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DESIGN OF FIRST FLOOR SLAB MKD:

* MATERIALS USED :1) GRADE OF CONCRETE (Fck)


2) GRADE OF TOR STEEL (Fy)

S2-S2 CONTINOUS SLAB

=
=

M 25
Fe 415

* DESIGN OF SLAB :DESIGN PARTICULARS

SPAN - 1

SPAN - 2

a)

C/C span in meter

a)

Slab Thickness

130

130

b)

Self Wight of Slab

3.25

3.25

c)

Floor Finish (50mm Thick)

d)

Total Dead Load

D.L.

4.25

4.25

e)

Total Live Load

L.L.

7.5

7.5

f)

Moment Coefficients
Support Moment

Mid Span Moment

g)

Moment (M)
Support Moment

REFER TABLE-12 OF IS:4562000, PG. NO. 36


-VE
D.L.
L.L.
+VE
D.L.
L.L.

-1/10
-1/9
+1/12
+1/10

-VE

D.L. x Lx x Moment coeff.

-3.825

L.L. x Lx2 x Moment coeff.

h)

+VE

Factored Moment (Mu)


Support Moment
Mid Span Moment

-VE
+VE

Effective depth, d in mm

j)

K = Mu / b.d.d in N/sqmm.

k)

l)

Percentage of Reinf. 'pt'

Area of Reinforcement 'Ast'

m)

'Ast' minimum @ 0.12%

n)

Provide

o)

-7.500

Mid Span Moment

i)

Ast provided mm2

+1/12
+1/10

-VE
+VE

3.188
6.750

3.188
6.750
16.988

14.906

14.906

111

111
1.38

1.21

1.21

-VE
+VE

0.36

-VE
+VE

403

403

156

156

(a+b)/2
a+b
e
-VE
+VE

0.42
0.36
462

#8 @

#8 @
120
#8 @

120
#8 @
360

559
419

419

120

* DEFLECTION CHECK :- (REF. FIG. 4 IS:456-2000)


fs=

0.58 x Fy x Ast required


Ast provided

231

231

1.42

1.42

Permissible L/d Ratio

36.84

36.84

Actual L/d Ratio

27.03

27.03

SAFE

SAFE

Modification factor,
Mf=

1
0.225+0.00322 fs-0.625 log( 1/ptpro)

DESIGN OF TERRACE FLOOR SLAB :


* MATERIALS USED :1) GRADE OF CONCRETE (Fck)
2) GRADE OF TOR STEEL (Fy)

S1-S1-S1 (ONE WAY CONTINUOUS SLAB)

=
=

M 25
Fe 415

* DESIGN OF SLAB :DESIGN PARTICULARS

SPAN - 1

SPAN - 2

SPAN - 3

3.024

1.28

a)

C/C span in meter

a)

Slab Thickness

300

300

300

b)

Self Weight of Slab

7.5

7.5

7.5

c)

Floor Finish +water proofing

1.5

1.5

1.5

d)

Total Dead Load

e)

Total Live Load

10

10

10

f)

Moment Coefficients
Support Moment

Mid Span Moment

g)

Moment (M)
Support Moment
D.L. x Lx2 x Moment coeff.

REFER TABLE-12 OF IS:456-2000, Pg.No. 36


-VE
D.L.
L.L.
+VE
D.L.
L.L.

-1/10
-1/9
+1/12
+1/10

+1/16
+1/12

L.L. x Lx x Moment coeff.

-8.230

-8.100

-10.161

-10.000

+VE
6.858
9.145

h)

Factored Moment (Mu)


Support Moment
Mid Span Moment

g)

Effective depth, d in mm

h)

K = Mu / b.d.d in N/sqmm.

i)

j)

Percentage of Reinf. 'pt'

Area of Reinforcement 'Ast'

k)

'Ast' minimum @ 0.12%

l)

Provide

m)

Ast provided mm2

+1/12
+1/10

-VE

Mid Span Moment

-1/10
-1/9

-VE
+VE

-VE
+VE

1.229
1.638

5.063
7.500
27.586

27.150

24.005

18.844

4.301

276

276

276

0.36
0.32

0.36
0.25

-VE
+VE

0.10

-VE
+VE

265

212

64

360

360

360

e
a+b
-VE
+VE

0.11

0.06
0.11

0.08
302

#8 @

#8 @
125

297

250
#8 @

#8 @
125

603
402

0.02

250
#8 @

603
402

402

125

* DEFLECTION CHECK :- (REF. FIG. 4 IS:456-2000)


