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Module 1 - Scanning with ScanStation C10

Introduction
The industrys most popular class of laser scanner ScanStation is now the compact, all-in-one
ScanStation C10: scanner, battery, controller, data storage, and video camera. In addition, the
ScanStation C10 also features major advances in productivity, versatility, and ease-of-use for asbuilt and topographic High-Definition Surveying (HDS).
ScanStation C10 gives users the advantage of highaccuracy, long range scanning plus the
advantage of fast, full-dome interior scanning all in one instrument. The key is the new Smart
X-Mirror design that automatically spins or oscillates the mirror for optimum productivity. Smart
X-Mirror also automatically aligns the embedded, high-resolution video camera with the laser for
fast targeting and fast, accurate texture mapping of scans.

Objectives
When finished this module you will be able to:

Set up a ScanStation C10


Acquire scans, images and targets using the onboard functionality of ScanStation C10
Acquire scans, images and targets using Cyclone ScanControl Software
Transfer the collected data to a computer for further processing

Files to Use
-

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Table of Contents
1 HDS - ScanStation C10 ............................................................................................................ 3

1.1
1.2

ScanStation C10 Components ........................................................................................ 3


Field of View (FoV) ......................................................................................................... 5

2 Set up the ScanStation C10 ..................................................................................................... 6

2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5

Packing / Unpacking the System..................................................................................... 6


Scanner Setup on Tripod ................................................................................................ 7
Setup over a Benchmark using the Internal Laser Plummet ............................................ 7
Determine the Instruments Height ................................................................................ 9
Power up the ScanStation C10 ..................................................................................... 10

3 MMI (Man Machine Interface) - Overview............................................................................... 11

3.1
3.2
3.3

Main Screen ................................................................................................................. 11


The Main Menu ............................................................................................................ 14
Menu and Sub-menu Overview..................................................................................... 16

4 Operating C10 using Onboard Graphical Interface ................................................................. 17

4.1
4.2
4.3

Preparation .................................................................................................................. 17
Scanning and taking Images ......................................................................................... 19
Acquiring Targets ......................................................................................................... 24

5 Operating the ScanStation C10 with Cyclone ......................................................................... 27

5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6
5.7
5.8

Connect the ScanStation C10 to a Computer ............................................................... 27


Add a C10 Scanner to Cyclone...................................................................................... 27
Launch Cyclone ScanControl......................................................................................... 28
Set up a Project ........................................................................................................... 29
Connecting the ScanStation C10 with Cyclone.............................................................. 31
ScanControl Viewer ...................................................................................................... 32
Scanner Control Panel .................................................................................................. 33
Scanning and taking Images ......................................................................................... 36

6 Data Management on C10 ..................................................................................................... 41

6.1
6.2

Data transfer via USB device ........................................................................................ 41


Transferring data when connected with Cyclone .......................................................... 43

7 Troubleshoot ......................................................................................................................... 43

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Module 1 - Scanning with ScanStation C10

Scanner & Scanning Features

1 HDS - ScanStation C10


The following chapter is showing several configurations and how to set up the scanning system.

1.1 ScanStation C10 Components

Basic Hardware Components


The Leica ScanStation C10 - 3D laser scanning system is consisting of:

Figure 1

1x HDSC10, Leica ScanStation C10 scanhead 1x GEV228, ScanStation C10 data cable
1x GVP645, C10 transport container

1x GHM008, Scanner height meter

1x GDF121, Tribrach, pale green, no plummet 1x GHT196, Distance holder for height meter
4x GEB241, Lithium-Ion battery

1x HDS Window cleaning set

1x GKL212, Basic charger

1x CD-ROM Cyclone

1x AC/DC adapter for basic charger

1x ScanStation C10 User manual

1x Daisy chain cable for basic charger

1x Cyclone SCAN license for Scan-Laptop

1x Car-Adapter cable for basic charger

1x CCP Basic for ScanStation C10 (1year)

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Accessory Set
The Leica ScanStation C10 accessory set is consisting of:

Figure 2

1x GVP652, C10 accessory container

4x GEB241, Lithium-Ion battery

1x GEB271, External universal battery

1x GKL212, Basic charger

1x GKL271, Charging station for GEB271

1x Car-Adapter cable for basic charger

1x GEV225, AC power supply for GKL271

1x Daisy chain cable for basic charger

1x GEV97, 1.8m power cable

1x AC/DC adapter for basic charger

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Module 1 - Scanning with ScanStation C10

Scanner & Scanning Features

Scanhead Components

Figure 3

a) Removable handle

g) ON/OFF button

b) Rotating mirror (laser and camera exit)

h) USB connector

c) Hard plastic cover

i) Stylus

d) Circular level

j) Touchscreen user interface

e) Connector for power supply

k) Battery compartment

f) Antenna

l) Ethernet connector

1.2 Field of View (FoV)


The instrument has a rotating scanhead and a rotating mirror that covers a 360 x 270 field of
view (FoV).

Figure 4

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2 Set up the ScanStation C10


The instrument should always be set up on its tripod. Using the tripod specified for the scanning
system guarantees a maximum of stability during scanning operations.

