UGANDA BUREAU OF STATISTICS

2009
STATISTICAL ABSTRACT

FOREWORD
The 2009 Statistical Abstract is this year’s major annual publication from the Uganda
Bureau of Statistics. The abstract is part of Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOS)
efforts to support data user needs. The Bureau provides relevant, reliable and timely
official statistics needed to support evidence-based policy formulation and monitor
development outcomes. Statistical Abstracts present information derived from
surveys, censuses and administrative records from Ministries, Departments and
Agencies (MDAs). The statistics are compiled based on agreed standards,
definitions and classifications in accordance with international principles and
guidelines.
Information contained in this year’s abstract covers socio-economic government
sectors including, but not limited to, Environment, Population, Education, Health,
Agriculture, Labour, Income and Expenditure, Energy, Business, National Accounts,
Banking and Currency, Prices, Trade, Migration and Tourism, Transport and
Communication and Government Finance. This year, statistics on Informal CrossBorder Trade (ICBT) are also included. Presentations in this publication are in the
form of tables, graphs and charts with explanatory text therein. Detailed tables on all
chapters are appended. In addition, data from these tables may also be used for
further analysis.
UBOS appreciates the continued cooperation of MDAs in availing the requisite data
in time to produce this publication. Special thanks go to UBOS technical staff who
compiled the 2009 Abstract.
Copies of this publication are available at the Statistics House, Plot 9, Colville Street,
Kampala. Further information can be obtained from the official UBOS website:
www.ubos.org

We sincerely hope that our stakeholders will find the information in this publication
useful. UBOS continues to appreciate comments from stakeholders that are aimed at
improving the quality of our future publications.

J. B. Male-Mukasa
Executive Director

June 2009

LIST OF ACRONYMS
ASL

Above Sea Level

BATU

British American Tobacco, Uganda

Bill.Shs

Billion Shillings

BOP

Balance of Payments

CAA

Civil Aviation Authority

CBR

Crude Birth Rate

CDO

Cotton Development Organisation

CDR

Crude Death Rate

CG

Central Government

CFR

Central Forest Reserve

COMESA

Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa

CPI

Consumer Price Index

CSI

Construction Sector Index

CY

Calendar Year

DDA

Decentralised District Administration

DRC

Democratic Republic of Congo

EAC

East African Community

EEC

European Economic Commission

EPS

Express Penalty Scheme

EU

European Union

FY

Fiscal Year

GDP

Gross Domestic Product

GIR

Gross Intake Rate

GO

Gross Output

GFS

Government Finance Statistics

GWh

Giga Watt hours

H/C

Health Centre

HFO

Heavy Fuel Oil

HSSP

Health Sector Strategic Plan

IoP

Index of Production

IC

Intermediate Consumption

IHS

Integrated Household Survey

IPT

Intermittent Presumptive Treatment

ISCO

International Standard Classification of Occupation

ISIC

International Standard Industrial Classification

KCC

Kampala City Council

KWh

Kilo Watt hours

LFR

Local Forest Reserve

LPG

Liquefied Petroleum Gas

MAAIF

Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries

Mbps

Mega bits per second

MFPED

Ministry Finance, Planning and Economic Development

i

MGLSD

Ministry of Gender, Labour and Social Development

MoES

Ministry of Education and Sports

MOH

Ministry of Health

Mill.Shs

Million shillings

Mm

Millimetres

MRH

Mean Relative Humidity

Mt

Metric tonnes

MTN

Mobile Telephone Network

MW

Mega Watts

n.a

Not Available

nes

Not elsewhere stated

NSDS

National Service Delivery Survey

NUSAF

Northern Uganda Social Action Fund

OPI

Occupational Permits Issued

PPI

Producer Price Index

PPI-M

Producer Price Index- Manufacturing

PS

Plans Submitted

RH

Relative Humidity

SADC

Southern African Development Community

SACU

Southern African Customs Union

Shs

Shillings

SITC

Standard Industrial and Trade Classification

Sq.Kms

Square Kilometres

TFR

Total Fertility Rate

TT

Tetanus

UA

Urban Authorities

UBI

Uganda Business Inquiry

UBOS

Uganda Bureau of Statistics

UCDA

Uganda Coffee Development Authority

UDHS

Uganda Demographic and Health Survey

UEDCL

Uganda Electricity Distribution Company Limited

UETCL

Uganda Electricity Transmission Company Limited

UHSBS

Uganda HIV/AIDS Sero-Behavioural Survey

UNDP

United Nations Development Programme

UNEPI

Uganda National Expanded Programme on Immunisation

UNHS

Uganda National Household Survey

UPE

Universal Primary Education

URA

Uganda Revenue Authority

USE

Universal Secondary Education

UTA

Uganda Tea Authority

UTL

Uganda Telecommunications Limited

VA

Value Added

Common Symbol
“-“

Not Applicable/Nil

ii

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
The Statistical Abstract is an annual publication from Uganda Bureau of Statistics.
The abstract gives a statistical summary of socio – economic data for Uganda. Some
figures in this edition may be different from those in the earlier editions due to regular
updates. Note that most of the 2008 data presented in this edition is provisional.
The publication is divided into four major chapters which are preceded by a glossary
of definitions and general information on Uganda. It ends with a set of sequentially
arranged appendix tables for the readers’ information. All the tables in the Statistical
Appendix are serialised using a combination of numbers and alphabets like Table
1.1A, Table 2.3 B and so on. The reader should refer to the tables while reading the
text.
The number of districts has been increasing due to sub-divisions of some districts.
This issue has population data for the 80 districts as of June 2008. Some district data
tables however still show data for the original 56 districts, while others show data for
the onetime 76 districts.
Chapter one (1) presents Environmental statistics covering land, climate, forestry
and rural water supply with the following high lights:
Land
• Area of Uganda is about 241,550.7 sq. km.
• Land area is 199,807.4 sq. km.
• Open water and swamps cover about 41,743.2 sq. km.
Rainfall
• The rainfall trend during 2008 was in line with the long term average for most
centres.
• Kampala and Jinja recorded rainfall below the long term average after May
2008.
• Mbarara recorded a very sharp increase in rainfall between July and
September 2008.
Humidity
• Monthly mean relative humidity at 06.00 and 12.00 hours for 2008 was in line
with the long term average for most of the selected centres.
Temperature
• Maximum and minimum temperatures for all selected centers showed similar
patterns with the long term average in 2008.

Rural water supply
• The largest source of water for the rural population is spring water followed by
boreholes.

iii

Forestry
• Total nominal value for household consumption of firewood and charcoal
increased by 81.6 percent from Shs. 18.0 bill to Shs. 32.7 bill. between
1996/97 and 2005/06.
Chapter two (2) covers Socio-economic statistics which include Population,
Education, Labour Force, Employment and Earning, Income and Expenditure,
Prices, Public Health and Crime. Below are the highlights of the Chapter:
Population statistics
• According to the 2002 census:
o 2002 Population was 24.2 million persons.
o Annual Population growth rate between 1991 and 2002 censuses was
3.2 percent.
o 2002 population density was 123 persons /Sq.Km.
o 49 percent of the population was below 15 years.
o The overall life expectancy was 50.4 years in 2002.
• Total population (2009 mid year projected) is 30.7 million persons.
• Total Fertility Rate (UDHS 2006) was 6.7 Births per woman.
• Infant Mortality Rate (UDHS 2006) was 75 Per 1,000 Live births.
Education
• Primary enrollment was 7.4 million in 2008.
• The ratios of primary pupils to teachers and pupils to classrooms were 57 and
72 respectively in 2008.
• The enrollment of orphans in primary and secondary schools decreased by 4
and 19 percent respectively in 2008.
• The secondary school gross enrollment rate was 21 percent in 2008
• Overall literacy rate for 2005/06 was 69 percent among persons aged 10
years and above.
Labour force, employment and earnings
• Total labour force increased by 11 percent between 2002/03 and 2005/06.
• By occupation, 70 percent of the working population was in agriculture.
• The average size of civil service increased by 6 percent in 2008.
• In real terms, the labour cost index increased by 22 percent in 2008.
• Food processing dominated the industry with a 65 percent share of total
employment in 2008.
• Numbers of employees for selected manufacturing establishments decreased
by 2 percent while the wage bill increased by 16 percent in 2008.
Income and expenditure
• 11 percent increase in monthly Household expenditure was recorded between
2002/03 and 2005/06.
• A 10 percent real increase in per capita expenditure was recorded in 2005/06.
• 45 percent of the Household expenditure was on food, beverage and tobacco.
• Nearly 8.4 million Ugandans lived in poverty in 2005/06.
• The proportion of the poor population reduced from 39 percent in 2002/03 to
31 percent in 2005/06.

iv

Nationally, on average, income inequality decreased from 0.428 in 2002/03 to
0.408 in 2005/06.

Consumer Prices
• High food prices were registered in 2008 resulting to inflation rate of 15.8
percent.
• Energy, fuel and utilities’ prices increased by 9.1 percent during 2008.
• The annual headline inflation rate for 2008 doubled to 12 percent from 6.1
percent recorded in 2007.
Health
• Immunization coverage declined over the period 2004 to 2008 for all types of
vaccines.
• Malaria has remained the leading killer disease over the period 2006-2008.
• Latrine coverage at national level improved from 58 percent in 2006 to 63
percent in 2008.
• HIV prevalence was reportedly higher among women in the age group 15 – 49
years, at 7.5 percent, compared to their male counterparts in the same age
bracket, at 5.0 percent.
Crime
• The number of cases reported to Police increased by 21 percent in 2008.
• Between 2006 and 2008, there was a significant 42 percent decrease in the
number of road accidents.
• In 2008, serious crimes reported decreased by 17 percent.
• There was an 18 percent reduction in the offences reported under the Express
Penalty Scheme.
Chapter three (3) presents statistics on production, which include Business,
Agriculture and Fisheries, Industry, Producer Prices, Energy, Building and
Construction, Transport and Communications, Tourism and Migration. Below are the
highlights of the Chapter:
Turnover
• Total registered turnover in the business sector was Shs. 4,506 trillion in
2008.
Agriculture
• Share of agriculture, forestry and fishing to total GDP at current prices is 23.7
percent in 2008/09.
• Both beef and milk production increased by 8.0 percent in 2008.
• Coffee procured increased by 20.8 percent in 2008.
• Banana production increased by 1.5 percent in 2008.

v

Industry
• Metal production significantly increased by 20.4 percent in 2008 while textiles,
clothing and footwear decreased by 19.3 percent.
Producer prices
• PPI-M (Combined) recorded the highest increase of 21.2 percent in 2008 due
to increased prices in all industry groups.
• Significant price changes were registered in chemicals, paint, soaps and foam
products and metal products.
Energy
• Trend of petrol sales increased by approximately 31.0 percent in 2008
• Sales of diesel and LPG increased by 10.8 and 13.7 percent respectively in
2008.
• Electricity power generation increased by 14.2 percent in 2008.
• Electricity units sold in Uganda increased by 30 percent in 2008.
Building and construction
• Overall, prices in the construction sector rose by 15.2 percent in 2008.
• Prices of inputs for both residential and non-residential construction rose by
an average of 14.0 percent in 2008.
• Domestic cement consumption decreased by 3.3 percent in 2008.
Transport and communications
• Newly registered vehicles increased by 31.0 percent in 2008.
• The volume of cargo handled at Entebbe airport declined by approximately
7.0 percent in 2008.
• Total international bandwidth increased by 47.5 percent in 2008.
• The volume of both ordinary and registered letters handled by Posta (U) Ltd
decreased by 11.0 percent in 2008.
• Total number of cellular phone subscribers increased by 65.7 percent in 2008.
Tourism and Migration
• Generally, tourism contributed 3.7 percent to GDP in 2008.
• Total arrivals and departures increased by 32 and 30 percent respectively in
2008.
• Tourist arrivals through Entebbe Airport increased by 52 percent in 2008.
• National park visitors increased by 9 percent in 2008.
Chapter four (4) presents, statistics on Money Related Issues including National
Accounts, External Trade, Public Finance, Banking and Currency and Insurance.
Below are the highlights of the Chapter:
National Accounts
• GDP annual growth rate for 2008/09 was 7.0 percent.
• The GDP per capita annual growth rate for 2008/09 was 3.6 percent.
• Private consumption expenditure share of GDP increased to 80.3 percent in
2008/09.
• Between 2007/08 and 2008/09 the following sectors registered the indicated
growth rates;
o Agriculture: 2.6 percent.
vi

o Industry: 3.8 percent.
o Services: 9.4 percent.
External Trade
• Trade balance worsened during 2008.
• COMESA and the European Union regional blocs were the main destinations
for Uganda’s exports in 2008.
• The Asian continent remained the main source of Uganda’s imports recording
US $ 1,574 mill. in 2008.
• Uganda’s informal export earnings increased to US $ 1.3 bill. in 2008.
• Sudan was the main final destination for Uganda’s informal exports in 2008.

Government Finance
• Tax revenue had the largest share of 81.2 percent of total revenue in 2008.
• Recurrent expenditure increased to Shs.2,070 bill. in 2007/08 from Shs.1, 820
bill in 2006/07.
• The education sector expenditure remained the largest in Local Government
recurrent expenditure in 2007/08.
Banking and currency
• Net foreign assets increased by 33 percent in 2008.
• Currency in circulation increased to 1,074 bill. in 2008.
• Commercial banks lending rates increased by 0.8 percent.
• Commercial banks assets increased by 39.1percent.
• Uganda currency deposits in commercial banks increased by 31.6 percent in
2008.
• Trade & Commerce sector still takes the largest share of commercial banks’
loans.
Insurance



Life insurance policies issued increased by 23.1 percent in 2007.
Life insurance gross premium income increased by 93 percent in 2007.
Insurance companies’ claims paid and outstanding for non life category
increased by 25.8 percent in 2007.
Life insurance paid and outstanding claims registered an increase of 79.2
percent in 2007.

vii

GLOSSARY
Agriculture
Assets

This term is used to describe crops, livestock, and poultry and
fishing activities.
Assets are the property of a business. They may be classified as:
Current assets; consisting of cash, stock and book debts;
Fixed assets; consisting of buildings, plant and machinery; and
intangible assets being the value of goodwill or patents.

Aviation fuel

This is more purified kerosene fuel used in aviation gas-turbine
engines.

Base period

The reference period, to which a series of index numbers relate,
this is usually expressed as 100.

BCG
(Bacillus Camete Guerin)
Bio mass – energy

This is a vaccine against Tuberculosis

Broad money – (M2)

This consists of currency in circulation, demand, time and savings
deposits. The deposits are held by the private sector and exclude
those held by the central government.

Broad money - (M2) A

This is equivalent to (M2) plus certificates of deposit.

Broad money - (M3)
Crime

This is equivalent to (M2) A plus foreign currency deposits.
An offence for which one may be punished by law

Diesel fuel

This is fuel used for internal combustion in diesel engines and as a
burner fuel in heating installations such as furnaces. Another name
for this product is automotive gasoil.

DMBs

It stands for Deposit Money Banks. It refers to commercial banks
in our institutional settings.

DPT

This is a vaccine against three diseases namely: Diphtheria,
Pertusis (whooping cough) and Tetanus.

Economic activity

Covers all market production and certain types of non-market
production, including production and processing of primary
products for own consumption, own-account construction (owner
occupied dwellings) and other production of fixed assets for own
use.

Employment

This includes all wage and salary earners and managers in all
businesses, and directors actively working in incorporated
businesses. It includes those working full-time or part-time and
those who are permanent or temporary.

Employed Persons

Persons in paid employment who work for wage or salary in cash
or in kind or both and have a formal job attachment.

Employment status

Refers to the status of an economically active person with respect
to his/her position at his/her place of work and his/her mode of
remuneration.

Enterprise

This is a single legal entity or a combination of legal entities. It may
also be a sole legal unit carrying out one or more activities at one
or more locations. It may also be several establishments.

Establishment

This is an economic unit engaged in one or predominantly one

This is energy that is obtained from fuel wood, charcoal and crop
residues.

viii

kind of economic activity under single ownership or control and is
situated at a single physical location.
Exports

Outward flows comprising goods leaving the economic territory of
a country to the rest of the world.

Foreign reserves

They consist of those external assets available to and controlled
by central banks for direct financing of balance of payments
imbalances, for indirectly regulating the magnitude of such
imbalances through intervention in exchange markets to affect the
currency exchange rate, and/or for other purposes. Included are
monetary gold, Special Drawing Rights (SDRs), reserve position in
the fund, foreign exchange assets (consisting of currency, deposits
and securities) and other claims.

Heavy Fuel Oil

This is residual fuel obtained after refinery of petroleum products.
It is used in ships and industrial large-scale heating installations as
a fuel in furnaces or boilers.

Gross Domestic Product

The value of goods and services produced within the economic
territory of the country.

Gross Enrolment Rate

The ratio of pupils in primary school (regardless of age) to the
country total population aged 6-12 years.
The ratio of the pupils enrolled in primary one regardless of age to
the country total population aged six years.
The production value as compiled from total receipts from
industrial and non industrial goods and services in an economy,
adjusted for stock changes but excluding Excise Duty and Indirect
Taxes. This is Gross Output at factor cost.

Gross Intake Rate
Gross Output

Health Centre II

Out-patient clinics treating common diseases and offering
antenatal care. According to the Ugandan government's health
policy, every parish is supposed to have a Health Centre II.

Health Centre III

Health centres with facilities which include an operation room and
a section for minor surgery headed by a clinical officer. Every
county should have this facility.

Health Centre IV

The Health Centre IV is a mini hospital with the kind of services
found at Health Centre III. It serves a county or a parliamentary
constituency.

Imports

Inward flows of goods from the rest of the world into the economic
territory of a country.

Index Number

A number that shows relative change in price or volume between
the base period and another period.

Industry

This is an economic activity undertaken by a business
establishment as specified in the ISIC

Intermediate Consumption

This is the value of goods and services that are used in the
process of production of other goods and services rather than final
consumption
This is fuel used as an illuminant for lighting and in some cases for
cooking.
Business establishment employing 100 or more persons
Currently active population aged 14 to 64 years who were
“employed” or “unemployed” during the last 7 days

Kerosene
Large Business
Labour force

ix

Labour force participation
rate

Ratio of all economically active persons aged 14-64years to the

Liquid Petroleum Gas

Liquid Petroleum Gases (LPG’s) are hydrocarbons, which are
gaseous under conditions of normal temperature and pressure but
are liquefied by compression or cooling to facilitate storage,
handling and transportation.

Loan

A loan may be money or securities supplied by one party (the
lender) to a second party (the borrower) in a transaction in return
for a promised future payment by the borrower. Such transactions
normally include the payment of interest due to the lender as per
agreed repayment schedules between the two parties.

Net Enrolment Rate

The ratio of pupils in primary school aged 6 – 12 to the country
total population aged 6 -12 years.
The ratio of the pupils aged six in primary one to the country total
population aged 6 years.
Refers to commodities other than traditional exports that have
recently featured in Uganda’s export trade.
Refers to the nature of task and duties performed during the
reference period preceding the interview by persons in paid
employment, unpaid family work or self-employment jobs.

Net Intake Rate
Non-traditional exports
Occupation

total number of persons aged 14-64 years

Overdraft

A type of a short-term loan particularly used to supply short-term
working capital to tide over the production cycle or finance for
seasonal requirements.

Passengers

Travellers in a car, bus, train, plane or ship who are not driving or
part of the crew. These also include those embarked and
disembarked.

Petrol

This is a light hydrocarbon fuel used in positive ignition engines.
Another name used for this type of fuel is premium motor spirit.

Prison

Place where people are kept as a punishment for crimes they have
committed or while awaiting trial.
A person kept in prison as a punishment for a crime or while
waiting for trial.

Prisoner
Proportional morbidity ratio

This is the proportion attributable to a given cause of illness. It is a
proxy for the prevalence of sickness in a population.

Residents

Persons whose usual residence is Uganda including those whose
nationality is not Ugandan.

Retained Reserves

This is the increase in value of a currency or the increase in value
of fixed assets consisting mainly of freehold land and buildings.

Revaluation reserves

These kinds of reserves arise due to the revaluation of fixed
assets but cannot be paid out as dividends because they are not
realised profits. They merely restate the value of an asset.

Teaching Service

Teaching Service comprises of teachers of primary schools,
secondary and technical schools, commercial and technical
colleges and institutions.

Traditional Civil Servants

These are employees of line ministries and self accounting
government departments.
This is the difference in value between the country’s visible imports
and exports.

Trade Balance

x

Traditional Exports

Refers to long-term export cash crops introduced to Uganda long
time ago. That is Coffee, Cotton, Tea and Tobacco.

Treasury Bill

These are short-term bearer securities with maturities of 91 days,
182 days, 273 days or 364 days issued by Bank of Uganda.

Underemployment

Refers to persons who work less than 40 hours per week, but were
willing and available to work additional hours within the 7 last
seven days.

Value Added

The value of outcome when factors of production interact to avail
goods and services. Value added technically is the difference
between the value of gross output and the value of intermediate
inputs and comprises the following:
(a)
Compensation of employees
(b)
Consumption of fixed capital (depreciation)
(c)
Licenses
(d)
Rent
(e)
Interest
(f)
Operating surplus (usually) net profit or loss and other
small items

VAT

Tax levied on goods and services consumed within a country.

Wage Bill

All cash payments made by employers in return for labour
provided by the employees. The payments include salaries and
wages, overtime, holiday pay, bonuses, commissions, sick leave
and any other allowances paid in cash to the employees.

xi

GENERAL INFORMATION ON UGANDA
Geographical Indicators
Latitude
Longitude
Altitude (minimum ASL)
(maximum ASL)
Total surface area
Area under land
Area under water and swamps
Temperature
Rainfall

4o12’N & 1o29’S
29o34’E & 35o0’W
620 metres
5,110 metres
241,550.7 km2
199,807 km2
41,743 km2
15-31oC
735 -1863 mm/year

2008 Economic Indicators
GDP at current market prices
Per capita GDP at current market prices
GDP growth rate at constant (2002) market prices
Per capita GDP growth rate at constant (2002) market prices
Contribution of agriculture to GDP at current market prices
Balance of payments surplus
Inflation rate
Budget deficit as a percentage of GDP (2008/09)

28,340 billion Shs
956,081 Shs
8.3 percent
4.9 percent
21.5 percent
29.0 million US$
12.1 percent
7.2 percent

Demographic and socio-economic indicators
Total population (2009 mid-year)*
Percentage urban (2009 mid-year)*
Population of Kampala district (2009 mid-year)*
Sex ratio of total population (2002 census)
Population density (2002 census)
Infant Mortality rate (2002 census)*
Life Expectancy at birth (2002 census)*
Male
Female
Pupil Teacher ratio (Primary 2008)
Pupil Classroom ratio (Primary 2008)
Student Teacher ratio (Secondary 2008)
Student Classroom ratio (Secondary 2008)

30.7 million
14.8 percent
1.53 million
95 males per 100 females
123 persons/km2
76 per 1000 live births
50.4 years
48.8 years
52.0 years
57
72
21
36

Note:
* Demographic estimates were based on the Census 2002 final results.
Only population of gazetted city, municipalities and towns was considered as urban population.

xii

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS, UGANDA COUNTRY PROFILE
Goal/Indicator

1
2
3
4
5

Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
Poverty head count (P0)
Poverty gap - (P1)
Underweight moderate and severe
Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education
Net enrolment ratio in primary education
Literacy rate of 15-24 year-olds
Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women

Progress
2000

2003

2005/06

2015

33.8
10.0
22.8

37.7
11.3

31.1
8.7
20.4

28.0
12.5

84.0
78.8

90.0
80

84.0

100.0

84.0
0.96

6

Ratio of girls to boys in primary education

0.99

0.99

7
8
9
10

Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education
Ratio of girls to boys in tertiary education
Ratio of literate women to men 15 -24 years.
Proportion of seats held by women in parliament

0.79

0.82
0.55
0.9
25.0

11

Share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector

0.84
19.0

39.2
152
88.4
56.8

137
76.0
68.1

56
31.0
90.0

505
39.0

435
41.1

131
90.0

23

Proportion of population with access to improved water source (urban)

87.0

84.0

24

Proportion of population with access to improved water source (rural)

57.0

53.5

25

82.0

87.0

26
27

Proportion of population with access to improved sanitation
Goal 8: Develop a global partnership for development
Unemployment rate of 15-24 year olds
Debt relief committed under the HIPC initiative

$69.7M

6.3
$86.6M

28

Debt service as a percentage of exports of goods and services

17
18
19

20
21

0.92

50.0

22

15
16

1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
50.0

28.2

Goal 4: Reduce child mortality
Under – five mortality (per 100,00 live births)
Infant mortality rate
Proportion of 1 year old children immunized against measles
Goal 5: Improve maternal health
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)
Proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel
Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
HIV/AIDS orphans (thousands)
HIV/AIDS prevalence among 15-24 year pregnant women
Condom use at last higher-risk sex among 15-24 year olds
Male
Female
Contraceptive prevalence rate among women 15-49 years
Proportion of 15-24 year olds who have comprehensive knowledge of
HIV/AIDS
Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability
Proportion of land area covered by forest

12
13
14

Target

884.0
49.8

4.9*
55.1

23.0

64.5

52.9
65.3*
27.1*
23.6

28.0

32.1

21.3

18.3

20.4

100.0
58.5

62.0

3.4
15.8

Note:
More indicators exist but are not listed above because of absence of data
*- The figure is for 2002
Figures in blue are from the HIV/AIDS Sero-Behavioural Survey, 2004-05
Figures in red are from the UDHS 2005/06
Source:

Indicator; 1,2,4,6,7,8,9,11,23,24,25, 26 –UNHS, Uganda Bureau of Statistics
3,5,12,13,14,15,16,18,19,20 - UDHS, Uganda Bureau of Statistics
27, 28-Ministry of Finance, Planning and Economic Development
10-Ministry of Gender, Labour and Social Development
22- Uganda Forestry Authority
19- 2006 UDHS, Uganda Bureau of Statistics

xiii

xiv

Table of contents
FOREWORD........................................................................................................................................ 2
LIST OF ACRONYMS ............................................................................................................................ i
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ..................................................................................................................... iii
GLOSSARY ....................................................................................................................................... viii
GENERAL INFORMATION ON UGANDA .......................................................................................... xii
MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS, UGANDA COUNTRY PROFILE ........................................ xiii
1

Environment Statistics ................................................................................................................. 1
1.1
Land ................................................................................................................................... 1
1.2

Rainfall ............................................................................................................................... 2

1.3

Temperature ....................................................................................................................... 3

1.4

Humidity.............................................................................................................................. 4

1.5

Rural Water Supply............................................................................................................. 4

1.6

Forestry .............................................................................................................................. 5

1.6.1
1.6.3
1.6.4
2

Local and Central Forest Reserves ............................................................................ 5
Wood production ........................................................................................................ 5
Consumption of charcoal and firewood....................................................................... 6

Demographic Statistics ................................................................................................................ 7
2.1
2.1.1
2.1.2
2.1.3
2.2
2.2.1
2.2.2
2.2.3
2.2.4
2.3
2.3.1
2.3.2
2.3.3
2.3.4
2.3.5
2.3.6
2.4
2.4.1
2.4.2
2.4.3
2.4.4
2.4.5
2.4.6
2.5
2.5.1

Population........................................................................................................................... 7
Fertility ........................................................................................................................ 7
Mortality ...................................................................................................................... 8
Life Expectancy .......................................................................................................... 9
Education.......................................................................................................................... 10
Primary School Education ........................................................................................ 10
Secondary School Education.................................................................................... 12
Higher Education Institutions .................................................................................... 14
Literacy ..................................................................................................................... 15
Labour Force, Employment and Earnings ......................................................................... 16
Key Labour Market Indicators ................................................................................... 16
Demand for labour .................................................................................................... 17
The Civil Service....................................................................................................... 18
Employment and annual wage bill for selected manufacturing establishments ......... 18
The Labour Cost Index ............................................................................................. 19
Employment and earnings survey ............................................................................ 20
Income, expenditure and poverty rates ............................................................................. 22
Consumption expenditure per household ................................................................. 22
Real Consumption Expenditure Per Capita .............................................................. 22
Share of Household Expenditure by Item Group ...................................................... 23
Poverty Trend Estimates .......................................................................................... 24
Inequality in Household Consumption ...................................................................... 25
Summary of Findings................................................................................................ 26
Prices ............................................................................................................................... 27
The Headline Consumer Price Index ........................................................................ 27
xv

2.5.2
2.5.3
2.5.4
2.5.5
2.6
2.6.1
2.6.2
2.6.3
2.6.4
2.7
2.7.1
3

The Core Index ......................................................................................................... 27
Food-crops Index...................................................................................................... 27
The Energy, Fuel and Utilities (EFU Index) .............................................................. 27
Major Inflation Drivers over the past two years (2007- 2008) .................................... 27
Health ............................................................................................................................... 29
Health Units .............................................................................................................. 29
Immunisation Coverage ............................................................................................ 29
Morbidity ................................................................................................................... 29
Health Sector performance indicators....................................................................... 30
Crime ................................................................................................................................ 32
Police cases ............................................................................................................. 32

Production Statistics .................................................................................................................. 38
3.1
3.1.1
3.1.2
3.2
3.2.1
3.2.2
3.2.3
3.2.4
3.2.5
3.3
3.3.1
3.4
3.4.1
3.5
3.5.1
3.5.3
3.5.4
3.5.5
3.5.6
3.5.7
3.6
3.6.1
3.6.2
3.6.3
3.7
3.7.1
3.7.2
3.8
3.8.1

Turnover ........................................................................................................................... 38
Number of businesses with turnover by sector ......................................................... 38
Turnover in Businesses ............................................................................................ 39
Agriculture and fisheries ................................................................................................... 40
Cash crops ............................................................................................................... 40
Food crops ............................................................................................................... 40
Fish catch by water body .......................................................................................... 40
Livestock .................................................................................................................. 40
Production of Livestock products (2005-2008).......................................................... 41
Industry ............................................................................................................................. 43
Index of Production................................................................................................... 43
Producer Price Index ........................................................................................................ 45
PPI-M (Combined) Annual Changes......................................................................... 45
Energy .............................................................................................................................. 47
Petroleum products sales ......................................................................................... 47
Petroleum products imports ...................................................................................... 47
Electricity .................................................................................................................. 48
Lake Victoria Levels ................................................................................................. 49
Number of electricity consumers by type, 2004-2008 ............................................... 50
Electricity tariffs ........................................................................................................ 51
Building and Construction ................................................................................................. 52
Construction ............................................................................................................. 52
Cement Consumption ............................................................................................... 53
Building Statistics ..................................................................................................... 53
Transport and Communication .......................................................................................... 56
Transport .................................................................................................................. 56
Communication ........................................................................................................ 57
Migrations and Tourism .................................................................................................... 59
Total arrivals ............................................................................................................. 59
xvi

3.8.2
3.8.3
3.8.4
3.8.5
3.8.6
4

Departures from 2004 - 2008.................................................................................... 59
Tourist arrivals in Uganda ......................................................................................... 60
National Parks ......................................................................................................... 61
Net Migration ............................................................................................................ 62
Accommodation Statistics......................................................................................... 62

Macroeconomic Statistics .......................................................................................................... 63
4.1
4.1.1
4.1.2
4.1.3
4.1.4
4.1.5
4.1.6
4.1.7
4.2
4.2.1
4.2.2
4.2.3
4.2.4
4.3
4.3.1
4.3.2
4.3.3
4.3.4
4.3.4
4.4
4.4.1
4.4.2
4.4.3
4.4.4
4.4.5
4.5
4.5.1
4.5.2
4.5.3

National accounts ............................................................................................................. 63
Gross Domestic Product ........................................................................................... 63
Agriculture, forestry and fishing ................................................................................ 63
Industry .................................................................................................................... 64
Services.................................................................................................................... 65
Expenditure on Gross Domestic Product .................................................................. 67
GDP by expenditure at 1 digit level basic heading .................................................... 67
Balance of payments ................................................................................................ 68
External Trade .................................................................................................................. 69
Trade balance .......................................................................................................... 69
Exports ..................................................................................................................... 70
Imports ..................................................................................................................... 71
The Informal Cross Border Trade Survey (ICBT)...................................................... 72
Government Finance Statistics ......................................................................................... 76
Introduction............................................................................................................... 76
Coverage .................................................................................................................. 76
Government revenue, 2007/08 ................................................................................. 76
Central Government recurrent expenditure, 2006/07 and 2007/08 ........................... 76
Local Government recurrent expenditure, 2007/08 ................................................... 76
Banking and currency ....................................................................................................... 77
Monetary Survey.......................................................................................................... 77
Structure of interest rates............................................................................................. 77
Commercial banks’ assets and liabilities ...................................................................... 77
Commercial banks’ outstanding loans and advances .................................................. 77
Annual foreign exchange rates and volumes ............................................................... 78
Insurance .......................................................................................................................... 79
Policies issued .......................................................................................................... 79
Insurance companies’ income and expenditure ........................................................ 79
Insurance companies’ paid and outstanding claims by class .................................... 80

xvii

1

Environment Statistics

This section presents statistics on land, climate and rural water supply.

1.1

Land

Uganda has an area of 241,550.7 square kilometres (sq. km) of which 41,743.2 sq km are open water and
swamps, and 199,807.4 sq km is land. The altitude above sea level ranges from 620 metres (Albert Nile)
to 5,111 metres (Mt. Rwenzori peak). Uganda is located within the Great Lakes region of East and
Central Africa. It shares Lake Victoria with Kenya and Tanzania and Lakes Albert and Edward with
the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Within its boundaries are lakes Wamala, Bunyonyi, Katwe,
Nakivale, Mburo, Kyoga, George and Bisina.
The three major rivers in Uganda are Aswa, Kagera and the Nile. There are many other smaller rivers and
streams which drain into wetlands and then lakes or form tributaries and sub-tributaries to the major rivers.
The vegetation is mainly composed of savannah grassland, woodland, bush land and tropical high
forest.
Table 1.1 below shows the national land cover in sq. km. by type. The cultivated land cover being the
largest increased from 84,010 sq. km. in 1990 to 99,018.4 sq. km. in 2005. The second in size are the
grasslands. Those remained constant at 51,152.7 sq km for the same periods. Notably, the bush lands
and woodlands decreased from 14,223.9 sq. km. and 39,740.9 sq. km. in 1990 to 11,893.6 and 29,528.1
sq. km. in 2005 respectively. Similarly, plantations (hard and soft woods), tropical high forest (depleted
and normal) have decreased over the period.
Table 1.1:

National Land cover statistics (sq km)

1990
Built-Up Areas
Bushlands
Commercial Farmlands

2000

2005

365.7

365.7

365.7

14,223.9

12,624.5

11,893.6

684.5

684.5

684.5

Cultivated Lands

84,010.0

94,526.7

99,018.4

Grasslands

51,152.7

51,152.7

51,152.7

37.1

37.1

37.1

186.8

153.3

138.8

Impediments
Plantations - Hardwoods
Plantations - Softwoods
Tropical High Forest
Tropical High Forest Normal
Water Bodies
Wetlands
Woodlands
Total

163.8

80.0

192.0

2,740.6

2,248.2

2,036.3

6,501.5

5,333.5

4,830.7

36,902.8

36,902.8

36,902.8

4,840.4

4,840.4

4,840.4

39,740.9

32,601.4

29,528.1

241,550.7

241,550.7

241,550.7

Note: The figures indicated in the above table are based on projections. Actual vegetation studies were undertaken in 1994 based on
1992 satellite imagery.
Source: National Forestry Authority

1

1.2

Rainfall

Figure 1.2.1 below shows Long Term Average and Monthly rainfall trends for the year
2008 for the selected centres, that is, Gulu, Kampala, Jinja and Mbarara.
In the 1st and 2nd quarter of 2008 rainfall was generally below the long term average
trend while in the 3rd quarter rainfall was above the long term average trend. In the 4th
quarter however the rainfall figures for Gulu fell slightly below the long term average trend. In 2008,
the lowest rainfall was recorded in February.
For Kampala centre, during the 1st half of 2008 the rainfall level was higher for some months than
the long term average. However, the long term average was higher than the rainfall received in the
2nd half of 2008. There was a drop in the December 2008 rainfall as compared to rainfall of the
previous month of November 2008.
In Jinja, most months showed minimal differences between the long term average and 2008 rainfall
trends, except for September 2008 which recorded 90 mm of the long term average trend
compared to 13 mm of the rainfall of the same month. It can also be observed that both the long
term average and 2008 rainfall have generally similar movements.
The rainfall movements for Mbarara for 2008 were similar to that of the long term average for most
of the months, although the 2008 rainfall was generally higher than the long term average rainfall
for the most months. The highest difference between the long term average (147.7 mm) and the
2008 rainfall was recorded in September (298.5 mm). (See Statistical Appendix Table 1.2 A)
Figure 1.2.1: Rainfall in selected centres, 2008
Monthly Rainfall Gulu in millimeters

2

Monthly Rainfall Kampala in millimeters

Monthly Rainfall Jinja in millimeters

Monthly Rainfall Mbarara in millimeters

1.3

Temperature

For all the selected centres, mean, maximum and minimum temperature trends showed
similar patterns to that of the long term average. However, temperature for Arua, Gulu, Kampala,
Lira, Masindi and Tororo was slightly higher than the long term average. (See Statistical Appendix
Table 1.3A).

3

1.4

Humidity

Monthly mean relative humidity at 06.00 and 12.00 hours was generally in line with the long term
average for all the selected centres (Gulu, Jinja, Kampala and Mbarara), except for Mbarara
where the patterns differ.

1.5

Rural Water Supply

The Directorate of Water Development has the responsibility of supplying water to the rural
population. Table 1.5.1 shows that above 50 percent of the rural population is served with
water although there was a slight decline of 2.3 percent in 2006 compared to 2005.
Table 1.5.1:

Rural water supply by source, 2003-2006 (Type and number of sources)

Source

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

Spring

20,224

21,477

22,869

23,696

23,327

Borehole

17,846

18,873

19,001

19,717

19,054

5,998

7,432

8,721

9,872

8,420

138

183

238

257

na

4,233

4,803

5,768

6,182

7,765

51.2

53.5

56.9

60.8

58.5

Shallow Well
Gravity Flow System
Gravity Flow System (Taps)
Rural Population % coverage
Source: Directorate of Water Development

4

1.6

Forestry

This section presents statistics on forestry which include area on Local and Central Forest
Reserves, production of forestry products and values of the output for the period 2003 to 2007.
Forestry products are of extremely high economic importance to Uganda due to their household,
small and medium scale industrial uses. The energy sector is characterised by heavy dependence
on bio-mass resources which provide more than 90 percent of the national total energy needs. Biomass is the dominant energy resource for households, small and medium scale industries such as
lime, brick and tile making and a number of agro-based industries.

1.6.1

Local and Central Forest Reserves

In Table 1.6.1, the area in hectares under forests for both the Central Forest Reserve
(CFR) and Local Forest Reserve (LFR) was determined under the National Bio-mass Study
(1995). In all the regions, the proportion of land under Central Forest Reserves (CFR) was higher
than the Local Forest Reserves. Of the four regions, Eastern had the largest proportion (2.6
percent) under Local Forest Reserves, followed by Central (0.5 percent), Northern (0.3 percent)
and Western (0.1 percent). For more information on Local and Central Forest Reserves see
Table 1.6 A in the Statistical Appendix.
Table 1.6.1:

Share of total area under forests by region, 1995

CFR (1) Hectares

CFR Percent of
Total

LFR (2) Hectares

LFR Percent of
Total

Total Forest Reserve
Area

Central

303,358

99.5

1,576

0.5

304,934

Eastern

56,479

97.4

1,531

2.6

58,010

Northern

556,825

99.7

1,447

0.3

558,272

Western

356,037

99.9

431

0.1

356,468

Uganda

1,272,699

99.6

4,985

0.4

1,277,684

Region

Note:

(1) CFR – Central Forest Reserve
(2) LFR – Local Forest Reserve
Source: National Forestry Authority.

1.6.3

Wood production

Uganda has been registering a steady increase in the total wood production over the last five years
and this trend is likely to continue into the future. The booming construction industry and
inadequate supply of the alternative sources of fuel has pushed up the demand for wood
consumption in commercial, industrial and other use sectors which in 2007 surpassed wood
used as fuel by households as shown in Table 1.6.2 below.
Table 1.6.2:

Wood fuel and other wood uses by percentage of total, 2003 - 2007

Category

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

Wood used as fuel by Households

60.8

60.5

60.2

59.8

45.0

Wood for other uses

39.2

39.5

39.8

40.2

55.0

Total

100

100

100

100

100

Source: National Forestry Authority

5

1.6.4

Consumption of charcoal and firewood

Table 1.6.3 shows the value of household expenditure on firewood and charcoal in both monetary
and non-monetary terms as reported in the Household Expenditure Surveys.
For a period of
about 10 years, the total nominal value increased by 81.6 percent, from Shs. 18.0 billion in 1996/97
to Shs 32.7 billion in 2005/06. The value of charcoal consumption more than doubled, while
the value of firewood consumption increased by 67.7 percent for the same period.
Table 1.6.3:

Household consumption of firewood and charcoal (million Shillings)

Item

1996/97

2002/03

2005/06

Charcoal

4,076

6,936

9,345

Firewood

13,967

20,677

23,425

Total

18,043

27,613

32,770

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

6

2

Demographic Statistics

2.1

Population

Uganda’s population has continued to grow over a period of time from 9.5 millions in 1969 to 24.2
millions in 2002. Population increased at an average annual growth rate of 3.2 percent between
1991 and 2002. The projected 2009 mid-year population stands at 30.7 millions as shown in figure
2.1.1. More than half of Uganda’s population (51 percent) are females. The general population is
increasingly becoming younger with a proportion of the children (under 18 years) having increased
from 51 percent in 1969 to 56 percent in 2002. The proportion of the elderly persons (60 years and
above) on the other hand decreased from 5.9 percent in 1969 to 4.6 percent in 2002.
Figure 2.1.1: Census population, 1969, 1980, 1991 and 2002 and mid year (2009) projection

35
30.7
30
24.2

Million

25
20

16.7

15
10

12.6
9.5

5
0
1969

1980

1991

2002

2009

Year

2.1.1

Fertility

The fertility levels have remained high over the past 3 decades, with the Total Fertility Rate (TFR)
of about 7 children per woman. According to the 2006 Uganda Demographic and Health Survey,
the TFR has slightly reduced to 6.7 children per woman. The TFR is higher in the rural compared to
the urban areas. Figure 2.1.2 below shows the trend of TFR over the period 1991 to 2006.

7

Figure 2.1.2: Fertility Trends, 1991- 2006

7.2

Births per 1000

7.1

7.1

7.0
6.9

6.9

6.9

6.9

6.8
6.7

6.7
6.6
6.5
1991*

1995

2000

2002*

2006

Year

Note: 1991 and 2002 data is from population and housing censuses while data for 1995, 2000 and 2006 is from UDHS

2.1.2

Mortality

There has been a general improvement in mortality levels. The infant mortality rate declined from
122 to 75 deaths per 1,000 live births between 1991 and 2006 while the under five mortality
declined from 203 to 137 deaths per 1,000 live births over the same period. Figure 2.1.3 shows
the trend of IMR and Under Five Mortality over the period 1991 to 2006
Figure 2.1.3: Infant and Under Five Mortality Trends, 1991- 2006

250

203
200

Deaths per 1000

162

156

152

150

137
122
97

100

89

87
76

50

0
1991*

1995

2000

2002*

2006

Year
Infant

Under Five

Note: 1991 and 2002 data is from population and housing censuses while data for 1995, 2000 and 2006 is from UDHS

8

2.1.3

Life Expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is an estimate of the average number of years a person is expected to live
if a particular pattern of mortality is maintained. Table 2.1.1 shows that the over-all life expectancy
at birth from 2002 Census was 50.4 years for both sexes. Males registered a lower life expectancy
of 48.8 years compared to their female counterparts at 52 years. There was a gain of 2.3 years in
life expectancy between 1991 and 2002 for both sexes.
Table 2.1.1:

Life Expectancy at Birth by Census Year 1969- 2002

Census Year

Male

Female

Total

1969

46.0

47.0

46.5

1991

45.7

50.5

48.1

2002

48.8

52.0

50.4

9

2.2

Education

Education is perhaps the most important component in any country’s development. It empowers
the population with necessary skills, widens their knowledge of the general public and enlightens
them about their wellbeing. Proper and evidence-based planning for Education is vital for
improvement of the sector. The main source of Education statistics are the returns from schools,
submitted to Ministry of Education and Sports. However, not all schools submit regularly, and this
may cause some inconsistencies in data published in this Statistical Abstract. The response rate
therefore determines the data available.
The statistics presented in this section include total number of education institutions, enrolment in
those institutions, orphans, students with special needs, levels of adult literacy and the number of
persons in the teaching profession.

2.2.1

Primary School Education

The introduction of the Universal Primary Education (UPE) programme in 1997 has improved
access to primary education for a large proportion of the population particularly in the rural areas.
The implementation of this programme has caused tremendous changes in primary enrolment
which has grew from 3.1 millions in 1996 to 7.4 millions in 2008.
Table 2.2.1 indicates that there was a 0.9 percentage decrease in the number of pupils enrolled
between 2007 and 2008. (Details of enrolment by class and sex can be found in Appendix Table
2.2A). Between 2007 and 2008, there was a 3.7 percentage decrease in the number of primary
schools. It is significant that the number of primary teachers reduced by 13.8 percent between
2007 and 2008.This was as a result of streamlining the teachers’ ceiling.The pupil-teacher and
pupil-class room ratios remained the same at 57 and 72 respectively between 2007 and 2008.
(Details are in Appendix 2.2 C).
Table 2.2.1:

Primary School Education Indicators in Uganda 2003 – 2007

Year

2005

2006

Enrolment (‘000)

7,224

7,362

7537

145

150

152

131

13,576

14,385

14,728

14,179

% Annual change in Enrolment

-2

1.9

2

-1

Pupil Teacher Ratio

50

48

57

57

Number of Primary Teachers (‘000s)
Number of Primary Schools

Pupil Classroom Ratio

2007

2008
7,471

74

72

72

72

107

114

113

108

152.8

129

129

128

NER

93

92

93

89

NIR

66

56

57

55

GER
GIR

Source: Planning Unit, Ministry of Education and Sports.

The Gross Intake Rate (GIR) in 2007 and 2008 was 129 and 128 respectively. Since the GIR is
slightly more than 100, this means that more pupils enrolled in primary school before the age of 6
years or lasted beyond 12 years in primary school. Details of the GIR and other primary education
accessibility indictors are shown in Appendix Table 2.2 B.

10

2.2.1.1 Primary School Orphans
Orphans refer to children who have lost either one or both of their parents. Table 2.2.2 shows that
the number of orphans enrolled in primary schools reduced from 1.33 to 1.27 million children
between 2007 and 2008, giving a 4 percentage point decrease. Among the orphans enrolled in
2008, males had a higher percentage, of 51, compared to the females.
On average, a comparison of the percentage of ophans to the total enrolment indicates that
orphans have remained within the same range of about 17 percent since 2004.
Table 2.2.2:

Primary school orphans by sex (2002 - 2008)

Year/Sex

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Male

636,284

641,930

642,088

677,867

644,974

Female

616,294

619,623

628,980

657,062

629,025

1,252,578

1,261,553

1,271,068

1,334,929

1,273,999

17

17.5

17.3

17.7

17.1

Total
% to total enrollment

Source: Ministry of Education and Sports

2.2.1.2 Primary School Pupils with disabilities
Primary school pupils with disabilities decreased by 5.8 percent in 2008 and their percentage to
total enrollment also decreased from 24.3 in 2007 to 23.1 in 2008. Details on number of disabled
pupils by class are shown in the table below.
Table 2.2.3:

Primary school pupils with special needs, 2007- 2008

Class

2007

2008

Male

Female

Total

Male

Female

Total

P1

21,982

17,858

39,840

19,713

15,565

35,278

P2

15,349

13,617

28,966

14,235

12,391

26,626

P3

16,262

14,590

30,852

15,281

13,564

28,845

P4

14,754

13,768

28,522

14,495

13,409

27,904

P5

12,706

11,651

24,357

11,965

11,634

23,599

P6

9,756

3,143

18,899

9,491

9,228

18,719

P7

6,332

5,310

11,642

6,385

5,071

11,456

Total

97,141

85,937

183,078

91,565

80,862

172,427

Source: Ministry of Education and Sports.

2.2.1.3 Primary school education facilities
At the national level, about three in every five pupils enrolled in primary school had adequate sitting
space. Provision of adequate infrastructure for the children enroled in primary school is key and
remains a challenge to the Education sector.Table 2.2.4 shows that a lower proportion of pupils in
lower classes had adequate space compared to those in upper classes for the period 2007 to
2008. Pupils in lower classes are at a disadvantage compared to those in upper classes.

11

Table 2.2.4:

Primary school pupils with adequate sitting space by class (2007-2008)

Class

2007

2008

Enrolment

Pupils with
adequate
space

P1

1,832,129

880,304

48

1,767,399

874,483

49.5

P2

1,213,486

678,050

56

1,234,443

701,644

56.8

P3

1,224,812

774,757

63

1,200,289

777,113

64.7

P4

1,096,256

755,357

69

1,096,760

762,496

69.5

P5

939,804

699,225

74

936,924

697,200

74.4

P6

761,212

606,210

80

749,733

599,742

80.0

P7

470,272

414,068

88

485,726

430,197

88.6

7,537,971

4,807,971

64

7,471,274

4,842,875

64.8

Total

% to total
Enrolment

Pupils with
adequate
space

Enrolment

% to total
Enrolment

Note: Adequate sitting space refers to three pupils per standard desk
Source: Ministry of Education and Sport

2.2.1.4 Primary School Completion
The Uganda National Household Survey (UNHS), 2006 collected information on the completion
rates to establish the number of pupils who had continous primary education from Primary 1 to
Primary 7. Comparing the number of pupils enrolled to Primary 1 in 2000 and those enroled in
Primary 7 in 2006, Table 2.2.5 shows that one in every three children who started Primary 1 in
2000 was likely not to complete Primary 7 in 2006.
Table 2.2.5:

Primary school completion 2000-2006 (‘000)

Currently attending
Region
Kampala
Central, Excluding Kampala
Eastern
Northern
Western
Uganda

Attending P.1 in 2000
Male
53
251
177
176
251
908

Female
39
226
187
203
244
899

Attending P.7 in 2006
Uganda
92
477
364
379
496
1,808

Male
16
80
94
90
98
378

Female
15
85
74
47
86
307

Uganda
31
165
168
137
184
685

Source: UNHS, 2006, Uganda Bureau of Statistics

2.2.2

Secondary School Education

Following the introduction of UPE in 2006, the number of pupils enrolling in secondary school has
been on the increase, leading to an increase in the demand for more secondary schools. Table
2.2.6.shows that between 2007 and 2008, secondary school enrolment declined by 13 percent
which, explains the reduction in the student teacher ratio from 39 to 21 over the same period.
Detailed breakdown on these indicators are in Appendix Tables 2.2 H and 2.2 I

12

Table 2.2.6:

Trend of key secondary school education indicators 2004– 2008
2004

Enrolment

2005

2006

2007

2008

697,507

728,393

814,087

954,328

3,645

1,961

2,286

2,644

1,907

37,313

37,607

42,673

24,548

40,352
21

Number of Schools
Number of Teachers

827,504

Student teacher ratio

19

19

19

39

Gross Enrolment rate

n.a.

18.6

22.1

25.0

21

Net Enrolment rate

n.a.

15.4

18.6

21.3

17.9

Source: Ministry of Education and Sports.

2.2.1.5 Education facilities in secondary schools
Adequate sitting space refers to three students per standard desk. Table 2.2.7 shows that students
who lacked adequate writing and sitting space were reducing as the classes advanced. However,
in 2008, the total number of students without adequate sitting space increased by about 93 percent
countrywide.
Table 2.2.7:
Year/Class
S.1
S.2
S.3
S.4
S.5
S.6
Total

Secondary school students who lack adequate space
2004
30,781
22,141
17,468
11,881
6,101
4,430
92,802

2005
23,927
19,461
15,400
9,501
3,453
3,325
51,140

2006
26,153
18,299
16,193
9,286
2,450
278
46,506

2007
33,892
12,870
10,239
4,434
847
512
28,902

2008
30,566
28,787
12,446
7,262
4,202
3,014
55,711

Source: Ministry of Education and Sports

2.2.1.6 Secondary school students with Special Needs
Table 2.2.8 indicates a reduction in the number of disabled students who enrolled in different
classes in 2008, right from Senior One to Six. Overall, the number of secondary school students
with Special Needs declined by 25 percent between 2007 and 2008.
Table 2.2.8:
Year/Class
S.1
S.2
S.3
S.4
S.5
S.6
Total

Secondary school students with special needs
2004
2,667
2,555
2,402
1,894
666
709
10,893

2005
2,057
2,028
1,949
1,752
878
813
9,477

2006
2,364
2,283
2,130
1,931
859
669
10,236

2007
2,990
2,555
2,533
2,125
1,054
846
12,103

2008
2,245
2,135
1,794
1,405
726
783
9,088

Source: Ministry of Education and Sports.

13

2.2.1.7 Secondary school Orphans by class
Table 2.2.9, indicates that the number of orphaned students has been increasing steadily over the
years with the exception of 2008 where a decline was realised. The total number of secondary
school orphans reduced by 19 percent between 2007 and 2008.
Table 2.2.9:

Secondary school orphan students by class, 2004 - 2008

Class/Year
S.1
S.2
S.3
S.4
S.5
S.6
Total

2004
42,903
36,825
31,822
27,333
10,565
9,410
158,858

2005
43,355
38,658
33,721
29,937
11,218
10,693
167,582

2006
51,366
43,096
38,811
33951
12,590
11334
191,148

2007
68,757
50,793
43,775
39,647
14,983
13,808
231,763

2008
51,215
46,984
34,642
30,387
12,306
11,568
187,102

Source: Ministry of Education and Sports

2.2.3

Higher Education Institutions

The government policy to liberalise the education system has led to an increase in the number of
private higher learning institutions. The number of universities has been increasing in the last few
decades and, in addition, more courses have been introduced, hence widening the labour market.
Table 2.2.10 below indicates that 67 percent of the tertiary enrolment in 2006 was from
universities. Male students’ enrolment was the highest, with 58 percent, compared to the females.
See details in Appendix Table 2.2.I
Table 2.2.10: Higher Institutions Enrollment, 2006
Enrolment
Institutions

Number

Male

Female

Total

Universities

26

52,507

40,098

92,605

9
6

7,316
1,848

3,681
132

10,997
1,980

48
8
15
6

9,348
209
2,000
2,108
1,370

8,832
119
2,156
1,024
281

18,180
328
4,156
3,132
1,651

Theological Colleges

2

850

248

1,098

Media & Communication Institutions
Hotels & Tourism institutions
Law Dev. Centre
Study Centres
Grand Total

2
1
1
2

900
81
500
416
79,453

576
62
300
188
57,697

1,476
143
800
604
137,150

National Teachers Colleges
Technical Colleges
Commercial Colleges
Co-operative Colleges
Management Institutions
Health/ Medical Institutions
Agricultural & Forestry Institutions

Source: Ministry of education and sports

14

2.2.4

Literacy

Literacy is defined as the ability to write meaningfully and read with understanding in any language.
The 2005/06 Uganda National Household Survey revealed an overall literacy rate of 69 percent
among persons aged 10 years and above. Table 2.2.11 indicates that more men were found to be
literate (76 percent) than women (63 percent). Among regions, in 2005/06, the Central region
excluding Kampala had the highest literacy rate (80 percent), while the Northern had the lowest (59
percent). Kampala had a total literacy rate of 91 percent, bearing in mind its special characteristics.
The literacy rates were higher for urban dwellers (86 percent) than their rural counter parts (66
percent).
Table 2.2.11:

Uganda
Residence
Urban
Rural
Region
Central exc.
Kampala
Eastern
Northern
Western
Kampala

Literacy rates for population aged 10 years and above

Male
74

1999/00
Female
57

Total
65

Male
77

2002/03
Female
63

Total
70

Male
76

2005/06
Female
63

Total
69

92
72

82
54

86
62

90
74

84
60

87
67

89
74

83
58

86
66

81

74

77

82

74

79

82

78

80

72
64
74
-

52
33
61
-

62
47
67
-

72
72
79
94

54
42
69
91

63
56
74
92

71
74
74
92

56
45
60
90

64
59
67
91

Source: UNHS 2005/06, Uganda Bureau of Statistics

15

2.3

Labour Force, Employment and Earnings

Employment generates incomes, which enable individuals and their dependants to purchase goods
and services necessary to meet their basic needs. Availability of productive employment
opportunities greatly reduces poverty.
Data on labour market (jobs, job seekers, employment levels, desired skills etc) in both public and
private sectors is important in order to have accurate information about the quantitative and
qualitative aspects of the labour force. This section presents information on key labour market
indicators, employment in the civil service, employment and the wage bill for selected
manufacturing establishments. In addition, the information on jobs advertised in newspapers gives
an insight on the most demanded occupations in the country.

2.3.1

Key Labour Market Indicators

The Labourforce Market Indicators in Uganda are based on the population in the working age
bracket of 14 to 64 years. These are presented in Table 2.3.1.
The total labour force in Uganda increased from 9.8 million persons in 2002/03 to 10.9 million
persons in 2005/06. The labour force participation rate was 82 percent. The rate was slightly higher
for males than for their female counterparts during 2005/06.The unemployement rate was about 2
per cent in 2005/06 while the total urban unemployment rate was about 7 percent. The time related
underemployment rate was about 12 percent. Thus underemployment and unemployment
accounted for 14 percent of the labour force and 16 percent of the urban labour force.
Table 2.3.1:

Selected Labour Market Indicators
2002/03

Indicator
Uganda labour force (Millions)
Labour force participation rate
Employment to population ratio
Uunemployment rate
Urban unemployment rate
Time related underemployment rate
Urban time related underemployment rate
Median monthly wages

Male
4.6
80.3
78.2
2.6
7.6
18.9
9.7
60,000

Female
5.1
79.9
76.6
4.2
17.0
15.1
11.1
32,000

2005/06
Total
9.8
80.1
77.4
3.5
12.2
16.9
10.4
54,000

Male
5.3
83.5
82.0
1.7
3.5
n.a
9.0
48,000

Female
5.6
80.9
79.0
2.1
9.5
n.a
7.3
20,000

Total
10.9
82.0
80.0
1.9
6.9
12.1
8.7
36,000

Source: Uganda National Household Surveys 2002/03 and 2005/06

In 2005/06, the majority of the working population (70 percent) was engaged in agriculture and
mainly as self-employed. By industry, agriculture employed 73 percent of the working population,
while by occupation, 70 percent of the working population were agriculture and fishery workers.
(Appendix Tables 2.3 A, 2.3 B and 2.3 C).
Among the paid employees, the majority were temporary (mainly casual) constituting 12 percent of
the working population. Only about 5 percent of the working population was in permanent paid
employment.

16

2.3.2

Demand for labour

Job/vacancy advertisements portray the demand side of the labour market and act as an indicator
of the expanding sectors in the economy. The information on jobs advertised presented here is
based on two major English Newspapers: The New Vision and Daily Monitor. A job is captured only
once even if it is advertised in more than one newspaper or more than once in the same
newspaper. In 2007, the number of jobs advertised was 9,998, reflecting a decrease of 36 percent
from the previous year.
Figure 2.3.1 below shows the trend in the number of jobs advertised between 2003 and 2007.
Figure 2.3.1: Number of advertised vacancies by year

Number of Vacancies

40,000
29,462

30,000

20,000

15,535

14,051

9,998

9,648

10,000

0
2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

Years

The majority of the jobs advertised in 2007 were in the public administration sector (See Statistical
Appendix Table 2.3 D) although its share has been fluctuating since 2003. The International
Organisations1 constituted 14 percent of the total advertisements in 2007. Only about 5 percent
and about 3 percent of the advertisements were in social sectors of health and education
respectively.
During the year 2007, the other professionals’ category (which includes accountants, business
administration, mathematicians, statisticians, system designers, computer programmers, legal
professionals, librarians, biologists, zoologists, etc.) constituted the largest proportion (18 percent)
of occupations advertised. (See Statistical Appendix Table 2.3 E). This category combined with the
health professionals constituted 22 percent of the total newspapers advertisements during 2007.
In the past, the “Primary and other education teaching associate professionals” was the single
largest occupation group advertised, though its share was decreasing from about 43 percent in
2003 to about 22 percent in 2006. In 2007, it was the second highest attracting 13 percent of the
advertised jobs. The ranking for other occupations flactuated from year to year.
2.3.2.1 Number of Vacancies Advertised by Education Level
During the year 2007, 35 percent of the jobs advertised required degree holders while 30 percent
required certificate holders. (See Table 2.3.2). Less than 5 percent of the jobs advertised did not
require any formal education, while 2 percent required a PHD degree. There are variations in the
distribution of jobs advertised by qualifications during the years 2005 and 2004.

1

Includes International Organisations like ILO, UNICEF, UNDP, WFP, FAO etc. as well International NGOs.

17

Table 2.3.2:

Percentage Distribution of Vacancies by Education Level

Education level
No formal education
Certificate
Diploma
Degree
Masters
PHD
Not stated
Total

2005
5.6
27.9
13.6
41.5
8.5
2.8
0.1

2006
3.4
36.1
21.5
33.0
5.0
0.9
0.1

2007
4.3
30.1
20.7
35.3
7.7
2.0
0.0

100

100

100

Source: New Vision, Monitor, East African and UBOS

2.3.2.2 Re-advertised jobs
In 2007, out of the 9,998 jobs advertised, 288 (about 3 percent) were re-advertised. The majority of
the re-advertised jobs were for professionals (74 percent). This was followed by the associate
professional category with 14 percent during 2007. There were fewer jobs re-advertised for other
occupations during 2007 compared to 2006. The trend is similar for other years except for 2003
when the majority of the re-advertised jobs were for associate professionals.

2.3.3

The Civil Service

The civil service is composed of those persons in the traditional civil service, teaching service
(primary and secondary), police, prisons, public universities and the local governments’ staff.The
average size of the civil service in 2008 was at 274,237 persons as indicated in Table 2.3.3 below.
This was an increase from 259,524 persons (6 percent) in the previous calendar year.
Table 2.3.3: Size of Uganda civil service, 2004 – 2008
Year

Size of Civil Service

2004

240,119

Percentage change

2005

243,338

1.3

2006

239,318

-1.7

2007

259,524

8.4

2008

274,237

5.7

Source: Uganda Computer services

2.3.4

Employment and annual wage bill for selected manufacturing
establishments

The information given here is based on major manufacturing industries selected for the compilation
of the Index of Production (IoP) as well as the Producer Price Index (PPI). A total of 123
establishments that have data for both number of employees and labour costs between 2004 and
2008 have been considered since they provide consistent data for the given period.
Wage employment information in the big manufacturing industries covers the number of employees
and the wage bill for workers who are directly involved in production. For example, the wage bill for
sugar production covers factory workers and the management team but excludes agricultural
labourers or plantation workers.

18

In 2008, the number of employees decreased by about 2 percent, while the wage bill increased by
16 percent as indicated in Table 2.3.4. During the same period the monthly average earnings for
the employees increased by 18 percent.
Table 2.3.4:

Year

Employment and wage bill for selected manufacturing establishments

Number of
Establishments

Average monthly
earnings

Wage bill
Employees
Number

% change

2004

123

29,885

2005

123

31,787

6.4

2006

123

32,238

2007

123

32,743

2008
123
32,125
Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

Mill. Shs.

% change

7,099

Shs.

% change

237,542

7,809

10.0

245,679

3.4

1.4

8,843

13.2

274,291

11.6

1.6

10,348

17.0

316,029

15.2

-1.9

11,994

15.9

373,341

18.1

Food processing was the most dominant industry with one third of the selected manufacturing
establishments, 65 percent share of the total employment and 43 percent share of the monthly
wage bill during 2008. The “Beverages and tobacco” industry with the 6 percent share of the
monthly average employment but with about 23 percent share of the monthly wage bill as indicated
in Statistical Appendix Tables 2.3 F, and 2.3 G.
Employers in the “Manufacture of textiles, clothing and footwear” industry earned the least average
monthly income of shs, 129,700. Those in “Manufacture of bevarages and tobacco” industry had
the highest average income of shs. 1,419,000 as indicated in Statistical Appendix Tables 2.3 H.

2.3.5

The Labour Cost Index

A Labour Cost Index is a measure of the rate of change in the total labour cost. It shows also the
labour costs relative to the base period in the selected manufacturing establishments. It provides a
better understanding of how specific labour markets adjust to changes in the demand and supply
and is a timely measure of wage pressure.
The indicators presented here are based on statistics of average wages in manufacturing, which
generally cover the formal or “modern” sector of an economy. They do not include data on selfemployment income or informal sector activities. The base year is 2004.
The real wages index measures the relative labour costs after deflating the labour costs with the
Consumer Price Index (CPI 2004=100). The Consumer Price Index (CPI), used to calculate real
wages, measures the average change over time of the cost of a fixed basket of goods and services
of constant quality and quantity

19

Figure 2.3.3: Trend in labour costs – nominal and real wages

180
168.9

Labour Cost index (%)

160
154.8

140

124.6
120

118
110

100

100

122

106.9

101.3

80
2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Years

Nominal

Real terms

In the year 2005, the labour cost index rose by 10 percent, and then by 25 percent between 2005
and 2006. Between 2006 and 2007, there was a relatively high growth from 25 percent to 46
percent in the employment compensation. (See Statistical Appendix Table 2.3 I)
Amongst the manufacturing sectors, beverages and tobacco had the fastest labour cost index
increase in nominal terms (94 percent), and the lowest increase was for the manufacture of metal
(1 percent). The manufacture of beverages and tobacco wages index in real terms had the highest
increase of 40 percent in relation to 2004. The manufacturing of metal products wages index
declined by 27 percent in real terms during the same period.

2.3.6

Employment and earnings survey

The Employment and Earnings Survey was intended to cover all establishments employing 15
persons or more. These were selected from the Uganda Business Register of 2006. The study
covered only six types of industries namely Manufacturing, Construction, Hotels, Education (private
schools), Health (private health institutions) and Horticulture.
A total 655 establishments with a total employment of 38,812 persons were covered. The overall
monthly income was shs. 140,000, with those employed in hotels earning the lowest although they
worked for the longest number of hours a week (60 hours).

20

Table 2.3.6:

Employment, median earnings and weekly average hours of work

Industry

Establishments

Employment

Median earnings

Average hour per week

Construction

19

4,061

265,000

50.5

Health

28

1,269

219,155

48.1

160

14,329

200,000

49.5

8

6,036

120,685

47.9

352

10,668

120,000

53.7

Hotels

88

2,449

100,000

60.8

Total

655

38,812

140,000

53.2

Manufacturing
Agriculture
Education

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

Table 2.3.7 shows the distribution of the most common first 20 occupations by mean and median
monthly income. The results indicate that the cleaners followed by the security guards and
manufacturing labourers received the least median monthly income of shs 58,000, shs 65,000 and
shs 65,200 respectively. These were followed by the agricultural labourers who constitute the bulk
of the work force, who received a median monthly income of shs 69,940. In addition, cooks/chefs,
waiters/waitresses, matrons and casual labourers earned a median monthly income of less than
shs. 100,000.
Table 2.3.7:

Selected occupations by number, mean and median wages, hours worked a
week

Occupation

Wage rate per month

Hours worked

Number

Mean

Median

a week

Casual laborers

5,225

127,079

84,739

54.9

Agricultural, Fishery and Related Laboures

5,179

73,099

69,941

48.2

Teachers – secondary education

3,764

209,658

140,000

39.9

Teachers – primary education

2,391

150,030

136,000

48.5

Cooks/chef

1,517

94,715

70,000

61.4

Semi skilled

1,373

211,592

128,500

43.9

Machine operators

1,174

158,143

120,000

50.1

Security guards

1,075

85,626

65,000

72.0

Support staff

975

118,322

75,000

50.1

Supervisors

809

304,422

200,000

51.6

Waitress/Waiters

668

98,543

80,000

62.7

Cleaners

590

77,938

58,000

47.4

Motor Vehicle Drivers

582

177,956

132,212

50.3

Technician

566

280,690

225,960

45.3

Manufacturing Laborers

537

77,783

65,200

54.4

Production Manager

462

537,820

400,000

51.1

General Manager

427

572,656

300,000

58.4

Matron

393

99,226

80,000

74.5

Nurses

384

176,666

150,000

57.1

Cashier

370

312,168

123,350

54.3

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

21

2.4

Income, expenditure and poverty rates

Income and expenditure data have been useful in monitoring the living standards of Ugandans.
However, household consumption expenditure is usually preferred over income in assessing
poverty incidence as it is more accurately reported by the households/individuals. The 2005/06
Uganda National Household Survey collected information on consumption expenditure on food,
beverages and tobacco and non consumption expenditure of households among others2.

2.4.1

Consumption expenditure per household

The Figure 2.4.1 presents the monthly consumption expenditure per household for the 2002/03
and 2005/06 after adjusting for inflation. Uganda’s average household monthly expenditure rose
from Shs. 136,468 in 2002/03 to Shs. 152,068 in 2005/06, representing a real increase of 11.4
percent within a period of three years. The increase was mainly driven by the rural areas (of 14.4
percent) while the urban areas registered an increase of only 4.2 percent over the same period.
Refer to Table 2.4A in appendix.
All regions experienced a positive change between the two surveys. While the increase in
expenditure per household was more pronounced in Western region (19 percent), Central region
excluding Kampala registered the lowest increase (around 10 percent). Kampala recorded the
lowest change in per household consumption of only 1.5 percent over the two surveys.

400
350

2002/2003

2005/2006

300
250
200
150
100
50

U
ga
nd
a

rn
N
or
th
e

Ea
st
er
n

rn
es
te
W

C
en
tr
al
*

0

K
am
pa
la

Per Hh Monthly Expenditure('000 Shs)

Figure 2.4.1: Monthly Consumption Expenditure per Household (1997/98=100)

Region

2.4.2

Real Consumption Expenditure Per Capita

In real terms, the results revealed that, on average, the per capita consumption expenditure
increased from Shs. 26,663 in 2002/03 to Shs. 29,280 in 2005/06, representing a real increase of
about 9.8 percent (Appendix Table 2.4B). The Central region (without Kampala city) had the
highest real per capita expenditure increase from Shs. 32,455 to Shs. 37,281 (about 15%).
Proportionately the Western region also registered a 15 percent real increase. On the contrary, a
real decline of 10 percent is observed for Kampala, from Shs. 88,152 to Shs. 78,798 per month per
capita.

2

For details of items covered , refer to the Uganda Bureau of Statistics: 2005/06 Socioeconomic report

22

On average, the urban areas recorded a 6 percent decline in real per capita consumption
expenditure while the rural areas recorded a 14 percent increase.

2005/06

da

he
rn
N
or
t

Ea
st
er
n

W
es
te
rn

C
en

tr
al
*

2002/03

U
ga
n

100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
K
am
pa
la

Mean Per capita Expenditure ('000 Shs)

Figure 2.4.2: Mean Per Capita Consumption Expenditure (1997/98=100)

Region

2.4.3

Share of Household Expenditure by Item Group

The trends in the share of each item group in the total household expenditure including nonconsumption expenditures are presented in Table 2.4.3.In 2005/06. The share of food, drinks and
tobacco in total household expenditure remained the highest at 45 percent, followed by
expenditure on rent, fuel and energy at 16 percent. The slight increase in the share of food, drink
and tobacco was driven by urban areas. The share remained at 50 percent in rural areas. Worth
noting was the increase of about 3 percentage points in the share of education, and a similar
percentage point rise in the share of health expenditures in overall total household expenditures3.
The increase in education share was more pronounced in urban areas whereas rural areas
registered a higher increase in the share of health.
Table 2.4.3:

Share of Household Expenditure by Item Groups (%)

Item Group
Food, drink & tobacco
Rent, fuel & energy
Education
Transport & communication
Health
Household & personal goods
Clothing & footwear
Other consumption expenditure
Non-consumption expenditure
Total

Rural
50
17
6
6
5
7
4
2
3
100

2002/03
Urban
33
23
10
12
3
7
5
3
5
100

Uganda
44
19
7
8
4
7
4
2
3
100

Rural
50
15
8
6
8
5
4
2
3
100

2005/06
Urban
34
20
13
10
4
6
4
4
5
100

Uganda
45
16
10
7
7
5
4
3
4
100

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statsitics

3

Total private expenditure on education increased from Shs. 51.9bn in 2002/03 to Shs. 81.7bn in 2005/06; whereas private
expenditures of health increased from Shs. 29.3bn in 2002/03 to Shs. 53.8bn in 2 005/06, in real terms (1997/98=100).