360
0.58 x Fy x Ast required
fs=
215
Ast provided

360

360

215

215

2.00

2.00

2.00

Permissible L/d Ratio

52.00

52.00

52.00

Actual L/d Ratio

10.96

10.87

4.64

SAFE

SAFE

SAFE

Modification factor,
Mf=

1
0.225+0.00322 fs-0.625 log( 1/ptpro)

S15-S14-S12-S10 (ONE WAY CONTINUOUS SLAB)


AT G.F SLAB. LEVEL.

DESIGN OF SLAB MKD:


* MATERIALS USED :1) GRADE OF CONCRETE (Fck)
2) GRADE OF TOR STEEL (Fy)

=
=

M 25
Fe 415

* DESIGN OF SLAB :DESIGN PARTICULARS

SPAN - 1

SPAN - 2

SPAN - 3

SPAN - 4

0.934

2.09

1.27

a)

C/C span in meter

a)

Slab Thickness

300

300

300

300

b)

Self Wight of Slab

7.5

7.5

7.5

7.5

c)

Floor Finish (50mm Thick)

1.5

1.5

1.5

1.5

d)

Total Dead Load

D.L.

e)

Total Live Load

L.L.

10

10

10

10

f)

Moment Coefficients
Support Moment

Mid Span Moment

g)

Moment (M)
Support Moment
D.L. x Lx2 x Moment coeff.
L.L. x Lx2 x Moment coeff.
Mid Span Moment

h)

i)

Factored Moment (Mu)


Support Moment
Mid Span Moment
Effective depth, d in mm

REFER TABLE-12 OF IS:456-2000, Pg.No. 36


-VE
D.L.
L.L.
+VE
D.L.
L.L.

-1/10
-1/9
+1/12
+1/10

-VE

-1/12
-1/9
+1/16
+1/12

-3.931

-VE
+VE

0.654
0.872

+1/16
+1/12

-6.750
-10.000

-4.853
+VE

-1/10
-1/9

-8.100
-10.000
5.063
7.500

2.457
3.640
13.177

+1/12
+1/10

25.125

1.210
1.613
27.150

2.290

9.146

18.844

4.234

281

281

281

281

j)

k)

l)

K = Mu / b.d.d in N/sqmm.

Percentage of Reinf. 'pt'

Area of Reinforcement 'Ast'

m)

'Ast' minimum @ 0.12%

n)

Provide

o)

-VE
+VE

0.03

-VE
+VE

0.02

-VE
+VE

44

112

209

63

360

360

360

360

e
a+b

0.17

0.05

#0 @
135

#8 @

Ast provided mm2

0.58 x Fy x Ast required


Ast provided

0.34
0.24

0.10
0.04

152

-VE
+VE
372
* DEFLECTION CHECK :- (REF. FIG. 4 IS:456-2000)
fs=

0.32
0.12

0.10
0.07

272

150
#8 @

#0 @
135

372

0.05

0.02
293

150
#8 @

#0 @
135

372

150
#8 @

135

372

372

372

372

28

72

135

41

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

52.00

52.00

52.00

52.00

3.32

7.44

10.68

4.52

SAFE

SAFE

SAFE

SAFE

Modification factor,
Mf=

1
0.225+0.00322 fs-0.625 log( 1/ptpro)

Permissible L/d Ratio


Actual L/d Ratio

DESIGN OF SLAB MKD:

S6-S7-S9-S10-S11 (ONE WAY CONTINUOUS SLAB) AT BASE MENT SLAB LEVEL

* MATERIALS USED :1) GRADE OF CONCRETE (Fck)


2) GRADE OF TOR STEEL (Fy)

=
=

M 25
Fe 415

* DESIGN OF SLAB :DESIGN PARTICULARS

SPAN - 1

SPAN - 2

SPAN - 3

SPAN - 4

SPAN - 5

a)

C/C span in meter

a)

Slab Thickness

210

210

210

210

210

b)

Self Wight of Slab

5.25

5.25

5.25

5.25

5.25

c)

Floor Finish (50mm Thick)

d)

Total Dead Load

D.L.