General Information
Always set up the instrument on its tripod. Do not set up the instrument directly on the ground
for scanning operations.
It is always recommended to shield the instrument from direct sunlight and avoid uneven
temperatures around the instrument.

2.1 Packing / Unpacking the System


When in its transport container, the ScanStation C10 can sit in face-up or face-down position.

Figure 5

To take the instrument out of its container, grasp the handle and the base of the instrument,
and lift (See Figure 5).
Use caution due to the weight of the instrument (13 kg).
Pack the instrument the same way it is delivered.

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2.2 Scanner Setup on Tripod

Figure 6

1. Extend the tripod legs to allow for a comfortable working posture. Tighten the screws at the
bottom of the legs.
2. Place the tribrach on the tripod and secure it with the central fixing screw.
3. Set up the tripod so that the tripod plate is as horizontal as possible.
4. Push the tripod legs firmly into the ground.
5. Place the instrument on the tribrach and secure it with the tribrachs locking knob.
6. Level up the instrument using the instruments circular level. Turn two of the foot screws
together in opposite directions. The index finger of your right hand indicates the direction in
which the bubble should move. Now use the third foot screw to centre the bubble.

 The instrument must be levelled before it is switched ON. If not levelled using the
tribrachs or the instruments circular level, it may not power up properly.

2.3 Setup over a Benchmark using the Internal Laser Plummet


This topic describes an instrument setup over a marked ground point using the laser plummet.
Geo-referencing of the ScanStation C10 is established by setting up over a known or assumed
control point, with optional target extraction to set the azimuth direction, and establishing a
local or global coordinate system. The ScanStation C10 allows you to traverse, resection or freestation. Known azimuth or known backsight measurements can be observed.
It is always possible to set up the instrument without the need for a marked ground point.
The laser plummet described in this topic is built into the vertical axis of the instrument. It
projects a red spot onto the ground, making it appreciably easier to centre the instrument.

 The laser plummet cannot be used in conjunction with a tribrach equipped with
an optical plummet.

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Figure 7

1. Extend the tripod legs to allow for a comfortable working posture (a). Position the tripod
approximately over the marked ground point, centring it as well as possible (b).
2. Place the tribrach on the tripod (c) and secure it with the central fixing screw (d).
3. Place the instrument on the tribrach (e) and secure it with the tribrachs locking knob.
4. Turn the tribrach footscrews (h) to level the instrument
5. Turn on the instrument by pressing the ON/OFF button (f). Go to Status, Level and Laser
Plummet, Plummet and activate the laser plummet (g).
6. Move the tripod legs (a) and use the tribrach footscrews (h) to centre the plummet (i) over
the ground point.
7. Adjust the tripod legs (j) to level the circular level (k).
8. By using the electronic level (Status, Level and Laser plummet, Level) turn the tribrach
footscrews (h) to precisely level the instrument.
9. Centre the instrument precisely over the ground point (i) by shifting the tribrach on the
tripod plate.
10. Repeat steps 8. and 9. until the required accuracy is achieved.

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2.4 Determine the Instruments Height


To get an accurate height measurement use the GHM008 instrument height meter in conjunction
with the GHT196 distance holder which are both included with the scanner.

1. Place tripod centrally over the ground


point, level instrument as instructed
in previous section.
2. Click GHT196 distance holder to
tribrach.
3. It must "snap" onto the cover over an
adjusting screw.
4. Unfold measuring tongue, pull out
tape measure a little.
5. Insert GHM008 instrument height
meter in the distance holder and
attach.
6. Pull measure in the direction of the
ground point until the tip of the
measuring tongue touches the
marked point on the ground, keep
under tension and do not allow to
sag, clamp if necessary.
7. Read height of the instrument
(ground - tilt axis) in the reading
window at the red marking (in the
example 1.627 m).
Figure 8

 The tilt axis height of the ScanStation C10 is 250 mm. Take care to use the
GHM008 which has a special scale to measure the height of instruments with a
tilt axis height of 250 mm. Do not use a tape with any other scale.
Alternatively the instrument height can be measured with a common, 1:1 scaled measuring tape
from the point on the ground to the little notch under the red Leica logo at both side covers of
the scanner.

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2.5 Power up the ScanStation C10


The ScanStation C10 is delivered with 4 internal batteries. It can also be powered with an
external battery (See Accessories Box) or with an AC-Adapter.

Internal Battery
a) Open the battery compartment.
b) Remove the battery holder.
c) Remove the battery from the battery holder.
Insert the new battery into the battery
holder, ensuring that the contacts are facing
outward and that the tip on the holder fits
into the slot of the battery.

d) The battery should click into position.


e) Insert the battery holder back into the
battery compartment.

f) Turn the knob to lock the battery holder in


place.

g) Switch on the instrument to start the boot


Figure 9

process.