23

2.4.4

Poverty Trend Estimates

The Table 2.4.4 presents the poverty statistics for the 2005/06 and 2002/03 surveys. Three poverty
indicators: namely P0, P1 and P2 (see Foster, Greer and Thorbecke, 1984) are reported. The P0
indicator is “headcount”: the percentage of individuals estimated to be living in households with real
private consumption per adult equivalent below the poverty line for their rural or urban sub-region.
The P1 indicator is the “poverty gap”. This is the sum over all individuals of the shortfall of their real
private consumption per adult equivalent from the poverty line, divided by the poverty line. One
way to interpret the P1 is that it gives the per capita cost of eradicating poverty, as a percentage of
the poverty line, if money could be targeted perfectly.
The P2 indicator is the “squared poverty gap”. This is the sum over all individuals of the square of
the shortfall of their real private consumption per adult equivalent and the poverty line divided by
the poverty line. The reason to square the shortfall is to give greater weight to those who are living
far below the line. Thus, whereas P0 measures how widespread poverty is, P1 measures how poor
the poor are and, by giving more weight to the poorest of the poor, P2 gives an indication of how
severe poverty is.
Using the full sample of 2005/06, 31.1 percent of Ugandans were estimated to be poor,
corresponding to nearly 8.4 million persons. Table 2.4.4 provides more detailed statistics, broken
down by region and rural-urban areas. However, excluding districts not covered in UNHS 1999/00,
the headcount stands at 29 percent4.
Table 2.4.4:
Residence

Poverty Statistics in the UNHS 2002/03 and 2005/06
Pop.
share

2005/06
Rural/Urban
Rural
Urban
Region
Central
Eastern
Northern
Western
National
2002/03
Rural/Urban
Rural
Urban
Region
Central
Eastern
Northern
Western
National

Mean
CPAE

Poverty estimates

P0

P1

Contribution to:

P2

P0

P1

P2

84.6
15.4

33,900
71,800

34.2
13.7

9.7
3.5

3.9
1.4

93.2
6.8

93.8
6.2

94.1
5.9

29.2
25.2
19.7
25.9

57,600
32,300
22,600
39,900

16.4
35.9
60.7
20.5

3.6
9.1
20.7
5.1

1.3
3.4
9.2
1.8

15.4
29.0
38.5
17.0

12.1
26.1
46.8
15.1

10.7
24.6
51.3
13.4

100.0

39,746

31.1

8.7

3.5

100.0

100.0

100.0

86.2
13.8

29,500
74,800

42.7
14.4

13.1
3.9

5.7
1.6

94.9
5.1

95.5
4.5

95.7
4.3

29.6
27.4
18.2
24.7

52,700
28,500
21,600
33,800

22.3
46.0
63.0
32.9

5.5
14.1
23.4
8.5

1.9
6.0
11.5
3.3

17.0
32.5
29.6
21.0

13.7
32.6
36.0
17.7

11.3
32.0
40.9
15.8

100.0

35,736

38.8

11.9

5.1

100.0

100.0

100.0

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statsitics

4

To evaluate poverty trends, the results of the UNHS 2005/06 were compared with those of UNHS 2002/03. The

comparisons are for the entire country. As previously mentioned, the UNHS 1999/00 survey data point was omitted
from this trend comparison as the survey did not cover Kitgum, Gulu, Bundibugyo and Kasese due to
insurgences at the time of the survey.

24

The results in Table 2.4.4 revealed that the percentage of the people living in absolute poverty
declined by 7.8 percentage points, corresponding to a reduction of 1.4 million persons in absolute
terms. This decline is statistically significant. The other poverty indicators (P1 and P2 measures)
follow a similar trend as the headcount index. Thus, the main finding is that, the incidence of
income poverty declined significantly between UNHS 2002/03 and UNHS 2005/06 for Uganda as a
whole, whichever poverty indicator (P0, P1 or P2) is used. The percentage of the population living
below the poverty line reduced from 38.8 percent to 31.1 percent between the two survey periods.
At national level, poverty remained the same in urban areas. However, a significant decline was
observed in rural areas between UNHS 2002/03 and UNHS 2005/06. The percentage of people in
poverty reduced from 42.7 percent to 34.2 percent, corresponding to a decline in the number of
rural people in poverty from 9.3 million to 7.9 million in rural areas. In urban areas, the
corresponding decline was from 14.4 percent to 13.7 percent, recording a slight increase in the
absolute number of the poor from 0.5 million to 0.6 million reflecting the effect of the rapid urban
population growth rate. Other income poverty estimates (P1, P2) mirror a similar trend as observed
for P0.
The decrease in poverty between the surveys is most marked in the Western region where the
headcount declined from 32.9 percent to 20.5 percent (that is, from 2.1 million to 1.4 million
persons in poverty, respectively). In relative terms, this suggests 12.4 percentage points drop in the
poverty headcount well above the nation-wide average of 7.7 percentage points. This reduction is
driven by trends in the western rural areas from 34.3 percent to 21.4 percent. The proportion of
people in poverty in Eastern region declined from 46 percent to 35.9 percent (that is, from 3.2
million to 2.5 million persons, respectively). The decline in Eastern region is driven by the rural
areas, which experienced a 10.8 percentage point drop. In Central region, the decline in the
headcount (P0) indicator from 22.3 percent to 16.4 percent is statistically significant at conventional
levels. The Northern region registered a slight and insignificant fall in the headcount from 63
percent to 60.7 percent. In absolute terms, the persons living in poverty increased from 2.9 million
in 2002/03 to 3.3 million in 2005/06. While the regional rankings of P1 and P2 are identical to the
headcount index, there are some differences in the magnitudes. A case in point is the
proportionately growing difference in the poverty gap index between Northern region and other
regions (especially Eastern and Western regions).
Furthermore, while no significant reduction in the headcount index was observed for Northern
Uganda, the region experienced a significant drop in the poverty gap (by about 12 percent). This
can be explained partly by the various humanitarian interventions and other government
interventions such as the Northern Uganda Social Action Fund (NUSAF). Strong growth in
consumption in other regions explains the declines in the poverty gap. One noticeable point is how
much the poverty gap has reduced vis-à-vis the headcount index over the two year period.
Regardless of geographical location, we find that the percentage drop in the poverty gap is higher
than that of the headcount index, indicative of rising mean consumption of Uganda’s poor.

2.4.5

Inequality in Household Consumption

Table 2.4.5 reports the Gini coefficients as a measure of inequality in household consumption per
adult equivalent. Between the 2002/03 survey and the 2005/06 survey, the Gini coefficient
dropped, and hence inequality declined. The observed decrease was driven by a decline in
inequality of income in urban areas. Income inequality remained the same in rural areas between
UNHS 2002/03 and UNHS 2005/06.

25

Table 2.4.5:

Gini Coefficients for Uganda

Residence

1992/93

2002/03

2005/06

Urban

0.396

0.483

0.432

Rural

0.328

0.363

0.363

Central

0.395

0.460

0.417

Eastern

0.327

0.365

0.354

Northern

0.345

0.350

0.331

Western

0.319

0.359

0.342

National

0.365

0.428

0.408

Rural/Urban

Region

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statsitics

Since the distribution of income became less unequal between the 2002/03 and 2005/06 surveys,
and growth in consumption was positive and strong, it is not surprising that poverty declined during
the period.

2.4.6

Summary of Findings

The 2005/06 survey showed strong growth in per household and per capita expenditure, especially
in rural areas. The growth between the two recent surveys seems to have benefited the majority of
Ugandans. As a result, the proportion of people living in poverty has declined and so has, in
absolute terms, the number of poor persons. The reduction in poverty is particularly marked for
some sub-groups of the population – including rural areas as a whole and those residing in Eastern
and Western regions. Over the entire period, the poverty headcount index changed little in
Northern Uganda. However, the slight drop was not enough to prevent a rise in the number of
persons living in poverty in the region. A noticeable improvement was a significant drop in the
poverty gap index between UNHS 2002/03 and UNHS 2005/06, indicating that the poor in 2005/06
were not as poor as their counterparts in 2002/03. Another improvement was a decline in inequality
between the two surveys.

26

2.5

Prices

This section presents statistics on price indices for household consumer goods and services. The
figures included average market prices for selected goods in eight urban centres. The eight centres
are Kampala High Income, Kampala Middle and Low Income (including Entebbe), Jinja, Mbale,
Masaka, Mbarara, Gulu and Arua. Kampala was demarcated into two areas basing on the
consumption pattern of households and their points of purchase. In addition there is a Composite
Consumer Price Index, which is the combined index for the eight centres.
The price indices are compiled using the Modified Lasperyers Index formula. This formula
compares the current month’s prices of a basket of consumption goods and services over the
prices of the same basket of goods and services in the previous month.
2.5.1

The Headline Consumer Price Index

The Headline Index is the measure of the relative changes in prices of all the goods and services
of the consumption basket. The 2008 calendar year registered a double digit inflation rate twice
that for 2007.The rate of 12.0 percent recorded for 2008 compared to 6.1 percent during 2007 was
due to higher prices of most food items which was attributed to seasonal factors as well as to high
local and foreign demand. The financial year 2007/08 however registered a stable inflation rate of
7.3 percent compared to the 7.4 percent registered in 2006/07 (see statistical Appendix: Table
2.5A).
2.5.2

The Core Index

The core index is the measure of the relative changes in prices of all the goods and services in the
consumption basket excluding food crops, electricity, fuel and metred water. The index rose by
11.5 percent for 2008 from the 6.6 percent registered in 2007. The increase is attributed to higher
prices of manufactured foods and to higher fish, charcoal, firewood, house repair and maintenance
prices as well as to increased transport charges caused by high fuel prices (see statistical
Appendix: Table 2.5B).
2.5.3

Food-crops Index

The year 2008 registered very high prices of food crops and related items compared to 2007. Food
crop prices registered an inflation rate of 15.8 percent in 2008 compared to a reduction of 3.8
percent recorded in 2007. The increased prices in 2008 were attributed to seasonal factors and the
high local and foreign demand for food items (see statistical Appendix: Table 2.5B).
2.5.4

The Energy, Fuel and Utilities (EFU Index)

In 2008, the local market registered increases in the prices of fuel, propane gas, metred water and
electricity. The EFU Index increased by 9.1 percent over the period compared to the 21.7 percent
recorded for 2007. (see statistical Appendix: Table 2.5B)
2.5.5

Major Inflation Drivers over the past two years (2007- 2008)

2.5.5.1 Rising food prices
Over the two years, food prices rose by 12.2 percent on average due to scarcity, seasonal factors
and the rising local and foreign demand for food. The European Union for instance consumes
Ugandan fish in large quantities. In addition, Southern Sudan, Eastern Congo and Kenya were
27

major markets for most Ugandan food items, leading to scarcity and higher prices in the local
markets.
2.5.5.2 House Maintenance, Fuel and Utilities
These registered significant increases in prices, amounting on average for 14.5 and 12.0 percent
respectively. High international oil prices per barrel, axle load restrictions and the oil pipeline
breakdown in Kenya caused scarcity on the local market, thus pushing up fuel prices. As a result,
higher costs of production for cement, paint, iron sheets and nails pushed up house repair and
maintenance costs.
2.5.5.3 High transport fares
These went up by an average of 13.5 percent over the past two years, thus impacting negatively
on other sectors in the economy. Communication costs however went down by 0.36 percent over
the same period due to increasing competition within the industry.
2.5.5.4 Depreciation of local currency
The global financial crisis that started August 2008 pushed up the exchange rates, thus pushing up
local prices in most sectors of the economy. Most affected were those that use imported goods and
services as inputs in their production processes or as final consumption items.

28

2.6 Health
This section presents statistics on some of the key aspects of public health for the period 20042008. The aspects covered in this section include the status of health facilities and staffing levels,
immunisation coverage, morbidity and selected health sector performance indicators.
2.6.1

Health Units

Health Units include health facilities such as Hospitals and Health Centres II, III and IV. A health
centre is intended to cover a given administrative area. Through the National Health System, the
government set up a number of Health Sub-District facilities with the intention of building and
strengthening the capacity of health facilities in order to improve health service provision.
Table 2.6 A in the Appendix shows the distribution of health units by district. It shows that in 2006,
a total of 114 hospitals were in place, and 60 of these were public hospitals, 46 others Private-Notfor-Profit and 8 were private practitioner hospitals.
2.6.2

Immunisation Coverage

The World Health Organisation (WHO) recommends that new borns should be vaccinated against
all the vaccine- preventable diseases by the age of 12 months. The antigens given include BCG
(against tuberculosis), DPT-HepB-Hib (against Diphtheria, Pertusis, Tetanus, Hepatitis B, and
Heamophilus influenzae), Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) (against poliomyelitis and a measles).
Immunisation coverage in children declined in 2008.
Table 2.6.1:

Immunisation coverage, 2004-2008

Vaccine
BCG
Measles
DPT-HepB+Hib 3
OPV3
TT2+(Pregnant)
TT2+(Non-Pregnant Women)

2004
101
91
88
86
54
11

2005
94
87
85
85
56
14

2006
85
89
80
81
48
12

2007*
90
87
86
84
58
12

2008
86
77
79
79
50
11

*- Values for 2007 are provisional and may differ from those published in the2008 Abstract
Source: Uganda National Expanded Program for Immunisation

2.6.3 Morbidity
Table 2.6.2 shows that Malaria has been the highest ranked cause of morbidity in Uganda over the
last three years while cough or cold without pneumonia has been the second leading cause of
morbidity. The selected diseases listed below appeared among the leading causes of morbidity in
the country.

29

Table 2.6.2:

Proportion of Cases among the leading Causes of Morbidity, 2006-2008

Disease

2006

2007

Malaria

38.0

33.6

2008

26.1

No Pneumonia- Cough or Cold

16.3

15.6

12.2

Intestinal Worms

6.1

5.3

4.0

Skin Diseases

3.4

3.3

2.7

Pneumonia
Others

3.4

2.9

2.2

32.8

39.3

52.8

Source: Ministry of Health

2.6.4

Health Sector performance indicators

There are various indicators that are used by the Ministry of Health to determine the Health Sector
performance. These include Outpatients Department utilisation in Government and Private-NotFor-Profit (PNFP) health units, pit latrine coverage, TB cases notified as compared to those
expected and the number of pregnant women who reported receiving a 2nd dose of Fansidar for
Intermittent Presumptive Treatment (IPT) of malaria.
2.6.4.1 Out Patient Department Utilisation
Out Patient Department (OPD) utilisation is a measure of usage of health services and is used as a
proxy measure for both the quality and quantity of services and the health seeking behaviour of the
population. The target of the Health Sector Strategic Plan (HSSPII) is 0.9 by 2009/10. Out Patient
Department per capita attendance below 0.6 is considered to be poor. OPD Per capita attendance
(visits to a health unit per person per year) has stagnated at 0.9 at national level for the period
2005 up to 2007. Details of the Districts performance can be seen in the appendix table 2.6F.
2.6.4.2 Pit Latrine Coverage
Pit latrine coverage refers to percentage of households with pit latrines to total number of
households which are designed to have them. Pit latrine coverage is also an output indicator for
the PEAP and HSSP II. There has been an improvement in the pit latrine coverage at national level
from 58 percent in 2006 to 63 percent in 2008. Table 2.6 G in the appendix presents pit latrine
coverage by district.
2.6.4.3 Deliveries in Health Facilities
The indicator “Deliveries in Health Facilities” measures the proportion of all expectant mothers who
deliver in health facilities. Between 2007 and 2008, this proportion stagnated at about 29 percent.
2.6.4.4 Other Health Sector Performance Indicators
In addition to the above indicators, there are other indicators on the performance of the Health
Sector. These include TB cases notified compared to those expected and the number of pregnant
women who reported receiving a second dose of Fansider for Intermittent Presumptive Treatment
(IPT) of malaria to the total number of expectant mothers. Table 2.6 I in the appendix shows that a
half of expected TB cases in Uganda were notified. The proportion of pregnant women who
reported receiving a 2nd dose of Fansider for Intermittent Presumptive Treatment (IPT) of malaria
was 39 percent. Table 2.6 I in the appendix gives the status of selected health sector performance
indicators by district for the year 2008.

30

Figure 2.6.4:

Trend of Selected Health Sector Performance Indicators

Selected Health Indicators

HIV/AIDS Service
Availability
Pregnant women
receiving 2nd dose
Fansider for IPT
Proportion of TB Cases
notified compared to
expected
2006

Deliveries in Health
Facilities

2007

2008

Pit Latrine Coverage

0

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

Proportion

2.6.5

HIV/AIDS

Table 2.6.5 shows that 25 percent of the women and 21 percent of the men had ever tested for HIV
and received their results. The proportion of persons who ever tested was higher among the
women compared to the men across the various age groups, except in the 40 – 49 year age group.
Likewise, among those who had been tested in the last 12 months that preceded the survey, the
proportion of women out-numbered that of men.
Table 2.6.5: Coverage of HIV testing among persons (15 – 49 years)
Percentage who
Age

Ever Tested and received
results

Received results from last HIV
test taken in the past 12
months

HIV Prevalence Rate

Men

Women

Men

Women

Men

Women

15-19

3.7

7.2

1.9

2.9

0.3

2.6

20-24

13.1

14.8

5.2

4.7

2.4

6.3

25-29

14.4

16.8

4.5

3.9

5.9

8.7

30-39

13.8

14.0

4.4

4.1

3.2*

2.2*

40-49

11.5

11.0

3.7

4.8

15-24

7.3

10.8

3.2

3.7

1.1

4.3

20.7

24.8

10.4

12.0

5.0

7.5

Total (15 – 49)

Source: Uganda Demographic and Health Survey 2006 & Uganda HIV/AIDS Sero-behavioural Survey 2004-2005
* men or women who are positive and their partners are negative

31

2.7

Crime

This section covers statistics on crime cases reported to Police, investigated crimes, serious crimes
and crimes under traffic and road safety. It also covers offenders and suspected offenders who are
under the custody of the Uganda Prisons Service, whether on remand or after conviction by the
Uganda courts of laws.

2.7.1

Police cases

The trend of cases reported to police has been increasing over the years, as shown in figure
2.7.1.The cases reported increased from by about 21 percentage points between 2007 and 2008.
This is also emphasised by the upward growth in the trend.
Figure 2.7.1: Trend of cases reported to Police (‘000)

Number of cases reported

12
10

9.7
8.3

8.1

8
6.7

6
4.5

4
2
0

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Year

Figure 2.7.2, below indicates that the highest increase in the number of reported crimes in 2008
were thefts, with a 28 percent increase. It should be noted that out of the 287,900 cases reported
only 119,072 (about 41 percent) were criminal in nature and thus investigated.
Figure 2.7.2: Investigated crimes by category (2008)
50,000

15,000
10,000
5,000

B
re
ak
in
s
S
ex
re
la
te
d

A
ss
au
E
lts
co
no
.C
rim
es

-

16,890
R
10,362
ob
be
re
ry
la
te
d
4,258
cr
im
es
H
om
3760
ic
id
P
e
ol
s
iti
ca
2,753
l/M
ed
ia
T
11
er
ro
ri
s
D
m
ru
gs
4
C
ri
m
es
O
th
er
978
La
w
s
O
th
er
510
cr
im
e
s

13,162

20,000

C
hi
ld

25,000

12,236

30,000

21,186

35,000

32,958

40,000

T
he
fts

Number of crimes investigated

45,000

Crim e s

32

2.7.2 Serious crimes
The Uganda Police Force defines serious crimes to include murder, defilement, rape and
aggravated robbery. Overall, serious crimes registered a remarkable decrease between 2006 and
2008. Table 2.7.1 and the appendix Table 2.7 B indicates that defilement is the dominant serious
crime, accounting for more than half of all the serious crimes between 2007 and 2008.
Table 2.7.1: Serious crimes Reported, 2006-2008
Serious Crimes
Murder
Defilement
Rape
Aggravated Robbery
Total

2006
2,696
15,385
750
1,937
20,768

2007
2,645
12,230
599
1,828
17,302

2008
2,753
8,635
1,536
1,281
14,205

Source: Uganda Police Force

2.7.3 Prisoners
A Convicted prisoner is a person proven guilty of a crime alleged against him/her after a trial in a
law court, while a prisoner on Remand is one whose case is on trial in the courts of law. Table
2.7.2 indicates that between 2004 and 2008, the number of prisoners increased from 18,328 to
21,942, a 20 percentage increase. The overall number of convicts increased by approximately 4
percent between 2007 and 2008.The table further indicates that 55 percent of the prisoners were
on remand in 2008.
Table 2.7.2: Number of prisoners, 2004 – 2008
Status
Convicted
Remand

2004
6,938
11,390

Percentage Convicted
Total

2005
7,402
11,289

2006
8,151
10,984

2007
7,645
11,189

2008
7,934
12,000

38

40

43

41

36

18,328

18,691

19,135

18,834

19,934

Source: Uganda Prisons Department

2.7.4 Traffic and Road Safety
a)

Reported road traffic accidents

Table 2.7.3 indicates a progressive decline in the number of road traffic accidents between 2006
and 2008. About 11,758 road traffic accidents were reported in 2008 of which 8 percent were fatal,
23 percent were serious and 69 percent were minor. Comparing 2007 and 2008, the number of
road traffic accident dropped by 33 percent.
Table 2.7.3: Reported road traffic accidents 2006 – 2008
Nature

Fatal
Serious
Minor
Total

Number
1,792
6,614
9,686
18,092

Percent
10
37
53
100

Number
1,737
6,732
8,959
17,428

Percent
10
39
51
100

2008
Number
905
2706
8147
11,758

Percent
8
23
69
100

Source: Uganda Police force

33

b)

Casualties of traffic accidents

Out of the 13,432 road accident victims reported in 2008, majority (70 percent) had serious injuries;
a trend similar to 2006.Table 2.7.4 further reveals that there was a slight decline of 7 percent in the
total number of casualties reported between 2007 and 2008.
Table: 2.7.4: Casualties of road traffic accidents 2006– 2008
2006
Number
2,171
9,503
2,655
14,329

Killed
Serious injury
Minor injury
Total

2007
Percent
15
66
19
100

Number
2,334
9,277
2,779
14,390

Percent
16
65
19
100

2008
Number
2,035
9,328
2,069
13,432

Percent
15
70
15
99

Source: Uganda Police force

c)

Persons killed by road user type

Table 2.7.5 below shows that persons killed in road accident reduced by 6 percent over the three
years from 2006 to 2008. Drivers constituted the least percentage of persons killed, while
pedestrians were the largest group of persons killed in the same period. Between 2007 and 2008,
pedestrians registered the highest percentage decline (23 percent) of all persons killed by road
user type.
Table: 2.7.5: Persons Killed by road user type 2006 – 2008

Persons killed
Drivers
Motor cyclist
Pedal cyclists
Passengers
Pedestrians
Total

2006
Number
Percent
112
5
198
9
296
14
665
31
900
41
2,171
100

2007
Number
125
198
296
712
1003
2,334

Percent
5
8
13
31
43
100

2008
Number
111
365
242
547
770
2,035

Percent
5.45
17.94
11.89
26.88
37.84
100

Percentage
2007-2008
-11
84
18
23
23
-

Source: Uganda Police force

d)

Road Accident cases

Table 2.7.6 shows a significant drop, of about 42 percent, in the number of road accident cases
reported between 2006 and 2008. In 2008 about 12,000 road accident cases were reported, of
which 77 percent were still under investigations and 23 percent were prosecuted in courts of law.
The rate of prosecution of traffic offences arising from road accidents is believed to be very low as
indicated by the drop of 34 percent in the number of cases taken to court in 2008. However, cases
under investigation reduced by 52 percent between 2007 and 2008.

34

Table: 2.7.6: Status of road accident cases 2006 – 2008

Progress of
Accident files
Investigated
Under investigation
Closed/put away
Sub-Total
Prosecuted
Taken to court
Pending in court
Convicted
Acquitted
Sub-Total
National Total

2006
Number
Percent

2007
Number
Percent

Number

2008
Percent

Percentage

9,804
4,647
14,451

68.0
32.0
-

9,648
4,524
14,172

68.0
32.0
-

4,587
2,939
7,526

60.9
39.1
77.5

-52.5
-35.0
-

1,332
366
681
34
2,413
16,864

7.9
2.2
4.0
0.2
14.3
100.0

1,619
792
752
93
3,256
17,428

9.3
4.5
4.3
0.5
18.7
100.0

1,067
508
546
65
2,186
9,712

48.8
5.2
25
3
22.5
100

-34.1
-35.9
-27.4
-30.1
-

Source: Uganda Police force

e)

Time of road accidents

The highest number of road accidents (22 percent) occurred between 4:00 pm and 7:00pm for all
categories. This was mainly because of the heavy flow of traffic at that time. The lowest occurrence
was between 12:00 midnight and 3:00am (7 percent) as a result of less activity during that time as
shown in figure 2.7.3 below.

1800
1600
1400
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0
12
:0
03:
00

am
4:
00
-7
:0
0
am
8:
00
-1
1:
00
am
12
:0
03:
00
am
4:
00
-7
:0
0
pm
8:
00
-1
1:
00
am

Number of crashes

Figure 2.7.3: Time and number of accident by category, 2008

Tim e of crashes
Fatal

f)

Serious

Minor

Vehicles involved in accidents per registration/ownership

A total of about 22,700 vehicles were involved in road accidents in 2008 as compared to about
20,600 in 2006. The majority of the vehicles involved in the accidents in 2008 were privately owned
(88 percent). There was an increase of 14 percent in the number of private vehicles involved in
road accidents between 2007 and 2008.

35

Table: 2.7.7: Ownership of vehicles involved in road accidents 2006 – 2008

2006

Registration

Private
Government
Foreign Registration
Diplomatic
Army
NGO
Police
Unregistered
Prison
Unknown
Total

Number
18,322
537
428
126
128
125
118
64
9
741
20,598

2007
Percent
89.0
2.6
2.1
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.3
0.0
3.6
100.0

2008

Number
17,641
604
394
115
113
105
99
91
8
724
19,894

Percent
88.7
3.0
2.0
0.6
0.6
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.0
3.6
100.0

Number
19,883
669
419
120
53
119
111
144
9
1,136
22,663

Percent
87.7
3.0
1.8
0.5
0.2
0.5
0.5
0.6
0.0
5.0
100.0

Source: Traffic department, Uganda Police

g)

Causes of road accidents.

Of all the road accidents recorded in 2006, a majority were caused by careless and
reckless/dangerous driving, 34 and 30 percent respectively. Although reckless/dangerous driving
accidents were high, a 55 percentage point decrease was registered between 2005 and 2006.
Table: 2.7.8: Causes of road accidents 2005 – 2006
2005
Causes of accident

Careless Driving*
Reckless/dangerous driving

Number

2006
Percent

Number

Percent

-

-

5,951

34.1

11,353

66.5

5,153

29.6

Hit & Run)

1,236

7.2

1,103

6.3

Careless pedestrian

1,357

7.9

991

5.7
4.5

Vehicle defect (DMC)

532

3.1

787

Obstacle on carriage way*

0

0.0

677

3.9

Over speeding*

0

0.0

505

2.9

Passengers falls from MV

186

1.1

198

1.1

Over/dangerous loading

192

1.1

116

0.7

Influence of drink/drug

322

1.9

81

0.5

Dazzled lights m/v

204

1.2

55

0.3

1,700

10.0

1,811

10.4

17,082

100

17,428

100.0

Other causes
Total
*Not separately reported before 2006
Source: Uganda Police force

36

2.7.3

Express Penalty Scheme

About 46,000 offences were reported in 2008 under the Express Penalty Scheme (EPS), which is a
reduction of 18 percent from 2007. This reduction was achieved as a result of the vigorous
implementation of a Traffic Operational Policing Plan (TOPP PLAN) which emphasizes public
awareness on road safety country wide.
Figure 2.7.4: Express Penalty Scheme, 2007-2008

70,000

Number of cases reported

60,000

55,520
45,587

50,000
40,000
30,000
20,000
10,000
0
2007

2008
Year

Source: Uganda Police Force

37

3

Production Statistics

3.1

Turnover

Uganda Bureau of Statistics has initiated a sectoral analysis of turnover by industry based on
domestic Value Added Tax (VAT) returns compiled by the Uganda Revenue Authority. Turnover is
the sum of exempt sales, standard rated sales and zero rated sales as per the VAT classification.
VAT is a tax levied on goods and services consumed within a country. The basis of selection for
the sample is the size of turnover of at least ten million shillings in a month as per the VAT
monthly returns. It should be noted that the trends are still spatial due to the challenges of proper
establishments’ classifications, consistency in returns and other data shortfalls. They, however,
provide a fair presentation of sector activity performance.

3.1.1

Number of businesses with turnover by sector

Trends indicate that the number of business establishments consistently increased during 2008
with the second quarter registering an increase of 8.8 percent. Further increases of 10.6 percent
and 0.2 percent were registered in the third and fourth quarters respectively. The Trade sector had
the highest proportion of businesses (53.9 percent) followed by Real Estate and Business Services
(15.3 percent) and manufacturing (12.6 percent).
Table 3.1.1:

Number of businesses with turnover by Sector, 2008

Industry Sector
Agriculture & Fishing
Mining & Quarrying
Manufacturing
Electricity, Gas & Water
Construction
Trade
Hotels & Restaurants
Transport, Post and Telecommunications
Finance & Insurance
Real Estate & Business Services
Public Administration and Defense
Education, Health and Social Work Activities
Community, Social and Personal Services
Not known/Not Specified
Grand Total
Percentage increase

Quarter
1
14
3
226
9
58
932
61
89
18
270
9
6
51
4
1,750

Quarter
2
16
3
239
7
69
1,023
63
95
19
296
10
6
54
4
1,904
8.8

Quarter
3
15
5
259
7
75
1,159
71
97
20
316
12
6
60
4
2,106
10.6

Quarter
4
16
6
269
8
79
1,131
77
103
21
319
8
6
62
6
2,111
0.2

Annual
Average
15
4
248
8
70
1,061
68
96
19
301
10
6
57
4
1,967

Percentage
share
0.8
0.2
12.6
0.4
3.6
53.9
3.5
4.9
1.0
15.3
0.5
0.3
2.9
0.2
100.0

Source: Uganda Revenue Authority

38

3.1.2

Turnover in Businesses

The turnover in millions of shillings for these businesses is shown in Table 3.1.2, with 4,506 trillion
shillings as total registered turnover under this category in 2008. The highest turnover was
registered during the 4th quarter of 2008 and accounted for 31 percent of total annual turnover.
Overall, the Trade sector had the highest turnover averaging 502.8 billion shillings per quarter, this
was followed by the Manufacturing sector with an average of 272.6 billion shillings. Education,
Health and Social Works sector registered the least quarterly turnover, averaging only 2.1 billion
shillings.
In the Transport, Post and Telecommunications sector despite having only an average of 96
businesses in the sample, the sector registered a total turnover of 690.6 billion shillings.
Table 3.1.2:

Total quarterly turnover by Industry (million shillings), 2008

Industries
Agriculture and Fishing
Mining & Quarrying
Manufacturing
Electricity, Gas & Water
Construction
Trade
Hotels & Restaurants
Transport, Post and Telecommunications
Finance & Insurance
Real Estate & Business Services
Public Administration and Defense
Education, Health and Social Work
Activities
Community, Social and Personal Services
Not known/Not Specified
Grand Total
% change

Quarter 1
24,635
1,821
264,043
14,827
20,154
412,711
15,949
109,434
28,342
50,087
4,083

Quarter2
18,791
2,741
248,801
12,609
23,098
564,628
15,974
125,917
34,833
42,416
3,541

Quarter 3
19,626
1,837
262,139
13,516
28,956
504,664
13,970
125,556
35,371
44,502
2,549

Quarter 4
16,420
8,821
315,356
11,783
27,469
529,194
15,629
329,658
40,688
63,649
2,977

Total
79,472
15,220
1,090,338
52,735
99,677
2,011,197
61,522
690,564
139,234
200,655
13,150

Percentage
share
1.8
0.3
24.2
1.2
2.2
44.6
1.4
15.3
3.1
4.5
0.3

1,781
9,452
1,695
959,014

2,084
10,007
1,271
1,106,711
15

2,047
10,371
581
1,065,685
-3.7

2,391
10,310
758
1,375,103
29

8,302
40,140
4,304
4,506,513

0.2
0.9
0.1
100

Source: Uganda Revenue Authority

39

3.2

Agriculture and fisheries

This section presents statistics for the period 2004-2008 on production of traditional cash crops,
selected food crops, fish catch and livestock. The agricultural sector provides approximately 73.3
percent (UNHS 2005/06) of employment and most industries and services in the country are
dependent on this sector. The sector contribution to GDP has been declining in the last four years,
and its contribution to the total GDP in 2008 was 21.5 percent.

3.2.1

Cash crops

There was an overall increase of 20.8 percent in coffee procurement between 2007 and 2008. This
resulted from a substantial increase of 25.6 percent in Robusta coffee procured that offset a
decline of 1.5 percent in Arabica coffee. Note that the quantities of coffee procured are used as
proxy to production. Tea registered a reduction of 4.7 percent while tobacco registered an
increment of 10.1 percent between 2007 and 2008 as shown in Appendix Table 3.2A.

3.2.2

Food crops

Despite the 0.1 percent increase in land area covered with bananas over the last three years,
production has been fluctuating with a decline of 3.5 percent in 2006 followed by increments of 2.0
percent and 1.5 percent in 2007 and 2008 respectively. Appendix Tables 3.2B and C provide data
on area under selected food crops as well as production for the period 2004 to 2008.

3.2.3

Fish catch by water body

Lake Victoria is the largest water body by size in Uganda and remains the biggest contributor to
fish catch. Its share of catch was 59.6 percent in 2007, and this was followed by Lakes Kyoga and
Albert with 16.0 percent and 15.1 percent respectively as shown in Appendix Ttable 3.2D.

3.2.4 Livestock
On average, the population of cattle, sheep, goats and pigs increased by 3.0 percent while that of
poultry increased by 2.1 percent in 2008 as shown in Figure 3.2.4 below and Appendix Table 3.2E.

40

Figure 3.2.4: Livestock numbers 2007- 2008

30,000
8
50 27,50
26,9

Livestock numbers ('000s)

25,000

20,000

15,000

10,000

5
3
8,27 8,52

2
7,18 ,398
7

5,000

2
2,12 2,186

7
1,69 ,748
1

0
Cattle

Sheep

Goats

2007

3.2.5

Pigs

Poultry

2008

Production of Livestock products (2005-2008)

Livestock products play a key role in raising incomes of households and providing a source of
protein to many families. These include Milk, Beef, Pork, Goat/Mutton and Poultry meat among
others. Milk Production increased by 8.0 percent in 2008. Generally, there has been an upward
trend (besides 2006 slump) in milk production as seen in Figure 3.2.5 below.
Beef production has progressively increased over the years since 2005 and registered an 8.0
percent increment in 2008. Other livestock products which include Pork and Poultry products
recorded up-ward trends in production as in the previous years.

41

Figure 3.2.5: Milk Production Trend (ltrs), 2005 – 2008

1,500
8
1,45

Milk Production (000,000 ltrs)

1,450
1,400
0
1,35

1,350
0
1,32

1,300

0
1,25

1,250
1,200
1,150
1,100
2005

2006

2007

2008 est

Years

42

3.3

Industry

3.3.1

Index of Production

The Index of Production – Manufacturing (IoP-M) measures monthly trends in volume of the
manufacturing sector in the country. Monthly data for the compilation of the index are collected on
a quarterly basis. The number of establishments from which data is collected has increased from
about 150 operational establishments (by 2006) to about 209 operational establishments in 2007.
In addition, data on Coffee Processing, Tea Processing and Cotton Ginning is collected in
aggregate form from Uganda Coffee Development Authority, Uganda Tea Association and the
Cotton Development Organisation respectively.
Previously this index was computed using quantities to measure monthly changes in production
volumes. But given the methodological problems associated with quantities, this practice has been
stopped (except for a few products such as coffee, tea and cotton). A new method using sales
values to measure change has been adopted. It should be noted, however, that this is still a
volume index. Secondly, this new index has been computed using 2002 as the new base period.
This implies that care has to be taken when making comparisons between the new and old index..
The establishments covered are those employing five or more persons. They are largely located in
the industrial belt of the country, which includes the districts of Mbarara, Bushenyi, Kasese,
Masaka, Kampala, Wakiso, Mukono, Jinja, Bugiri, Tororo and Mbale. A few establishments in the
districts of Hoima and Masindi are also covered.
In the compilation of the index, the manufacturing sector is divided into eight groups:
• Food Processing which includes grain milling, bakeries, sugar and jaggery, and the
processing of tea, coffee, meat, fish, dairy products and other foods as well as
manufacture of animal feeds;
• Beverages and Tobacco;
• Textile, Clothing, Leather and Footwear;
• Timber, Paper and Printing;
• Chemicals, Paint, Soap and Foam Products;
• Bricks and Cement;
• Metal Products; and
• Miscellaneous group, which includes manufacturing of vehicle accessories, plastic
products and electrical products.
In this index, the Food Processing group has the biggest weight, of 400, followed by Beverages &
Tobacco, and the Chemicals, Paint, Soap & Foam Products groups with weights of 201 and 97
respectively. The new weights add up to 1,000 as shown in Table 3.3.1 below.
Table 3.3.1 shows annual averages of the IoP at group level and All Items for the period of 2004 –
2008. It also indicates that the All Items Index increased by 15.0 percent from 2006 to 2007. The
index recorded a decrease of 1.3 percent in 2008. This was largely due to a combined decrease in
production in food processing, drinks and tobacco, textiles and chemicals groups. For all the
groups that registered an increase in 2007, the Drinks and Tobacco group had the highest
increase, of about 25.8 percent.

43

Table 3.3.1:

Index of Production, Annual Group Summary, 2004- 2008 ( Base 2002=100)

Group

Weight

No. of

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Establ.

Food Processing

400

74

106

121

125

142

138

Drinks and Tobacco

201

10

123

139

159

200

191

Textiles, Clothing and Footwear

43

21

161

145

135

176

142

Sawmilling, Paper and Printing

35

22

120

124

131

148

166

Chemicals, Paint, Soap & Foam Products

97

20

109

130

130

145

124

Bricks & Cement

75

19

104

122

126

152

173

Metal Products

83

20

109

124

123

108

130

Miscellaneous

66

23

125

123

123

138

144

1000

209

114

127

133

153

151

11

5

15

-1.3

Total Manufacturing (All Items)
Percentage Change
Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

44

3.4

Producer Price Index

The Producer Price Index for Manufacturing (PPI-M) measures changes in prices received by
producers for their outputs. The index measures price changes for goods sold in the local market
and those that are exported. The index is expressed in three levels, that is PPI-M (Local), PPI-M
(Exports) and PPI-M (Combined). These price changes measured are factory gate prices that
exclude taxes but include subsidies. The index reflects price trends of a constant basket of goods
that represent the output of selected business establishments.
The coverage of the PPI-M has been restricted to businesses in the manufacturing sector. The
structure of the PPI-M is such that goods produced for the local market represent 79.0 percent as
opposed to 21.0 percent for goods produced for the export market.
The index is presented in eight broad manufacturing industry groups thus:







3.4.1

Food Processing (includes meat, fish, oil, dairy, coffee, grain milling, animal feeds,
bakery, tea and sugar);
Drinks and Tobacco
Textiles, Clothing and Footwear
Paper Products
Chemicals, Paint, Soap and Foam products
Bricks and Cement
Metals and Related products
Miscellaneous (includes Plastics and Furniture)

PPI-M (Combined) Annual Changes

The PPI-M (Combined) recorded the highest increase of 21.2 percent in 2008, due to increased
prices in all industry groups. Significant changes were registered in the Chemicals, Paint, Soap &
Foam Products, in Metal Products and in Food Processing (34.5, 33.7, and 22.5 percent
respectively). On Financial Year basis, the highest increase of 13.4 percent in the last three
financial years was registered in 2007/08. Significant changes were registered in Chemicals,
Paint, Soap & Foam Products, in Bricks & Cement and in Metal Products (25.4, 20.2 and 16.7
percent respectively) as shown in Table 3.4 A.
Table 3.4 A:

PPI-M (Combined) annual changes, CY 2006 – 2008

Group

Weight

2006

2007

2008

Food Processing

419

14.2

8.5

22.5

Drinks and Tobacco

185

0.0

1.0

16.2

42

7.3

4.9

5.9

Textiles, Clothing and Footwear
Sawmilling, Paper and Printing

48

15.4

12.5

3.5

106

4.0

11.7

34.5

Bricks & Cement

68

4.7

14.3

19.4

Metal Products

91

19.0

8.4

33.7

Miscellaneous

41

17.0

15.3

4.1

1000

10.4

8.5

21.2

Chemicals, Paint, Soap & Foam Products

PPI-M (Combined)
Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

45

Table 3.4 B:

PPI-M (Combined) Annual Changes, financial years 2005/06-2007/08

Group

Weight

2005/06

2006/07

2007/08

Food Processing

419

13.2

12.5

13.5

Drinks and Tobacco

185

1.0

0.0

8.9

Textiles, Clothing and Footwear

42

0.0

9.2

5.0

Sawmilling, Paper and Printing

48

4.9

24.3

2.0

106

0.0

9.0

25.4

Bricks & Cement

68

5.8

9.2

20.2

Metal Products

91

6.1

21.0

16.7

Miscellaneous

41

9.7

19.5

8.4

1000

6.8

11.8

13.4

Chemicals, Paint, Soap & Foam Products

PPI-M (Combined)

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

46

3.5

Energy

The energy sector in Uganda comprises of both traditional and conventional energy sources that
are either locally produced or imported. The convential energy sources that are in use in the
country include petroleum products and renewable energy. However, the dominant locally
produced energy sources at both the supply and demand levels are fuel wood and charcoal.

3.5.1

Petroleum products sales

Fig. 3.5.1 below shows the volume of petroleum products sold and the annual percentage changes
in sales. The trend of petrol sales has shown a large increase between 2007 and 2008 of
approximately 30.5 percent. Diesel consumption shows a similar increase of 10.8 percent in 2008
from the 2007 level, as a result of both public and private generators supplementing power
shortages in the country. Similarly, Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) sales have shown a larger
increase of 13.7 percent, possibly due to the high electricity tariff rates, many households are
switching to LPG for cooking. However, aviation fuel and heavy fuel oil consumptions show a
decrease in 2008 with aviation fuel showing a larger decline of 51.9 percent.
Figure 3.5.1:

Sales of Selected Petroleum Products 2004- 2008

600,000

500,000

M3

400,000

300,000

200,000

100,000

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Year

Petrol
Fuel oil

3.5.3

Aviation Fuel
Kerosene

Diesel
LPG

Petroleum products imports

Figure 3.5.2 below shows that both Premium Motor Spirit (PMS) or Petrol and Automotive Gas Oil
(AGO) or Diesel imports minimally increased with 1.3 and 2.3 percent respectively in 2008.
However, Bulk Illuminating Kerosene (BIK) imports showed an insignificant increase of 0.5 per cent
in 2008.

47

Fig 3.5.2: Imports of Petroleum Products (M3): 2004 to 2008

700,000

Imports in M3

600,000
500,000
400,000
300,000
200,000
100,000
2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Year

PMS

3.5.4

BIK

AGO

Electricity

Installed capacity of electricity suppliers to the main grid in Uganda is 527 MW as shown in the
Table 3.5.4 below. However, usable capacity from both Kiira and Nalubale plants is 143.16 MW.
There are other mini electricity plants that do not feed into the main grid but supply electricity to the
surrounding areas. These include Kisiizi Hospital, Kihihi and, for thermal power, West Nile Rural
Electrification Company (WENRECO) among others.
Table 3.5.4: Installed electricity capacity (MW), 2008
Plant name
Installed capacity
Hydro electricity
Kiira
Nalubale
Kasese Cobalt
Kilembe mines
Thermal electricity
Lugogo
Kiira
Namanve
Mutundwe
Bagasse electricity
Kakira

Installed capacity
527
315
120
180
10
5
200
50
50
50
50
12
12

Source: Uganda Electricity Transmission Company Limited

For the main hydro plant, generation of electricity in 2008 was 2,176 Million kWh, while in 2007,
1,905 Million kWh were generated, a 14.2 percent increase in power generation. As shown in
Figure 3.5.3, units of electricity sold in Uganda increased by 30.0 percent between 2007 and 2008.
The increase is due to installation of an additional thermal plant of 50 MW at Mutundwe.

48

Figure 3.5.3: Trend of generation in GWh, 2004 to 2008

2,500.00

2,000.00

GWh

1,500.00

1,000.00

500.00

0.00
2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Years

3.5.5

Lake Victoria Levels

Figure 3.5.4 below shows that the years 2004 to 2006 experienced substantial drop in water levels
from 11.33M in 2004 to 10.66M in 2006. However, the water level rose to 11.18 meters giving a
4.88 percentage increase in 2007. It again rose slightly in 2008 by 0.31 percent. Hydro electricity
generation from power plants varies with changes in the amount of water flowing in the river.

49

Figure 3.5.4: Trend of Lake Victoria water level at the Dam, 2004-2008

11.40

Waterr level in metres

11.20
11.00
10.80
10.60
10.40
10.20
2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Year

3.5.6

Number of electricity consumers by type, 2004-2008

Table 3.5.5 below shows that domestic annual electricity connections have decreased by a 0.4
perecnt in 2008. This also applies to other categories of consumers as shown in the Table 3.5.5
below.
Table 3.5.5:

Number of consumers by type, 2004 – 2008

Domestic Tariff
Percentage Change (%)
Commercial Power and Heating
Industrial Power: Standard Tariff
Street Lighting

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

237,830
7.83

244,169
2.67

271,984
11.39

277,393
1.99

276,255
(0.41)

23,231
733
326

24,179
107
327

24,718
139
315

24,602
161
334

20,484
159
291

Source: UMEME Limited

However, during the period 2004-2007, the number of electricity connections had been increasing
annually as shown in Fig. 3.5.5. In percentage terms, there was a small percentage increment in
the rate of connections by the end of 2007, approximately 2.0 per cent as shown in Table 3.5.5.

50

Figure 3.5.5: Number of consumers in the domestic electricity tarrif group, 2004 - 2008

290,000

number of Connections

280,000
270,000
260,000
250,000
240,000
230,000
220,000
210,000
2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Year

3.5.7

Electricity tariffs

As shown in Table 3.5.6, there has been stability of the tariff rates between 2007 and 2008.

Table 3.5.6:

Electricity tariffs, (UGX/kWh)

Tariff category
Domestic
Commercial
Medium Industrial
Large Industrial
Street lighting
Percentage change
Domestic
Commercial
Medium Industrial
Large Industrial
Street lighting

2004
171.4
164.8
150.3
60.4
162.5

2005
216.9
208.3
182.8
73.6
205.3

2006
298.2
286.8
261.5
120.8
282.8

2007
426.1
398.8
369.7
187.2
403.0

2008
426.1
398.8
369.7
187.2
403.0

26.5
26.4
21.6
21.9
26.3

37.5
37.7
43.1
64.1
37.7

42.9
39.1
41.4
55.0
42.5

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

Source: Umeme Limited

51

3.6
3.6.1

Building and Construction
Construction

Dwelling places, business establishments and social service delivery centres for education, health,
among others all require buildings. Another construction dimension covers roads which are a major
channel for transport and marketing of both inputs and outputs from production.
3.6.1.1 Construction Sector Indices (CSI): Definition
The Construction Sector Price Indices are numbers that show the relative level of prices in
construction sector relative to the base period. They measure the cost of a given basket of
construction goods and services, relative to their cost in the base period. The first quarter (i.e.,
January-March) of 2006 is the base period for the CSI. The numbers in other periods therefore
indicate the level of prices relative to this period.
3.6.1.2 CSI Composition
CSI is composed of basic heading and composite indices. Basic headings (inputs) are the smallest
sets of goods or services for which the index numbers are compiled. They are the components
used to build up composite indices which are referred to as sub-sector indices of the whole sector.
Each basic heading covers a reasonably homogeneous set of goods or services which include
materials, labour and equipment. For example, items within a basic heading are likely to be made
from the same material. A list of basic headings is given in Statistical Appendix Table 3.6B.
3.6.1.3 Annual Changes
Annual changes show that prices in the overall Construction sector rose by 15.2 percent in 2008.
However, the main sub-sectors (Residential, Non-Residential and Civil works) had varied price
changes. Civil works had the highest annual increase of approximately 19.5 percent in 2008.
The changes in the prices of the inputs into both Residential and Non-Residential Sub-sectors
show that prices rose by an average of approximately 14 percent for each sub-sector in 2008. (See
Appendix Table 3.6 A).

52

3.6.2

Cement Consumption

This section presents data and information on cement imports and local production and the net
domestic consumption in the country for the period 2004 to 2008. The data provide a useful
indicator of the level of construction activity in the country. Given the complexity that is experienced
in the measurement of the volume of construction in a given period, quite often the consumption of
cement is used as a proxy to show the trend of the volume of construction works.
Table 3.6.1 shows that, cement consumption decreased by 3.3 percent in 2008 despite the
significant increase of 19.8 percent in local production which was more than offset by the 247.5
percent increase in exports.
Table 3.6.1:

Consumption of Cement ( Tonnes)

Imports
Local production
Exports
Domestic consumption

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

125,518
653,426
15,489
763,455

316,735
692,710
20,659
988,786

267,120
857,609
38,717
1,086,012

295,992
995,807
101,116
1,190,682

309,878
1,193,361
351,339
1,151,900

-

29.51

9.83

9.64

-3.26

%age Change in
Domestic consumption
Source: UBOS Trade Statistics Section

3.6.3

Building Statistics

Building statistics has continued to be collected from 14 Municipal Councils. Complete data is in
the category of Plans Submitted, Plans Approved and Permits Issued. Hence, data and information
provided refer to the capital city (Kampala) and the eight municipalities. The municipalities are
Entebbe, Fort Portal, Jinja, Tororo, Gulu, Lira, Mbale and Soroti.
Figures 3.6.1, 3.6.2 and 3.6.3 show the number of Plans Submitted to the nine Municipal Councils
for approval, for the period 2004 to 2008. The three graphs show that residential structures form
the largest number in terms of Plans Submitted, Plans Approved and Permits issued during the
2004 -2008. On average about 55 percent of plans submitted by the Municipalities in the year 2008
were of residential category and 27 percent in the category of commercial as compared to 2007.

53

Figure 3.6.1: Plans Submitted to Municipal Councils

2,500

2,000

Plans

1,500

1,000

500

2004

2005
Residential

2006

Commercial

Industrial

2007
Institutional

2008
Others

Figure 3.6.2: Plans Approved by Municipal Councils in the Country, 2004- 2008

2,500

2,000

Plans

1,500

1,000

500

2004

2005
Residential

Commercial

2006
Industrial

2007
Institutional

2008
Others

54

Figure 3.6.3: Permits Issued by the Municipal Councils in the Country, 2004- 2008

1,600
1,400
1,200

Permits

1,000
800
600
400
200
2004

2005
Residential

Commercial

2006
Industrial

2007
Institutional

2008
Others

55

3.7

Transport and Communication

3.7.1

Transport

Transport statistics cover information on roads, water, rail and air transport.
3.7.1.1 Road transport
Data presented in this section includes information on newly registered vehicles, number of
vehicles estimated on the road as well as the national road network. Table 3.7.1 shows that newly
registered vehicles increased by 31.0 percent in 2008 and the number of vehicles on the road
increased by 22.9 percent in the same period. Table 3.7 C in the appendix shows the length of
road network as of June 2008 by region.
Table 3.7.1:

Newly registered and estimated number of motor vehicles on the road, 20042008

Category

Newly registered
Percentage Increase
Estimated number of vehicles
Percentage Increase

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

35,538

51,107
44
278,594

59,617
17
315,903

77,305
30
382,773

101,240
31
470,488

13

13

21

23

247,045

Source: Ministry of Works and Transport and Uganda Revenue Authority (URA)

3.7.1.2 Air Transport
Figure 3.7.1 below shows the trend of cargo (imports and exports) through Entebbe International
Airport. The volume of exports declined by 7.5 percent in 2008. Similarly, the volume of cargo that
entered the country through Entebbe declined by 6.9 percent.
Figure 3.7.1: Volume of cargo through Entebbe International Airport, 2004 – 2008

56

Figure 3.7.2 below shows the trend of commercial aircraft movement through Entebbe International
Airport. The number of aircraft movement increased by approximately 8.4 percent in 2008
compared to 2007 which experienced an increase of approximately 14.6 percent.

Figure 3.7.2: Commercial aircraft movement at Entebbe International Airport, 2004-2008

Source: Civil Aviation Authority

3.7.2

Communication

The Telecommunications industry has, over the years, continued to experience substantial
increases in the number of both cellular and fixed telephone subscribers. By the end of December
2008, the number of telephone connections had risen to 8,723,345, with 8,554,864 of the lines
being cellular and 168,481 fixed. The number of cellular phone subscribers increased by more than
three million between 2007 and 2008. This represents a 65.7 percent growth and a representation
of about three (3) telephone lines per ten (10) residents by the end of 2008 as shown in Table 3.7.2
below. (See also Statistical Appendix Table 3.7 B)
Considerable usage growth has been recorded in regard to international outgoing traffic from 88
million minutes in 2007 to 135 million minutes in 2008. This growth is attributed to innovative
campaigns, promotional offers and marketing strategies by the four existing telephone operators
which include Uganda Telecom, MTN, Zain, and Warid. The total talk time (traffic) increased from
3,005 million minutes in 2007 to 4,269 million minutes in 2008 registering a 42.1 percent increase.
Table 3.7.2:

Telephone Subscribers and talk time, 2004-2008

Service
Subscribers
Fixed Telephone
Cellular Phone
Talk time (traffic, million minutes)
of which International

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

1,111,692
82,495
1,165,035
1,559
n.a

1,625,902
100,777
1,525,125
1,724
n.a

2,827,479
129,863
2,697,616
2,307
61

5,329,202
165,788
5,163,414
3,005
88

8,723,345
168,481
8,554,864
4,269
135

Source: Uganda Communications Commission

57

3.7.2.1 Internet Market
A 41.9 percent growth has been realised in the fixed subscriber base with a total of 22,000 fixed
internet subscribers by the end of December 2008 from 15,500 registered by the end of 2007. In
addition, the emergence of mobile wireless internet access has complemented the fixed internet
access. By the end of December 2008, there were about 220,000 mobile wireless accounts using a
range of technology media including GPRS, CDMA and WIMAX faciliated by the heavy capital
investment by network operators in high speed data networks.
Table 3.7.3

Internet Users and subscribers, 2004 – 2008

Subscribers &users

2004

Subscribers
Estimated internet users

2005

2006

2007

2008

8,000

9,500

15,000

15,500

22,000

287,600

1,000,000

1,600,000

2,000,000

2,500,000

Note: Internet subscriber figures exclude the mobile wireless accounts
Source: Uganda Communications Commission

3.7.2.2 International Bandwidth
Significant infrastructure and capacity investment in 2008 have resulted in a 47.5% increase in
international bandwidth, rising to a total of 508 Mbps by the end of 2008 of which 138.6 Mbps was
uplink while 369.4 Mbps was downlink.
The eminent arrival of undersea cable systems like TEAMS and SEACOM is expected to further
bolster international bandwidth capacity. SEACOM in particular is bound to land at the East African
Coast by the end of 2009.
Table 3.7.4:

Band
Uplink
Downlink
Total

Band width (Mbps), 2004-2008

2004
10.6
24.1
34.7

2005
26.1
60.5
86.6

2006
56.3
188.7
245.0

2007
86.9
257.5
344.4

2008
138.6
369.4
508.0

Source: Uganda Communications Commission

3.7.2.3 Postal and Courier services
Due to an increase of internet users in the country, the volume of both registered and ordinary
letters handled by Postal service decreased from 6,491,203 pieces in 2007 to 5,771,161 pieces in
2008 (11 percent decrease). (See Statistical Appendix Table 3.7 A)
By the end of December 2008, the postal network comprised of 329 permanent Post Offices, of
which 302 were manned by agents. There are 173 Post Offices accepting financial transactions
such as money orders. At least 50 percent of these postal outlets have daily pick up and collection
schedules facilitated by the Post Bus. By the end of 2008, there were a total number of 75,015
private letter boxes countrywide.
To date there are 21 licensed courier operators other than Posta Uganda Ltd, of these 9 are
Domestic, 7 are Regional and 5 are International operators. The south eastern Africa regional
courier services on the other hand are dominated by the regional bus operators.

58

3.8

Migrations and Tourism

This section covers the movement of persons with valid travel documents from other countries into
Uganda through the main points of entry. The section also presents statistics on persons who
depart from the country, as well as those who visit national parks and accommodation
establishments irrespective of whether they are resident or non-resident.

3.8.1

Total arrivals

The total arrivals in the country in the year 2008 were 1.2 million as compared to 883,000 in the
year 2007, which is a 32 percent increase.
Figure 3.8.1: Total arrivals from 2004 - 2008

1400
1163

No. of arrivals

1200
1000
800

738

662

770

883

600
400
200
0
2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Year

3.8.2

Departures from 2004 - 2008

The international travellers out of the country increased in 2008 by 30.0 percent from the previous
year. Figure 3.8.2 shows an upward trend for the total departures from 2005.
Figure 3.8.2: Total Departures from 2004 – 2008

No. of arrivals ('000's)

1400
1143

1200
1000
800

879
755

696
578

600
400
200
0
2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Year

59

3.8.3

Tourist arrivals in Uganda

The year 2008 recorded a total of 844,000 tourists to the country compared to about 642,000
tourists that were recorded in the previous year, a 31.5 percent increase.
Figure 3.8.3: Total Visitor Arrivals in Uganda (000’s)

900
844
800
700

No. of tourists ('000')

642
600
500

539

512
468

400
300
200
100
0
2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Year

Out of about 844,000 tourist arrivals in Uganda in the year 2008, about 347,000 travelled to the
country to visit friends and relatives. Business visitors accounted for about 163,000 persons and
about 144,000 persons declared their purpose of visit as leisure and holidays.
Figure 3.8.4: Percentage Distribution of Tourist arrivals by purpose of visit

Holidays, 17%
other, 22.5%

Business,
19.3%

Visiting Friends,
41.1%

60

Figure 3.8.5 below shows continuous increase in the number of visitor arrivals through Entebbe
Airport. On average the Airport received about 219,000 visitor arrivals per year during the period
2004 to 2008.
Figure 3.8.5: Tourist arrivals through Entebbe Airport (000’s)
400
358

No. of visitors ('000's)

350
300
250

235
200

200
172
150

131

100
50
0
2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Year

3.8.4

National Parks

The information provided on the national parks was collected from 10 main parks within the
country, namely Murchison Falls, Bwindi Impenetrable, Queen Elizabeth, Rwenzori Mountains,
Elgon Mountain, Kibale National Park, Mgahinga Gorilla, Lake Mburo, Kidepo and Semliki.
The above mentioned national parks offer different tourism activities that include Gorilla tracking,
nature guided walks, village walk, butterfly watching, bird watching and rare fauna species.
Figure 3.8.6: Visitors (Citizens and Foreigners) to National Parks (000’s)

160
No. of visitors

140

124

129

2004

2005

127

138

110

120
100
80
60
40
20
0

2006

2007

2008

Year

About 138,000 persons visited the national parks in 2008 compared to 127,000 in 2007, reflecting
an increase of about 9.0 percent as shown in Figure 3.8.6 above.

61

3.8.5

Net Migration

Table 3.8.1 shows that for the years 2004 – 2008 total arrivals, exceeded total departures for all
the years.
Table 3.8.1:

Net arrivals/departures (‘000’s) from 2004 – 2008

Period

2004
2005
2006
2007
2008

Arrivals

Departures

738
662
770
883
1,163

696
578
756
879
1,143

Net migration
42
84
14
04
20

Source: Immigration Department, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Uganda Bureau of Statistics

3.8.6

Accommodation Statistics

Accommodation statistics cover the operational characteristics of the accommodation sector for the
selected hotels in the country. Included here are characteristics for room and bed occupancies and
guests. Generally, Appendix Table 3.8 L reveals that the room and bed occupancies for the hotels
sampled are below 50 percent since the year 2005.

62

4

Macroeconomic Statistics

4.1

National accounts

This section presents statistics on the series of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and the
Expenditure on GDP, by production and expenditure approaches. It also presents statistics on the
Balance of Payments (BoP). Some revisions have been made on the figures that were previously
published in the 2008 Statistical Abstract. Note that additional information is given in the Statistical
Appendix Tables 4.1 A to 4.1 P.

4.1.1

Gross Domestic Product

In the Financial Year 2007/08 the Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOS) rebased the GDP series
from the 1997/98 base year to 2002 base year. This rebasing exercise involved a complete
revision of, and improvement in, the methodology used for GDP compilation.
During the Financial Year 2008/09 the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) at market prices increased
by 7.0 as compared to 9.0 percent growth recorded in the previous year 2007/08. This relatively
high growth rate attained in 2008/09 was mainly due to the good performances in the
manufacturing, wholesale and retail trade, construction, and, transport and communications
activities.

Table 4.1.1:

Total and per capita GDP at current prices and total population: fiscal years,
2004/05 – 2008/09
2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

2007/08

2008/09

Total GDP (Billion shs)

16,026

18,172

21,187

24,709

29,824

Total Population (000)

6,495

27,357

28,247

29,167

30,116

604,859

664,269

750,039

847,166

990,314

Per capita GDP (shs)

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics.

Following are brief explanatory notes on tables 4.1 A to 4.1 P in the Statistical Appendix.

4.1.2

Agriculture, forestry and fishing

The agricultural sector output that includes cash crops, food crops, livestock, forestry and fishing
activities grew by 2.6 percent in 2008/09 compared to an increase of 1.3 percent in 2007/08. The
performance of this sector has been partially boosted by the good performance of the forestry and
livestock activities.
The percentage contribution of agriculture, forestry and fishing to the total GDP at current prices
was 23.7 percent in 2008/09.
4.1.2.1 Cash crops
The growing of cash crops activity covers coffee, cotton, cocoa, tea, tobacco, sugarcane and
exported horticulture. In 2008/09 the output of this activity increased by 1.7 percent compared to
the 9.0 percent growth registered in 2007/08.

63

Growth was registered in cotton and sugarcane while declines were registered in tea, coffee and
tobacco.
4.1.2.2 Food crops
The growing of food crops activity is estimated to have grown by 2.9 percent in 2008/09 compared
to a 2.4 percent growth in 2007/08. The improved performance of this activity is attributed to the
normalization of agricultural activities in the northern and north eastern parts of the country as the
former internally displaced persons continued to return to their respective farmlands and opening
up of new farmlands. The resulting increase in output offset the effects of the dry spell and
intermittent rainfall experienced in 2008 in many parts of the north eastern and northern Uganda.
4.1.2.3 Fishing
The fishing activity performance slightly declined further in 2008/09 by 0.1 percent following an
earlier drop of 11.8 percent in 2007/08. Fishing activities have been hampered by the continued
depletion of fish stocks from the lakes as a result of over fishing and use of illegal fishing gears that
end up catching immature fish.

4.1.3

Industry

The industrial sector is estimated to grow by 3.8 percent in 2008/09 down from the 9.1 percent
growth rate for 2007/08.
The percentage contribution of industry to the total GDP at current prices was 24.2 percent in
2008/09. The major activity under industry is construction.
4.1.3.1 Mining and quarrying
There was a remarkable improvement in the performance of mining and quarrying activities during
2008/09. In the year 2008/09 the mining and quarrying activities output increased by 9.2 percent
compared to a 3.0 percent growth for 2007/08.
The contribution of the activities in mining and quarrying to total GDP at current prices was the
lowest at 0.3 percent in 2008/09.
4.1.3.2 Manufacturing
The preliminary estimates indicate that total manufacturing grew by 7.2 percent in 2008/09 as
compared to a 7.6 percent growth for 2007/08. This growth was mainly attributed to the good
performance of formal manufacturing which grew by 8.3 percent in 2008/09.
The contribution of manufacturing to the total GDP at current prices was at 7.5 percent in 2008/09.
4.1.3.3 Electricity Supply
Electricity output is estimated to increase by 4.2 percent in 2008/09. This is mainly due to the
inclusion of Kakira Sugar Works generated power on the national grid. The contribution of
electricity supply to the total GDP at current prices was 1.7 percent in 2008/09.

64

4.1.3.4 Water Supply
Water output is estimated to grow by 4.1 percent in 2008/09 up from a growth of 3.8 percent in
2007/08. The growth in this activity is mainly due to the increased investments in the sector and the
expansion of water supply.
Water supply contribution to the total GDP at current prices was 2.4 percent in 2008/09.
4.1.3.5 Construction
The Construction activities cover public and private construction. The output from this activity grew
by 2.2 percent in 2008/09 compared to the 10.8 percent growth for 2007/08.
In 2008/09 construction had a share of 12.3 percent of the total GDP at current prices.

4.1.4

Services

The services sector grew by 9.4 percent in 2008/09 compared to 10.2 percent growth in 2007/08.
The major contributors to this growth were the financial services, and transport and communication
which grew by 21.1 percent and 20.0 percent respectively in 2008/09. With a contribution of 46.4
percent services contributed almost half of the total GDP at current prices in 2008/09.
4.1.4.1 Wholesale and retail trade; repairs
Wholesale, retail trade and repairs activities are estimated to grow by 7.6 percent in 2008/09 down
from a 14.7 percent growth in 2007/08.
Wholesale and retail trade and repairs contributed 12.2 percent to the total GDP at current prices in
2008/09.
4.1.4.2 Hotels and restaurants
Hotels and restaurants activities grew by 7.9 percent in 2008/09 compared to the growth rate of
10.7 percent in 2007/08.
Hotels and restaurants contributed 4.2 percent to the total GDP at current prices in 2008/09.
4.1.4.3 Transport and communications
The output of transport and communication activities were estimated to have increased by 20.0
percent in 2008/09 compared to an increase of 21.3 percent in 2007/08.
Road, rail and water transport activities are estimated to grow by 12.4 percent in 2008/09
compared to a growth rate of 20.8 percent in 2007/08. Road freight transport output is mainly
driven by the wholesale and retail trade activities. A growth in the latter is therefore reflected in the
road, rail and water transport trends.
The posts and telecommunications activities registered a growth rate of 32.2 percent in 2008/09
which is higher than the 22.6 percent growth rate achieved in 2007/08.
The contribution of the transport and communication activities to the total GDP at current prices in
2008/09 was 6.8 percent.

65

4.1.4.4 Financial Services
This includes activities of commercial banking, the Central Bank, insurance, foreign exchange
bureaus and other activities auxiliary to financial intermediation. The financial services were
previously included in the miscellaneous category in the old structure of the GDP by activity tables.
In the preliminary GDP estimates, the financial service activities registered a growth rate of 21.1
percent in 2008/09 compared to a 24.1 percent growth achieved in 2007/08.
This sector contributed 3.5 percent to the total GDP at current prices in 2008/09.
4.1.4.5 Real estate activities
Real estate activities include rental and owner occupied outputs which grew by 5.7 percent in
2008/09 slightly higher than the growth rate of 5.6 percent that was attained in 2007/08.
The contribution of these activities to the total GDP at current prices in 2008/09 was 6.2 percent.
4.1.4.6 Other business services
The Other business service activities comprise of all other business activities that were classified
under miscellaneous (excluding finance) in the old GDP tabulation. Such activities include renting
of transport equipment, machinery and other equipment, household and other personal goods, and
data processing and computer related consultancy. Other activities included are: research and
experimental development, legal, accounting, book keeping and auditing, tax consultancy,
business and management consultancy activities, architectural and engineering activities including
consultancy, investigation and security activities, photographic activities and other business
services.
With a contribution of 1.6 percent to the total GDP at current prices in 2008/09, the other business
service activities are estimated to increase by 8.8 percent in 2008/09 which is lower than the 14.3
percent growth for 2007/08.
4.1.4.7 Community services
These services include public administration and defence, education and health.
Public administration grew by 4.7 percent in 2008/09, down from a 13.3 percent change recorded
for 2007/08. Public administration contributed 2.9 percent of the total GDP at current prices in
2008/09.
Education activities registered a growth of 4.8 percent in 2008/09. This was a recovery from the 6.5
percent decline recorded for 2007/08. The sector contributed 5.6 percent to the total GDP at
current prices in 2008/09.
Health activities grew by 8.1 percent in 2008/09, compared to a 4.8 percent decline in 2007/08.
The contribution of these activities to the total GDP however remains relatively low at only 1.1
percent in 2008/09.
4.1.4.8 Other personal and community services
Other personal and community service activities include services of theatres, cinemas, dry
cleaning, houseboys and house girls, barbers and beauty shops.

66

These activities grew by 12.3 percent in 2008/09 which was lower than the 12.8 percent growth in
2007/08. Other personal and community service activities contributed 2.2 percent to the total GDP
at current prices in 2008/09.
4.1.4.9 FISIM
Financial Intermediation Services Indirectly Measured (FISIM) is the difference between interest
income received and interest paid by the commercial banks. It therefore portrays the changes in
the net interest income of the commercial banks.
In 2008/09 FISIM is estimated to increase by 14.3 percent with a contribution of -2.0 percent of the
total GDP at current prices.

4.1.5

Expenditure on Gross Domestic Product

4.1.5.1 Private consumption expenditure
An increase of 10.5 percent in real terms was estimated for household final consumption
expenditure in 2008/09, compared to an increase of 5.2 percent in 2007/08. Its share of the total
GDP at current prices also increased from 76.2 percent in 2007/08 to 80.3 percent in 2008/09.
4.1.5.2 Government consumption expenditure
Government final consumption expenditure in real terms increased by 9.6 percent in 2008/09
compared to a 2.2 percent decrease in 2007/08.
The share of government final consumption expenditure of the total GDP at current prices in
2008/09 was 10.1 percent down from an 11.0 percent share for 2007/08.
4.1.5.3 Gross capital formation
Gross fixed capital formation is estimated to have grown by 9.2 percent in 2008/09 compared to a
growth of 6.5 percent in 2007/08. The gross fixed capital formation contributed 21.7 percent to the
total GDP at current prices in 2008/09 which share was split between construction with a 15.9
percent share, and machinery and equipment with a 5.8 percent share of the total GDP.

4.1.5.4 Exports of goods and service
Exports of goods and services grew by 13.2 percent in 2008/09. This sector contributed 21.3
percent to the total GDP at current prices in the same period with goods and service exports
contributing 17.6 percent and 3.6 percent of the total GDP respectively.
4.1.5.5 Imports of goods and services
Imports of goods and services are estimated to increase from Uganda shillings 5,294 billion in
2007/08 to Uganda shillings 6,514 billion in 2008/09, an increase of 23.0 percent. The share of
imports of goods and services of the total GDP in 2008/09 was -33.7 percent.

4.1.6

GDP by expenditure at 1 digit level basic heading

Table 4.1 N gives GDP by expenditure at one digit basic heading level. This table is a summary of
the 200 basic headings of expenditure on GDP, necessary for the computation of the Purchasing
67

Power Parities (PPPs). This breakdown gives the weights used in the International Comparison
Programme (ICP) for PPP computations. The total expenditure on GDP at current prices in 2008
was shilling 28.1 trillion.
In 2008 the individual consumption expenditure by households (24.1 trillion shillings) is
approximately 85.9 percent of the total expenditure on GDP. The biggest portion of the individual
consumption expenditure by households was on food and non-alcoholic beverages (9.3 trillion
shillings), followed by housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels (4.7 trillion shillings). The
second largest component of the basic heading level one grouping expenditure series in 2008 was
gross fixed capital formation (20.1 percent of the total expenditure). The balance of exports and
imports contributed to -4.1 trillion shillings.

4.1.7

Balance of payments

The overall balance of payments projected for 2008/09 revealed a deficit of 43.2 million US dollars
in 2008/09 compared to a surplus of 691.0 million US dollars in 2007/08.
4.1.7.1 Current account
The current account continued to worsen from a deficit of 482.9 million US dollars in 2007/08 to a
deficit of 1,102.3 million US dollars in 2008/09. The deficit was mainly due to the negative trade
balance and big deficits on services and income accounts.
4.1.7.2 Trade balance
The trade balance worsened from a deficit of 912.6 million US dollars in 2007/08 to a deficit of
1,353.7 million US dollars in 2008/09. The deficit in 2008/09 is mainly due to the low value of
export earnings, estimated at only 2,811.6 million US dollars, compared to the high value of
imports, projected at 4,165.3 million US dollars in 2008/09.
4.1.7.3 Services and income
The net inflow of services and income for the year 2008/09 was projected at negative 1,035.8
million US dollars compared to negative 844.6 million US dollars in 2007/08. The service account
and income account were projected at negative 656.7 million US dollars and negative 379.1 million
US dollars respectively for 2008/09.
4.1.7.4 Capital and financial account
The capital and financial account was projected to increase by 1,059.1 million US dollars in
2008/09 compared to US dollars 1,173.9 million realized in 2007/08, a decrease of 9.8 percent.

68

4.2

External Trade

This section presents a summary of external trade statistics on imports and exports, in value and
quantity, based on actual flow of goods as recorded by the Customs Department of the Uganda
Revenue Authority (URA) and augmented by Non-URA sources. The section further presents the
direction of trade in goods with respect to Uganda and the rest of the world. In this section
Uganda’s trading partners have been classified according to continent, regional blocs and selected
individual countries.
The compilation of external trade statistics from 2004 onwards was based on the General Trade
System. Also, the recording of commodities follows the Harmonised Coding and Description
System commonly known as the HS nomenclature and the Standard International Trade
Classification (SITC) nomenclature.

