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CVG 4150
Fall 2016

Lecture 1
Transportation System

Facult de gnie| Faculty of Engineering

Transportation System
Definition and Scope
What Transportation System means


Transportation System
 Definition and Scope
A transportation system may be defined as consisting of the fixed
facilities, the flow entities, and the control system that permit people
and goods to overcome the friction of geographical space efficiently
in order to participate in a timely manner in some desired activity.
Transportation engineering is the application of technology and
scientific principles to the planning, functional design, operation,
and management of facilities for any mode of transportation in
order to provide for the safe, rapid, comfortable, convenient,
economical, and environmentally compatible movement of people
and goods (ITE, 1987).

Transportation System
 Definition and Scope
 Fixed facilities ?
 Flow entities ?
 Control system ?


Transportation System
 Fixed Facilities

The fixed facilities are the physical components

of the system that are fixed in space and
constitutes the network of links and nodes of the
transportation system.
The links could be roadway segment, railway
track and pipes, etc.
Nodes could be intersections, interchanges,
transit terminals, harbors, and airports, etc.
The design of these fixed facilities, includes soil
and foundation engineering design, structural
engineering design, the design of drainage
systems, and geometric design, which is
concerned with the physical proportioning of the
elements of fixed facilities.

Transportation System
 Flow Entities and Technology
 Units that traverse the fixed facilities
people, vehicles, container units, railroad cars, and so on.

Geometric design AASHTO (American Association of State Highway and

Transportation Officials),

Design vehicles size, weight, deceleration and acceleration

and capabilities.


Transportation System
Control System
 Vehicular control
 Technological way in which individual vehicles are guided
on the fixed facilities,
 Manual (human factor) or automated,
 Geometric design.
 Flow control
 Efficient and smooth operation of streams of vehicles and
the reduction of conflicts between vehicles,
 Signing, marking, signal systems, and the underlying rules
of operations,
 intelligent transportation system (ITS).

Transportation System
 Transportation Demand
 Transportation engineers -providing efficient ways to satisfy the
populations needs for mobility.
 Cost, convenience, environmental quality, individual rights.
 Cooperation with economists, planner, and social scientists.


Transportation System
Quantification versus Valuation

Transportation System classification









Taxis, car rentals

Mass transportation
Individually arranged Mass transit


Transportation System
 Urban Transportation System
Rapid transit - transport large numbers of people at high
Fixed-guideway transit vehicles are affixed to a guideway.
Articulated systems flow units can be connected to form
Dual-mode systems vehicles can operate on the street
under manual control and on automated guideways.
Demand-responsive systems flexibility in route or time
scheduling (para-transit).

Transportation Modes
 Road and highways
Walking and Bicycle: local work and recreation trip; feeder to public transit.
Bus and Bus Rapid Transit: urban and intercity passenger and freight
services; freights are usually personal packages.
Personal Automobile: urban and intercity urban passenger service; freight
service for personal items only.
Truck: freight services: rural, urban, intercity.

Truckload (5 tons!) and less than truckload shipments,

Range: small shipments to truckload; generally short-haul mode,
Intermodal role: feeder role in terms of containers/trailers,
National, provincial, regional, and municipal.


Transportation Modes
 Passenger Rail: Guideway Based Vehicle/Train
 Mostly less than 500 km; suburban commuters; high speed
intercity train.
 Rail Rapid Transit: urban and regional.
Light Rail Transit (LRT): O-Train in Ottawa, Calgary,
Intermediate Capacity Rail Transit: Vancouver,
High Capacity Rail Transit or Rail Rapid Transit Toronto,
Commuter Rail Transit: GO Train in Toronto,
Dual Mode Transit (bus and guideway): Planned Ottawa

Transportation Modes
Freight Rail: Intercity mode; mostly
bulk and oversize shipments of all types
Generally a long haul mode.
 Bulk freight carried in specially designed
cars such as tank cars, hopper cars, etc.,
 Freight of general nature carried in:
box cars,


Transportation Modes
Air Transportation: Passenger and Freight
Passenger - mostly for a distance greater than 500 km and overseas,
Freight - high value and time sensitive items on long haul routes; no
bulk items.

Transportation Modes
 Water Transportation
Passenger ships - cruise traffic, ferry service,
Freight ships - bulk cargo, containers,
Barges - bulk freight,
Other - specialized ferry service.


Transportation Modes
 Continuous Flow Facilities
 Pipelines - liquids, gases, slurries on short and long
hauls. Slurries: ready mix concrete, coal in water, etc.
 Moving belts - short distances, passenger and freight

passengers - lift and tow, for short distances in

rough terrain,

material handling in rough terrain.

The Role of Government

National, provincial, regional, and municipal.
 Role of governments
Provision of facilities such as roads, railways, transit, airports, etc.
Control, Safety, and security,
Environmental regulations,
Economic regulations.


Tools and application

Transportation models
Transportation system physical phenomenon and motion of
flow entities on the fixed facilities,

Human behavior human factors