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Input forces:

Fx1 =

Fy1 =

Fz1 =

Mx1 =

My1 =

Mz1 =

0

0

150

0

250

0

KN

KN

KN

KN-m

KN-m

KN-m

comp

Fx1 =

0

KN tension

For compression

Fx

Fy

Fz

Mx

My

Mz

=

=

=

=

=

=

For tension

Fx

Fy

Fz

Mx

My

Mz

=

=

=

=

=

=

Fy1

Fx1. sin a - Fz1. cos a

Mx1 + Mz1 . sin a

My1

Mz1. cos a

=

=

=

=

=

=

0.0

0

150.0

0.0

250

0.0

KN

KN

KN

KN-m

KN-m

KN-m

Fy1

Fx1. sin a - Fz1. cos a

Mx1 + Mz1 . sin a

My1

Mz1. cos a

=

=

=

=

=

=

0.0

0

150.0

0.0

250

0.0

KN

KN

KN

KN-m

KN-m

KN-m

Connection Details

Connected beam details:

UB-914x305x253

Over all depth of section, d

Width of the section, b

Thickness of web, t w

=

=

=

Thickness of flange, t f

769.8

268

15.6

mm

mm

mm

25100

16.5

mm

mm

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

20

40

100

205

92

4

4

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

=

Grade 8.8

=

=

M16

Area

r

End Plate Details:

Minimum edge distance

Maximum edge distance

pitch

gauge

no. of bolt columns

no. of bolt rows

t

p

g

nc

nr

Fy

25.4

355

mm

N/mm

Bolt Details

cl 6.3.1

Bolt size

Bolt Grade

Diameter of bolt

Hole diameter

cl 6.3.2

Shear Strength:

cl 6.3.4

Tensile Strength:

cl 6.3.3

Bearing Strength:

=

=

Dh

As

16

18

157

375

1000

560

mm

mm

mm

N/mm

N/mm

N/mm

References

Table 29-BS

5950-1

Minimum edge distance

=

1.4 x Dia of hole

Remarks

Cl 6.2.2.5 -BS Minimum Provided edge distance

5950-1

Maximum edge distance

=

=

=

25 mm

40 mm

40 mm +4t

=40+4*20

Maximum Provided edge distance

Cl 6.2.1.1 -BS Minimum bolt spacing

=

2.5 x dia of bolt

5950-1

Minimum bolt spacing

=2.5*24

Minimum provided spacing

Cl 6.2.1.2 -BS Maximum spacing of bolt =

14 x t

5950-1

Maximum spacing of bolt

=14*20

Maximum provided spacing

=

=

120 mm

100 mm

Hence ok

=

=

60 mm

148 mm

Hence ok

=

=

280 mm

205 mm

Hence ok

Steel Grade:

Connected beam:

S355

Design Strength:

Web Strength:

Flange Strength:

355

345

N/mm

N/mm

2

2

Table 9

Table 9

Hence ok

250 kNm

=250/((769.8-25.4)*0.001)

=

Maximum Compressive force acting on the connection, C =M/(d-t f )

=250/((769.8-25.4)*0.001)

B

es

=

=

268

38

e t2

65

e t1

nr

=

=

e b1 =

S

=

S2

13

336 kN

336 kN

65

205

92

a) Tension/ Compression force in bolt due to axial loads

Tension in bolt due to axial load

=0/(4*2)

Compression in bolt due to axial load

=0/(4*2)

Tension force in individual group =

Moment x Dist from the compression Zone

0.0 kN

0.0 kN

Tension Force in 1st group(B1)

= 222 kN

=250*1000*(3*205+65)/((65)^2+(65+205)^2+(65+2*205)^2+(65+

3*205)^2)

Tension Force in Single bolt`

Tension Force in 2nd group(B2)

Tension Force in 3rd group(B3)

Tension Force in 4th group(B4)

=

=

=222*(65+(4-2)*205)/(205*(4-1)+65) =

=222*(65+(4-3)*205)/(205*(4-1)+65) =

=222*(65+(4-4)*205)/(205*(4-1)+65) =

4

56

155

88

21

kN

kN

kN

kN

222kN

155kN

88kN

21kN

487kN

My + Tension due to Mz

Max

Tension on 1

st

row

55.5 kN

Tension on 3

rd

row

22.1 kN

Tension on 2 nd row

Tension on 4 th row

92 mm

Min

55.5

kN

22.1

kN

38.8 kN

38.8

5.3 kN

5.3

kN

kN

90 kN

2

Py (t 16 mm)