4.2.1

Trade balance

Despite increases in the exports earnings during the year 2008, the country has continued to
experience an unfavourable trade balance. From Table 4.2.1, the trade deficit has more than
doubled from US $ 1,061.1 million in 2004 to US $ 2,801.6 million in 2008. This is attributed to
exports that increased at a lower pace than could off-set the imports expenditure bill. During 2008
the exports revenue increased by 29.0 percent compared to the imports bill of 29.5 percent.
The widening unfavourable trade balance could be attributed to the continued exportation of
unprocessed agricultural products which form the bulk of Uganda’s exports.
The government has continuously pursued market diversification strategies and export base
widening and more effort has been directed towards processing of specific crops that have
previously contributed considerably to the total export value of Coffee, Tea, tobacco, Cotton, Maize
and fish. These commodities have been targeted under the National Export Strategy (NES) for
value addition which could improve on the foreign exchange earnings.

Table 4.2.1:

Summary of external trade statistics: 2004 – 2008 (million US $)

Trade flows
2004
2005
2006
2007
Imports
1,726.2
2,054.1
2,557.3
3,495.4
Exports
665.1
812.9
962.2
1,336.7
Trade Balance
-1,061.1
-1,241.2
-1,595.1
-2,158.7
% change (Imports)
25.5
19.0
24.5
36.7
% change (Exports)
24.5
22.2
18.4
38.9
Note:
2008 figures are provisional
BOP figures includes estimates of unrecorded trade which are excluded from the above table

2008
4,525.9
1,724.3
-2,801.6
29.5
29.0

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

Figure 4.2.1 below show that both imports and exports maintained an upward trend with the
highest values registered in 2008. The trade balance on the other hand, continued to deteriorate,
reaching its worst levels in 2008. This has been the trend for the last decade, which calls for strong
value addition and quality control by observing Phyto-sanitary regulations to increase on foreign
exchange earning in order to reverse the unfavourable trade balance.

69

Figure 4.2.1: Imports, exports and trade balance 2003 – 2008

5,000
4,000
3,000
2,000
1,000
0
-1,000

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

-2,000
-3,000
-4,000

Imports

4.2.2

Exports

Trade Balance

Exports

The exported commodities are categorised into Traditional Exports (TE) and Non-Traditional
Exports (NTE). The traditional exports include Coffee, Cotton, Tea and Tobacco while NonTraditional Exports (NTE) includes commodities other than the four listed above.
The contribution of TE to total exports foreign exchange earnings started to decline in 2005 when
their share dropped from 36.8 percent in 2004 to 32.9 percent in 2005, but stabilised at about 30
percent in the last 3 years as shown in table 4.2C. However, in 2008 there was a marginal increase
of 0.8 percent compared to the previous year. This could be attributed to the increased value
fetched by coffee as compared to the other crops in the TE category. Also, the quantities exported
for coffee, tea, and tobacco increased significantly in 2008 except for cotton which registered a
more than 50 percent decline in the quantity exported.
For the period under review, coffee remained the main foreign exchange earner for the country. Its
contribution to the total export earnings increased from 19.9 percent in 2007 to 23.4 percent in
2008. This could be accounted for by the increased volume of coffee exported of 200,640 tones
which fetched US $ 403.2 million in 2008 as compared to 164,540 tones valued at US $ 265,853
million as shown in tables 4.2 A and 4.2 B.
Tobacco and tea also registered some increases in the volume and value exported. Although the
volume of tobacco increased considerably from 26,384 tones in 2007 to 29,042 tones in 2008 its
value increased marginally from US $66.3 million in 2007 to US $66.5 million 2008. On the other
hand, whereas the volume of tea exported increased, its value reduced due to low prices for tea on
the world market.
The contribution of the NTE to the total export earnings stabilised in 2006 and 2007 at 70.1
percent, while in 2008, the share declined marginally to 69.3 percent. The decline in NTEs was felt
more in fish and maize whose shares dropped. The decline in fish share could be attributed to the
70

reduction in the volume exported and closure of some fish factories. For instance, the contribution
of fish and fish products alone to the total foreign exchange earnings reduced from 9.3 percent in
2007 to 7.2 percent in 2008.
Despite considerable decline in fish exports, it remained as the highest foreign exchange earner
under the NTE category and ranked second after coffee. The other NTEs that contributed
significantly to the total export earnings were; maize with 1.1 percent, roses and cut flowers (1.7
percent), cocoa beans (1.3 percent), cobalt (1.2 percent), soap (1.0 percent) and hides and skins
with 0.7 percent. It should be noted that the reduction in the contribution for maize could be
attributed to increased trade in informal maize exports. Meanwhile, for hides and skins the taxes
imposed by government to discourage exportation of raw hide and skins before value addition and
under declaration could have reduced the export earnings and volume exported.
4.2.2.1 Direction of trade
COMESA and the European Union (EU) member states remained the major destinations for
Uganda’s exports. From table 4.2 H, COMESA region registered the highest market share of 42.1
percent in 2008 as compared to 37.9 percent in 2007. This was followed by the European Union
whose market share increased slightly from 24.3 percent in 2007 to 26.7 percent in 2008.
Meanwhile, Asia market accounted for 5.7 percent and the Middle East saw a significant reduction
in its market share to 8.1 percent in 2008 compared to 14.3 percent registered in 2007. The drastic
fall in the value of exports to the Middle East could be explained by increased market share for the
COMESA region.
The value of exports to COMESA increased remarkably by 43.2 percent from US $ 506.5 million in
2007 to US $ 725.2 million in 2008 (see table 4.2 G). Among the COMESA partner states that
registered remarkable increase was Sudan accounting for the highest share of 14.3 percent. It was
followed by Kenya (9.5 percent), Rwanda (7.9 percent) and the D. R. Congo with (7.2 percent).
The figures show a significant shift from past trends where Kenya took the lead as the main export
destination
The total export value to the EU region increased from US $ 324.4 million in 2007 to US $ 460.2
million in 2008. This led to a shift in market shares from 24.3 percent to 26.7 percent in 2007 and
2008 respectively. The Countries that contributed to this increment were United Kingdom (6.9
percent), Netherlands (4.7 percent), Germany (4.4 percent) and Belgium with 3.7 percent (see
table 4.2 H).
On the other hand, exports to the Middle East, Asia, and North America were valued at US $139.1
million, US $ 98.2 million and US $ 19.8 million in 2008 respectively.
The Other African countries outside COMESA region that contributed significantly to Uganda’s
foreign exchange earning included Tanzania, Congo BR and South Africa whose market shares
stood at 1.8 percent, 1.3 percent and 0.9 percent respectively.

4.2.3

Imports

The Asian continent maintained its position as the leading source for Uganda’s imports. In 2008,
the share of the imports bill to the Asian countries increased marginally to 34.8 percent from 33.6
percent during 2007. The total expenditure bill to the region in 2008 was US $1,574.0 million as
compared to US $ 1,175.0 million in 2007. The main countries that contributed significantly were
India, China, Japan and Malaysia with market shares estimated at 10.4 percent, 8.1 percent, 5.9
percent and 3.2 percent respectively.
The import bill for the African continent grew from US $803.3 million in 2007 to US $971.6 million in
2008. However, in terms of proportion to the overall imports bill, its market share reduced from 23.0
percent to 21.5 percent in 2008. Countries that were among the major sources of imports to
71

Uganda were Kenya (11.3 percent), South Africa (6.7 percent) and Tanzania with 1.2 percent
market share.
During the year 2008, a total of US $878.0 million was spent on imports from the European Union.
The Union ranked third after the African continent although with a slight reduction in the market
share recorded at 19.4 percent as compare to 20.5 percent in 2007 (refer to tables 4.2 D and 4.2
M).
Overall, the imports expenditure bill increased from US $3,495.4 million in 2007 to US $ 4,525.9
million in 2008. The products that accounted for this increment included petroleum products (18.5
percent), road vehicles (7.5 percent), iron and steel (6.8 percent) telecommunications and sound
recording apparatus, and, medical and pharmaceutical products; see tables 4.2 E and 4.2 F.

4.2.4

The Informal Cross Border Trade Survey (ICBT)

This section presents findings and analysis of survey results in line with the survey objectives. The
indicators derived from the survey data include levels of imports and exports. The section also
includes information on trade balance, direction of trade, comparative values of recorded and
unrecorded trade in informally imported and exported commodities. The results for 2008 are
estimates based on eleven months of border monitoring with June excluded. In each month, two
weeks were monitored continuously while the remaining two were estimated.
4.2.4.1 Informal trade flows, 2005-2008
From Table 4.2.2 below, Uganda’s informal (unrecorded) export earnings in 2008 were estimated
at US $ 1.3 billion compared to US$ 776.5 million recorded in 2007. During 2008, informal exports
increased substantially by 69.4 percent on account of goods mainly destined to Southern Sudan.
Meanwhile, informal imports were estimated at US $ 73.5 million in 2008 compared to US $ 57.2
million in 2007. Informal imports increased by 28.4 percent in 2008. The increase in informal
imports was on account of increased imports from Kenya and Rwanda. The informal imports are
still low compared to exports due to the vigilance of the tax authorities to collect duties on all
imported goods, even on small items. Apart from hides and skins, other informal exports do not
attract any taxes.
Overall, Uganda recorded a trade surplus of US $ 1.2 billion in 2008 compared to US $ 719.3
million in 2007. These developments underscore the comparative advantage Uganda enjoys within
the Eastern Africa region on commodity exports.
Table 4.2.2:

Informal Trade Flows (‘000 US$) from 2005 to 2008

Trade Flow/Years
Exports
Imports
Trade Balance

2005

2006

2007

2008

200,307

231,741

776,509

1,315,936

65,872

80,633

57,239

73,493

134,435

151,108

719,270

1,242,443

Note: 2008 figures are still provisional
Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

72

4.2.4.2 Direction of Trade
In 2008, Sudan remained the main final destination for Uganda’s informal exports, from which
receipts amounting to US$ 909.9 million were realised compared to the US $ 465.0 million
recorded in the previous year. The resultant trade surplus on informal trade in goods was
estimated at US$ 902.4 million compared to a surplus of US $ 447.7 million recorded in 2007.
During 2007, informal exports to Sudan amounted to US $ 456.4 million (58.8 percent) while the
expenditure on imports was estimated at US $ 8.7 million or 15.1 percent of the total imports. The
increase in trade with Sudan could be attributed to the relative political stability in both Northern
Uganda and Southern Sudan, and, the recovery efforts being pursued by the Government of
Southern Sudan that increased the demand for consumer and producer goods.
The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) maintained its second position with informal export
earnings estimated at US $ 195.2 million while imports were valued at US $ 19.7 million. This
compares with informal exports and imports estimated at US $ 156.5 million and 18.2 million in
2007 respectively. During 2008, the total informal trade was estimated at US $ 214.8 million with a
trade surplus of US $ 175.5 million.
Kenya ranked third as the final destination of Uganda’s informal exports estimated at US $ 105.8
million with the imports amounting to US $ 39.7 million. In 2008, the total informal trade between
Uganda and Kenya was estimated at US $ 145.6 million with a trade surplus of US $ 66.1 million.
Meanwhile informal exports to Rwanda and Tanzania stood at US $ 53.3 million and US $ 51.7
million respectively. Overall, Uganda recorded a trade surplus with all her neighbours under
informal trade. The above scenario in individual country trade flows is similar to the previous year,
although estimates derived from surveys conducted in 2006, and 2005 showed Kenya and DRC as
the main export destinations of Uganda’s products under informal trade.
Table 4.2.3:

Country
DRC
Kenya
Rwanda
Sudan
Tanzania
Overall

2008 Informal Exports and Imports by Country and Trade Balances
(000’ US$)
Exports
195,167
105,831
53,263
909,938
51,736
1,315,936

Imports
19,671
39,748
1,137
7,504
5,433
73,493

Total Trade
214,838
145,579
54,401
917,443
57,169
1,389,429

Trade Balance
175,496
66,083
52,126
902,434
46,304
1,242,443

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

As shown in figure 4.2.4.2 below, informal exports to Sudan doubled the main reason being the
increased demand mainly for consumer and industrial goods to meet the ever increasing
population of returnees. The inclusion of Nimule/Bibia crossing point and the bus terminals
(Arua/Juba and Kampala/Juba) improved the recording of Sudan’s trade flows considerably. The
increases in exports to Kenya could be attributed to the increased demand for food items in that
country following the agricultural failure due to drought and electoral violence that displaced a good
number of people in western Kenya.
In 2008, total informal imports into Uganda amounted to US$ 73.5 million, of which, Kenya
accounted for US$ 39.7 million (54 percent). Kenya remained the leading source of Uganda’s
informal imports during the period under review although significant reductions were registered in
2007 on account of the ban on imports of polythene paper which constituted a big proportion of
informal trade.
During 2008, Uganda’s informal imports from all neighbouring countries registered increases with
DRC maintaining its second position after Kenya. Informal imports from Tanzania more than
73

doubled from US $ 2.8 in 2007 to US $ 5.5 million in 2008 while that from Sudan slightly dropped
from US $ 8.7 million in 2007 to US $ 7.5 million in 2008. The increase in trade with neighbouring
countries could be attributed to relative political stability and the liberalized trade regime which has
attracted goods like coffee into the Ugandan market.
Figure 4.2.2: A comparison of 2006, 2007, and 2008 Informal Exports by Destination
(million US $)
1,000

Informal Exports value (million US$)

900
800
700
600
500
400
300
200
100
DRC

Kenya

Rwanda

Sudan

Tanzania

Country of destination
2006

2007

2008

4.2.4.3 A Comparison of Formal and Informal Trade Flows, 2005-2008
From Table 4.2.4.3 below, during 2008 Uganda’s informal merchandise exports amounted to US $
1.3 billion compared to formal merchandise exports worth US $ 1.7 billion. This brings the overall
combined (formal and informal) export earnings to US $ 3.0 billion in 2008 compared to US $ 2.1
billion in 2007 indicating an increase of 29.2 percent from both trading arrangements. Meanwhile,
the combined import bill for both informal and formal trade stood US $ 3.6 billion and US $ 4.6
billion in 2007 and 2008 respectively. The overall merchandise trade deficit was estimated at US $
1.5 billion in 2008 compared to a deficit of US $ 1.4 billion recorded in 2007.
Table 4.2.3:

Formal and Informal trade flows (000’ US$) from 2005 to 2008

Trade Flow/Years
Informal Exports
Formal/Official Exports
Total Exports
Informal Imports
Formal/Official Imports
Total Imports
Overall Trade balance

2005
200,307
812,857
1,013,164
65,872
2,054,137
2,120,009
-1,106,845

2006
231,741
962,193
1,193,934
80,633
2,557,308
2,637,941
-1,444,007

2007
776,509
1,336,668
2,113,177
57,239
3,495,391
3,552,630
-1,439,453

2008
1,315,936
1,724,300
3,040,236
73,493
4,525,859
4,599,352
-1,480,945

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

74

The proportion of informal exports to overall/total merchandise trade from both trading
arrangements stood at 19.8 percent, 19.4 percent, 36.7 percent and 43.2 percent in 2005, 2006,
2007 and 2008 respectively. On the other hand, the proportion of informal imports to formal imports
was marginal at 3 percent in 2005 and 2006, and reduced to 1.6 percent in both 2007 and 2008.
This underscores the significance of informal export trade to overall merchandise trade whose
share has continued to increase during the period under review.

75

4.3

Government Finance Statistics

4.3.1

Introduction

Government Finance Statistics (GFS) measure financial activities of government and the impact of
these activities on the sectors in the economy. The statistics enable policy makers and users to
analyse the financial operations and financial position of the public sector at either the level of a
government, institutional sector or set of transactions.

4.3.2

Coverage

The GFS compilation focuses on the General Government sector. This sector consists of the
central government and local government sectors including non-profit institutions that are
controlled and mainly financed by government units. It excludes public corporations or quasicorporations.

4.3.3

Government revenue, 2007/08

The FY 2007/08 registered total revenue of Shs. 4,152.5 billion, which was a slight increase of only
0.15 percent from FY 2006/07. Revenue obtained from taxes had the largest share of 81.2
percent, compared to 18.8 percent from non-tax revenue. The non-tax revenue includes: grants,
property income, sale of goods and services, fines and penalties and miscellaneous (including
unidentified revenue (See Table 4.3 B (a).

4.3.4

Central Government recurrent expenditure, 2006/07 and 2007/08

Functional classification of expenditure measures the purpose for which transactions are
undertaken. It is generally used to measure the allocation of resources by government in order to
promote government objectives and various services rendered to the community. There was an
increase in the recurrent expenditure from shs 1,820.2 to shs 2,070.5 billion shillings between FY
2006/07 and 2007/08. General public administration recorded the highest government expenditure
of shs 764.4 billion shillings (36.9 percent). There was a slight reduction the education sector
expenditure from 267.3 to 266.7 billion (-0.2 percent). The highest expenditure increase was in
Agriculture were a 68.1 percentage was recorded. See appendix tables 4.3C (a) and (b).

4.3.5

Local Government recurrent expenditure, 2007/08

The education sector maintained its dominance in local government recurrent expenditure
registering Shs. 423.0 billion in 2007/08. General public administration followed with Shs. 171.9
billion while the health sector spent Shs. 109.1 billion. A large share of the education and health
sectors was attributed to government’s strategy which focuses more on investment in social
service sectors with the aim of increasing levels of employment and incomes (See appendix tables
4.3 J (a) and 4.3 J (b).

76

4.4

Banking and currency

Banking and currency statistics include figures on monetary survey, interest rates, commercial
banks’ assets and liabilities, commercial banks’ outstanding loans and advances to the private
sector, exchange rates and volumes of foreign exchange transactions.

4.4.1

Monetary Survey

As shown in statistical appendix 4.4 A, the monetary survey indicates a 32.7 percent increase in
Net Foreign Assets between June 2007 and June 2008 from Shs 3,835.4 Bill to Shs 5,090.7 Bill.
Unlike the previous financial year which registered a drop in the net total domestic credit of the
banking system, the period between June 2007 and June 2008 registered an increase of 71.4
percent. In the same period, net claims on the Central Government decreased by 29.4 percent,
claims on the private sector increased by 56.1 percent while foreign currency loans to residents
increased by 56.3 percent.
Between June 2007 and June 2008, Money supply (M2) increased by 30.3 percent from Shs
2,993.9 Bill to Shs 3,901.6 Bill with an increase of 24.4 percent in currency in circulation, 26.5
percent in private demand deposit and 39.7 percent in private time and saving deposits. In the
same period, money supply (M3) increased by Shs 1,220.9 Bill (31.8 percent).

4.4.2

Structure of interest rates

In the period June 2007 to June 2008, the average lending rates of BoU to commercial banks
dropped from 16.6 percent to 16.2 percent. Commercial banks’ deposit rates dropped from 2.8
percent to 2.7 percent in the same period; as demand deposit rates increased from 1.2 percent to
1.3 percent and savings deposit rates reduced from 2.8 percent to 2.1 percent. Time deposit rates
also increased from 9.8 percent to 10.9 percent while all lending rates to Agriculture, Export and
Manufacturing and Commerce increased from 19.4 percent to 20.2 percent in the same period.
(See table 4.4 B)

4.4.3

Commercial banks’ assets and liabilities

Table 4.4 C shows that total assets of commercial banks increased by 39.1 percent from Shs
4,819.5 Bill in June 2007 to Shs 6,705.7 Bill in June 2008. In the same period, Uganda currency
increased from Shs 117.5 Bill to Shs 156.0 Bill, while advances and discount increased from Shs
1,823.4 Bill to Shs 2,850.9 Bill (an increase of 56.4 percent).
Local currency deposits increased from Shs 2,217.7 Bill to Shs 2,918.1 Bill between June 2007
and June 2008, an increase of 31.6 percent, while borrowing from Bank of Uganda increased by
Shs 1.2 Bill from Shs 38.9 Bill to Shs 40.1 Bill in the same period. (See table 4.4 D in the statistical
appendix.)

4.4.4

Commercial banks’ outstanding loans and advances

In table 4.4 E, local currency commercial banks’ outstanding loans and advances went up from Shs
1,362.3 Bill in June 2007 to Shs 2,100.8 Bill in June 2008. Trade and commerce continued to
register the largest share of the total from 65.5 percent to 67.3 percent in the above period.

77

Table 4.4 F shows that foreign currency commercial banks’ outstanding loans and advances
increased by Shs 240.3 Bill from June 2007 to June 2008. Trade and commerce maintained the
largest share, although a decline from 60.4 percent to 56.5 percent from June 2007 to June 2008.

4.4.5

Annual foreign exchange rates and volumes

Table 4.4 G shows that between the year 2007 and 2008, the inter-bank mid rate appreciated by
less than 1 percent from 1,723.5 to 1,720.40 per US dollar. In the same period, according to table
4.4 H, total purchases of foreign exchange through bureaux and inter-bank increased by 5.8
percent from US $ 8.8 Bill in 2007 to US $ 9.3 Bill in 2008, while sales increased by 8.0 percent
from US $ 8.7 Bill in to US $ 9.4 Bill during the same period.

78

4.5

Insurance

Statistics on insurance services include both the number of life and non-life policies issued,
premium supplements, as well as claims paid and outstanding. Also included is the Non-life
business consolidated balance sheet of insurance companies.

4.5.1

Policies issued

Individual, Group, and Deposit Administrative Plan (DAP) are the life insurance policies issued
while, the non-life insurance policies include fire, marine/aviation, motor, and miscellaneous
accidents. The number of life polices issued in 2007 increased by 23.1 percent as compared to the
number of policies issued in 2006. On the other hand, the non-life insurance policies issued
increased by 22.8 percent in 2007 compared to the non-life policies issued in 2006.
Table 4.5.1: Insurance policies issued 2003 -2007

Policy

Non-Life
Life
Total

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

159,256

151,111

182,768

176,451

216,664

1,879

1,981

1,888

556

1,210

161,135

153,092

184,656

177,007

217,874

Source: Uganda Insurance Commission

4.5.2

Insurance companies’ income and expenditure

From table 4.5 C, life insurance gross premium incomings increased by 93.7 percent between
2006 and 2007. There was a general increase in gross premium incomings in all the categories
although life group recorded the highest.
Life insurance for the reinsurance outgoings category increased from 1,125 million in 2006 to 1,914
million in 2007, an increase of 70.1 percent. The increment was due to increase in the life group
category (see statistical Appendix table 4.5 D).
An increase of 22.0 percent in non-life insurance gross premium incomings was registered in 2007
compared to 2006. Although there was a general increase in the non-life insurance gross premium
incomes, the fire category recorded declines in the incomes (See Appendix table 4.5F).
The miscellaneous accidents recorded the highest increase in reinsurance in the non-life category
of 34.9 percent in the period of 2007 compared to 2006 while motor class registered a reduction of
12.4 percent during the same period. The outgoings in form of reinsurance increased by 16.2
percent in 2007 as compared to 2006 (see Statistical Appendix table 4.5 G).
The percentage of life insurance gross premium paid out in reinsurance was only 17.0 percent with
83.0 percent of retained as net premium in 2007 (See statistical Appendix table 4.5 C and table 4.5
D). In 2006, the gross premium paid out in reinsurance was 19.4 percent where 80.6 percent was
retained as net premium.

79

4.5.3

Insurance companies’ paid and outstanding claims by class

The insurance companies claims paid and outstanding for non-life category increased by 25.8
percent in 2007 as compared to 2006. Throughout the period of 2003 – 2007 motor class of
business remained the highest compensated in terms of paid and outstanding claims as indicated
in the appendix table 4.5 I. There was a general increase in Paid and Outstanding Claims in 2007
as compared to 2006 with exception of fire business category which recorded a drop in 2007 as
compared to 2006.
The life paid and outstanding claims registered an increase of 79.2 percent in 2007 as compared to
2006. The increase was due to the life group as the other categories registered drops. (See
appendix table 4.5.J)

80

STATISTICAL APPENDIX

81

Table of contents
1.0
1.1

Environment Statistics ............................................................................................................................................. 86
Land ........................................................................................................................................................................ 86
Table 1.1 A: Area under water and land by region and district, 1995 ............................................................................... 86
Table 1.1 B: National land-cover statistics (sq km), 1995 ................................................................................................. 88
Table 1.1 C: Summary of Land cover statistics by region and district (sq. kms), 2005 ..................................................... 90

1.2

Climate .................................................................................................................................................................... 94
Table 1.2 A: Monthly rainfall statistics for selected centres (mm), 2004- 2008 ................................................................. 94

1.3

Temperature ........................................................................................................................................................... 96
Table 1.3 A: Temperature for selected centres (degrees centigrade), 2005-2008............................................................ 96

1.4

Humidity .................................................................................................................................................................. 99
Table 1.4 A: Monthly relative humidity for selected centers (percent), 2005 – 2008......................................................... 99

1.5

Rural Water Supply ............................................................................................................................................... 102
Table 1.5 A: Rural water supply service levels, June 2006 ............................................................................................. 102

1.6

Forestry ................................................................................................................................................................. 104
Table 1.6 A: Value of output of round-wood timber at current prices, 2003 - 2007 (Mill. Shs) ........................................ 104
Table 1.6 B: Total production of round-wood timber, 2003 – 2007 (‘000 tonnes) ........................................................... 104

2.0

Demography Statistics .......................................................................................................................................... 105
2.1

Population Projections .......................................................................................................................................... 105
Table 2.1 A:
Table 2.1 B:
Table 2.1 C:
Table 2.1 D:

2.2

Education .............................................................................................................................................................. 111
Table 2.2 A :
Table 2.2 B:
Table 2.2 C:
Table 2.2 D:
Table 2.2 E:
Table 2.2 F:
Table 2.2 G:
Table 2.2 H:
Table 2.2 I:

2.3

Primary school enrolment by class and sex 2004- 2008 ............................................................................ 111
Primary education accessibility indicators by district, 2007 – 2008 ............................................................ 112
Primary education quality enhancement indicators by district, 2005– 2008 ............................................... 114
Primary school teachers by highest qualification and sex (2007 - 2008) .................................................... 116
Secondary school enrolment by class (2004- 2008) ................................................................................... 116
Secondary education accessibility indicators by district (2006– 2007) ....................................................... 117
Secondary education quality enhancement indicators by district (2005- 2008) .......................................... 119
Secondary school teachers by highest qualification and sex (2006– 2008) ............................................... 121
Tertiary school enrolment by institution and year, 2006 ............................................................................. 122

Labour force, Employment and Earnings ............................................................................................................. 125
Table 2.3 A:
Table 2.3 B:
Table 2.3 C:
Table 2.3 D:
Table 2.3 E:
Table 2.3 F:
Table 2.3 G:
Table 2.3 H:
Table 2.3 I:

2.4

Mid-year population estimates and projections for Uganda, 1992 – 2009 .................................................. 105
Projected mid year Population (' 000) for 5 year age groups, 2007 – 2009 ................................................ 105
Census population (1991 and 2002) by region and district and projected 2009 mid-year population ........ 107
2009 mid-year projected population for Town Councils .............................................................................. 109

Percentage distribution of working population by status in employment .................................................... 125
Percentage distribution of working population by industry .......................................................................... 125
Percentage distribution of working population by occupation ..................................................................... 125
Percentage distribution of jobs Advertised by major industrial divisions, 2003 – 2007............................... 126
Percentage distribution of jobs advertised by occupation, 2003 – 2007 ..................................................... 127
Percentage distribution of monthly employment by selected manufacturing establishments .................... 128
Percentage distribution of monthly wage bill (millions) for selected manufacturing establishments ........... 128
Average monthly employee earnings for selected manufacturing establishments, 2004 – 2008 ............... 128
Trends in the labour cost index in nominal and real terms, 2004- 2008 (2004 = 100) ................................ 129

Income and expenditure ....................................................................................................................................... 130
Table 2.4 A: Consumption expenditure per household, shs (1997/98=100) ................................................................... 130
Table 2.4 B: Mean per capita consumption expenditure, shs (1997/98=100) ................................................................. 130

2.5

Consumer prices ................................................................................................................................................... 131

82

Table 2.5 A:
Table 2.5 B:
Table 2.5 C:
Table 2.5 D:
Table 2.5 E:
Table 2.5 F:
Table 2.5 G:
Table 2.5 H:
Table 2.5 I:
Table 2.5 J:
Table 2.5 K:
2.6

Public health ......................................................................................................................................................... 138
Table 2.6 A:
Table 2.6 C:
Table 2.6 D:
Table 2.6 E:
Table 2.6 F:
Table 2.6 G:
Table 2.6 H:
Table 2.6 I:

2.7

Composite consumer price index, Uganda (base 2005/06=100) ................................................................ 131
Composite CPI by major groups, Uganda (Base 2005/06=100) ................................................................. 131
Consumer Price Index, Kampala High Income (Base: 2005/06 =100) ....................................................... 132
Consumer Price Index Kampala Middle & Low Income (Base: 2005/06 =100) ........................................ 132
Consumer Price Index, Jinja (Base: 2005/06 =100) .................................................................................. 133
Consumer Price Index, Mbale (Base: 2005/06 =100) ................................................................................. 133
Consumer Price Index, Masaka (Base: 2005/06 =100) .............................................................................. 134
Consumer Price Index, Mbarara (Base: 2005/06 =100) ............................................................................. 134
Consumer Price Index, Gulu (Base: 2005/06 =100) ................................................................................... 135
Consumer Price Index, Arua (Base: 2005/06 =100) ................................................................................... 135
Average market prices for selected goods in Kampala Middle and Low Income ....................................... 136

Number of Health Units by District .............................................................................................................. 138
Countrywide routine immunization rates for measles, 2004-2008 .............................................................. 142
Countrywide routine immunization rates for OPV3, 2004-2008 .................................................................. 144
Countrywide routine immunization rates for DPT3, 2004-2008 .................................................................. 146
Out Patient Department Utilisation in Government and PNFP, 2007-2008 ................................................ 148
Pit Latrine Coverage, 2006-2008 ................................................................................................................ 150
Deliveries in Health Facilities, 2007-2008 ................................................................................................... 152
Selected health sector performance indicators, 2007- 2008....................................................................... 154

Crime Statistics ..................................................................................................................................................... 156
Table 2.7 A: Distribution of prisoners by District and category for the years 2006-2008 ................................................ 156
Table 2.7 B: Number of cases reported and prosecuted by category for the years (2007-2008) ................................... 157
Table 2.7 C: Distribution of prisoners by station from 2006- 2008 .................................................................................. 159

3.0

Production Statistics .............................................................................................................................................. 160
3.2

Agriculture ............................................................................................................................................................. 160
Table 3.2 A:
Table 3.2 B:
Table 3.2 C:
Table 3.2 D:
Table 3.2 E:

3.3

Procurement of main export cash crops (tonnes), 2004-2008 .................................................................... 160
Area planted of selected food crops in thousand hectares, 2004-2008 ...................................................... 160
Production of selected food crops in thousand tonnes, 2004-2008 ............................................................ 161
Fish catch by water body (thousand tonnes), 2003 – 2007 ........................................................................ 161
Livestock numbers (thousand animals), 2004 – 2008 ................................................................................ 161

Industry ................................................................................................................................................................. 162
Table 3.3 A: Index of Industrial Production, Annual (Calendar year) Summary 2004 – 2008, 2002 = 100..................... 162
Table 3.3 B: Index of Industrial Production, Annual (Fiscal year) Summary 2003/04 – 2007/08, 2002 = 100 ................ 163

3.4

Producer prices ..................................................................................................................................................... 164
Table 3.4 A:
Table 3.4 B:
Table 3.4 C:
Table 3.4 D:

3.5

Producer Price Indices by major industry group (Combined) July- September 2004=100, CY .................. 164
Producer Price Indices by major industry group (Combined) July- September 2004=100, FY .................. 164
Average producer prices to wholesalers for selected manufactured products, shs 2004-2008.................. 165
Average producer prices to wholesalers for selected manufactured products, shs 2004-2007.................. 166

Energy................................................................................................................................................................... 167
Table 3.5 A: Sales of petroleum products by type (cubic metres) 2004 – 2008 .............................................................. 167
Table 3.5 B: UETCL energy purchases (GWh), 2004 – 2008 ......................................................................................... 167
Table 3.5 C: Average Lake Levels (in Meters) from Jinja Pier Mechanical Recorder Chart ........................................... 168

3.6

Building and Construction ..................................................................................................................................... 169
Table 3.6 A: CSI Sector Price Indices, Jan-March 2006=100 ......................................................................................... 169
Table 3.6 B: Basic Heading Indices, 2006 – 2008, Jan-March 2006=100 ...................................................................... 169

3.7

Transport and Communication ............................................................................................................................. 170
Table 3.7 A:
Table 3.7 B:
Table 3.7 C:
Table 3.7 D:
Table 3.7 E:
Table 3.7 F:

Estimated number of motor vehicles on road, 2004 – 2008 ....................................................................... 170
New registration of Vehicles by type 2004 – 2008 ...................................................................................... 170
National Roads Network Length in Kilometers (June 2008) ....................................................................... 171
Commercial Traffic at Entebbe International Airport, 2004 - 2008 .............................................................. 172
Postal statistics (Pieces), 2004 - 2008 ........................................................................................................ 172
Telecommunications statistics as at December, 2004 – 2008 .................................................................... 173

83

3.8

Tourism and migration .......................................................................................................................................... 174
Table 3.8 A:
Table 3.8 B:
Table 3.8 C:
Table 3.8 D:
Table 3.8 E:
Table 3.8 F:
Table 3.8 G:
Table 3.8 H:
Table 3.8 I:
Table 3.8 J:
Table 3.8.K:

4.0
4.1

Total Arrivals and Departures in Uganda, 2004 – 2008 .............................................................................. 174
Migration Statistics: Entebbe Arrivals, 2004– 2008 .................................................................................... 174
Migration Statistics: Entebbe Departures, 2004 - 2008 .............................................................................. 175
Migration Statistics: Malaba and Busia Arrivals, 2004 – 2008 .................................................................... 175
Migration Statistics: Malaba and Busia Departures, 2004 – 2008 .............................................................. 176
Migration Statistics: Mutukula, Western and Northern Borders Arrivals, 2004–2008 ................................. 176
Migration Statistics: Mutukula, Western and Northern Borders Departures, 2004 – 2008 ......................... 177
Visitor arrivals by country of usual residence, 2004 - 2008 ........................................................................ 178
Tourism basic indicators, 2004 – 2008 ....................................................................................................... 179
Visitors to the National Parks (Citizen and Foreigners) 2004– 2008 .......................................................... 179
Monthly accommodation capacity for selected Hotels in Uganda, occupancy rates and guest nights ....... 180

Macro Economic Statistics .................................................................................................................................... 181
National Accounts ................................................................................................................................................. 181
Table 4.1 A:
Table 4.1 B (i):
Table 4.1 B (ii):
Table 4.1 B (iii):
Table 4.1 B (iv):
Table 4.1 C (i):
Table 4.1 C (ii):
Table 4.1 C (iii):
Table 4.1 C (iv):
Table 4.1 D (i):
Table 4.1 D (ii):
Table 4.1 D (iii):
Table 4.1 D (iv):
Table 4.1 E (i):
Table 4.1 E (ii):
Table 4.1 E (iii):
Table 4.1 E (iv):
Table 4.1 F (i):
Table 4.1 F (ii):
Table 4.1 F (iii):
Table 4.1 F (iv):
Table 4.1 G (i):
Table 4.1 G (ii):
Table 4.1 G (iii):
Table 4.1 G (iv):
Table 4.1 H (i):
Table 4.1 H (ii):
Table 4.1 H (iii):
Table 4.1 H (iv):
Table 4.1 I (i):
Table 4.1 I (ii):
Table 4.1 I (iii):
Table 4.1 I (iv):
Table 4.1 J (i):
Table 4.1 J (ii):
Table 4.1 J (iii):
Table 4.1 J (iv):
Table 4.1 K (i):
Table 4.1 K (ii):
Table 4.1 K (iii):
Table 4.1 K (iv):
Table 4.1 L (i):
Table 4.1 L (ii):
Table 4.1 L (iii):
Table 4.1 L (iv):
Table 4.1 M (i):
Table 4.1 M (iii):
Table 4.1 M (iv):
Table 4.1 N:
Table 4.1 O:
Table 4.1 P:

4.2

Summary of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) at market prices, 2000 - 2008 ..................................... 181
GDP by economic activity at current prices,billion Shillings, calendar years ...................................... 182
Expenditure on GDP at current prices,billion Shillings, calendar years .............................................. 182
Monetary and non-monetary GDP at current prices, billion Shillings, calendar years ........................ 183
Fixed capital formation at current prices, billion Shillings, calendar years .......................................... 183
GDP by economic activity at constant (2002) prices, billion Shillings, calendar years ....................... 184
Expenditure on GDP at constant (2002) prices, billion Shillings, calendar years ............................... 184
Monetary and non-monetary GDP at constant (2002) prices, billion Shillings, calendar years .......... 185
Fixed capital formation at constant (2002) prices, billion shillings, calendar years ............................ 185
GDP by economic activity at current prices, billion shillings, fiscal years ........................................... 186
Expenditure on GDP at current prices, billion shillings, fiscal years ................................................... 186
Monetary and non-monetary GDP at current prices, billion shillings, Fiscal years ............................. 187
Fixed capital formation at current prices, billion shillings, fiscal years ................................................ 187
GDP by economic activity at constant (2002) prices, billion shillings. fiscal years ............................. 188
Expenditure on GDP at constant (2002) prices, billion shillings, fiscal years ..................................... 188
Monetary and non-monetary GDP at constant (2002) prices, billion shillings, fiscal years ................ 189
Fixed capital formation at constant (2002) prices, billion shillings, fiscal years .................................. 189
GDP by economic activity at constant (2002) prices, percentage change, calendar years ................ 190
Expenditure on GDP at constant (2002) prices, percentage change, calendar years ........................ 190
Monetary and non-monetary GDP at constant (2002) prices, percentage change, CY ..................... 191
Fixed capital formation at constant (2002) prices, percentage change, calendar years ..................... 191
GDP by economic activity at constant (2002) prices, percentage change, fiscal years ..................... 192
Expenditure on GDP at constant (2002) prices, percentage change, fiscal years ............................. 192
Monetary and non-monetary GDP at constant (2002) prices, percentage change, FY ...................... 193
Fixed capital formation at constant (2002) prices, percentage change, fiscal years .......................... 193
GDP by economic activity: deflators, 2002=100, calendar years ....................................................... 194
Expenditure on GDP: deflators, 2002=100, calendar years ............................................................... 194
Monetary and non-monetary GDP: deflators 2002=100, Calendar Years .......................................... 195
Fixed capital formation: deflators, 2002=100, calendar years ............................................................ 195
GDP by economic activity: deflators, 2002=100, fiscal years ............................................................. 196
Expenditure on GDP: deflators, 2002=100, fiscal years ..................................................................... 196
Monetary and non-monetary GDP: deflators 2002=100, fiscal years ................................................. 197
Fixed capital formation: deflators, 2002=100, fiscal years .................................................................. 197
GDP by economic activity at current prices, percentage share, calendar years ................................ 198
Expenditure on GDP at current prices, percentage share, calendar years ........................................ 198
Monetary and non-monetary GDP at current prices, percentage share, calendar ............................. 199
Fixed capital formation at current prices, percentage share, calendar years ..................................... 199
GDP by economic activity at constant (2002) prices, percentage share, calendar years ................... 200
Expenditure on GDP at constant (2002) prices, percentage shares, calendar years ......................... 200
Monetary and non-monetary GDP at constant (2002) prices, percentage share, CY ........................ 201
Fixed capital formation at constant (2002) prices, percentage share, calendar years ....................... 201
GDP by economic activity at current prices, percentage share, fiscal years ..................................... 202
Expenditure on GDP at current prices, percentage share, fiscal years .............................................. 202
Monetary and non-monetary GDP at current prices, percentage share, fiscal years ......................... 203
Fixed capital formation at current prices, percentage share, fiscal years ........................................... 203
GDP by economic activity at constant (2002) prices, percentage share, fiscal years ........................ 204
Monetary and non-monetary GDP at constant (2002) prices, percentage share ............................... 205
Fixed capital formation at constant (2002) prices, percentage share, fiscal years ............................. 205
GDP by basic heading at one digit level at current prices (Billion shillings) ....................................... 206
Balance of payments statement, calendar years (Million US dollars) ................................................. 207
Balance of payments statement, fiscal years (Million US dollars) ...................................................... 208

External Trade ...................................................................................................................................................... 209
Table 4.2 A: Exports by quantity, 2004 – 2008 ............................................................................................................... 209
Table 4.2 B: Exports by value (‘000 US $), 2004 - 2008 ................................................................................................. 210

84

Table 4.2 C:
Table 4.2 D:
Table 4.2 E:
Table 4.2 F:
Table 4.2 G:
Table 4.2 H:
Table 4.2 I:
Table 4.2 J:
Table 4.2 K:
Table 4.2 L:
Table 4.2 M:
4.3

Exports by percentage value, 2004 – 2008 ................................................................................................ 211
Imports by region and country of origin (‘000 US $), 2004 – 2008 ............................................................. 212
Imports by value (‘000 US $), SITC groupings, 2004 – 2008 ..................................................................... 214
Imports by percentage, SITC groupings, 2004- 2008 ................................................................................. 216
Exports by region and country of destination (‘000 US $), 2004 - 2008 ..................................................... 218
Exports by percentage, region and country of destination, 2004 - 2008..................................................... 220
Exports by value (‘000 US $), SITC grouping, 2004 - 2008 ........................................................................ 222
Re-exports by value (‘000 US $), SITC grouping, 2004 – 2008.................................................................. 224
Re-exports by value (‘000 US $), 2004 - 2008 ............................................................................................ 226
Re-exports by region and country of destination (‘000 US $), 2004 - 2008 ................................................ 227
Imports by percentage, region and country of origin, 2004 – 2008............................................................. 228

Government Finance Statistics ............................................................................................................................. 230
Table 4.3 A:
Table 4.3 B (a):
Table 4.3 B (b):
Table 4.3 C (a):
Table 4.3 C(b):
Table 4.3 D (a):
Table 4.3 D (b):
Table 4.3 E (a):
Table 4.3 E (b):
Table 4.3 F (a):
Table 4.3 F (b):
Table 4.3 G (a):
Table 4.3 G (b):
Table 4.3 H (a):
Table 4.3 H (b):
Table 4.3 I (a):
Table 4.3 I (b):
Table 4.3 J (a):
Table 4.3 J (b):

4.4

Banking and Currency .......................................................................................................................................... 243
Table 4.4 A:
Table 4.4.B:
Table 4.4 C:
Table 4.4 D:
Table 4.4.E:
Table 4.4.F:
Table 4.4 G:
Table 4.4 H:

4.5

Summary of Central Government Budgetary and Financial Operations 2004/05 - 2008/09 ) ............ 230
Classification of Revenue 2004/05 – 2008/09 (Million shillings) ......................................................... 231
Classification of Revenue 2004/05 – 2008/09 (by percentage) .......................................................... 232
Function Classification of Central Government Recurrent Expenditure (Million shillings) .................. 233
Function Classification of Central Government Recurrent Expenditure (by percentage) .................. 233
Function Classification of Central Government Development Expenditure (Million shillings)............ 234
Function Classification of Central Government Development Expenditure (by percentage) ............. 234
Economic Classification of Central Government Recurrent Expenditure (Million shillings) ............... 235
Economic Classification of Central Government Recurrent Expenditure (by percentage) ................ 236
Economic analysis of Central Government Development (GOU) expenditure (million shillings)........ 237
Economic analysis of Central Government Development (GOU) Expenditure (by percentage) ........ 237
Function Classification Donor Funded Central Govt Development Expenditure (mil. shs)................. 238
Function Classification Donor Funded Development Expenditure (by percentage) ........................... 239
Function Classification of Urban authorities Recurrent Expenditure (million shillings) ...................... 240
Function Classification of Urban authorities’ Recurrent Expenditure (by percentage) ....................... 240
Function Classification of Districts Recurrent Expenditure (million shillings) ..................................... 241
Function Classification of Districts Recurrent Expenditure (by percentage) ....................................... 241
Functional Classification of Local Government Recurrent Expenditure. (million shillings) ................. 242
Functional Classification of Local Government Recurrent Expenditure. (by percentage) .................. 242

Net Foreign Assets 2004 – 2008 (Billion shillings)...................................................................................... 243
Structure of Interest Rates (Annual percentage Rates), 2004 – 2008 ........................................................ 244
Commercial Banks Assets (Billion shillings), 2004 – 2008 ......................................................................... 245
Commercial Bank Liabilities (Billion shillings), 2004 - 2008 ........................................................................ 246
Commercial Banks Outstanding Loans and Advances to the Private Sector (Shs Denominated Loans), 247
Commercial Banks Outstanding Loans & Advances to the Private Sector (Foreign currency), ................ 247
Annual Foreign Exchange Rates (Uganda Shilling per US dollar), 2004 – 2008........................................ 248
Volumes of Inter-Bank and Bureaux Foreign Exchange Transactions (Million U.S dollars), ..................... 248

Insurance ................................................................................................................................................................... 249
Table 4.5 A:
Table 4.5 B:
Table 4.5 C:
Table 4.5 D:
Table 4.5 E:
Table 4.5 F:
Table 4.5 G:
Table 4.5 H:
Table 4.5 I:
Table 4.5 J:

Number of Non-Life Insurance Policies 2003 – 2007 ................................................................................. 249
Number of Life Insurance Policies 2003 – 2007 ......................................................................................... 249
Life Insurance Premium Incomings 2003– 2007 (Million shillings) ........................................................... 249
Life Insurance Reinsurance Outgoings 2003– 2007 (Million shillings) ....................................................... 249
Life Insurance Net Premium Income 2003 – 2007 (Million shillings) ........................................................ 250
Non-Life Insurance Premium Incomings 2003–2007 (Million shillings) .................................................... 250
Non-Life Insurance Reinsurance Outgoings 2003–2007 (Million shillings)................................................. 250
Non-Life Insurance Net Premium Income 2003 – 2007 (Million shillings) .................................................. 251
Paid and Outstanding Claims, by Class: Non-Life 2003 –2007 (Million shillings)....................................... 251
Paid and Outstanding Claims, by Class: Life 2003–2007 (Million shillings) ............................................... 251

85

1.0

Environment Statistics

1.1

Land

Table 1.1 A:

Region and
District
CENTRAL
Kalangala
Kampala
Kayunga
Kiboga
Luweero
Masaka
Mpigi
Mubende
Mukono
Nakasongola
Rakai
Sembabule
Wakiso
Sub-Total
EASTERN
Bugiri
Busia
Iganga
Jinja
Kaberamaido
Kamuli
Kapchorwa
Katakwi
Kumi
Mayuge
Mbale
Pallisa
Sironko
Soroti
Tororo
Sub-Total

Area under water and land by region and district, 1995

open water
(sq km)

Open
water
% of
distric
t Area

Permanent/s
easonal
wetlands

Permane
nt/seaso
nal
wetlands
% of
district
Area

3.8
0.1
0.7
1.7
2.4
1.9
1.5
2.6
5.2
1.5
2.0
1.0
1.2
25.6

8,600.0
16.8
114.5
0.2
1.3
1,129.7
338.0
154.3
9,289.7
238.8
755.3
0.8
901.1
21,540.5

94.8
8.6
6.7
0.0
0.0
24.1
9.4
2.5
73.4
6.8
15.4
0.0
32.1
35.1

0.3
16.3
192.7
142.5
250.8
413.3
330.1
172.3
256.1
162.8
225.7
37.0
241.6
2,441.5

0.0
8.3
11.3
3.5
4.4
8.8
9.2
2.8
2.0
4.6
4.6
1.6
8.6
4.0

468.0
163.8
1,395.1
3,902.8
5,441.8
3,148.7
2,937.4
5,871.1
3,110.0
3,108.3
3,927.6
2,281.4
1,665.1
37,421.1

387.8
68.6
270.3
354.6
418.3
410.8
388.7
482.1
598.1
311.6
461.3
280.6
343.8
4,776.6

2.3
0.3
1.0
0.3
0.7
1.8
0.7
2.1
1.2
1.9
0.6
0.8
0.5
1.4
0.8
16.4

4,101.7
28.5
2.7
49.7
269.4
649.2
0.0
99.1
115.7
3,556.0
0.0
66.3
0.0
503.7
0.1
9,442.1

72.3
3.8
0.1
6.9
16.6
15.1
0.0
2.0
4.1
76.7
0.0
3.3
0.0
14.9
0.0
23.9

117.7
38.1
154.4
12.2
143.8
397.1
20.7
280.7
299.4
59.4
27.3
337.6
30.4
418.4
220.4
2,557.6

2.1
5.0
6.2
1.7
8.9
9.2
1.2
5.6
10.5
1.3
2.0
16.9
2.8
12.4
11.9
6.5

1,451.6
692.8
2,325.2
660.8
1,210.7
3,255.3
1,711.0
4,634.6
2,433.0
1,023.1
1,345.5
1,587.9
1,063.5
2,455.6
1,628.8
27,479.4

497.6
156.3
325.7
136.0
202.9
378.9
245.5
368.1
266.7
477.0
199.3
224.9
240.1
294.4
234.0
1,371.4

District
area (sq
km)

District
area %
of Total
(Uganda
)

9,068.3
197.0
1,702.4
4,045.5
5,693.9
4,691.7
3,605.6
6,197.7
12,655.7
3,509.9
4,908.7
2,319.2
2,807.7
61,403.3
5,670.9
759.4
2,482.3
722.7
1,623.9
4,301.5
1,731.7
5,014.4
2,848.1
4,638.5
1,372.8
1,991.7
1,093.9
3,377.7
1,849.3
39,478.8

Area Exl. Open
water &
Permanent/seaso
nal wetlands

District
Perimet
er (km)

86

Table 1.1 A (Cont’d):

Region and
District
NORTHERN
Adjumani
Apac
Arua
Gulu
Kitgum
Kotido
Lira
Moroto
Moyo
Nakapiripirit
Nebbi
Pader
Yumbe
Sub-Total
WESTERN
Bundibugyo
Bushenyi
Hoima
Kabale
Kabarole
Kamwenge
Kanungu
Kasese
Kibaale
Kisoro
Kyenjojo
Masindi
Mbarara
Ntungamo
Rukungiri
Sub-Total
Uganda

Area under water and land by region and district, 1995

District
area (sq
km)

District
area % of
Total
(Uganda)

3,087.0
6,541.2
5,476.2
11,715.5
9,634.5
13,245.1
7,200.7
8,517.6
1,890.7
5,833.8
2,917.2
6,929.2
2,403.0
85,391.7
2,261.7
4,292.5
5,932.8
1,729.6
1,824.4
2,439.4
1,292.1
3,389.6
4,246.0
729.6
4,054.4
9,443.0
10,019.1
2,055.5
1,566.8
55,276.5
241,550.7

Permanent
/ seasonal
wetlands

Permanent/
seasonal
wetlands %
of district
Area

Area Exl. Open
water &
Permanent /
seasonal
wetlands

District
Perimete
r (km)

1.8
5.4
0.7
0.8
0.0
0.0
10.9
0.0
4.8
0.0
2.8
0.1
0.4
1.9

94.3
311.1
89.9
73.9
7.3
1.2
301.5
0.0
105.0
23.8
32.8
37.4
12.9
1,091.1

3.1
4.8
1.6
0.6
0.1
0.0
4.2
0.0
5.6
0.4
1.1
0.5
0.5
1.3

2,936.6
5,874.8
5,349.0
11,544.9
9,624.1
13,243.7
6,115.9
8,517.6
1,695.8
5,810.0
2,802.1
6,886.1
2,380.1
82,780.7

293.3
449.7
490.9
670.5
510.5
672.7
676.8
585.5
248.6
446.3
353.4
533.0
266.5
1,920.1

8.0
8.6
38.2
2.9
0.4
2.6
1.4
12.1
0.0
3.9
0.0
8.5
0.8
0.2
7.6
8.0
15.3

102.9
98.7
61.3
48.5
27.6
75.2
22.2
68.7
105.6
21.5
113.0
197.5
208.8
70.0
14.0
1,235.5
7,325.7

4.5
2.3
1.0
2.8
1.5
3.1
1.7
2.0
2.5
2.9
2.8
2.1
2.1
3.4
0.9
2.2
3.0

1,978.6
3,824.0
3,602.8
1,630.6
1,788.7
2,300.1
1,251.8
2,911.2
4,140.2
679.9
3,941.4
8,446.0
9,730.9
1,981.4
1,433.9
49,641.5
197,322.7

375.8
356.0
399.4
251.9
308.5
363.0
289.1
289.5
360.7
153.0
400.0
478.1
623.0
258.1
300.0
1,634.0
2,798.00

Open
water (sq
km)

Open
water % of
district
Area

1.3
2.7
2.3
4.9
4.0
5.5
3.0
3.5
0.8
2.4
1.2
2.9
1.0
35.5

56.1
355.3
37.4
96.6
3.1
0.2
783.3
0.0
90.0
0.0
82.3
5.8
10.0
1,520.1

0.9
1.8
2.5
0.7
0.8
1.0
0.5
1.4
1.8
0.3
1.7
3.9
4.1
0.9
0.6
22.9
100.0

180.2
369.8
2,268.7
50.6
8.1
64.1
18.1
409.7
0.3
28.3
0.1
799.6
79.4
4.1
118.8
4,399.9
36,902.6

87

Table 1.1 B:
Region and District
CENTRAL
Kalangala
Kampala
Kayunga
Kiboga
Luweero
Masaka
Mpigi
Mubende
Mukono
Nakasongola
Rakai
Sembabule
Wakiso
Sub-Total
EASTERN
Bugiri
Busia
Iganga
Jinja
Kaberamaido
Kamuli
Kapchorwa
Katakwi
Kumi
Mayuge
Mbale
Pallisa
Sironko
Soroti
Tororo
Sub-Total

National land-cover statistics (sq km), 1995
Plantation

Conifer

Fully
stocked

Degraded

Woodland

Bush

Grassland

Papyrus/
/Swamp

0
0.3
5.9
0
0.8
12.5
0.9
7.1
5
0
7
0.9
3.2
43.6

0
0
1.4
4.9
0.3
0.1
0
1.4
2.2
17.1
0
0
0.2
27.6

219.7
0
0.6
31.5
1.4
60.1
208.4
49.2
546.7
0
182.9
0
68.2
1368.7

0.6
4.9
4.3
38.3
55.7
96
194.6
239.5
459.5
0
32.1
0
216.4
1341.9

47.6
0.3
139.2
1612.1
2316.4
51.2
315.6
944.5
66.4
1270.5
141
157.5
92.3
7154.6

8.7
7.4
135.8
108.2
66.6
90.6
107.7
260.5
129.2
488.6
305.5
546.4
46.2
2301.4

114.7
0.8
281.5
907
1230.7
898.3
834.6
991.1
321.2
780.9
1928.4
852.1
209.1
9350.4

0.3
14.5
184.1
122.8
240.1
83.3
82.7
160
172.3
158.1
88.6
36
64.7
1407.5

0
0.1
1.6
32.6
0
2.
0.1
0.1
1.2
1.3
5.6
0.4
0.6
0.1
2.1
48.7

0
0.2
0
1.9
0

14.3
4.3
5.7
0.3
0
0
193.7
0
0
12.8
47.6
0
21
0
0
299.7

16
18.6
0
2.6
0
0
139.9
0
0
144.9
105.4
0
60.9
0
0.4
488.5

230.9
76.1
48.4
2.6
175.5
276
277.3
177.2
80.6
69.6
99.9
9.3
171.8
64.8
28.5
1788.5

50.9
44.8
46.7
25
22.5
104.4
63.8
2.8
96.7
38.6
15.7
4.3
34.6
30.2
37.6
618.6

53.9
24.5
37.1
4.4
195.8
337.8
584.5
2410
771.5
70.2
73.8
134.6
249.4
723.8
55.8
5727.1

105.4
29.1
146.2
12.2
61.5
396.8
10.4
65.9
106.4
57.1
5.1
312.1
30.1
225.2
178.6
1742.1

0
14.9
0
0
1.4
0
0
0
2.9
0
21.5

88

Table 1.1 B (Cont’d):
Region and District
NORTHERN
Adjumani
Apac
Arua
Gulu
Kitgum
Kotido
Lira
Moroto
Moyo
Nakapiripirit
Nebbi
Pader
Yumbe
Sub-Total

National land-cover statistics (sq km), 1995

Plantation

Conifer

Fully

Degraded

Woodland

Bush

Grassland

Papyrus/Reed

0
1.8
18.4
2.7
0
0.2
0.8
0
0.2
0
1.6
0
0.7
26.4

0
0
4
4.8
0
0
3
0
0
0
20.6
0
0
32.4

12.7
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1.9
0
0
14.6

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1498.5
689.1
1766.1
4686.3
4753.1
2321.2
684.1
683.7
706.9
458.5
243.6
2527
1,385.1
22,403.2

16.3
100.5
265.3
358.9
288.3
2841.2
80.5
2519.6
47.1
1953.7
229
13.8
3.4
8,717.6

432.6
927.5
339.6
1623.8
1776.1
6864
909.4
4555.1
566.5
3103.5
627.5
673.5
437
22,836.1

94.3
114.6
80.6
71.6
0
0
110.6
0
102.3
14.4
31.8
0
12.6
632.8

WESTERN
Bundibugyo
Bushenyi
Hoima
Kabale
Kabarole
Kamwenge
Kanungu
Kasese
Kibaale
Kisoro
Kyenjojo
Masindi
Mbarara
Ntungamo
Rukungiri
Sub-Total

0
10.7
0.5
18.1
8.1
0.4
2.2
2
0.3
2
2.3
2.8
10.5
2.9
5.7
68.5

0
0.2
4.3
18.7
7.8
0
14.9
0
0
0
19.9
1.1
12.3
3.3
0
82.5

375.4
678
484.4
81.4
331.3
243.9
190
394.4
796.7
102.9
424
509.7
37
0
169.3
4818.4

19.1
32.6
267
3.4
64.8
10.3
3.3
22.5
344.3
2.9
118.4
19.8
1.7
0
0
910.1

346.3
173
848.9
4.7
142.2
271.2
141.2
668.7
729.1
0
856
3930.6
178.4
19.3
85.5
8395.1

22.5
145.1
85.6
5.6
2.8
39.9
26.8
183.6
24.3
0.9
30
270.9
1704.8
3.1
40.6
2586.5

849.6
629.3
715.6
164.5
215.1
533.7
115.1
553.1
521.1
28.3
663.9
2014.6
4930.9
971.1
333.1
13239

102.9
92
58.2
15
21.8
75.2
7.4
65.8
105.5
9.8
91.8
130
203.1
70
9.3
1058.2

Grand Total
% of total

187.2
0.0

164.0
0.0

6,501.4
3.0

2,740.5
1.0

39,741.4
16.0

14,224.1
6.0

51,152.6
21.0

4,840.6
2.0

Note:

THF refers to Tropical High Forest.

Source: National Forestry Authority, Ministry of Water, Lands and Environment

89

Table 1.1 C:

Region/District

Summary of Land cover statistics by region and district (sq. kms),
2005
Built-Up Areas

Bushlands

Commercial Farmlands

Cultivated Lands

Grasslands

Impediments

CENTRAL
Kalangala
Kampala
Kayunga
Kiboga
Luweero
Masaka
Mpigi
Mubende
Mukono
Nakasongola
Rakai
Sembabule
Wakiso
Sub-Total

0.1
81.5
2.8
1.2
5.1
9.5
3.8
4.7
14.4
7.9
3.3
0.6
30.8
165.8

7.3
6.2
113.5
90.4
55.7
75.7
90.0
217.8
108.0
408.6
255.5
456.9
38.6
1,924.2

1.2
3.3
1.1
3.9
3.7
10.6
28.8
151.4
0.7
1.6
0.1
24.0
230.3

146.9
71.7
890.1
1,669.5
2,392.9
2,328.1
1,711.2
3,718.1
1,795.6
958.2
1,605.1
855.1
1,256.2
19,398.5

114.7
0.8
281.5
907.0
1,230.7
898.3
834.6
991.1
321.2
780.9
1,928.4
852.1
209.1
9,350.5

0.2
0.0
0.4
0.8
0.0
1.2
0.6
3.3

EASTERN
Bugiri
Busia
Iganga
Jinja
Kaberamaido
Kamuli
Kapchorwa
Katakwi
Kumi
Mayuge
Mbale
Pallisa
Sironko
Soroti
Tororo
Sub-Total

3.2
3.3
5.5
18.3
0.5
5.9
1.4
4.7
3.8
1.7
12.2
2.7
1.8
13.5
10.1
88.4

42.6
37.5
39.1
20.9
18.9
87.3
53.3
2.4
80.9
32.2
13.2
3.6
28.9
25.3
31.5
517.4

11.8
1.6
0.9
81.9
2.4
5.4
3.7
6.6
2.1
2.3
4.3
36.9
159.9

1,157.4
561.2
2,209.5
505.6
947.4
2,613.7
611.5
2,300.1
1,704.9
743.6
1,076.4
1,463.0
592.5
1,831.6
1,513.1
19,831.5

53.9
24.5
37.1
4.4
195.8
337.8
584.5
2,410.0
771.5
70.2
73.8
134.6
249.4
723.8
55.8
5,727.0

0.8
0.1
0.2
1.0
0.1
0.5
0.4
0.2
0.1
0.3
0.1
3.8

90

Table 1.1 C (cont’d):
Region/District
NORTHERN
Adjumani
Apac
Arua
Gulu
Kitgum
Kotido
Lira
Moroto
Moyo
Nakapiripirit
Nebbi
Pader
Yumbe
Sub-Total
WESTERN
Bundibugyo
Bushenyi
Hoima
Kabale
Kabarole
Kamwenge
Kanungu
Kasese
Kibaale
Kisoro
Kyenjojo
Masindi
Mbarara
Ntungamo
Rukungiri
Sub-Total
Total

Summary of Land cover statistics by region and district (sq. kms),
2005

Built-Up Areas

Bushlands

Commercial Farmlands

Cultivated Lands

Grasslands

Impediments

3.2
4.6
5.7
7.9
3.3
1.2
10.5
2.7
2.1
1.1
0.8
3.3
0.1
46.5

13.6
84.1
221.8
300.1
241.0
2,375.7
67.3
2,106.8
39.4
1,633.6
191.5
11.5
2.8
7,289.3

6.0
12.6
1.2
3.5
6.1
0.8
1.2
31.3

1,358.1
4,527.2
3,460.4
6,123.5
4,079.0
2,276.3
4,800.5
1,344.3
565.1
738.2
1,783.2
4,354.6
909.6
36,320.1

432.6
927.5
339.6
1,623.8
1,776.1
6,863.9
909.4
4,555.2
566.5
3,103.5
627.6
673.6
437.0
22,836.2

0.2
2.0
0.7
0.9
0.4
3.0
1.9
0.7
0.0
1.4
2.9
1.2
15.2

0.6
5.0
3.4
5.8
6.3
0.7
1.0
12.3
2.7
2.1
1.6
9.4
11.0
1.3
1.7
65.1
365.7

18.8
121.3
71.6
4.7
2.3
33.3
22.4
153.5
20.3
0.7
25.0
226.5
1,425.5
2.6
33.9
2,162.6
11,893.6

10.0
12.9
0.2
52.7
0.7
3.0
42.5
29.1
108.9
2.8
263.0
684.5

559.2
2,400.3
1,609.8
1,395.1
1,106.3
1,341.0
863.9
1,339.6
2,203.4
580.3
2,182.6
2,836.7
3,186.4
987.4
876.4
23,468.3
99,018.4

849.6
629.3
715.6
164.5
215.1
533.7
115.1
553.1
521.1
28.3
663.9
2,014.6
4,930.9
971.1
333.1
13,239.0
51,152.7

0.3
0.0
4.9
3.0
4.9
0.1
1.7
14.9
37.1

91

Table 1.1 C (cont’d):

Region/District

Summary of Land cover statistics by region and district (sq. kms),
2005

Plantations Hardwoods

Plantations Softwoods

Tropical High
Forest
Depleted

Tropical High
Forest
Normal

Water
Bodies

Wetlands

Woodlands

CENTRAL
Kalangala

-

-

0.4

163.3

8,600.3

0.3

Kampala

0.2

-

3.6

-

16.8

14.5

0.2

Kayunga

4.4

1.1

3.2

0.5

114.5

184.1

103.4

Kiboga

0.0

3.6

28.4

23.4

0.2

122.8

1,197.8

Luweero

0.6

0.2

41.4

1.0

1.3

240.1

1,721.1

Masaka

9.3

0.0

71.3

44.7

1,129.7

83.3

38.0

Mpigi

0.7

-

144.6

154.8

338.0

82.7

234.5

Mubende

5.3

1.0

178.0

36.5

154.3

160.0

701.8

Mukono

3.7

1.6

341.4

406.2

9,289.7

172.3

49.3

Nakasongola

0.0

12.7

-

-

238.8

158.1

944.0

Rakai

5.2

-

23.8

135.9

755.3

88.6

104.8

Sembabule

0.7

-

-

-

0.8

36.0

117.0

Wakiso

2.4

0.1

160.8

50.7

901.1

64.7

68.6

32.5

20.4

996.9

1,017.0

21,540.8

1,407.5

5,315.9

Sub-Total

35.3

EASTERN
Bugiri

0.0

-

11.9

10.7

4,101.7

105.4

171.6

Busia

0.1

0.1

13.8

3.2

28.5

29.1

56.5

Iganga

1.2

-

-

4.3

2.7

146.2

35.9

24.2

1.4

1.9

0.2

49.7

12.2

2.0

-

-

-

-

269.4

61.5

130.4

Jinja
Kaberamaido
Kamuli

2.1

0.2

-

-

649.2

396.8

205.1

Kapchorwa

0.1

11.1

103.9

143.9

-

10.4

206.0

Katakwi

0.0

-

-

-

99.1

65.9

131.7

Kumi

0.9

-

-

-

115.7

106.4

59.9

Mayuge

1.0

1.0

107.6

9.5

3,556.0

57.1

51.7

Mbale

4.1

-

78.3

35.3

0.0

5.1

74.2

Pallisa

0.3

-

-

-

66.3

312.1

6.9

Sironko

0.4

-

45.3

15.6

-

30.1

127.6

Soroti

0.1

2.1

-

-

503.7

225.2

48.1

Tororo

1.5

-

0.3

0.0

0.1

178.6

21.2

36.1

15.9

363.1

222.8

9,442.1

1,742.1

1,328.7

Sub-Total

92

Table 1.1 C (cont’d):

Region/District
NORTHERN
Adjumani
Apac
Arua
Gulu
Kitgum
Kotido
Lira
Moroto
Moyo
Nakapiripirit
Nebbi
Pader
Yumbe
Sub-Total
WESTERN
Bundibugyo
Bushenyi
Hoima
Kabale
Kabarole
Kamwenge
Kanungu
Kasese
Kibaale
Kisoro
Kyenjojo
Masindi
Mbarara
Ntungamo
Rukungiri
Sub-Total
Total

Summary of Land cover statistics by region and district (sq. kms),
2005

Plantations -

Plantations -

Tropical High

Tropical High

Water

Wetlands

Woodlands

1.3
13.6
2.0
0.1
0.6
0.1
1.2
0.0
0.5
19.5

2.9
3.6
2.2
0.0
15.3
0.0
24.1

0.0
0.0

9.4
1.4
10.8

56.1
355.3
37.4
96.6
3.1
0.2
783.3
90.0
82.3
5.8
10.0
1,520.0

94.3
114.6
80.6
71.6
110.6
102.3
14.4
31.8
12.6
632.9

1,113.4
512.0
1,312.2
3,482.0
3,531.6
1,724.7
508.3
508.0
525.3
340.7
181.0
1,877.6
1,029.1
16,645.9

7.9
0.3
13.4
6.0
0.3
1.6
1.5
0.2
1.5
1.7
2.1
7.8
2.2
4.2
50.7
138.8

0.1
3.2
13.9
5.8
11.0
0.0
0.0
14.8
0.8
9.2
2.5
61.4
121.7

14.2
24.2
198.4
2.5
48.1
7.6
2.4
16.7
255.8
2.2
88.0
14.7
1.3
676.2
2,036.3

278.9
503.7
359.9
60.5
246.2
181.2
141.2
293.0
592.0
76.4
315.1
378.7
27.5
125.8
3,580.1
4,830.7

180.2
369.8
2,268.7
50.6
8.1
64.1
18.1
409.7
0.3
28.3
0.1
799.6
79.4
4.1
118.8
4,399.8
36,902.8

102.9
92.0
58.2
15.0
21.8
75.2
7.4
65.8
105.5
9.8
91.8
130.4
203.1
70.0
9.3
1,058.0
4,840.4

257.3
128.5
630.7
3.5
105.7
201.5
104.9
496.7
541.7
636.0
2,920.5
132.5
14.3
63.5
6,237.5
29,528.1

Note: Figures are based on projections. Actual vegetation studies were undertaken in 1994 based on 1992 satellite imagery
and the districts are as of 1995.
Source: National Forestry Authority, Ministry of Water, Lands and Environment.

