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Policies of India, Telengana and Andhra Pradesh
Fixed day health services
This program was designed under the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) to provide
services in geographically inaccessible areas; providing a package of preventive and clinical
services to remote and difficult to reach areas.
Under this program, each Mobile Medical Unit (MMU) van visits two pre identified service
points in a single day. In a monthly schedule of 28 days a MMU covers 56 Villages/ Hamlets.
There are 475 MMUs operationalized in a similar fashion across 22 districts in the State of
Andhra Pradesh. They provide: - Diagnostic testing with a focus on Diabetes and BP - Antenatal
checkups - Referrals - Blood test focusing on Anemia - Growth monitoring - Supply of drugs Immunization - Nutritional Supplements - Monthly monitoring - Immunization - IF Tablets The
Fixed Day Health Services (FDHS) under the MMU model is operationalized by the Health
Management Research Institute, which provides the additional component of screening and
referrals and follow up of beneficiaries for Non-Communicable Diseases. To provide the above
mentioned services at each service point, a team consisting of 3 Auxiliary Nurse Midwives
(ANM), a Pharmacist, a Lab Technician, a data manager and a driver are present in the MMU.
FDHS reaches 56 villages every 28 days.

National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2005 (or, NREGA ) was later renamed as the
"Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act" (or, MGNREGA), is an Indian
labour law and social measure that aims to guarantee the 'right to work. It aims to enhance
livelihood security in rural areas by providing at least 100 days of wage employment in a
financial year to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work.
Starting from 200 districts on 2 February 2006, the NREGA covered all the districts of India
from 1 April 2008. The statute is hailed by the government as "the largest and most ambitious
social security and public works programme in the world" In its World Development Report
2014, the World Bank termed it a "stellar example of rural development".
Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (hereafter MGNREGA) is a law
whereby any adult who applies for employment in rural areas has to be given work on local
public works within 15 days. If employment is not given, an unemployment allowance has to be

i) The Gram Panchayat after due verification will issue a Job Card. The Job Cardwill bear the
photograph of all adult members of the household willing to work under NREGA and is free of
cost. ii) The Job Card should be issued within 15 days of application.

Mission Elimination of poverty in municipal areas(MEPMA):

The Mission for Elimination of Poverty in Municipal Areas (MEPMA) is a Government of
Telangana Society forming part of Department of Municipal Administration & Urban
Development. It was launched on 1st September, 2007 by the then UPA Chairperson. Sri. K.
Chandrasekar Rao, Honble Chief Minister of Telangana is the Chairman of Governing body
whereas Honble Minister for Municipal Administration & Urban Development Department is
the Vice Chairman. The Principal Secretary, Municipal Administration, is the chairman of
MEPMAs Executive Committee. Mission Director, MEPMA, and her team implement the
urban poverty alleviation schemes. The district units are headed by Project Directors.

Mission goal:
All the 30 lakh poor families will have improved quality of life by accessing services from all
organizations through their own strong self reliant and self managed institutions

Objective of the Mission :

Empowerment of urban poor women, especially those residing in slums, is the main objective of
To enable the urban poor particularly the poorestof the poor to eliminate poverty and
vulnerability in a sustainable manner and improve their quality of life in urban areas.\

Creating access to credit by providing Bank Linkage :

So far more than Rs.8600.00 Crores of bank loans have been provided to 2.94 lakhs SHGs
includes repeated dosages . The idea is to provide soft loans to meet day-to-day needs like
education, health and other social needs and take up income generation activities to improve
their economic condition. The main motto is to protect the urban women from the clutches of
money lenders, micro finance institutions etc., who charge exorbitant rates of interest.
The Govt of A.Ps interventions earlier through Pavala Vaddi (Interest at 3% per annum)
Scheme have led to reimbursement of interest portion to the extent of Rs.333.85 Crores.VLR
scheme it is implemented from 1-1-2012, under the scheme the taotal intrest will be reimbursed

to the eligible SHGs. As on date eligible VLR amount is Rs. 121.62 Cr to be disbursed SHGs
and Rs.11.50 Cr has been credited to SHG accounts.

e) Loans with Subsidies for self employment units :

Undesr Urban Self Employment Programme (USEP) MEPMA would arrange subsidy of 25% of the total
loan for setting up Micro Business Enterprise.

