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RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

DESIGN DISSERTATION SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE


REQUIREMENT FOR THE DEGREE OF
BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE WITH INTERIOR DESIGN
BY
Mr.ROHIT A.DIGRA
UNDER THE GUIDANCE OF
ARCHITECT R.G.DESHMUKH SIR

DR.BALIRAM HIRAY COLLEGE OF ARCHITECTURE (L.B.H.S.S.T)


BANDRA, MUMBAI
UNIVERSITY OF MUMBAI

DR.BALIRAM HIRAY COLLEGE OF ARCHITECTURE (L.B.H.S.S.T)


BANDRA, MUMBAI
UNIVERSITY OF MUMBAI

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CERTIFICATE
This is to certify that Mr.ROHIT A.DIGRA has satisfactorily carried
out and completed the Project entitled RECREATION CLUB AT
THANE This work is being submitted for the award of degree of
Bachelor of Architecture with Interior Design. It is submitted in the
partial fulfillment of the prescribed syllabus of University of Mumbai
for the academic year 2015-2016.

...
Ar. Kalyani Salvi
Ar.R.G.Deshmukh Sir
Class In charge
Guide

Project

...
Ar.Swapna Khade
Principal
Examiner

External

DECLARATION

I hereby declare that these Thesis Report Titled RECREATION


CLUB AT THANE

submitted by me in partial fulfillment of the

requirement for the degree of bachelor of architecture with interior


design

course

of

Dr.Baliram

Hiray

College

Of

Architecture

(L.B.H.S.S.T). India is a record of my own work. The matter


embodied in this report has not been submitted for the award of
any other degree or diploma.
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Name of student: Mr.Rohit


A.Digra
Project Guide:
Ar.R.G.Deshmukh Sir
Year: 2015 -2016

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
It gives me an immense pleasure to express my gratitude to
ARCHITECT
R.G.DESHMUKH
SIR,
his
guidance,
constant
encouragement and support during the course of work in the past
one year. I truly appreciate and value his esteemed guidance and
encouragement from the beginning to the end of this project.
I, am especially thankful to AR.SUNIL MAGDUM SIR Vice Principal,
AR.PRANAV BHATT SIR head of department, and MR.ANIL PARAB SIR
office superintendent of Dr. Baliram Hiray College Of Architecture
(L.B.H.S.S.T.), for providing the necessary facilities to carry out the
work successfully.
My sincere thanks to Mr.SURU NAYAK , Ex-cricketer of India and
operational manager of B.C.C.I., for providing necessary facility for
my work and I am also very thankful to AR.A.D.RANADE SIR, Visiting
faculty of Dr.Baliram Hiray College of Architecture (L.B.H.S.S.T.) for
his help and encouragement during the project. I also thankful to
my friends and batch mates who have directly or indirectly helped
me in my project work.

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I pay my deepest gratitude with a deep sense of respect to


Lt.Col.M.K.Choudhury (Retd.) Chief operating officer N.S.C.I. Club,
worli, Mumbai for the cooperation in providing the necessary
information and guidance.
Last but not least to my parents and family for encouragement,
patience and understanding
Thank you all and all
Dated: 29th March 2016

DEDICATION

This Thesis report is dedicated to my loving


FAMILY
Whose blessing and prayers strengthen up, to do my
project successfully.

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INDEX
List of contents
No.

Page

PREFACE
INTRODUCTION
08
IMPORTANCE OF RECREATION SPORTS
09
TOPIC JUSTIFICATION
INTERACTION & IMPORTANCE
19
RESEARCH
METHODOLOGY
CASE STUDIES
40
COMPARISONS OF CASE STUDIES
65
HYPOTHESIS
TECHNICAL DATA
DESIGN CONTENT
INTRODUCTION TO THANE
SITE LOCATION
102
SITE ANALYSIS
103
CONCLUSION
BIBLOGRAPHY
110
SUMMARY INDEX

07

11

21
39

68
69
95
100

109

111

PREFACE

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The release of the body from the tension and strain of work
may be understood as a natural physical response to fatigue. Yet
relaxation as a regulated right of human labour in the Western
world emerged only in the nineteenth century, and ever since has
been repeatedly checked by anxieties about mass leisure and by
the dynamics of economic growth.
Scientists began to understand the working body as a motor
with a measurable capacity for work and the need for regularly
spaced rest. Work scientists like Angelo Mosso believed that
output could be optimized if exhaustion was avoided. Overwork
reduced longevity, decreased fertility, stunted the growth of youth,
produced insomnia and nervousness, and encouraged alcoholism
and torpor. Efficiency in the human motor required daily and weekly
rest breaks and even regularly spaced rests within the workday.
Since the 1970s, complex economic and social trends have
reversed the historical trend toward increased leisure time.
Increased speed of communications and transport along with the
rise of global competition has created the 24-hour economy and,
with it, work at all hours. Economic maximizing and consumerism
have induced workers not only to opt for overtime but to choose
timesaving devices to aid in their leisure. This has meant a
saturation of free time with leisure goods and their maintenance.

INTRODUCTION
Recreation or fun is the expenditure of time in a manner designed for
therapeutic refreshment of one's body or mind. While leisure is more likely a
form of entertainment or sleep, recreation is active for the participant but in a
refreshing and diverting manner. A time in which individuals are not compelled
to do anything, and are free to choose to relax or to take part in a leisure
activity. Leisure has important social functions, including relief from the
demands and restrictions of work.

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Most people enjoy socializing with friends for dinner or a drink after a hard
day at work. For many young people, having a regular night out a week is a
normal part of their free time, whether it is joining friends for a drink in a pub,
dining out in a restaurant, watching a film, playing video games or dancing at a
club.

Types of leisure

Active leisure activities involve the exertion of physical or mental energy.


Low-impact physical activities include walking and yoga, which expend little
energy and have little contact or competition. High-impact activities such as
kick-boxing and football consume much energy and are competitive. Some
active leisure activities involve almost no physical activity, but do require a
substantial mental effort, such as playing chess or painting a picture. Active
leisure and recreation overlap significantly.
Passive leisure activities are those in which a person does not exert any
significant physical or mental energy, such as going to the cinema, watching
television, or gambling on slot machines. Some leisure experts discourage
these types of leisure activity, on the grounds that they do not provide the
benefits offered by active leisure activities. For example, acting in a community
drama (an active leisure activity) could build a person's skills or selfconfidence. Nevertheless, passive leisure activities are a good way of relaxing
for many people.

Importance To The Indian Context


A new developed sporting infrastructure is a trade mark of developed
nation of today, where in attention can be diverted from basic issues to
recreation and leisure issues.so it becomes obligatory for every developing
country to make developments in the sports sector so that the health of the
society and standard of living in general also develop along with it.

IMPORTANCE OF RECREATION SPORTS

Recreational sports are important to the quality of life and communities. It has
been long associated with benefits to health such as heart disease, diabetes
and bowel cancer. It also helps decrease overweight and obesity numbers with
regular physical activity among people and communities.
Recreational sports have been reported as changing lives. The activities create
positive outcomes such as confidence, self-respect, self-esteem, trust, selfreliance and leadership abilities.
Over the last 15 years however, sports, outdoor pursuits and constructive
leisure activities have been a well-established feature of initiatives whose aim
is to divert offenders and young people at risk away from crime (East Leigh,
2007). Therefore, participating in recreational activities can help young men
and women stay away from crime and can become leaders.
Recreational sports provide challenges and adventures for individuals. In the
economic aspect, promoting physical activity for employees makes good
business sense. As for college students, recreational sports programs and
activities are correlated with overall college satisfaction and success. Students
become more socially oriented than other students who dont participated in
recreational sports.
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Other benefits of recreational sports include reduction of stress, improvement


of happiness, build character, improve interaction with diverse sets of people,
and contribute to time management.
Recreation is essential to the longevity of humans because it assists with
lowering stress levels. Organized recreational activities can be found at local
parks, YMCAs, churches, and other community facilities. These types of
programs are successful because they include recreation for the entire family.
Regular family activities can help everyone become more active and healthier.
This gives both parents and children the opportunity to interact as a family and
have fun together. In addition, some community facilities include senior citizen
programming.
Indoor recreational programs can include table tennis, racquetball, bowling,
indoor swimming, indoor treadmills, arts and crafts, indoor skating, and more.
Outdoor recreational programs can include running, volleyball, basketball,
football, Frisbee tossing, swimming, and much more.

.
Sports and health
RECREATION
IMPORTANCE
More andOF
more
numberSPORTS
have secondary occupations .The number of people in
non-manual jobs has increased in the UK by approximately 20% over the last
20 years, whilst the number of people manual appointment has fallen in the UK
by around 35% over the same period
Regular exercise for men and women of all ages can provide the essential
complement to programs of preventive health care evolved by government
and health authorities
Cost of remedial care in health service rise inexorably year by year
Investment in sports development is likely to pay back in the reduction of
many avoidable illness

Sports and school

If the number of people participating in sports are to be raised, on setting is


more important than school will be an asset for life
A loss of playing fields and a lack of commitment to school sports can deprive
youngsters of their birthright This is a loss to nation as whole,
Team work and achievement in sports impart a spirit of self-discipline, personal
achievement, and respect for others
The implications of policies on the availabilities need care full study. Errors
made now would cost huge sums of money to repair for many young people
opportunities may never
It is important that people who leave school in further education have
continuing access to sports facilities
The sports council believes that sharing facilities between schools and local
people confers positive benefits
Such partnerships should be a factor in all local strategies for sports
development
It is important that maximum use is made of sports halls,pools,and pitches but
it is equally important that physical education should have a full role properly
to create literacy in movement as vital role to every person literacy as verbal
expression itself

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Many sports clubs provide opportunities that school children might not
otherwise have
Sports policy should promote such arrangement between club and schools, and
school and the community
The aim should be to promote self confidence among children, to encourage
school leavers to maintain sporting activities in later life and it identifies and
develop special talent.

TOPIC JUSTIFICATION

Recreation is an activity of leisure, leisure being discretionary time.


The "need to do something for recreation" is an essential element of human
biology and psychology. Recreational activities are often done for enjoyment,
amusement, or pleasure and are considered to be "fun".

Etymology

The term recreation appears to have been used in English first in the late 14th
century, first in the sense of "refreshment or curing of a sick person, and
derived turn from Latin (re: "again", creare: "to create, bring forth, beget.).

Prerequisites to leisure

Humans spend their time in activities of daily living, work, sleep, social duties,
and leisure, the latter time being free from prior commitments to physiologic or
social needs, a prerequisite of recreation.
Leisure has increased with increased longevity and, for many, with decreased
hours spent for physical and economic survival, yet others argue that time
pressure has increased for modern people, as they are committed to too many
tasks.
Other factors that account for an increased role of recreation are affluence,
population trends, and increased commercialization of recreational offerings.
While one perception is that leisure is just "spare time", time not consumed by
the necessities of living, another holds that leisure is a force that allows
individuals to consider and reflect on the values and realities that are missed in
the activities of daily life, thus being an essential element of personal
development and civilization.
This direction of thought has even been extended to the view that leisure is
the purpose of work, and a reward in itself and "leisure life" reflects the values
and character of a nation. Leisure is considered a human right under the
Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

Play, recreation and work


JUSTIFICATION
...TOPIC
Recreation is difficult
to separate from the general concept of play, which is
usually the term for children's recreational activity. Children may playfully
imitate activities that reflect the realities of adult life. It has been proposed
that play or recreational activities are outlets of or expression of excess
energy, channeling it into socially acceptable activities that fulfill individual as
well as societal needs, without need for compulsion, and providing satisfaction
and pleasure for the participant.

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A traditional view holds that work is supported by recreation, recreation being


useful to "recharge the battery" so that work performance is improved. Work,
an activity generally performed out of economic necessity and useful for
society and organized within the economic framework, however can also be
pleasurable and may be self-imposed thus blurring the distinction to
recreation.
Many activities may be work for one person and recreation for another, or, at
an individual level, over time recreational activity may become work, and vice
versa. Thus, for a musician, playing an instrument may be at one time a
profession, and at another a recreation. Similarly, it may be difficult to
separate education from recreation as in the case of recreational mathematics.

Recreational activities

Recreation is an essential part of human life and finds many different forms
which are shaped naturally by individual interests but also by the surrounding
social construction.
Recreational activities can be communal or solitary, active or passive, outdoors
or indoors, healthy or harmful, and useful for society or detrimental.
A list of typical activities could be almost endless including most human
activities, a few examples being reading, playing or listening to music,
watching movies or TV, gardening, hunting, hobbies, sports, studies, and
travel. Some recreational activities - such as gambling, recreational drug use,
or delinquent activities - may violate societal norms and laws.
Public space such as parks and beaches are essential venues for many
recreational activities. Tourism has recognized that many visitors are
specifically attracted by recreational offerings.

In support of recreational activities government has taken an important role in
...TOPIC
JUSTIFICATION and organization, and whole industries have
their creation, maintenance,
developed merchandise or services. Recreation-related business is an
important factor in the economy; it has been estimated that the outdoor
recreation sector alone contributes $730 billion annually to the U.S. economy
and generates 6.5 million jobs.

Health and recreation

Recreation has many health benefits, and, accordingly, Therapeutic Recreation


has been developed to take advantage of this effect. The National Council for
Therapeutic Recreation Certification (NCTRC) is the nationally recognized
credentialing organization for the profession of Therapeutic Recreation.
Professionals in the field of Therapeutic Recreation who are certified by the
NCTRC are called "Certified Therapeutic Recreation Specialists". The job title
"Recreation Therapist" is identified in the U.S. Dept. of Labor's Occupation
Outlook. Such therapy is applied in rehabilitation, psychiatric facilities for youth
and adults and in the care of the elderly, the disabled, or people with chronic
diseases.
Recreational physical activity is important to reduce obesity, and the risk of
osteoporosis and of cancer, most significantly in men that of colon and
prostate, and in women that of the breast; however, not all malignancies are
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reduced as outdoor recreation has been linked to a higher risk of melanoma.


Extreme adventure recreation naturally carries its own hazards.

Recreation as a career

A recreation specialist would be expected to meet the recreational needs of a


community or assigned interest group. Educational institutions offer courses
that lead to a degree as a Bachelor of Arts in recreation management.
People with such degrees often work in parks and recreation clubs in towns, on
community projects and activities. Networking with instructors, budgeting, and
evaluation of continuing programs are common job duties.
In the United States, most states have a professional organization for
continuing education and certification in recreation management. The National

Recreation and Park Association administer a certification program called the


...TOPIC
JUSTIFICATION
CPRP (Certified Park
and Recreation Professional) that is considered a national
standard for professional recreation specialist practices.

Need For The Topic

Sports have been given secondary importance and are quite a neglected
aspect, particularly in huge metropolitan cities. This is due to the lack of
sufficient and proper facilities and due to the hectic lives that we all are living.
Increase in migration rate causes overcrowding and reduction in open spaces.
There is an acute shortage of playing facilities. Reasons behind this are:
Encroachment of civilization which have robbed us of our natural playing fields.
Shortages of funds as the people have still not realized the importance of
sports in their lives and hence no initiative is taken by them. While other
countries have progressed by leaps and bounds, Indian sports are still far
behind.
Even growing commercial centers like Thane dont have facilities for
competitions along with training facilities which is absolutely necessary. There
are few sports clubs but restricted only to a chosen few as these are
commercial clubs.
Talented younger generation has to remain satisfied within the building
courtyards. Amidst the mushrooming concrete jungle, a place like a
RECREATION CLUB would cater to an important aspect of human life. It would
open the door to another dimension of the metropolis man, so respectfully
ignored and neglected by majority.
In cities we have a lot of talented youngsters but the facilities are lacking at
that level. A lot of talent is present in the junior and sub-junior level. They are
our future and we should promote the games at these levels, in order to spot
talent. The design of sporting installations is a fascinating challenge which
often leads to the creation of magnificent works that typically combine
pragmatism and aesthetics.
The diversity of these works is a direct consequence of the evolution of sport
which has led to the replacement of artistic academism by innovative ideas
and new forms, even though there are still certain common aspects which
have become the distinguishing features of the typology known as SPORTS
ARCHITECTURE.
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The public nature of a RECREATION CLUB is a direct consequence of a view of


sporting activity as a pleasant social activity and an effective means of
promoting interpersonal communication.

Its designing would involve not only spatial design but also the structural
...TOPIC
JUSTIFICATION
design is given equal
weightage. Another aspect which the architect has to
consider is the various services involved. Therefore in dealing with a
RECREATION CLUB as a design dissertation topic, scope for architectural ability
along with applied sciences like services is present.

Aims & objectives

URBAN: City level


CATALYST: An event or thing causing a change.
Thus, the main aim of the project is to introduce urban catalysts within the
fabric of the place.
In saying that the idea is to provide people with more interaction platforms
before mankind completely loses the ability to communicate with one another.
The thesis aims at understanding a particular space of existence in its entirety.
With this understanding in mind, it then looks to provide a sensitized plan of
action taking into consideration the stake holders amongst the local
communities, interaction amongst its surrounding landscape along with the
daily nuances of the individual localities. An attempt has been made to counter
three major concerns:
Providing for interaction spaces for people in neighbourhood.as time moves
people are getting more and more busy with their lifes.giving them a reason to
celebrate life
Providing for the open spaces lost in a neighborhood that is constantly getting
denser. The adjoining cityscape has been getting denser owing to the
increased commercial activities. The connectivity it offers through the rail-road
network has led to the increased congestion & a denser neighborhood.
Resolving the urban conflict between the Infrastructural Development & the
Local Community. The issue needs to be addressed keeping not just the
development factor in mind but also paying heed to the daily needs of the local
community.

Scope & limitation


THANE spans the east and west, antiquity to modernity, it is rich and poor,
high rise and slum, and has offices and malls sharing common compounds in
new interpretations of space. The transformation of Indian life that has

occurred in the past


few decades can be well interpreted here. There are
...TOPIC
JUSTIFICATION
unlimited opportunities to present in THANE. Be it the history, the culture,
prominent location; the SUBURB has the right ingredients which are waiting to
be explored and presented in the right gourmet.

