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VCE Physical Education Unit Outline

UNIT TITLE: Ill pump you up


with
air

YEAR: Year 11

WEEK/DATE/TERM:
Term 2 2016
12st April 3rd June

SEQUENCE & LENGTH: A term


length. It is the first Unit for PE 1/2.
It is 15 lessons long that go for
75mins each.

Area of Study (AOS): Unit 1 AOS 2: How does the cardiorespiratory system function at rest and during physical activity?
AOS Description: In this area of study students examine the musculoskeletal system of the human body and how the
muscles and bones work together to produce movement. Through practical activities they explore the major components of
the musculoskeletal system and their contributions and interactions during physical activity, sport and exercise.
Students evaluate the social, cultural and environmental influences on movement, and how the capacity and functioning of
the muscular and skeletal systems may act as an enabler or barrier to participation in physical activity. Sedentary behavior,
overtraining and participation at the elite and recreational level are investigated as possible causes of illness and injury to the
musculoskeletal system. Students consider a variety of legal and illegal practices and substances used to enhance
performance from an ethical and a biophysical perspective.
Key Knowledge/s:
Key Skills:
The structure and function of the cardiovascular system, including the structure Use and apply correct anatomical
and function of the heart and blood vessels and blood flow around the body at
terminology to identify the structures and
rest and during exercise
function of the cardiovascular and
Components of blood, including red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets and
respiratory systems
plasma and their function at rest and during exercise
Describe the role and function of blood
The role of the cardiovascular system in thermoregulation: homeostasis,
components
hyperthermia and hypothermia
Examine the role of the cardiovascular
Vasodilation and vasoconstriction of the blood vessels to regulate blood
system in thermoregulation
distribution at rest and during exercise
Analyze the relationship between stroke
The relationship between stroke volume, heart rate and cardiac output at rest
volume, heart rate and cardiac output at
and during submaximal and maximal exercise
rest and during submaximal and maximal
The structure and function of the respiratory system, including the structure
exercise
and function of the lungs, mechanics of breathing and gaseous exchange at Describe the process of gaseous exchange
the alveoli/capillary and the capillary/muscle interface
Perform, measure and report on changes to
The interrelationship of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems to transport
the cardiovascular and respiratory
oxygen around the body at rest and during exercise
systems at rest compared with exercise
Physiological, social, cultural and environmental enablers and barriers of
Assess enablers and barriers to

cardiovascular health (such as atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease, high


cardiorespiratory health and investigate
cholesterol levels, hypertension and stroke) and respiratory health (such as
strategies to enhance the capacity and
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)
functioning of cardiorespiratory system
The role of physical activity, sport and exercise to enhance the capacity and
Critically analyze the physiological effects of
functioning of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems
legal and illegal strategies that enhance
Actual and perceived benefits and potential harms to the athlete of legal and
the performance of the cardiorespiratory
illegal substances and methods that enhance performance of the
system on the individual
cardiorespiratory system, such as altitude training, erythropoietin (EPO), beta- Discuss the ethical, social and cultural
blockers and blood doping
considerations associated with the use of
Ethical and sociocultural considerations associated with the use of illegal
legal and illegal practices associated with
practices associated with improving the function of the cardiorespiratory
improving the function of the
system.
cardiorespiratory system.
Teaching Approaches:
Assessment ideas:
Formative used to monitor the students
Powerpoints In class to convay information that students need to learn
progression of knowledge.
from the texbook, to cover the Key Knowledges and Key Skills.
Formative Heart rate and exercise
Worksheets Both paper worksheets and online worksheets that will be
practical activity
posted onto the students individual blog
Formative Model of mechanics of
VO2 Max Test Excusion to outside facility to demonstrate the VO2 Max
breathing
Test.
Summative
to evaluate the learning at the
Videos from Youtube Various videos used to reinforce information.
end
of
a
particular
learning. In this case at
Science experiments Practical experiments on the heart, so students
the end of learning about cardiovascular
gain a greater understanding of the heart
health.
Practical lessons by doing physical movements/activities Various
Summative A multimedia
practical activities both within the classroom and in the gym.
presentation on a cardiovascular
Models creating models so students can visualise information they are
disease
learning.
Case studies use of critically thinking to have a greater depth of
understanding
Group work & individual work students can learn to work in group
settings as well as individually work.
Various teaching styles use of teacher directed, student directed
activities.

