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FunctionGenerators,WaveShapingCircuits

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Function Generators,
Wave-Shaping Circuits
Function Generators
A Function Generator generates different voltage

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signals, such as Sine, Pulse, Triangle.


The most commonly required signals in electronic

Small Signal Equivalent


Paper Pattern

circuits are Sine and Pulse.

Circuits of Diodes, BJTs

Sine wave signals find their use mostly in Analog

and MOSFETsGATE Analysis

circuits, such as amplifiers, filters, etc.


Pulse signals are useful in testing the time
response of circuits and also as Clock signals in
Digital circuits.
In a general pulse signal, the high and low level
time periods are different. Square wave is a special

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Simple Diode Circuits


cutoff

Single-Stage Bjt and


FAQ

Mosfet Amplifiers

case when the periods are equal.

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Wave-shaping circuits

BJT and MOSFET

Timing circuits networks composed of resistors,

Amplifiers

IIT

capacitors and inductors are called linear network and


they do not change the waveform of a sine wave when it
is transmitted through them. On the other hand when
non-sinusoidal waveforms, (e.g. step, ramp, exponential)
are applied to the input of such networks the output

NIT

Simple Op-Amp Circuits


IIIT

Active Filters
IISc

signal may have very little resembles with the input


waveform. The action of a linear network in producing a

Sinusoidal Oscillators

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waveform at its output different from its input is called


linear wave shaping.

555 Timers BHEL

Shaping circuits may be either series RC or series


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FunctionGenerators,WaveShapingCircuits

RL circuits.
The series RC and RL circuits electrically perform
the mathematical operation of integration and
differentiation.
Therefore, the circuits used to perform these

Voltage Reference
Circuits

Power Supplies

operations are called integrators and differentiator.


The differentiator circuits are used to generate
sharp narrow pulses either from distorted pulse
waveform or from rectangular wave forms.
The integrator circuits are required to generate a
voltage, which are required to generate a voltage,
which increases or decreases linearly with time.
The wave shaping is used to perform any one of the
following functions.
To hold the waveform to a particular d.c. level.
To generate one wave form the other.
To limit the voltage level of the waveform of some
presenting value and suppressing all other voltage
levels in excess of the present level.
To cut-off the positive and negative portions of the
input waveform.
Non-sinusoidal Waveforms: Any waveform whose shape
is different from that of sinusoidal wave is called a nonsinusoidal waveform.
Step Function: A step function shown makes an
instantaneous jump from one steady value to
another steady value. A step means an
instantaneous change in level.
Ramp Function: A ramp function is one that voltage
increases or decreases linearly with time.
Exponential Function: An exponential function is a
function of voltage that increases or decreases
exponentially with time.

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FunctionGenerators,WaveShapingCircuits

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