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9-5 Solving Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

Solve each equation by using the Quadratic Formula. Round to the nearest tenth if necessary.
2

1.x 2x 15 = 0
SOLUTION:
For this equation, a = 1, b = 2, and c = 15.

The solutions are 5 and 3.


ANSWER:
3, 5
2

2.x 10x + 16 = 0
SOLUTION:
For this equation, a = 1, b = 10, and c = 16.

The solutions are 8 and 2.


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ANSWER:

2, 8

Page 1

The solutions are 5 and 3.


ANSWER:
9-5 Solving
3, 5 Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula
2

2.x 10x + 16 = 0
SOLUTION:
For this equation, a = 1, b = 10, and c = 16.

The solutions are 8 and 2.


ANSWER:
2, 8
2

3.x 8x = 10
SOLUTION:
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 1, b = 8, and c = 10.

The solutions are 6.4 and 1.6.


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ANSWER:
6.4, 1.6

Page 2

The solutions are 8 and 2.


ANSWER:
9-5 Solving
Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula
2, 8
2

3.x 8x = 10
SOLUTION:
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 1, b = 8, and c = 10.

The solutions are 6.4 and 1.6.


ANSWER:
6.4, 1.6
2

4.x + 3x = 12
SOLUTION:
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 1, b = 3, and c = 12.

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The solutions are 2.3 and 5.3.


ANSWER:

Page 3

The solutions are 6.4 and 1.6.


ANSWER:
9-5 Solving
Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula
6.4, 1.6
2

4.x + 3x = 12
SOLUTION:
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 1, b = 3, and c = 12.

The solutions are 2.3 and 5.3.


ANSWER:
2.3, 5.3
2

5.10x 31x + 15 = 0
SOLUTION:
For this equation, a = 10, b = 31, and c = 15.

The solutions are 2.5 and 0.6.


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ANSWER:
0.6, 2.5

Page 4

The solutions are 2.3 and 5.3.


ANSWER:
9-5 Solving
Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula
2.3, 5.3
2

5.10x 31x + 15 = 0
SOLUTION:
For this equation, a = 10, b = 31, and c = 15.

The solutions are 2.5 and 0.6.


ANSWER:
0.6, 2.5
2

6.5x + 5 = 13x
SOLUTION:
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 5, b = 13, and c = 5.

The solutions are 0.5 and 2.1.


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ANSWER:
0.5, 2.1

Page 5

The solutions are 2.5 and 0.6.


ANSWER:
9-5 Solving
Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula
0.6, 2.5
2

6.5x + 5 = 13x
SOLUTION:
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 5, b = 13, and c = 5.

The solutions are 0.5 and 2.1.


ANSWER:
0.5, 2.1
Solve each equation. State which method you used.
2

7.2x + 11x 6 = 0
SOLUTION:
Solve by factoring:
In this trinomial, a = 2, b = 11, and c = 6, so m + p is positive and mp is negative. Therefore, m and p must have
differentsigns.Listthefactorsof2(6) or 12 and identify the factors with a sum of 11.
Factors of 12
Sum
1, 12
11
1, 12
11
2, 6
4
2, 6
4
3, 4
1
3, 4
1
The correct factors are 1and12.So,usem = -1 and p = 12.

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Solve the equation using the Zero Product Property

Page 6

The solutions are 0.5 and 2.1.


ANSWER:
9-5 Solving
Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula
0.5, 2.1
Solve each equation. State which method you used.
2

7.2x + 11x 6 = 0
SOLUTION:
Solve by factoring:
In this trinomial, a = 2, b = 11, and c = 6, so m + p is positive and mp is negative. Therefore, m and p must have
differentsigns.Listthefactorsof2(6) or 12 and identify the factors with a sum of 11.
Factors of 12
Sum
1, 12
11
1, 12
11
2, 6
4
2, 6
4
3, 4
1
3, 4
1
The correct factors are 1and12.So,usem = -1 and p = 12.

Solve the equation using the Zero Product Property

The solutions are 6 and

ANSWER:
6,

8.2x 3x 6 = 0
SOLUTION:
Solve using the quadratic formula.
For this equation, a = 2, b = 3, and c = 6.
Quadratic Formula:

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Page 7

ANSWER:
6,
9-5 Solving
Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula
2

8.2x 3x 6 = 0
SOLUTION:
Solve using the quadratic formula.
For this equation, a = 2, b = 3, and c = 6.
Quadratic Formula:

The solutions are 2.6 and 1.1.


ANSWER:
2.6, 1.1
2

9.9x = 25
SOLUTION:
Solve by factoring.
Write the equation in standard form.

Factoring:

The solutions are

ANSWER:

10.x 9x = 19
SOLUTION:
Solve by using the quadratic formula.
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Write
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ANSWER:
9-5 Solving Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula
2

10.x 9x = 19
SOLUTION:
Solve by using the quadratic formula.
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 1, b = 9, and c = 19.


Quadratic Formula:

The solutions are 5.6 and 3.4.


ANSWER:
5.6, 3.4
State the value of the discriminant for each equation. Then determine the number of real solutions of the
equation.
2

11.x 9x + 21 = 0
SOLUTION:
For this equation, a = 1, b = 9, and c = 21.

The discriminant is 3.
Since the discriminant is negative, the equation has no real solutions.
ANSWER:
3; no real solutions
2

12.2x 11x + 10 = 0
SOLUTION:
For this equation, a = 2, b = 11, and c = 10.

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discriminant
is 41.