So far 15,170 units have been established under USEP

Under UWSP, towards setting up of group enterprises, MEPMA provides subsidy to the extent of 35% of
the total loan amount.
So far 110 units have been established under UWSP
STHREE NIDHI (State Level Women Credit Cooperative Society)
Sthree Nidhi is a Govt.of A.P. Credit Institution formed as a society. It is a credit cooperative society of
the SHG Women, by the SHG women and for the SHG women . Out of the total of 10 Directors on
the Board of Sthree Nidhi , three Directors are from the Urban SHGs. It aims at providing Credit Gap
Funding arising out of Ban on Micro Finance Institutions . Each Slum Federation is being provided
with a mobile phone and CUG Sim Card. Within 48 hours of receipt of request for loan through the
mobile phone, credit is arranged at the door step of the SHG by way of direct credit to the concerned SLF
account. Loans availed in Sthree Nidhi are also eligible for Vaddi Lenni Runalu(VLR),on regularly
repayment of loans. As on date 884 SLFs have availed Sthree Nidhi loans amounting to 35.03 Cr.

Social Security Measures :

1. ABHAYA HASTHAM (ABH) : Insurance linked old age pension schemes :
Against the contribution of Rs 365/- per member per year, they would be entitled for availing all
Insurance benefits to the subscribers and scholarships to their childrens as applicable under JBY and Rs
500/- as pension per month after completion of 60 years of age.
4.10 lakh members have been enrolled under ABH, out of which 19967 members are getting pensions.
3010 No. of death claims are settled. 117031 No of children are provided with scholarships.

JANA SREE BIMA YOJANA (JBY) : Scholarship linked insurance scheme :

Against the contribution of Rs 100/- per member per year, the members would be entitled for Rs 30000/- /
Rs 75000/- on natural death / accidental death and scholarships of Rs 1200/- per child up to two children
studying 9thto 12th standard in their family.
6.40 lakhs members are enrolled under Janasree Bima Yojana (JBY) during 2013-14

Placement linked skill trainings : 1.09 lakhs of unemployed youth are provided placement linked skill
trainings and 0.79lakhs of them are given placements in various sectors. Under the novel scheme of
RAJIV YUVA KIRANALU, MEPMA aim set providing skill training and placement to 4 lakhs
unemployed youth by March, 2015.

Market linkage to the SHG entrepreneurs and their products:

MEPMA facilitated marketing to SHG products by providing access to marketing the products in
NUMAISH and regional level exhibitions conducted in major cities like Warangal, Vijayawada &
Tirupati etc.,

Rajiv Awas Yojana (RAY) towards slum free of A.P.

MEPMA has under taken upgrading the slums through in-situ development for providing
infrastructure and housing ,to bring them on par with the rest of the city. The Honble Chief
Minister has laid the foundation stone for development of Keshavnagar Slum of Serilingampally
of GHMC.
The Govt. of India has sellected 11 towns (GHMC, GVMC, VMC, Tirupati, Warangal,Kurnool,
Rajahmandry, Kakinada, Guntur,Nellore and Ramagundam) for implementation of RAY.
In 3 Mission cities, 4 pilot projects have been approved with an outlay of Rs 166.00 crors
( Keshava nagar-GHMC, Suryateja nagar-GVMC, NS Bose nagar & Dhall Mill area-VMC).

Towards infrastructure development, 100% funding is borne by the Govt. Towards the cost of
dwelling units 70-90% is funded by Govt/local body.

Better Health & Nutrition awareness :

1.4826 Health CRPs are trained for orienting SHG Members on Community Health &
2. 3864 SLFs have mobilized health savings to a tune of Rs 3.50 Crs
To reduce the vulnerability of slum residents to diseases and ill health , so far more than 230
integrated Health Camps have been organized by MEPMA in the slum localities.

So far 0.33 lakhs street vendors have been profiled by MEPMA to organize them into groups in
the lines of SHGs.

Community Resources Centers (CRCs) & Mahila Swasakthi Bhavans (MSBs):

To provide the SHG women with a platform for interaction and to take up developmental
activities under their groups and associations 134 CRCs have been sanctioned and construction
has been completed for 81 CRC. A total of 60 Mahila Swasakthi Bhavans have been sanctioned
are under construction.

