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You are on page 1of 52

Solve each equation by using the Quadratic Formula. Round to the nearest tenth if necessary.

2

1.x 2x 15 = 0

SOLUTION:

For this equation, a = 1, b = 2, and c = 15.

ANSWER:

3, 5

2

2.x 10x + 16 = 0

SOLUTION:

For this equation, a = 1, b = 10, and c = 16.

eSolutions

Manual - Powered by Cognero

ANSWER:

2, 8

Page 1

ANSWER:

9-5 Solving

3, 5 Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

2

2.x 10x + 16 = 0

SOLUTION:

For this equation, a = 1, b = 10, and c = 16.

ANSWER:

2, 8

2

3.x 8x = 10

SOLUTION:

Write the equation in standard form.

eSolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero

ANSWER:

6.4, 1.6

Page 2

ANSWER:

9-5 Solving

Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

2, 8

2

3.x 8x = 10

SOLUTION:

Write the equation in standard form.

ANSWER:

6.4, 1.6

2

4.x + 3x = 12

SOLUTION:

Write the equation in standard form.

ANSWER:

Page 3

ANSWER:

9-5 Solving

Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

6.4, 1.6

2

4.x + 3x = 12

SOLUTION:

Write the equation in standard form.

ANSWER:

2.3, 5.3

2

5.10x 31x + 15 = 0

SOLUTION:

For this equation, a = 10, b = 31, and c = 15.

eSolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero

ANSWER:

0.6, 2.5

Page 4

ANSWER:

9-5 Solving

Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

2.3, 5.3

2

5.10x 31x + 15 = 0

SOLUTION:

For this equation, a = 10, b = 31, and c = 15.

ANSWER:

0.6, 2.5

2

6.5x + 5 = 13x

SOLUTION:

Write the equation in standard form.

eSolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero

ANSWER:

0.5, 2.1

Page 5

ANSWER:

9-5 Solving

Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

0.6, 2.5

2

6.5x + 5 = 13x

SOLUTION:

Write the equation in standard form.

ANSWER:

0.5, 2.1

Solve each equation. State which method you used.

2

7.2x + 11x 6 = 0

SOLUTION:

Solve by factoring:

In this trinomial, a = 2, b = 11, and c = 6, so m + p is positive and mp is negative. Therefore, m and p must have

differentsigns.Listthefactorsof2(6) or 12 and identify the factors with a sum of 11.

Factors of 12

Sum

1, 12

11

1, 12

11

2, 6

4

2, 6

4

3, 4

1

3, 4

1

The correct factors are 1and12.So,usem = -1 and p = 12.

Page 6

ANSWER:

9-5 Solving

Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

0.5, 2.1

Solve each equation. State which method you used.

2

7.2x + 11x 6 = 0

SOLUTION:

Solve by factoring:

In this trinomial, a = 2, b = 11, and c = 6, so m + p is positive and mp is negative. Therefore, m and p must have

differentsigns.Listthefactorsof2(6) or 12 and identify the factors with a sum of 11.

Factors of 12

Sum

1, 12

11

1, 12

11

2, 6

4

2, 6

4

3, 4

1

3, 4

1

The correct factors are 1and12.So,usem = -1 and p = 12.

ANSWER:

6,

8.2x 3x 6 = 0

SOLUTION:

Solve using the quadratic formula.

For this equation, a = 2, b = 3, and c = 6.

Quadratic Formula:

Page 7

ANSWER:

6,

9-5 Solving

Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

2

8.2x 3x 6 = 0

SOLUTION:

Solve using the quadratic formula.

For this equation, a = 2, b = 3, and c = 6.

Quadratic Formula:

ANSWER:

2.6, 1.1

2

9.9x = 25

SOLUTION:

Solve by factoring.

Write the equation in standard form.

Factoring:

ANSWER:

10.x 9x = 19

SOLUTION:

Solve by using the quadratic formula.

eSolutions

Manual

- Powered in

by standard

Cognero form.

Write

the equation

Page 8

ANSWER:

9-5 Solving Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

2

10.x 9x = 19

SOLUTION:

Solve by using the quadratic formula.

Write the equation in standard form.

Quadratic Formula:

ANSWER:

5.6, 3.4

State the value of the discriminant for each equation. Then determine the number of real solutions of the

equation.

2

11.x 9x + 21 = 0

SOLUTION:

For this equation, a = 1, b = 9, and c = 21.

The discriminant is 3.

Since the discriminant is negative, the equation has no real solutions.

ANSWER:

3; no real solutions

2

12.2x 11x + 10 = 0

SOLUTION:

For this equation, a = 2, b = 11, and c = 10.

eSolutions

- Powered

by Cognero

The Manual

discriminant

is 41.

Since the discriminant is positive, the equation has two real solutions.

ANSWER:

Page 9

The discriminant is 3.

Since the discriminant is negative, the equation has no real solutions.