Since the discriminant is positive, the equation has two real solutions.
ANSWER:

Page 9

The discriminant is 3.
Since the discriminant is negative, the equation has no real solutions.
ANSWER:
9-5 Solving
Quadratic
3; no real
solutionsEquations by Using the Quadratic Formula
2

12.2x 11x + 10 = 0
SOLUTION:
For this equation, a = 2, b = 11, and c = 10.

The discriminant is 41.


Since the discriminant is positive, the equation has two real solutions.
ANSWER:
41; two real solutions
2

13.9x + 24x = 16
SOLUTION:
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 9, b = 24, and c = 16.

The discriminant is 0.
Since the discriminant is 0, the equation has one real solution.
ANSWER:
0; one real solution
2

14.3x x = 8
SOLUTION:
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 3, b = 1, and c = 8.

The discriminant is 97.


Since the discriminant is positive, the equation has two real solutions.
ANSWER:
97; two real solutions
15.TRAMPOLINE Eva springs from a trampoline to dunk a basketball. Her height h in feet can be modeled by the
2

equation h = 16t + 22.3t + 2, where t is time in seconds. Use the discriminant to determine if Eva will reach a
height of 10 feet. Explain.
SOLUTION:
Write the equation in standard form.

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Page 10

The discriminant is 97.


Since the discriminant is positive, the equation has two real solutions.
ANSWER:
9-5 Solving
Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula
97; two real solutions
15.TRAMPOLINE Eva springs from a trampoline to dunk a basketball. Her height h in feet can be modeled by the
2

equation h = 16t + 22.3t + 2, where t is time in seconds. Use the discriminant to determine if Eva will reach a
height of 10 feet. Explain.
SOLUTION:
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 16, b = 22.3, and c = 8.

The discriminant is 14.91.


Since the discriminant is negative, the equation has no real solutions. Thus, Eva will not reach a height of 10 feet.
ANSWER:
The discriminant is 14.91, so the equation has no real solutions. Thus, Eva will not reach a height of 10 feet.
Solve each equation by using the Quadratic Formula. Round to the nearest tenth if necessary.
2
16.4x + 5x 6 = 0
SOLUTION:
For this equation, a = 4, b = 5, and c = 6.

The solutions are

and2.

ANSWER:
2,
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17.x + 16 = 0
SOLUTION:

Page 11

The discriminant is 14.91.


Since the discriminant is negative, the equation has no real solutions. Thus, Eva will not reach a height of 10 feet.
ANSWER:
9-5 Solving
Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula
The discriminant is 14.91, so the equation has no real solutions. Thus, Eva will not reach a height of 10 feet.
Solve each equation by using the Quadratic Formula. Round to the nearest tenth if necessary.
2
16.4x + 5x 6 = 0
SOLUTION:
For this equation, a = 4, b = 5, and c = 6.

The solutions are

and2.

ANSWER:
2,

17.x + 16 = 0
SOLUTION:
For this equation, a = 1, b = 0, and c = 16.

Thediscriminantisnegative,sotheequationhasnorealsolutions,.
ANSWER:

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18.6x 12x + 1 = 0
SOLUTION:

Page 12

Thediscriminantisnegative,sotheequationhasnorealsolutions,.
9-5 Solving
Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula
ANSWER:

18.6x 12x + 1 = 0
SOLUTION:
For this equation, a = 6, b = 12, and c = 1.

The solutions are 1.9 and 0.1.


ANSWER:
1.9, 0.1
2

19.5x 8x = 6
SOLUTION:
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 5, b = 8, and c = 6.

The solutions are 2.2 and 0.6.


ANSWER:
2.2, 0.6
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2

20.2x 5x = 7

Page 13

The solutions are 1.9 and 0.1.


ANSWER:
9-5 Solving
Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula
1.9, 0.1
2

19.5x 8x = 6
SOLUTION:
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 5, b = 8, and c = 6.

The solutions are 2.2 and 0.6.


ANSWER:
2.2, 0.6
2

20.2x 5x = 7
SOLUTION:
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 2, b = 5, and c = 7.

Thediscriminantisnegative,sotheequationhasnorealsolutions,.
ANSWER:

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21.5x + 21x = 18
SOLUTION:

Page 14

The solutions are 2.2 and 0.6.


ANSWER:
9-5 Solving
Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula
2.2, 0.6
2

20.2x 5x = 7
SOLUTION:
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 2, b = 5, and c = 7.

Thediscriminantisnegative,sotheequationhasnorealsolutions,.
ANSWER:

21.5x + 21x = 18
SOLUTION:
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 5, b = 21, and c = 18.

The solutions are

and3.

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ANSWER:

Page 15

Thediscriminantisnegative,sotheequationhasnorealsolutions,.
ANSWER:
9-5 Solving
Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula

21.5x + 21x = 18
SOLUTION:
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 5, b = 21, and c = 18.

The solutions are

and3.

ANSWER:
3,
2

22.81x = 9
SOLUTION:
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 81, b = 0, and c = 9.

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Page 16

ANSWER:
9-5 Solving
Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula
3,
2

22.81x = 9
SOLUTION:
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 81, b = 0, and c = 9.

The solutions are

ANSWER:

23.8x + 12x = 8
SOLUTION:
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 8, b = 12, and c = 8.

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Page 17

ANSWER:
9-5 Solving Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula
2

23.8x + 12x = 8
SOLUTION:
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 8, b = 12, and c = 8.

The solutions are 0.5 and 2.


ANSWER:
0.5, 2
2

24.4x = 16x 16
SOLUTION:
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 4, b = 16, and c = 16.

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Page 18

The solutions are 0.5 and 2.


