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ENG 089

APOSTROPHES
SENTENCE VARIETY

After putting the disk in the cabinet, Mabel sold it.


Take the radio out of the car and fix it.

If the fans dont buy all the peanuts, pack them away until
the next game.
The supervisors told the workers they would receive a
bonus.

The candy dish was empty, but we were tired of eating it


anyway.

Mark called Marys house all day, but she never answered
the phone.
The witness called the television station, but they didnt
answer.

It says in the paper that the legislation was passed.

Quiz #2

Prewriting
Your friend/child/relative has just turned sixteen and is
thinking about dropping out of high school. Write an
argument to persuade this person to either complete high
school or to drop out.

Apostrophe
Only 2 uses
1. Ownership What is being owned?
2. Omission What is missing?

Apostrophe - Ownership
Use possessive nouns to show that someone owns
something
That is the nose of Mary.
That is Marys nose.
Those are the toes of Gary.
Those are Garys toes.

Apostrophe - Ownership
Use posessive nouns to show that someone owns something
Moses tablets
Achilles heel
Jesus parables or Jesuss parables

Apostrophe - Ownership
If 2 people own the same thing, use an apostrophe s for only
the second person
The marriage of Jim and Mimi
Jim and Mimis marriage
The father of Kate and Meg
Kate and Megs father

Apostrophe - Ownership
If 2 people do not own the same thing, use an apostrophe s
for both people
The toes of Jim and Mimi
Jims and Mimis toes
The teeth of Kate and Meg
Kates and Megs teeth

Apostrophe - Ownership
If the noun is already plural (boys) just add an apostrophe
One boy and one car
The boys car
Two boys and two cars
The boys cars

Apostrophe - Omission
Use an apostrophe to indicate missing letters or numbers
10 oclock
93
Lets
Its

Apostrophe - Omission
Use an apostrophe to indicate missing letters or numbers
Both boys and girls are invited to try out for the swim
team.
Tomatos are for sale.
I grew up in the 1990s.
There are three 9s on this page.

Apostrophe Letters
1. Apostrophes are used to form plurals of letters that
appear in lowercase
2. rule appears to be more typographical than grammatical,
e.g. "three ps" versus "three p's."
3. To form the plural of a lowercase letter, place 's after the
letter.
4. no need for apostrophes indicating a plural on capitalized
letters, numbers, and symbols (though keep in mind that
some editors, teachers, and professors still prefer them).

Apostrophe Letters
Mississippi is spelled with four ss, four is, and two ps.
Mississippi is spelled with four ss, four Is, and two ps.
Nita's mother constantly stressed minding ones ps and qs.
Nita's mother constantly stressed minding one's p's and q's.
There are three G4s currently used in the writing classroom.
There are three G4s currently used in the writing classroom.
That printed page has too many &s on it.
That printed page has too many &s on it.

Sentence Variety

Providing Sentence Variety


Use a variety of sentence structures
Simple - A sentence with one independent clause and no
dependent clauses
Niles is a thief.

Providing Sentence Variety


Compound - A sentence with multiple independent clauses
but no dependent clauses.
Niles likes paperclips, and he steals them often.

In other words, a compound sentence is two simple


sentences combined together.

Providing Sentence Variety


Complex - A sentence with one independent clause and at least one
dependent clause.
His fangs tore the paper when Niles took the paperclip from the
students essay.
When Niles took the paperclip from the students essay, his fangs
tore the paper. (Inverted version)

Providing Sentence Variety


Compound-complex - A sentence with multiple independent clauses
and at least one dependent clause.
Although I warned the student about Niles, I still felt badly about
the incident, so I gave her a sticker.

Write an example of each kind of sentence


Simple - A sentence with one independent clause and no dependent
clauses
Compound - A sentence with multiple independent clauses but no
dependent clauses.

Complex - A sentence with one independent clause and at least one


dependent clause.
Compound-complex - A sentence with multiple independent clauses
and at least one dependent clause.

For Monday
Read chapter 5 Description writing
Complete the following grammar exercises:
Pg. 584 Review Practice 1
Pg. 600 Review Practice 1

Pg. 601 Review Practice 2


Pg. 544 Review Practice 1
Pg. 544 Review Practice 2