Evolution of sports and recreation

Activities of the present are the ones being inherited from our ancestors and
being modified from time to time. Before civilization had ushered into the
historic arena and before the onset of the machine age, man led a hard and
robust life in contrast to the soft and luxurious life of today the hard work for
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surviving done by the primitives contributed to the physical perfection and


there was no necessity for organized system to physical education
With the advancement of the civilization, physical degradation took place
because of less exertion in the machine age life. Thus, the need is felt for body
developement.human body has not indeed and cannot have altered greatly.
Habits and living have altered beyond recognition and the strain of modern life
needs correction, if balance is to be presser end and true functions of life
acchieved.hence the need for an organized system of physical education is
needed to compensate the loss sustained by man.the desire to pay is one of
the strongest instincts of the human race.it is the easiest way to express to
ones natural emotions. Even the king displayed their hammer throwing power
with a blacks tossed great stones like present day .open spaces are essential
for living. Encroachment of civilization has robbed us of our natural play fields
and grounds. Towns had central open spaces between clusters of houses for
gains and to be express their playing instincts which are essential and
inherent.disapperewance of gardens has largely been the construction of
factories and houses
Different kinds of sports and open spaces are both very important in the life
and welfare of mankind, today people flock to watch matches not because they
do not wish to play but to satisfy these instincts of facilities keep them away
from their love for sports. They love sports and derive benefits from open air
excitement, tensing of muscles as they watch and cheer makes them use their
lungs. Millions years for open spaces and weekend holidays. What they really
have is an urge to go back to nature and so people love seeing outdoor sports

Thus sports filed provide fresh air and act as communal center. They therefore
...TOPIC
are nation assists JUSTIFICATION
Thus they are not just Victorian parks with bands or well-equipped recreation
club but place designed for recreation with people with people instruct,
supervise and improve physical fitness of people and encourage them with
knowledge
Due to acute shortage of genuine playing facilities and management, the
sporting talent of the youngsters is more or less getting suppressed

Lack of sporting facilities may divert the talent energies of the youth to
unsalutory activities,

Sports and games have very important role in the growth and development of
mind and body.it also provide a ladder of fulfillment and success to youngsters
who may otherwise be crowded in uncomfortable housing or tempted to a
wayward life on the streets

Hence, the need for an organized system physical education is needed to


compensate the loss sustained by man

People all over the world are showing kin interest in the international sporting
events like the Olympics Asian games and commonwealth games winning

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medals in such events has become a prestige issue for both individuals and
nation

Different kinds of sports and open spaces are both very important in the life
and welfare of mankind.today,people flock to watch matches not because they
do not wish to play but to satisfy their instincts

Contribute to grater fitness, better health and sense of personal well being

Plays a vital part in rounded education for children

Generates large sums of money for national economics

Provides a large number of jobs

Promotes and enhances standing in the world

Present day standards of an international competition demand high degree of


technical skills for precious time and sequence schedules and affective
insulation distribution


Many of todays sports recognized events are necessarily held indoors

...TOPIC JUSTIFICATION

The covering provides protection to the spectrum from both rain and sunlight

Sport, even when its cost are considered gives far more than it consumers

Today, epic revolution in sports has radically changed the sports movement

The sports council believes the investment in sports and recreation is


worthwhile

In hard times as well as in good

Thus there is a need to establish a hierarchy in sports education and


admiration at national state, regional and district level

Sports and sporting activities

The advancement of science and technology is providing more and more


leisure time to people all over the world and hence they are taking to sports
and games at scale unseen in past. More and more games are being
internationalized. The number of inter-national sporting events is increasing
.people all over the world are showing a keener interest in the international
sporting events like the Olympics, Asian games and commonwealth games and
winning medals in such evens has become a prestige issue for both individuals
and nations.

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INTERACTION AND IMPORTANCE

Social interaction is the process by which we act and react to those around us.
In a nutshell, social interaction includes those acts people perform toward each
other and the responses they give in return. Social interaction includes a large
number of behaviors so many that in sociology interaction is usually divided
into three categories.

The solution

Interaction in public spaces is an old tradition and needs to be policy of


contemporary cities.
A good city should have a good community life. Urbanized centers world over
have a tendency to create individual spaces and gated communities which
result in aloofness, loneliness and depressed lifestyles. Sense of community
fades and individualism takes over. According to urbanologist Jan Gehl when
the city whole heartedly invites to walk, stand and sit in the citys common
space a new urban pattern emerges: more people walk and stay in the city. We
need to design cities as meeting places for small events and larger
perspectives. City designers need to set the stage for necessary activities like
walking, optional activities like enjoying a view and social activities like
tempting public interaction. Public institutions tempt public interaction and
greatly enhance and consolidate social, cultural and community aspirations.
Historically public institutions like libraries, cultural centers, theatres, planned
squares and chowks, etc. have led to significant movements, demonstrations
and alternate thinking. For now and for the future it is necessary to establish
public institutions to contribute and enrich the life of all the people in the city
and facilitate growth of public engagement and knowledge for human
development. By building public spaces we weave psychological and
intellectual growth into a comprehensive physical plan while bringing
substance to the notion of public realm.

The Importance

Active and passive recreational opportunity.


Natural features and spaces important to defining community image and
distinctive character.
Boundaries between incompatible uses and breaks from continuous
development. They can shape land use patterns to promote more compact,
efficient-to-service development.

Places for facilities, such as zoos, aquariums, cultural and historical sites, and
INTERACTION
AND IMPORTANCE
community centers
that contribute educational and cultural benefits.

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Opportunity to prevent youth crime through park and recreation programs that
offer social support from adult leaders; leadership opportunities for youth;
intensive and individualized attention to participants; a sense of group
belonging; youth input into program decisions; and opportunities for
community services.
Healthy lifestyles enhancement by facilitating improvements in physical fitness
through exercise, and also by facilitating positive emotional, intellectual, and
social experiences.
Historic preservation opportunities to remind people of what they once were,
who they are, what they are, and where they are.

RESEARCH
Sequence of design

All design are being set out from the flowing determination factor
Pitch/central area. The starting point of design is the central area or the
playing field, its shape, dimensions and orientation must enable it to fulfill all
the functions required of it
Seating capacity. If the pitch is of variable enter for very different activities
then the design capacity should be stated as we figure

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The numbers of seats around the maximum pitch size, and the maximum
capacity around the smallest space user. The stadium owner will have a very
strong view on seating capacity as this form the basis of their profitability
calculation
Orientation. Pitch orientation must he suitable for the event to be shaped
The orientation of the playing field will depend on the uses to which it will put
to, the main factor being
The hemisphere in which the recreation club located
The period of the year in which the designed sports will be played
Zoning .finally a discipline for the arrangement of all the element of the
stadium ,from the pitch at the center for the parking space outside is ,provide
by the need for safety zone
Having set orientation the next priority is to plan the position of the stadium of
the site, and to start thinking about the interrelationship its major parts, and
this is best done by identifying the four zones which make up the safety plans.
The size and the location of these zones are critical to the performance tot the
stadium in all emergencies, and they are
Zone1 the activity area that is the control area /or pitch on which the games
takes place
Zone 2 the spectator terrace and concourse surroundings the activity area
Zone 3 the circulation area surrounding the stadium structure and separating it
from the parking
Zone 4 the open space outside the perimeter fence and separating it from the
car parking
The purpose of such zoning is to allow spectators to escape from the seats, in

an emergency to a series of interdict safety zones leading ultimately to place


..RESEARCH
of permanent safety outside .it provide a clear and helpful framework for
design not only from new stadia but also for refurbishment of existing facilities

Evolution of design

As a project under consideration includes the number of activities or function,


which has little scope for flexibility in most of the designing concept, applied is
of form follows function
The playing arena ,which is the defining factor of a stadium itself, is defined by
the regulation and standards stipulated for the individual sports considered for
playing in stadiums
The spectator seating depending on the calculated or estimated capacity of
spectator expected during a large tournament is provided all around the arena
The stadium being massive structure occupying the vast portion of the site
including the parking area was designed first and then was followed by the
other forms of structure

Energy efficiency

Since various service such as toilets, changing rooms, ventilation plant


rooms,etc.need fresh air they are placed along the periphery of the stadium
thus saving the energy expenditure

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Since the aim of the project is to promote interaction between the people
themselves, between the public and sport person and most importantly to
arouse and encourage new interest in the visitors, informal interaction spaces
have been introduced in the design and in a manner so as to least obstruct or
disturb the game going in on there

Promotion of sports

The Government plays a major role in promoting and developing sports in a


country. The Government and Governmental organizations constitute the
Public Sector of the sports industry which is responsible for making sports
policies, allocating funds for developing infrastructure, nurturing talents,
designing specialized programmers like dope control etc. The Planning
Commission of India estimates that the country will be the home of
approximately 510 million people of the age group of 15 to 35 years by 2016.
The role of Government, therefore, is extremely important in providing
participation opportunities to the youth of India for the overall development of
sports.

1982 was a landmark year in Indian sports when India organized the Asian
..RESEARCH
Games. Prior to 1982, hardly any emphasis had been given to sports in Public
Policies. Funds had been allocated to sports in different Five Year Plans, mainly
for building infrastructure and nurturing talents at the grass root level.

Five Year Plans

Thrust Areas

2nd Five Year Plan - Developing sports infrastructure


3rd Five Year Plan - Grass root developmental activities
4th Five Year Plan - Grass root developmental activities
5th Five Year Plan - Carried forward the initiatives of 4th Five Year Plan
6th Five Year Plan - Selecting and nurturing young sporting talents across the
country
7th Five Year Plan - Building sports infrastructure at the grass root level
8th Five Year Plan - Consolidating the initiatives adopted in the 7th Five Year
Plan by introducing a number of schemes, such as Special Area Games (SAG),
Sports Project Development Area Centers (SPDA etc.)
9th Five Year Plan - Developing sports talents
10th Five Year Plan - Making the Comprehensive Sports Policy with three main
objectives: Sports for All, Excellence in Sports and Contingent
Constitutional, Legal and Institutional measures to implement the policy.
An increase in allocation of funds for Sports in different Five Year Plans can be
observed from the following table:
Five Year Plans
Allocation
(INR million)
Sixth Five Year Plan (1980- 1985)
270 million
Seventh Five Year Plan (1985- 1989)
2,070 million
Eighth Five Year Plan (1992-1997)
2,100 million
Ninth Five Year Plan (1997- 2002)
4,730 million
Tenth Five Year Plan (2002- 2007)
11,450 million
Eleventh Five Year Plan (2007-2012)
46,360 million

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In spite of a significant increase in the allocation of fund, it is important to note


that not more than one percent of total budget is allocated to sports. Hence,
there is a scope of improvement in terms of fund allocation for the promotion
and development of sports in this country.

Considering the developmental aspect of sports, the Panchayat Yuva Krida Aur
..RESEARCH
Khel Abhiyan (PYKKA) had been introduced to generate sports culture at the
grass root level. The objectives of the scheme are to provide sports
infrastructure/ equipments at the Panchayat level and to encourage youth in
rural areas to participate in sports. Various competitions are organized from
block level to national level to achieve these objectives. Rs. 1,500 crore has
been approved by the Planning Commission for this project in the 11th Five
Year Plan and a budgetary allocation of Rs. 92 crore was provided in the
scheme for 2008-09 while Rs. 160 crore was provided for 2009-10.
The effectiveness of these initiatives should be evaluated on the basis of the
success of Indian athletes at the international level. It is relevant to mention
that the result is not enough convincing. Therefore, a few recommendations
can be made for making the system more effective.

Recommendations

The allocation of funds to sport, as a percentage of budgets, can be increased


for broad-basing sports in this country.
Periodic evaluation of various projects initiated by the Government and
Governmental organizations for making those initiatives more effective.
Integration of sports with education to introduce sports culture in India.
Sports is a state subject and therefore uniformity in sports specific activities of
various states in India is extremely important for providing equal sporting
opportunities to all the citizens of the country.
A structure of good governance should be incorporated to make the system
transparent and accountable.
Sepp Blatter, the President of FIFA, once said that India is a sleeping giant in
football. The same is applicable for any other discipline of sports. Considering
the social impact of sports and the enormous potential of this country, we may
expect that the Government will play a pro-active role in making India a
sporting nation.

Need of combining conventional sports with leisure sports

sports always are played professional some sports are looked upon as in leisure
activity .by combining sports like pools,tennis,bowling,skating with

..RESEARCH
conventional sports help in creating enthusiasm are liking for sports. Large
masses of people are attracted towards such sports center
Main problem faced by sports complex is lack of recreational facilitites.fusion of
conventional sports will serve as recreational place to some extent. Even
though sports complex helps the professionals, normal man also has a right to
experience them. Usually stadiums are built as a venue for the championships,
later whole year they are vacant and deserted so as leisure games provided in
the sports center it will attracts residential people in the vanity of the complex,
more over it funds the complex and help in maintenance
RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

114

recreational sports would help in preparing a child or a person


professionaly,which is neglected aspects of India
Today most of the people go to the health clubs for entertainment leisure. Thus
the conventional sports play an important role in day to day life of the people
.regular workout during the days keeps us refreshing .huge amount of
teenagers want or just move out at recreational places like bowling alleys, pool
points
moreover the indoor stadium provided is true sayings Olympics standards an
can be a venue for hosting national and international games this adds facilities
Leisure sports are rapidly expanding market promising immense growth
potential for investment and to expand Indian market. Recently in Mumbai at
lower parel ,co bowling company has set open a bowling alley
People are becoming westernized, thus there is a need for combing leisure
sports with conventional sports. Now here in Mumbai there is a fusion of these
sports
The leisure activities of a society keep evolving over time. Earlier leisure was
related to religious events, festivals and family gathering .now that here have
loosened the string held over the urban population other leisure activities rush
into take place

Scales of provisions

Good toilet provision is intrinsic to a venue image while inadequate provision,


uneven distribution and poor quality are major sources of complaint from
spectators. insufficient toilets or urinals to meet the needs of large crowds of
fans can also lead to misuse of the facilities, offending and driving away
potential visitors and club members, thus reducing stadium revenue

..RESEARCH
There are two separate design problem to he addressed
The proportion of male to female spectators who will be using the toilets
The intensive use of toilets in very short periods of time.

Males to female ratio

Every type of event or club membership, will have its own ratio of male to
female spectators for instance
If a stadium is designed for multipurpose use including concerts, then the
male: female ratio will approach 1:1
Tennis or athletics clubs or events will have higher proportion of woman than
will soccer or rugby
Clubs with high family memberships will usually have above average
proportion of females
Higher status clubs, and clubs in pleasant parts of town, will tend to have
higher proportion of woman than those with basic image environment
At particular event there may also be different gender mixes in different parts
of stadium
There will be higher proportion of woman in the private or family enclosure of
British football stadia than in the standing terraces
There will be higher proportion of woman among the home supporters at the
European football match than among the way supporters
RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

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On the basis of the above data gender mix should be reflected in the
proportion of toilets provided for that event ,organized clubs keep of the
male/female split for particular occasions and such clubs records are the only
reliable source of briefing information for new stadium design
In view of the variation of the male/female ratio from the event sonic flexibility
should be built into toilet provision. movable partitions and defended section
which can be labeled either male or female for particular event are two
possibilities .there solution may see an extranvangece, but the problems of
inadequate provision and customer dissatisfaction are so great in stadium
design that all possible solution must be considered in the interest of attracting
more spectators

..RESEARCH

Toilet provisions

Each recreational facility will provide the number of toilets, showers or


lavatories or fraction thereof as cited in Tables I-IV of the appendix, and such
facilities will be maintained clean, sanitary, well-lighted and in good repair;
Hand washing facilities will be adjacent to toilet facilities and urinals;
Potable hot and cold running water will be provided at all showers and
lavatories unless a variance has been granted;
Approved hand cleaner and approved hand drying facilities will be provided at
all lavatories unless a variance has been granted; Proper ventilation will be
provided;

Location of toilets

The use area should be sloped 1.5 percent maximum to drain. The toilet facility
should be located in a convenient location, near the picnic sites. A
recommended distance is within 300 feet of the parking area. Picnic sites shall
meet or exceed the minimum accessible scoping requirement. Accessible
picnic sites shall be dispersed throughout the area at several preferred
locations, including under trees or shade shelters, in sun, near water or
preferred sight lines, etc. Accessible picnic sites should include any features
offered within other picnic sites.

Number of application in toilet

Office washrooms (female toilet)


Minimum scale of provision of sanitary appliances for staff toilets in offices, shops,
factories and other non-domestic premises used as place of work.
Number of persons at work
Number of WCs
Number of washbasins
1 to 5
1
1
6 to 15
2
2
16 to 30
3
3
31 to 45
4
4
46 to 60
5
5
61 to 75
6
6
76 to 90
7
7
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91 to 100
8
8
Above 100 persons require: 8, plus 1 WC and washbasin for every unit or fraction of a
unit of 25 persons.
Office washrooms (male toilet)
Every male toilet should have at least one WC. Considerations should be given to the
provision of privacy screens between urinals.
Number of persons
Number of
Number of WCs
Number of urinals
at work
washbasins
1 to 15
1
1
1

16
to
30
2
1
2
..RESEARCH
31 to 45
2
2
2
46 to 60
3
2
3
61 to 75
3
3
3
76 to 90
4
3
4
91 to 100
4
4
4
Above 100 persons require: 4, plus 1 WC and washbasin for every unit or fraction of a
unit of 50 persons.
shops
Minimum provision of sanitary appliances for customer toilets in shops and shopping
centers with a retail area in excess of 1,000 m2.
Sanitary appliance
Male customers
Female customers
1 per 500 males; plus 1 per
every additional 1,000 males
1 per 100 females up to 500,
or part thereof
WC
plus 1 per every additional
Where urinals are not used,
200 females or part thereof
WC numbers to be half of
those used for females
2 for up to 500 males, plus 1
Urinal
for every additional 500
N/A
males or part thereof
1 per WC, plus 1 per 5
1, plus 1 per 2 WCs or part
Washbasin
urinals or part thereof
thereof
Sports and entertainment venues
Minimum provision of sanitary appliances for assembly buildings where most toilet use is
during intervals. For example, theatres, cinemas, concert halls, sports stadiums and
similar buildings.
Sanitary appliance
Male visitors
Female visitors
2 for up to 20 females; plus 1
for every additional 20
2 for up to 250 males; plus 1
females or part thereof up to
WC
for every additional 250
500 females; and 1 per 25
males or part thereof
females or part thereof over
500 females
2 for up to 50 males; plus 1
Urinal
for every additional 50 males N/A
or part thereof
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Washbasins

1 per WC and in addition, 1


per 5 urinals or part thereof

1, plus 1 per 2 WCs or part


thereof

Minimum provision of sanitary appliances for assembly buildings where toilet use is NOT
concentrated during intervals. For example, exhibition centers, libraries, museums and
similar buildings.
1 per 250 males; plus 1 for
2 for up to 40 females;
every additional 500 males
3 for up to 70 females;
or part thereof
WC
4 for up to 100 females;
Male WC provision should
plus 1 for every additional 50
be half female WC provision

females or part thereof


where urinals are not used
..RESEARCH
1 per 50 males up to 100
males; plus 1 for every
Urinal
N/A
additional 100 males or part
thereof
1 per WC and in addition, 1
1, plus 1 per 2 WCs or part
Washbasin
per 5 urinals or part thereof
thereof
Restaurant & food courts
Minimum provision of sanitary appliances for restaurants and other places where seating
is provided for eating and drinking.
Sanitary appliance
Male customers
Female customers
2 for up to 150 males; plus 1 2 for up to 30 females; plus 1
for every additional 250
for every additional 30
WC
males or part thereof
females up to 120, plus 1 for
2 for up to 50 males if urinals every additional 60 females
are not provided
or part thereof
1 per 60 males or part
thereof up to 120 males; plus
Urinal
N/A
1 for every additional 100
males or part thereof
1 per WC, plus 1 per 5
Washbasin
1 per WC
urinals or part thereof
Pubs, bars & nightclubs
Minimum provision of sanitary appliances for licensed pubs, bars, nightclubs, and
discotheques.
Sanitary appliance
Male customers
Female customers
2 for up to 25 females; plus 1
2 for up to 150 males; plus 1
for every additional 25
for every additional 200
females or part thereof up to
WC
males or part thereof2 for up
200 females; plus 1 for every
to 40 males if urinals are not
additional 35 females or part
provided
thereof
Urinal
1 for every 50 males up to
N/A
200 males; plus 1 for every

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additional 70 males or part


thereof
1 per WC, plus 1 per 5
urinals or part thereof

Washbasin

1, plus 1 per 2 WCs or part


thereof

Swimming pool
Minimum provision of sanitary appliances for swimming pools.
Sanitary appliance
Male pool users
Female pool users
1 per 5 females up to 50
females; plus 1 for every
2 for up to 100 males; plus 1
additional 10 females or part
WC
for every additional 100
thereof up to 100 females;
males or part thereof
plus 1 per 50 females or part
thereof thereafter
1 per 20 males up to 100;
Urinal
and 1 per 80 males or part
N/A
thereof
1 per WC, plus 1 per 5
1, plus 1 per 2 WCs or part
Washbasin
urinals or part thereof
thereof
1 per 10 males or part
1 per 10 females or part

Shower
thereof
thereof
..RESEARCH

Spectator seating
TipUp smart

Ultimate seating comfort at a favorable price-performance ratio. The TipUp


smart connects modern, filigree design with exceptional stability. It is also
available in an upholstered business version. This seat also
fits perfect to our product family Copacabana.