ANSWER:
9-5 Solving
Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula
0.5, 2
2

24.4x = 16x 16
SOLUTION:
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 4, b = 16, and c = 16.

The solution is 2.
ANSWER:
2
2

25.10x = 7x + 6
SOLUTION:
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 10, b = 7, and c = 6.

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Page 19

The solution is 2.
ANSWER:
9-5 Solving
Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula
2
2

25.10x = 7x + 6
SOLUTION:
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 10, b = 7, and c = 6.

The solutions are 0.5 and 1.2.


ANSWER:
0.5, 1.2
2

26.3x = 8x 12
SOLUTION:
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 3, b = 8, and c = 12.

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The solutions are 3.7 and 1.1.

Page 20

The solutions are 0.5 and 1.2.


ANSWER:
9-5 Solving
Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula
0.5, 1.2
2

26.3x = 8x 12
SOLUTION:
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 3, b = 8, and c = 12.

The solutions are 3.7 and 1.1.


ANSWER:
1.1, 3.7
2

27.2x = 12x 18
SOLUTION:
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 2, b = 12, and c = 18.

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The solution is 3.

Page 21

The solutions are 3.7 and 1.1.


ANSWER:
9-5 Solving
Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula
1.1, 3.7
2

27.2x = 12x 18
SOLUTION:
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 2, b = 12, and c = 18.

The solution is 3.
ANSWER:
3
28.AMUSEMENT PARKS The Demon Drop at Cedar Point in Ohio takes riders to the top of a tower and drops
2
them 60 feet. A function that approximates this ride is h = 16t + 64t 60, where h is the height in feet and t is the
time in seconds. About how many seconds does it take for riders to drop 60 feet?
SOLUTION:
2

16t + 64t 60 = 0
For this equation, a = 16, b = 64, and c = 60.

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It takes 2.5 seconds for the riders to drop from 60 feet to 0 feet.

Page 22

The solution is 3.
ANSWER:
9-5 Solving
Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula
3
28.AMUSEMENT PARKS The Demon Drop at Cedar Point in Ohio takes riders to the top of a tower and drops
2
them 60 feet. A function that approximates this ride is h = 16t + 64t 60, where h is the height in feet and t is the
time in seconds. About how many seconds does it take for riders to drop 60 feet?
SOLUTION:
2

16t + 64t 60 = 0
For this equation, a = 16, b = 64, and c = 60.

It takes 2.5 seconds for the riders to drop from 60 feet to 0 feet.
ANSWER:
about 2.5 seconds
Solve each equation. State which method you used.
2
29.2x 8x = 12
SOLUTION:
Solve using the quadratic formula.
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 2, b = 8, and c = 12.


Use the Quadratic Formula.

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The solutions are 5.2 and 1.2.

Page 23

It takes 2.5 seconds for the riders to drop from 60 feet to 0 feet.
ANSWER:
9-5 Solving
Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula
about 2.5 seconds
Solve each equation. State which method you used.
2
29.2x 8x = 12
SOLUTION:
Solve using the quadratic formula.
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 2, b = 8, and c = 12.


Use the Quadratic Formula.

The solutions are 5.2 and 1.2.


ANSWER:
1.2, 5.2
2

30.3x 24x = 36
SOLUTION:
Solve by using the quadratic formula.
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 3, b = 24, and c = 36.


Use the Quadratic Formula.

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Page 24

The solutions are 5.2 and 1.2.


ANSWER:
9-5 Solving
1.2, 5.2Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula
2

30.3x 24x = 36
SOLUTION:
Solve by using the quadratic formula.
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 3, b = 24, and c = 36.


Use the Quadratic Formula.

The solutions are 6 and 2.


ANSWER:
2, 6
2

31.x 3x = 10
SOLUTION:
Solve by factoring.
Write the equation in standard form.

Factor.

The solutions are 5 and 2.


ANSWER:
2, 5
2

32.4x + 100 = 0
SOLUTION:
Solve
using- Powered
the quadratic
formula.
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First, check the value of the discriminant.
For this equation, a = 4, b = 0, and c = 100.

Page 25

The solutions are 5 and 2.


ANSWER:
9-5 Solving
Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula
2, 5
2

32.4x + 100 = 0
SOLUTION:
Solve using the quadratic formula.
First, check the value of the discriminant.
For this equation, a = 4, b = 0, and c = 100.

Thediscriminantisnegative,sotheequationhasnorealsolutions,.
ANSWER:

33.x = 7x 5
SOLUTION:
Solve by completing the square.
2

First, isolate the x- and the x -terms.

The solutions are 0.8 and 6.2.


ANSWER:
6.2, 0.8
34.12 12x = 3x

SOLUTION:
Solve by factoring.
Write the equation in standard form.

Factor.
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Page 26


The solutions are 0.8 and 6.2.
ANSWER:
9-5 Solving
Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula
6.2, 0.8
34.12 12x = 3x

SOLUTION:
Solve by factoring.
Write the equation in standard form.

Factor.

The solution is 2.
ANSWER:
2
State the value of the discriminant for each equation. Then determine the number of real solutions of the
equation.
2

35.0.2x 1.5x + 2.9 = 0


SOLUTION:
For this equation, a = 0.2, b = 1.5, and c = 2.9.

The discriminant is 0.07.


Since the discriminant is negative, the equation has no real solutions.
ANSWER:
0.07; no real solution
2

36.2x 5x + 20 = 0
SOLUTION:
For this equation, a = 2, b = 5, and c = 20.

The discriminant is 135.