External Battery

a) Slide the battery pack into the charging


station.
When connected, the three LEDs on the
charging station light up for 1 sec.

b) Connect the GEV97 power cable to port P1 of


the charging station.

c) Connect the other end of the GEV97 power


cable to the power port of the instrument.

d) Press the ON/OFF button on the instrument


to start the boot process.
Figure 10

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3 MMI (Man Machine Interface) - Overview


When the Scanner is correctly set up and completely booted the following MMI-Screen (Man
Machine Interface) appears in the graphical onboard display.

3.1 Main Screen

Figure 11

Element
Element

Description

a) Time

The current local time is shown

b) Caption

Shows location in onscreen menu

c) Title Bar

Shows name of current screen

d) Screen area

Working area of the screen

e) Message Bar

Shows messages

f) Status bar

Shows current status information of the instrument

g) Escape Button

Returns to the previous screen

h) Scroll bar

Scrolls the screen up and down

i) Menu Icon

Selecting menu icon opens submenus. Menu icons are screen


dependent.

j) SHIFT button

Displays the second level softkeys

k) Softkeys

Commands can be executed with the softkeys. Commands


assigned to the softkeys are screen dependent.

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Status bar
a) Target
b) Dual-axis compensator
c) Internal hard disc
d) Status of external memory
e) External memory

Figure 12

f) External battery / AC power supply


g) Internal battery 1/2

Icon

Status

Target

HDS target

HDS black/whit target

HDS sphere target


Dual-axis compensator
(DAC)

On

Off

On but out of range


Internal hard disc

Empty

Full
External memory

Empty
Full
Ready to remove
Do not remove

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Icon

Status

External battery / AC power


supply

Empty / not available

Full

AC power supply
Internal battery 1/2

Empty / not available

Currently used full

Currently not used empty

Currently not used full


For further information and explanation about the ststus icons please have a look in the C10s
User Manual.

User Input
The system offers two different virtual keyboards for user input:
1) When an alphanumeric input box is selected with the stylus, an alphanumeric keyboard pops
up offering letters, numbers and special characters.

Figure 13

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2) When a numeric input box is selected with the stylus, a numeric keyboard pops up offering
numbers and some special characters.

Figure 14

3.2 The Main Menu


The Main Menu will be displayed after the system boot process. Idle State in the message bar
indicates that the instrument is ready for scanning.

Figure 15

Icon

Function

Scan

Offers access to all commands for scanner operation


control e.g. taking scans and images and acquire targets
for later registration

Manage

Offers access to all commands for project management.


From there projects can be created, edited and deleted.

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Icon

Function

Status

Offers access to all commands for the scanners status


information. Remaining battery capacity and free internal
HDD space. Also the integrated laser plummet and the DAC
(Dual Axis Compensator)

Config

Offers access to all commands for the configuration of the


system like setting the date and time and the units used
for later input e.g. target height.

Tools

Offers access to all commands for disk formatting, data


transfer, license management and display calibration.

Menu independent commands


Command

Function

Escape

Return to previous menu in menu hierarchy.

Shift

 Quit [QUIT]

Page

Scanner & Scanning Features

Return to main menu.


Switch between pages in a menu.

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3.3 Menu and Sub-menu Overview


Main Menu

SubSub-Menu

Scan

Description

Several Tabs for Scanning, From this menu the settings for FoV and
Imaging and Settings
resolution for scanning, the FoV and exposure
time for taking images and the acquiring of
targets can be made.
All on the scanner available projects are listed
Window with listed
Projects and create & edit and could be modified. At least the projects
functions
can be transferred to an external USB device.

Manage
Battery &
Memory

Shows the status of available battery capacity


left for each single plugged battery.
Shows the available free disc space from the
internal HDD.

System
Information

Displays the instruments type, serial &


equipment numbers and language settings;
maintenance expiring date & firmware version

Level & LS
Plummet

Displays numerical & graphical tilt status.


Switch on/off the laser plummet and set the
status of implemented DAC

Units

From this menu all unit settings can be chosen.


E.g. the units and displayed decimal digits for
distance and angle values

Time & Date

Settings of local time and date.

Format

Formatting the internal HDDS data partition.


Attention! All data stored on the internal HDD
will be deleted.

Transfer

Transfer of user-defined projects or Scanner


Log-files to external USB-device.
Upload new firmware to the instrument.

Licenses

Enter a license Key and upload of the license


file.

Display
Calibration

Recalibrate the touch screen by clicking 3 point


on the display.

Status

Config

Tools

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4 Operating C10 using Onboard Graphical Interface


Operation of ScanStation C10 can be performed solely by using the onboard control panel. The
benefit of this is that the user can make scans in the field without the need of a connected
Laptop or PDA. The C10s MMI (Man Machine Interface) gives the user full control of the scanner
and all functions can be accessed onboard.

4.1 Preparation
Set up the Scanner as described in chapter 2 - Set up the ScanStation C10 ff. Then start the
ScanStation C10 by pressing the power button. When the scanner is booted the Status Bar
shows Idle State. Now the pre-settings can be done.
Go to the Status Menu and choose Level & Ls Plummet Menu.


Status

Level & Ls Plummet

From here you can:

Level the scanner using the virtual bubble level.


Switch off/on the compensator.
Switch on/off the laser plummet to point onto the ground mark.
When done go back to the Main Menu using the escape button.
If necessary the measurement units and the values resolution can be set.


