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# Section A

(60 marks)
Answer all questions in this section
The time suggested to complete this section is 90 minutes
1.

Diagram 1.1 shows a ruler measuring the length of a rod. P, Q and R are the three eye position
for reading the scale of the ruler.
Rajah 1.1 menunjukkan satu pembaris yang digunakan untuk mengukur panjang satu rod. P, Q
dan R adalah tiga kedudukan mata semasa membuat bacaan pembaris itu.

Diagram 1.1
(a)(i)

(ii)

(b)(i)

Which position of the eye is correct when taking the reading of the length of the rod?
Manakah kedudukan mata yang betul semasa mengambil bacaan?
______________________________________________________________
[ 1 mark]
Give one reason for the answer in (a)(i).
Beri sebab jawapan anda dalam (a)(i).
_______________________________________________________________
[ 2 marks ]
What is the length of the rod?
Berapakah panjang rod itu?
_________________________________________________________________
[ 1 mark ]

(ii)

Give two another instrument for measuring the diameter of the rod.
Berikan dua alat lain yang boleh digunakan untuk mengukur diameter rod itu.
_________________________________________________________________
[ 2 marks ]

2.

## Figure 2.1 shows a measuring cylinder.

Rajah 2.1 menunjukkan sebuah silinder penyukat

Figure 2.1

(a)

## What is the physical quantity measured by the measuring cylinder?

Apakah kuantiti fizik yang disukat oleh silinder penyukat?
______________________________________________________________________
[ 1 mark ]

(b)

Mark (
6.1.
Tandakan (
Rajah 6.1.

) the correct position for the eyes when taking the reading on Figure
) kedudukan mata yang betul ketika mengambil bacaan pada
[ 1 mark ]

(c)

(d)

(e)

## State the smallest division on the scale.

Nyatakan nilai senggatan terkecil skala itu.
______________________________________________________________________
[ 1 mark ]
What is the reading of the measuring cylinder.
______________________________________________________________________
[ 2 marks ]
Explain the two types of error in physics
Jelaskan dua jenis ralat di dalam fizik.
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
[ 4 marks ]

Diagram 3.2

4.

Figure 4.1 shows velocity-time graph for a car traveling along a straight road.
Rajah 4.1 menunjukkan graf halaju-masa bagi gerakan sebuah kereta di jalanraya.

Diagram 4.1

(a)

## What is meant by velocity?

Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan halaju?
______________________________________________________________________
[ 1 mark ]

(b)

Calculate the average speed of the car for the whole journey.
Kirakan halaju purata kereta itu sepanjang perjalanan.
______________________________________________________________________
[ 3 marks ]

(c)

## Sketch acceleration-time graph for the car during the first 10 s.

Lakarkan graf pecutan-masa kereta itu dalam tempoh 10 s pertama.

[ 3 marks ]
5.

Diagram 5.1 shows a boy launching a water rocket bottle using the bicycle pump at the field.
The water in the bottle ejected at the very high speed with backwards direction and the rocket
bottle moves forward.
Rajah 5.1 menunjukkan seorang budak lelaki melancarkan satu roket botol air dengan
menggunakan pam basikal di satu kawasan terbuka. Air di dalam botol tersembur keluar
dengan halaju tinggi kea rah belakang dan roket botol itu bergerak ke hadapan.

Diagram 5.1

(a)

State the physics principle that is involved in the movement of the water bottle rocket.
Nyatakan satu prinsip fizik yang terlibat dalam pergerakan roket botol itu.
______________________________________________________________________
[ 1 mark ]

(b)

## Explain why the water bottle rocket moves forward

Terangkan mengapa roket botol itu bergerak ke hadapan
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
[ 2 marks ]

(c)

The mass of the bottle rocket is 0.2kg and the velocity of the water ejected is 2 ms -1. If
the mass of the water is 0.2 kg, calculate the velocity of the bottle rocket.
Jisim roket botol itu ialah 0.2 kg dan halaju air yang tersembur ialah 2ms-1. Jika jisim
air itu ialah 0.2 kg, kirakan halaju roket botol itu.

[ 3 marks ]
(d)

Name one application of the physics principle stated in (a) in sports field.
Namakan satu kegunaan prinsip fizik yang dinyatakan di (a) dalam bidang sukan.
______________________________________________________________________
[ 2 marks ]

6.

Figure 6.1 shows an experimental set up where a ticker timer is used to study the type of
motion for a trolley moving down a friction-compensated runway. The frequency of ticker
timer is 50 Hz.
Rajah 6.1 menunjukkan susunan radas di mana satu jangka masa detik digunakan untuk
mengkaji jenis gerakan sebuah troli yang bergerak menuruni landasan terpempas geseran.
Frekuensi jangka masa detik ialah 50 Hz.

Figure 6.1

(a)

(b)

## State the type of current used by the ticker timer.

Nyatakan jenis arus yang digunakan oleh jangka masa detik.
______________________________________________________________________
[ 1 mark ]
Figure 6.2 shows a strip of ticker tape obtained from the motion of the trolley.
Rajah 7.2 menunjukkan satu keratan pita detik yang dihasilkan oleh gerakan troli
tersebut.

Figure 6.2

(i)

## What is the time interval between two consecutive dots?

Apakah sela masa di antara 2 titik berturutan?

(ii)

## State the type of motion of the trolley.

Nyatakan jenis gerakan troli.

[ 2 marks ]

_______________________________________________________________
[ 1 mark ]
(iii)

## Calculate the velocity of the trolley.

Kirakan halaju troli itu.

[ 3 marks ]
(d)

Define acceleration.
Apakah definisi pecutan
______________________________________________________________________
[ 2 marks ]

Figure 7.1

7.

8.

Diagram 8.1 shows the instance an aeroplane lands on a runway. The moment the aeroplanes
wheels touch the runway, its speed is 150 km h-1.
Rajah 8.1 menunjukkan sebuah landasan di mana kapal terbang mendarat. Keadaan di mana
tayar kapal terbang mencecah landasan mempunyai kelajuan 150 km h-1.
speed = 150 km h-1

runway

Diagram 8.1
(a)

## What is the magnitude of the speed in SI unit.

Berapakah magnitude kelajuan di dalam SI unit.

[ 3 marks ]
(b)

The aeroplane takes 1.2 km to stop from the moment its wheels touched
the runway. Calculate the time taken.
Kapal terbang itu mendarat pada jarak 1.2 km pada masa tayarnya mencecah
landasan. Kirakan masa yang diambil.

[ 3 marks ]
(c)

## Explain why the aeroplane needs a long runway before it stopped?

Jelaskan mengapa kapal terbang memerlukan landasan yang panjang sebelum ia
berhenti.
____________________________________________________________________
[ 2 marks ]