Outline
QUADRATIC EQUATION
BINOMIAL THEOREM
THEORY OF EQUATION
Algebra
Outline
ARITHMETIC PROGRESSION
SPECIAL EQUATION
GEOMETRIC PROBLEM
AGE PROBLEM
CLOCK PROBLEM
WORK PROBLEM
MIXTURE PROBLEM
QUADRATIC EQUATION
Form:
0
Roots:
1
4
2
4
2
2
Sum of Roots:
1 2
Product of Roots:
1 2
Ratio of sum and product of roots:
Nature of Roots:
When:
4 0, roots are real and unequal
4 0, roots are complex and
conjugate to each other
4 0, roots are real and equal
4 0 0, roots are purely
imaginary
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PROBLEM NO.1
In a quadratic equation problem, a student
made a mistake in copying the coefficient of
and got roots of 2 and 3. Another student
made a mistake in copying the constant term
and got roots of 4 and 6. One of the correct
roots is
a. 8.6
b. 10.6
c. 1.4
d. 2.7
PROBLEM NO.2
Problem No.3
THEORY OF EQUATION
Number of Roots Theorem
The number of roots of any equation is
equal to the degree of equation.
Remainder Theorem
When you divide an algebraic function f(x)
by xr, the remainder equals f(r).
Factor Theorem
When you divide an algebraic function f(x)
by xr, and the remainder is zero, then xr is a
factor.
a. 58
b. 59
c. 60
d. 61
Problem No.4
Descartes Rule of Signs
A. The number of positive roots of an equation
is equal (or less by an even number) to the
number of variations in sign in the coefficients
of f(x).
B. The number of negative roots of an
equation is equal (or less by an even number)
to the number of variations in sign in the
coefficients of f(x).
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Problem No.5
If 4 18 8 4 is to be divided by
2 3, what is the remainder?
a. 10
b. 11
c. 15
d. 18
SPECIAL EQUATIONS
Problem No.6
DIOPHANTINE EQUATIONS
Properties:
1. More unknowns than equations
2. Unknowns are normally positive whole
numbers and cannot be zero.
3. Solution is by systematic trial and error
EQUATIONS WITH INFINITE TERMS
If an equation contains infinite number of
terms, add or take away one term and the
expression will remain the same.
Problem No.8
AGE PROBLEMS
Problem No.7
Solve for x in:
a.
"#
2
for
all
person
1 1 1 1
'
3
b. 1.2414
c. 1.4142
d. 1.8435
a.
b.
c.
d.
0.382
0.618
0.856
1.342
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Problem No.9
Problem No.10
Problem No.11
WORK PROBLEM
Work problems are represented using
fractional equations. The part of each
job or task done by each worker is
usually totaled to equal to one whole
job. The number 1 represents one
whole job.
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Problem No.12
Problem No.13
Problem No.14
Problem No.15
Problem No.16
MIXTURE PROBLEMS
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Problem No.17
BINOMIAL THEOREM
* + + +, *
+, *
!
* +
Note:
The number of terms in the expansion is n+1
If n is a positive odd integer, there are two
middle terms
If n is a positive even integer, theres only one
middle term
Coefficients of binomialPascal triangle
+.+,/
34 35 6 1 +, 7, * 7,where: 1
+!
.7,/!.+, 7, /!
Sum of Exponents of ? * @ =
1 2
>.1,1/
+
" 8 * :
" 8
8
Pascal Triangle:
1 * 1
1 1 * 1 2 1 *
1 3 3 1 *
1 4 6 4 1 * 2
1 5 10 10 5 1 *
Note: each number is equal to the sum of two
numbers immediately above it
> 1 >.0/
+
"
> 1 >.0/
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Problem No. 18
In the expansion of 2*
coefficient of the 5th term is:
a. 5040
b. 210
c. 3340
d. 3360
1
Problem No.19
, the numerical
Problem No.21
Problem No.22
In the expansion of 2
that is free of x.
a.
b.
c.
d.
34 246 080
34 642 080
34 642 246
34 222 080

,
"
Problem No.20
In the expansion of 2 3*
term that involves B .
a. 51 963 120 B * 2
b. 52 963 120 B * 2
c. 41 963 120 B * 2
d. 21 963 120 B * 2

, find the
ARITHMETIC/GEOMETRIC/
HARMONIC PROGRESSION
2014/2/14
ARITHMETIC PROGRESSION
FORMULAS
GEOMETRIC PROGRESSION
+  1
Arithmetic Progression is defined as a series of
numbers whose difference of any two
consecutive terms of which is constant (called
the common difference, d).
FORMULA
The nth term:
+,
+ 
The sum of n terms:
1 +
D+ 1
The sum of infinite geometric progression:
D
1
D+  +
+
D+ 2 1
+
HARMONIC PROGRESSION
Harmonic progression is defined as a series of
numbers whose difference of reciprocals of
which is constant.
Problem No.23
Find the 30th term of the series 4, 7, 10,
a. 88
b. 75
c. 91
d. 95
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Problem No. 24
Problem No.25
Problem No.26
Problem No. 27
Problem No.28
CLOCK PROBLEMS
Principle:
Let x=distance travelled by the minute hand in
minutes.
Therefore:
x/12=distance travelled by the hour hand in
minute
60x=distance travelled by the second hand in
minutes
2123.51
2654.34
1163.91
1255.82
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Problem No.29
Problem No.30
Problem No.31
A man left their office at past 3 oclock for
merienda. After 20 min. on his return, he
noticed that the minute hand is ahead of the
hour hand exactly by as much as it was behind
when he left. At what time did he leave?
a. 3:07.36
b. 3.08.36
c. 3:06.16
d. 3:06.36
Answer to questions
110: ABDDB CCABA
220: BCABA ADDAA
3031: ABCAC BCDAA D
10