Since the discriminant is negative, the equation has no real solutions.
ANSWER:
135; no real solutions
2

37.x

x=3

SOLUTION:
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Write the equation in standard form.

Page 27

The discriminant is 135.


Since the discriminant is negative, the equation has no real solutions.
ANSWER:
9-5 Solving
Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula
135; no real solutions
2

37.x

x=3

SOLUTION:
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 1, b =

, and c = 3.

The discriminant is 12.64.


Since the discriminant is positive, the equation has two real solutions.
ANSWER:
12.64; two real solutions
2

38.0.5x 2x = 2
SOLUTION:
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 0.5, b = 2, and c = 2.

The discriminant is 0.
Since the discriminant is 0, the equation has one real solution.
ANSWER:
0; one real solution
2

39.2.25x 3x = 1
SOLUTION:
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 2.25, b = 3, and c = 1.

The Manual
discriminant
is 0.
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Since the discriminant is 0, the equation has one real solution.
ANSWER:

Page 28

The discriminant is 0.
Since the discriminant is 0, the equation has one real solution.
ANSWER:
9-5 Solving
Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula
0; one real solution
2

39.2.25x 3x = 1
SOLUTION:
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 2.25, b = 3, and c = 1.

The discriminant is 0.
Since the discriminant is 0, the equation has one real solution.
ANSWER:
0; one real solution
40.
SOLUTION:
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 2, b =

, and c =

The discriminant is 18.25.


Since the discriminant is positive, the equation has two real solutions.
ANSWER:
18.25; two real solutions
2

41.CCSS MODELING The percent of U.S. households with high-speed Internet h can be estimated by h = 0.2n +
7.2n + 1.5, where n is the number of years since 1990.
a. Use the Quadratic Formula to determine when 20% of the population will have high-speed Internet.
b. Is a quadratic equation a good model for this information? Explain.
SOLUTION:
a. Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 0.2, b = 7.2, and c = 18.5.


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Page 29

The discriminant is 18.25.


Since the discriminant is positive, the equation has two real solutions.
ANSWER:
9-5 Solving
Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula
18.25; two real solutions
2

41.CCSS MODELING The percent of U.S. households with high-speed Internet h can be estimated by h = 0.2n +
7.2n + 1.5, where n is the number of years since 1990.
a. Use the Quadratic Formula to determine when 20% of the population will have high-speed Internet.
b. Is a quadratic equation a good model for this information? Explain.
SOLUTION:
a. Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 0.2, b = 7.2, and c = 18.5.

Since nisthenumberofyearssince1990addthesolutionsto1990.
1990 + 3 = 1993; 1990 + 33 = 2023
b. A quadratic equation not a good model for this information. The parabola has a maximum at about 66, meaning
only 66% of the population would ever have high-speed Internet.

[-3. 48] scl: 5, by [-2, 68] scl: 7


ANSWER:
a. in 1993 and 2023
b. Sample answer: No; the parabola has a maximum at about 66, meaning only 66% of the population would ever
have high-speed Internet.
2

42.TRAFFIC The equation d = 0.05v + 1.1v models the distance d in feet it takes a car traveling at a speed of v miles
per hour to come to a complete stop. If Hannahs car stopped after 250 feet on a highway with a speed limit of 65
miles per hour, was she speeding? Explain your reasoning.
SOLUTION:
Write the equation in standard form.
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For this equation, a = 0.05, b = 1.1, and c = 250.

Page 30

ANSWER:
a. in 1993 and 2023
b. Sample
9-5 Solving
Quadratic
Equations
by Using
Quadratic
Formula
answer: No;
the parabola
has a the
maximum
at about
66, meaning only 66% of the population would ever
have high-speed Internet.
2

42.TRAFFIC The equation d = 0.05v + 1.1v models the distance d in feet it takes a car traveling at a speed of v miles
per hour to come to a complete stop. If Hannahs car stopped after 250 feet on a highway with a speed limit of 65
miles per hour, was she speeding? Explain your reasoning.
SOLUTION:
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 0.05, b = 1.1, and c = 250.

No, she was not speeding; Sample answer: Hannah was traveling at about 61 mph, so she was not speeding.
ANSWER:
No; sample answer: Hannah was traveling at about 61 mph, so she was not speeding.
Without graphing, determine the number of x-intercepts of the graph of the related function for each
function.
43.4.25x + 3 = 3x

SOLUTION:
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 3, b = 4.25, and c = 3.

The discriminant is 17.9.


Since the discriminant is negative, the graph of the function will not have any x-intercepts.
ANSWER:
0

44.
SOLUTION:
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Write
the equation

form.

Page 31

The discriminant is 17.9.


Since the discriminant is negative, the graph of the function will not have any x-intercepts.
ANSWER:
9-5 Solving Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula
0

44.
SOLUTION:
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 1, b =

, and c =

The discriminant is 0.04.


Since the discriminant is positive, the graph of the function will have two x-intercepts.
ANSWER:
2
2

45.0.25x + x = 1
SOLUTION:
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 0.25, b = 1, and c = 1.

The discriminant is 0.
Since the discriminant is 0, the graph of the function will have one x-intercept.
ANSWER:
1
Solve each equation by using the Quadratic Formula. Round to the nearest tenth if necessary.
2

46.2x 7x = 1.5
SOLUTION:
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 2, b = 7, and c = 1.5.

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Page 32

The discriminant is 0.
Since the discriminant is 0, the graph of the function will have one x-intercept.
ANSWER:
9-5 Solving
Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula
1
Solve each equation by using the Quadratic Formula. Round to the nearest tenth if necessary.
2

46.2x 7x = 1.5
SOLUTION:
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 2, b = 7, and c = 1.5.