ANSWER:

9-5 Solving

Quadratic

3; no real

solutionsEquations by Using the Quadratic Formula

2

12.2x 11x + 10 = 0

SOLUTION:

For this equation, a = 2, b = 11, and c = 10.

Since the discriminant is positive, the equation has two real solutions.

ANSWER:

41; two real solutions

2

13.9x + 24x = 16

SOLUTION:

Write the equation in standard form.

The discriminant is 0.

Since the discriminant is 0, the equation has one real solution.

ANSWER:

0; one real solution

2

14.3x x = 8

SOLUTION:

Write the equation in standard form.

Since the discriminant is positive, the equation has two real solutions.

ANSWER:

97; two real solutions

15.TRAMPOLINE Eva springs from a trampoline to dunk a basketball. Her height h in feet can be modeled by the

2

equation h = 16t + 22.3t + 2, where t is time in seconds. Use the discriminant to determine if Eva will reach a

height of 10 feet. Explain.

SOLUTION:

Write the equation in standard form.

Page 10

Since the discriminant is positive, the equation has two real solutions.

ANSWER:

9-5 Solving

Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

97; two real solutions

15.TRAMPOLINE Eva springs from a trampoline to dunk a basketball. Her height h in feet can be modeled by the

2

equation h = 16t + 22.3t + 2, where t is time in seconds. Use the discriminant to determine if Eva will reach a

height of 10 feet. Explain.

SOLUTION:

Write the equation in standard form.

Since the discriminant is negative, the equation has no real solutions. Thus, Eva will not reach a height of 10 feet.

ANSWER:

The discriminant is 14.91, so the equation has no real solutions. Thus, Eva will not reach a height of 10 feet.

Solve each equation by using the Quadratic Formula. Round to the nearest tenth if necessary.

2

16.4x + 5x 6 = 0

SOLUTION:

For this equation, a = 4, b = 5, and c = 6.

and2.

ANSWER:

2,

eSolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero

17.x + 16 = 0

SOLUTION:

Page 11

Since the discriminant is negative, the equation has no real solutions. Thus, Eva will not reach a height of 10 feet.

ANSWER:

9-5 Solving

Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

The discriminant is 14.91, so the equation has no real solutions. Thus, Eva will not reach a height of 10 feet.

Solve each equation by using the Quadratic Formula. Round to the nearest tenth if necessary.

2

16.4x + 5x 6 = 0

SOLUTION:

For this equation, a = 4, b = 5, and c = 6.

and2.

ANSWER:

2,

17.x + 16 = 0

SOLUTION:

For this equation, a = 1, b = 0, and c = 16.

Thediscriminantisnegative,sotheequationhasnorealsolutions,.

ANSWER:

eSolutions

2 Manual - Powered by Cognero

18.6x 12x + 1 = 0

SOLUTION:

Page 12

Thediscriminantisnegative,sotheequationhasnorealsolutions,.

9-5 Solving

Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

ANSWER:

18.6x 12x + 1 = 0

SOLUTION:

For this equation, a = 6, b = 12, and c = 1.

ANSWER:

1.9, 0.1

2

19.5x 8x = 6

SOLUTION:

Write the equation in standard form.

ANSWER:

2.2, 0.6

eSolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero

2

20.2x 5x = 7

Page 13

ANSWER:

9-5 Solving

Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

1.9, 0.1

2

19.5x 8x = 6

SOLUTION:

Write the equation in standard form.

ANSWER:

2.2, 0.6

2

20.2x 5x = 7

SOLUTION:

Write the equation in standard form.

Thediscriminantisnegative,sotheequationhasnorealsolutions,.

ANSWER:

21.5x + 21x = 18

SOLUTION:

Page 14

ANSWER:

9-5 Solving

Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

2.2, 0.6

2

20.2x 5x = 7

SOLUTION:

Write the equation in standard form.

Thediscriminantisnegative,sotheequationhasnorealsolutions,.

ANSWER:

21.5x + 21x = 18

SOLUTION:

Write the equation in standard form.

and3.

ANSWER:

Page 15

Thediscriminantisnegative,sotheequationhasnorealsolutions,.

ANSWER:

9-5 Solving

Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

21.5x + 21x = 18

SOLUTION:

Write the equation in standard form.

and3.

ANSWER:

3,

2

22.81x = 9

SOLUTION:

Write the equation in standard form.

Page 16

ANSWER:

9-5 Solving

Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

3,

2

22.81x = 9

SOLUTION:

Write the equation in standard form.

ANSWER:

23.8x + 12x = 8

SOLUTION:

Write the equation in standard form.

Page 17

ANSWER:

9-5 Solving Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

2

23.8x + 12x = 8

SOLUTION:

Write the equation in standard form.

ANSWER:

0.5, 2

2

24.4x = 16x 16

SOLUTION:

Write the equation in standard form.

