You are on page 1of 44

FAA-S-8081-27

U.S. Department
of Transportation

(with Changes 1, 2, 3, & 4)

Federal Aviation
Administration

Aviation Mechanic Airframe
Practical Test Standards

June 2003

Flight Standards Service
Washington, DC 20591

(this page intentionally left blank)

Aviation Mechanic Airframe
Practical Test Standards

2003

Flight Standards Service
Washington, D.C. 20591

(this page intentionally left blank)

all tests must be administered under the PTS guidelines. Previously appointed examiners must transition to the PTS within 60 days after completion of recurrent training.2. i FAA-S-8081-27 . Aviation Mechanic Airframe Practical Test Standards (PTS) is to replace the oral and practical test guides currently used. General Aviation Airman Designee Handbook. After which time.Note FAA-S-8081-27. or 2 years after the effective date of Order 8900. Both testing procedures will be in effect until all examiners have been trained to administer the test in accordance with the PTS. New examiners must use the PTS upon completion of initial training.

(this page intentionally left blank) FAA-S-8081-27 ii .

FAA inspectors and Designated Mechanic Examiners (DMEs) shall conduct practical tests in compliance with these standards. Tintera Manager. The passing of this practical test is a required step toward obtaining the Aviation Mechanic certificate with an Airframe rating. Regulatory Support Division Flight Standards Service iii FAA-S-8081-27 .Foreword This Aviation Mechanic Airframe Practical Test Standards book has been published by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) to establish the standards for the Aviation Mechanic Airframe Practical Test. /s/ 2-13-2003 ____________________________ Joseph K. Applicants should find these standards helpful in practical test preparation.

(this page intentionally left blank) FAA-S-8081-27 iv .

B. Level 2 – Performance Standard deleted (page 5). Assembly and Rigging. Level 1 – Performance Standard deleted (page 5). Level 3 – bullet 4: added additional text (page 5). Level 2 – bullet 2: added additional text (page 5). Airframe Inspection. F. G. Objective 1 – changed “at least four” to “at least two” (page 13). Objective 1 – changed “at least four” to “at least two” (page 16). Level 3 – Z3e. Level 3 – Performance Standard added (page 6). Change 2 (9/24/2003) • Introduction: Performance Levels o o o • Level 1 – Performance Standard added (page 5). v FAA-S-8081-27 . Objective 1 – changed “at least four” to “at least two” (page 9). Section II – Airframe Structures o o o o o o o A.Record of Changes Change 1 (8/8/2003) • Introduction: Performance Levels o o o o o o o Level 1 – Z3b. C. “Nondestructive” changed to “specified” (page 5). “verify” changed to “check” (page 6). Objective 1 – changed “at least four” to “at least two” (page 10). E. Sheet Metal and Non-metallic Structures. Objective 1 – changed “at least four” to “at least two” (page 14). Objective 1 – changed “at least four” to “at least two” (page 11). Wood Structures. Level 3 – Performance Standard deleted (page 6). Welding. Aircraft Covering. Objective 1 – changed “at least four” to “at least two” (page 12). Aircraft Finishes. D. Level 2 – Performance Standard added (page 5).

Objective 1 – changed “at least four” to “at least two” (page 24). K. Objective 1 – changed “at least four” to “at least two” (page 20). Communication and Navigation systems. Airframe Inspection (page 16). Aircraft Instrument Systems (page 22). Aircraft Landing Gear Systems. Objective 1 – changed “at least four” to “at least two” (page 22). M. Section III – Airframe Systems and Components o o o o o G. Objective 1 – changed “at least four” to “at least two” (page 27). Objective 1 – changed “at least four” to “at least two” (page 25). M. T. Objective 1 – changed “at least four” to “at least two” (page 28). Objective 1 – changed “at least four” to “at least two” (page 23). Aircraft Landing Gear Systems (page 19).• Section III – Airframe Systems and Components o o o o o o o o o o K. Objective 1 – changed “at least four” to “at least two” (page 21). Objective 1 – changed “at least four” to “at least two” (page 29). Cabin Atmosphere Control Systems. Aircraft Electrical Systems. Objective 1 – changed “at least four” to “at least two” (page 19). Hydraulic and Pneumatic Power Systems. L. N. Position and Warning System. Aircraft Fuel Systems. Ice and Rain Control Systems. Aircraft Instrument Systems. O. S. Revised the Reference List from the Practical Test Standard Description section of the Introduction (page 3). R. Fire Protection Systems. Change 4 (4/18/2014) • • Revised the Introduction (page 1). L. Change 3 (6/21/2004) • • Revised Unsatisfactory Performance section of the Introduction (page 6). Cabin Atmosphere Control Systems (page 21). P. N. Q. Hydraulic and Pneumatic Power Systems (page 20). FAA-S-8081-27 vi .

Revised References for all subject areas.• • Revised Unsatisfactory Performance section of the Introduction (page 6). vii FAA-S-8081-27 .

(this page intentionally left blank) FAA-S-8081-27 viii .

