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SP001 STANDARD

AND INQUIRIES

Inspection Based on Installation Type and


Risk to Environment

Tanks offering greatest risk

have significantly more


inspections
Tanks with less risk have less

inspections

SP001 Scope
Ambient up to
200F

Atmospheric
pressure

Facilities with a mix of tanks

Portable Containers (per SP001)

Closed top AST 55 U.S. gallons or


more and not intended for fixed
installation

Fills void in industry for inspection

Shop-Fabricated AST (per SP001)


Welded metal
AST fabricated in
a manufacturing
facility
OR
An AST without a
nameplate with a
volume less than
or equal to
50,000 U.S.
gallons

50,000 Gallons

Underwriters Laboratories

UL 142 Steel Aboveground Tanks for


Flammable and Combustible
Liquids

UL 2085 Protected Aboveground


Tanks for Flammable and
Combustible Liquids

Performance Tests
A complete evaluation conducted
on a limited quantity of
representative tanks. These tests
are intended to verify compliance
with all applicable performance
requirements in a standard.

Production Tests
A limited evaluation conducted
on each tank prior to shipping.
These tests are intended to verify
compliance with production
requirements in a standard, such
as leakage.

Support design test

2 times weight of another full tank

Ladder design test

1000 lb. static load at center of longest


rung

Air pressure test


Hydrostatic test

STI AST Technologies (UL 142)

UL 142
ISBN 1-55989-385-0

Steel Aboveground Tanks for


Flammable and Combustible
Liquids

Atmospheric Tank
-0.5 to 1 psig
Single wall
Double wall
Steel Diked Tanks
Open or Closed Top

Carbon or stainless

steel
Stationary use only

UL 142
Capacities up to 75,000 gallons
Specifies steel thicknesses

Primary tank
Secondary tank
Shells and heads

UL 142 Steel thickness

UL 142

Rectangular tanks

Requires performance testing to prove design


at 15 psi
Manufacturing air test at 3 psi

18 Performance
18.1 Hydrostatic strength test
18.1.1 The tank shall be tested to
demonstrate that the strength of the
assembly and the welded joints are in
accordance with these requirements.
18.1.2 The tank shall not rupture or leak
when subjected to the Hydrostatic Strength
Test, Section 40.
18.2 Top load test
18.2.1 After being subjected to the Top Load
Test, Section 41, the tank shall then be
subjected to the Leakage Test, Section 39,
and shall not leak.

Open Diked Tanks (F911)

Diked tanks with Rainshields

Closed Top Dike

UL 2085
ISBN 0-7629-0238-8

Protected Aboveground Tanks for


Flammable and Combustible
Liquids

Protected Tank
Integral Secondary

containment
Part of the construction of

the tank, monitorable


Insulation

Reduce heat in a fire


Protection from physical

damage

2 Hour
2000 Degree
Furnace

Vehicle Impact Resistance

Ballistics Resistance

150 grain M-2 ball ammunition

Muzzle velocity of 2700 feet per


second

.30 caliber rifle

Distance of 100 feet

UL 2085 Tank Construction


Refer to UL 142

Steel thickness
Welding
Support design
Vents
Emergency vents

Must have provisions for monitoring interstitial space

Cutaway of insulated tank


technology

Concrete Encased

Generator Base Tank

UL Listed
Generator Base Tank

UL Listed
Generator Base Tank

API 12F
Table 1 Tank Dimensions includes:

Capacity
Outside diameter
Height
Connection details

Figure 1
Figure 1
Tank Dimensions
Tank Dimensions

API 12F Tank dimensions

Field-erected AST
(per SP001)
Welded metal AST erected on-site where it will be used.
Limited to a maximum shell height of 50 feet and a maximum

diameter of 30 feet
An AST without a nameplate that is more than 50,000 U.S. gallons

and a maximum shell height of 50 feet and a maximum diameter


of 30 feet

API 650
Welded Steel Tanks for Oil Storage
Shell courses

2.6 D( H 1)G
td
CA
Sd
td = design thickness (in.)
D = nominal tank diameter (ft.)

H = height of liquid (ft.)


