FLUID AND THERMODYNAMIC LAB

© All Rights Reserved

32 views

FLUID AND THERMODYNAMIC LAB

© All Rights Reserved

- Flow Meter Flow Mesurement Definition Uses of Flow Meter a Types
- Application of Orifice Plate for Measurement of Feed Water
- Orifice Plate
- Flow Measurement Catalog 2011
- IFFS 2012 Lawrence
- Calibration of Venturimeter
- Flow(luu luong)
- Variable Head Type Flowmeters
- ABB Orifice Calcs
- 54-621.4 Mass Flow Handbook
- Flow Meter Measurement
- DP FLOWMETER 36[1]
- Spray_Chapter 2 - Deluge Systems
- e95273en(1)
- sodoc
- Orifice
- Flowmeter
- Flow Measurement [Compatibility Mode]
- Principle of Proportional Water Balancing_asd
- Wall Chart FlowMeasure(DCG10 06)

You are on page 1of 20

ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY LABORATORY

(CHE485)

NAME

STUDENT NUMBER

GROUP

EXPERIMENT

DATE PERFORMED

SEMESTER

PROGRAMME / CODE

SUBMIT TO

No.

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

Title

Abstract/Summary

Introduction

Aims

Theory

Apparatus

Methodology/Procedure

Results

Calculations

Discussion

Conclusion

Recommendations

Reference / Appendix

TOTAL MARKS

Remarks:

Checked by:

--------------------------Date:

: 2014415472

: EH2423B

: FLOWMETER MEASUREMENT

APPARATUS

:

:3

:CHEMICAL AND BIOPROCESS

:

Allocated Marks (%)

5

10

5

10

5

10

10

10

20

5

5

5

100

Marks

TABLES OF CONTENTS

NUMB.

TOPIC

Abstract

Introduction

Aims

Theory

Apparatus

Methodology/Procedure

Results

Calculations

Discussion

10

Conclusion

11

Recommendations

12

Reference / Appendix

PAGES

ABSTARCT

This experiment has been done to measure the flow rate and associated pressure

losses with three devices which is venturi meter, orifice meter and variable area meter. First

of all, we must close the ball valve and measure the time taken to accumulate a known

volume of fluid in the tank, as measure from the sight-glass. Then, we record all the

manometer height and the variable area meter reading and carry out a timed volume

collection using the volumetric tank. To get the accurate reading, repeat thrice the experiment

and obtain the overall reading.

INTRODUCTION

Fluid mechanics has developed an analytical discipline from the application of the

classical laws of static, dynamics and thermodynamics, to situation in which fluids can be

treated as continuous media. The particular laws involved are those of conservation of mass;

these laws may be simplified in an attempt to describe quantitatively the behavior of the

fluids.

Venturi

Orifice

Rota meter

The hydraulic bench service module, F1-10, provides the necessary facilities to

support a comprehensive range of hydraulic models each of which is designed to demonstrate

a particular aspect of hydraulic theory.

The specific hydraulic model that is concerned for this experiment is the flow meter

test rig. This consists of venture meter, variable area meter, and orifice plate installed in a

series of configurations to allow for direct comparisons.

Venturi meter

Venturi meter is a tube with constricted throat that increase velocity and decrease

pressure. Venturi meter is used to measure the flowrate of compressible and incompressible

fluid in a pipeline. When a fluid flows through a throat section, which has a smaller cross

sectional area than in a pipe, the velocity of the fluid through a throat is higher than in the

pipe. If velocity higher, pressure will drop. By measuring pressure drop, discharge may be

calculated. Beyond the throat the fluid is decelerated in a pipe of slowly diverging section

(sometimes referred to as a diffuser) in order to recover as much of the kinetic energy as

possible. We must know the principle of Bernoullies equation to understand the principles of

venturi meter.

Orifice plate

The orifice meter is also used in measuring the flow rate of a reservoir or through a

pipe. The orifice meter consists of a flat plate with a circular hole drilled in it. There is

pressure tap upstream from the orifice plate and another just downstream.

Variable area meter or rotameter

The variable area flowmeter is a simple, reliable, inexpensive, and easy-to-install

flowmeter with low pressure drop and no electrical connection that gives a direct reading of

flow rate for a wide range of liquids and gases.

OBJECTIVES

To investigate and contrast the operation and characteristics of three different basics

types of flow meter which venturi, Rota meter, and orifice including accuracy and

energy losses.

To measure a pressure drop at different segment of device.

To determine a flow rate through a pipe.