Config

Units

The default settings are meters set to 3 decimal digits.

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Create a Project
Every scan must be in a project. If no user defined project is created the default one is used. The
default project cannot be deleted and is always available.
To create a new project, go to the Manage Menu.

Figure 16

Figure 17

From there choose an existing project or create a new one pressing the New Soft Key.
Enter the Name, Description and Creator information into the empty text boxes in the New
Project menu by using the onboard keyboard. Make sure to use only characters A-Z and numbers
0-9 and - without empty spaces. Otherwise a message will pop up saying to change the given
names. When done pick the Store button. The newly created project is shown in the projects list.
Then hit the Cont button and the display is switching back to the Main Menu. Now choose the
Scan icon to go to the Begin Scan window where the already created project is shown in the
project text box.

Figure 18

If you want to change the project just pick into the text box and the again the Projects menu
comes up. Press Cont to come back to the Begin Scan window.

Pressing Cont will write the subsequent scanned data in the current Station.
Pressing NewSt a new Station object will be created and the following scanned data will be
stored in this station.

 A Station number cannot be directly chosen. Make a note in your field book when
coming back to a benchmark where a scan was already taken.
When opening a project a second time to acquire a scan the station has to be increased
manually using the NewSt soft key.
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From the following Scan Parameter menu a single scan, image, or scan & image can be started.
Targets can also be acquired from this menu.

4.2 Scanning and taking Images


In the Scan Parameter menu you can define the field of view and the resolution of the scan to
take.

Figure 19

Defining the Field of View


In the Fld of View sub-menu several pre-defined areas can be chosen.

a) Custom View
The values for Left & Right and Bottom & Top have to be entered by using the numeric onboard
keyboard. It appears when picking into a text box.

b) Quick Scan
When using the Quick Scan the bottom and top values have to be entered manually. The Left &
Right values can be chosen by rotating the scanner manually. Then pick the unlocked lock to fix
the first horizontal angle. Rotate the scanner by hand to the end horizontal position and fix the
second lock. In the unlock state the values for angles will auto update.

Figure 20

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c) Pre- defined Settings


Rectangular 60x60 / 90x90
This rectangular FoV mode selects a vertical and horizontal angle of +/- 30
or 45 from the current scanner orientation depending on your selection.

Panoramic 360 x 60/90


Choosing a Panoramic View will only select a part of the vertical field of view.
On 360x90 a +/- 45 degree scan strip and so 360x60 a +/- 30 degree
scan strip is defined.

Target All
With the Target All setting the scanners whole Filed of View will be scanned.

Figure 21

A more comfortable way to define the Field of View is to use the internal camera. On pressing
the ScWin button a window will appear showing the real-time picture of the situation.

Figure 22

) the area of interest can be found.


By using the seek mode and zoom functionality (
Using the fence tool (button in the lowest right corner) will create a fence by pick and drag. The
now inverse coloured image is defining the actual field of view. If the area of interest does not
fit into the shown window the arrows in the corners of the screen can be used to select a bigger
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Scanner & Scanning Features

field of view. Just pick for example the upper left arrow, turn the scanner and pick the lower
right arrow to define the scan area.

 The edge buttons are linked to the crosshair. That means, when picking an edge
button the selected edge is focused to onto the crosshair in the middle of the
image.
When the window is closed down by picking the Enter button the values for Horizontal and
vertical angle are set in the appropriate text boxes.

Figure 23

Defining the Resolution


In the resolutions sub-menu are four pre-defined resolution settings available. When choosing
one of them the resolution is shown in the text boxes below. E.g. a Medium Res setting will scan
a grid with a point spacing 10cm x 10cm in a distance of 100 meters. The number of points in Hz
and V are calculated depending on the set filed of view.
There is also the opportunity to customize the resolution. When choosing the Custom Res the
Distance, Horizontal and Vertical textboxes are activated. Here you can enter the point spacing
at a user specified distance.

 The higher the resolution is set the longer the scan duration will be.
If the user does not know the distance to the object e.g. a faade, but the resolution has to be
e.g. 1x1 cm, a distance measurement can be done.
Picking the Dist button, a new window appears in the display (Figure 24). It shows the real-time
image from the internal camera. The seek mode can be used to centre the image about the pick
on the screen. This also sets the cross to where the measurement will be taken. You can also
change the view by turning the scanner and moving the on screen slide bar.

Figure 24

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Pressing the measure button will start a single measurement to the cross and the distance will
be entered into the distance filed in the resolution sub-menu. Then the needed resolution can
be entered in the horizontal and vertical textboxes.

Image Settings
In the Image Ctrl TAB there is the opportunity of setting the exposure time manually or using the
automatic adjusting.
To get a feeling for manually set exposure times the ChkExp Soft Key can be pressed and the
image from the camera is shown. Use the seek mode to navigate to the area of interest and the
slider on the right side to adjust the exposure of the current situation.
The following example is showing a tricky situation. Outside there is bright sunlight and inside
the room the light conditions are dimmed. The first image is underexposed the second one
overexposed.

