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2014/2/14

Outline
QUADRATIC EQUATION

BINOMIAL THEOREM

THEORY OF EQUATION

Algebra

Outline

ARITHMETIC PROGRESSION

SPECIAL EQUATION

GEOMETRIC PROBLEM

AGE PROBLEM

CLOCK PROBLEM

WORK PROBLEM

Presented By: Engr. Rommel G. Ramos


My email: mel_ue@yahoo.com

MIXTURE PROBLEM

QUADRATIC EQUATION
Form:
       0
Roots:
1 

   4
2

  4
2 
2

Sum of Roots:

1  2 

Product of Roots:

1 2 

Ratio of sum and product of roots:




Nature of Roots:
When:
 4  0, roots are real and unequal
 4  0, roots are complex and
conjugate to each other

 4  0, roots are real and equal
 4  0    0, roots are purely
imaginary

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PROBLEM NO.1
In a quadratic equation problem, a student
made a mistake in copying the coefficient of
  and got roots of 2 and 3. Another student
made a mistake in copying the constant term
and got roots of 4 and 6. One of the correct
roots is
a. 8.6
b. 10.6
c. -1.4
d. 2.7

PROBLEM NO.2

Problem No.3

In the equation     9  0, find k if the


roots are equal.
a. 5
b. 6
c. 7
d. 8

If one of the roots of        0 is




 , what is the value of c?

THEORY OF EQUATION
Number of Roots Theorem
The number of roots of any equation is
equal to the degree of equation.
Remainder Theorem
When you divide an algebraic function f(x)
by x-r, the remainder equals f(r).
Factor Theorem
When you divide an algebraic function f(x)
by x-r, and the remainder is zero, then x-r is a
factor.

a. 58
b. 59
c. 60
d. 61

Problem No.4
Descartes Rule of Signs
A. The number of positive roots of an equation
is equal (or less by an even number) to the
number of variations in sign in the coefficients
of f(x).
B. The number of negative roots of an
equation is equal (or less by an even number)
to the number of variations in sign in the
coefficients of f(-x).

What is the maximum number of possible


negative roots for the equation 4x7 + 3x6 + x5 +
2x4 x3 + 9x2 + x + 1 = 0.
a. 2
b. 3
c. 4
d. 5

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Problem No.5
If 4   18   8 4 is to be divided by
2  3, what is the remainder?
a. -10
b. 11
c. 15
d. -18

SPECIAL EQUATIONS

Problem No.6

DIOPHANTINE EQUATIONS
Properties:
1. More unknowns than equations
2. Unknowns are normally positive whole
numbers and cannot be zero.
3. Solution is by systematic trial and error
EQUATIONS WITH INFINITE TERMS
If an equation contains infinite number of
terms, add or take away one term and the
expression will remain the same.

A sailor bought 20 bottles of wine for P4,000.


He paid P600 per bottle of scotch, P300 per
bottle of rum, and P100 per bottle of beer.
How many bottles of beer did he buy?
a. 2
b. 5
c. 13
d. 15

Problem No.8

AGE PROBLEMS

Problem No.7
Solve for x in:

Solve for x in:


#

a.

"#

2

for

all

person

 1 1 1 1

'

3
b. 1.2414
c. 1.4142
d. 1.8435

Principle: Time elapsed


concerned are equal.

a.
b.
c.
d.

0.382
0.618
0.856
1.342

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Problem No.9

Problem No.10

Problem No.11

Mary is 36 years old. Mary was twice as old as


Ann when Mary was as old as Ann is now.
How old is Ann?
a. 23
b. 24
c. 25
d. 26

A man is 25 years old and his son is 5. In how


many years will the father be three times as old
as his son?
a. 5
b. 8
c. 10
d. 12

A man is 25 years older than his son. In ten


years, he will be 10 more than twice as old as
his son. How old is the son?
a. 10
b. 5
c. 8
d. 9

WORK PROBLEM
Work problems are represented using
fractional equations. The part of each
job or task done by each worker is
usually totaled to equal to one whole
job. The number 1 represents one
whole job.

The rate at which a person or machine


works to complete a task is based on the
time it takes them to complete the task.
task.
In general if a person can complete a task
in t hours, then the rate they work at is

To determine the part of a job completed


by a person or machine multiply the rate a
person works by the time they spend
doing the work.
work.

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Problem No.12

Problem No.13

Problem No.14

A tank can be filled by three pipes separately


in 20, 30, and 40 minutes respectively. In how
many minutes can it be filled by the three
pipes acting together?
a. 10.69 min.
b. 1.23 min.
c. 9.23 min.
d. 8.19 min.

A and B working together can complete a job


in 30 hours. A works twice as fast as B. How
many days would it take A working alone to
complete the job?
a. 45 hrs.
b. 20 hrs.
c. 15 hrs.
d. 8 hrs.

Workman As rate of doing work is twice that


of workman Bs. One day, A and B work
together for 8 hours; then B due to injury stops
and A finishes rest of the job in two hours.
How long would it take B to finish the job
alone?
a. 22 hrs.
b. 28 hrs.
c. 32 hrs.
d. 55 hrs.

