Homework for Class Mech 2

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Homework for Class Mech 2

© All Rights Reserved

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Canonical Transformations

Due: September 4, 2016 (12 AM)

Instructions: Show that the following represent canonical transformations.

1.

1

q

P= ( p2 +q 2 ) ; Q=tan 1

2

p

Preliminaries:

p p

p=

P+

Q

a.

P

Q

q q

q =

P+

Q

P

Q

()

b.

c.

H K

=

p P

H K

=

q P

P K

+

p Q

P K

+

q Q

= 1 ( 2 p p +2 q q )= p p +q q

P

2

1

q

1

q

p q p q

Q=

+

p= 2 2

2

2

2

p

q

q

p

p +q

1+

1+

p

p

( )

d.

Q

p

Q

q

()

()

( )

P 1

P 1

= ( 2 p )= p ;

= ( 2 q ) =q

p 2

q 2

Q

1

q

Q

1

=

=p;

=

2

2

p

q

q

p

q

1+

1+

p

p

()

( )

( )

( 1p )

H K P K Q K

K q

=

+

=

( p) +

=q

e.

p P p Q p P

Q p2 +q 2

H K P K Q K

K

p

=

+

=

( q)+

=p

f.

2

q P q Q q P

Q p +q 2

(

(

K 2 K pq

( p )+

= p q

g.

P

Q p2 +q2

K 2 K

pq

(q )+

=p q

h.

2

P

Q p + q2

(

(

)

)

)

)

K 2 2

( p + q ) =p q p q K = p q2 p2q =Q

i.

P

P

p +q

Similarly, multiplying (e) by q and (f) by p, we get:

j.

K

K q2

( pq )+

=q q

P

Q p 2+ q2

k.

K

K

p

( pq )+

= p q

2

P

Q p + q2

(

(

)

)

K q2 + p2

K

=q q + p q

=( q q + p q ) =P

l.

2

2

Q p +q

Q

Interpretation:

Due to the asymptotic nature of the position coordinate, it could be surmised that this

canonical transformation represents a damped oscillation, particularly an underdamped one

bcause of the eventual decrease that occurs as position progresses over momentum.

p

sin

2.

P=ln

Preliminaries:

p p

p=

P+

Q

a.

P

Q

q q

q =

P+

Q

P

Q

b.

c.

H K

=

p P

H K

=

q P

P K

+

p Q

P K

+

q Q

p

cos p= p cot p

= 1

P

sin p

p

2

sec

q tan p+ p q

Q=

Q

p

Q

q

d.

P cos p

P

=

=cot p ;

=0

p sin p

q

Q

Q

2

=q sec p ;

=tan p

p

q

H K P K Q K

K

=

+

=

( cot p ) +

( q sec 2 p )=q

e.

p P p Q p P

Q

H K P K Q K

K

=

+

=

( 0 )+

( tan p )= p

f.

q P q Q q P

Q

Multiplying (e) by tan p and (f) by q sec2p, we get:

K K

+

( tan p q sec 2 p )= q tan p

g.

P Q

K

( tan p q sec 2 p )= p q sec 2 p

h.

Q

Subtracting these two, we get:

K

K

= q tan p+ p q sec 2 p

=Q

i.

P

P

K

from f:

Q

K p

K

K =P

=

=p cot p= P

Q tan p Q

Q

j.

Interpretation: The sine and tangent indicate that this motion represents simple harmonic

motion.

Q

sin

3. q =

Q

cos

2 P/ km

For purposes of convenience, and since q, p, Q and P are just dummy indices anyway, I will

interchange their notation, that is,

q Q , p P , Q q , P p

a.

p=

p p

P+

Q

P

Q

q =

b.

c.

q q

P+

Q

P

Q

H K

=

p P

H K

=

q P

p=

P K

+

p Q

P K

+

q Q

A cos Q

P

1

Q

p

Q

q

1

A sin Q ( 2 P ) 2

Q

(2 P)2

1

q =

P sin Q

1

2

(2 P ) A

d.

cos Q

( 2 P )2 Q

+

A

p A cos Q

=

;

1

P

( 2 P )2

q

sin q

=

;

1

P

A ( 2 p) 2

p

= A ( 2 P )2 sin Q

Q

1

q ( 2 P )2 cos Q

=

Q

A

Substituting (d) into (b), and multiplying the first equation by 2P cos Q and the

second equation by P , we get:

e.

H K A cos Q K sin q

=

+

=q

1

1

p P

Q

(2 P)2

A ( 2 p) 2

1

2

H K sin q

K ( 2 P ) cos Q

=

+

= p

1

q P

Q

A

2

A ( 2 p)

K 2 p q cos q+ p sin q

=

=Q

1

P

A ( 2 p) 2

Furthermore, substituting the second half of (d) into (b), and multiplying the first

equation by 2P cos Q and the second equation by P , we get:

a.

1

2

(1/ 2)

H K

K (sin Q) (2 P)

sin Q

=

A ( 2 P ) 2 cos Q sin Q+

=2 P Q

p P

Q

A

1

2

H K sin q

K ( 2 P ) cos Q

sin Q

=

+

=2 P Q

1

q P

Q

A

A (2 p)2

2 p q sin q p cos q

(2 p )

1

2

=P

Interpretation:

Interpretation: The sine and tangent indicate that this motion represents simple harmonic

motion.

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