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# Lecture 4

Applications ( Sec 5.1 – 5.3)
1. Find the area of the region R that lies
3
x
y=
interval 1≤ x ≤ e 2
the

under the curve

≥0

Since the function y = 3/x
interval so

o ver the given

2

e

3
Area of R=∫ dx=3 lnx|e1 =( 3 ln e 2) −3 ln 1=6−0=6 square untis .
x
1
2

2. A study indicates that t months from now
the population of a certain town will be
growing at the rate of
2

'

P ( t )=5+3 t 3 people per month .

By how much will the population actually
increase over the next 8 months?
Incerase over 8 months = P(8) – P(0) =
8

8

∫ P (t ) dt=∫
'

0

0

(

2
3

)

(

5

8

)|

5

( )

9
9
5+3 t dt= 5 t+ t 3 =5 ( 8 ) + 8 3 −0=40+1.8 ( 32 ) =97.6
5
5
0

3. If f(x) and g(x) are functions that are
continuous on the interval −3 ≤ x ≤ 2 and
2

2

1

1

∫ f ( x ) dx=5 ;∫ g ( x ) dx=−2; ∫ f ( x ) dx=0; ∫ g ( x ) dx=4 ;
−3

−3

−3

−3

then find

what is the profit when the level of production is 36 units? Profit = Revenue – Cost = ∫ [ R ( q ) −C ( q ) ] dq ' ∫[ −1 2 1 ] 200 q 2 0. If the manufacturer’s profit is \$2000 when the level of production is 25 units.4 q2 200 q −0.4q dollars per unit.1 Qs 59.4 q dq= − +C 1 2 2 When q = 25.Marginal Analysis. 1 ( Done in Class) 4. A manufacturer estimates 200 q −1 2 dollars per unit MR to be when the level of production is q units. −3 2 ∫ g ( x ) dx b.2 ∫ [−2 f ( x ) +5 g ( x ) ] dx a.2 ( 25 ) +C So C = 125 2 ' = . The corresponding MC is found to be 0. Profit = 2000. Sec 5. C=? 2000=400(5) – 0.

profit = ? So Profit = 400( 1 2 ( 36 ) −0. At a certain factory.8dollars Sec 5. When \$ 8000 are invested. a. K=8 SO . when K thousand dollars are invested n a plant the production Q is changing at a rate given by Q ' ( K ) =200 K −2 3 units per thousand dollars invested. the level of production is 5500 units.1 Qs 54.2 ( 36 )2 +125 = 2265. When Q=5500. Q ( K )=∫ 200 K So −2 3 dK =200 −2 +1 3 1 K +C=200 (3 ) K 3 +C −2 +1 3 1 Q=600 K 3 +C .1 2 Hence P(q) = 200 q 0.Find a formula for the level of production Q to be expected when K thousand dollars are invested.4 q2 − + 125 1 2 2 When q = 36.

How many units will be produced when \$27000 are invested? Here K = 27 and Q = ? 1 Q=200 ( 3 ) ( 27 ) 3 +43 00=600 ( 3 ) +4300=61 00units . c.5=K K =4.8 1 600(¿ ¿ )+C 3 5500=¿ So 5500=120 0+C so C=5500−1200=43 00 Hence 1 3 Q=200 ( 3 ) K +43 00 b.125 thoudsand dollars .5 3=91. What capital investment is required to produce 7000 units? K = ? Q = 700 1 3 0 Q=200 ( 3 ) K +4300 so 700 0=600 K +4300 1 2700=600 K 3 1 3 1 3 4.

V = ? . The resale values of a certain industrial machine is decreasing at a rate that depends on its age. V = 5200 5200=960 ( 5 ) e 0 +C so C=5200−4800=400 −t 5 V ( t )=4800 e +400 When t = 10.Depreciation: Sec 5.If the machine was originally worth \$5200. how much will it be worth when it is 10 years old? Whne t = o.2 Qs 50. the rate at which its value is changing is −960 e −t 5 dollars per year. a.\ Let V(t) be the value of the machine after t years. Express the value of the machine in terms of its age and initial value. Then So −t 5 V ' ( t )=−960 e ∧V ( t )=∫ −960 e −t 5 −t 5 (e )+C dt=−960 1 5 −t 5 V ( t )=960 (5 ) e +C b. When the machine is t years old.

When the price is \$75 per pair. a.3 Qs 59. The manager of a shoe store determines that the price of each pair of sports sneakers is changing at the rate of p ( x )=−300 x / ( x +9 ) when x hundred units are ' 3 2 2 demanded by consumers. Find the demand (price) function p(x).61 dollars Sec 5. p ( x )=∫ −300 x ( x 2 +9 ) −1 2 ¿ −150 u −1 2 −1 ¿ 300u 2 +C 2 −1 2 ¿ 300 ( x +9 ) +C 3 2 dx = ∫u −3 2 (−150 ) du . 400pairs (x=4)are demanded by consumers. Sec 5.3 Qs 53.V ( t )=4800 e −10 5 + 400=¿ 1049.

When x = 4. −1 2 2 2 −1 2 p ( x )=300 ( x +9 ) +15=300 ( 5 +9 ) +15=65 dollars c.How many pairs will be demanded at a price of \$90 per pair? When P(x) = 90. At what price will no sneakers be demanded? When x = 5. 2 −1 2 −1 2 p ( x )=300 ( x +9 ) +15=300 ( 0+9 ) +15=115 d ollars d.At what price will 500pairs of sneakers be demanded? When x = 5. p(x) = 75 so −1 75=300 ( 42 +9 ) 2 +C so C=75−60=15 b. x = ? 2 −1 2 p ( x )=300 ( x +9 ) +15 −1 90=300 ( x2 +9 ) 2 +15 300 75= 2 ( x + 9) 2 ( 12 ) 1 2 so ( x + 9 ) = 2 ¿ x + 9=16 x 2=7 300 =4 75 .

265 pairs≈. dt 2 t+5 ( ) How many telephones are produced during the third month? Sol: ( P' (t )=1500 2− t 2t +5 ) Divide t by 2t +5 t 1 5 = − 2 t+ 5 2 2 ( 2t +5 ) ' P ( t )=3000−1500 ( 12 − 2 ( 2t5+5) )=3000−750+ 2 7500 ( 2t +5 ) So change in lines durint he third mointh is : 3 ( P (3 )−P ( 2 )=∫ 2250+ 2 = 2250 t+ 7500 dt 2 ( 2 t+5 ) ) 7500 1 ln|2 t+ 5| |32=¿ 2 2 ¿ () .so x=√7=2. The rate of production of the telephones is dP t =1500 2− units per month .645 hundred p airs . A company has set up a production line to manufacture a new type of cellular telephone.