93

1.2

Climate

Table 1.2 A:

TOWN

Monthly rainfall statistics for selected centres (mm), 2004- 2008

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Annual

ARUA
Long term Average

28

31

125

94

136

144

178

158

238

244

98

19

1,495

2004

78

10

166

125

86

77

160

205

246

300

78

21

1,552

2005

0

87

67

47

225

299

81

82

308

266

96

9

1,567

2006

27

38

197

110

177

105

127

88

198

228

108

22

1,425

2007

8

17

110

126

74

116

298

284

156

199

151

31

1,571

2008

na

4

85

62

120

122

225

133

283

229

58

12

1,332

Long term Average

102

65

147

245

181

115

52

108

106

121

140

109

1,490

2004

98

141

50

262

57

64

14

32

85

146

75

165

1,189

2005

41

6

137

155

201

34

156

165

109

36

74

22

1,136

2006

118

45

170

262

219

176

40

168

89

183

408

184

2,062

2007

125

32

55

165

225

179

20

128

177

56

65

126

1,352

2008

126

99

322

380

205

121

28

47

72

182

80

46

1,709

Long term Average

24

14

70

145

144

128

171

257

162

178

77

26

1,395

2004

50

7

50

185

177

100

131

264

219

201

72

26

1,482

2005

6

28

80

102

162

233

79

186

79

214

82

2

1,253

2006

28

18

133

139

137

84

163

179

178

150

87

78

1,374

2007

1

12

16

142

95

116

232

351

282

126

90

16

1,478

2008

33

3

na

157

149

108

248

307

53

201

55

8

1,320

ENTEBBE

GULU

JINJA
Long term Average

91

60

109

205

126

52

97

117

90

131

177

64

1,320

2004

90

56

91

281

44

12

47

132

176

118

246

41

1,334
1,236

2005

36

31

112

202

162

32

151

210

100

119

71

10

2006

142

112

102

144

171

49

110

100

83

119

398

171

1,701

2007

76

54

86

160

159

141

94

77

76

146

76

34

1,179

2008

113

49

153

240

97

26

83

68

13

154

92

na

1,086

Long term Average

68

104

134

115

111

29

42

40

89

108

122

71

1,032

2004

74

94

85

183

84

0

1

32

68

77

114

125

937

2005

26

122

170

123

121

41

Trace

29

84

108

66

41

931

2006

86

134

128

113

208

3

30

80

74

71

158

62

1,147

2007

55

103

80

104

88

34

114

24

141

112

163

25

1,042

2008

99

65

206

54

54

66

24

37

77

173

108

99

1,061

KABALE

KAMPALA
Long term Average

105

58

107

142

92

60

70

114

163

181

199

111

1,401

2004

132

96

56

217

25

64

16

87

173

206

207

179

1,458

2005

23

32

38

120

196

54

95

184

72

189

120

2

1,125

2006

81

29

94

132

137

19

46

143

86

96

380

218

1,461

2007

167

65

46

65

14

108

134

120

365

290

196

49

1,617

2008

124

65

302

174

89

52

61

36

120

123

90

106

1,342

94

Table 1.2 A (Cont’d):

TOWN

Jan

Monthly rainfall statistics for selected centres (mm), 2004- 2008

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Annual

KASESE
Long term Average

49

37

81

117

66

38

34

71

74

110

127

53

857

2004

64

36

92

180

43

7

23

45

89

147

181

67

974

2005

65

23

107

148

96

92

29

86

116

73

80

54

969

2006

23

76

64

107

65

6

17

80

40

73

168

61

780

2007

53

25

18

67

83

31

77

79

110

119

115

53

828

2008

42

27

126

84

42

54

23

66

15

138

90

28

735

LIRA
Long term Average

43

54

59

146

154

110

160

219

193

176

91

37

1,444

2004

141

58

32

229

107

29

158

158

112

116

180

12

1,332

2005

10

13

102

175

198

145

184

175

203

176

60

Trace

1,441

2006

27

70

82

136

159

80

86

244

171

171

125

117

1,468

2007

34

99

68

92

161

192

220

298

268

170

57

14

1,672

2008

4

30

12

99

147

106

152

220

212

249

34

4

1,269

Long term Average

20

51

101

147

157

76

91

138

141

145

98

37

1,202

2004

20

53

125

198

181

87

34

153

64

143

114

35

1,207

2005

4

36

69

112

191

43

148

151

197

89

40

36

1,116

MASINDI

2006

4

36

69

162

130

100

104

87

79

245

199

98

1,313

2007

21

62

84

116

127

60

80

112

180

93

82

13

1,030

2008

49

68

158

na

na

88

89

189

186

155

55

4

1,042

MBARARA
Long term Average

50

48

102

82

92

45

23

96

148

103

112

46

945

2004

78

65

90

105

131

0

3

63

132

135

64

30

896

2005

53

11

76

79

99

43

5

106

120

80

92

10

774

2006

35

54

81

78

98

10

19

64

46

54

133

50

722

2007

46

40

93

82

56

96

71

48

142

103

206

63

1,046

2008

40

70

169

63

76

75

15

199

299

144

65

75

1,288
1,188

SOROTI
Long term Average

36

37

93

162

131

75

119

154

143

97

117

25

2004

79

50

45

179

120

99

15

129

121

48

138

35

1,058

2005

15

17

91

118

220

79

79

147

165

88

33

Trace

1,052

2006

11

29

149

166

114

40

200

101

161

163

150

62

1,346

2007

64

59

20

181

137

79

144

223

145

62

77

4

1,195

2008

9

32

159

164

64

76

157

171

121

124

188

0

1,264

Long term Average

56

79

154

192

221

131

138

133

132

198

131

60

1,626

2004

33

49

77

163

137

70

65

189

204

127

90

62

1,266

2005

32

17

218

224

306

140

177

29

73

141

97

109

1,563

2006

47

99

238

236

223

240

90

174

130

280

na

60

1,817

2007

101

115

77

168

203

95

175

143

123

141

104

49

1,493

2008

68

114

162

171

237

110

185

131

132

299

234

20

1,863

TORORO

Source: Meteorology Department, Ministry of Water and Environment

95

1.3

Temperature

Table 1.3 A:
TOWN
ARUA
Long Term
A
Mean Max
Mean Min
2005 Mean Max
2005 Mean Min
2006 Mean Max
2006 Mean Min
2007 Mean Max
2007 Mean Min
2008 Mean Max
2008 Mean Min
ENTEBBE
Long Term
A
Mean Max
Mean Min
2005 Mean Max
2005 Mean Min
2006 Mean Max
2006 Mean Min
2007 Mean Max
2007 Mean Min
2008 Mean Max
2008 Mean Min
GULU
Long Term
A
Mean Max
Mean Min
2005 Mean Max
2005 Mean Min
2006 Mean Max
2006 Mean Min
2007 Mean Max
2007 Mean Min
2008 Mean Max
2008 Mean Min
JINJA
Long Term
A
Mean Max
Mean Min
2005 Mean Max
2005 Mean Min
2006 Mean Max
2006 Mean Min
2007 Mean Max
2007 Mean Min
2008 Mean Max
2008 Mean Min

Temperature for selected centres (degrees centigrade), 2005-2008
Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

31.4
17.4
31.7
17.2
32.2
18.1
31.0
16.9
30.6
17.3

32.4
18.6
33.8
19.5
32.8
19.0
31.7
18.4
31.2
17.5

30.4
18.6
30.8
19.2
29.3
18.6
31.0
18.2
30.6
18.2

29.6
18.7
30.5
19.2
29.2
18.6
29.8
19.0
28.8
17.8

28.4
18.2
27.8
18.7
27.7
18.0
29.3
18.5
28.8
17.6

27.4
17.5
27.5
18.0
27.9
17.3
26.8
17.6
27.2
17.2

26.2
17.0
26.8
17.2
26.7
17.3
25.1
17.1
26.3
16.2

27.0
16.9
27.4
17.1
27.0
17.1
26.5
16.7
26.9
16.6

27.7
17.2
28.0
17.7
27.8
17.2
27.0
17.0
27.8
16.9

27.6
17.4
27.7
17.5
28.0
17.8
27.4
16.9
27.3
17.2

28.0
17.1
28.5
17.7
27.2
17.2
27.7
17.0
28.6
16.6

29.9
16.7
31.3
16.8
28.3
16.6
29.2
16.5
30.7
16.8

27.4
19.0
27.5
18.5
28.2
19.3
26.7
19.1
27.2
19.2

27.7
19.3
29.5
19.8
27.9
19.1
26.8
19.3
26.5
18.8

28.3
19.5
32.9
20.1
25.9
19.6
27.9
19.8
26.3
18.5

27.3
19.1
31.2
20.2
25.6
18.1
26.3
19.4
26.1
18.6

26.4
19.0
29.6
19.1
24.3
18.7
25.6
19.4
26.0
18.9

26.4
18.6
29.8
18.8
25.4
18.7
24.9
18.4
25.7
18.5

25.6
18.3
25.6
18.4
25.5
18.6
25.4
18.3
26.0
17.7

25.7
17.8
25.8
18.2
25.7
16.6
25.1
18.2
26.1
18.0

26.3
18.2
26.3
18.5
26.1
18.3
25.7
17.7
27.0
18.2

26.5
18.5
26.5
18.4
26.7
18.8
26.6
18.3
26.1
18.3

26.4
18.4
27.4
18.7
25.2
17.9
26.9
18.6
26.2
18.4

27.3
18.8
29.1
19.3
25.9
18.4
27.4
18.5
26.7
18.9

33.0
19.4
33.2
19.5
34.1
20.5
32.0
18.0
32.6
19.5

34.0
19.9
35.5
20.8
34.5
21.0
32.6
17.7
33.4
19.9

32.7
19.5
32.9
20.1
31.9
19.8
33.2
18.5
na
na

30.9
19.6
31.7
20.2
30.2
19.2
31.7
19.5
30.1
19.6

29.7
19.3
29.6
19.1
29.4
19.1
30.0
19.3
29.7
19.5

29.2
18.9
29.8
18.8
29.7
18.8
28.2
19.0
29.1
18.9

28.4
18.4
29.1
18.4
29.0
18.6
27.6
18.7
28.0
17.9

28.8
18.2
29.4
18.2
29.0
18.2
28.2
18.4
28.5
17.9

29.4
18.5
30.2
18.7
29.9
18.2
28.3
18.4
29.2
18.5

29.7
18.7
30.2
18.4
30.0
18.3
29.4
19.0
29.0
18.9

30.2
18.7
31.5
19.0
29.0
18.2
30.0
19.0
30.3
18.6

32.1
18.7
34.1
19.3
29.2
17.7
na
na
33.0
19.0

29.7
17.2
29.5
17.0
31.3
17.3
28.3
17.1
29.8
17.2

30.0
17.3
31.8
17.2
30.3
17.5
28.7
17.5
29.1
17.0

28.7
17.8
29.4
18.2
28.0
18.7
29.4
17.4
27.8
17.0

28.2
17.8
28.7
18.3
27.5
17.8
28.7
18.0
27.8
17.0

27.4
17.7
26.3
17.7
27.0
17.5
28.7
17.9
27.7
17.5

27.2
17.0
27.4
17.7
28.0
17.1
26.5
16.8
26.8
16.4

26.9
16.2
27.0
16.2
27.2
16.7
26.7
16.3
26.7
15.7

27.5
16.3
27.7
16.4
27.9
15.9
27.1
16.5
27.4
16.3

28.4
16.7
28.4
16.6
28.5
16.9
27.7
16.7
28.8
16.6

28.3
17.1
27.8
17.1
29.0
17.7
28.2
16.7
28.2
16.9

28.3
16.8
29.0
17.0
27.0
17.3
28.3
16.6
28.7
16.4

28.7
16.4
30.0
16.0
27.1
17.0
29.1
16.2
na
na

96

Table 1.3 A (cont’d):
TOWN
KAMPALA
Long Term
Mean Max
Mean Min
2005 Mean Max
2005 Mean Min
2006 Mean Max
2006 Mean Min
2007 Mean Max
2007 Mean Min
2008 Mean Max
2008 Mean Min
KASESE
Long Term
Mean Max
Mean Min
2005 Mean Max
2005 Mean Min
2006 Mean Max
2006 Mean Min
2007 Mean Max
2007 Mean Min
2008 Mean Max
2008 Mean Min
LIRA
Long Term
Mean Max
Mean Min
2005 Mean Max
2005 Mean Min
2006 Mean Max
2006 Mean Min
2007 Mean Max
2007 Mean Min
2008 Mean Max
2008 Mean Min
MASINDI
Long Term
Mean Max
Mean Min
2005 Mean Max
2005 Mean Min
2006 Mean Max
2006 Mean Min
2007 Mean Max
2007 Mean Min
2008 Mean Max
2008 Mean Min

Temperature for selected centres (degrees centigrade), 2005 - 2008

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

28.7
18.9
28.8
19
29.8
19.2
27.8
18.7
28.3
18.8

28.3
19.2
29.1
19.6
28.6
19.5
28.2
19.3
27.3
18.5

28.1
18.7
na
19.4
27.6
18.6
29.1
19.2
27.6
17.7

27.6
18.5
na
19.5
27.1
18.5
28.4
18
27.4
17.9

27.1
18.5
na
18.6
26.7
18.2
27.5
18.9
27.0
18.4

26.3
18.3
na
18.8
26.7
18.4
26.1
18
26.2
17.9

26.1
17.9
na
18
26.9
18.3
25.2
18.3
26.1
17.0

26.9
17.6
27
17.9
27.5
17.5
26.2
17.8
26.7
17.3

27.8
17.5
29.1
18.1
27.8
16.5
27.1
17.7
27.2
17.7

27.6
18.0
28.1
18.2
28.1
18.6
27.1
17.7
27.0
17.6

27.3
18.2
28
18.7
26
17.9
27.6
18.2
27.6
17.8

28.2
18.3
29.8
18.7
26.5
18.2
28.1
18.1
28.3
18.1

31.6
17.8
32.4
17.7
32.6
17.8
30.8
17.8
30.5
17.8

32.7
18.4
34.3
18.1
33.3
19.7
31.6
18.2
31.4
17.6

30.6
18.4
31.4
19.5
30.4
18.2
na
17.5
29.9
18.2

30.7
18.8
31.5
19.1
30.5
18.7
31.8
19.2
29.0
18.1

30.9
18.9
30.6
19.1
30.7
19
31.2
19.2
30.9
18.1

30.5
18.3
30.7
18.5
31.8
18.1
29.4
18.6
30.1
18.1

30.4
18.3
30.3
17.4
31.6
19.5
29.8
18.5
30.0
17.6

30.3
18.6
29.9
18.5
31.3
18.8
29.7
18.5
30.4
18.5

30.9
18.3
30.4
17.9
31.7
18.6
30.2
18.4
31.1
18.4

30.4
18.2
30.5
17.9
31.4
18.8
29.7
17.6
30.1
18.3

29.6
17.8
30.2
17.5
29.2
17.8
28.5
17.9
30.6
18.1

30.6
17.6
32.2
17.6
29
18.3
30.2
17.1
30.9
17.2

33.2
16.8
33.3
17.1
34.8
17.7
30.9
16.9
33.8
15.5

33.5
18.0
36.2
19.4
34.3
18.5
30.2
17.5
33.4
16.7

32.3
18.1
32.2
19.2
32
18.2
33
na
32.1
16.9

30.7
18.2
31.4
19.3
30.5
18.2
31.6
18.3
29.4
17.1

29.9
17.9
29.3
18.5
29.6
17.8
30.3
17.8
30.2
17.3

29.2
17.6
29.5
18.1
29.9
17.2
28.2
17.1
29.3
18.1

28.8
17.5
28.7
17.5
29.5
17.3
28.1
17.5
28.8
17.5

29.0
17.2
29.6
17.4
29.2
17
28
17
29.1
17.4

29.9
17.1
30.4
17.3
30.3
16.8
28.9
16.6
29.9
17.6

30.3
17.2
30.4
17.1
31.2
17.4
30.3
16.6
29.1
17.6

30.6
16.6
32
16.3
29.2
17.8
30.8
15.8
30.5
16.3

32.2
16.0
33.6
16.1
29.3
16.8
32.5
14.8
33.4
16.1

31.0
18.9
32.2
18.1
32.2
18.1
29.9
17.7
29.8
21.7

33.2
18.6
34.6
18.9
34.6
18.9
na
na
30.3
18

30.8
18.9
31.3
19.3
31.3
19.3
na
na
29.9
18.2

29.5
19.3
31
19.5
29.6
19.5
28
19
na
na

28.9
18.8
28.3
18.8
28.5
18.8
29.8
18.9
na
na

28.7
18.2
28.9
18.5
29.2
18.2
28.5
18.2
28.2
18

27.9
18.0
28.3
17.6
28.4
19.2
27.6
17.9
27.3
17.4

28.1
17.7
28.5
17.6
28.3
17.7
27.4
17.7
28
17.8

28.5
17.9
28.9
17.9
28.4
18.1
27.8
17.8
28.7
17.9

28.7
18.1
29.5
18.2
28.8
18.5
28.4
17.7
27.9
17.9

27.0
17.8
30.4
17.4
27.1
17.9
20.8
18
29.5
17.8

29.9
17.8
32.2
18.5
27.4
17.1
30
17.5
30
18.2

97

Table 1.3 A (cont’d):
TOWN
MBARARA
Long Term Average
Mean Max
Mean Min
2005 Mean Max
2005 Mean Min
2006 Mean Max
2006 Mean Min
2007 Mean Max
2007 Mean Min
2008 Mean Max
2008 Mean Min

Temperature for selected centres (degrees centigrade), 2005-2008

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

27.9
15.8
29.2
u/s
27.8
16.1
27.6
16.2
27.0
15.2

29.0
15.9
30.8
u/s
29.6
16.7
28.3
16.3
27.3
14.8

27.9
15.7
28.4
u/s
27.0
16.0
28.2
16.0
27.8
15.1

27.1
15.8
28.2
u/s
26.5
16.0
27.6
16.7
26.2
14.8

26.9
15.9
26.8
u/s
26.9
16.2
27.1
16.5
26.7
15.1

29.7
14.4
27.6
u/s
28.1
13.8
36.5
na
26.8
15.0

27.8
15.3
28.2
u/s
28.3
15.8
27.1
15.4
27.4
14.6

27.5
15.6
27.7
u/s
28.0
15.6
27.1
15.6
27.0
15.5

27.2
15.6
27.6
u/s
27.6
15.7
26.7
15.5
26.9
15.6

26.6
15.8
27.1
15.6
27.0
16.3
26.2
15.1
26.0
16.2

26.2
15.7
26.8
15.5
25.2
16.4
25.7
15.1
27.1
15.9

27.2
15.6
29.1
15.9
25.5
16.6
26.9
15.0
27.2
14.7

SOROTI
Long Term Average
Mean Max
Mean Min
2005 Mean Max
2005 Mean Min
2006 Mean Max
2006 Mean Min
2007 Mean Max
2007 Mean Min
2008 Mean Max
2008 Mean Min

32.7
19.6
32.9
19.4
34.0
20.3
31.0
19.1
32.8
19.4

33.2
20.1
35.2
20.6
33.9
20.6
31.0
19.2
32.8
19.8

31.6
19.3
32.3
20.8
30.3
19.2
32.8
17.8
30.9
19.3

30.2
19.6
29.4
19.9
29.7
na
31.9
19.6
29.8
19.2

29.7
19.1
28.7
19.1
30.8
19.0
29.9
19.3
29.5
19.0

28.7
18.7
29.1
18.9
29.3
18.1
27.8
18.7
28.7
19.0

28.7
18.8
28.5
18.4
29.1
19.5
na
na
28.6
18.4

28.9
18.5
29.5
18.4
29.0
18.6
28.3
18.5
28.8
18.3

29.6
18.4
29.9
18.5
30.1
18.2
28.5
18.4
29.9
18.6

30.1
18.8
30.3
18.7
30.5
18.9
30.2
18.7
29.2
18.8

30.2
18.8
31.4
19.0
28.6
18.7
30.6
18.6
30.1
18.7

31.8
18.9
33.8
19.2
28.3
18.6
32.1
18.6
32.9
19.0

TORORO
Long Term Average
Mean Max
Mean Min
2005 Mean Max
2005 Mean Min
2006 Mean Max
2006 Mean Min
2007 Mean Max
2007 Mean Min
2008 Mean Max
2008 Mean Min

31.5
17.5
31.6
na
33.0
17.6
29.8
17.6
31.4
17.2

32.1
17.8
34.9
17.6
32.8
18.3
29.9
17.9
30.7
17.5

30.9
18.0
31.7
19.2
29.8
18.4
31.8
17.0
30.1
17.3

30.0
18.1
30.2
19.1
28.8
17.8
30.9
18.2
30.0
17.2

29.2
18.0
28.6
18.6
29.1
17.9
29.6
18.0
29.3
17.6

28.4
17.4
28.8
17.8
28.7
17.4
27.8
17.4
28.4
16.8

28.2
17.0
28.6
16.9
28.8
17.6
27.4
16.9
28.0
16.7

28.7
17.1
28.8
17.1
29.4
17.4
28.0
16.9
28.4
16.8

29.3
17.4
29.3
17.2
29.6
18.0
28.4
17.3
29.7
16.9

29.5
17.3
29.9
17.5
29.9
17.7
29.5
16.7
28.6
17.4

30.1
16.9
30.9
17.5
n.a
n.a
29.6
16.5
29.8
16.7

31.0
16.8
32.9
16.5
28.1
18.1
30.9
16.2
32.2
16.4

Source: Meteorology Department, Ministry of Water and Environment

98

1.4

Humidity

Table 1.4 A:
TOWN
ARUA
Long Term Average
Mean R.H 06.00
Mean R.H 12.00
2005 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2005 Mean R.H. 12.00::
2006 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2006 Mean R.H. 12.00::
2007 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2007 Mean R.H. 12.00::
2008 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2008 Mean R.H. 12.00::
ENTEBBE
Long Term Average
Mean R.H 06.00
Mean R.H 12.00
2005 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2005 Mean R.H. 12.00::
2006 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2006 Mean R.H. 12.00::
2007 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2007 Mean R.H. 12.00::
2008 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2008 Mean R.H. 12.00::
GULU
Long Term Average
Mean R.H 06.00
Mean R.H 12.00
2005 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2005 Mean R.H. 12.00::
2006 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2006 Mean R.H. 12.00::
2007 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2007 Mean R.H. 12.00::
2008 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2008 Mean R.H. 12.00::
JINJA
Long Term Average
Mean R.H 06.00
Mean R.H 12.00
2005 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2005 Mean R.H. 12.00::
2006 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2006 Mean R.H. 12.00::
2007 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2007 Mean R.H. 12.00::
2008 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2008 Mean R.H. 12.00::

Monthly relative humidity for selected centers (percent), 2005 – 2008
Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

67
38
56
25
55
25
58
33
68
37

67
36
49
26
61
28
63
33
56
31

73
44
69
43
74
46
63
39
70
44

85
56
69
47
78
50
75
49
78
52

85
60
81
60
81
61
75
49
77
48

87
63
83
58
81
54
85
65
82
57

89
66
84
56
87
62
86
62
87
63

90
66
85
58
86
59
86
63
86
61

88
62
81
58
84
60
84
64
83
60

84
60
81
54
76
56
81
57
79
59

76
52
68
46
79
56
76
54
71
51

73
46
59
26
69
46
66
41
63
36

88
63
83
62
76
59
85
65
83
62

86
63
79
67
77
63
87
67
85
64

86
65
69
43
87
69
81
64
82
70

86
70
72
45
86
73
86
72
88
74

86
70
82
59
89
75
86
73
86
74

85
67
78
54
85
72
87
71
83
72

87
67
85
68
86
70
87
73
86
70

87
68
78
55
85
71
88
74
88
71

86
66
84
71
85
69
87
70
83
68

83
65
83
67
84
69
82
66
87
73

84
65
83
66
89
73
82
67
83
69

87
65
80
66
88
71
82
60
82
60

65
33
54
27
47
25
56
35
57
30

67
35
52
25
52
26
65
34
53
29

74
43
69
43
72
40
65
32

83
55
72
45
79
52
72
45
76
50

85
60
82
59
79
56
77
52
77
55

82
60
78
54
77
51
84
60
77
54

88
63
79
52
79
54
85
63
84
60

88
63
78
55
81
55
86
59
85
61

84
58
79
49
72
50
85
60
79
55

80
54
78
50
74
51
74
53
81
59

74
47
77
39
78
57
71
48
66
45

71
40
77
21
69
45
na
na
57
30

82
53
75
46
63
41
84
59
77
49

83
54
61
39
71
47
79
58
80
52

82
57
79
56
84
58
74
51
78
57

86
64
79
57
82
62
77
58
82
59

87
66
85
62
86
66
83
62
83
61

87
63
84
60
83
60
84
62
84
61

89
60
82
54
84
53
85
64
86
66

88
60
82
55
84
53
84
65
84
62

85
57
81
58
79
54
86
60
83
55

82
58
81
54
75
56
78
55
83
59

80
57
76
52
86
66
75
56
81
55

81
56
68
39
85
61
51
49
75
48

99

Table 1.4 A (cont’d):
TOWN
KABALE
Long Term Average
Mean R.H 06.00
Mean R.H 12.00
2005 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2005 Mean R.H. 12.00::
2006 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2006 Mean R.H. 12.00::
2007 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2007 Mean R.H. 12.00::
2008 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2008 Mean R.H. 12.00::
KAMPALA
Long Term Average
Mean R.H 06.00
Mean R.H 12.00
2005 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2005 Mean R.H. 12.00::
2006 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2006 Mean R.H. 12.00::
2007 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2007 Mean R.H. 12.00::
2008 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2008 Mean R.H. 12.00::
KASESE
Long Term Average
Mean R.H 06.00
Mean R.H 12.00
2005 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2005 Mean R.H. 12.00::
2006 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2006 Mean R.H. 12.00::
2007 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2007 Mean R.H. 12.00::
2008 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2008 Mean R.H. 12.00::
LIRA
Long Term Average
Mean R.H 06.00
Mean R.H 12.00
2005 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2005 Mean R.H. 12.00::
2006 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2006 Mean R.H. 12.00::
2007 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2007 Mean R.H. 12.00::
2008 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2008 Mean R.H. 12.00::

Monthly relative humidity for selected centers (percent), 2005 – 2008
Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

96
57
95
57
93
58
97
65
96
64

95
59
91
53
94
58
94
58
96
61

97
63
98
64
97
67
96
61
97
67

97
69
97
65
97
70
97
65
96
71

95
68
98
67
96
68
96
67
96
66

96
60
97
58
94
56
95
62
95
61

93
52
90
47
90
53
93
58
93
57

93
51
91
53
93
55
93
59
95
61

93
57
93
56
88
55
95
63
97
62

94
62
93
56
94
62
96
67
95
67

94
66
95
65
95
72
98
71
94
64

95
63
73
53
94
71
96
65
96
58

78
53
74
47
70
48
84
64
82
57

80
55
74
45
76
61
85
65
84
65

82
60
81
57
86
67
82
63
83
64

88
69
80
60
85
69
84
66
87
64

89
71
85
66
91
78
85
71
86
70

87
68
79
63
83
67
85
68
81
63

89
66
82
60
81
62
89
75
83
64

89
66
81
62
82
58
89
69
87
66

87
65
81
61
82
63
85
72
81
61

83
63
78
64
82
67
83
68
86
65

81
61
75
58
89
72
78
65
78
66

81
60
68
44
87
69
79
59
80
59

79
50
77
44
73
47
85
53
na
na

79
51
69
37
74
42
81
48
na
na

83
54
85
53
83
53
na
44
na
na

85
60
85
52
83
55
76
49
na
na

85
57
86
55
85
56
81
55
na
na

85
51
86
48
76
45
85
58
na
na

85
49
80
49
76
43
86
56
na
na

82
48
85
55
80
47
87
55
na
na

81
51
83
54
77
51
84
57
na
na

83
58
82
54
79
52
84
58
na
na

83
61
81
56
86
68
85
62
na
na

80
54
71
43
84
64
76
51
Na
na

70
35
62
32
59
32
41
39
na
na

73
36
53
26
65
38
73
44
na
na

78
42
71
47
72
48
72
38
na
na

84
52
73
49
79
55
75
47
na
na

89
61
82
61
81
59
79
54
na
na

86
59
77
58
80
52
84
60
na
na

90
62
80
58
79
69
83
61
na
na

89
62
80
57
78
54
82
57
na
na

86
57
73
49
75
51
82
61
na
na

83
53
79
55
74
52
78
49
na
na

79
46
66
40
80
56
73
46
na
na

74
42
53
30
75
52
59
33
na
Na

100

Table 1.4 A (cont’d):
TOWN
MASINDI
Long Term Average
Mean R.H 06.00
Mean R.H 12.00
2005 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2005 Mean R.H. 12.00::
2006 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2006 Mean R.H. 12.00::
2007 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2007 Mean R.H. 12.00::
2008 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2008 Mean R.H. 12.00::
MBARARA
Long Term Average
Mean R.H 06.00
Mean R.H 12.00
2005 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2005 Mean R.H. 12.00::
2006 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2006 Mean R.H. 12.00::
2007 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2007 Mean R.H. 12.00::
2008 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2008 Mean R.H. 12.00::
SOROTI
Long Term Average
Mean R.H 06.00
Mean R.H 12.00
2005 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2005 Mean R.H. 12.00::
2006 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2006 Mean R.H. 12.00::
2007 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2007 Mean R.H. 12.00::
2008 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2008 Mean R.H. 12.00::
TORORO
Long Term Average
Mean R.H 06.00
Mean R.H 12.00
2005 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2005 Mean R.H. 12.00::
2006 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2006 Mean R.H. 12.00::
2007 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2007 Mean R.H. 12.00::
2008 Mean R.H. 06.00::
2008 Mean R.H. 12.00::

Monthly relative humidity for selected centers (percent), 2005 – 2008
Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

73
42
68
39
68
39
70
na
76
53

73
43
67
34
67
34
na
na
73
50

77
50
74
52
74
52
na
na
81
58

80
59
75
55
82
63
81
na
na
na

81
63
86
64
84
64
84
na
na
na

82
63
85
68
80
53
83
na
80
60

86
63
88
62
83
63
92
na
87
64

87
64
86
62
88
70
91
na
88
64

84
62
85
62
85
62
89
na
87
68

82
60
77
56
82
63
86
na
89
72

78
54
69
38
86
69
84
na
79
58

76
50
67
37
82
81
76
na
75
45

73
42
85
45
85
51
87
50
86
55

73
43
75
39
82
49
82
52
85
51

77
50
85
58
89
57
87
49
90
56

80
59
85
54
90
62
86
54
86
62

81
63
88
61
87
62
82
54
81
54

82
63
83
49
74
45
86
52
79
48

86
63
78
39
73
39
83
48
83
43

87
64
83
51
78
44
83
50
88
53

84
62
85
55
76
57
85
59
85
64

82
60
87
66
81
59
85
64
87
62

78
54
90
62
90
66
88
68
84
57

76
50
81
46
90
65
85
53
85
53

66
35
57
38
57
32
69
43
69
39

72
37
57
29
60
40
77
49
67
39

74
42
73
46
81
52
73
40
80
50

80
51
77
49
81
55
77
45
80
51

80
57
79
57
82
59
80
55
81
57

80
57
78
55
75
51
84
62
78
55

83
57
79
54
79
53
na
na
80
54

82
57
77
52
79
53
84
58
82
58

78
52
72
49
77
49
81
59
78
53

79
47
75
48
72
49
72
48
83
58

76
43
65
41
81
59
69
45
70
47

69
39
51
29
76
51
62
36
66
40

66
40
73
52
61
46
83
63
72
52

68
42
61
44
66
50
77
63
74
55

74
47
77
60
83
65
75
54
79
58

78
57
77
66
84
71
77
59
82
63

81
61
84
72
84
69
83
65
83
64

80
58
82
65
82
65
85
65
82
63

81
57
83
64
85
65
86
71
85
64

81
56
83
66
82
84
87
66
82
62

77
53
81
64
82
64
85
69
80
55

74
53
79
64
80
65
78
61
82
63

72
51
74
58
na
na
79
63
76
53

71
48
63
43
85
70
69
49
62
35

Source: Meteorology Department, Ministry of Water and Environment

101

1.5

Rural Water Supply

Table 1.5 A:
Region/District

Rural water supply service levels, June 2006
Population
Rural

Protected
springs

Hand
Pumps
Deep
Bore/holes

Shallow
wells

Dug wells

Gravity Flow
Schemes
Taps

Service Level
People Served

Percentage

Central
Kalangala

43,165

15

1

63

0

11

23,984

Kayunga

298,128

56

360

141

0

0

161,500

55.6
54.2

Kiboga

256,694

122

152

187

53

38

147,700

57.5

Luwero

310,104

7

464

0

326

0

237,261

76.5

Masaka

714,664

578

406

903

0

0

505,464

70.7

Mityana

262,130

127

133

87

294

0

165,422

63.1

Mpigi

426,664

550

98

285

46

0

235,639

55.2
44.6

Mubende

468,236

107

231

361

0

34

208,950

Mukono

788,753

1525

367

380

0

33

521,690

66.1

Nakaseke

155,955

0

211

7

288

0

134,272

86.1

Nakasongola

127,341

2

146

54

17

0

64,612

50.7

Rakai

481,318

133

299

412

25

0

245,788

51.1

Ssembabule

194,826

0

142

0

83

0

67,536

34.7

Wakiso
Sub Total

864,854
5,392,832

582
3,804

283

758

0

5

425,627

49.2

3,293

3,638

1,132

121

3,145,444

58.3

Eastern
Amuria

232,371

71

272

92

0

0

123,442

53.1

Bugiri

488,870

60

333

0

80

0

136,378

27.9

Bukwa

58,410

105

0

0

0

94

35,136

60.2

Busia

211,375

187

312

2

18

0

137,234

64.9

Butaleja

180,119

10

252

0

15

0

82,100

45.6

Iganga

765,013

93

1043

233

389

0

512,582

67.0

Jinja

351,255

304

195

267

0

0

199,400

56.8

Kaberamaido

139,952

73

314

121

0

0

128,035

91.5

Kaliro

173,326

0

289

1

0

0

87,000

50.2

Kamuli

617,988

2

714

266

0

0

294,400

47.6

Kapchorwa

158,003

396

27

0

0

91

96,677

61.2

Katakwi

146,539

0

263

62

0

0

95,318

65.0

Kumi

443,619

358

390

143

293

33

314,914

71.0

Manafa

436,857

599

124

5

0

145

179,259

41.0

Mayuge

361,502

82

253

120

0

13

129,908

35.9

Mbale

294,125

174

226

15

0

180

134,166

45.6

Pallisa

561,631

167

576

107

0

0

238,300

42.4

Sironko

310,501

607

80

44

0

311

202,952

65.4

Soroti

365,643

123

635

263

0

0

281,288

76.9

Tororo

398,599

242

548

0

35

0

233,227

58.5

6,695,697

3,653

6,846

1,741

830

867

3,641,718

54.4

Sub Total

102

Table 1.5 A (cont'):
Region/
District

Population
Rural

Rural water supply service levels, June 2006
Protected
Springs

Hand
Pumps
Deep
Bore
holes

Shallow
wells

Dug
wells

Gravity Flow
Schemes

Service level
People
Served

Taps

Percentage

Northern
Adjumani

228,437

17

463

53

0

6

162,312

Amolatar

109,843

0

151

19

0

5

51,750

71.1
47.1

Apac

755,183

349

630

219

11

0

328,712

43.5

Arua

784,076

1,177

792

140

0

73

530,227

67.6

Gulu

393,882

331

440

157

28

1

250,226

63.5

Kabong

534,288

0

161

23

2

0

55,854

10.5
49.0

Kitgum

283,660

0

514

108

0

12

139,065

Koboko

118,220

469

83

29

0

19

104,756

88.6

Kotido

285,375

3

290

102

4

0

128,666

45.1

Lira

651,495

752

298

404

0

13

362,950

55.7

Moroto

194,681

3

318

19

0

28

106,647

54.8

Moyo

249,516

32

264

0

38

66

107,044

42.9

Nakapiripirit

188,506

7

294

25

0

0

96,980

51.4

Nebbi

406,750

823

613

144

0

79

354,414

87.1

Pader

330,110

8

465

83

0

0

160,251

48.5

Yumbe

317,405

27

195

38

1

0

75,600

23.8

5,831,428

3,998

5,971

1,563

84

302

3,015,456

51.7

Sub Total
Western
Bundubugyo

239,987

253

32

0

121

260

133,860

55.8

Bushenyi

735,946

2,259

158

0

132

678

606,813

82.5

Hoima

373,559

503

331

145

152

30

283,463

75.9

Ibanda

194,458

175

43

44

0

294

106,994

55.0

Isingiro

354,096

59

153

57

0

131

95,824

27.1

Kabale

459,494

1,568

94

6

0

1,663

430,584

93.7

Kabarole

337,615

373

86

383

0

34

220,688

65.4

Kamwenge

317,573

416

64

142

0

81

164,296

51.7

Kanungu

208,724

995

106

30

0

452

208,724

100.0

Kasese

544,201

1,143

170

0

0

1,786

438,788

80.6

Kibaale

497,596

620

356

0

583

0

373,390

75.0

Kiruhura

235,485

1

189

54

0

15

74,461

31.6

Kisoro

219,893

322

12

0

0

128

91,850

41.8

Kyenjojo

419,016

325

188

315

0

54

224,180

53.5

Masindi

534,516

353

474

205

174

11

329,292

61.6

Mbarara

322,882

377

145

35

0

425

173,730

53.8

Ntugamo

402,708

977

260

0

340

283

368,470

91.5

Rukungiri

320,422

1,153

83

62

0

150

281,325

87.8

6,718,171

11,872

2,944

1,478

1,502

6,475

4,606,731

68.6

24,638,127

23,327

19,054

8,420

3,548

7,765

14,409,349

58.5

Sub Total

Total

Note: The number of people served is estimated using a source-man ratio of 300 persons/hand pump; 200 persons/spring;
150 persons /GFS tap. The functionality rate for point water sources is 83 percent, and if factored in, the service coverage
drops to 51.6 percent.
Source: Directorate of Water Development, Luzira.

103

1.6

Forestry

Table 1.6 A:

Category
Monetary
For sawn timber
For poles
For wood fuel- Household
"
" - Commercial
"
" - Industrial
For charcoal
Gross output
Non monetary
For poles
For wood fuel - Household
"
" - Commercial
"
" - Industrial
Gross output
Total
For sawn timber
For poles
For wood fuel - Household
"
" - Commercial
"
" - Industrial
For charcoal
Total Gross output

Value of output of round-wood timber at current prices, 2003 - 2007
(Mill. Shs)
2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

33,062
4,399
5,398
4,660
10,812
31,908
90,239

35,280
4,575
5,592
4,771
11,048
34,148
95,414

37,648
4,758
5,794
4,884
11,290
36,545
100,919

40,174
4,948
6,002
5,001
11,537
39,111
106,773

42,870
5,280
6,405
5,336
12,311
41,735
113,937

9,633
98,159
15,299
2,393
125,484

10,018
101,664
15,668
2,446
129,796

10,419
105,323
16,041
2,499
134,282

10,835
109,115
16,423
2,554
138,927

11,269
113,480
17,080
2,656
144,485

33,062
14,032
103,557
19,959
13,205
31,908
215,723

35,280
14,593
107,256
20,439
13,494
34,148
225,210

37,648
15,177
111,117
20,926
13,789
36,545
235,202

40,174
15,784
115,117
21,424
14,091
39,111
245,701

42,870
16,549
119,885
22,416
14,967
41,735
258,422

Note: Figures are based on projections
Source: National Forestry Authority and Uganda Bureau of statistics

Table 1.6 B:
Category
Monetary
For sawn timber
For poles
For wood fuel - Household
"
" - Commercial
"
" - Industrial
For charcoal
Total wood production
Non monetary
For poles
For wood fuel - Household
"
" - Commercial
"
" - Industrial
Total wood production
Total
For sawn timber
For poles
For wood fuel- Household
"
" - Commercial
"
" - Industrial
For charcoal
Total wood production

Total production of round-wood timber, 2003 – 2007 (‘000 tonnes)
2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

791
234
747
645
1,496
5,308
9,221

845
243
774
660
1,529
5,681
9,732

902
253
802
676
1,562
6,080
10,274

962
270
855
721
1,596
6,506
10,910

1,027
288
913
770
1,631
6,963
11,592

513
16,975
2,117
331
19,936

534
17,586
2,167
338
20,625

555
18,219
2,219
346
21,339

577
18,875
2,272
353
22,077

600
19,555
2,326
361
22,842

791
747
17,722
2,762
1,827
5,308
29,157

845
777
18,360
2,827
1,867
5,681
30,357

902
808
19,021
2,895
1,908
6,080
31,614

962
847
19,731
2,993
1,949
6,506
32,988

1,027
888
20,468
3,096
1,992
6,963
34,434

Note: Figures are based on projections.
Source: National Forestry Authority and Uganda Bureau of Statistics.

104

2.0

Demography Statistics

2.1

Population Projections

Table 2.1 A:

Mid-year population estimates and projections for Uganda, 1992 –
2009
Mid Year Population
Urban

Year

Rural

Total

1992
1993
1994
1995

1,801,100
1,891,700
1,987,000
2,087,000

15,671,900
16,149,900
16,641,700
17,148,000

17,473,000
18,041,600
18,628,700
19,235,000

1996
1997
1998
1999
2000

2,192,100
2,302,500
2,418,400
2,540,100
2,668,000

17,668,800
18,204,800
18,756,300
19,323,800
19,907,400

19,860,900
20,507,300
21,174,700
21,863,900
22,575,400

2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

2,802,400
2,943,500
3,091,400
3,247,000
3,410,500

20,507,700
21,125,300
21,759,300
22,412,500
23,084,100

23,310,100
24,068,506
25,089,400
25,859,700
26,741,300

2006
2007
2008
2009

3,582,200
3,762,600
4,372,000
4,524,700

23,774,700
24,484,700
25,220,600
26,136,700

27,629,300
28,581,300
29,592,600
30,661,400

Table 2.1 B:

0-4
5-9
10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80+
Total

Total
6,195.27
4,270.20
3,774.35
3,160.78
2,597.44
2,091.00
1,662.04
1,310.76
1,025.03
788.74
591.99
429.07
296.42
190.54
110.88
56.3
30.47
28,581.28

Projected mid year Population (' 000) for 5 year age groups, 2007 –
2009
2006
Male
3,072.48
2,123.32
1,856.57
1,539.38
1,254.31
1,001.95
790.64
618.08
478.38
364.29
270.7
194.16
132.32
83.75
48.24
24.56
13.54
13,866.67

Female
3,122.79
2,146.88
1,917.78
1,621.40
1,343.13
1,089.06
871.39
692.68
546.65
424.45
321.29
234.91
164.1
106.8
62.64
31.74
16.93
14,714.62

Total
6,387.42
4,544.64
3,863.47
3,255.16
2,677.42
2,161.21
1,718.24
1,354.10
1,057.92
813.88
610.36
441.86
304.86
196.06
114.47
58.61
32.97
29,592.65

2007
Male
3,170.79
2,261.50
1,905.64
1,589.84
1,297.12
1,038.99
820.19
640.37
494.58
375.94
278.74
199.4
135.46
85.53
49.3
25.29
14.55
14,383.23

Female
3216.64
2283.14
1957.83
1665.33
1380.3
1122.22
898.05
713.73
563.34
437.93
331.62
242.46
169.4
110.53
65.17
33.32
18.42
15209.43

Total
6,586.76
4,846.41
3,949.71
3,354.51
2,760.84
2,235.32
1,777.78
1,400.19
1,092.82
840.64
630.04
455.66
313.92
201.96
118.27
60.91
35.55
30,661.29

2008
Male
3,273.56
2,413.35
1,953.97
1,643.44
1,342.23
1,078.64
851.98
664.57
512.19
388.66
287.56
205.19
138.95
87.53
50.47
26
15.57
14,933.86

Female
3,313.20
2,433.06
1,995.74
1,711.07
1,418.61
1,156.68
925.8
735.63
580.63
451.98
342.48
250.47
174.97
114.43
67.8
34.91
19.98
15,727.44

105

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

106

Table 2.1 C:

District/
Region

Census population (1991 and 2002) by region and district and
projected 2009 mid-year population
Census Population
1991

2002

Sex Ratio
2002

Growth Mid-Year Projected
Rate 2002

Population 2009

Central
Kalangala

16,371

34,766

150

6.5

54,100

Kampala

774,241

1,189,142

92

3.7

1,533,600

Kayunga

236,177

294,613

94

1.9

336,600

Kiboga

141,607

229,472

104

4.1

305,400

Luwero

255,390

341,317

97

2.5

405,900

53,100

66,039

98

1.9

75,300

694,697

770,662

95

0.9

822,300

Lyantonde
Masaka
Mityana

223,527

266,108

100

1.5

295,900

Mpigi

350,980

407,790

100

1.3

447,000

Mubende

277,449

423,422

100

3.6

544,000

Mukono

588,427

795,393

99

2.6

952,300

Nakaseke

93,804

137,278

100

3.3

172,100

Nakasongola

100,497

127,064

101

2.0

146,300

Rakai

330,401

404,326

95

1.7

456,800

Sembabule

144,039

180,045

98

1.9

205,900

562,887

907,988

94

4.1

1,205,100

4,843,594

6,575,425

97

2.6

7,958,600

Wakiso
Sub Total
Eastern
Amuria

69,353

180,022

93

8.2

315,500

Budaka

100,348

136,489

93

2.6

164,000
159,900

Bududa
Bugiri
Bukedea

79,218

123,103

102

3.8

239,307

412,395

94

4.7

568,700

75,272

122,433

92

4.2

163,300

Bukwa

30,692

48,952

99

4.0

64,500

Busia

163,597

225,008

92

2.7

272,100

Butaleja

106,678

157,489

95

3.3

198,500

Iganga

365,756

540,999

91

3.4

682,100

Jinja

289,476

387,573

96

2.5

461,500

81,535

131,650

95

4.1

174,800

Kaliro

105,122

154,667

97

3.3

194,600

Kamuli

380,092

552,665

94

3.2

690,300

86,010

141,439

97

4.3

189,800

Kaberamaido

Kapchorwa
Katakwi

75,244

118,928

93

3.9

156,000

Kumi

161,422

267,232

92

4.3

360,000

Manafwa

178,528

262,566

95

3.3

330,200

Mayuge

216,849

324,674

94

3.5

412,600

Mbale

240,929

332,571

96

2.8

403,100

Namutumba

123,871

167,691

95

2.6

200,900

Pallisa

257,308

384,089

93

3.4

487,100

Sironko

212,305

283,092

98

2.5

336,300

Soroti

204,258

369,789

95

5.1

524,800

Tororo

285,299

379,399

95

2.4

449,900

4,128,469

6,204,915

94

3.5

7,960,500

Sub Total

107

Table 2.1 C (cont’d):

Census population (1991 and 2002) by region and district and
projected 2009 mid-year population

District/
Region

Census Population
1991

2002

Sex Ratio
2002

Growth Mid Year Projected
Rate 2002

Population 2009

Northern
Abim

47,572

51,903

93

0.7

54,900

Adjumani

96,264

202,290

98

6.4

313,200

Amolatar

68,473

96,189

99

2.9

117,800

Amuru

126,639

176,733

97

2.9

215,500

Apac

277,451

415,578

96

3.5

528,200

Arua

268,839

402,671

92

3.5

511,800
166,000

Dokolo
Gulu
Kaabong

84,978

129,385

95

3.6

211,788

298,527

97

2.9

366,200

91,236

202,757

96

6.8

324,500

Kitgum

175,587

282,375

98

4.1

374,100

Koboko

62,337

129,148

98

6.2

198,300

Kotido

57,198

122,442

99

6.5

192,800

Lira

347,514

515,666

96

3.4

651,700

Nyadri

206,971

302,109

93

3.2

378,300

Moroto

96,833

189,940

93

5.8

282,700

Moyo

79,381

194,778

104

7.7

330,200

Nakapiripirit

77,584

154,494

99

5.9

232,300

Nebbi

316,866

435,360

92

2.7

526,200

Oyam

177,053

268,415

96

3.6

343,500

Pader

181,597

326,338

98

5.0

461,200

99,794

251,784

101

7.9

433,700

3,151,955

5,148,882

96

4.2

7,003,100

Yumbe
Sub Total
Western
Buliisa

47,709

63,363

96

2.4

75,100

Bundibugyo

116,566

209,978

93

5.0

297,200

Bushenyi

579,137

731,392

92

2.0

841,600

Hoima

197,851

343,618

100

4.7

476,000

Ibanda

148,029

198,635

95

2.5

236,800

Isingiro

226,365

316,025

94

2.9

385,500

Kabale

417,218

458,318

88

0.8

486,300

Kabarole

299,573

356,914

100

1.5

397,000

Kamwenge

201,654

263,730

93

2.3

309,700

Kanungu

160,708

204,732

93

2.1

236,800

Kasese

343,601

523,033

94

3.6

671,000

Kibaale

220,261

405,882

97

5.2

582,000

Kiruhura

140,946

212,219

102

3.5

270,500

Kisoro

186,681

220,312

82

1.4

243,900

Kyenjojo

245,573

377,171

98

3.7

486,400

Masindi

213,087

396,127

100

5.3

571,000

Mbarara

267,457

361,477

96

2.6

418,300

Ntungamo

305,199

379,987

92

1.9

447,400

Rukungiri

230,072

275,162

91

1.5

306,700

4,547,687

6,298,075

94

2.8

7,739,200

16,671,705

24,227,297

95

3.2

30,661,400

Sub Total
Uganda

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

108

Table 2.1 D:

2009 mid-year projected population for Town Councils

District
Central
Kalangala
Kampala
Kayunga
Kiboga

Urban council

Luwero
Lyantonde
Masaka
Mityana
Mpigi
Mubende
Mukono
Nakaseke
Nakasongola
Rakai
Ssembabule
Wakiso

Eastern
Amuria
Budaka
Bududa
Bugiri
Bukedea
Bukwo
Busia
Butaleja
Iganga
Jinja
Kaberamaido
Kaliro
Kamuli
Kapchorwa
Katakwi
Kumi
Manafwa
Mayuge
Mbale
Namutumba
Pallisa
Sironko
Soroti
Tororo

2009 mid year projected population

Kalangala TC
Kampala City
Kayunga TC
Kiboga TC
Bombo TC
Luwero TC
Wobulenzi TC
Lyantonde TC
Lukaya TC
Masaka MC
Mityana TC
Mpigi TC
Mubende TC
Lugazi TC
Mukono TC
Njeru TC
Nkonkonjeru TC
Nakaseke TC
Nakasongola TC
Kalisizo TC
Kyotera TC
Rakai TC
Sembabule TC
Entebbe MC
Kakiri TC
Kira TC
Nansana TC
Wakiso TC

4,600
1,533,600
22,700
16,000
19,900
28,000
22,400
8,600
15,000
72,300
38,000
37,600
20,600
33,500
55,700
61,300
13,300
2,000
7,500
31,400
8,600
6,700
4,500
73,100
5,600
164,700
82,400
19,400

Amuria TC
Budaka TC
Bududa TC
Bugiri TC
Bukedea TC
Bukwo TC
Busia TC
Busolwe TC
Butaleja TC
Busembatya TC
Iganga TC
Bugembe TC
Buwenge TC
Jinja MC
Kakira TC
Kaberamaido TC
Kaliro TC
Kamuli TC
Kapchorwa TC
Katakwi TC
Kumi TC
LwakhakhaTC
Manafwa TC
Mayuge TC
Mbale MC
Namutumba TC
Pallisa TC
Sironko TC
Soroti MC
Malaba TC
Nagongera TC
Tororo MC

4,600
20,400
3,800
23,500
33,500
4,400
44,300
7,900
5,300
14,600
49,800
31,300
17,200
84,700
8,100
3,200
12,700
14,200
11,700
7,700
11,900
10,000
14,800
11,100
86,200
10,000
30,000
13,300
59,200
9,000
11,200
41,300

109

Table 2.1 D (cont’d):

2009 mid-year projected population for town councils

District
Northern
Abim
Adjumani
Amolatar
Amuru
Apac
Arua
Dokolo
Gulu
Kaabong
Kitgum
Koboko
Kotido
Lira
Moroto
Moyo
Nakapiripirit
Nebbi
Oyam
Pader
Terego/Maracha
Yumbe
Western
Buliisa
Bundibugyo
Bushenyi
Hoima
Ibanda
Isingiro
Kabale
Kabalore
Kamwenge
Kanungu

Kasese

Kibaale
Kiruhura
Kisoro
Kyenjojo
Masindi
Mbarara
Ntungamo
Rukungiri
Total

Urban council

2009 mid year projected population

Abim TC
Adjumani TC
Amolatar TC
Amuru TC
Apac TC
Arua MC
Dokolo TC
Gulu MC
Kaabong TC
Kitgum TC
Koboko TC
Kotido TC
Lira MC
Moroto MC
Moyo TC
Nakapiripirit TC
Nebbi TC
Paidha TC
Pakwach TC
Oyam TC
Kalongo TC
Pader TC
Nyadri TC
Yumbe TC

15,700
30,700
14,000
12,900
55,800
16,900
146,600
20,900
55,400
45,700
20,300
102,200
11,000
20,500
2,400
27,500
29,100
21,300
13,600
13,700
12,200
7,100
26,500

Buliisa TC
Bundibugyo TC
Nyahuka TC
Ishaka-Bushenyi TC
Kabwohe-Itendero TC
Hoima TC
Kigorobya TC
Ibanda TC
Kakinga TC
Isingiro TC
Kabale MC
Fort Portal MC
Kamwenge TC
Kanungu TC
Kihiihi TC
Bwera – Mpondwe TC
Hima TC
Kasese TC
Katwe Kabatoro TC
Kagadi TC
Kibaale TC
Kiruhuura TC
Kisoro TC
Kyenjojo TC
Masindi TC
Mbarara MC
Ntungamo TC
Rukungiri TC

26,800
19,500
25,800
17,700
38,700
5,200
27,100
20,800
20,700
43,900
45,600
15,700
14,900
18,500
15,500
27,600
69,200
7,400
19,500
6,800
13,100
12,600
19,400
40,800
80,300
15,700
14,000
4,524,700

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

110

2.2

Education

Table 2.2 A :

Primary school enrolment by class and sex 2004- 2008

Class/Year
P1

P2

P3

P4

P5

P6

P7

Total

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Male

923,180

859,343

883,827

918,399

885,897

Female

914,097

853,077

879,457

913,730

881,502

Total

1,837,277

1,712,420

1,763,284

1,832,129

1,767,399

Male

603,356

592,955

601,545

610,262

619,133

Female

591,121

582,077

597,780

603,224

615,310

Total

1,194,477

1,175,032

1,199,325

1,213,486

1,234,443

Male

580,411

583,126

602,708

614,896

604,501

Female

570,114

579,336

597,267

609,916

595,788

Total

1,150,525

1,162,462

1,199,975

1,224,812

1,200,289

Male

524,935

511,321

523,429

544,928

546,236

Female

520,879

507,969

530,859

551,328

550,524

Total

1,045,814

1,019,290

1,054,288

1,096,256

1,096,760

Male

462,529

457,249

452,566

466,769

464,069

Female

461,180

458,255

461,809

473,035

472,855

Total

923,709

915,504

914,375

939,804

936,924

Male

382,609

381,975

380,432

379,288

371,760

Female

369,399

377,245

382,821

381,924

377,973

Total

752,008

759,220

763,253

761,212

749,733

Male

255,908

256,599

247,735

244,796

249,419

Female

217,574

223,352

220,703

225,476

236,307

Total

473,482

479,951

468,438

470,272

485,726

Male

3,732,928

3,642,568

3,692,242

3,779,338

3,741,015

Female

3,644,364

3,581,311

3,670,696

3,758,633

3,730,259

Grand Total

7,377,292

7,223,879

7,362,938

7,537,971

7,471,274

Source: Ministry of Education and Sports

111

Table 2.2 B:

District
Central
Kalangala
Kampala
Kayunga
Kiboga
Luwero
Lyantonde
Masaka
Mityana
Mpigi
Mubende
Mukono
Nakaseke
Nakasongola
Rakai
Ssembabule
Wakiso
Eastern
Budaka
Bududa
Bukwo
Bugiri
Bukedea
Busia
Butaleja
Iganga
Jinja
Kaberamaido
Kaliro
Kamuli
Kapchorwa
Katakwi
Kumi
Mayuge
Manafwa
Mbale
Namutumba
Pallisa
Sironko
Soroti
Tororo

Primary education accessibility indicators by district, 2007 – 2008

Gross
Intake
Rate

2007
Net
Gross
Intake Enrolment
Rate
Rate

2008
Net
Enrolment
Rate

Gross
Intake
Rate

Net
Intake
Rate

Gross
Enrolment
Rate

Net
Enrolment
Rate

45
37
152
118.6
170.6
168.2
146.5
111.5
135
116.9
107.9
163.5
164.6
139.2
251.2
54.1

22.4
20.2
72.4
51.8
86.8
67.7
66.7
48.9
69.6
48.3
50.3
82.9
85.7
66.8
110.2
24.5

39.3
50.7
126.1
100.3
143
102.7
120.5
100.1
126.8
90.8
101.2
141.5
133.9
110.1
173.1
71.5

31.1
42.7
104.3
80.6
122.1
82.6
100
81.1
107
72.9
83.7
119
107.3
93.3
146.9
58.3

56
34
159
121
157
154
139
89
149
125
102
155
177
131
251
53

25
17
79
47
77
62
63
41
68
51
42
71
88
67
101
23

41
46
131
96
132
93
114
79
126
91
88
120
133
103
158
71

31
38
110
75
111
76
96
65
107
74
72
101
105
87
132
58

164.5
218.1
204.1
133.4
148.6
154.6
204.7
115.7
75.8
149.1
150.7
124.7
121.3
138.3
141
121.3
154.9
116.7
165.3
145.9
142.4
134.3
147

87.4
98.9
123.6
72
71.7
75.3
121.8
65.3
45.4
87.9
78.1
72
70.3
73.5
75.6
59.5
81.3
58.3
95.4
82.8
71.9
75.9
78

144.8
163.9
204.7
114.3
122.3
143
150.9
118.9
94.8
137.8
125.4
125.7
118.6
111
120.3
107.9
137.4
120.8
147.7
122.5
134.2
121.4
137.4

123.3
140.4
179.8
99.2
104.2
122.2
133.5
102.5
82.8
115.1
105.7
110.4
97.6
93.9
102.4
93.8
116.5
98.2
128.3
107.1
113.8
101.9
113.9

193
192
203
142
154
171
199
120
83
139
159
130
120
134
142
151
166
128
217
168
147
127
151

104
77
109
65
65
89
107
59
49
80
78
72
69
71
87
65
91
61
123
88
73
61
75

140
139
209
116
124
143
143
120
91
126
121
121
119
109
125
121
135
120
149
126
136
110
138

119
114
181
99
99
123
128
102
79
105
103
106
97
91
104
105
118
98
127
110
115
91
111

112

Table 2.2 B (cont’d):

Primary education accessibility indicators by district, 2007 – 2008
2007

District

2008

Gross

Net

Gross

Net

Gross

Net

Gross

Net

Intake

Intake

Enrolment

Enrolment

Intake

Intake

Enrolment

Enrolment

Rate

Rate

Rate

Rate

Rate

Rate

Rate

Rate
142

Northern
Abim

260.2

93.2

184.1

150.7

251

88

180

Adjumani

68.6

14.9

66.5

42.6

65

11

62

41

Amolatar

110.1

30

118.9

95.1

129

40

144

114

Amuria

127.9

61.7

100.8

84.7

135

70

110

91

Amuru

136.2

45.4

116.3

93.7

141

46

118

92

120

41.1

134.4

112.7

123

41

131

109

Apac
Arua

200.3

66.3

166.1

137.1

211

69

166

138

Dokolo

121.7

38.2

129.5

106.4

128

39

133

108

Gulu

133.4

54

142.1

116.7

122

54

130

104

Kaabong

126

35.2

56.9

47.6

116

39

57

49

Kitgum

144.6

64.7

145.8

120.7

135

53

134

109

Koboko

187.3

55.3

146.9

118.4

171

54

138

110

Kotido

75.9

19

34.2

27.4

87

19

34

27

Lira
MarachaTerego

140

47.2

133.9

114.8

142

48

131

112

206.9

75

174.3

142.5

223

73

172

143

Moroto

57.1

16.6

37.4

28.8

87

21

43

33

Moyo

55.3

19.6

55.9

35.9

60

19

49

35

103.4

25.8

46.2

38.3

111

27

46

37

Nebbi

177.9

64.5

136.3

110.2

180

62

130

106

Oyam

139.1

51

138.6

119

142

55

138

121

Pader

171.1

66

165.8

136.8

155

59

145

120

Yumbe

141.9

49.7

100.9

82.4

108

34

74

59

Bulisa

147.2

53.3

107.3

85.4

138

52

106

89

Bundibugyo

107.8

50

85.5

70.6

110

51

80

66

Bushenyi

83

Nakapiripirit

Western

144.1

63

118

96.3

115

46

104

Hoima

95.2

43

95.6

75.9

102

38

92

72

Ibanda

156.4

74.4

120.7

94.8

145

79

103

79

Isingiro

152.3

58.5

106.3

83.9

146

57

96

74

Kabale

143.9

78.4

129.9

106.3

157

70

125

100

Kabarole

120.4

41.3

108.9

82.2

117

41

107

83

Kamwenge

136.2

45.6

108.9

83.8

146

50

110

81

Kanungu

145.3

62.5

116.9

88.7

127

54

108

86

Kiruhura

170.6

62.7

115.9

91.5

139

53

91

72

Kasese

123.6

54.2

109.6

90.8

142

61

117

97

Kibaale

139.8

56.3

112.3

89.9

134

52

114

89

Kisoro

152.6

74.4

117.9

100.3

177

81

124

100

Kyenjojo

128.9

41

103.8

79.8

129

47

102

78

Masindi

101.9

45.6

95.5

74.3

78

31

74

58

Mbarara

126.4

50.8

108.3

82.5

97

40

90

69

Ntungamo

159.9

63.7

121.4

90.1

156

67

115

88

Rukungiri

122.4

55.9

118.5

91.2

128

55

111

83

National

128.5

57.4

113.1

93.3

128

55

108

89

Source: Ministry of Education and Sports

113

Table 2.2 C:

Primary education quality enhancement indicators by district, 2005–
2008
2005

2006

2008

2007

Pupil

Pupil

Pupil

Pupil

Pupil

Pupil

Pupil

Pupil

Teacher

Classroom

Teacher

Classroom

Teacher

Classroom

Teacher

Classroom

Ratio

Ratio

Ratio

Ratio

Ratio

Ratio

Ratio

Ratio

Kalangala

33

28

30

28

37

29

36

27

Kampala

29

40

28

40

29

41

29

40

Kayunga

46

57

48

69

53

66

53

66

Kiboga

55

62

43

57

51

55

48

48

District
Central

Luwero

49

64

49

61

58

67

59

65

Lyantonde

n/a

n/a

41

62

44

69

40

63

Masaka

43

68

44

69

55

71

53

72

Mityana

n/a

n/a

38

56

40

62

43

64

Mpigi

50

69

50

69

56

66

57

65

Mubende

49

68

46

71

61

75

60

73

Mukono

39

58

41

58

51

57

48

59

Nakaseke

n/a

n/a

50

62

62

70

58

62

Nakasongola

39

50

41

47

40

46

41

48

Rakai

40

66

41

64

47

64

45

65

Ssembabule

40

73

31

74

50

77

46

72

Wakiso

33

46

40

44

39

44

34

44

Eastern
Amuria

n/a

n/a

54

81

68

86

67

98

Budaka

n/a

n/a

61

84

69

85

72

87

Bududa

n/a

n/a

59

93

71

107

60

93

Bugiri

57

82

52

78

57

79

61

75

Bukedea

n/a

n/a

53

84

62

85

68

86

Bukwo

n/a

n/a

42

69

56

79

53

79

Busia

49

72

49

72

59

73

65

80

Butaleja

n/a

n/a

65

103

81

105

83

106

Iganga

59

98

54

90

62

91

63

85

Jinja

43

64

42

64

49

64

47

63

Kaberamaido

57

76

57

71

74

74

84

83

Kaliro

n/a

n/a

50

87

64

90

65

93

Kamuli

65

93

55

91

66

93

67

88

Kapchorwa

38

64

35

57

42

62

40

65

Katakwi

53

84

52

76

61

78

65

77

Kumi

52

81

52

79

64

83

65

84

Manafwa

n/a

n/a

49

95

59

101

59

101

Mayuge

55

104

58

96

64

90

71

95

Mbale

50

90

45

77

52

67

54

79

Namutumba

n/a

n/a

58

105

80

128

77

118

Pallisa

61

93

59

88

69

87

70

93

Sironko

51

72

48

73

53

82

59

88

Soroti

51

72

54

77

67

86

63

77

Tororo

59

90

59

86

68

87

70

86

114

Table 2.2 C (cont’d):

Primary education quality enhancement indicators by district, 2005 –
2008
2005

2006

2008

2007

Pupil

Pupil

Pupil

Pupil

Pupil

Pupil

Pupil

Pupil

Teacher

Classroom

Teacher

Classroom

Teacher

Classroom

Teacher

Classroom

Ratio

Ratio

Ratio

Ratio

Ratio

Ratio

Ratio

Ratio

Abim

n/a

n/a

55

76

76

78

53

81

Adjumani

43

57

48

57

63

58

66

53

Amolatar

n/a

n/a

63

90

72

92

69

93

Amuru

n/a

n/a

70

107

88

104

87

91

Apac

62

102

58

96

70

98

70

91

Arua

59

117

59

115

75

114

78

118

Dokolo

n/a

n/a

59

88

69

91

80

95

Gulu

67

94

55

81

75

83

68

76

Kaabong

n/a

n/a

90

99

130

111

127

115

Kitgum

85

98

91

106

94

98

86

88

Koboko

n/a

n/a

61

141

76

146

90

146

Kotido

56

70

59

72

107

77

103

76

Lira

62

88

65

85

73

82

70

88

Maracha/Terego

n/a

n/a

59

130

75

144

77

145

Moroto

46

53

51

52

54

48

67

54

Moyo

54

66

47

61

63

62

73

60

Nakapiripirit

62

72

83

78

88

67

93

66

Nebbi

65

92

63

93

80

98

81

98

Oyam

n/a

n/a

70

134

78

139

79

129

Pader

90

137

88

156

114

149

98

129

Yumbe

51

102

49

96

68

98

52

74

Buliisa

n/a

n/a

74

99

85

109

75

98

Bundibugyo

50

75

47

74

48

62

58

62

Bushenyi

45

59

45

56

48

51

46

50

Hoima

49

67

46

68

63

69

55

68

District
Northern

Western

Ibanda

n/a

n/a

41

67

40

57

42

59

Isingiro

n/a

n/a

40

61

49

65

49

61

Kabale

39

59

37

56

43

56

44

54

Kabarole

51

78

49

73

55

74

57

73

Kamwenge

47

70

49

67

55

63

58

70

Kanungu

46

57

43

59

46

53

51

56

Kasese

44

84

43

76

51

74

46

66

Kibaale

46

66

42

59

53

60

51

59

Kiruhura

n/a

n/a

35

55

40

50

44

53

Kisoro

48

54

45

55

54

55

59

61

Kyenjojo

59

79

53

73

63

75

69

79

Masindi

56

85

49

76

66

80

61

90

Mbarara

41

61

35

50

39

42

40

42

Ntungamo

49

63

44

60

48

53

46

53

Rukungiri

41

52

41

50

39

45

40

46

National

50

74

48

72

57

72

57

72

Source: Ministry of Education and Sports
n/a-Not a separate district at that time and date, data included in mother district

115

Table 2.2 D:

Primary school teachers by highest qualification and sex (2007 2008)

Primary
Primary +
certificate/Diploma
O level
O level + certificate
A level
A level + certificate
Graduate
Post Graduate diploma
Masters Degree
Doctorate
Unknown
Total

Male
615

2007
Female
446

Total
1061

Male
432

2008
Female
311

Total
743

3,366
23,434
53,773
4,605
3,223
1,349
98
52
16
1,814
92,345

2,905
15,450
36,277
1,557
1,119
511
73
28
13
1,362
59,741

6,271
38,884
90,050
6,162
4,342
1,860
171
80
29
3,176
152,086

2,842
20,506
47,095
2514
3,801
1,243
61
43
7
1,482
80,026

2,555
13,627
31,409
897
1,296
456
27
22
12
1,101
51,713

5,397
34,133
78,504
3,411
5,097
1,699
88
65
19
2,583
131,739

Source: Ministry of Education and Sports

Table 2.2 E:

Secondary school enrolment by class (2004- 2008)

CLASS/YEAR

Sex

S1

S2

S3

S4

S5

S6

Total

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Male

97,573

95,904

110,469

149,327

120,371

Female

82,494

82,902

98,392

128,623

104,541

Total

180,067

178,793

208,861

277,950

224,912

Male

85,421

89,033

96,168

106,114

116,451

Female

71,835

76,034

84,302

95,640

97,172

Total

157,256

165,081

180,470

201,754

213,623

Male

75,712

80,808

90,573

96,611

78,025

Female

64,549

67,428

77,669

83,775

69,092

Total

140,261

148,250

168,242

180,386

147,117

Male

67,125

72,690

79,016

88,139

72,270

Female

54,468

58,687

63,356

73,472

29,302

Total

121,593

131,266

142,372

161,611

131,572

Male

30,711

31,657

36,466

40,113

33,737

Female

21,879

21,816

25,600

29,114

23,482

Total

52,590

53,427

62,066

69,257

57,219

Male

27,110

30,722

31,024

36,950

31,781

Female

18,630

20,881

21,052

26,420

21,280

Total

45,740

51,576

52,076

63,370

53,061

Male

383,652

400,758

443,716

517,254

452,636

Female

313,855

327,635

370,371

437,074

374,869

Grand Total

697,507

728,393

814,087

954,328

827,504

Source: Ministry of Education and Sports

116

Table 2.2 F:

District
Central
Kalangala
Kampala
Kayunga
Kiboga
Lyantonde
Luwero
Masaka
Mityana
Mpigi
Mubende
Mukono
Nakaseke
Nakasongola
Rakai
Ssembabule
Wakiso
Eastern
Bukwo
Budaka
Bududa
Bugiri
Bukedea
Busia
Butaleja
Iganga
Jinja
Kaberamaido
Kaliro
Kamuli
Kapchorwa
Katakwi
Kumi
Manafwa
Mayuge
Mbale
Namutumba
Pallisa
Sironko
Soroti
Tororo

Secondary education accessibility indicators by district (2006– 2007)
2006
Net
Gross
Net
Intake
Enrolment Enrolment

Gross
Intake

Gross
Net
Intake Intake Rate

2007
Gross
Net
Enrolment Enrolment Rate

8.4
27.8
32.6
24.6
n/a
41.3
27.0
26.8
27.0
17.3
40.1
42.8
35.5
24.8
23.8
40.1

2
9
8
5.5
n/a
10
5.7
3.8
13.2
2.4
10.2
7.5
5.8
3.9
3.5
14.1

9.7
31.9
25.4
17.8
n/a
40.1
24.4
24.9
45.6
10.8
36.2
26.4
26.6
18.5
15.7
42.7

7.7
26.6
22.6
15.9
n/a
32.5
21.4
20.9
40.0
9.8
31.9
23.8
23.3
16.7
13.5
36.3

10.5
32.9
43
32.9
30.4
50.1
34.2
34.8
57.9
23.6
41.2
45.3
37.2
31.9
23.0
51.6

2.3
11.6
9.3
5.5
4.6
12.1
7.3
6.1
13.4
4.3
10.5
7.1
5.6
7.2
3.4
17.0

11.1
35.6
31.4
20.4
20.3
45.9
27.3
29.9
43.3
13.4
40.9
25.3
31.4
23.1
18.5
55.2

9.2
29.4
27.9
17.8
17.9
38.1
24.1
25.0
38.1
12.2
36.1
22.6
27.6
20.8
15.9
46.5

45.4
n/a
n/a
30.2
n/a
41.9
26.3
25.8
47.8
17.8
n/a
28.4
37.8
24.9
19.6
n/a
17.4
42.9
12.5
34.0
30.4
24.8
29.1

7.7
n/a
n/a
3.7
n/a
5.0
2.9
5.9
12.6
2.2
5.5
6.3
7.5
4.2
3.0
3.1
2.9
7.4
1.3
8.3
4.4
2.7
5.2

39.4
n/a
n/a
18.0
n/a
30.0
17.7
22.9
44.7
12.4
28.9
19.2
29.6
16.4
14.5
19.5
12.1
44.3
7.5
25.8
18.7
20.8
25.5

34.8
n/a
n/a
15.9
n/a
25.4
15.7
19.9
38.3
10.2
24.6
17.3
24.2
14.7
12.6
17.4
10.6
35.1
7.0
22.6
16.4
17.1
19.0

53.7
45.1
15.6
29.6
32.3
50.5
25.4
38.3
49.8
36.3
39.5
28.9
51.5
24.0
16.9
35.4
23.9
43.0
29.3
21.5
32.7
36.0
40.7

8.7
7.2
2.6
3.6
2.7
4.7
2.8
7.5
13.1
2.9
6.6
5.4
8.0
4.0
2.6
4.9
3.1
7.4
3.8
6.5
4.4
3.6
5.9

37.7
31.3
16.4
18.9
17.4
33.9
20.3
25.4
45.7
13.6
27.9
20.0
34.6
12.6
17.9
25.0
13.5
48.6
15.5
18.4
18.4
23.9
31.4

34.1
27.1
14.7
17.1
15.5
27.8
17.8
22.0
38.5
12.5
24.1
18.6
29.3
10.9
15.2
22.2
11.7
39.2
13.6
16.0
16.0
19.4
24.9

117

Table 2.2 F(cont’d):

District

Secondary education accessibility indicators by district (2006– 2007)

Gross
Intake
Rate

2006
Net
Gross
Intake Enrolment
Rate
Rate

Net
Enrolment
Rate

Gross
Intake
Rate

2007
Net
Gross
Intake
Enrolment
Rate
Rate

Net
Rate

Northern
Abim
Adjumani
Amolatar
Apac
Amuru
Amuria
Arua
Dokolo
Gulu
Kaabong
Kitgum
Koboko
Kotido
Lira
Maracha-Terego
Moroto
Moyo
Nakapiripirit
Nebbi
Oyam
Pader
Yumbe

27.4
21.9
15.2
13.4
17.0
16.6
30.8
20.2
22.3
3.4
21.7
42.4
8.9
22.0
17.6
7.2
20.3
5.4
15.9
13.0
14.0
12.0

2.1
0.5
1.0
1.1
1.4
1.2
4.5
1.0
2.5
0.0
2.0
2.8
0.5
4.3
1.2
0.5
0.7
0.2
0.8
3.1
0.8
1.0

13.8
17.3
12.5
9.8
11.1
9.4
27.0
11.7
24.6
1.7
13.1
25.3
6.9
16.9
13.9
6.8
17.0
3.2
13.2
9.3
8.0
8.6

9.9
11.5
11.8
8.8
9.9
8.2
21.3
11.1
20.7
1.4
10.5
17.0
4.6
14.7
11.4
5.3
11.1
2.3
9.7
8.2
6.8
6.2

26.5
21.2
26.9
18.6
16.5
16.0
48.3
19.5
36.1
3.3
26.4
43.3
8.6
27.7
29.8
6.9
25.8
5.4
25.2
12.6
14.8
26.2

2.0
0.5
1.2
1.4
1.4
0.7
5.8
0.9
3.4
n/a
2.2
2.2
0.5
3.1
2.1
0.4
1.2
0.0
0.9
3.0
0.4
1.8

18.2
18.7
14.2
11.2
13.6
9.1
30.0
13.3
23.8
3.0
15.7
28.4
6.9
17.8
18.6
6.9
17.2
3.5
14.6
9.5
8.3
13.0

14.1
13.1
13.3
10.0
12.1
8.1
24.2
12.4
19.7
2.6
13.1
19.5
3.7
15.1
15.2
5.3
12.4
2.5
11.5
8.3
7.0
10.2

Western
Bulisa
Bundibugyo
Bushenyi
Hoima
Ibanda
Isingiro
Kabale
Kabarole
Kamwenge
Kanungu
Kasese
Kiruhura
Kibaale
Kisoro
Kyenjojo
Masindi
Mbarara
Ntungamo
Rukungiri

28.6
18.9
29.5
27.6
33.7
15.0
38.3
31.5
20.0
28.0
34.5
15.0
23.8
25.2
14.0
21.9
37.6
30.0
39.4

6.2
1.4
5.8
3.6
6.2
1.9
6.4
5.4
2.1
2.5
3.8
1.6
3.1
2.3
1.1
2.9
6.7
2.6
4.3

9.6
11.5
26.6
20.2
25.3
11.7
34.6
23.2
12.4
20.3
20.4
13.3
15.9
18.4
9.6
17.2
30.8
22.5
31.3

8.7
9.3
22.3
17.2
22.8
10.2
28.5
20.1
10.7
16.7
17.7
10.7
14.0
15.4
8.0
14.0
25.1
18.3
25.1

27.7
21.3
45.4
41.7
44.5
23.8
52.5
38.8
22.2
34.0
41.8
27.8
35.4
35.7
16.5
29.0
49.4
30.5
36.9

6.0
1.4
7.6
5.0
4.6
3.5
7.6
5.2
2.2
2.9
3.4
2.2
4.4
4.0
1.6
3.6
9.8
2.7
3.9

11.2
13.5
31.1
25.3
30.5
13.9
37.7
26.3
15.6
20.8
22.6
15.0
18.5
21.6
11.0
17.9
40.0
25.2
35.4

10.3
11.3
26.7
21.3
26.9
12.5
31.6
22.8
13.0
18.8
19.3
13.0
16.3
18.7
9.6
14.4
32.9
20.6
28.8

National

26.9

4.9

22.1

18.6

33.4

5.6

25.0

21.3

Source: Ministry of Education and Sports

118

Table 2.2 G:

Secondary education quality enhancement indicators by district
(2005- 2008)
2006

2005
District

2007

2008

Student

Student

Student

Student

Student

Student

Student

Student

Teacher

Classroom

Teacher

Classroom

Teacher

Classroom

Teacher

Classroom

Ratio

Ratio

Ratio

Ratio

Ratio

Ratio

Ratio

Ratio

Kalangala

16

45

11

44

43

29

20

32

Kampala

20

54

20

50

28

43

20

42

Kayunga

22

62

22

61

47

41

20

39

Kiboga

17

36

17

35

36

28

18

34

Luwero

19

50

20

52

35

35

20

34

Lyantonde

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

84

39

19

44

Masaka

21

51

19

46

33

32

21

33

Mityana

n/a

n/a

20

53

34

33

18

40

Mpigi

22

60

17

42

30

28

18

35

Mubende

16

42

17

46

47

32

21

37

Mukono

17

45

18

46

32

33

20

40

Nakaseke

n/a

n/a

16

43

39

22

18

27

Nakasongola

20

49

16

38

32

23

19

34

Rakai

19

43

18

45

41

30

20

36

Ssembabule

15

36

17

33

42

25

17

30

Wakiso

19

47

17

43

30

36

18

36

Amuria

n/a

n/a

25

60

39

30

19

30

Budaka

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

44

42

23

43

Bududa

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

64

32

25

46

Bugiri

22

48

21

43

46

29

21

25

Bukedea

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

43

32

24

34

Bukwo

n/a

n/a

22

43

41

26

25

46

Busia

24

55

23

59

51

44

26

48

Butaleja

n/a

n/a

15

41

50

25

18

26

Iganga

24

55

25

53

53

41

25

45

Jinja

20

57

22

60

49

47

24

56

Kaberamaido

16

44

17

46

35

21

16

27

Kaliro

n/a

n/a

25

60

78

31

22

26

Kamuli

22

51

24

60

55

39

26

40

Kapchorwa

21

48

21

47

57

34

25

38

Katakwi

24

51

26

56

52

15

15

40

Kumi

20

57

18

53

56

38

24

44

Manafwa

n/a

n/a

24

56

50

42

23

44

Mayuge

21

57

18

46

51

30

23

37

Mbale

20

59

19

73

30

44

20

46

Namutumba

n/a

n/a

20

69

44

30

18

36

Pallisa

22

60

25

62

52

30

21

35

Sironko

18

55

18

48

33

28

18

27

Soroti

21

58

19

49

53

36

23

35

Tororo

20

54

21

59

40

35

22

38

119

Table 2.2 G (cont’d):

Secondary education quality enhancement indicators by district,
(2005- 2008)
2005

2007

2006

2008

Student

Student

Student

Student

Student

Student

Student

Student

Teacher

Classroom

Teacher

Classroom

Teacher

Classroom

Teacher

Classroom

Ratio

Ratio

Ratio

Ratio

Ratio

Ratio

Ratio

Ratio

Abim

n/a

n/a

14

37

67

30

26

44

Adjumani

19

47

22

45

63

39

22

31

Amolatar

n/a

n/a

23

50

73

29

22

26

Amuru

n/a

n/a

27

86

72

33

30

39

Apac

19

56

20

56

40

35

22

30

Arua

18

55

18

55

44

38

20

36

Dokolo

n/a

n/a

18

58

46

32

21

25
36

District
Northern

Gulu

22

59

25

60

56

33

22

Kaabong

n/a

n/a

23

68

60

37

28

36

Kitgum

24

53

20

60

41

48

32

61

Koboko

n/a

n/a

17

67

59

38

20

111

Kotido

25

67

37

103

66

108

61

39

Lira

20

56

20

59

44

34

20

39

Maracha/Terego

n/a

n/a

16

49

55

31

18

28

Moroto

17

46

20

49

27

31

17

29

Moyo

20

45

19

44

56

39

18

33

Nakapiripirit

21

48

23

52

86

24

19

28

Nebbi

17

46

17

46

38

34

19

34

Oyam

n/a

n/a

21

72

61

31

23

37

Pader

22

72

23

76

88

30

25

33

Yumbe

15

48

13

50

48

32

15

35

Buliisa

n/a

n/a

23

45

28

30

25

33

Bundibugyo

n/a

n/a

20

69

53

30

23

38

Bushenyi

21

79

19

48

44

36

21

35

Hoima

18

43

20

59

48

46

21

43

Western

Ibanda

19

57

17

42

45

39

20

37

Isingiro

n/a

n/a

14

40

23

20

33

Kabale

n/a

n/a

17

30
41
410

38

27

19

30

Kabarole

18

41

18

45

40

35

21

36

Kamwenge

19

49

16

38

40

27

16

26

Kanungu

16

48

20

35

42

24

22

28

Kasese

18

40

16

37

45

27

19

30

Kibaale

17

41

18

40

38

28

20

33

Kiruhura

19

42

16

38

29

20

17

24

Kisoro

n/a

n/a

15

43

38

30

19

33

Kyenjojo

17

37

18

44

42

31

20

34

Masindi

16

43

19

42

59

31

18

38

Mbarara

19

51

17

40

31

33

20

34

Ntungamo

17

37

18

43

50

32

20

36

Rukungiri

19

39

20

42

41

33

21

35

National
19
49
Source: Ministry of Education and Sports

19

48

39

34

21

36

120

Table 2.2 H:

Secondary school teachers by highest qualification and sex (2006–
2008)
2006

2007

2008

Male

Female

Total

Male

Female

Total

Male

Female

Total

Doctorate

38

10

48

37

5

42

2

5

7

Masters Degree

84

20

104

858

344

1202

239

116

355

250

57

307

1,384

363

1,747

361

121

482

Graduate

2,032

662

2,694

10,315

3,420

13,735

6,604

2,257

8,861

A’ Level + Cert./Dip.