Problem No.15

Problem No.16

A 100 Kg salt solution originally 4% by


weight NaCl in water is evaporated until the
concentration is 5% by weight NaCl. What
percentage of the water in the original solution
is evaporated?
a. 20.83%
b. 12.56%
c. 78%
d. 100 %

A container contains 40 liters of a wine which


is 80% alcohol by volume. How much of the
mixture should be removed and replaced by an
equal volume of water so that the resulting
solution will be 70% alcohol by volume?
a. 5 liters
b. 10 liters
c. 15 liters
d. 12 liters

MIXTURE PROBLEMS

2014/2/14

Problem No.17

BINOMIAL THEOREM

How many liters of a 50% alcohol solution


must be added to 60 liters of a 10% alcohol
solution to obtain a mixture which is 30%
alcohol?
a. 15 liters
b. 40 liters
c. 50 liters
d. 60 liters

  * +   +   +,- * 
 +, *  
!
 * +
Note:
The number of terms in the expansion is n+1
If n is a positive odd integer, there are two
middle terms
If n is a positive even integer, theres only one
middle term
Coefficients of binomial-Pascal triangle

+.+,-/

Sum of numerical coefficients:


The rth term of the expansion   *

"   8 * : ;<6. =5>>.  "  8

34 35 6   1  +, 7,- * 7,where:  1 

+!
.7,-/!.+, 7,- /!

Sum of Exponents of  ?  * @ =
     1 2

 >.1,1/
+

;<6. =5>>.  "  8

"  8 * :

;<6. =5>>.  "  8

"   8

8

Pascal Triangle:
1 * 1
1 1 * 1 2 1 * 
1 3 3 1 * 
1 4 6 4 1 * 2
1 5 10 10 5 1   * 
Note: each number is equal to the sum of two
numbers immediately above it

 > 1 >.0/
+

"

 > 1 >.0/

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Problem No. 18
In the expansion of   2*
coefficient of the 5th term is:
a. 5040
b. 210
c. 3340
d. 3360

-1

Problem No.19

, the numerical

In the expansion of  3*   , find the 3rd


term.
a. 324 A * 2
b. 324 B * 
c. 324 C * 
d. 324  * 

Problem No.21

Problem No.22

In the expansion of  3  , find the sum of


all numerical coefficients.
a. 19 171
b. 19 172
c. 19 683
d. 18 171

In the expansion of 2 
that is free of x.
a.
b.
c.
d.

34 246 080
-34 642 080
34 642 246
-34 222 080

 -
,
"

Problem No.20
In the expansion of 2  3* 
term that involves  B .
a. 51 963 120 B * 2
b. 52 963 120 B * 2
c. 41 963 120 B * 2
d. 21 963 120 B * 2

-

, find the

find the term

ARITHMETIC/GEOMETRIC/
HARMONIC PROGRESSION

2014/2/14

ARITHMETIC PROGRESSION

FORMULAS

GEOMETRIC PROGRESSION

+  -   1 
Arithmetic Progression is defined as a series of
numbers whose difference of any two
consecutive terms of which is constant (called
the common difference, d).

FORMULA
The nth term:
+,-

+  -
The sum of n terms:
1 +
D+  1
The sum of infinite geometric progression:
D
1

D+  -  +

+


D+  2-   1 

+


where: a1=first term


an=nth term or last term
Sn=sum of n terms
n=number of terms
d=common difference

HARMONIC PROGRESSION
Harmonic progression is defined as a series of
numbers whose difference of reciprocals of
which is constant.

Geometric progression is defined as a series of


numbers whose ratio any two consecutive
numbers of which is constant (called the
common ratio, r).

Problem No.23
Find the 30th term of the series 4, 7, 10,
a. 88
b. 75
c. 91
d. 95

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Problem No. 24

Problem No.25

Problem No.26

The 5th term of an A.P. is 123 and the 30th term


is 245. What is the 12th term?
a. 3929/25
b. 3412/25
c. 3372/25
d. 3312/25

What is the sum of all even integers from 10 to


500?
a. 87 950
b. 124 950
c. 62 730
d. 65 955

The 5th term of a geometric progression is 162


and the 10th term is 39366. What is the 3rd
term?
a. 21
b. 18
c. 36
d. 24

Problem No. 27

Problem No.28

CLOCK PROBLEMS

A rubber ball is made to fall from a height of


50 feet and is observed to rebound 2/3 of the
height from which it falls. How far will the
ball travel before coming to rest if the ball
continues to fall in this manner?
a. 260 ft.
b. 230 ft.
c. 240 ft.
d. 250 ft.

Principle:
Let x=distance travelled by the minute hand in
minutes.
Therefore:
x/12=distance travelled by the hour hand in
minute
60x=distance travelled by the second hand in
minutes

Find the sum of the series 1.0, 1.1, 1.21,


1.331,up to 50th term.
a.
b.
c.
d.

2123.51
2654.34
1163.91
1255.82

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Problem No.29

Problem No.30

How soon after 7 oclock will the hands of a


clock be together?
a. 38.18 min.
b. 37.17 min.
c. 39.19 min.
d. 36.16 min.

What time after midnight will the hands of a


clock extends in opposite direction?
a. 12:32.73
b. 12:31.72
c. 12:33.72
d. 12:34.74

Problem No.31
A man left their office at past 3 oclock for
merienda. After 20 min. on his return, he
noticed that the minute hand is ahead of the
hour hand exactly by as much as it was behind
when he left. At what time did he leave?
a. 3:07.36
b. 3.08.36
c. 3:06.16
d. 3:06.36

Answer to questions
1-10: ABDDB CCABA
2-20: BCABA ADDAA
30-31: ABCAC BCDAA D

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