Page 18

ANSWER:

9-5 Solving

Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

0.5, 2

2

24.4x = 16x 16

SOLUTION:

Write the equation in standard form.

The solution is 2.

ANSWER:

2

2

25.10x = 7x + 6

SOLUTION:

Write the equation in standard form.

Page 19

The solution is 2.

ANSWER:

9-5 Solving

Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

2

2

25.10x = 7x + 6

SOLUTION:

Write the equation in standard form.

ANSWER:

0.5, 1.2

2

26.3x = 8x 12

SOLUTION:

Write the equation in standard form.

Page 20

ANSWER:

9-5 Solving

Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

0.5, 1.2

2

26.3x = 8x 12

SOLUTION:

Write the equation in standard form.

ANSWER:

1.1, 3.7

2

27.2x = 12x 18

SOLUTION:

Write the equation in standard form.

The solution is 3.

Page 21

ANSWER:

9-5 Solving

Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

1.1, 3.7

2

27.2x = 12x 18

SOLUTION:

Write the equation in standard form.

The solution is 3.

ANSWER:

3

28.AMUSEMENT PARKS The Demon Drop at Cedar Point in Ohio takes riders to the top of a tower and drops

2

them 60 feet. A function that approximates this ride is h = 16t + 64t 60, where h is the height in feet and t is the

time in seconds. About how many seconds does it take for riders to drop 60 feet?

SOLUTION:

2

16t + 64t 60 = 0

For this equation, a = 16, b = 64, and c = 60.

It takes 2.5 seconds for the riders to drop from 60 feet to 0 feet.

Page 22

The solution is 3.

ANSWER:

9-5 Solving

Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

3

28.AMUSEMENT PARKS The Demon Drop at Cedar Point in Ohio takes riders to the top of a tower and drops

2

them 60 feet. A function that approximates this ride is h = 16t + 64t 60, where h is the height in feet and t is the

time in seconds. About how many seconds does it take for riders to drop 60 feet?

SOLUTION:

2

16t + 64t 60 = 0

For this equation, a = 16, b = 64, and c = 60.

It takes 2.5 seconds for the riders to drop from 60 feet to 0 feet.

ANSWER:

about 2.5 seconds

Solve each equation. State which method you used.

2

29.2x 8x = 12

SOLUTION:

Solve using the quadratic formula.

Write the equation in standard form.

Use the Quadratic Formula.

Page 23

It takes 2.5 seconds for the riders to drop from 60 feet to 0 feet.

ANSWER:

9-5 Solving

Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

about 2.5 seconds

Solve each equation. State which method you used.

2

29.2x 8x = 12

SOLUTION:

Solve using the quadratic formula.

Write the equation in standard form.

Use the Quadratic Formula.

ANSWER:

1.2, 5.2

2

30.3x 24x = 36

SOLUTION:

Solve by using the quadratic formula.

Write the equation in standard form.

Use the Quadratic Formula.

Page 24

ANSWER:

9-5 Solving

1.2, 5.2Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

2

30.3x 24x = 36

SOLUTION:

Solve by using the quadratic formula.

Write the equation in standard form.

Use the Quadratic Formula.

ANSWER:

2, 6

2

31.x 3x = 10

SOLUTION:

Solve by factoring.

Write the equation in standard form.

Factor.

ANSWER:

2, 5

2

32.4x + 100 = 0

SOLUTION:

Solve

using- Powered

the quadratic

formula.

eSolutions

Manual

by Cognero

First, check the value of the discriminant.

For this equation, a = 4, b = 0, and c = 100.

Page 25

ANSWER:

9-5 Solving

Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

2, 5

2

32.4x + 100 = 0

SOLUTION:

Solve using the quadratic formula.

First, check the value of the discriminant.

For this equation, a = 4, b = 0, and c = 100.

Thediscriminantisnegative,sotheequationhasnorealsolutions,.

ANSWER:

33.x = 7x 5

SOLUTION:

Solve by completing the square.

2

ANSWER:

6.2, 0.8

34.12 12x = 3x

SOLUTION:

Solve by factoring.

Write the equation in standard form.

Factor.

eSolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero

Page 26

The solutions are 0.8 and 6.2.

ANSWER:

9-5 Solving

Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

6.2, 0.8

34.12 12x = 3x

SOLUTION:

Solve by factoring.

Write the equation in standard form.

Factor.

The solution is 2.

ANSWER:

2

State the value of the discriminant for each equation. Then determine the number of real solutions of the

equation.

2

SOLUTION:

For this equation, a = 0.2, b = 1.5, and c = 2.9.

Since the discriminant is negative, the equation has no real solutions.

ANSWER:

0.07; no real solution

2

36.2x 5x + 20 = 0

SOLUTION:

For this equation, a = 2, b = 5, and c = 20.

Since the discriminant is negative, the equation has no real solutions.

ANSWER:

135; no real solutions

2

37.x

x=3

SOLUTION:

eSolutions

Manual - Powered by Cognero

Write the equation in standard form.