6.25

6.25

6.25

6.25

6.25

e)

Total Live Load

L.L.

10

10

10

10

10

f)

Moment Coefficients
Support Moment

Mid Span Moment

g)

Moment (M)
Support Moment

REFER TABLE-12 OF IS:456-2000, Pg.No. 36


-VE
D.L.
L.L.
+VE
D.L.
L.L.

-1/10
-1/9
+1/12
+1/10

+1/16
+1/12

+1/16
+1/12

+1/12
+1/10

+1/16
+1/12

-VE
-15.625

-13.021

-13.021

-15.625

L.L. x Lx x Moment coeff.

-27.778

-27.778

-27.778

-27.778

Mid Span Moment

+VE
13.021
25.000

i)

-1/10
-1/9

-1/12
-1/9

D.L. x Lx2 x Moment coeff.


2

h)

-1/12
-1/9

Factored Moment (Mu)


Support Moment
Mid Span Moment
Effective depth, d in mm

-VE
+VE

65.104
57.031
190

9.766
20.833

9.766
20.833
61.198

13.021
25.000

9.766
20.833
65.104

61.198

45.898

45.898

45.898

57.031

190

190

190

190

j)

k)

l)

K = Mu / b.d.d in N/sqmm.

Percentage of Reinf. 'pt'

Area of Reinforcement 'Ast'

m)

'Ast' minimum @ 0.12%

n)

Provide

-VE
+VE

1.58

-VE
+VE

0.48

-VE
+VE

915

726

726

726

915

252

252

252

252

252

e
a+b

o)

1.80

1.70
1.27

0.56

0.52
0.38

1056

#8 @
#10 @
#10 @
100

1.70
1.27
0.52
0.38

987

100
100
#10 @

#8 @
#10 @
100

1.80
1.27
0.56
0.38

987

100
100
#10 @

1.58

0.48
1056

#8 @
100
#10 @
100
100
#10 @

#8 @
#10 @
100

100
100
#10 @

100

Ast provided mm2

-VE
1288
1288
1288
1288
+VE
785
785
785
785
785
* DEFLECTION CHECK :- (REF. FIG. 4 IS:456-2000)
914.6827320258 726.2407549242 726.2407549242 726.2407549242 914.6827320258
0.58 x Fy x Ast required
fs=
280
223
223
223
280
Ast provided
Modification factor,
Mf=

1
0.225+0.00322 fs-0.625 log( 1/ptpro)

1.13

1.42

1.42

1.42

1.13

Permissible L/d Ratio

29.28

37.04

37.04

37.04

29.28

Actual L/d Ratio

26.32

26.32

26.32

26.32

26.32

SAFE

SAFE

SAFE

SAFE

SAFE

###

S3

S3

S3

S3

4000

4000

4000

4000

PLAN (C/L Diagram)


END SPAN

INT. SPAN

INT. SPAN

END SPAN

S3
10000
4000
2.5

10000
4000
2.5

10000
4000
2.5

10000
4000
2.5

Slab Mark
Long Span ly, mm
Short Span lx, mm
ratio ly/lx
Support Conditions
a) End Span
b) Int. Spans
Type of Slab
Method of Design

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

Grade of Conc. Fck N/mm2

20

Grade of Conc. Fy N/mm2

415

Unit wt of concrete
Live load on Slab (access provd.), KN/m
Floor Finish, KN/m
Max. main reinf. Dia (),mm
Max. Sec.reinf. Dia (),mm

:
25
:
1.5
:
1.75
:
10
:
8
:
15
:
20
:
4000
: Decided based on deflection control criteria

Nominal Cover, mm
Effective Cover,mm
Effective Span, l (assumed), mm
Trial Slab thick.
Basic l/d ratio, (l/d)basic
a) for end span
b) for int span
c) Average value
Max. allowable l/d ratio (l/d)max

:
:
:

Assumed % tension steel pt

Steel Service Stress fs, (N/mm^2)

discont. edge partially restrained, cont. edge simply supported


simply supported contineous
One-way contineous with more than three spnas
IS-Code Co-efficents