........ 16 [Reserved] .................... B..................... 3 Aviation Mechanic Practical Test Prerequisites ................................................... P............... 12 Welding ................. Wood Structures .............. 10 Aircraft Finishes ................................................................................. 24 Aircraft Electrical Systems ....................................................... T..................... H.................................................... I........... L............ 6 Unsatisfactory Performance .............. M.............................. 13 Assembly and Rigging ............................................... 17 [Reserved] ................................................... 1 Practical Test Book Description ................................................................................................................................................................. S................................................. 21 Aircraft Instrument Systems ................................................................................................................................................ 23 Aircraft Fuel Systems .......................................................... 2 Use of the Practical Test Standards .......... R... J......................................... 22 Communication and Navigation Systems .............................. O............................. 4 Examiner Responsibility ........................................ Q.. 6 Section II – Airframe Structures A................................................ 20 Cabin Atmosphere Control Systems ............................................................ 4 Performance Levels ........................................... 9 Aircraft Covering .............. 4 Satisfactory Performance .......... 14 Airframe Inspection ... N............................................ 19 Hydraulic and Pneumatic Power Systems ........................................ C... 28 Fire Protection Systems ..... 17 [Reserved] .......... 2 Practical Test Standard Description ...... D..................................................... 25 Position and Warning System ............................................. 11 Sheet Metal and Non-Metallic Structures .............................................. G.........Table of Contents Introduction Practical Test Standard Concept . 17 Section III – Airframe Systems and Components K..... E........ 29 ix FAA-S-8081-27 ....................... 27 Ice and Rain Control Systems ..... F.................. Aircraft Landing Gear Systems .......................................................................................................

(this page intentionally left blank) FAA-S-8081-27 x .

or other authorized person who conducts the practical test. Department of Transportation. Comments regarding this publication may be emailed to AFS630comments@faa. from http://www.S. 1 FAA-S-8081-27 . Guidance information is described in terms. OK 73125. The FAA gratefully acknowledges the valuable assistance provided by the many individuals and organizations that contributed their time and talent in assisting with the development of these practical test standards.gov. in pdf format. Federal Aviation Administration. such as “shall” and “must” indicating the actions are mandatory.gov/mechanics/testing/practical/ This PTS is published by the U.Change 4 (4/18/2014) Introduction The Flight Standards Service of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has developed these practical test standards (PTS) to be used by examiners 1 when conducting aviation mechanic practical tests.O.faa. Oklahoma City. 1 The word “examiner” denotes either the FAA inspector. This PTS is available for download. FAA designated examiner. Instructors are expected to address all of the elements contained in this PTS when preparing applicants for practical tests. Practical Test Standard Concept Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) specifies the subject areas in which knowledge and skill must be demonstrated by the applicant before the issuance of an Aviation Mechanic Certificate with an Airframe rating. The CFRs provide the flexibility that permits the FAA to publish practical test standards containing knowledge and skill specifics in which competency must be demonstrated. Airman Testing Standards Branch. such as “should” and “may” indicating the actions are desirable or permissive but not mandatory. Information considered directive in nature is described in this practical test document in terms. AFS-630. P. Applicants should be familiar with this PTS and refer to these standards during their training. Box 25082.

."Knowledge" (oral) elements are indicated by use of the words "Exhibits knowledge of. (e." The FAA will revise these standards whenever it is determined that changes are needed. Except where appropriate..g. Written instructions given to applicants for the completion of assigned skill portions of the FAA-S-8081-27 2 .2 – General Aviation Airman Designee Handbook. pertinent CFRs) references listed in this document are not meant to supersede or otherwise replace manufacturer or other FAA-approved or acceptable data. Practical Test Book Description This test book contains the following Aviation Mechanic Airframe Practical Test Standards. because this information can be found in references listed and/or in manufacturer or FAA-approved or acceptable data related to each subject area. and the practical test standards. Adherence to the applicable regulations. Section II – Airframe Structures Section III – Airframe Systems and Components Practical Test Standard Description The Aviation Mechanic Airframe Practical Test Standards include the subject areas of knowledge and skill for the issuance of an aviation mechanic certificate and/or the addition of a rating. the policies set forth in the current revision of FAA Order 8900. but to serve as general information and study material sources.... Descriptions of the subject area are not included in the practical test standards. is mandatory for the evaluation of aviation mechanic applicants." "Skill" (practical) elements are indicated by the use of the words "Demonstrates the ability to. Publications other than those listed may be used as references if their content conveys substantially the same information as the referenced publications... The Reference identifies the publication(s) that describe(s) the subject area. The subject areas are the topics in which aviation mechanic applicants must have knowledge and/or demonstrate skill. Information contained in manufacturer and/ or FAAapproved/acceptable data always takes precedence over advisory or textbook referenced data.

