Presidentiables say ‘no’ to snap elections

By Aurea Calica, Philstar
MANILA, 6/4/08 -- Presi-
dential hopefuls have collec-
tively shot down the proposal
to hold snap elections, with
only two years left before
President Arroyo ends her
Senators Loren Legarda,
Manuel Roxas II and Pan-
flo Lacson said the proposal
poses serious constitutional
issues and would entail a revi-
sion of the Constitution.
Other lawmakers like Sen-
ators Miriam Defensor San-
tiago and Francis Escudero
crossed party lines and agreed
that holding a snap election
less than two years away from
general polls would be legally
Santiago and Escudero
(Continued on page 20)
(Continued on page 25)
(Continued on page 19)
(Continued on page 17)
By Evelyn Macairan,

MANILA, 6/3/008 -- A mem-
ber of the Catholic Bishops’
Conference of the Philippines
(CBCP) yesterday threatened
to withhold communion from
all unscrupulous traders if
they do not change their “sa-
tanic” ways of hoarding rice
and manipulating prices.
Marbel, South Cotabato
Bishop Dinualdo Gutierrez,
who previously headed the
A teacher from the Gregorio del Pilar Elementary School in Tondo,
Manila arranges the desks inside a classroom in preparation for school
opening. Photo By MANNY MARCELO
‘No commu-
nion for rice
(Continued on page 22)
A Philippine Independence Day Lesson
An unknown chapter in the
struggle for Philippine freedom
By Arnell Ozaeta
PhilStar, 05/29/08
BACOOR, Cavite – In a
call for national awareness
and renewed appreciation of
the signifcance of the Philip-
pine fag as a symbol of na-
tionhood, Caviteños attempted
yesterday a Guinness feat for
the longest fag twirling.
Belgium holds the Guin-
ness record for the longest
fag twirling staged by 630
people on Aug. 26 last year.
To highlight this year’s Na-
tional Flag Day, Alda Cabrera,
provincial public information
offcer, said more than 20,000
Caviteños joined the “Hamon
ng Katapangan,” featuring the
longest line of people simulta-
neously waving the Philippine
Participants assembled
along a 17-kilometer stretch
of Aguinaldo Highway from
SM Bacoor to SM Dasmariñas
for the event, which kicked
off this year’s Kalayaan Fes-
Caviteños try to break
fag twirling record
On August 26, 1896, the Spaniards discovered the underground Katipunan
and the Philippine Revolution almost immediately, though prematurely,
began. Andres Bonifacio fed to Balintawak where he issued a call to open
rebellion. Four days later, the Spanish government t declared martial law in
Manila and seven adjoining provinces. Hundreds of people were arrested,
tortured, and deported or put to death, with Dr. Jose Rizal as the most
notable victim. - See page 6
The birth of
the Philippine
By Alejandro R. Roces
PhilStar, 06/06/08
This day, June 5, in the year 1898,
historical accounts tell of General
Emilio Aguinaldo being visited by a
young pianist and composer, a Cav-
iteno by the name of Julian Felipe.
He brought with him a letter written
by General Mariano Trias, introduc-
ing him as a good musician and com-
poser. Felipe was then asked to play
a musical composition, Hymno de
Balintawak, which was composed by
Historic partnership: Teaming up for “FilVote 2008”, a Filipino
voter mobilization campaign in the U.S., are, from left, FASGI Execu-
tive Director Susan Espiritu-Dilkes, ABS-CBN International Man-
aging Director Olivia Finina De Jesus and ABS-CBN International
News Bureau Chief Regina Reyes. (Bryan Reynoso)
Partnership aims to
mobilize Fil-Am
participation in U.S.
elections this year
May 30, 2008 – ABS-CBN
International’s Balitang
America, the only Filipino
news program in the U.S.
aired daily on cable and
satellite, and the Filipino
American Service Group, Inc.
(FASGI), a non-proft social
service agency based in Los
Angeles, recently teamed
up to form “FilVote 2008”.
The project is an election
campaign effort designed to
mobilize Filipino voter reg-
istration and participation in
the 2008 U.S. elections.
A Memorandum of Agree-
ment to seal the partnership
Balitang America, FASGI
team up for FilVote 2008
Scott Vinson wins place in
Chula Vista council seat run-off
Scott Vinson won a
place in the November
run-off for seat no. 4 of
the Chula Vista Council by
placing a strong second,
with less that 200 votes
shy of frst place, during
last Tuesday’s Primary
elections. He is married
to Filipina-American busi-
nesswoman, Carmelita
“CL” Vinson. Immediate-
ly, he received the endorse-
ment of one of his defeated
opponents, Pat Moriarty.
Filipino-American candi-
dates Arlie Ricasa and Al
Villamora did not win in
their quest for an eleec-
tive position while Mitz
Lee retained her seat in a
school Board.
Pat Moriarty and Scott Vinson
June 6 - June 12, 2008
San Diego Fil-Ams
Celebrating 110
years of Philippine
Filipino friend
Charlton Heston
FLAG DAY: Caviteños wave Philippine fags as they join the ‘Hamon
ng Katapangan,’ an attempt to beat Belgium’s record for the longest
fag twirling, along a 17-kilometer stretch of Aguinaldo Highway re-
cently. - Photo By MANNY MARCELO
California Border
Healthy Start sows
“seeds of change”
Page 2 June 6-12, 2008 Asian Journal - (619) 474-0588 Visit our website at
By Babe Romualdez
PhilStar, 05/04/08
History has shown the likes
of Adolf Hitler, Joseph Stalin
and more recently, Saddam
Hussein who ordered the mur-
der of millions of innocent
men, women and children.
But of all the horror stories I
have heard of, there is nothing
more repulsive, more hideous
and more stomach-turning
than what this Austrian Jo-
sef Fritzl did to his daughter
Elisabeth — locking her up
for 24 years in a secret base-
ment, sexually abusing her
and fathering seven children
by her, burning one of the
babies that died after birth.
Hitler and Saddam Hussein
are megalomaniacs, admitted-
ly insane to a great extent —
but this appalling crime goes
beyond all reason and sanity.
Like many others, I had a
sleepless night after read-
ing that story. My mind was
reeling with disgust, anger
and disbelief. Being a father
myself, one cannot imagine
how someone could have the
stomach for this kind of mon-
strosity against his own fesh
and blood — keeping her
trapped like an animal, abus-
ing her over and over again.
The thought simply makes
one’s stomach churn.
The whole world was
shocked. Most especially
since not too many miles
away from Amstetten in
Austria was the discovery of a
similar incident two years ago
about Natascha Kampusch
who was kidnapped when she
was 10 and imprisoned for
eight years before she escaped
from her captor. But what is
also terrible is that no one
noticed or suspected anything
unusual about Fritzl — who
pretended he had a happy
marriage and was even hon-
ored for 50 years of married
life, having six other children
from his wife. But underneath
that disgustingly sociable and
friendly creature was hidden a
horrible, twisted beast.
Authorities said the base-
ment had a concealed net-
work of tiny, soundproofed
windowless rooms. A con-
crete door separated the “pris-
on” from the rest of the house
‑ electronically locked with
a code known only to Fritzl.
Just imagine how Elisabeth
must have screamed for help
every time she was sexually
abused — only to realize that
no one could hear her cries
for mercy. Austrian law being
what it is, Fritzl will most
likely get 15 years for rape —
less than the number of years
he subjected his daughter and
their children through a hell-
ish experience.
It was the main topic
of conversation in the golf
course where many of my
golf mates, themselves
fathers, agreed that Fritzl is
probably the most revolting
man they have heard of. Ev-
eryone was in full agreement
that this man should be tor-
tured and made to experience
hell on this earth — before he
is burned alive. There should
be a special place in hell for
people like this evil creature
because this is defnitely the
worst of all crimes. It was not
just the incest rape or the in-
carceration — it was the most
horrifc kind of betrayal from
a man who was supposed to
be a child’s protector. It is
murder — for he killed his
daughter’s innocence, subject-
ing her to a thousand deaths
every time he raped and as-
saulted her.
Many are horrifed at the
evil that men can do, but none
as sickening as this. We hear
about this religious sect in the
United States forcing teen-
aged girls to marry 50-year-
old men or their own relatives.
Then there’s this Frenchwom-
an beaten and raped by her
father for 28 years from the
time she was eight, forced to
bear him six children, burned
with acid every time she tried
to escape — her stepmother
watching her ordeal.
Let’s not kid ourselves —
in the Philippines, there are
many cases of incest rape.
Like for instance, in families
where the wife is an OFW and
the fathers force their own
daughters to be “substitute
wives.” One cannot imag-
ine the shame, the pain and
trauma these girls have to put
up with.
We’re fortunate there are
good people in this coun-
try like Gina Lopez and her
Bantay Bata Foundation who
dedicate time and resources to
help abused children not only
through emotional, education-
al and physical support but
most of all, by giving them a
renewed reason for hope in
this world. Of course, there is
also the Caritas Foundation
which we have been support-
ive of all these years, taking
care of abused and neglected
It doesn’t take a psychia-
try expert to know that this
woman in Austria will never
be the same again. She will
never be able to completely
recover from those 24 years
of traumatic experience. She
will probably relive this awful
episode over and over again.
A couple of years ago, a
friend asked me to help his
cousin who was repeatedly
abused by her stepfather. I
was so moved by his story I
did everything I could to help
his cousin relocate abroad. A
year later, I got a note from
this poor woman, and I will
never forget the words she
wrote: “I cannot thank you
enough for helping me, but
the pain remains. Every time I
look out the window, I would
see raindrops. But actually,
it’s the tears in my eyes.”
Bringing a child into this
world is a great gift and
blessing from God. No one
has a right to bring anyone
into this world if you cannot
take care of them and plan for
their future. Because along
with this gift comes the great
responsibility to nurture and
protect that child. For a par-
ent not to be able to take care
of his child is, for me, already
a sin in itself. But to subject
her to abuse and degradation
— like what happened to this
Austrian woman — is simply
unthinkable, and the most
gruesome kind of evil that any
man can do.
* * *
The evil that men do
casino, tourism
complex project
The Philippine Amusement
and Gaming Corp. (Pagcor) is
reinventing itself.
The groundbreaking of
the Bagong Nayong Pilipino-
Manila Bay Integrated City
or Tourism City shows that
Pagcor is no longer into just
gambling but is now offering
full-scale entertainment.
Pagcor chairman and chief
executive offcer Efraim
Genuino led the groundbreak-
ing ceremony at 4 p.m. yes-
terday of the Tourism City
at the Reclamation Area in
Parañaque City. They buried
a capsule that contained the
plans for the construction.
The frst phase of the
construction of Tourism City
would cover 90 hectares of
the Reclamation Area. Pagcor
hopes to complete the project
and make it operational within
two years.
Pagcor is usually associ-
ated with gambling but under
the leadership of Genuino, it
(Continued on page 10)
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(Continued on page 19)
President Ramon Magsaysay
in a series of articles
Indeed it was Dario Villa.
The familiar face he saw
coming towards him, with an
ear-to-ear grin, that morning
at a beach resort in Subic Bay,
Dario is a Filipino-Ameri-
can counselor at a high school
near his house in San Diego,
California. It was indeed a big
surprise that he saw him in
this resort, thousands of miles
away from their home. The
experience reminded him of a
chance meeting his daughter
had with a classmate from San
Diego on Session Road while
they were vacationing in Ba-
guio a few years ago.
“Michelle!” the class-
mate uttered. They could not
believe their eyes. But then
again, it was not a big sur-
prise. Both their parents are
Filipino Americans with roots
in the Philippines. It would
not be unusual for them to
take their family for a Christ-
mas vacation in the Philip-
pines, especially in a moun-
tain resort like Baguio.
“What are you doing
here?” he asked Dario.
“How about you? What
are you doing here?” he was
asked in return.
It turned out that Dario,
who migrated to San Diego,
California when he was 14
years old, has been vacation-
ing with his family in the Phil-
ippines almost every year. He
wanted his children and other
second generation Filipino
Americans to keep in touch
with their Filipino roots. He
even had a project that would
bring Filipino American high
school students for a two-
week stay in the Philippines.
It was indeed a good deal. For
a few thousand dollars, the
kids get to visit various scenic
spots in the country, meet
school children of their own
age as well as government
offcials who have supported
balikbayan programs for
students. While many students
were enthusiastic at frst, only
a few eventually committed
to travel which forced Dario
and his colleagues to unfortu-
nately abort the project.
Baptism of fre
When he frst came to the
U.S., Dario had his baptism
of fre.
“I didn’t know that you’re
supposed to bring a corsage
for your date during Prom
Night,” he recalled. “There
I was, a teenager who just
arrived from the old country,
with nary an inkling about the
ways of culture of America.”
Luckily for him, the high
school he enrolled in, Mont-
gomery High where he now
works, had a lot of Filipino-
American students his age
who were the children of
naval enlistees from the Phil-
“But I was the only one
who could speak Pilipino,”
he remembered. “This is why
whenever I visited my class-
mates in their home, their
Philippine Visit 2004
Ramon Magsaysay’s
ancestral home
Visiting the ancestral house of the late
President Ramon Magsaysay was a thrill for
him. While American presidents have their
Presidential Libraries, some of them, with a
replica, of the house they where born in,
Philippine presidents can only boast of their
homes being converted into a museum.
parents were very fond of me!
Kulang na lang, ampunin nila
ako (they wanted to adopt
After a while, he bade
Dario goodbye, vowing to see
each other when they got back
to exchange notes on their
Philippine vacation experi-
ence in San Diego.
They then proceeded to
tour parts of the Subic Trade
Zone that they had not yet vis-
ited the day before. At around
ten in the morning, they
exited the gate of the former
American base but their tour
guide would not leave them.
When the tour guide was told
that they planned to travel the
highway along the coast of
Zambales towards Alaminos,
Pangasinan where the tour-
ist spot, Hundred Islands, is
located, he insisted that he
continue to serve as their tour-
ist guide.
“There is no need,” he told
him. “We know our way,”
as he showed him the map
book he bought in Manila
that would lead them to their
intended destination.
“”You have yourself to
blame,” his daughters told
him afterwards. “You gave
him too much tip that now he
wants you to adopt him!”
Parts of Olongapo
Along the way, they saw
parts of Olongapo he had
never seen before. The frst
time he visited the place, his
stay was only limited within
the nightclub row. He was sur-
prised to see that there were a
lot of beautiful beach resorts
on the left side of the highway
as they traveled towards the
north. On the right side was a
cemetery on a hill. He felt a
sense of excitement traveling
that highway along the coast
because it was a completely
foreign territory for him.
Whenever he traveled to the
northern parts of Luzon either
with his friends or family,
they always took the old Mac-
Arthur Highway that bisected
Central Luzon. It was the frst
time he had been on the west
coast of the region.
In an instant, the rain poured
hard as they inched their way
along the hazy highway. He saw
farmers tilling the rice felds
amidst the downpour. He was
impressed by the huge public
schools, with wide yards in ev-
ery town they passed through.
When the rain stopped, he saw
school children, in their uni-
forms, walking along the side
of the road. By noon, they all
felt hungry but could not fnd
a decent place to eat. They
stopped by a carinderia (eatery)
along the road, with a nipa shed
and pots of food on a table with
a bench on the side. The serv-
ings were indeed home-cooked
food and delicious, although
Page 6 June 6-12, 2008 Asian Journal - (619) 474-0588 Visit our website at
The first Asian-Filipino weekly in Southern California
An award-winning newspaper, it is San Diego’s most
widely circulated Asian-Filipino newpaper!
In Pursuit of Excellence
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Joe Cabrera, (1924 - 1996)
The Asian Journal is published weekly and
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month. Advertising deadline is Thursday prior to
publication date at 5 p.m. For advertising rates, rate
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The Asian Journal is not responsible for unsolicited
manuscripts and photographs but welcomes submis-
sions. Entire content is © 2007 copyrighted material
by Asian Journal. Materials in this publication may
not be reproduced without specific permission from
the publisher.
Genevieve Silverio
Managing Editor
Simeon G. Silverio, Jr.
Publisher & Editor
Miles Beauchamp
Associate Editor
Santi Silverio
Associate Publisher
At Large...
Read Miles Beauchamp’s previous articles by visiting our web-
site at
by Miles Beauchamp
by Riz A. Oades
Voices & Images
Read Dr. Oades’ s previous articles by visiting
our website at
Is it a Comfort Zone
or a Stagnate Zone?
An Unknown Chapter in
the Struggle for Philippine
Like It Is
by Riz A. Oades
The Filipinos carry the
distinction of being the first
Asian people to success-
fully launch an anti-colo-
nial nationalist movement
for independence. This
was despite of handicaps
that hampered their quest
for unity.
The Philippine Revolution
passed through two phases; the
first began in 1896 against the
Span iards, terminated with the
Pact of Biak-na-Bato that proved
to be merely a truce; the second
was a war against the Americans.
Continuity between the phases
was provided by the so-called the
Hong Kong Junta, a relatively
unknown but fascinating episode
in Philip pine history.
Rocky road to freedom
On August 26, 1896, the Span-
The impetus generated by this band of men [Hong
Kong Junta] changed the course of Filipino history,
bound its fate to that of the United States, and fused
nationalism with independence. - - Ronald Bell
iards discovered the underground
Katipunan and the Philippine
Revolution almost immediately,
though prematurely, began. An-
dres Bonifacio fled to Balintawak
where he issued a call to open
rebellion. Four days later, the
Spanish government t declared
martial law in Manila and seven
adjoining provinces. Hundreds
of people were arrested, tortured,
and deported or put to death, with
Dr. Jose Rizal as the most notable
On March 22, 1897, the Ka-
tipunan Supreme Council gave
way to the Revolutionary Govern-
ment; the leadership passed from
Bonifacio to Aguinaldo. Tempo-
rary suspended by a truce agree-
ment, the Revolution resumed
with greater vigor and a definite
aim. Anti colonial struggle was
directed against the United States
as the latter became involved in
the takeover of Walled Manila.
With the death of Bonifacio,
Aguinaldo’s command seemed
secure. But this was not the case.
Though he emerged as the undis-
puted leader, the revolution had
been badly shaken by the contest
for power between factions headed
by the two men. The fall of Imus in
May forced Aguinaldo’s troops to
Biak-na-Bato, Bulacan where they
set up temporary headquarters.