20
26
23
: =modification factor (kt) * (l/d)basic (for span upto 10m)
0.3

Modification factor kt

240
: =1/ (0.225+0.00322fs + 0.625log10(pt) =

(l/d)max

Reqd. effective slab thick, d, mm


Overall Slab Depth D, mm
Loads

1.5

34.5

:
115.942029
115 say
:
135
: Considering 1m wide strip of Slab i.e. b=1000mm

Dead Load, WDL (self wt + floor finish) KN/m


Live Load, WLL KN/m
Factored Dead Load Wu,DL
Factored Live Load Wu,LL
Design Moments

Support Moments, KN-m


Mid Span Moments, KN-m
ABS. Max. Moment, KN-m

:
:
:
:
:

5.125
1.5
7.69
2.25
Caliculated using I.S. 456 moment co-efficients
(For symmetry First two span considered)
END SPAN

INT. SPAN

L= 4.00 m

L= 4.00 m

: -6.63
:
13.850
:
16.30

-16.30 -16.30

-14.25
10.688

Check for Concrete Depth


Maximum/ limiting moment, Mur,max

: Ru,maxbd^2

Ru,max

: 2.76

N/mm^2

Mur,max N/mm^2
Main Steel, Ast
Distribution Steel
Ast.min (using Fe415), mm^2
Max. permissible spacing, mm
Provided bar dia & spacing
Ast.provd.
Check for Deflection at mid spans
Maximum mid span steel provided
(Ast)provd., mm^2
(pt)provd., %
fst, N/mm^2
Modification factor kt
(l/d)max
Reqd. d, mm

: 36.501

>

16.30

Safe

: Reqd. & provd. Ast., Diameter-spacing of bar at different sections


is shown in deataling of reinforcement part
:
: 162
: 450
: # 8mm @ 300mm c/c
: 167.5
:
: # 8mm @125 mm c/c in the end Span
: 401.920
: 0.35
: 213.614
: 1.600
: 36.8
: 108.70

<

115

Safe

END SPAN

INT. SPAN

end support

mid section

1st. int.
support

mid section

int.
support

6.63
164.52

13.850
356.69

16.30
425.43

10.688
270.76

14.25
367.78

Reqd. pt (%)

0.14

0.31

0.37

0.24

0.32

Min. Ast, mm^2/m


Reqd. spacing using
a) # 10 mm
b) # 8 mm
Maximum spacing, mm
spacing of bars provided
a) # 10 mm
b) # 8 mm
Provd. Ast mm^2/m
% variation w.r.t. to actual Ast

162
477
305
300

220
141

185
118

290
186

213
137

250
200.96
22.15

125
401.92
12.68

125
401.92
-5.53

150
334.93
23.70

125
401.92
9.28

Location

Design, Mu, KN-m/m (abs values)


Reqd. Ast mm^2/m

O.K

Table 26 Bending moment coefficients for rectangular panels supported

Case
No.

Type of panel and moments considered


1.0
Interior panels
Negative moment at continuous edge
Positive moment at mid-span
One short edge discontinuous
Negative moment at continuous edge
Positive moment at mid-span
One long edge discontinuous
Negative moment at continuous edge
Positive moment at mid-span
Two adjacent edges discontinuous
Negative moment at continuous edge
Positive moment at mid-span

0.032
0.024
0.037
0.028
0.037
0.028
0.047
0.035

Two short edges discontinuous


Negative moment at continuous edge
0.045
Positive moment at mid-span
0.035
Two long edges discontinuous
Negative moment at continuous edge
---Positive moment at mid-span
0.035
Three edges discontinuous (one long edge continuous)
Negative moment at continuous edge
0.057
Positive moment at mid-span
0.043
Three edges discontinuous (one short edge continuous)
Negative moment at continuous edge
Positive moment at mid-span
0.043
Four edges discontinuous
Positive moment at mid-span
0.056