3,318

801

4,119

13,741

3,779

17,520

8,099

2,241

10,340

2,436

Qualification

Post Graduate Diploma

A’ Level

9,795

3,255

13,050

2,123

313

13,649

3,749

17,398

-

-

O’ Level

2,425

347

2,772

109

25

Not stated

1,667

514

2,181

9,560

33,258

9,405

42,625

38,090

O’ Level + Cert./Dip.

Total

6,884

2,042

8,926

6,651

1,873

8,524

134

923

180

1,103

4,050

13,610

1,335

419

1,754

12,294

50,384

31,098

9,254

40,352

Source: Ministry of Education and Sports

121

Table 2.2 I:

Tertiary school enrolment by institution and gender, 2006
Enrollment

S/N

Name of Institution
Male

Female

Total

17,197

13,884

31,081

Universities
1

Makerere University

2

Mbarara University of Science and Technology

1,130

660

1,790

3

Kyambogo University

6,233

4,333

10,566

4

Gulu University

1,304

533

1,837

5

Uganda Matyrs University Nkozi

1,597

960

2,557

6

Uganda Christian University

1,528

1,484

3,012

7

Islamic University in Uganda

1,492

976

2,468

8

Kampala International University

8,861

5,077

13,938

9

Aga Khan University Uganda

16

127

143

Bugema University

464

781

1,245

11

Nkumba University

2,095

2,358

4,453

12

Ndejje University

1,243

921

2,164

13

Busoga University

604

515

1,119

10

14

Kabale University

208

83

291

15

Kampala University

324

276

600

16

Kumi University

424

327

751

17

Mountains of the Moon University

157

137

294

18

Bishop Staurt University

785

621

1,406

19

Uganda Pentecostal University

140

59

199

20

Central Buganda University

110

77

187

21

Fairland University

375

446

821

22

Luwero University

25

22

47

23

Nile University

163

55

218

24

Namasagali University

25

Makerere University Business School (MUK)

26

Bishop Barham University College (UCU)

-

-

-

5,653

5,078

10,731

379

308

687

497

199

696

Colleges
1

National Teachers College Mubende

2

National Teachers College Kabale

1,435

697

2,132

3

National Teachers College-Kaliro

1,097

711

1,808

4

National Teachers College Nagongera

646

360

1,006

5

National Teachers College Muni

429

111

540

6

National Teachers College Unyama

687

214

901

7

Nkozi Teachers College

8

Ngetta Teachers College (Study Centre for UMU)

9

Masindi Teachers College

663

559

1,222

1,500

547

2,047

362

283

645

Technical Colleges
1

Uganda Technical College Bushenyi

343

41

384

2

Uganda Technical College Elgon

527

22

549

3

Uganda Technical College Kicwamba

240

19

259

4

Uganda Technical College Lira

275

9

284

5

Uganda Technical Collegeg Masaka

364

33

397

6

Kitabi Community Polytechnic-Instructors College

99

8

107

122

Table 2.2 I (cont’d):

Tertiary school enrolment by institution and gender, 2006

Name of Institution
Health Colleges
1 Butabika Sch. Of Psychiatric Nursing
2 Butabika School of Psychiatric Clinical Officers
3 Health Tutors College Mulago
4 Ernest Cook Ultra Sound Research Education Institute
5 Chemiquip International school for Labaratory training
6 School of Clinical Officers-Mbale
7 Soroti School of Comprehensive Nursing
8 Ophathalmic Clinical Officers Training School
9 Medical Labaratory Technician's School, Jinja
10 Machsu School of Clinical
11 International Institute of Health science
12 Kabale Institute of Health sciences
13 Paramedical School Mulago
14 School of Clinical Officers-Gulu
15 School of Hygiene Mbale
Management/Social Dev Institutions
1 Uganda Management Institute
2 Management Training and Advisory Centre
3 Centre for Procurement Management
4 Nile Institute of Management Studies Arua
5 Rukungiri Institute of Management
6 Institute of Advanced Leadership
7 Institute of Management Science and Technology
8 Nsamizi Training Institute of Social Devt
Commerce/Business Colleges
1 Uganda College of Commerce Aduku
2 Uganda College of Commerce Kabale
3 Uganda College of Commerce Pakwach
4 Uganda College of Commerce Soroti
5 Uganda College of Commerce Tororo
6 African College of Commerce
7 Aptech Computer Education Centre
8 Buganda Royal Institute of Business and Technical Education
9 Bridge Tutorial College
10 Bethel Training Institute
11 College of Business and Management Studies
12 College of Business Studies Uganda
13 Celak Vocational College
14 Fortportal Institute of Commerce
15 Higher Learning Institute of Business Masaka
16 Institute of Accountancy and Commerce
17 International College of Business and Computer Science
18 International Institute of Education Katwe
19 Institute of Accountants and Commerce
20 Kampala College of Business
21 Kabarole College of Commerce

Male

Enrolment
Female

Total

181
24
23
38
94
192
77
11
123
108
57
46
771
150
213

155
4
17
29
45
97
57
3
30
50
92
25
317
35
68

336
28
40
67
139
289
134
14
153
158
149
71
1,088
185
281

504
75
180
176
15
73
139
838

446
44
150
253
60
115
165
923

950
119
330
429
75
188
304
1,761

373
605
349
308
487
148
322
624
26
160
29
12
114
23
23
99
50
185
95
49
21

295
385
167
232
589
314
173
400
106
221
21
48
93
47
54
160
10
135
156
58
43

668
990
516
540
1,076
462
495
1,024
132
381
50
60
207
70
77
259
60
320
251
107
64

123

Table 2.2 I (cont’d):

Tertiary school enrolment by institution and gender, 2006
Enrolment

Name of Institution
22

Kampala College of Commerce and Advanced Studies

Male

Female

Total

40

37

77

23

Kyotera College of Business Studies

17

65

82

24

Light Bureau of Accountany College

98

112

210

25

Mbarara Business Institute

18

37

55

26

Mult- Tech Management Accountancy Programme

1,066

534

1,600

27

Management and Accontancy Training Company Limited

495

326

821

28

Makerere Business Institute

285

362

647

29

Makerere College of Business and Computer Studies Rukungiri

61

95

156

30

Maganjo Institute of Career Education

290

198

488

31

Mbarara Institute for Social Development

101

62

163

32

Makerere International Institute of Environmental Development and
Practical Skills

867

453

1,320

33

Makerere Institute for Social Development

495

716

1,211

34

Nile Management Training Centre

12

18

30

35

Team Business College

464

192

656

36

The College of Business Studies

21

70

91

37

Nyamitanga College of Business Studies

22

278

300

38

Tropical College of Commerce and Computer Studies

40

79

119

39

Nakawa Institute of Business Studies

153

166

319

40

Skills Resource Centre

11

16

27

41

Nkokonjeru Institute of Management and Technology

88

18

106

42

Rwenzori College of Commerce

36

81

117

43

Royal Institute of Business and Technical Education

90

120

210

44

Rosa Mystica Institute of Business and Vocational Training Fortportal

-

281

281

45

United College of Business Studies

12

86

98

46

Visions Institute of Public Relations and Management

75

42

117

47

YMCA College of Business Studies

75

368

443

48

Zenith Business College

315

313

628

Agricultural & Forestry Colleges
1

Arapai Agricultural College

459

96

555

2

Bukalasa Agricultural College

192

43

235

3

Busitema National College of Agriculture Mech. (Now University)

473

34

507

4

Nyabyeya Forestry College Masindi

170

83

253

5

Fisheries Training College

76

25

101

6

National Meteorological Training School

15

24

39

500

300

800

73

42

115

343

146

489

Law Centre
1

Law Development Centre

Other Study centers
2

IACE Makerere University-Fortportal

3

St Paul Regional Study Center Arua (UCU)

Source: Ministry of Education and Sports

124

2.3

Labour force, Employment and Earnings

Table 2.3 A:

Percentage distribution of working population by status in
employment
2002/03

2005/06*

Self employment in agriculture

62.6

69.7

Self employment in non-agriculture

Status in employment
22.3

13.4

Permanent employees

4.8

4.6

Temporary employees

10.3

11.6

Total

100

100

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

Table 2.3 B:

Percentage distribution of working population by industry

Industry

2002/03

2005/06

Agriculture, forestry and fishing

65.5

73.3

Sale, maintenance, repair of vehicles and personal goods

12.5

8.1

Manufacturing

6.5

4.2

Education

2.8

2.6

Transport storage and communications

2.1

2.0

Others
Total

4.7

9.8

100

100

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

Table 2.3 C:

Percentage distribution of working population by occupation

Occupation

2002/03

2005/06

Agriculture and fishery workers

63.4

70.0

Service workers and shop and market workers

15.7

9.3

Elementary occupation

9.4

9.6

Crafts and related workers

4.5

3.5

Legislators, managers, professionals and associate professionals

3.6

3.6

Plant and machinery operators

1.9

2.2

Clerks

1.4

1.1

Total

100

100

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

125

Table 2.3 D:

Percentage distribution of jobs Advertised by major industrial
divisions, 2003 – 2007

Industry (ISIC Rev 3)

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

Public Administration

54.6

80.4

54.6

66.9

50.2

5.7

2.8

14.2

5.2

2.9

7.4

Extra Territorial Organizations (International organizations)
Manufacturing

1.5

1.0

Other Community, Social and Personal Services

32.9

0

6.7

1.5

6.7

Financial Intermediation

0.9

1.4

3.4

1.5

4.8

Health and Social Work

0.4

3.5

4.7

7.6

4.5

Education

5.6

2.6

7.6

2.7

3.2

Real Estate, Renting and Business Activities

3.7

0.3

8

4

2.7

Transport, Storage and Communication

0.3

10.4

0.8

1.7

1.3

0.3

0.8

Electricity, gas and water
Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing

0

0.1

0.1

0.4

0.5

Sales Maintenance and Repair

0

0.1

0.6

0.3

0.3

Hotels and Restaurants

0

0.1

0.6

3.2

0.3

Construction

0

0.1

0.3

0.7

0.3

Mining and Quarrying

0

0.1

0

0.1

0.2

Not stated
Total
Number of jobs advertisements’

na

na

1.7

3.3

2.9

100

100

100

100

100

14,051

29,462

9,648

15,534

9,998

Source: New vision, The Monitor, East African Newspapers and UBOS
Note: A vacancy is entered only once even if it appears more than once in the same newspaper or different newspaper

126

Table 2.3 E:

Percentage distribution of jobs advertised by occupation, 2003 –
2007

Description

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

Primary and other education teaching associate professionals

43.1

36.7

26.8

22.2

13.0

College, University, and higher education professionals

4.1

2.4

5.5

13.7

6.9

Other professionals

6.6

14.3

12.5

10.1

18.2

Nurses and Midwives (Associate Professionals)

5.3

5.8

7.1

4.6

2.8

Secretaries and Keyboard Operating Clerks

9.5

5.7

1.4

4.3

3.1

Health Professionals

2.7

3.0

4.6

3.9

3.9

Protective Service Workers, Policemen, Prison Wardens, Securico

1.5

4.6

Post Primary Education Teaching Associate Professionals

0.6

5

Social Science and Related Professionals

3.5

2.8

3.7

1.2

2.5

1.2

5.2

4.6

6.6

1.8

8.9

Other clerks

2.1

1.1

0.7

1.8

0.0

Motor Vehicle Drivers

0.7

1.4

1.9

1.8

2.3

Architects, Engineers, Cartographers, Surveyors, Town Planners

1.1

1.1

2.1

1.8

2.4

Pharmaceutical Assistants, dispensers, medical assistants

1.6

1.4

2.6

1.8

0.0

Messengers, Watchmen, potters

2.4

2.0

1.7

1.7

1.2

Secondary Education Teaching Professionals

2.4

1.2

1.3

1.0

1.5

Physical Science and Engineering Technicians

2.0

1.5

1.5

1.0

2.2

9.1

13.2

19.0

22.5

17.1

100

100

100

100

100

14,051

29,462

9,648

15,535

9,998

6

7

Other associate professionals
Others

11.6

Not stated
Total
Number of job advertisements

0.8

Source: New vision, The Monitor Newspapers and UBOS
Note: A vacancy is entered only once even if it appears more than once in the same newspaper or different newspaper

5

Includes accountants, business administration, mathematicians, statisticians, system designers, computer programmers,
legal professionals, librarians, biologists, zoologists, etc.
6
Includes cashiers, client information, numerical, material recording, tellers, recodes assistants clerks
7
Includes finance and sales, social work, public and private administrative associate professionals

127

Table 2.3 F:

Percentage distribution of monthly employment by selected
manufacturing establishments, 2004 - 2008

Activity
Food processing
Beverages and tobacco
Textiles, cloth and foot wear
Paper, publishing and printing
Chemicals, paint, and soap
Cement, clay and ceramic products
Metal products
8
Miscellaneous
Total
Employment

2004
67.4
5.6
1.4
5.2
6.8
6.6
4.4
2.6

2005
69.0
5.4
1.6
4.8
6.7
6.0
4.1
2.4

2006
68.9
5.6
1.5
4.6
6.8
5.8
4.4
2.4

2007
67.1
5.9
1.7
4.8
7.2
6.0
4.8
2.4

2008
64.7
6.1
1.1
5.8
8.1
6.4
5.4
2.5

100
29,885

100
31,787

100
32,238

100
32,743

100
32,125

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

Table 2.3 G:

Percentage distribution of monthly wage bill for selected
manufacturing establishments, 2004 – 2008

Activity
Food processing
Beverages and tobacco
Textiles, cloth and foot wear
Paper, publishing and printing
Chemicals, paint, and soap
Cement, clay and ceramic products
Metal products
Miscellaneous
Total
Wage bill

2004
38.7
20.2
0.6
16.4
8.9
3.9
9.0
2.1
100
7,099

2005
43.4
20.8
0.7
15.2
8.7
4.2
5.0
2.1
100
7,809

2006
42.0
17.0
0.5
15.2
7.8
3.9
5.7
1.8
100
8,843

2007
42.8
23.9
0.5
15.2
7.1
3.7
5.2
1.6
100
10,348

2008
43.1
23.2
0.4
15.3
6.9
4.1
5.4
1.5
100
11,994

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

Table 2.3 H:

Average monthly employee earnings for selected manufacturing
establishments, 2004 – 2008 (Shillings)

Activity
Beverages and tobacco
Cement, clay and ceramic products
Chemicals, paint, and soap
Food processing
Metal products
Miscellaneous
Paper, publishing and printing
Textiles, cloth and foot wear
Average monthly earnings

2004
851,255
141,753
310,146
136,502
491,727
196,134
747,838
105,970
237,542

2005
941,994
170,237
318,960
154,366
297,318
218,253
777,042
104,591
245,679

2006
832,687
183,897
316,711
167,192
353,456
210,925
902,947
94,630
274,291

2007
1,274,525
193,708
309,180
201,880
339,395
213,714
991,199
91,264
316,029

2008
1,418,976
241,501
317,876
249,073
376,857
225,292
983,814
129,677
373,341

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

8

Miscellaneous includes manufacture of cables, furniture, mattresses as well as assembling bicycles
128

Table 2.3 I:

Trends in the labour cost index in nominal and real terms, 2004- 2008
(2004 = 100)

Activity

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Food processing

100

123.2

135.2

161.3

188.2

Beverages and tobacco

100

113.2

104.5

171.9

193.8

Nominal

Textiles, cloth and foot wear

100

117.2

100.5

110.8

103.5

Paper, publishing and printing

100

101.8

115.4

134.9

157.7

Chemicals, paint, and soap

100

107.8

109.7

116.4

131.0

Cement, clay and ceramic products

100

116.3

123.9

136.9

176.5

Metal products

100

60.8

78.3

83.6

101.2

Miscellaneous

100

108.4

106.1

111.8

119.3

Total

100

110.0

124.6

145.8

168.9

Food processing

100

113.4

116.0

130.5

136.0

Beverages and tobacco

100

104.2

89.8

139.1

140.0

Textiles, cloth and foot wear

100

107.9

86.3

89.7

74.8

Paper, publishing and printing

100

93.7

99.1

109.2

113.9

Real

Chemicals, paint, and soap

100

99.2

94.1

94.2

94.6

Cement, clay and ceramic products

100

107.0

106.4

110.8

127.5

Metal products

100

56.0

67.2

67.7

73.1

Miscellaneous

100

99.8

91.1

90.5

86.2

Total

100

101.3

106.9

118.0

122.0

129

2.4

Income and expenditure

Table 2.4 A:

Consumption expenditure per household, shs (1997/98=100)

Rural

2002/03
Urban

Total

Rural

2005/06
Urban

Total

-

328,773

328,773

-

333,704

333,704

Central*

151,526

248,962

165,916

168,688

276,635

183,112

Eastern

103,933

184,014

112,084

120,176

212,255

129,099

Residence
Region
Kampala

Northern

67,044

141,529

72,880

70,173

150,692

80,616

Western

115,240

214,079

124,825

138,201

246,462

148,088

111,413

258,068

136,468

127,419

268,781

152,068

Uganda

Notes: * Estimates for Central region exclude Kampala
Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics.

Table 2.4 B:

Mean per capita consumption expenditure, shs (1997/98=100)

Residence
Region
Kampala
Central*
Eastern
Northern
Western

Rural

2002/03
Urban

Total

Rural

2005/06
Urban

Total

28,651
18,490
13,199
22,024

88,152
60,815
44,012
27,472
46,106

88,152
32,455
20,474
14,332
24,119

33,913
20,927
13,722
25,454

78,798
61,383
46,700
26,337
55,369

78,798
37,281
22,945
15,525
27,732

Uganda

20,929

62,605

26,663

23,930

58,768

29,280

Notes: * Estimates for Central region exclude Kampala
Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics.

130

2.5

Consumer prices

Table 2.5 A:

Composite consumer price index, Uganda (base 2005/06=100)

Beverage
s and
tobacco

Food
Weights

27.2

Clothing
and foot
wear

4.7

4.4

Rent
Fuel
and
utilities
14.8

H.hold
and
personal
goods

Transport
and
communic
ation

4.5

Education

12.8

14.7

Health,
enter
&
others
16.8

All
Items
Index

Annual %
change

100

Calendar year
2004

107.2

94.5

96.3

91.2

97.0

87.7

92.1

94.7

89.2

3.7

2005

99.8

98.7

98.0

97.9

98.1

95.1

97.5

98.3

96.9

8.6

2006

105.5

100.7

102.7

106.4

102.9

104.5

102.2

101.7

103.9

7.2

2007

108.2

103.3

107.3

124.1

109.2

111.1

107.1

106.3

110.2

6.1

2008

129.6

113.7

116.5

136.5

126.4

122.2

114.3

114.7

123.5

12.1

Financial Year
2003/04

111.6

92.1

98.4

89.9

95.9

86.8

86.7

89.6

86.9

5.0

2004/05

104.8

97.4

96.2

93.9

97.6

89.9

94.4

96.5

93.8

8.0

2005/06

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

6.6

2006/07

107.9

101.1

104.5

117.1

105.5

107.7

104.3

104.6

107.5

7.5

2007/08

113.7

107.7

112.1

129.8

117.8

117.5

110.6

109.6

115.3

7.3

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

Table 2.5 B:

Composite CPI by major groups, Uganda (Base 2005/06=100)

Annual Percentage Changes

Food
Crops

Electricity,
Fuel &
Utilities
(EFU)

Core

13.5

4.9

81.6

100.0

2006

104.7

112.9

103.2

103.9

2007

100.7

137.5

110.1

2008

116.6

150.0

2005/06

100.0

2006/07

103.1

Weights

All Items
Index

All
items
index

Food
Crops

Electricity,
Fuel &
Utilities
(EFU)

110.2

-3.8

21.7

6.6

6.1

122.7

123.5

15.8

9.1

11.5

12.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

128.9

106.9

107.5

3.1

28.9

6.9

7.5

144.0

115.4

115.3

0.4

11.6

8.0

7.3

Core

Calendar year

Financial year

2007/08
103.5
Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

131

Table 2.5 C:

Consumer Price Index, Kampala High Income (Base: 2005/06 =100)

5.1

Rent,
Fuel
and
Utilities
15.7

H. hold
and
Personal
Goods
4.0

100.0

102.5

107.0

103.0

105.5

126.5

126.5

115.9

112.5

2005/06

100.0

100.0

2006/07

107.9

2007/08

112.3

Transport and
Communication.

Education

14.1

18.7

Heath,
Entert.
&
Others
19.5

101.5

103.8

101.5

101.0

104.4

109.6

104.7

106.3

109.8

6.3

137.3

116.6

122.9

108.5

118.5

121.3

10.5

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.3

103.6

118.7

102.1

105.6

102.8

103.2

106.7

6.7

107.7

109.0

132.2

110.5

117.6

106.5

111.9

114.7

7.4

Food

Beverages
and
Tobacco

Clothing
and
Footwear

20.0

2.8

2006

105.0

2007

107.9

2008

Weights

All
Items
Index

Annual
%
change

100.0

Calendar year
103.3

Financial year

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

Table 2.5 D:

Consumer Price Index Kampala Middle & Low Income (Base:
2005/06 =100)

3.9

Rent,
Fuel
and
Utilities
17.4

H. hold
and
Personal
Goods
5.1

Transport
and
Communication.
12.5

94.4
98.9
100.2
102.3
113.0

96.8
98.0
102.7
106.8
120.1

93.0
98.6
105.3
119.6
129.8

98.1
98.3
103.3
109.4
128.6

87.8
91.8
97.5
100.0
100.3
107.6

97.8
98.4
96.4
100.0
104.3
113.0

88.8
92.1
95.3
100.0
113.9
123.9

91.3
96.6
98.7
100.0
106.0
118.9

Food

Beverages
and
Tobacco

Clothing
and
Footwear

28.1

5.4

Calendar year
80.6
94.4
105.7
107.6
129.1

Financial year
2002/03
70.3
2003/04
76.3
2004/05
90.1
2005/06
100.0
2006/07
107.7
2007/08
113.6

Weights

2004
2005
2006
2007
2008

Education

Heath,
Entert.&
Others

All
Items
Index

11.0

16.7

100.0

88.1
94.8
103.8
110.2
122.2

92.2
97.2
101.4
104.3
109.0

85.4
95.8
100.6
105.2
111.2

89.6
96.9
103.5
109.0
121.9

3.3
8.2
6.7
5.4
11.8

82.8
87.3
89.8
100.0
106.5
116.6

86.3
90.2
94.5
100.0
102.8
106.5

76.5
81.9
92.4
100.0
103.2
106.8

83.6
87.4
93.9
100.0
106.7
113.8

4.7
4.5
7.4
6.5
6.7
6.7

Annual
%
change

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

132

Table 2.5 E:

Consumer Price Index, Jinja (Base: 2005/06 =100)

Food

Beverages
and
tobacco

Clothing
and
footwear

Rent,
Fuel
and
utilities

H.hold
and
personal
goods

Transport and
communication.

33.0

3.3

4.0

10.6

4.9

92.5
95.9
101.7
103.2
116.4

98.2
98.7
103.3
113.7
122.5

86.0
96.7
108.4
127.9
139.6

102.1
97.4
100.0
108.0
119.4

86.2
89.1
100.0
121.7
131.4

Weights

Education

Heath,
entert.
&
Others

All
items
index

13.7

15.1

15.4

100.0

98.4
99.2
102.2
111.9
136.8

87.8
95.2
106.7
111.5
117.1

94.5
98.3
102.9
114.1
131.3

97.5
97.4
103.2
108.7
112.1

91.2
97.1
105.2
112.2
128.7

3.8
6.4
8.4
6.7
14.7

97.2
98.6
100.0
106.3
124.4

88.9
90.0
100.0
110.5
114.9

94.7
95.6
100.0
107.1
123.0

96.2
98.1
100.0
106.8
108.9

88.8
95.2
100.0
109.2
118.4

4.5
7.3
5.0
9.2
8.4

Annual
%
change

Annual
%
change

Calendar year
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008

83.7
96.5
106.6
109.1
137.3

Financial year
2003/04
75.9
93.6
2004/05
95.2
98.8
2005/06
100.0
100.0
2006/07
108.2
102.2
2007/08
118.3
107.0
Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

Table 2.5 F:

Consumer Price Index, Mbale (Base: 2005/06 =100)

Food

Beverages
and
tobacco

Clothing
and
footwear

Rent,
Fuel
and
utilities

H.hold
and
personal
goods

Transport and
communication.

Education

Heath,
entert.&
Others

All
items
index

30.3

4.5

3.7

15.4

4.8

13.1

13.1

15.0

100.0

Calendar year
2004
89.4
2005
98.2
2006
108.9
2007
114.2

96.2
97.5
102.7
104.0

94.8
98.2
101.4
106.3

91.2
98.1
107.7
124.5

97.1
98.5
106.3
115.8

85.2
94.7
103.7
106.1

91.6
101.7
103.0
113.3

94.3
96.7
103.3
107.4

91.8
97.3
105.8
112.9

4.9
6.0
8.7
6.8

2008

138.7

112.0

112.2

135.4

133.6

113.5

118.9

112.3

125.9

11.5

Financial year
2003/04
81.3
2004/05
102.2
2005/06
100.0
2006/07
111.1
2007/08
122.9

95.6
97.8
100.0
102.5
107.6

96.0
95.8
100.0
102.4
111.5

90.5
93.1
100.0
119.4
129.5

96.2
98.6
100.0
112.8
124.6

84.1
87.6
100.0
105.3
110.1

90.9
98.2
100.0
109.0
116.5

93.7
95.0
100.0
105.3
108.6

89.5
95.7
100.0
109.9
118.2

6.3
6.9
4.5
9.8
7.7

Weights

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

133

Table 2.5 G:

Consumer Price Index, Masaka (Base: 2005/06 =100)

Food

Beverages
and
tobacco

Clothing
and
footwear

Rent,
Fuel
and
utilities

H. hold
and
personal
goods

Transport and
communication.

28.0

5.6

4.6

10.6

4.0

95.3

96.2

91.0

93.3

Weights

Education

Heath
,entert.
&
Others

All
items
index

14.5

15.3

17.3

100.0

91.2

96.6

70.3

86.1

4.0

Annual
%
change

Calendar year
2004

102.4

2005

98.0

99.2

97.7

98.5

96.3

95.9

97.7

95.2

96.6

12.3

2006

104.8

100.0

102.8

107.9

102.2

106.1

102.9

102.4

104.1

7.8

2007

103.3

103.7

106.3

132.1

109.4

111.0

113.8

104.2

109.7

5.3

2008

121.4

111.0

110.3

152.2

127.0

121.2

123.6

118.1

123.6

12.7

Financial year
2002/03

89.8

87.6

96.2

80.1

88.8

81.1

88.2

67.3

78.9

8.3

2003/04

100.0

91.7

98.1

87.7

92.9

88.1

94.1

66.9

83.3

5.6

2004/05

101.3

98.8

96.2

95.5

93.9

92.8

96.0

81.6

92.3

10.9

2005/06

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

8.3

2006/07

105.7

100.2

104.2

122.8

104.3

109.0

107.5

103.9

107.5

7.5

108.5

140.4

118.4

117.0

119.5

109.5

114.5

6.5

2007/08
105.4
107.8
Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

Table 2.5 H:

Weights

Consumer Price Index, Mbarara (Base: 2005/06 =100)

Food

Beverages
and
tobacco

Clothing
and
footwear

Rent,
Fuel
and
utilities

H. hold
and
personal
goods

Transport and
communication.

28.4

5.5

4.6

11.8

3.6

13.2

Education

Heath,
entert.&
Others

All
items
index

17.1

15.8

100

Annual
%
change

Calendar year
2004

67.7

95.4

98.3

87.5

93.5

83.6

87.2

98.6

85.7

0.8

2005

91.4

99.8

98.7

95.8

94.6

95.5

96.2

99.8

95.9

11.9

2006

106.1

100.2

103.3

107.5

104.5

106.6

103.1

104.2

105

9.5

2007

106.7

103.2

108.7

126.8

114.8

115.9

107.6

108.6

110.9

5.7

2008

123.8

108.4

118.7

142.7

132.8

121.2

117.1

115.8

122.5

10.4

Financial year
2003/04

66.9

93.6

100.8

85.7

93.4

83.6

84.4

96.5

84.3

4.1

2004/05

83.0

98.4

97.6

90.9

93.7

88.4

91.2

100.1

91.9

8.9

2005/06

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

8.9

2006/07

108.4

100.4

105.5

119.9

109.0

113.4

105.1

107.0

109.1

9.1

2007/08

108.2

106.7

114.0

133.3

123.7

119.0

112.2

112.4

114.7

5.2

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

134

Table 2.5 I:

Consumer Price Index, Gulu (Base: 2005/06 =100)

Educatio
n

Heath,
entert.&
Others

All
item
s
inde
x

6

12.6

10.8

100

95.6

87.8

89.3

93.1

89.5

7.4

97.3

96.4

95.3

96.6

96.5

7.8

103.2

104.0

102.7

104.8

103.7

104.2

8

119.8

113.2

110.9

111.1

107.7

111.8

7.3

115.2

138.9

135.3

123.8

120.4

115.1

130.1

16.4

88.5

96.8

85.5

95.2

85.7

88.2

92.2

85.9

8

92.6

97.1

92.3

96.3

91.7

90.9

95.3

94

9.4

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

6.4

108.7

103.9

104.7

109.9

107.0

106.4

108.8

105.4

107.8

7.8

119.3

108.3

111.6

131.3

125.3

118.6

114.7

111.0

118.7

10.2

Annual
%
change

Beverages
and
tobacco

Clothing
and
footwear

Rent,
Fuel
and
utilities

38

8.5

3.7

15.7

4.7

2004

82.8

89.9

95.8

88.6

2005

96.2

95.4

99.0

96.8

2006

105.3

102.8

103.0

2007

111.5

106.4

107.0

2008

139.2

115.1

2003/04

73.2

2004/05

93.2

2005/06
2006/07
2007/08

Food
Weights

H. hold
and
personal
goods

Transport
and
communic
ation.

Annual
%
chang
e

Calendar year

Financial year

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

Table 2.5 J:

Weights

Consumer Price Index, Arua (Base: 2005/06 =100)

Food

Beverages
and
tobacco

Clothing
and
footwear

Rent,
Fuel
and
utilities

H.hold
and
personal
goods

Transport
and
communication.

Education

Heath,
entert.
&
Others

All
items
index

41.6

9.3

5.4

11.8

5.6

7.6

6.5

12.3

100.0

103.1

Calendar year
2006

102.6

104.6

103.4

102.0

102.2

104.7

101.6

105.0

2007

112.2

109.8

113.1

114.5

107.2

121.8

105.6

104.3

111.3

8.2

2008

147.5

118.7

123.3

125.3

125.7

141.3

126.9

107.9

133.0

19.5

100.0

Financial year
2005/06

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

2006/07

105.5

107.3

107.6

106.3

104.2

112.5

103.3

103.4

105.7

6.2

2007/08

126.3

113.0

119.6

119.8

116.4

133.6

114.3

104.1

120.4

13.4

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

135

Table 2.5 K:

Year

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Average market prices for selected goods in Kampala Middle and
Low Income, 2004 - 2008 (prices in shillings per unit indicated)
Bread

Salt

Charcoal

Paraffin

Liter

Meat
(beef)
Kg

liter

Cooking
oil
300 ml

Washing
Soap
Kg

500gm

500gm

Kg

1,378

875

2,483

742

219

1,350

800

2,494

766

225

216

1,280

728

1,269

215

1,350

761

3rd

1,344

1,042

2,689

808

1,377

219

199

1,260

756

1,382

4th

1,283

919

2,811

791

208

210

1,377

761

1,325

1st

1,272

1,000

2nd

1,453

1,000

2,733

799

203

233

1,397

744

1,333

2,772

837

203

229

1,567

750

3rd

1,611

1,329

1,081

2,783

847

200

226

1,600

767

4th

1,295

1,522

1,022

2,794

810

211

237

1,690

756

1,284

1st

1,528

1,181

2,844

799

225

240

1,690

744

1,264

2nd

1,661

1,000

2,806

798

219

210

1,789

744

1,228

3rd

1,608

1,126

2,889

867

219

256

1,843

739

1,278

4th

2,192

1,000

2,956

926

201

253

1,747

744

1,464

1st

1,922

1,000

2,978

961

233

299

1,660

789

1,476

2nd

1,942

1,200

2,961

1,001

250

293

1,661

789

1,513

3rd

1,806

1,246

2,978

989

276

293

1,623

861

1,673

4th

1,753

1,283

3,389

1,101

358

349

1,816

933

1,751

1st

1,586

1,364

3,667

1,213

450

350

1,937

1,167

2,030

2nd

1,561

1,311

4,106

1,219

503

300

2,145

1,384

2,295

3rd

1,617

1,329

4,208

1,236

475

347

2,354

1,331

2,255

4th

1,663

1,350

4,563

1,254

468

365

2,263

1,301

2,201

Quarter

Sugar

Milk

Kg
1st
2nd

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

136

Table 2.5 K (cont'):
Year

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Quarter

Average market prices for selected goods in Kampala Middle and
Low Income Centre, 2004 - 2008 (prices in shs. per unit indicated)

Bananas

Maize

Gnuts

Rice

(Matooke)

meal

Kg
1st

Dried

Tomatoes

Onions

Cabbages

Pineapples

Oranges

Kg

Kg

Kg

Kg

Kg

Kg

Kg

Kg

Kg

167

744

1,592

1,078

711

488

742

313

318

505

2nd

175

750

1,617

1,200

783

475

848

306

381

518

3rd

171

744

1,628

1,161

853

675

1,126

358

366

518

4th

297

783

1,778

1,239

856

525

1,068

297

411

487

1st

252

761

1,756

1,294

856

658

803

305

379

550

2nd

286

750

1,767

1,306

931

686

896

318

420

571

3rd

272

767

1,706

1,256

833

534

822

295

431

520

4th

337

778

1,606

1,222

761

614

843

321

575

571

1st

286

783

1,844

1,280

1,039

876

1,166

428

439

922

2nd

333

931

2,178

1,533

1,228

559

1,459

277

484

658

3rd

297

872

1,828

1,486

889

579

965

274

498

583

4th

377

858

1,950

1,483

992

646

1,093

336

504

602

1st

300

886

2,050

1,539

1,081

704

1,166

351

423

665

2nd

277

878

2,086

1,550

1,292

889

1,253

389

501

636

3rd

196

856

2,039

1,458

1,208

656

995

320

398

665

4th

266

831

2,161

1,417

1,361

853

1,148

301

631

625

1st

242

869

2,167

1,519

1,411

736

1,145

300

475

788

2nd

235

1,078

2,300

1,942

1,683

1,019

1,339

377

550

792

3rd

237

1,267

2,603

2,019

1,669

1,224

1,201

416

545

774

4th

356

1,365

2,693

2,047

1,642

1,117

1,458

398

626

659

beans

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

137

2.6

Public health

Table 2.6 A:

Number of Health Units by District

2006
Region/ District

2007

Hospital

Health Centre

Health Centre

Kalangala

0

11

11

Kampala

12

264

200

Kayunga

1

22

21

Kiboga

1

38

37

Luwero

1

54

57

Lyantonde

1

9

9

Masaka

3

77

80

Mityana

1

44

48

Mpigi

2

59

62

Central

Mubende

1

45

51

Mukono

5

69

73

Nakaseke

2

18

19

Nakasongola

1

30

28

Rakai

2

85

65

Sembabule

0

24

21

Wakiso

4

94

95

Eastern
Amuria

0

32

17

Budaka

0

14

15

Bududa

1

11

12

Bugiri

1

66

66

Bukedea

0

11

11

Bukwa

0

11

10

Busia

1

23

20

Butaleja

1

19

17

Iganga

1

69

79

Jinja

3

66

66

Kaberamaido

1

18

16

Kaliro

0

16

17

Kamuli

2

68

61

Kapchorwa

1

29

29

Katakwi

0

18

13

Kumi

3

23

23

Manafwa

1

9

21

Mayuge

1

28

31

Mbale

1

22

32

Namutumba

1

30

33

Pallisa

2

37

40

Sironko

0

37

36

Soroti

1

43

47

Tororo

3

60

53

138

Table 2.6 A (cont’d):

Number of Health Units by District
2006

Region/ District

Hospital

2007
Health Centre

Health Centre

Northern
Abim

1

10

10

Adjumani

1

32

35

Amolatar

1

10

9
24

Amuru

1

27

Apac

1

36

37

Arua

2

40

38

Dokolo

0

12

10

Gulu

4

29

44

Kaabong

1

25

25

Kitgum

2

33

24

Koboko

0

9

8

Kotido

0

9

17

Lira

2

46

37

Moroto

2

15

16
36

Moyo

1

36

Nakapiripirit

1

17

9

+Nebbi

3

54

54

Nyadri

2

26

25

Oyam

1

14

15

Pader

1

34

39

Yumbe

1

21

14

0

8

6

Western
Bulisa
Bundibugyo

1

27

29

Bushenyi

3

101

84

Hoima

1

49

50

Ibanda

1

34

35

Isingiro

0

52

49

Kabale

1

83

97

Kabarole

3

51

50
27

Kamwenge

0

29

Kanungu

1

45

35

Kasese

3

94

78

Kibaale

1

45

44

Kiruhura

1

7

29

Kisoro

2

30

30

Kyenjojo

0

40

38

Masindi

2

49

48

Mbarara

1

48

53

Ntungamo

1

35

35

Rukungiri

2

58

60

114

3123

3045

Uganda

Note: Health Centre includes Health Centre II, III, & IV
Source: Health Facilities Inventory, Ministry of Health

139

Table 2.6 B:
Region/ District

Countrywide routine immunization rates for BCG, 2004-2008
2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Central
Kalangala

82

76

125

82

70

Kampala

109

128

103

127

145

Kayunga

144

112

101

96

76

Kiboga

91

75

91

97

86

Luwero

65

68

61

65

50

121

124

92

90

141

89

73

51

91

100

Lyantonde
Masaka
Mityana
Mpigi

103

95

85

44

90

84

70

68

86

75

105

116

98

101

85

90

87

75

Nakasongola

110

101

84

79

85

Rakai

103

94

68

84

75

Sembabule

104

97

97

91

74

69

81

80

88

80

n.a
n.a

n.a
n.a

85
n.a

82

61

Budaka

76

99

Bududa

n.a

n.a

n.a

138

132

Bugiri

160
n.a

137
n.a

105
n.a

64

87

Bukedea

105

101

Bukwa

n.a

n.a

93

114

93

Busia

131

80

84

78

108

144

133

126

119

101

95

89

97

87

90

99

94

75

144

118

65

81

75

101

98

92

Mubende
Mukono
Nakaseke

Wakiso
Eastern
Amuria

Butaleja
Iganga
Jinja
Kaberamaido
Kaliro
Kamuli
Kapchorwa
Katakwi
Kumi

124

97

97

108

94

79

67

76

50

84

74

64

88

42

83

117

113

73

97

85

77

125

134

Manafwa
Mayuge

118

139

91

105

91

Mbale

127
n.a

124
n.a

107

114

Namutumba

135
n.a

132

121

Pallis

114

88

80

84

122

Sironko

129

86

117

105

73

Soroti

120

123

73

148

78

Tororo

111

99

109

96

85

140

Table 2.6 B (cont’d):

Region/ District

Countrywide routine immunization rates for BCG, 2004-2008

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

108

106

Northern
Abim
Adjumani

62

55

Amolatar

50

39

26

133

113

129

85

91

82

83

Amuru
Apac

147

120

84

Arua

98

85

59

57

43

110

96

96

123

101

22

34

37

76

84

72

Dokolo
Gulu

130

117

Kaabong
Kitgum

66

68

59

83

90

42

32

69

86

64
129

Koboko
Kotido
Lira

101

122

126

104

Moroto

88

65

52

60

40

Moyo

75

61

40

33

35

Nakapiripirit
Nebbi

73

63

62

65

24

125

117

121

115

116

Nyadri

63

0

Oyam

102

157

Pader

88

73

63

67

69

Yumbe

69

58

48

53

49

88

114

Bundibugyo

109

102

89

77

78

Bushenyi

102

98

76

88

96

91

77

70

65

58

Western
Bulisa

Hoima
Ibanda

84

118

81

Isingiro

106

110

115

Kabale
Kabarole
Kamwenge

80

81

85

73

76

118

106

84

78

72

80

85

77

96

112

109

108

100

153

75

Kasese

62

72

95

80

72

Kibaale

88

78

80

73

59

42

70

100

Kanungu

Kiruhura
Kisoro

77

85

70

152

76

Kyenjojo

98

81

78

73

57

Masindi

83

80

46

76

66

Mbarara

100

86

80

104

81

Ntungamo

111

122

82

105

93

Rukungiri

92

83

95

76

97

101

94

85

90

86

Uganda

Note: The National Percentage may differ from the one derived from district percentages becucase of cross boundary
immunisation.
Source: Uganda National Expanded Programme for Immunisation (UNEPI)

141

Table 2.6 C:

Region/ District

Countrywide routine immunization rates for measles, 2004-2008

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Central
Kalangala

90

78

71

86

74

Kampala

87

100

109

135

134

Kayunga

104

81

80

79

72

Kiboga

57

55

68

81

67

Luwero

67

66

56

72

49

108

100

79

76

126

85

66

56

68

86

81

50

90

Lyantonde
Masaka
Mityana
Mpigi

99

88

Mubende

74

61

62

75

63

Mukono

90

103

95

102

74

75

64

50

Nakasongola

96

93

140

76

73

Rakai

77

75

97

81

62

Nakaseke

Sembabule

81

77

71

84

67

Wakiso

79

103

103

114

95

89

85

57

Eastern
Amuria
Budaka

85

85

Bududa

216

194

Bugiri

156

139

173

Bukedea
Bukwa

67

63

219

233

292

135

89

71

65

79

133

118

124

65

71

64

90

95

72

72

88

85

49

73

60

63

115

60

Kamuli

88

78

69

90

68

Kapchorwa

81

56

110

78

57

Katakwi

70

73

136

47

88

163

167

100

184

96

108

97

132

Busia

112

82

Iganga

82

76

Jinja

78

Kaberamaido

Butaleja

Kaliro

Kumi
Manafwa
Mayuge

88

125

88

85

64

164

154

138

114

105

96

86

Pallisa

97

88

104

61

98

Sironko

Mbale
Namutumba

153

97

122

140

95

Soroti

94

94

58

72

57

Tororo

95

96

151

88

74

142

Table 2.6 C (cont’d):

Region/ District

Countrywide routine immunization rates for measles, 2004-2008

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

169

144

Northern
Abim
Adjumani

71

56

Amolatar

53

44

23

96

94

115

92

87

67

56

Amuru
Apac

161

104

63

Arua

77

72

50

50

85

109

81

105

126

111

30

124

61

Dokolo
Gulu

128

99

Kaabong
Kitgum

65

69

92

91

79

43

110

81

54

65

458

102

68
84

Koboko
Kotido
Lira

82

100

116

95

101

103

42

76

52

Moyo

63

58

38

38

36

Nakapiripirit

69

69

49

57

23

Nebbi

94

78

86

88

77

Moroto

Nyadri

55

0

Oyam

72

105

Pader

93

104

82

90

85

Yumbe

61

55

39

58

44

62

116

Bundibugyo

84

77

69

71

66

Bushenyi

97

95

80

82

85

Hoima

71

71

57

62

48

Western
Bulisa

Ibanda

66

90

62

Isingiro

103

102

101

Kabale

88

84

86

78

71

Kabarole

94

92

76

64

61

Kamwenge

64

70

68

79

100

Kanungu

99

92

298

96

89

Kasese

71

68

94

78

71

Kibaale

74

67

74

57

47

36

60

80

Kiruhura
Kisoro

94

82

74

79

69

Kyenjojo

86

70

81

73

47

Masindi

60

59

33

57

48

Mbarara

84

64

69

78

61

Ntungamo

81

90

75

88

77

Rukungiri

88

71

82

61

86

91

87

89

87

77

Uganda

Note: The National Percentage may differ from the one derived from district percentages becucase of cross boundary
immunisation.
Source: Uganda National Expanded Programme for Immunisation (UNEPI)

143

Table 2.6 D:

Region/ District

Countrywide routine immunization rates for OPV3, 2004-2008

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Kalangala

97

85

85

97

79

Kampala

78

96

85

110

125

Kayunga

97

81

82

83

82

Kiboga

67

63

79

94

76

Luwero

62

66

55

66

48

Central

Lyantonde
Masaka

94

82

66

80

79

123
54

84

100

97

94

93

56

103

Mityana
Mpigi

96

Mubende

80

72

63

86

69

Mukono

87

104

88

89

75

66

63

47

Nakaseke
Nakasongola

104

99

77

84

80

Rakai

94

83

56

76

67

Sembabule

74

77

73

84

67

Wakiso

74

91

93

102

88

94

97

60

Eastern
Amuria
Budaka

83

88

Bududa

171

163

Bugiri

128

133

109

Bukedea
Bukwa
Busia

62
103

68

Butaleja

49

59

131

129

96

88

69

68

75

92

107

97

Iganga

82

76

70

70

65

Jinja

83

94

99

93

81

Kaberamaido

92

98

52

81

62

62

65

67

Kamuli

88

72

74

93

68

Kapchorwa

61

50

112

64

64

Kaliro

Katakwi

70

67

109

52

94

132

134

83

115

182

78

135

143

89

108

90

95

65

136

113

111

92

85

99

92

Pallisa

93

77

71

72

94

Sironko

119

89

124

123

87

Soroti

102

112

71

83

55

Tororo

85

87

100

92

81

Kumi
Manafwa
Mayuge
Mbale
Namutumba

144

Table 2.6 D (cont’d):

Region/ District

Countrywide routine immunization rates for OPV3, 2004-2008

2004

2005

2006

73

67

61
121

2007

2008

162

139

51

28

111

135

Northern
Abim
Adjumani
Amolatar
Amuru
Apac

102

84

61

Arua

80

72

55

109

97

Kaabong
Kitgum

87

65

61

61

31

95

79

91

108

96

36

64

49

92

91

77

Dokolo
Gulu

87

65

79

50

99

105

Kotido

61

49

83

113

86

Lira

66

74

101

84

89

Moroto

89

78

55

73

52

Moyo

76

63

44

40

38

Nakapiripirit

54

67

53

58

29

Nebbi

92

86

95

Koboko

Nyadri
Oyam

98

91

54

0

85

101

Pader

86

82

78

78

79

Yumbe

68

62

48

63

50

66

90

Western
Bulisa
Bundibugyo
Bushenyi
Hoima

91

93

84

82

62

108

107

84

100

98

75

75

Ibanda
Isingiro
Kabale
Kabarole
Kamwenge

72

64

53

91

92

74

103

106

114

89

91

91

83

81

114

113

84

75

67

73

80

77

88

112
88

Kanungu

83

94

194

88

Kasese

63

72

101

73

75

Kibaale

79

73

76

58

39

36

61

82

95

89

74

90

69
52

Kiruhura
Kisoro
Kyenjojo

87

74

86

79

Masindi

61

91

39

66

67

Mbarara

83

74

66

85

84

Ntungamo

83

90

73

96

84

Rukungiri

85

81

91

70

96

86

85

81

84

79

Uganda

Note: The National Percentage may differ from the one derived from district percentages becucase of cross boundary
immunisation.
Source: Uganda National Expanded Programme for Immunisation (UNEPI)

145

Table 2.6 E:

Region/ District

Countrywide routine immunization rates for DPT3, 2004-2008

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Kalangala

99

85

86

105

79

Kampala

79

95

84

110

123

Kayunga

96

82

83

85

84

Kiboga

68

63

80

95

78

Luwero

63

66

54

68

45

Central

Lyantonde
Masaka

97

83

67

79

74

122
58

77

97

99

95

96

56

104

Mityana
Mpigi

96

Mubende

81

72

68

79

63

Mukono

87

105

89

89

75

70

62

48

Nakaseke
Nakasongola

102

103

82

88

84

Rakai

85

85

56

77

69

Sembabule

76

74

76

84

67

Wakiso

76

93

93

104

86

Eastern
Amuria

93

Budaka
Bududa
Bugiri

127

130

99

Bukedea
Bukwa

97

63

86

86

171

275

60

61

134

137

68

95

85

104

68

70

67

84

98

107

102

Iganga

86

82

69

73

66

Jinja

83

94

100

86

77

100

98

55

80

62

56

70

63

Busia
Butaleja

Kaberamaido
Kaliro
Kamuli

91

73

74

98

71

Kapchorwa

58

49

110

67

63

Katakwi

69

67

109

51

95

136

136

82

113

99

79

135

130

Kumi
Manafwa
Mayuge

98

105

98

150

67

136

112

105

93

89

93

100

Pallisa

94

79

70

74

99

Sironko

121

89

123

125

84

Soroti

108

115

70

84

60

Tororo

89

93

101

92

86

Mbale
Namutumba

146

Table 2.6 E (cont’d):
Region/ District

Countrywide routine immunization rates for DPT3, 2004- 2008
2004

2005

2006

75

72

64
121

2007

2008

159

140

53

30

111

135

87

112
63

Northern
Abim
Adjumani
Amolatar
Amuru
Apac

109

80

64

63

Arua

86

78

55

56

32

94

79

149

96

Dokolo
Gulu

109

98

91
36

59

49

61

72

90

91

75

49

97

112

Kotido

61

49

83

113

86

Lira

66

88

102

85

86

Moroto

89

78

56

73

52

Moyo

76

69

43

40

35

Nakapiripirit

49

67

51

58

28

Nebbi

95

86

97

106

94

57

0

Kaabong
Kitgum
Koboko

Nyadri
Oyam

74

100

Pader

67

77

78

80

81

Yumbe

69

64

48

63

51

66

92

Western
Bulisa
Bundibugyo
Bushenyi
Hoima

93

94

83

82

78

113

108

86

100

102

77

71

63

65

50

Ibanda

73

89

75

Isingiro

104

97

118

Kabale
Kabarole

91

91

94

86

80

114

110

82

75

67
114

Kamwenge

73

80

78

92

Kanungu

91

89

92

88

84

Kasese

64

77

101

89

78

Kibaale

80

73

76

51

36

36

56

83

90

72

91

76
50

Kiruhura
Kisoro

95

Kyenjojo

92

83

87

82

Masindi

61

68

40

61

58

Mbarara

84

75

66

84

64

Ntungamo

83

93

72

95

86

Rukungiri

87

82

97

76

97

88

85

80

86

79

Uganda

Note: The National Percentage may differ from the one derived from district percentages becucase of cross boundary
immunisation.
Source: Uganda National Expanded Programme for Immunisation (UNEPI)

147

Table 2.6 F:

Region/ District

Out Patient Department Utilisation in Government and PNFP, 20072008

2007

2008

1

0.9

0.7

1.1

Central
Kalangala
Kampala
Kayunga

0.8

0.7

Kiboga

0.1

0.6

Luwero

0.8

0.8

Lyantonde

1.6

2.1

Masaka

0.9

0.7

Mityana

1.3

1.2

Mpigi

0.7

0.9

Mubende

0.5

0.4

Mukono

0.7

0.6

Nakaseke

1.2

1.1

Nakasongola

1.2

1.1

Rakai

1.2

0.8

Sembabule

1.2

0.7

1

0.9

Amuria

0.6

0.7

Budaka

0.9

0.8

Bududa

1.2

1.2

Wakiso
Eastern

Bugiri

0.5

0.4

Bukedea

0.7

0.8

Bukwa

0.8

1

Busia

0.7

0.7

Butaleja

1.2

1.3

Iganga

0.8

0.6

Jinja

1.1

1

Kaberamaido

1.1

1

Kaliro

0.7

0.6

Kamuli

0.6

0.9

Kapchorwa

1.4

1.2

Katakwi

0.8

0.8

Kumi*

1.1

0.9

Manafwa

0.6

0.5

Mayuge

0.7

0.6

Mbale

1.1

1.4

Namutumba

0.7

0.9

Pallisa

0.8

0.7

Sironko

0.7

0.8

Soroti

1.1

0.7

Tororo

1.4

1.2

148

Table 2.6 F (cont’d):

Out Patient Department Utilisation in Government and PNFP, 20072008

Region/District

2007

2008

2.1

2.2

Adjumani

1.3

0.8

Amolatar

0.6

0.7

Amuru

1.3

1

Apac

0.8

0.7

Arua

1.2

1

Dokolo

0.7

0.7

Gulu

1.7

1.4

Kaabong

0.5

0.7

Kitgum

1.1

1.3

Koboko

0.5

0.7

Kotido

0.9

0.8

Lira

0.7

0.8

Moroto

0.6

0.5

1

0.8

Nakapiripirit

0.6

0.7

Nebbi

1.2

1

Nyadri

0.9

0.1

Oyam

0.3

0.5

Pader

1

1.1

Yumb

0.6

0.5

0.7

0.6

Abim

Moyo

Western
Bulisa
Bundibugyo

1

0.8

Bushenyi

1

0.9

Hoima

0.9

0.9

Ibanda

0.9

1

Isingiro

1

0.9

Kabale

1.4

1.1

Kabarole

1.2

1

Kamwenge

0.8

0.7

1

0.7

Kasese

1.1

0.5

Kibaale

0.6

0.5

Kiruhura

0.9

0.8

Kisoro

1.4

1.3

Kyenjojo

0.8

0.5

Masindi

0.8

0.8

Mbarara

1.1

0.8

Kanungu

Ntungamo
Rukungiri
Uganda

1

0.8

1.7

1.6

0.9

0.8

Source: District Health League Table, Ministry of Health

149

Table 2.6 G:

Region/ District

Pit Latrine Coverage, 2006-2008

2007

2008

Kalangala

54

51

Kampala

94

94

Kayunga

59

59

Kiboga

58

58

Central

Luwero

55

73

Lyantonde

71

80

Masaka

86

95

Mityana

72

85

Mpigi

52

55

Mubende

67

74

Mukono

86

81

Nakaseke

67

74

Nakasongola

70

71

Rakai

76

83

Sembabule

52

55

Wakiso

72

73

Eastern
Amuria

21

24

Budaka

50

60

Bududa

58

59

Bugiri

65

65

Bukedea

42

60

Bukwa

40

60

Busia

78

82

Butaleja

64

89

Iganga

57

65

Jinja

71

71

Kaberamaido

52

52

Kaliro

79

86

Kamuli

58

74

Kapchorwa

57

58

Katakwi

55

55

Kumi

53

56

Manafwa

64

62

Mayuge

51

68

Mbale

57

65

Namutumba

42

52

Pallisa

70

60

Sironko

64

57

Soroti

55

68

Tororo

73

82

150

Table 2.6 G (cont’d):

Pit Latrine Coverage, 2006-2008

Region/ District

2007

2008

Northern
Abim

2

2

Adjumani

61

63

Amolatar

48

49

Amuru

42

34

Apac

53

53

Arua*

57

57

Dokolo

49

49

Gulu*

42

42

Kaabong

2

2

Kitgum

19

19

Koboko

50

61

Kotido

2

2

Lira

45

52

Moroto

10

10

Moyo

71

74

3

3

Nebbi

58

78

Nyadri

57

57

Oyam

53

53

Pader

38

38

Yumbe

65

63

Nakapiripirit

Western
Bulisa

50

49

Bundibugyo

46

57

Bushenyi

91

92

Hoima

68

71

Ibanda

80

88

Isingiro

59

59

Kabale

89

91

Kabarole

86

88

Kamwenge

69

71

Kanungu

70

90

Kasese

80

81

Kibaale

68

65

Kiruhura

76

76

Kisoro

71

75

Kyenjojo

75

76

Masindi*

48

51

Mbarara

76

90

Ntungamo

86

91

Rukungiri

98

99

59

63

Uganda
Source: District Health League Table, Ministry of Health

151

Table 2.6 H:

Region/ District

Deliveries in Health Facilities, 2007-2008

2007

2008

Kalangala

10

10

Kampala

73

94

Kayunga

26

31

Kiboga

28

24

Luwero

31

31

Lyantonde

39

53

Masaka

27

17

Mityana

34

39

Mpigi

30

40

Mubende*

15

21

Mukono

40

41

Nakaseke

51

51

Nakasongola

33

30

Rakai*

25

27

Sembabule

16

16

Wakiso

34

35

Amuria

25

26

Budaka

25

25

Bududa

24

27

Bugiri

17

14

Bukedea

50

41

Bukwa

11

11

Busia

27

42

Butaleja

41

39

Iganga*

34

35

Jinja

59

56

Kaberamaido

27

31

Kaliro

26

18

Kamuli

31

34

Kapchorwa

16

19

Katakwi

33

21

Kumi*

61

54

Manafwa

15

22

Mayuge

21

22

Mbale*

40

41

Central

Eastern

Namutumba

28

31

Pallisa*

41

44

Sironko

22

25

Soroti

45

40

Tororo

28

45

152

Table 2.6 H (cont’d):

Deliveries in Health Facilities, 2007-2008

Region/ District

2007

2008

Abim

31

38

Adjumani

38

42

Northern

Amolatar

15

22

Amuru

27

23

Apac

26

16

Arua

39

49

Dokolo

14

16

Gulu*

61

37

Kaabong

4

4

Kitgum

45

35

Koboko

18

18

Kotido*

9

12

Lira*

24

26

Moroto

13

13

Moyo

27

21

4

4

Nebbi

56

66

Nyadri

31

9

Nakapiripirit

Oyam

11

19

Pader

27

32

Yumbe*

31

37

Western
Bulisa

18

28

Bundibugyo

26

23

Bushenyi

26

30

Hoima

35

34

Ibanda

28

34

Isingiro

9

15

Kabale

25

19

Kabarole

41

45

Kamwenge

10

11

Kanungu

24

24

Kasese

38

16

Kibaale

19

21

Kiruhura

33

10

Kisoro

46

60

Kyenjojo

22

17

Masindi*

23

28

Mbarara

40

33

Ntungamo

29

36

Rukungiri

43

47

32

33

Uganda
* - A new district was created out of it
Source: District Health League Table, Ministry of Health

153

Table 2.6 I:

Region/ District

Selected health sector performance indicators, 2007- 2008
Proportion of TB cases
notified compared to
expected

Pregnant women receiving
2nd dose Fansider for IPT

HIV/AIDS Service
Availability

2007

2008

2007

2008

2007

2008

Kalangala

155

105

30

34

46

96

Kampala

152

143

26

72

65

75

Central

Kayunga

38

20

43

32

49

96

Kiboga

43

43

60

49

43

70
62

Luwero

46

62

48

56

37

Lyantonde

40

88

40

48

68

83

Masaka

68

71

31

23

20

104

Mityana

74

75

34

49

85

78

Mpigi

47

64

35

35

28

83
80

Mubende

31

35

36

32

60

Mukono

41

41

55

53

58

91

Nakaseke

43

51

45

56

30

39

Nakasongola

37

31

37

42

51

65

Rakai

77

72

41

16

68

83

Sembabule

29

40

30

33

78

104

Wakiso

45

42

43

59

55

56

67

Eastern
Amuria

14

16

48

57

21

Budaka

22

35

17

30

12

3

Bududa

15

35

37

39

58

77

Bugiri

28

30

49

42

79

83

Bukedea

20

21

70

73

22

7

Bukwa

19

27

24

48

20

80

Busia

73

26

26

33

39

47

Butaleja

9

27

56

55

50

84

Iganga

30

27

43

35

60

71

Jinja

65

68

53

74

70

78

Kaberamaido

34

29

37

63

38

68

Kaliro

22

25

32

24

88

67

Kamuli

23

22

33

36

70

64

Kapchorwa

20

24

42

47

21

63

Katakwi

39

37

66

33

50

67

Kumi

29

31

33

55

39

71

Manafwa

35

29

45

58

30

100

Mayuge

40

44

38

62

51

94

Mbale

86

77

25

20

93

71

Namutumba

19

20

27

35

53

75

Pallisa

31

22

38

39

31

50

Sironko

41

31

35

24

24

63

Soroti

36

32

53

46

26

67

Tororo

65

55

49

46

62

91

154

Table 2.6 I (cont’d):

Selected health sector performance indicators, 2007 – 2008

Proportion of TB cases
notified compared to expected

Pregnant women receiving
2nd dose Fansider for IPT

HIV/AIDS Service
Availability

Region/ District
2007

2008

2007

2008

2007

2008

43

48

32

50

60

80

Northern
Abim
Adjumani

28

32

13

60

65

34

Amolatar

29

67

31

39

85

70

Amuru

24

63

38

40

58

91

Apac

69

56

52

28

59

91

Arua

61

58

43

46

30

30
70

Dokolo

23

73

31

39

65

Gulu

104

145

27

40

69

84

Kaabong

14

6

28

30

75

100

Kitgum

51

44

58

48

50

81

Koboko

25

22

14

54

47

70

Kotido

23

26

48

44

46

90

Lira

98

78

31

43

63

84

Moroto

50

53

62

63

65

75

Moyo

22

26

62

68

44

30

Nakapiripirit

32

42

55

90

53

60

Nebbi

44

41

52

48

49

67

Nyadri

7

21

51

11

39

65

Oyam

23

72

54

72

79

83

Pader

57

68

50

48

55

69

Yumbe

10

13

52

66

60

55

10

25

34

44

65

20

Western
Bulisa
Bundibugyo

26

22

90

49

87

92

Bushenyi

56

45

39

42

55

84

Hoima

45

51

50

52

68

66

Ibanda

42

47

25

28

43

96

Isingiro

29

39

34

35

9

28

Kabale

26

24

28

35

85

73

Kabarole

73

79

44

35

69

72

Kamwenge

43

51

30

31

71

74

Kanungu

50

47

33

29

48

93

Kasese

24

26

52

45

46

80

Kibaale

53

52

41

52

29

67

Kiruhura

24

22

33

25

40

115

Kisoro

23

13

18

13

17

76

Kyenjojo

52

48

34

17

76

65

Masindi

41

33

64

57

81

56

Mbarara

85

89

23

18

42

91

Ntungamo

47

45

29

22

30

74

Rukungiri

51

61

33

31

43

80

Uganda

49

50

40

39

87

75

Source: District league table, Ministry of Health

155

2.7

Crime Statistics

Table 2.7 A:

District
Kampala

Kayunga
Masaka
Mubende
Mukono
Nakasongola
Rakai
Wakiso
Jinja

Kamuli
Mayuge
Mbale
Kumi
Soroti
Tororo
Adjumani
Apac
Arua
Gulu
Kotido
Kumi
Lira
Moroto
Nakapiripirit
Nebbi
Bushenyi
Kabale
Kabarole
Kasese
Masindi

Mbarara

Rukungiri
National

Distribution of prisoners by District and category for the years 20062008

Prison
Upper
M/Bay
Kampala ( R)
Luzira (W)
Bulaula
Masaka
Muinaina
Bugungu (YP)
Bugungu (YO)
Nakasongola
Mutukula
Kitalya
Kigo
Kigo(W)
Jinja (M)
Jinja (R )
Jinja (w)
Kamuli
Bufulubi
Mbale (M)
Mbale (W)
Kumi
Soroti
Tororo
Adjumani
Apac
Loro
Arua
Gilgil
Gulu
Patiko
Kotido
Amita
Kumi
Lira
Moroto
Namalu
Ragem
Bushenyi
Ndorwa
Ruimi
Fort Portal
Ibuga
Mubuku
Masindi
Masindi (W)
Isimba
Mbarara (M)
Mbarara (W)
Kakiika
Kiburara
Rukungiri
-

Convicts
1,038
496
34
106
131
124
75
187
187
42
75
310
96
10
340
61
14
17
290
217
14
0
88
245
205
67
147
179
131
110
34
30
60
56

2006
On-

27
158
100
113
76
355
111
259
322
163
0
546
146

1,274
564
994
105
0
533
159
40
0
67
0
0
656
15
69
556
27
12
11
582
16
0
344
268
78
131
0
412
0
388
0
28
8
101
476
48
0
0
408
158
12
622
0
58
473
0
0
541

88
404
67
8,151

460
0
290
10,984

Convicts
903
388
94
99
162
119
41
173
133
65
94
236
85
8
504
92
14
32
298
0
20
56
104
223
174
87
131
124
62
78
33
16
82
91
42
177
95
61
85
469
71
243
190
200
3
403
111
22
84
427
73
7,577

2007
On-Remand
1,373
645
734
107
653
158
17
57
133
643
18
97
517
16
54
11
579
19
148
393
225
97
111
347
362
58
4
354
118
433
173
8
668
119
408
18
531
51
442
324
11,223

Convicts
959
352
47
117
182
163
94
187
159
227
60
329
114
8
771
143
24
21
290
142
14
38
118
255
195
80
155
202
85
167
76
31
64
38
193
78
217
145
37
64
500
96
353
119
192
12
402
163
13
66
308
80
8,945

2008
On-Remand
1,306
506
827
106
538
132
40
178
774
22
31
438
21
69
10
240
9
113
325
163
70
87
347
372
78
13
113
393
135
9
5
593
187
16
663
196
433
27
424
36
523
297
10,865

Source: Uganda Prisons Department, Note: Young offender (YO), Young Prisoner (YP), Women (W), Men (M), Remand ®

156

Table 2.7 B:

Number of cases reported and prosecuted by category for the years
(2007-2008)

Homicides
Death (by shooting)
Death (by mob action)
Death (other than by shooting)
Death(Fire Out Breaks)
Infanticide
Economic Crimes
Embezzlement
Causing Financial losses
Abuse of office
Counterfeiting
Forgeries & Uttering of Documents
Issuing False Cheques
Obtaining By False Pretences
Land Frauds
Prevention of Corruption Act
Sex Related Offences
Rape
Defilement
Incest
Unnatural Offences
Child Related Offences
Child Neglect
Child Stealing
Child Abduction
Child Kidnap
Child Abuse/Torture
Abortion
Breakin's
Burglaries
House Breakin's
Shop Breaking
Office Breaking
Thefts
Theft of Motor Vehicles
Theft of Motor Cycles
Theft from M/Vs (Spares)
Theft of Bicycles
Thefts of Mobile Phones
Thefts of Cash
Theft of Cattle
Theft of Railway Slippers/Material
Theft of Telecoms, Electrical & Comm. Items
Receiving & Retaining(Stolen Prop)
Robberies
Aggravated Robbery(Motor Cycles)
Aggravated Robbery(Motor Vehicles)
Aggravated Robbery(Cash)
Aggravated Robbery(general)

Reported

2007
Prosecuted

Reported

2008
Prosecuted

247
286
2,398
190

53
761
34

351
368
1,900
48
86

83
39
684
8
27

411
40
66
1,267
897
1,473
11,823
0
19

48
8
40
237
139
39
1,340
0
9

343
40
39
1,396
1,011
1,272
8,926
89
46

74
5
14
305
192
102
1,435
40
19

809
17,031
51
56

258
4,059
7
28

1,536
8,635
79
115

241
4,124
28
30

59
0
0
0
61
0

10
0
0
0
5
0

2,682
157
188
25
660
48

446
36
27
10
57
14

6,230
2,632
1,817
1,463

1,531
752
490
345

6,825
2,898
1,984
529

6,825
2,898
1,984
529

1,375
1,223
1,091
3,650
1,231
67,601
6,274
0
0
266

197
195
171
1,003
133
12,755
5,594
0
0
97

1,172
2,639
1,493
3,451
15,264
8,123
190
51
327
248

191
523
247
1,152
2,163
1,448
55
16
76
209

Reported
1,828
25,436
560

prosecuted
279
-

Reported
151
38
385
707

prosecuted
42
3
88
200

Source: Uganda Police Force

157

Table 2.7 B(Con’t):

Number of cases reported and prosecuted by category for the years
(2007-2008)

Simple Robbery(general)
Assaults
Aggravated Assault(Acid cases)
Aggravated Assaults(general)
Common Assaults

Other Crimes in General
Threatening Violence
Human Trafficking
Abduction
Kidnap
Arson (General)
Malicious Damage to Property
Rescues from Lawful Custody
Escapes from Lawful Custody
Examination Leakage and Stealing
Piracy
Criminal Trespass
Riot & Unlawful Assemblies
Idel & Disorderly persons
Att. Killing (by shooting)
Att. Killing( other than shooting)
Terrorism
Terrorism
Death By CBRN(Chemical,Nuclear Wpns)
Political/Media Offences
Promoting Sectarianism
Election Offences
Treason
Sedition
Narcotics/Drugs
Heroin
Cocaine
Other Narcotics(general)
Other laws
Immigration Act
NEMA
Firearms Act
UWA Statute
All other act
Local Government Act
Total other laws
GRAND TOTAL

Reported

2007
Prosecuted

Reported

2008
Prosecuted

6,411

827

2,977

1,760

6,189
39,545

1,821
5,796

57
2,795
18,334

57
1,909
6,945

578
5
0
0
1,925
7,877
1,498
0
0
14
0
36
1,973
140
446

0
0
0
0
488
1,363
749
0
0
6
0
11
852
33
180

5,426
2
578
65
1,243
4,035
88
1,212
61
9
3,089
886
196

2,390
106
45
565
1,621
87
1,212
7
1,804
125
180

45

13

4
-

4
-

10

2

48
2

19
0

4
5
2
1

2
3
2
1

2,018
4386
13

1,083
114
5

978

978

288
11
210
146
872
0
3,577
238,124

194
0
71
93
254
0
1,831
46,422

211
38
140
118
3
214
119,072

211
38
84
118
38
46,943

Source: Uganda Police Force

158

Table 2.7 C:

Distribution of prisoners by station, 2006- 2008

2007
Convicts
On-Remand
903
1,373
388
645
94
734
99
107
Kayunga
162
Masaka
119
653
Mubende
41
158
Mukono
173
17
133
57
Nakasongola
65
133
Rakai
94
Wakiso
236
85
643
8
18
Jinja
504
97
92
517
14
16
Kamuli
32
54
Mayuge
298
11
0
579
Mbale
20
19
Kumi
56
148
Soroti
104
393
Tororo
223
225
Adjumani
174
97
Apac
87
111
131
Arua
124
347
62
Gulu
78
362
33
Kotido
16
58
82
4
Kumi
Lira
91
354
Moroto
27
42
118
Nakapiripirit
158
177
Nebbi
100
95
Bushenyi
113
61
433
Kabale
76
85
173
Kabarole
355
469
8
111
71
668
Kasese
259
243
322
190
119
Masindi
163
200
408
0
3
18
546
403
Mbarara
146
111
531
22
51
88
460
84
442
404
0
427
Rukungiri
67
290
73
324
National
8,151
10,984
7,577
11,223
Note: Young offender (YO), Young Prisoner (YP), Women (W), Men (M), Remand ®
Source: Uganda Prisons Department
District
Kampala

Prison
Upper
M/Bay
Kampala ( R)
Luzira (W)
Bulaula
Masaka
Muinaina
Bugungu (YP)
Bugungu (YO)
Nakasongola
Mutukula
Kitalya
Kigo
Kigo(W)
Jinja (M)
Jinja (R )
Jinja (w)
Kamuli
Bufulubi
Mbale (M)
Mbale (W)
Kumi
Soroti
Tororo
Adjumani
Apac
Loro
Arua
Gilgil
Gulu
Patiko
Kotido
Amita
Kumi
Lira
Moroto
Namalu
Ragem
Bushenyi
Ndorwa
Ruimi
Fort Portal
Ibuga
Mubuku
Masindi
Masindi (W)
Isimba
Mbarara (M)
Mbarara (W)
Kakiika
Kiburara
Rukungiri

Convicts
1,038
496
34
106
131
124
75
187
187
42
75
310
96
10
340
61
14
17
290
217
14
0
88
245
205
67
147
179
131
110
34
30
60
56

2006
On-Remand
1,274
564
994
105
0
533
159
40
0
67
0
0
656
15
69
556
27
12
11
582
16
0
344
268
78
131
0
412
0
388
0
28
8
101
476
48
0
0
408
158
12
622
0
58
473
0
0
541

Convicts
959
352
47
117
182
163
94
187
159
227
60
329
114
8
771
143
24
21
290
142
14
38
118
255
195
80
155
202
85
167
76
31
64
38
193
78
217
145
37
64
500
96
353
119
192
12
402
163
13
66
308
80
8,945

2008
On-Remand
1,306
506
827
106
538
132
40
178
774
22
31
438
21
69
10
240
9
113
325
163
70
87
347
372
78
13
113
393
135
9
5
593
187
16
663
196
433
27
424
36
523
297
10,865

159

3.0

Production Statistics

3.2

Agriculture

Table 3.2 A: Procurement of main export cash crops (tonnes), 2004-2008
Cash crop

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Coffee
Robusta
Arabica
Tea
Tobacco

170,081
138,088
31,993
35,706
32,520

158,100
122,489
35,611
37,734
23,730

133,110
96,490
36,620
34,334
15,793

175,346
144,109
31,237
44,923
26,383

211,762
180,992
30,770
42,808
29,040

Source: Uganda Coffee Development Authority (UCDA), Uganda Tea Authority, B.A.T (U) Ltd

Table 3.2 B:

Area planted of selected food crops in thousand hectares, 2004-2008

Crop

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008 estimates

Bananas

1,670

1,675

1,677

1,678

1,680

412

420

429

437

448
862

Cereals
Finger millet
Maize

750

780

819

839

Sorghum

285

294

308

314

321

93

102

113

119

128

Rice
Wheat

9

9

10

11

11

1,549

1,605

1,678

1,721

1,770

Sweet potatoes

602

590

584

590

599

Irish potatoes

83

86

90

93

97

Total
Root crops

Cassava
Total

407

387

379

386

398

1,092

1,063

1,053

1,070

1,094

Pulses
Beans

812

828

849

870

896

Field beans

25

25

26

26

26

Cow peas

70

71

71

72

74

Pigeon peas

84

85

86

87

88

991

1,009

1,032

1,055

1,084

Ground nuts

221

225

230

235

244

Soya beans

144

144

145

147

148

Sim Sim

255

268

276

280

286

620

637

651

662

678

Total
Legumes

Total

Source: Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries (MAAIF) and Uganda Bureau of Statistics.