and that applicants must be prepared to satisfactorily perform. The objective lists the important knowledge and skill elements that must be utilized by the examiner in planning and administering aviation mechanic tests. type certificate data sheets or specifications. and Alteration Identification and Registration Markings Certification: Airmen Other Than Flight Crewmembers Air Traffic and General Operating Rules Acceptable Methods. An applicant is not permitted to know before testing begins which selections in each subject area are to be included in his/her test (except the core competency elements.Change 4 (4/18/2014) practical test standard may include service bulletins. manufacturer maintenance manuals or other similar approved/acceptable data necessary for accomplishment of objective testing.13-1&2B FAA-H-8083-30 FAA-H-8083-31 FAA-H-8083-32 Certification Procedures for Products and Parts Maintenance. When using the practical test book. Preventive Maintenance Rebuilding.2. the examiner must evaluate the applicant’s knowledge and skill in sufficient depth to determine that the objective for each subject area element selected is met. airworthiness directives or other CFRs. which all applicants are 3 FAA-S-8081-27 . Reference List: 14 CFR part 21 14 CFR part 43 14 CFR part 45 14 CFR part 65 14 CFR part 91 AC 43. Use of the Practical Test Standards The FAA requires that all practical tests be conducted in accordance with the appropriate Aviation Mechanic Practical Test Standards and the policies and procedures set forth in the current revision of FAA Order 8900. Techniques and Practices – Aircraft Inspection and Repair Aviation Maintenance Technician Handbook – General Aviation Maintenance Technician Handbook – Airframe Aviation Maintenance Technician Handbook – Powerplant Each subject area has an objective.

instructions. 2. "Repair" means to correct a defective condition. Interpretation of information not required. Locate methods. procedures. "Inspect" means to examine by sight and/or touch (with or without inspection enhancing tools/equipment). Be able to find information and follow directions and written instructions. an applicant should be well prepared in all oral and skill areas included in the practical test standard. FAA-S-8081-27 4 . or during. 1. this becomes an ongoing process throughout the test. Performance Levels The following is a detailed description of the meaning of each level. (See FAA Order 8900. 5. section 65. Level 1 • • • • Know basic facts and principles. "Service" means to perform functions that assure continued operation. section 65. element assignment. Therefore. 3. 4.80.2. The following terms may be reviewed with the applicant prior to.) Examiner Responsibility The examiner who conducts the practical test is responsible for determining that the applicant meets acceptable standards of knowledge and skill in the assigned subject areas within the appropriate practical test standard.required to perform). and reference material. "Check" means to verify proper operation. Aviation Mechanic Practical Test Prerequisites All applicants must have met the prescribed experience requirements as stated in 14 CFR part 65. "Troubleshoot" means to analyze and identify malfunctions.77. Further information about the requirements for conducting/taking the practical test is contained in FAA Order 8900.2 for information about testing under the provisions of 14 CFR part 65. Since there is no formal division between the knowledge and skill portions of the practical test.

Example: Z3b. and equipment. Example: Z3c. Be able to find and interpret maintenance data and information. and apply facts. Level 2 • • • Know and understand principles. A fairly high skill level is required. A high level of skill is not required. Be able to make independent and accurate airworthiness judgments. (Level 1) Performance Standard: The applicant will locate information for nondestructive testing. the applicant will identify items with leakage faults. Inspections are performed in accordance with acceptable or approved data. and cable harness (at least 10 will have leakage faults). tools. 5 FAA-S-8081-27 . tools.Changes 1 (8/8/2003) & 2 (9/24/2003) • No skill demonstration is required. theories. Understand how they relate to the total operation and maintenance of aircraft. principles. terminal strips. and perform basic operations using appropriate data. Level 3 • • • • • Know. and concepts. Locate specified nondestructive testing methods. understand. Perform all skill operations to a return-to-service standard using appropriate data. theories. and equipment. Detect electrical leakage in electrical connections. (Level 2) Performance Standard: Using appropriate maintenance data and a multimeter. and concepts.

2 for further information about retesting and allowable credit for subject areas satisfactorily completed. 1. Satisfactory Performance The practical test is passed if the applicant demonstrates the prescribed proficiency in the assigned elements (core competency and other selected elements) in each subject area to the required standard. or other skill elements). the applicant will measure the control surface travel.Changes 2 (9/24/2003). 3 (6/21/2004). Typical areas of unsatisfactory performance and grounds for disqualification include the following. the applicant is entitled to credit for only those subject areas satisfactorily completed. However. Failure to follow acceptable or approved maintenance procedures while performing skill (practical) projects. The examiner or the applicant may discontinue testing any time after the failure of a subject area. Unsatisfactory Performance If the applicant does not meet the standards of any of the elements performed (knowledge. Any action or lack of action by the applicant that requires corrective intervention by the examiner for reasons of safety. & 4 (4/18/2014) Example: Z3e. 2. (Level 3) Performance Standard: Using type certificate data sheets and the manufacturer’s service manual. core competency. applicants must be able to locate and apply necessary formulas to obtain correct solutions. Applicants shall not be expected to memorize all mathematical formulas that may be required in the performance of various elements in this practical test standard. compare the travel to the maintenance data. and determine if the travel is within limits. Check control surface travel. In any case. See the current revision of FAA Order 8900. where relevant. 3. Exceeding tolerances stated in the maintenance instructions. FAA-S-8081-27 6 . the associated subject area is failed. and thus the practical test is failed.

6. 5. The inability to perform to a return to service standard. where applicable. Failure to recognize improper procedures. Inadequate knowledge in any of the subject areas. 7 FAA-S-8081-27 .4.