Figure 25

Figure 26

The following image is a compromise to get both a well exposure inside and outside the room.

Figure 27

By pressing enter the chosen value will be entered as numerical value into the exposure time
field.

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From the Image Type pull down list the format of the taken images can be chosen.

Uncompressed:
Every single image will have a size of about 3.5mb and is stored in raw format.

Compressed:
A jpg compression is running through the images and size in general is smaller.
Depending on the situation the file size of compressed images can be variable.

Start a scan scan & image image capture


From every single TAB in the Scan Parameter menu a scan & image, a single scan or single image
caption can be started by using the following SoftKeys:

Sc+Img
Scan
Shift  Image
When choosing the Sc+Img first the scan and second the image capturing will be performed. The
appearing progress bar will show the current status.

Figure 28

Figure 29

When the operation is done the scanner is showing Idle State in the status bar and the collected
scan data can be viewed on the display. Go to the VwSc Soft Key to see the scanned data.

Figure 30

Using the left/right arrows previous scans can be looked up. Use the x-button in the upper right
corner to close the view. If necessary - additional detail scans can be taken in the Scan menu
from this station.

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4.3 Acquiring Targets


It is also possible to acquire targets with the onboard controls. In the Scan menu press the Shift
button

and find the Target Softkey.

Hit the New Softkey to create a new target.


Then enter the Target ID, if necessary the target height and choose the Target Type from the
pull down list. The Status bar shows the selected target type as well.

Figure 31

 Make sure you select the correct target from the list. 6, 3, B&W targets etc.
Go to the PickT Soft Key. In the opened real-time image use the zoom and seek functionality to
navigate to the target. Try to set the cross hair to the centre of the target. When done pick the
enter button (

).

Figure 32

Go again to the New soft key and repeat the steps from before until all wanted targets are
picked and entered. Switch to the Target List TAB to control the entered targets.
Press the Cont soft key to start the target acquirement. When done, the status in the Target
Results menu changes to ok.

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Figure 33

The target information can be shown by picking the Info soft key. The Info of the selected target
from the list is shown.
Pick the View button, the selected target will be shown in the display. Using the zoom and
rotation functionality the target can be checked.

Figure 34

If the target was not acquired correctly through environmental influence the target can be
deleted by using the Del soft key.
The Targets have to be saved by pressing the Store button. Then the targets are removed from
the list and stored on the internal HDD.
When setting up the scanner on the next station and going to the Acquire Target Menu, the
previously acquired targets are available in the target ID pull down list. To acquire them, just
select the target ID and go to PickT soft Key. Navigate to the Target with the chosen ID in the
real time image and hit enter when done. Continue until all targets are picked and click at least
the Continue button. The Targets from the list will be scanned.
When all needed data is captured from this station the scanner can be shut down by clicking the
escape button until the shut down dialogue is coming up. Choose yes to switch the system off.

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Figure 35

Move the ScanStation C10 to the next point of interest and set it up like described before.
Chapter 6 shows the export of the collected data from the scanner and how to bring the data
into Cyclone.

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5 Operating the ScanStation C10 with Cyclone


When the ScanStation C10 is set up as described in chapter 2. - Set up the ScanStation C10 it
can be easily connected to a Computer. The following chapters describe the connection to a
computer, adding the Scanner to the Cyclone Software and acquire Images, Scans and Targets.

 To operate the ScanStation C10 with Cyclone at least a version 7.0 or later must
be installed on the computer.

5.1 Connect the ScanStation C10 to a Computer


In contrast to the ScanStation 2 or HDS6100 there is no need to set the IP-address settings in
Windows. A network connection is established with either IP - settings in the network
connection DHCP or static IP address.
When the scanner has booted completely the ScanStation C10 data cable has to be plugged to
both machines, computer and scanner. After a few seconds a limited network connection is
established (IP=169.***.***.***) and Cyclone can be started.

Figure 36

5.2 Add a C10 Scanner to Cyclone


In the Cyclone Navigator go to menu Confi
Configure and choose Scanners . Push the Add button
to get the Add Scanner window.

Figure 37

Figure 38

Select the ScanStation C10 from the Scanner Model pulldown list (Figure 37).Then add a scanner
name to the Scanner Name field. When a character or number is inserted to this filed the OK

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button is activated and can be clicked. Since there is no static IP-Address from the scanner
needed to connect the scanner in Cyclone the IP Address box will stay inactive.

 Once a ScanStation C10 is added to Cyclone any ScanStation C10 can be used
with this single added scanner in ScanControl.
On pressing the OK button the Scanner Name is shown in the Cyclone Navigators SCANNERS
folder.

Figure 39

5.3 Launch Cyclone ScanControl


On double click the previously created scanner (Figure 39) in the SCANNERS folder the
ScanControl window comes up.

Figure 40

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5.4 Set up a Project


In order to connect and start scanning, you must first select or create a project folder in which
to store scan data. The initial Scan Control window will prompt you to select a destination
project folder.

If you havent already created a database in which to collect your data, you will see the
following message:

Figure 41

In this case, return to the Cyclone Navigator and create a new database via Configure |
Databases.