G = specific gravity
CA = corrosion allowance (in.)
Sd = allowable stress (psi)

SP001 Key terms


Release Prevention Barrier (RPB)
Continuous Release Detection Method (CRDM)

Release Prevention Barrier


(RPB)
Liquid containment barrier

Under the AST

Diverts leaks toward the

perimeter of the AST where


they can be easily detected

Continuous Release Detection


Method (CRDM)
A means of detecting a release of liquid through

inherent design. It is passive because it does not


require sensors or power to operate. Liquid releases are
visually detected by facility operators.
Tank with Release Prevention Barrier
Secondary containment AST including double-wall ASTs
Elevated AST

Tanks with CRDM

Category 1 Secondary
containment and CRDM

Double-wall Tank
with Overfill Prevention

Tank in a
Concrete Dike

Category 2 Secondary
containment
Tanks in earthen dike
Dike prevents release due to
catastrophic tank release
only

Category 3
No Secondary

Containment
No RPB

Risk Matrix concept


More Risk
Tank Size

More Risk

Shop
built
tanks

Category 1

Category 2

Category 3

0 - 1100

P, E&L(10)

1101 5,000

P, E&L(10)

[P, E&L(5), I(10)]


or
[P, E(5) & L(2)]

5,001 30,000

P, E(20)

[P, E(10)& I(20)]


or
[P, E(5) & L(10)]

[P, E&L(5), I(10)]


or
[P, E(5) & L(1)]

30,001 50,000

P, E(20)

P, E&L(5), I(15)

P, E&L(5), I(10)

P, E(5), I(10)

P, E(5), I(10)

P, E(5), I(10)

P **

Field erected

Portable
containers

Owners inspections
Monthly and Annual
Containment area and foundation
Shell coating
Normal vents operation
Emergency vents operation
Tank level gauge
Interstitial space monitor
Overfill valves and alarms

Formal External and


Formal Internal Inspections
Performed by Qualified Tank Inspector
STI Trained and Certified
API 653 Adjunct Certified (with additional SP001

certification)

STI Inspector Certification


Attend seminar
Pass exam
Visual acuity exam
5 year certification
Over 1000 certified STI

inspectors

STI SP001 Aboveground Tank


System Inspector Training Course
Corrosion Basics
Inspection Techniques
Regulatory Requirements

Fire Codes
Valves and Piping
Level Monitoring
Electrical Issues

Hands-on Demonstrations

Burbank, CA

December 7 11, 2015

Baltimore, MD

January 25 29, 2016

Houston, TX

Feb. 29 March 4, 2016

External inspections
Containment area
Stairways, ladders

Normal vents
Emergency vents
Overfill alarms
Fire valves

UT of accessible

areas, near base of


tank (internal
inspection if
problems found)

Internal inspections
Check all external inspection items
UT of entire tank bottom
elevated tanks do not require entry

UT methods
UTT point measurements (15 points per sq. ft.)
UTS full scan if problems found in UTT

Suitability for continued service


MIC corrosion Repair immediately. Next inspection 2 years
Category 3 less than 75% remaining, then repair. Next inspection

5 years
Category 2 3 in2 in a sq. ft. is less than 75% remaining, or less than
50%, then repair. Next inspection 5 years
Category 1 3 in2 in a sq. ft. is less than 50% remaining, or less than
25%, then repair. Next inspection 5 years
% Remaining

SP031 4TH EDITION


Standard for Repair of
Shop-fabricated
Aboveground Tanks for Storage of
Flammable and Combustible Liquids

Repairs
Per STI Standard SP031 covers shop-fabricated tanks only
Qualified personnel for repairs

Facility that manufactures STI, UL, etc. tanks


ASME Section IX welders
AWS D1.1 welders

SP031 Scope
Repairs
Bottom replacement
Add pipe connection

Repair to supports
Tightness testing of repairs and modifications
Painting

What makes shop-fabricated


tanks different?
Shop-fabricated
Typical Bottom or Head

Field-erected
Typical Bottom

Scope
Aboveground Tanks

Flammable and Combustible


Atmospheric
Shop-fabricated carbon and stainless steel
Built to national standards

What is not included?

Underground tanks to be used aboveground


Field-erected tanks
Bolted or riveted tanks

Good engineering practice and experience

Repairs at knuckle

Limited repairs in knuckle area

Otherwise, replace the bottom or


head.