=

355 N/mm

Py ( 16 mm)

2

345 N/mm

Connection Geometry

Thickness of connecting beam end plate,tp

Width of main beam end plate,Bc

Thickness of main beam stiffner,tc

Bolt c/c distance,g

Thickness of connecting beam web tb

Leg length of flange weld s fw

Leg length of flange weld

s ww

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

20

20

280

20

92

16

6

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

6 mm

Assume

Assume

g/2-t c /2-o.8r c

m =

23 mm

=

=

=

=

94

94

29

29

mm

mm

mm

mm

=

g/2-t b /2-o.8s ww

=92/2-16/2-0.8*6

=

33

B p /2-g/2

e

=

=280/2-92/2

=

94

n=Smallest of e (Main beam plate),e (end plate) or 1.25 x m (Main beam plate)

e (end plate)

=

94

1.25 x m

=1.25*33

=

42

n

=

42

mm

mm

B c /2-g/2

=92/2-20/2-0.8*16.5

=280/2-92/2

Edge distance of main beam

Edge distance of connecting beam

1.25 x m of end plate

=1.25*23

n

Beam side

94 mm

The potential resistance in tension of the column flange or end plate is taken

as the minimum value obtained from the given three mode of failure

mm

mm

mm

the column flange or end plate

Mp =

(L eff x t 2 x P y )/4

Where Leff= Effective length of yeild line in equivalent T-stub

Assume yeild lines in end plate due to tension forces are any of the

following cases.

2.1.1 Main beam side plate bending

Effective length of yeild line for end plate will be the min of following pattern

L eff = 2 m

=2*3.14*23

=

143 mm

L eff = 4m+1.25e

L eff = m1

=

L eff

Mp =

=4*23+1.2*94

(L eff x t x P y )/4

204 mm

143 mm

=2*3.14*33

2

210 mm

5083.03 kNmm

P r = 4M p /m

mode 1

P r = (2Mp + nPt') /(m+n)

mode 2

=

=

892 kN

398 kN

mode 3, P r = P t '

=4*90

=

360 kN

Crtical failure force = 360 kN

and mode of failure is bolt failure with

flange yeilding

2.1.2 Main Beam stiffner tension

The potential resistance in tension of the web for a row or a group of bolt

rows is taken as

Pt = Lt xtw xPy

L t = Effective tensile length of web assuming a maximum spread at 60

tw-Thickness of the web under consideration

Lt = 2x(g/2-tc/2)*tan60

=2*(92/2-20/2)*TAN((3.14*60)/(180))

=

125 mm

Pt

=125*20*355/10^3

=

884

kN

2.1.3 Beam web tension

If the bolt group under consideration lies out side the web length of beam,

or if the flange of the beam lies with in the effective tensile length of

web, beam web tension does not apply.

Other wise

Pt = Lt xtw xPy

2.1.4 End plate Bending

Effective length of yeild line for end plate will the min of following pattern

L eff = 2 m

=

143 mm

L eff = 4m+1.25e

L eff = m1

L eff

Mp =

(L eff x t 2 x P y )/4

Critical mode of failure in the minimum of

Pr = 4M p /m

mode 1

mode 2

=

204

=

210

=

143

5083.03

=

=

mm

mm

mm

kNmm

892 kN

398 kN

=398

mode 3, Pr = P t '

=4*90

=

360 kN

Crtical failure force = 360 kN

and mode of failure is bolt failure with flange

yeilding

2.2a.1 Main beam side plate bending

The effective length of yeild line for column flange will the minimum of

L eff =2 m

=2*3.14*23

=

L eff =4m+1.25e

=4*23+1.25*94

Leffective

Mp =

(L eff x t 2 x P y )/4

=

=

143 mm

209 mm

143 mm

Grade of steel,Py

=

355

Plastic Moment capacity,Mp

=

5.E+03

Critical mode of failure in the minimum of

P r = 4M p /m

mode 1

=8.E+03*4/23

=

892

P r = (2Mp + nPt') /(m+n)

mode 2

=

398

=(2*5.E+03+29*4*90)/(23+29)

mode 3, P r = P t '