After Make in India and Clean India (Swachh Bharat), the Government of India has launched
its 3rd major campaign, Digital India with the objectives of

enabling digital empowerment of citizens,

facilitating digital infrastructure as a utility to every citizen and

providing governance & services on demand.

Digital India was kickstarted through a week-long program starting 1st July.

Digital Telangana stands on two pivots; each of them representing the supply and the demand
side. On the supply side, the main aim is to ensure that digital facilities become available to each
and every person in the state. This is being made possible through :

Laying OFC to each household using the water grid trenches

Providing 4G services in the entire state
WiFi in major cities and towns
e-Panchayat scheme under which a One Stop Shop kiosk will be available in each

Similarly, on the demand side, the intention is to make each and every person digitally
empowered so that he/she can make best use of the digital facilities that are being made available
right at his/her doorstep. The strategies for this include:

Digital literacy program, under which one member of each household will be taught to
become digitally literate
School computer literacy program: To teach every child from Class 6 onwards the basics
of computers
Expansion of Mee-Seva services
Converting as many Mee-Seva services as possible on mobile platform and make mobile
governance a reality in Digital Telangana
Identifying technology solutions for all government agencies to provide better services to
the citizens

T-Hub, a government of Telangana initiative, is Indias largest incubator for Startups

A technology incubation centre, located at IIIT-Hyderabad campus in Gachibowli, Hyderabad, THub is a novel intervention of the government of Telangana to promote entrepreneurship in the
State. It will be the countrys largest such facility for start-ups and entrepreneurship. T-Hub will
provide one central location form members of the local start-up community and investors to
network, learn, communicate, share and make deals.
T-Hub envisions building a conducive environment and a vibrant entrepreneurial ecosystem
within the State for the next wave of technology companies for the full cycle of growth from
Salient features:

A PPP between the GoT, IIIT-H, ISB & NALSAR and key private sector leaders
To bring entrepreneurs, venture capitalists and mentors onto a single platform
To create/attract best start-ups & entrepreneur organisations in/to Hyderabad
Link, educate and promote all entrepreneurship-related stakeholders

The key focus at Telangana Academy for Skills and Knowledge is to enhance employability
quotient of young graduates in our state and enable them to choose multiple avenues as they

graduate. TASK enables a collaboration platform between Government, Academia and Industry
to enhance skilling, research and entrepreneurship among youth in Telangana.
Some of the key initiatives at TASK include

Soft Skill development programs for Graduates

Faculty Development Programs at colleges
Initiatives that nurture product innovation among students & faculty in collaboration with
Technology Entrepreneurship Program for students in collaboration with ISB
Technology Skilling Programs in collaboration with Oracle, Infosys, Google, IBM,
Microsoft, Autodesk and SAP
Rolling out programs in collaborations with IIIT Hyderabad, NIT Warangal, IIT
Hyderbad and BITS Pilani
ESDM Scheme Implementation
Coordination of Training Programs for Government Departments
Finishing School
E-Learning Programs

IT Facilitates The Life Of Every Citizen information Technology opens up tremendous
opportunities to provide basic government services to a much broader segment of the population
at the optimal quality, time, place and cost.

The Government of Telangana is determined to leverage its strength in IT to provide anytime,

anywhere citizens services.

Meeseva Portal
Citizen Service with a Difference e-Seva
TS Portal
TS Online
CFST- Transport Department Services
CARD- Computer-aided Administration of Registration Department
TSSWAN- TS State Wide Area Network
TS State Wide Video Conference
KM-ATOM Complete Office Tool for Paperless Office
e-Return VAT eReturn
CDSC Online issue of statutory Forms of CT (Commercial Taxes) Department
MGNREGS Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme


e-Suvidha Complete Application for Municipalities

Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in e-Governance Projects

Telangana State Industrial Development and Entrepreneur Advancement (T-IDEA) Incentive
Scheme- 2014. Orders to this effect were issued by the Industries and Commerce Department.
The incentives were announced to promote Telangana as the best investment destination for
investors in the country and applicable to industries set up on or after January 2015 and before
March 2019.