(this page intentionally left blank) FAA-S-8081-27 8 .

(Level 1) 9 FAA-S-8081-27 .Changes 2(9/24/2003) & 4 (4/18/2014) Section II – Airframe Structures A. permissible substitutes and/or other materials used in the construction and repair of wood structures. 2. acceptable wood defects. e. h. g. h. c. inspection techniques and practices for wood structures. inspection tools for wood structures. FAA-H-8083-31. e. c. g. d. b. Objective: To determine that the applicant: 1. types and/or general characteristics of wood used in aircraft structures. (Level 2) determine acceptable repairs or limits for one or more specific defects. (Level 3) identify and select aircraft quality/acceptable wood. f. (Level 1) determine the allowable species of wood that can be used as a substitute for spruce. d. Demonstrates the ability to perform at least one of the following— a.13-1B. (Level 3) inspect a wood repair for airworthiness. (Level 2) locate wood spar and/or rib structure repair procedures. Wood Structures References: AC 43. effects of moisture/humidity on wood. if any. N/A 3. inspect aircraft wood structure or wood sample. Exhibits knowledge of at least two of the following—─ a. (Level 2) locate data for allowable substitute wood material. wood repair techniques and practices. f. and what. non-acceptable wood defects. b. dimensional changes are necessary.

e.13-1B. g. c. Objective: To determine that the applicant: 1. covering means of attachment. d. i. inspection of aircraft covering. (Level 2) determine acceptable repairs for a specific defect. covering textile terms. b. Aircraft Covering References: AC 43. structure surface preparation. Exhibits knowledge of at least two of the following— a. (Level 3) test a finished covering sample to determine acceptability of strength. FAA-H-8083-31. j. f. (Level 2) locate the requirements for repair of a specific fabric covering defect. g. aircraft covering preservation/restoration. e.Changes 2(9/24/2003) & 4 (4/18/2014) B. Demonstrates the ability to perform at least one of the following— a. d. b. areas on aircraft covering most susceptible to deterioration. 2. (Level 3) determine the minimum fabric strength covering requirements for a specific aircraft. f. seams commonly used. k. c. factors used in determining the proper type covering material. FAA-S-8081-27 inspect the repair of a damaged covering for airworthiness. (Level 2) determine the classification (major or minor) of a specific repair to a fabric-covered surface. covering methods commonly used. (Level 2) determine if a covering sample has appropriate identification markings. (Level 1) 10 . N/A 3. covering repair techniques and practices. types of approved aircraft covering material. h.

c. (Level 2) 11 FAA-S-8081-27 . h. balance considerations after refinishing. fungicidal. g. 2. inspection of aircraft finishes. f. d. d. butyrate. regulatory requirements for registration markings. effects of improper surface preparation on finishing materials. c. finishing materials application techniques and practices. b. g. (Level 2) prepare a surface for application of finishing materials. (Level 3) locate appropriate data to use for a specific finishing task.13-1B. f. Aircraft Finishes References: Objective: 1. 14 CFR part 45. Demonstrates the ability to perform at least one of the following— a. e. topcoat materials. e. (Level 2) determine preparation necessary for application of finishing materials to a particular surface. j. k. N/A 3. l. select appropriate finishing materials for a specific application. effects of ambient conditions on finishing materials. To determine that the applicant: Exhibits knowledge of at least two of the following— a.Changes 2(9/24/2003) & 4 (4/18/2014) C. (Level 1) determine the allowable location and size of registration numbers for a fixed-wing and/or rotorcraft aircraft. b. i. AC 43. where necessary. and/or nitrate dopes. protection of airframe structures. surface preparation for a desired finishing material. (Level 3) inspect one or more finished surfaces. safety practices/precautions when using finishing materials. (Level 3) apply primer and/or topcoat materials. primer materials. FAA-H-8083-31.

window installation procedures. i. *Demonstrates the ability to install and remove at least two each. d. Sheet Metal and Non-Metallic Structures *Core competency element. care and maintenance of windows. b. techniques. FAA-S-8081-27 lay out and form sheet metal to given dimensions. types of sheet metal defects. of two or more types of rivets. n. g. m. composite materials storage practices and shelf life. AC 43. inspection/testing of composite structures. rivet layout. Demonstrates the ability to perform at least one of the following— a. (Level 3) determine a rivet lay out pattern. j. core. l. include at least one bend. To determine that the applicant: Exhibits knowledge of at least two of the following— a. References: Objective: 1. window inspection/types of defects. c. k. inspection/testing of sheet metal structures. r. (Level 2) 12 . FAA-H-8083-31. window material storage and handling. 2. rivet installation. e. h. and/or composite materials/structures. maintenance safety practices/precautions for sheet metal. and/or forming of sheet metal. layout. (Level 3) 3. types of composite structure defects. f.Changes 2(9/24/2003) & 4 (4/18/2014) D. p. and practices. FAA-H-8083-30. q. b.13-1B. and/or matrix materials. window temporary and/or permanent repairs. and/or windows. composite structure repair methods. composite structure fiber. selection of sheet metal. selection of rivets. o.