160

Table 3.2 C:

Production of selected food crops in thousand tonnes, 2004-2008

Crop

2004

Bananas

9,686

2005

2006

2007

2008 estimates

9,380

9,052

9,233

9,371

Cereals
Finger millet
Maize
Sorghum
Rice
Wheat

659

672

687

732

783

1,080

1,237

1,258

1,262

1,266

399

449

440

458

477

121

153

154

162

171

15

15

18

19

19

2,650

2,604

2,627

2,654

2,707

573

585

628

650

670

5,500

5,576

4,924

4,973

5,072
440

Root crops
Sweet potatoes
Irish potatoes
Cassava
Pulses
Beans

455

478

424

430

Field beans

15

15

16

16

16

Cow peas

69

70

71

75

79

Pigeon peas

84

85

88

89

90

Legumes
Ground nuts

137

159

154

162

173

Soya beans

158

158

175

176

178

125

161

166

168

173

Sim Sim

Note: Estimates are of economic production with post harvest losses are taken into account.
Source: Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries (MAAIF) and Uganda Bureau of Statistics.

Table 3.2 D:

Fish catch by water body (thousand tonnes), 2003 – 2007

Lake Victoria
Lake Albert
Albert Nile
Lake Kyoga
Lake Edward, George & Kazinga Channel
Other Waters
Total

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

175.3

253.3

253.3

215.9

223.1

19.5

56.4

56.4

56.4

56.4

5.6

6.4

5.0

5.0

5.0

32.9

68.5

68.4

60.0

60.0

5.9

9.6

9.6

8.8

8.8

8.3
247.5

40.6
434.8

24.1

21.1

21.0

416.8

367.2

374.3

Source: Fisheries Department, Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries (MAAIF).

Table 3.2 E:

Livestock numbers (thousand animals), 2004 – 2008
2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Cattle

6,567

6,770

6,973

7,182

7,398

Sheep

1,552

1,600

1,648

1,697

1,748

Goats

7,566

7,800

8,034

8,275

8,523

Pigs
Poultry

1,940

2,000

2,060

2,122

2,186

31,622

32,600

26,049

26,950

27,508

Source: Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries (MAAIF), and Uganda Bureau of Statistics

161

3.3

Industry

Table 3.3 A:

Index of Industrial Production, Annual (Calendar year) Summary 2004
– 2008, 2002 = 100

Description
Total manufacturing
Food processing
Meat preparation & processing
Fish processing & preservation
Edible oils & fats production
Dairy production
Grain milling
Bakery production
Sugar processing
Coffee processing
Tea processing
Animal feed production
Other food processing
Drinks and tobacco
Beer production
Soft drinks & bottled water production
Tobacco manufacturing
Textiles, clothing and foot wear
Cotton ginning
Textile & garment manufacture
Leather & footwear production
Sawmilling, paper and printing
Sawmilling, Papermaking, etc
Printing & publishing
Chemicals, paint, soap & foam products
Chemical & pharmaceutical production
Paint & vanish manufacturing
Soap, Detergent, etc Production
Foam products manufacturing
Bricks & cement
Bricks, tiles & other ceramic production
Cement & lime production
Concrete articles manufacturing
Metal products
Iron and Steel Manufacturing
Other metal production
Miscellaneous
Plastic products manufacturing
Furniture-making
Other Manufacturing nes

Wt

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

1,000

114.1

125.8

129.6

145.2

150.8

400
2
28
42
10
9
9
139
89
68
5
1
201
99
69
33
43
12
19
11
35
12
23
97
9
3
75
10
75
10
60
5
83
78
5
66
33
14
19

106
101
98
124
136
137
169
114
87
95
96
118
123
115
139
114
161
162
189
113
120
60
151
109
119
56
108
120
104
70
112
112
109
109
110
125
136
114
114

110
91
87
128
159
217
125
119
75
112
146
94
146
137
174
117
165
247
173
58
125
55
161
130
132
249
124
143
126
80
133
132
125
124
146
130
135
142
111

117
86
77
207
166
354
146
119
65
101
128
139
146
143
209
29
135
73
229
45
132
60
170
132
149
267
117
190
149
91
158
157
132
131
143
121
135
94
118

126
81
63
239
191
319
179
107
83
133
163
167
180
198
240

138
73
68
196
295
312
196
141
98
128
137
170
191
220
243

163
132
214
113
149
54
199
145
190
354
116
275
156
118
160
199
140
140
143
138
139
123
146

142
65
259
26
166
59
222
124
181
398
91
243
173
113
185
143
130
131
99
144
145
141
144

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

162

Table 3.3 B:

Index of Industrial Production, Annual (Fiscal year) Summary 2003/04
– 2007/08, 2002 = 100

Description
Total manufacturing
Food processing
Meat preparation & processing
Fish processing & preservation
Edible oils & fats production
Dairy production
Grain milling
Bakery production
Sugar processing
Coffee processing
Tea processing
Animal feed production
Other food processing
Drinks and tobacco
Beer production
Soft drinks & bottled water production
Tobacco manufacturing
Textiles, clothing and foot wear
Cotton ginning
Textile & garment manufacture
Leather & footwear production
Sawmilling, paper and printing
Sawmilling, Papermaking, etc
Printing & publishing
Chemicals, paint, soap & foam products
Chemical & pharmaceutical production
Paint & vanish manufacturing
Soap, Detergent, etc Production
Foam products manufacturing
Bricks & cement
Bricks, tiles & other ceramic production
Cement & lime production
Concrete articles manufacturing
Metal products
Iron and Steel Manufacturing
Other metal production
Miscellaneous
Plastic products manufacturing
Furniture making
Other Manufacturing nes

Wt

2003/04

2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

2007/08

1,000

110

119

128

136

149

400
2
28
42
10
9
9
139
89
68
5
1
201
99
69
33
43
12
19
11
35
12
23

105
121
90
116
122
134
114
110
86
114
107
122
116
112
131
99
144
135
169
110
115
80
133

104
64
95
112
143
133
112
118
75
104
107
120
127
117
154
104
174
257
182
66
116
51
149

112
103
83
156
170
287
140
120
68
107
139
89
152
139
199
91
131
81
208
55
131
61
168

123
81
72
235
170
350
164
117
73
114
142
152
155
161
220
0
139
117
190
77
133
54
174

131
75
66
222
226
302
185
116
97
134
161
174
190
217
242
0
151
82
241
73
163
54
220

97
9
3
75
10
75
10
60
5
83
78
5
66
33
14
19

109
119
56
108
120
104
70
112
112
112
113
85
107
126
88
88

124
107
224
122
134
124
82
131
131
127
127
132
121
129
114
114

131
144
246
121
160
132
85
140
130
133
132
148
129
131
141
116

142
175
304
118
246
157
106
164
186
132
131
149
130
137
102
138

134
188
377
103
257
162
118
169
170
141
142
125
141
138
147
144

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

163

3.4

Producer prices

Table 3.4 A:

Producer Price Indices by major industry group (Combined) JulySeptember 2004=100, CY

Group

2005

2006

2007

2008

Food Processing

Weight
419

113

129

140

172

Drinks and Tobacco

185

101

101

102

119

42

96

103

108

114

48

104

120

135

140

106

99

103

115

155

Textiles, Clothing and Footwear
Sawmilling, Paper and Printing
Chemicals, Paint, Soap & Foam Products
Bricks & Cement

68

107

112

128

153

Metal Products

91

100

119

129

173

Miscellaneous

41

106

124

143

149

1000

106

117

127

154

PPI-M (Combined)
Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

Table 3.4 B:

Producer Price Indices by major industry group (Combined) JulySeptember 2004=100, FY

Group

2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

2007/08

Food Processing

Weight
419

106

120

135

153

Drinks and Tobacco

185

100

101

101

110

Textiles, Clothing and Footwear

42

98

98

107

112

Sawmilling, Paper and Printing

48

102

107

133

136

Chemicals, Paint, Soap & Foam Products

106

100

100

109

137

Bricks & Cement

68

103

109

119

143

Metal Products

91

99

105

127

148

Miscellaneous

41

103

113

135

146

1000

103

110

123

139

PPI-M (Combined)
Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

164

Table 3.4 C:

Average producer prices to wholesalers for selected manufactured
products, shs 2004-2008
Animal
Feeds
(Broiler
Mash)

Animal
Feeds
(Layers
Mash)

Animal Feeds
(Sow and
Weaver)

Bakers
wheat flour

Buns

Cooking
Oil

Cooking
Oil

Bag of 70 Kg

Bag of 70
kg

Bag of 70 kg

Bag of 50
kg

Packet
of
6 pieces

10 Litres
Jerry can

20Litre
Jerry can

Q1

23,400

23,333

18,550

39,675

484

16,642

32,151

Q2

23,778

23,711

19,117

42,147

512

16,227

31,145

Q1

23,067

23,022

18,267

39,454

512

15,459

32,225

Q2

22,900

22,833

17,800

39,458

530

14,837

31,288

Q3

22,900

22,833

17,800

38,564

533

14,576

28,901

Q4

22,589

21,839

17,950

39,901

506

14,535

27,914

Q1

23,767

23,383

18,967

38,083

506

14,309

28,337

Q2

25,700

25,044

19,850

41,564

519

14,268

28,570

Q3

24,333

23,444

18,750

42,130

519

14,864

28,565

Q4

23,744

22,911

18,750

43,650

538

15,628

29,910

Q1

24,956

23,456

20,000

45,983

554

17,268

32,460

Q2

25,289

23,789

20,000

48,275

547

18,941

36,512

Q3

26,267

24,256

19,883

52,083

644

20,134

31,503

Q4

27,678

25,944

22,217

60,450

735

21,274

31,203

Q1

30,087

28,534

22,968

68,833

763

27,100

40,330

Q2

34,209

32,192

23,286

68,700

763

30,765

49,069

Q3

38,669

34,042

26,001

61,446

819

30,176

46,707

Q4

36,929

34,574

26,750

69,503

819

29,836

45,595

Unit of
Measure

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

165

Table 3.4 D:

Posho
Flour

Average producer prices to wholesalers for selected manufactured
products, shs 2004-2007

UHT
Milk
(Carton)

Sugar
Bag

Beer of
25
bottles

Mineral
water

Soda
Crate
of 24
bottles

Bar
soap
Carton

Barbed
wire

Cement

24
sackets

of
24
bottles
of
0.5
litres

12
bottles
(1500
ml)

(300mls
each)

of
25 bars

25kg
roll

50 kg
bag

Juice
Carton
of

Mineral
water
Box

(Grade
1)

Unit of
Measure

1 Kg

50 kg

of
12 litres

Crate
of
500mls
each)

2004
Q3

453

44,174

13,577

14,797

5,129

5,561

4,565

7,110

14,570

42,099

12,852

Q4

447

43,282

13,723

14,797

5,129

5,561

4,565

7,110

14,305

40,902

12,851

Q1

419

44,856

13,827

14,797

5,129

5,561

4,565

7,110

14,018

40,502

13,662

Q2

461

49,177

13,827

14,797

5,129

5,561

4,565

7,110

13,618

40,072

13,983

Q3

454

53,259

13,773

14,672

5,068

5,494

4,510

7,050

13,448

38,996

13,906

Q4

411

54,246

13,500

14,672

5,068

5,494

4,510

7,075

13,374

39,451

13,940

Q1

438

54,932

13,633

14,672

5,068

5,986

4,914

7,125

13,512

41,683

13,926

Q2

568

56,059

13,867

14,672

5,199

5,986

5,330

7,125

13,513

44,326

14,067

Q3

520

56,536

15,100

14,672

5,226

5,986

5,330

7,125

14,027

47,150

14,194

Q4

577

62,465

15,100

14,787

5,281

5,986

5,330

7,125

14,274

47,970

14,700

Q1

485

63,709

14,878

14,787

5,303

5,986

5,330

7,125

15,014

49,154

15,262

Q2

461

63,709

15,010

14,787

5,292

5,986

5,330

7,122

15,956

49,318

15,958

Q3

529

61,513

15,011

15,446

5,248

5,986

5,330

7,125

17,252

49,657

16,498

Q4

613

56,442

15,122

15,775

5,248

5,986

5,330

7,125

17,636

50,598

17,582

Q1

636

49,770

15,111

15,782

5,424

5,986

5,330

7,216

22,596

59,062

19,111

Q2

735

52,048

15,701

15,759

5,424

5,986

5,330

8,845

25,590

66,516

19,712

Q3

776

51,798

16,667

10,675

5,424

5,986

5,330

8,477

25,016

68,812

19,443

Q4

823

54,163

18,000

11,092

5,605

5,986

5,330

8,477

24,303

68,297

19,120

2005

2006

2007

2008

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

166

3.5

Energy

Table 3.5 A:

Sales of petroleum products by type (cubic metres) 2004 – 2008

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

186,285

174,054

198,125

191,713

250,256

79,131

88,932

89,995

92,616

44,572

Diesel

260,978

319,574

417,449

464,122

514,114

Fuel oil

53,313

44,423

38,289

34,384

28,311

Kerosene

49,340

39,836

42,897

34,309

62,377

4,500

4,486

5,800

7,273

8,272

Volume, cubic litres
Petrol
Aviation Fuel

LPG
Percentage change
Petrol

-6.6

13.8

-3.2

30.5

Aviation Fuel

12.4

1.2

2.9

-51.9

Diesel

22.5

30.6

11.2

10.8

Fuel oil

-16.7

-13.8

-10.2

-17.7

Kerosene

-19.3

7.7

-20.0

81.8

-0.3

29.3

25.4

13.7

LPG

Source: Petroleum Supplies Department, Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resource

Table 3.5 B:

Period

UETCL energy purchases (GWh), 2004 – 2008

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

1,887.69

1,721.72

1,190.03

1,293.92

1,405.04

1,872.33

1,698.54

1,160.45

1,263.54

1,373.44

Kilembe mines

11.47

20.81

28.05

29.64

29.80

Kasese Cobalt

3.89

2.37

1.53

0.74

1.80

Thermal electricity

-

140.77

369.98

539.13

597.07

Aggreko 1(Lugogo)

-

140.77

319.95

272.8

141.39

Aggreko 2(Kiira)

-

-

50.03

266.33

239.59

Aggreko 3(Mutundwe)

-

-

-

-

99.52

Jacobsen(Namanve)

-

-

-

-

116.57

Others

-

28.19

68.89

71.72

173.89

Backflows to UETCL(At 33kv)

-

3.72

19.98

11.63

130.68

Electrogaz

-

1.32

2.18

1.84

2.29

KPCL(Import)

-

23.15

46.73

58.25

40.92

1,887.7

1,890.7

1,628.9

1,904.8

2,176.0

-

0.2

-13.8

16.9

14.2

Hydro electricity
Eskom

TOTAL
Annual Percentage change

Source: Uganda Electricity Transmission Company limited

167

Table 3.5 C:

Period

Average Lake Levels (in Meters) from Jinja Pier Mechanical Recorder
Chart

Annual Averages

Percent change

2004

11.33

-3.41

2005

10.96

-3.27

2006

10.66

-2.70

2007

11.18

4.88

2008

11.22

0.31

Source: Eskom (U) Ltd

168

3.6

Building and Construction

Table 3.6 A:

CSI Sector Price Indices, Jan-March 2006=100

Sub sector

Weight

2006

2007

2008

100

108.8

121.3

139.7

80

109.9

123.7

141.2

30

113.0

119.9

137.1

Formal

15

119.3

119.4

136.7

Own-account

15

106.7

120.4

137.4

Whole sector
All buildings
Residential buildings

Non-Residential buildings

50

111.6

125.8

143.5

20

104.5

111.7

133.5

Roads paved

10

103.9

110.7

134.1

Roads gravel

5

103.9

107.5

131.0

Water projects

5

106.2

118.0

134.7

Civil works

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

Table 3.6 B:

Basic Heading Indices, 2006 – 2008, Jan-March 2006=100

Basic heading
Timber
Paint
PVC/HDPE pipes
Water tanks
Burnt clay bricks & tiles
Cement
Concrete articles
Steel bars
Roofing sheets
Other iron & steel
Electrical wire & cable
Aggregate
Lime
Diesel
Bitumen
Labour wage rates
Equipment Charge Out Rates
CPI (rescaled) 2006 Q1 = 100

2006
120.5
101.2
105.6
100.0
120.4
102.1
102.9
100.4
116.4
115.9
126.5
105.4
93.8
104.9
107.5
101.1
103.5

2007
145.1
103.8
117.3
100.8
140.3
117.2
112.2
111.5
129.4
128.6
139.8
123.0
98.2
107.3
118.3
108.1
109.6

2008
164.4
117.6
127.4
104.6
171.1
139.5
129.3
168.3
169.4
178.7
149.5
119.2
115.9
135.2
140.9
115.0
115.6
122.8

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

169

3.7

Transport and Communication

Table 3.7 A:

Estimated number of motor vehicles on road, 2004 – 2008

Vehicle type
Trucks
Pick-up vans & 4-Wheel drives
Buses

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

17,530
52,685

18,684
53,203

20,496
53,137

23,323
55,950

28,501
58,317

878

868

857

995

1,237

Mini buses

22,565

27,568

32,006

39,476

49,235

Cars

59,786

65,471

70,652

81,320

90,856

Motor cycles

89,212

108,207

133,985

176,516

236,452

Agric tractors

2,574

2,717

2,778

2,958

3,306

Others

1,815

1,876

1,991

2,235

2,584

Source: Ministry of Works and Transport

Table 3.7 B:

New registration of Vehicles by type 2004 – 2008

CLASS OF VEHICLES

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Car

7,614

10,001

9,639

11,218

11,950

229

135

177

223

275

Pick Up

3,714

4,006

3,443

4,062

3,193

Van

1,984

2,599

1,722

2,389

2,739

Bus

45

75

73

151

262

Lorry

990

1,353

1,819

1,661

3,750

Tractor

373

273

195

206

346

Trailer

202

313

349

258

237

Tanker

20

25

41

48

92

2,761

3,709

4,247

5,546

7,684

7

24

22

25

46

Mini Bus

Station Wagon
Semi Trailer
Forklift

9

26

40

42

30

217

125

169

209

332

43

27

23

29

28

Omnibus

140

36

8

11

17

Tipper

705

304

496

1,202

1,472

Motor Cycles

19,398

27,885

35,057

46,921

68,787

TOTAL

38,451

50,916

57,520

74,201

101,240

32.42

12.97

29.00

36.44

Earth Equipment
Ambulance

Annual Percentage Change (%)
Source: Uganda Revenue Authority

170

Table 3.7 C:

National Roads Network Length in Kilometers (June 2008)

Area
Central Region
Kampala

Paved

Unpaved

Total

1138

1458

2596

466

247

713

Luwero

159

335

494

Masaka

239

294

533

Mpigi

151

349

500

Mubende

123

233

356
2838

Eastern Region

615

2223

Jinja

212

434

646

Kotido

n.a

440

440

Mbale

218

347

565

1

346

347

Soroti

68

396

464

Tororo

116

260

376

Moroto

Northern Region

409

2077

2486

Arua

130

416

546

Gulu

192
n.a

402

594

596

596

87

502

589

161

161
1613

Kitgum
Lira
Moyo
Southern Region

588

1025

Kabale

156

254

410

Kasese

138

203

341

Mbarara

294

568

862

348

1084

1432

162

390

552

Hoima

96

309

405

Masindi

90

385

475

3098

7867

10965

Western Region
Fort Portal

National
Note: Roads under local government are not included
Source: Uganda National Roads Authority

171

Table 3.7 D:

Commercial Traffic at Entebbe International Airport, 2004 - 2008

Mode of traffic

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Commercial aircraft movement

Number

16,692

17,253

19,200

22,000

23,847

Over flight at Entebbe

Number

3,816

n.a

n.a

n.a

n.a

Passengers
International
Landed

Number

237,869

274,307

252,432

396,079

470,397

Embarked

Number

237,857

277,546

254,606

392,695

465,787

In Transit

Number

24,509

33,107

35,692

35,988

38,681

Domestic
Landed

Number

21,918

19,837

18,458

13,703

12,205

Embarked

Number

21,437

19,087

17,692

12,196

10,867

Total

Number

543,590

623,884

578,880

850,661

997,937

Unloaded

Tonne

14,420

14,180

13,236

22,881

21,298

Loaded

Tonne

33,473

38,231

35,075

40,837

37,695

Freight
Cargo

Mail
Unloaded

Tonne

486

516

463

511

520

Loaded

Tonne

135

150

113

110

166

Total

Tonne

48,514

53,077

576

621

686

Source: Civil Aviation Authority

3.7.2

Telecommunication

Table 3.7 E:

Postal statistics (Pieces), 2004 - 2008

Item

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Letters posted

8,751,012

6,449,314

4,447,180

3,780,103

2,586,073

Letters received

4,874,614

3,401,232

3,129,866

2,660,386

3,117,142

Registered letters posted

38,510

34,466

32,511

27,634

40,050

Registered letters Received

38,121

43,704

27,153

23,080

27,896

13,702,257

9,928,716

7,636,710

6,491,203

5,771,161

Letters:

Total - Letters
Parcels:
Parcels posted internationally
Parcels received
Small packets posted
Small packets received

4,019

1,703

876

745

1,440

13,796

18,544

17,809

15,138

16,851

2,816

5,440

14,571

12,385

n.a

14,916

18,940

24,649

20,952

n.a

Mailbags received

7,936

8,527

4,589

3,901

n.a

EMS items posted

82,177

109,499

116,049

n.a

120,738

EMS items received
Total - Parcels

10,443

10,228

10,842

n.a

14,569

136,103

172,881

189,385

n.a

n.a

Source: Posta Uganda Limited

172

Table 3.7 F:

Telecommunications statistics as at December, 2004 – 2008

Item

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

82,495

100,777

129,863

165,788

168,481

Mobile Cellular Subscribers

1,165,035

1,525,125

2,697,616

5,163,414

8,554,864

Telephone Traffic (‘000 Minutes)

1,559,162

1,723,964

2,307,391

3,004,738

4,268,705

4,634

10,263

12,889

27,999

52,515

3

3

3

3

4

Fixed Telephone lines

Payphones
Mobile Cellular Operators
Internet Services’ Operators

18

17

17

n.a

n.a

148

145

145

195

220

Private TV Stations(registered)

31

34

34

41

50

Courier Services Operators

19

22

22

20

21

Private FM Radio Stations(registered)

Source: Uganda Communications Commission

173

3.8

Tourism and migration

Table 3.8 A:

Total Arrivals and Departures in Uganda, 2004 – 2008

Period

2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
Quarters
2007
1st
2nd
3rd
4th
2008
1st
2nd
3rd
4th

Arrival

Departure

Resident

Non- resident

Total

Resident

Non- resident

Total

225,739
194,393
231,067
241,487
319,504

512,379
467,728
538,595
641,743
843,864

738,118
662,121
769,662
883,230
1,163,368

231,109
188,951
254,064
271,735
337,237

465,241
389,269
501,812
607,373
805,605

696,350
578,220
755,876
879,108
1,142,842

54,913
55,278
70,704
60,592

143,741
150,760
196,908
150,334

198,654
206,038
267,612
210,926

61,804
67,226
80,016
62,689

135,067
146,107
189,300
136,899

196,871
213,333
269,316
199,588

61,253
71,208
98,939
88,104

180,896
185,714
260,493
216,761

242,149
256,922
359,432
304,865

62,695
73,293
108,239
93,010

157,156
175,865
254,804
217,780

219,851
249,158
363,043
310,790

Source: Ministry of Internal Affairs and Uganda Bureau of Statistics

Table 3.8 B:

Migration Statistics: Entebbe Arrivals, 2004– 2008

Ugandans
NonPeriod Resident Resident

Non-Ugandans
Sub
Total

Resident

Non -resident

18,611
22,380
23,842
28,372
44,641

37,193
48,841
57,556
63,551
89,900

975
2,193
2,232
1,907
2,391

18,677
23,259
29,417
35,613
47,047

28,335
37,152
44,013
51,470
91,780

19,871
26,136
30,128
36,558
56,050

Other &
Not
Stated
19,578
25,802
27,694
33,286
50,652

8,729
9,857
11,863
13,564

6,520
7,941
7,262
8,405

6,326
7,241
7,042
7,085

46,288
50,608
58,353
59,633

63,851
71,233
81,911
88,244

6,803
7,822
9,988
8,673

55,918
59,593
74,804
60,442

76,479
82,789
102,472
91,197

9,647
10,970
15,932
14,103

74,451
81,799
124,020
102,191

101,382
117,051
174,646
154,403

Western
Europe
2004
61,633
2005
69,702
2006
81,346
2007
89,767
2008
144,667
Quarter
2006
1st
16,083
2nd
18,475
3rd
21,624
4th
25,164
2007
1st
18,478
2nd
20,966
3rd
24,735
4th
25,588
2008
1st
24,083
2nd
31,648
3rd
44,476
4th
44,460

6,400 68,033
8,180 77,882
9,011 90,357
12,413 102,180
20,354 165,021

Grand total
Sub
Total

North
Other
COMESA
Europe America

Other
Africa

1,480
2,150
1,934
3,447

17,563
20,625
23,558
28,611

5,664
5,751
6,393
6,034

12,448
11,632
16,773
16,703

485
574
592
581

6,116
7,612
8,428
7,261

2,083
2,230
2,933
5,167

20,561
23,196
27,668
30,755

7,559
5,811
7,902
7,100

14,367
13,801
20,059
15,324

573
508
465
361

7,389
9,859
10,952
7,413

11,393 7,834
12,052 9,740
14,939 10,499
13,086 8,485

2,848
3,604
6,150
7,752

26,931
35,252
50,626
52,212

9,252
8,984
14,367
12,038

16,315
17,297
32,431
23,857

434
443
719
795

8,944
12,305
15,078
10,720

18,831
19,118
28,706
25,125

11,028
12,682
16,787
15,553

143,240
185,763
214,882
250,757
382,461

211,273
263,645
305,239
352,937
547,482

Source: Ministry of Internal Affairs and Uganda Bureau of Statistics

174

Table 3.8 C:

Period

Migration Statistics: Entebbe Departures, 2004 - 2008

Ugandans
NonResident Resident

Sub
Total Resident

Sub
Total

Non-resident

19,333
24,950
32,965
35,345
45,446

35,031
39,086
52,566
64,317
79,443

940
1,712
2,777
2,659
2,235

17,368
19,757
28,734
36,775
43,860

26,778
30,866
45,761
51,930
76,866

17,834
21,327
27,319
33,974
46,158

Other &
Not
Stated
19,376
19,595
23,769
32,945
45,746

North
Western Other
COMESA
Europe Europe America
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
Quarter
2006
1st
2nd
3rd
4th
2007
1st
2nd
3rd
4th
2008
1st
2nd
3rd
4th

61,319
61,834
83,924
98,357
133,190

Grand
Total

Non-Ugandans

7,500 68,819
8,113 69,947
9,793 93,717
13,178 111,535
18,127 151,317

Other
Africa

136,660
157,293
213,891
257,945
339,754

205,479
227,240
307,608
369,480
491,071

16,255
17,234
24,965
25,470

3,175
1,749
2,658
2,211

19,430
18,983
27,594
27,021

7,091
6,817
8,283
10,774

11,412
9,672
17,245
14,237

650
529
762
836

5,547
5,961
9,750
7,476

7,815
9,998
13,088
14,860

5,352
6,390
7,434
8,143

4,965
5,014
7,041
6,749

42,832
44,381
63,603
63,075

62,262
63,364
91,226
90,756

21,116
24,464
28,526
24,251

4,006
2,509
3,483
3,180

25,122
26,973
32,009
27,431

7,095
9,024
8,524
10,702

15,966
13,812
20,548
13,991

702
805
630
522

7,678
9,365
13,341
6,391

10,765
14,265
14,802
12,098

7,540
9,126
9,475
7,833

6,885
6,852
9,494
9,714

56,631
63,249
76,814
61,251

81,753
90,222
108,823
88,682

23,343
29,698
43,227
36,922

4,988
2,941
5,823
4,375

28,331
32,639
49,050
41,297

7,974
9,662
13,399
14,411

17,230
14,775
27,872
19,566

459
401
691
684

8,587
9,187
16,014
10,072

15,927
17,223
22,000
21,716

8,897
11,416
13,138
12,707

9,480
68,554
10,098
72,762
13,755 106,869
12,413
91,569

96,885
105,401
155,919
132,866

Source: Ministry of Internal Affairs and Uganda Bureau of Statistics

Table 3.8 D:

Period

Migration Statistics: Malaba and Busia Arrivals, 2004 – 2008

Ugandans
NonResident Resident

Western Other
Europe Europe
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
Quarter
2006
1st
2nd
3rd
4th
2007
1st
2nd
3rd
4th
2008
1st
2nd
3rd
4th

Grand
Total

Non-Ugandans
Sub
Total Resident

Non–resident
North
Other
America COMESA Africa

101,107
64,949
62,841
56,602
48,582

3,920
3,420
3,501
2,876
2,782

105,027
68,369
66,342
59,478
51,364

12,253
8,797
10,002
12,646
18,647

4,383
3,817
3,450
3,375
2,605

312
377
381
250
493

2,440
1,931
2,203
2,166
1,429

194,062
119,388
134,875
178,440
206,707

41,986
25,116
24,739
27,089
19,557

Other &
Not
Stated
4,870
3,758
2,872
3,279
3,645

Sub
Total

15,224
18,169
17,370
12,078

780
1,042
929
750

16,004
19,211
18,299
12,828

2,686
2,712
2,688
1,916

838
900
1,038
674

68
126
110
77

412
678
660
453

26,284
38,237
39,599
30,755

6,046
7,425
6,833
4,435

815
682
743
632

37,149
50,760
51,671
38,942

53,153
69,971
69,970
61,770

12,375
12,592
19,321
12,314

465
664
926
821

12,840
13,256
20,247
13,135

3,010
2,631
4,833
2,172

562
650
1,540
623

57
51
99
43

442
518
913
293

38,169
40,082
63,444
36,745

7,023
5,910
9,807
4,349

498
484
921
1,376

49,761
50,326
81,557
45,601

62,601
63,582
101,804
58,736

11,473

506 11,979

5,256

422

82

281

63,519

5,583

1,141

76,284

88,263

13,107
13,982

647
699

13,754
14,681

4,451
6,261

576
973

113
161

384
386

52,350
54,928

5,174
5,597

679
1,106

63,727
69,412

77,481
84,093

10,020

930 10,950

2,679

634

137

378

35,910

3,203

719

43,660

54,610

260,306
163,184
178,522
227,245
253,083

365,333
231,553
244,864
286,723
304,447

Source: Ministry of Internal Affairs and Uganda Bureau of Statistics

175

Table 3.8 E:

Period

Migration Statistics: Malaba and Busia Departures, 2004 – 2008

Ugandans
NonResident Resident

Western Other
Europe Europe
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
Quarter
2006
1st
2nd
3rd
4th
2007
1st
2nd
3rd
4th
2008
1st
2nd
3rd
4th

Grand
Total

Non-Ugandans
Sub
Total Resident

Non–resident
North
COMESA
America

Sub
Total
Other
Other &
Africa Not Stated

101,343
58,686
62,481
59,169
60,201

4,599
2,883
2,707
2,775
2,496

105,942
61,569
65,188
61,944
62,697

10,244
8,099
11,391
10,950
13,962

5,297
3,419
4,199
4,615
2,573

258
195
253
197
186

2,836
1,740
2,562
3,050
1,740

168,402
97,597
128,000
147,528
213,923

33,527
20,476
24,215
25,884
22,636

6,287
3,196
2,991
3,914
3,309

226,851
134,722
173,611
196,128
258,329

332,793
196,291
238,799
258,072
321,026

14,213
16,951
16,699
14,618

887
620
700
500

15,100
17,571
17,399
15,118

2,172
2,629
2,850
3,740

982
872
1,576
767

28
71
99
55

427
788
841
506

24,427
32,401
37,108
34,064

5,244
6,775
6,869
5,327

840
711
887
553

34,122
44,247
50,230
45,012

49,222
61,818
67,629
60,130

13,707
13,028
22,181
10,253

572
465
1,141
597

14,279
13,493
23,322
10,850

1,870
2,517
4,527
2,036

788
704
2,473
650

56
30
71
40

631
641
1,440
328

30,030
33,516
54,665
29,317

5,762
5,908
9,324
4,890

508
458
1,488
1,460

39,645
43,774
73,988
38,721

53,924
57,267
97,310
49,571

13,513
15,065
19,105
12,518

734
564
795
403

14,247
15,629
19,900
12,921

2,784
3,965
3,758
3,455

359
568
1,161
485

33
41
65
47

237
375
725
403

39,479
50,779
53,039
70,626

4,438
6,374
6,536
5,288

710
840
1,181
578

48,040
62,942
66,465
80,882

62,287
78,571
86,365
93,803

Source: Ministry of Internal Affairs and Uganda Bureau of Statistics

Table 3.8 F:

Migration Statistics: Mutukula, Western and Northern Borders
Arrivals, 2004–2008
Ugandans

Total
Grand

Non-Ugandans
Non-resident

Period Resident
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
Quarter
2006
1st
2nd
3rd
4th
2007
1st
2nd
3rd
4th
2008
1st
2nd
3rd
4th

Non- Total
Resident

Resident Western Other
North COMESA Other Other & not
Europe Europe America
Africa
Stated
33,061
3,512
2,525
182
953
86,383 29,955
4,941
31,343
2,522
3,001
251
1,315
89,398 33,351
7,747
52,590
3,161
3,451
196
1,838 130,404 25,329
2,590
53,036
3,792
3,456
241
1,791 143,411 34,662
3,181
80,750
5,725
3,232
331
1,737 208,989 27,813
2,862

Total
128,451
137,585
166,969
190,534
250,689

161,512
166,923
219,559
243,570
331,439

630
913
463
584

29,578
35,570
47,619
54,202

39,375
47,561
61,968
70,655

10,378
8,613
10,144
5,527

708
568
890
1,015

46,557
46,616
49,765
47,596

59,574
59,667
63,336
60,993

6,932
5,055
7,088
8,738

676
649
632
905

28,623
26,043
49,875
50,308
77,242

4,438
3,295
2,715
2,728
3,508

9,166
11,210
13,777
15,722

631
781
572
731

9,797
11,991
14,349
16,453

743
855
769
794

621
597
1,286
947

49
39
55
53

322
433
613
470

19,982
27,235
35,713
47,474

7,231
5,498
8,720
3,880

12,570
12,301
12,887
12,550

447
750
684
847

13,017
13,051
13,571
13,397

921
977
1,026
868

683
744
1,238
791

56
52
86
47

378
416
591
406

33,433
35,246
35,790
38,942

9,931
31,868
18,125
17,318

849
796
984
879

10,780
32,664
19,109
18,197

1,258
1,150
1,728
1,589

576
659
1,288
709

28
49
115
139

278
469
661
329

31,977
41,695
70,072
65,245

41,725 52,505
49,726 82,390
81,584 100,693
77,654 95,851

Source: Ministry of Internal Affairs and Uganda Bureau of Statistics

176

Table 3.8 G:

Migration Statistics: Mutukula, Western and Northern Borders
Departures, 2004 – 2008
Ugandans

NonPeriod Resident Resident

Non-Ugandans
Total

Total

Non-residents

Resident

Western Other
North
COMESA
Europe Europe America
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
Quarter
2006
1st
2nd
3rd
4th
2007
1st
2nd
3rd
4th
2008
1st
2nd
3rd
4th

Grand

Other
Africa

Other &
Not Stated

35,252
32,847
59,964
63,816
79,650

3,549
2,447
3,084
3054
5,489

38,801
35,294
63,048
66,870
85,139

3,618
2,535
3,339
4,098
4,788

2,738
3,781
4,372
4,550
4,820

130
202
128
201
422

1,220
1,462
2,153
2,225
2,895

78,470
80,717
108,297
138,438
228,002

28,698
27,152
24,633
31,235
27,989

4,403
3,546
3,499
3,939
6,690

Total
119,277
119,395
146,421
184,686
275,606

158,078
154,689
209,469
251,556
360,745

10,856
15,450
16,496
17,162

990
912
479
703

11,846
16,362
16,975
17,865

588
983
816
952

772
813
1,617
1,170

25
39
41
23

369
598
666
520

16,148
25,452
30,652
36,045

5,762
8,017
6,982
3,872

1,297
1,050
610
542

24,961
36,952
41,384
43,124

36,807
53,314
58,359
60,989

17,204
17,077
15,178
14,357

619
779
913
743

17,823
17,856
16,091
15,100

812
1,116
1,080
1,090

1,034
905
1,518
1,093

55
31
63
52

531
549
718
427

33,202
35,579
33,809
35,848

7,087
9,094
8,521
6,533

650
714
1,383
1,192

43,371
47,988
47,092
46,235

61,194
65,844
63,183
61,336

14,168
13,815
27,358
24,309

1,832
1,151
1,426
1,080

16,000
14,966
28,784
25,389

913
1,088
1,392
1,395

920
764
2,071
1,065

84
45
155
138

493
660
1,122
620

35,014
41,595
77,648
73,745

5,400
4,806
7,923
9,860

1,855
1,262
1,664
1,909

44,679 60,679
50,220 65,186
91,975 120,759
88,732 114,121

Source: Ministry of Internal Affairs and Uganda Bureau of Statistics

177

Table 3.8 H:

Country of residence

Visitor arrivals by country of usual residence, 2004 - 2008

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Africa

406,744

337,188

398,052

410,553

624,352

Egypt

1,038

1,035

1,021

948

1,725

Ethiopia

2,482

2,954

3,075

7,895

8,319

220,062

138,346

160,306

199,598

249,786

65,298

80,522

111,385

123,262

181,339

5,536

2,819

6,433

10,299

16,169

67,885

50,723

50,111

55,435

45,276

Kenya
Rwanda
Sudan
Tanzania

3,998

6,277

4,653

4,745

12,495

Other Africa

40,445

45,124

61,068

8371

109,245

America

23,438

28,557

35,749

42,388

53,950

Canada

3,669

5,195

6,123

8,308

9,186

18,898

21,968

28,120

32,344

42,418

871

1,394

1,506

1,736

2,346

Asia

17,884

20,423

21,873

25,106

China

1,798

2,177

2,951

4,220

6,088

India

9,366

10,691

11,829

12,408

16,236

DR Congo

USA
Other America

33,532

897

1,514

1,512

1,873

1,949

Pakistan

2,773

3,188

2,510

2,395

2,609

Other Asia

3,050

2,853

3,071

4,210

6,650

48,847

62,312

71,131

77,391

106,020

500

396

420

639

1,331

1,914

2,675

3,433

3,301

4,422

Japan

Europe
Austria
Belgium
Czechoslovakia
Denmark

135

236

259

415

505

1,891

2,509

2,974

2,852

3,389

Finland

354

411

596

450

585

France

2,079

2,351

2,956

2,775

3,958

Germany

4,241

4,972

5,683

5,802

8,083

Ireland

1,139

1,422

1,243

1,633

2,615

Italy

2,406

3301

4,075

3,679

5,063

Netherlands

3,313

4,751

5,162

4,790

7,136

Norway

1,749

2,262

2,343

2,517

3,528

486

623

1,251

678

716

2,471

2,458

3,120

3,131

4,575

Russia
Sweden
Switzerland
United Kingdom

1,568

1,966

1,902

1,755

1,986

22,402

28,227

31,495

38,667

51,812

103

34

410

108

79

Other Europe

2096

3,718

3,809

4,199

6,237

Middle East

2,095

2,731

3,090

4,023

7,995

Yugoslavia

Oceania

2,405

3,502

4,469

4,163

6,264

Australia

2,132

3,190

3,846

3,566

5,342

273

312

623

597

922

10,966

13,015

4,222

7,922

11,751

Total
512,379
467,728
Source: Ministry of Internal Affairs and Uganda Bureau of Statistics

538,586

641,743

843,864

New Zealand
Other & Not Stated

178

Table 3.8 I:

Tourism basic indicators, 2004 – 2008

Indicator

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

512

468

539

642

844

Africa
Americas
Europe
Asia
Middle East
Oceania
Other & not stated

407
23
49
18
2
2
11

337
29
62
20
3
4
13

398
36
71
22
3
4
4

411
42
77
25
4
4
8

624
54
106
34
8
6
12

Visitor arrivals by mode of transport (‘000)
Air
Road

131
381

172
296

200
336

234
408

358
486

86
81
71
274
321

9
31
35
393
327

30
72
89
345
375

140
110
272
120
449

144
163
347
190
590

231

189

254

272

337

Inbound tourism (‘000)
Visitor arrivals
Visitor arrivals by region (‘000)

Arrivals by purpose of visit (‘000)
Leisure, recreation and holidays
Business and professional
Visiting friends and relatives
Other
Tourism expenditure in the country (US$ M)
Outbound Tourism (‘000):
Departures
Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics.

Table 3.8 J:

Visitors to the National Parks (Citizen and Foreigners) 2004– 2008

National Parks

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Murchison Falls National Park

46,033

39,133

26,256

32,049

36,752

Queen Elizabeth national park

41,843

48,720

43,885

51,749

53,921

818

758

959

795

1,558

15,118

16,181

12,508

14,264

16,539

Kidepo Valley National Park
Lake Mburo National Park
Rwenzori Mountains National Park

592

906

948

1,583

2,020

Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

5,768

9,012

10,176

9,585

10,128

Mgahinga Gorrila National Park

3,337

1,910

2,071

2,676

3,244

Semliki National Park

1,755

1,949

2,584

1,940

2,701

Kibale National Park and Katonga

5,463

6,490

7,741

8,440

7,733

Mount Elgon National Park

3,610

3,751

2,964

3,472

3,708

124,337

128,810

110,092

126,553

138,304

Total
Source: Uganda Wildlife Authority

179

Table 3.8.K:

Monthly accommodation capacity for selected Hotels in Uganda,
occupancy rates and guest nights in 2005, 2007 and 2008 *
Accommodation

Month

2005
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sept
Oct
Nov
Dec
Total
Average
2007
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sept
Oct
Nov
Dec
Total
Average
2008
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sept
Oct
Nov
Dec
Total
Average

Number
of
Hotels

28
28
29
29
29
29
30
30
30
30
30
30

51
51
51
51
51
51
51
51
51
51
51
51

72
72
72
72
72
72
72
72
72
72
72
72

No. of
rooms

No. of
bedspaces

45,880
39,648
44,702
43,350
44,795
43,350
45,508
45,508
46,320
45,508
44,040
45,508
534,117

66,898
58,548
66,433
64,290
66,433
64,290
67,611
67,611
68,700
66,650
64,500
66,650
788,614

68,820
59,472
67,053
65,025
67,193
65,025
68,262
68,262
69,480
68,262
66,060
68,262
801,176

107,818
93,173
105,050
101,873
105,268
101,873
106,944
106,943
108,852
106,944
103,494
106,944
1,255,177

80,278
70,258
79,720
77,148
79,720
77,148
81,133
81,133
82,440
79,980
77,400
79,980
946,338

140,486
122,951
139,509
135,009
139,509
135,009
141,983
141,983
144,270
139,965
135,450
139,965
1,656,089

Room occupancy

Guest nights

Occupancy

Bed/room

Total
room
nights

Total
bed
nights

Foreign

Domestic

Room

Bed

16,614
17,270
20,738
18,457
19,538
19,988
19,762
19,309
21,788
21,643
20,322
14,596
230,025

19,284
19,231
24,127
21,123
21,790
22,590
22,590
22,288
24,389
23,687
22,645
16,431
260,175

7,365
9,834
11,302
9337
8,658
8,346
8,977
8,580
12,246
9,591
10,070
32,418
136,724

11,919
9,397
12,825
11,786
13,132
14,314
13,613
13,708
12,143
14,096
12,578
8,628
148,139

36.2
43.6
46.4
42.6
43.6
46.1
43.4
42.4
47.0
47.6
46.1
32.1

29
33
36
33
33
35
33
33
36
36
35
25

1.16
1.11
1.16
1.14
1.12
1.13
1.14
1.15
1.12
1.09
1.11
1.13

44.6

33

1.13

29.7
35.7
38.0
34.9
35.8
37.8
35.6
34.8
38.6
39.0
37.8
26.3

29
33
37
33
33
35
34
33
36
36
35
25

1.14
1.10
1.14
1.13
1.10
1.11
1.12
1.14
1.10
1.08
1.10
1.11

35.3

33

1.11

25.3
30.4
32.4
29.7
30.4
32.2
30.3
29.6
32.8
33.2
32.2
22.4
361
30.1

25
29
32
29
29
31
29
29
31
31
31
21
345
29

1.29
1.24
1.30
1.28
1.24
1.26
1.27
1.29
1.25
1.22
1.24
1.25

20,435
21,242
25,508
22,702
24,032
24,585
24,307
23,750
26,799
26,621
24,996
17,953
282,930

27,247
28,323
34,010
30,269
32,042
32,780
32,410
31,667
35,732
35,495
33,328
23,937
377,240

23,334
23,270
29,194
25,559
26,366
27,334
27,334
26,968
29,511
28,661
27,400
19,882
314,813

35,234
35,137
44,082
38,594
39,813
41,274
41,274
40,722
44,561
43,279
41,375
30,021
475,366

9,640
10,611
13,312
11,655
12,023
12,464
10,464
12,298
13,457
13,070
12,495
15,066
146,555

15,969
17,920
22,482
18,683
10,304
21,050
21,050
16,768
21,726
22,072
21,101
20,311
229,436

13,694
12,659
15,881
13,904
14,343
14,870
16,870
14,671
16,054
15,592
14,906
4,816
168,260

19,265
17,217
21,600
19,911
29,508
20,224
20,224
23,954
22,835
21,206
20,274
9,710
245,928

1.26

* Note: Data for 2006 was not collected
Source: Uganda Wildlife Authority

180

4.0

Macro Economic Statistics

4.1

National Accounts

Table 4.1 A:

Summary of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) at market prices, 2000 2008
Gross Domestic Product
GDP, Bill. Shs.
Constant 2002
Current price
price

Per capita GDP

Growth rate
Constant 2002
price

Per capita GDP, Shs.
Current
Constant
price
2002 price

Growth rate
Constant 2002
price

Calendar year
2000

10,030

10,297

-

437,251

448,860

-

2001

11,132

11,199

8.8

469,976

472,816

5.3

2002

11,990

11,990

7.1

490,190

490,190

3.7

2003

13,843

12,728

6.2

548,137

503,980

2.8

2004

15,271

13,467

5.8

585,622

516,420

2.5

2005

17,878

14,814

10.0

663,971

550,193

6.5

2006

20,166

15,859

7.0

725,343

570,410

3.7

2007

23,351

17,156

8.2

813,425

597,638

4.8

2008

28,340

18,582

8.3

956,081

626,895

4.9

2000/01

10,296

10,591

-

441,712

454,366

-

2001/02

10,907

11,493

8.5

453,151

477,499

5.1

2002/03

12,438

12,237

6.5

500,516

492,412

3.1

2003/04

13,972

13,070

6.8

544,529

509,354

3.4

2004/05

16,026

13,897

6.3

604,859

524,538

3.0

2005/06

18,172

15,396

10.8

664,269

562,792

7.3

Fiscal year

2006/07

21,187

16,691

8.4

750,039

590,904

5.0

2007/08

24,709

18,202

9.0

847,166

624,068

5.6

19,469

7.0

990,314

646,477

3.6

2008/09
29,824
Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

181

Table 4.1 B (i):

GDP by economic activity at current prices,billion Shillings, calendar
years

Total GDP at market prices

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

15,271

17,878

20,166

23,351

28,340

Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Cash crops
Food crops
Livestock
Forestry
Fishing

3,520
297
2,075
269
509
369

4,284
335
2,605
286
595
463

4,553
350
2,708
305
648
542

4,827
476
2,564
346
816
625

6,083
559
3,350
461
973
740

Industry
Mining & quarrying
Manufacturing
Formal
Informal
Electricity supply
Water supply
Construction

3,451
42
1,066
776
290
207
320
1,816

4,093
49
1,226
895
330
260
402
2,156

4,488
55
1,394
1,010
384
309
474
2,256

5,585
67
1,616
1,183
433
487
575
2,840

6,744
81
2,032
1,506
527
496
676
3,458

Services
Wholesale & retail trade; repairs
Hotels & restaurants
Transport & communications
Road, rail & water transport
Air transport and support services
Posts and telecommunication
Financial services
Real estate activities
Other business services
Public administration & defence
Education
Health
Other personal & community services

7,345
1,941
611
788
401
89
298
421
1,160
221
596
1,072
249
285

8,405
2,267
724
916
451
109
356
439
1,294
258
658
1,227
279
345

9,900
2,738
818
1,218
510
125
584
510
1,447
302
720
1,419
311
416

11,435
3,286
954
1,474
602
166
706
683
1,645
359
747
1,474
307
506

13,699
4,055
1,165
1,946
766
210
971
894
1,873
435
838
1,562
319
614

Adjustments
FISIM
Taxes on products

956
-253
1,209

1,096
-274
1,371

1,225
-330
1,555

1,503
-408
1,911

1,814
-512
2,326

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

Table 4.1 B (ii):

Expenditure on GDP at current prices,billion Shillings, calendar years

Total GDP at market prices
Final consumption expenditure
Household final consumption expenditure
Government final consumption expenditure
Gross capital formation
Fixed capital formation
Changes in inventories
Net exports
Exports
Goods, fob
Services
less Imports
Goods, fob
Services

2004
15,271
13,610
11,394
2,216
3,318
3,300
18
-1,657
2,046
1,375
671
-3,702
-2,572
-1,130

2005
17,878
15,828
13,387
2,441
3,855
3,813
42
-1,805
2,717
1,813
904
-4,521
-3,115
-1,406

2006
20,166
18,834
16,142
2,692
4,180
4,126
53
-2,848
3,003
2,175
828
-5,851
-4,057
-1,794

2007
23,351
20,580
17,970
2,609
5,366
5,304
62
-2,595
4,405
3,481
924
-7,000
-5,126
-1,874

2008
28,340
25,878
23,063
2,814
5,749
5,672
77
-3,287
5,625
4,642
983
-8,912
-6,850
-2,062

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

182

Table 4.1 B (iii):

Monetary and non-monetary GDP at current prices, billion Shillings,
calendar years
2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

15,271
13,010
2,261

17,878
15,165
2,713

20,166
17,239
2,927

23,351
20,230
3,121

28,340
24,519
3,821

Total Agriculture
Monetary
Non-monetary

3,520
2,103
1,416

4,284
2,516
1,768

4,553
2,686
1,868

4,827
2,910
1,917

6,083
3,638
2,444

Food crops
Monetary
Non-monetary

2,075
1,021
1,054

2,605
1,254
1,351

2,708
1,289
1,419

2,564
1,221
1,343

3,350
1,595
1,755

Livestock
Monetary
Non-monetary

269
221
48

286
231
55

305
244
61

346
277
69

461
370
92

Forestry
Monetary
Non-monetary

509
203
306

595
243
352

648
270
377

816
326
491

973
395
578

Fishing
Monetary
Non-monetary

369
361
8

463
452
11

542
531
11

625
611
14

740
721
19

Construction
Monetary
Non-monetary

1,816
1,747
69

2,156
2,079
77

2,256
2,170
86

2,840
2,747
93

3,458
3,351
108

Real estate activities
Monetary rents
Owner-occupied dwellings

1,160
384
775

1,294
426
868

1,447
473
973

1,645
534
1,110

1,873
604
1,269

Total GDP at market prices
Monetary
Non-monetary

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

Table 4.1 B (iv):

Fixed capital formation at current prices, billion Shillings, calendar
years
2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Gross fixed capital formation
Public
Private

3,300
787
2,513

3,813
832
2,980

4,126
933
3,193

5,304
1,204
4,100

5,672
1,092
4,580

Construction works
Public
Private

2,377
481
1,896

2,806
495
2,311

2,937
522
2,415

3,680
577
3,103

4,480
694
3,786

923
305
618

1,007
338
669

1,190
411
779

1,624
627
997

1,192
398
794

Machinery and equipment
Public
Private
Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

183

Table 4.1 C (i):

GDP by economic activity at constant (2002) prices, billion Shillings,
calendar years

Total GDP at market prices
Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Cash crops
Food crops
Livestock
Forestry
Fishing
Industry
Mining & quarrying
Manufacturing
Formal
Informal
Electricity supply
Water supply
Construction
Services
Wholesale & retail trade; repairs
Hotels & restaurants
Transport & communications
Road, rail & water transport
Air transport and support services
Posts and telecommunication
Financial services
Real estate activities
Other business services
Public administration & defence
Education
Health
Other personal & community services
Adjustments
FISIM
Taxes on products

2004
13,467
2,773
282
1,518
233
431
308
3,139
39
959
696
264
180
298
1,663
6,590
1,704
587
718
365
81
272
276
1,071
204
546
987
233
263
965
-111
1,075

2005
14,814
2,842
223
1,576
234
457
352
3,658
47
1,050
767
283
180
309
2,071
7,170
1,879
660
768
377
91
300
326
1,130
225
572
1,055
255
302
1,144
-142
1,285

2006
15,859
2,791
218
1,514
241
476
342
3,892
56
1,087
785
302
155
316
2,278
7,908
2,062
718
934
398
97
439
385
1,193
249
589
1,160
274
343
1,269
-189
1,458

2007
17,156
2,838
235
1,547
248
486
322
4,201
59
1,169
856
313
167
328
2,478
8,537
2,350
784
1,052
426
117
509
366
1,261
275
614
1,177
271
388
1,580
-156
1,736

2008
18,582
2,902
262
1,587
256
507
291
4,571
65
1,248
919
328
170
345
2,743
9,444
2,645
882
1,291
456
125
711
437
1,332
309
668
1,168
275
436
1,666
-185
1,851

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

Table 4.1 C (ii):

Expenditure on GDP at constant (2002) prices, billion Shillings,
calendar years

Total GDP at market prices
Final consumption expenditure
Household final consumption expenditure
Government final consumption expenditure
Gross capital formation
Fixed capital formation
Changes in inventories
Net exports
Exports
Goods, fob
Services
less Imports
Goods, fob
Services

2004
13,467
11,881
9,851
2,031
2,938
2,922
16
-1,352
1,677
1,134
543
-3,030
-2,092
-937

2005
14,814
12,769
10,647
2,122
3,545
3,511
34
-1,500
2,038
1,377
661
-3,538
-2,411
-1,128

2006
15,859
14,161
11,960
2,201
3,936
3,896
41
-2,239
1,909
1,380
530
-4,148
-2,840
-1,308

2007
17,156
14,655
12,513
2,143
4,539
4,497
42
-2,038
2,829
2,232
597
-4,868
-3,531
-1,337

2008
18,582
16,026
13,780
2,246
4,531
4,489
42
-1,975
3,908
3,266
643
-5,884
-4,487
-1,397

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

184

Table 4.1 C (iii):

Monetary and non-monetary GDP at constant (2002) prices, billion
Shillings, calendar years
2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

13,467
11,614
1,852

14,814
12,860
1,955

15,859
13,871
1,987

17,156
15,093
2,064

18,582
16,434
2,148

Total Agriculture
Monetary
Non-monetary

2,773
1,698
1,075

2,842
1,709
1,133

2,791
1,671
1,119

2,838
1,692
1,146

2,902
1,725
1,177

Food crops
Monetary
Non-monetary

1,518
747
771

1,576
759
817

1,514
721
793

1,547
736
810

1,587
756
831

Livestock
Monetary
Non-monetary

233
192
42

234
189
45

241
193
48

248
199
49

256
205
51

Forestry
Monetary
Non-monetary

431
176
255

457
194
263

476
205
271

486
207
279

507
220
287

Fishing
Monetary
Non-monetary

308
302
7

352
344
8

342
335
7

322
314
7

291
283
8

Construction
Monetary
Non-monetary

1,663
1,602
61

2,071
2,008
63

2,278
2,213
65

2,478
2,411
67

2,743
2,674
69

Real estate activities
Monetary rents
Owner-occupied dwellings

1,071
355
716

1,130
372
758

1,193
391
803

1,261
410
851

1,332
430
902

Total GDP at market prices
Monetary
Non-monetary

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

Table 4.1 C (iv):

Fixed capital formation at constant (2002) prices, billion shillings,
calendar years
2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Gross fixed capital formation
Public
Private

2,922
688
2,234

3,511
751
2,760

3,896
853
3,043

4,497
1,003
3,494

4,489
866
3,623

Construction works
Public
Private

2,177
441
1,736

2,697
478
2,219

2,967
532
2,435

3,212
507
2,705

3,554
554
3,000

745
246
498

815
273
541

928
320
608

1,285
496
789

935
312
623

Machinery and equipment
Public
Private
Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

185

Table 4.1 D (i):

GDP by economic activity at current prices, billion shillings, fiscal
years

Total GDP at market prices
Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Cash crops
Food crops
Livestock
Forestry
Fishing
Industry
Mining & quarrying
Manufacturing
Formal
Informal
Electricity supply
Water supply
Construction
Services
Wholesale & retail trade; repairs
Hotels & restaurants
Transport & communications
Road, rail & water transport
Air transport and support services
Posts and telecommunication
Financial services
Real estate activities
Other business services
Public administration & defence
Education
Health
Other personal & community services
Adjustments
FISIM
Taxes on products

Table 4.1 D (ii):

2004/05
16,026
4,025
283
2,479
282
553
427
3,774
52
1,125
819
306
225
352
2,020
7,273
1,662
663
832
415
98
319
409
1,170
238
595
1,133
259
313
954
-254
1,209

2005/06
18,172
4,377
348
2,628
293
611
497
4,146
47
1,291
945
346
264
424
2,119
8,580
2,010
757
1,047
484
117
447
475
1,289
283
725
1,315
301
378
1,070
-301
1,371

2006/07
21,187
4,720
399
2,666
323
735
597
5,313
65
1,510
1,098
411
423
529
2,786
9,960
2,411
887
1,316
539
140
637
581
1,438
337
707
1,507
317
461
1,194
-362
1,555

2007/08
24,709
5,239
557
2,747
393
882
659
6,326
73
1,796
1,323
473
492
624
3,341
11,686
2,962
1,040
1,662
687
196
779
794
1,635
413
827
1,490
306
557
1,458
-453
1,911

2008/09
29,824
7,055
532
4,091
544
1,038
850
7,214
85
2,238
1,677
561
513
717
3,661
13,827
3,627
1,257
2,028
791
217
1,020
1,042
1,852
480
875
1,659
337
669
1,728
-597
2,326

Expenditure on GDP at current prices, billion shillings, fiscal years
2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

2007/08

2008/09

Total GDP at market prices

16,026

18,172

21,187

24,709

29,824

Final consumption expenditure
Household final consumption expenditure
Government final consumption expenditure

14,144
11,818
2,326

16,707
14,139
2,568

18,998
16,303
2,695

21,557
18,835
2,721

26,977
23,963
3,014

3,588
3,564
25

3,848
3,810
37

5,013
4,967
45

5,639
5,583
56

6,547
6,476
71

-1,707

-2,382

-2,824

-2,487

-3,699

Exports
Goods, fob
Services

2,276
1,542
734

2,782
1,903
878

3,543
2,696
848

5,346
4,397
949

6,345
5,257
1,088

less Imports
Goods, fob
Services

-3,983
-2,754
-1,229

-5,164
-3,594
-1,569

-6,367
-4,463
-1,904

-7,833
-5,944
-1,889

-10,045
-7,734
-2,311

Gross capital formation
Fixed capital formation
Changes in inventories
Net exports

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

186

Table 4.1 D (iii):

Monetary and non-monetary GDP at current prices, billion shillings,
Fiscal years
2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

2007/08

2008/09

16,026
13,515
2,511

18,172
15,430
2,742

21,187
18,222
2,964

24,709
21,445
3,264

29,824
25,572
4,252

Total Agriculture
Monetary
Non-monetary

4,025
2,366
1,659

4,377
2,576
1,801

4,720
2,808
1,912

5,239
3,173
2,066

7,055
4,162
2,893

Food crops
Monetary
Non-monetary

2,479
1,207
1,272

2,628
1,251
1,377

2,666
1,269
1,397

2,747
1,308
1,439

4,091
1,948
2,143

Livestock
Monetary
Non-monetary

282
230
52

293
234
58

323
259
64

393
315
78

544
435
108

Forestry
Monetary
Non-monetary

553
229
325

611
255
356

735
297
438

882
350
532

1,038
418
619

Fishing
Monetary
Non-monetary

427
417
10

497
487
10

597
585
13

659
643
16

850
828
22

Construction
Monetary
Non-monetary

2,020
1,951
68

2,119
2,043
76

2,786
2,703
84

3,341
3,249
92

3,661
3,559
102

Real estate activities
Monetary rents
Owner-occupied dwellings

1,170
387
783

1,289
423
866

1,438
469
969

1,635
529
1,106

1,852
595
1,257

Total GDP at market prices
Monetary
Non-monetary

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

Table 4.1 D (iv):

Fixed capital formation at current prices, billion shillings, fiscal years
2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

2007/08

2008/09

Gross fixed capital formation
Public
Private

3,564
798
2,766

3,810
838
2,972

4,967
1,046
3,921

5,583
1,089
4,494

6,476
1,363
5,112

Construction works
Public
Private

2,634
487
2,147

2,762
502
2,259

3,606
543
3,063

4,316
614
3,702

4,753
785
3,968

930
311
619

1,049
336
713

1,361
503
858

1,267
476
792

1,723
578
1,145

Machinery and equipment
Public
Private
Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

187

Table 4.1 E (i):

GDP by economic activity at constant (2002) prices, billion shillings.
fiscal years

Total GDP at market prices
Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Cash crops
Food crops
Livestock
Forestry
Fishing
Industry
Mining & quarrying
Manufacturing
Formal
Informal
Electricity supply
Water supply
Construction
Services
Wholesale & retail trade; repairs
Hotels & restaurants
Transport & communications
Road, rail & water transport
Air transport and support services
Posts and telecommunication
Financial services
Real estate activities
Other business services
Public administration & defence
Education
Health
Other personal & community services
Adjustments
FISIM
Taxes on products

2004/05
13,897
2,808
246
1,547
234
451
331
3,329
46
994
724
271
179
304
1,805
6,815
1,762
620
768
399
87
283
287
1,100
214
531
1,009
240
282
946
-129
1,075

2005/06
15,396
2,821
220
1,545
237
469
350
3,820
49
1,067
780
287
167
311
2,225
7,644
1,978
675
900
450
93
357
378
1,161
241
615
1,104
271
322
1,112
-173
1,285

2006/07
16,691
2,824
232
1,531
244
478
339
4,186
59
1,127
817
310
161
322
2,517
8,259
2,183
751
1,059
493
106
461
333
1,227
267
577
1,220
278
365
1,422
-150
1,571

2007/08
18,202
2,862
253
1,567
252
492
299
4,566
61
1,212
893
320
169
335
2,789
9,104
2,504
831
1,285
595
125
565
413
1,296
305
653
1,141
264
412
1,670
-173
1,843

2008/09
19,469
2,936
257
1,613
259
508
299
4,742
66
1,299
967
333
176
349
2,851
9,963
2,696
897
1,542
669
126
747
500
1,369
332
684
1,196
286
462
1,829
-198
2,027

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

Table 4.1 E (ii):

Expenditure on GDP at constant (2002) prices, billion shillings, fiscal
years

Total GDP at market prices
Final consumption expenditure
Household final consumption expenditure
Government final consumption expenditure
Gross capital formation
Fixed capital formation
Changes in inventories
Net exports
Exports
Goods, fob
Services
less Imports
Goods, fob
Services

2004/05
13,897
12,164
10,088
2,077
3,127
3,107
20
-1,393
1,817
1,256
562
-3,211
-2,202
-1,008

2005/06
15,396
13,512
11,334
2,178
3,763
3,733
30
-1,879
1,958
1,352
607
-3,837
-2,639
-1,198

2006/07
16,691
14,601
12,403
2,198
4,359
4,326
33
-2,269
2,196
1,662
535
-4,465
-3,092
-1,373

2007/08
18,202
15,194
13,044
2,150
4,641
4,607
34
-1,633
3,661
3,029
632
-5,294
-3,984
-1,310

2008/09
19,469
16,774
14,418
2,356
5,064
5,030
34
-2,369
4,145
3,478
668
-6,514
-4,981
-1,533

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

188

Table 4.1 E (iii):

Monetary and non-monetary GDP at constant (2002) prices, billion
shillings, fiscal years
2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

13,897

15,396

16,691

18,202

19,469

11,995

13,421

14,666

16,096

17,274

1,903

1,975

2,025

2,106

2,195

Total Agriculture

2,808

2,821

2,824

2,862

2,936

Monetary

1,704

1,690

1,692

1,701

1,740

Non-monetary

1,104

1,131

1,133

1,162

1,196
1,613

Total GDP at market prices
Monetary
Non-monetary

Food crops

2007/08

2008/09

1,547

1,545

1,531

1,567

Monetary

753

736

729

746

768

Non-monetary

794

809

802

821

845

Livestock
Monetary
Non-monetary
Forestry

234

237

244

252

259

190

190

196

202

208

43

47

49

50

52

451

469

478

492

508

Monetary

191

202

203

209

217

Non-monetary

259

267

275

283

292

Fishing
Monetary
Non-monetary

331

350

339

299

299

324

343

332

292

291

7

7

7

7

8

Construction

1,805

2,225

2,517

2,789

2,851

Monetary

1,743

2,160

2,451

2,721

2,781

62

64

66

68

70
1,369

Non-monetary
Real estate activities

1,100

1,161

1,227

1,296

Monetary rents

364

381

400

419

440

Owner-occupied dwellings

737

780

827

876

929

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

Table 4.1 E (iv):