The mission began in 2005; full implementation was targeted for 2012. Once fully implemented,
there is to be "an ASHA in every village" in India, a target that translates into 250,000 ASHAs in
10 states. The grand total number of ASHAs in India was reported in July 2013 to be 870,089.
There are 859,331 ASHAs in 32 states and union territories as per the data provided by the states
in December 2014. This excludes data from the states of Himachal Pradesh, Goa, Puducherry
and Chandigarh, since the selection of ASHA is under way in these states.
One of the key components of the National Rural Health Mission is to provide every village in
the country with a trained female community health activist ASHA or Accredited Social Health
Activist. Selected from the village itself and accountable to it, the ASHA will be trained to work
as an interface between the community and the public health system. Following are the key
components of ASHA :

ASHA must primarily be a woman resident of the village married/ widowed/ divorced,
preferably in the age group of 25 to 45 years.

She should be a literate woman with due preference in selection to those who are
qualified up to 10 standard wherever they are interested and available in good numbers.
This may be relaxed only if no suitable person with this qualification is available.

ASHA will be chosen through a rigorous process of selection involving various

community groups, self-help groups, Anganwadi Institutions, the Block Nodal officer,
District Nodal officer, the village Health Committee and the Gram Sabha.

Capacity building of ASHA is being seen as a continuous process. ASHA will have to
undergo series of training episodes to acquire the necessary knowledge, skills and
confidence for performing her spelled out roles.

The ASHAs will receive performance-based incentives for promoting universal

immunization, referral and escort services for Reproductive & Child Health (RCH) and
other healthcare programmes, and construction of household toilets.

Empowered with knowledge and a drug-kit to deliver first-contact healthcare, every

ASHA is expected to be a fountainhead of community participation in public health
programmes in her village.

ASHA will be the first port of call for any health related demands of deprived sections of
the population, especially women and children, who find it difficult to access health

ASHA will be a health activist in the community who will create awareness on health and
its social determinants and mobilise the community towards local health planning and
increased utilisation and accountability of the existing health services.

She would be a promoter of good health practices and will also provide a minimum
package of curative care as appropriate and feasible for that level and make timely

ASHA will provide information to the community on determinants of health such as

nutrition, basic sanitation & hygienic practices, healthy living and working conditions,
information on existing health services and the need for timely utilisation of health &
family welfare services.

She will counsel women on birth preparedness, importance of safe delivery, breastfeeding and complementary feeding, immunization, contraception and prevention of
common infections including Reproductive Tract Infection/Sexually Transmitted
Infections (RTIs/STIs) and care of the young child.

ASHA will mobilise the community and facilitate them in accessing health and health
related services available at the Anganwadi/sub-centre/primary health centers, such as
immunisation, Ante Natal Check-up (ANC), Post Natal Check-up supplementary
nutrition, sanitation and other services being provided by the government.

She will act as a depot older for essential provisions being made available to all
habitations like Oral Rehydration Therapy (ORS), Iron Folic Acid Tablet(IFA),
chloroquine, Disposable Delivery Kits (DDK), Oral Pills & Condoms, etc.

At the village level it is recognised that ASHA cannot function without adequate
institutional support. Women's committees (like self-help groups or women's health
committees), village Health & Sanitation Committee of the Gram Panchayat, peripheral
health workers especially ANMs and Anganwadi workers, and the trainers of ASHA and
in-service periodic training would be a major source of support to ASHA

She taxi:

The launch of She taxis are all set to roll out in Hyderabad City from August 15th 2015
with 12 She taxis being introduced in the first phase and another 50 later.
Plans were to introduce 100 She taxis but due to the scarcity of women drivers, the launch
will be made with at least 50 taxis, said Telangana Minister for Transport Mahender Reddy.
18 women drivers were given training by the Transport Ministry last year of which 12 will be
given cars who were trained in the first phase. As per the needs and timings of the software
women employees in the IT zones, the She taxis will be made available.
Rs 36 lakh has been allotted for these She taxis by the Telangana Government and for the
easy identification, Maruti Desire VDI cars have been selected that will come out in white
and pink colours.
She Taxi Cabs fare charges would be cheaper than other cabs in telangana. yet present it runs
at hyderabad, than later she taxis scheme would be expanded through of telangana state.
Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana was launched by the Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi on
21st January 2015; under the Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao Campaign. This scheme was
launched to meet the expense of the Girl childs higher education and marriage.
Who is eligible under this scheme?
Gender: Girl child only
Citizenship: Child should be Indian citizen. NRI, OCI and other cannot open account
under this scheme.
Age limit: On the date of opening the account, the childs age should 10 years or younger.
Who can Invest:
Parent or legal guardian of the child
Investment limit:
In 1 year, minimum Rs 1000/- needs to be invested., thereafter in multiples of 100/o
Maximum of Rs 1, 50,000/- can be invested.
Deposits can be made in lump-sum or spread out manner.
No limit on number of deposits either in a month or in a financial year.
Mode of Deposit/Investment:

