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SCIENCE VI

Date: ____________
I.

Objective:
 Cite evidences when energy transfer occurs.
Values:

Changing of attitudes from good to bad

II. Subject Matter:
Energy Transfer
A. Science Concepts/Ideas:
 Potential energy can, be transformed to kinetic energy and vice versa. This can be
demonstrated with the loop-the-loop there reversible transformation of energy. This loop-theloop demonstrates how the roller coaster works.
B. Science Processes:
Observing, describing, identifying, inferring
C. Materials:
Aluminum base and stand, I-beam, glass marble, steel ball
References:
Philippine Elementary Learning Competencies p. 34;
Manual of Enhancement Activities and Experiments pp. 82-83;
Teacher's Module in Science and Health 6 pp. 41-42
III. Procedure:
A. Preparatory Activity:
1. Checking of Assignments/Review:
Complete the Diagram.
Lead-acid storage cell:
Charging; __________ energy to ____________ energy; Discharging; from ___________ to
____________ energy to ____________ energy, to __________ , to ____________ or to
_______________.
B. Developmental Activities:
1. Motivation:
Have you ridden on a roller coaster? Why don't you fall from your seat?
2. Presentation:
Activity:
a. Construct the loop-the-loop by bending one end of a 3.5 ft. long I-beam into a - circular
loop. Mount the loop like an inclined #6 on a stand.
b. Release the marble _ from different heights along ,the inclined track of the loop-the-loop.
Find the minimum height from where the marble can loop-the loop.
Analysis/Discussion:

a. Can the marble loop-the-loop when released from a height lower than the crest of the
loop? Higher than the crest?
b. What kind of energy is gained at certain height? What kind of energy is lost?
c. Trace the energy transformation as the marble loop-the-Ioop.
b. How is this demonstration related to the roller coaster?
3. Concept Formation:
Cite evidences where energy is transformed.
4. Application:
a. What happens to a top after a along spin?
b. What energy is gained as it begins to spin?
c. What energy is lost as it stops to spin?
IV. Evaluation:
Answer with True or False.
1. A flowing matter can lost its energy after sometime.
2. A rolling marble possesses energy.
3. Wind has no energy because it can not move things.
4. The sun's energy can be transferred to the plants.
5. Energy can be lost and gained.
V. Assignment:
Name activities at home that shows the transformation of potential energy to kinetic energy.

handling materials with care II. chlorate. bamboo splinter References: Philippine Elementary Learning Competencies p. b. Science Processes: Observing. Form the mixture into a small heap in an enameled dish. enameled dish tube.  Explosions of gunpowder. B. Developmental Activities: 1. and other explosive mixtures are also examples of transformation of chemical energy to thermal or heat energy. concentrated sulfuric acid. Procedure: A.SCIENCE VI Date: ____________ I. 43 III. Manual of Enhancement Activities and Experiments p. Preparatory Activity: 1. Add a few drops of hydrogen peroxide "to the potassium permanganate solution and then quickly insert the glowing splinter into the . This conversion is a form of chemical reaction known as combustion a rapid form of oxidation. Checking of Assignments/Review: What kind of energy do spoon and fork have? How can you transform them to kinetic? When you are seated on a chair. Add a drop of concentrated sulfuric acid to the mixture. potassium. describing. Motivation: What do you do with the stove before you cook? What is needed to produce fire? 2. 3% potassium permanganate solution. Fill one-third of a test tube with potassium permanganate solution. 79. Burn the tip of a bamboo stick and blow off the flame. pyrotechnics. Subject Matter: Energy Transformation A. Objective:  Observes that heat is always produced when energy transformation occurs Values: Orderliness. Science Concepts/Ideas:  When fuels burns. Mix a small amount of potassium chlorate and sugar. Materials: Sugar. identifying. their chemical energy is converted to heat. test tube. 34. Teachers' Module in Science and Health 6 p. what kind of energy do you possess? When do you have kinetic energy? B. hydrogen peroxide. Presentation: Activity: a. inferring C.

or make use of heat. Concept Formation: What transformation of energy did you observe from the activity? What is produced when transformation of energy occurs? 4. Application: What things in the room can produce heat? IV. What happens to the mixture of potassium chlorate and sugar when acted upon by sulfuric acid? b. Analysis/Discussion: a. Evaluation: Give the different energy transformation that require heat. . V. Assignment: Cite some evidences that heat is produced during an energy transformation. What happens to the splinter when inserted into the test tube of potassium permanganate and hydrogen peroxide? c.mouth of the test tube without dipping it into the liquid. What energy transformation has taken place in both investigations? 3.

