147 views

Uploaded by Medal Ankh

save

- WJ
- BFC21103 Chapter1
- Unit04 Handout
- Flow and Heat Transfer in a Laminar Two Phase Plane Wall Jet
- Report Renoylds Number
- Lecture 12
- cd7294_116
- 10.Mechanical Properties of Fluids
- GasCalc v 1.3
- NCERT Ph 2 M P of Fluids
- Fluent.09.multiphase
- Fluent.04.Boundary
- FT 150-4
- FPP Assignment
- CH2001_11_RM
- Global
- Diaz 2008
- Chapter 3 (Part 1)
- Thermal Squeeze Film FEM
- Orifice Prelim 2
- Traduci r
- Basics of in Viscid Incompressible Flows
- MOrison.pdf
- TOC
- 5332
- Advance Fluid Mechanics Lectures 7-8
- 2009 -Dec.09- Jan.10-ME45
- PETSOC-65-03-01
- General_Technical.pdf
- 5
- Assignment 1 MEC500
- BAB_1.doc
- MAN0387 - 2.0 Hydro 2000MU User Manual - Lead Free Version
- PUMP TEST 75%.xlsx
- MAN0384-1.0 Mastersizer 2000 User Manual.pdf
- MAN0384-1.0 Mastersizer 2000 User Manual
- BAB_1
- Pump Test 75%
- Powertrain Gantt Chart.docx
- BAB_2
- abrasivewaterjetmachining-131205140847-phpapp02 (1).pdf
- cv-template-Mechanical-Engineer.doc
- abrasivewaterjetmachining-131205140847-phpapp02 (1).pdf
- MEC 411
- abrasivewaterjetmachining-131205140847-phpapp021.pdf.docx
- 16x2 LCD Datasheet.pdf
- Mini Project.doc
- Einstein_Relativity.pdf
- assgmnt 1
- Abrasive Water Jet Machining.pptx
- binder_mcm_02.pdf
- Einstein_Relativity.pdf
- Abrasivewaterjetmachining 131205140847 Phpapp021.PDF
- Abrasivewaterjetmachining 131205140847 Phpapp02 (1)
- Technical Ict and Communication Skill
- FSAE-drivetrain_final-report.pdf
- FSAE-drivetrain_final-report.pdf
- 243467332-Molding-Preparation.docx
- Epe491 Assignment 3 Dec2015
- 16x2 LCD Datasheet.pdf

You are on page 1of 3

qxd 10/2/09 9:47 PM Page 484

484

DIFFERENTIAL ANALYSIS OF FLUID FLOW

**9–83 A stirrer mixes liquid chemicals in a large tank (Fig.
**

P9–83). The free surface of the liquid is exposed to room air.

Surface tension effects are negligible. Discuss the boundary

conditions required to solve this problem. Specifically, what

are the velocity boundary conditions in terms of cylindrical

coordinates (r, u, z) and velocity components (ur, uu, uz) at all

surfaces, including the blades and the free surface? What

pressure boundary conditions are appropriate for this flow

field? Write mathematical equations for each boundary condition and discuss.

P = Patm

Free surface

v

9–86

Water (r 998.2 kg/m3 and m 1.003

103 kg/m s) flows in a long, straight pipe. The flow is

steady, fully developed, and laminar, so the analytical velocity profile is known. Write an expression for axial velocity

component u as a function of radial coordinate r, pipe radius

R, and average axial velocity V. Run FlowLab with template

Pipe_1d_Reynolds at Re = 1000. Record the average velocity

and write the velocity profile data to a file. Generate a plot of

u(r) that compares the analytical velocity profile to that generated by CFD. Is there good agreement? Repeat for Re =

2000. Discuss your results.

9–87 The ru-component of the viscous stress tensor in

cylindrical coordinates is

tru tur mcr

Rtank

r, m

D

z

1 u r

uu

a b

d

r u

r r

(1)

Some authors write this component instead as

r

u u

1 u r

tru tur mc a

u ub

d

r u

r

FIGURE P9–83

9–84 Repeat Prob. 9–83, but from a frame of reference

rotating with the stirrer blades at angular velocity v.

9–85 Consider liquid in a cylindrical tank. Both the tank

and the liquid rotate as a rigid body (Fig. P9–85). The free

surface of the liquid is exposed to room air. Surface tension

effects are negligible. Discuss the boundary conditions

required to solve this problem. Specifically, what are the

velocity boundary conditions in terms of cylindrical coordinates (r, u, z) and velocity components (ur, uu, uz) at all surfaces, including the tank walls and the free surface? What

pressure boundary conditions are appropriate for this flow

field? Write mathematical equations for each boundary condition and discuss.