To identify the total head loss and loss coefficient of a fluid through a 90 degree

elbow.

THEORY

Applications of the Bernoulli equation yield the following result, which applies for both the

Venturi meter and the Orifice plate.

Bernoulli equation:

P1 + V12 + Z1 = P2 + V22 + Z2

g 2g

g 2g

Z1=Z2

P1 + V12 = P2 + V22

g 2g g 2g

P1-P2 = V22-V12 ------------ (1)

2g

From: Q1= Q2

A1V1= A2V2

V1= A2V2 ------------ (2)

A1

(2) In (1):

PI-P2 = V22-(A2V2/A1)2

g

2g

So;

V22 [1-(A2/A1)2] = P

2g

g

V2 =

1

. (2P) --------------- (3)

[1-(A2/A1)]

(3) In (4);

Flow rate, Qv =

CdA2

. (2P)

[1-(A2/A1)]

p

Where;

h: head difference in meter (m) from the manometer readings for the appropriate meter

g: acceleration due to gravity (m/s2)

Cd: discharge coefficient for meter

A1: area of the test pipe upstream of the meter (m2)

A2: throat area of the meter (m2)

Use of discharge coefficient, Cd is necessary because of the simplifying assumptions

made when applying the Bernoulli equations. Values of this coefficient are determined by

experiment; the assumed values used in the software are:

Venturi meter Cd = 0.98

Orifice plate Cd =0.63

The energy loss that occurs in a pipe fitting (so-called secondary loss) is commonly

expressed in term of e head loss (h, meters), and can be determined from the manometer

readings. For this experiment, head losses will be compared against the square of the flow

rate used. In addition, pressure loss for venturi and variable area flowmeter are low and for

orifice meter is medium.

PROCEDURES

General Start-up Procedures

The Flow meter Measurement Apparatus (Model: FM 101) is supplied

ready for use and only requires connection to the Hydraulic Bench (Model:

FM 110) as follows:

a) Place the apparatus on top of a suitable hydraulic bench.

b) Level the apparatus on the bench top.

c) Connect the hydraulic coupling to the outlet supply of the hydraulic

bench.

d) Connect the discharge connect of the flow apparatus hose to the

collection tank of the hydraulic bench.

e) You are now ready to start the apparatus.

Starting up the Apparatus:

1. Fully close the flow control valve of hydraulic bench and fully open

this discharge valve.

2. Ensure that discharge hose is properly directed to volumetric tank of

fibreglass before starting up system. Also ensure that volumetric

tank drain valve is left OPEN to allow flow discharge back into sump

tank.

3. Once step (b) is confirmed start up the pump supply from hydraulic

bench.

4. Open the bench valve slowly. At this point, you will see water flowing

from hydraulic bench through to the flow apparatus and discharge

through into the volumetric tank of hydraulic bench and then

drained back into sump tank of hydraulic bench.

5. Proceed to fully open the flow control valve. When the flow in the

pipe is steady and there is no trapped bubble, start to close the

rate.

6. You will see that water level in the manometer board will begin to

display different level of water heights. (If the water level in the

manometer board is too high where it is out of visible point, adjust

the water level by using the saddle valve. With the maximum

measurable flow rate, retain maximum readings on manometer).

7. At this point, slowly reduce the flow by controlling the flow discharge

valve of apparatus; you may close this discharge valve totally.

8. You will begin to see that the water level in the manometer board

will begin to level into a straight level. This level maybe at the lower

or maybe at the higher end of the manometer board range. (Take

note that the pump from the hydraulic bench is at this time, still

supplying water at a certain pressure in the system).

9. Also be on the lookout for Trapped Bubbles in the glass tube or

plastic transfer tube. You would want to remove them from the

system for better accuracy. To do this, you can either slowly press

the plastic tube to push the bubbles up or lightly tab the glass

tube to release the bubbles upwards.

Equipment set up

1. The flow meter test rig is placed on the bench and ensures that it is level (necessary

for accurate readings from the manometer).

2. The inlet pipe is connected to the bench supply and the outlet pipe into the volumetric

tank, and then secures the end of the pipe to prevent it moving around.

3. The pump is started and opens the bench valve and test rig flow control valve, to flush

the system.

4. The bench and test rig valves are closed to bleed air from the pressure tapping points

and manometers and open the air bleed screw and remove the cap from the adjacent

air valve.

5. A length of small tubing is connected from the air valve to the volumetric tank.

6. The bench valve is opened and allows flow through the manometer tubes to purge

them of air.