=4*90

=

360

Crtical failure force = 360 kN

and mode of failure is bolt failure with

flange yeilding

2.2a.2 Main Beam stiffner tension

The potential resistance in tension of the web for a row or a group of bolt

rows is taken as

Pt = Lt xtw xPy

N/mm 2

kNmm

kN

kN

kN

tw-Thickness of the web under consideration

Lt = 2x(g/2-tc/2)*tan60

=2*(92/2-20/2)*TAN((3.14*60)/(180))

=

125 mm

Pt

=125*20*355/10^3

=

884.3 kN

2.2a.3 End plate Bending

The effective length of yeild line for column flange will the minimum of

L eff =2 m

=2*3.14*33

=

210 mm

L eff =4m+1.25e

=4*33+1.25*94

=

251 mm

Leffective

=

210 mm

Grade of steel,Py

Mp =

(L eff x t 2 x P y )/4

P r = 4M p /m

mode 1

=9.E+03*4/33

mode 2

2

355 N/mm

9.E+03

kNmm

1067.55 kN

437 kN

=(2*9.E+03+42*4*90)/(33+42)

mode 3, P r = P t '

=4*90

=

360 kN

Crtical failure force = 360 kN

and mode of failure is bolt failure with flange

yeilding

If the bolt group under consideration lies out side the web length of beam,

beam web tension does not apply.

or if the flange of the beam lies with in the effective tensile length of

web, beam web tension does not apply.

The potential resistance for row 2 is min of sect(2.2a.1,2.2a.2,2.2a.3,2.2a.4)

pr2

=

360 kN

2.2b Rows 1+2 combinedly

need not be combined as per fig 2.14 SCI P2-07

2.3a Bolt-Row-3 only

2.3a.1 Main beam end plate bending

The effective length of yeild line for column flange will the minimum of

L eff =2 m

=2*3.14*23

=

L eff =4m+1.25e

Leffective

=4*23+1.25*94

Grade of steel,Py

Mp =

(L eff x t 2 x P y )/4

P r = 4M p /m

mode 1

mode 2

143 mm

=

=

=

=

209 mm

143 mm

2

355 N/mm

5.E+03

kNmm

8.9.E+02

=

398 kN

=(2*5.E+03+29*4*90)/(23+29)

mode 3, P r = P t '

=4*90

=

360 kN

Crtical failure force = 360 kN

and mode of failure is bolt failure with

flange yeilding

kN

The potential resistance in tension of the web for a row or a group of bolt

rows is taken as

Pt = Lt xtw xPy

L t = Effective tensile length of web assuming a maximum spread at 60

tw-Thickness of the web under consideration

Lt = 2x(g/2-tc/2)*tan60

=2*(92/2-20/2)*TAN((3.14*60)/(180))

=

125 mm

Pt

=294*20*355/10^3

=

884.3 kN

The effective length of yeild line for column flange will the minimum of

L eff =2 m

=2*3.14*33

=

L eff =4m+1.25e

Leffective

=4*33+1.25*94

Grade of steel,Py

Mp =

(L eff x t 2 x P y )/4

P r = 4M p /m

mode 1

mode 2

=

=

251 mm

210 mm

2

355 N/mm

9.E+03

210 mm

kNmm

1067.55 kN

437 kN

=(2*9.E+03+42*4*90)/(33+42)

mode 3, P r = P t '

=4*90

=

360 kN

Crtical failure force = 360 kN

and mode of failure is bolt failure with

flange yeilding

2.3a.4 Beam web tension

The potential resistance in tension of the web for a row or a group of bolt

row is taken as

Pt = Lt xtw xPy

tw-Thickness of the web under consideration

Lt =

2x(g/2-tc/2)*tan60

=2*(92/2-16/2)*TAN((3.14*60)/(180))

=

132 mm

Pt

=129*16*355/10^3

=

732

kN

The potential resistance for row 3 is min of section(3.1.1,3.1.2,3.1.3,3.1.4)

pr3

=

360 kN

2.3b Bolt-Row-3 & 2 combined

2.3b.1 Main beam end plate bending

The effective length of yeild line for main beam end plate for bolt rows

will be consider the bolt row is not influenced by a stiffner or a free end.

