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The Modern Periodic Table of the Elements

18

Hydrogen

Average relative masses


are rounded to two
decimal places.

H
1.01
2.1

Lithium

Beryllium

Li

Be

6.94
1.0

9.01
1.5

All average masses are to


be treated as measured
quantities, and subject to
significant figure rules. Do
not round them further
when performing
calculations.

Element name

Helium

Mercury

Atomic #

80

He

Hg

Symbol

200.59

Avg. Mass

14

15

16

17

Boron

Carbon

Nitrogen

Oxygen

Fluorine

4.00
--Neon

10

Ne

10.81
2.0

1.9

Electronegativity

13

12.01
2.5

14.01
3.0

16.00
3.5

19.00
4.0

20.18
---

Sodium

Magnesium

Aluminum

Silicon

Phosphorus

Sulfur

Chlorine

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

Na

Mg

Al

Si

Cl

Ar

22.99
0.9

24.31
1.2

10

11

12

26.98
1.5

28.09
1.8

30.97
2.1

32.07
2.5

Argon

35.45
3.0

39.95
--Krypton

Potassium

Calcium

Scandium

Titanium

Vanadium

Chromium

Manganese

Iron

Cobalt

Nickel

Copper

Zinc

Gallium

Germanium

Arsenic

Selenium

Bromine

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

32

33

34

35

36

Ca

Sc

Ti

Cr

Mn

Fe

Co

Ni

Cu

Zn

Ga

Ge

As

Se

Br

Kr

40.08
1.0

44.96
1.3

63.55
1.9

65.39
1.6

69.72
1.6

72.61
1.8

74.92
2.0

78.96
2.4

K
39.10
0.8

47.88
1.5

50.94
1.6

52.00
1.6

54.94
1.5

55.85
1.8

Molybdenum

58.93
1.8

58.69
1.8

79.90
2.8

83.80
3.0

Rubidium

Strontium

Yttrium

Zirconium

Niobium

Technetium

Ruthenium

Rhodium

Palladium

Silver

Cadmium

Indium

Tin

Antimony

Tellurium

Iodine

37

38

39

40

41

42

43

44

45

46

47

48

49

50

51

52

53

54

Rb

Sr

Zr

Nb

Mo

Tc

Ru

Rh

Pd

Ag

Cd

In

Sn

Sb

Te

Xe

92.91
1.6

95.94
1.8

(98)
1.9

101.07
2.2

102.91
2.2

107.87
1.9

112.41
1.7

114.82
1.7

118.71
1.8

121.76
1.9

127.60
2.1

126.90
2.5

131.29
2.6

85.47
0.8

87.62
1.0

Cesium

Barium

55

56

Cs

Ba

132.91
0.7

137.33
0.9

Francium

Radium

87

88

Fr

Ra

(223)
0.7

57-70
*

88.91
1.2

91.22
1.4

Lutetium

Hafnium

Tantalum

Tungsten

Rhenium

Osmium

Iridium

Platinum

Gold

Mercury

Thallium

Lead

Bismuth

Polonium

Astatine

71

72

73

74

75

76

77

78

79

80

81

82

83

84

85

86

Lu

Hf

Ta

Re

Os

Ir

Pt

Au

Hg

Tl

Pb

Bi

Po

At

Rn

174.97
1.1

178.49
1.3

180.95
1.5

183.84
1.7

186.21
1.9

190.23
2.2

192.22
2.2

195.08
2.2

196.97
2.4

200.59
1.9

204.38
1.8

207.20
1.8

Lawrencium

89-102
**

(226)
0.9

*lanthanides

**actinides

106.42
2.2

Xenon

Radon

208.98
1.9

(209)
2.0

(210)
2.2

(222)
2.4
Ununoctium

Rutherfordium

Dubnium

Seaborgium

Bohrium

Hassium

Meitnerium

Darmstadtium

Roegentium

Copernicium

Ununtrium

Flerovium

Ununpentium

Livermorium

Ununseptium

103

104

105

106

107

108

109

110

111

112

113

114

115

116

117

118

Lr

Rf

Db

Sg

Bh

Hs

Mt

Ds

Rg

Cn

Uut

Fl

Uup

Lv

Uus

Uuo

(262)
---

(266)
---

(264)
---

(269)
---

(268)
---

(271)

(272)
---

(277)
---

(284)
---

(289)
---

(288)
---

(293)
---

(294)
---

Ytterbium

(262)
---

(261)
---

---

Lanthanum

Cerium

Praseodymium

Neodymium

Promethium

Samarium

Europium

Gadolinium

Terbium

Dysprosium

Holmium

Erbium

Thulium

57

58

59

60

61

62

63

64

65

66

67

68

69

70

La

Ce

Pr

Nd

Pm

Sm

Eu

Gd

Tb

Dy

Ho

Er

Tm

Yb

138.91
1.1

140.12
1.1

140.91
1.1

144.24
1.1

150.36
1.2

151.97
1.1

158.93
1.1

162.50
1.2

164.93
1.2

167.26
1.2

Actinium

Thorium

Protactinium

Uranium

Neptunium

Plutonium

Americium

Curium

Berkelium

Californium

Einsteinium

Fermium

89

90

91

92

93

94

95

96

97

98

99

100

101

102

Ac

Th

Pa

Np

Pu

Am

Cm

Bk

Cf

Es

Fm

Md

No

232.04
1.3

231.04
1.5

(237)
1.4

(244)
1.3

(243)
1.3

(247)
1.3

(247)
1.3

(252)
1.3

(257)
1.3

(258)
1.3

(259)
1.3

(227)
1.1

238.03
1.4

(145)
1.1

157.25
1.2

(251)
1.3

168.93
1.3
Mendelevium

173.04
1.1
Nobelium

(294)
---