Page 27

Since the discriminant is negative, the equation has no real solutions.

ANSWER:

9-5 Solving

Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

135; no real solutions

2

37.x

x=3

SOLUTION:

Write the equation in standard form.

, and c = 3.

Since the discriminant is positive, the equation has two real solutions.

ANSWER:

12.64; two real solutions

2

38.0.5x 2x = 2

SOLUTION:

Write the equation in standard form.

The discriminant is 0.

Since the discriminant is 0, the equation has one real solution.

ANSWER:

0; one real solution

2

39.2.25x 3x = 1

SOLUTION:

Write the equation in standard form.

The Manual

discriminant

is 0.

eSolutions

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by Cognero

Since the discriminant is 0, the equation has one real solution.

ANSWER:

Page 28

The discriminant is 0.

Since the discriminant is 0, the equation has one real solution.

ANSWER:

9-5 Solving

Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

0; one real solution

2

39.2.25x 3x = 1

SOLUTION:

Write the equation in standard form.

The discriminant is 0.

Since the discriminant is 0, the equation has one real solution.

ANSWER:

0; one real solution

40.

SOLUTION:

Write the equation in standard form.

, and c =

Since the discriminant is positive, the equation has two real solutions.

ANSWER:

18.25; two real solutions

2

41.CCSS MODELING The percent of U.S. households with high-speed Internet h can be estimated by h = 0.2n +

7.2n + 1.5, where n is the number of years since 1990.

a. Use the Quadratic Formula to determine when 20% of the population will have high-speed Internet.

b. Is a quadratic equation a good model for this information? Explain.

SOLUTION:

a. Write the equation in standard form.

eSolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero

Page 29

Since the discriminant is positive, the equation has two real solutions.

ANSWER:

9-5 Solving

Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

18.25; two real solutions

2

41.CCSS MODELING The percent of U.S. households with high-speed Internet h can be estimated by h = 0.2n +

7.2n + 1.5, where n is the number of years since 1990.

a. Use the Quadratic Formula to determine when 20% of the population will have high-speed Internet.

b. Is a quadratic equation a good model for this information? Explain.

SOLUTION:

a. Write the equation in standard form.

Since nisthenumberofyearssince1990addthesolutionsto1990.

1990 + 3 = 1993; 1990 + 33 = 2023

b. A quadratic equation not a good model for this information. The parabola has a maximum at about 66, meaning

only 66% of the population would ever have high-speed Internet.

ANSWER:

a. in 1993 and 2023

b. Sample answer: No; the parabola has a maximum at about 66, meaning only 66% of the population would ever

have high-speed Internet.

2

42.TRAFFIC The equation d = 0.05v + 1.1v models the distance d in feet it takes a car traveling at a speed of v miles

per hour to come to a complete stop. If Hannahs car stopped after 250 feet on a highway with a speed limit of 65

miles per hour, was she speeding? Explain your reasoning.

SOLUTION:

Write the equation in standard form.

eSolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero

Page 30

ANSWER:

a. in 1993 and 2023

b. Sample

9-5 Solving

Quadratic

Equations

by Using

Quadratic

Formula

answer: No;

the parabola

has a the

maximum

at about

66, meaning only 66% of the population would ever

have high-speed Internet.

2

42.TRAFFIC The equation d = 0.05v + 1.1v models the distance d in feet it takes a car traveling at a speed of v miles

per hour to come to a complete stop. If Hannahs car stopped after 250 feet on a highway with a speed limit of 65

miles per hour, was she speeding? Explain your reasoning.

SOLUTION:

Write the equation in standard form.

No, she was not speeding; Sample answer: Hannah was traveling at about 61 mph, so she was not speeding.

ANSWER:

No; sample answer: Hannah was traveling at about 61 mph, so she was not speeding.

Without graphing, determine the number of x-intercepts of the graph of the related function for each

function.

43.4.25x + 3 = 3x

SOLUTION:

Write the equation in standard form.

Since the discriminant is negative, the graph of the function will not have any x-intercepts.

ANSWER:

0

44.

SOLUTION:

eSolutions

Manual

- Powered in

by standard

Cognero

Write

the equation

form.

Page 31

Since the discriminant is negative, the graph of the function will not have any x-intercepts.

ANSWER:

9-5 Solving Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

0

44.

SOLUTION:

Write the equation in standard form.

, and c =

Since the discriminant is positive, the graph of the function will have two x-intercepts.

ANSWER:

2

2

45.0.25x + x = 1

SOLUTION:

Write the equation in standard form.

The discriminant is 0.

Since the discriminant is 0, the graph of the function will have one x-intercept.

ANSWER:

1

Solve each equation by using the Quadratic Formula. Round to the nearest tenth if necessary.

2

46.2x 7x = 1.5

SOLUTION:

Write the equation in standard form.

Page 32

The discriminant is 0.