Mp =

=2*(2*23+0.625*94+(205)/2)

(L eff x t 2 x P y )/4

Grade of steel,Py

414 mm

2

355 N/mm

1.E+04

kNmm

Mode -1 P r = 4M p /m

2577

kN

=(2*2.E+04+45*4*90)/ (23+45)

=

773

P

=

P

'

mode 3,

=4*90

=

360.12

r

t

Critical failure forcefor Pr(1+2) =

360

kN and mode of failure is

bolt failure with flange yeilding

Pr for row 2 and 3 combinedly =Pr(2+3)-Pr2

=

0

kN

kN

kN

The potential resistance in tension of the web for a row or a group of bolt

rows is taken as

Pt = Lt xtw xPy

L t = Effective tensile length of web assuming a maximum spread at 60

tw-Thickness of the web under consideration

Lt

= 2x(g/2-tc/2)*tan60+P

=2*(92/2-20/2)*TAN(60*3.14/180)+205

=330*20*355/10^3

Pt for row 2 and 3 combinedly=Pt(2+3)-Pt2

=2340-337

=

=

Pt

330 mm

2340

kN

1980

kN

L

effective

=4*33+1.25*94+92

Grade of steel,Py

Mp =

(L eff x t 2 x P y )/4

Mode -1 P r = 4M p /m

=1.E+04*4/33

P

=

(2Mp

+

nPt')

/(m+n)

r

mode -2

P r = P t '

343

=

=(2*1.E+04+42*4*90)/(42+33)

=4*90

2

355 N/mm

1.E+04

kNmm

1459

kN

=

=

524

360.12

kN

kN

kN and mode of failure is bolt failure with

flange yeilding

P r for row 2 and 3 combinedly=P t(2+3) -P t2

=

360

kN

Not applicable as per Fig 2.17,SCI 207 ( Stiffner beam flange is within the

limit of tensile length Lt)

The potential resistance for row(2+ 3) is min of section(3.2.1,3.2.2,3.2.3,3.2.4)

=

360 kN

Capacity of group 3 row bolts=Min(2+3),Min(3)

=

360 kN

2.4a Bolt-Row-4

2.4a.1 Main beam end plate bending

Same as calculated as Row 3 alone

Crtical failure force = 360 kN

and mode of failure is bolt failure with

flange yeilding

2.4a.2 Main beam stiffner tension

Same as calculated as Row 3 alone

Pt

884.3

kN

Same as calculated as Row 3 alone

Crtical failure force = 360 kN

and mode of failure is bolt failure with flange

yeilding

2.4a.4 Beam web tension

Same as calculated as Row 3 alone

Pt

360 kN

360 kN

2.4b.1 Main beam end plate bending

Same as calculated as Row 3 &2

Crtical failure force = 360

flange yeilding

P r(4+3) - P r3 =

kN

Same as calculated as Row 3 &2

Pt

P r(4+3) - P r3 =

Same as calculated as Row 3 &2

Crtical failure force = 360

flange yeilding

P r(4+3) - P r3 =

=

2340

=

kN

kN

1980

=

kN

kN

kN

The potential resistance in tension of the web for a row or a group of bolt

rows is taken as

Pt = Lt xtw xPy

L t = Effective tensile length of web assuming a maximum spread at 60

tw-Thickness of the web under consideration

Lt

= 2x(g/2-t w /2)*tan60+P

Pt

=2*(92/2-16/2)*TAN(60*3.14/180)+205

=337*16*355/10^3

=

=

337 mm

1867

kN

=1867-360

1507

kN

P r(4+3)

1867

kN

P r(4+3) - P r3

360 kN

P r1

P r2

P r3

P r4

=

=

=

=

90

90

90

90

kN

F r1

56

kN

OK

kN

F r3

22

kN

OK

F r2

kN

F r4

kN

HENCE SAFE

=

=

39

5

kN

kN

OK

OK

SCI-P207

Step 2B

Resistance of the beam flange and vertical stiffener in the compression zone

Beam Flange Crushing -(Connected Beam)

The potential resistance of the flange in compression is taken as:

Pc

Tb

Bc

= 1.4 x P yb x

x

P yb

Tb

Bc

=

=

=

355

25.4

268

Pc

=

3383

Total compression

Mpa

mm

mm

(2.9)

The beam flange thickness.

