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# MATHEMATICS CHALLENGE FOR YOUNG

AUSTRALIANS
INTERMEDIATE: YEARS 9 and 10
WARM UP PROBLEM 01: SOLUTIONS

Love Potion

Honey 50 mL
Indian Ink

Honey
Indian Ink

160 mL

Turpentine

Turpentine

140 mL
Required Mix
Fig. 1

Indian Ink
Fig. 2

Honey
Indian Ink

Honey
Indian Ink

## Honey poured back

in to make 50 mL
as in Fig 1.

Turpentine

Turpentine poured
back in to make
140 mL as in Fig 1

160 mL

Turpentine

Fig. 3

Fig. 4

## Pour out proportional

amounts (allowing
for mixing) so that
160 mL of Indian Ink
remains

## From Fig. 4, the honey and turpentine mix poured back

in is in the ratio 210:140 or 3:2.
2. If 70 mL of the initial mixture goes down the sink,
then 70 mL is replaced, being a honey and turpentine
mixture in the ratio 3:2. So 35 (70) = 42 mL is honey and
the remaining 28 mL is turpentine. It follows that 28
mL of turpentine was wasted initially and the remaining 42 mL that went down the sink was a mixture of
Indian ink and honey.
Refer to Figs. 3 and 4 from 1. again.
After Griselda has poured some of the mixture down the
sink, let x mL be the amount of honey remaining, y mL
be the amount of honey wasted and z mL be the amount
of Indian ink wasted.

## MCYA Intermediate 1 Solution Page 3

From above, we have y + z = 42. Also, x + y + z is
equal to the amount of honey present after replacement,
so x + y + z = 50. Thus x = 8.
Quantities were poured out proportionally when the potion was mixed. So we have:
160
160
z
=
=
= 20,
y
x
8
so z = 20y.
Also, y + z = 42 so z = 42 y. Thus, 42 y = 20y,
giving 21y = 42 and so y = 2.
Then z = 40.
Thus, 2 mL of honey, 40 mL of Indian ink and 28 mL of
turpentine were wasted.
c
2005
Australian Mathematics Trust