Since the discriminant is 0, the graph of the function will have one x-intercept.

ANSWER:

9-5 Solving

Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

1

Solve each equation by using the Quadratic Formula. Round to the nearest tenth if necessary.

2

46.2x 7x = 1.5

SOLUTION:

Write the equation in standard form.

ANSWER:

3.7, 0.2

2

SOLUTION:

Write the equation in standard form.

ANSWER:

1.4, 2.1

48.x 2x = 5

Page 33

ANSWER:

9-5 Solving

3.7, 0.2Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

2

SOLUTION:

Write the equation in standard form.

ANSWER:

1.4, 2.1

2

48.x 2x = 5

SOLUTION:

Write the equation in standard form.

ANSWER:

3.4, 1.4

eSolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero

49.POSTER Bartolo is making a poster for the dance. He wants to cover three fourths of the area with text.

Page 34

ANSWER:

9-5 Solving

Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

1.4, 2.1

2

48.x 2x = 5

SOLUTION:

Write the equation in standard form.

ANSWER:

3.4, 1.4

49.POSTER Bartolo is making a poster for the dance. He wants to cover three fourths of the area with text.

b. Solve the equation by using the Quadratic Formula.

c. What should be the margins of the poster?

SOLUTION:

a. The length of the area covered by text 20 (x + x) or 20 2x. The width of the area is 25 (4x + 3x) or 25

2

7x.Theareaoftheentireposteris20in.25in.,or500in . Because Bartolo wants the area with text to be threefourths of the total area, it must be

ft. So, an equation for the area of the section with text is (20 2x)

b. Write the equation in standard form.

eSolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero

Page 35

7x.Theareaoftheentireposteris20in.25in.,or500in . Because Bartolo wants the area with text to be threefourths of the total area, it must be

ft. So, an equation for the area of the section with text is (20 2x)

9-5 Solving Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

(25 7x) = 375.

b. Write the equation in standard form.

c. The margins should be about 0.7 in. on the sides, 4 0.7 = 2.8 in. on the top, and 3 0.7 = 2.1 in. on the bottom.

ANSWER:

a. (20 2x)(25 7x) = 375

b. about 12.9, 0.7

c. about 0.7 in. on the sides, 2.8 in. on the top, and 2.1 in. on the bottom

50.MULTIPLE REPRESENTATIONS In this problem, you will investigate writing a quadratic equation with given

roots.

2

a. Tabular Copy and complete the first two columns of the table.

b. Algebraic Multiply the factors to write each equation with integral coefficients. Use the equations to complete

the last column of the table. Write each equation.

c. Analytical How could you write an equation with three roots? Test your conjecture by writing an equation with

roots 1, 2, and 3. Is the equation quadratic? Explain.

Page 36

SOLUTION:

a. For any two roots m and p , in the left hand column, the middle column will be the corresponding factors (x m), (x

a. Tabular Copy and complete the first two columns of the table.

b. Algebraic

Multiply

the factors

writethe

each

equation with

integral coefficients. Use the equations to complete

9-5 Solving

Quadratic

Equations

by to

Using

Quadratic

Formula

the last column of the table. Write each equation.

c. Analytical How could you write an equation with three roots? Test your conjecture by writing an equation with

roots 1, 2, and 3. Is the equation quadratic? Explain.

SOLUTION:

a. For any two roots m and p , in the left hand column, the middle column will be the corresponding factors (x m), (x

p ).

b. The equation with these factors will be: (x m)(x p ) = 0 which simplifies to x2 (m + p )x + mp = 0. Use this to

fillinthecolumnofthetable.

c. You could write an equation with three roots by multiplying the corresponding factors together and setting it equal

to zero. If an equation has the three roots 1, 2, 3, then the corresponding factors would be (x 1), (x 2), and (x

3). The equation would then be:

Thisisnotaquadraticequationsinceitisofdegree3.

ANSWER:

(x 1)(x 2)(x 3) = 0

eSolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero

3

x 6x + 11x 6 = 0

The equation is not quadratic because its degree is 3 not 2.

Page 37

c. Sample answer: Multiply three factors written from the roots.

(x 1)(x 2)(x 3) = 0

3

x 6x + 11x 6 = 0

The equation is not quadratic because its degree is 3 not 2.

2

SOLUTION:

For the equation to have two solutions, the discriminant must be positive.

ANSWER:

52.REASONING Use factoring techniques to determine the number of real zeros of f (x) = x 8x + 16. Compare this

method to using the discriminant.

SOLUTION:

2

For f(x) = x 8x + 16, a = 1, b = 8 and c = 16. Then the discriminate is b 4ac or (8) 4(1)(16)=0.The

2.

polynomial can be factored to get f (x) = (x 4) Solve to find the real zeros.

So the only real zero is 4. The discriminant is 0, so the only real zero is 4. The discriminant is 0, so there is 1 real

zero. The discriminant tells us how many real zeros there are. Factoring tells us what they are.

