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# Design of steel staircase

Design of step
Design of Flat
INPUT
Density of steel
Try Flat of size

Width
Thickness

Tread of step
Number of Flats provided per tread
Grade of steel
Allowable bending stress
Allowable shear stress

σbt = 0.66fy

b
t
T
fy

τvm = 0.4fy

kN/m3
mm
mm
mm

=
=
=
=
=

78
30
4
220
8

=
=
=

250 N/mm2
165 N/mm2
100 N/mm2

ISMC 200

Loads
1) Live Load =
Live load on each flat =
2) Dead load of each flat (Trying a flat of crossection 30x4 mm 2)
Combination
(Dead load + Live load) on each flat
Maximum Bending Moment on each w
flatl2/ 8
Z = I /y = bd2/6

M

=

5 kN/m2
0.157143 kN/m
0.00936 kN/m

=

0.166503 kN/m

=

0.020813 kNm

=

K Actual Bending stress and shear stress is Less than Allowable Bending stress and shear stress respectively hence the tried section is ok Design of Double Angle section Trying a section (2 ISA 40x40x4) Length of Equal angle section = Load Live Load Dead load of Double angle section Total Dead + Live load of Flats Dead load + Live load transfer to each double angle = = = = 5 0.Z = I /y = bd2/6 Section Modulus Z = 600 mm3 b y d x x Flat section Actual max.027325 KN/m 0.K 120 mm2 0.027325 = 3.88 cm From Steel Table = 5.5 cm4 2.861 N/mm2 2 ISA 40x40x4 x Actual Bending Stress = = x M/Z .693762 N/mm2 O.332023 3.047 1.6881 N/mm2 O. Bending Stress in each flat = M/Z Net Effective Ares of crossection A τv Actual shear stress = = 34.22 m kN/m2 kN/m KN kN/m Load Combination ( Total Dead Load + Live Load) Maximum Bending Moment w l2/ 8 M = 0.018315 kNm Section Modulus Z = 2 * Ixx / y Z Ixx = 3125 mm3 y y 4.

659193 396.84 N/mm2 O.2. of Bolt Bolt in clearance holes tw t d = = = 6.1 For untacked double angle section NEA available = 2* ( NEA of single angle ) = 2* (A1 + K A2) A1 = (l1 .3946 mm2 τv = K = 3A1/(3A1+A2) Actual shear stress 0.O.t/2 .K Actual Bending stress and shear stress is Less than Allowable Bending stress and shear stress respectively hence the tried section is ok Design of Bolted connection input Thickness of web of ISMC 200 as per Steel Table Thickness of Angle section ( ISA 40x40x4 ) Assuming Nominal Dia.1 mm 4 mm 12 mm Permissible Shear stress in Bolts as per IS: 800 τvf = 80 N/mm2 Permissible Bearing stress in Bolts as per IS: 800 σpf = 250 N/mm2 2 ISA 40x40x4 Back to Back tw ISMC 200 e= ISMC 200 t 20 mm 20 mm 2 ISA 40x40x4 In calculating the shear and bearing stress of bolt the effective diameter of a bolt is used that is its .nd')xt A1 = 98 mm2 A2 = (l2 -t/2)xt A2 = 152 mm2 K NEA = = 0.K Net Effective Area of cross-section as per IS: 800claus 4.

nominal diameter as per IS : 800 clause 8.1 .9.

K Actual Bending stress and shear stress is Less than Allowable Bending stress and shear stress Actual shear stress = . of Bolt required P = P Bolt value 13.5 mm 12000 N 12 kN 0.666011 kN Bolt value Total Load which is to be transfered No.787 N 9.22 m 62.07361 ~ 1 Bolt Min Edge distance as per IS: 800 Table 8.2 emin r = 17 mm Provide Edge distance eprovide = 20 mm b = = = 4 mm 0.4 N/m Provide M12 Bolt of Length Design of side plate: Try a plate of cross-section (200 x 4) Length of plate Dead Load of Plate Load Combination (Total Dead Load(Plate+Double angle section+Flats) + Live Load) = 3.67 mm3 = 0.711644 N/mm2 O.136725 KN/m Maximum Bending Moment M = 0.048 kN = 0.862599 N/mm2 O.Gross dia of Bolt Strength of Bolt in Bearing d' d tmin σpf = = = Strength of Bolt in single shear πd 2* τvf / 4 = = 9047.K 800 mm2 w l2/ 8 Section Modulus Z = Ixx /y = bd2/6 b y d = 200 x x Actual Bending Stress Net Effective Ares of crossection mm M/Z A τv = 0.048 kN = 9.018977 kNm Z = 26666.

respectively hence the tried section is ok .