Cash, Cheque, Demand draft, Online payment. All methods are acceptable.

Operation of the account:

The account will be opened and operated by the guardian of a girl child till the girl child,
in whose name the account has been opened, attains the age of 10 years.
On attaining age of 10 years, the girl child may herself operate the account if she wishes
to do so. If not the gaurdian will continue operating the account.

Tenure of the Scheme:


Deposit needs to made until 15 years from opening of account.

Deposit under scheme will mature 21 year after opening of the account.

Withdrawal under the scheme:


No Premature Withdrawal is permitted.

However, maximum up to 50% of deposit amount can be withdrawn for higher education
of girl child, once she reaches 18 years of age, or passes 10th standard, whichever happens
earlier. The actual withdrawal will be limited to the fees payable, and fee slip will have to be
produced to make this withdrawal.

Termination of the Scheme:

Scheme Tenure is 21 years from date of opening, or when the marriage of the girl child
happens; whichever happens earlier.
Account can be continued after the marriage of girl child, if she wishes to do so; until 21
years from date of opening the account.
In case after maturity of the account (21 years) the account is not closed, balance will not
earn any further interest.

Rate of Interest under the Scheme:


For this year (F.Y 2016-17) interest rate is 8.6% , yearly compounded.
Every quarter GOI will announce the ROI applicable for that financial quarter.
Interest will be compounded yearly.
Interest will be paid on funds deposited on or before 10th of a month for that month

The Integrated Child Protection Scheme (ICPS) is a governmental program implemented by

the Government Of India to help secure the safety of children, with a special emphasis on
children in need of care and protection, juveniles in conflict or contact with the law and other
vulnerable children. Its primary purpose is to create a central structure to provide oversight and
standardization for pre-existing and evolving child protection schemes in India. Proposed in
2006 and implemented in 2009, the ICPS is administered at the state level by state child
protection committees and societies and at the district level by district child protection societies,
among other institutions

Supplementary Nutrition Programme

Supplementary Nutrition Programme(SNP) is the main component of ICDS to tackle
malnutrition. SNP services are provided to the target groups of Pregnant & Lactating women
and children between 7 months to 6 years.
The cost norms for Supplementary Nutrition Programme, under Restructured ICDS
were revised by Government of India (GOI), as per details given below

Target Group

Revised Norms
(per beneficiary per

(i) Children(7-72 months)


(ii) Severely Underweight children (7-72 months) Rs.9.00

(iii) Pregnant and Lactating women


The nutritive norms for the supplementary nutrition as prescribed by GOI is as follows
Nutritive values


Children (7-72 Months)


Pregnant & Lactating women





(K Cal)

Protein (g)







With the revision of cost norms, food models were revised in consultation with stakeholders
to provide for calories / protein/RDA as per GOI norms and to ensure that the Supplementary
food is acceptable to the target groups.
In brief, the supplementary nutrition provided for the various categories of target groups is as
Pregnant & Lactating women get one full meal under Arogyalaksmiwith one egg, 200 ml of
milk, rice, dal and vegetable every day. 7 months to 3 years children receive weaning food i.e the
fortified Balamrutham packet of 2 kgs and 16 eggs in a month. This is distributed as THR to
the mothers on 1st of every month (i.e on NHD-1)
3 to 6 years children as part of Pre-school get a hot meal of rice, dal, vegetables,egg, and Nutri
snacks/chana dal/daily. Malnourished children i.e SUW/SAM/MAM children between 7 months
to 3 years are given additional supplementation of 1 egg, 100 ml milk, mini meal+ extra oil daily
at the Anganwadi centre.
Malnourished children i.e SUW/SAM/MAM between 3 to 6 years are given additional
supplementation of 1 egg, 100 ml milk, oil ( with hot meal), 50 gms of Balamrutham daily at the
Anganwadi centre.
Feeds for Malnourished children of age groups 7 months to 3 years and 3 to 6 years, are
supervised and certain feeds are given at the AWC itself. Hence the additional supplementation
are made part of model menus which are appropriate for the malnourished children. Detailed
guidelines issued for the Special care and Supervised feeding of malnourished children upto 5
years include methodology of identification and categorization of children as Severely