From this stronghold, Agui-
naldo set out many proclamations
in an attempt to legitimize his
claim to government. The most
important was the announcement
of a constitution, prepared by
Felix Ferrer and Isabelo Artacho,
with 50 signatures on November
1, 1897. Immediately after, the
Republic of Biak-na-Bato was
established with Aguinaldo as
Aguinaldo was locked into his
bastion, which now “resembled
a refugee camp rather than an
army camp.” Pressed by Span-
ish counter offensive, 5000 more
revolutionaries and their families
swelled the area. They lacked food
and water. Sanitation was primi-
tive and smallpox and leprosy ap-
peared. But Aguinaldo held out.
Fortunately for Aguinaldo and
the Filipinos, the Spaniards had
serious problems of their own.
The revolution in Cuba during
the same years had forced them
to commit most of their army and
financial resources to suppress
it. They knew they could not af-
ford to fight a similar war in the
Pact of Biak-na-Bato
Governor Primo de Rivera’s
repeated attempts to storm the
Biak-na-Bato stronghold failed,
and torrential rains and Filipino
assaults stalled his men. He then
advised Madrid that the deadlock
could only be broken either by an
all-out war or by compromise.
Spain opted for a settlement.
He instructed a self-appointed
ilustrado intermediary to inform
Aguinaldo that the government
wanted an honorable agreement,
and an arduous negotiation began.
The main issue was money.
Finally in late 1897, the two
sides reached an accord, known
as the Pact of Biak-na-Bato: the
Spaniards would pay the Filipino
rebels P800, 000 in three install-
ments; in exchange, the revolution
was to stop and its leaders would
go into voluntary exile in Hong
Unknown to the Spaniards,
the Filipinos were at the end of
their resources and would have
been forced to surrender for lack
of arms. The Spaniards settled
for what they considered a cheap
compromise though it proved dear
to them later.
A fat check in his pocket, Agui-
naldo and nineteen of the ranking
officers left the Philippines as
heroes, with their pride intact,
and their honor untarnished. The
simultaneous deportation of revo-
lutionary ilustrados (intelligentsia)
to the British Colony essentially
relocated the leadership of the
Filipino anti-colonial movement.
Established Filipino residents,
many of whom had fled the islands
after 1872, met them. Here, Agui-
naldo would continue to keep the
revolution cause alive.
As both Aguinaldo and the
Spaniards expected, peace proved
to be only a truce. The Filipinos
had not abandoned their dream
of independence and Spain could
not face the prospect of a lost
empire. The exiled Filipinos were
skeptical of the Spaniards‘good
faith. Aguinaldo could not openly
advocate his independence goal
so soon, but prepared for the op-
Even before the pact was
signed, he had already expressed
his desire, through his Hong
Kong agent, to purchase arms
and ammunition from the U.S.,
on credit, paying when they won
The Money Issue
Aguinaldo faced the challenge
of preserving the money he had
received in accordance with the
agreement. A scheme had ap-
parently been formulated in the
mountain retreat to acquire arms at
the expense of the Spaniards while
gaining respite from the rigors of
battle. A strict budget was there-
fore established for the exiles;
and Aguinaldo enforced a frugal
existence. “Scrupulously pinch-
ing pennies,” writes S. Karnow,
“he and his followers languished
in poverty.
“Without their families and
friends, and unable to speak either
in English or Chinese, they also
felt sad, lonely, and estranged in
Hong Kong. They bickered among
themselves as they watched events
back home, awaiting the chance
to rekindle their struggle against
Before long, discontent and
division surfaced among the exiles
in Hong Kong, and open defiance
to Aguinaldo’s leadership in the
Philippines developed. Led by
Isabelo Artacho, the rebels at
Biak-na-Bato passed a resolution
that defied the exiled leaders. This
attitude was the result of being left
behind with no money, while the
“less meritorious” were enjoy-
ing the use of indemnity in Hong
Through direct negotiation
with the Spaniards, the revolu-
tionaries at Biak-na-Bato managed
to secure the second installment
(P200, 000) and quickly divided
the money among themselves.
To deal with the deteriorating
situation, Aguinaldo called a meet-
ing of all exiles on February 14,
1898. The group agreed to repudi-
ate the Biak-na-Bato agreement of
December 19
; authorized Agui-
naldo to take charge of the money;
and replaced the officials of the
provisional government formed
at Biak-na-Bato with individuals
selected from the membership of
the exiled group.
This meeting represented
the first action of the Hong Kong
Junta. The reins of the provisional
gov ernment were officially, if not
actually, assumed by the exiles in
(Continued on page 21)
What gets you out of your com-
fort zone? A comfort zone can, of
course, be many things:
A person – when you’re with
that person you feel safe, serene
and comfortable;
A chair – perhaps an old re-
cliner is your comfort zone – the
place where you feel the safest;
Your home – you walk in, kick
off your shoes and keep the world
at bay;
How comfortable is your comfort zone?
Your car – You’re by yourself
listening to music – or the quiet
– and just reveling in being with
Perhaps your comfort zone is
not being within shouting distance
of a conservative or shouting dis-
tance of a liberal;
Perhaps your comfort zone
isn’t a place or a thing at all but
simply a state of mind – the state
where you feel at peace, at har-
mony, wrapped in warmth and
The thing is, what happens
when, for whatever reason, you’re
dragged unceremoniously out of
that comfort zone? Readers of
American poetry were yanked out
of their comfort zone when the
Beat Poets came knocking. When
Allen Ginsberg wrote in Howl:
“angelheaded hipsters burning
for the ancient heavenly connec-
tion to the starry dynamo in the
machinery of night,
who pov e r t y and t at t e r s
and hol l ow- eyed and hi gh
sat up smoking in the supernatu-
ral darkness of cold-water flats
floating across the tops of cities
contemplating jazz,
who bared t hei r brai ns t o
Heaven under t he El and
saw Mohammedan angels stag-
gering on tenement roofs illumi-
who passed through universities
with radiant cool eyes hallucinat-
ing Arkansas and Blake-light trag-
edy among the scholars of war,
who we re e x pe l l e d f rom
t he academi es f or crazy &
publishing obscene odes on the
windows of the skull.”
And it goes on much longer
than that. When that was pub-
lished it tore American readers
and publishers from their comfort
zones. And the world goes on - the
beat goes on.
But our own personal comfort
zones are not anywhere near those
of a societies. Right? Well I don’t
What breaks you out of your
comfort zone? Is it a bad dinner at
a restaurant? Is it the high price of
fuel? Is it the high interest rate on
a MasterCard? Is it the low interest
rate on savings?
Or is it when you exit the
freeway and as you get to the end
of the exit ramp and will have to
stop and wait for the light to turn
green you see a person who may
have not showered in a few days
or weeks; whose hair is matted and
long; whose clothes are dirty and
stained; whose shoes have holes
so large you can see them from
your car? Is being parked next to
this person waiting for a light to
change and seeing a sign they’re
holding what pulls you from your
comfort zone?
It’s not personal...or is it?
I may have just left a classroom
where the class had gone wonder-
fully well. I taught something and
they got it! And then they ran with
it and wrote all sorts of papers that
pushed their understanding and
creativity to the limits. Hurray for
them! And now it’s evening and
I’m tired from teaching and grad-
ing papers, and having meetings,
and writing a newspaper column,
and working on a book. I’m tired
but exhilarated. I’m feeling great
– the day went well and all is won-
derful with the world.
Dark is settling, a Corinne
Bailey Rae CD is playing, and I
can’t wait to get home and hug the
kids. I get off the freeway and as
I approach the end of the ramp I
see that person with a sign. And
I see that I will be the car parked
next to that person with a sign. I
do not want to feel “Ah, gee, not
tonight” but I might.
I can’t help but remember some-
thing my grandmother said to me
when I was with her in a car and
something similar happened. She
said “Ah the person just wants the
money to buy whiskey.” I remem-
ber even then thinking “so what?”
If a person so needs something to
stand out here for hours begging
for change from strangers – and
take the abuse from some driv-
ers that comes with that – then
they probably really need it. But
I didn’t say anything to her and
somehow some of her discomfort
zone apparently seeped into me.
Doesn’t come out often, but oc-
casionally it might.
I was with a friend when we
were in this same position getting
off a freeway and he said, “Oh not
again. I give to the Red Cross, I
donate blood, I recycle, I vote, I
don’t drive a gas hog. Come on,
how much?”
People asking for help in situ-
ations like that really take us out
of our comfort zones in a hurry.
Maybe it’s because we’re face-to-
face with another human being and
one who may not be quite as pretty
or clean or as heart-warming as
one of Jerry’s kids. Or, do Jerry’s
kids yank you from your comfort
So what do we do? How can
we get beyond our comfort zones?
By Alex Magno
Remember the espionage
case filed by US authorities
against a Filipino, a Filipino-
American and several co-
conspirators residing in the
Last year, Judge William
Walls sentenced former Phil-
ippine police official Michael
Ray Aquino to 76 months
in jail after the defendant
pleaded guilty to unauthorized
possession of documents re-
lating to US national defense.
Aquino is now serving time at
a federal correction institution
in South Carolina even as he
has appealed his case before
the US Court of Appeals.
Aquino’s crime relates to
the possession of classified
documents passed on to him
by Leandro Aragoncillo taken
from the computer files of
the FBI. The documents were
found in Aquino’s computer
after a police search.
Philippine-born Arag-
oncillo acquired American
citizenship. He had served in
the US Marines and worked
as staff assistant to military
advisers at the Office of the
Vice-President in Washington
Comments from Manila
Read previous articles by visiting our website at www.asian-
Well first you have to recognize
that it exists. Then you have to see
the need to break out of it – and
there’s always that need – if not
for the person then for the human
race or simply yourself. Then you
have to want to break out of it.
Get that? Then you have to want
to break out of it. Isn’t it time you
wanted to? Isn’t it?
before gaining employment as
intelligence analyst at the FBI
Fort Monmouth Information
Technology Center in New
Sometime in 2002, Arag-
oncillo met Aquino, who had
fled the Philippines after the
ouster of Joseph Estrada. He
is implicated in two sensa-
tional cases: the alleged police
rubout of Kuratong Baleleng
gang members; and the mur-
ders of publicist Bubby Dacer
and Emmanuel Corbito.
It was Aquino who intro-
duced, by e-mail, Aragoncillo
to Senator Panfilo Lacson, his
former boss at the PAOCTF.
From January 2005, according
to the US attorney-general,
Aragoncillo began e-mailing
documents to both Aquino
and Lacson under the alias
“Juan Miguel.”
In March 2005, Aquino
applied for a permanent resi-
dent status and a work visa
with the US Immigration and
Customs Enforcement Office
(ICE). He had, by that time,
acquired training as a nurse
and sought employment in
the US. When ICE officers
discovered that Aquino faced
criminal charges in the Philip-
(Continued on page 23)
Hong Kong exilados
Emilio Aguinaldo in exile
Page 7 Asian Journal - (619) 474-0588 Visit our website at June 6-12, 2008
Bill’s Corner
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Your Key to the Filipino Community

One thing being a Filipino is
that we love our food so much
even though it’s killing us early.
We are part of America’s bulg-
ing, widening and heavy weight
problems. Since most of us are
short people, becoming over-
weight or obese really looks
Once we passed the middle
age, it’s hard to lose weight. Of
course we all know the benefts
of a good diet and regular exer-
cise but, motivating ourselves to
do it is tough. So, if a husband
has a protruding beer belly and
walking funny, most likely the
wife tagging along has a very
wide hips and a short neck.
That’s because they are eating
the same food and sharing the
same unhealthy eating habits.
Even the children will emulate
parents and become obese at
young age. Years ago, being fat
was a sign of good life. Now, it
is a sign of high cholesterol and
high blood pressure.
Well, eating rice three times
a day is still common in the Fili-
pino household. Even Diabetes
can’t stop us from eating a lot of
the main staple. A few weeks ago
when a rumor of a rice shortage
circulated in the Asian commu-
nity, some of you bought many
bags of rice and hoard them. It
caught the suppliers by surprise
and the high demand was a very
good reason for some sellers to
increase their prices.
Are we afraid of getting
hungry in the U.S.A.? Maybe
we need a food shortage in this
country to help the population
trim its waistline. The very popu-
lar Jasmine rice cost a lot more
now, so why not switch back to
the cheaper California rice and
support the local economy. How
about eating brown rice?
Some of us are sending
bags of rice in our Balikbayan
boxes. Cans of corned beef are
also included so, why expect
your relatives to become self-
reliant when they get food and
dollars from the U.S.A.
Anyway, we do not gain so
much weight overnight. Most
of us were skinny with smaller
waistline when we arrived in
America. Years of over eat-
ing and fast food consumption
took its toll. In the Philippines,
the poor are mostly skinny and
malnourished, while in this
country it seems to be the op-
posite. Maybe, it’s because of the
cheaper junk food.
Once settled in this coun-
try, most immigrants picked-up
unhealthy habits. We worked so
many hours a week that there is
no time to cook better food. The
television is the main source of
entertainment and young chil-
dren are glued to video games
or computer screens. We seldom
ate at the dining table together
but, each one will grab a plate of
food and sit in front of the TV.
We don’t want to miss a pro-
gram on The Filipino Channel.
We have to drive our cars even
to the nearest destinations. It is
sometimes funny to watch our
Kababayans fght for those few
elusive parking spots in front of
Seafood City or other stores.
Well, if you carry the ex-
cess weight, you can always hide
it by wearing the black or loose
clothing. You can always claim
that your family has big bones
to justify your very unhealthy
eating habit. Why bother to do
a regular exercise when it is so
comfortable lying on your nice
couch. You may never have the
James Bond physique but, you
can always Diet Another Day.
Diet Another Day
Page 8 June 6-12, 2008 Asian Journal - (619) 474-0588 Visit our website at
(619) 426-2040
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299 $
When I was young and full of wonder
I looked at the moon and pondered
Why it grows bigger every night
Then grows smaller till out of sight
This now has been clearly explained
But to me what is not yet plain
Why the moon and its silvery light
Make star-struck lovers croon and sigh
And for love they offer the moon
The lassies think they’re crazy like the loon
For surely the moon they cannot get
Much better would be a beautiful diamond set
Aghast at such an expense suggestion
In haste they leave in frustration
Why do young swains get romantic
When the moon shines they get ecstatic?
The moon shines over all God’s creation
Over peaceful and warring nations
When at war for wealth and glory
They pray to God for victory
©2008 copyright by Soledad O. Bautista. All rights reserved.
The Moon
by G. Tagudin - Silverio
In Perspective
Read Genny Silverio’s previous articles by visiting our website
Sol Poetry
Read Soledad Bautista’s previous articles by visiting our website
by Soledad O. Bautista
After a last-minute, four-hour
conference attended by about 30 or
so of the movers and shakers in the
Filipino American community at
Villa Manila in National City last
night, I arrived home tired but flled
with a sense of promise about the
future because of the vision that Tony
Olaes and Jet Montelibano of Gawad
Kalinga shared about their hopes for
the country.
These two are leading a juggernaut
to get GK to the next level in the US.
Both believe that the hope for the
country lies in the commitment of
the two million Filipino Americans in
the US. They are not simply after the
act of giving or getting enough hands
for the next build of the next hundred
GK villages.
The purpose of the meeting was
both simple and bold: getting enough
workers to plant seeds for the harvest;
a harvest intended for future genera-
tions. GK is out to raise a generation
willing to transform the country into
the nation we all want it to be in our
mind’s eye -- a proud people standing
tall among its Asian neighbors and
lifted out of the 400-year status quo
of despair -- to essentially change and
even reverse history. With our help,
GK says it will take a generation to
transform the country. And even as
we speak, GK is changing the way we
think and talk of ourselves.
But frst things frst. The goal of
the evening was to convince Filipino
Americans, beginning with the ones
gathered at the table, that they are the
solution. But only if they exercise
their clout and political voice in the
US to infuence the course of poli-
cies and the infux of investments to
improve the lives of their kababayans
back home.
“In the end it will be the US-based
Filipinos who will set the tone,” ac-
cording to Jet Montelibano, one of the
architects behind the GK movement,
who confessed that the popularity of
GK has grown beyond his imagina-
tion. “If we want to solve poverty
and the corruption underneath it, then
bayanihan is the ultimate antidote for
In the mail: A letter
from Juan de la Cruz
corruption. Because if corruption is an
exploitation of others, then bayanihan
is the giving of oneself.”
Since I am out of time and have
missed my own editorial deadline,
let me share a letter which I found
circulating in the net today: a letter
from Juan de la Cruz, obviously a
pseudonym for a patriot, which a
friend sent me.
Juan de la Cruz, if you were in the
meeting last night, I thank you for
writing the letter instead and keeping
us from prolonging the existential
questions tossed around about unity,
divisiveness and the angst of why
we are here. It would have otherwise
kept us talking endlessly way into the
late hours.
As fate would have it, the talks
take place as the eve of Philippine
Independence Day approaches. The
timingseems to leave us with the ques-
tion, “What hand have we played to
infuence the nation’s destiny?”
I think the letter from Juan de la
Cruz serves as the watermark. I hope
we can look back a year, two years,
fve years from now to reread the letter
and be able to say to ourselves and to
Juan “I beg to disagree, Juan. Come
and see what I am doing to change
that.” For now the letter sets the tone
for each one of us as we embark with
Tony Olaes, Jet Montelibano and
Tony Meloto on the grand undertaking
of rebuilding a nation.
Here is the letter from Juan de la
My Fellow Filipinos,
When I was small, the Philippine
peso was P2 to the $dollar . The
president was Diosdado Macapagal
. Life was simple. Life was easy. My
father was a farmer. My mother kept
a small sari-sari store where our
neighbors bought sang-perang asin,
sang-perang bagoong, sang-perang
suka, sang-perang toyo at pahinging
isang butil na bawang. Our backyard
had kamatis, kalabasa, talong, am-
palaya, upo, batao, and okra. Our
silong had chicken. We had a pig,
dog & cat. And of course, we lived
on the farm. During rainy season,
my father caught frogs at night which
my mother made into batute (stuffed
frog), or just plain fried. During the
day, he caught hit o and dalag from his
rice paddies, which he would usually
inihaw. Du ring dry season, we relied
on the chickens, vegetables, bangus,
tuyo, and tinapa. Every now and then,
there was pork and beef from the town
market. Life was so peaceful , so quiet,
no electricity, no TV. Just the radio
for Tia Dely, Roman Rapido, Tawag
ng Tanghalan and Tang-tarang- tang.