Copacabana

Copacabana is a soft and comfortable seat made of high


level molding technology which
absorbs mechanical forces in
use. Copacabana was created
together with the
famous international designer
Marting Ballendat
and is a symbiosis of perfect
design and solid
construction.
Therefore
it
rewarded an Honorable Mention at the Red Dot Product Design Award 2011,
the if product design award 2012 and the nomination for the German Design
Award 2013. The Copacabana family includes a seating shell, a tip up seat, a
business seat and a VIP seat.

Champion Deluxe

A VIP-seat of its own class. This chair with a slender silhouette and headrest
offers first-class seating comfort. Embroidered club or sponsor logos make it an
unmistakable, unique seat. Options like cup holders and a storage bag on the
backrest ensure even more comfort. Champion Deluxe is also available with
leather covered side parts.

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Franken Compact

The classic among VIP seats. FRANKEN offers firstclass seating comfort in VIP
areas all over the world.
Franken VIP has an extralarge seat pan, additional
plastic covers for protection
and steel oval side
tubes to reduce risk of
injury. The compact
version is more versatile so
there are no losses
concerning seating comfort
even if the step depth is limited.

..RESEARCH
Bamberg and Krefeld

Bamberg and Krefeld are the perfect combination of


ergonomically designed perforated steel, durable
construction and patented folding mechanism using
its own weight. Bamberg and Krefeld seating has a
maintenance-free pivot spring mechanism, which is
integrated in the frame. Bamberg and Krefeld are
suitable for indoor and outdoor areas and by the
filigree appearance the robust characteristics are
elegantly concealed.

Types and materials

Normally, seat frames are manufactured from steel, which is then galvanized
or thermoplastic-coated to provide protection against corrosion and wear.
Seats and backs may be injection-molded or upholstered, and be fixed to the
horizontal or vertical part of the stepped banking using a variety of mechanical
fixings. Once installed, these seats should be virtually maintenance free for a
number of years. There are also telescopic seating platform systems, which are
designed for use in multi-purpose arenas. They consist of banks of tiered
seating which can be opened or closed at the touch of a button. These systems
also feature refined levels of finishing and may include guardrails, aisle lights,
row numbers and aisle letters. There are also mobile versions, which can be
moved
On wheels and stored in a separate location. In the USA, stadium and arena
seating is often fully upholstered and is intended to improve spectator comfort.
This level of comfort has also made its way into some stadiums in Europe.
Innovative designs based on good ergonomic foundations can provide the
individual with the perception of long-term comfort. This is a useful advantage
when some sports require the spectator to remain sitting for long periods.
Foam-based seating needs to remain resilient throughout the seats life and
should not significantly lose its thickness or hardness. Ventilation of the
upholstery is also important, together with a cover that remains intact during
service, thus preventing absorption and subsequent hygiene problems. Some
of these aspects will be covered by the standards listed above. However, in

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many cases, additional testing may be required to show that a claim is


justified.

..RESEARCH
Flammability

In addition, flammability requirements will need to be addressed. In the UK, the


operator of the building is responsible for fire safety (Regulatory Reform (Fire
Safety) order 2005). The appropriate tests depend on the risk assessments of
the facility undertaken by the operator of the building. Whole item testing is
often the most appropriate way of testing these types of products, and BS
5852:2006 section 12 provides test methods for a variety of ignition sources,
including cigarette, match and cribs.
Professional organizations may have their own specifications and
requirements. For instance, seating for football events must comply with FIFA
(and, in Europe, UEFA) regulations.

Elements of car parking

Public parking
Private parking
Buses coaches
Motorcycles and bicycles
Players parking
Official parking
Media parking
Services and deliveries

Parking description
The growing population of India has created many problems one of the
challenging ones being car parking which we confront almost every day.
Besides the problem of space for cars moving on the road, greater is the
problem of space for a parked vehicle considering that private vehicles remain
parked for most of their time. Roads are being built for cars to ply but are we
also giving the vehicles enough space to park. Parking is one of the major
problems that are created by the increasing road track. It is an impact of
transport development. The availability of less space in urban areas has
increased the demand for parking space especially in areas like Central
business district.

..RESEARCH

Parking statistics

Parking accumulation It is defined as the number of vehicles parked at a given


instant of time. Normally this is expressed by accumulation curve.
Accumulation curve is the graph obtained by plotting the number of bays
occupied with respect to time.

Parking volume parking volume is the total number of vehicles parked at a


given duration of time. This does not account for repetition of vehicles.

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Parking load parking load gives the area under the accumulation curve. It can
also be obtained by simply multiplying the number of vehicles occupying the
parking area at each time interval with the time interval. It is expressed as
vehicle hours.

Average parking duration it is the ratio of total vehicle hours to the number of
vehicles parked.

Parking turnover it is the ratio of number of vehicles parked in duration to the


number of parking bays. This can be expressed as number of vehicles per bay
per time duration.

Parking index parking index is also called occupancy or efficiency. It is defined


as the ratio of number of bays occupied in time duration to the total space
available. It gives an aggregate measure of how effectively the parking space
is utilized. Parking index can be found out as follows Parking index = parking
load/parking capacity 100

Effects of parking

Parking has some effects like congestion, accidents, pollution, obstruction to


fire-fighting operations etc.

Congestion Parking takes considerable street space leading to the lowering of


the road capacity. Hence, speed will be reduced; journey time and delay will
also subsequently increase. The operational cost of the vehicle increases
leading to great economical loss to the community.

Accidents Careless manoeuvring of parking and unparking leads to accidents


which are referred to as parking accidents. Common type of parking accidents
occur while driving out a car from the parking area, careless opening of the
doors of parked cars, and while bringing in the vehicle to the parking lot for
parking.

Environmental pollution they also cause pollution to the environment because


stopping and starting of vehicles while parking and unparking results in noise
and fumes. They also aced the aesthetic beauty of the buildings because a car
parked at every available space creates a feeling that building rises from a
plinth of cars.

..RESEARCH

Obstruction to fire fighting operations Parked vehicles may obstruct the


movement of fire fighting vehicles. Sometimes they block access to hydrants
and access to buildings.

Types of Parking

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On street parking
On street parking means the vehicles are parked on
the sides of the street itself. This will be usually
controlled by government agencies itself. Common
types of on-street parking are as listed below. As per
IRC the standard dimensions of a car is taken as 5
2.5 m and that for a truck is 3.75 7.5 m.

Off street parking

Off street parking means vehicles are parked off the


street itself. This will be usually controlled by
commercial agencies itself.

Parallel parking
The vehicles are parked along the length of the road.
Here there is no backward movement involved while
parking or UN parking the vehicle. Hence, it is the safest
parking from the accident perspective. However, it
consumes the maximum curb length and therefore only
a minimum number of vehicles can be parked for a
given kerbed length. This method of parking produces
least obstruction to the on-going track on the road since least road width is
used.

30 degree parking
In thirty degree parking, the vehicles are parked at 30 with respect to the
round alignment. In this case, more vehicles can be parked compared to
parallel parking. Also there is better manoeuvre-ability. Delay caused to the
track is also minimum in this type of parking.

45 degree parking

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As the angle of parking increases, more number of vehicles can be parked.


Hence compared to parallel parking and thirty degree parking, more number of
vehicles can be accommodated in this type of parking.

..RESEARCH

60 degree parking

The vehicles are parked at 60 to the direction of road. More number of vehicles
can be accommodated in this parking type.

Right angle parking


In right angle parking or 90parking, the vehicles are parked perpendicular to
the direction of the road. Although it consumes maximum width kerbed length
required is very little. In this type of parking, the vehicles need complex
manoeuvring and this may cause severe accidents. This arrangement causes
obstruction to the road track particularly if the road width is less. However, it
can accommodate maximum number of vehicles for a given kerbed length.

Multiple Level Car Parking


It is a building (or part there hereof) which is designed specifically to be for
Automobile Parking and where there are a number of floors or levels on which

parking takes place.

Is essentially a Stacked Car Park


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Multilevel Car Park Term Originated in UK, in US it is called a Parking


Structure Types

Manually operated (non mechanized-with ramps)

Mechanized (Classified in different type based on technology)

Mini

Puzzle


Tower

..RESEARCH

In order to accommodate the large volume of vehicles, small cities and towns
must develop their infrastructure. One solution may be a multi-level car
parking system to maximize car parking capacity by utilizing vertical space,
rather than expand horizontally. With land in metros and a grade cities
becoming scarce and dearer, and plots getting smaller, conventional parking is
proving infeasible.

Salient Features

Dynamic peak hour management to configure the system in line with the
demand pattern. Intelligent buffering system offering zero wait time for the
public.

Flexible, scalable and modular design to accommodate wide range of layout


and capacities and offers seamless capacity addition.

Simple design by the way of electrical push pulls mechanism with direct drives.

Use of electrical drives to optimize power consumption.

Intelligent emergency management system via. Manual override option.

Advantages

Space effective space savings upwards of 70 percent.

Freeing the space at ground level for better commercial use.

Reduced total cost of ownership.

Environmental friendly as ramps are avoided.


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Higher throughput and faster operations (capability to handle 40 to 60 cars an


hour)

Advance Studies
Relevance Of Electives

Land and interior design were the two areas of advanced studies chosen by the
author.

Landscape

A club building is very different from other buildings in the sense that it does
not offer any functional service in the prevalent sense of the word. What it
offers instead is a sense of joy fitness and wellbeing. One has to plan
experience and expectations while planning a club building. While planning the
user psychological state. One cannot stop with a small area called the built
mass that is the building, for it consists only a part of the whole experience of
the user. The planning has then to be extended to the whole site area.
Further Indian climate is suitable for outdoor planning. The club has more

attendance during evenings and members have a tendency to enjoy outdoor


..RESEARCH
surroundings. That is why has given specific stress in landscape detailing and
tried to integrate it with the built mass as far as possible.

Interior Design

The reason for choosing interior design as a topic of advanced studies arise
from the same philosophy that only provision of any facility is not sufficient
while planning a club building. What is more important instead of what type of
atmosphere that activity and the area assigned to it produces.
Though the placement of various areas had already explorer this aspect of
visual connection between two areas nevertheless while designing the interior,
aesthetical considerations were sole deciding factors sometimes.

Overall Finding And Proposals


Interior of Restaurant

The following guidelines are followed to make environment of restaurant make


delightful and purposeful:
Every table gives a close view of either dancing flour or outside surroundings.
French window increases the visual area and brings nature more closely.
Artificial and natural plants are given in the restaurant to create the interpenetration of nature inside the hall.
To create a royal impression of restaurant by providing innovative artistic
features, color, texture and lighting.
Lighting- there is dim light in the restaurant living area to reduce the harshness
of features and it should be orange brown tone.
The food served should look delectable, fortunately most food item fall in
orange brown category and so look fine under the dim brown lights meant for
people.
Contrast color is used insight the restaurant to create dramatic effect.

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Smooth texture is used by large size of glazed opening and plain plastering
with combination of cool and hot colors.

..RESEARCH

Landscaping Of Childrens Playground

All equipment should contribute to the healthy growth and recreational


enjoyment of the child, so that he learns to coordinate, cooperate, compete,
create, enjoy and acquire confidence, playing equipment shouldDevelop strength ability, coordination, balance and courage.
Stimulate the child to learn social skills of sharing and playing with others and
to compete in a spirit of fair play.
Encourage each child to be creative and have play experience which are
meaningful to him.
Assist the child in making the transition from playsuit to playground.

Site Boundary Planning

Site boundary planting can soften the visual impact of the large stadium
development on its environment, making the building seem smaller and
perhaps less gaunt. Radial access routes can help them find their way and
once they are inside and walking towards the stadium, rows of tall trees can
similarly help them in.

Land Cost

Land cost must be kept to the minimum and this is why sports facilities are
frequently built on low grade land, such refused tips or reclaimed land that is
to poor for residential or industrial use but which may then lead to additional
structure cost
Local or regional planning legislature must be checked to ensure that the
proposed development will be allow in that area

METHODOLOGY

First Data from literature regarding behavioral aspect of the buildings was
collected. This data was synthesized to select the aspects which could govern
inter-relationship of various activities in a club building.
Case studies were analyzed in the light of behavioral aspects, by means of
observation and users survey.
Inferences were drawn from the case-studies about behavioral pattern of users
and their expectations from the space were analyzed. Such inferences were
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used to chalk-out requirements which incorporated behavioral aspects along


with functional aspects.
Various techniques were explored from literature for producing the desired
psychology effect in a space.
Climatological data were gathered and analyzed

CASE STUDIES

Project profile
TYPE - RECREATION CLUB
LOCATION - Dhokali Naka,Thane West
SITE AREA - 13 Acres

To develop a RECREATION CLUB in thane may will be of national standards &


Associated Facilities
To create an Ground For Local teams to practice and hold tournaments so that
there may be competition

Scope Of The Project

Objective

To develop the recreation club into one that can provide the required facilities
for the training and day to day maintenance of a squad of players who may be
able to compete at the national and on international level
To provide an arena for the development of sports in the thane district

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To provide opportunities for the younger generation of players to showcase


their skills and be noticed

Project Brief

To develop a recreation club that can host national events


It should have facilities to accommodate the training of a team
The facility should be able to re accomodate the present shop keepers inside it
To enhance the quality of life of those living in the area, ensure that the ground
is integrated into the day-to-day life of its community and thus provide
additional financial stability for the facility

GARWARE SPORTS CLUB,CHURCHGATE,MUMBAI


STUDIES
..CASE
Project Facts

Location: Mumbai, India


Architect: shashi prabhu & associates
Project Start : 1972
Project End: 1974
Estimated Cost: Rs. 120 crore
Details: 18,600 sq.m club with recreation
facilities

Introduction

The Bombay Cricket Association now


known as Mumbai Cricket Association is
the parent body in organizing Cricket
activities in the Mumbai city including holding of Ranji Trophy Matches, Test
Matches, and One Day International Matches etc. The Mumbai Cricket
Association under the President ship of Late Shri.S.K.Wankhede decided to
construct stadium and the Club House in the year 1972. The construction of
Stadium and Club House was completed in 1974. The Stadium was named as
Wankhede Stadium. The Club House was named as BCA Garware Club House
and started functioning from December, 1974. The Club House started
functioning independently since 1979, as per its Rules, Constitution & ByeLaws with facilities such as Health Club, Swimming Pool, Billiards, Table Tennis
and other facilities like Library, Restaurant, Permit Room and Residential
accommodation. Many prominent personalities have become Members of the
Garware Club House. The Members of the Garware Club House enjoy
witnessing the Test Matches, One Day International Cricket Matches played at
Wankhede Stadium

Elements & Features

Phase - 1
Restaurant 2nos with 150/120
capacity

RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

Phase - 2
Billiards 5 tables

114

Swimming pool
Rooms/suites 58 rooms and 5 suites
Banquet hall for functions/parties
800 pax
Card room 104 capacity
Bar 2nos with 130/132 capacity
Unisex gym & health club male and
female

Carom & chess 4/4 tables


Pool table 5 tables
Squash 3 courts
Table tennis 5 tables
Tennis 1nos
Virtual golf 3nos

Business centre 2nos with 16/4


capacity

Kids area
..CASE STUDIES

Observation

The facade of the building is clad in blend of Aluminum Composite Panels,


Glass and UPVC Louvers which are intentionally designed to make the building
look lighter and sleeker due to limited available foreground. The concentric
rings fabricated in ACP are aesthetically set within UPVC louvered background.
These louvers creatively hide the plumbing and ventilation services from the
front of the building. An ornamental staircase winding within a glass enclosure
on the lower corner of the main entrance beautifully balances the heavy metal
mass above and provides the necessary ventilation for the toilet shafts.
Although the contemporary design stands out in complete contract to the art
deco buildings in the surrounding area, it places beautifully as a foreground to
the modern mass of Wankhede Stadium, which was recently renovated as part
of the complex. The roof canopy not only hides the structural support for the
guided rail system for facade maintenance but also acts as a wind barrier for
the tennis court.
As one walks into the club side of the building, one enters an imposing double
height atrium space which is adorned with a flowing mural, cast in fiber
reinforce plastic. The petals of this mural envelope the entire wall which
balance the attention from the shiny three brass clad elevators on one end of
the building to the sunken cafeteria overlooking the swimming pool on the
other side. Overlooking this area on the first floor is the multi-cuisine
restaurant which was designed in a simple style focusing more on the dining
experience than the clutter of interior detailing. A provision was also made for
the childrens room adjacent to this restaurant to facilitate parents to keep
their children within safe protected boundaries while having their meal. Once
completed, the building will be a 6-storied structure with a total built up area of
almost 200,000 sq.ft.

Analysis Of Case Studies

Peak time 4.00 pm to 9.00 pm


Peak Days Thursday, Saturday, Sunday including holidays
Population (General) - 500 approx.
Population (Maximum) 2000-2200

A good variety of indoor and outdoor games are available.

Merits

RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

114

Extra sit-out is provided by the side of card room, so that the player can enjoy
playing in natural environment.

..CASE
1.5 m wide jogging path isSTUDIES
provided around the boundary of the cricket ground.
Good parking facility is available
area with lobby and satellite
Standard size pools areEntrance
provided
which makes them to organize national level
kitchen
competition.
In the billiard room, seating arrangement for the spectators is also provided.
Glazing is done at the atrium and restaurant zone of the building. One can
enjoy the view of cricket sitting inside the building.
Natural Lighting is also almost at all the places.
The indoor block consists of the paintings on wall and lavish interiors.
Separate block is provided for ladies.
Placement of Banquet hall and restaurant was done in such a way, to link them
at time of rush.

Demerits

Administration block is situated at quite a distance from the entrance gate to


Reception and entrance lobby
the complex.
Lack of maintenance of the courts of outdoor sports.
Insufficient rooms are available for lodging.
Only Indoor gaming facilities are available, planning is being made to propose
for outdoor games and theatre also.
The party hall is having only a single entrance and also there is lack of source
of ventilation.
Ladies activity block is located at far distance from the entrance gate of the
complex.
Planning is being made to extent the center to some extent

Banquet hall

Swimming
pool view from exterior and
interior
Main building

photos
Card room

RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

Swimming
area
Main Building
Garware
Club

114

Lounge room
Lodging
Squash
Restaurant
court
rooms
area
area

Changing room and toilet area

RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

114


..CASE STUDIES

NATIONAL SPORTS CLUB OF INDIA,WORLI,MUMBAI


Project Facts

Location: Mumbai, India


Architect: shashi prabhu & associates
Project Start : 1950 - 1957
Project End: 2004
Estimated Cost: Rs. 300 crore
Details: 34,643.75 sq.m club with recreation
facilities

Introduction

The National Sports Club of India is a


sprawling institution right in the center of the
city, on the beautiful seafront, with a posh
frontage & turf lawns, The club has history, associated with the eminent
leaders of free India, who with great vision and foresight formulated the policy
of promoting games and sports in the country.
It was only in the 80's that real spurt took place in improving the facilities &
extending sports activities in the club. It initiated setting up facilities for
Billiards, Table Tennis, Badminton, Carom and a well-equipped Ladies & Gents
Health club along with coaching classes in various games, including judo,
Karate & Aerobics. The club has dining and recreational facilities providing high
grade restaurants, permit rooms, lounges and a consumer store. Regular film
shows on Sunday evenings and two housie sessions every week cater to the
leisure activities of the esteemed members. Besides, the club organizes
Musical Evenings, Food Festivals & many more...
Elements & Features
Tennis 6nos
Table tennis 6nos
Swimming- international
Health club ladies
Health club gents
Squash court 4nos
Cards room 200
Billiards 5 tables
Badminton 5 nos
capacity
Housie 200 capacity
Chess 5tables
Carom 5nos
Restaurant 5nos with
Bar 3nos with
Banquets 1000 pax
100/150/200/250/300
150/200/250 capacity
capacity

RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

114

Permit room 55 rooms

Library 120 capacity

Consumer store

Observation
It is difficult to miss the Sardar Vallabhai Patel Indoor Stadium, an imposing
glass and aluminum clad structure, as one passes the Haji Ali in Worli. The

..CASE
stadium was designed bySTUDIES
us to have a 90 mts diameter column less indoor
arena surrounded by 16 individual halls which act as ancillary support spaces
to this arena. Two of these 16 halls are converted into a sprawling unisex
gymnasium, health club and a salon encompassing almost 28,000 sq.ft.
Equipments and mirror paneling are strategically placed within the
gymnasium to provide cardiovascular, strength and weight training to the gym
users. A separate enclosed room for aerobics & yoga is placed on one end of
the gymnasium to provide a quiet area of the users. The health club is
equipped with Steam Room, Sauna Room, Jacuzzi, Massage Rooms and
Shower/ Change facilities. Almost 900 lockers provide secured storage to the
members.