The solutions are 3.7 and 0.2.


ANSWER:
3.7, 0.2
2

47.2.3x 1.4x = 6.8


SOLUTION:
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 2.3, b = 1.4, and c = 6.8.

The solutions are 2.1 and 1.4.


ANSWER:
1.4, 2.1

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48.x 2x = 5

Page 33

The solutions are 3.7 and 0.2.


ANSWER:
9-5 Solving
3.7, 0.2Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula
2

47.2.3x 1.4x = 6.8


SOLUTION:
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 2.3, b = 1.4, and c = 6.8.

The solutions are 2.1 and 1.4.


ANSWER:
1.4, 2.1
2

48.x 2x = 5
SOLUTION:
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 1, b = 2, and c = 5.

The solutions are 3.4 and 1.4.


ANSWER:
3.4, 1.4
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49.POSTER Bartolo is making a poster for the dance. He wants to cover three fourths of the area with text.

Page 34

The solutions are 2.1 and 1.4.


ANSWER:
9-5 Solving
Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula
1.4, 2.1
2

48.x 2x = 5
SOLUTION:
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 1, b = 2, and c = 5.

The solutions are 3.4 and 1.4.


ANSWER:
3.4, 1.4
49.POSTER Bartolo is making a poster for the dance. He wants to cover three fourths of the area with text.

a. Write an equation for the area of the section with text.


b. Solve the equation by using the Quadratic Formula.
c. What should be the margins of the poster?
SOLUTION:
a. The length of the area covered by text 20 (x + x) or 20 2x. The width of the area is 25 (4x + 3x) or 25
2
7x.Theareaoftheentireposteris20in.25in.,or500in . Because Bartolo wants the area with text to be threefourths of the total area, it must be

ft. So, an equation for the area of the section with text is (20 2x)

(25 7x) = 375.


b. Write the equation in standard form.
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Page 35

7x.Theareaoftheentireposteris20in.25in.,or500in . Because Bartolo wants the area with text to be threefourths of the total area, it must be
ft. So, an equation for the area of the section with text is (20 2x)
9-5 Solving Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula
(25 7x) = 375.
b. Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 14, b = 190, and c = 125.

The solutions are 12.9 and 0.7.


c. The margins should be about 0.7 in. on the sides, 4 0.7 = 2.8 in. on the top, and 3 0.7 = 2.1 in. on the bottom.
ANSWER:
a. (20 2x)(25 7x) = 375
b. about 12.9, 0.7
c. about 0.7 in. on the sides, 2.8 in. on the top, and 2.1 in. on the bottom
50.MULTIPLE REPRESENTATIONS In this problem, you will investigate writing a quadratic equation with given
roots.
2

If p is a root of 0 = ax + bx + c, then (x p ) is a factor of ax + bx + c.

a. Tabular Copy and complete the first two columns of the table.
b. Algebraic Multiply the factors to write each equation with integral coefficients. Use the equations to complete
the last column of the table. Write each equation.
c. Analytical How could you write an equation with three roots? Test your conjecture by writing an equation with
roots 1, 2, and 3. Is the equation quadratic? Explain.

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Page 36

SOLUTION:
a. For any two roots m and p , in the left hand column, the middle column will be the corresponding factors (x m), (x

a. Tabular Copy and complete the first two columns of the table.
b. Algebraic
Multiply
the factors
writethe
each
equation with
integral coefficients. Use the equations to complete
9-5 Solving
Quadratic
Equations
by to
Using
Quadratic
Formula
the last column of the table. Write each equation.
c. Analytical How could you write an equation with three roots? Test your conjecture by writing an equation with
roots 1, 2, and 3. Is the equation quadratic? Explain.
SOLUTION:
a. For any two roots m and p , in the left hand column, the middle column will be the corresponding factors (x m), (x
p ).

b. The equation with these factors will be: (x m)(x p ) = 0 which simplifies to x2 (m + p )x + mp = 0. Use this to
fillinthecolumnofthetable.

c. You could write an equation with three roots by multiplying the corresponding factors together and setting it equal
to zero. If an equation has the three roots 1, 2, 3, then the corresponding factors would be (x 1), (x 2), and (x
3). The equation would then be:

Thisisnotaquadraticequationsinceitisofdegree3.

ANSWER:

c. Sample answer: Multiply three factors written from the roots.


(x 1)(x 2)(x 3) = 0
eSolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero
3

x 6x + 11x 6 = 0
The equation is not quadratic because its degree is 3 not 2.

Page 37

9-5 Solving Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula


c. Sample answer: Multiply three factors written from the roots.
(x 1)(x 2)(x 3) = 0
3

x 6x + 11x 6 = 0
The equation is not quadratic because its degree is 3 not 2.
2

51.CHALLENGE Find all values of k such that 2x 3x + 5k = 0 has two solutions.


SOLUTION:
For the equation to have two solutions, the discriminant must be positive.

ANSWER:

52.REASONING Use factoring techniques to determine the number of real zeros of f (x) = x 8x + 16. Compare this
method to using the discriminant.
SOLUTION:
2

For f(x) = x 8x + 16, a = 1, b = 8 and c = 16. Then the discriminate is b 4ac or (8) 4(1)(16)=0.The
2.

polynomial can be factored to get f (x) = (x 4) Solve to find the real zeros.