And who can forget Leila Benitez on
Darigold Jamboree? On weekends,
I played with my neighbours (who
were all my cousins). Tumbang-preso,
taguan, piko, luksong lubid, patintero,
at iba pa. I don’t know about you, but
I miss tho se days.
These days, we face the TV, Internet,
e-mail, newspaper, magazine,grocery
catalog, or drive around. The peso is
a staggering and incredible P44 to the
$dollar. Most people can’t have fun
anymore. Life has become a battle.
We live to work. Work to live. Life
is not easy. I was in Saudi Arabia
in 1983. It was lonely, diffcult, &
scary . It didn’t matter if you were a
man or a woman. You were a target
for rape. The salary was cheap &
the vacation far between. If the boss
didn’t want you to go on holiday, you
didn’t. They had your passport. Oh,
and the agency charged you almost
4months of your salary (which, if you
had to borrow on a “20% per month
arrangement” meant your frst year’s
pay was all gone before you even
earned it). The Philippines used to be
one of the most important countries
in Asia . Before & during my college
days, many students from neighbor-
ing Asian countries like Malaysia ,
Indonesia , Japan and China went to
the Philippines to get their diplomas.
Like Thailand , they went to study
agricultures in UP Los Banos and
earned their bachelors in the Phils
and now we imports rice from them. It
is opposite now. Philippines used to be
the exporter of any agriculture prod-
ucts but now it is different. We import
because not much land (farms) they
can cultivate due to private sectors
who focused on developing houses,
buildings, supermarkets, mall and
others. What happened now? What
is the government doing? Checking
their own pocket, their own personal
interest and pork barrels. Wow!
Until 1972, like President Macapa-
gal, President Marcos was one of the
most admired presidents of the world.
The Peso had kept its value of P7 to
the $dollar until I fnished college .
Today,the Philippines is famous as
the “housemaid” capital of the world.
It ranks very high as the “cheapest
labor” capital of the world, too. We
have maid s in Hong Kong , laborers
in Saudi Arabia , dancers in Japan,
migrants and TNTs in Australia and
the US , and all sorts of other “tricky”
jobs in other parts of the globe. Quo
Vadis, Pinoy? Is that a wonder or a
worry? Are you proud to be a Filipino,
or does it even matter anymore? When
you see the Filipino fag and hear the
Pambansang Awit, do you feel a sense
of pride or a sense of defeat & uncer-
tainty? If only things could change for
the better...... . Hang on for this is a job
for Superman. Or whom do you call?
Ghostbusters. Joke. Right?
This is one of our problems.
We say “I love the Philippines .... I
am proud to be a Filipino.”
When I send you a joke, you send
it to everyone in your address book
even if it kills the Internet. But when
I send you a note on how to save our
country & ask you to forward it, what
do you do?
You chuck it in the bin.
I want to help the maids in Hong
Kong ... I want to help the laborers
in Saudi Arabia ... I want to help the
dancers in Japan .... I want to help the
TNTs in America and Australia ...
I want to save the people of the Phil-
ippines .. But I cannot do it alone. I
need your help and everyone else’s.
So please forward this e-mail to
your friends. If you say you love the
Philippines , prove it. And if you don’t
agree with me, say something anyway.
Indifference is a crime on its own ...
Juan Dela Cruz
Page 9 Asian Journal - (619) 474-0588 Visit our website at June 6-12, 2008
By Tyrone M. Reyes, M.D.
PhilStar, 0/03/08
About one million people
worldwide are diagnosed to have
colon cancer every year, according
to the World Health Organization.
In the Philippines, it is the third
most common cancer in men and
As with many of the most com-
mon cancers, some colon cancer
is clearly caused by inherited
genetic mutations that are passed
from generation to generation.
But that’s a relatively rare event.
Fewer than fve percent of cases
are caused by the two main genetic
disorders that have been identifed
so far: familial adenomatous poly-
posis and hereditary nonpolyposis
colorectal cancer.
Another 25 percent of patients
fall into a gray area. In this form,
the disease runs in families, so
there seems to be some inherited
genetic component, but the pattern
of who is affected and who isn’t
suggests other causative factors
as well. About 70 percent of colon
cancers cannot be explained by
family history or an obvious in-
herited factor. Doctors sometimes
refer to these as “sporadic” cases
although they are the most com-
mon. In most instances, therefore,
colon cancer has more to do with
what we eat, how much we exer-
cise, how much we weigh, and a
number of other factors.
There are no guarantees, of
course, but most of us can lower
our chances of getting colon can-
cer in several ways: Don’t eat too
much red meat, don’t get heavy,
exercise, and, for heaven’s sake,
don’t smoke.
Starting at about age 50, regu-
How to lower your
risk for colon cancer
lar screening — colonoscopy is
increasingly favored — improves
the chances of avoiding colon can-
cer and also of surviving it even
if you do get it. Screening works
because colon cancer is usually a
slow-growing disease that starts
with adenomatous polyps, small
protuberant growths inside the co-
lon that may contain precancerous
cells. Screening tests are designed
to fnd these polyps so doctors can
remove them before they become
But the truth of the matter is
that most of us tend to put off
screening tests, perhaps especially
so for colon cancer. As for other
admonitions, cutting back on red
meat may not be so diffcult. But
the gap between word and deed
looms especially large when it
comes to weight control and exer-
cise. So we do need easier, more
reliable ways of preventing colon
Aspirin Is Too Risky
The daily, low-dose (81- to
325-mg) aspirin is one possibility.
Many people already take aspirin
to reduce their risk of having a
second heart attack or stroke — or
having their frst one if they fall
into a high-risk group (a not-very-
exclusive club that includes many
men over 40 and postmenopausal
women). Aspirin also seems to
have anti-cancer properties. In
lab and animal experiments, it has
prevented the rapid cell division
that’s associated with cancer. And
epidemiologic studies show that
people who take aspirin are about
half as likely to get colon cancer
as those who don’t, although the
protective effect seems to emerge
only after 10 years or more of
regular intake.
Early last year, the US Preven-
tive Services task force recom-
mended against taking aspirin
— or any other nonsteroidal anti-
infammatory drug — for colon
cancer prevention, if your colon
cancer risk is average. The well-
known risks of these drugs (intes-
tinal bleeding, kidney problems,
and “bleeding” strokes) outweigh
the possible colon cancer protec-
tion, the experts decided. Still,
there’s room for exercising some
judgment. If a person at high risk
of colon cancer is at low risk for
complications from aspirin — and
would beneft from taking it for
other reasons (presumably cardio-
vascular) — then it’s reasonable to
at least consider aspirin for reduc-
ing colon risk.
Folic Acid Falters
Another contender for colon
cancer prevention-in-a-pill has
been folic acid, the synthetic
form of folate, which is found
naturally in green leafy vegetables
and other foods. One of the B
vitamins, folic acid looks pretty
good as an anti-cancer agent. Evi-
dence from animal studies hint at
cancer protection from folic acid
and epidemiologists have found a
connection between low folic acid
intake and colon cancer, particu-
larly in people who drink alcohol.
Yet, in a study published in the
Journal of the American Medical
Association (JAMA), the study
volunteers who took folic acid
pills were more, not less likely
to get recurrent polyps than those
who took a placebo pill.
So, does folic acid join the
growing list of vitamins and
minerals (vitamin A, vitamin E,
and perhaps selenium) that go
from being healthful to harmful
when taken in large amounts in
pill form? At the moment, no one
knows for sure and the studies have
been inconclusive. Some scientists
speculate that perhaps the surplus
folic acid overwhelms systems in
the intestine that metabolize the
vitamin. Others have theorized
that folic acid in certain amounts
may prevent colon cancers from
forming but in large amounts may
“feed” small microscopic cancers
if they’re already there.
Tips On Lowering Your
And so, the search for answers
circles back to some familiar rec-
ommendations. Here’s the latest
thinking on what helps and what
• Cut back on red and pro-
cessed meat. The studies don’t
line up perfectly but many point
to increased colon cancer risk
among people who eat a lot of red
(beef, lamb, pork) and processed
meat (bacon, ham, hot dogs, sau-
sage, and so on). The risk from
processed meat might be greater
than it is for red meat. Why red
meat might cause colon cancer
is unclear. Some studies suggest
that the heme iron it contains, pro-
motes cell division and cancerous
growth. Chicken doesn’t seem to
increase colon cancer risk, and one
study found it might even reduce
the risk.
• Stay active. Whether it is on
or off the job, physical activity
seems to protect against colon
cancer (but curiously, not against
rectal cancer). Some studies sug-
gest that you’ll get even more
protection if you exercise vigor-
ously. But Danish researchers
reported in 2006 that activity level
wasn’t as important as the number
of different activities people par-
ticipate in.
• Stay slender. Scientifc stud-
ies have identifed a connection
between obesity and colon cancer
more than 10 years ago. Being
overweight increases your risk
but only half as much as being
obese. Visceral fat, which accu-
mulates in the belly and clings to
the abdominal organs, may pose
more of a risk than fat under the
skin that widens hips, thighs, and
• Adequate calcium intake is
good for most. High milk and
calcium consumption have been
linked to lower cancer risk in epi-
demiologic studies. But when daily
calcium (1,000 mg) and vitamin D
(400 IU) supplements were tested
in the landmark Women’s Health
Initiative Study, they had no ef-
fect on colon cancer rates. Other
data suggest that we’ve paid too
much attention to calcium and that
vitamin D is the real risk reducer.
Men are expressly advised by the
American Cancer Society not to
get too much calcium (1,500 mg or
more daily) because large amounts
may increase prostate cancer risk.
The bottom line: People who have
had polyps should talk with their
doctors about taking calcium
supplement (one important trial
showed reduction in recurrence
by 20 percent).
(Continued on page 25)
Page 10 June 6-12, 2008 Asian Journal - (619) 474-0588 Visit our website at
Sleep, Sleep – Elusive Sleep
hopes to show a different and
more family-oriented side of the
“This project represents
Pagcor’s shift from mere gaming
into wholesome, family-oriented
recreation and entertainment.
With this, we aim to make
Pagcor the catalyst for economic
progress and national develop-
ment,” Genuino said.
With the help of the inves-
tors and the support of govern-
ment offcials and agencies, they
hope to “transform this barren
land into one of the most excit-
ing tourism destinations in the
Father Artemio Fabros, vicar
of the Nueva Señora de Guia
Church (more popularly known
as the Ermita Church), took part
in the blessing ceremony along
with some Roman Catholic
He explained that he was
present because the Pagcor
offce in Ermita is under their
jurisdiction and that he does not
fear being reprimanded by his
“It never crossed my mind
that I would be sanctioned.
Besides, this project is more of
tourism than gambling. Its aim
is to promote the common good
and we need to bless it,” he said.
Fr. Fabros’ views were sup-
ported by Dr. John Florentine
Teruel P.P., who is the patriarch
and founding bishop of the Ap-
ostolic Catholic Church.
“If we would only look at it
in a positive way, why should
we stop the plans of building an
entertainment city which would
bring in money from all over the
world and the government would
not even spend a single cent.
It would also bring in employ-
ment,” he said.
He added that Pagcor would
be implementing security
measures that would safeguard
the interest of its players. They
would not allow fnancially
deprived people from playing in
their casinos.
Genuino said that the pres-
ence of the religious leaders in
the groundbreaking ceremony
shows that they have gained
the support and understanding
of Church offcials. He assured
them that only fve percent of
the property would be used for
casino, tourism
complex project
(Continued from page 2)
Every night, I crawl into bed
tired and sleepy, and yet the sleep
that I crave and sorely needs eludes
me. I lie there in my king-size bed
– alone and feeling lonely, tossing
and turning around, and trying all
kinds of sleeping positions – to no
avail. Sleep still eludes me.
Yes, I have a sleeping prob-
lem. I have diffculty falling and
staying asleep, and when sleep
fnally comes, I wake up after a
few minutes, and have diffculty
sleeping again. I probably average
only three or four hours of sleep
each night. In the morning, I feel
lethargic for lack of sleep, and in
the evening it’s the same old sce-
nario again. It’s a vicious circle,
a ride I do not enjoy!
Insomnia is a health problem
Insomnia is a health problem.
It affects up to 10 percent or 15
percent of adults at some point,
myself included. It is often a
symptom of other health problems,
such as depression, stress, and pain
(either or both physically or emo-
tionally.) Because of lack of sleep,
insomniacs feel sleepy all day. I,
probably, am a transient or inter-
mittent insomniac, if not chronic
insomniac yet. God forbid!
When I try to catch a nap dur-
ing daytime, sleep still wouldn’t
come. Because of that, I hate
to get into my car and drive, for
without sleep driving is really dan-
gerous. A lot of people get into an
accident for lack of sleep!
When people have an insomnia
problem, it often leads to daytime
problems such as tiredness, lack
of energy, diffculty concentrating
and irritability. In some cases,
they do not enjoy any form of
activity at all. I’m not into that
state yet, hopefully, but I fear that
I might if things go on as they are.
So I decided I have to do some-
thing about this.
I don’t want my sleeping prob-
lem to get worse that it is now. If
it does, it could lead to chronic
insomnia, which is an ongoing
sleep problem. Since stress is
one of the causes of insomnia,
and insomnia leads to more stress,
it’s a Catch-22 situation! I hope
this won’t happen to me! I don’t
want to deal with the multitude of
problems that chronic insomnia
Sleep deprived people are
on a fast track for heart disease,
stroke, diabetes and obesity. Even
death! It is because they are not
in peak operating condition and
their systems are not fring on all

What causes insomnia
There are many things that
cause insomnia. One of them is
stress, as I previously mentioned.
Stress can be caused by fear,
maybe about a single event such
as giving a speech, or an ongoing
problem, such as work or marital
problems. Thanks to Toastmas-
ters, I don’t have any fear of public
speaking any more. And I don’t
have any work problem, because
I love what I do!
Other causes of insomnia are
depression, anxiety, and other
mental or emotional problems. I
am a positive person at heart, but
being only human, there’s a lot of
stress in my life. And too much
stress is not good at all! I even
landed in the emergency room of
the hospital twice! And the latest
trip to the emergency room hap-
pened the night before Memorial
I feel my head exploding be-
cause of the pain in my hart. I
could hear my heart pounding
like drums and my back and arms
were throbbing with pain. I had
great diffculty breathing, and I
was afraid I would die. When
they took my blood pressure at
the hospital, it was dangerously
high – 213/98. So the doctors im-
mediately ordered some medicine
be injected into the IV attached to
my arm.
They gave me oxygen, and
attached me to an EKG machine
and blood pressure monitor. After
several hours in the emergency
room, the doctors decided to have
me admitted so they can stabilize
my blood pressure. My BP is sta-
bilized now, though still high, so
I’m taking oral medication.
Other causes of insomnia are
poor sleep habits such as watching
TV on bed, or not having a regu-
lar bedtime schedule. Changes
in sleep surroundings, including
what happens when we sleep –
such as noise, light, or lying in
an uncomfortable bed – can also
cause insomnia. So is drinking too
much coffee, having a jet lag, or
working a late shift.
I found out that when you have
trouble sleeping, or are worried
about being able to fall asleep
– this could make the problem
even worse. Really a Catch-22

Tips for sleeping better
These are some tips for sleep-
ing better from the Reader’s Di-
gest (and I hope they will work
for me):
Wake up at the same time
every day. A good night’s sleep
actually starts in the morning. The
second your eyes futter open, light
shoots down the optic nerve and
into the brain’s biological clock.
That stimulates production of
hormones that regulate everything
from how you think to how you
feel. And activating your brain
at the same time every morning
teaches your body that at midnight
it’s supposed to be asleep and at
noon it’s supposed to be awake.
Waking up at different times every
day and the clock is out of sync.
Give yourself an hour - the
one right before bed. You need it
to wind down and make the tran-
sition from the person who can
do everything to the person who
can sleep. Unfortunately, most
women are not giving themselves
one single second. According
to the 2007 poll by the National
Sleep Foundation, during the hour
before bed, about 60 percent of
women do household chores, 37
percent take care of the children,
37 percent do activities with other
family members, 36 percent are on
the Internet, and 21 percent catch
up on work.
Put yourself frst. Women are
used to putting their needs ahead
of others, but sleep is so neces-
sary to health and happiness, they
must. If the dog’s snoring wakes
you up, put him in another room.
If your partner’s snoring wakes
you up, have him get treatment.
If he doesn’t cooperate, put him
in another room.
Dump the 24-7 stuff. Even if
we manage to drop into bed for the
six hours researchers claim most
of us spend there, our minds are
full of what-if, why did we, and
what’s in the agenda tomorrow.
All these rumination and agitation
ignites stress hormones that keep
us in a state of perpetual wakeful-
ness. “That’s why we should make
a serious attempt to simply our
lives,” says Cecile Andrews, PhD,
author of Slow is Beautiful. Draw
up your to-do list, then take a big
breath and start crossing things
off, she says. It’s a bit humbling
to realize, but your really don’t
have to do it all.
Don’t work so late. The pre-
vailing thought is that you have to
stay late to get the job done. But
working right up until bedtime is
bound to affect your sleep. The
truth is that it’s better to get some
sleep, and then do more work in
the morning. Studies show that
after a good night’s sleep, your
increased ability to concentrate
means that you can work faster
and more accurately.
Manage the electronics. Be-
ing eternally hooked up to your cell
phone or BlackBerry creates stress
by forcing on us what Rockefeller
University’s Bruce McEwen, PhD,
calls as “a wholly artifcial sense
of urgency.” You don’t have to do
without your gadgets to cut stress
– just control them. Turn off your
cell in the evening, and the instant
notification on your email too.
Switch off your monitor, ditch
the night-light, and turn back the
clock-radio display. Your brain
can misinterpret even dim lights
and wonder if it should wake you
up. Total darkness tells your brain
it’s time to sleep.
Stick to water, juice, and
decaffeinated diet soda – any-
thing but coffee, hot chocolate
or tea within six to ten hours of
bed. Caffeine blocks the effects
of adenosine, a brain chemical
that makes you sleep. In fact, the
caffeine in just one cup will rev
your circuits enough to reduce
both the length and restorative
depths of sleep. It will also wake
you during the night for a trip to
the bathroom.
Put cookies and milk in your
nightstand. The tryptophan in
milk will make you feel sleepy,
but you need some carbohydrates
to get it where you want it to go in
your brain, says Mary Susan Es-
ther, MD, president of the Ameri-
can Academy of Sleep Medicine.
Cookies are her carbs of choice.