7. Tighten air bleed screw and partly open the test rig flow control valve and pathly

close the bench valve.

8. The air bleed screw is opened slightly to allow air to be drawn into the top of the

manometer tubes.

9. Re-tighten the screw when the manometer levels reach a convenient height.

10. All the manometers are checked on the scale at the maximum flow rate (full- scale

reading on the variable area meter). These levels can be adjusted further by using the

air bleed screw or the hand pump supplied.

Demonstration of the operation and characteristic of three different basic

types of flow meter

To obtain the flow rate measurement by utilizing three basic types of flow

measuring techniques; rota meter, venturi meter and orifice meter.

1. Place apparatus on bench, connect inlet pipe to bench supply and

outlet pipe into volumetric tank.

2. With the bench valve fully closed and the discharge valve fully

opened, start up the pump supply from hydraulic bench.

3. Slowly open the bench valve until it is fully opened.

4. When the flow in the pipe is steady and there is no trapped bubble,

start to close the bench valve to reduce the flow to the maximum

measurable flow rate.

5. By using the air bleed screw, adjust water level in the manometer

board.

6. Retain maximum readings on manometers with the maximum

measurable flow rate.

7. Note readings on manometers (A - J), rotameter and measured flow

rate.

8. Step 6 is repeated for different flow rates. The flow rates can be

adjusted by utilizing both bench valve and discharge valve.

9. To demonstrate similar flow rates at different system static

pressures, adjust bench and flow control valve together. Adjusting

manometer levels as required.

Elbow

To investigate the loss coefficient of fluid through 90 degree elbow.

1. Place apparatus on bench, connect inlet pipe to bench supply and

outlet pipe into volumetric tank.

2. With the bench valve fully closed and the discharge valve fully

opened, start up the pump supply from hydraulic bench.

3. Slowly open the bench valve until it is fully opened.

4. When the flow in the pipe is steady and there is no trapped bubble,

start to close the bench valve to reduce the flow to the maximum

measurable flow rate.

5. By using the air bleed screw, adjust the water level in the

manometer board.

6. Retain maximum readings on manometers with the maximum

measurable flow rate.

7. Note readings on manometers (I and J) and measured flow rate.

8. Step 6 is repeated for different flow rates. The flow rates can be

adjusted by utilizing both bench valve and discharge valve.

9. Complete the tables below.

10.

Plot graph DH againstgVs22 for 90 degree elbow to determine

the coefficient of losses.

General Shut-down Procedures

1. Close water supply valve and venturi discharge valve.

2. Turn off the water supply pump.

3. Drain off water from the unit when not in use.

Taking a set of results

1. At fixed flow rate, all manometer and the variable area meter readings are recorded

and carry out a timed volume collection using the volumetric tank. This is achieved by

closing the ball valve and measuring (with a stopwatch) the time taken to accumulate

a known volume of fluid in the tank, as measured from the sight-glass.

2. At least one minute, fluid is collected to minimize timing errors.

3. This measurement is repeated twice to check for consistency and average the

readings.

4. Ensure that the operating principle of each of these flow meters is understood.

APPARATUS

Manometer Tubes

Rotameter

Discharge Valve

90 Elbow

6

Orifice Meter

Air Bleed

Valve

5

System Pressure

Control Valve

Variable

Area

Meter

8 Bank Manometer

1

Bench

Supply

Valve

Inlet Pipe

Venturi Meter

Outlet Pipe

Water Outlet

Orifice

Water Supply

Venturi

Staddle Valve

a) The Hydraulics Bench which allows the measurement of flow by timed volume

collection.

b) The F1-21 Flow Meter Apparatus.

c) A stopwatch to allow the determination of the flow rate of water.

The Venturi meter, variable area meter and the orifice plate are

Flow through the test section is regulated using a flow control valve.

This together with the bench control valve permits variation of the

system static pressure.

Pressure tapings in the circuit are connected to an eight bank

manifold with facilities to connect a hand pump.