EVALUATION / INITIAL REFLECTIONS:


Did I use my time effectively to cover the content at a speed that students understood and took the content in?
Did I try to fit too much content into my lessons/or not enough?
Did the use of technolgoy I used enhance the students learning?
Did I cater for all learning styles?

Week

Links to:

Text

Topic & Content to be covered

Teaching and Learning Activities

Lesson

Area Of Study
Outcome
Key Knowledge
Key skills

Chapter &
page no.

Be specific here to ensure all in SD is being


covered and

How will you teach the content?


List and give brief outline of activitiesthis
will later be expanded upon in individual
lesson planning

Date

WEEK 1

Key Knowledge:
- The structure and
Lesson 1
function of the
Tuesday cardiovascular
12nd April system, including
the structure and
function of the
heart and blood
vessels and blood
flow around the
body at rest and
during exercise
Key Skill:
- Use and apply
correct anatomical
terminology to
identify the

Other
resources to
be used.
Jacaranda
Structure and functions of the heart and
Chapter 6.1 blood vessels
128 133
Functions of the cardiovascular
system
YouTube
Structure of the heart
o Functioning of the heart
Heart label
o Features of the heart
activity
Blood vessels
o Arteries
Flow chart
o Capillaries
of Heart
o Veins
Blood flow

Review Holiday Homework

worksheet

Student Activities:
Heart Label activity
Flow Chart of heart blood flow
worksheet

PowerPoint Unit 1 AOS 2: The Heart &


Blood Vessels
Mini class activities during the
PowerPoint
Included in PowerPoint YouTube videos
BBC-The Heart
https://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=W1Xr1l1-dxQ

Student Homework:
Test your understanding questions

2,3,4,5

structures and
function of the
cardiovascular and
respiratory
systems
- Describe the role
and function of
blood components
WEEK 1

Key Knowledge:
- The structure and
Lesson 2
function of the
Thursday cardiovascular
14th April system, including
the structure and
function of the
heart and blood
vessels and blood
flow around the
body at rest and
during exercise
Key Skill:
- Use and apply
correct anatomical
terminology to
identify the
structures and
function of the
cardiovascular and
respiratory
systems
- Describe the role
and function of
blood components

Jacaranda
Structure and functions of the heart and
Chapter 6.1 blood vessels
128 133
Functions of the cardiovascular
system
Humans
Structure of the heart
heart vs.
o Functioning of the heart
Sheeps
o Features of the heart
heart
Blood vessels
worksheet o Arteries
Blog
o Capillaries
o Veins

Practical lesson Sheeps Heart


Dissection
Location: Science Lab
Part 1:
Students wear lab coats, gloves and
goggles
Heart placed in front.
Note down, which is the top, bottle,
front, back, is it similar to other
groups.
Part 2:
Students are to cut the bottom half of
the heart. This exposes the two
ventricles at the base of the heart,
separated by a large thick wall (the
septum). Observe the chambers.
Students cut up through the centre of
the septum. Look around, feel and
touch the inside of the heart. Can you
put your fingers in the aorta?
Student Homework:
Complete Humans heart vs. Sheep
heart worksheet online add to blog.

WEEK 2

Key Knowledge:
- Components of
Lesson 1
blood, including
Monday red blood cells,
18th April white blood cells,
platelets and
plasma and their
function at rest
and during
exercise
Key Skill:
-Describe the role
and function of
blood components

Jacaranda
Blood and blood circulation
Chapter 6.2
Blood
134 137
o Red blood cells
o White blood cells
Padlet
o Platelets
o Plasma
YouTube
Blood circulation
Features of the cardiovascular system
Blood
o Blood pressure
circulation
Systolic blood pressure
diagram
Diastolic blood pressure
worksheet
Sphygmoma
nometer/
digital blood
pressure
reader

Review homework answers.