Buy a new mattress. Don’t
even try to comparison shop.
Every mattress in every store has
a different name and comes with
different features. The mattress to
choose is the one that you can try
in your home for 30 days. Find a
store that offers that option, pick
out a mattress, make sure it has a
guarantee, and fash your plastic.
The mattress that allows you to
sink into a deep, natural sleep
and wake up in the morning, free
from aches and pains, is the one
you want.
Good ni ght and s weet
(Continued on page 19)
Light &
Read Zena Babao’s previous articles by visiting our website at
by Zena Sultana Babao
Page 11 Asian Journal - (619) 474-0588 Visit our website at June 6-12, 2008
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By Ricardo F. Lo
PhilStar, 50/05/08
Their friendship goes
almost 50 years back, so
when Charlton Heston died of
Alzheimer’s disease-related
complications at age 84 last
April 5, Marcos B. Roces,
now 90, grieved as if he lost a
member of his family. Come
to think of it, Heston was
“like family” to the Roceses
who owned the Ideal Theater,
a landmark at the old Avenida
Rizal which was gutted by
fire three decades ago. Ideal
Theater was then the home
to interview Marcos about
Heston, a showbiz old-timer
fondly recalled that during
that visit, a Filipino actress
flirted with Heston, ready,
willing and able to go to bed
with him; but ever the gentle-
man, Heston politely told the
disappointed actress, “You are
so beautiful but I’m sorry, my
wife is with me.”)
“Charlton was here for one
week,” said Marcos during an
interview at the Makati office
where he still reports every
day. “He stayed for only one
day in Japan also for the pre-
miere but he decided to stay
longer in the Philippines not
only because of seven pre-
mier showings (for the benefit
of various charity organiza-
tions), including one graced
by then Pres. Carlos P. Garcia,
were scheduled but he wanted
to visit the country’s impor-
tant landmarks.”
Like Marcos, Heston loved
to play tennis.
“He was staying at the Ma-
nila Hotel but he was at my
house practically every day.
We were living on McKinley
Road and at that time, we had
a tennis court. He was easy to
get along with. When he came
to our house, he would sit on
a chair, put his feet up and felt
right at home.”
Marcos remembers
Heston as a “very intelligent
person” who would study
the customs and tradition of
a country before visiting it,
like what he did before com-
ing to the Philippines.
“He said, ‘I want three
things: I want to see Cor-
regidor and Santo Tomas
(the university) where the
American soldiers were
entombed, and I want to
play tennis.’ So after every
interview with newsmen,
he would come to my house
and we would play tennis.”
That’s how their friend-
ship blossomed — on the
tennis court. It was a friend-
ship that would last for
In 2002 when Heston
announced at a press confer-
ence that he was suffering
from Alzheimer’s disease,
Marcos promptly wrote him
a letter.
Heston sent an equally
prompt reply on his own sta-
tionery, dated Sept. 4, 2002.
It read:
Dear Marcos,
I have your message ex-
pressing your concern about
the announcement I made
recently about my health:
He remembers
Charlton Heston
of Metro Goldwyn Meyer
(MGM) Pictures for which
Heston starred in several
movies portraying him as
The Ultimate Macho, such as
Ben Hur, El Cid, Planet of the
Apes, The Omega Man and,
but of course, the all-time
favorite The Ten Command-
ments where he played Mo-
Marcos was among the first
who sent Heston’s wife Lydia,
now 85, a message of sympa-
thy. Marcos met the couple in
1960 when Heston
came here to grace the
premiere of Ben Hur. (When
he learned that I was going
you’ve warmed my heart. The
times we spent together are
golden to me and I’ll never
forget them.
I feel deep gratitude for
the many letters, phone calls,
emails and faxes I’ve received
in recent days. I’m not cer-
tain I entirely deserve such
an outpouring of good wishes
from so many people, but I’m
taking them all to heart.
Please accept my thanks
for your warm support and
goodwill. I truly feel this is
a challenge I can overcome,
thanks to my family, my many
friends and God’s Grace.
As William Shakespeare
said, “Fear not, all will yet be
Charlton Heston
“His wife Lydia was a
wonderful woman,” said
Marcos, himself married to
a wonderful woman, Marie
Teresa Prieto. (One of their
children, Mark, was once
married to Elizabeth Oropeza
with whom he has a daughter,
Genevieve.) “Charlton went
to Northwestern University
where Lydia was his class-
mate. They were married for
64 years; theirs was one of the
longest marriages in Holly-
Describing Heston as
“easy-going...a very pleas-
ant person,” Marcos said
that Heston never turned
down an autograph-seeker.
“He came again a few years
later...I don’t remember the
exact date...that time for the
premiere of another movie
by Universal Pictures and not
MGM. If I’m not mistaken,
the movie was 55 Days at
Heston would return the
same hospitality when Marcos
was in Hollywood.
“Charlton would invite me
to his house in Beverly Hills
which had a swimming pool
and a tennis court. Yes, we
would play tennis.”
The last time Marcos
communicated with Heston
was in 2003, a year after he
announced that he was suffer-
ing from Alzheimer’s disease,
when he congratulated Heston
after the American Film Insti-
tute (AFI) created an award in
his name. Heston wrote back,
again on his own stationery. It
Dear Marcos,
How nice to hear from you. I
(Continued on page 19)
Page 12 June 6-12, 2008 Asian Journal - (619) 474-0588 Visit our website at
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AT 3 A.M.
By James B. Reuter
Monday, April 28, is the feast
day of Blessed Gianna Beretta
Molla, who loved her children
more than she loved life itself.
She was a very modern moth-
er, born in Milan, Italy, in 1922.
Like so many of our young
students here in the Philippines,
she was a very active member of
Catholic Action. And she served
the old and the needy in the
apostolate of the Saint Vincent
de Paul Society.
She went to medical school,
specializing in surgery. She
received her degree in Medicine
in 1949, when she was 27 years
old. During the next year, she
opened her own clinic. In her
medical practice she preferred
to help mothers and children.
And she continued to reach out
Love for children
(Continued on page 19) (Continued on page 18)
to young people as a leader in
Catholic Action.
When she was 33, she mar-
ried an Engineer — Pietro Molla
— and had four children during
the next seven years.
But, when her fourth baby
was only two months in her
womb, she underwent surgery
for a fbrous tumor in the uterus.
Being a doctor and a surgeon
herself, she knew how dangerous
this was for the life of the child
in her womb. She asked the sur-
geon to save her pregnancy.
The surgeon went far out of
his way to do this, and the life of
the baby in her womb was saved.
But it left her with the possibility
of very dangerous complications
in childbirth. She knew this.
A few days before she was to
be delivered, she told her doctor:
“Please!. . . . save the life of my
concern. Who are we to merit his
care? We are sinners and perhaps
beyond conversion.
In both attitudes, our focus
remains on ourselves, not on
God’s love and mercy. In the
frst attitude, one’s good works
are viewed as some forms of
manipulation to convince God to
reward us for a job well done. In
this regard, God is not needed,
because our concern is on our
“good deeds.” In the second
instance, we wallow in self-pity
and hope that God could see our
pitiable condition and therefore
would have mercy on us. This is
another form of manipulation.
God is needed not because he is
the God of love, but because he
should relieve our sad plight.

As I write this column in my
hospital room at Scripps Memo-
rial Hospital, La Jolla, I am getting
ready for a bypass surgery that is
scheduled on June 3.
These two “Pharisaical” atti-
tudes hit me hard like a thunderbolt

Joke of the week: The pastor
was rejoicing with en elderly
parishioner over the conversion
of a relative who had fnally seen
the light and joined the church
after a lifetime of riotous liv-
ing. When the parishioner asked
if the newcomer’s sins would
be forgiven, the pastor assured
her, “Yes, indeed, the greater
the sinner, the greater the saint.”
“Reverend,” the woman said
thoughtfully, “I wish I’d known
this ffty years ago.”
Scripture: First Reading:
Hosea 6: 3-6. There is no doubt
that mercy and sacrifces were
necessary in the Old Testament.
What God really is asking – the
total conversion of the person to
him. God does not want a mere
lip service or sacrifce that is not
sincere. Sacrifce is important.
Te Pharisee In
Each One Of Us
God wants Israel to realize that
on his own man cannot offer an
honest and true sacrifce. Sec-
ond Reading: Romans 4: 18-25.
God promised Abraham that he
would be the father of many na-
tions that are as numerous as the
stars. Abraham, knowing that he
was not capable of doing every-
thing by himself, believed God
because he was “fully convinced
that God was able to do what he
had promised.” Gospel: Matthew
9: 9-13. The Pharisees are reli-
gious men who hold on to their
position through strict interpreta-
tion of the laws. They consider
tax collectors and sinners as
outcasts of society with whom
any law abiding Israelite dur-
ing Jesus’ time should have no
physical contact and association
whatsoever. Just imagine how
scandalized were these legalistic
men when Jesus ate with sinners.
Refections: The Pharisee
looked down on people who are
not like them and do not strictly
observe the laws. Since their fo-
cus is centered mostly on others’
mistakes and shortcomings, the
Pharisees do not see themselves
as sinners and imperfect and
are in need of repentance and
We should not easily con-
demn them, because there is a
“Pharisee” in each of us. First,
there is the legalistic and righ-
teous Pharisee. This kind of
“Pharisaical” behavior smacks
of a holier-than-thou attitude. We
are holy and have done our good
share in converting people to the
Lord. We believe that we deserve
a pat in the back with comments,
“Good and faithful servants.”
Yes, indeed. We are observing
strictly and faithfully church’s
laws, we attend punctually
church services, and we honestly
and respectfully treat others.
So, the good Lord must be well
pleased with us. We are not like
the rest of men who are sinners.
Secondly, there is another
“Pharisaical” behavior that
is self- condemnatory. Since,
we have been guilty of self-
righteousness and that we don’t
see our own faults, God’s ways
of punishing us or sending us
a wake-up call is to ignore our
prayers. Therefore, we are not
even worthy of his attention and
Page 13 Asian Journal - (619) 474-0588 Visit our website at June 6-12, 2008
By Babe Romualdez
PhilStar, 05/20/08
I was on the same PAL
fight with Lucio Tan yester-
day, and I have not seen him
in a while so I had a nice, long
conversation with him. Fond-
ly called “El Kapitan” by the
employees of his vast business
conglomerate, many people
have always been fascinated
not only at the billionaire’s
humble bearing but most of
all, his resiliency, bouncing
back at every hard punch life
has thrown his way.
It’s hard to imagine that
Lucio Tan – number three in
Forbes’ list of the 40 richest
in the Philippines – practi-
cally had nothing to his name
when he came to the coun-
try as a young boy with his
family to escape the wrath of
the Japanese forces that had
invaded China. Like many of
the Chinese who came to this
country, he had to endure a lot
of hardships, compounded by
the war which certainly made
life even more diffcult for a
boy who suddenly fnds him-
self uprooted from his home
to settle in a strange land.
In his youth, El Kapitan
worked as a janitor, mopping
foors to put himself though
school. He eventually dropped
his chemical engineering
degree at the Far Eastern Uni-
versity to work in a tobacco
factory – which must have
encouraged him to set up his
own cigarette company in
1966. This small fagship en-
terprise saw the beginnings of
a vast business empire, with
Lucio Tan literally building
up his fortune with Fortune
Tobacco Company. The busi-
ness expanded rapidly espe-
cially with the introduction
of the Hope cigarette brand.
This was followed by Asia
The resilient ‘El Kapitan’
Brewery sometime in the ’70s
which went head-on against
giant San Miguel Corp.,
which has been dominating
the beer market in the country.
From cigarettes to beer, El
Kapitan spread his interest to
banking via Allied Bank until
his historic acquisition of PAL
in 1993.
According to accounts, his
rise to the top as one of the
country’s most successful in-
dustrialists was likened by the
late Jaime Cardinal Sin to that
of a mustard seed – a plant
that starts small but eventually
grows bigger than many other
shrubs and trees. That’s not
to say however that he hasn’t
had a taste of failure. On the
contrary, it was said that the
frst two businesses he set
up – an electronics shop and
a corn starch factory – were
unsuccessful. Yet he persisted,
seeing opportunity in some-
thing that men with narrow
vision would have taken as
crushing defeat.
El Kapitan says that during
the Aquino and Ramos admin-
istrations, he had no choice
but to start looking outside of
the Philippines for investment
(Continued on page 18)
Lucio Tan
Page 14 June 6-12, 2008 Asian Journal - (619) 474-0588 Visit our website at
By Carmen Guerrero Nakpil
PhilStar 05/30/08
A unique class of people
in the Philippines is the Bar
Topnotchers. They are the
men and women who are ac-
corded this title by the trime-
dia and the public, the morn-
ing after the announcement of
the results of the Bar exams,
itself a mystical event fraught
with national anxiety. A list
of names and those of their
colleges, below ID photos,
with their respective grades
exquisitely calibrated to the
last decimal place, appears
on all the front pages, video
screens and bulletin boards;
and is read and exclaimed
over radio, in waiting rooms,
coffee shops and churches all
over the land.
From the moment of their
coronation, these worthies
walk on air, and sometimes on
water, too, for the honorifc,
Bar Topnotcher, is affxed to
their names till the day they
die and beyond. In the late
19th century, towards the
end of the Spanish regime,
their counterparts were called
“abogados de campanilla”
for, when they condescended
to appear on the dusty streets
of Manila, they were pre-
ceded by a couple of pages,
or bellboys, shaking little
metal bells to frighten off less
distinguished pedestrians into
getting out of their way. It
was the same honor given to
the Viaticum, when a priest,
carrying the Sacred Host,
was on his way to give the
Last Sacraments to the dy-
ing. Nowadays, the bells have
been replaced by sirens from
a Lexus, or at least a Ford
Expedition, and other modern
forms of preeminence.
Those who merely merited
a passing grade in the Bar
exams (which fuctuate ac-
cording to the exigent whims
of the Bar examiners) are
also listed on that momentous
day, on a much longer list, in
smaller type, but are neverthe-
less entitled to the less aristo-
cratic title of “Atty.” (short for
“Attorney”) and are idolized
by families, hometowns and
their soon-to-be constituents.
Those grueling exams, after
several months of exhausting,
monkish existence as Bar re-
viewers, are said to be harder
for the tens of thousands of
lawyers and law students to
answer correctly than for that
Biblical camel to pass through
the eye of the needle.
In any case, they are all,
whether Bar Topnotchers or
Attys., rewarded by a crack at
the presidency, the Senate, the
Supreme Court, any position
in the government roster and
great wealth and glory; so
that it is imperative for every
Filipino family to have at least
one. History provides us with
an explanation for this phe-
nomenon, and its fascinating
Filipino law students and
lawyers, in their feverish
hundreds of thousands, are
the descendants of the armies
of notaries, jurists and func-
tionaries who manned the
emerging empires around the
Mediterranean in the 15th and
16th centuries. As such, they
are the direct inheritors of a
complex legacy, Muslim and
Christian, which has come
down to us from those remote
Long before the Spanish
conquista in Mindanao, Sulu
and those parts of Luzon that
were becoming Islamized,
there was substantial legisla-
tive activity sustained by a
special class of learned inter-
preters of the Koran, jurists
and missionaries who guided
the people through the intrica-
cies of law.
They and only they knew
“right” from “wrong” — in al-
most the same way that high-
ly-paid corporation lawyers
now claim to know it — and
they instructed their clients on
such matters as dietary taboos,
ablutions and burials. They
were in reality distant echoes
of the Muslim empires whose
legal machinery was so im-
pressive that, to take only one
example, King Henry VIII
of England sent a mission to
Suleiman at Constantinople to
“study its workings.”
According to Fernand
Braudel (The Mediterranean
World in the Age of Philip
II, Vol. II), the domain of the
Catholic kings, Ferdinand and
Isabella, was also managed by
such lawyers or letrados, new
men whose profession was
the study of the law “whose
competence extended to all
matters, being no more nor
less than the science of what
is just and unjust.” Hurtado
de Mendoza, diplomat, sol-
dier and aristocrat, enumer-
ated “the entire tribe” (and
their names have a familiar
ring to students of Philip-
pine history): the oidores
for civil cases, presidentes,
members of the audiencias
and the supreme court or the
In Europe, the lawyers
began as a threat to, and in
the end, the destroyers of,
the aristocracy and the mili-
tary (in those days synony-
mous), being men from low-
er “urban or rural classes,”
“sons of shoemakers and
plowmen.” For instance,
a royal clerk “of extremely
modest origin,” Palacios
Rubios was the lawyer who
drafted the Leyes de Indias
(more honored in the breach
but fondly quoted by Span-
ish apologists). And he “not
even the son of an hidalgo
(a member of the nobil-
ity)!” So much so that an
irritated nobleman, Rodrigo
de Vivero, noted with alarm
that there were 70,000 law
students in Spain during
the reign of Ferdinand and
Braudel calls them “a new
social category” of “immense
political signifcance” that
reinforced the power of the
monarchs against the feudal
nobles and thus contributed
to the rise of the modern state
in the Turkish and Spanish
Perhaps because of their
social insecurity, the letrados
were also a new source of
venality and corruption. “The
need to (court) one’s superi-
ors,” writes Braudel, “to offer
them substantial gifts, obliged
every state servant to reim-
burse himself regularly, at the
expense of his inferiors and of
the localities he administered
and so on down the scale.
The organized misappropria-
tion of public funds operated
throughout the hierarchy.”
The Spanish lawyers,
clerks, notaries and other
bureaucrats, together with
their complicated paperwork,
were, as we all know, trans-
planted to the Philippines
and became, in many senses,
Filipinized. The million of
documents they composed
and transcribed rot silently
in our archives. Their pecu-
liar functions, temperaments,
ambitions and weaknesses are
now part of Filipino life.
One lawyer’s sleight-of-
hand has led to a pejorative
term, “Law-fare,” a new form
of warfare, because their use
of their knowledge of the law
and its intricacies has made
them the new warriors. They
wield the power of the sword.
Make one mistake in a legal
document or procedure and
they’ll cut your head off.
* * *
Carmen Guerrero-Nakpil
is a founding, lifetime mem-
The Bar Topnotchers
President Arroyo releases an Olive Ridley marine turtle off the coast
of Morong, Bataan. The endangered sea turtle was recently hatched at
the Pawikan Center in Barangay Nagbalayong in Morong.
ber of the National Press
Club and chair of the Manila
Historical and Heritage Com-
In an ad published during the past
two issues on the endosement by the
Filipino American Republicans of
San Diego County, candidate John
McCann was identifed as “Carl
McCann” instead of John McCann.