RESULTS

Demonstration of the operation and characteristic of three different basic

types of flowmeter

Rotame Vol Time

ter

(L) (min)

(V/Min)

Q,

(V/Min

)

Q calculated

using

Bernoullis

equation

(V/Min)

Ventur

e

orifice

elbow

Q (L/min)

Volume (L)

h (mm)

Elbow

Time (min)

V2/2g

V (m/s)

(mm)

(h2-h1)

SAMPLE OF CALCULATIONS

Determination of the operation and characteristic of three different basic types of flowmeter

i)

2 1

2

[ ( )]

At

q=Cd At 1

A1

[ 2 g ( h AhC ) ]

1

2

2.011 104

q=( 0.98)(2.011 10 ) 1

5.309 104

4

)]

1

2

1

2

1000 l

[2(9.81)(0.2230.221)]

1

min

60

q= 2.97 l/min

2 1

2

[ ( )]

At

q=Cd At 1

A7

[ 2 g ( hGhH ) ]

1

2

2.011 104

q=( 0.63 ) ( 2.01110 ) 1

5.309 104

4

)]

1

2

q= 6.18 l/min

ii)

[ 2 ( 9.81 ) ( 0.2270.206 ) ]

1

2

1000l

1

min

60

2 1

2

[ ( )]

At

q=Cd At 1

A1

[ 2 g ( h AhC ) ] 2

[ (

2.011 104

q=( 0.98)(2.011 10 ) 1

5.309 104

4

)]

1

2

[2(9.81)(0.2370.196)] 2

1000l

1

min

60

q= 13.45 l/min

2 1

2

[ ( )]

At

q=Cd At 1

A7

[ 2 g ( hGhH ) ]

1

2

2.011 104

(

)

q=( 0.63 ) 2.01110 1

5.309 104

4

)]

1

2

[ 2 ( 9.81 ) ( 0.2250.140 ) ]

1

2

1000 l

1

min

60

q= 12.45 l/min

iii)

2 1

2

[ ( )]

q=Cd At 1

At

A1

[ 2 g ( h AhC ) ] 2

[ (

2.011 104

q=( 0.98)(2.011 10 ) 1

5.309 104

4

q= 19.62 l/min

2 1

2

[ ( )]

At

q=Cd At 1

A7

[ 2 g ( hGhH ) ]

1

2

)]

1

2

1

2

1000l

[2(9.81)(0.2670.183)]

1

min

60

[ (

2.011 104

(

)

q=( 0.63 ) 2.01110 1

5.309 104

4

)]

1

2

[ 2 ( 9.81 ) ( 0.2250.140 ) ]

1

2

1000 l

1

min

60

q= 12.45 l/min

iv)

2 1

2

[ ( )]

At

q=Cd At 1

A1

[ 2 g ( h AhC ) ]

1

2

2.011 104

q=( 0.98)(2.011 10 ) 1

5.309 104

4

)]

1

2

1

2

1000l

[2(9.81)(0.3170.178)]

1

min

60

q= 24.77 l/min

2 1

2

[ ( )]

At

q=Cd At 1

A7

[ 2 g ( hGhH ) ]

[ (

1

2

2.011 104

q=( 0.63 ) ( 2.011 10 ) 1

5.309 104

4

)]

1

2

[ 2 ( 9.81 ) ( 0.2900 ) ]

1

2

1000 l

1

min

60

q= 23.00 l/min

Determination of the loss coefficient when fluid flows through a 90 degree elbow

Diameter of pipe = 26mm

i)

6.25 l 1 min 1 m3

=1.04 104 m3 / s

When Q = 6.25/min

min

60 s 1000 l

V=

1.04 104

=0.19 m/s

2

( 0.026 )

4

Velocity head

V2

0.19 2

=

=1.83 mm

2 g 2 9.81

12.00 l 1 min 1 m3

=2.00 104 m 3 /s

When Q = 12.00 l/min

min

60 s 1000 l

ii)

V=

2.00 104

=0.38 m/s

2

( 0.026 )

4

Velocity head

V2

0.38 2

=

=7.36 mm

2 g 2 9.81

iii)

15.79 l 1 min 1 m3

=2.63 104 m 3 /s

When Q = 15.79 l/min

min

60 s 1000 l

V=

2.63 104

=0.49 m/ s

2

( 0.026 )

4

Velocity head

V2

0.49 2

=

=12.23 mm

2 g 2 9.81

iv)

25.00 l 1 min 1 m3

=4.17 104 m3 /s

When Q = 25.00 l/min

min

60 s 1000 l

V=

4.17 104

=0.79 m/s

2

( 0.026 )

4

Velocity head

V2

0.79 2

=

=31.8 mm

2 g 2 9.81

DISCUSSIONS

From these experiments, we can see the three operations and characteristic of three

different types of flow meter which is venturi meter, orifice meter and Rota meter. We also

record all the readings during these experiments and we can see which one of the flow meter

give the accurate value. Besides that, we also determine the losses coefficient when fluid flow

through 90 degree elbow.

