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How To Write A BODY

An Essay: 4 Paragraphs

Introduction
(Hook, Building Sentence, Thesis Statement)

Body 1

Body 2

One side of the argument TS, SS, CS)

The opposite side of the argument TS, SS, CS)

Conclusion
(Your opinion / Future Scenario)
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Introduction
(Hook, Building Sentence, Thesis Statement)

Body 1

Body 2

One side of the argument TS, SS, CS)

The opposite side of the argument TS, SS, CS)

Conclusion
(Your opinion / Future Scenario)
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How To Write A BODY


Writing the Topic Sentence (TS) of
each paragraph (link to the thesis
statement)

(This is a thesis statement)

(This is a thesis statement)

Identifying the key words in the


question and the body

Underline
1.
2.
3.
4.

the key words in the question


the hook
the building sentences
the thesis sentence

What are the reasons for going to university?


Introduction
At one point or another in their high school lives, students
are faced with one big question: should they go to
university? Some students decide not to go. They might
think that higher education is not necessary for them or
that they have something more meaningful to do. Other
students decide to go to university. Although these students
all think that it is worth spending the next four years in
classrooms, the reasons why they think so might be
different. Students go to university for a variety of reasons:
academic interest, future career, or social life.
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What are the reasons for going to university?


Introduction
At one point or another in their high school lives, students
are faced with one big question: should they go to
university? Some students decide not to go. They might
think that higher education is not necessary for them or
that they have something more meaningful to do. Other
students decide to go to university. Although these students
all think that it is worth spending the next four years in
classrooms, the reasons why they think so might be
different. Students go to university for a variety of reasons:
academic interest, future career, or social life.
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Thesis Statement:

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Linking Thesis Statement to Topic


Sentence
1.
2.
3.
4.

Repeat writers opinion in TS (topic sentence)


Paraphrase main ideas in TS
Include linking words in TS
Avoid repeating TS

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1. Repeat writers opinion in TS

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1. Repeat writers opinion in TS

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1. Repeat writers opinion in TS

(printing)

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2. Paraphrase main ideas in TS

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2. Paraphrase main ideas in TS

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2. Paraphrase main ideas in TS (printing)

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3. Include linking / transition


words in TS

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3. Include linking / transition words in TS

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3. Include linking / transition words in TS


(PRINTING)

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Examples of Linking / Transition


Words refer to the handout that your teacher will give
you now.

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4. Avoid repeating TS

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4. Avoid Repeating TS

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4. Avoid Repeating TS (use synonyms = words


with the same meaning)

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Now, how much can you recall .

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Linking Thesis Statement to Topic


Sentence
1.
2.
3.
4.

Repeat writers opinion in TS (topic sentence)


Paraphrase main ideas in TS
Include linking words in TS
Avoid repeating TS

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Include these in a body paragraph


TS: copy KEY WORD(S) from the thesis statement
SS: (1) explain the topic sentence, e.g. first .
(2) give an example (if any)
(3) OR explain the 2nd point (if any) e.g. second .
CS: Summarise your topic sentence (using word
family)

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Identify the TS, SS and CS.


What are the key words in the TS?
How many SS are there?
Circle the words that connect TS and CS
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BODY 2
Another common reason for going to university is that a college
education often leads to a better career in the future. Many
companies often hire university graduates to fill positions that have
greater responsibility and higher pay such as managers. Furthermore,
for certain professions including doctors or lawyers, a university
degree is a basic requirement for specialised knowledge. In short,
students attend university because they want to acquire (=learn) the
knowledge and practical skills to bring them better employment

opportunities in the future.


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BODY 2
Another common reason for going to university is that a college
education often leads to a better career in the future. Many
companies often hire university graduates to fill positions that have
greater

responsibility

and

higher

pay

such

as

managers.

Furthermore, for certain professions including doctors or lawyers, a


university degree is a basic requirement for specialised knowledge. In
short, students attend university because they want to acquire
(=learn) the knowledge and practical skills to bring them better

employment opportunities in the future.


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Underline .
TS,
SS (identify the example),
CS

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BODY 3
Finally, for some students, making friends and enjoying an active
social life can be a sufficient reason to stay in school for four years. In
universities, students have the chance to meet people from different
backgrounds or countries. For example, they might be in the same
class with people who study part time or retirees who return to
university to complete their education. In addition, there are a
variety of clubs such as sports teams or hobby groups. Joining these
clubs allow students to spend time with others who share the same

interests. Thus, universities can be places to meet a diverse group of


people and build relationships with others.
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Now, study the different ways of


writing a Subject. The first example
has been done for you.

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BODY 3
Finally, for some students, making friends and enjoying an active
social life can be a sufficient reason to stay in school for four years. In
universities, students have the chance to meet people from different
backgrounds or countries. For example, they might be in the same
class with people who study part time or retirees who return to
university to complete their education. In addition, there are a
variety of clubs such as sports teams or hobby groups. Joining these
clubs allow students to spend time with others who share the same

interests. Thus, universities can be places to meet a diverse group of


people and build relationships with others.
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BODY 3
Finally, for some students, making friends and enjoying an active
social life can be a sufficient reason to stay in school for four years. In
universities, students have the chance to meet people from different
backgrounds or countries. For example, they might be in the same
class with people who study part time or retirees who return to
university to complete their education. In addition, there are a
variety of clubs such as sports teams or hobby groups. Joining these
clubs allow students to spend time with others who share the same

interests. Thus, universities can be places to meet a diverse group of


people and build relationships with others.
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Include these in a body paragraph


TS: copy from the thesis statement
SS: (1) explain the topic sentence, e.g. first .
(2) give an example (if any)
(3) OR explain the 2nd point (if any) e.g.
second .
CS: In short, summarise your topic sentence
(using word family)

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Writing a Persuasive Essay


Two sides of the opinion
(IELTS Writing 2)

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Topics on Persuasive Essays


Two sides of the opinion

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Persuasive Essay Topics

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The development of tourism contributed to English


becoming the most prominent language in the world.
Some people think this will lead to English becoming the
only language to be spoken globally.
What are the advantages and disadvantages to having one
language in the world?