The Asian Journal regrets the error.
Page 15 Asian Journal - (619) 474-0588 Visit our website at June 6-12, 2008
Food for thought
Read previous articles by visiting our website at www.asian-
There was once a blind girl
who hated herself because she
was blind. She hated every-
one, except her loving boy-
friend. He was always there
for her. She told her boy-
friend, “If only I could only
see the world, I will marry
One day, someone donated
a pair of eyes to her. When the
bandages came off, she was
able to see everything, includ-
ing her boyfriend.
He asked her, ‘Now that
you can see the world, will
you marry me?’
The girl looked at her
boyfriend and saw that he was
blind. The sight of his closed
eyelids shocked her. She
hadn’t expected that.
The thought of looking at
them the rest of her life led
her to refuse to marry him.
Her boyfriend left her in
tears and days later wrote a
note to her saying: ‘Take good
care of your eyes, my dear, for
before they were yours, they
were mine.’
This is how the human
brain often works when our
status changes. Only a very
few remember what life was
like before, and who was al-
ways by their side in the most
painful situations.

Anonymous Author
Fr. Shay Cullen, PREDA
OLONGAPO, 6/3/08
-- Joanna, 15, sat in the dim
restaurant weeping and cry-
ing, her shoulders shook, she
dabbed her eyes to wipe away
the fowing tears with tis-
sues. Were they tears of joy at
being rescued from her cruel
and vicious captors or was it
emotional release of pent up
fear and stress that she en-
dured in the dark room at the
back of a sex bar in Angeles
City, Philippines. She sobbed
out her story, it was her time
and place, late at night and
no one there. They took me
from my home in Samar,
gave a down payment to my
mother and promised me a
good job. I was never paid
as a hotel cleaner and when I
went to the manager he raped
me. She cried all the louder at
the terrifying memory as she
tried to fght him off but was
overpowered. Then she was
thrown out to work in the sex
bar, forced into cubicles to do
sexual acts on obese foreign
sex tourists that queued up
to get the sexual gratifcation
by a child young enough to
be their grand daughter. That
lasted until we had a tip off
and went to the rescue and
paid her bar fne, the price
of freedom to get her out to
Traffcking and the Need
for Global Justice
safety. Joanna is now a col-
lege graduate and working as
a social worker. She recovered
but only barely and could
have died of sickness and
The recruitment and selling
of human persons into slave
like conditions has become
the third biggest illegal trade
in the world after drugs and
illegal arms sales. According
to the Council of Europe, it
has an annual market of $43
billion of women and children
and most of the young women
are forced into prostitution,
over a million, it is estimated,
are children. In my experi-
ence I found the younger to
be 9 year old. Human traf-
fcking of children is a crime
against humanity as a form
of enslavement. According to
the Rome statute of Interna-
tional Criminal Court which
celebrates its 15th anniversary
this May. Article 7(2) (c) of
the statute recognizes that
children as a special group are
in grave danger of this horrifc
crime of traffcking because it
involves the domination and
the power
of owner-
ship over
the child.
of children
have been
of un-
that deeply
shock the
of humanity, the statue de-
clares. The purveyors of
genocide and ethnic cleansing
and other unspeakable crimes
must be made understand that
as surely as the sun rises, they
will be called to account - and
that impunity will not stand.’’
Carol Bellamy, of Unicef said
making it clear the purpose
of the International Criminal
And yet thousands of
young women and children
are sold into slavery every
month all over the world. The
rich development nations are
the source of demand and
pay the higher prices for the
traffcked persons. In the UK
there are as many as 5000
traffcked women in the sex
slave trade today. Private
charities put the fgure much
higher. Police say they are
only seeing the tip of the
iceberg. Earlier this month in
Southampton, the Guild Hall
was flled with an audience
wanting to know more as they
watched the Preda Akbay
youth theatre group from the
Philippines present their musi-
cal drama “Once there was a
dream” telling the awful truth
of the pain and exploitation
of traffcked children .The
production that played to full
houses was supported by the
Medaille Trust, a catholic
charity funded by religious
and other church groups fght-
ing to end traffcking in the
UK and help the victims.
What is so appalling is the
impunity that goes with these
crimes. In Asian countries,
like the Philippines, local
politicians, and foreigner
criminals run the sex industry.
They are above the law and
the corruption reaches to the
highest level of political and
economic power. That is why
the government has only been
able to get ten convictions in
the last several years. These
traffckers at the highest level
must be held accountable
and made to pay the price for
destroying the lives for count-
less women and children.
They ought to be brought to
justice at the International
Criminal Court. END
Contact Fr. Shay Cullen
at the Preda Center, Upper
Kalaklan, Olongapo City,
Philippines. e-mail: preda@
Link: http://www.preda.
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Page 16 June 6-12, 2008 Asian Journal - (619) 474-0588 Visit our website at
MANILA, Xinhua, 6/2/08
-- All four Philippine bets to
an online search for the New
Seven Wonders of Nature
have now breached into the
top ten list, two of which are
included among the top seven
4 Philippine spots currently
in Top 10 Wonders of Nature
spots, as of June 2 in the com-
Live rankings as of June
2 showed that the Tubbataha
Reef of Palawan and Choco-
late Hills of Bohol occupies
the third and fourth slots,
RP moves to become favorite
destination for Europeans
MANILA, 5/28/08 -- The Philip-
pines is hoping to become the favor-
ite destination of European tourists.
When the Philippines hosts the
Meier’s Weltreisen Far East Live
Seminar (FELS) next year, 220 top
performing travel agents are ex-
pected to come here for a round of
exposure trips and workshops.
Tourism Secretary Joseph Ace
Durano said his department is now
preparing for the May 2009 event.
“The department looks forward
to hosting the event, especially since
the organizers will be celebrating
FELS’ 20th anniversary,” he said.
“We’ve decided to hold it in a
tropical island environment, as op-
posed to the city setting where pre-
vious workshops were done. We see
this as an opportunity to show what
we can provide beyond the usual
incentive trips and conventions.”
Durano said Meier’s Weltreisen
is the largest Asian travel specialist
in Germany, and that the company’s
annual Far East Live Seminar brings
together hundreds of top performing
travel agents.
One of the company’s goals is
to develop the skills of its frontline
sellers by immersing them in the
places frequented by their clientele,
he added.
Durano said supporting the FELS
“strategically helps boost our tourism
“The infux of delegates for the
week-long event will positively ben-
eft our establishments,” he said.
Sponsors of previous seminars
reported a high return on investment,
he added.
Durano said in the long term,
Philippines can be assured that there
are travel agents in Germany and
Austria who are well-equipped and
enthusiastic about promoting the
country to clients.
Durano expects FELS 2009 to
encourage more European tour op-
While the Subterranean
River National Park (under-
ground river) in Puerto Princ-
esa in Palawan currently ranks
eighth and Mayon Volcano in
Bicol region rose to the 10th
rank from its previous 11th
In April, Philippine Presi-
dent Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
urged Filipinos to push for
the inclusion of the Philip-
pine nature sites in the search,
Philippine TV network GMA
News reported.
President Arroyo said
Filipinos can contribute in
efforts for the recognition of
the country’s nature sites by
voting for these attractions
“We really need all the
Filipinos who are working
and listening here and abroad
erators to develop a wider variety
of packages that feature the tropical
beaches, nature adventures and cul-
tural attractions of the islands.
A total of 92,863 tourists came
from different points in Europe be-
tween January and March this year.
The United Kingdom and Ger-
many are the region’s two highest
providers of foreign arrivals and in
the top 12 source countries for the
The program is touted to be one of
the major incentive events in the Ger-
man and Austrian tourism trade.
The Philippines was formally rec-
ognized as the 2009 sponsor country
during the concluding activities of this
year’s FELS held in Shanghai.
A city tour of Manila before the
delegates transfer to the Shangri-La
Boracay Resort and Spa for the main
workshop is being considered as pos-
sible itinerary in 2009.
FELS participants are frst orga-
nized into 12 groups and designated to
conduct inspection tours (also called
“pre-tours”) in a country included in
Meier’s Weltreisen Asian package
After the pre-tours, the agents
congregate at the plenary session and
present their experiences in their as-
signed destinations.
Countries identifed for the pre-
tour section of FELS 2009 include the
Philippines, Taiwan, Indonesia, Sin-
gapore, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam,
Hong Kong, Australia, Myanmar,
Nepal and China.
to vote for them,” the presi-
dent said.
The “Seven Wonders of
Nature” search is organized
by the non-proft New Seven
Wonders Foundation, which
also undertook the “NewS-
even Wonders of the World”
search which was rounded up
last year.
The aim of the search is to
create public awareness and
contribute to the protection of
the world’s natural heritage
and foster respect for cultural
diversity, according to the
The list of nominees and
the mechanics for voting are
posted on the poll’s website.
People can vote for the
candidates until December 31,
2008, after which the top 77
nominees will be submitted to
a panel of experts that will put
together a shortlist of 21 fnal-
ists by January 2009.
A second round of popular
voting for the 21 fnalists will
then follow until the end of
2009 with the top 7 nominees
being offcially declared the
“New Seven Wonders of Na-
ture” by the year 2010.
Coron, Palawan
Boat ride to Boracay
Members of the Philippine Coast Guard’s oil spill unit conduct
a clean-up drive along the coast of Manila Bay recently. Photo by
By Aurora Diaz-Wilson
As the frst-born son of
Lim Seh Leng, Henry saw his
father’s business grow from a
small bookstore into a success-
ful paper products manufacturer.
When his father died in 1976,
Henry took over as chairman of
Sterling Paper, working with his
mother and siblings in their fam-
ily corporation.
But it was in 1998 when a
chance conversation planted the
idea in Henry Lim Bon Liong to
get involved in rice production.
“Erap was still the country’s
vice president when I heard him
say how impressed he was with
China, that in spite of their hav-
ing to feed so many people, they
were still able to export rice,”
Henry said.
Henry became curious. His
research showed that in the
1950s, ‘60s, ‘70s, going even
to the ‘80s, life was so diffcult
in China. Every year, people
died of hunger. Then the gov-
ernment advocated for farming
to be a priority. They cut down
The rice inspired
by Doña Maria
the trees, burned grasslands and
reclaimed the beautiful lakes to
plant rice. But still there was not
enough rice.
“By this time, my interest
in investing in rice production
was aroused,” Henry explained.
Although he knew nothing about
agriculture, he understood that
one of the biggest assets of an
entrepreneur is in knowing when
to take risks.
His continued investigation
led him to meet with Prof. Yuan
Long Ping. “There is a saying in
China that there are two Pings:
(Continued on page 24)
Page 17 Asian Journal - (619) 474-0588 Visit our website at June 6-12, 2008
Open Arms ADHC recently held their annual Santacruzan, the
Philippines’way of celebrating one of May Festival Traditions. The
participants were glamorously dressed-up for the said affair and
their audiences were really overwhelmed and graciously loved the
way it was presented.
Santacruzan at Open Arms ADHC
Chris Ferraro, KCS | NA-
TIONAL CITY, 6/6/08 -- The
Healthy Eating Campaign
(HEC) is sponsoring a recipe
contest in connection with the
“Taste of healthy gourmet Fil-
ipino American Cuisine Ex-
travaganza II” to be held July
19, Saturday, from 10 AM to
2 PM. Contestants are being
recruited in three categories:
entree, side dish (veggies),
and dessert. The FilAm recipe
should be healthy-- low fat,
Local Healthy Eating Campaign
Hosts Fil-Am Recipe Contest
low salt and low sugar. First
prizes include $200 each for
the three categories. Recipes
should be submitted to KCS
by June 18 for analysis. After
analysis, qualifed contestants
will be informed and invited
to a meeting at the Center.
Contestants are to bring their
dishes for judging during the
day of the extravaganza.
For more information
about the contest, please call
the Center at (619) 477-3392.
a Filipino musician in Hongkong
where Aguinaldo had been in ex-
ile. General Aguinaldo was then
looking for a composition that
embodies the noble ideals of the
Filipino, something that would
inspire the people to fght against
foreign invaders.
He was not quite satisfed
with the composition although
it sounded good. The next day,
Aguinaldo told Felipe, “It is not
what I’m looking for. I want
something more stirring and ma-
jestic”. This was a week before
the scheduled proclamation of
the Philippine independence in
Kawit. Felipe labored on the new
composition during the next six
days and nights. On the eve of
the proclamation, Felipe played
his composition in the presence
of Aguinaldo and two other revo-
lutionary generals. They were
aptly impressed and approved
it as the Filipino Republic’s na-
tional anthem, calling it “Marcha
As historical books narrated
it, when General Aguinaldo
proclaimed the country’s in-
dependence on June 12, 1898,
the “soul-inspiring masterpiece
without lyrics” was played by
the music band of San Francisco
de Malabon (now General Trias,
Cavite), while the Filipino fag
(made in Hongkong, red, white
and blue with the sun shin-
ing through) was being hoisted
outside the central window of the
Aguinaldo ancestral home which
still stands now in Kawit, Cavite.
Being a Marcha, no one sang it,
because it had no wordings then.
Julian Felipe drew inspiration
from his country’s sufferings. He
expressed his love for his coun-
try with his music. From his pen
fowed many beautiful musical
pieces, such as Amoria Danza,
Cintas y Flores Rigodones, Ma-
tete al Santissimo, Philippines,
My Philippines. He composed
Un Recuerdo which he dedicated
to the Thirteen Martyrs of Cav-
ite, with whom he was almost
killed. His Marcha Filipina-
Magdalo, became the national
anthem of the Philippines, his
legacy to his country.
Six months after the procla-
mation of Philippine Indepen-
dence in Kawit, in December
1898, the Philippines was ceded
by Spain to the United States of
America in the Treaty of Paris.
The Filipinos found themselves
under the rule of the Ameri-
cans. In February of 1899, the
Filipino-American War erupted.
The revolution and the fghtings
moved a 23-year old poet-soldier
of the revolution, Jose Palma, to
compose a poem entitled “Fil-
ipinas”. This was frst published
during the frst anniversary of
the Declaration of Independence
published in La Independencia,
the Filipino Republic’s organ on
September 3, 1899 in Bautista,
Pangasinan. The lyrics perfectly
matched the Philippine National
Palma’s original Spanish
lyrics underwent several Eng-
lish and Tagalog translations.
In 1918, Senator Camilo Osias
translated “Filipinas” into Eng-
lish. In 1938, the National As-
sembly enacted a law confrming
the Philippine National Anthem
that will be coterminous with
the life of the country. In 1943,
the poets Julian Cruz Balmaceda
and Ildefonso Santos translated
it into Tagalog. In 1956, a new
version penned by the Surian ng
Wikang Pambansa (Institute of
National Language) was adopt-
ed. Entitled “Lupang Hinirang,”
it was declared by President
Ramon Magsaysay on May 26,
1956, as the offcial Tagalog ver-
sion of the Philippine National
A timeless musical legacy
is now our national treasure.
It speaks of our beginnings,
without which we will not be
what we are now. May we never
forget to tell our children one of
the most beautiful stories in the
history of our country.
The birth of
the Philippine
(Continued from page 1)
SWORDFISH, DOVE SOLE, PERCH and much more...
TEL: (760) 966-1038
FAX: (760) 966-6236
The 2008 Philippine Festival
& Faire is slated for Saturday,
June 7th at the Mira Mesa Com-
munity Park. This Philippines
Independence Day Celebration
is a joint effort to consolidate
several Independence Day
events together into one large
event. This year, rather than
host several different events,
the Aguinaldo Foundation,
COPAO and Mabuhay Alliance
have joined forces to bring the
community together as they
celebrate 110 years of Philip-
pines Independence.
Included in this year’s event
will be:
* The “Festival of Festivals”
parade, with numerous contin-
gents of member organizations
of COPAO, Mabuhay Alliance,
Aguinaldo Foundation, schools
and other groups, showcasing
Filipino culture, heritage and
history through colorful foats,
traditional native costumes,
dances, and more.
* A bevy of our traditional
Philippine community “beau-
ties” and their entourages.
* Booths from public and
private health services and
providers, which will provide
free screening and tests, infor-
mation on a variety of subjects
to access community health
resources and much more.
* Other public and private
booths representing govern-
ment, private businesses, edu-
cational, cultural, culinary and
information services which
typically provide give-aways
and other free materials to the
* Participation of munici-
pal, county, state, and federal
* Singers, dancers, and
celebrity guests from the com-
munity and the entertainment
* Kiddie rides and other
entertainment for the entire
family. FREE admission to
the Faire.
San Diego Filipinos celebrate Philippine
Independence Day Anniversary
Page 18 June 6-12, 2008 Asian Journal - (619) 474-0588 Visit our website at
Read Virginia Ferrer’s previous articles by visiting our website
by Virginia H. Ferrer
Aking Kamay
Narito ang aking kamay, halika at abutin mo
sa iyong pupuntahan, siya ang aakay sa iyo
at sa mga panganib kanya ka niyang ilalayo
tanging kapakanan mo lamang ang
kanyang ginugusto.
Narito ang aking kamay halika na’t humawak ka
aalalayan ka niyan para hindi ka matumba
at sa mga hukay sa daan hindi ka mangangamba
palagi siyang matatag huwag sanang mag-alal.
Narito ang aking kamay halika na at kumapit
pilitin mong abutin saka hawakan ng mahigpit
marami tayong tatahaking mga daang masikip
kakayanin natin ito kung ikaw ay mananalig.
opportunities since those were
the times when hot issues were
being raised against him. To-
day, his investments extend to
China, Hong Kong and even to
as far as Canada, with his net
worth placed at $1.6 billion.
mong his businesses, PAL of
course has become his “baby,”
perhaps because he has always
been fascinated by airplanes
even as a young boy. He is re-
ally the captain of the PAL feet,
managing to keep the airline
afoat despite having no support
form his long-lost friend Joseph
Estrada. PAL has staged a re-
markable turnaround, emerging
from receivership in less than
a decade, expanding services
and reopening fights to strate-
gic destinations, showing that
it is in top fghting form with
the recent acquisition of nine
Bombardier aircraft to restore
its inter-island services.
Filipinos are familiar with
Lucio Tan as a larger-than-life
business fgure whose empire
spans so many industries in-
cluding real estate and property
development. But not too many
people know about his various
charities, mainly through the
Tan Yan Kee Foundation which
he founded in 1986 in honor of
his father. A full-pledged NGO,
the Foundation has been donat-
ing hundreds of millions for
education, providing scholar-
ship grants to college students,
infusing funds for the training
of teachers, construction of
school buildings, hospitals and
houses for the homeless.
