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Structure of Government of India

The Government in India or the central or the union government is divided into three main
sections namely the executive, legislature and the judiciary shown as under. The responsibility of
each section of the government is also mentioned along.
Government of India(Central/Union Government)ExecutiveExecutive consists of :1. President2.
Vice President3. Cabinet MinistersLegislatureor ParliamentLegislature consists of :1. Lok Sabha
+Rajya Sabha2. Prime minister (MP)JudiciaryJudiciary consists of :Supreme Court of
IndiaResponsibilty|To pass the laws madeby the LegislatureResponsibilty|To make
lawsResponsibilty|1. To solve conflictsbetween Executive andLegislature2. other public
relatedmatters or conflicts

Cabinet Ministers of India

Structure of State Government of India
The state legislature or the state assembly in India is headed by the chief minister of that state.
The state legislature is divided into two parts namely the vidhan sabha and the vidhan parishad.
The governor for the state assemblies is elected by the chief minister himself.
Below a complete flowchart is given about the state legislatures (assemblies) in India to make
things more clear.
State Legislature or StateAssemblies headed by CMelected by thepeople of that stateelected by
MLAs,standing graduates,governor etc.VIDHAN SABHAGovernor elected byPresident of
IndiaVIDHAN PARISHAD1. Fixed no. of seats in every state.2. Diff. Number of seats for diff.
states1. size cannot be more than 1/3 of the seats reserved for MLA's 2. cannot be less than 40
xcept J&K(36)Elected members called MLA(Member of Legislative Assembly)Elected members
called MLC(Member of Legislative Council)MLAs present in all states ofIndia and in two of the
Union TerritoriesMLCs only in 7 states namely UP,Bihar, J&K, Assam, Maharashtra,Andhra
Pradesh and KarnatakaCabinet Ministers of state madefrom amongst these selected MLAsNo
MLC can be member of Cabinetof Ministers

List of Chief Ministers of Indian States

Structure of Union Territories Administration in India
There are a total of 7 union territories in India namely Delhi, Pondicherry, Daman and Diu, Dadra
& Nagar, Chandigarh, Lakshadweep and Andaman & Nicobar Islands. The administrative
structure of Delhi, Pondicherry is quite different from those of the rest of the union territories.
Go through the flow chart to know the difference between the two sets of UT's in India.
Administrative Structure of union territories in IndiaDelhiDaman and DiuChandigarhAndaman &
NicobarPondicherryDadra & NagarLakshadweep1. partial state hood given2. legislative
assemblies and theexecutive councils of ministers.3. has own CM4. Lieutenant governor,
normallyincharge of U.T. In case CM Not present1 . are ruled directly by the Central
Government.2. An administrator, who is an IAS officer or an MPis appointed by the President of
India for effectiveadminstration of the U.T.

List of Governors of Indian States

in/government/#sthash. 2. the Sixth Lok Sabha in March.000 population (there are exceptions as the earlier threshold was 20. tolls and fees. the Eighth Lok Sabha in December. the SDO of the subdivision and some other members from the weaker section of society. 1977.Zila Panchayat Gram Panchayat elects one Sarpanch and other members.000 but less than 25. 1952. 1957. The first general elections under the new Constitution were held during the year 1951-52 and the first elected Parliament came into being in April. At present around 88 Nagar Nigam are in operation. Our Parliament comprises of the President and the two Houses—Lok Sabha (House of the People) and Rajya Sabha (Council of States).000. whereas one Mayor elected separately.dpuf Parliament is the supreme legislative body of a country. the Second Lok Sabha in April.Structure of Local Government Bodies in India Village (rural) Administration: Panchayati Raj: Basic unit of Administration in India. 3.See more at: http://www. 1980. Gram (Village) . there is a Sabhashad. a member is elected whereas Chairman is elected separately. 1962. 1950. Nagar Palika (Municipality) : Cities having more than 1. 1984. 1967. Implementation of schemes for economic development and social justice. the Ninth .00. comprising of three levels 1. From every ward.HR7Q0OTI.elections.00. the Seventh Lok Sabha in January. 1971. The Constitution of India came into force on January 26. the Fourth Lok Sabha in March.000. elected by the voters.000). Nagar Panchayat/Nagar Parishad (Notified Area Council/City Council): Population more than 11. so all those who have a Nagar Palika earlier. duties. The President has the power to summon and prorogue either House of Parliament or to dissolve Lok Sabha. the Third Lok Sabha in April. Block Panchayat/Panchayat Samiti works for the villages of the tehsil or taluka that together are called a Development Block. From every ward. sustains it even though their population is below 1. Zila (District) .Panchayat Samiti 3. Preparation of the economic development plan and social justice plan. City (urban) Administration Mahanagar Nigam (Municipal Corporation ): In Metro cities. Taluka/Tehsil (Block) . the Fifth Lok Sabha in March.Gram Panchayat (for one or more than one village) 2. Powers and responsibilities of Gram Panchayat: 1. Zila Panchayat Chief of administration is an IAS officer and other members are elected by the Gram Panchayats and Panchayat Samitis. . To levy and collect appropriate taxes. Block Panchayat/Panchayat Samiti comprised of all Aarpanchas of the Panchayat samiti area. the MPs and MLAs of the area.