In order to perform this experiment, we used SOLTEQ Flowmeter measurement

apparatus (Model: FM 101). This apparatus is connected to the Hydraulic Bench (Model: FM

110) and the level of the apparatus is to make sure stable before starting the experiment in

order to prevent any error in obtains the results.

After conduct these experiments, we are able to determine the value of flow rate of three

flowmeter, the value of flow rate error and the value of head loss. As the results from this

experiment, the average flow rate for rotameter at 5L/min is 6.25L/min, at 10L/min is

12.00L/min, at 15L/min is 15.79L/Min and at 20L/min is 25.00L/min. Then the flow rate is

determined by using Bernoullis equation for both venturi and orifice. The equation for

venturi is:

2 1

2

[ ( )]

At

q=Cd At 1

A1

[ 2 g ( h AhC ) ] 2

where Cd is 0.98. Thus the flow rates of venturi are 2.97L/min, 13.45L/min, 19.62L/min and

24.77 L/min. This shows that there is a increase in flow rate of venturi as the manometer

readings difference is higher which is at A and C. meanwhile the equation of orifice is:

2 1

2

[ ( )]

At

q=Cd At 1

A7

[ 2 g ( hGhH ) ]

1

2

Where the Cd is 0.63. Thus the flow rates of orifice are 66.18L/min, 12.45 L/min, 12.45

L/min, and 23.00 L/min. this shows that increase in flow rate is proportional to the increase

of manometer readings difference. Therefore we know that venturi meter giges higher flow

rate than orifice because it consists of venturi tube that has a converging portion, a throat and

a diverging portion which functions as a converging portion is to increase the velocity of the

fluid and lower its static pressure. The diverging cone serves to change the area of the stream

back to the entrance area and convert velocity head into pressure head. Whereas, an orifice

meter act as a device that used for measuring flow rate for reducing pressure or for restricting

flow.

From the experiment, we also obtain the value of head loss for the flow meters. From

the theory, the venturi meter has a low head loss, continued by orifice meter. So, from the

results, the value of head loss. We can say that this result is agreed with the theory.

Thus we know that venturi meter is the most accuarate compared to rota meter and

orifice which satisfy the theory.

CONCLUSION

From the experiment, the flow rate measurement able to obtain by utilizing three basic

types of flow measuring technique; rotameter, venture and orifice meter.

As a conclusion, we can say that the most accurate flow meter is a venturi meter.

From this experiment, we determine that the flow rate % error for venturi meter is lower than

the orifice meter. From the theory, the more efficiency of flow meter has a less flow rate %

error and the theory is exact to the results.

RECOMMENDATION

After conduct this experiment, we can say that value of flow rate and the flow rate %

error are follow the theoretical results. From the theory, the most accurate flow meter is a

venturi meter. So, it means that the most efficiency flow meter has a less value of flow rate %

error. In this experiment, the value of flow rate % error for venturi meter is lower than the

orifice meter which makes it the most accurate.

For the first recommendation for this experiment is make sure that there is no bubble

in the pipeline. The existence of bubble may cause the less accuracy of flow meter. The

second to make sure there is no small particle in the fluid because some of the devices are

very sensitive to these particles. Besides that, during record the manometer reading, make

sure the position of eyes is parallel to the level of reading. Lastly, after conducting the

experiment makes sure that all the water had been drained from the apparatus to prevent any

damaged.

REFERENCES

Fluid mechanics, Fundamental and Applications, Yunus A. Cengel and John

Lecturers note from Pn Atikah bt Kadri

Yahoo and Google search engines (keyword: flowmeter, venturi meter, orifice meter)