Filipino doctors are sent to
the best medical institutions
in the world for sub-specialty
trainings; workshops and semi-
nars are conducted to improve
the teaching skills of teachers
especially in the areas of Math,
English and Sciences – under-
scoring the fact that education
ranks high in the priorities of
the Foundation and ultimately,
Lucio Tan himself. As a matter
of fact, he was responsible for
the successful turnaround of
the University of the East from
a hemorrhaging educational
institution into one of the most
fnancially stable universities in
the country today.
I was informed that the low-
key taipan also gave massive
assistance to the earthquake
victims in China. But people
who are aware of the Tan Yan
Kee Foundation say there is
nothing unusual about this
since the Foundation has been
giving assistance to families in
disaster-stricken areas. It only
goes to show that like his busi-
nesses, Lucio Tan’s charities
also extend to other countries.
This is probably why through
the years and despite the odds,
Lucio Tan has been reaping a lot
of good karma. For a man who
is turning 74, he is in the pink of
health. Despite the persecution
that he had gone through and
in spite of the politics that con-
tinues to prevail, he continues
to believe in the Philippines.
And as he had told me, he will
keep expanding his businesses
in everyway he can to generate
more employment for Filipinos.
This is a man who has not lost
his positive attitude despite in-
surmountable odds – something
which we can hardly say about
other so-called taipans.
* * *
The resilient ‘El Kapitan’
from the sky. Do I compare myself
with the frst kind of Pharisee who
believes that I deserve a better
treatment from the Lord, because
I am serving him faithfully? Or is
the Lord punishing me, because I
am too boastful about my “good
deeds”? Is it the Lord’s way of
waking me up so that I can amend?
What did I do or did not do to
experience this medical problem?
Today’s Gospel reminds us that not
everything is within our power and
grasp. Instead of having our atten-
tion focused on ourselves, it should
be directed to the Lord who is rich
in mercy, love and forgiveness. He
is the one, not “our good deeds”
and our sins, that decides what we
deserve. Our responsibility is to
remain committed to him always
and at all times.
Quotation of the week: “Provi-
dence means that God takes care of
all existing things.” John of Damas-
(Editor’s Note: As of press-
time, we received a report that
Msgr. Fernando G. Gutierrez
is in the recovery room after
undergoing a quintuple heart
bypass operation. We request our
readers to pray for his speedy
Te Pharisee In Each One Of Us
(Continued from page 12)
(Continued from page 13)
Page 19 Asian Journal - (619) 474-0588 Visit our website at June 6-12, 2008
CALIFORNIA TEL. 323-868-8459
Ernie Guiao Cell: 702-340-3823
Gilbert Matibag Cell: 702-767-4008
We also handle cases in the Philippines, such as ANNULMENT
Lester Cusi – Phil. Affiliate Attorney
TEL. 63-920-403-7490
ciate having it for my fles.
I was pleased and delighted
with the awards the AFI has de-
veloped in my name. It touched
me deeply.
Best wishes to you and good
As ever,
Charlton Heston
When Marcos learned that
Heston had died, he sent Lydia a
Mass card, together with a letter
of condolence and old photos of
“What do I remember most
about Charlton? Well, he was a
very nice person. He was very
humble and very down-to-earth.
He had no star complex at all,
despite his stature as a great
Hollywood star. He was very
modest, very unassuming. He
was one of a kind.”
He remembers
Charlton Heston
baby!. . . . Do not even consider
aborting my baby, in order to save
my life!. . . . This I beg of you. . .
. Save my child!”
On April 21, 1962, Gianna
Emanuela was safely born — a
beautiful little girl. . . . But seven
days later, on April 28, her mother,
Gianna Beretta Molla, died. She
went home to God peacefully,
willing to give up her own life so
that her baby would live.
She was beatifed by His Holi-
ness Pope John Paul II. . . . Pres-
ent at the beatifcation was her
husband, Engineer Pietro Molla. .
. . And her son, who had become
a priest, concelebrated the Mass
with the Holy Father. . . . And
Gianna Emanuela, the child whose
life she saved, was kneeling there,
praying for her mother, in tears.
Emanuela means: “God is
with us.”
Gianna Beretta Molla was only
39 years old when she died. She
did not live long, but she lived
The Catholic Church teaches
that, if a mother dies giving birth
to her child, she goes straight to
heaven. Because “Greater love
than this no man hath, that he lay
down his life for his friends.”
And when Gianna Beretta
Molla stood all alone before the
great white throne of God to be
judged. . . . .the only criterion
of the judgment is: “So long as
you have done it for the least of
these, my little ones, you have
done it for Me!”
In giving life to her child, she
was giving her life to God.
Love for
(Continued from page 12)
(Continued from page 11)
Parañaque Mayor Jun Bern-
abe said the entertainment city
will generate around 250,000
jobs, and the city government
stands to earn about P1 billion
from business permits, license
fees and building permits when it
starts operations.
Edward “Dodi” King,
Pagcor-Corporate Commu-
nications and Services Depart-
ment senior managing head, said
Genuino started planning for the
Tourism City since 2001, but
they had diffculty in getting the
project off the ground because
their franchise was due to expire
in July 2008.
He said it would be diffcult
to invite investors to come in if
the franchise will expire. It was a
good thing that Congress decided
(Continued from page 10)
Vegas-style casino, tourism
complex project underway
to grant them an extension.
The Tourism City hopes to
boost tourism arrivals in the
country by over three million
As the country’s sole gam-
ing regulator and main tourism
supporter, Pagcor will oversee
the development of the estimated
$15-billion project.
Genuino said the hotels to be
erected in the area would have a
total of between 6,000 to 8,000
There would be six-star
hotels, gaming facilities, shop-
ping malls, museums, cultural
centers, sports arenas, residential
villages, and theme parks.
So far, Pagcor has approved
four project concepts from Aruze
Corp., Genting Berhad Group,
Bloombury Investments Limited
and locally-based SM Invest-
ments Corp. - Evelyn Macairan
Virtuous Healers
Models of Faith in Medicine
Author: Ed Gamboa, M.D.
What can we learn about healing
from such Catholic leaders as Mother
Teresa, Joseph Cardinal Bernardin, Dr.
Gianna Beretta Molla, St. Maximil-
ian Kolbe, Dr. Adrienne von Speyr,
and Pierre Teilhard de Chardin? What
might they teach us about such tradi-
tional healing virtues as compassion
and kindness, integrity and ethics,
patience and tolerance, humility and
With health care on everyone’s
agenda, Doctor Ed Gamboa encourages us to explore anew
and recommit to the traditional ideals and enduring virtues that
make medicine and the practice of healing more than a job. Us-
ing life stories of heroic men and women who served as physi-
cians, nurses and hospital attendants, or who were involved in
medicine and caring for the sick, Gamboa provides inspiration
and prayerful refection for anyone working in the health and
medical felds today.
ISBN: 978-0-86716-693-4
St. Anthony Press: Item #: B16693
Price: $15.95
Available from St. Anthony Messenger Online
Catalog at 1-800-488-0488.
was signed recently by ABS-CBN
International Managing Director
Olivia Finina De Jesus, ABS-CBN
International News Bureau Chief
Regina Reyes, and FASGI Executive
Director Susan Espiritu-Dilkes at the
Filipino media company’s Redwood
Shores offce.
“This project is aimed at helping
make Filipinos in the U.S. realize
that they have a voice and that they
should use it collectively to advocate
for issues directly affecting them,”
said Reyes. “The best way to make
public offcials listen is through the
power of the ballot.”
The project adopted the name,
“FilVote” which has been FASGI’s
non-partisan voter engagement proj-
ect whose mission is to unite Filipino
Americans across ideological, reli-
gious, and class differences toward
gaining genuine political power in
the U.S.
“Partnering with ABS-CBN In-
ternational’s Balitang America is the
big media push that FilVote needs
in spreading the word and keeping
Filipino Americans informed about
both the election process and issues,”
said Espiritu-Dilkes. “We need to be
aware that elections do have an impact
on our day-to-day lives.”
The project outreach consists of a
series of Get-Out-The-Vote campaign
videos from ABS-CBN and FASGI
that will be aired on TFCDirect! chan-
nels (TFC, ANC, Kapamilya Channel,
Cinema One Global and Myx) during
election period. Balitang America
will also run FilVote segments and
will create and maintain an interac-
tive FilVote website. FilVote will
also be present on the ground in big
events that are either sponsored or
produced by ABS-CBN. Companies,
organizations and individuals will be
encouraged by both parties to support
the project through sponsorships and
volunteer participation.
ABS-CBN International was
established in 1994 to be of service
to the Filipino worldwide. With
the launch of its fagship brand,
The Filipino Channel (TFC), the
company became the frst and most
successful Filipino broadcaster in
the United States. Based in the San
Francisco Bay Area, it is the largest
business subsidiary of ABS-CBN,
the Philippines’leading broadcast-
ing company.
“ABS-CBN International exists
to serve the Filipinos wherever they
may be and part of that service is to
empower them through media ad-
vocacy,” explains De Jesus. “With
FilVote 2008, we hope to broaden the
civic engagement of Filipinos in the
U.S. by educating them and providing
them a forum to voice out concerns
that are important to them.”
About ABS-CBN International
Balitang America,
FASGI team up
for Fil Vote 2008
(Continued from page 1)
the place was simple and rustic.
It had a primitive comfort room,
with no doors. But it served the
purpose, and to his surprise, the
bill was so cheap for the quality
of the food that they ate.
When they got back to their
van, the rain poured hard again.
It was still raining when they
reached the ancestral house of
the late Philippine President Ra-
mon Magsaysay in Castillejos,
Zambales. He asked the driver to
hold an umbrella over his head to
protect him from the rain, but his
daughters, unmindful of getting
wet, dashed from the car to the
house. He never realized that such
an experience would remain in the
mind of his children.
Years later, when his kids are
grown up, they recalled the inci-
dent over dinner at a restaurant.
“Remember Dad when he
scolded us while we were at this
president’s house?” the eldest
asked her kid sisters. They all had
a good laugh when they narrated
the incident to their dinner guest.
“Dad was so afraid of getting
wet that he became upset when we
ran from the car in heavy rain to
the house,” she giggled.
Then she recalled the oft-
repeated story of when he got wet
on his way home from school one
day in a heavy downpour. Her fa-
ther recalled how he got sick and
failed to take his midterm exams,
only to lose his frst-place standing
in class. It was an experience that
he would narrate to his children
like a broken record every time
they ignored his warning on get-
ting wet in the rain.
A thrill
Visiting the ancestral house of
the late President Ramon Mag-
saysay was a thrill for him. While
American presidents have their
Presidential Libraries, some of
them, with a replica, of the house
they where born in, Philippine
presidents can only boast of their
homes being converted into a
Magsaysay was a very popular
president who almost rose to the
status of sainthood when he died in
a tragic plane crash on March 17,
1957. He was the John Kennedy
of his time, a well-loved president
who met an untimely death at the
height of his popularity. His plane,
named Mt. Pinatubo, crashed in
Mt. Manungal on his way home
from a visit to Cebu City.
In contrast to Kennedy who
was born with a silver spoon
in his mouth, Magsaysay came
from humble beginnings. He was
a mere auto mechanic when the
war broke out, but he excelled as
a guerilla leader against the occu-
pying Japanese forces. He became
a congressman on the merits of
his war hero status, and eventu-
ally was appointed secretary of
national defense.
With the help of the American
CIA, he broke the back of the Huk
Rebellion, a communist group that
at frst fought the Japanese but lat-
er turned against the government
after suffering some perceived
injustice from the powers-that-be.
Some said that Magsaysay was
a CIA-creation. His image, the
critics claimed, was shaped by
American propaganda.
At the opportune time, he
resigned as secretary of national
defense, switched party, and ran
against the person who appointed
him to the post, President Elpi-
dio Quirino. Among the charges
hurled against Quirino during the
campaign was his alleged extrava-
gance. His critics claimed that he
had a golden orinola (bed pan).
With the slogan, “Magsaysay is
my guy” and a catchy campaign
jingle called “Magsaysay Mambo”
the former mechanic bested the
former teacher in a landslide
Magsaysay, deliberately or
not, was known as a “common
tao (man)”. He was not known for
his intellectual prowess but for his
affection for the common people.
In fact, there was a running joke,
true or not, that alleged that when
Magsaysay asked his aides why
the prices of commodities were
going up, he was told that it was
because of the law of supply and
demand. “Have the law repealed,”
Magsaysay allegedly ordered his
A pictorial of the Free Press,
the leading political magazine at
that time, showed him being af-
fectionately mobbed by his fans
on his way from his car to the
stage during a campaign rally.
By the time he reached the stage,
his barong tagalog shirt were torn
off. Luckily if not mysteriously,
there would always be a fresh new
barong tagalog awaiting for him at
the stage. Some claimed that it was
a clever propaganda move. His
handlers, according to the critics,
staged the incident to show how
much their candidate was being
loved and adored by the masses.
Inside the museum, he could
not help but admire the old black
presidential limousine of Mag-
saysay that was on display. He
remembered that during the Phil-
ippine Independence Day celebra-
tion at the Luneta Park on July
4, 1956, he and his brother were
gawking at the car while Magsay-
say was delivering the traditional
Independence Day speech in the
grandstand many meters away.
For the two young boys, it was the
frst air-conditioned car that they
(Continued from page 5)
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Ramon Magsaysay’s
ancestral home
had ever saw. And in their young
minds, they could not understand
how it could possibly work.
His lasting memory of the
president lovingly called as “The
Guy” was when he watched his
funeral cortege pass through Rizal
Avenue in downtown Manila, just
a few blocks away from their resi-
dence in Quiapo. He still remem-
bers the lone horse without a rider
that marched along, a symbolic
gesture that told the world that a
great leader was gone. - AJ
Page 20 June 6-12, 2008 Asian Journal - (619) 474-0588 Visit our website at
(Continued from page 1)
Price effect due to Dollar to Peso convertion rate
cited the lack of constitutional basis
and the ill-advised timing for hold-
ing a snap poll.
Legarda also questioned the timing,
saying problems such as the rising
costs of food and energy should be
given priority. She also said a snap
election could not be possible since
there is no vacancy in the presi-
“It’s not timely and I don’t think it
is constitutionally possible because
there is no vacancy,” Legarda said.
At the same time, Legarda declared
her intention to run in the presidential
elections in 2010.
Lacson, for his part, said the pro-
posal, after it had been passed for
plenary debates at the House of Rep-
resentatives last Monday, would not
likely see the light of day.
“I don’t see how it can succeed in
the plenary. It’s not a joke. When it
passes the committee level, it’s some-
thing serious,” he said.
Lacson said it was surprising that
the bill made it past the committee
level despite legal questions.
Lacson surmised the House com-
mittee members that approved the
snap elections bill “were composed
mainly of opposition members.”
Santiago said the bill is unconsti-
tutional since it shortens the term of
offce of the President.
“In the form of a law, you cannot
change the constitutional provision
on removal of a sitting President,”
Santiago said.
“Impeachment is the sole process
by which you can remove an elected
President during his or her term of
office. If you wish to remove the
president during her term of offce on
another ground, you will be adding to
the grounds provided by the Constitu-
tion,” she said.
‘Slim chance’
Escudero said Mrs. Arroyo may not
be the best person for the job but hold-
ing a snap election might not be the
right solution to the country’s woes
at this time.
Escudero pointed out the Constitu-
tion only allows a snap election if the
President or the Vice President resigns
“(and) I don’t see it happening.”
Malacañang agreed the snap elec-
tions bill poses constitutional ques-
Unless the Constitution is amended
to allow snap elections, Mrs. Arroyo
will simply spend the remaining 24
months in offce, Chief Presidential
Legal Counsel Sergio Apostol said.
Apostol also denied they are behind
the snap elections bill.
“If they (lawmakers) passed that
bill, it becomes unconstitutional,” he
pointed out.
Apostol added the measure would
be rejected once it is questioned be-
fore the Supreme Court “because it
violates the constitutional provision
on the term of the President.”
“They (lawmakers) would have
to amend the Constitution before
that proposal becomes effective,”
he said.
Apostol though could not say how
Mrs. Arroyo reacted to the approval
of the snap elections bill.
Deputy Presidential Spokeswoman
Lorelei Fajardo said the controversial
development in the House was not
given much attention by Malacañang,
owing to the many problems facing
the country.
“We have so many problems that we
have to confront that we would rather
exert our efforts and attention to them
than on this issue,” she said.
Fajardo said Malacañang is leav-
ing the matter to the House, which
is expected to tackle the committee
report in plenary.
Justice Secretary Raul Gonzalez
said a snap election couldn’t be held
unless authorized by a special law
removing the line of succession.
“If your target is only the President,
then impeach her, or force her to resign
for example. The line of succession is
already defned by the Constitution.
It is the Vice President, then the Sen-
ate President, then the Speaker, and
maybe even the Chief Justice of the
Supreme Court,” he said.
Even if Congress will approve
the bill, Gonzalez said Mrs. Arroyo
and her allies would likely thumb it
“This snap election (bill) is almost
second to impossible. Because will
Presidentiables say ‘no’ to snap elections
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the President sign that bill? I don’t
think the President will sign (it into
law). The President said she would not
resign. It will have a very slim chance.
There are many avenues for having a
change in leadership,” he said.
Election lawyer Romulo Macalintal
argued a snap election will defnitely
work against the political opposi-
Macalintal noted the snap elections
bill was endorsed for plenary debates
at the House of Representatives in the
effort to end all issues on the legiti-
macy of Mrs. Arroyo.
He said the bill, once it becomes a
law, would also allow Mrs. Arroyo
to run again and extend her term of
“The opposition is giving President
Arroyo a chance to run again in 2010.
If they want changes in the Constitu-
tion to call for a snap election, they
should realize that these could also
give her basis to extend her term or
run again,” Macalintal explained.
Macalintal said a snap presidential
election is not allowed under the
“If Congress could shorten her
term (by allowing a snap elections)
then it could also lengthen her (Mrs.
Arroyo’s) term. So supporters of
President Arroyo should now prepare
her to run for 2010,” he said.
‘Unluckiest winner’
The House committee on suffrage
and electoral reform led by Makati
Rep. Teodoro Locsin Jr., on Monday
endorsed a bill calling for a snap
presidential election.