Underline the key words.

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The development of tourism contributed to English


becoming the most prominent language in the world.
Some people think this will lead to English becoming the
only language to be spoken globally.
What are the advantages and disadvantages to having one
language in the world?

Underline the key words.

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The development of tourism contributed to English becoming the


most prominent language in the world. Some people think this will
lead to English becoming the only language to be spoken globally.
What are the advantages and disadvantages to having one language
in the world?
Introduction
Millions of people around the world can speak English, or speak the language well.
English has become essential (=important) for communication between different
countries as the world becomes globalised which results in English becoming the
common language for economic, education, entertainment exchanges. Having
English as the global language has its advantages and disadvantages.
Body 1 (advantage)
There are several advantages of having a globally spoken language. First, it
develops stronger relationships between countries which is critical (very
important) for building the foundation for good business and social relations.
Language barriers can be removed and communication gaps can be narrowed.
Second, it allows people to enter a wider cultural world, which helps to develop
stronger understanding for people from different cultural backgrounds. Books,
history and research papers written in the same language can be read by millions
and learned from each other. In short, there are obvious benefits for sharing the
same language worldwide.
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1. Which words/phrases have similar meaning


to global language in the Introduction and
Body 1?
2. What tenses are used?
3. Underline the passive voice.
4. Underline the sentences which start with
verb(ing).
5. What is the verb singular or plural?

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How much can you remember .


Introduction
Millions of people around the world can speak English, or speak the language
well. English has become essential (=important) for communication between different
countries as the world becomes globalised which results in English becoming the
common language for economic, education, entertainment exchanges. ____
English as the global language ____ its advantages and disadvantages.
Body 1 (advantage)
There are _____ advantages ___ _____ a globally spoken language. ___, it
develops stronger relationships between countries which is critical (very
important) for building the foundation for good business and social relations.
Language barriers can be removed and communication gaps can be narrowed.
Second, it allows people to enter a wider cultural world, which helps to develop
stronger understanding for people from different cultural backgrounds. Books,
history and research papers written in the same language can be read by millions
and learned from each other. In short, there are obvious _____ ___ sharing the
same language worldwide.
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How much can you remember .


Introduction
Millions of people around the world can speak English, or speak the language
well. English has become essential (=important) for communication between different
countries as the world becomes globalised which results in English becoming the
common language for economic, education, entertainment exchanges. Having
English as the global language has its advantages and disadvantages.
Body 1 (advantage)
There are several advantages of having a globally spoken language. First, it
develops stronger relationships between countries which is critical (very
important) for building the foundation for good business and social relations.
Language barriers can be removed and communication gaps can be narrowed.
Second, it allows people to enter a wider cultural world, which helps to develop
stronger understanding for people from different cultural backgrounds. Books,
history and research papers written in the same language can be read by millions
and learned from each other. To short, there are obvious benefits for sharing the
same language worldwide.
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Practice 1
Now, write the 2nd paragraph with the given
handouts.
(write only 1 reason and elaborate it)

Start with .
On the other hand, there are obvious drawbacks
of having a global language. First,

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Practice 1: Model Answer


On the other hand, there are obvious drawbacks
of having a global language. First, there is a loss
of identity. If children from different ethnic
groups grew up learning only English, they
would lose their culture which includes art,
music and language. Then, nobody would be
bilingual knowing both his first language and
English.
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Practice 2
Now, write an introduction, body 1 and conclusion for this
question. Write about 160 words.
Some people think that the best way to reduce crime is to give
longer prison sentences. Others, however, believe there are
better ways to reducing crime.
Discuss both views and give your opinions.
(BRIANSTORM your ideas first)

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Practice 2 PRINTING
Now, write an introduction, body 1 and conclusion for this
question. Write about 200 words.
Some people think that the best way to reduce crime is to give
longer prison sentences. Others, however, believe there are
better ways to reducing crime.
Discuss both views and give your opinions.
(BRIANSTORM your ideas first)

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Brainstorm
1.

Advantages/Benefits of serving a longer jail term:


Provide opportunity to rehabilitate a prisoner
For criminals who committed serious offences
Make sure they are educated not to commit the crime
Serve as a deterrent for people who plan to commit a crime

2. Disadvantages/Drawbacks of increasing the length of prison


sentences:
Mix with other inmates
Characters wont improve
Alternative way (1): community service (give back to society)
Alternative way (2): increase the use of technology such as CCTV
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Practice 4
Now, write an introduction, body 1 and conclusion for this
question. Write about 200 words.

Reducing global environmental damage should be handled by


governments rather than individuals.
To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Brainstorm your ideas.

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