Analysis Of Case Studies

Peak time 4.00 pm to 9.00 pm


Peak Days Thursday, Saturday, Sunday including holidays
Population (General) - 1500 approx.
Population (Maximum) 6000

A good variety of indoor and outdoor games are available.


A variety of tennis court is available, a player can chose as per his liking.
Extra sit-out is provided by the side of card room, so that the player can enjoy
playing in natural environment.
1.5 m wide jogging path is provided around the boundary of the ground.
Standard size pools are provided which makes them to organize national level
competition.
In the billiard room, seating arrangement for the spectators is also provided.
Glazing is done at the atrium and restaurant zone of the building. One can
enjoy the view of sports sitting inside the building.
Natural Lighting is also almost at all the places.
The indoor block consists of the paintings on wall and lavish interiors.
Separate block is provided for ladies.
Placement of Banquet hall and restaurant was done in such a way, to link them
at time of rush.

Merits

Demerits

STUDIESat quite a distance from the entrance gate to


..CASE
Administration block is situated
the complex.
Insufficient parking facility
Lack of maintenance of the courts of outdoor sports.
The party hall is having only a single entrance and also there is lack of source
of ventilation.

RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

114

Ladies activity block is located at far distance from the entrance gate of the
complex.
The swimming pool of the gymkhana is located at some other place from this
site.

Photos

Gym

Theatre area

Main building views

Indoor
Badminton court area
Turf Area

114

RECREATION CLUB AT THANE


Banquette hall

Gym area
Locker
Family
Restaurant
room
Indoor
stadium

RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

114


..CASE STUDIES

MCA RECREATION CLUB,BANDRA,MUMBAI


Project Facts

Location: Mumbai, India


Architect: B.G.shirke
Project Start : 2002
Project End: 2004
Estimated Cost: Rs. 90 crore
Details: 18,650 sq.m club with recreation
facilities

Introduction

The MCAs Recreation Centre has various elite


class facilities including the one exclusive for
Mumbai Cricket Association i.e. Indoor Cricket
Academy. All spread over land of about 14
acres, covering total construction area of about 90,000 Sq.ft having separate
exclusive covered parking of about 1,00,000 Sq.ft at very strategic prime location
The Bandra-Kurla Complex, Bandra, Mumbai.
The Mumbai Cricket Association Recreation Centre will remind you of a bygone era
of old world hospitality and warm service matched with all the luxuries of
contemporary living.

Element & Features


Billiards- 3 tables
Tennis 2 courts
Jogging
Card room 200
capacity
Permit rooms 22 rooms

Badminton 3 courts
Gymnasium - separate
Swimming pool international
Library 120 seatings
Conference 3 rooms

Squash 3 courts
Steam/sauna - separate
Banquet 1000 capacity
Movie room 200
capacity
Indoor cricket area
7nos

Observation
The sports facilities at the MCA Indoor Cricket Academy and Recreation Centre are
outstanding, probably among the best available in India today. I want to start
playing badminton all over again when I see the stunning courts, the likes of which
Ive only seen in international tournaments on television. There are two billiard
tables, squash courts, a 3,000 sq.ft gym complete with 12 treadmills, Eco Flex
flooring and Techno gym equipment. Theres a half Olympic size pool (and another

RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

114

smaller pool, though buildings overlook both pools and you can forget about
privacy); and a card room with a great view of the cricket stadium where a
Bombay University practice match is on currently. The Mumbai vs Hyderabad Ranji
Trophy match was held here last November. The full-length toughened glass
windows at the bar, which shares the same view of the stadium as the card room,
were imported from Istanbul and have already been tested by Mohammad Kaif,

whose ball apparently hit the glass with zero impact.

..CASE
STUDIES

Analysis of case studies

Peak time 4.00 pm to 9.00 pm


Peak Days Thursday, Saturday, Sunday including holidays
Population (General) - 600 approx.
Population (Maximum) 1500 to 2000 approx.

A good variety of indoor and outdoor games are available.


A variety of tennis court is available, a player can chose as per his liking.
Extra sit-out is provided by the side of card room, so that the player can enjoy
playing in natural environment.
1.5 m wide jogging path is provided around the boundary of the cricket ground.
Good underground parking facility is available
International Standard size pools are provided which makes them to organize
national level competition.
In the billiard room, seating arrangement for the spectators is also provided.
Glazing is done at the atrium and restaurant zone of the building. One can
enjoy the view of cricket sitting inside the building.
Natural Lighting is also almost at all the places.
The indoor block consists of the paintings on wall and lavish interiors.
Separate block is provided for ladies.
Placement of Banquet hall and restaurant was done in such a way, to link them
at time of rush.

Merits

Demerits

Administration block is situated at quite a distance from the entrance gate to


the complex.
Lack of maintenance of the courts of outdoor sports.
Insufficient rooms are available for lodging.
Only Indoor gaming facilities are available, planning is being made to propose
for outdoor games and theatre also.
The party hall is having only a single entrance and also there is lack of source
of ventilation.
Ladies activity block is located at far distance from the entrance gate of the
complex.
The swimming pool of the gymkhana is located at some other place from this
site.
Planning is being made to extent the center to some extent

Photos

RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

114

Swimming pool area

Banquette hall
Viewing gallery

Exterior view

Restaurant

Ground view

RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

114
Banquette
Indoor
Cricket
hall
Bar
nets


..CASE STUDIES

SACHIN TENDULKAR GYMKHANA,KANDIVALI,MUMBAI


Project Facts

Location: Mumbai, India


Architect: shashi prabhu & associates
Project Start : 2009
Project End: 2013
Estimated Cost: Rs. 120 crore
Details: 9,500 sq.m club with recreation
facilities

Introduction

The club is constructed over 12 acres of


land as a Build-Operate-Transfer project by
Shirke Infrastructure for Mumbai Cricket
Association
The facade is cast in basalt stone with GRC molding the club has facilities like 3
restaurants/ lounge/ bar, 16 rooms, Banquet, Gym/ SPA, Bowling Alley etc.
Cricket is set to receive a further boost here in the metropolis with the Mumbai
Cricket Association (MCA) building a club house at Kandivali in suburban
Mumbai - the third in Mumbai after the Garware Club and BKC Club houses.
The Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai has allotted 33,582 square
meters of land to the MCA which will be used for holding matches, and hosting
cricket tournaments and training Camps. The ground will have two creases.
The club will have all facilities - from food court to proper cricket training. The
club will be converted into a cricket academy later for the benefit of budding
players
Real estate observers are of the opinion that property prices are likely to shoot
up due to the construction of this club house at Mahavir Nagar in Kandivali

Elements & features

RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

114

Billiards 2 tables
Badminton 3 courts
Tennis 2 courts
Gymnasium - common
Permit rooms 16 rooms
Swimming pool - common
Card room 75 pax
Library 60 pax
Bowling 3 lane
Steam/sauna - separate
Conference 6/15/25 pax
Banquet 350/500/1100 pax

STUDIES
..CASE
Observation

The sports facilities at the MCA Recreation Centre are outstanding, probably
among the best available in India today. As want to start playing badminton
the stunning courts, the likes of which only seen in international tournaments
on television. There are two billiard tables, bowling, and gym complete with 12
treadmills, Eco Flex flooring and Techno gym equipment. Theres a half
Olympic size pool (and another smaller pool, though buildings overlook both
pools and you can forget about privacy); and a card room with a great view of
the cricket stadium where a Bombay University practice match is on currently.
The full-length toughened glass windows at the bar, which shares the same
view of the stadium as the card room, were imported from Istanbul.

Analysis of case studies

Peak time 4.00 pm to 9.00 pm


Peak Days Thursday, Saturday, Sunday including holidays
Population (General) - 200 approx.
Population (Maximum) 2000-2200

A good variety of indoor and outdoor games are available.


A variety of tennis court is available, a player can chose as per his liking.
Extra sit-out is provided by the side of card room, so that the player can enjoy
playing in natural environment.
1.5 m wide jogging path is provided around the boundary of the cricket ground.
Good underground parking facility is available
Standard size pools are provided which makes them to organize national level
competition.
In the billiard room, seating arrangement for the spectators is also provided.
Glazing is done at the atrium and canteen zone of the building. One can enjoy
the view of cricket sitting inside the building.
Natural Lighting is also almost at all the places.
The indoor block consists of the paintings on wall and lavish interiors.
Separate block is provided for ladies.
Bowling and disco acting point of attraction in the recreation club.
Placement of Banquet hall and restaurant was done in such a way, to link them
at time of rush.

Merits

Demerits

Administration block is situated at quite a distance from the entrance gate to


the complex.
Insufficient parking facility

Bar and restaurant are provided at the same place
..CASE
Lack of maintenance of the
courts of outdoor sports.
STUDIES
Insufficient rooms are available for lodging.

RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

114

Swimming pool
Backyard view

The party hall is having only a single entrance and also there is lack of source
of ventilation.
Ladies activity block is located at far distance from the entrance gate of the
complex.
The swimming pool of the gymkhana is located at some other place from this
site.
Planning is being made to extent the center to some extent

photos

Bowling
arena
Reception
view

Main building

Birds eye view

View from ground

RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

Side view
Conference
Cards Roomarea

Pathways

114


..CASE STUDIES

Internet Case Studies


San Wayao Recreation club / CSWADI
Architects - CSWADI
Location - Jin Gui Lu, Wuhou Qu, Chengdu Shi, Sichuan Sheng, China
Architect in Charge - Liu YiDesign
Area - 11936.0 sqm
Project Year 2015
Introduction
From the architect. Located in DongYuan residential district of Chengdu, the
site of SanWaYao community sports facilities is surrounded with aged housing,
intensive high-rise residential buildings which were built recently and a primary
school. Challenging the limited site and building area, designers created an
energetic public space in community, offering numerous kinds of sports
facilities for people living around including swimming pool, fitness center,
tennis court, basketball court, squash court, ping pong table, billiards table,
gate ball court, outdoor fitness center , playground for kids and so on.
With the aim of producing a friendly sports space, the concept is to make the
building and site integrated. Creating a sloping shape of the building by
extruding and connecting the sports ground on the east with walkable
sloping roof lead to a stronger space perception of the building as a public
facility.
Continuous sloping roof is an open public space with big steps acting as a
walking route and bleachers for the east sports ground in the same time.
Moreover, lawn roof provides spaces for grass skating, yoga, picnic and more
for the community without charging a fee. People could walk slowly up to roof
deck on 4th floor along the slope and down through a cantilevered stairway on

RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

114

the north. These form a round route in an artificial hill bringing the pleasure
of climbing a real mountain into the crowded city town.
Multi-function arena on the lawn slope is a pure semitransparent space made
of U-shaped glass. It provides tender interior light suitable for various kinds of
ball games, group calisthenics, and parties. In the corner of the arena, batter
posts replace upright posts in structure which makes the building a floating
glow box as a unique sight in community.

Photos

RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

114


..CASE STUDIES

Birkerod
Leisure
Architects

Sports and
Centre / SHL

Architects - SHL
Architects
Location
Bistrupvej, 3460
Birkerod, Denmark
Architect - Schmidt Hammer Lassen Architects
Engeneering - Moe & Brdsgaard Consulting Engineers
Client - Birkerd Municipality
Area - 9200.0 sqm
Project Year 2008
Introduction
From the architect. This newly completed sports and leisure complex has a
distinctive, sculptural quality, further enhanced by the buildings essential
transparency. The buildings organic curves echo the undulating landscape of
its surroundings.
The complex is designed to be multi-functional and includes a large multipurpose hall (2,300 m2) with enough space to accommodate two handball
courts with accompanying mobile spectator stands, as well as a V.I.P. lounge.
There are two additional smaller allowing the complex to accommodate major
sporting events, concerts and other cultural events, as well as school sporting
events and small, local sports initiatives requiring more intimate settings.
The new center is located adjacent to existing football pitches and the old
public swimming baths, both of which have received investment - a new
grandstand for the football pitch and larger swimming baths.
The buildings faades have been decorated by the Danish artist Astrid Krogh
and is an example of the close collaboration between artist and architect that
is often to be found in the work of the practice. Black circles form interlinking
patterns when the louvers are closed - the translucent cladding bringing a
glowing quality to the natural daylight filtering through to the interior spaces.
The faades were developed especially for this building project and have since
been honored by inclusion in the Danish Ministry of Cultures Canon for Design
and Craft Art.
Facade System
Designed for the Sports and Leisure Centre in Birkerd in close association with
Fiber line Composites (the manufacturers of the materials used), the faade
system represents an innovative faade solution, simply constructed of
materials characterized by high-strength properties, and presenting an elegant
appearance. The structure consists of panels of a composite material,
popularly known as glass fiber, which is very strong and can be made to very
thin specifications. Moreover the composite can be glued to the glazing without

RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

114

the use of clunky mullions and transoms or the occurrence of friction between
glass and frame. In the composite frame, vertical louvers can be drawn to one
side, locked into the open or closed position, and so regulate light. And into
these louvers, also made of composite material, various elements may be
integrated.

Photos

RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

114

COMPARISION OF CASE STUDIES


PARTICULAR
S
LOCATION

GARWARE
CLUB
Churchgate,mu
mbai
Semi-formal

SITE
PLANNING
SITE ZONING Buildings are
evolved around a
central open
space.

N.S.C.I.
CLUB
Worli,mumb
ai
formal

M.C.A.
BANDRA
Bandra,mumb
ai
Semi-formal

M.C.A.
KANDIVALI
Kandivali,mu
mbai
formal

Buildings
are evolved
around a
central
open space.

Buildings are
evolved
around a
central open
space with
smaller
courtyards.
1. Paved
pathway
shaded by
trees.
2. Direct entry
Parking for 2
wheeler and 4
wheeler are
segregated at

The Buildings
evolved
around
Rectangular
courtyard.

ENTRANCE

1. Concrete
pathway shaded
by trees.
2. Direct entry

1. Concrete
pathway
2. Direct
entry

PARKING

Parking for 2
wheeler and 4
wheeler are
segregated at

Parking for
2 wheeler
and 4
wheeler are

RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

1. paved
pathway
2. Direct entry

Parking for 2
wheeler and 4
wheeler are
segregated at
114

main entrance.

OPENSPACE
S

Central open
space

CONNECTIVI
TY

Building is
internally
connected
through central
rectangular
courtyard.

RESTAURAN
T

CIRCULATIO
N

LIGHT AND
VENTILATIO
N

segregated
at main
entrance.
Central
open space

Different
buildings of
different
streams are
not
connected
directly but
by
pathways
and open
spaces
Connected
Connected
internally
internally
through floors
through
floors
Free flowing work Circulation
spaces with
is
visual contact
maintained
maintained in
through
open areas
ramps and
pathways
provided
between
each
blocks.
Ample of glass
Ample of
has been
glass has
provided for
been
light and slits /
provided
ventilator have
for light
been provided
and slits /
for air flow.
ventilator
have been
provided
for air flow.

RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

main
entrance.

main
entrance.

Central open
space

Buildings are
internally well
connected to
each other
and one can
access the
entire
structure
through roof.

Planned
formal open
rectangular
court.
Buildings are
internally well
connected to
each other
and one can
access the
entire
structure
through roof.

Connected to
the central
open
courtyard.
Free flowing
work spaces
with visual
contact
maintained in
open areas

Connected to
the central
open
courtyard.
Free flowing
work spaces
with visual
contact
maintained in
open areas

Recessed
windows
provide
protection
from the hot
sun, while
angled
windows
assure that
maximum
light reaches
the interiors

Recessed
windows
provide
protection
from the hot
sun, while
angled
windows
assure that
maximum
light reaches
the interiors

114

..
COMPARISON OF CASE STUDIES

ADMIN AREA

LIBRARY

STAIRCASE

BUILDING
SERVICES

AREA

STRUCTURA
L SYSTEM

MATERIAL

Separate
administration
block.
Library block
lacks natural
light.

Staircase is
provided with
ample of natural
light.

Separate
administrati
on block.
Library
block lacks
natural
light.

Staircase is
only
provided
inside the
building
with
inadequate
ventilation.
Plumbing runs
Plumbing
through ducts
runs
and they are
through
concealed and a ducts and
good concealed they are
wiring.
concealed
and a good
concealed
wiring.
30 % Open
50 % Open
space.
space.
70 % Built Up
50 % Built
Area.
Up Area.
Load bearing
Siporex
brick walls with
brick walls
R.C.C framework with R.C.C
and coffered
framework
R.C.C slab.
and
coffered
R.C.C slab.
1. Glass has
1. Glass
been used in
has been
each and every
used in
room, games
each and
area, conference every
hall, admin area room,

RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

Separate
administratio
n block.
Library block
has been
provided
separately
and has
ample of light
and
ventilation.
Staircase is
provided with
ample of
natural light.

Separate
administration
block.
Library block
has been
provided
separately
and has
ample of light
and
ventilation.
Staircase is
provided with
ample of
natural light.

Plumbing runs
through ducts
and they are
concealed
and a good
concealed
wiring.

Plumbing runs
through ducts
and they are
concealed
and a good
concealed
wiring.

30 % Open
space.
70 % Built Up
Area.
Siporex brick
walls with
R.C.C
framework
and coffered
R.C.C slab.

30 % Open
space.
70 % Built Up
Area.
Siporex brick
walls with
R.C.C
framework
and coffered
R.C.C slab.

1.The facade
is cast in
basalt stone
with GRC
molding
2. Glass has

1.The facade
is cast in
basalt stone
with GRC
molding
2.Glass has

114

etc. 2.slits has


been provided
for air flow.
Aluminium
composite
panels

SR.NO

A
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
B
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

ACTIVITIE
S

games
area,
conference
hall, admin
area etc.
2.slits has
been
provided
for air flow.
Aluminium
composite
panels

GARWARE
CLUB

been used in
each and
every room;
recessed
windows
admin area
etc. and slits
have been
provided for
air flow.

