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Set 7 - Asid, bes and salts


Date :…………………………..



Added with several
drops of universal
Electrical conduction
Added with marble

changed to red

No noticeable

Ammeter needle Ammeter needle
does not show a
Gas evolved
No noticeable

R is 0.1 mol dm-3 malic acid, C4H4O4 solution. S is 0.1 mol dm-3 malic acid in
dry benzene. The table above shows the observations in an experiment to
compare R and S properties.
(a) What is meant by acid?
[1 mark]
(b) Draw a labeled diagram to show how electrical conduction test carried
out for R and S.

[2 marks]

Calculate the concentration of sodium hydroxide in g dm-3 .0 cm 3 malic acid solutions. [Relative molecular mass of sodium hydroxide .Set 7 . bes and salts (d) Explain why observations for R and S differ in experiment 2. ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ [2 marks] (c)(i) Name the gas evolved when marble chips is added to R.Asid. 40 ] [2 marks] 2 .0 cm3 sodium hydroxide solution completely neutralize 25. C4H4O4 + 2NaOH Na 2 C4H2O4 + 2H2O (i) 25. ______________________________________________________ [1 marks] (ii) Suggest a suitable test to identify the gas evolved in (c)(i) ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ [2 marks] (d) Given below chemical equation between malic acid solution and sodium hydroxide solution.

Asid. The results are recorded in table 1 and the results are used to plot the graph of height of precipitate against the volume of potassium chromate (VI) used. 2 cm 3 into the second boiling tube.Set 7 . ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ [2 marks] 2. In this method. The continuous variation method is used to construct the ionic equation for the reaction between barium nitrate solution and potassium chromate (VI) solution. seven boiling tubes with each is added with 10 cm3 of 0.5 mol dm-3 of barium nitrate. Boiling tube Volume of barium nitrate/cm3 Volume of potassium chromate (VI)/cm3 Height of precipitate/cm 1 10 2 10 3 10 4 10 5 10 6 10 7 10 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 5 5 3 . The height of the precipitate formed in each boiling tube is measured. bes and salts (ii) Starting from the product of reaction between sodium hydroxide solution and R. so on until 7cm3 solution is added into the seventh boiling tube. describe how you can prepare salt that obtained. 1 cm3 of 1 mol dm-3 potassium chromate (VI) is added into the first boiling tube. Then.

Set 7 . _____________________________________________________ [1 mark] (d) Calculate the number of moles of barium nitrate added to each boiling tube. _____________________________________________________ [1 mark] (b) What is the colour of the precipitate? _____________________________________________________ [1 mark] (c)Determine from the graph. [1 mark] (f) Calculate the number of moles of potassium chromate (VI) that reacts with 1 mole of barium nitrate. [1 mark] 4 . calculate the number of moles of potassium chromate (VI) that reacts completely with the barium nitrate solution. [1 mark] (e) Using the answer in (c ). bes and salts (a)Name the precipitate formed in each of the boiling tube. the volume of potassium chromate (VI) that reacts completely with the barium nitrate solution.Asid.

bes and salts (g) Using answer in (f).Asid. (i) First boiling tube : ____________________________________ (ii) Fifth boiling tube : __________________________________ (iii) Seventh boiling tube : ________________________________ [3 marks] 3. construct the ionic equation for the reaction that occurs to form solid barium chromate(VI). Figure 1 below is a flow chart showing a series of reactions starting from iron (II) carbonate. 5 . Gas R is a gas that can turns lime water to chalky.Set 7 . fifth and seventh boiling tubes. _____________________________________________________ [1 mark] (h) Give the formulae of all the ions present in the solution in first.

[2 marks] __________________________________________________ 6 . bes and salts (a)(i) Name gas R __________________________________________________ [1 mark] (ii) Write chemical equation for process 1. __________________________________________________ [1 mark] (d)In process 4. (i) Name the type of reaction that occurs. __________________________________________________ [1 mark] (ii) State two observations at the end of the reaction. (i) Name the dirt green precipitate __________________________________________________ [1 mark] (ii) Write ion equation for process 3. __________________________________________________ [1 mark] (b) (i) Name Z solution.Set 7 .Asid. __________________________________________________ [1 mark] (ii) How you could obtain crystals of the salt Z ? __________________________________________________ [1 mark] (c) Refer to process 3. magnesium powder added into the salt Z solution.

4 dm3 at s. III White precipitate.16 g iron (II) carbonate heated in the process 1. 1 mol gas occupied 22. 12 . O. 16 .Set 7 . 56 .p] [2 marks] Three series of tests. [Relative atomic mass : Fe. bes and salts __________________________________________________ (e) 4 If 1. I.Asid. (a) List all the ions that can be identified from test I. Nitrate solution of X Na2SO4 solution NaOH solution I II NH3 solution White precipitate soluble in excess.t. ____________________________________________________ [2 marks] 7 .t. calculate the volume of gas R that evolved at s. White precipitate insoluble in excess. II and III are carried out on a nitrate solution of X as shown in the following flow chart.p. C.

Asid.Set 7 . _________________________________________________ [1 mark] (d) Describe briefly a confirmatory test to verify the cation in the nitrate solution of X. (ii) _________________________________________________ [1 mark] Write the ionic equation. bes and salts (b) Name the nitrate solution of X and write its chemical formula. _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ [ 2 marks] (e) How do you obtain a dry sample of the white precipitate form in test III? _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ [ 2 marks] 8 . ____________________________________________________ [2 marks] (c) Based on test III (i) Name the type of reaction.