B. Raise the bob to one end of the scale and release it. how high the bob reaches to the other end of the scale. aluminum base and stand. Observe how far. Presentation: Activity: a.  Energy cannot be derived from nothing. 85. Preparatory Activity: 1. b. bob (washer or marble) stop watch. inferring C. Science Processes: Observing.  Energy can be converted into various form sand yet the total amount remains the same. nor can lose a portion of it. Teachers' Module in Science and Health 6 p. identifying. describing.SCIENCE VI Date: ____________ I. 2. Developmental Activities: 1. cotton string or thread. c. Hold a pencil directly below and parallel to the lateral pin of the mounting shaft at a . Let it oscillate in short arcs. Checking of Assignments/Review: What is produced when bulb lights? What is produced when a convection turbine moves? B. Motivation: Can energy be destroyed? Can energy be lost? Let's find it out. Objective:  Cite evidences that energy is neither created nor destroyed but only transformed from one form to another Values: Education can transform a person to a better one II. Science Concepts/Ideas:  The Law of Conservation of Energy states that energy cannot be created nor destroyed but only changed from one form to another. about 50 on either side of the vertical. 43 III. arbitrary calibrated scale References: Module: Conservation of Energy Manual of Enhancement Activities and Experiments p. Procedure: A. Subject Matter: Conservation of energy A. Improvise a simple pendulum by suspending a washer/marble with a cotton string thread from a lateral pin of a mounting shaft. Materials: Mounting shaft.

. Lower the position of the pencil and release the bob from a position higher than the level of the pencil. Assignment: Improvise your own pendulum. Application: a. How can we make energy useful? How can we conserve it? 4. What happens to the oscillating pendulum after sometime? c. Raise the bob to the same height as the pencil and then release it. What happens as the pendulum strikes the pencil? When the bob was released from the same height as the pencil? 3. How is the energy of a battery transformed? c. Concept Formation: State the Law of Conservation of Energy. Cite other examples to prove that energy is not created nor destroyed: V. What happens to the former energy? Is it lost? c. Observe what happens.point about one-half the length of the pendulum. Observe what happens. IV. What do these observations indicate? c. Evaluation: a. How far does the bob reach other side of the scale when released from a certain height? b. Cite other evidences that energy is conserved. Analysis/Discussion: a. Prove that a ball has energy. How is electrical energy transformed to another form? b. What happens when its kinetic energy stops? b. d.

Checking of Assignments/Review: What is the first law of conservation of energy? Give examples to explain this law. B. magnetic yoyo References: Manual of Enhancement Activities and Experiments p. Analysis/Discussion: a. Teachers' Module in Science and Health 6 p. No energy is lost in any transformation. Drop a ping-pong ball and observe how it bounces up and down until it stops. Does the ball reach the same height every time it bounces back? . B. Procedure: A. b. Presentation: Activity: a. Energy is converted into heat that goes out in the system. Subject Matter: Conservation of Energy A. 43 III. Improvise a Maxwell's Pendulum or Law Entropy Apparatus by mounting vertically the track of the magnetic yoyo on an aluminum base and stand. Preparatory Activity: 1. describing and Inferring C. What energy transformation are taking place in a bouncing ping pong ball? b. Allow the yoyo to roll down and up repeatedly along the vertical track. Developmental Activities: 1. aluminum base and stand. Science Concepts/Ideas:  The second law of conservation of energy is the Law of Entropy. Entropy means decreasing or diminishing. identifying. Science Processes: Observing. Motivation: What happens if you drop a ball at a certain height? What happens to the energy of the ball when it stops bouncing? 2. 87.SCIENCE VI Date: ____________ I. Objective:  Cite evidences that heat produced during energy transformation/transfer goes to the environment Values: Aim high and hit the mark II.  Law of Entropy states that the amount of available energy diminishing or decreasing each time an energy transformation takes place. Materials: Ping-pong ball.