13-1B. e. FAA-H-8083-31. FAA-H-8083-30. d. purpose and types of shielding gasses. k. i.Changes 2(9/24/2003) & 4 (4/18/2014) c. E. (Level 3) inspect a window or windscreen. (Level 3) inspect a composite structure using a nondestructive testing method (in addition to visual). b. characteristics of acceptable welds. g. storage/handling of welding gasses. (Level 3) drill and countersink and/or dimple sheet metal. To determine that the applicant: Exhibits knowledge of at least two of the following— a. types of steel tubing welding repairs. h. f. flame welding practices and techniques. (Level 3) identify the fiber-reinforcing materials in at least three laminated composite structure samples. flame welding gasses. (Level 2) inspect a sheet metal assembly or repair for airworthiness. (Level 2) locate data for composite structure damage assessment. (Level 3) select materials and clean a transparent surface. (Level 3) determine hole size to use in a sheet metal repair. e. h. j. d. procedures for weld repairs. AC 43. 13 FAA-S-8081-27 . (Level 3) remove one or more minor scratches from a transparent surface. characteristics of unacceptable welds. i. f. inert-gas welding practices and techniques. c. g. (Level 1) Welding References: Objective: 1. visually inspect an unpainted composite surface. l.

c. F. set one or more specified flame patterns. torque tubes. k. c. control cable maintenance. and accomplish proper torch shutdown. weld or braze a joint. ignite a torch. (Level 2) determine the appropriate method/material(s) to use for a specific welding. soldering. welding and/or soldering safety practices/precautions. cable connectors. b. and/or flux usage. 14 . push pull tubes. FAA-S-8081-27 control cable. e. j. soldering. or brazing task. f. b. control stops. N/A 3. g. cable guides. e. To determine that the applicant: Exhibits knowledge of at least two of the following— a. types of solder.13-1B. d. i. bell cranks. 2. or brazing task. FAA-H-8083-30. Demonstrates the ability to perform at least one of the following— a. (Level 2) using aircraft quality materials. (Level 2) determine the appropriate data to use for a specific welding. rigging of airplane or rotorcraft flight controls. soldering preparation. flutter and flight control balance. h.Changes 2(9/24/2003) & 4 (4/18/2014) j. AC 43. (Level 1) Assembly and Rigging *Core competency element. (Level 2) solder a joint or connection. References: Objective: 1. d. FAA-H-8083-31.

(Level 3) c. 2. determine the jacking requirements for a particular aircraft. install one or more swaged cable terminals and check with appropriate gage. (Level 3) k. identify fixed-wing aircraft rigging adjustment locations. o. jack an aircraft or portion thereof (e. (Level 3) 15 FAA-S-8081-27 . as appropriate for tire/wheel change. inspect a flight control system for travel and security. (Level 1) d. locate jacking points and leveling locations for a specific aircraft. m. (Level 2) f. inspect a primary flight control cable. (Level 1) g. b. locate leveling methods and procedures for a specific aircraft. Demonstrates the ability to perform at least one of the following— a. n. (Level 3) h. (Level 3) l. locate the procedures for rigging a helicopter. airplane or rotorcraft flight controls and/or stabilizer systems. (Level 3) i. check and adjust as necessary a push-pull flight control system. aircraft jacking procedures. l. (Level 2) n. (Level 3) check the static balance of a control surface. rotor vibrations. (Level 3) 3. rotor blade tracking. *Demonstrates the ability to check and/or set control surface cable tension. locate helicopter rotor blade tracking procedures.. jacking safety practices/precautions. (Level 2) m. install a control surface. p.g. (Level 3) j. or gear retraction). types of rotorcraft rotor systems.k. install one or more Nicopress sleeves and check with appropriate gage. (Level 1) e.

d. c. instructions for continued airworthiness. g. e. d. b. FAA-H-8083-30. Airframe Inspection *Core competency element. Reference: Objective: 1. 3 (6/21/2004). (Level 3) 16 . and determine if inspection and/or maintenance is due. 2. e. maintenance record requirements under 14 CFR part 43. maintenance record requirements under 14 CFR part 91.Changes 2 (9/24/2003). (Level 2) accomplish a conformity inspection on an airframe portion or component thereof and record results. *Demonstrates the ability to examine an aircraft maintenance record. FAA-S-8081-27 accomplish a 14 CFR part 91 required inspection on an airframe portion or component thereof. & 4 (4/18/2014) G. (Level 3) determine placarding requirements for a specific aircraft and condition. (Level 2) determine if all required instruments and equipment for specific operating conditions under 14 CFR part 91 are installed in a particular aircraft. b. (Level 3) 3. maintenance requirements under 14 CFR part 43. inspection requirements under 14 CFR part 43. compliance with service letters. Demonstrates the ability to perform at least one of the following— a. To determine that the applicant: Exhibits knowledge of at least two of the following— a. c. and/or bulletins. requirements for complying with airworthiness directives. f. (Level 3) inspect an aircraft or portion thereof after maintenance or preventive maintenance. one or more required inspections under 14 CFR part 91.

generate a checklist for conducting a 100-hour airframe inspection on a specific aircraft. [Reserved] J. [Reserved] 17 FAA-S-8081-27 . (Level 2) H.f. [Reserved] I.

