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# Unit1RationalNumberSummary

KeyTerms
TheAbsoluteValueofanumberisitsdistancefromzero.
AbsoluteValueisnevernegative.AbsoluteValuenotation:|2|
Example:
Find|2|

2is2unitstotheleftofzero,therefore,|2|=2

Find|2|

2is2unitstotherightofzero,therefore,|2|=2

distancefrom0onanumberlineastheoriginalnumber,buton
inverseis0.
Example:

5+5=0

Number

14+14=0

Same Sign

Keep the sign

Different Signs

## Subtract their absolute values

absolute value

Subtracting Integers

## Keep the first number the same

Change the sign on the second number (add

Unit1RationalNumberSummary

Same Sign

Keep the sign

Example:
2+7

(2) + (5)

|2| + |7|
2 + 7 = 9
2+7=9

absolute values

|2| + |5|
2 + 5 = 7

(2) + (5) = 7

Different Signs

absolute value

Example:
9 + 11
|9| = 9
|11| = 11

11 9 = 2

## 11 has the greater absolute value,

Unit1RationalNumberSummary

Subtracting Integers

## Keep the first number the same

Change the sign on the second number

Example:

Solve

K
4

F
+

4 (8)

C
8

## Keep the first number: 4

Change last number to its additive inverse:
(8) becomes 8

4 + 8 = 12

Ifitispositive,movetotheright
Ifitisnegative,movetotheleft
Theabsolutevaluetellsyouhowmanyspaces.
Ifitispositive,movetotheright
Ifitisnegative,movetotheleft
Theabsolutevaluetellsyouhowmanyspaces.
Example:

6+(4)=2

4
+6

10

5 4

10

Unit1RationalNumberSummary

YellowChipsrepresentPositiveNumbers.

RedChipsrepresentNegativeNumbers.

ApositiveandnegativechipcreateaZeroPair.

=0

+

2. Createzeropairswithanypositiveandnegatives.
3. Countthechipsthatareleft.

Example1:

(3)+(4)=7
7negativechipsaltogether.

10

Example2:

5 4

10

(3)+(+5)=+2
2postivechipsleftafter
makingzeropairs.

+ + +
Example3:

9+(5)=+4
4postivechipsleftafter
makingzeropairs.

+ + + + + + + + +

Unit1RationalNumberSummary

8+10

= 8+(8+2)

= (8+8)+2

= 0+2

= 2

SubtractingIntegersusingaNumberLineandChips
Remember:
oropposite.

Unit1RationalNumberSummary

Same Sign

Different Signs

Same Sign

Different Signs

## Negative Product or Quotient

Examples:
(2) * (4) = 8

2 * (8) = 16

4 2=2

4 (- 2) = 2

Unit1RationalNumberSummary

MultiplyingonaNumberLineandusingChips
Example 1:

## 2 groups of 4 positive chips

+

+
+

+ +
+ +

8positivechipsaltogether

2x4=8
+4twotimeslandon+8
+4
10

5 4

+4
4

10

MultiplyingonaNumberLineandusingChips
Example 2:

## Model 2 x (6) using a number line and counters.

2groupsof6chips

12negativechipsaltogether

2x6=12

12

6twotimeslandon12

12

Unit1RationalNumberSummary

## Distance between Two Points

Distancemustbeapositivevalue.

Foranytwointegersaandb,
thedistancebetweenaandb
istheabsolutevalueoftheirdifference,|ab|.

Whataretwoexpressionsthatyoucanusetofind
thedistancebetween2and6?

|2(6)|

10

5 4

or

|62|

10

Howwouldyourewritethesetwosubtractionexpressions