ANSWER:

2

Sample answer: The polynomial can be factored to get f (x) = (x 4) , so the only real zero is 4. The discriminant is

0, so the only real zero is 4. The discriminant is 0, so there is 1 real zero. The discriminant tells us how many real

zeros there are. Factoring tells us what they are.

CCSSSTRUCTUREDetermine whether there are two, one, or no real solutions.

53.The graph of a quadratic function does not have an x-intercept.

SOLUTION:

If there are no x-intercepts, then there are no real solutions.

ANSWER:

none

eSolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero

54.The graph of a quadratic function touches but does not cross the x-axis.

SOLUTION:

Page 38

ANSWER:

2

Sample answer: The polynomial can be factored to get f (x) = (x 4) , so the only real zero is 4. The discriminant is

0, so theQuadratic

only real zero

is 4. Theby

discriminant

0, so thereFormula

is 1 real zero. The discriminant tells us how many real

9-5 Solving

Equations

Using the isQuadratic

zeros there are. Factoring tells us what they are.

CCSSSTRUCTUREDetermine whether there are two, one, or no real solutions.

53.The graph of a quadratic function does not have an x-intercept.

SOLUTION:

If there are no x-intercepts, then there are no real solutions.

ANSWER:

none

54.The graph of a quadratic function touches but does not cross the x-axis.

SOLUTION:

If the graph is tangent to the x-axis, meaning there is only one x-intercept, then there is only one real solution.

ANSWER:

one

55.The graph of a quadratic function intersects the x-axis twice.

SOLUTION:

If there are two x-intercepts, then there are two real solutions.

ANSWER:

two

56.Both a and b are greater than 0 and c is less than 0 in a quadratic equation.

SOLUTION:

2

The discrimininant is b 4ac. No matter the value of b, b willalwaysbepositive.Ifa is greater than 0 and c is

less than 0, then 4ac willbepositive.Thusthediscrimininantwouldbepositive.Sotherewouldbetworeal

solutions.

ANSWER:

two

57.WRITING IN MATH Why can the discriminant be used to confirm the number of real solutions of a quadratic

equation?

SOLUTION:

Consider a few examples:

,

eSolutions

Manual - Powered by Cognero

Inthiscasethediscriminantisnegativeandtherootsareimaginary.

Page 39

solutions.

ANSWER:

9-5 Solving

Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

two

57.WRITING IN MATH Why can the discriminant be used to confirm the number of real solutions of a quadratic

equation?

SOLUTION:

Consider a few examples:

,

Inthiscasethediscriminantisnegativeandtherootsareimaginary.

When the discriminant is positive, the roots are real. We can only have imaginary roots if we take the square root of

anegativenumber,whichwillonlyhappenifthediscriminantisnegative.

ANSWER:

Sample answer: If the discriminant is positive, the Quadratic Formula will result in two real solutions because you are

adding and subtracting the square root of a positive number in the numerator of the expression. If the discriminant is

zero, there will be one real solution because you are adding and subtracting the square root of zero. If the

discriminant is negative, there will be no real solutions because you are adding and subtracting the square root of a

negative number in the numerator of the expression.

58.WRITING IN MATH Describe the advantages and disadvantages of each method of solving quadratic equations.

Which method do you prefer, and why?

SOLUTION:

Factoring:

Factoringiseasyifthepolynomialisfactorableandcomplicatedifitisnot.Notallequationsarefactorable.

2

2

2

For example f (x) = x 8x + 16 factors to (x 4) . However, f (x) = x 16x + 8 can not be factored.

Page 40

Graphing:

Graphing only gives approximate answers, but it is easy to see the number of solutions. Using square roots is easy

58.WRITING IN MATH Describe the advantages and disadvantages of each method of solving quadratic equations.

Which method do you prefer, and why?

SOLUTION:

9-5 Solving

Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

Factoring:

Factoringiseasyifthepolynomialisfactorableandcomplicatedifitisnot.Notallequationsarefactorable.

2

2

2

For example f (x) = x 8x + 16 factors to (x 4) . However, f (x) = x 16x + 8 can not be factored.

Graphing:

Graphing only gives approximate answers, but it is easy to see the number of solutions. Using square roots is easy

when there is no x-term.

2

For example, for the quadratic f (x) = 2x 17x + 4, you can see the two solutions in the graph. However, it will be

difficult to identify the solution x =8.2578049inthegraph.

Completing the square can be used for any quadratic equation and exact solutions can be found, but the leading

2

coefficient has to be 1 and the x - and x-term must be isolated. It is also easier if the coefficient of the x-term is

2

completingthesquare.

Quadratic Formula:

The Quadratic Formula will work for any quadratic equation and exact solutions can be found. This method can be

timeconsuming,especiallyifanequationiseasilyfactored.Forexample,usetheQuadraticFormulatofindthe

2

solutions of f (x) = 4x + 13 x+5.