(this page intentionally left blank) FAA-S-8081-27 18 .

k. f. (Level 3) select lubricant. (Level 3) 3. landing gear inspection. g. 2. h. (Level 3) clean and inspect wheel bearings. landing gear strut servicing/lubrication. tire storage. *Demonstrates the ability to perform inspection of an installed brake for serviceability. e. c. landing gear retraction/extension systems.Changes 2 (9/24/2003). determine the proper lubricant(s) for a landing gear. clean as necessary. FAA-H-8083-31. Aircraft Landing Gear Systems *Core competency element. and lubricate wheel bearings. wheel and tire construction tire mounting. wheel bearing inspection. care. and/or servicing. g. c.13-1B To determine that the applicant: Exhibits knowledge of at least two of the following— a. b. j. b. (Level 3) install a brake lining or brake assembly. AC 43. brake assembly inspection. References: Objective: 1. e. d. d. i. wheel and tire inspection. and inspect a wheel. landing gear and/or tire and wheel safety practices/precautions. Demonstrates the ability to perform at least one of the following— a. (Level 1) inspect a landing gear or landing gear component(s). (Level 3) service an oleo strut. (Level 3) 19 FAA-S-8081-27 . landing gear steering systems. 3 (6/21/2004). (Level 3) disassemble. & 4 (4/18/2014) Section III – Airframe Systems and Components K. f.

Demonstrates the ability to perform at least one of the following— FAA-S-8081-27 20 . (Level 3) accomplish a landing gear retraction/extension check. l. References: FAA-H-8083-31. c. (Level 3) Hydraulic and Pneumatic Power Systems *Core competency element. (Level 3) inspect a wheel and tire assembly. d. i. check tire pressure. *Demonstrates the ability to select and install a hydraulic seal. and/or operation of accumulators. Exhibits knowledge of at least two of the following— a. j. (Level 3) service a nosewheel shimmy damper. Objective: To determine that the applicant: 1. types of hydraulic/pneumatic filters and/or filter operation. k. L. hydraulic and/or pneumatic system. 2. pressure regulators and valves. b. filter maintenance procedures. h. servicing hydraulic and/or pneumatic systems. (Level 3) 3. e. j. and/or system component(s) function/operation. function. types/identification and/or characteristics of various hydraulics fluids used in aircraft. remove and replace/install a wheel and tire assembly on a landing gear.13-1B. & 4 (4/18/2014) h. i.Changes 2 (9/24/2003). 3 (6/21/2004). hydraulic/pneumatic seal maintenance procedures. g. types of hydraulic/pneumatic seals and/or fluid/seal compatibility. servicing. AC 43. hydraulic/pneumatic system safety practices/precautions. and service as necessary. (Level 3) replace a tire or tube valve core and check for leaks. f.

exhaust heat exchanger and/or system component(s) function. c. N/A 3. AC 43. Demonstrates the ability to perform at least one of the following─ 21 FAA-S-8081-27 . Objective: To determine that the applicant: 1. (Level 3) inspect components or portions of a hydraulic or pneumatic system.Changes 2 (9/24/2003). & 4 (4/18/2014) a. oxygen system maintenance procedures. vapor-cycle system and/or system component(s) operation.13-1B. Exhibits knowledge of at least two of the following— a. 2. c. d. (Level 3) locate fluid servicing instructions and identify/select fluid for a particular aircraft. (Level 3) repair a hydraulic or pneumatic system defect. and/or inspection procedures. (Level 2) service a hydraulic reservoir. h. service a pneumatic or hydraulic system filter. servicing and/or inspection procedures. cabin pressurization and/or system component(s) operation and/or inspection procedures. 3 (6/21/2004). g. g. combustion heater and/or system component(s) function. e. b. f. (Level 3) troubleshoot a hydraulic or pneumatic system. d. f. (Level 3) remove and install hydraulic or pneumatic system component(s) and check operation. e. (Level 3) Cabin Atmosphere Control Systems References: FAA-H-8083-31. b. operation. M. types of oxygen systems and/or oxygen system component(s) operation. air-cycle system and/or system component(s) operation and/or inspection procedures. operation. (Level 3) service a hydraulic system accumulator. and/or inspection procedures.

(Level 1) N. FAA-H-8083-31. b. select proper solution and leak test oxygen system component(s). (Level 3) k. AC 43. & 4 (4/18/2014) a. (Level 3) e. locate procedures for inspecting a cabin outflow valve. inspect and/or troubleshoot a cabin pressurization system and/or system component(s). vacuum/pressure and/or electricity operated instrument system maintenance procedures. FAA-S-8081-27 magnetic compass operation. gyroscopic instrument(s) purpose and operation. (Level 3) d. inspect and/or troubleshoot a vapor cycle cooling system and/or system component(s). purge an oxygen system. locate procedures for servicing a vapor-cycle cooling system. vacuum/pressure and/or electrically operated instrument system operation.13-2B To determine that the applicant: Exhibits knowledge of at least two of the following— a. inspect and/or troubleshoot an oxygen system and/or system component(s). 3 (6/21/2004). (Level 1) m. inspect and/or troubleshoot an air cycle machine system and/or system component(s). d. (Level 3) i.Changes 2 (9/24/2003). 22 . (Level 1) l. (Level 3) g. (Level 3) j. service an oxygen system. (Level 3) f. (Level 3) h. inspect and/or troubleshoot a combustion air heater system and/or system component(s). Aircraft Instrument Systems References: Objective: 1. magnetic compass swinging procedures. locate procedures for protecting a vapor-cycle system from contamination during component replacement. c. inspect and/or troubleshoot an exhaust heat exchanger cabin heat system or system component(s). (Level 3) b. check the operation of an oxygen system. (Level 3) c. e.