N.S.C.I.
CLUB

M.C.A.
BANDRA

been used in
each and
every room,
recessed
windows
admin area
etc. and slits
have been
provided for
air flow GRC
molding

M.C.A.
KANDIVAL
I

TABLE TENNIS
TENNIS
BADMINTON
SQUASH
BILLARDS
CARROM
CHESS
BASKET BALL
INDOOR
CRICKET
GYMASIUM
SWIMMING POOL
YOGA ROOM
DANCE
BOWLING

5 tables
1 courts
1 courts
3 courts
5 tables
4 boards
4 boards
-NIL-NIL-

INDOOR
4 tables
4 courts
5 courts
4 courts
5 tables
5 boards
5 boards
1 court
1 nets

3 tables
1 courts
1 courts
3 courts
5 tables
3 boards
3 boards
-NIL6 nets

2 tables
2 courts
3 courts
2 courts
2 courts
2 courts
4 boards
-NIL
-NIL

separate
common
1 nos
1 nos
-NIL-

separate
common
1 nos
1 nos
-NIL-

separate
common
1nos
-NIL-NIL-

common
common
1nos
-NIL3 lane

LAWN TENNIS
BADMINTON
VOLLEYBALL
KIDS AREA
BASKET BALL
CRICKET
GROUND
SWIMMING POOL
SKATING
TURF

1 court
-NIL-NILcommon
-NIL1 nos

OUTDOOR
2 courts
1 courts
1 courts
common
-NIL-NIL-

4 courts
1 courts
1 court
common
1 court
1 nos

-NIL-NIL-NILcommon
-NIL1 nos

2 nos
1 nos
1 nos

2 nos
1 nos
1 nos

1 nos
1 nos
-NIL-

RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

2 nos
1 nos
2 nos

114

C
1
2
3

LIBRARY
CARD ROOM
BAR

RESTURANT

BANQUET HALL

CONFERENCE

7
D

MOVIE ROOM
RECEPTION
COUNTER

LEISURE
20 pax
50 pax
104 pax
200 pax
130/132 pax 150/200/25
0 pax
150/120 pax 100/150/20
0/250 pax
800 pax
100/300/50
0/1000 pax
16/4 pax
10/15/25
pax
-NIL214 seats
9 nos
15 nos

G
H
I

2-WHEELERS
4-WHEELERS
ADMINISTRATIO
N
(OFFICE/MANAG
ER)

70
200
1 nos

TOILET

8 nos
9 nos
63 rooms

STORE
LODGING

PARKING
100
900
1 nos

25 nos
11 nos
58 rooms

80 pax
150 pax
100/150/20
0 pax
100/150/20
0 pax
400/800/10
00 pax
15/30 pax

35 pax
75 pax
100/150/200
pax
100/150/200
pax
350/500/110
0 pax
6/15/25 pax

200 seats
8 nos

-NIL7 nos

90
200
1 nos

80
180
1nos

15 nos
13 nos
35 rooms

10 nos
9 nos
16 rooms

HYPOTHESIS
ZONING HYPOTHESIS

Zoning depends upon the use of the particular area in a building. A proper
zoning can lead to disperse the crowd at the initial and also plays an important
role in avoiding overcrowding at certain areas in a building.
It can begin with an appropriate location of parking, so the visitors have to
move less after parking their vehicles. The multipurpose hall is kept apart from
the rest of the activity zones to allow free circulation on special occasions,
without disturbing the rest of the movement.
The main zone houses all the activities with the restaurant, an inviting zone, at
easy distance from all activity areas. Lawn area is provided near the childrens
play area for child safety and supervision. It is divided into small lots, one
between ladies activity zone and other activity zones.
The open air theatre zone and multipurpose hall zone are kept as far as
possible to avoid noise intermixing and disturbances.
The swimming pool zone is given a slight secluded corner to ensure privacy.

PLANING HYPOTHESIS

Planning: The planning should be the combination of both compactness and


openness.
Public yet private: waiting lounge, restaurant, and lawn are the places where
many groups are formed. These groups are formed of two or more than two
RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

114

people. In these groups some people desire segregation from other groups. In
other words, people want a personal space in which they can accommodate
themselves.
Circulation routes: a recreation club brings a sense of joy, fitness and
wellbeing. The planning has to extend to the whole site area. For breaking the
visual fatigue, relaxation to the eye, gossiping and coolness these areas play a
major role.

TECHNICAL DATA
Multipurpose ground

Multi-purpose ground is a type of ground designed to be easily used by


multiple types of events. While any ground could potentially host more than
one type of sport or event, this concept usually refers to a specific design
philosophy that stresses multi-functionality over specificity. It is used most
commonly in Canada and the United States, where the two most popular
outdoor team sports gridiron football and baseball require radically different
facilities. Football uses a rectangular field (Canadian football fields are larger
than American ones), while baseball is played on a diamond. This requires a
particular design to accommodate both, usually an oval. While building ground
in this way means that sports teams and governments can share costs, it also
imposes some challenges.
In North America, multi-purpose ground was built primarily during the 1960s
and 1970s as shared home ground for Major League Baseball and National
Football League or Canadian Football League teams. Some ground was
renovated to allow multi-purpose configurations during the 1980s. This type of
ground is associated with an era of suburbanization, in which many sports
teams followed their fans out of large cities into areas with cheaper, plentiful
land. They were usually built near highways and had large parking lots but
were rarely connected to public transit. As multi-purpose ground was rarely
ideal for both sports usually housed in them, they had fallen out of favor by the
1990s. With the completion of the Truman Sports Complex in Kansas City in
1973, a model for purpose-built ground was laid down. Since Oriole Park at
Camden Yards opened in 1992, most major league sports ground have been
built specifically for one sport.
Outside North America, the term is rarely used, since soccer is the only major
outdoor team sport in many countries; in some countries soccer and rugby can
easily co-exist, with Australia and South Africa being notable examples. In
other countries, such as England, teams rarely share facilities. In Australia,
many sports grounds are suited to both Australian Rules football and cricket, as
Australian rules was originally conceived for play on cricket fields. Soccer

RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

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ground has historically served as track and field arenas as well and some (like
the Olympiastadion in Berlin) still do, whereas a newer generation frequently
has no running track to get the fans closer to the field.

DATA
..TECHNICAL
Swimming

Olympics sports since 1912

Swimming is an individual or team sport and activity. Competitive swimming is


one of the most popular Olympic sports, with events in freestyle, backstroke,
breaststroke, and butterfly.
Competitive swimming became popular in the 19th century. The goal of
competitive swimming is to break personal or world records while beating
competitors in any given event. Swimming in competition should create the
least resistance in order to obtain maximum speed. However, some
professional swimmers who do not hold a national or world ranking are
considered the best in regard to their technical skills. Typically, an athlete goes
through a cycle of training in which the body is overloaded with work in the
beginning and middle segments of the cycle, and then the workload is
decreased in the final stage as the swimmer approaches competition.
The practice of reducing exercise in the days just before an important
competition is called tapering. A final stage is often referred to as "shave and
taper": the swimmer shaves off all exposed hair for the sake of reducing drag
and having a sleeker and more hydrodynamic feel in the water. [5] Additionally,
the "shave and taper" method refers to the removal of the top layer of "dead
skin", which exposes the newer and richer skin underneath.[6]
Swimming is an event at the Summer Olympic Games, where male and female
athletes compete in 16 of the recognized events each. Olympic events are held
in a 50-meter pool, called a long course pool.
There are forty officially recognized individual swimming events in the pool;
however the International Olympic Committee only recognizes 32 of them. The
international governing body for competitive swimming is the Federation
International de Natation ("International Swimming Federation"), better known

as FINA.
..TECHNICAL
DATA

Open water

In open water swimming, where the events are swum in a body of open water
(lake or sea), there are also 5 km, 10 km and 25 km events for men and
women. However, only the 10 km event is included in the Olympic schedule,
again for both men and women. Open-water competitions are typically
RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

114

separate to other swimming competitions with the exception of the World


Championships and the Olympics.

Swim style

In competitive swimming, four major styles have been established. These have
been relatively stable over the last 3040 years with minor improvements. The
four main strokes in swimming are:
Butterfly (fly)
Backstroke (back)
Breaststroke (breast)
Freestyle (free)
Events in competition may have only one of these styles except in the case of
the individual medley, or IM, which consists of all four. In this latter event,
swimmers swim equal distances of butterfly, then backstroke, breaststroke,
and finally, freestyle.[7] In Olympic competition, this event (called the "IM") is
swam in these distances - 200 or 400 meters. Some competition also swims
the 100 yard or meter IM - particularly, for younger swimmers (typically under
14 years) involved in club swimming, or masters swimming (over 18).

Competition pools

World Championship pools must be 50 meters (160 ft.) (long course) long and
25 meters (82 ft.) wide, with ten lanes labelled zero to nine (or one to ten in
some pools; zero and nine (or one and ten) are usually left empty in semi-finals
and finals); the lanes must be at least 2.5 meters (8.2 ft.) wide. They will be
equipped with starting blocks at both ends of the pool and most will have
Automatic Officiating Equipment, including touch pads to record times and
sensors to ensure the legality of relay take overs. The pool must have a
minimum depth of two meters.[9]
Other pools which host events under FINA regulations are required to meet
some but not all of these requirements. Many of these pools have eight instead

of ten lanes and some will be 25 meters (82 ft.) long, making them Short
..TECHNICAL DATA
course. World records that are set in short course pools are kept separate from
those set in long course pools because it may be an advantage or
disadvantage to swimmers to have more or less turns in a race.

Basket Ball
Olympic sports since 1936

Basketball is a sport played by two


teams of five players on a rectangular court. The objective is
to shoot a ball through a hoop 18 inches (46 cm) in diameter and 10 feet
(3.048 m) high mounted to a backboard at each end. Basketball is one of the
RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

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world's most popular and widely viewed sports. The National Basketball
Association (NBA) is the most popular and widely considered to be the highest
level of professional basketball in the world and NBA players are the world's
best paid sportsmen, by average annual salary per player.
A team can score a field goal by shooting the ball through the basket during
regular play. A field goal scores three points for the shooting team if the player
shoots from behind the three-point line, and two points if shot from in front of
the line. A team can also score via free throws, which are worth one point, after
the other team was assessed with certain fouls. The team with the most points
at the end of the game wins, but additional time (overtime) is issued when the
score is tied at the end of regulation. The ball can be advanced on the court by
throwing it to a teammate, or by bouncing it while walking or running
(dribbling). It is a violation to lift, or drag, one's pivot foot without dribbling the
ball, to carry it, or to hold the ball with both hands then resume dribbling.
There are many techniques for ball handlingshooting, passing, dribbling, and
rebounding. Basketball teams generally have player positions, the tallest and
strongest members of a team are called a center or power forward, while
slightly shorter and more agile players are called small forward, and the

shortest players or those who possess the best ball handling skills are called
..TECHNICAL DATA
a guarder shooting guard. The point guard directs the on court action of the
team, implementing the coach's game plan, and managing the execution of
offensive and defensive plays (player positioning).
In basketball, the basketball court is the playing surface, consisting of a
rectangular floor with tiles at either end. In professional or organized
basketball, especially when played indoors, it is usually made out of a wood,
often maple, and highly polished. Outdoor surfaces are generally made from
standard paving materials such as concrete or asphalt.

Dimensions

Basketball courts come in different sizes and colors. In the NBA, the court is 94
feet (29 m) by 50 feet (15 m). Under International Basketball Federation (FIBA)
rules,[1] the court is minutely smaller, measuring exactly 28 meters (92 ft.) by
15 meters (49 ft.). A high school court is slightly smaller, at 84 feet (26 m) by

RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

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50 feet (15 m). In amateur basketball, court sizes vary widely. The baskets are
always 10 feet (3.0 m) above the floor (except possibly in youth competition).
Basketball courts have a three-point arc at both baskets. A basket made from
behind this arc is worth three points; a basket made from within this line, or
with a player's foot touching the line is worth two points. The free-throw line,
where one stands while taking a foul shot, is located within the three-point arc.

Height

The height of the underside of the roof structure, or the ceiling if there is one,
above the floor is specified by each sports governing body, and this is a
critical design factor. Badminton, tennis and trampolining require an
unrestricted height of 9.1m for international competition, while 7.6m is
necessary at C level in all sports except those for which height is not critical. In
general a basketball court should have a minimum clearance of 25 feet (7.7m),

although a ceiling height of at least 27 feet (8.23m) is recommended.


..TECHNICAL DATA

The NBA three-point line is 3 ft. (0.91 m) from the side-line in a zone starting at
the baseline and ending when it crosses the 23.75 ft. (7.24 m) arc. The 22 ft.
(6.70 m) measurement applies only at a point where a line parallel to the
baseline intersects the long axis of the court and the centre of the basket.

The FIBA three-point line is 2.95 ft. (0.90 m) from the side-line in a zone
starting at the baseline and ending when it crosses the 22.1 ft. (6.75 m) arc.
The 21.65 ft. (6.60 m) measurement applies only at a point where a line
parallel to the baseline intersects the long axis of the court and the centre of
the basket.

Sections of Basket Ball Court


Center Circle

The only two players permitted to enter this area prior to the tipoff are the
players contesting the jump ball (usually but not always centres). Both players
jump when the referee throws the ball in the air, each attempting to tap the
ball into the hands of a player of their own team.

Three-Point Line

The three-point line is the line that separates the two-point area from
the three-point area; any shot converted beyond this line counts as three
points. If the shooting player steps on the line, it is counted as two points only.
Any foul made in the act of shooting beyond the three-point line would give the
player three free throws if the shot doesn't go in, and one if it does.

The distance to the three-point line from the centre of the basket varies
depending on the level or league, and has changed several times. These are
the current distances, with the league or level using each distance:

RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

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19.75 ft. (6.01 m): High School


20.75 ft. (6.32 m): NCAA
21.65 ft. (6.60 m) to 22.15 ft. (6.75 m): WNBA and FIBA
22 ft. (6.71 m) to 23.75 ft. (7.24 m): NBA

The NBA adopted the three-point line at the start of the 197980 seasons. This

is of variable distance, ranging


..TECHNICAL
DATA from 22 feet (6.7 m) in the corners to 23.75

feet (7.24 m) behind the top of the key. During the 199495, 199596 and
199697 seasons, the NBA attempted to address decreased scoring by
shortening the overall distance of the line to a uniform 22 feet (6.7 m) around
the basket. It was moved back to its original distance after the 199697
seasons. FIBA and the NCAA both adopted the three-point line in 1985.

In most high school associations in the United States, the distance is 19.75
feet. This was formerly the distance for college basketball as well. On May 26,
2007, the NCAA playing rules committee agreed to move the three-point line
back one foot to 20.75 feet for the men. This rule went into effect for the 2008
2009 seasons. The three-point line for women (NCAA) moved back one foot to
20.75 feet at the start of the 20112012 seasons.

The international distance, used in most countries outside the United States
and in FIBA and WNBA competition, is currently 6.6 m (21.65 ft.) to 6.75 m
(22.15 ft.).

Perimeter

The perimeter is defined as the areas outside the free throw lane and inside
the three-point line. Shots converted (successfully made) from this area are
called "perimeter shots" or "medium-range shots." If a player's foot is on the
three-point line, the shot is considered a perimeter shot.

Low Post Area

The low post is defined as the areas that are closest to the basket but outside
of the free throw lane.[4] This area is fundamental to strategy in basketball.
Skilled low post players can score many points per game without ever taking
a jump shot.

Key

The key, free throw lane or shaded lane refers to the usually painted area
beneath the basket; for the NBA it is 16 feet (4.9 m) wide, for the NCAA it is 12
feet (3.7 m) wide; for both instances it extends 15 feet (4.6 m) from the

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backboard. At the top of the rectangle is the free throw line, behind which
players shoot uncontested shots when they're fouled. A circle is drawn around
the free-throw line with a 6 feet (1.8 m) radius; this is used for jump ball
instances, as is done at the centre circle. Two 6-inch hash lines, 3 ft. from the
free throw lane line and 5 ft. 8 in from the free throw line, show the lower
defensive box linked to the restricted area.

..TECHNICAL DATA

For FIBA tournaments, since October 2010 the key has been a rectangle 4.9 m
wide and 5.8 m long. Previously it was a trapezoid 3.7 meters (12 ft.) wide at
the free-throw line and 6 meters (19 feet and 6.25 inches) at the end line.
The key is primarily used to prevent players from staying beneath the basket
of the opponents' team for long periods (maximum three seconds).

Restricted Area Arc

The restricted area arc is a semi-circular arc drawn around the area directly
underneath the basket. With some exceptions, members of the defending team
cannot
draw
charging
fouls
in
this
area.
The
restricted
arc
in NBA and WNBA competition has a radius 4 feet (1.22 m) from below the
centre of the basket. The restricted arc in NCAA competition (both men's and
women's) is of radius 3 feet (0.91 m) from below the centre of the basket.

Other Lines

On NBA floors, two hash marks are drawn at the end lines near the key to mark
the area known as the lower defensive box. A defensive player is allowed to
draw a charging foul within the restricted arc if the offensive player receives
the ball and/or starts his drive within this area.[5]

Also, two lines are drawn on each of the side-lines, 28 feet from each of the
end lines, which designate the extent of the coaching box and bench. This line
marks the farthest extent a coach (aside from the side-lines) can stand.
Directly behind this area is the team bench.

On the half-court line of NBA floors two lines extend outside the playing court,
designating the place where substitutes wait before they can enter the playing
court; directly behind this area are the various off-court officials such as the
timekeeper and reserve referee.

Volleyball
Olympic sports since 1964

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..TECHNICAL DATA

Volleyball is a team sport in which two teams of six players are separated by
a net. Each team tries to score points by grounding a ball on the other team's
court under organized rules.[1] It has been a part of the official program of
the Games since 1964.
The complete rules are extensive. But simply, play proceeds as follows: a
player on one of the teams begins a 'rally' by serving the ball (tossing or
releasing it and then hitting it with a hand or arm), from behind the back
boundary line of the court, over the net, and into the receiving team's court.
The receiving team must not let the ball be grounded within their court. The
team may touch the ball up to 3 times but individual players may not touch the
ball twice consecutively. Typically, the first two touches are used to set up for
an attack, an attempt to direct the ball back over the net in such a way that
the serving team is unable to prevent it from being grounded in their court.
The rally continues, with each team allowed as many as three consecutive
touches, until either (1): a team makes a kill, grounding the ball on the
opponent's court and winning the rally; or (2): a team commits a fault and
loses the rally. The team that wins the rally is awarded a point, and serves the
ball to start the next rally. A few of the most common faults include:
causing the ball to touch the ground or floor outside the opponents' court or
without first passing over the net;
catching and throwing the ball;
double hit: two consecutive contacts with the ball made by the same player;
four consecutive contacts with the ball made by the same team;
net foul: touching the net during play;
Foot fault: the foot crosses over the boundary line when serving.
The ball is usually played with the hands or arms, but players can legally strike
or push (short contact) the ball with any part of the body.
A
number
of
consistent techniques have
evolved
in
volleyball,
including spiking and blocking as well as passing, setting, and specialized
player positions and offensive and defensive structures.

Overall Dimensions

The overall measurements for a Volleyball court are 60 feet by 30 feet. Each
side of the court is therefore 30 feet by 30 feet in size.

..TECHNICAL DATA

Center Line

A center line is marked at the center of the court dividing it equally into 30 feet
squares.

Attack Line

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114

The attack line is marked 10 feet on each side of the center line of the court.
Some rules show the attack line at 9 10 however that includes the width of
the line itself (2).

Service Line

A service line is marked 10 feet inside the right sideline on each back line. This
is the area from which the server may serve the volleyball.

The Net

The net is hung directly above the center line at 7 feet 4 inches for women and
8 feet for men.

Standards

Volleyball standards should be set at 36 feet apart, 3 feet on either side of the
sidelines.

Ceiling Height

The minimum ceiling height should be 23 feet. Preferably the ceilings should
be higher.