PSWD

Indicates edge condition as discontineous i.e., simply supported


Cell

els supported on four sides with provision for torsion at corners

1.1

1.2

1.3

1.4

1.5

1.75

2.00

Long span
coeffi cients,
y for all
values of ly/lx

0.037
0.028

0.043
0.032

0.047
0.036

0.051
0.039

0.053
0.041

0.060
0.045

0.065
0.049

0.032
0.024

0.043
0.032

0.048
0.036

0.051
0.039

0.055
0.041

0.057
0.044

0.064
0.048

0.068
0.052

0.037
0.028

0.044
0.033

0.052
0.039

0.057
0.044

0.063
0.047

0.067
0.051

0.077
0.059

0.085
0.065

0.037
0.028

0.053
0.040

0.060
0.045

0.065
0.049

0.071
0.053

0.075
0.056

0.084
0.063

0.091
0.069

0.047
0.035

0.049
0.037

0.052
0.040

0.056
0.043

0.059
0.044

0.060
0.045

0.065
0.049

0.069
0.052

-------0.035

-------0.043

-------0.051

-------0.057

-------0.063

-------0.068

-------0.080

-------0.088

0.045
0.035

0.064
0.048

0.071
0.053

0.076
0.057

0.080
0.060

0.084
0.064

0.091
0.069

0.097
0.073

-------0.043

-------0.051

-------0.059

-------0.065

-------0.071

-------0.076

-------0.087

-------0.096

0.057
0.043

0.064

0.072

0.079

0.085

0.089

0.1

0.107

0.056

Short span coefficients,x


Values of ly/lx

ply supported

Effective depth of slab (cl.22.2 of IS 456)


Selection of depths of slab is governed by the deflection criteria which is achieved by limiting span/depth ratio

Max. allowable l/d ratio (l/d)max

=modification factor (kt) * (l/d)basic


7 for cantilever spans

Whrere (l/d)basic

20 for simply supported slab


26 for contineous span

The above is valid for spans above 10 m. For span above 10m, values above may be multiplied by
10/span in metres, except for cantilever in which case deflection calculations should be made.
Modification factor depends on area/percentage of tension reinforcement (p t) and Steel stress at service
(fst).
Steel Stress at working Stress is assumed preliminary as 0.58 x yield stress of steel (Fy)
Steel area required
Actual Steel Stress is obtained as 0.58 Fy x
Steel area provided
Percentage of Steel (pt) for one-way slab is preliminarily assumed as
pt = 0.3 to 0.45% for M20 & Fe-415 steel
For lighter load and smaller span lower value is taken
Modification factor can be found by the eqaution below as given in SP-24

kt=1/ (0.225+0.00322fs + 0.625log10(pt) <= 2


Mod. Factor kt
pt
(%)
0.20
0.30
0.40
0.50
0.60
0.80
1.00
1.20
1.40
1.60
1.80
2.00
2.20
2.40
2.60
2.80
3.00
4.00

fst=240/
Fe415

fst=290/
Fe500

(N/mm^2) (N/mm^2)

1.78
1.49
1.33
1.24
1.16
1.07
1.00
0.95
0.92
0.89
0.86
0.84
0.83
0.81
0.80
0.78
0.77
0.73

1.39
1.20
1.10
1.03
0.98
0.91
0.86
0.83
0.80
0.78
0.76
0.74
0.73
0.72
0.71
0.70
0.69
0.65

Therefore, effective depth is calculated as follows

l eff
Min eff. depth=d=

l
d

( )

kt

basic

The calculated value should be rounded off to the


nearest multiple of 5mm or 10mm

Overall depth,D
=(d+ nominal cover+ 1/2 the dia of main bar)
The nominal cover to be provided depends upon
durability and fire resistance requirements. Table 16 and
16A of IS 456 provide the respective values.
Appropriate value of the nominal cover is to be provided
from these tables for the particular requirement of the
structure.

4.50

0.71

durability and fire resistance requirements. Table 16 and


16A of IS 456 provide the respective values.
Appropriate value of the nominal cover is to be provided
from these tables for the particular requirement of the
structure.