PowerPoint Unit 1 AOS 2: Blood and Blood
Circulation
Mini class activities during the
PowerPoint - Padlet
Included in PowerPoint YouTube videos
BBC Blood circulation
https://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=Kf_IxTS2S8E
BBC Arteries & Veins (RBC, WBC, Platelets
& Plasma)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=CsLyOBA2jiU
Student Activities:
Blood circulation diagram worksheet
Practical: (in classroom) blood
pressure readings in pairs using a
sphygmomanometer or digital blood
pressure reader
Blood pressure run activity
Student Homework:
Results from blood pressure reading
7,b, c, d

WEEK 2

Key Knowledge:
-The role of the
Lesson 2
cardiovascular
system in
Friday
th
22 April thermoregulation:
homeostasis,
hyperthermia and
hypothermia
-Vasodilation and
vasoconstriction of

Jacaranda
Role of the cardiovascular system in
Review homework answers.
Chapter 6.3 thermoregulation
138 140
PowerPoint Unit 1 AOS 2: Role of
Thermoregulation
cardiovascular system in thermoregulation
Hyperthermia and exercise in the
Balloons
Mini class activities during the
heart
Tub or water
PowerPoint
Hypothermia and exercise in the cold
Role of
cardiovascul
ar
worksheet

Activity:
Modelling balloons and water
Role of cardiovascular Worksheet
Practical: Cardio activity with HR.
monitor (zumba, aerobics, cardio or

the blood vessels


to regulate blood
distribution at rest
and during
exercise

HR.
Monitors
Music

boxing)
Student Homework:
Complete questions on worksheet
add to blog

Key Skill:
-Examine the role
of the
cardiovascular
system in
thermoregulation
WEEK 3
Lesson 1
Tuesday
26th April

Key Knowledge:
-The relationship
between stroke
volume, heart rate
and cardiac output
at rest and during
submaximal and
maximal exercise
Key Skill:
-Analyze the
relationship
between stroke
volume, heart rate
and cardiac output
at rest and during
submaximal and
maximal exercise

Jacaranda
Responses of the cardiovascular system to
Chapter 6.4 physical activity
141 145
The cardiovascular system and
physical activity
Mathematic
o Increased heart rate (HR.)
al questions
o Increased stroke volume (SV)
o Increased cardiac output (Q)
Case study
o Integrated cardiac response to
video
exercise
o Increased systolic blood
Kahoot
pressure (BP)
o Increased blood flow and blood
vessel diameter
o Blood flow redistribution
o Decreased blood volume
o Increased arteriovenous
oxygen difference (a-VO2 diff.)

Review homework answers.


PowerPoint Unit 1 AOS 2: Responses of the
Cardiovascular system
Mini class activities during the
PowerPoint
Student Activities:
Mathematical questions for finding Q.
Case study video analysis of the
relationship between stroke volume,
heart rate and cardiac output at rest,
sub-maximal and maximal exercise
intensities. Answer questions on
worksheet
Kahoot questions on the respiratory
system (introduction to next lesson
see what the students know about
respiratory system)
Student Homework:
Complete questions 1 & 2 from
Chapter 4.2 page 145

WEEK 3

Key Knowledge:
-The structure and

Jacaranda
The respiratory system: structure and
Chapter 7.1 functions

Review homework answers.

