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WA math paper 2012

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AUSTRALIANS

INTERMEDIATE: YEARS 9 and 10

WARM UP PROBLEM 01: SOLUTIONS

Love Potion

Honey 50 mL

Indian Ink

Honey

Indian Ink

160 mL

Turpentine

Turpentine

140 mL

Required Mix

Fig. 1

Indian Ink

Fig. 2

Honey

Indian Ink

Honey

Indian Ink

in to make 50 mL

as in Fig 1.

Turpentine

Turpentine poured

back in to make

140 mL as in Fig 1

160 mL

Turpentine

Fig. 3

Fig. 4

amounts (allowing

for mixing) so that

160 mL of Indian Ink

remains

in is in the ratio 210:140 or 3:2.

2. If 70 mL of the initial mixture goes down the sink,

then 70 mL is replaced, being a honey and turpentine

mixture in the ratio 3:2. So 35 (70) = 42 mL is honey and

the remaining 28 mL is turpentine. It follows that 28

mL of turpentine was wasted initially and the remaining 42 mL that went down the sink was a mixture of

Indian ink and honey.

Refer to Figs. 3 and 4 from 1. again.

After Griselda has poured some of the mixture down the

sink, let x mL be the amount of honey remaining, y mL

be the amount of honey wasted and z mL be the amount

of Indian ink wasted.

From above, we have y + z = 42. Also, x + y + z is

equal to the amount of honey present after replacement,

so x + y + z = 50. Thus x = 8.

Quantities were poured out proportionally when the potion was mixed. So we have:

160

160

z

=

=

= 20,

y

x

8

so z = 20y.

Also, y + z = 42 so z = 42 y. Thus, 42 y = 20y,

giving 21y = 42 and so y = 2.

Then z = 40.

Thus, 2 mL of honey, 40 mL of Indian ink and 28 mL of

turpentine were wasted.

c

2005

Australian Mathematics Trust

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