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Name : Viska Ayu Nirani

NPM : 220110120026

4 Accidents and Emergencies


Scrub up
In the jungle I will take :
1. Bandages
My presence here because the aircraft crashed, then I will get some wound. It will be
helped to cover my injury.
2. A snake bite kit
Snake live in the jungle and we dont know where it is. Snake usually attack
spontaneously. So, I need a snake bite kit to protect myself.
3. Morphine
Morphine is a painkiller. We need this to relieve my wound until we arrive at safety place.
4. A first aid manual
We need this for first aid.
5. Adhesive tape
It used to connect the bandages and make the bandages still in the place.
6. A torch
It will be helped in lighting, cooking, and it can make the temperatures become warmer.
7. A box of matches
It used to light the torch.
8. Soap
It used for my personal hygiene.
9. A compass
It used for decide directions.
10. A knife
It used for splitting or cutting anything.

Vocabulary
First Aid
1. Have you ever experienced a patient with blisters? No, I have not
Third-degree burns? No, I have not
Severe bleeding? No, I have not
2. Complete each sentence with a word from the box.
1) Sterilize a clean, sharp needle with alcohol.
2) Make sure there is no glass or other foreign body in the wound.
3) Use the needle to puncture the blister.
4) Dont remove burnt clothing.

5) Squeeze a main artery if necessary.


6) Keep the injured person lying down.
7) Immobilize the injured body part once the bleeding has stopped.
8) Treat the person for shock.
9) Dont immerse severe large burns in cold water.
10) Check for sign of circulation.
11) Swab with Iodine or rubbing alcohol.
12) Apply antibiotic ointment and cover with a bandage.
3. Instruction belong with each of these condition :
a. Blister
- Sterilize a clean, sharp needle with alcohol.
- Use the needle to puncture the blister.
- Swab with Iodine or rubbing alcohol.
- Apply antibiotic ointment and cover with a bandage
b. Third-degree burns
- Dont remove burnt clothing.
- Treat the person for shock.
- Dont immerse severe large burns in cold water.
- Check for sign of circulation.
c. Bleeding
- Make sure there is no glass or other foreign body in the wound.
- Immobilize the injured body part once the bleeding has stopped.
- Squeeze a main artery if necessary.
- Keep the injured person lying down.
4. Add instruction of your own for each condition :
a. Blister
Puncture the blister with sharp needle that already sterilized, swab that blister
with alcohol and give the blister with antibiotic ointment.
b. Third-degree burns
Dont immersing the third-degree burns and checking the sign of circulation.
c. Bleeding
Clean the wound, bandaged the wound, and let the injured person lying.

Language spot
1. Match the beginnings and endings of the sentence
1) Check that (d) the patient is breathing.
2) Make sure (j) you use a sterile needle.
3) What do (a) I count up to between breaths?
4) Dont let (e) the patient try to stand up.

5) Should I (f) put the burnt area under running water?


6) Shall I bandage (i) the wound now?
7) Dont (h) tie the bandage too tight!
8) What dosage shall (b) I give her?
9) Take (g) the patients pulse again.
10) Where do I (c) have to apply the pads?
2. Tell instruction.
(a choking patient)
- Instruct the patient to cough
- Do abdominal thrust (Heimlich manuever) for several times until the
-

foreign object out


Immediately did CPR / CPR if the patient becomes unconscious

Reading
1. I think its article tell us about driver. Because the title of the article is A Surprise
Passenger
2. Have you ever helped with a birth? How was it? No, I have not
Were you born in hospital, at home, or somewhere else? I am born in hospital.
Have you heard of any births that happened in a unusual place? No, I have not
3. 1) No, it was not. Because he watched when his kids were born
2) A midwife at a hospital.
3) Ashas baby.
4) The baby doing well.

Its my job
1) Answer the question
1. He decide to become a paramedic when he saw two of them treating driver at the scene of
an accident when I was boy.
2. He trained for two and half years to become a qualified paramedic.
3. He have to make quick decision its important part of giving emergency treatment. So is
communicating clearly and keeping a clear head in some difficult situations.
4. Make a deal with people under the influence of drugs and alcohol
2) Join these word combinations used in the text
1. Become (c) a qualified paramedic
2. Deal with (e) people
3. Give (d) treatment
4. Make (f) decision
5. Save (a) a life

6. Start (b) as a trainee

Sign and symptoms


The central nervous system is affected. This can cause changes in personality, and restlessness.
In adviance stage, confusion and ultimately coma can result.
Their temperature may be abnormally low (hypothermia) or high (hyperthermia).
Cardiovascular problems may develop. The patients heart often beats abnormally fast, but heavy
bleeding may cause it to beat to slowly.
An abnormal increase in breathing rate can lead to respiratory distress or failure.
Blood pressure can be high in the early stages, but then hypotension is common as it falls
dangerously low.
Gastrointestinal problems arise from a lack of blood supply. The intestine can stop working and
can start to die. This can cause abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea.

Writing
1. Secure the victim of a dangerous place
2. Note the general condition of the victim
3. Take action to address :
- Respiratory distress,
- bleeding disorders
- disorders of consciousness
4. Immediately do help as perfectly as possible with the means available
5. If the victim is conscious, immediately reassure the victim and notify victims
6. Evacuate the victim is in stable condition to health facilities (health centers, hospitals)
nearest