If you have already created a database you will see the following window:

Figure 42

Expand the server icon to locate the database into which the scans will be stored.

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Figure 43

Figure 44

Select the database, and then click Create.


Give the Project Folder a meaningful name.
If the Scan Control Panel is not showing any content the menus can be added using the
Windows command in Scan Controls menu bar.

Figure 45

Figure 46

 The Scanner Control Panel can be anchored to a side of the Scan Controls
Window by clicking the Windows expand button in the upper right corner of the
panel.
The Select a Project dialog can also be accessed by clicking the browse icon next to the Project
box in the Scanner Control Panel of the Scan Control window.
It is possible to navigate or browse to an existing project, and then click OK. Your destination
project is then selected.
If you choose a new project, a new ScanWorld is created and your previous ScanWorld is no
longer the destination for subsequent scan data.
Depending on the settings in preferences for survey mode a station can be set, too.

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5.5 Connecting the ScanStation C10 with Cyclone


When the setup is finished the Scanner can be connected to ScanControl.
Use the Scanner menu and click Connect. Choose an available Scanner from the popup window
and click the OK button. If there is no scanner shown in the list check if the scanner is
completely booted and connected correctly to Windows (5.1 Connect the ScanStation C10 to a
Computer).

Figure 47

The New ScanWorld dialog lets the user know if the compensator is enabled or disabled.

Figure 49

Figure 48

The dual axis compensator can be toggled on/off by clicking Scanner | Enable Dual-Axis
Compensator. When the Compensator is enabled the green compensator icon is shown in the
status bar.

Figure 50

After levelling the ScanStation C10 with the tribrach legs and the circular bubble the instrument
can be fine-levelled with the electronic bubble from Scanner | Bubble Level.

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Figure 51

5.6 ScanControl Viewer


The Scan Control viewer represents the field of view of ScanStation C10. By default a spherical
grid is displayed at 10 degree increments spanning 360 degrees by 270 degrees. Zero horizontal
and zero vertical are each represented by blue lines which intersect at the scanners default zero
orientation. The user specifies an area within this field of view which determines where images
and scans are taken.

Figure 52

Figure 53

Use View Mode, to rotate the view about the nodal position of ScanStations FOV. Do this by left
clicking and dragging in the Scan Control Viewer.
Also in View Mode, Increase or decrease the FOV (zoom) in the window by clicking both mouse
buttons and dragging up or down, respectively.

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5.7 Scanner Control Panel


The Scanner Control Panel contains following sub-menus. In this section not all of them will be
used. Others will be worked on in following Modules Scanner & Scanning Features.

Project Setup

Scan Filter

Field-of-View

Field Setup

Resolution

Traverse

Probe

Stakeout

Atmosphere

Pointing

The Project Setup was discussed in chapter 5.4 before.

Field-of-View (for images and scans)

Figure 54

1) Define a field of view by fence:

Use Panoramic Rectangle Fence Mode to define the field of view for taking images and scans
by ScanStation.

In Panoramic Rectangle Fence Mode

draw a rectangle in front of the scanner by clicking a


point on the screen and dragging the cursor down and to the right. Clicking and dragging to
the left will create the inverse fence.

In Panoramic Rectangle Fence Mode

pass the mouse over the center of the fence in the


Scan Control viewer. Notice the cursor changes. Left-click and drag to move the existing fence
around in the viewer.

Resize the rectangular fence through left-click and dragging the sides/corners of the defined
fence.

 Clicking and dragging with an existing fence in the Scan Control viewer will over
right the old fence as the new one is drawn.

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Figure 55

In the Field-of-View section of the Scanner Control Panel, notice how the extents will update
with each fence adjustment in the Hz Window and V Window fields.
2) Define a field of view numerically
Working in the Field-of-View section of the Scanner Control Panel, manually enter the numbers
to define the extents of the rectangular fence.

Notice how the rectangular fence updates as each field is modified.


Use the Presets in the Field-of-View section to quickly define the rectangular fence.
 Using Target All in the Presets is a quick way to target ScanStations full 360
degrees by 270 degrees.

Probe

Figure 56

Probing for distance is an optional operation. Probing is done specifically to determine the
distance to an object and to set the scan density at that range from the scanner.

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Probe for a distance

Switch to Panoramic Rectangle Fence Mode.


Create a rectangular fence. Note the crosshairs at the center of the defined fence. This is the
point to which the distance will be measured to.

Click the Probe button. The Probe dialog is updated to show the azimuth, elevation, and
range to the crosshairs.

 To move the probe reference point, hold down the Control button and left-click
anywhere in the Scan Control Viewer. Pressing probe again will update the
respective measurements.
Probing can also be done in the Resolution dialog in the Scanner Control Panel.

Resolution

Figure 57

With a rectangular fence drawn to define the area to be scanned in the Scan Control, it is
possible to set the scan density.
The Sample Spacing determines the spacing of the scanned points at the distance shown in the
Range field. Objects closer in range will be scanned at a higher density while objects further
away are scanned at a lesser density.
Sample Spacing can be either manually entered or quickly set using Presets.
The Number of Points displays the number of points to be scanned in the horizontal and vertical
directions.