Tennis

Olympic Sports since 1896


Tennis is a racket sport that can be played individually against a single

opponent (singles) or between two teams of two players each (doubles). Each
player uses a tennis racket that is strung with cord to strike a hollow
rubber ball covered with felt over or around a net and into the
opponent's court. The object of the game is to play the ball in such a way that
the opponent is not able to play a valid return. The player who is unable to
return the ball will not gain a point, while the opposite player will.
Tennis is an Olympic sport and is played at all levels of society and at all ages.
The sport can be played by anyone who can hold a racket, including wheelchair
users. The modern game of tennis originated in Birmingham, England, in the
late 19th century as "lawn tennis".[1] It had close connections both to various
field ("lawn") games such as croquet and bowls as well as to the older racket
sport of real tennis. During most of the 19th-century in fact, the term "tennis"
RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

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..TECHNICAL DATA

referred to real tennis, not lawn tennis: for example, in Disraeli's


novel Sybil (1845), Lord Eugene De Vere announces that he will "go down
to Hampton Court and play tennis."[2]
The rules of tennis have changed little since the 1890s. Two exceptions are
that from 1908 to 1961 the server had to keep one foot on the ground at all
times, and the adoption of the tiebreak in the 1970s. A recent addition to
professional tennis has been the adoption of electronic review technology
coupled with a point challenge system, which allows a player to contest the
line call of a point.
Tennis is played by millions of recreational players and is also a popular
worldwide spectator sport. The four Slam tournaments (also referred to as the
"Majors") are especially popular: the Australian Open played on hard courts,
the French Open played on red clay courts, Wimbledon played on grass courts,
and the US Open played also on hard courts.

Court
A tennis court is the venue where the sport of tennis is played. It is a firm
rectangular surface with a low net stretched across the centre. The same
surface can be used to play both doubles and singles matches. A variety of
surfaces can be used to create a tennis court, each with its own characteristics
which affect the playing style of the game.

The dimension of tennis court


Tennis
is
played
on
a
rectangular
flat
surface,
usually
of grass, clay or hard material. The dimensions of a tennis court are defined
and regulated by the International Tennis Federation (ITF) governing body and
are written down in the annual 'Rules of Tennis' document. The court is 78 feet
(23.77 metres) long. Its width is 27 feet (8.23 metres) for singles matches and
36 feet (10.97 metres) for doubles matches. [2] The service line is 21 feet (6.40
metres) from the net.[2] Additional clear space around the court is needed in
order for players to reach overrun balls for a total of 60 feet (18 metres) wide
and 120 feet (37 metres) long. A net is stretched across the full width of the
court, parallel with the baselines, dividing it into two equal ends. The net is
3 feet 6 inches (1.07 metres) high at the posts, and 3 feet (0.91 metres) high

in the centre. The net posts


are 3 feet (0.91 metres) outside the doubles court
..TECHNICAL
DATA
on each side or, for a singles net, 3 feet (0.91 metres) outside the singles court
on each side.

Surfaces
Tennis is played on a variety of surfaces and each surface has its own
characteristics which affect the playing style of the game. There are four main
types of courts depending on the materials used for the court
surface: clay courts,
hard
courts, grass courts
and
carpet
courts.

RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

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The International Tennis Federation (ITF) lists different surfaces and properties
and classifies surfaces into one of five pace settings:[4]

Category
Category
Category
Category
Category

1
2
3
4
5

(slow)
(medium-slow)
(medium)
(medium-fast)
(fast)

Of the current Grand Slam tournaments, the US Open and Australian Open use
hard courts, the French Open is played on clay, and Wimbledon is played on
grass and is the only Grand Slam tournament to have always been played on
one surface. The Australian Open switched to hard courts in 1988 and in its
early years the French championship alternated between clay and sand/rubble
courts. The US Open is the only one of the four majors to have been played on
three surfaces; the tournament was played on grass from its inception until
1974, on green clay until 1977, and on hard courts since the tournament
moved from the West Side Tennis Club to the National Tennis Centre in 1978.

Clay courts
The French Open is played on clay courts.

Clay courts are made of crushed shale, stone, or brick.


The French Open is the only Grand Slam tournament to
use clay courts.

Clay courts slow down the ball and produce a high bounce
in comparison to grass courts or hard courts. [6] For this
reason, the clay court takes away many of the
advantages of big serves, which makes it hard for server
based players to dominate on the surface. Clay courts are
..TECHNICAL
DATA types of tennis courts, but a clay surface costs
cheaper to construct than other
more to maintain. Clay courts need to be rolled to preserve flatness. The clay's
water content must be balanced; green courts generally require the courts to
be sloped to allow water run-off.

Clay courts are more common in Europe and Latin America than in North
America and tend to heavily favour baseline players.

Grass courts
Grass court maintenance at Wimbledon

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114

Grass courts are the fastest type of courts in


common use.[6] They consist of grass grown on
very hard-packed soil, which adds additional
variables: bounces depend on how healthy the
grass is, how recently it has been mown, and the
wear and tear of recent play. Points are usually
very quick where fast, low bounces keep rallies
short, and the serve plays a more important role
than on other surfaces. Grass courts tend to favour serve-and-volley tennis
players.

Grass courts were once among the most common tennis surfaces, but are now
rare due to high maintenance costs, as they must be watered and mown often,
and take a longer time to dry after rain than hard courts. The grass surface,
however, is the most compatible with the human body because of its softness.

Hard courts
Rooftop tennis hard courts in Downtown Singapore

Hard courts are made of uniform rigid material,


often covered with an acrylic surface layer.
Offering greater consistency of bounce than other
outdoor surfaces.[7] Hard courts can vary in speed,
although they are faster than clay but not as fast
as grass courts. The quantity of sand added to the
paint can greatly affect the rate at which the ball
slows down. The US Open is played on Deco Turf,
while the Australian is played on Plexicushion, both acrylic topped hard court
surfaces.

..TECHNICAL DATA

Carpet courts

Artificial turf tennis courts in Nicosia, Cyprus

"Carpet" in tennis means any removable court


covering.[6] Indoor arenas store rolls of rubberbacked court surfacing and install it temporarily
for tennis events, however they are not in use any
more for professional events. A short piled form
of artificial turf in filled with sand is used for some
outdoor courts, particularly in Asia. Carpet is generally a fast surface, faster
than hard-court, with low bounce.[6]
RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

114

Notable tennis tournaments previously held on carpet courts were the WCT
Finals, Paris Masters, U.S. Pro Indoor and Kremlin Cup. Since 2009 their use has
been discontinued on the ATP tour.

Indoor courts
Any court surface may be used indoors. Hard
courts are most common indoors, as they are made
with the most versatile materials and surface
finishes. Clay courts are installed indoors with
underground watering systems, and used mostly
for Davis
Cup matches.
The
conclusion
of
the Wimbledon Championships, in 2012, was
played on the lawn of the Centre Court under the
roof and artificial lights, the first time such a retractable roof stadium was
used. Carpet surfaces have been used both on the ATP World Tour and
the World Championship Tennis circuit, though no events currently use them.
Historically, other surfaces have been used indoors, such as hardwood at the
defunct World Covered Court Championships.

Smaller courts

The ITF campaign Play and Stay aims to increase tennis participation
worldwide, by improving the way children are introduced to the game. The
campaign promotes playing on smaller courts with slower red, orange and
green balls. This gives children more time and control so that they can serve,
rally, and score from the first lesson on courts that are sized to fit their bodies.

The ITF has mandated that official competition for children less than 10 years
..TECHNICAL DATA
of age should be played on so-called Orange courts 18 m (59 ft.) long by 6.4 m
(21 ft.) wide. Competition for children less than 8 years is played on Red courts
that are 11 m (36 ft.) long and 5.5 m (18 ft.) wide. The net is 0.8m high in the
centre.

Badminton
Olympic sports since 1992

Badminton is a recreational sport played using rackets to hit a shuttlecock


across a net. Although it may be played with larger teams, the most common
forms of the game are "singles" (with one player per side) and "doubles" (with

RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

114

two players per side). Badminton is often played as a casual outdoor activity in
a yard or on a beach; formal games are played on a rectangular indoor court.
Points are scored by striking the shuttlecock with the racket and landing it
within the opposing side's half of the court. Each side may only strike the
shuttlecock once before it passes over the net. Play ends once the shuttlecock
has struck the floor or if a fault has been called by the umpire, service judge,
or (in their absence) the opposing side.[1]
The shuttlecock is a feathered or (in informal matches) plastic projectile which
flies differently from the balls used in many other sports. In particular, the
feathers create much higher drag, causing the shuttlecock to decelerate more
rapidly. Shuttlecocks also have a high top speed compared to the balls in other
racket sports.
The game developed in British India from the earlier game of battledore and
shuttlecock. European play came to be dominated by Denmark but the game
has become very popular in Asia, with recent competition dominated by China.
Since 1992, badminton has been a Summer Olympic sport with five events:
men's singles, women's singles, men's doubles, women's doubles, and mixed
doubles, in which each pair consists of a man and a woman. At high levels of
play, the sport demands excellent fitness: players require aerobic stamina,
agility, strength, speed, and precision. It is also a technical sport, requiring
good motor coordination and the development of sophisticated racquet
movements.

..TECHNICAL DATA

Court

The court is rectangular and divided into halves by a net. Courts are usually
marked for both singles and doubles play, although badminton rules permit a
court to be marked for singles only. The doubles court is wider than the singles
court, but both are of same length. The exception, which often causes
confusion to newer players, is that the doubles court has a shorter servelength dimension.

Overall Court Dimensions

The overall dimensions of a badminton court are 20 feet by 44 feet. The lines
along these measurements mark the sidelines for doubles play and long
service lines for singles play.

The Net Line

The net line marks the middle of the court where the net is placed, creating a
22 feet by 20 feet area on each side of the net.

Short Service Line

The short service line is marked 6 feet 6 inches (some are marked 7 feet) from
the center line. The area inside the short service line is also called the Non
Volley Zone.

Center Line

The Center Line is the line that divides the court from the Short Service Line to
the Back Boundary Line. This delineates the Left from Right Service Court.

Side Line for Singles Play

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The Singles Side Line is marked 1 1/2 feet from the edge of the outer boundary
(doubles side line)

Back Boundary Line and Long Service Line for Singles

The back boundary line is the same for singles and doubles play it is the
outermost back line on the court.

Long Service Line for Doubles

The Long Service line for Doubles is marked 2 1/2 feet inside the Back
Boundary Line.

The Badminton Net

The badminton net measures 5 feet tall in the center.

..TECHNICAL DATA

Table tennis

olympic sports since 1988


Table tennis, also known as ping pong, is a sport in which two or four players

hit a lightweight ball back and forth across a table using a small, round bat.
The game takes place on a hard table divided by a net. Except for the initial
serve, the rules are generally as follows: Players must allow a ball played
toward them to one time on their side of the table, and must return it so that it
bounces on the opposite side at least once. Points are scored when a player
fails to return the ball within the rules. Play is fast and demands quick
reactions. Spinning the ball alters its trajectory and limits an opponent's
options, giving the hitter a great advantage. When doing so the hitter has a
better chance of scoring if the spin is successful.
Table tennis is governed by the worldwide organization International Table
Tennis Federation, founded in 1926. ITTF currently includes 220 member
associations. The table tennis official rules are specified in the ITTF handbook.
Table tennis has been an Olympic sport since 1988, with several event
categories. In particular, from 1988 until 2004, these were: men's singles,
women's singles, men's doubles and women's doubles. Since 2008, a team
event has been played instead of the doubles.

Equipment
Ball
Assortment of 40mm table tennis ball

RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

114

He international rules specify that the game is


played with a sphere having a mass of 2.7 grams
(0.095 oz.) and a diameter of 40 millimetres
(1.57 in).[22] The rules say that the ball shall
bounce up 2426 cm (9.410.2 in) when dropped
from a height of 30.5 cm (12.0 in) onto a standard

steel block thereby having a coefficient of


..TECHNICAL DATA
restitution of 0.89 to 0.92. The ball is made of plastic as of 2015, colored white
or orange, with a matte finish. The choice of ball color is made according to the
table color and its surroundings. For example, a white ball is easier to see on a
green or blue table than it is on a grey table. Manufacturers often indicate the
quality of the ball with a star rating system, usually from one to three, three
being the highest grade. As this system is not standard across manufacturers,
the only way a ball may be used in official competition is upon ITTF approval
(the ITTF approval can be seen printed on the ball).

The 40 mm ball was introduced after the 2000 Summer Olympics.[18] However,
this created some controversy at the time as the Chinese National Team
argued that this was merely to give non-Chinese players a better chance of
winning since the new type of ball has a slower speed (a 40 mm table tennis
ball is slower and spins less than the original 38 mm one, and at that time,
most Chinese players were playing with fast attack and smashes). China won
all four Olympic gold medals and three silvers in 2000, and have continued to
dominate.

Table

The table is 2.74 m (9.0 ft.) long, 1.525 m (5.0 ft.) wide, and 76 cm (2.5 ft.)
high with any continuous material so long as the table yields a uniform bounce
of about 23 cm (9.1 in) when a standard ball is dropped onto it from a height of
30 cm (11.8 in), or about 77%.[23][24] The table or playing surface is uniformly
dark coloured and matte, divided into two halves by a net at 15.25 cm (6.0 in)
in height. Theist approves only wooden tables or their derivate. Concrete tables
with a steel net or a solid concrete partition are sometimes available in outside
public spaces, such as parks.[25]

Paddle/racket

Players are equipped with a laminated wooden racket covered with rubber on
one or two sides depending on the grip of the player. The ITTF uses the term
"racket",[26] though "bat" is common in Britain, and "paddle" in the U.S.

The wooden portion of the racket, often referred to as the "blade", commonly
features anywhere between one and seven plies of wood, though cork, glass
fibre, carbon fibre, aluminium fibre, and Kevlar are sometimes used. According
to the ITTF regulations, at least 85% of the blade by thickness shall be of

RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

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natural wood.[27] Common wood types include balsa, limba, and cypress or
..TECHNICAL DATA

"hinoki," which is popular in Japan. The average size of the blade is about 17
centimetres (6.7 in) long and 15 centimetres (5.9 in) wide. Although the official
restrictions only focus on the flatness and rigidness of the blade itself, these
dimensions are optimal for most play styles.

Table tennis regulations allow different surfaces on each side of the racket.
[28]
Various types of surfaces provide various levels of spin or speed, and in
some cases they nullify spin. For example, a player may have a rubber that
provides much spin on one side of his racket, and one that provides no spin on
the other. By flipping the racket in play, different types of returns are possible.
To help a player distinguish between the rubbers used by his opposing player,
international rules specify that one side must be red while the other side must
be black.[27] The player has the right to inspect his opponent's racket before a
match to see the type of rubber used and what colour it is. Despite high speed
play and rapid exchanges, a player can see clearly what side of the racket was
used to hit the ball. Current rules state that, unless damaged in play, the
racket cannot be exchanged for another racket at any time during a match

Skating
Olympic sports since 1924

Skating involves any sports or recreational activity which consists of traveling


on surfaces or on ice using skates.

There are several different kinds of skating :

Hard surface

Roller skating, the traveling on surfaces with roller skates


Inline skating, traveling on surfaces with skates having one line of

wheels
..TECHNICAL DATA

Freestyle slalom skating, a field of inline skating that involves


performing tricks around a straight line of equally spaced cones
RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

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Vet skating, riding inline skates on a vert ramp

Aggressive inline skating, inline skating executed on specially


designed inline skates with focus on grinding and spins

Inline speed skating, the roller sport of racing on inline skates

Artistic roller skating, a sport similar to figure skating but where


contestants run on roller skates instead of ice skates

Road skating, the sport of skating (inline skating or roller skating)


on roads, much like road cycling. It shares much with inline speed skating

Skateboarding, an action sport which involves riding and performing


tricks using a skateboard
Roller skating is the traveling on surfaces with roller skates. It is a form
of recreational activity as well as a sport, and can also be a form of
transportation. Skates generally come in three basic varieties: quad roller
skates, inline skates or blades and tri-skates, though some have experimented
with a single-wheeled "quintessence skate" or other variations on the basic
skate design. In America, this hobby was most popular, first between 1935 and
the early 1960s and then in the 1970s, when polyurethane wheels were
created and "Disco" oriented roller rinks were the rage and then again in the
1990s when in-line outdoor roller skating, thanks to the improvement made to
inline roller skates in 1981 by Scott Olson, took hold.

Gym

A gym, short for gymnasium, is an open air or covered location for gymnastics

and athletics and gymnastic services such as in schools and colleges, from the
ancient Greek gymnasium.[1]
Gymnasia apparatus such as bar-bells, parallel bars, jumping board, running
path, tennis-balls, cricket field, fencing area, and so forth are used as
exercises. In safe weather, outdoor locations are the most conductive to
health.[2] Gyms were popular in ancient Greece. Their curricula included
Gymnastic military or self-defense, gymnastic medical, or physical therapy to
help the sick and injured, and gymnastic athletic for physical fitness and
sports, from boxing to dance.[3]
These gymnasia also had teachers of wisdom and philosophy. Community
gymnastic events were done as part of the celebrations during various village
festivals. In ancient Greece there was a phrase of contempt, "He can neither
swim nor write." After a while, however, Olympic athletes began training in
RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

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..TECHNICAL DATA

buildings just for them. Community sports never became as popular among
ancient Romans as it had among the ancient Greeks. Gyms were used more as
a preparation for military service or spectator sports. During the Roman
Empire, the gymnastic art was forgotten. In the Dark Ages there were sword
fighting tournaments and of chivalry; and after gunpowder was invented sword
fighting began to be replaced by the sport of fencing. There were schools of
dagger fighting and wrestling and boxing.[4]
Then in the 18th century, Salzmann, German clergyman, opened a gym in
Thuringia teaching bodily exercises, including running and swimming. Clias and
Volker established gyms in London, and in 1825, Doctor Beck, a German
immigrant, established the first gymnasium in the United States. It was found
that gym pupils lose interest in doing the same exercises, partly because of
age. Variety in exercises included skating, dancing, and swimming. Some gym
activities can be done by 6 to 8 year olds while age 16 has been considered
mature enough for boxing and horseback riding.[5]
In Ancient Greece the gymnasium () was a locality for both physical
and intellectual education of young men. The latter meaning of intellectual
education persisted in Greek, German and other languages to denote a certain
type of school providing secondary education, the gymnasium, whereas in
English the meaning of physical education was pertained in the word 'gym'.
The Greek word gymnasium means "school for naked exercise" and was used
to designate a locality for the education of young men, including physical
education (gymnastics, i.e. exercise) which was customarily performed naked,
as well as bathing, and studies. For the Greeks, physical education was
considered as important as cognitive learning. Most Greek gymnasia had

libraries that could be utilized after relaxing in the baths.


..TECHNICAL DATA

Billiards

Snooker (UK /snukr/, US /snkr/)[2][3] is a cue sport played on a table

covered with a green cloth or baize, with pockets at each of the four corners
and in the middle of each of the long side cushions. A full-size table measures
11 ft. 812 in 5 ft. 10 in (3569 mm x 1778 mm), commonly referred to as 12
6 ft.
The game is played using a cue and 22 snooker balls: one white cue ball, 15
red balls worth one point each, and six balls of different colors: yellow (2
points), green (3), brown (4), blue (5), pink (6) and black (7).[4] The red balls
are initially placed in a triangular formation, and the other colored balls on
marked positions on the table known as "spots". Players execute shots by
striking the cue ball with the cue, causing the cue ball to hit a red or colored

RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

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ball. Points are scored by sinking the red and colored balls (knocking them into
the pockets, called "potting") in the correct sequence. A player receives
additional points if the opponent commits a foul. A player (or team) wins a
frame (individual game) of snooker by scoring more points than the
opponent(s). A player wins a match when a predetermined number of frames
have been won.