(2)

**Are these the same? In other words is Eq. 2 equivalent to Eq.
**

1, or do these other authors define their viscous stress tensor

differently? Show all your work.

9–88 Engine oil at T 60C is forced to flow between two

very large, stationary, parallel flat plates separated by a thin

gap height h 2.50 mm (Fig. P9–88). The plate dimensions

are L 1.25 m and W 0.750 m. The outlet pressure is

atmospheric, and the inlet pressure is 1 atm gage pressure.

Estimate the volume flow rate of oil. Also calculate the

Reynolds number of the oil flow, based on gap height h and

average velocity V. Is the flow laminar or turbulent?

Answers: 1.09 103 m3/s, 17.3, laminar

Pout

h

Pin

y

W

L

v

Free

surface

x

V

FIGURE P9–88

P = Patm

**9–89 Consider the following
**

steady, two-dimensional,

incom→

→

pressible

velocity field: V (u, v) (ax b)i (ay

→

cx2)j , where a, b, and c are constants. Calculate the pressure

as a function of x and y. Answer: cannot be found

→

g

r

R

Liquid

z

r

FIGURE P9–85

**9–90 Consider the following
**

steady, two-dimensional,

incom→

→

→

pressible velocity field: V (u, v) (ax2)i (2axy)j ,

where a is a constant. Calculate the pressure as a function of

x and y.

9–91 Consider steady, two-dimensional, incompressible

flow due to a spiraling line vortex/sink flow centered on the

un). meaning that nothing is a function of coordinate u (uu and P are functions of radius r only). h. Navier–Stokes equation (Eq. n) coordinate system with velocity components (us. The flow is also circular. parallel. make sure that your result agrees with that of Example 9–17 when a 90. P9–95.80 kg/m · s. y. P9–93). and g. and gravity acts in the negative z-direction (downward in the figure). laminar. v. Generate expressions for both the pressure and velocity fields. generate an expression for the volume # flow rate per unit width (V L) as a function of r. Compare your result to that of the same fluid falling along Expand this expression as far as possible using the product rule. P9–98.) 9–98 An incompressible Newtonian liquid is confined between two concentric circular cylinders of infinite length— a solid inner cylinder of radius Ri and a hollow. As a check. Now combine all three terms into one term. incompressible. except for the case in which the wall is inclined at angle a (Fig. Generate an exact expression for velocity component uu as a function of radius r . and two-dimensional in the ru-plane. Calculate the pressure as a function of r and u. z Fluid: r. [Hint: It is most convenient to use the (s. yielding three terms. V (u. The distance between the walls is h. The first two viscous terms in the u-component of the u u uu 1 ar b 2d. b. where y is into the page in Fig. m. There is no applied (forced) pressure driving the flow— the fluid falls by gravity alone. m. meaning that velocity component ur 0 everywhere. Streamlines and velocity components are shown in Fig. Discuss the differences and provide a physical explanation. m s h z x a FIGURE P9–95 9–96 For the falling oil film of Prob. P9–91. where C and K are constants. The inner cylinder rotates at angular velocity vi. Plot the dimensionless velocity profile u*s versus n* for the case in which a 60. where a. m Air n FIGURE P9–91 → g Fixed wall 9–92 Consider the steady. Calculate the velocity field and sketch the velocity profile using appropriate nondimensionalized variables. The flow is also rotationally symmetric. Calculate (V L) for an oil film of thickness 5. all else being equal. 9–93 Consider steady. The velocity field is ur C/r and uu K/r. and c are constants. incompressible → → → velocity field. The flow is steady. laminar flow of a viscous fluid falling between two infinite vertical walls (Fig.0 mm with r 888 kg/m3 and m 0. stationary outer cylinder of radius Ro (Fig. the z-axis is out of the page). P9–89). generate an expression for the volume flow rate per unit width of oil # falling down# the wall (V L) as a function of r. Answer: rgh3/12m downward 9–95 Repeat Example 9–17. 9–62c) are mc r r r r 9–97 x Fixed wall P = Patm Fixed wall → g h FIGURE P9–93 9–94 For the fluid falling between two parallel vertical walls (Prob. (Hint: Use the product rule in reverse—some trial and error may be required. uu uu = K r r ur = one vertical wall with a free surface replacing the second wall (Example 9–17). The pressure is constant everywhere in the flow field.qxd 10/2/09 9:47 PM Page 485 485 CHAPTER 9 z-axis. 9–93).419-490_cengel_ch09. v) (ax b)i (ay c)j . two-dimensional. 9–95. Calculate the pressure as a function of x and y.] C r Oil film: r. h. and g.

