dirty or
3. Roller bearing worn
or damaged
1. Crosshead guide
plate worn
2. Bearing worn or
3. Guide plate loose
4. Water hammer at
fluid end

10.Knocking noise of
power end

1. Inflated connection
2. Air bladder broken
3. Needle shut off
valve with bad

1. Tighten valve
gland and cylinder
2. Replace liner seal
1. Clean the inflating
2. Replace the air
3. Repair or replace
the valve

1. Clean filter and

discharge pipeline
2. As per liner
diameter and
regulations. Set
pressure of safety
1. Clean the oil line
and oil hole
2. Replace the
lubrication oil
3. Replace the
1. Adjust clearance or
replace the guide
2. Replace worn
3. Tighten the screws
for guide plate
4. Improve mud