0.64

Table 16 Nominal Cover to Meet Durability Requirements


(Clause 26.4.2)

Exposure

Mild
Moderate
Severe
Very severe
Extreme

Min.
grade

Nominal
Concrete
Cover in
mm not
Less than

M20
M25
M30
M35
M40

20
30
45
50
75

Allowance permitted

can be reduced by 5mm for main rebars < 12mm


can be reduced by 5mm for main rebars < 12mm

Unless specified otherwise, actual concrete cover should not deviate from the required nominal cover
by +10 mm and -0
Nominal Cover (Cl.26.4.1of IS:456-2000)
Nominal cover is the design depth of concrete cover to all steel reinforcements, ,including links. It is the
dimension used in design and indicated in the drawings. It shall be not less than the diameter of the
bar.
Table 16A Nominal Cover to Meet Specified Period of Fire Resistance
(Clauses 21.4-and 26.4.3 and Fig. 1)
Design loads, bending moments and shear forces:
Design is carried out considering 1m wide strip (i.e., considering a beam of width i.e b=1000m)
Working Load Kn/m
1) Dead Load DL= W DL
2) Live Load LL= W LL

= Self wt. + Floor Finish etc. =(25D +FF) KN/m

Ultimate Load Wu (KN/m)

=1.5 x ( W DL + W LL)

(D is in meter)

(as per IS code 875)

=1.5 W DL and 1.5W LL

Calculated separately for contineous slab as the


moment & S.F. co-eficients are given separately.

Design moment
1)
Cantilever slab=
2)
Simply supported slab=

Mu=Wu*L2/12
Mu=Wu*L2/8

3)

Mu= x Wu*L2

Simply supported Cont. slab=

is the moment co-efficients for DL & LL at at supports


and mid span given in IS Code.
Design moment co-effcients for One-way Contineous Slab:

** Moment and shear co-effcient are applicable for cases of (uniformly loaded) one-way contineous slabs
and (secondary) contineous beams of uniform cross-section which support substantially uniformly
distributed loads over three or more spans which do not differ by more than 15 percent of the longest.
** Shear co-effcient are not required for slabs as they donot have to check for shear, the shear stress being
kept in check by the adequate depth provided for deflection control.

DL
LL

DL
LL

DL
LL

l2

END SPAN

DL
LL

10
W
u
+
12
l 2

9
W
u
+
12
l 2

W
u
+
10
l 2

24

INT SPAN

DL
LL

12
W
u
+
16
l 2

** In case, discont. end of a end span with partial fixity, above shown valus of co-eff. taken.
** In any span, sagging (positive) moment is assumed to be located at the midspan location and hence
reinforcement are provided a the bottom along short span.

** In any span, sagging (positive) moment is assumed to be located at the midspan location and hence
reinforcement are provided a the bottom along short span.
** In any span, hogging (negative) moment is assumed to be located at the face of support and hence
reinforcement are provided a top edge of slab span.
** End span with one end discont. is having larger moment than the int. spans and governs the thickness.
Often the same thickness is provided to int. spans also. For large nos. of int. span thcik provd. seaparately
for economy. For deflection check max. mid span moment is taken.
Detaling of Reinforcement: As per SP-34
a) Using Bent-up Bars: Alternate bottom reinforcement from either side are bent up to meet to the top
reinforcement require at the support. As the reinforcemnt at the support (-ve moment)
is more than the bottom reinf .( +ve moment), extra bars are reqd. to provided with any
diameter and matching spacing of bottom bars. Since the bars in either side of a support
generally have different spacing,this pose problem. Hence detailing with staright bars are
preferred.
b) Using Staright Bars: Separate reinforcemnt is detailed for the positive and negative reinforcement.

Effective span of slab and beam (cl.22.2 of IS 456)


Sl.No.

Support condition

Simply supported beam & Slab

Continuous beam & slab

Effective span
Lesser of
(i) clear span + effective depth
(ii) centre to centre of supports

when the width of the support is < 1/12th of


clear span
when the width of the support is > lesser of
2.2 1/12th of clear span or 600 mm whicever is
less
2.1

Do

for end span with one end fixed and the


2.2.1 other end continuous or for intermediate Clear span between the supports
spans,
for end span with one end free
Lesser of (i) clear span + half the effective depth
2.2.2 (discontineous/simply supported) and the
(ii) clear span + half the width of discont.support
other end continuous
2.2.3 for spans with roller or rocker bearings.
3

distance between the centres of bearings

Cantlever slab & beam

3.1

Cantilever slab at the end of a continuous


Length up to the centre of support
slab/beam

3.2

Cantilever span

Length up to the face of the support + half the effective


depth

Frames

Centre to centre distance

4
Note:

Ref: Shah & Karve (illustrated design of RC


Bldg.)