So the only real zero is 4. The discriminant is 0, so the only real zero is 4. The discriminant is 0, so there is 1 real
zero. The discriminant tells us how many real zeros there are. Factoring tells us what they are.
ANSWER:
2

Sample answer: The polynomial can be factored to get f (x) = (x 4) , so the only real zero is 4. The discriminant is
0, so the only real zero is 4. The discriminant is 0, so there is 1 real zero. The discriminant tells us how many real
zeros there are. Factoring tells us what they are.
CCSSSTRUCTUREDetermine whether there are two, one, or no real solutions.
53.The graph of a quadratic function does not have an x-intercept.
SOLUTION:
If there are no x-intercepts, then there are no real solutions.
ANSWER:
none
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54.The graph of a quadratic function touches but does not cross the x-axis.
SOLUTION:

Page 38

ANSWER:
2

Sample answer: The polynomial can be factored to get f (x) = (x 4) , so the only real zero is 4. The discriminant is
0, so theQuadratic
only real zero
is 4. Theby
discriminant
0, so thereFormula
is 1 real zero. The discriminant tells us how many real
9-5 Solving
Equations
Using the isQuadratic
zeros there are. Factoring tells us what they are.
CCSSSTRUCTUREDetermine whether there are two, one, or no real solutions.
53.The graph of a quadratic function does not have an x-intercept.
SOLUTION:
If there are no x-intercepts, then there are no real solutions.
ANSWER:
none
54.The graph of a quadratic function touches but does not cross the x-axis.
SOLUTION:
If the graph is tangent to the x-axis, meaning there is only one x-intercept, then there is only one real solution.
ANSWER:
one
55.The graph of a quadratic function intersects the x-axis twice.
SOLUTION:
If there are two x-intercepts, then there are two real solutions.
ANSWER:
two
56.Both a and b are greater than 0 and c is less than 0 in a quadratic equation.
SOLUTION:
2

The discrimininant is b 4ac. No matter the value of b, b willalwaysbepositive.Ifa is greater than 0 and c is
less than 0, then 4ac willbepositive.Thusthediscrimininantwouldbepositive.Sotherewouldbetworeal
solutions.
ANSWER:
two
57.WRITING IN MATH Why can the discriminant be used to confirm the number of real solutions of a quadratic
equation?

SOLUTION:
Consider a few examples:
,

For the first equation we have a = 1, b = 1, and c = 6.

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Manual - Powered by Cognero

Inthiscasethediscriminantisnegativeandtherootsareimaginary.

Page 39

less than 0, then 4ac willbepositive.Thusthediscrimininantwouldbepositive.Sotherewouldbetworeal


solutions.
ANSWER:
9-5 Solving
Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula
two
57.WRITING IN MATH Why can the discriminant be used to confirm the number of real solutions of a quadratic
equation?

SOLUTION:
Consider a few examples:
,

For the first equation we have a = 1, b = 1, and c = 6.

Inthiscasethediscriminantisnegativeandtherootsareimaginary.

For the second equation we have: a = 1, b = 1, and c = 6.

When the discriminant is positive, the roots are real. We can only have imaginary roots if we take the square root of
anegativenumber,whichwillonlyhappenifthediscriminantisnegative.
ANSWER:
Sample answer: If the discriminant is positive, the Quadratic Formula will result in two real solutions because you are
adding and subtracting the square root of a positive number in the numerator of the expression. If the discriminant is
zero, there will be one real solution because you are adding and subtracting the square root of zero. If the
discriminant is negative, there will be no real solutions because you are adding and subtracting the square root of a
negative number in the numerator of the expression.
58.WRITING IN MATH Describe the advantages and disadvantages of each method of solving quadratic equations.
Which method do you prefer, and why?
SOLUTION:
Factoring:
Factoringiseasyifthepolynomialisfactorableandcomplicatedifitisnot.Notallequationsarefactorable.
2
2
2
For example f (x) = x 8x + 16 factors to (x 4) . However, f (x) = x 16x + 8 can not be factored.

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Page 40

Graphing:
Graphing only gives approximate answers, but it is easy to see the number of solutions. Using square roots is easy

58.WRITING IN MATH Describe the advantages and disadvantages of each method of solving quadratic equations.
Which method do you prefer, and why?
SOLUTION:
9-5 Solving
Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula
Factoring:
Factoringiseasyifthepolynomialisfactorableandcomplicatedifitisnot.Notallequationsarefactorable.
2
2
2
For example f (x) = x 8x + 16 factors to (x 4) . However, f (x) = x 16x + 8 can not be factored.

Graphing:
Graphing only gives approximate answers, but it is easy to see the number of solutions. Using square roots is easy
when there is no x-term.
2

For example, for the quadratic f (x) = 2x 17x + 4, you can see the two solutions in the graph. However, it will be
difficult to identify the solution x =8.2578049inthegraph.

[-5, 15] scl: 2 by [-30, 10] scl: 4

Completing the square:


Completing the square can be used for any quadratic equation and exact solutions can be found, but the leading
2
coefficient has to be 1 and the x - and x-term must be isolated. It is also easier if the coefficient of the x-term is
2

evenifnot,thecalculationsbecomeharderwhendealingwithfractions.Forexamplex + 4x = 7 can be solved by


completingthesquare.

Quadratic Formula:
The Quadratic Formula will work for any quadratic equation and exact solutions can be found. This method can be
timeconsuming,especiallyifanequationiseasilyfactored.Forexample,usetheQuadraticFormulatofindthe
2
solutions of f (x) = 4x + 13 x+5.