APPENDICES

Orifice plate

Venturi meter

Variable area

meter

- Flow Meter Flow Mesurement Definition Uses of Flow Meter a TypesUploaded byMirza Zubair Raza
- Application of Orifice Plate for Measurement of Feed WaterUploaded bydenyiriyanto
- Orifice PlateUploaded byAshvani Shukla
- Flow Measurement Catalog 2011Uploaded byamobhayu
- IFFS 2012 LawrenceUploaded byPhilip A Lawrence C.Eng. F. Inst M.C.
- Calibration of VenturimeterUploaded byAnish Kkl
- Flow(luu luong)Uploaded byleminhthangbk
- Variable Head Type FlowmetersUploaded byAnuNarayan R
- ABB Orifice CalcsUploaded bynambidurai
- 54-621.4 Mass Flow HandbookUploaded bySudipto Majumder
- Flow Meter MeasurementUploaded bykang1995
- DP FLOWMETER 36[1]Uploaded byVinay Chhatrola
- Spray_Chapter 2 - Deluge SystemsUploaded byNitesh Kirnake
- e95273en(1)Uploaded byLuis Cairampoma
- sodocUploaded byMuthu Kumar
- OrificeUploaded bysiva_nagesh_2
- FlowmeterUploaded byArif Hanafi
- Flow Measurement [Compatibility Mode]Uploaded byNRNiloy
- Principle of Proportional Water Balancing_asdUploaded byakksy
- Wall Chart FlowMeasure(DCG10 06)Uploaded byandrademax
- venturi2.pdfUploaded byArhy LPunderground
- FMHM EEEUploaded bybalabooks
- Intro Theory RefUploaded byUmirahRashidah
- EDIT 12Lecture Slides CPE 676_ Flow Measurement.pptUploaded byMXR-3
- Differential Pressure FlowmetersUploaded byApurv Goyal
- 99 FinalUploaded bygombossandor
- power plant flowUploaded byarif
- Orifice PlateUploaded byhugepotato
- Energy EfficiEncy Tracking Natural Gas With Flowmeters_CE_Oct 2009Uploaded byonizuka-t2263
- Building a Model-PipesimUploaded byViswanathan Damodaran

- LeachingUploaded byMuhamad Baihakhi Shamsudin
- L8~Enzyme Kinetics (Intro & Recomm)Uploaded byAfiq Ikhwan
- L5~PFR (Theo & Obj)Uploaded byAfiq Ikhwan
- Exp 1-Aerobic Plate CountUploaded byAfiq Ikhwan
- CrystallizationUploaded byAfiq Ikhwan
- BoundaryUploaded byAfiq Ikhwan
- L7~Liquid-liquid Extraction Lab (Theory and Procedure)Uploaded byAfiq Ikhwan
- Chapter 1 - Introduction to Project ManagementUploaded byMyaIdzahar
- CrystallizationUploaded byMuhamad Baihakhi Shamsudin
- Chapter 1Uploaded byAfiq Ikhwan
- Mass TransferUploaded byBasahKering

- Learn PhysicsUploaded byamilcarsoares
- fluid dynamics.docUploaded bySampath Kumar
- Chemistry 01 F-1 F-2 Mk SirUploaded bySunita Agarwal
- Tutorial 2 QuestionsUploaded by蒲俊雄
- MS ChemistryUploaded byVinod Kumar
- Cryogenic separation plants.pdfUploaded byHemanth Kumar Sarosh Kiran
- LHV RDRUploaded byKarl Rodney Cerezo
- heat capacities natural gas and condensateUploaded by1940LaSalle
- Vapour Compression Refrigeration SystemUploaded byDivye Sethi
- Assign.Engg. Thermodynamics.docUploaded bySagarZope
- Hydocarb_viscUploaded byFedot_Off
- Kinetic Theory of GasesUploaded byrahul
- FlowUploaded byfjranggara
- unit 8 test review study guide hon-18Uploaded byapi-368121935
- Pure SubstancesUploaded byRohit Singh Lather
- 4 RFP Dry Gas PropertiesUploaded byErick Morales Sánchez
- Murray Gell-Mann - Quasiclassical Thermodynamic EntropyUploaded byAbhijeet Bhalkikar
- asdqweqUploaded bytrushalvora
- Improving Turbine Meter Measurement by Alternate Fluid Calibration.pdfUploaded bycsierracdt
- Development of a New Alpha Function for the PREOS Comparative Study of Alpha Function Models for Pure Gases and Water-Gas SystemsUploaded bymurdanetap957
- 6Uploaded byCrystal Murray
- Lecture02 Pipeflow HandoutUploaded byAdjei Baldan
- Physics 715 HW 3Uploaded byJuan Manuel Orozco Henao
- PEEG 216 Reservoir Fluid Properties - Class 6 - 16&17FEB10Uploaded byserept
- Thermodynamic Analysis of CO2 Supercritical Two-Stage CompressionUploaded bysalahzantout
- Gas Condensate PVTUploaded byMaisam Abbas
- Standing Katz ChartUploaded bytutranminh
- Charles's Law DemoUploaded byJackylou Saludes
- Lattice Boltzmann Method for Simulations of Liquid-Vapor Thermal FlowsUploaded byFei Jiang
- Chapter 15 Flow MeaspurementsUploaded byupendra35