The beam flange breadth.

kN

(Axial compression x A flange /A g +Compression due to moment)

=

=0.0*(268*15.6/25100)+336

336

Beam Flange Crushing Check is OK

kN

End Plate 2

Connected Beam

Vertical Stiffener

Stiffener No. 1

End Plate 1

References

SCI-P207

Step 2A

Resistance of the vertical stiffener in the compression zone

Vertical Stiffener crushing- (bearing)

The resistance in the compression zone Pc is the lesser of (2.7) or (2.8) below:

Pc

tc

Py

=

(b 1 +n 2 ) x

x

b1

77.4

mm

n2

100

mm

tc

p yc

tp

Tc

r

Weld

=

=

=

=

=

=

20

355

20

20

0

6

mm

Mpa

mm

mm

mm

mm

Remarks

(2.7)

through the end plate 1 from the edge of the welds.

Length obtained by 1:2.5 dispersion through the

end plate 2 .

Vertical stiffener thickness.

Design strength of the vertical stiffener.

End plate 1 thickness.

End plate 2 thickness.

Vertical stiffener root radius.

Fillet weld thickness.

P c =((77.4+100)*20*355)/1000

Pc

=

1260

kN

Vertical Stiffener buckling

The resistance in the compression zone Pc is the lesser of (2.7) or (2.8) below:

Pc

tc

Py

=

(b 1 +n 1 ) x

x

(2.8)

b1

77.4

mm

n1

759

mm

tc

pc

=

=

20

138

mm

Mpa

=

=

719

89.9

mm

Pc

Pc

through the end plate 1 from the edge of the welds.

Length obtained by 1:2.5 dispersion through.

half depth of the Vertical stiffener.

Vertical stiffener thickness.

Compressive strength of the Vertical stiffener from.

BS 5950: Part 1Table 24(C) with =2.5d/t c .

Depth of vertical stiffener.

=((77.4+759)*20*138)/1000

=

2308

kN

Pc

=

1260

kN

F ti

Fc

336

kN

Fc

L wL

Lw

=

336

kN

=

1438 mm

=

1438 mm

F weld =

0.23

KN/mm

USE Weld

6

mm

From weld capacity table

Capacity of

8 mm weld

Capacity of weld connection

D b1 =

W b1 =

T b1 =

t w1 =

769.8

268

25.4

15.6

mm

mm

mm

mm

Weldlength longitudnal

Effective weld length. (1.0 L wL + 1.25 L wt )

Force in mm per weld:

=

=

0.9 kN/mm

1337 kN

r b1

d b1

A

=

=

OK

16.5

686

25100

mm

mm

mm 2

k

=

1.25

Ff = Fv =

335.8 kN

Force on flange ( tension/ compression)

F W1 = Fy = 150.0 kN

Force on web (Shear in major axis)

F w2 = Fx t

0.0

kN

Tension on web

Weld length to resist force in flange

=

504.8 mm

Weld length to resist force in web

=

1438 mm

Capacity of

10 mm weld =

1.4 kN/mm

Capacity of weld connection to resist force on flange

=

712

Capacity of weld connection to resist force in web

=

2028

kN

kN

OK

OK

References

SCI-P207

Step 5

Design shear force should be less than :

nt

V =< n s

x P ss +

x

V

ns

nt

P ss

=

=

=

=

150

0

12

75

kN

no.

no.

kN

=

=

=

75

147

147

kN

kN

kN

P ts

141

kN

ps

As

Tc

tp

Pb

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

141

147

147

375

201

20

20

460

kN

kN

kN

Mpa

mm^2

mm

mm

Mpa

16

mm

Shear Capacity =

1692

Remarks

P ts

Number of bolts not in the tension zone (shear zone).

Number of bolts in the tension zone.

Shear capacity of a single bolt in shear zone only.

which is the least of:

psA s

For Bolt shear.

dt p P b

For Bolt bearing on the endplate 1.

dT c P b

For Bolt bearing on the endplate 2.

Shear capacity of a single bolt in tension zone only.

which is the least of:

For Bolt shear.

dt p P b

For Bolt bearing on the endplate 1.

dT c P b

For Bolt bearing on the endplate 2.

Shear strength of the bolt.

Shear area of the bolt.

End Plate 2 thickness.

End plate 1 thickness.

Minimum value of bearing strength for either the bolt, p bb

or the connected parts, pbs

Diameter of bolt.

kN

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