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WA math paper

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AUSTRALIANS

PRIMARY: YEARS 5, 6 and 7

WARM UP PROBLEM 02: SOLUTION

Wildlife Park

1. Since there were three quolls, there must have been nine

bettongs (there were three times as many bettongs as

quolls). As half the total animal population was bandicoots, the other half was made up of bettongs and quolls,

a total of 3 + 9 = 12. So there were 12 bandicoots and

hence 24 animals altogether.

2. The total animal population at the end of the second

year was 40 and half was bandicoots, so there were 20

bandicoots. Therefore the total number of bettongs and

quolls was 20. There were still three times as many bettongs as quolls, so there were 15 bettongs and 5 quolls.

So at the end of the second year there were 20 bandicoots, 15 bettongs and 5 quolls.

and the total number of bettongs and quolls would be 8

+ 24 = 32. This would leave 55 32 = 23 bandicoots.

However, more than half the total animal population was

bandicoots, so the Chief Ranger has made a mistake in

his count.

4. If there were 7 quolls, there would be 3 7 = 21 bettongs. so the total number of bettongs and quolls would

be 28. This would leave 55 28 = 27 bandicoots. However, more than half the total animal population was

bandicoots, so there could not 7 quolls.

If there were 6 quolls, there would be 36 = 18 bettongs.

so the total number of bettongs and quolls would be 24.

This would leave 55 24 = 31 bandicoots. This is more

than the combined number of bettongs and quolls, so it

is possible. Fewer quolls means even more bandicoots.

Therefore the largest possible number of quolls in the

area at the end of the third year is six.

c

2005

Australian Mathematics Trust

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