Figure 58

Any adjustments to Range, Sample Spacing, or Number of Points may adjust the other fields in
this dialog. For example if the range in the image above was increased to 20m, and the Sample
Spacing stays the same, the Number of Points automatically increases to maintain the Sample
Spacing at the farther Range.

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5.8 Scanning and taking Images

Acquire Images
The ScanStation C10 scanner is designed to acquire photographic images that are assembled in a
mosaic to create a full 360 degree panoramic photographic representation of the area that may
be scanned.
Each single 17 x 17 mosaic photo is a 4 Mega-pixels image with 1920 x 1920 pixels resolution.
A full panoramic image with 360 x 270 consists of 230 photos. It takes about 10 minutes to
acquire a fulldome image depending on the surrounding brightness conditions.
You can capture an image of the scene from the point of view of the scanner and display it in
the Scan Control window. This image is useful for determining the field of view of the scanner,
as well as for targeting areas of the scene to be scanned. While it can be very helpful for a
number of reasons, having a valid image in the Scan Control window is not required for targeting
the scanner or for actual scanning.

 Note that the colours in the acquired image are mapped to the point cloud upon
creation.

Adjust Exposure
ScanStation C10 takes photos in 17 x 17 degree mosaics within the FOV specified. The light
exposure may vary over different sections of the area to be scanned. Different exposures may
need to be set for different areas of the FOV.
The Exposure can be set manually for each single image by using the Image | Adjust Exposure
dialogue.

Figure 59

To get images with a homogenous look the automatic exposure time function can be chosen
from the pull-down list.
The easiest way to understand the best exposure setting when using the manual mode is to do
a small test image:
In Panoramic Rectangular Fence Mode, create a small rectangular fence spanning roughly a 5
degree by 5 degree area in the Scan Control Viewer.
Click Image | Get Image, or click the Get Image icon.
Ensure that the Scan Control is set to show the images by clicking Image | Show Images.
It may take the scanner several seconds to acquire and transfer the mosaic of tiled images
before they are displayed. If the orientation of the scanner is changed or the exposure needs
adjustment, select Get Image again to update the image.
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Earlier images are overwritten by the last picture taken.

Acquire a Scan
After taken the images, defining the target region and adjusting the scan settings, the next step
is to begin the scan.

In the Scan Control window, click the Scan button.


Preview the incoming scan in a ModelSpace by clicking the Open Viewer button in the Project
Setup section of the Scanner Control Panel.

The progress bar at the bottom of the Scan Control informs the user of the time left until the
end of the scan.

When the scan has finalized, the points are linked to the database and the colour of the
points will change from green to multi-hued.

When the scan has finished, the user then has the opportunity to define a new FOV with new
scan parameters. For example, a higher density scan of a detail can be made and overlaid in
the same ScanWorld.

Pause a scan: Clicking Pause at the bottom of the Scanner Control Panel while a scan is in
progress will temporarily suspend the scanners operation. Use this, for example, when the
FOV is temporarily blocked by traffic.

Stop a scan: Clicking Stop at the bottom of the Scanner Control Panel will stop and finalize a
scan that is in progress.
Acquired point clouds can be overlaid in the scan control by clicking Image | Show ModelSpace.

Acquire Targets
Targets are used in the registration process. When targets are placed in the scene and scanned
properly, a vertex can be extracted and used as a tie point to assist in the registration between
ScanWorlds. For example, a target that has been scanned and extracted in two separate
ScanWorlds will be given the same registration label and used as a tie point to assist in
registering those ScanWorlds together.
The supported types of targets can be found in Module 02 - Scanner and Scanning Features.
Following steps describe how to acquire and add targets to ControlSpace in an efficient way.
1) Make the point cloud visible in the ScanControl window by using Image | Show ModelSpace.
2) Navigate to a target and set a pick point close to the centre of the Targets point cloud.

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Figure 60

3) Then navigate to next target and pick the target in Multipick mode.
4) Repeat steps 2 to 3. When done go to menu Scanner Control | Acquire Targets

 If picking multiple targets, ensure that all multi-selected targets are of like type.
For example, do not multi-select both Black/White targets and HDS targets.
5) From the Acquire Targets window choose Acquire | Acquire HDS Targets from Pick Points or
Acquire B&W targets from Pick Points - depending on which type of targets were picked.
6) Deselect picked points before and multipick the other type. Repeat step 2 to 5 for the new
picked targets.

Figure 61

Depending on how many picks were made, a list of potential candidates will fill the Acquire
Targets window. These candidate targets have to be verified visually in the ModelSpace. A
ModelSpace View can be easily opened using the Open Viewer button from Project Setup in
Scanner Control Panel.

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All candidates are ticked by default in order to be acquired and labeled with temporary
consecutive numbers for ease of identification. Untick any candidates which are not correct.
Enter your own IDs, as the pink numbers displayed in the ModelSpace are arbitrary and will be
lost after acquisition.
Click in each candidate targets Target Ht field and enter the Target Ht. For example, if the target
is set up over a control point, enter the height measured from the ground point to the center of
the target.
Highlighting the target in the # column in the Acquire Targets window centers the associated
ModelSpaces view on the pick associated with that candidate. Use this to quickly double check
everything is correct.

