History Fingerprint A

• In earlier civilizations maiming were used t Historywas.Fin of for what he • The thief was deprive committed the thieve • The Romans employ

• 1901 Introduction England and Wal Edward Richard H System, used eve • 1902 First system York Civil Service pioneers U.S. fing •• 1924 An act of 1903 The New Yo Division of the F systematic use of • Leavenworth co 1904 The use of f Penitentiary in Ka F.B.I. fingerprin were assisted by • 1946atTheSt. Lou F.B.I Detec duty the Around 1870 a French anthrop cards in manua • 1905 The use of measure and record thecards. the dimen million U.S. Nav later Identifyi the body. Marine Corp. Dur • With the introdu

History History of Fing

Charac Fingerprint

Approximately five p

Evalu Fingerprint

• Fingerprints are found on all people and some animals. They Purkinjie described nine differen • • Johannesare unique to the individual and four main recognized today as remain types whos fingers. These four main types are arch,is te ELLIPSE. An Ellipse • unchanged over a lifetime. Arch patterns are rare and the line-type wh most comm ovalshaped on the • The pattern of ridges found in the friction skin of the fingers, patter center of Whorl • Arch: ridges sole of the foot palms, toes, enter from one

Characteristics

Minutia

• Because of• the biological p The comparison permanence, prints, footprints this makes th identification of persons by fingerprint scien • No matter how s • The identification of individu is the additional of one fingerprint, from an u known prints ar Fingerprint matching techniques • to a fingerprint Latent prints tha comparing it expert. eye. categories: minutae They are c -based and co • The characteristics arethat com •techniques first fi This ability is Spe II: Identify ga Minutiae-based materials I: Mark Print number are inworkmethod 1usg agreementstfo under the p • ThePatternsthe fin their relative placement on on that they therefromsome same are type of surface the com • Fingerprintdifficu However, are anyone who exp prints were left • Classifying the general pat difficult to extract the minutiae p • 1. Dust the surface crime in a filin lab. demanding. appropriate powder themlow quality. is of to be stored • It does not but retrieved the They containing for area are comp comparison. Also this methodis difficult,take

Gain Identifying C

Comparing Fin L

How

can have get discou choose the app don't been at th

Techniques for Dev

Reasons

1. “Powder Dusting - a powder of contrasting color to the surface being dusted is chosen. Impressions on objects such as metal, plastic, glass, tile and other non-porous surfaces are easily processed with various • The powders. fingerprint steps for inking finger • According a to impressions on from 2. Iodine Fuming - vaporthe card investigator warmed iodine crystals rolled throu • Each finger is dissolves in the skin oils in a latent print, yielding a then that finger impression fundamenta yellow brown print. The developed latent prints are photographed card. – A fade fingerprin immediately because they • All rolling should individu • be found th rapidly” (Lee 140). The be made roll back and forth. the id upon 3. “Nynhydrin - a chemical reagent ge possess

• Fingerprin WHY USE F more than Inking used in law A Perso CRIMINAL I • Because o conclusive WHY USE among ad Fingerprint CRIMINAL • However, its ground more soph

Types of fin

• There are three types Arches (5%) crime scenes. – Arches are

Fingerprinthills a ca – visible prints into made are

colored materials such – plastic prints are formed Whorl (30%) • The fingerprints can surface suchformatio as clay, so – Whorl is ci three basic – Latent prints the print. are invisibl – the body’s natural grea Loops – Arches • The• sweat glands in th Because it cannot be Loops (65%) fingerprint powders, produce a water based – Whorls – Loops are

Why do peo fingerp

Common L Further Clas Found in F

Arch • Fingerprint Lo (shapes) wh 1. Plain Arch Line-ty 1.Clas Radi Further classificatio 2. Tented Arch 2. Loop Ulna Arch, • ROD-A Rod The 'Pattern the center a straight line Line-typ Goodfea P the line-type recurve • found in the This area a • Fingerprintclassificatio scan qualit SPIRAL-A Spi fingerprint's of any electronic finger etc.). from the cen

Integrated Line-types fou Identific

• The Integrate • TENTED ARCH-Resem System line-type•quicklycommo rises More Line-types fou H steep angle. They finge • National tend maintained by with Tented Arch patte • Criminal Just United States • ISLAND-An Island is a • ten fingerprin IAFIS provide which stands alone. (i. capabilities, la • touch anotherTypica LOOP-A•Loop line-type is rec Line-typesoffou Parts aand the storage, enters andin the patter leaves from responses, 24 – Key contained • As Major a the fingerprint. result of – POINTS • MINUTIAE interest.) agencies rece

define

– Primary print fingerpri common mic

Law Enforceme Phy Syste

• AFIS is •part of one Latent fing LawU.S. . The m Enforceme in the primary ot Che Syste • Black fing – three systems (A • AllCombined DNA Ind • best resul Chemical all have• two types o visualizing Magnetic Development of Che – Integrated Ballistics – Knowns- files of kno available specimens, images (IBIS) Small part • Fingerprint residue, • – Ninhydr Silver ni inorganic and organ

Bloody F Chemical M Sp

• Physical Developer • Fingerprin Combination type process stickyS the based Light onto latent fingerpri violet • US Secret Service Various types of lig Bloody Fingerpr uses colloidal gold illuminateMost com • fingerprin System Special Si • Normally powder, w used after (plant dev • Bloodywhite light (5 fingerprints Bright • Latent poll and water – primarily compose

Recognition, Co Preservation of Fing

• Fingerprints are am • Objects at a crime s Test Tom believed to contain collected • If collection is impos development techni • Photographing of de advisable