Run two cases: (a) a small gap of 0. In other words. Derive an expression for the velocity field in the annular space in the pipe. vo 400 rpm. (P/dx) (P2 P1)/(x2 x1). Show that the velocity profile approaches linear from the outer cylinder wall to the inner cylinder wall. 9–97 is useful. The inner radius is 0. Outer pipe wall Fluid: r. (Hint: The result of Prob. while the inner cylinder radius is very small. 9–98 for the more general case. namely. The outer cylinder is stationary. let the inner cylinder rotate at angular velocity vi and let the outer cylinder rotate at angular velocity vo.060 m. x) and (ur.799 kg/m s) flows between two concentric cylinders as in Prob.060 m.12 m. incompressible. Verify that when vo 0 your result simplifies to that of Prob. (Hint: Define y Ro r. laminar flow of a Newtonian fluid in an infinitely long round pipe annulus of inner radius Ri and outer radius Ro (Fig. 9–98. we compare analytical to CFD results. m r x P1 x1 Ri Ro ∂P P2 – P1 = ∂x x2 – x1 FIGURE P9–106 P2 x2 . vo 0 and (b) vi 200 rpm. A constant negative pressure gradient P/x is applied in the x-direction. but let the inner cylinder be stationary and the outer cylinder rotate at angular velocity vo. plot and save the velocity profile data. 9–99. Ignore the effects of gravity.9 kg/m3 and m 0. Run FlowLab with template Concentric_gap. Run FlowLab with template Concentric_outer. What kind of flow does this approach? 9–103 Repeat Prob. h gap thickness Ro Ri. 9–103.9 kg/m3 and m 0. On the same plot. Compare to the analytical prediction for both cases. compare the analytical prediction from Prob. Compare to the analytical prediction for both cases. and the outer radius is 0.) (b) The outer cylinder radius approaches infinity. In this problem. u). When the gap is large. and V speed of the “upper plate” Ri vi. Answer: vor 9–106 Consider steady. however. (r. setting vo 500 rpm. Plot and save the velocity profile data to a file. 9–104 Glycerin (r 1259. where x1 and x2 are two arbitrary locations along the x-axis. For each case. Generate an exact solution for uu(r) using the step-by-step procedure discussed in this chapter.9 kg/m3 and m 0. Note that we adopt a modified cylindrical coordinate system here with x instead of z for the axial component. 9–100.419-490_cengel_ch09.) Liquid: r.001 m and (b) a large gap of 0.799 kg/ms) flows between two concentric cylinders as in Prob. Is there good agreement? How good is the linear approximation? Discuss your results. Run FlowLab with template Concentric_gap. Namely.060 m. 9–100. The inner cylinder is stationary. uu. For each case. 9–105 Analyze and discuss a limiting case of Prob.qxd 10/2/09 9:47 PM Page 486 486 DIFFERENTIAL ANALYSIS OF FLUID FLOW and the other parameters in the problem. The inner radius is 0. P9–106). 9–100 Repeat Prob. and P1 and P2 are the pressures at those two locations. The inner radius is 0. You may ignore gravity. All else is the same as Prob. m Ro vi Ri Rotating inner cylinder Stationary outer cylinder FIGURE P9–98 9–99 Glycerin ( r 1259. Generate an exact expression for velocity component uu as a function of radius r and the other parameters in the problem. Generate an expression for uu as a function of r. and the outer cylinder rotates at 500 rpm. The pressure gradient may be caused by a pump and/or gravity. u. plot and save the velocity profile data to a file. 9–98. Is there good agreement? How good is the linear approximation? Discuss your results. 9–98: (a) The gap is very small. 9–102 Analyze and discuss two limiting cases of Prob. 9–94 in which there is no inner cylinder (Ri vi 0). for a very tiny gap the velocity profile reduces to that of simple two-dimensional Couette flow.060 m. we expect the linear approximation to fail. What kind of flow is this? Describe how this flow could be set up experimentally. 9–98. Run two cases: (a) vi 300 rpm.799 kg/m s) flows between two concentric cylinders as in Prob. Is there good agreement? Discuss your results. and the inner cylinder rotates at 300 rpm. 9–101 Glycerin (r 1259. Recall from Chapter 2 that when the gap between the cylinders is small. the tangential velocity of the fluid in the gap is nearly linear.

