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# MATHEMATICS CHALLENGE FOR YOUNG

AUSTRALIANS
JUNIOR: YEARS 7 and 8
WARM UP PROBLEM 01: SOLUTION

## 1. Hugh has already scored 44 10 = 440 runs. He can

score as little as 0 and as much as 100 in his 11th match.
Then his total will be as little as 440 and as much as 540.
= 40, or as much
So his average will be as little as 440
11
540
1
as 11 = 49 11 49.1.
2. Total score for 29 matches = 29 45 = 1305. Her average after 30 matches is between 44.5 and 45.49, so the
total score after 30 matches is between 30 44.5 = 1335
and 30 45.49 = 1364.7.
Note that 1365/30 = 45.5 and this would round to 46.
So the total score ranges from 1335 to 1364 and Avril
scored between 30 and 59.
3. Total score = 57 60 = 3420.

## If the rounded average is to be at least 50, the actual

average must be at least 49.5. If she scores zero in all
her future matches,
average = 3420/(total number of matches) is at least
49.5.
So 49.5 total number of matches is not more than
3420.
Now 49.5 69 = 3415.5 and 49.5 70 = 3465, so she
can aord to play a total of 69 matches, or nine more
matches.
4. Let the number of matches Graham has played before
his last be n. His total score is then 30n. Since Grahams average cannot decrease, a score of 0 must leave
his average 29.5.
Therefore,

30n
n+1

29.5.

## Then 30n 29.5n + 29.5, so n 59.

If his average can increase, the maximum new total
(= 30n + 100) leads to an average 30.5. Therefore,
30n+100
30.5.
n+1
Then 30n + 100 30.5n + 30.5, so n 139.
So Graham has played between 59 and 139 matches.
c
2005
Australian Mathematics Trust