Lesson 2

function of the
respiratory system,
including the
Thursday
th
28 April structure and
function of the
lungs, mechanics
of breathing and
gaseous exchange
at the
alveoli/capillary
and the
capillary/muscle
interface

Chapter 7.2
152 159

Key Skill:
-Describe the
process of gaseous
exchange

Question
and answer
worksheet

YouTube
Balloons
Pipe
cleaners
Poster
paper
Texters
Paint
Popstickal
sticks

Functions of the respiratory system


Structure of the respiratory system
o The conducting system
o The pleura
o The diaphragm

The respiratory system: Mechanics of


breathing and gaseous exchange
Ventilation
Inspiration
Expiration
Lung volumes
Maximum oxygen uptake
Gaseous exchange
o Exchange of gases in the lungs
o Exchange of gases at the
muscle (cell) site

Lung
Capacity
worksheet

PowerPoint Unit 1 AOS 2: The respiratory


system structure and function
Mini class activities during the
PowerPoint
PowerPoint Unit 1 AOS 2: Mechanics of
breathing and gaseous exchange
Mini class activities during the
PowerPoint
Included in PowerPoint YouTube videos
The respiratory system
https://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=hc1YtXc_84A
Student Activities:
Create a model demonstrating the
mechanics of breathing
Question and answer worksheet
o What are the three functions of
the respiratory system
o List all the components of the
respiratory system in order.
o What is the function of the cilia
in the trachea
o What surrounds the trachea
and helps keep it open?
o What are alveoli surrounded by
and what passes between the
two?
Measurement of Lung Capacity
activity and worksheet
Student Homework:
Listen/Watch Respiratory podcast and
complete task at end of video
(crossword).

WEEK 4
Lesson 1

Key Knowledge:
-The

Jacaranda
Responses of the respiratory system to
Chapter 7.3 physical activity
Chapter 7.4
The respiratory system and physical

Review homework answers.


PowerPoint Unit 1 AOS 2: Responses of the

Monday
2rd May

interrelationship of
the cardiovascular
and respiratory
systems to
transport oxygen
around the body at
rest and during
exercise
Key Skill:
-Perform, measure
and report on
changes to the
cardiovascular and
respiratory
systems at rest
compared with
exercise

WEEK 5
Lesson 1
Tuesday
10th May

Key Knowledge:
-The
interrelationship of
the cardiovascular
and respiratory
systems to
transport oxygen
around the body at
rest and during
exercise

160 164

Breathing
while doing
exercise blog

activity
respiratory system to PA
o Increased respiratory
Mini class activities during the
(breathing) rate (RR)
PowerPoint Kahoot
o Increased tidal volume (TV)
o Increased ventilation (V)
Student Activities:
o Increased diffusion
Practical: (in classroom) Lung
o Increased oxygen uptake (VO2)
Volume Test
o Increased efforts from ribcage
Revision of respiratory system: Label
muscles and diaphragm
the respiratory system
Complete worksheet Breathing while
Summary of interactions of the
doing exercise on individual students
cardiovascular and respiratory systems
blog.
during physical activity
Student Homework:
Apply your understanding Chapter
7.3 (1,2 & 3) and 7.4 (1&2) questions

Bus

VO2 Max Test Excursion

Kahoot
Lung
Volume
machine
Label the
respiratory
system
worksheet

Cardiovascu
lar &
Respiratory
worksheet
hard copies
for students
to look at
while on the
excursion

Key Skill:
-Perform, measure Pens
and report on
changes to the
cardiovascular and
respiratory
systems at rest

Travel to Monash University and complete a


VO2 Max Test.

Student Homework:
Cardiovascular & Respiratory Online
Workbook add to blog

compared with
exercise
WEEK 5

Key Knowledge:
-Physiological,
Lesson 2
social, cultural and
Thursday environmental
12th May enablers and
barriers of
cardiovascular
health (such as
atherosclerosis,
coronary heart
disease, high
cholesterol levels,
hypertension and
stroke) and
respiratory health
(such as chronic
obstructive
pulmonary
disease)
Key Skill:
-Assess enablers
and barriers to
cardiorespiratory
health and
investigate
strategies to
enhance the
capacity and
functioning of
cardiorespiratory
system

