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SolutiontoProblemsH7.2andH7.

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QuestionH7.2

Heat Gain H G
X

k
1 k
1010 e

10000

1 1010 e

10000

Heat Loss H L
X

T To

T 300
400
Plot H G Vs H L

1.2

1.0

0.8

0.6

HXG

0.4

HG

0.2

HL

0.0

200

300

400

500

TempK

600

700

800

Conversion=100%at700K
Thefeedtemperaturerequiredtoavoidmultiplicityis370K

QuestionH7.4

Co 6.67 gmol L
q 100 1000 L min
V 1L
c P 650 cal L o C
To 290 K
Tr 390 K
A 250cm 2
U 0.1cal cm 2 min o
H 20000 cal gmol
R 1.98588 cal gmolK
T 200 500 K
20000

k 3.39 1010 e
V q 10 min

RT

qCo kVC 2 qC
Co kC 2 C
kC 2 C Co 0
C

1 1 4k
2kCo

or
X 1
1

1 1 4k
2kCo
1 1 4 3.39 1010 e
2 3.39 1010 e

20000

RT

20000

RT

10

10 6.67

HG

qc P (T To ) AU (Tr T ) qXCo (H )
X

qc P (T To ) AU (Tr T )
qCo (H )

H L

Plot H G Vs H L
Find out X at the point where the new H L will be tangent.
Since there are two such lines (as shown in figure below) the point at which there is sudden jump are X 0.1, T 357 K
X 0.7, T 419 K


1.5

1.0

0.5

X
0.0

HG

-0.5

HL

-1.0

-1.5
200

250

300

350

400

From equation of H L
X

qc P (T To ) AU (Tr T )
qCo (H )

0.1

qc P (357 To ) AU (390 357)


qCo (H )

To 323.8K
The magnitude of this jump will be from 357K to 480K
or
qc (419 To ) AU (390 419)
0.7 P
qCo (H )
To 286.5K
The magnitude of this jump will be from 419K to 315K

450

500