Shell Repairs
Lap weld patch

plates
Insert plates

Shape

Existing welds

spacing

Modifications Section

New pipe connections

Manways

Reinforcing plate when pipe >2


Reinforcing plate when below liquid
level

New second bottom

Knuckle at bottom

Increase Shell Height

Anchor Chair Addition

Bottom Repairs

Testing Requirements
Testing of all repairs and modifications required
Significant repair examples (requires tank pressure test)

Complete replacement of bottom


Patch plate greater than 12 square feet
Openings greater than 12 inches diameter

Final inspection by SP001 inspector or tank manufacturer

INQUIRIES ABOUT
SP001

QUESTION: DOES STI SP001


COMPLY WITH EPAS
REQUIREMENT FOR TANK
INTEGRITY TESTING?

Answer: STI SP001 meets the


intent of 40 CFR 112.8(c)(6)
You must determine, in accordance with industry

standards,
Appropriate qualifications for personnel performing tests and

inspections,
Frequency and type of testing and inspections, which take into
account container size, configuration, and design
You must inspect
The container's supports and foundations.
The outside of the container for signs of deterioration, discharges, or
accumulation of oil inside diked areas

QUESTION: WHY DOES


STI SP001 REQUIRE
INTERNAL INSPECTIONS
WHEN NOT EASILY
ACCESS THE INSIDE OF A
SMALL TANK?

Answer: STI SP001 does not mandate


entry into a tank for any tank under
30,000 gallons (113,529 liters).
For tanks under 30,000 gallons, either internal

inspections are not required, or else an alternative


is given with the use of leak-test inspections. Tanks
larger than 30,000 gallons usually have manways to
allow personnel entry.

QUESTION: DOES THE


STI SP001 STANDARD
INCLUDE INSPECTION
OF FIBERGLASS
TANKS?

Answer: SP001 focuses primarily on


inspection of welded, metal tanks.
Also included is 55-gallon drums, intermediate bulk

containers (IBCs) and other such containers that


may be of metal or plastic construction.

Question: Are the checklists


in Appendix C copyrighted?
Answer:

No, but the rest of the standard is


copyrighted.

QUESTION: CAN STI


SP001 BE USED TO
INSPECT A SULFURIC
ACID TANK?

Answer: No, the standard applies


to ASTs storing:
Ambient up to
200F

Atmospheric
pressure

QUESTION: SHOULD I
REFER TO STI SP001 OR
API 653 AS A BASIS FOR
INSPECTION?

Answer: The scope of STI SP001 includes


shop-fabricated and small field-erected
tanks. The scope of API 653 includes
tanks built to API 650 and API 12C.
If the tank is

horizontal UL 142
tank, then STI SP001
probably is a better
choice.

Answer: The scope of STI SP001 includes


shop-fabricated and small field-erected
tanks. The scope of API 653 includes
tanks built to API 650 and API 12C.
If the tank has an API

650 nameplate and is


larger than 250,000
gallons, then API 653
is the better choice.
STI SP001 is
risk-based, thus the
inspection schedule
for many tanks is less
conservative than API
653.

QUESTION: WHAT
ABOUT A TANK SET ON
A CONCRETE PAD, BUT
THE DIKE DOES NOT
HAVE A CONCRETE
FLOOR?

Category 1 or 2?

RPB with earthen dike Category 1


CRDM and Spill Control

QUESTION: IS A
2-COMPARTMENT
TANK CONSIDERED
ONE TANK?

Answer: Compartment tank is one


tank

The 25,000 gallon tank is

divided into two, each


with a separate product
12,000
13,000

25,000 gallon tank OR

two tanks?

QUESTION: IS A SPILL
BOX CONSIDERED
SPILL CONTROL?

Answer: A spill box is NOT spill


control (per SP001)
Overfill prevention

device such as a spill


bucket on the fill port
constitute spill control?
Spill containers do NOT

prevent an overfill
(overfill through vents)

QUESTION: CAN A TANK BE


LINED TO UPGRADE IT SUCH
AS IN THE UST RULES?

Answer: The SP001 Committee has


determined that an AST can NOT be
upgraded with the addition of a
liner.

SP001 and SP031 Standards


Available in Publications at

www.steeltank.com
SP001 and SP031 available together at a
discounted price
Technical Questions STI Engineer and Staff
Liaison
Dana Schmidt
847-438-8265 ext 246
dschmidt@steeltank.com