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Page 21 Asian Journal - (619) 474-0588 Visit our website at June 6-12, 2008
Some examples:
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• Orphan and regular adoption
• Deportation looming
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of visa application
• Divorce during conditional residency period
• Entrant without inspection marries a US citizen
• Effect of prior deportation
• Remedies for applicants with B-2 visa denials and/or overstays
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Moby P. Torres, Esq.
An Unknown Chapter in the Struggle
for Philippine Independence
Hong Kong. “The Junta was no
longer a purposeless band of exiles
awaiting the outcome of a vague
and tenuous agreement,” observes
Ronald Bell, “but a concentration
of serious Filipino leaders with
a relatively large sum of money,
determined to continue the revolu­
Aguinaldo Sued
While Spain faced an im­
minent confrontation with the
U.S., Aguinaldo had to deal with
Isabelo Artacho, who had trav­
eled to Hong Kong to present
his demands. Artacho’s presence
presented a problem to Aguinaldo,
and caused a rift within the ranks
of the exiles. Artacho maintained
that, as director
of com merce,
he had the right
to dispose of the
P4OO, 000 held
by Aguinaldo.
Agui nal do
at first silently
oppos ed t he
demand, then
flatly refused,
revealing that
Artacho’s ap­
pointment was
a trick to fool
the Spaniards
into thinking the
money was to be
used for a busi­
ness vent ure.
There is ample
evidence of de­
ceit and misunderstanding on both
sides but on the part of Filipinos,
the de ceit was shrewdly planned,
and could have been even more
successful had greed, jealousy, and
pride not attended it. .
He considered Artacho’s de­
mands dangerous, as some of the
exiles were greedily anticipating
a division of the money; an ac­
counting of the funds would have
exposed the exiles’ activities,
which were contrary to the spirit
of the Filipino­Spanish truce.
Infuriated by Aguinaldo’s ob­
stinacy, Artacho fled a suit against
Aguinaldo. The court “to restrain
the defendant [Aguinaldo] and
each of them from dealing with or
parting with $400,000, or any part
thereof issued an injunction.”
The threat of exposing the
Junta’s purpose was now very real.
Counseled by Felipe Agoncillo
(his chief advisor), Aguinaldo,
Colonel Gregorio del Pilar (his
aide), and Lieutenant J. Leyba
(his secretary) se cretly departed
Hong Kong for Singapore under
assumed names on April 7, 1898.
Aguinaldo wanted to avoid
Artacho and legal entanglements.
To further discourage Artacho
from following, he gave the order
to spread the news that his destina­
tion was Europe and. the United
The junta then asked Agui­
naldo to leave immediately for the
Philippines, in order to be on hand
to prevent a scramble for position
among the more ambitious revo­
lutionary leaders and to establish
a suitable government.
Under pressure, Aguinaldo de­
cided to return to the Philippines.
An important aspect of Agui­
naldo’s preparations for returning
to the Philippines was the securing
of arms through Consul Wildman,
who delivered the frst shipment,
consisting of 2,000 Mauser rifes
and 200,000 cartridges.
When Admiral Dewey trans­
ported Aguinaldo back to the Phil­
ippines to help Americans destroy
Spanish power there, Filipinos
rose anew and seized control of
virtually the entire archipelago
outside Manila on their own before
American ground forces could be
Aguinaldo knew, however, that
when American reinforcements to
Admiral Dewey’s force arrived,
his bargaining position would
be quickly undermined. Without
hesitation, Aguinaldo proclaimed
Philippine independence on June
12, l898 at Kawit, Cavite. Seven
months later on January 23, l899,
the frst Philippine Republic was
inaugurated in Malolos, Bulacan.
The exile of Aguinaldo and his
(Continued from page 6)
Foreclosure Process and Time Line
month 2
month 3
month 4
month 5
month 6
month 7
month 8
month 9
process starts:
A Notice of
Default sent
by certified
continues: More
Notices of
Default sent by
certified mail
continues: More
Notice of
Default sent by
certified mail
Homeowner is
Notice of
Trustee’s Sale
Notice of
Trustee’s Sale
Lenders may
use auctions to
sell the house.
Notice of
Trustee’s Sale
continues. If
house does not
sell, it becomes
an REO.
x Even before the first month of
missed payment, homeowners
can prevent foreclosure and
have the options to contact
Housing, Mortgage, and/or
Credit Counselors, or lawyers.
x After the first missed payment,
lender will call to collect debt
and encourage homeowners to
seek counseling.
x Homeowners or Counselor
contacts lender to negotiate a
loan modification if
homeowners want to keep the
house. All conversations with
homeowners are recorded and
may be used to collect debt.
x If homeowners want to do a
short sell, this is the time
window to do it.
x Final sale price and commission
are subject to lender approval. A
competent realtor can suggest
the best price and commission.
In the end, the lender will likely
cut the realtor’s commission,
and make counter offers to all
interested buyers so as to
increase the final purchase price.
x Reinstatement possible if homeowners pay up
the missed payments + penalties and some fees.
x Foreclosure process can be stopped.
x Homeowners fill out short sale forms (called
Short-Sale Package) required by the lender.
x Lender decides whether to approve short sale
and at what price. Some lenders don’t respond.
x Lender may hire an appraiser to appraise the
property or ask a broker to do a Broker Price
Opinion (BPO) for a lower fee.
x Whatever offers accepted by the homeowners
have to be submitted to the Lender for approval.
x Lender wants more offers to come in and let the
buyers bid the price higher. So lender usually
waits till the last week/month to make a counter
offer to all buyers.
x The buyer who is willing to pay highest price
gets to buy the house. In general, buyers who
offer the mid-point of a variable price range
tend to outbid those offering a lower bid.
x Cash back to buyers is not likely to be accepted.
x Buyers can do Home and Termite Inspections
and will receive all disclosures concerning the
property if they have a competent realtor.
x If escrow closes, the homeowner/seller has
prevented a foreclosure through a short sale.
x The damage to a home seller’s credit is believed
to be far less than the damage incurred from a
x Reinstatement no longer possible.
x Some lenders will send homeowner a letter asking
them to vacate the house on a certain date/time and
turn over the keys. Other lenders may not have the
manpower to send out a letter, according to some
homeowners who were foreclosed upon.
x Sometimes, if the lender is swamped with a lot of
foreclosure homes. They may be delayed in
claiming back the property.
x The situation is out of the homeowners’ hands.
x Anybody can bid at the Trustee’s Sale including the
Lender and except the trustee. Whoever buys the
property may risk buying the (1
mortgage) debt on
the property if inexperienced.
x Whoever buys the home gets a Trust Deed, not a
Grant Deed. The house is put up for sale “as is.”
x NO home inspection and no warranties. There are
only limited or minimal disclosures on
x Investor buyers will try to sell the home to others.
Whoever buys it gets a Grant Deed.
x If the home is not sold at the end of this period, the
property becomes an REO or “real-estate owned by
x Asset management companies buy REOs wholesale
for resale without Transfer Disclosure Statements.
x Some companies may do repairs prior to selling and
then sell at a higher price. Others do not do any
repairs but may offer cash to buyers for repairs.
military leaders provided a relief
that enable them to regroup. They
remained closed and organized,
their strengths combining to in­
crease the revolutionary spirit of
the whole.
Aguinaldo, the strongest char­
acter in the group, carried with
him to Hong Kong the respect
and authority he had earned on
the battlefeld. This esteem was
strengthened by the frugal ex­
istence he demanded of himself
and others.
His leadership was essential
to the Junta’s development and
existence, for he established its
purpose and directed it towards
the goal of independence.
His methods, adopted and
enlarged upon by the Junta, were
“crafty, com­
plex, and bril­
liant, involving
a spectrum of
talents – espio­
nage, diploma­
cy, propaganda,
murder, brib­
ery, deceit, and
forgery.” Agui­
naldo, obsessed
by goal of in­
dependence for
the Philippines,
saw no tactic as
The i nner
circle ­­ those
closest to Agui­
naldo ­­ read­
ily accepted his
mission, but it
gave rise to suspicion of the
United States when American
representatives began to equivo­
cate. The Junta advised caution in
dealing with the Americans and
prepared for a change in United
States policy, but the idea of in­
dependence as the ultimate goal
remained rooted strongly.
Aguinaldo’s political initiatives
and military gains bolstered his
claims to represent the only true
nationalist force, but unfortunately
for Filipinos the chance to prove
themselves as a nation was pre­
empted by the Spanish­American
War of 1898 that brought Dewey’s
feet to Philippine shore. The rest
is history.
Nonetheless, the Junta served
as the vehicle that sustained the
revolution ary movement, keep­
ing it alive by finding external
support. And although Philippine
Independence objec tive was not
realized, the HK Filipino exiles
played a crucial role in making it
a na tional aspiration. ­­ Riz
Home Sweet Home
Read previous articles by visiting our website at www.asian-
by Elena Yu, SRES, Ph.D.,
e-PRO REALTOR® and Risk Management Specialist
Tel. 1-888-808-2918
– by Elena Yu, SRES, Ph.D.,
Risk Management Specialist
Some readers have mentioned
that they are still quite confused
about the foreclosure process af­
ter reading my previous articles.
I have created a table showing
the time line for a typical fore­
closure process. The table is
meant to be an illustration only.
Individual cases may differ in
precise details. Homeowners
who are experiencing fnancial
diffculties and are faced with
a high­cost mortgage should
contact their lender as early as
possible if they can speak Eng­
lish concisely. Otherwise, they
may avail themselves of FREE
counseling services offered by a
Foreclosure Process
and Time Line
number of legitimate non-proft
organizations, including the
following: (1) HOPE national
help line (1­800­995­HOPE);
(1­619­282­6647, extension
373) offered by Housing Op­
portunities Collaborative (HOC);
and (3) Mabuhay Alliance
The Mabuhay Alliance is a
non-proft organization based in
San Diego. They will be holding
a Foreclosure Prevention Clinic
on Saturday, June 7
, 2008, from
10:00am to 3:00pm at the Mira
Mesa Community Park, lo­
cated at the corner of Mira Mesa
Boulevard and Reagan Road.
Several Housing Counselors
will be available to answer your
questions about pre­foreclosure
Representatives from 4 major
lenders (such as WAMU, Coun­
trywide, Wachovia and Bank
of America) as well as several
mortgage counselors have been
invited to help review the hom­
eowners’ loan documents and
provide on-site clarifcations or
answer questions about loans. In
addition, volunteer attorneys will
be present during the one­day
event to give FREE half­hour
Bring your loan documents
and a list of your questions. All
counselors and attorneys are not
allowed to solicit businesses nor
distribute their business cards
during the Foreclosure Preven­
tion Clinic hours. But hom­
eowners who are satisfed with
the individuals they meet at the
event and would like to contact
them after the event may do so
on their own.
Page 22 June 6-12, 2008 Asian Journal - (619) 474-0588 Visit our website at
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The event opened with a
program at SM Bacoor par-
ticipated in by provincial
offcials and executives of
Cavite’s three cities and 20
The simultaneous waving
of the fag started at 4 p.m.
with Gov. Ayong Maliksi and
local offcials on board the
Kalayaan Festival bus cheer-
ing the participants, among
them government employees,
students, and members of
non-government groups. A
freworks display at SM Das-
mariñas capped the event.
“Actually, beating the
record in the Guinness Book
World of Records is just
secondary. Our main objective
is to show to the whole world
that we are one in commemo-
rating the Flag Day that sym-
bolizes the heroic achieve-
ments of every Filipino,”
Maliksi told The STAR.
On June 12, Independence
Day, aside from the traditional
fag-raising ceremony at the
Aguinaldo Shrine in Kawit
town in the morning, a Ka-
layaan Diorama will highlight
the afternoon program, featur-
ing 300 artists in costumes
circa 1898 and transforming
the Aguinaldo Shrine into a
“portal of the past.”
Caviteños try
to break fag
twirling record
(Continued from page 1)
ANAK: Inay, ano po ba
yung 10 commandments?
NANAY: Iyun yung sam-
pung utos ng Diyos.
ANAK: Mas makapang-
yarihan pa po pala kayo sa
Diyos eh!
NANAY: Bakit?
ANAK: Ang dami niyong
utos eh!
Kung totoo ang ‘ Darwin
‘s theory of evolution’ na
ang tao ay nagmula sa ung-
goy, bakit may mga taong
mukhang kabayo?
Ten Commandments
DORAY: Mare, kulang
pa kami ng isang miyembro,
baka gusto mong sumali sa
PINANG : Hindi pa ako
pwede, mare.
DORAY: Bakit mare?
PINAY: Virgin pa kasi ako.
An elderly couple was
driving cross-country, and
the woman was driving. She
gets pulled over by the high-
way patrol. The offcer says,
“Ma’am, did you know you
were speeding?”
The woman turns to her
husband and asks, “What did
he say?”
The old man yells, “HE
The patrolman says, “May
I see your license?”
The woman turns to her
husband and asks, “What did
he say?”
The old man yells, “HE
LICENSE.” The woman gives
him her license.
The patrolman says, “I see
you are from Arkansas. I spent
some time there once, had
the worst sex with a woman I
have ever had.”
The woman turns to her
husband and asks, “What did
he say?”
KNOWS YOU,” the old man
Laughing Matter
Read previous articles by visiting our website at www.asian-
May Special
Page 23 Asian Journal - (619) 474-0588 Visit our website at June 6-12, 2008
pines, he was arrested.
According to the US attorney-
general’s report, Aragoncillo then
called up Senator Lacson for help
to get Aquino released from cus-
tody. The senator responded by
sending over $5,000 to pay for
Aquino’s security bond. Arag-
oncillo e-mails Aquino the good
news and, in turn, Aquino thanks
the former for his intercession with
ICE on his behalf.
But ICE notifed the FBI of
Aragoncillo’s intercession. That
caused an FBI ethics committee
investigation in the matter, citing
Aragoncillo’s improper use of
his position to infuence ICE of-
fcers regarding this case. Shortly
thereafter, the FBI obtained a court
order to install a covert video
camera in Aragoncillo’s cubicle.
The camera records Aragoncillo
making unauthorized searches of
classifed documents and copying
them in diskettes which he brought
With enough evidence, federal
agents arrested both Aquino and Ara-
goncillo in September 2005. A federal
grand jury in September 2005 indicted
Aquino for conspiracy and for acting
as a foreign agent. He pleaded guilty
to these charges.
On July 18, 2007, the court handed
down a 120-month sentence on Ara-
goncillo after the defendant pleaded
guilty to four counts of conspiracy,
transmission and unlawful retention
of classifed documents, and unlawful
use of a government computer to leak
secret information to foreign nation-
als. The ex-Marine is now serving
time in a federal facility in Texas.
Now comes the really interesting
aspect of this case.
The federal grand jury, in Crimi-
nal Case 06-260, concluded that
Aragoncillo “knowingly and willfully
conspired” with six “co-conspirators”
to transmit to a foreign government
certain classifed offcial documents
“with the intent and reason to believe
that they could be used to the injury
of the US and to the advantage of a
foreign nation.”
Aquino is serving time for being
one of the six “co-conspirators” of
Aragoncillo in this rather delicate and
embarrassing case where, according
to the information fled by the US
attorney-general, he was “assisting
Lacson in his quest to undermine the
Arroyo administration and assume the
presidency of the Philippines.”
Strangely, the other five “co-
conspirators” in this indictment were
not explicitly named. Perhaps this
was in consideration of diplomatic
The other fve “co-conspirators”
were simply indicated, in the court
documents, as “Executive Branch
Offcial #1”, “Senator #1”, “Repre-
sentative #1”, “Representative #2”
and “Mayor #1”.
From the other items in the court
documents, these personalities should
not be hard to identify.
“Executive Branch Offcial #1” is
described as someone who resigned
from his post January 2001. “Senator
#1” is described as the former head of
the Philippine National Police and the
Presidential Anti-Organized Crime
Task Force. “Mayor #1” is described
as the son of “Executive Branch Of-
fcial #1”.
The question now is: What is
the standing of the fve other “co-
conspirators” from the standpoint of
US law enforcement?
We all know that in the principle
of conspiracy, the guilt of one is the
guilt of all. Aquino, the sixth co-
conspirator, was found guilty.
The fve others have not been for-
mally indicted. Will they be arrested
and formally indicted should they step
on US soil?
The only way to establish that is
for any one of the fve to actually step
on US soil. None of them have tried
to do that, so far.
As for Aquino, we know his fate.
He will likely be extradited to Manila
after he has served his US jail sen-
tence to face charges here for even
more serious stuff.
(Continued from page 6)
The caretaker team of Couples for
Christ was the frst one to respond
in the aftermath of the fash food,
providing relief while setting up an
evacuation center for the families
“Marami pong salamat sa mga
tumutulong sa paglilinis tsaka sa
maraming nagbibigay ng mga
pagkain (Many thanks to those
who are helping clean up and who
are providing us food),” said Elgie
“You can really say that there
is solidarity now coming from
the different GK communities,”
said GK executive director Luis
“This fash food is an oppor-
tunity to unite to food the ben-
efciaries with love and hopefully
this can also inspire our people
to really take GK seriously, that
bayanihan is the way to uplift this
country,” Oquinena added.
Regional coordinator Dr. Eric
Cayabyab also said that the sur-
rounding communities are being
“They are our priority in bring-
ing back light (electricity). They
are the frst ones we gave light
to so that the things outside their
homes will not be lost,” he said.
He said the organized kapitba-
hayan in Brookside made it easier
for residents to survive the tragedy
since they took care of each other
and helped one another.
Out of the 275 GK homes, only
seven walls need to be restored.
“Sacrifce is really needed for
our residents to feel that there is
really hope when we all come
together,” he said.
“Let’s continue the bayanihan
spirit. The opportunity is rare
where you can easily show your
love for your neighbor because
you can readily see the need,” he
Continuous relief efforts are
still being done at GK Brookside,
culminating in a build activity for
t he houses
that need to
be restored.
Br ooks i de
and its sur-
r o u n d i n g
are in need
of more food
and wat er,
blankets, dry
clothes and
medicine for
fever, diar-
r he a , a nd
colds. More
vol unt eers
a r e a l s o
needed for the cleanup.
