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// Essential Emacs Reference with Emacs Tutorials

// Accompanies "Emacs Tutorial: A short introduction to Emacs (Part 1)"
// Also, accompanies "Emacs Tutorial: A short introduction to Emacs (Part 3)"
// File Commands:
// -------------// C-x C-f : Opens a file, asks for the file name. If it cannot find the file, c
reates the file
// C-x C-s : Saves the file without a prompt
// C-x s : Saves all files with a prompt
// C-s C-w : Saves the file with a different name. Asks you for the name.
// Everytime you save a file, Emacs creates another file with the name "filename
// This tilde(~) file is the previous version of the file. It will be in the sam
e dir.
// Also, Emacs auto-saves everything you type to a file with the name "#filename
// If you quit Emacs without saving, you can see this auto-save file. Let's do t
// C-x C-c : Quits Emacs.
// M-x recover-file: recovers the auto-saved file.
// Copy/Cut/Paste Commands:
// -----------------------// C-y
: Pastes whatever is in the clipboard at the cursor.
Subsequent C-y's will keep on pasting.
// C-space : Starts marking/highligting a region.
// C-k
: Kills/deletes the whole line, puts it into the clipboard.
// M-w
: Copies this region into the clipboard.
// C-w
: Cuts this region into the clipboard (deletes the region and copies
it to clipbrd)
// Saving a region involves hitting C-space to start selecting, and then hitting
M-w or C-w to
// copy or cut it into the clipboard, and then hitting C-y to paste it.
// If you dont like the region you are selecting, hit C-g.
// C-g
: Always quits your command.
// Cursor Commands:
// ---------------// C-a
: Beginning of line
// C-e
: End of line
// M->
: End of buffer
// M-<
: Beginning of buffer
// C-/
: Undo
// C-g C-/ : Redo
// Buffer Management Commands:
// --------------------------// C-x b : Switches buffers, asks you which buffer to switch to.
// C-x C-b : Switches buffers, but shows you the list of buffers in a new window
// Hit C-x o (other window) to go the other window and hit <enter> on the buffer

you want to
// switch to.
// C-x 0 : Will close that window
// C-x 1 : Will leave only one window
// C-x 2 : Will make a horizontal cut and show a secondary window
// C-x 3 : Will make a vertical cut and show a secondary window
// Commands:
// --------// Emacs understands elisp. It is a dialect of lisp.
// M-x command-name : Will execute the command.
// M-x pwd : Prints the working directory
// M-x indent-region : Indents the region.
// Hit M-x and type anything and hit TAB to auto-complete the commands (or to se
e the available
// commands. )
// You can hit M-: to go to the evaluate buffer where you can evaluate a lisp st
// For example, "setq" sets a variable to a value.
// With C-h v, you can see the value of a variable.
// You can also use C-x C-e to evaluate (i.e. run) a lisp statement at the curso
// (setq your_var '124)
// your_var my_var
// ~/.emacs file and Packages
// -------------------------// Emacs is very versatile, you can program it, and add new abilities. Let's say
that we
// develop a new language that Emacs does not know about. All we have to do is t
o write
// a "package" so that Emacs can color-code it for example. Or even write a pack
age for
// Emacs to auto-complete keywords in this language. This makes Emacs a platform
for editing
// many different things.
// ~/.emacs file (A file called ".emacs" under your home directory) holds all th
e elisp
// statements that is run when you start your Emacs.
// ~/.emacs.d directory (A directory called ".emacs.d" under your home directory
) holds
// all the packages (files of lisp commands/statements) for Emacs.
// You load a package by refering it in a "require" statement.
// For this example, I already have downloaded a package called "auto-complete"
and put it
// under ~/.emacs.d. I will now add a line in ~/.emacs file so that it will star
t every time.
// Let's first test it.
whi?? // no autocomplete
for // auto complete works once we add these two lines to our ~/.emacs file
// (require 'auto-complete)

// (global-auto-complete-mode t)
// And then, we save .emacs file, and restart Emacs. auto-complete should be on
for everything.
// We can also add the following line to ~/.emacs file so that C-c j becomes M-x
goto-line each
// time Emacs starts:
// (global-set-key (kbd "C-c j") 'goto-line)
// For your reference, M-x goto-line goes to a line!