Underweight (SUW)/ Severe Acute Malnutrition(SAM)/ Moderate Acute Malnutrition (MAM)

and the details of the Model Menus.

Land Purchase Scheme

Aug 15, 2014 launched land purchase scheme to dalits
Under the Dalitulaku Bhupampini (land distribution to Dalits) scheme, he gave away land titles
to 48 women beneficiaries from all districts in Telangana.

ASSARA Pension Scheme

Orders have been issued enhancing the existing Social Security Pensions (Aasara Pensions)
wherein detailed comprehensive guidelines for Aasara pensions and eligibility criteria for
sanction of the pension in supersession of all order issued in the past on the subject .
Order GO 17 on 5th November 2014 Government of Telangana as a part of its social safety net
strategy, hereby, introduces the Aasara pensions with a view to ensure secure life with dignity for
all the poor. This scheme is meant to protect the most vulnerable sections of society in particular
the old and infirm; people with HIV-AIDS, widows, incapacitated weavers and toddy tappers,
who have lost their means of livelihood with growing age, in order to support their day to day
minimum needs required to lead a life of dignity and social security.
2. In the past, social security pensions provided were meager and, barely sufficient to cover the
basic minimum requirements of the needy. With a view to combat the ever-increasing cost of
living and inflation, the Government, hereby, introduces a new scheme called Aasara pensions,
which will provide substantial financial benefits to all the above categories, particularly those
who are most needy.


Objective : In view of the steep hike in the cost of Raw material , the Govt have announced the
scheme , Supply of silk yarn on subsidized cost to the weavers of the state with an intention
to supply the Silk yarn on subsidized cost and to make their hand loom sector self sustainable in
the long run and to enable them to compete with power loom sector products.
How is the Assistance provided?
If the weaver purchases silk in other than the Serifed Sales centers, Subsidy of Rs.600/per month per family will be sanctioned and the amount shall be transferred to their
accounts through on-line system..(@ Rs.150/- per kg / 4 Kgs /month/ weaver) assuming
that one family consumes 4 Kgs of silk /month .
If the weaver purchases silk in the Serifed Sales centers the subsidy amount of of
Rs.600/- per month per family (@ Rs.150/- per kg / 4 Kgs / /month/ weaver) will be
deducted from the cost of the Silk Yarn and the balance cost of silk will be collected
from the weaver.
Who is eligible? :Genuine silk weavers, who have their own functional Silk Looms and
continuing the weaving activity.
Whom to contact? :Contact the Divisional / District level officers of the Department.


Additional Central Assistance Scheme which was launched in August 2007 to orient agricultural
development strategies, to reaffirm its commitment to achieve 4 per cent annual growth in the
agricultural sector during the 11th plan. The scheme was launched to incentivize the States to
provide additional resources in their State Plans over and above their baseline expenditure to
bridge critical gaps.
Sectors Covered: The RKVY covers all sectors such as Crop Cultivation, Horticulture, Animal
Husbandry and Fisheries, Dairy Development, Agricultural Research and Education, Forestry
and Wildlife, Plantation and Agricultural Marketing, Food Storage and Warehousing, Soil and
Water Conservation, Agricultural Financial Institutions, other Agricultural Programmes and
RKVY is a State Plan Scheme:
. How much assistance would be provided to a state from centre would depend upon the amount
provided in State Plan Budgets for Agriculture and allied sectors, above a baseline expenditure
on these sectors. This means that eligibility of a state for the RKVY is contingent upon the state
maintaining or increasing the State Plan expenditure for Agriculture & Allied Sectors. The base
line expenditure is determined based on the average expenditure incurred by the State
Government during the three years prior to the previous year. The RKVY funds are provided to
the states as 100% grant by the Central Government.