Page 41

Quadratic Formula:

The Quadratic Formula will work for any quadratic equation and exact solutions can be found. This method can be

9-5 Solving Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

timeconsuming,especiallyifanequationiseasilyfactored.Forexample,usetheQuadraticFormulatofindthe

2

solutions of f (x) = 4x + 13 x+5.

See studentspreferences.

ANSWER:

Sample answer: Factoring is easy if the polynomial is factorable and complicated if it is not. Not all equations are

factorable. Graphing only gives approximate answers, but it is easy to see the number of solutions. Using square

roots is easy when there is no x-term. Completing the square can be used for any quadratic equation and exact

solutions can be found, but the leading coefficient has to be 1 and the x 2 - and x-term must be isolated. It is also

easier if the coefficient of the x-term is even; if not, the calculations become harder when dealing with fractions. The

Quadratic Formula will work for any quadratic equation and exact solutions can be found. This method can be time

consuming, especially if an equation is easily factored. See studentspreferences.

59.If n is an even integer, which expression represents the product of three consecutive even integers?

A n(n + 1)(n + 2)

B (n + 1)(n + 2)(n + 3)

C 3n + 2

D n(n + 2)(n + 4)

SOLUTION:

Adding 2 to an even integer results in the next consecutive integer.

n

n +2

n + 2 + 2, or n + 4

So, the correct choice is D.

ANSWER:

D

60.SHORT RESPONSE The triangle shown is an isosceles triangle. What is the value of x?

SOLUTION:

Because an isosceles triangle has two equal angles, x could be equal to 64, or it could be equal to the unnamed angle,

where 180 = 2x + 64.

Page 42

n + 2 + 2, or n + 4

So, the correct choice is D.

ANSWER:

9-5 Solving

Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

D

60.SHORT RESPONSE The triangle shown is an isosceles triangle. What is the value of x?

SOLUTION:

Because an isosceles triangle has two equal angles, x could be equal to 64, or it could be equal to the unnamed angle,

where 180 = 2x + 64.

ANSWER:

58 or 64

61.Which statement best describes the graph of x = 5?

F It is parallel to the x-axis.

G It is parallel to the y-axis.

H It passes through the point (2, 5).

J It has a y-intercept of 5.

SOLUTION:

A line for which x is always 5, is a vertical line, which is parallel to the y-axis.

So, the correct choice is G.

ANSWER:

G

2

A 3 or 4

B 3 or 4

C no solution

D 12 or 48

SOLUTION:

Write the equation in standard form.

Page 43

A line for which x is always 5, is a vertical line, which is parallel to the y-axis.

So, the correct choice is G.

ANSWER:

9-5 Solving

Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

G

2

A 3 or 4

B 3 or 4

C no solution

D 12 or 48

SOLUTION:

Write the equation in standard form.

So, the correct choicer is A.

ANSWER:

A

Solve each equation by completing the square. Round to the nearest tenth if necessary.

2

63.6x 17x + 12 = 0

SOLUTION:

Page 44

So, the correct choicer is A.

ANSWER:

9-5 Solving

Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

A

Solve each equation by completing the square. Round to the nearest tenth if necessary.

2

63.6x 17x + 12 = 0

SOLUTION:

or .

ANSWER:

64.x 9x = 12

SOLUTION:

ANSWER:

1.6, 7.4

Page 45

ANSWER:

9-5 Solving Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

2

64.x 9x = 12

SOLUTION:

ANSWER:

1.6, 7.4

2

65.4x = 20x 25

SOLUTION:

ANSWER:

Describe the transformations needed to obtain the graph of g(x) from the graph of f (x).

2

66.f (x) = 4x

2

g(x) = 2x

SOLUTION:

2

eSolutions

The Manual

graph -ofPowered

g(x) =byaxCognero

stretches

<1.If0<

2

, and 0Page

< 46

ANSWER:

9-5 Solving Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

Describe the transformations needed to obtain the graph of g(x) from the graph of f (x).

2

66.f (x) = 4x

2

g(x) = 2x

SOLUTION:

2

The graph of g(x) = ax stretches or compresses the graph of f (x) = 4x vertically. The change in a is

<1.If0<

, and 0 <

y = 4x vertically compressed.

ANSWER:

Compress vertically.

2

67.f (x) = x + 5

2

g(x) = x 1

SOLUTION:

2

The graph of f (x) = x + c represents a vertical translation of the parent graph. The value of the change in c is 6,

2

unitsdown.Therefore,thegraphofy = x 1 is a

ANSWER:

Translate down 6.

2

68.f (x) = x 6

2

g(x) = x + 3

SOLUTION:

2

The graph of f (x) = x + c represents a vertical translation of the parent graph. The value of the change in c is 9, and

2

2

9 > 0. If c > 0, the graph of f (x) = x is translated unitsup.Therefore,thegraphofy = x +3 is a translation of

2

ANSWER:

Translate up 9.