Fixed capital formation at constant (2002) prices, billion shillings,
fiscal years

Gross fixed capital formation
Public
Private
Construction works
Public
Private
Machinery and equipment

2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

2007/08

2008/09

3,107

3,733

4,326

4,607

5,030

687

798

887

891

1,059

2,420

2,936

3,439

3,716

3,971

2,354

2,900

3,258

3,603

3,702

435

531

492

514

614

1,919

2,369

2,766

3,089

3,089

753

834

1,068

1,003

1,328

Public

252

267

395

377

446

Private

501

567

673

627

882

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

189

Table 4.1 F (i):

GDP by economic activity at constant (2002) prices, percentage
change, calendar years
2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

5.8

10.0

7.0

8.2

8.3

Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Cash crops
Food crops
Livestock
Forestry
Fishing

1.1
15.2
-4.1
5.7
2.8
12.0

2.5
-21.0
3.8
0.2
6.0
14.3

-1.8
-2.4
-3.9
3.0
4.2
-3.0

1.7
8.2
2.1
3.0
2.2
-5.9

2.2
11.3
2.6
3.0
4.2
-9.6

Industry
Mining & quarrying
Manufacturing
Formal
Informal
Electricity supply
Water supply
Construction

8.7
9.9
4.4
6.1
0.2
6.8
3.9
12.5

16.5
21.4
9.5
10.3
7.5
0.2
3.7
24.6

6.4
18.2
3.5
2.3
6.7
-13.8
2.2
10.0

8.0
5.0
7.6
9.1
3.5
8.0
3.9
8.8

8.8
10.4
6.7
7.4
4.9
1.7
5.1
10.7

Services
Wholesale & retail trade; repairs
Hotels & restaurants
Transport & communications
Road, rail & water transport
Air transport and support services
Posts and telecommunication
Financial services
Real estate activities
Other business services
Public administration & defence
Education
Health
Other personal & community services

6.3
4.8
5.0
11.6
5.4
20.4
18.2
13.0
5.5
6.3
1.0
6.7
3.3
15.5

8.8
10.2
12.5
7.0
3.3
12.2
10.3
17.9
5.5
10.2
4.7
6.9
9.1
14.5

10.3
9.8
8.7
21.7
5.6
7.2
46.3
18.1
5.6
10.8
3.0
10.0
7.7
13.8

8.0
14.0
9.2
12.6
6.9
20.6
16.1
-4.9
5.6
10.3
4.2
1.4
-1.3
13.1

10.6
12.5
12.5
22.7
7.1
6.2
39.6
19.4
5.7
12.5
8.9
-0.7
1.6
12.5

7.4
0.4
6.7

18.6
28.0
19.5

10.9
33.8
13.4

24.6
-17.5
19.1

5.4
18.5
6.6

Total GDP at market prices

Adjustments
FISIM
Taxes on products
Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

Table 4.1 F (ii):

Expenditure on GDP at constant (2002) prices, percentage change,
calendar years

Total GDP at market prices
Final consumption expenditure
Household final consumption expenditure
Government final consumption expenditure
Gross capital formation
Fixed capital formation
Changes in inventories
Net exports
Exports
Goods, fob
Services
less Imports
Goods, fob
Services

2004
5.8
3.5
3.4
3.7
11.9
13.8
0.0
-1.8
20.9
18.5
26.2
9.6
6.9
16.0

2005
10.0
7.5
8.1
4.5
20.7
20.2
0.0
10.9
21.5
21.5
21.6
16.8
15.2
20.3

2006
7.0
10.9
12.3
3.7
11.0
11.0
0.0
49.2
-6.3
0.2
-19.9
17.2
17.8
16.0

2007
8.2
3.5
4.6
-2.7
15.3
15.4
0.0
-8.9
48.2
61.8
12.8
17.4
24.3
2.2

2008
8.3
9.4
10.1
4.8
-0.2
-0.2
0.0
-3.1
38.1
46.3
7.6
20.9
27.1
4.5

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

190

Table 4.1 F (iii):

Monetary and non-monetary GDP at constant (2002) prices,
percentage change, calendar years
2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

5.8
6.4
2.2

10.0
10.7
5.5

7.0
7.9
1.7

8.2
8.8
3.9

8.3
8.9
4.1

Total Agriculture
Monetary
Non-monetary

1.1
1.9
-0.1

2.5
0.6
5.4

-1.8
-2.2
-1.2

1.7
1.2
2.4

2.2
1.9
2.7

Food crops
Monetary
Non-monetary

-4.1
-6.1
-2.0

3.8
1.6
6.0

-3.9
-5.0
-3.0

2.1
2.1
2.1

2.6
2.6
2.6

Livestock
Monetary
Non-monetary

5.7
3.4
18.0

0.2
-1.3
7.2

3.0
2.0
7.2

3.0
3.0
2.9

3.0
3.0
3.0

Forestry
Monetary
Non-monetary

2.8
2.4
3.0

6.0
10.3
3.0

4.2
5.8
3.0

2.2
1.2
3.0

4.2
5.8
3.0

Fishing
Monetary
Non-monetary

12.0
11.8
23.3

14.3
14.1
21.4

-3.0
-2.8
-12.2

-5.9
-6.1
3.3

-9.6
-9.9
3.3

Construction
Monetary
Non-monetary

12.5
12.9
3.0

24.6
25.4
3.0

10.0
10.2
3.0

8.8
8.9
3.0

10.7
10.9
3.0

5.5
4.9
5.8

5.5
4.9
5.9

5.6
4.9
5.9

5.6
4.9
6.0

5.7
4.9
6.0

Total GDP at market prices
Monetary
Non-monetary

Real estate activities
Monetary rents
Owner-occupied dwellings
Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

Table 4.1 F (iv):

Fixed capital formation at constant (2002) prices, percentage change,
calendar years
2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Gross fixed capital formation
Public
Private

13.8
11.6
14.6

20.2
9.3
23.5

11.0
13.5
10.3

15.4
17.5
14.8

-0.2
-13.7
3.7

Construction works
Public
Private

11.9
-0.5
15.6

23.9
8.3
27.8

10.0
11.4
9.7

8.3
-4.9
11.1

10.7
9.3
10.9

Machinery and equipment
Public
Private

19.9
42.6
11.2

9.4
11.0
8.6

14.0
17.2
12.3

38.4
54.8
29.8

-27.3
-37.1
-21.0

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

191

Table 4.1 G (i):

GDP by economic activity at constant (2002) prices, percentage
change, fiscal years

Total GDP at market prices
Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Cash crops
Food crops
Livestock
Forestry
Fishing
Industry
Mining & quarrying
Manufacturing
Formal
Informal
Electricity supply
Water supply
Construction
Services
Wholesale & retail trade; repairs
Hotels & restaurants
Transport & communications
Road, rail & water transport
Air transport and support services
Posts and telecommunication
Financial services
Real estate activities
Other business services
Public administration & defence
Education
Health
Other personal & community services
Adjustments
FISIM
Taxes on products

2004/05
6.3
2.0
-5.5
-0.2
3.0
6.5
13.5
11.6
27.2
9.5
11.8
3.6
2.1
3.9
14.9
6.2
7.2
6.5
9.8
6.7
19.4
11.8
13.0
5.5
9.2
-5.4
4.4
5.6
15.0
3.4
39.2
6.7

2005/06
10.8
0.5
-10.6
-0.1
1.6
4.1
5.6
14.7
6.1
7.3
7.8
6.0
-6.5
2.4
23.2
12.2
12.3
8.7
17.1
12.8
6.9
26.2
31.7
5.6
12.5
15.8
9.4
12.9
14.1
17.6
34.2
19.5

2006/07
8.4
0.1
5.4
-0.9
3.0
2.0
-3.0
9.6
19.4
5.6
4.9
7.7
-4.0
3.5
13.2
8.0
10.4
11.3
17.7
9.5
13.8
29.1
-11.9
5.6
10.6
-6.3
10.6
2.7
13.4
27.9
-13.8
22.3

2007/08
9.0
1.3
9.0
2.4
3.0
2.8
-11.8
9.1
3.0
7.6
9.2
3.3
5.4
3.8
10.8
10.2
14.7
10.7
21.3
20.8
17.8
22.6
24.1
5.6
14.3
13.3
-6.5
-4.8
12.8
17.5
15.9
17.3

2008/09
7.0
2.6
1.7
2.9
3.0
3.3
-0.1
3.8
9.2
7.2
8.3
4.0
4.2
4.1
2.2
9.4
7.6
7.9
20.0
12.4
1.3
32.2
21.1
5.7
8.8
4.7
4.8
8.1
12.3
9.5
14.3
9.9

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

Table 4.1 G (ii):

Expenditure on GDP at constant (2002) prices, percentage change,
fiscal years

Total GDP at market prices
Final consumption expenditure
Household final consumption expenditure
Government final consumption expenditure
Gross capital formation
Fixed capital formation
Changes in inventories
Net exports
Exports
Goods, fob
Services
less Imports
Goods, fob
Services

2004/05
6.3
5.2
5.5
4.1
12.5
12.9
-29.1
9.8
14.8
19.8
4.9
12.6
10.5
17.5

2005/06
10.8
11.1
12.4
4.9
20.3
20.2
47.0
34.8
7.8
7.6
8.1
19.5
19.8
18.8

2006/07
8.4
8.1
9.4
0.9
15.8
15.9
11.1
20.8
12.1
22.9
-11.9
16.4
17.1
14.6

2007/08
9.0
4.1
5.2
-2.2
6.5
6.5
3.7
-28.0
66.7
82.3
18.3
18.6
28.9
-4.6

2008/09
7.0
10.4
10.5
9.6
9.1
9.2
-0.8
45.0
13.2
14.8
5.6
23.0
25.0
17.0

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

192

Table 4.1 G (iii):

Monetary and non-monetary GDP at constant (2002) prices,
percentage change, fiscal years
2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

2007/08

2008/09

Total GDP at market prices
Monetary
Non-monetary

6.3
6.7
3.9

10.8
11.9
3.8

8.4
9.3
2.6

9.0
9.8
4.0

7.0
7.3
4.2

Total Agriculture
Monetary
Non-monetary

2.0
1.6
2.7

0.5
-0.8
2.4

0.1
0.1
0.2

1.3
0.5
2.6

2.6
2.3
3.0

Food crops
Monetary
Non-monetary

-0.2
-2.3
1.9

-0.1
-2.3
1.9

-0.9
-0.9
-0.9

2.4
2.4
2.4

2.9
2.9
2.9

Livestock
Monetary
Non-monetary

3.0
1.0
12.4

1.6
-0.1
9.3

3.0
3.0
3.0

3.0
3.0
3.0

3.0
3.0
3.0

Forestry
Monetary
Non-monetary

6.5
11.5
3.0

4.1
5.6
3.0

2.0
0.6
3.0

2.8
2.7
3.0

3.3
3.8
3.0

Fishing
Monetary
Non-monetary

13.5
13.3
23.7

5.6
5.8
-5.4

-3.0
-3.1
3.3

-11.8
-12.2
3.3

-0.1
-0.2
3.3

Construction
Monetary
Non-monetary

14.9
15.4
3.0

23.2
24.0
3.0

13.2
13.5
3.0

10.8
11.0
3.0

2.2
2.2
3.0

5.5
4.9
5.9

5.6
4.9
5.9

5.6
4.9
6.0

5.6
4.9
6.0

5.7
4.9
6.0

Real estate activities
Monetary rents
Owner-occupied dwellings
Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

Table 4.1 G (iv):

Fixed capital formation at constant (2002) prices, percentage change,
fiscal years
2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

2007/08

2008/09

Gross fixed capital formation
Public
Private

12.9
2.6
16.2

20.2
16.2
21.3

15.9
11.2
17.2

6.5
0.4
8.1

9.2
18.9
6.9

Construction works
Public
Private

14.1
-2.2
18.6

23.2
22.1
23.4

12.4
-7.3
16.8

10.6
4.4
11.7

2.7
19.4
0.0

Machinery and equipment
Public
Private

9.2
12.3
7.8

10.7
5.9
13.2

28.1
48.0
18.8

-6.0
-4.5
-6.9

32.3
18.3
40.8

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

193

Table 4.1 H (i):

GDP by economic activity: deflators, 2002=100, calendar years

Total GDP at market prices
Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Cash crops
Food crops
Livestock
Forestry
Fishing
Industry
Mining & quarrying
Manufacturing
Formal
Informal
Electricity supply
Water supply
Construction
Services
Wholesale & retail trade; repairs
Hotels & restaurants
Transport & communications
Road, rail & water transport
Air transport and support services
Posts and telecommunication
Financial services
Real estate activities
Other business services
Public administration & defence
Education
Health
Other personal & community services
Adjustments
FISIM
Taxes on products

2002
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2004
113.4
126.9
105.4
136.7
115.1
118.2
119.6
110.0
109.2
111.1
111.5
110.2
115.4
107.3
109.2
111.5
113.9
104.1
109.9
109.9
109.9
109.9
152.3
108.3
108.3
109.1
108.6
106.6
108.3
99.1
228.8
112.4

2005
120.7
150.7
150.1
165.3
122.2
130.3
131.4
111.9
104.0
116.7
116.7
116.6
144.3
130.2
104.1
117.2
120.7
109.7
119.3
119.5
119.5
118.8
134.7
114.5
114.5
115.0
116.3
109.6
114.5
95.8
193.9
106.6

2006
127.2
163.2
160.9
178.8
126.6
136.1
158.6
115.3
98.8
128.3
128.8
126.9
199.4
150.1
99.0
125.2
132.8
114.0
130.4
128.1
128.1
133.1
132.5
121.2
121.2
122.3
122.3
113.5
121.2
96.6
174.4
106.7

2007
136.1
170.1
202.1
165.8
139.4
167.9
194.4
132.9
114.5
138.2
138.1
138.4
291.1
175.2
114.6
134.0
139.8
121.7
140.1
141.4
141.4
138.6
186.5
130.5
130.5
121.8
125.3
113.5
130.5
95.1
261.0
110.1

2008
152.5
209.6
213.3
211.1
180.6
192.0
254.4
147.6
125.9
162.9
163.8
160.3
291.1
196.1
126.1
145.1
153.3
132.1
150.8
168.1
168.1
136.6
204.4
140.6
140.6
125.3
133.7
115.9
140.6
108.9
276.7
125.7

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

Table 4.1 H (ii):

Expenditure on GDP: deflators, 2002=100, calendar years

Total GDP at market prices
Final consumption expenditure
Household final consumption expenditure
Government final consumption expenditure
Gross capital formation
Fixed capital formation
Changes in inventories
Net exports
Exports
Goods, fob
Services
less Imports
Goods, fob
Services

2002
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2004
113.4
114.5
115.7
109.1
113.0
112.9
115.1
122.5
121.9
121.2
123.5
122.2
122.9
120.5

2005
120.7
124.0
125.7
115.0
108.7
108.6
123.3
120.3
133.3
131.6
136.8
127.8
129.2
124.7

2006
127.2
133.0
135.0
122.3
106.2
105.9
130.2
127.2
157.3
157.6
156.4
141.1
142.9
137.1

2007
136.1
140.4
143.6
121.8
118.2
118.0
146.5
127.3
155.7
155.9
154.8
143.8
145.2
140.1

2008
152.5
161.5
167.4
125.3
126.9
126.4
181.4
166.4
143.9
142.1
153.0
151.5
152.7
147.6

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

194

Table 4.1 H (iii):

Monetary and non-monetary GDP: deflators 2002=100, Calendar
Years

Total GDP at market prices
Monetary
Non-monetary
Total Agriculture
Monetary
Non-monetary
Food crops
Monetary
Non-monetary
Livestock
Monetary
Non-monetary
Forestry
Monetary
Non-monetary
Fishing
Monetary
Non-monetary
Construction
Monetary
Non-monetary
Real estate activities
Monetary rents
Owner-occupied dwellings

2002
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2004
113.4
112.0
122.1
126.9
123.8
131.8
136.7
136.7
136.7
115.1
115.1
115.1
118.2
115.5
120.0
119.6
119.6
119.6
109.2
109.1
112.7
108.3
108.3
108.3

2005
120.7
117.9
138.8
150.7
147.2
156.0
165.3
165.3
165.3
122.2
122.2
122.2
130.3
125.4
133.8
131.4
131.4
131.4
104.1
103.5
122.4
114.5
114.5
114.5

2006
127.2
124.3
147.3
163.2
160.7
166.9
178.8
178.8
178.8
126.6
126.6
126.6
136.1
131.9
139.2
158.6
158.6
158.6
99.0
98.1
131.2
121.2
121.2
121.2

2007
136.1
134.0
151.2
170.1
172.0
167.3
165.8
165.8
165.8
139.4
139.4
139.4
167.9
157.0
176.0
194.4
194.4
194.4
114.6
113.9
139.2
130.5
130.5
130.5

2008
152.5
149.2
177.9
209.6
210.9
207.7
211.1
211.1
211.1
180.6
180.6
180.6
192.0
179.8
201.3
254.4
254.4
254.4
126.1
125.3
155.9
140.6
140.6
140.6

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

Table 4.1 H (iv):

Fixed capital formation: deflators, 2002=100, calendar years
2002

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Gross fixed capital formation
Public
Private

100.0
100.0
100.0

112.9
114.4
112.5

108.6
110.8
108.0

105.9
109.4
105.0

118.0
120.1
117.3

126.4
126.1
126.4

Construction works
Public
Private

100.0
100.0
100.0

109.2
109.1
109.2

104.1
103.5
104.2

99.0
98.1
99.2

114.6
113.9
114.7

126.0
125.3
126.2

Machinery and equipment
Public
Private

100.0
100.0
100.0

123.9
123.9
123.9

123.6
123.5
123.6

128.1
128.1
128.1

126.4
126.4
126.4

127.5
127.5
127.5

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

195

Table 4.1 I (i):

GDP by economic activity: deflators, 2002=100, fiscal years

Total GDP at market prices
Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Cash crops
Food crops
Livestock
Forestry
Fishing
Industry
Mining & quarrying
Manufacturing
Formal
Informal
Electricity supply
Water supply
Construction
Services
Wholesale & retail trade; repairs
Hotels & restaurants
Transport & communications
Road, rail & water transport
Air transport and support services
Posts and telecommunication
Financial services
Real estate activities
Other business services
Public administration & defence
Education
Health
Other personal & community services
Adjustments
FISIM
Taxes on products

2004/05
115.3
143.3
115.1
160.2
121.0
122.8
129.0
113.4
111.9
113.1
113.2
113.1
125.6
115.7
111.9
106.7
94.3
106.8
108.2
104.1
112.7
112.7
142.8
106.3
110.9
112.0
112.2
108.1
110.9
100.9
196.7
112.4

2005/06
118.0
155.1
158.2
170.1
123.3
130.3
142.1
108.5
95.1
121.0
121.3
120.4
158.0
136.1
95.3
112.2
101.6
112.3
116.4
107.6
125.2
125.2
125.8
110.9
117.2
117.9
119.2
111.1
117.2
96.2
173.4
106.6

2006/07
126.9
167.1
172.2
174.2
132.3
153.6
176.1
126.9
110.6
134.0
134.3
132.9
263.4
164.0
110.7
120.6
110.4
118.1
124.2
109.5
132.1
138.2
174.7
117.2
126.2
122.6
123.4
113.9
126.2
84.0
241.7
99.0

2007/08
135.7
183.0
220.7
175.3
156.2
179.3
220.4
138.5
119.7
148.1
148.2
148.1
291.1
186.4
119.8
128.4
118.3
125.1
129.4
115.5
157.1
137.9
192.4
126.2
135.3
126.6
130.6
115.7
135.3
87.3
261.4
103.7

2008/09
153.2
240.3
207.1
253.6
209.6
204.2
284.8
152.1
128.3
172.2
173.5
168.6
291.1
205.7
128.4
138.8
134.5
140.2
131.5
118.3
171.6
136.6
208.6
135.3
144.8
128.0
138.7
117.7
144.8
94.5
301.5
114.8

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

Table 4.1 I (ii):

Expenditure on GDP: deflators, 2002=100, fiscal years
2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

2007/08

2008/09

Total GDP at market prices

115.3

118.0

126.9

135.7

153.2

Final consumption expenditure
Household final consumption expenditure
Government final consumption expenditure

116.3
117.2
112.0

123.6
124.7
117.9

130.1
131.4
122.6

141.9
144.4
126.6

160.8
166.2
128.0

Gross capital formation
Fixed capital formation
Changes in inventories

114.8
114.7
122.2

102.3
102.1
126.2

115.0
114.8
137.8

121.5
121.2
164.6

129.3
128.7
209.6

Net exports

122.5

126.8

124.4

152.3

156.2

Exports
Goods, fob
Services

125.2
122.8
130.8

142.0
140.8
144.7

161.4
162.2
158.6

146.0
145.2
150.1

153.1
151.2
163.0

less Imports
Goods, fob
Services

124.1
125.1
121.8

134.6
136.2
131.0

142.6
144.4
138.6

148.0
149.2
144.2

154.2
155.3
150.8

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

196

Table 4.1 I (iii):

Monetary and non-monetary GDP: deflators 2002=100, fiscal years
2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

2007/08

2008/09

Total GDP at market prices
Monetary
Non-monetary

115.3
112.7
131.9

118.0
115.0
138.9

126.9
124.2
146.4

135.7
133.2
155.0

153.2
148.0
193.7

Total Agriculture
Monetary
Non-monetary

143.3
138.8
150.3

155.1
152.4
159.3

167.1
166.0
168.8

183.0
186.6
177.8

240.3
239.2
241.9

Food crops
Monetary
Non-monetary

160.2
160.2
160.2

170.1
170.1
170.1

174.2
174.2
174.2

175.3
175.3
175.3

253.6
253.6
253.6

Livestock
Monetary
Non-monetary

121.0
121.0
121.0

123.3
123.3
123.3

132.3
132.3
132.3

156.2
156.2
156.2

209.6
209.6
209.6

Forestry
Monetary
Non-monetary

122.8
119.4
125.2

130.3
126.3
133.3

153.6
145.8
159.4

179.3
167.6
187.9

204.2
193.0
212.4

Fishing
Monetary
Non-monetary

129.0
129.0
129.0

142.1
142.1
142.1

176.1
176.1
176.1

220.4
220.4
220.4

284.8
284.8
284.8

Construction
Monetary
Non-monetary

111.9
112.0
109.7

95.3
94.6
118.5

110.7
110.3
126.3

119.8
119.4
135.7

128.4
128.0
145.6

Real estate activities
Monetary rents
Owner-occupied dwellings

106.3
106.3
106.3

110.9
110.9
110.9

117.2
117.2
117.2

126.2
126.2
126.2

135.3
135.3
135.3

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

Table 4.1 I (iv):

Fixed capital formation: deflators, 2002=100, fiscal years
2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

2007/08

2008/09

Gross fixed capital formation
Public
Private

114.7
116.2
114.3

102.1
105.0
101.3

114.8
117.9
114.0

121.2
122.3
120.9

128.7
128.7
128.7

Construction works
Public
Private

111.9
112.0
111.9

95.2
94.6
95.4

110.7
110.3
110.7

119.8
119.4
119.8

128.4
128.0
128.5

Machinery and equipment
Public
Private

123.5
123.5
123.5

125.8
125.9
125.8

127.5
127.4
127.5

126.3
126.3
126.3

129.7
129.7
129.7

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

197

Table 4.1 J (i):

GDP by economic activity at current prices, percentage share,
calendar years
2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Cash crops
Food crops
Livestock
Forestry
Fishing

23.0
1.9
13.6
1.8
3.3
2.4

24.0
1.9
14.6
1.6
3.3
2.6

22.6
1.7
13.4
1.5
3.2
2.7

20.7
2.0
11.0
1.5
3.5
2.7

21.5
2.0
11.8
1.6
3.4
2.6

Industry
Mining & quarrying
Manufacturing
Formal
Informal
Electricity supply
Water supply
Construction

22.6
0.3
7.0
5.1
1.9
1.4
2.1
11.9

22.9
0.3
6.9
5.0
1.8
1.5
2.2
12.1

22.3
0.3
6.9
5.0
1.9
1.5
2.3
11.2

23.9
0.3
6.9
5.1
1.9
2.1
2.5
12.2

23.8
0.3
7.2
5.3
1.9
1.7
2.4
12.2

Services
Wholesale & retail trade; repairs
Hotels & restaurants
Transport & communications
Road, rail & water transport
Air transport and support services
Posts and telecommunication
Financial services
Real estate activities
Other business services
Public administration & defence
Education
Health
Other personal & community services

48.1
12.7
4.0
5.2
2.6
0.6
2.0
2.8
7.6
1.4
3.9
7.0
1.6
1.9

47.0
12.7
4.1
5.1
2.5
0.6
2.0
2.5
7.2
1.4
3.7
6.9
1.6
1.9

49.1
13.6
4.1
6.0
2.5
0.6
2.9
2.5
7.2
1.5
3.6
7.0
1.5
2.1

49.0
14.1
4.1
6.3
2.6
0.7
3.0
2.9
7.0
1.5
3.2
6.3
1.3
2.2

48.3
14.3
4.1
6.9
2.7
0.7
3.4
3.2
6.6
1.5
3.0
5.5
1.1
2.2

Adjustments
FISIM
Taxes on products

6.3
-1.7
7.9

6.1
-1.5
7.7

6.1
-1.6
7.7

6.4
-1.7
8.2

6.4
-1.8
8.2

Total GDP at market prices

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

Table 4.1 J (ii):

Expenditure on GDP at current prices, percentage share, calendar
years

Total GDP at market prices
Final consumption expenditure
Household final consumption expenditure
Government final consumption expenditure
Gross capital formation
Fixed capital formation
Changes in inventories
Net exports
Exports
Goods, fob
Services
less Imports
Goods, fob
Services

2004
100.0
89.1
74.6
14.5
21.7
21.6
0.1
-10.8
13.4
9.0
4.4
-24.2
-16.8
-7.4

2005
100.0
88.5
74.9
13.7
21.6
21.3
0.2
-10.1
15.2
10.1
5.1
-25.3
-17.4
-7.9

2006
100.0
93.4
80.0
13.4
20.7
20.5
0.3
-14.1
14.9
10.8
4.1
-29.0
-20.1
-8.9

2007
100.0
88.1
77.0
11.2
23.0
22.7
0.3
-11.1
18.9
14.9
4.0
-30.0
-22.0
-8.0

2008
100.0
91.3
81.4
9.9
20.3
20.0
0.3
-11.6
19.8
16.4
3.5
-31.4
-24.2
-7.3

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

198

Table 4.1 J (iii):

Monetary and non-monetary GDP at current prices, percentage
share, calendar
2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

100.0
85.2
14.8

100.0
84.8
15.2

100.0
85.5
14.5

100.0
86.6
13.4

100.0
86.5
13.5

Total Agriculture
Monetary
Non-monetary

23.0
13.8
9.3

24.0
14.1
9.9

22.6
13.3
9.3

20.7
12.5
8.2

21.5
12.8
8.6

Food crops
Monetary
Non-monetary

13.6
6.7
6.9

14.6
7.0
7.6

13.4
6.4
7.0

11.0
5.2
5.8

11.8
5.6
6.2

Livestock
Monetary
Non-monetary

1.8
1.4
0.3

1.6
1.3
0.3

1.5
1.2
0.3

1.5
1.2
0.3

1.6
1.3
0.3

Forestry
Monetary
Non-monetary

3.3
1.3
2.0

3.3
1.4
2.0

3.2
1.3
1.9

3.5
1.4
2.1

3.4
1.4
2.0

Fishing
Monetary
Non-monetary

2.4
2.4
0.1

2.6
2.5
0.1

2.7
2.6
0.1

2.7
2.6
0.1

2.6
2.5
0.1

Construction
Monetary
Non-monetary

11.9
11.4
0.5

12.1
11.6
0.4

11.2
10.8
0.4

12.2
11.8
0.4

12.2
11.8
0.4

7.6
2.5
5.1

7.2
2.4
4.9

7.2
2.3
4.8

7.0
2.3
4.8

6.6
2.1
4.5

Total GDP at market prices
Monetary
Non-monetary

Real estate activities
Monetary rents
Owner-occupied dwellings
Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

Table 4.1 J (iv):

Fixed capital formation at current prices, percentage share, calendar
years
2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Gross fixed capital formation
Public
Private

21.6
5.2
16.5

21.3
4.7
16.7

20.5
4.6
15.8

22.7
5.2
17.6

20.0
3.9
16.2

Construction works
Public
Private

15.6
3.2
12.4

15.7
2.8
12.9

14.6
2.6
12.0

15.8
2.5
13.3

15.8
2.4
13.4

6.0
2.0
4.0

5.6
1.9
3.7

5.9
2.0
3.9

7.0
2.7
4.3

4.2
1.4
2.8

Machinery and equipment
Public
Private
Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

199

Table 4.1 K (i):

GDP by economic activity at constant (2002) prices, percentage
share, calendar years

Total GDP at market prices
Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Cash crops
Food crops
Livestock
Forestry
Fishing
Industry
Mining & quarrying
Manufacturing
Formal
Informal
Electricity supply
Water supply
Construction
Services
Wholesale & retail trade; repairs
Hotels & restaurants
Transport & communications
Road, rail & water transport
Air transport and support services
Posts and telecommunication
Financial services
Real estate activities
Other business services
Public administration & defence
Education
Health
Other personal & community services
Adjustments
FISIM
Taxes on products

2004
100.0
20.6
2.1
11.3
1.7
3.2
2.3
23.3
0.3
7.1
5.2
2.0
1.3
2.2
12.3
48.9
12.7
4.4
5.3
2.7
0.6
2.0
2.1
8.0
1.5
4.1
7.3
1.7
2.0
7.2
-0.8
8.0

2005
100.0
19.2
1.5
10.6
1.6
3.1
2.4
24.7
0.3
7.1
5.2
1.9
1.2
2.1
14.0
48.4
12.7
4.5
5.2
2.5
0.6
2.0
2.2
7.6
1.5
3.9
7.1
1.7
2.0
7.7
-1.0
8.7

2006
100.0
17.6
1.4
9.5
1.5
3.0
2.2
24.5
0.4
6.9
4.9
1.9
1.0
2.0
14.4
49.9
13.0
4.5
5.9
2.5
0.6
2.8
2.4
7.5
1.6
3.7
7.3
1.7
2.2
8.0
-1.2
9.2

2007
100.0
16.5
1.4
9.0
1.4
2.8
1.9
24.5
0.3
6.8
5.0
1.8
1.0
1.9
14.4
49.8
13.7
4.6
6.1
2.5
0.7
3.0
2.1
7.3
1.6
3.6
6.9
1.6
2.3
9.2
-0.9
10.1

2008
100.0
15.6
1.4
8.5
1.4
2.7
1.6
24.6
0.3
6.7
4.9
1.8
0.9
1.9
14.8
50.8
14.2
4.7
6.9
2.5
0.7
3.8
2.4
7.2
1.7
3.6
6.3
1.5
2.3
9.0
-1.0
10.0

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

Table 4.1 K (ii):

Expenditure on GDP at constant (2002) prices, percentage shares,
calendar years

Total GDP at market prices
Final consumption expenditure
Household final consumption expenditure
Government final consumption expenditure
Gross capital formation
Fixed capital formation
Changes in inventories
Net exports
Exports
Goods, fob
Services
less Imports
Goods, fob
Services

2004
100.0
88.2
73.1
15.1
21.8
21.7
0.1
-10.0
12.5
8.4
4.0
-22.5
-15.5
-7.0

2005
100.0
86.2
71.9
14.3
23.9
23.7
0.2
-10.1
13.8
9.3
4.5
-23.9
-16.3
-7.6

2006
100.0
89.3
75.4
13.9
24.8
24.6
0.3
-14.1
12.0
8.7
3.3
-26.2
-17.9
-8.2

2007
100.0
85.4
72.9
12.5
26.5
26.2
0.2
-11.9
16.5
13.0
3.5
-28.4
-20.6
-7.8

2008
100.0
86.2
74.2
12.1
24.4
24.2
0.2
-10.6
21.0
17.6
3.5
-31.7
-24.1
-7.5

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

200

Table 4.1 K (iii):

Monetary and non-monetary GDP at constant (2002) prices,
percentage share, calendar years

Total GDP at market prices
Monetary
Non-monetary
Total Agriculture
Monetary
Non-monetary
Food crops
Monetary
Non-monetary
Livestock
Monetary
Non-monetary
Forestry
Monetary
Non-monetary
Fishing
Monetary
Non-monetary
Construction
Monetary
Non-monetary
Real estate activities
Monetary rents
Owner-occupied dwellings

2004
100.0
86.2
13.8
20.6
12.6
8.0
11.3
5.5
5.7
1.7
1.4
0.3
3.2
1.3
1.9
2.3
2.2
0.0
12.3
11.9
0.5
8.0
2.6
5.3

2005
100.0
86.8
13.2
19.2
11.5
7.6
10.6
5.1
5.5
1.6
1.3
0.3
3.1
1.3
1.8
2.4
2.3
0.1
14.0
13.6
0.4
7.6
2.5
5.1

2006
100.0
87.5
12.5
17.6
10.5
7.1
9.5
4.5
5.0
1.5
1.2
0.3
3.0
1.3
1.7
2.2
2.1
0.0
14.4
14.0
0.4
7.5
2.5
5.1

2007
100.0
88.0
12.0
16.5
9.9
6.7
9.0
4.3
4.7
1.4
1.2
0.3
2.8
1.2
1.6
1.9
1.8
0.0
14.4
14.1
0.4
7.3
2.4
5.0

2008
100.0
88.4
11.6
15.6
9.3
6.3
8.5
4.1
4.5
1.4
1.1
0.3
2.7
1.2
1.5
1.6
1.5
0.0
14.8
14.4
0.4
7.2
2.3
4.9

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

Table 4.1 K (iv):

Fixed capital formation at constant (2002) prices, percentage share,
calendar years
2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Gross fixed capital formation
Public
Private

21.7
5.1
16.6

23.7
5.1
18.6

24.6
5.4
19.2

26.2
5.8
20.4

24.2
4.7
19.5

Construction works
Public
Private

16.2
3.3
12.9

18.2
3.2
15.0

18.7
3.4
15.4

18.7
3.0
15.8

19.1
3.0
16.1

5.5
1.8
3.7

5.5
1.8
3.7

5.9
2.0
3.8

7.5
2.9
4.6

5.0
1.7
3.4

Machinery and equipment
Public
Private
Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

201

Table 4.1 L (i):

GDP by economic activity at current prices, percentage share, fiscal
years
2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

2007/08

2008/09

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Cash crops
Food crops
Livestock
Forestry
Fishing

25.1
1.8
15.5
1.8
3.5
2.7

24.1
1.9
14.5
1.6
3.4
2.7

22.3
1.9
12.6
1.5
3.5
2.8

21.2
2.3
11.1
1.6
3.6
2.7

23.7
1.8
13.7
1.8
3.5
2.9

Industry
Mining & quarrying
Manufacturing
Formal
Informal
Electricity supply
Water supply
Construction

23.5
0.3
7.0
5.1
1.9
1.4
2.2
12.6

22.8
0.3
7.1
5.2
1.9
1.5
2.3
11.7

25.1
0.3
7.1
5.2
1.9
2.0
2.5
13.2

25.6
0.3
7.3
5.4
1.9
2.0
2.5
13.5

24.2
0.3
7.5
5.6
1.9
1.7
2.4
12.3

Services
Wholesale & retail trade; repairs
Hotels & restaurants
Transport & communications
Road, rail & water transport
Air transport and support services
Posts and telecommunication
Financial services
Real estate activities
Other business services
Public administration & defence
Education
Health
Other personal & community services

45.4
10.4
4.1
5.2
2.6
0.6
2.0
2.6
7.3
1.5
3.7
7.1
1.6
2.0

47.2
11.1
4.2
5.8
2.7
0.6
2.5
2.6
7.1
1.6
4.0
7.2
1.7
2.1

47.0
11.4
4.2
6.2
2.5
0.7
3.0
2.7
6.8
1.6
3.3
7.1
1.5
2.2

47.3
12.0
4.2
6.7
2.8
0.8
3.2
3.2
6.6
1.7
3.3
6.0
1.2
2.3

46.4
12.2
4.2
6.8
2.7
0.7
3.4
3.5
6.2
1.6
2.9
5.6
1.1
2.2

Adjustments
FISIM
Taxes on products

6.0
-1.6
7.5

5.9
-1.7
7.5

5.6
-1.7
7.3

5.9
-1.8
7.7

5.8
-2.0
7.8

Total GDP at market prices

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

Table 4.1 L (ii):

Expenditure on GDP at current prices, percentage share, fiscal years

Total GDP at market prices
Final consumption expenditure
Household final consumption expenditure
Government final consumption expenditure
Gross capital formation
Fixed capital formation
Changes in inventories
Net exports
Exports
Goods, fob
Services
less Imports
Goods, fob
Services

2004/05
100.0
88.3
73.7
14.5
22.4
22.2
0.2
-10.7
14.2
9.6
4.6
-24.9
-17.2
-7.7

2005/06
100.0
91.9
77.8
14.1
21.2
21.0
0.2
-13.1
15.3
10.5
4.8
-28.4
-19.8
-8.6

2006/07
100.0
89.7
76.9
12.7
23.7
23.4
0.2
-13.3
16.7
12.7
4.0
-30.1
-21.1
-9.0

2007/08
100.0
87.2
76.2
11.0
22.8
22.6
0.2
-10.1
21.6
17.8
3.8
-31.7
-24.1
-7.6

2008/09
100.0
90.5
80.3
10.1
22.0
21.7
0.2
-12.4
21.3
17.6
3.6
-33.7
-25.9
-7.7

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

202

Table 4.1 L (iii):

Monetary and non-monetary GDP at current prices, percentage
share, fiscal years

Total GDP at market prices
Monetary
Non-monetary
Total Agriculture
Monetary
Non-monetary
Food crops
Monetary
Non-monetary
Livestock
Monetary
Non-monetary
Forestry
Monetary
Non-monetary
Fishing
Monetary
Non-monetary
Construction
Monetary
Non-monetary
Real estate activities
Monetary rents
Owner-occupied dwellings

2004/05
100.0
84.3
15.7
25.1
14.8
10.4
15.5
7.5
7.9
1.8
1.4
0.3
3.5
1.4
2.0
2.7
2.6
0.1
12.6
12.2
0.4
7.3
2.4
4.9

2005/06
100.0
84.9
15.1
24.1
14.2
9.9
14.5
6.9
7.6
1.6
1.3
0.3
3.4
1.4
2.0
2.7
2.7
0.1
11.7
11.2
0.4
7.1
2.3
4.8

2006/07
100.0
86.0
14.0
22.3
13.3
9.0
12.6
6.0
6.6
1.5
1.2
0.3
3.5
1.4
2.1
2.8
2.8
0.1
13.2
12.8
0.4
6.8
2.2
4.6

2007/08
100.0
86.8
13.2
21.2
12.8
8.4
11.1
5.3
5.8
1.6
1.3
0.3
3.6
1.4
2.2
2.7
2.6
0.1
13.5
13.1
0.4
6.6
2.1
4.5

2008/09
100.0
85.7
14.3
23.7
14.0
9.7
13.7
6.5
7.2
1.8
1.5
0.4
3.5
1.4
2.1
2.9
2.8
0.1
12.3
11.9
0.3
6.2
2.0
4.2

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

Table 4.1 L (iv):

Fixed capital formation at current prices, percentage share, fiscal
years
2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

2007/08

2008/09

Gross fixed capital formation
Public
Private

22.2
5.0
17.3

21.0
4.6
16.4

23.4
4.9
18.5

22.6
4.4
18.2

21.7
4.6
17.1

Construction works
Public
Private

16.4
3.0
13.4

15.2
2.8
12.4

17.0
2.6
14.5

17.5
2.5
15.0

15.9
2.6
13.3

5.8
1.9
3.9

5.8
1.8
3.9

6.4
2.4
4.1

5.1
1.9
3.2

5.8
1.9
3.8

Machinery and equipment
Public
Private
Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

203

Table 4.1 M (i):

GDP by economic activity at constant (2002) prices, percentage
share, fiscal years

Total GDP at market prices
Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Cash crops
Food crops
Livestock
Forestry
Fishing
Industry
Mining & quarrying
Manufacturing
Formal
Informal
Electricity supply
Water supply
Construction
Services
Wholesale & retail trade; repairs
Hotels & restaurants
Transport & communications
Road, rail & water transport
Air transport and support services
Posts and telecommunication
Financial services
Real estate activities
Other business services
Public administration & defence
Education
Health
Other personal & community services
Adjustments
FISIM
Taxes on products

2004/05
100.0
20.2
1.8
11.1
1.7
3.2
2.4
24.0
0.3
7.2
5.2
1.9
1.3
2.2
13.0
49.0
12.7
4.5
5.5
2.9
0.6
2.0
2.1
7.9
1.5
3.8
7.3
1.7
2.0
6.8
-0.9
7.7

2005/06
100.0
18.3
1.4
10.0
1.5
3.0
2.3
24.8
0.3
6.9
5.1
1.9
1.1
2.0
14.4
49.6
12.9
4.4
5.8
2.9
0.6
2.3
2.5
7.5
1.6
4.0
7.2
1.8
2.1
7.2
-1.1
8.3

2006/07
100.0
16.9
1.4
9.2
1.5
2.9
2.0
25.1
0.4
6.8
4.9
1.9
1.0
1.9
15.1
49.5
13.1
4.5
6.3
3.0
0.6
2.8
2.0
7.3
1.6
3.5
7.3
1.7
2.2
8.5
-0.9
9.4

2007/08
100.0
15.7
1.4
8.6
1.4
2.7
1.6
25.1
0.3
6.7
4.9
1.8
0.9
1.8
15.3
50.0
13.8
4.6
7.1
3.3
0.7
3.1
2.3
7.1
1.7
3.6
6.3
1.5
2.3
9.2
-1.0
10.1

2008/09
100.0
15.1
1.3
8.3
1.3
2.6
1.5
24.4
0.3
6.7
5.0
1.7
0.9
1.8
14.6
51.2
13.8
4.6
7.9
3.4
0.6
3.8
2.6
7.0
1.7
3.5
6.1
1.5
2.4
9.4
-1.0
10.4

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

Table 4.1 M (ii):

Expenditure on GDP at constant (2002) prices, percentage share,
fiscal years

Total GDP at market prices
Final consumption expenditure
Household final consumption expenditure
Government final consumption expenditure
Gross capital formation
Fixed capital formation
Changes in inventories
Net exports
Exports
Goods, fob
Services
less Imports
Goods, fob
Services

2004/05
100.0
87.5
72.6
14.9
22.5
22.4
0.1
-10.0
13.1
9.0
4.0
-23.1
-15.8
-7.3

2005/06
100.0
87.8
73.6
14.1
24.4
24.2
0.2
-12.2
12.7
8.8
3.9
-24.9
-17.1
-7.8

2006/07
100.0
87.5
74.3
13.2
26.1
25.9
0.2
-13.6
13.2
10.0
3.2
-26.8
-18.5
-8.2

2007/08
100.0
83.5
71.7
11.8
25.5
25.3
0.2
-9.0
20.1
16.6
3.5
-29.1
-21.9
-7.2

2008/09
100.0
86.2
74.1
12.1
26.0
25.8
0.2
-12.2
21.3
17.9
3.4
-33.5
-25.6
-7.9

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

204

Table 4.1 M (iii):

Monetary and non-monetary GDP at constant (2002) prices,
percentage share
2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

2007/08

2008/09

100.0
86.3
13.7

100.0
87.2
12.8

100.0
87.9
12.1

100.0
88.4
11.6

100.0
88.7
11.3

Total Agriculture
Monetary
Non-monetary

20.2
12.3
7.9

18.3
11.0
7.3

16.9
10.1
6.8

15.7
9.3
6.4

15.1
8.9
6.1

Food crops
Monetary
Non-monetary

11.1
5.4
5.7

10.0
4.8
5.3

9.2
4.4
4.8

8.6
4.1
4.5

8.3
3.9
4.3

Livestock
Monetary
Non-monetary

1.7
1.4
0.3

1.5
1.2
0.3

1.5
1.2
0.3

1.4
1.1
0.3

1.3
1.1
0.3

Forestry
Monetary
Non-monetary

3.2
1.4
1.9

3.0
1.3
1.7

2.9
1.2
1.6

2.7
1.1
1.6

2.6
1.1
1.5

Fishing
Monetary
Non-monetary

2.4
2.3
0.1

2.3
2.2
0.0

2.0
2.0
0.0

1.6
1.6
0.0

1.5
1.5
0.0

Construction
Monetary
Non-monetary

13.0
12.5
0.4

14.4
14.0
0.4

15.1
14.7
0.4

15.3
14.9
0.4

14.6
14.3
0.4

7.9
2.6
5.3

7.5
2.5
5.1

7.3
2.4
5.0

7.1
2.3
4.8

7.0
2.3
4.8

Total GDP at market prices
Monetary
Non-monetary

Real estate activities
Monetary rents
Owner-occupied dwellings
Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

Table 4.1 M (iv):

Fixed capital formation at constant (2002) prices, percentage share,
fiscal years

Gross fixed capital formation
Public
Private
Construction works
Public
Private
Machinery and equipment
Public
Private

2004/05
22.4
4.9
17.4
16.9
3.1
13.8
5.4
1.8
3.6

2005/06
24.2
5.2
19.1
18.8
3.4
15.4
5.4
1.7
3.7

2006/07
25.9
5.3
20.6
19.5
2.9
16.6
6.4
2.4
4.0

2007/08
25.3
4.9
20.4
19.8
2.8
17.0
5.5
2.1
3.4

2008/09
25.8
5.4
20.4
19.0
3.2
15.9
6.8
2.3
4.5

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

205

Table 4.1 N:

GDP by basic heading at one digit level at current prices (Billion
shillings)

Item
Gross Domestic Product
Individual consumption expenditure by households
Food and non-alcoholic beverages
Food
Non-alcoholic beverages
Alcohol beverages, tobacco & narcotics
Clothing and footwear
Clothing
Footwar
Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels
Actual rentals for housing
Imputed rentals for housing
Maintenance & repair of the dwelling
Water supply & miscellaneous services relating to the dwelling
Electricity, gas & other fuels
Furnishings, household equipment & routine household maintenance
Furniture & furnishings, carpets & other floor coverings
Household textiles
Household appliances
Glassware, tableware & household utensils
Tools & equipment for house & garden
Goods & services for routine household maintenance
Health
Medical products, appliances & equipment
Out-patient services
Hospital services
Transport
Purchase of vehicles
Operation of personal transport equipment
Transport services
Communication
Postal services
Telephone & telefax equipment
Telephone & telefax services
Recreation and culture
Audio-visual, photographic & information processing equipment
Other major durables for recreation & culture
Other articles & equipment of leisure, gardens & domestic animals
Recreational & cultural services
Newspapers, books & stationery
Package holidays
Education
Restaurants and hotels
Catering services
Miscellaneous goods and services
Personal care
Personal effects n.e.c.
Social protection
Insurance
Financial services n.e.c.
Other services n.e.c.
Net purchases abroad
Individual consumption expenditure by NPISHS
Individual consumption expenditure by government
Collective consumption expenditure by government
Gross fixed capital formation
Changes in inventories & acquisitions less disposals of valuables
Balance of exports and imports

ICP Heading
1
2
3

3
3

3

3

3

3

3

3
3
3

3
2
2
2
2
2
2

2004
15,271
11,495
4,356
4,061
295
763
378
241
138
2,188
181
815
221
358
613

2005
17,878
13,497
5,133
4,786
348
899
446
283
162
2,578
214
960
260
422
723

2006
19,983
16,274
6,205
5,785
420
1,087
539
343
196
3,117
258
1,161
314
510
874

2007
23,315
18,979
7,248
6,757
491
1,269
630
400
229
3,641
302
1,356
367
595
1,020

2008
28,172
24,063
9,286
8,658
629
1,626
807
513
294
4,664
386
1,737
470
763
1,307

774
92
55
86
72
29
440
301
75
54
171
780
24
330
425
241
2
18
221
303
42
8
16
91
139
7
718
373
295
321
116
4
2
1
108
90
0
210
1,126
780
3,298
18
-1,657

912
109
65
101
85
34
518
315
49
63
202
919
28
389
501
284
3
21
260
357
49
9
19
108
164
9
846
440
348
369
137
5
2
1
118
106
0
309
1,311
713
3,810
42
-1,805

1,103
132
78
123
102
41
627
340
19
77
244
1,110
34
471
606
343
3
26
314
431
59
11
23
130
198
10
1,022
532
421
446
165
6
3
2
142
128
0
391
1,599
573
4,124
53
-2,848

1,288
154
91
143
119
48
732
358
-17
89
285
1,297
40
550
708
401
4
30
367
504
69
13
26
152
231
12
1,194
621
491
529
193
7
3
2
174
150
0
323
1,413
773
5,301
62
-3,501

1,650
197
117
184
153
62
938
415
-66
115
365
1,662
51
704
907
514
5
38
470
645
89
17
34
195
296
15
1,530
796
629
469
247
9
4
3
14
192
0
414
1,251
1,015
5,669
77
-4,150

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

206

Table 4.1 O:

Balance of payments statement, calendar years (Million US dollars)
2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

-60.8

-5.4

-380.3

-467.0

-1,032.2

A1. Goods Account(Trade Balance)
a) Total Exports (fob)
b) Total Imports (fob)

-667.6
759.1
-1,426.8

-728.6
1,017.0
-1,745.6

-1,027.9
1,187.6
-2,215.6

-959.2
1,999.0
-2,958.2

-1,277.5
2,704.3
-3,981.8

Services and Income
A2. Services Account(services net)
a) Inflows(credit)
b) Outflows(debit)

-458.9
-165.8
362.3
-528.0

-377.8
-128.7
501.8
-630.4

-525.8
-286.7
483.8
-770.5

-684.2
-438.2
538.8
-977.0

-928.3
-630.5
566.3
-1,196.9

A3. Income Account(Income net)
a) Inflows(credit)
b) Outflows(debit)

-293.1
35.7
-328.8

-249.1
49.8
-298.9

-239.1
71.9
-310.9

-246.0
97.1
-343.0

-297.7
130.2
-428.0

1,065.7
1,207.3
-141.7

1,100.9
1,245.7
-144.8

1,173.4
1,358.9
-185.5

1,176.4
1,379.6
-203.2

1,173.5
1,393.6
-220.1

498.5

549.9

886.3

1,332.9

1,061.2

-

-

3,554.9
3,554.9

-

-

498.5

549.9

-2,668.6

1,332.9

1,061.2

295.4
295.4
6.2
6.2
196.8
34.7
162.1

379.8
379.8
-13.4
-13.4
183.4
52.7
130.7

644.3
644.3
21.7
21.7
-3,334.5
-45.1
-3,289.4

733.0
733.0
44.9
44.9
1.4
-7.6
9.0
553.6
26.2
527.4

787.4
787.4
-58.3
-12.1
-46.2
6.9
-25.8
32.6
325.2
50.8
274.4

437.6

544.5

506.0

865.9

29.0

-437.6

-544.5

-506.0

-865.9

-29.0

-166.3
-52.6
10.3
-229.1

-91.6
-42.7
-27.9
-382.4

-404.1
-123.9
-28.3
50.2

-748.5
-18.6
-98.8

-7.4
-19.0
-2.5

A. CURRENT ACCOUNT BALANCE(A1+A2+A3+A4)

A4. Current Transfers (net)
a) Inflows (Credit)
b) Outflows (Debits)
B. CAPITAL AND FINANCIAL ACCOUNT BALANCE(B1+B2)
B1. Capital Account
Capital Transfers inflows (credit)
B2. Financial Account; excluding financing items
a) Direct Investment
i) Direct investment abroad
ii) Direct investment in Uganda
b) Portfolio Investment
Assets
Liabilities
c) Financial derivatives, net
Financial derivatives, assets
Financial derivatives, liabilities
d) Other Investment
Assets
Liabilities
C. OVERALL BALANCE(A+B)
D. RESERVES AND RELATED ITEMS
a) Reserve assets
b) Use of Fund credit and loans
c) Exceptional Financing
d) Errors and Omissions
Source: Bank of Uganda

207

Table 4.1 P:

Balance of payments statement, fiscal years (Million US dollars)
2004/05
0.6

2005/06
-342.8

2006/07
-370.5

2007/08
-482.9

2008/09
-1,102.3

A1. Goods Account(Trade Balance)
a) Total Exports (fob)
b) Total Imports (fob)

-698.3
886.3
-1,584.6

-926.5
1,042.5
-1,969.0

-995.3
1,499.9
-2,495.2

-912.6
2,596.9
-3,509.5

-1,353.7
2,811.6
-4,165.3

Services and Income
A2. Services Account(services net)
a) Inflows(credit)
b) Outflows(debit)

-437.5
-165.7
415.7
-581.3

-453.6
-204.9
493.8
-698.7

-553.7
-325.1
501.9
-827.0

-844.6
-564.9
546.2
-1,111.1

-1035.8
-656.7
588.4
-1,245.0

A3. Income Account(Income net)
a) Inflows(credit)
b) Outflows(debit)

-271.8
42.0
-313.8

-248.7
53.5
-302.2

-228.6
87.9
-316.5

-279.7
115.7
-395.4

-379.1
78.7
-457.8

A4. Current Transfers (net)
a) Inflows (Credit)
b) Outflows (Debits)

1,136.4
1,279.6
-143.2

1,037.3
1,236.3
-199.0

1,178.5
1,324.8
-146.3

1,274.3
1,520.2
-245.9

1,287.2
1,476.0
-188.8

495.3

880.7

1037

1,173.9

1,059.1

0.0
0.0

126.8
126.8

3428.1
3,428.1

0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0

495.3

753.9

-2391.1

1,173.9

1,059.1

337.6
0.0
337.6

512.0
0.0
512.0

694.1
0.0
694.1

778.4
0.0
778.4

735.4
0.0
735.4

11.5
0.0
11.5

-5.6
0.0
-5.6

77.6
0.0
77.6

37.2
-12.1
49.3

-194.8
0.0
-194.8

0.0
0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0
0.0

0.5
-3.5
4.0

-0.1
-9.8
9.7

9.7
-25.7
35.4

146.3
5.4
140.8

247.4
109.2
138.2

-3,163.3
-155.4
-3,007.9

358.4
81.5
276.9

508.7
-238.7
747.4

495.9

537.9

666.5

691.0

-43.2

-495.9

-537.9

-666.5

-691.0

43.2

-182.2
-51.7
4.4
-266.5

-24.1
-138.8
-35.3
-339.6

-682.5
0.0
-21.4
37.3

-538.9
0.0
-24.1
-128

-16.2
0.0
-26.3
85.7

A. CURRENT ACCOUNT BALANCE(A1+A2+A3+A4)

B. CAPITAL AND FINANCIAL ACCOUNT BALANCE(B1+B2)
B1. Capital Account
Capital Transfers inflows (credit)
B2. Financial Account; excluding financing items
a) Direct Investment
i) Direct investment abroad
ii) Direct investment in Uganda
b) Portfolio Investment
Assets
Liabilities
c) Financial derivatives, net
Financial derivatives, assets
Financial derivatives, liabilities
d) Other Investment
Assets
Liabilities
C. OVERALL BALANCE(A+B)
D. RESERVES AND RELATED ITEMS
a) Reserve assets
b) Use of Fund credit and loans
c) Exceptional Financing
d) Errors and Omissions

Source: Bank of Uganda

208

4.2

External Trade

Table 4.2 A:

Exports by quantity, 2004 – 2008

Commodity

Unit

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Coffee

Tonne

159,983

142,513

126,887

164,540

200,640

Cotton

Tonne

29,293

30,403

18,480

16,230

7,960

Tea

Tonne

36,874

36,532

30,584

44,015

46,022

Tobacco

Tonne

27,843

23,730

15,794

26,384

29,042

Maize

Tonne

90,576

92,794

115,259

101,233

66,671

Beans and other Legumes

Tonne

26,233

28,332

27,087

22,532

37,211

Fish and Fish products

Tonne

31,808

39,201

36,461

31,681

24,965

Cattle hides

Tonne

18,502

25,349

22,214

20,942

13,042

Sesame seeds

Tonne

4,283

7,412

7,568

5,945

14,154

Soya beans

Tonne

468

574

3,048

5,798

3,250

Soap

Tonne

16,281

17,072

11,681

28,109

23,081

Electric Current

000 Kwh

193,104

62,577

53,019

65,927

65,368

Cocoa beans

Tonne

5,155

7,600

7,632

9,404

8,982

Cobalt

Tonne

438

582

861

684

1,949

Hoes and hand tools

'000

180

466

68

55

239

Pepper

Tonne

394

817

218

194

304

Vanilla

Tonne

71

234

195

422

192

Live animals

'000

37

12

0

23

95

Fruits

Tonne

1,297

3,061

7,821

7,361

3,114

Groundnuts

Tonne

1

22

63

101

30

Bananas

Tonne

1,792

2,196

494

1,151

396

Roses and Cut flowers

Tonne

6,092

6,162

4,989

5,267

5,349

Ginger

Tonne

14

8

4

3

109

Gold and gold compounds

Kg

5,465

4,241

6,937

3,602

2,055

Non-Traditional Exports

Source

:

UBOS, URA, UCDA and UMEME

Note

:

2008 figures are provisional

209

Table 4.2 B:

Exports by value (‘000 US $), 2004 - 2008

Commodity

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Coffee

124,237

172,942

189,830

265,853

403,179

Cotton

42,758

28,821

20,474

19,571

13,214

Tea

37,258

34,274

50,873

47,629

47,222

Tobacco

40,702

31,485

26,964

66,301

66,448

17,896

21,261

24,114

23,816

18,250

8,968

8,693

8,162

10,099

17,630

Traditional Exports

Non-Traditional Exports
Maize
Beans and other Legumes
Fish and Fish products

103,309

142,691

145,837

124,711

124,436

Cattle hides

5,409

7,064

8,032

18,114

12,518

Sesame seeds

2,788

4,779

4,547

5,447

15,884

118

126

609

1,331

1,536

7,708

7,194

5,530

14,324

17,003

12,075

4,465

4,855

8,696

10,870

6,801

9,638

10,016

15,936

22,834

11,548

14,320

18,063

17,325

20,033

Hoes and hand tools

348

1,159

518

1,117

649

Pepper

368

594

189

256

580

Vanilla

Soya beans
Soap
Electric Current
Cocoa beans
Cobalt

6,120

6,135

4,808

6,262

3,039

Live animals

130

29

28

1,551

1,822

Fruits

917

1,158

1,167

1,976

5,332

1

23

8

148

28

850

806

127

430

211

26,424

24,128

20,987

22,782

28,790

78

12

9

24

61,233

73,072

122,579

65,783

50,746

Groundnuts
Bananas
Roses and Cut flowers
Ginger
Gold and gold compounds
Other Precious Compounds
Other products

4,713

6

117

43

481

114,507

185,901

257,345

558,605

793,359

Petroleum products

27,904

32,015

36,401

38,553

48,183

Traditional exports

244,955

267,522

288,142

399,354

530,063

Non-traditional exports

420,134

545,335

674,051

937,314

1,194,238

Total

665,090

812,857

962,193

1,336,668

1,724,300

Source

:

UBOS, URA, UCDA and UMEME

Note

:

2008 figures are provisional

210

Table 4.2 C:

Exports by percentage value, 2004 – 2008

Commodity

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Coffee

18.7

21.3

19.7

19.9

23.4

Cotton

6.4

3.5

2.1

1.5

0.8

Tea

5.6

4.2

5.3

3.6

2.7

Tobacco

6.1

3.9

2.8

5.0

Maize

2.7

2.6

2.5

1.8

1.1

Beans and other Legumes

1.3

1.1

0.8

0.8

1.0

15.5

17.6

15.2

9.3

7.2

Cattle hides

0.8

0.9

0.8

1.4

0.7

Sesame seeds

0.4

0.6

0.5

0.4

0.9

Soya beans

0.0

0.0

0.1

0.1

0.1

Soap

1.2

0.9

0.6

1.1

1.0

Electric Current

1.8

0.5

0.5

0.7

0.6

Cocoa beans

1.0

1.2

1.0

1.2

1.3

Cobalt

1.7

1.8

1.9

1.3

1.2

Hoes and hand tools

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.0

Pepper

0.1

0.1

0.0

0.0

0.0

Vanilla

0.9

0.8

0.5

0.5

0.2

Live animals

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.1

0.1

Fruits

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.3

Groundnuts

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Bananas

0.1

0.1

0.0

0.0

0.0

Roses and Cut flowers

4.0

3.0

2.2

1.7

1.7

Ginger

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Gold & Gold Compounds

9.2

9.0

12.7

4.9

2.9

Other Precious Metals

0.7

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Other products (1)

17.2

22.9

26.7

41.8

46.0

Petroleum products

4.2

3.9

3.8

2.9

2.8

Traditional export crops

36.8

32.9

29.9

29.9

30.7

Non-traditional exports

63.2

67.1

70.1

70.1

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

Traditional Export Crops

3.9

Non-Traditional Exports

Fish and Fish products

Total
Source

:

UBOS

Note

:

2008 figures are provisional

69.3
100.0

211

Table 4.2 D:

Imports by region and country of origin (‘000 US $), 2004 – 2008

Region/Country

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

COMESA

434,177

565,011

450,419

560,321

596,451

Other Africa

160,147

177,881

188,853

242,712

375,101

Asia

501,100

540,808

749,982

1,174,968

1,573,959

European Union

314,033

387,158

481,209

717,642

877,988

15,485

21,703

69,894

66,049

152,685

Middle East

118,129

206,879

489,218

566,592

740,652

North America

122,984

105,723

98,615

128,779

144,896

South America

26,116

31,550

11,557

32,407

53,730

Rest of the World

34,067

17,424

17,561

5,921

10,398

434,177

565,011

450,419

560,321

596,451

Egypt

8,973

14,962

16,241

26,826

38,016.6

Kenya

399,198

520,686

400,965

495,687

511,333.5

3,140

1,202

1,752

2,587

2,980.6

Rwanda

637

498

488

3,786

2,879.3

Sudan

169

208

79

182

280.2

Other Europe

Imports from selected countries
COMESA

Mauritius

Swaziland

16,821

17,882

27,919

25,221

24,436.4

Zambia

480

839

980

1,576

972.8

Zimbabwe

918

921

383

871

1,134.9

3,842

7,812

1,612

3,583

14,416.5

Other Africa

160,147

177,881

188,853

242,712

375,101

South Africa

140,899

143,676

156,272

207,191

305,182

15,779

30,093

28,709

30,800

55,483

3,469

4,112

3,872

4,721

14,435

Asia

501,100

540,808

749,982

1,174,968

1,573,959

China

103,090

109,217

138,260

274,268

365,783

13,377

16,511

20,513

40,264

46,865

India

121,773

131,813

208,987

341,394

470,490

Japan

121,984

146,552

174,470

229,920

268,728

11,816

16,368

26,306

29,062

47,568

Other

Tanzania
Other

Hong Kong

Korea, Republic of
Malaysia

67,430

47,214

48,871

63,215

145,951

Pakistan

11,973

10,115

9,862

19,639

18,649

Singapore

12,169

9,798

37,268

60,089

94,234

Thailand

14,171

14,765

17,430

28,822

27,268

Viet Nam

10,655

11,732

10,972

5,525

8,943

Other

12,661

26,723

57,044

82,771

79,480

314,033

387,158

481,209

717,642

877,988

35,321

31,073

35,812

49,362

52,831

8,593

17,919

15,064

40,787

43,077

35,525

35,317

37,155

99,923

179,163

European Union
Belgium
Denmark
France

212

Table 4.2 D (cont’d):

Imports by region and country of origin (‘000 US $), 2004 – 2008

Region/Country

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Germany , Federal Republic of

36,346

49,256

74,869

81,144

88,424

Italy

20,433

49,222

33,127

45,097

87,467

Netherlands

37,165

43,875

51,672

55,985

75,457

7,643

5,582

5,653

16,972

12,361

84,422

99,405

124,021

117,897

137,642

Spain
United Kingdom
Sweden

30,343

22,643

31,863

98,707

96,535

Other

15,257

23,901

71,972

111,768

105,030

Other Europe

15,485

21,703

69,894

66,049

152,685

3,494

1,773

1,376

7,245

50,736

Norway
Romania

108

70

1,913

-

-

6,711

7,555

29,272

28,183

22,641

3,654

5,486

15,827

15,189

46,826

1,296

5,836

19,961

31,820

223

983

1,546

14,611
821

118,129

206,879

489,218

566,592

740,652

8,739

16,728

10,337

11,557

13,802

Saudi Arabia

14,893

22,776

52,277

45,720

115,665

United Arab Emirates

84,881

136,702

325,253

412,356

515,527

Switzerland
Turkey
Ukraine
Other
Middle East
Israel

Bahrain

662

731

20,767

85,815

59,113

46,843

Kuwait

3,051

3,982

6,426

23,947

27,884

Other

5,835

5,924

9,111

13,898

20,931

122,984

105,723

98,615

128,779

144,896

19,115

27,150

7,745

25,124

25,651

North America
Canada
Mexico

37

117

59

-

225

103,390

78,143

89,720

100,939

117,360

442

313

1,091

2,717

1,660

South America

26,116

31,550

11,557

32,407

53,730

Argentina

17,806

24,507

2,323

18,660

47,443

8,228

6,507

9,100

8,289

5,560

-

201

10

3,895

590

United States
Other

Brazil
Uruguay
Other
Rest of the World
Total
Source

:

UBOS, URA and UMEME

Note

:

2008 figures are provisional.

83

536

134

1,563

137

34,067

17,424

17,561

5,921

10,398

1,726,238

2,054,137

2,557,308

3,495,391

4,525,859

213

Table 4.2 E:
SITC

Description

00

Imports by value (‘000 US $), SITC groupings, 2004 – 2008
2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Live animals other than animals of division 03

584

802

435

862

1,244

01

Meat and meat preparations

571

816

739

933

1,242

02

Dairy products and bird's eggs

2,126

2,268

3,286

5,589

5,727

03

Fish, crustaceans and molluscs and preparations thereof

159

556

187

698

04

Cereals and cereal preparations

134,431

141,19

156,768

158,779

839
173,22
6

05

Vegetables and fruit

16,322

20,371

11,675

20,303

19,705

06

Sugars, sugar preparations and honey

29,003

42,453

71,349

71,457

07

Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices, and manufactures thereof

2,533

3,260

4,442

5,032

6,801

08

Animal Foodstuff (not including unmilled cereals)

457

334

340

1,172

758

09

Miscellaneous edible products and preparations

9,668

13,517

13,397

12,885

22,558

11

Beverages

9,437

6,633

11,707

19,294

40,012

12

Tobacco and tobacco manufactures

3,154

4,028

5,646

9,283

10,669

21

Hides, skins and furskins, raw

46

32

17

69

9

22

Oil-seeds and oleaginous fruits

5,311

11,651

7,164

5,085

5,377

23

Crude rubber (including synthetic and reclaimed)

188

156

369

394

296

24

Cork and wood

872

1,009

3,827

2,021

7,248

25

Pulp and waste paper

52

213

74

59

213

26

Textile fibres (other than wool tops), wastes; not manufactured

28,295

26,804

27,275

28,582

34,768

27

Crude fertilizers and minerals (excl. coal, petrol, precious stones)

12,476

11,376

12,525

17,974

26,866

28

Metalliferous ores and metal scrap

240

150

119

1,225

1,487

29

Crude animal and vegetable materials, nes

2,024

2,806

3,317

4,489

4,578

32

Coal, coke and briquettes

59

2,691

2,085

2,230

33

Petroleum, petroleum products and related materials

217,762

526,581

645,587

34

Gas, natural and manufactured

1,923

343,15
9
2,623

4,339
837,09
1

6,434

6,163

6,703

35

Electric Current

1

1

9,052

14,837

15,517

41

Animal oils and fats

1

6

25

28

42

Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated

45,175

46,928

68,410

103,325

74
195,52
9

43

Anim. or veget. fats and oils, processed; animal or vegetable waxes

26,894

26,773

21,287

21,771

31,846

51

Organic chemicals

11,399

17,515

21,800

31,927

48,271

52

Inorganic chemicals

10,595

14,154

14,978

18,545

31,894

53

Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials

5,716

6,450

9,482

11,057

15,912

54

Medical and pharmaceutical products

80,137

85,721

123,065

175,778

246,20
2

55

Essential oils, perfume materials; toilet cleaning preparations

36,529

42,171

52,457

52,786

71,679

56

Fertilizers , manufactured (other than those of group 272)

12,347

9,023

11,947

12,140

57

Plastics in primary forms

43,886

62,606

70,588

96,071

36,930
117,75
2

58

Plastics in non-primary forms

7,497

10,634

10,509

14,188

19,862

23,059

214

Table 4.2 E (cont’d): Imports by value (‘000 US $), SITC groupings, 2004 -2008

SITC

Description

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

59

16,776

20,141

22,709

30,976

50,819

61

Chemical materials and products, nes
Leather, leather manufactures, nes, and dressed
furskins

121

93

116

92

77

62

Rubber manufactures, nes

27,681

28,920

33,439

36,078

50,646

63

Cork and wood manufactures (excl. furniture)

2,887

3,024

2,783

4,203

4,352

64

Paper, paperboard, and articles of paper pulp,
paper or paperboard

48,513

50,098

62,131

69,127

99,416

65

Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles, nes, and
related products

40,028

42,703

53,372

73,979

73,378

66

Non-metallic mineral manufactures, nes

57,269

68,576

77,815

117,535

146,703

67

Iron and steel

96,020

118,823

141,632

173,423

309,514

68

Non-ferrous metals

12,522

12,938

16,120

22,948

25,765

69

Manufactures of metals, nes

37,518

37,682

42,993

74,106

102,390

71

Power generating machinery and equipment

33,990

21,240

57,964

50,709

116,904

72

Machinery specialized for particular industries

59,104

60,491

66,781

101,525

149,685

73

Metal working machinery

5,047

6,333

5,249

8,431

11,313

74

General industrial machinery and equipment, nes,
machine parts, nes

39,932

41,456

48,888

69,688

105,951

75

Office machines and automatic data-processing
machines

36,779

50,233

48,352

70,707

84,504

76

Telecommunications and sound
recording/reproducing apparatus, etc

82,764

100,410

137,029

349,160

300,634

77

Electrical machinery, apparatus and appliances,
nes

61,971

56,843

76,873

112,604

130,035

78

Road vehicles (including air-cushion vehicles)

144,695

192,198

216,357

294,310

338,433

79

9,447

8,095

5,294

6,729

12,484

8,001

8,088

9,834

15,372

11,844

82

Other transport equipment
Prefabricated buildings; sanitary, plumbing, etc,
fixtures and fittings
Furniture and parts thereof; bedding, mattresses,
mattress supports, etc

10,313

8,471

10,161

21,950

16,122

83

Travel goods, handbags and similar containers

5,208

4,922

4,552

5,809

8,928

84

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories

22,987

26,013

33,248

48,813

56,978

85

20,070

22,399

25,934

38,243

43,849

21,688

29,798

30,488

45,648

46,026

88

Footwear
Professional, scientific and controlling instruments
and apparatus, nes
Photographic apparatus, equipment and supplies
and optical goods; watches

4,877

4,990

4,514

6,233

7,519

89

Miscellaneous manufactured articles, nes

62,078

81,723

68,211

72,442

106,899

96

Coin (excl. gold coin), not being legal tender
Gold, non-monetary (excl. gold ores and
concentrates)
TOTAL

3

0

4

0

2

6,023
1,726,238

3
2,054,137

2,557,308

2,038
3,495,391

8
4,525,859

81

87

97

Source

:

UBOS, URA and UMEME

Note

:

2008 figures are provisional.