f. (Level 2) Communication and Navigation Systems References: Objective: 1. To determine that the applicant: Exhibits knowledge of at least two of the following— a. Demonstrates the ability to perform at least one of the following— a. g. (Level 2) remove. h. g. (Level 3) determine range/limit markings for one or more instruments. and install one or more vacuum or pressure system filters. (Level 3) inspect portions of a pitot-static system. checking/inspecting coaxial cable.f. FAA-H-8083-31. (Level 3) accomplish a magnetic compass swing. O. (Level 3) determine the proper setting of a vacuum and/or pressure system for a particular aircraft.2B. inspect. aircraft instrument range markings. e. e. c. pitot and/or static system operation. N/A 3. i. pitot and/or static instruments purpose and operation. b. 14 CFR parts 43 and/or 91 requirements for static system checks. (Level 2) inspect and/or troubleshoot portions of a vacuum and/or pressure and/or electrically operated instrument power system. 23 FAA-S-8081-27 . d. 14 CFR part 91 ELT record keeping requirements. 14 CFR part 91 emergency locator transmitter (ELT) maintenance requirements.13. (Level 3) find barometric pressure using an altimeter. b. remove and install an aircraft instrument. coaxial cable installation and/or routing requirements. 14 CFR part 91. c. d. AC 43. communication and/or navigation systems commonly used. h. 2.

References: Objective: 1. N/A 3.13-1B. static discharger maintenance procedures. d. b. j. fuel tank maintenance procedures. g. (Level 3) inspect a coaxial cable installation. c. (Level 3) inspect a com/nav radio installation.Changes 2 (9/24/2003) & 4 (4/18/2014) f. (Level 3) locate and identify various antennas installed on a particular aircraft. 2. h. FAA-H-8083-31. h. (Level 3) inspect an ELT and/or ELT installation. i. fuel line routing/installation requirements. i. c. To determine that the applicant: Exhibits knowledge of at least two of the following— a. resistance. (Level 3) inspect a shock mount base. autopilot system basic components and/or sensing elements. FAA-H-8083-30. 24 . FAA-S-8081-27 fuel system strainer servicing. (Level 2) inspect one or more antenna installations. Demonstrates the ability to perform at least one of the following— a. (Level 3) determine ELT battery serviceability/status. means of identification of commonly used communication and/or navigation antennas. AC 43. b. (Level 3) Aircraft Fuel Systems *Core competency element. f. static discharger function and operation. P. (Level 2) inspect one or more static dischargers for security. g. proper installation of a com/nav radio in an existing radio rack. e. d. construction characteristics of one or more types of fuel tanks. identify and inspect com/nav cable and connectors.

(Level 3) inspect a bladder fuel tank. i. characteristics. install a fuel quantity transmitter and/or accomplish an operational check. e. c. g. (Level 2) inspect a fuel system and/or fuel system component(s). (Level 3) troubleshoot a fuel system. (Level 3) locate fuel system operating instructions. factors to consider when selecting wire size for an aircraft circuit. k. hazards associated with fuel system maintenance. To determine that the applicant: Exhibits knowledge of at least two of the following— a.Changes 2 (9/24/2003) & 4 (4/18/2014) e. (Level 3) install a fuel pump and/or accomplish an operational check. FAA-H-8083-31. (Level 3) 3. b. References: Objective: 1. characteristics. 25 FAA-S-8081-27 . (Level 3) check the operation of one or more fuel system components. (Level 1) Aircraft Electrical Systems *Core competency element. Demonstrates the ability to perform at least one of the following— a. j. h. g. AC 43. types. d. (Level 3) inspect a metal fuel tank. (Level 1) locate fuel system inspection procedures. *Demonstrates the ability to service a fuel system strainer. (Level 3) install a fuel valve and/or accomplish an operational check. (Level 3) determine the airworthiness of a specified size fuel system leak/seep. 2. f. FAA-H-8083-30. Q. and/or operation of fuel jettison systems and/or components thereof. and/or operation of fuel systems and/or components thereof.13-1B. f.