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Page 41


Quadratic Formula:
The Quadratic Formula will work for any quadratic equation and exact solutions can be found. This method can be
9-5 Solving Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula
timeconsuming,especiallyifanequationiseasilyfactored.Forexample,usetheQuadraticFormulatofindthe
2
solutions of f (x) = 4x + 13 x+5.

See studentspreferences.
ANSWER:
Sample answer: Factoring is easy if the polynomial is factorable and complicated if it is not. Not all equations are
factorable. Graphing only gives approximate answers, but it is easy to see the number of solutions. Using square
roots is easy when there is no x-term. Completing the square can be used for any quadratic equation and exact
solutions can be found, but the leading coefficient has to be 1 and the x 2 - and x-term must be isolated. It is also
easier if the coefficient of the x-term is even; if not, the calculations become harder when dealing with fractions. The
Quadratic Formula will work for any quadratic equation and exact solutions can be found. This method can be time
consuming, especially if an equation is easily factored. See studentspreferences.
59.If n is an even integer, which expression represents the product of three consecutive even integers?
A n(n + 1)(n + 2)
B (n + 1)(n + 2)(n + 3)
C 3n + 2
D n(n + 2)(n + 4)
SOLUTION:
Adding 2 to an even integer results in the next consecutive integer.
n
n +2
n + 2 + 2, or n + 4
So, the correct choice is D.
ANSWER:
D
60.SHORT RESPONSE The triangle shown is an isosceles triangle. What is the value of x?

SOLUTION:
Because an isosceles triangle has two equal angles, x could be equal to 64, or it could be equal to the unnamed angle,
where 180 = 2x + 64.

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Page 42

n + 2 + 2, or n + 4
So, the correct choice is D.
ANSWER:
9-5 Solving
Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula
D
60.SHORT RESPONSE The triangle shown is an isosceles triangle. What is the value of x?

SOLUTION:
Because an isosceles triangle has two equal angles, x could be equal to 64, or it could be equal to the unnamed angle,
where 180 = 2x + 64.

The value of x is 58 or 64.


ANSWER:
58 or 64
61.Which statement best describes the graph of x = 5?
F It is parallel to the x-axis.
G It is parallel to the y-axis.
H It passes through the point (2, 5).
J It has a y-intercept of 5.
SOLUTION:
A line for which x is always 5, is a vertical line, which is parallel to the y-axis.
So, the correct choice is G.
ANSWER:
G
2

62.What are the solutions of the quadratic equation 6h + 6h = 72?


A 3 or 4
B 3 or 4
C no solution
D 12 or 48
SOLUTION:
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 6, b = 6, and c = 72.

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Page 43

A line for which x is always 5, is a vertical line, which is parallel to the y-axis.
So, the correct choice is G.
ANSWER:
9-5 Solving
Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula
G
2

62.What are the solutions of the quadratic equation 6h + 6h = 72?


A 3 or 4
B 3 or 4
C no solution
D 12 or 48
SOLUTION:
Write the equation in standard form.

For this equation, a = 6, b = 6, and c = 72.

The solutions are 4 or 3.


So, the correct choicer is A.
ANSWER:
A
Solve each equation by completing the square. Round to the nearest tenth if necessary.
2
63.6x 17x + 12 = 0
SOLUTION:

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Page 44

The solutions are 4 or 3.


So, the correct choicer is A.
ANSWER:
9-5 Solving
Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula
A
Solve each equation by completing the square. Round to the nearest tenth if necessary.
2
63.6x 17x + 12 = 0
SOLUTION:

The solutions are

or .

ANSWER:

64.x 9x = 12
SOLUTION:

The solutions are 1.6 or 7.4.

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ANSWER:
1.6, 7.4

Page 45

ANSWER:
9-5 Solving Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula
2

64.x 9x = 12
SOLUTION:

The solutions are 1.6 or 7.4.


ANSWER:
1.6, 7.4
2

65.4x = 20x 25
SOLUTION:

ANSWER:

Describe the transformations needed to obtain the graph of g(x) from the graph of f (x).
2

66.f (x) = 4x
2
g(x) = 2x
SOLUTION:
2
eSolutions
The Manual
graph -ofPowered
g(x) =byaxCognero
stretches

<1.If0<

or compresses the graph of f (x) = 4x vertically. The change in a is


2

, and 0Page
< 46

<1,thegraphoff (x) = x is compressed vertically. Therefore, the graph of y = 2x is the graph of

ANSWER:
9-5 Solving Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula
Describe the transformations needed to obtain the graph of g(x) from the graph of f (x).
2

66.f (x) = 4x
2
g(x) = 2x
SOLUTION:
2

The graph of g(x) = ax stretches or compresses the graph of f (x) = 4x vertically. The change in a is
<1.If0<

, and 0 <

<1,thegraphoff (x) = x is compressed vertically. Therefore, the graph of y = 2x is the graph of

y = 4x vertically compressed.
ANSWER:
Compress vertically.
2

67.f (x) = x + 5
2

g(x) = x 1
SOLUTION:
2

The graph of f (x) = x + c represents a vertical translation of the parent graph. The value of the change in c is 6,
2

and 6 < 0. If c < 0, the graph of f (x) = x is translated

unitsdown.Therefore,thegraphofy = x 1 is a

translation of the graph of y = x +5 shifted down 6 units.


ANSWER:
Translate down 6.
2

68.f (x) = x 6
2
g(x) = x + 3
SOLUTION:
2

The graph of f (x) = x + c represents a vertical translation of the parent graph. The value of the change in c is 9, and
2
2
9 > 0. If c > 0, the graph of f (x) = x is translated unitsup.Therefore,thegraphofy = x +3 is a translation of
2

the graph of y = x 6 shifted up 9 units.