215

Table 4.2 F:

SITC

Description

00

Imports by percentage, SITC groupings, 2004- 2008

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Live animals other than animals of division 03

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.03

01

Meat and meat preparations

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.03

02

Dairy products and bird's eggs

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.13

03

Fish, crustaceans and molluscs and preparations thereof

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.02

04

Cereals and cereal preparations

7.8

6.9

6.1

4.5

3.83

05

Vegetables and fruit

0.9

1.0

0.5

0.6

0.44

06

Sugars, sugar preparations and honey

1.3

1.4

1.7

2.0

1.58

07

Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices, and manufactures thereof

0.1

0.2

0.2

0.1

0.15

08

Feeding stuff for animals (not including unmilled cereals)

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.02

09

Miscellaneous edible products and preparations

0.6

0.7

0.5

0.4

0.50

11

Beverages

0.5

0.3

0.5

0.6

0.88

12

Tobacco and tobacco manufactures

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.3

0.24

21

Hides, skins and furskins, raw

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.00

22

Oil-seeds and oleaginous fruits

0.3

0.6

0.3

0.1

0.12

23

Crude rubber (including synthetic and reclaimed)

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.01

24

Cork and wood

0.1

0.0

0.1

0.1

0.16

25

Pulp and waste paper

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.00

26

Textile fibres (other than wool tops), wastes; not manufactured

1.6

1.3

1.1

0.8

0.77

27

Crude fertilizers and minerals (excl. coal, petrol, precious stones)

0.7

0.6

0.5

0.5

0.59

28

Metalliferous ores and metal scrap

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.03

29

Crude animal and vegetable materials, nes

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.10

32

Coal, coke and briquettes

0.0

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.10

33

Petroleum, petroleum products and related materials

12.6

16.7

20.6

18.5

18.50

34

Gas, natural and manufactured

0.1

0.1

0.3

0.2

0.15

35

Electric Current

0.0

0.0

0.4

0.4

0.34

41

Animal oils and fats

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.00

42

Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated

2.6

2.3

2.7

3.0

4.32

43

Anim. or veget. fats and oils, processed; animal or vegetable waxes

1.6

1.3

0.8

0.6

0.70

51

Organic chemicals

0.7

0.9

0.9

0.9

1.07

52

Inorganic chemicals

0.6

0.7

0.6

0.5

0.70

53

Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials

0.3

0.3

0.4

0.3

0.35

54

Medical and pharmaceutical products

4.6

4.2

4.8

5.0

5.44

55

Essential oils, perfume materials; toilet cleaning preparations

2.1

2.1

2.1

1.5

1.58

56

Fertilizers , manufactured (other than those of group 272)

0.7

0.4

0.5

0.3

0.82

57

Plastics in primary forms

2.5

3.0

2.8

2.7

2.60

216

Table 4.2 F (cont’d):
SITC

Description

58
59
61

Imports by percentage, SITC groupings, 2004- 2008
2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Plastics in non-primary forms

0.4

0.5

0.4

0.4

0.44

Chemical materials and products, nes
Leather, leather manufactures, nes, and dressed furskins

1.0

1.0

0.9

0.9

1.12

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.00

62

Rubber manufactures, nes

1.6

1.4

1.3

1.0

1.12

63

Cork and wood manufactures (excl. furniture)

0.2

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.10

Paper, paperboard, and articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

2.8

2.4

2.4

2.0

2.20

Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles, nes, and related products

2.3

2.1

2.1

2.1

1.62

66

Non-metallic mineral manufactures, nes

3.3

3.3

3.0

3.4

3.24

67

Iron and steel

5.6

5.8

5.5

5.0

6.84

68

Non-ferrous metals

0.7

0.6

0.6

0.7

0.57

69

Manufactures of metals, nes

2.2

1.8

1.7

2.1

2.26

71

64
65

Power generating machinery and equipment

2.0

1.0

2.3

1.5

2.58

72

Machinery specialized for particular industries

3.4

2.9

2.6

2.9

3.31

73

Metal working machinery

0.3

0.3

0.2

0.2

0.25

General industrial machinery and equipment, nes, machine parts, nes

2.3

2.0

1.9

2.0

2.34

Office machines and automatic data-processing machines

2.1

2.4

1.9

2.0

1.87

Telecommunications and sound recording/reproducing apparatus, etc

4.8

4.9

5.4

10.0

6.64

Electrical machinery, apparatus and appliances, nes

3.6

2.8

3.0

3.2

2.87

78

Road vehicles (including air-cushion vehicles)

8.4

9.4

8.5

8.4

7.48

79

Other transport equipment

0.5

0.4

0.2

0.2

0.28

Prefabricated buildings; sanitary, plumbing, etc, fixtures and fittings

0.5

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.26

74
75
76
77

81
82

Furniture and parts thereof; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, etc

0.6

0.4

0.4

0.6

0.36

83

Travel goods, handbags and similar containers

0.3

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.20

84

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories

1.3

1.3

1.3

1.4

1.26

85

Footwear

1.2

1.1

1.0

1.1

0.97

Professional, scientific and controlling instruments and apparatus, nes

1.3

1.5

1.2

1.3

1.02

87
88

Photographic apparatus, equipment and supplies and optical goods; watches

0.3

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.17

89

Miscellaneous manufactured articles, nes

3.6

4.0

2.7

2.1

2.36

96

Coin (excl. gold coin), not being legal tender

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.00

Gold, non-monetary (excl. gold ores and concentrates)

0.3

0.0

-

0.1

0.00

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

97

TOTAL
Source

:

UBOS

Note

:

2008 figures are provisional.

217

Table 4.2 G:
Region/Country

Exports by region and country of destination (‘000 US $), 2004 - 2008
2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

COMESA

177,995

249,336

283,747

506,509

725,152

Other Africa

37,823
181,756

38,931
252,708

37,763

87,745

72,493

263,752

324,395

460,218

113,676

82,466

49,074

91,361

158,982

North America

19,185

18,340

16,442

23,777

19,835

Middle East

37,060

88,111

198,544

190,847

139,064

Asia

59,025

61,180

75,194

71,937

98,183

379

1,005

899

2,472

305

80

566

297

159

2,576

38,111

20,214

36,483

37,465

47,492

Exports by region

European Union
Other Europe

South America
Rest of the World
Unknown
Export to selected countries
COMESA

177,995

249,335

283,747

506,509

725,152

D. R. Congo

28,913

60,404

44,820

100,046

124,990

Rwanda

24,683

36,088

30,525

83,309

136,895

Sudan

22,676

50,487

91,746

157,117

245,873

Kenya

76,903

72,437

88,002

118,191

164,631

Burundi

18,113

20,801

20,554

42,719

45,383

2,533

3,334

4,154

2,800

2,504

Egypt
Other

4,175

5,783

3,946

2,327

4,875

Other Africa

37,823

38,931

37,763

87,745

72,493

South Africa
Tanzania

9,250
12,155

9,796
15,444

10,852
13,749

10,730
30,599

14,868
30,528

Congo BR

12,593

9,876

8,081

42,267

22,008

3,824

3,814

5,081

4,149

5,088

181,756

252,708

263,752

324,395

460,218

United Kingdom

29,438

26,831

29,959

53,284

118,391

Germany, Federal Republic

17,677

33,768

41,889

65,098

75,008

Belgium

26,685

33,147

39,592

52,788

63,680

Netherlands

57,860

85,413

61,889

66,568

81,797

France

22,702

39,581

38,322

32,571

33,637

Spain

13,914

17,988

19,262

26,648

26,876

4,509

5,744

14,555

13,285

33,610

Other
European Union

Italy
Other

8,972

10,235

18,284

14,154

27,221

Other Europe

113,676

82,466

49,074

91,361

158,982

Switzerland

108,779

74,857

32,839

86,621

155,709

426

1,511

1,304

-

-

Other
North America

4,471
19,185

6,098
18,340

14,931
16,442

4,740
23,777

3,272
19,835

United States

15,714

15,892

14,211

19,593

15,697

3,064

2,094

1,896

2,873

1,297

407

877

335

1,311

2,842

Romania

Canada
Other

218

Table 4.2 G (cont’d):

Region/Country
Middle East
Israel
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other

Exports by region and country of destination (‘000 US $), 2004 – 2008

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

37,060

88,111

198,544

190,847

139,064

1,210

2,826

10,124

9,408

5,846

1,625

14

104

77

2,160

33,458

84,389

186,313

177,897

128,111

767

881

2,003

3,465

2,946

Asia

59,025

61,180

75,194

71,937

98,183

Hong Kong

15,845

12,936

12,449

10,255

16,067

3,417

3,967

7,151

2,397

1,735

Australia
Japan
Singapore

5,975

5,220

3,943

5,310

8,233

22,799

28,945

34,538

22,515

26,020

India

1,103

685

1,753

4,270

18,735

China

4,741

5,709

6,890

14,407

12,788

95

544

3,569

6,419

7,639

5,051

3,174

4,900

6,364

6,966

379

1,005

899

2,472

305

Viet Nam
Other
South America
Brazil
Colombia
Others
Rest of the World
Unknown

Total

90

23

0

1,877

299

238

172

34

27

-

52

810

865

568

6

80

566

297

159

2,576

38,111

20,214

36,483

37,465

47,492

665,090

812,857

962,193

1,336,668

1,724,300

Source

:

UBOS, URA, UCDA and UMEME

Note

:

2008 figures are provisional.

219

Table 4.2 H:

Exports by percentage, region and country of destination, 2004 - 2008

Region/Country

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

COMESA

26.8

30.7

29.5

37.9

42.1

5.7

4.8

3.9

6.6

4.2

Other Africa
European Union

27.7

31.1

27.4

24.3

26.7

Other Europe

16.7

10.1

5.1

6.8

9.2

Europe

10.2

21.0

22.3

17.4

17.5

North America

2.9

2.3

1.7

1.8

1.2

Middle East

5.6

10.8

20.6

14.3

8.1

Asia

8.9

7.5

7.8

5.4

5.7

South America

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.0

Rest of the World

0.0

0.1

0.0

0.0

0.1

Unknown

5.7

2.5

3.8

2.8

2.8

D.R.Congo

4.3

7.4

4.7

7.5

7.2

Rwanda

3.7

4.4

3.2

6.2

7.9

Sudan

3.4

6.2

9.5

11.8

14.3

Kenya

11.6

8.9

9.1

8.8

9.5

2.7

2.6

2.1

3.2

2.6

Export to selected countries
COMESA

Burundi
Egypt

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.2

0.1

Other

0.6

0.7

0.4

0.2

0.3

South Africa

1.4

1.2

1.1

0.8

0.9

Tanzania

1.8

1.9

1.4

2.3

1.8

Congo BR

1.9
2.5

1.2
1.7

0.8

3.2

1.3

1.4

3.5

0.3

Other Africa

Other
European Union
United Kingdom

4.4

3.3

3.1

4.0

6.9

Germany, Federal Republic

2.7

4.2

4.4

4.9

4.4

Belgium

4.0

4.1

4.1

3.9

3.7

Netherlands

8.7

10.5

6.4

5.0

4.7

France

3.4

4.9

4.0

2.4

2.0

Spain

2.1

2.2

2.0

2.0

1.6

Italy

0.7

0.7

1.5

1.0

1.9

Other

2.0

2.0

3.4

2.1

1.6

Other Europe
16.4

9.2

3.4

6.5

9.0

Romania

0.1

0.2

0.1

0.0

0.0

Other

0.7

0.8

1.6

0.4

0.2

United States

2.4

2.0

1.5

1.5

0.9

Canada

0.5

0.3

0.2

0.2

0.1

Other

0.1

0.0

0.0

0.1

0.2

Switzerland

North America

220

Table 4.2 H (cont’d):

Region/Country

Exports by percentage, region and country of destination, 2004 –
2008
2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Israel

0.2

0.3

1.1

0.7

0.3

Saudi arabia

0.2

0

0

0

0.1

5

10.4

19.4

13.3

7.4

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.2

Middle East

United Arab Emirates
Other
Asia
Hong Kong

2.4

1.6

1.3

0.8

0.9

Australia

0.5

0.5

0.7

0.2

0.1

Japan

0.9

0.6

0.4

0.4

0.5

Singapore

3.4

3.6

3.6

1.7

1.5

India

0.2

0.1

0.2

0.3

1.1

China

0.7

0.7

0.7

1.1

0.7

0

0.1

0.4

0.5

0.4

1.7

1.2

1.8

2.4

0.4

Brazil

0

0

0

0.1

0

Colombia

0

0

0

0

0

Others

0

0.1

0.1

0.1

0

Rest of the World

0

0

0

0

0.1

Unknown

5.7

2.3

0

2.8

2.8

Total

100

100

100

100

100

Viet Nam
Other
South America

Source

:

UBOS

Note

:

2008 figures are still provisional

221

Table 4.2 I:

Exports by value (‘000 US $), SITC grouping, 2004 - 2008

SITC2

Description

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

00

Live animals other than animals of division 03

131

85

31

1,711

2,109

01

Meat and meat preparations

451

831

469

261

530

02

Dairy products and bird's eggs

306

432

306

668

4,994

03

Fish, crustaceans and molluscs and preparations thereof

100,028

139,864

140,705

124,388

119,889

04

Cereals and cereal preparations

26,360

31,040

36,689

40,736

49,587

05

Vegetables and fruit

12,237

12,469

13,408

85,659

32,481

06

Sugars, sugar preparations and honey

1,837

6,884

11,760

29,562

39,613

07

Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices, and manufactures thereof

174,832

223,691

255,772

275,170

478,566

08

Feeding stuff for animals (not including unmilled cereals)

958

1,584

1,152

12,854

2,969

09

Miscellaneous edible products and preparations

1,294

2,381

1,698

16,068

5,542

11

Beverages

2,893

7,228

11,234

26,221

52,291

12

Tobacco and tobacco manufactures

40,805

32,281

27,654

57,292

69,350

21

Hides, skins and furskins, raw

4,864

6,560

6,872

5,334

2,784

22

Oil-seeds and oleaginous fruits

3,350

5,374

5,874

6,146

20,647

23

Crude rubber (including synthetic and reclaimed)

-

29

7

5

5

24

Cork and wood

13

75

130

495

1,568

25

Pulp and waste paper

1

28

6

75

82

26

Textile fibres (other than wool tops), wastes; not manufactured

49,329

39,267

26,778

25,350

21,139

27

Crude fertilizers and minerals (excl. coal, petrol, precious stones)

28

Metalliferous ores and metal scrap

29

Crude animal and vegetable materials, nes

32

Coal, coke and briquettes

33

Petroleum, petroleum products and related materials

34

Gas, Natural

35

Electric current

41

Animal oils and fats

42

Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated

2,305

43

Anim. or veget. fats and oils, processed; animal or vegetable waxes

51
52

1,355

876

747

3,548

1,136

503

14,446

19,447

21,321

25,475

35,234

39,823

41,072

51,743

58,243

16

263

0

32,979

37,344

39,955

50,593

0

4

143

100

4,860

4,855

8,690

10,873

1

1,949

14

1,957

4,623

19,157

16,000

4,080

7,285

11,797

41,074

29,249

Organic chemicals

223

580

566

1,459

2,267

Inorganic chemicals

296

675

229

1,138

8,304

53

Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials

420

948

1,002

3,373

3,774

54

Medical and pharmaceutical products

2,078

1,390

1,431

2,776

4,255

55

Essential oils, perfume materials; toilet cleaning preparations

10,785

13,172

10,301

27,113

34,132

56

Fertilizers , manufactured (other than those of group 272)

367

42

208

82

183

57

Plastics in primary forms

308

1,315

660

1,312

1,857

58

Plastics in non-primary forms

1,955

560

1,024

1,998

2,819

59

Chemical materials and products, nes

149

655

390

2,523

1,035

28,145

12,074

222

Table 4.2 I (cont’d):

Exports by value (‘000 US $), SITC grouping, 2004 - 2008

SITC2

Description

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

61

Leather, leather manufactures, nes, and dressed
furskins

549

505

1,160

11,403

9,747

62

Rubber manufactures, nes

430

300

531

2,166

1,292

Cork and wood manufactures (excl. furniture)

1,441

1,888

2,479

2,675

9,819

Paper, paperboard, and articles of paper pulp,
paper or paperboard

2,702

2,895

2,058

4,708

6,157

65

Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles, nes, and
related products

2,832

5,258

5,030

11,381

14,999

66

Non-metallic mineral manufactures, nes

2,043

5,372

12,134

32,113

86,753

67

Iron and steel

18,123

29,699

31,325

62,637

102,593

68

Non-ferrous metals

309

262

135

4,117

4,078

69

Manufactures of metals, nes

2,639

6,014

2,964

6,840

8,545

71

Power generating machinery and equipment

447

1,310

2,120

3,820

7,893

Machinery specialized for particular industries

3,386

4,926

6,551

10,030

27,344

73

Metal working machinery

3,509

1,891

902

14,993

11,409

74

General industrial machinery and equipment,
nes, machine parts, nes

738

1,544

1,679

9,831

4,780

75

Office machines and automatic data-processing
machines

914

536

576

1,195

4,001

76

Telecommunications and sound
recording/reproducing apparatus, etc

5,896

16,094

54,672

67,406

73,202

77

Electrical machinery, apparatus and appliances,
nes

1,136

1,488

1,401

25,385

10,552

Road vehicles (including air-cushion vehicles)

8,114

13,286

19,605

27,437

44,586

79

Other transport equipment

1,573

1,507

2,017

8,973

3,497

81

Prefabricated buildings; sanitary, plumbing, etc,
fixtures and fittings

61

213

1,490

915

2,805

82

Furniture and parts thereof; bedding, mattresses,
mattress supports, etc

1,835

2,730

2,984

3,943

5,592

83

Travel goods, handbags and similar containers

81

44

13

128

116

84

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories

4,704

4,700

1,624

3,777

1,107

85

Footwear

186

512

394

3,594

2,997

87

Professional, scientific and controlling
instruments and apparatus, nes
Photographic apparatus, equipment and supplies
and optical goods; watches
Miscellaneous manufactured articles, nes

5,279

833

4,184

2,669

5,548

137

460

173

1,279

667

14,860

3,851

5,155

16,598

76,746

61,200

73,074

122,579

1,131

43,019

0

-

0

57,911

-

665,090

812,857

962,193

63
64

72

78

88
89
97

Gold, non-monetary (excl. gold ores and
concentrates)
Monetary Gold

98

TOTAL
Source

:

UBOS, URA, UCDA and UMEME

Note

:

2008 figures are provisional.

1,336,668

1,724,300

223

Table 4.2 J:

SITC2

Re-exports by value (‘000 US $), SITC grouping, 2004 – 2008

Description

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

5

1

0

20

3

19

102

311

2
1

Meat and meat preparations

2

Dairy products and bird's eggs

3

Fish, crustaceans and molluscs and preparations thereof

4

Cereals and cereal preparations

5
6
7

Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices, and manufactures thereof

8

Feeding stuff for animals (not including un limited cereals)

9

Miscellaneous edible products and preparations

42
11

953

139

6,264

328

10,613

9,522

7,039

13,551

19,604

Vegetables and fruit

4,556

3,250

370

7,044

4,455

Sugars, sugar preparations and honey

1,204

5,763

1,327

15,797

28,583

79

353

11

1,499

366

5

8

0

180

-

1,011

2,330

328

1,256

2,524

11

Beverages

12

Tobacco and tobacco manufactures

21

Hides, skins and furskins, raw

22

Oil-seeds and oleaginous fruits

23

Crude Rubber (including synthetic and reclaimed)

24

Cork and wood

25

Pulp and waste paper

26

Textile fibres (other than wool tops), wastes; not manufactured

27

Crude fertilizers and minerals (excl. coal, petrol, precious stones)

28

Metalliferous ores and metal scrap

29

Crude animal and vegetable materials, nes

33

Petroleum, petroleum products and related materials

34

Gas, natural and manufactured

41

Animal oils and fats

42

Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated

43

Anim. or veget. fats and oils, processed; animal or vegetable waxes

51
52
53

Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials

54

7

75

112

3,212

19,217

1,130

3,099

107

1,674

444

90

14

13

30

7

-

0

301

1

1,150

-

19

0

24

5

13

55

62

53

73

1,064

28

4

1,255

1

2,670

2,238

59

6,077

37

122

23

7

420

12

26

7

5

8

0

0

0

76

248

27,934

26,189

36,898

34,597

44,355

0

18

90

0

0

-

13

196

22

852

294

3,720

5,665

743

3,818

3,361

Organic chemicals

133

510

279

707

1,089

Inorganic chemicals

240

588

202

227

651

65

180

157

337

253

Medical and pharmaceutical products

875

792

1,120

1,090

1,187

55

Essential oils, perfume materials; toilet cleaning preparations

710

1,728

434

2,242

3,810

56

Fertilizer, Manufactured (other than those of group 27)

324

12

208

13

135

57

Plastics in primary forms

186

1,276

469

582

1,106

58

Plastics in non-primary forms

61

34

82

257

225

224

Table 4.2 J (cont’d):

SITC2

Re-exports by value (‘000 US $), SITC grouping, 2004 – 2008

Description

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008
182

59

Chemical materials and products, nes

60

625

147

428

61

Leather, leather manufactures, nes, and dressed furskins

96

35

0

45

-

62

Rubber manufactures, nes

-

237

275

349

683

63

Cork and wood manufactures (excl. furniture)

410

104

37

84

95

64

Paper, paperboard, and articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

51

799

113

561

908

65

Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles, nes, and related products

779

2,236

516

3,700

5,257

66

Non-metallic mineral manufactures, nes

651

599

104

2,522

432

67

Iron and steel

93

1,657

392

4,510

13,286

68

Non-ferrous metals

69

Manufactures of metals, nes

71

Power generating machinery and equipment

768

72

Machinery specialized for particular industries

104

73

Metal working machinery

3,056

74

General industrial machinery and equipment, nes, machine parts, nes

2,786

75

Office machines and automatic data-processing machines

76

Telecommunications and sound recording/reproducing apparatus, etc

77

Electrical machinery, apparatus and appliances, nes

78

Road vehicles (including air-cushion vehicles)

79

Other transport equipment

81
82

Prefabricated buildings; sanitary, plumbing, etc, fixtures and fittings
Furniture and parts thereof; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports,
etc

83

Travel goods, handbags and similar containers

84

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories

85

Footwear

87
88

Professional, scientific and controlling instruments and apparatus, nes
Photographic apparatus, equipment and supplies and optical goods;
watches

89

Miscellaneous manufactured articles, nes

96
97

1,189

107

4

688

133

1

1,649

871

1,206

1,489

790

555

2,181

6,430

4,624

5,760

7,201

24,530

1,703

278

12,937

10,757

1,028

933

7,147

2,914

621

242

244

570

3,291

565

14,865

48,336

47,443

71,659

4,971

1,328

381

22,156

2,849

366

13,082

3,483

12,526

40,005

7,212

169

55

5,674

2,191

670

40

69

118

1,900

46

154

129

373

227

92

42

9

15

75

81

140

18

550

453

9

98

108

372

693

5,025

616

3,901

1,538

3,735

26

348

148

960

600

265

1,091

218

3,870

9,242

Coin (excl. gold coin), not being legal tender

0

0

0

363

-

Gold, non-monetary (excl. gold ores and concentrates)

0

0

193

420

34,575

84,142

113,867

119,993

237,356

378,972

TOTAL

Source

:

UBOS, URA, UCDA and UMEME

Note

:

2008 figures are provisional.

225

Table 4.2 K:

Re-exports by value (‘000 US $), 2004 - 2008

Commodity

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

29

341

-

24

41

1,078

3,035

100

1,786

226

Traditional
Coffee
Tobacco
Non-traditional
Fish and Fish Products

9

-

139

14

299

Beans and Other Legumes

4,469

3,175

369

6,767

3,680

Maize

8,617

5,846

6,353

8,463

7,371

55

113

25

148

294

306

1,009

419

1,007

72

27,711

25,517

36,345

34,098

43,916

Soap
Hoes and Hand Tools
Petroleum Products
Plastic Products

263

1,365

533

2,741

1,923

Animal/Vegetable Fats and Oils

4,056

6,608

1,064

5,214

4,413

Sugar & Sugar Confectionary

1,204

5,763

1,327

21,838

28,583

885

1,584

239

3,602

13,086

35,235

59,452

72,807

151,221

275,068

1,107

3,376

100

1,810

281

Non-Traditional

83,036

110,492

119,893

235,545

378,691

All Products

84,142

113,868

119,993

237,356

378,972

Iron and Steel
Other
Traditional

Source

:

UBOS, URA, UCDA and UMEME

Note

:

2008 figures are provisional.

226

Table 4.2 L:

Re-exports by region and country of destination (‘000 US $), 2004 - 2008

Region/Country

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

11,365

30,778

7,554

39,063

39,985

Rwanda

7,127

10,083

2,911

10,854

18,100

Kenya

8,764

7,510

3,946

7,722

13,899

Sudan

1,105

11,626

3,343

34,923

65,616

Burundi

10,063

6,774

4,460

10,782

9,495

788

503

2,603

212

4,157

6,386

2,916

1,365

3,303

28,762

COMESA
D.R.Congo

Other
European Union
United Kingdom
Netherlands
Belgium
Germany

72

87

123

413

2,878

211

84

122

224

1,664

1,328

2,516

442

466

1,962

France

250

138

109

422

2,531

Other

587

1,915

1,057

2,148

9,978

China

77

176

63

135

2,474

Japan

72

37

19

37

3,748

9

360

52

2

253

Hong Kong

185

394

2

71

213

India

204

164

197

444

5,169

Asia

Pakistan

Thailand
Other

2

24

-

41

2,411

515

255

109

326

2,746

Middle East
Oman
United Arab Emirates

-

-

-

2

12

1,524

9,979

47,158

76,028

95,644

41

216

206

21

1,170

252

98

205

2,347

1,830

2

49

2

11

383

Other
North America
United States
Canada
Other
Rest of the World

79

1

70

0

2

33,136

27,208

43,872

47,398

19,972

0
237,356

378,972

Unknown
Total Re-exports

0

0

0

84,142

113,868

119,993

Source

:

UBOS, URA, UCDA and UMEME

Note

:

2008 figures are provisional.

43,915

Table 4.2 M:

Imports by percentage, region and country of origin, 2004 – 2008

Region/Country

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

COMESA

25.2

27.5

17.6

16.0

13.2

9.3

8.7

7.4

6.9

8.3

Asia

29.0

26.3

29.3

33.6

34.8

European Union

18.2

18.8

18.8

20.5

19.4

Other Europe

0.9

1.1

2.7

1.9

3.4

Middle East

6.8

10.1

19.1

16.2

16.4

North America

7.1

5.1

3.9

3.7

3.2

South America

1.5

1.5

0.5

0.9

1.2

Rest of the World

2.0

0.8

0.7

0.2

0.2
13.2

Other Africa

Imports from selected countries
COMESA

25.2

27.5

17.6

16.0

Egypt

0.5

0.7

0.6

0.8

0.8

Kenya

23.1

25.3

15.7

14.2

11.3

Mauritius

0.2

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

Rwanda

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.1

0.1

Sudan

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Swaziland

1.0

0.9

1.1

0.7

0.5

Zambia

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Zimbabwe

0.1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Other

0.2

0.4

0.1

0.1

0.3

Other Africa

9.3

8.7

7.4

6.9

8.3

South Africa

8.2

7.0

Tanzania

6.1

5.9

6.7

1.1

0.9

1.2

Other

1.1

1.7

0.2

0.1

0.3

Asia

29.0

26.3

29.3

33.6

34.8

China

6.0

5.3

5.4

7.8

8.1

Hongkong

0.8

0.8

0.8

1.2

1.0

India

7.1

6.4

8.2

9.8

10.4

Japan

7.1

7.1

6.8

6.6

5.9

Korea, Republic of

0.7

0.8

1.0

0.8

1.1

Malaysia

3.9

2.3

1.9

1.8

3.2

Pakistan

0.7

0.5

0.4

0.6

0.4

Singapore

0.7

0.5

1.5

1.7

2.1

Thailand

0.8

0.7

0.7

0.8

0.6

Viet Nam

0.6

0.6

0.4

0.2

0.2

Other

0.7

1.3

2.2

2.4

1.8

18.2

18.8

18.8

20.5

19.4

Belgium

2.0

1.5

1.4

1.4

1.2

Denmark

0.5

0.9

0.6

1.2

1.0

France

2.1

1.7

1.5

2.9

4.0

Germany, Federal Republic of

2.1

2.4

2.9

2.3

2.0

Italy

1.2

2.4

1.3

1.3

1.9

Netherlands

2.2

2.1

2.0

1.6

1.7

European Union

Spain

0.4

0.3

0.2

0.5

0.3

United Kingdom

4.9

4.8

4.8

3.4

3.0

Sweden

1.8

1.1

1.2

2.8

2.1

Other

1.1

1.6

2.8

3.2

2.3

228

Table 4.2 M (cont’d):

Imports by percentage, region and country of origin, 2004 - 2008

Region/Country

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Other Europe

0.9

1.1

2.7

1.9

3.4

Norway

0.2

0.1

0.1

0.2

1.1

Romania

0.0

0.0

0.1

-

-

Switzerland

0.4

0.4

1.1

0.8

0.5

Turkey

0.2

0.3

0.6

0.4

1.0

Ukrainain SSR

0.1

0.3

0.8

0.4

0.7

Other

0.3

0.6

1.5

0.0

0.0

Middle East

6.8

10.1

19.1

16.2

16.4

Isreal

0.5

0.8

0.4

0.3

0.3

Saudi Arabia

0.9

1.1

2.0

1.3

2.6

United Arab Emirates

4.9

6.7

12.7

11.8

11.4

Bahrain

0.0

1.0

3.4

1.7

1.0

Kuwait

0.2

0.2

0.3

0.7

0.6

Other

0.6

1.5

4.0

0.4

0.5

North America

7.1

5.1

3.9

3.7

3.2

Canada

1.1

1.3

0.3

0.7

0.6

Mexico

0.0

0.0

0.0

-

0.0

United States

6.0

3.8

3.5

2.9

2.6

Other

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.1

0.0

South America

1.5

1.5

0.5

0.9

1.2

Argentina

1.0

1.2

0.1

0.5

1.0

Brazil

0.5

0.3

0.4

0.2

0.1

Uruguay

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.1

0.0

Other

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Rest of the World

2.0

0.8

0.7

0.2

0.2

-

-

-

-

-

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

Unknown
Total

Source

:

UBOS

Note

:

2008 figures are provisional.

229

4.3

Government Finance Statistics

Table 4.3 A:

Summary of Central Government Budgetary and Financial Operations,
2004/05 - 2008/09 (billion shillings)

ITEM
Revenues and Grants
Revenues
URA
Non-URA
Grants
Budget Support
Project Support
Expenditure and Lending
Recurrent Expenditures
Wages and Salaries
Interest Payments
Non Wage
Statutory
Development Expenditures
Domestic
External
Net Lending/Repayments
Domestic Arrears Repayment
Overall Fiscal Bal. (excl. Grants)
Overall Fiscal Bal. (incl. Grants)
Financing:
External Financing (Net)
Loans
Budget Support
Project Support
Amortization
External Arrears Repayment.
Exceptional Financing
Foreign deposits
Domestic Financing (Net)
Errors and Omissions

2004/05
Outturn
3,169.9
1,914.6
1,887.7
26.9
1,255.2
823.6
431.6

2005/06
Outturn
3,209.8
2,314.0
2,231.0
83.0
895.8
483.9
411.9

2006/07
Outturn
3,993.5
2,722.5
2,625.8
96.7
1,271.0
733.2
537.8

2007/08
Outturn
3,909.5
3,246.8
3,161.1
85.7
662.7
475.2
187.5

2008/09
Projection
4,743.0
3,829.7
3.700.0
129.7
913.2
388.9
524.3

3,277.5
1,986.9
774.2
237.8
825.1
149.8
1,232.0
487.1
744.9
(7.6)
66.3

3,609.2
2,233.6
866.5
249.9
895.9
221.3
1,314.4
518.5
795.9
(29.3)
90.5

4,384.5
2,442.2
986.5
236.3
1,066.9
152.5
1,690.6
713.8
976.8
101.1
150.5

4,382.7
2,881.3
1,106.1
309.4
1,301.1
164.7
1,380.3
737.6
642.7
(162.9)
284.1

5,983.6
3,250.0
1,198.3
365.7
1,453.4
232.6
2,458.4
1,203.7
1,254.7
(26.8)
302.0

(1,362.8)
(107.6)
107.6
126.3
285.1
11.2
273.8
(142.9)
(5.0)
(10.9)
(42.0)
23.3

(1,295.2)
(399.4)
399.4
257.7
466.2
77.1
389.1
(149.3)
(41.2)

(1,622.0)
(391.0)
391.0
672.3
1,042.3
465.1
577.2
(104.7)
(5.7)
(39.3)
(220.4)
(261.7)
(19.6)

(1,135.9)
(473.2)
473.2
588.1
498.9
4.1
494.8
(86.7)
(8.4)
(22.7)
207.0
(234.6)
119.6

(2,153.8)
(1,240.6)
1,240.6
942.7
1,104.4
396.6
707.8
(95.7)
(38.2)
(27.8)
297.9
-

81.3
42.4

Note: The revenue excludes extra-budgetary revenue. It also excludes government taxes and refunds.
Recurrent expenditure excludes repayment of loans
Grants: – Budget support is conditional and project support is unconditional.
Details of revenue (including extra-budgetary incomes) are shown in table 4.3 B(a)
Source: Ministry of Finance Planning and Economic Development

230

Table 4.3 B (a):

Classification of Revenue 2004/05 – 2008/09 (Million shillings)

Revenue Items

2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

2007/08

2008/09*

3,344,023

3,325,075

4,146,300

4,152,522

5,135,677

1,999,342

2,325,648

2,753,397

3,373,371

4,056,397

Gains

554,067

597,805

689,622

799,182

955,727

PAYE (Payable by individuals)

245,325

307,566

368,627

451,375

515,021

Corporations and Other Enterprises

176,324

197,208

197,046

213,716

284,471

Unallocable

132,418

93,031

123,949

134,091

156,235

(b) Taxes on property

5,869

6,469

8,322

9,652

13,176

Immovable property

5,869

6,469

8,322

9,652

13,176

1,157,359

1,348,846

1,578,264

1,997,381

2,352,100

Total Revenue (1+2)
1.

Central Government Taxes
(a) Taxes on Income, Profits ,and Capital

(c) Taxes on goods and services
(i) VAT

662,169

782,073

925,140

1,136,348

1,329,661

Imported goods

363,050

429,339

512,409

655,631

697,353

Local goods

149,695

196,509

235,775

365,788

486,592

Local services

149,424

156,225

176,956

114,929

145,716

495,190

566,773

653,124

861,033

1,022,439

309,917

382,882

403,028

579,108

666,517

49,268

24,609

64,760

64,071

84,303

136,005

159,282

185,336

217,854

271,619

51,034

63,551

101,984

62,508

108,468

50,666

63,210

84,395

45,499

82,597

368

341

17,589

17,009

25,871

146,543

272,933

313,539

401,342

533,233

146,543

272,933

313,539

401,342

533,233

84,470

36,044

61,666

103,306

93,693

Government procurement

15,495

16,699

29,786

45,904

37,000

Other

68,975

19,345

31,880

57,402

56,693

1,344,681

999,427

1,392,903

779,151

1,079,280

1,255,203

895,800

1,271,000

662,700

913,200

89,478

103,627

121,903

116,451

166,080

9,447

9,872

19,307

0

0

Interest

1,329

310

3,471

-

-

Dividends

2,616

2,480

7,243

-

-

23

-

-

-

-

5,479

7,026

8,373

-

-

56

220

-

-

22,252

78,180

26,125

30,934

(ii) Excise Taxes
Petroleum
Other imports
Local goods
(d) Taxes on permission to use goods or
perform activities
Motor vehicle taxes
Other
(e) Other taxes on International trade
Custom duties (other imports)
(f) Other Taxes

2. Central Government Non-Tax revenue
(a) Grants
(b) Other Revenue
(i) Property Income

Withdraw from projects
Rent
Other property income
(ii) Sale of goods and services

55,763

Disposal of Assets

-

4,648

54,057

-

-

Administrative fees

55,763

17,604

24,123

26,125

30,934

(iii) Fines and Penalties

-

1,607

2,090

1,593

1,887

(iv) Voluntary transfers other than grants

-

-

-

-

-

24,268

69,896

22,326

88,733

133,259

(v) Miscellaneous and unidentified revenue

Note: (i) The data used is audited accounts of URA and MFPED
(ii) * data are projected
Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

231

Table 4.3 B (b):

Classification of Revenue 2004/05 – 2008/09 (by percentage)

Revenue Items
Total Revenue (1+2)
1.

Central Government Taxes

2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

2007/08

2008/09*

100

100

100

100

100

59.8

69.9

66.4

81.2

79.0

(a) Taxes on Income, Profits ,and Capital
Gains

16.6

18.0

16.6

19.2

18.6

PAYE (Payable by individuals)

7.3

9.2

8.9

10.9

10.0

Corporations and Other Enterprises

5.3

5.9

4.8

5.1

5.5

Unallocable

4.0

2.8

3.0

3.2

3.0

(b) Taxes on property

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.3

Immovable property

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.3

34.6

40.6

38.1

48.1

45.8

19.8

23.5

22.3

27.4

25.9

10.9

12.9

12.4

15.8

13.6

Local goods

4.5

5.9

5.7

8.8

9.5

Local services

4.5

4.7

4.3

2.8

2.8

14.8

17.0

15.8

20.7

19.9

Petroleum

9.3

11.5

9.7

13.9

13.0

Other imports

1.5

0.7

1.6

1.5

1.6

Local goods

4.1

4.8

4.5

5.2

5.3

(c) Taxes on goods and services
(i) VAT
Imported goods

(ii) Excise Taxes

(d) Taxes on permission to use goods or
perform activities

1.5

1.9

2.5

1.5

2.1

Motor vehicle taxes

1.5

1.9

2.0

1.1

1.6

Other

0.0

0.0

0.4

0.4

0.5

4.4

8.2

7.6

9.7

10.4

4.4

8.2

7.6

9.7

10.4

2.5

1.1

1.5

2.5

1.8

Government procurement

0.5

0.5

0.7

1.1

0.7

Other

2.1

0.6

0.8

1.4

1.1

40.2

30.1

33.6

18.8

21.0

37.5

26.9

30.7

16.0

17.8

2.7

3.1

2.9

2.8

3.2

0.3

0.3

0.5

0.0

0.0

Interest

0.0

0.0

0.1

0.0

0.0

Dividends

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.0

0.0

Withdraw from projects

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Rent

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.0

0.0

Other property income

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

1.7

0.7

1.9

0.7

0.6

Disposal of Assets

0.0

0.1

1.3

0.0

0.0

Administrative fees

1.7

0.5

0.6

0.6

0.6

(iii) Fines and Penalties

0.0

0.0

0.1

0.0

0.0

(iv) Voluntary transfers other than grants

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

(v) Miscellaneous and unidentified revenue

0.7

2.1

0.5

2.1

2.6

(e) Other taxes on International trade
Custom duties (other imports)
(f) Other Taxes

2. Central Government Non-Tax revenue
(a) Grants
(b) Other Revenue
(i) Property Income

(ii) Sale of goods and services

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

232

Table 4.3 C (a):

Function Classification of Central Government Recurrent Expenditure
2004/05 - 2008/09 (Million shillings)

Function classification

2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

2007/08
Provisional

General Public Administration

257,731

410,176

712,816

764,363

1,089,029

Defence

361,150

376,354

392,882

439,821

530,738

Public Order and Safety Affairs

158,241

188,192

232,742

260,719

298,936

Education

123,781

123,612

267,307

266,748

244,637

77,748

86,501

71,771

113,378

175,437

9,038

8,569

22,014

36,087

20,999

Economic services

11,319

27,203

22,510

33,227

77,022

Agriculture

10,708

15,077

22,617

38,008

33,537

Roads

21,794

28,560

72,719

114,201

152,721

Health
Community and Social services

Water
Repayment of loans
Pensions
Total

Approved
2008/09

849

2,012

2,887

3,941

5,814

367,113

260,718

-

-

-

77,548

102,110

-

-

-

1,477,020

1,629,084

1,820,265

2,070,493

2,628,870

NOTE: (i) Transfers from Treasury to decentralised districts and Urban Administration are not included.
Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

Table 4.3 C(b):

Function Classification of Central Government Recurrent Expenditure
2004/05 – 2008/09 (by percentage)

Function classification

Approved
2008/09

2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

2007/08

General Public Admin

17.4

25.2

39.2

36.9

41.4

Defence

24.5

23.1

21.6

21.2

20.2

Public Order and Safety Affairs

10.7

11.6

12.8

12.6

11.4

Education

8.4

7.6

14.7

12.9

9.3

Health

5.3

5.3

3.9

5.5

6.7

Community and Social services

0.6

0.5

1.2

1.7

0.8

Economic services

0.8

1.7

1.2

1.6

2.9

Agriculture

0.7

0.9

1.2

1.8

1.3

Roads

1.5

1.8

4

5.5

5.8

Water

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.2

0.2

24.9

16

-

-

-

Pensions

5.3

6.3

-

-

-

Total

100

100

100

100

100

Repayment of loans

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

233

Table 4.3 D (a):

Function Classification of Central Government Development (GOU)
Expenditure 2004/05 – 2008/09 (Million shillings)

2004/05

2005/06

2006/07
Provisional

2007/08
Provisional

General Public Administration

85,033

102,726

138,178

123,075

195,127

Defence

17,407

10,628

14,512

24,936

32,661

Public Order and Safety Affairs

25,135

27,664

29,854

29,380

38,200

Education

42,532

22,354

36,648

45,943

61,113

Health

35,190

29,458

42,743

29,401

59,055

Community and Social services

38,602

47,673

22,323

59,552

41,651

Economic services

10,430

57,646

323,069

242,056

556,976

Function classification

Agriculture

Approved
2008/09

18,286

32,094

26,860

25,695

41,816

Roads

191,396

99,937

72,320

59,881

526,388

Water

25,690

15,374

21,875

29,543

38,304

Total

489,701

445,554

728,382

669,462

1,591,291

Note: (i) Figures from 2004/04 to 2007/08 are actual
(ii) Expenditure excludes Donor funded development component
(iii) Includes Taxes and Arrears
Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

Table 4.3 D (b):

Function Classification of Central Government Development
Expenditure 2004/05 – 2008/09 (by percentage)

Function classification
General Public Administration

2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

2007/08

Approved
2008/09

17.4

23.1

16.1

18.4

12.3

Defence

3.6

2.4

2.0

3.7

2.1

Public Order and Safety Affairs

5.1

6.2

4.0

4.4

2.4

Education

8.7

5.0

4.6

6.9

3.8

Health

7.2

6.6

5.9

4.4

3.7

Community and Social services

7.9

10.7

6.0

8.9

2.6

Economic services

2.1

12.9

43.0

36.2

35.0

Agriculture

3.7

7.2

3.5

3.8

2.6

Roads

39.1

22.4

12.0

8.9

33.1

Water

5.2

3.5

2.9

4.4

2.4

Total

100

100

100

100

100

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

234

Table 4.3 E (a):

Economic Classification of Central Government Recurrent Expenditure
2004/05 – 2008/09 (Million shillings)

2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

2007/08
Provisional

384,656

462,275

477,752

569,120

-

-

-

8,060

20,666

Allowances

96,198

151,646

129,156

125,490

128,415

Travel Abroad

12,596

11,660

22,253

23,880

20,313

Travel In Land

18,710

17,787

41,242

30,126

38,469

421,007

550,187

614,891

844,103

817,753

39,348

52,728

87,294

57,519

139,914

22

13

23,621

9,753

75

Economic classification

Approved
2008/09

Government Consumption
Wages and Salaries
Wage Arrears/Wage bill contingency

Other Goods and Services
Domestic Arrears
Depreciation

623,625

Financial Transactions
Interest on External Public Debt

61,400

-

-

-

53,250

Interest on Domestic Public Debt

156,510

110,918

169,653

-

325,842

Repayment of External Public Debt

149,203

149,800

-

-

127,270

-

-

-

-

-

Repayment of Domestic Public Debt
Recurrent Transfers:
Education Institutions

9,750

-

-

-

-

International Organisations

4,263

8,688

9,908

12,522

9,230

Local Organisations

3,380

-

6,523

17,251

8,292

Persons

7,108

1,774

9,140

989

932

77,797

103,346

131,669

282,640

221,402

Pensions and Gratuity
Research Projects
Participation in Programmes
Poverty Action Fund
Retrenchment
EAC Compensations
Other Transfers
Total

-

-

-

-

-

5,736

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

475

187

178

128

145

-

8,075

-

-

-

28,861

-

96,984

89,913

93,275

1,477,020

1,629,084

1,820,264

2,070,494

2,628,868

Note: (i) Figures from 2004/05 to 2007/08 are actual and include Statutory expenditure.
(ii) Salaries and wages include Autonomous Wage Subvention
(iii) Transfers from Central Government to decentralised districts and Urban Administration are not included.
(iv) Transfer to persons is money given directly for personal use or assistance for medical, funerals etc

Source:

Uganda Bureau of Statistics

235

Table 4.3 E (b):

Economic Classification of Central Government Recurrent Expenditure
2004/05 – 2008/09 (by percentage)

Economic classification
Government Consumption
Wages and Salaries
Wage Arrears/Wage bill contingency
Allowances
Travel Abroad
Travel In Land
Other Goods and Services
Domestic Arrears
Depreciation
Financial Transactions
Interest on External Public Debt
Interest on Domestic Public Debt
Repayment of External Public Debt
Repayment of Domestic Public Debt
Recurrent Transfers:
Education Institutions
International Organizations
Local Organizations
Persons
Pensions and Gratuity
Research Projects
Participation in Programs
Poverty Action Fund
Retrenchment
EAC Compensations
Other Transfers
Total

2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

2007/08

Approved 2008/09

26.0
6.5
0.9
1.3
28.5
2.7
-

28.4
9.3
0.7
1.1
33.8
3.2
-

26.3
7.1
1.2
2.3
33.8
4.8
1.3

27.5
0.4
6.1
1.2
1.5
40.8
2.8
0.5

23.7
0.8
4.9
0.8
1.5
31.1
5.3
0.0

4.2
10.6
10.1
-

6.8
9.2
-

9.3
-

-

2.0
12.4
4.8
-

0.7
0.3
0.2
0.5
5.3
0.4
2.0
100

0.5
0.1
6.3
0.5
100

0.5
0.4
0.5
7.2
5.3
100

0.6
0.8
0.0
13.7
4.3
100

0.4
0.3
0.0
8.4
3.5
100

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

236

Table 4.3 F (a):

Economic analysis of Central Government Development
(GOU) expenditure 2004/05 - 2008/09 (million shillings)

2004/05

2005/06

2006/07
Provisional

2007/08
Provisional

Approved
2008/09

Consultants

13,894

9,738

13,802

16,186

31,680

Wages and Salaries

17,268

22,442

22,331

28,964

31,724

Construction & Buildings

50,464

93,185

180,760

121,820

110,761

178,022

76,171

41,495

68,135

427,928

Transport Equipment

32,708

115,960

31,863

25,926

35,165

Machinery & Equipment

97,198

17,830

18,564

17,022

49,722

7,718

6,388

7,602

10,667

26,706

-

-

648

-

7,302

15,105

-

19,195

-

180,795

2,403

392,292

88,903

96,538

216,064

377,691

466,119

489,700

445,554

728,381

669,462

1,591,292

Economic classification

Roads

Purchase of Land/Land Improvements
Other fixed Assets

-

Arrears

3,525

Taxes

-

Other Goods and Services
Total

Note: (i) Figures from 2003/04 to 2006/07 are actual
(ii) Transfers from treasury to districts and Urban Administration are not included.
Source:

Uganda Bureau of Statistics

Table 4.3 F (b):

Economic analysis of Central Government Development (GOU)
Expenditure 2004/05 - 2008/09 (by percentage)

2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

2007/08

Approved
2008/09

Consultants

2.8

2.2

1.9

2.4

2.0

Wages and Salaries

3.5

5.0

3.1

4.3

2.0

Construction & Buildings

10.3

20.9

24.8

18.2

7.0

Roads

36.4

17.1

5.7

10.2

26.9

6.7

26.0

4.4

3.9

2.2

19.8

4.0

2.5

2.5

3.1

1.6

1.4

1.0

1.6

1.7

-

-

-

0.1

-

0.7

1.6

2.1

-

1.2

Economic classification

Transport Equipment
Machinery & Equipment
Purchase of Land/Land Improvements
Other fixed Assets
Arrears
Taxes

-

-

24.8

0.4

24.7

Other Goods and Services

18.2

21.7

29.7

56.4

29.3

Total

100

100

100

100

100

Source:

Uganda Bureau of Statistics

237

Table 4.3 G (a):

Function Classification Donor Funded Central Govt Development
Expenditure 2004/05 - 2008/09 (million shillings)

Functions

General Public Services
Executive; Legislative; and other General
Services
Financial And Fiscal Affairs, General
Economic, Social and Statistical Services
External Affairs

2004/05

2005/06

2006/07
Provisional

2007/08
Provisional

Approved
2008/09

40,783

26,744

14,057

4,525

87,863

77,765

64,904

41,157

18,758

43,941

-

-

-

-

-

-

1,694

-

-

-

10,376

10,211

3,679

-

11,837

-

-

844

5,365

2,643

21,196

18,512

74

-

-

-

982

753

-

33,641

Defence
Defence Affairs and Services
Public order and safety
Law Courts and Legal Services
Prisons, Police and Corrective Services
Education
Pre-primary and Primary Education
Secondary Education
Business, Technical, and Vocation Education

7,065

3,302

-

-

-

National Health Service training colleges

7,897

10,306

12,697

8,162

10,000

University Education

-

2,001

1,144

-

1,222

1,108

-

4,490

-

-

Adult Education

12,607

278

-

-

-

Education NEC

17,484

15,740

17,157

24,875

77,030

105,769

185,582

41,892

-

176,364

12,468

38,795

-

-

182

-

9,970

32,493

10,802

77,030

Special Education and Career Education

Health
Hospital Affairs & Services
Mental health Institution
Health Affairs and Services
Economic Affairs
Petroleum

208

1,309

-

-

2,321

Other Fuel And Energy Affairs

12,770

29,978

33,240

38,581

184,349

Mining and Mineral Resources

11,083

16,765

4,774

925

19,792

Agriculture Support services

30,445

21,188

9,204

6,464

24,830

Crop Farming Programs

3,841

8,874

3,064

2,203

10,322

Livestock Farming Programs

4,185

12,702

15,763

12,821

13,177

Fishing And Hunting

7,277

5,321

5,526

11,792

5,368

13,937

11,893

6,992

890

19,453
15,382

Agricultural Research Services
Agriculture NEC
Construction
Road Maintenance And Construction
Transport

163

2,614

-

34,221

1,025

-

12,454

-

-

171,078

195,098

225,467

84,437

312,808

-

-

-

-

-

Tourism And Area Promotion

15,623

10,695

4,886

7,765

224

Other Economic Affairs NEC

16,679

35,615

9,938

13,894

109,713

16,451

10,839

37,436

3,495

27,260

Environmental protection
Protection of the environment
Community amenities
Welfare Services

831

11,746

18,038

-

-

Community Development

54,981

94,054

35,501

53,854

43,314

Water Supply

69,807

93,590

37,333

26,769

23,493

Grand Total

744,902

951,302

630,053

370,598

1,333,559

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

238

Table 4.3 G (b):

Function Classification Donor Funded Development Expenditure
2004/05 - 2008/09 (by percentage)
2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

2007/08

Approved
2008/09

5.5

2.8

2.2

1.2

6.6

10.4

6.8

6.5

5.1

3.3

-

-

-

-

-

-

0.2

-

-

-

1.4

1.1

0.6

-

0.9

-

-

0.1

1.4

0.2

2.8

1.9

0.0

-

-

-

0.1

0.1

-

2.5

Business, Technical, and Vocation Education

0.9

0.3

-

-

-

National Health Service Training Colleges

1.1

1.1

2.0

2.2

0.7

Functions
General Public Services
Executive; Legislative; and other General
Services
Financial And Fiscal Affairs, General
Economic, Social and Statistical Services
External Affairs
Defence
Defence Affairs and Services
Public order and safety
Law Courts and Legal Services
Prisons, Police and Corrective Services
Education
Pre-primary and Primary Education
Secondary Education

University Education

-

0.2

0.2

-

0.1

Special Education and Career Education

0.1

-

0.7

-

-

Adult Education

1.7

0.0

-

-

-

Education NEC

2.3

1.7

2.7

6.7

5.8

14.2

19.5

6.7

-

13.2

1.7

4.1

-

-

0.0

-

1.0

5.2

2.9

5.8

Petroleum

0.0

0.1

-

-

0.2

Other Fuel And Energy Affairs

1.7

3.2

5.3

10.4

13.8

Mining and Mineral Resources

1.5

1.8

0.8

0.2

1.5

Agriculture Support Services

4.1

2.2

1.5

1.7

1.9

Crop Farming Programmes

0.5

0.9

0.5

0.6

0.8

Livestock Farming Programmes

0.6

1.3

2.5

3.5

1.0

Fishing And Hunting

1.0

0.6

0.9

3.2

0.4

Agricultural Research Services

1.9

1.3

1.1

0.2

1.5

Agriculture NEC

0.0

0.3

-

9.2

1.2

Construction

0.1

-

2.0

-

-

23.0

20.5

35.8

22.8

23.5

Health
Hospital Affairs & Services
Mental health Institution
Health Affairs and Services
Economic Affairs

Road Maintenance and Construction
Transport

-

-

-

-

-

Tourism And Area Promotion

2.1

1.1

0.8

2.1

0.0

Other Economic Affairs NEC

2.2

3.7

1.6

3.7

8.2

2.2

1.1

5.9

0.9

2.0

Welfare Services

0.1

1.2

2.9

-

-

Community Development

7.4

9.9

5.6

14.5

3.2

Environmental protection
Protection of the environment
Community amenities

Water Supply

9.4

9.8

5.9

7.2

1.8

Grand Total

100

100

100

100

100

Source: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

239

Table 4.3 H (a):

Function Classification of Urban authorities Recurrent Expenditure
2004/05- 2008/09 (million shillings)

Function classification

2004/05

General Public Administration

2005/06
Revised

2006/07
Revised

2007/08
Provisional

Approved
2008/09

18,692

19,611

16,238

23,831

25,891

284

298

217

345

378

23,559

24,815

32,399

36,716

38,722

Health

6,114

6,431

7,347

8,934

9,507

Other Community and Social services

2,067

2,183

3,467

3,571

3,716

371

390

399

516

553

2,306

2,418

1,870

2,865

3,126

259

272

173

301

332

53,652

56,418

62,110

77,079

82,225

Public Order and Safety Affairs
Education

Agriculture
Roads
Other Economic Affairs and Services
Total

Note:

Source:

(i) Expenditure figures include; Local, Central Government transfers and donor funds
(ii) The figures represent expenditure for urban Authorities including Kampala City.
Uganda Bureau of Statistics

Table 4.3 H (b):

Function Classification of Urban authorities’ Recurrent Expenditure
2004/05- 2008/09 (by percentage)

Function classification

2004/05

2005/06

2006/07

2007/08

Approved
2008/09

General Public Administration

34.8

34.8

26.1

30.9

31.5

Public Order and Safety Affairs

0.5

0.5

0.3

0.4

0.5

Education

43.9

44.0

52.2

47.6

47.1

Health

11.4

11.4

11.8

11.6

11.6

Other Community and Social Services

3.9

3.9

5.6

4.6

4.5

Agriculture

0.7

0.7

0.6

0.7

0.7

Roads

4.3

4.3

3.0

3.7

3.8

Other Economic Affairs and Services

0.5

0.5

0.3

0.4

0.4

Total

100

100

100

100

100

Source:

Uganda Bureau of Statistics

240

Table 4.3 I (a):

Function Classification of Districts Recurrent Expenditure
2004/05 - 2008/09 (million shillings)

Function classification

2004/05

General Public Admin

2005/06

2006/07
Revised

2007/08
Provisional

Approved
2008/09

145,070

217,913

159,527

148,062

184,050

6,849

9,169

2,173

2,015

2,506

306,816

388,576

368,509

386,312

438,932

95,419

147,799

105,899

100,120

122,748

9,888

17,345

10,418

8,999

11,811

Agriculture

14,384

22,629

40,234

34,714

45,602

Roads

16,808

30,322

25,224

20,865

28,310

Water

11,485

20,876

17,166

14,102

19,236

Other Economic Affairs and Services

11,583

20,659

6,940

5,933

7,849

618,302

875,288

736,090

721,122

861,044

Public Order and Safety Affairs
Education
Health
Other Community and Social services

Total

Note:

Source:

(i) Expenditure figures include; Local, Central Government transfers and donor funds
(ii) The figures exclude Kampala.
Uganda Bureau of Statistics

Table 4.3 I (b):

Function Classification of Districts Recurrent Expenditure
2004/05 - 2008/09 (by percentage)

Function classification
General Public Admin
Public Order and Safety Affairs

2004/05
23.5

2005/06
24.9

2006/07
21.7

2007/08
20.5

Approved
2008/09
21.4

1.1

1.0

0.3

0.3

0.3

Education

49.6

44.4

50.1

53.6

51.0

Health

15.4

16.9

14.4

13.9

14.3

Other Community and Social Services

1.6

2.0

1.4

1.2

1.4

Agriculture

2.3

2.6

5.5

4.8

5.3

Roads

2.7

3.5

3.4

2.9

3.3

Water

1.9

2.4

2.3

2.0

2.2

Other Economic Affairs and Services

1.9

2.4

0.9

0.8

0.9

Total

100

100

100

100

100

Source:

Uganda Bureau of Statistics

241

Table 4.3 J (a):

Functional Classification of Local Government Recurrent Expenditure.
2004/05-2008/09 (million shillings)

Function classification

2004/05

General Public Admin

2006/07
Revised

2005/06

2007/08
Provisional

Approved
2008/09

163,762

237,524

175,765

171,893

7,133

9,467

2,390

2,360

2,884

Education

330,375

413,391

400,908

423,028

477,654

Health

Public Order and Safety Affairs

209,941

101,533

154,230

113,246

109,054

132,255

Other Community and Social Services

11,955

19,528

13,885

12,570

15,527

Agriculture

14,755

23,019

40,633

35,230

46,155

Roads

19,114

32,740

27,094

23,730

31,436

Water

11,485

20,876

17,166

14,102

19,236

Other Economic Affairs and Services

11,842

20,931

7,113

6,234

8,181

671,954

931,706

798,200

798,201

943,269

Total

Note:

Local government expenditure is a summation of Districts and Urban authorities’ expenditure

Source:

Uganda Bureau of Statistics

Table 4.3 J (b):

Functional Classification of Local Government Recurrent Expenditure.
2004/05-2008/09 (by percentage)

Function classification
General Public Admin

2004/05

2005/06

2006/07
Revised

2007/08
Provisional

Approved
2008/09

24.4

25.5

22.0

21.5

1.1

1.0

0.3

0.3

0.3

Education

49.2

44.4

50.2

53.0

50.6

Health

Public Order and Safety Affairs

22.3

15.1

16.6

14.2

13.7

14.0

Other Community and Social Services

1.8

2.1

1.7

1.6

1.6

Agriculture

2.2

2.5

5.1

4.4

4.9

Roads

2.8

3.5

3.4

3.0

3.3

Water

1.7

2.2

2.2

1.8

2.0

Other Economic Affairs and Services

1.8

2.2

0.9

0.8

0.9

Total

100

100

100

100

100

Source:

Uganda Bureau of Statistics

242

4.4

Banking and Currency

Table 4.4 A:

Monetary Survey 2004 – 2008 (Billion shillings)

1 Net Foreign Assets

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

June

June

June

June

June

2,370.5

2,647.5

3,073.6

3,835.4

5,090.7

Monetary Authority

1,680.5

2,050.7

2,614.0

3,330.9

4,351.0

o/w Foreign Reserves

2,029.4

2,306.8

2,619.4

3,324.7

4,347.3

690.1

596.8

459.6

504.5

739.7

1,107.4

1,073.6

1,382.3

1,116.4

1,913.6

Claims on Central Government (net)

83.4

-160.1

-112.7

-731.6

-946.6

Claims on Parastatals (Crop finance)

13.6

8.1

19.5

34.6

29.6

Claims on Local Government

0.4

0.0

0.1

0.3

0.1

Claims on the Private Sector

1,010.0

1,225.5

1,475.5

1,812.9

2,830.5

Other Loans

795.1

925.0

1,038.6

1,356.3

2,116.7

Forex Loans to Residents

214.9

300.5

436.9

456.6

713.8

-890.7

-910.0

-1,184.3

-1,109.7

1,941.5

Revaluation

-443.8

-814.3

-633.5

-483.7

Other (net)

-487.4

-127.6

-642.4

-737.4

-486.7
1,593.3

40.5

31.9

91.5

111.4

138.5

2,587.3

2,811.1

3,271.6

3,842.0

5,062.9

662.4

653.3

706.6

848.1

1,161.2

1,924.9

2,157.9

2,565.0

2,994.0

3,901.6

Commercial Bank (net)
2 Net Domestic Credit
Loans to Parastatals & Local Government

3 Other Items (net)

Reporting Error
4 Money Supply
Broad Money - M3
Foreign Exchange Accounts
Broad Money - M2 A
Certificates of Deposit

2.0

2.0

1.2

0.1

0.0

1,922.9

2,155.9

2,563.7

2,993.9

3,901.6

Currency in Circulation

529.3

605.1

744.9

863.6

1,074.0

Private Demand Deposits

804.0

860.1

961.5

1,128.0

1,426.9

Private Time and Savings Deposits 1/

589.6

690.7

857.3

1,002.3

1,400.7

Broad Money - M2

Note

1. Includes certificate of deposit.

Source: Bank of Uganda.

243

Table 4.4.B:

Structure of Interest Rates (Annual percentage Rates), 2004 – 2008
2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

June

June

June

June

June

Bank of Uganda
Ways and Means

6.4

9.1

6.9

9.4

8.2

Re-discount rate

11.9

14.8

12.8

15.6

15.2

12.9

15.8

13.8

16.6

16.2

Bank Rate to
Commercial Banks
Treasury Bills
91 Days

6.3

8.9

6.9

9.4

8.2

182 Days

7.6

10.2

7.4

12.4

13.0

273 Days

9.7

364 Days

9.8


11.9


8.8

.....
12.0

12.7

Commercial Banks
Deposit Rates :

1.5

2.4

2.6

2.8

2.7

Demand Deposits

1.1

1.1

1.1

1.2

1.3

Savings Deposits

2.1

1.8

2.0

2.8

2.1

5.3

10.2

7.6

9.8

10.9

Time Deposits :
7-12 Months
Lending Rates :
Agriculture

20.9

18.1

18.6

19.4

20.2

Export & Manufacturing

20.9

18.1

18.6

19.4

20.2

Commerce

20.9

18.1

18.6

19.4

20.2

Unsecured

20.9

18.1

18.6

19.4

20.2

Source: Bank of Uganda.

244

Table 4.4 C:

Commercial Banks Assets (Billion shillings), 2004 – 2008

Assets

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

June

June

June

June

June

101.1

124.3

134.0

158.0

221.3

Uganda Currency

76.0

93.5

92.8

117.5

156.0

Other Currency

24.9

30.6

41.2

40.6

65.3

0.1

0.2

0.0

0.0

0.0

326.8

294.1

312.9

466.5

495.4

80.7

118.0

96.3

141.2

185.9

764.8

688.8

591.1

671.1

923.9

Notes, Coins, and other Cash Assets

Other Cash Assets*
Balances with Bank of Uganda
Balances Due from DMBs in Uganda
Balances Due from DMBs outside Uganda

876.8

972.5

1019.4

1090.9

1481.7

Treasury Bills

764.4

653.9

658.1

672.8

690.8

Others

112.4

318.6

361.3

418.1

790.9

1.0

0.0

0.1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.1

0.0

0.0

Uganda Government Security

BoU Schemes + BoU Bills
Bank of Uganda Schemes
Development Finance Fund

997.7

1,136.9

1,473.2

1,823.4

2,850.9

Administered Loans

771.2

829.6

1,017.8

1,335.9

2,095.4

Forex Lending to Resident Private Sector

214.9

300.5

436.9

456.6

713.8

0.9

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

10.8

6.8

18.6

30.4

25.5

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.1

16.1

0.4

0.0

0.1

0.3

0.1

11.0

4.8

5.3

46.5

11.6

148.6

183.3

214.4

246.1

281.4

2.2

9.2

1.6

1.2

0.5

85.9

143.8

154.0

174.6

253.2

3,396.7

3,675.6

4,002.4

4,819.5

6705.7

Advances and Discounts

Forex Lending to Parastatals
Overdrafts/Lending to Parastatals
Memo: Advances to Central Government
Advances to Local Government
Investments
Bank Premises and other Fixed Assets*
Net due for Items in Transit*
Other Assets*
Total Assets 1/

Notes: (1) Small discrepancies that may occur between the totals of the assets and liabilities are as a result of rounding.
(*) Denotes Inclusion in other Items.

Source: Bank of Uganda.

245

Table 4.4 D:

Commercial Bank Liabilities (Billion shillings), 2004 - 2008

Liabilities

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

June

June

June

June

June

1,629.9

1,746.6

1,928.2

2,217.7

2,918.1

Demand Deposits

1,020.0

1,048.9

1,059.8

1,205.2

1,513.0

Savings Deposits

337.5

392.0

489.5

558.3

727.3

Time Deposits

270.4

303.8

377.6

454.1

677.9

2.0

2.0

1.2

0.1

0.0

69.2

162.4

150.2

269.9

465.1

844.4

879.3

884.0

1070.9

1412.8

80.7

89.8

92.2

68.6

190.0

3.3

0.4

9.9

10.4

127.2

7.3

21.8

30.8

7.7

30.5

70.2

67.6

51.6

50.6

32.4

Local Currency Deposits

Certificate of Deposit
Due to other DMBs in Uganda
Balances Due to DMBs outsides Uganda
Administered Funds
Local Sources*
External Sources
Other
Borrowing at Bank of Uganda

40.1

35.8

41.9

38.9

40.1

Overdraft on Clearing Account

39.6

35.3

41.4

38.6

38.6

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.3

0.0

37.6

29.3

39.4

37.4

24.8

6.0

4.3

3.2

0.4

0.0

309.0

353.5

332.3

374.5

633.3

BoU Devpt Finance Dept
Bills payable in Uganda Currency*
Due to Own Offices for Items in Transit*
Other Liabilities*

73.5

114.9

164.5

205.4

225.0

Bad Debts Provisions Others

20.1

25.5

38.2

65.8

108.0

Others

53.3

89.3

126.4

139.5

117.0

Capital*

229.9

199.6

300.5

447.2

693.7

92.0

105.5

105.5

160.5

303.4

Retained Reserves (profit/loss).

88.5

42.4

144.8

236.7

314.6

Revaluation Reserves.

11.6

8.2

9.7

14.7

25.0

Other Reserves

37.7

43.4

40.6

35.3

50.7

75.9

60.2

66.1

88.6

102.8

3,396.1

3,675.6

4,002.5

4,819.5

6,705.7

Provisions*

Paid up

Profit/Loss
Total Liabilities

Note: (*) Denotes inclusion in other items
Source: Bank of Uganda.

246

Table 4.4.E:

Broad sector

Commercial Banks Outstanding Loans and Advances to the Private
Sector (Shillings Denominated Loans), 2004 – 2008

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

June

June

June

June

June

68.1

57.2

63.6

69.7

91.5

(of which Crop finance)
Trade & Commerce

46.1
454.1

7.0
525.7

39.2
705.4

35.9
891.8

43.7
1,413.4

Manufacturing

191.8

Value (billion shillings)
Agriculture

164.6

168.1

135.7

194.8

Utilities 1/

69.1

49.7

64.3

97.8

151.3

Building & Construction

30.4

29.3

66.4

90.9

246.9

0.1

0.1

0.7

17.3

5.9

786.3

830.1

1,036.2

1,362.3

2,100.8

Mining & Quarrying
(including balancing items)
Total

Note: (1) Electricity and water loans are included under transportation.
Source: Bank of Uganda.

Table 4.4.F:

Broad sector

Commercial Banks Outstanding Loans and Advances to the Private
Sector (Foreign currency denominated loans), 2003 - 2007

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

June

June

June

June

June

Value (billion shillings)
Agriculture

40.0

56.9

72.0

52.1

74.1

19.8

37.7

42.1

37.9

59.2

123.8

162.8

226.3

280.8

398.1

37.8

60.5

104.6

62.6

147.9

Utilities 1/

9.7

18.1

30.1

20.9

61.3

Building & Construction

5.4

9.4

16.6

21.6

19.9

0.8

0.5

0.0

26.7

3.8

217.6

308.2

449.7

464.8

705.1

(of which Crop finance)
Trade & Commerce
Manufacturing

Mining & Quarrying
(including balancing items)
Total

Note: (1) Electricity and water loans are included under transportation.
Source: Bank of Uganda.

247

Table 4.4 G:

Annual Foreign Exchange Rates (Uganda Shilling per US dollar), 2004 –
2008

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Buying Rate

1,801.4

1,775.7

1,822.9

1710.5

1,704.6

Selling Rate

1,821.8

1,782.7

1,829.3

1721.5

1,715.5

1,811.6

1,779.2

1,824.6

1716.0

1,710.0

1,810.8

1,780.7

1,831.5

1,723.5

1,720.4

Bureau weighted average

Bureau middle rate
Inter-bank middle rate

Source: Bank of Uganda.

Table 4.4 H:

Volumes of Inter-Bank and Bureaux Foreign Exchange Transactions
(Million U.S dollars), 2004 - 2008

Year

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Purchases
Bureaux

648.7

923.7

1,132.6

1,327.3

1,715.6

Inter-Bank

2,428.0

3,113.4

3,854.9

7,501.0

7,623.2

Total

3,076.7

4,037.1

4,987.5

8,828.3

9,338.8

Sales
Bureaux

777.1

1,033.0

1,179.1

1,359.3

1,676.5

Inter-Bank

2,532.0

3,240.3

3,914.4

7,329.2

7,705.9

Total

3,309.1

4,273.3

5,093.5

8,688.5

9,382.4

Source: Bank of Uganda.

248

4.5

Insurance

Table 4.5 A:

Number of Non-Life Insurance Policies 2003 – 2007

Class of Business

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

Fire

3,505

4,687

5,365

5,592

5,613

Marine/Aviation

3,476

4,146

4,818

3,737

3,912

142,213

130,516

159,700

147,918

190,878

Motor
Misc. Accidents
Total

10,062

11,762

12,885

19,204

16,261

159,256

151,111

182,768

176,451

216,664

Source: Uganda Insurance Commission

Table 4.5 B:

Number of Life Insurance Policies 2003 – 2007

Class of Business

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

Life Individual

1,675

1,876

1,787

457

1,068

172

72

60

72

108

32

33

41

27

34

1,879

1,981

1,888

556

1,210

Life Group
Deposit Administration Plan
Total

Source: Uganda Insurance Commission

Table 4.5 C:

Life Insurance Premium Incomings 2003– 2007 (Million shillings)

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

57

574

237

327

617

Life Group

2,546

2,075

2,689

4,223

7,737

DAP

2,331

2,316

2,252

1,251

2,882

Total Income

4,934

4,965

5,178

5,801

11,236

Life Individual

Source: Uganda Insurance Commission

Table 4.5 D:

Life Individual
Life Group
DAP
Total Income

Life Insurance Reinsurance Outgoings 2003– 2007 (Million shillings)

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

30

50

43

42

27

1,032

446

687

1,083

1,591

0

817

0

-

-

1,062

1,313

730

1,125

1,618

Source: Uganda Insurance Commission

249

Table 4.5 E:

Life Insurance Net Premium Income 2003 – 2007 (Million shillings)
2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

27

524

194

283

591

Life Group

1,514

1,629

2,002

3,132

6,147

DAP

2,331

1,499

2,252

1,251

2,882

Total Income

3,872

3,652

4,448

4,666

9,620

Life Individual

Note: DAP is Deposit Administration Plan.
Source: Uganda Insurance Commission

Table 4.5 F:

Non-Life Insurance Premium Incomings 2003–2007 (Million shillings)

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

Fire

9,864

14,499

13,765

16,746

15,992

Marine/Aviation

5,367

6,873

7,151

7,431

10,416

Motor

19,851

23,964

29,518

30,889

36,692

Misc. Accident

24,781

30,448

34,567

41,429

54,615

Other Income

8,213

-

-

-

-

Total Income

68,076

75,784

85,001

96,495

117,715

Source: Uganda Insurance Commission

Table 4.5 G:

Non-Life Insurance Reinsurance Outgoings 2003–2007 (Million shillings)

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

Fire

8,378

11,715

10,666

12,112

11,263

Marine/Aviation

3,531

4,926

4,856

5,063

6,304

2,130

3,929

4,449

3,809

3,338

Misc. Accident

10,698

13,252

16,937

18,703

25,230

Total Income

24,737

33,822

36,908

39,687

46,135

Motor

Source: Uganda Insurance Commission

250

Table 4.5 H:

Non-Life Insurance Net Premium Income 2003 – 2007 (Million shillings)

Fire

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

1,486

2,784

3,099

3,809

4,401

1,836

1,947

2,295

2,331

3,487

Motor

17,721

20,035

25,069

26,304

30,235

Misc. Accident

14,083

17,196

17,630

20,556

27,370

Total

35,126

41,962

48,093

53,000

65,493

Marine/Aviation

Source: Uganda Insurance Commission

Table 4.5 I:

Paid and Outstanding Claims, by Class: Non-Life 2003 –2007 (Million
shillings)

Class of business

2003

Fire

1,035

Marine/Aviation

1,610

2,041

Motor

9,371

Misc. Accidents

6,491
18,507

Total

2004

2005

2006

2007

3,192

1,303

1,184

14,323

516

1,333

11,821

14,966

10,542

13,013

9,380

12,102

6,414

8,097

23,242

44,583

18,775

23,627

-

Source: Uganda Insurance Commission

Table 4.5 J:

Paid and Outstanding Claims, by Class: Life 2003–2007 (Million
shillings)

Class of Business
Life Individual
Life Group

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

49

75

6

28

19

858

369

1,380

279

2,126

DAP

1,391

1,660

1,363

1,614

1,297

Total

2,298

2,104

2,749

1,921

3,442

Source: Uganda Insurance Commission

251

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