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Method, Significance, and Limitations of Science

a. Scientific Method

Identify the Problem

Gather preliminary data
Formulating hypothesis
Testing the hypothesis

5. Analyzing data or findings

6. Draw a conclusion
7. Application

b. Significance of Science
1. Medicine: Various incurable diseases can now be treated with the
development and invention of new medicines. Further, studies and researches
are continuously performed hoping to find solutions for as-yet-incurable
2. Communication: The invention of internet and mobile phones are perhaps
two of the most significant contributions of science to humankind, with
respect to communication.
3. Transportation: Automobiles and transport industries cannot be left behind
when it comes to talking of science and technology. Different modes of
transport have been developed to carry people, machines and other
equipment from one corner to the other, around the globe.
4. Electricity: Wind, Hydroelectric, Nuclear and Thermal plants have been
established even in the remotest areas of the world, providing the basic
electricity needs to every household.
5. Agriculture: Various procedures have been developed to convert barren
lands and deserts into fertile fields that can be used for cultivating crops and
providing food for more people.
c. Limitations of Science
1. Beauty appreciation
2. Moral judgment
3. Explain supernatural entities
4. Absolute scientific truth does not exist
d. Branches of Science
Anatomy: the study of the structure and organization of living things
Archaeology: the study of the material remains of cultures
Bacteriology: the study of bacteria in relation to disease
Biology: the science that studies living organisms
Ecology: the study of how organisms interact with each other and their
Genetics: the science of genes, heredity, and the variation of organisms
Medicine: the science concerned with maintaining health and restoring it
by treating disease
Microbiology: the study of microorganisms, including viruses,
prokaryotes and simple eukaryotes
Neurology: the branch of medicine dealing with the nervous system and
its disorders
Organic Chemistry: the branch of chemistry dedicated to the study of
the structures, synthesis, and
reactions of carbon-containing compounds
Ornithology: the study of birds
Paleontology: the study of life-forms existing in former geological time
Physiology: the study of the mechanical, physical, and biochemical
functions of living organisms

Radiology: dealing with the applications of radiant energy, including xrays and radioisotopes
Zoology: the study of animals
e. Characteristics of life

Made up of cells
Genetics and Heredity
Ability to respond to stimuli
Capacity to evolve
Adaptation to their environment

8. Digestion
9. Gas exchange
10. Have different levels of
11. Movement
12. Maintain its boundaries