A billiard table designed for the games snooker and English billiards is usually
called a snooker table.

Dimensions

The playing area of a tournament snooker tables, as standardized by the World


Professional Billiards and Snooker Association (WPBSA or World Snooker) and
the amateur International Billiards and Snooker Federation (IBSF) which uses
WPBSA
rules,[10] measures
11 feet 8.5 inches by 5 ft. 10 in
(356.9 cm by 177.8 cm) with a tolerance of 0.5 in (13 mm),[11] though
commonly referred to as 12 ft. by 6 ft. Smaller tables, approximately

..TECHNICAL
10 ft. by 5 ft. down to half DATA
size, are also sometimes used in pubs, homes and
smaller snooker halls. The height from the floor to the top of the cushion is
between 2 ft. 9.5 in and 2 ft. 10.5 in (85.1 cm and 87.6 cm).[11]

Pockets

A snooker table has six pockets, one at each corner and one at the centre of
each of the longest side cushions. The pockets are around 86 mm (3.5 in),
though high-class tournaments may use slightly smaller pockets to increase
difficulty. The amount of undercut (trimmed underside of the rubber cushion's
protruding nose at the pocket opening),[12]:8 if any, has a strong effect on how
easily a ball is accepted by the pocket (the "pocket speed"). On snooker and
English billiards tables, the pocket entries are rounded, while pool tables have
sharp "knuckles". This affects how accurate shots need to be to get into a
pocket, and how fast they can be when not dead-on, including shots that run
along and against a cushion, making snooker more difficult to play than pool.
According to the WPBSA official rule book, "the pocket openings shall conform
to the templates owned and authorised by The World Professional Billiards and
Snooker Association (WPBSA)".[11] The WPBSA and IBSF rule books' equipment
sections do not actually specify the measurements and shapes of these
proprietary templates[10][11] which change from time to time, requiring that the
templates be dated.[13] The organisations do not recognise tournament play or
records (maximum breaks, etc.) if not performed on tables that conform to
then-current templates.[13][14]

Cushions

RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

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The cushions (sometimes known as rails, though that term properly applies to
the wood sections to which the cushions are attached) are usually made
of vulcanized rubber.

Markings

The baulk area is marked by a baulk line drawn on the cloth across the width of
the table at 29 inches (737 mm) from and parallel to the face of the bottom
cushion.[11] A semicircle with a radius of 11.5 inches (292 mm) cantered on this
line within baulk forms the "D"[11] in which the cue ball must be placed when
breaking or after the cue ball has been potted or shot off the table. The

position of four of the colours are marked along the long string (lengthwise
..TECHNICAL DATA
centre) of the table, perpendicular to the baulk line: the black spot, 12.75
inches (324 mm) from the top cushion; the centre spot or blue spot, located at
the midpoint between the bottom and top cushions; the pyramid spot or pink
spot, located midway between the centre spot and the top cushion; and
the baulk spot or brown spot, located at the midpoint of the baulk line [11] (and,
thus of the "D"). Due to its obviousness, the brown spot is not always marked
(neither are the unmistakable green and yellow spots,[11] at the left and right
intersections, respectively, of the baulk line and the "D"'s curve. [1]:116, 278[11] the
exact placing of these markings are different on smaller tables, but
proportional to the full-size model.

The bed

The playing surface of a good quality snooker table has a bed of slate and is
covered with baize cloth, traditionally green, though many other colours are
now available. The thickness of this cloth determines the table's speed (lack of
friction) and responsiveness to spin, thicker cloths being longer lasting but
slower and less responsive. The nap of the cloth can affect the run of the balls,
especially on slower shots and shots played with sidespin applied to the cue
ball. A snooker table traditionally has the nap running from the baulk to the top
end and is brushed and ironed in this direction.

Squash

Squash is a racket sport played by two (singles) or four players (doubles) in a

four-walled court with a small, hollow rubber ball. The players must alternate in

RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

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striking the ball with their racket and hit the ball onto the playable surfaces of
the four walls of the court.
The game was formerly called squash rackets, a reference to the "squash
able" soft ball used in the game (compared with the harder ball used in its
sister game rackets).
Squash is recognized by the IOC and supporters are lobbying for its
incorporation in a future Olympic program.

..TECHNICAL DATA

The court

The squash court is a playing surface surrounded by four walls. The court
surface contains a front line separating the front and back of the court and a
half court line, separating the left and right hand sides of the back portion of
the court, creating three 'boxes': the front half, the back left quarter and the
back right quarter. Both the back two boxes contain smaller service boxes. The
floor-markings on a squash court are only relevant during serves.

There are four walls to a squash court. The front wall, on which three parallel
lines are marked, has the largest playing surface, whilst the back wall, which
typically contains the entrance to the court, has the smallest. The outline runs
along the top of the front wall, descending along the side walls to the back
wall. There are no other markings on the side or back walls. Shots struck above
or touching the outline, on any wall, are out. The bottom line of the front wall
marks the top of the 'tin', a half metre-high metal area which if struck means
that the ball is out. In this way the tin can is seen as analogous to the net in
other racket sports such as tennis. The middle line of the front wall is the
service line and is only relevant during serves.

Service

The players spin a racket to decide who serves first. This player starts the first
rally by electing to serve from either the left or right service box. For a legal
serve, one of the server's feet must be touching the service box, not touching
any part of the service box lines, as the player strikes the ball. After being
struck by the racket, the ball must strike the front wall above the service line
and below the outline and land in the opposite back quarter court. The
receiving player can choose to volley a serve after it has hit the front wall. If
the server wins the point, the two players switch sides for the following point.

Play

After the serve, the players take turns hitting the ball against the front wall,
above the tin and below the outline. The ball may strike the side or back walls

RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

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at any time, as long as it hits below the outline. It must not hit the floor after
hitting the racket and before hitting the front wall. A ball landing on either the

outline or the line along theDATA


top of the tin is considered to be out. After the ball
..TECHNICAL
hits the front wall, it is allowed to bounce once on the floor (and any number of
times against the side or back walls) before a player must return it. Players
may move anywhere around the court but accidental or deliberate obstruction
of the other player's movements is forbidden. Players typically return to the
centre of the court after making a shot.

Bowling

Bowling refers to a series of sports leisure activities in which a player rolls or


throws a bowling ball towards a target. It is one of the major forms of throwing
sports. In pin bowling variations, the target is usually to knock over pins at the
end of a lane. When all the pins are knocked down on the first roll, this is a
strike. In target variations, the aim is usually to get the ball as close to a mark
as possible. The pin version of bowling is often played on a flat wooden or
other synthetic surface (which can be oiled in different patterns for different
techniques), while in target bowling, the surface may be grass, gravel or a
synthetic surface. The most common types of pin bowling include ten-pin,
nine-pin, candlepin, duckpin and five-pin bowling, while in target bowling,
bowls, skittles, kegel, bocce, carpet bowls, ptanque, and boules, both indoor
and outdoor varieties are popular. Today the sport of bowling is enjoyed by 100
million people in more than 90 countries worldwide (including 70 million in the
U.S.), and continues to grow through entertainment media such as video
games for home consoles and handheld devices.

DESIGN CONTENT
SR
.N
O

ACTIVITIES

CAPACI
TY

RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

NOS

SIZES

TOTAL
AREA

114

A
1
I
II
III
IV
V
VI
i

BANQUETTE
DINNING
FOYER
OFFICE
STORE
KITCHEN
DINING AREA

TOILETS
MALE
WASH BASINS
WATER CLOSET
URINAL
FEMALE
WASH BASINS
WATER CLOSET
BADMINTON

COURTS

II
III
3

COACH
STORE
CLOAKROOM
FACILITIES
TOILETS

ii

a
i

I
II
III
4

MALE
WASH BASINS
WATER CLOSET
URINAL
CHANGING ROOM
LOCKER ROOM
SHOWER ROOM
FEMALE
WASH BASINS
WATER CLOSET
CHANGING ROOM
LOCKER ROOM
SHOWER ROOM
RESTAURANT

I
II
III

STORE
KITCHEN
DINNING

SQUASH

II
III
IV
b

GROUND FLOOR
28.50
X
16.50
1 NOS
5.50 X 7.00
1 NOS
4.50 X 5.50
1 NOS
4.25 X 5.35
1 NOS
11.45 X 5.35
1 NOS
25.10
X
11.15
1 NOS
6.55 X 6.65
2.50 X 6.65
3 NOS
0.45 X 0.60
3 NOS
1.20 X 1.10
3 NOS
0.60 X 0.60
2.50 X 6.65
2 NOS
0.45 X 0.60
3 NOS
1.20 X 1.10
200
34.45
X
PAX
25.50
3 NOS
13.45 X 6.15
400
PAX

1 NOS
1 NOS

160
PAX

3
6
5
1
1
6

NOS
NOS
NOS
NOS
NOS
NOS

4
6
1
1
6
1

NOS
NOS
NOS
NOS
NOS
NOS

1 NOS
1 NOS
1 NOS
50 PAX

RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

470.25
SQ.M
38.5 SQ.M
24.75 SQ.M
22.70 SQ.M
61.25 SQ.M
279.85
SQ.M
43.55 SQ.M
16.60 SQ.M

16.60 SQ.M

878.45
SQ.M
330.80
SQ.M
4.65 X 3.00
13.95 SQ.M
4.65 X 3.00
13.95 SQ.M
14.00
X 206.50
14.75
SQ.M
7.30 X 14.75 107.65
SQ.M
4.35 X 7.30
31.75 SQ.M
0.45 X 0.60
1.20 X 1.10
0.60 X 0.60
3.50 X 3.65
12.75 SQ.M
3.50 X 4.55
15.75 SQ.M
1.20 X 1.30
4.35 X 7.30
31.75 SQ.M
0.45 X 0.60
1.20 X 1.10
3.50 X 3.65
12.75 SQ.M
3.50 X 4.55
15.75 SQ.M
1.20 X 1.30
29.15
X 549.50
18.85
SQ.M
3.50 X 7.00
24.50 SQ.M
11.95 X 7.00 83.65 SQ.M
18.85
X 414.75
22.00
SQ.M
15.35
X 299.35
19.50
SQ.M

114

COURTS

187.20
SQ.M
6
STAFF
1 NOS
8.40 X 4.20 35.25
SQ.M
7
TOILETS
6.45
X 18.15
11.70
SQ.M
MALE
11.70 X 3.20 37.45 SQ.M
WASH
BASINS
4
NOS
0.45 X 0.60

WATER CLOSETCONTENT
5 NOS
1.20 X 1.10
..DESIGN
URINAL
6 NOS
0.60 X 0.60
FEMALE
11.70 X 3.20 37.45 SQ.M
WASH BASINS
5 NOS
0.45 X 0.60
WATER CLOSET
5 NOS
1.20 X 1.10
8
CARD ROOM
120
1 NOS
18.85
X 221.50
PAX
11.75
SQ.M
9
CONFERENCE
18 PAX 1 NOS
6.35 X 9.90 62.85
SQ.M
10 SPORTS SHOP
1 NOS
18.85
X 188.5
10.00
SQ.M
11 ADMIN OFFICE
1 NOS
14.85
X 191.55
12.90
SQ.M
I
CABINS
8 NOS
2.50 X 3.10
62.00 SQ.M
II
WORKSTATION
3 NOS
2.80 X 2.80
23.55 SQ.M
AREA
III
RECEPTION
1 NOS
4.00 X 4.25
17.00 SQ.M
IV
WAITING AREA
2 NOS
4.00 X 2.35
18.80 SQ.M
12 RECEPTION
1 NOS
14.00
X 200 SQ.M
14.50
13 YOGA
16 PAX 1NOS
8.00
X 80 SQ.M
10.00
14 DANCE
25 PAX 1NOS
8.00
X 80 SQ.M
10.00
15 SEMINAR
31 PAX 1NOS
8.00
X 80 SQ.M
10.00
16 DRAMA
25 PAX 1NOS
8.00
X 80 SQ.M
10.00
17 ART
16 PAX 1NOS
8.00
X 80 SQ.M
10.00
18 WORKSHOP
20 PAX 1NOS
6.75
X 67.5 SQ.M
10.00
19 RECORDING
1NOS
5.50
X 55.00
STATION
10.00
SQ.M
20 CLOAKROOM
6.70
X 148.75
FACILITIES
22.20
SQ.M
a
TOILETS
6.70 X 11.00 73.70 SQ.M
i
MALE
6.70 X 3.70
24.80 SQ.M
WASH BASINS
3 NOS
0.45 X 0.60
WATER CLOSET
5 NOS
1.20 X 1.10
RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

3 NOS

9.75 X 6.40

114

I
II
III
21

URINAL
CHANGING ROOM
LOCKER ROOM
SHOWER ROOM
FEMALE
WASH BASINS
WATER CLOSET
CHANGING ROOM
LOCKER ROOM
SHOWER ROOM
CAFETERIA

I
22

TOILETS
HEALTH CLUB

MALE

I
II
III
b

5
1
1
4

55 PAX

NOS
NOS
NOS
NOS

4 NOS
5 NOS
1 NOS
1 NOS
6 NOS
1 NOS
2 NOS
1 NOS

0.60 X 0.60
3.25 X 4.80
3.25 X 4.80
1.20 X 1.30
6.70 X 3.20
0.45 X 0.60
1.20 X 1.10
3.25 X 4.80
3.25 X 4.80
1.20 X 1.30
9.35
X
18.15
1.20 X 1.50
34.05
X
8.85
16.20 X 8.85

15.60 SQ.M
15.60 SQ.M
24.80 SQ.M
15.60 SQ.M
15.60 SQ.M

170.0
SQ.M
301.35
SQ.M
143.35
SQ.M
12.00 SQ.M
7.50 SQ.M
7.50 SQ.M
10.05 SQ.M

COUPLE MASSAGE
1 NOS
4.00 X 3.00
MASSAGE ROOM
1 NOS
2.50 X 3.00
STEAM ROOM
1 NOS
2.50 X 3.00
SAUNA ROOM
1 NOS
3.35 X 3.00
SHOWER ROOM
9 NOS
1.20 X 1.10
CHANGING ROOM
7 NOS
1.20 X 1.10
LOCKER ROOM
1 NOS
3.20 X 2.50
8.00 SQ.M
TOILETS
WASH BASINS
3 NOS
0.45 X 0.60

WATER
CLOSET
6
NOS
1.20 X 1.10
..DESIGN CONTENT
URINAL
8 NOS
0.60 X 0.60
b
FEMALE
16.20 X 8.85 143.35
SQ.M
COUPLE MASSAGE
1 NOS
4.00 X 3.00
12.00 SQ.M
MASSAGE ROOM
1 NOS
2.50 X 3.00
7.50 SQ.M
STEAM ROOM
1 NOS
2.50 X 3.00
7.50 SQ.M
SAUNA ROOM
1 NOS
3.35 X 3.00
10.05 SQ.M
SHOWER ROOM
9 NOS
1.20 X 1.10
CHANGING ROOM
7 NOS
1.20 X 1.10
LOCKER ROOM
1 NOS
3.17 X 2.50
8.00 SQ.M
TOILETS
WASH BASINS
3 NOS
0.45 X 0.60
WATER CLOSET
6 NOS
1.20 X 1.10
23 SWIMMING POOL
1 NOS
30.00
X 525.00
17.50
SQ.M
I
KID POOL
1 NOS
6.80 X 7.50
51.00 SQ.M
II
COACH ROOM
1 NOS
5.00 X 5.00
25.00 SQ.M
III
MECHANICAL ROOM
1 NOS
5.00 X 5.00
25.00 SQ.M
IV
WATER SOFT ROOM
1 NOS
5.00 X 5.00
25.00 SQ.M
V
EQUIPMENT ROOM
1 NOS
5.00 X 5.00
25.00 SQ.M
VI
STORE
1 NOS
5.00 X 5.00
25.00 SQ.M
BUILT UP AREA
5820.05
RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

114

SQ.M
B
1
I
II
III
i

ii
2
a

BANQUEETE

400
PAX

GREEN ROOM
STAGE
TOILETS
MALE
WASH BASINS
WATER CLOSET
URINAL
FEMALE
WASH BASINS
WATER CLOSET
CLOAKROOM
FACILITIES
TOILETS

FIRST FLOOR
1 NOS
28.50
X
16.50
4 NOS
3.00 X 3.45
1 NOS
10.00 X 4.00
6.55 X 6.65
2.50 X 6.65
3 NOS
0.45 X 0.60
3 NOS
1.20 X 1.10
3 NOS
0.60 X 0.60
2.50 X 6.65
2 NOS
0.45 X 0.60
3 NOS
1.20 X 1.10
14.00
X
14.75
7.30 X 14.75

470.25
SQ.M
41.40 SQ.M
40.00 SQ.M
43.55 SQ.M
16.60 SQ.M

16.60 SQ.M
206.50
SQ.M
107.65
SQ.M
31.75 SQ.M

MALE
4.35 X 7.30
WASH BASINS
3 NOS
0.45 X 0.60
WATER CLOSET
6 NOS
1.20 X 1.10
URINAL
5 NOS
0.60 X 0.60
II
CHANGING ROOM
1 NOS
3.50 X 3.65
12.75 SQ.M
III
LOCKER ROOM
1 NOS
3.50 X 4.55
15.75 SQ.M
IV
SHOWER ROOM
6 NOS
1.20 X 1.30
b
FEMALE
4.35 X 7.30
31.75 SQ.M
WASH BASINS
4 NOS
0.45 X 0.60
WATER CLOSET
6 NOS
1.20 X 1.10
I
CHANGING ROOM
1 NOS
3.50 X 3.65
12.75 SQ.M
II
LOCKER ROOM
1 NOS
3.50 X 4.55
15.75 SQ.M
III
SHOWER
ROOM
6
NOS
1.20
X
1.30

..DESIGN CONTENT

TABLE TENNIS

I
4

TABLES
BILLARDS

I
5
I
II
III
IIV

TABLES
RESTAURANT
BAR
BAR
STORE
KITCHEN
DINNING

MEETING ROOM

50 PAX

1 NOS

50 PAX

4 NOS
1 NOS

& 150
PAX

4 NOS
1 NOS
1
1
1
1

16 PAX

RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

NOS
NOS
NOS
NOS

1 NOS

15.35
X
9.65
2.80 X 1.60
15.35
X
9.65
2.65 X 1.60
29.15
X
18.85
6.75 X 3.20
3.5 X 7.00
11.95 X 7.00
18.85
X
22.00
8.40 X 4.20

148.15
SQ.M
148.15
SQ.M
549.50
SQ.M
21.60 SQ.M
24.5 SQ.M
83.65 SQ.M
414.70
SQ.M
35.25
SQ.M

114

TOILETS

MALE
WASH BASINS
WATER CLOSET
URINAL
FEMALE
WASH BASINS
WATER CLOSET
CARROM / CHESS

I
II
9

CARROM BOARDS
CHESS BOARDS
CONFERENCE

28 PAX

10

BOWLING

50 PAX

I
11

BOWLING ALLEY
RECEPTION

12

GYMNASIUM

I
II
III
13

I
II
III
14

COACH
SEATING ROOM
STORE
CLOAKROOM
FACILITIES
TOILETS
MALE
WASH BASINS
WATER CLOSET
URINAL
CHANGING ROOM
LOCKER ROOM
SHOWER ROOM
FEMALE
WASH BASINS
WATER CLOSET
CHANGING ROOM
LOCKER ROOM
SHOWER ROOM
LIBRARY

