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# IMPORTANT QUESTIONS ON ELECTRIC TRACTION &

ELECTROLYSIS
1. State the main requirements for an ideal traction system. Give merits and demerits of
electric traction over steam engine traction.
2. Using the simplified trapezoidal speed time curve, derive an expression for the
maximum speed in km/h in terms of acceleration, retardation, distance between
stops and actual time of run between stops.
3. Discuss track electrification in detail.
4. Draw typical speed time curve for main line and derive expression for max
speed using trapezoidal speed time curve.
5. Draw typical speed-time curve for train movement and explain (a) acceleration (b)
free running (c) coasting (d) retardation
6. Deduce the expression for :
(i) The tractive effort transferred to the driving wheel in terms of wheel diameter,
motor torque, gear ratio and efficiency of transmission. (ii) The tractive effort for
propulsion of train up and down the gradient. What do you understand by tractive
effort?
7. Explain following term (1) co-efficient of adhesion(2) schedule speed(3)specific
energy consumption
8. Explain the method of series-parallel starting of traction motor. Mention its
9. A train is required to run between two stations 2 km apart at an average speed of 40
km/h. The run is to make to simplified quadrilateral speed time curve. If the
maximum speed is to be limited to 60 km/h, acceleration to 2 km/h/s and
coasting and braking retardations to 0.15 km/h/s and 3 km/h/s respectively,
determine the duration of acceleration, coasting and braking.
10. An electric train weighing 200 tonnes runs a uniform upgradient of 1% with the
following speed-time curve Uniform acceleration of 2 kmphps for 30 seconds,
Constant speed for 40 second, Coasting for 30 seconds, Braking at 2.5 kmphps to
rest, Stop at station 15 seconds. If the tractive resistance is 40 N/tone,
rotational inertia effect 10% of dead weight and overall efficiency of
transmission and motor is 75% determine (1)Schedule speed (2) specific energy
consumption (3) total energy consumption (4) distance between two station.
11. A 500 tonnes goods train is to be hauled by a locomotive up a gradient of 1 in 40 with
an acceleration of 1.5 kmphps. Determine the weight of locomotive and number of
axles, if axel load not to exceed 24 tonnes. Coefficient of adhesion is 0.31, track
resistance is 45 N/tonne and effective rotating masses 10% of dead weight.
12. Explain the terms used in electrolytic process (i) Current efficiency (ii) Energy
efficiency. Also explain Faraday’s laws of electrolysis.
13. What are the various applications of electrolysis? State and explain Faraday’s laws of
electrolysis.
14. Explain electro deposition process and discuss clearly various factors governing the
electro deposition process.

6. i) motor fails to start ii) motor fails to synchronize iii) motor starts but fail to come up to full speed 12. machines. What is the necessity of drying of electrical equipment and? Explain the polarization index of induction motor? 4. 5. v) Applied voltage V=220v Rated speed of motor=1500rpm.c machine. Draw the circuit diagram of synchronization of alternator with grid. Explain the causes and remedies of unbalance input current in 3. Explain any two tests with necessary circuit diagram and also explain its significance. 11. 14. 13. Explain purpose for performing no-load and blocked rotor test on three phase induction motor. 8. A Brake test is carried on the dc shunt motor i) Effective load on the brake pulley =265N ii) Effective radius of the pulley =325mm. State the methods of measurement of slip of induction motor. 16. Define degree of protection in induction motor and explain ip and ic code for same. Also explain any one in detail. . DC MACHINE) 1.c. State the cause of the vibration in the generator and motor? Explain the harmful effect of vibration? How are the vibration measured? 9. Explain procedure for conducting full load test on 3-ph induction motor. Explain the retardation test for separation of losses of d. State the importance of mechanical balanced and magnetic balanced in synchrouns machine. 15. How mechanical balanced is measured. List out the necessary condition for synchronization. iv) Motor takes a current=35A.phase induction motor. 18.SOME IMPORTANT QUESTION OF (INDUCTION MOTOR. 10. 7. Give remedies for same. Explain the Troubleshooting and maintenance of induction motor? Explain commissioning step for synchronous machine. Explain the testing of voltage regulators and excitation circuit of synchronous generator. iii) Motor speed=720 rpm. Explain the causes of various troubles with Commutator and brush gear in d. 19. parameter with curve. 17. 2. Find 1) torque 2) output power 3) efficiency.c machine. 3. Explain the voltage drop or bar to bar test on the dc machine. causes and its remedies for synchronous of motor. SYNCHRONOUS MACHINE. For the following conditions explain in detail troubles. Explain the Hopkinson test on dc machine. Explain the procedure of locating earth fault and open circuit in shunt field of d. list out the various test performed on the synchronous machine. also analyze characteristics of diff.

System monitoring 2. How does it differ from vertically integrated electric industry? Describe structure of vertically integrated utility in brief Describe structure of deregulated (restructured) power industry Explain function of different entities in deregulated power system Write a short note on The Electricity Act – 2003.Power System Security: 1) Introduce power system security by a short note on it. How they are helpful in security analysis? OR 7) Discuss sensitivity factors used in security analysis. OR . OR 2) What are major functions of system security? Explain them in brief 3) Explain power system operating states with neat diagram OR 4) Explain system state classification with relevant figure clearly indicating all security levels and transition between different security levels 5) Explain in detail as related to power system security: 1. Contingency Analysis 6) Explain generation shift factor and line outage distribution factor in relation to security analysis. Power System Structures: What do you mean by deregulated power system? Discuss its advantages and relative limitations to vertical integrated system Explain the structure of deregulated electric industry.

3) Describe Least Square Estimation (LSE) and Weighted LSE for estimation of x (vector of n random variables) using another vector y of variables m (>n). 2003 An Introduction to State Estimation of Power Systems: 1) What do you mean by state estimation? Discuss External System Equivalency. 2) Explain static and dynamic state estimation of power system. identification and suppression of bad data in the measurement vector OR 5) What is bad data in state estimation? How bad data are detected and suppress in state estimation. OR 7) Explain how state estimation used in power system . 4) In relation to state estimation process. 6) Explain various applications of state estimations in a power system.Write a short note on Indian scenario of power systems and Electricity Act. explain detection.