Figure 62

In the example illustrated above, Target BW400 and SP500 have no known height added.

 Note: Recheck is an option for listed targets that have been acquired and the
user would like to recheck the accuracy of their positions, for example, if the
scanner or target has moved.
Click on Acquire to start the target acquisition process. In this example the box for target
HDS200 will be unchecked.
To view the target being scanned, click on the target in the # column. The ModelSpace View
will then be centred on the target being scanned.
The scanner first performs a rough scan of the general area of the target to locate the centre of
the target.
Cyclone software then automatically initiates a fine scan of the center of the target and then
uses an algorithm to locate the center. A vertex or Tie Point is then created at the calculated
center of the target (Figure 64).
During acquisition the Status column changes from Acquiring rough scan to Acquiring fine
scan to Target acquired and ready for recheck

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Figure 63

As mentioned above the target HDS200 was not acquired because it was not checked in the
Acquire column.
Always visually check results of target extraction before changing scanner positions (e.g. if
target is scanned at an angle and cannot be acquired accurately, or if there is data missing from
target, etc.

Figure 64

Target fine scans will by default be visually switched off after the tie point has been extracted. In
order to make them visible again, use the ScanWorld Explorer in the ModelSpace (Tools | Scanner
| ScanWorld Explorer)

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6 Data Management on C10


When a project is scanned onboard the data has to be transferred from the Scanner to a
computer for further processing. In the MMI - Management menu the projects available on the
internal HDD can be edited. Then the data can be transferred.
There are two different ways transferring the data from the scanner.

6.1 Data transfer via USB device


Make sure that the used USB-device is NTFS formatted and has enough free space to store the
data.
Remove the C10s USB dust protection cap and plug in USB drive.

 Some USB devices (e.g. HDDs) have high power consumption. Make sure the
scanner has enough power for the transfer left or use an external power supply
for the USB drive.
When the Statusbar (Figure 12) is showing both the external memory device e) and the status d)
the transfer can be started.
with a green arrow
From the Main Menu go to

Tools

Transfer

Projects

The current Project is shown in the projects textbox. On picking the Textbox the Projects Menu
comes up and the required project can be chosen. Picking the Cont soft key, the selected Project
name is entered into the projects Textbox. To start the transfer, just pick the Cont soft key.
Depending on the projects size it may take a while to proceed. During the transfer progress the
do not remove icon
is shown in the status bar. When the transfer is finished the green arrow
is shown again and the USB device can be removed.
The data on the USB device is stored in following structure:

Figure 65

Now the collected data can be imported into Cyclone. Connect the USB device to your computer.
Open Cyclone and create a new database for the project to be imported to. Also an already
existing project and / or can be chosen. Highlight the Database by a single click in the Navigator
and go to File | Import ScanStation C10 data

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Navigate to the folder called Scanner-Projects and press the OK button. A new window will come
up showing the available projects which can be imported.

Figure 66

Choose the project of interest and click OK. The import process is starting.
If the Scanner tilted during the operation an import warning will pop up. Choose if the out of
tilt range-data should be imported or not. In the example below there were two scans taken.
During one of the scans the scanner tilted significantly.

Figure 67

 When importing the data from ScanStation C10 - make sure you set the
preferences for survey mode.
In Preferences, if Scan | Survey Mode is set to "Yes", Cyclone creates Stations as part of the
Navigator project structure. If it is set to "No", then Stations are not created, but the Station
name is prefixed to the ScanWorld name.

 The scan data can also be imported directly without project information.
Choose Files | Import and navigate to the scans folder (Figure 65). Select a
*.bin file to import. The scan is imported as a single ScanWorld.

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6.2 Transferring data when connected with Cyclone


When an onboard scan has been done the scanned data can be imported directly from the
scanner into Cyclone. Boot up the ScanStation C10 and establish the network connection.
Run Cyclone Navigator and open the ScanControl. Select an already existing Database or create a
new one from Cyclone Navigator. When done connect to the Scanner as described in the
chapters before.
From the Scanner menu select the Import Data from ScanStation C10 and the Import dialogue
(Figure 66) is comes up. Select the Project and press ok.

Figure 68

The import may take a while and when finished the ScanStation C10 can be shut down. The
downloaded data is directly imported to the selected database.

7 Troubleshoot
C10s Log Files
Plug in a USB device with enough free disc space. The logfiles are stored as text format and are
not compressed. To get them into a handy file size use e.g. zip or rar packing programm.
Navigate to the Transfer Menu (Tools | Transfer) and choose the Logs button in the SoftKey bar.
The Transfer will be started immediately.

Format the internal HDD


When the scanner is used a lot with onboard control the internal HDD can be fragmented or
sectors can be corrupted. The format command will fix the corrupted sectors and free the HDD
from all data.

 When running a format all data stored on the internal HDD will be lost!

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