the Twelfth Lok Sabha in March. the Eleventh Lok Sabha in May. as the name itself signifies.Lok Sabha in December. The present membership of Lok Sabha is 545. 1991. Its members are directly elected. The minimum qualifying age for membership of the House is 25 years. The number is divided among the different States and Union Territories as follows: (1) Andhra Pradesh 42 (2) Arunachal Pradesh 2 (3) Assam 14 (4) Bihar 40 (5) Chhattisgarh 11 (6) Goa 2 (7) Gujarat 26 (8) Haryana 10 (9) Himachal Pradesh 4 (10) Jammu & Kashmir 6 (11) Jharkhand 14 (12) Karnataka 28 (13) Kerala 20 (14) Madhya Pradesh 29 (15) Maharashtra 48 . 1996. 1998 and Thirteenth Lok Sabha in October. 1999. normally once in every five years by the adult population who are eligible to vote. LOK SABHA Lok Sabha. 1989. the Tenth Lok Sabha in June. is the body of representatives of the people.

(16) Manipur 2 (17) Meghalaya 2 (18) Mizoram 1 (19) Nagaland 1 (20) Orissa 21 (21) Punjab 13 (22) Rajasthan 25 (23) Sikkim 1 (24) Tamil Nadu 39 (25) Tripura 2 (26) Uttaranchal 5 (27) Uttar Pradesh 80 (28) West Bengal 42 (29) Andaman & Nicobar Islands 1 (30) Chandigarh 1 (31) Dadra & Nagar Haveli 1 (32) Daman & Diu 1 (33) NCT of Delhi 7 (34) Lakshadweep 1 (35) Pondicherry 1 (36) Anglo-Indians (if nominated 2 by the President under Article 331 of the Constitution) .

Rajya Sabha is a permanent body. It is not subject to dissolution but one-third of its members retire every two years. science and social service. No member of Rajya Sabha can be under 30 years of age.RAJYA SABHA Rajya Sabha is the Upper House of Parliament. Rajya Sabha was duly constituted for the first time on April 3. Every State is allotted a certain number of members. that year. Members of Rajya Sabha are not elected by the people directly but indirectly by the Legislative Assemblies of the various States. art. distributed among different States and Union Territories as follows: (1) Andhra Pradesh 18 (2) Arunachal Pradesh 1 (3) Assam 7 (4) Bihar 16 (5) Chhattisgarh 5 (6) Goa 1 (7) Gujarat 11 (8) Haryana 5 (9) Himachal Pradesh 3 (10) Jammu & Kashmir 4 (11) Jharkhand 6 (12) Karnataka 12 (13) Kerala 9 . There are at present 245 members in Rajya Sabha. 1952 and it held its first sitting on May 13. It has not more than 250 members. Twelve of Rajya Sabha members are nominated by the President from persons who have earned distinction in the fields of literature.

(14) Madhya Pradesh 11 (15) Maharashtra 19 (16) Manipur 1 (17) Meghalaya 1 (18) Mizoram 1 (19) Nagaland 1 (20) Orissa 10 (21) Punjab 7 (22) Rajasthan 10 (23) Sikkim 1 (24) Tamil Nadu 18 (25) Tripura 1 (26) Uttaranchal 3 (27) Uttar Pradesh 31 (28) West Bengal 16 (29) NCT of Delhi 3 (30) Pondicherry 1 (31) Nominated by the President under 12 Article 80(1)(a) of the Constitution Presiding Officers Lok Sabha elects one of its own members as its Presiding Officer and he is called the Speaker. The conduct of business in Lok Sabha is the responsibility of the Speaker. He is assisted by the Deputy Speaker who is also elected by Lok Sabha. .

labour welfare. (4) Rajya Sabha has special powers to declare that it is necessary and expedient in the national interest that Parliament may make laws with respect to a matter in the . The subjects over which Parliament can legislate are the subjects mentioned under the Union List in the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution of India. Railways. Members of Rajya Sabha are elected by the elected members of State Legislative Assemblies in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of single transferable vote. Rajya Sabha also elects one of its members to be the Deputy Chairman. Banking. discussions and questions addressed by members to Ministers exercise control over the administration of the country and safeguard people’s liberties. He is elected by the members of an electoral college consisting of members of both Houses of Parliament.The Vice-President of India is the ex-officio Chairman of Rajya Sabha. Foreign Affairs. (3) Lok Sabha is the House to which the Council of Ministers is responsible under the Constitution. Functions of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha The main function of both the Houses is to pass laws. Money Bills can only be introduced in Lok Sabha. Union subjects are those important subjects which for reasons of convenience. Besides passing laws. Transport and Communications. Under this category mention may be made of economic and social planning. There are numerous other subjects on which both Parliament and State Legislatures can legislate. Customs and Excise Duties. Broadly speaking. Difference between Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha (1) Members of Lok Sabha are directly elected by the eligible voters. Currency and Coinage. Also it is Lok Sabha which grants the money for running the administration of the country. Parliament can by means of resolutions. Every Bill has to be passed by both the Houses and assented to by the President before it becomes law. efficiency and security are administered on all-India basis. (2) The normal life of every Lok Sabha is 5 years only while Rajya Sabha is a permanent body. The principal Union subjects are Defence. price control and vital statistics. motions for adjournment. social security and insurance.

.State List or to create by law one or more all-India services common to the Union and the States.