ANSWER:
Translate up 9.
Determine whether each graph shows a positive correlation , a negative correlation, or no correlation. If
there is a positive or negative correlation, describe its meaning in the situation.

69.
SOLUTION:
The graph shows a positive correlation. As time goes on, more people use electronic tax returns.

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ANSWER:

Page 47

9 > 0. If c > 0, the graph of f (x) = x is translated

unitsup.Therefore,thegraphofy = x +3 is a translation of

the graph of y = x 6 shifted up 9 units.


ANSWER:
9-5 Solving
Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula
Translate up 9.
Determine whether each graph shows a positive correlation , a negative correlation, or no correlation. If
there is a positive or negative correlation, describe its meaning in the situation.

69.
SOLUTION:
The graph shows a positive correlation. As time goes on, more people use electronic tax returns.
ANSWER:
Positive; as time goes on, more people use electronic tax returns.

70.
SOLUTION:
The graph shows no correlation between the year and the number of hurricanes because the points are randomly
spread out.
ANSWER:
no correlation
71.ENTERTAINMENT Coach Washington wants to take her softball team out for pizza and soft drinks after the last
game of the season. A large pizza costs $12, and a pitcher of a soft drink costs $3. She does not want to spend more
than $60. Write an inequality that represents this situation, and graph the solution set.
SOLUTION:
Let x = the number of pizzas she can buy and y = the number of pitchers of soft drink she can buy.

The graph crosses the y-axis at (0, 20) and has a slope of 4.Useasolidlinebecausetheinequalityis.
Test the point (0, 0) to see which side of the graph to shade.

Since 0 is less than or equal to 60, shade the half-plane that contains (0, 0).

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Page 48

The graph shows no correlation between the year and the number of hurricanes because the points are randomly
spread out.
ANSWER:
9-5 Solving
Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula
no correlation
71.ENTERTAINMENT Coach Washington wants to take her softball team out for pizza and soft drinks after the last
game of the season. A large pizza costs $12, and a pitcher of a soft drink costs $3. She does not want to spend more
than $60. Write an inequality that represents this situation, and graph the solution set.
SOLUTION:
Let x = the number of pizzas she can buy and y = the number of pitchers of soft drink she can buy.

The graph crosses the y-axis at (0, 20) and has a slope of 4.Useasolidlinebecausetheinequalityis.
Test the point (0, 0) to see which side of the graph to shade.

Since 0 is less than or equal to 60, shade the half-plane that contains (0, 0).

ANSWER:
12x + 3y60

Determine whether each sequence is arithmetic, geometric, or neither. Explain.


72.20, 25, 30, ...
SOLUTION:
Checkthedifferenceandratiobetweenterms.

25 20 = 5

30 25 = 5

There is a common difference of 5 between the terms. The sequence is arithmetic.


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ANSWER:

Arithmetic; the common difference is 5.

Page 49

9-5 Solving Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula


Determine whether each sequence is arithmetic, geometric, or neither. Explain.
72.20, 25, 30, ...
SOLUTION:
Checkthedifferenceandratiobetweenterms.

25 20 = 5

30 25 = 5

There is a common difference of 5 between the terms. The sequence is arithmetic.


ANSWER:
Arithmetic; the common difference is 5.
73.1000, 950, 900, ...
SOLUTION:
Checkthedifferenceandratiobetweenterms.

950 1000 = 50

900 950 = 50

There is a common difference of 50 between the terms. The sequence is arithmetic.


ANSWER:
Arithmetic; the common difference is 50.
74.200, 350, 650,
SOLUTION:
Checkthedifferenceandratiobetweenterms.

350 200 = 150

650 350 = 200

Thereisnocommondifferencebetweentheterms.

Thereisnocommonratio.Thisisneitheranarithmeticnorgeometricsequence.

ANSWER:
Neither; there is no common difference or common ratio.
75.6, 18, 54,
SOLUTION:
Check the difference and ratio between terms.

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18 6 = 12
54 18 = 36

Page 50

ANSWER:
9-5 Solving
Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula
Neither; there is no common difference or common ratio.
75.6, 18, 54,
SOLUTION:
Check the difference and ratio between terms.

18 6 = 12
54 18 = 36

Thereisnocommondifferencebetweenterms.

Thecommonratiobetweentermsis3.Thisisageometricsequence.
ANSWER:
Geometric; the common ratio is 3.
76.2, 4, 16,
SOLUTION:
Checkthedifferenceandratiobetweenterms.

42=2

16 4 = 12

Thereisnocommondifferencebetweentheterms.

Thereisnocommondifferenceorratiobetweentheterms.Thisisneitherageometricnoranarithmeticsequence.
ANSWER:
Neither; there is no common difference or common ratio.
77.8, 4, 2
SOLUTION:
Checkthedifferenceandratiobetweenterms.

4 8 = 12
2 (4) = 6

There is no common difference between the terms.

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The common ratio between the terms is


ANSWER:

.Thisisageometricsequence.

Page 51


Thereisnocommondifferenceorratiobetweentheterms.Thisisneitherageometricnoranarithmeticsequence.
ANSWER:
9-5 Solving
Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula
Neither; there is no common difference or common ratio.
77.8, 4, 2
SOLUTION:
Checkthedifferenceandratiobetweenterms.

4 8 = 12
2 (4) = 6

There is no common difference between the terms.

The common ratio between the terms is

.Thisisageometricsequence.

ANSWER:
Geometric; the common ratio is

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Page 52