f. (Level 3) install a bonding wire and accomplish a resistance check. electric motor operation and/or motor components. g. (Level 3) adjust one or more voltage regulators. lighting and/or lighting system components. (Level 3) select materials and tools and accomplish a wire splice. (Level 2) install a circuit switch or circuit protection device. h. (Level 3) inspect generator brushes and determine serviceability. e. e. FAA-S-8081-27 select a circuit switch or circuit protection device for a specific aircraft and application. (Level 3) inspect and check a landing light. b. (Level 3) 3. (Level 3) select and install one or more wires and pins and/or sockets in a connector. c. (Level 3) select materials and fabricate a bonding wire. i. voltage regulator—purpose and operating characteristics. airframe electrical system components. (Level 3) check the operation of one or more airframe electrical system circuits and/or system components. d. j. constant speed drive (CSD) and/or integrated drive generator (IDG) systems and/or system components. k. routing and/or installation of electric wire or wire bundles. h. wire splicing. wiring defects and/or inspection.b. (Level 3) 26 . j. (Level 3) inspect and check anti-collision and position lights. use of derating factors in switch selection. k. f. d. requirements for circuit protection devices. g. *Demonstrates the ability to troubleshoot an electrical system or portion thereof. 2. i. using appropriate tools and/or test equipment. Demonstrates the ability to perform at least one of the following─ a. c.

Position and Warning System Reference: Objective: 1. mach warning system indicator(s) and/or operating characteristics. anti-skid system basic components. g. h. b. (Level 3) check the operation of a flap position indicating and/or warning system. k. j. f. d. flap position indicators. control-surface trim indicating system basic components and/or operating characteristics. l. N/A 3. i. d. common annunciator system indications. landing gear warning system basic components and/or operating characteristics. 2. types of stall warning/lift detector systems and/or operating characteristics. (Level 3) inspect and/or adjust a flap position indicating system. e. To determine that the applicant: Exhibits knowledge of at least two of the following— a. (Level 3) 27 FAA-S-8081-27 . anti-skid system operating characteristics. Demonstrates the ability to perform at least one of the following— a. takeoff warning system function and operation. (Level 3) troubleshoot a landing gear warning system. takeoff warning system basic components. e. FAA-H-8083-31. (Level 3) accomplish an operational check of a landing gear position indicating and/or warning system.Changes 2 (9/24/2003) & 4 (4/18/2014) R. (Level 3) check the operation of an annunciator system. c. landing gear position indicators. b. inspect and/or adjust a landing gear position switch. checking and/or repairing a landing gear warning system. c. f.

c. Demonstrates the ability to perform at least one of the following— a. j. (Level 3) check deicer boot operation. N/A 3. ice detection systems. To determine that the applicant: Exhibits knowledge of at least two of the following— a. f. anti-icing and/or de-icing system maintenance. (Level 1). 2. checking and/or troubleshooting a pitot-static anti-ice system. anti-ice and/or deice areas. (Level 3) inspect windshield wiper blade(s) and check blade tension. FAA-S-8081-27 troubleshoot a pitot anti-ice system. d. f. Ice and Rain Control Systems Reference: FAA-H-8083-31. h. (Level 3) identify landing gear position/warning system components. (Level 1) locate troubleshooting procedures for a landing gear warning system.Changes 2 (9/24/2003) & 4 (4/18/2014) g. c. e. anti-ice and/or deice methods commonly used. i. b. (Level 2) locate troubleshooting procedures for an anti-skid system. h. (Level 3) adjust a windshield wiper blade tension to specification. anti-icing and/or de-icing system components/operation. aircraft icing causes/effects. e. Objective: 1. b. (Level 3) 28 . S. (Level 3) inspect a deicer boot. (Level 3) check the operation of a pitot-static anti-ice system. g. check the operation of an anti-skid warning system. types of rain removal systems and/or operating characteristics. d.

i. inspect a fire extinguisher container and determine if the pressure is within limits.Changes 2 (9/24/2003) & 4 (4/18/2014) g. maintenance procedures for fire detection and/or extinguishing system(s) and/or system component(s). troubleshooting a fire detection and/or extinguishing system. j. 2. i. e. inspecting and/or checking a smoke and/or toxic gas detection system. fire and/or smoke detection system operating characteristics. (Level 3) service or repair on a pneumatic deicer boot. inspect an electrically-heated windshield. FAA-H-8083-31. fire extinguishing system(s) and/or system components. d. (Level 3) check an electrically-heated windshield operation. g. f. inspecting and/or checking a fire detection/overheat system. N/A 3. c. determining proper container pressure for an installed fire extinguisher system. h. T. To determine that the applicant: Exhibits knowledge of at least two of the following— a. (Level 3) 29 FAA-S-8081-27 . fire extinguishing system operating characteristics. fire and/or smoke detection system(s) or system components. h. (Level 3) Fire Protection Systems Reference: Objective: 1. (Level 3) troubleshoot a pneumatic deicer boot system. Demonstrates the ability to perform at least one of the following— a. b.

e. (Level 2) troubleshoot a fire detection system. (Level 1) locate procedures for checking a smoke detection system. or system component(s). (Level 1) 30 . d. (Level 3) locate inspection procedures for carbon monoxide detectors. c. (Level 3) install/replace one or more smoke and/or fire detection and/or extinguishing system components. g.b. (Level 3) inspect a smoke and/or fire detection and/or extinguishing system. f. FAA-S-8081-27 determine the hydrostatic test date of a fire extinguisher container.