Jacaranda
Cardiorespiratory health
Chapter 8.1
Cardiovascular health
Chapter 8.2
Cardiovascular diseases
170 179
o Atherosclerosis
o Coronary heart disease
Socrative
o High cholesterol levels
o Hypertension
Cardiovascu
o Stroke
lar disease
Risk factors for cardiovascular
blog
disease

Respiratory health
Match the
o Chronic obstructive pulmonary
risk factors
disease (COPD)
worksheet
Enablers and barriers to cardiovascular and
respiratory health
Physiological enablers and barriers
o Age
o Gender
o Family history
o Body weight
o Other cardiovascular diseases
Social enablers and barriers
o Socioeconomic status
o Education
o Social support

PowerPoint Unit 1 AOS 2: Cardiorespiratory


health
Mini class activities during the
PowerPoint
PowerPoint Unit 1 AOS 2: Enablers and
barriers to C&R health
Socrative questions
Cardiorespiratory health
Student Activities:
Cardiovascular disease worksheet
online
Match the risk factor worksheet
Student Homework:
Cardiovascular & Respiratory
Workbook (cont.) add to blog
Note take from textbook

WEEK 6
Lesson 1
Monday
16th May

Key Knowledge:
-The role of
physical activity,
sport and exercise
to enhance the
capacity and
functioning of the
cardiovascular and
respiratory
systems
Key Skill:
-Assess enablers
and barriers to
cardiorespiratory
health and
investigate
strategies to
enhance the
capacity and
functioning of
cardiorespiratory
system

WEEK 6
Lesson 2
Friday
20th May

Jacaranda
Enablers and barriers to cardiovascular and
Chapter 8.2 respiratory health continued
Chapter 8.3
Cultural enablers and barriers
176 183
o Ethnicity
Environmental enablers and barriers
Who wants
o Geographic location
to be a
o Access to recreation facilities
millionaire
o Air quality
Enabler and
barrier
Role of physical activity, sport and exercise
blog
to enhance the capacity and functioning of
the cardiovascular and respiratory system
Research
Physiological adaptations to exercise
assignment
Strategies to enhance the capacity
outline
and functioning of the
cardiorespiratory systems
o Australias Physical Activity
and Sedentary Behaviour
guidelines
o National Heart Foundation

Key Knowledge: Research


assignment
-Physiological,
outline
social, cultural and
environmental
enablers and
barriers of
cardiovascular
health (such as
atherosclerosis,
coronary heart

Cardiovascular & Respiratory Workbook


due.
PowerPoint Unit 1 AOS 2: Enablers and
barriers to C&R health
PowerPoint Unit 1 AOS 2: Role of PA to
C&R system
Mini class activities during the
PowerPoint Who wants to be a
millionaire
Student Activities:
What makes an enabler and barrier
online worksheet add to blog
Research a strategy

Introduce assignment last 5 minutes of the


lesson.

Students working on assignment


individually.

Students to pick a cardiovascular disease


and research into it
What is it
What characteristics
Its risk factors
How to prevent it

Students are to use Prezi as their


presentation base. However must use
multimedia types as listed below.
Students are to present it in a

multimedia presentation including


two or more types of data (text,
images, sound) and involving some
form on interaction or simulation.

disease, high
cholesterol levels,
hypertension and
stroke) and
respiratory health
(such as chronic
obstructive
pulmonary
disease)
Key Skill:
- Assess enablers
and barriers to
cardiorespiratory
health and
investigate
strategies to
enhance the
capacity and
functioning of
cardiorespiratory
system
WEEK 7
Lesson 1
Tuesday
24th May

Key Knowledge: Research


assignment
-Physiological,
outline
social, cultural and
environmental
enablers and
barriers of
cardiovascular
health (such as
atherosclerosis,
coronary heart
disease, high
cholesterol levels,
hypertension and

Students working on assignment


individually Assignment due at the end of
this lesson.

