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You are on page 1of 6

Solutions to Exercise

1.

T

T

3 kg

9 kg

3g

9g

T 3g 3a

9g T 9a

6g 12a

Considering 3 kg mass:

Considering 9 kg mass:

Adding:

(1)

(2)

a 21 9.8 4.9

The acceleration of the system is 4.9 ms-2.

(1) gives T 3g 3a

3( 9.8 4.9)

44.1

The tension in the string is 44.1 N.

2. Resistance experienced by engine 60000 80 4800000

Resistance experienced by truck 12000 50 600000

Train is travelling at constant speed, so acceleration is zero.

R1

R2

12000 kg

60000 kg

4800000

600000

60000g

12000g

Considering whole system:

X 4800000 600000 0

X 5400000

Considering truck:

T 600000 0

T 600000

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10/01/13 MEI

3.

R

T

4 kg

4g

1.5 kg

1.5g

For the 4 kg mass:

For the 1.5 kg mass:

Adding:

T 4a

1.5 g T 1.5 a

1.5 g 5.5 a

(1)

(2)

1.5 9.8

2.67

5.5

The acceleration of the system is 2.67 ms-2 (3 s.f.)

T 4a

1.5 9.8

10.7

5.5

The tension in the string is 10.7 N (3 s.f.)

T 4

4.

R2

200000 kg

7000

R1

a

T

50000 kg

60000

3000

50000g

200000g

50000 250000a

a 0.2

The acceleration of the system is 0.2 ms-2.

Considering the truck:

T 7000 40000

T 47000

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10/01/13 MEI

5. (i)

T2

T1

T2

a

T1

10 kg

10g

5 kg

8 kg

5g

8g

8 g T 1 8a

T 1 8 g 8a

(1)

Considering 5 kg mass:

T2 5 g 5a

T2 5 g 5a

(2)

Considering the 10 kg mass:

(3)

T 1 T 2 10a

Substituting (1) and (2) into (3): 8 g 8a (5 g 5 a ) 10a

3g 23a

3 9.8

1.28

23

The acceleration of the system is 1.28 ms-2 (3 s.f.)

68.2

Substituting into (2):

3 9.8

23

T 1 8 9.8 8

3 9.8

23

T 2 5 9.8 5

55.4

6.

R

m

mg

T

3 of 6

10/01/13 MEI

Considering hanging particle: mg T ma

Adding:

mg 2ma

a 4.9, u 0, t 0.5

a 21 g 4.9

s ut 21 at 2

0 21 4.9 0.5 2

0.6125

Distance travelled = 0.6125 m

v u at

0 4.9 0.5

2.45

Speed = 2.45 ms-1.

7.

R 6g 0

R 6 9.8 58.8

Friction is limiting so F R

F 0.4 58.8 23.52

Horizontally for the box: T F 6a

T 23.52 6a

(1)

3g T 3a

For 3 kg mass:

(2)

Vertically for the box:

4 of 6

10/01/13 MEI

Adding (1) and (2):

u 0, t 3, a

s ut 21 at 2

1.96

3

3 9.8 23.52 9a

5.88 9a

1.96

a

3

1 1.96

32

2

3

2.94

It travels 2.94 m in the first three seconds of motion.

0

8.

M kg

Mg

T

m kg

mg

For mass m: T mg 0

T mg

T F 0

F T mg

R Mg 0

R Mg

For mass M vertically:

F R

mg 31 Mg

M 3m

(ii) If the mass M is not to slide down the plane, friction acts upwards.

R

T

F

T

30

Mg

5 of 6

10/01/13 MEI

mg

T mg 0

T mg

Resolving for mass M parallel to plane:

For mass m:

T F Mg sin 30 0

F 21 Mg T

R 21 Mg 3

F R

1

2

F 21 Mg mg

R Mg cos 30 0

Mg mg 31 21 Mg 3

3M 6m M 3

M(3 3) 6m

M 4.73m

(iii)

As in (ii), R 21 Mg 3 and T mg .

Resolving for mass M parallel to plane:

T F Mg sin 30 0

F T 21 Mg

F mg 21 Mg

F R

mg 21 Mg 31 21 Mg 3

6m 3M M 3

M(3 3) 6m

M 1.27 m

6 of 6

10/01/13 MEI

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