The Gawad Kalinga headquarters
is located at Gawad Kalinga National
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Gawad Kalinga Updates
Read previous articles by visiting our website at www.asian-
By GK News Bureau
Sunday, May 18, 2008
The bayanihan spirit is alive
and at work at GK Brookside in
Quezon City in the wake of fash
foods that hit the village last May
On Monday afternoon, resi-
dents of GK Brookside and sur-
rounding barangays found them-
selves immersed in water after
heavy rains triggered fash foods
brought about by the sudden col-
lapse of the riprap protecting them
from the gushing water from a
creek and nearby dam.
The Philippine Army stationed
nearby immediately came to the
rescue and joined the residents
and volunteers from the University
of the Philippines who went on
rooftops to form a human chain to
bring trapped residents to safety.
The foods receded a few hours
later, leaving the GK community
with flth, debris and soaked fur-
niture. The walls of seven GK
homes were knocked down by
the gushing water and need to be
Having heard about what hap-
pened to their neighbors at GK
Brookside on the evening news,
the kapitbahayan of GK Bagong
Silang quickly came to help their
fellow GK residents.
“Yun ang napakaganda sa mag-
kakapitbahay. Maski malayo siya
pag narinig niyang kailangan ng
tulong ng kapatid niya o kapitba-
hay niya kailangan nandoon siya
(It’s beautiful among neighbors.
Even if they are far, if you hear that
your brother or neighbor needs
your help, you have to be there),”
said Julius Caubat, kapitbahayan
president of CM & son GK vil-
lage who came to the rescue with
other residents from GK Bagong
“Dapat nandyan ka dahil tayo
ang magiging kalakasan nila at sila
rin ang magiging kalakasan natin
dahil nagtutulungan. Kailangan
ng pagmamahal. Kung sila ay
nalulungkot, kailangan pasigla-
hin at pasayahin (You have to be
there because we are their strength
and they will also be our strength
because we help each other. We
need love. If they are sad, we need
to encourage them, to make them
happy),” Caubat said.
“Kahit kapos tumutulong sa
kapwa kapos. Yun ang natutunan
namin na hindi lang nagtatapos
sa mabigyan ka kundi kailangan
tumulong ka katulad ng ginawa ng
Panginoon (Even if we are poor,
we help our fellow poor. This
is what we have learned, that it
doesn’t stop when you receive but
you need to help the way the Lord
helped you),” he added.
Despite meager resources, the
residents of GK Bagong Silang
and their barangay captain took
some money out of their pockets
to provide food and clothes to
their GK neighbors. The next day,
they took a leave from work and
returned to GK Brookside early in
the morning to continue helping
clean up.
The kapitbahayan of GK
Brookside were very grateful to
those who came to help.
“Malaking pasalamat namin sa
dami ng sumuporta sa Brookside
di lang sa GK kundi mga katabi
namin, natulungan din (We are
very grateful to the many who
supported Brookside, not only GK
but other communities beside us
were also helped),” said Ricardo
GK beneficiaries from Sitio
Ruby and Payatas also came to as-
sist their fellow benefciaries while
volunteers from Ateneo de Manila
University organized themselves
from a single text message and
trooped to GK Brookside.
Partners from Unilab, Meralco,
Rotary and ABS-CBN also came
bringing clean water and food.
Bayanihan alive
at GK Brookside
Page 24 June 6-12, 2008 Asian Journal - (619) 474-0588 Visit our website at
1340 3RD Ave. Suite B Chula Vista, CA 91911
(Inside Seafood City Supermarket)
Del & Chit Rivera
(619) 426-7804
Pinakamasarap na Lechon and Filipino cuisine
Diego Museum of Man is partnering
with Regal Theatres on the opening of
Indiana Jones IV and the Kingdom of
The Crystal Skull. Together, they will
showcase the
i mpor t ance
of archaeol-
ogy in con-
junction with
the opening
of the much-
ant i ci pat ed
bl ockbust er
film through-
out the San
Diego region
on May 22.
The unique
par t ner shi p
will bring special archaeological
“dig boxes” to select Regal Theatre
lobbies on Saturday, May 24, and
Saturday, May 31 from 2:00 p.m. to
7:00 p.m. In addition, the San Diego
Museum of Man will have staff from
its education department on hand to
explain to children the significance of
archaeology. Select Regal Theatre lo-
cations participating include Rancho
Del Rey (Chula Vista), Mira Mesa,
San Marcos and Parkway Plaza.
Indiana Jones IV links directly to
the Museum of Man’s late-spring
exhibition, Gods & Gold: Ancient
Treasures From Mexico to Peru,
which opens May 24. Similar to how
Indiana Jones uncovers precious
treasures on his adventures, this new
exhibition uncovers centuries of
Latin America’s mysterious ancient
past featuring the Museum of Man’s
stunning collections of Mexican, Cen-
tral American, and South American
archaeological objects. Visitors will
be able to see rare gold and jewelry,
exotic figurines, intricate stone work,
and exquisite pottery from the ancient
world. Explore distinctions in artistic
styles, techniques, and materials used
to create the numerous intriguing
pieces created by such cultures as the
Maya, Aztec, Inca, and many others.
Also as part of the partnership, In-
diana Jones movie-goers can enjoy
unique summer savings. By present-
The San Diego Museum of Man
partners with Regal Theathers on
the opening of Indiana Jones IV
Unique Partnership Brings Archaeological Dig Boxes
to Local Theatres to Celebrate Blockbuster Opening
ing their Regal Theatre ticket stub at
the Museum of Man, movie-goers will
receive a $1.00 off admission per tick-
et anytime this summer. Plus, ticket
stubs will be honored for a 20-percent
s a v i n g s
f r om an-
nual family
me mbe r -
ships to the
mus e um.
This part-
nership en-
ables fami-
lies year-
a r o u n d
to be like
I n d i a n a
Jones and
take advan-
tage of seeing treasures and chronicle
unique explorations that the world-
class Museum of Man showcases.
About Indiana Jones and the King-
dom of the Crystal Skull:
On May 22, Indiana Jones is back
in a new globe-trotting adventure,
“Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of
the Crystal Skull.” Directed by Ste-
ven Spielberg and starring Harrison
Ford as Indy, “Indiana Jones and
the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull”
features an outstanding cast, includ-
ing Oscar® winner Cate Blanchett,
Karen Allen, Ray Winstone, John
Hurt, Oscar® winner Jim Broadbent
and Shia LaBeouf. Frank Marshall is
the film’s producer. George Lucas and
Kathleen Kennedy are the executive
producers. The screenplay is by David
Koepp from a story by George Lucas
and Jeff Nathanson.
About The Museum of Man:
Located beneath its landmark Cali-
fornia Tower in Balboa Park,. The
Museum of Man is an educational,
non-profit corporation. The Museum
is open daily from 10 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.
For further information, please call
(619) 239-2001 or visit the Museum
of Man’s web site at www.museumof-
if you want prosperity, look at
Deng Xiaoping; if you want to
eat rice, then you rely on Prof.
Yuan Long Ping, the father of
hybrid seed.”
The chemistry between the
two made them both want to
work with each other. Still,
Henry needed more information
so he went to IRRI and met with
Dr. S.S. Virmani to ask him how
they were developing our hybrid
rice program? Henry saw hybrid
rice as the answer to increasing
the yield that farmers needed to
Dr. Virmani said that China
had the best technology in hybrid
rice. “It is only in the temper-
ate region where you can grow
this hybrid. Even if you come up
with a tropical variety, usually
the taste is not good, so there is
no market for it. “
“He was giving me all the
negatives,” Henry recalled. Prof.
Virmani then sent technicians to
help Henry decide on whether to
invest in rice production.
Chinese Variety Fails To De-
velop In The Philippines
“The first season, I tested
75 different varieties of Chinese
crops. All of them failed. You
know why? Rice is usually 120
days here but the Chinese variety
flowers very early so nothing can
be formed. At that time, I wanted
to give up already. The moving
force behind this was my mother,
Doña Maria. She advised me,
‘You have to develop a variety
that can grow in our local condi-
tions.” I spoke to the scientists
and they said, ‘We can try but
we will have to open our own
research center.’”
So Henry began to look for a
property where they could build
the research center. He found a
40-hectare property near IRRI
with very good isolation, good
irrigation, but unfortunately it
was a big investment. To his
hesitation, his mother told him,
“If you have to do it, you have to
bite the bullet.”
This was the start of SL
Agritech, whose goal was to
develop a Philippine hybrid rice
“Then tragedy struck my
family. We opened a department
store in Olongapo, and that night
our van was hit by a container
truck in Pampanga. In that acci-
dent, I lost my mother, who was
sitting on my left side, and my
younger brother, who was sitting
on my right side. The driver died
the next day and I was seri-
ously injured. The van was so
wrecked. I was so devastated. I
was cursing and wondering why
this had to happen to my family.”
Discovery Of SL-8H
Throughout Henry’s ordeal,
the research continued to try and
develop a hybrid variety that
would grow in the Philippines.
“What I am about to tell you,
you might not believe, but I tell
you the truth. On November
17, 2001, at 5.30 a.m., Prof.
Zhang Zhaodong, now known as
the breeder of our hybrid SL-
8H variety, decided to get up.
He was roused from his sleep
because his bed was rocking. He
thought there was an earthquake.
When he opened his eyes, he
was surprised to find my mother
standing in front of his bed. My
mother had been dead already
for two months. My mother
spoke very fluent Mandarin and
she told Prof. Zhang, ‘Go out to
the fields. Inspect all the flowers
carefully.’ The professor an-
swered , ‘Yesterday I inspected
all the flowers. None of them
were really stabilized. Today I
want to plow it back and start all
over again.’”
But because he saw Doña
Maria in what he thought was a
dream, Prof. Zhang rushed out
to the field at the first break of
sunlight. He felt that somebody
was leading him to lot No. 8. He
spent the whole morning looking
at all the flowers. Around lunch-
time, Henry received a call from
Prof. Zhang.
“He was congratulating me,”
Henry said. “We have found the
stabilized plant and we can start
producing the seeds already. “
Today, SL Agritech continues
to distribute its hybrid rice seeds.
“The national average is three
tons per week. With our hybrid
rice, we can have up to eight
tons per hectare. We have even
harvested 17 tons per hectare in
Camarines Sur. What we need
now is the political will to back
us up. “
* * *
The rice inspired
by Doña Maria
Read the complete calendar at
PAYMENT TOO HIGH?” Come to a Foreclosure Prevention Clinic
on Saturday, June 7, 2008 from 10:00 AM to 3:00 PM, MIRA MESA
EBRATION at the corner of Mira Mesa Blvd. and Reagan Road, San
Loan modification * Pre-foreclosure options. Answer your questions
about: * Interest rates * Pre-payment penalties * Other mortgage
terms * Foreclosure and or bankruptcy process * Tax liabilities * Debt
liability * Immigration * Family law. Call 858.586.7382
2008 Philippine Festival & Faire is slated for Saturday, June 7th at the
Mira Mesa Community Park. FREE admission to the Faire. Should
you have any further questions, please feel free to contact either Ed
Danico at (858) 829-5094 or Merly Ferrer at (619) 606-6475.
Small Business -- What Every Small Business Owner Should Know!
TIME: 9:00 am - 12:00 noon WHERE: SCORE Entrepreneur Center,
550 West C Street, #550, San Diego, CA (Located between India &
Columbia Streets, in the SBA office) Easy parking in building - $5 on
Saturdays. Registration fee: $49 Pre-paid / $59 On-site. * Corpora-
tions * LLCs * Partnerships * Sole Proprietorships. Contact SCORE
for registration or more information call 619-557-7272 or visit https://
CUAN CASINO. Sycuan Casino is proud to present a summer eve-
ning with the Academy Award winning performer, Shirley Jones, on
Saturday, June 14, 2008, at 8 P.M. in our Showcase Theatre. Tickets
are $35. Tickets for all shows may be purchased at the Sycuan Casino
Box Office, by phone at 619-659-3380 or online at www.playsycuan.
com. Guests must be at least 18 years of age to enter the Casino, res-
taurants and theatre.
JULY 6) The 2008 San Diego County Fair runs Saturday, June 14
through Sunday, July 6, closed on Monday, June 16 and Monday,
June 23. Gates open daily at 10 a.m., exhibits close at 10 p.m. Sunday
through Thursday and at 11 p.m. Friday and Saturday.
sumer Education Program to be held on Saturday, June 14 at Mission
Branch Library–Mission Federal Credit Union, the second largest
credit union in San Diego County with $2 billion in assets and 23
branch locations serving 127,000 members, will host a free Identity
Theft Workshop on Saturday, June 14. The consumer education event
is from 2 p.m. to 3 p.m. at the Mission Branch Library in Oceanside,
located at 3861-B Mission Avenue.
(Continued from page 16)
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(619) 479-3648
Lisa’s Dessert, Bakery & Food to go
Page 25 Asian Journal - (619) 474-0588 Visit our website at June 6-12, 2008
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CBCP’s social arm National
Secretariat for Social Action
Justice and Peace (NASSA), told
Radio Veritas that he would not
give communion to people respon-
sible for the rising prices of rice.
He clarified that he would give
the erring traders identified as rice
hoarders the opportunity to defend
themselves before imposing the
“I would talk to the trader in
private and I will ask him ‘why
are you doing that?’ I will ask
him to defend himself and explain
then I would say ‘oh, you have to
return what you have stolen plus
the damages’. If he would say opo
or yes then I would absolve him
and I will give him communion,”
he said.
If the trader says that he would
continue with his wrong practice
then communion would be denied
him “because Christ said help the
poor but you are exploiting the poor,”
Gutierrez said.
He said that since the word Satan
means enemy, the hoarders are com-
mitting a satanic act.
Meanwhile, President Arroyo or-
dered authorities to investigate reports
of rice hoarding in various areas in
Mindanao that led to soaring prices.
Deputy Presidential Spokeswom-
an Lorelei Fajardo said Mrs. Arroyo
directed the National Food Authority
(NFA) and the National Bureau of
Investigation (NBI) to act swiftly in
jointly looking into suspicions of rice
“Anyone caught or suspected of
hoarding will be dealt with severely,”
Fajardo said. “No one will be spared.
The administration is committed to
protecting the interest of the consum-
ing public.”
Press Secretary Ignacio Bunye in
a news briefing said the President also
directed the Department of Trade and
Industry to join the probe.
He said these agencies would
make a preliminary report on the food
situation in Mindanao today.
He said the Palace continues to try
to find more ways to keep rice prices
from going up by ensuring supply.
Based on estimates, the country has
enough to sustain its needs, which is
why a probe was being undertaken.
Reports said polished rice in
Mindanao reached as high as P51 a
kilo while in other areas rice prices
increase almost daily.
Last Sunday, Bishop Gutierrez
was informed that three traders at-
tended a Mass that he officiated and
their heads were bent as he gave
his homily which criticized the rice
hoarding activities.
“During the Mass I said that I
hope they would be bothered by their
conscience. According to the report,
they are repacking the National Food
Authority (NFA) rice and selling them
at a higher price as commercial rice
and this is not good because it caused
the prices of rice to jack up to P47.50,
P50 and P51 per kilo,” he added.
He issued the statement now that
even Mindanao is feeling the effects
of the high cost of rice.
“This is very bad because we are a
rice producing (country) yet the price
of rice is so high. Something is wrong
and the reason is greed of all the
businessmen and the incompetence of
some of those in government.”
He said that President Arroyo
should address the rice crisis.
“She has all the power so (she
should) use that power to solve the
rice crisis. If she could not do that
then she should ask other people to
advise her.”
He said that the Catholic Church
has already been helping ease the
burden of poor Filipinos by selling
rice at cheaper prices to the poor
through their “Bigasan sa Parokya”
‘No communion for rice
(Continued from page 1)
5/11/08 – A 20-year-old Aeta led 39
other tribal minority scholars in grad-
uation rites at the Angeles University
Foundation in Angeles City, the big-
gest batch of cultural minorities from
this province to finish college.
Augusto Laxamana took up crimi-
nology and now has a bachelor’s
degree diploma to attest to this. He
was, however, a standout among the
graduating Aeta students as he was
also awarded a citation for his being
champion in the annual Junior Law
Enforcers Association Firing Com-
petition held at the Regional Training
School in Magalang, Pampanga.
AUF officials, led by Chancellor
Dr. Emmanuel Angeles, noted that
Laxamana had also attended seminars
on subjects related to criminology,
such as forensic lighting system and
technology in criminal investigation.
He is the eldest son of Cri sen cio
and Esterlita Laxa mana who live in a
tribal village in Maba lacat. His father
is an employee of the Clark Develop-
ment Corp. at this freeport.
Most Aetas in Central Lu zon have
remained illiterate. During the erup-
tion of Mt. Pinatubo in 1991, they
were displaced from their mountain
abodes where they used to survive
on hunting and farming and com-
pelled to seek refuge in the lowlands
where they found some difficulty in
adjusting to new ways of seeking
Laxamana was among the 40 Aeta
students assisted by the CDC’s Cor-
porate Social Responsibility program,
in partnership with AUF.
“My son’s diligence and hard
work has paid off. I hope that other
locator-firms here in Clark would
take notice of this and would inspire
them to initiate similar scholarship
programs for my people as well
as other deserving students with in
the peripheries of Clark”, the elder
Laxamana said after the graduation
The scholarship program for
• Nothing special about fiber.
Loading up on fiber was once
thought to be our best defense
against colon cancer. No more. In
clinical trials, fiber hasn’t worked
to reduce recurrent polyps, and the
evidence that it protects against
first-time polyps is uneven. (Diets
high in fiber do seem to reduce the
risk of heart disease and diabetes
so don’t forget about it entirely.)
• Hormone therapy isn’t
worth the other risks. If colon
cancer were the only health
concern, many women might
consider taking hormones to
prevent it. In the Women’s
Health Initiative Study, post-
menopausal women who took
an estrogen-progesterone com-
bination lowered their risk for
colorectal cancer by 44 percent.
But hormone therapy has other
risks associated with it (includ-
ing breast cancer and heart
disease (depending on when it’s
taken relative to menopause), so
it’s not recommended for cancer
How to lower
your risk for
colon cancer
(Continued from page 9)
Biggest batch of Aetas
graduates from college
Aetas, established in 2004 during the
term of Dr. Angeles as CDC president,
zeroes in on talented Aeta youths
living in villages within, or near the
Clark Freeport.
The newly graduated 40 scholars
are from villages in Mabalacat, Pam-
panga and Bamban, Tarlac.
CDC noted that most of the 40 Aetas
Page 26 June 6-12, 2008 Asian Journal - (619) 474-0588 Visit our website at
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Spring Valley, CA 91977
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