Students to pick a cardiovascular disease


and research into it
What is it
What characteristics
Its risk factors
How to prevent it

Students are to use Prezi as their


presentation base. However must use
multimedia types as listed below.
Students are to present it in a
multimedia presentation including
two or more types of data (text,
images, sound) and involving some

stroke) and
respiratory health
(such as chronic
obstructive
pulmonary
disease)

form on interaction or simulation.

Key Skill:
- Assess enablers
and barriers to
cardiorespiratory
health and
investigate
strategies to
enhance the
capacity and
functioning of
cardiorespiratory
system
WEEK 7

Legal substances and methods: training


Key Knowledge: Jacaranda
Chapter
9.1
methods and mechanical aids
-Actual and
Lesson 2
188 192
Aerobic training methods
perceived benefits
o Continuous training
Thursday and potential
o Fartlek training
26th May harms to the
o Interval raining
athlete of legal and
Long-interval training
illegal substances
High intensity interval
and methods that
training (HIIT)
o
Mechanical
aids to aerobic
enhance
training
performance of the

Altitude
training
cardiorespiratory
system, such as
altitude training,
erythropoietin
(EPO), betablockers and blood
doping

Review homework answers.


PowerPoint Unit 1 AOS 2: Legal substances
Mini class activities during the
PowerPoint
Student Activities:
Fartlek training run around the school
block.
o Report on what it is
o How it benefited
physiologically
o How it is different from other
training methods
o What sports would benefit from
this type of training.
Students take a HIIT workout for the
last 20 minutes
Student Homework:

Key Skill:
-Critically analyze
the physiological
effects of legal and
illegal strategies
that enhance the
performance of the
cardiorespiratory
system on the
individual
WEEK 8
Lesson 1
Monday
30th May

Illegal substances and methods that


Key Knowledge: Jacaranda
Chapter 9.2 enhance performance of the
-Actual and
193 196
cardiorespiratory system
perceived benefits
Erythropoietin (EPO)
and potential
Blood doping
harms to the
Beta blockers
athlete of legal and
illegal substances
and methods that
enhance
performance of the
cardiorespiratory
system, such as
altitude training,
erythropoietin
(EPO), betablockers and blood
doping
Key Skill:
-Critically analyze
the physiological
effects of legal and
illegal strategies
that enhance the

Write report on fartlek training.


Questions above. Add to blog

Review homework answers.


PowerPoint Unit 1 AOS 2: Illegal
substances
Mini class activities during the
PowerPoint
Student Activities:
Research another Illegal substance
an athlete of choice has used.
o Athlete
o Sport
o Why they used it
o The substance
o What does it do
o Benefits of using it
o Potential harm
Student Homework:
Students are to complete research
activity if wasnt finished
Complete Chapter 9.2 Questions 1,2,
3

performance of the
cardiorespiratory
system on the
individual
WEEK 8
Lesson 2
Friday
3rd June

Key Knowledge:
-Ethical and
sociocultural
considerations
associated with the
use of illegal
practices
associated with
improving the
function of the
cardiorespiratory
system.
Key Skill:
-Discuss the
ethical, social and
cultural
considerations
associated with the
use of legal and
illegal practices
associated with
improving the
function of the
cardiorespiratory
system.

Jacaranda
Ethical and sociocultural considerations
Chapter 9.3 associated with performance enhancement
197 200
in sport
Ethical considerations of the use of
Debate
performance-enhancing practices
pointer
Sociocultural influences on the use of
starters
performance-enhancing practices
o Cultural norms in the society or
Jeopardy
the particular sporting culture
Game
o National and political ideology

Review homework answers.


PowerPoint Unit 1 AOS 2: Ethical and
Social considerations
Mini class activities during the
PowerPoint
Student Activities:
Group Debate on illegal drugs in
cycling (case study) plan and
present
Revision PowerPoint Jeopardy Game
Student Holiday Homework:
Complete all apply your
understanding of Chapter 6 9 of
textbook
Read Unit 2