I
II

COMPUTER STATION
TOILETS

a
i

I
II
III
b

55 PAX

RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

6.45
X
11.70
11.70 X 3.20
4 NOS
0.45 X 0.60
5 NOS
1.20 X 1.10
6 NOS
0.60 X 0.60
11.70 X 3.20
5 NOS
0.45 X 0.60
5 NOS
1.20 X 1.10
1 NOS
6.75
X
14.85
4 NOS
1.15 X 1.20
4 NOS
0.70 X 0.65
1 NOS
6.75
X
14.85
1 NOS
31.90
X
18.85
6 NOS
4.40 X 26.50
1 NOS
11.10
X
13.45
1 NOS
29.90
X
24.90
1 NOS
4.50 X 3.00
1 NOS
5.25 X 3.00
1 NOS
4.50 X 3.00
6.70
X
22.20
6.70 X 11.00
6.70 X 3.70
3 NOS
0.45 X 0.60
5 NOS
1.20 X 1.10
5 NOS
0.60 X 0.60
1 NOS
3.25 X 4.80
1 NOS
3.25 X 4.80
4 NOS
1.20 X 1.30
6.70 X 3.20
4 NOS
0.45 X 0.60
5 NOS
1.20 X 1.10
1 NOS
3.25 X 4.80
1 NOS
3.25 X 4.80
6 NOS
1.20 X 1.30
1 NOS
18.30
X
13.70
8 NOS
4.00 X 9.75
2 NOS
1.20 X 1.50
BUILTUP AREA

18.15
SQ.M
37.44 SQ.M

37.44 SQ.M
100.25
SQ.M
100.25
SQ.M
601.30
SQ.M
149.30
SQ.M
744.50
SQ.M
13.50 SQ.M
15.75 SQ.M
13.50 SQ.M
148.75
SQ.M
73.70 SQ.M
24.80 SQ.M

15.60 SQ.M
15.60 SQ.M
24.80 SQ.M
15.60 SQ.M
15.60 SQ.M

250.70
SQ.M
39.00 SQ.M
5455.00
SQ.M

114


..DESIGN CONTENT

C
1
2

BASKET
BALL
COURT
VOLLEYBALL COURT

LAWN TENNIS

CRICKET
TRAINING GROUND
SPECTATOR
SEATING
TOILETS
MALE
WASH BASIN
WATER CLOSET
URINALS
FEMALE
WASH BASIN
WATER CLOSET

I
II
a

D
1
2
a

b
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
I
II
III
IV
10
I
II
III

OUTDOOR AREA
2 NOS
15.00
X 840.00
28.00
SQ.M
2 NOS
9.00 X 18.00 324.00
SQ.M
2 NOS
11.00
X 528.00
24.00
SQ.M
1 NOS
135 M DIA

250 PAX

2 NOS

13 PAX

3 NOS
6 NOS

2 NOS

50.00
X 510.00
10.20
SQ.M
3.05 X 3.00
18.30 SQ.M

E
RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

6.25
0.60
1.10
0.60
6.25
0.60
1.10

2
3
1
1
1
1
1

NOS
NOS
NOS
NOS
NOS
NOS
NOS

4.00 X 3.00
0.45 X 0.60
1.20 X 1.10
0.60 X 0.60
4.00 X 3.00
0.45 X 0.60
1.20 X 1.10
13.85 X 7.05
3.90 X 5.45
5.00 X 2.95
4.05 X 3.00
4.65 X 5.00

1
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
1

NOS
NOS
NOS
NOS
NOS
NOS
NOS
NOS
NOS
NOS

7.95
4.80
5.00
3.55
4.00
1.50
3.90
2.50
2.40
1.50

2 NOS
2 NOS
3 NOS

40 PAX

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

500 PAX

3.75
0.45
1.20
0.60
3.75
0.45
1.20

3 NOS
4 NOS
4 NOS

PAVILLION
DISCUSSION ROOM
TOILETS
MALE
WASH BASINS
WATER CLOSET
URINALS
FEMALE
WASH BASINS
WATER CLOSET
GATHERING HALL
KITCHEN
STORE
STAFF
PHYSIOTHERPY
ROOM
GROUND STORAGE
PLAYER ROOM
CHANGING ROOM
LOCKER ROOM
SHOWER ROOM
TOILETS
UMPIRE ROOM
CHANGING ROOM
LOCKER ROOM
TOILET

TOTAL

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

9.95
10.00
4.65
4.65
3.00
2.00
5.00
2.50
2.50
2.00

23.45 SQ.M

23.45 SQ.M

12.00 SQ.M

97.65
21.25
14.75
12.15
23.25

SQ.M
SQ.M
SQ.M
SQ.M
SQ.M

79.10
96.00
46.50
33.00
24.00

SQ.M
SQ.M
SQ.M
SQ.M
SQ.M

12.00 SQ.M

19.50 SQ.M
6.25 SQ.M
6.00 SQ.M

PARKING
114

I
II
III

4
WHEELER
PARKING
2
WHEELER
PARKING
BICYCLE PARKING

200 NOS

2.50 X 5.50

13.75 SQ.M

35 NOS

2.00 X 1.50

3.00 SQ.M

16 NOS

2.00 X 1.25

2.5 SQ.M

TOTAL
BUILTUP 11985
AREA(A+B+D)
SQ.M

INTRODUCTION TO THANE

Thane is a city in Maharashtra, India, at the head of the Thane Creek. Thane is
part of the Mumbai Metropolitan Region.

City of Lakes

The most famous is the Masunda Lake, also known as Talao Pali. It offers
boating and water scooter facilities. On the lakefront stands the Gadkari
Rangayatan, a drama theatre which is a very popular hub for entertainment.
The Kopineshwar Temple on the banks is the oldest temple in the entire district
of Thane. It was built and renovated in about 1750 AD by Chimajji Appa.

History

The city crops up again in the Middle Ages and slabs and copper plates dating
back to the period have been discovered in Thane. One of them, dug up from
the foundations of Thane Fort in 1787, dated 1078 AD, is apparently a land
grant from Arikesara Devaraja, sovereign of the city of Tagara, wherein he
address the inhabitants of a city called Sri Sthanaka.[2]
Friar Jordanus visited Thane between AD 1321 and 1324, and described it as
being under a Muslim governor. He left a detailed sketch of Nestorian
Christians in Thane and refers to the martyrdom of four Christian (Franciscan)
friars in the region, nearly 200 years before the Portuguese set foot in India.
The celebrated In Battuta and Abul Feda, contemporaries of Friar Jordanus, also
came here. They refer to Thane as Kukin Tana [3] and speak of its fame as a port
from which ships sailed to the gulf carrying a kind of cloth called 'Tanasi' which
was produced in Thane. Duarte Barbosa, a noted traveler, described Thane by
the name Tana Mayambu[3]
The British occupied Salsette Island, Thana Fort, Fort Versova, and the island
fort of Karanja in 1774.

Rail

Thane was the terminus for the first ever passenger train in India. On 16 April
1853, the passenger train service was inaugurated between Chatrapati Shivaji
Terminus (CST) and Thane.[5] Covering a distance of 34 km (21 mi), it was
hauled by three locomotives: Sahib, Sindh and Sultan.
Thane is connected with neighboring suburbs through Central and TransHarbour Line Suburban railway network. Thane is a railway junction for the
Thane-Vashi Harbour Line and Central Line. It has become the busiest

suburban station in Mumbai


which handles 6.54 lakh passengers daily.[6]
.INTRODUCTION
TO THANE
As of 2013, there are plans of extending the Ghatkopar-Mulund Metro line up to
Thane.[7]

RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

114

On 26th August 2015, MMRDA sanctions 35,400 crores for 118 km Mumbai
metro network. This includes a 40-km Wadala-Ghatkopar-Thane-Kasarvadavali
Metro-4 corridor via Wadala GPO and R.A.Kidwai Marg costing 12,000 crore. [8]

Climate

Thane has a tropical monsoon climate that borders on a tropical wet and dry
climate. Overall climate is equable with high rainfall days and very few days of
extreme temperatures.
In Thane, temperature varies from 22 C to 36 C. Winter temperatures can fall
to 12 C at night while summer temperatures can rise to over 40 C at noon.
The lowest day time temperatures are witnessed during the peak of summer
monsoon in July and August when temperatures can drop to about 25 C. Out
of total rainfall, 80% rainfall is experienced during June to October. Average
annual rainfall is 20002500 mm and humidity is 61-86%, making it a humidperhumid zone. City may experience multiple days at stretch without direct
sunshine due to continuous cloud cover during the peak summer monsoon
months of July and August. The driest days are in winter while the wettest days
are experienced in July.

Demographics

The population of Thane according to the 2011 census is 1,886,941;. [9] Average
literacy rate of Thane city is 91.36 percent of which male and female literacy
was 94.19 and 88.14 percent. The sex ratio of Thane city is 882 per 1000
males. Child sex ratio of girls is 900 per 1000 boys. Total children (0-6) in
Thane city are 186,259 as per Census India report on 2011. There were 98,017
boys while 88,242 are girls. Children form 10.24% of total population of Thane
City.[10] The dominant language
spoken in Thane is Marathi. Also, Sindhi, Gujrati and Hindi is used in Thane.
Some of the East Indian families in the Khatri ward of Thane still
speak Portuguese.

SITE LOCATION

SITE
RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

114

GENEREAL DETAILS
Address Dhokali Naka, Thane West, Thane
Area 13 acres (52469 sq.m)
F.S.I. 0.25
Permissible Set Backs
Front - 6 m
Back - 6 m
Right - 6 m
Left - 6 m

SITE ANALYSIS

DEVELOPMENT PLAN
THANE SITE (DHOKALI
NAKA)

The site for RECREATION CLUB


project is taken at THANE,
DHOKALI NAKA, NEAR TO OLD
AGRA ROAD under THANE Municipal Corporation.
The site is a flat land and is about 13 acres
It has a 25 m wide adjacent road.

RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

114

It is well connected with public transport system.


Surrounded by upcoming residential buildings.
The site is 5 KM away from thane railway station.
5 hospitals /medical services around the site.
4 bus stops which help connect till the site.
4 educational institutes in the vicinity.
2 shopping Center on the vicinity.

Facts And Data


Topography

The city is characterized by high hills on one side and submersible marsh land
along the Thane Creek, and Ulhs River bank on the other side. The plain
terrain actually forms a wide belt along the foot-hills & away from creek water,
Ulhs river banks. Such a situation has also distracted the growth and
placement of various activities. The highway runs centrally through the plains
and windings along the foot of the hills.

Climate

The Thane Climate is typically coastal, sultry and not very hot. The area
receives average rainfall of 2500 mm to 3000 mm viz. in rainy season while
the dry period is the summer and winter season.

Temperature

It is observed that the mean maximum temperature varies from 35oC to


40oC during the whole year.
The temperature is maximum during the months of March to June.
Due to humidity during this period, the weather condition is intolerable
being more sultry.
The weather is tolerable during the months of December to February
with temperature ranging from 25oC to 35oC being minimum out of the year.

.SITE ANALYSIS

Rainfall

Being in the western coast, the rainfall


is usually experienced from beginning of June
to end of September with annual mean
rainfall of 2500 mm.
The average rainfall in the city over the
past decade has been calculated to be about
2442.8 mm.
Most of the rainfall received is a result
of southwest monsoon.

Humidity

The range of variation in humidity is from 40% to100%.

The highest humidity is observed in the month of August.


The overall humidity throughout the year in the city is on the higher side.

RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

114

The average humidity throughout the year is 44% and the maximum
humidity experienced during the year in the monsoon months is about 98%.

Wind Direction

The wind direction is predominantly from west and northwest of the town for
Maximum period of the year. The mean wind velocity is about 11 km/hr. The
maximum Annual Rainfall in
Thane since the year 1992 velocity varies from 15 to 19 km/hr. during June to
August.

S.W.O.T. Analysis
Strengths

In the urban environment, yet secluded from the city buzz.


Safe and secure for as not located in a remote area.

Peaceful environment
Well connected to public transport.

Maximum road frontage. Roads wide enough to handle traffic.


Well connected to road and rail

Weaknesses

Ongoing construction in the surrounding area.

Opportunities

There shall be no commercial development as the entire zone is marked


as residential zone in the
D.P.
.SITE
ANALYSIS

No such RECREATION CLUB around the area.

Ability to serve neighboring towns dues its connectivity.

Threats

There can be increase in vehicular traffic as the zone is being rapidly


developed
Possibility of similar kind of development in the future.

Site Photographs

RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

114


.SITE ANALYSIS

Criteria For Site Selection

Urban context since it has innumerable


opportunities and challenges which skilled
and unskilled sports person can find the way
towards his career and as well to the level of
enjoyment of its own
To have the scope to be integrated with
nature and enhance the micro climate of the
site.
A strong Social-Cultural background.
A place which is statically located,
convenient and easily accessible from major
cities.
De-stressing the saturated and highly
urbanized city of Mumbai.
A place where it can develop links with the
fast developing industry and other colleges
and universities, particular in the immediate
region.

Reason For Establishment In


Thane

RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

114

Thane is the sister city of Mumbai and centrally located as it connects to


Mumbai, Navi Mumbai, bhivandi and borivali.
It is also well connected to major cities in Maharashtra i.e. pune, Nasik and
raigad district.
Thane has a predominantly Maharashtrian culture although, like its
neighboring city Mumbai, it has a cosmopolitan culture as well.
According to the 2011census Thane district has a population of 11,054,131 and
with the ever increasing population there is a need for planners and designers
to plan the city.
Thane has a rich history hence is culturally and socially strong and welcomes
all kind of arts and festivals.
Well connected with 2 national highways (NH3 & NH4) and 3 state highways.
And a strong railways line which connects major parts of India.
Thane with the increasing growth in population and infrastructure needs good
design sports and recreational center.
A major part of thane population travel for work and education to Mumbai.
The literacy rate is 80.67%, due to many recreational opportunities in thane,
the region lacks RECREATION CLUB and thus people travel far off to gain these
opportunities.
There is no RECREATION CLUB in thane district or in the central line. A major
population of thane travels to other parts for the recreation activity.

.SITE ANALYSIS

Reason For Selecting Site At Thane

The main purpose for proposing the site at thane is because there is no such
RECREATION CLUB and there is a need for such recreation club in thane.
It needs a RECREATION CLUB in its vicinity as the region lacks such Recreation
club as a result people have to spend their own as well as family gathering far
away in search of Recreation club .
The place is strategically located, convenient and easily accessible from major
cities.

RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

114

Map showing connectivity of Thane with other Major


cities

Map showing connectivity between Thane and other


cities
CONCLUSION

Beginning with the selection of the subject and theme and later, selection of
the appropriate site the project involved working out the challenges and
problems to be dealt with in a logical manner.
In this project, the major challenge was to work out the modalities of the club
with its essential amenities, their functional and location significance after
conducting the relevant literature and case studies and late to integrate the
project development with the essence of the theme to make the club a
dynamic platform for wholesome social activity without tempering with the
traditional purpose of the club.
After witnessing all the statistics and site study, there is a need of Recreation
Map showing connectivity of thane with other major
club in Thane a suburb as vibrant as thane as in terms of culture and the
cities
people, it would be perfect to add a
catalyst to provide a place for people to
get together and celebrate communal harmony and togetherness. Interaction
playing a key role in all this.
Recreational club is meant for public enjoyment and relaxation. Recreational
club proposed is supposed to be a tool to entertain the members and visitors.
Great care should be taken regarding each and every aspect. Also the choice of
material used for both external and internal finishers has been carefully
controlled. The use of color has been carefully modulated internally as well as
RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

114

externally throughout it should have sober and peaceful touch of feeling. The
building is designed on the theme of openness. Great attention has been paid
to the needs of those who will come to the club as well as those who will work
in it terms of their physical and psychological wellbeing.
Looking back this thesis project involved lot of energy and time. At times it
appeared quite grueling, but on the whole it has been a wonderful experience.

BIBLOGRAPHY
Internet
www.avidoutdoors.com
www.wirednewyork.com
www.olympic.org
www.Sportsevenuetechnology.com
www.tasmajdan.com
www.floorscore.com
www.soundproof.com
www.wikipedia.com
www.slideshare.com
www.scribd.com
www.google.co.in
Books
Stadia - Geraint John, Rod Sheard,Ben Vickery
Sports building & playing field - Richard sudell,david Tennyson walters
Sports facilities - john marc Roberts
New public architecture - Jeremy Myerson
Park planning - monty christiasen
Neuferts architects data
Library
Dr.Baliram Hiray College Of Architecture
L S Raheja School of Architecture
Kamla Raheja Vidyanidhi Institute for Architecture and Environmental
Studies.
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114

SUMMARY INDEX
1. PREFACE
2. INTRODUCTION
Types of leisure
Importance of the Indian context
3. IMPORTANCE OF RECREATION
SPORTS
Sports and health
Sports and school
4. TOPIC JUSTIFICATION
Etymology
Prerequisites to leisure
Play, recreation and work
Recreational activities
Health and recreation
Recreation as a career
Need for this topic
Aims & objectives
Scope and limitation
Evolution of sports and recreation
Sports and sporting activities
5. INTERACTION AND IMPORTANCE
The solution
The importance
6. RESEARCH
Sequence of design
Evolution of design
Energy efficiency
Promotion of sports
Five year plan thrust areas
Recommendation
Need of combining conventional
sports and leisure sports
Scales of provisions
Males to female ratio
Toilet provisions
Location of toilets
Number of applicant to toilets
Spectator seatings
Types and materials
Flammability
RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

Elements of car parking


Parking description
Parking statics
Effects of parking
Salient features
Advantages of parking
Advance studies
Relevance of electives
Landscape
Interior design
Overall finding and proposals
Interior of restaurant
Landscaping of children playground
Site boundary planning
Land cost
7. METHODOLOGY
8. CASE STUDIES
Project profile
Scope of project
Objective
Project brief
Garware
Club,Churchgate,Mumbai
Introduction
Elements & features
Observations
Analysis of case studies
Photos

N.S.C.I Club,Worli,Mumbai
Introduction
Elements & features
Observations
Analysis of case studies
Photos
M.C.A.,Bandra,Mumbai
Introduction
Elements & features
Observations
114

Analysis of case studies


Photos
M.C.A,Kandivali,Mumbai
Introduction
Elements & features
Observations
Analysis of case studies
Photos
Internet case studies
San Wayao Recreation club /
CSWADI
Introduction
Photos
Birkerod Sports and Leisure
Centre / SHL Architects
Introduction
Facade system
Photos
9. COMPARISION OF CASE STUDIES
10. HYPOTHESIS
Zoning
Planning
11. TECHNICAL DATA
Multipurpose ground
Swimming
Open water
Swim style
Competition pools
Basket ball
Dimensions
Height
Sections of basketball court
Center line
Three point line
Perimeter
Low post area
Key
Restricted area arc
Other lines
Volleyball
Overall dimensions
Center line
Attack line
Service line
The net
Standards
Ceiling height
RECREATION CLUB AT THANE

Tennis
Court
The dimension of tennis court
Surface of courts
Indoor courts
Smaller courts
Badminton
Court
Overall court dimensions
The net line
Thort service line
Center line
Side line for single paly
Back boundary line and long service
line for singles
Long service line for doubles
The badminton net
Table tennis
Equipment
Ball
Table
Paddle/racket
Skating
Gym
Billiards
Dimensions
Pockets
Cushions
Markings
The bed
Squash
The court
Service
Play
Bowling
12. DESIGN CONTENT
13. INTRODUCTION TO THANE
City of lakes
History
Rail
Climate
Demographics
14. SITE ANALYSIS
Facts & data
Topography
Climate
Temperature

114

Rainfall
Humidity
Wind directions
S.W.O.T.Analysis
Site photographs
Criteria for site selection
Reason for establishment in thane
Reason for selecting site in thane
15. SITE LOCATION
16. CONCLUSION
17. BIBLOGRAPHY
18. SUMMARY INDEX

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114

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