- WJUploaded byNrl Syafini
- BFC21103 Chapter1Uploaded bydibaelleya
- Unit04 HandoutUploaded bytushar209
- Flow and Heat Transfer in a Laminar Two Phase Plane Wall JetUploaded byseventhsensegroup
- Report Renoylds NumberUploaded byrohanida abdul rahman
- Lecture 12Uploaded byShadmƛn Rƛzzƛq
- cd7294_116Uploaded byAtikah Alia Aqeelah
- 10.Mechanical Properties of FluidsUploaded byPalash Swarnakar
- GasCalc v 1.3Uploaded byGeorge Goycochea
- NCERT Ph 2 M P of FluidsUploaded bykdsiddhant
- Fluent.09.multiphaseUploaded byJohn_trytry
- Fluent.04.BoundaryUploaded byprithvirajchauhan
- FT 150-4Uploaded bykweeniegene
- FPP AssignmentUploaded byrizanda93
- CH2001_11_RMUploaded bySai Kumar
- GlobalUploaded bySara Martinez
- Diaz 2008Uploaded byAntonio Martín Alcántara
- Chapter 3 (Part 1)Uploaded byAidaFarzanaNana
- Thermal Squeeze Film FEMUploaded by72alfetta
- Orifice Prelim 2Uploaded byKyle Nguyen
- Traduci rUploaded bySoledad Flores
- Basics of in Viscid Incompressible FlowsUploaded byAnonymous 6Sivdzj
- MOrison.pdfUploaded byBrendon Menezes de Abreu
- TOCUploaded byRonald Zapata Vásquez
- 5332Uploaded byworkfinder
- Advance Fluid Mechanics Lectures 7-8Uploaded byKhalid Yousaf
- 2009 -Dec.09- Jan.10-ME45Uploaded bynitte5768
- PETSOC-65-03-01Uploaded byJessica King
- General_Technical.pdfUploaded byharshal161987
- 5Uploaded byCaioPaes

- Assignment 1 MEC500Uploaded byMedal Ankh
- BAB_1.docUploaded byMedal Ankh
- MAN0387 - 2.0 Hydro 2000MU User Manual - Lead Free VersionUploaded byMedal Ankh
- PUMP TEST 75%.xlsxUploaded byMedal Ankh
- MAN0384-1.0 Mastersizer 2000 User Manual.pdfUploaded byMedal Ankh
- MAN0384-1.0 Mastersizer 2000 User ManualUploaded byMedal Ankh
- BAB_1Uploaded byMedal Ankh
- Pump Test 75%Uploaded byMedal Ankh
- Powertrain Gantt Chart.docxUploaded byMedal Ankh
- BAB_2Uploaded byMedal Ankh
- abrasivewaterjetmachining-131205140847-phpapp02 (1).pdfUploaded byMedal Ankh
- cv-template-Mechanical-Engineer.docUploaded byMedal Ankh
- abrasivewaterjetmachining-131205140847-phpapp02 (1).pdfUploaded byMedal Ankh
- MEC 411Uploaded byMedal Ankh
- abrasivewaterjetmachining-131205140847-phpapp021.pdf.docxUploaded byMedal Ankh
- 16x2 LCD Datasheet.pdfUploaded byMedal Ankh
- Mini Project.docUploaded byMedal Ankh
- Einstein_Relativity.pdfUploaded byMedal Ankh
- assgmnt 1Uploaded byMedal Ankh
- Abrasive Water Jet Machining.pptxUploaded byMedal Ankh
- binder_mcm_02.pdfUploaded byMedal Ankh
- Einstein_Relativity.pdfUploaded byMedal Ankh
- Abrasivewaterjetmachining 131205140847 Phpapp021.PDFUploaded byMedal Ankh
- Abrasivewaterjetmachining 131205140847 Phpapp02 (1)Uploaded byMedal Ankh
- Technical Ict and Communication SkillUploaded byMedal Ankh
- FSAE-drivetrain_final-report.pdfUploaded byMedal Ankh
- FSAE-drivetrain_final-report.pdfUploaded byMedal Ankh
- 243467332-Molding-Preparation.docxUploaded byMedal Ankh
- Epe491 Assignment 3 Dec2015Uploaded byMedal Ankh
- 16x2 LCD Datasheet.pdfUploaded byMedal Ankh