Determine whether each graph shows a positive correlation , a negative correlation, or no correlation. If

there is a positive or negative correlation, describe its meaning in the situation.

69.

SOLUTION:

The graph shows a positive correlation. As time goes on, more people use electronic tax returns.

ANSWER:

Page 47

unitsup.Therefore,thegraphofy = x +3 is a translation of

ANSWER:

9-5 Solving

Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

Translate up 9.

Determine whether each graph shows a positive correlation , a negative correlation, or no correlation. If

there is a positive or negative correlation, describe its meaning in the situation.

69.

SOLUTION:

The graph shows a positive correlation. As time goes on, more people use electronic tax returns.

ANSWER:

Positive; as time goes on, more people use electronic tax returns.

70.

SOLUTION:

The graph shows no correlation between the year and the number of hurricanes because the points are randomly

spread out.

ANSWER:

no correlation

71.ENTERTAINMENT Coach Washington wants to take her softball team out for pizza and soft drinks after the last

game of the season. A large pizza costs $12, and a pitcher of a soft drink costs $3. She does not want to spend more

than $60. Write an inequality that represents this situation, and graph the solution set.

SOLUTION:

Let x = the number of pizzas she can buy and y = the number of pitchers of soft drink she can buy.

The graph crosses the y-axis at (0, 20) and has a slope of 4.Useasolidlinebecausetheinequalityis.

Test the point (0, 0) to see which side of the graph to shade.

Since 0 is less than or equal to 60, shade the half-plane that contains (0, 0).

Page 48

The graph shows no correlation between the year and the number of hurricanes because the points are randomly

spread out.

ANSWER:

9-5 Solving

Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

no correlation

71.ENTERTAINMENT Coach Washington wants to take her softball team out for pizza and soft drinks after the last

game of the season. A large pizza costs $12, and a pitcher of a soft drink costs $3. She does not want to spend more

than $60. Write an inequality that represents this situation, and graph the solution set.

SOLUTION:

Let x = the number of pizzas she can buy and y = the number of pitchers of soft drink she can buy.

The graph crosses the y-axis at (0, 20) and has a slope of 4.Useasolidlinebecausetheinequalityis.

Test the point (0, 0) to see which side of the graph to shade.

Since 0 is less than or equal to 60, shade the half-plane that contains (0, 0).

ANSWER:

12x + 3y60

72.20, 25, 30, ...

SOLUTION:

Checkthedifferenceandratiobetweenterms.

25 20 = 5

30 25 = 5

eSolutions

Manual - Powered by Cognero

ANSWER:

Page 49

Determine whether each sequence is arithmetic, geometric, or neither. Explain.

72.20, 25, 30, ...

SOLUTION:

Checkthedifferenceandratiobetweenterms.

25 20 = 5

30 25 = 5

ANSWER:

Arithmetic; the common difference is 5.

73.1000, 950, 900, ...

SOLUTION:

Checkthedifferenceandratiobetweenterms.

950 1000 = 50

900 950 = 50

ANSWER:

Arithmetic; the common difference is 50.

74.200, 350, 650,

SOLUTION:

Checkthedifferenceandratiobetweenterms.

Thereisnocommondifferencebetweentheterms.

Thereisnocommonratio.Thisisneitheranarithmeticnorgeometricsequence.

ANSWER:

Neither; there is no common difference or common ratio.

75.6, 18, 54,

SOLUTION:

Check the difference and ratio between terms.

18 6 = 12

54 18 = 36

Page 50

ANSWER:

9-5 Solving

Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

Neither; there is no common difference or common ratio.

75.6, 18, 54,

SOLUTION:

Check the difference and ratio between terms.

18 6 = 12

54 18 = 36

Thereisnocommondifferencebetweenterms.

Thecommonratiobetweentermsis3.Thisisageometricsequence.

ANSWER:

Geometric; the common ratio is 3.

76.2, 4, 16,

SOLUTION:

Checkthedifferenceandratiobetweenterms.

42=2

16 4 = 12

Thereisnocommondifferencebetweentheterms.

Thereisnocommondifferenceorratiobetweentheterms.Thisisneitherageometricnoranarithmeticsequence.

ANSWER:

Neither; there is no common difference or common ratio.

77.8, 4, 2

SOLUTION:

Checkthedifferenceandratiobetweenterms.

4 8 = 12

2 (4) = 6

ANSWER:

.Thisisageometricsequence.

Page 51

Thereisnocommondifferenceorratiobetweentheterms.Thisisneitherageometricnoranarithmeticsequence.

ANSWER:

9-5 Solving

Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

Neither; there is no common difference or common ratio.

77.8, 4, 2

SOLUTION:

Checkthedifferenceandratiobetweenterms.

4 8 = 12

2 (4) = 6

.Thisisageometricsequence.

ANSWER:

Geometric; the common ratio is

Page 52

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