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# 419-490_cengel_ch09.

qxd 10/2/09 9:47 PM Page 484

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DIFFERENTIAL ANALYSIS OF FLUID FLOW

9–83 A stirrer mixes liquid chemicals in a large tank (Fig.
P9–83). The free surface of the liquid is exposed to room air.
Surface tension effects are negligible. Discuss the boundary
conditions required to solve this problem. Specifically, what
are the velocity boundary conditions in terms of cylindrical
coordinates (r, u, z) and velocity components (ur, uu, uz) at all
surfaces, including the blades and the free surface? What
pressure boundary conditions are appropriate for this flow
field? Write mathematical equations for each boundary condition and discuss.
P = Patm

Free surface
v

9–86
Water (r  998.2 kg/m3 and m  1.003 
103 kg/m  s) flows in a long, straight pipe. The flow is
steady, fully developed, and laminar, so the analytical velocity profile is known. Write an expression for axial velocity
R, and average axial velocity V. Run FlowLab with template
Pipe_1d_Reynolds at Re = 1000. Record the average velocity
and write the velocity profile data to a file. Generate a plot of
u(r) that compares the analytical velocity profile to that generated by CFD. Is there good agreement? Repeat for Re =
9–87 The ru-component of the viscous stress tensor in
cylindrical coordinates is
tru  tur  mcr

Rtank

r, m

D
z

1 u r 
uu
a b
d
r u 
r r

(1)

Some authors write this component instead as

r 

u u
1 u r
tru  tur  mc a 
u ub 
d
r u 
r

FIGURE P9–83
9–84 Repeat Prob. 9–83, but from a frame of reference
rotating with the stirrer blades at angular velocity v.
9–85 Consider liquid in a cylindrical tank. Both the tank
and the liquid rotate as a rigid body (Fig. P9–85). The free
surface of the liquid is exposed to room air. Surface tension
effects are negligible. Discuss the boundary conditions
required to solve this problem. Specifically, what are the
velocity boundary conditions in terms of cylindrical coordinates (r, u, z) and velocity components (ur, uu, uz) at all surfaces, including the tank walls and the free surface? What
pressure boundary conditions are appropriate for this flow
field? Write mathematical equations for each boundary condition and discuss.

(2)

Are these the same? In other words is Eq. 2 equivalent to Eq.
1, or do these other authors define their viscous stress tensor
9–88 Engine oil at T  60C is forced to flow between two
very large, stationary, parallel flat plates separated by a thin
gap height h  2.50 mm (Fig. P9–88). The plate dimensions
are L  1.25 m and W  0.750 m. The outlet pressure is
atmospheric, and the inlet pressure is 1 atm gage pressure.
Estimate the volume flow rate of oil. Also calculate the
Reynolds number of the oil flow, based on gap height h and
average velocity V. Is the flow laminar or turbulent?
Answers: 1.09  103 m3/s, 17.3, laminar
Pout

h

Pin
y

W
L

v

Free
surface

x

V

FIGURE P9–88
P = Patm

9–89 Consider the following
incom→

pressible
velocity field: V  (u, v)  (ax  b)i  (ay 

cx2)j , where a, b, and c are constants. Calculate the pressure
as a function of x and y. Answer: cannot be found

g

r

R
Liquid

z
r

FIGURE P9–85

9–90 Consider the following