What energy transformation take place as the yoyo is rolling down the track? What happens as the yoyo reaches the bottom of the track? What energy transformation takes place? As the yoyo is ascending the track? Describe the height of the yoyo every time it makes a climb. What energy transformation takes place in a volcanic eruption? Complete the diagram. Where does heat go? 2. Give other examples of energy transformation where heat is produced. Assignment: Play with a yoyo at home. . f.c.Where does heat go? IV. Application: What does the body use when it works? What does the body feel while working? . d. What is given off in the transformation? 3. Concept Formation: How is heat produced in the entropy apparatus? What happens to the heat? 4. Chemical energy to __________________to _________________ 2. V. e. 3. Observe its movement. Evaluation: Answer the following question: 1.

C. cooperation II. Developmental Activities: 1. energy can be transferred Values: Handling materials with care. Science Concepts/Ideas:  The molecules of liquid and gas are farther apart and could easily around at random. Materials: Base and stand. The pinwheel is mounted on a chimney directly above a lighted candle. Preparatory Activity: 1. c. The process repeats and convection current is produced.  The method of heat is called convection. How can this transformation of energy be used to do useful work? 3. Checking of Assignments/Review: How does a yoyo move in the string? What does it indicate? B. B. safety pin pivot. Procedure: A. inferring. The warmer liquid/gas becomes lighter and is pushed up by the colder liquid/gas. Improvise a convection turbine by balancing horizontally a brass pinwheel on top of a safety pin pivot. Thus heat is transferred by individual molecules from one place to another. When a liquid or gas is heated. b. Science Processes: Demonstrating. What happens to the brass pinwheel as' heated air rises? d. Motivation: What happens to gas when heated? What makes it rise? 2. convection and conduction apparatuses. identifying.80 III. candle. brass. References: Manual of Enhancement Activities and Experiments p. Subject Matter: Heat Transfer A.SCIENCE VI Date: ____________ I. Presentation: Activity: a. Concept Formation: Can heat energy be transferred? Cite evidences. observing. pinwheel. Objective:  Demonstrate that heat. the molecules at the heated spot move farther apart. Observe hat happens to the pinwh'3el as the air is heated by the candle. .

What do you call this movement of air? 4. What air rises? What are sinks? 3. 1. Evaluation: Answer the following questions. What is generated in a convection current? V. Assignment: How are big factories ventilated? Remarks: ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ . What happens to air when heated? When cooled? 2.4. Application: Why do big factories use convection turbine? IV.

describing C.  On way is by describing its speed. pp. Checking of Assignments/Review: What is meant by convection? How is convection current formed? B.SCIENCE VI Date: ____________ I. The speed of the body at any particular time or distance is called its instantaneous speed. Objective:  Meassure the speed of an object.  It describes how fast the body changes its position with respect to its surrounding. b. Concept Formation: . Developmental Activities: 1. During their motion. Motivation: What do you feel if you stay under the sun? Why does mother use a pot holder when cooking? 2. Science Concepts/Ideas:  There are two ways of describing motion. it is the total distance that the body has traveled divided by the total time of travel. Materials: Conductometer. 166-169 III. ~ is the rate of motion. Subject Matter: Speed A. 167-168 3. Procedure: A.10 Method of Heat Transfer Into the Future: Science and Health 6. Values: Accuracy II. real objects References: Teacher's Module in Science and Health into the Future: Science and Health. Presentation: Activity: 4. The speed of the same body over a period of time or distance is called its average speed. they sometimes speed up or slow down. Science Processes: Observing. pp. Preparatory Activity: 1. It is the measure of the distance (d) covered by a moving body in a given length of time (t).

It is the transfer of energy in waves through space 3. Assignment: Draw pictures that show heat transfer. Radiation a. Evaluation: Match column A with column B. Conduction c. Convection b. . B 1. It is the transfer of heat by the movement of liquids and ases V. 4. It is the transfer of heat through a substance b direct contact 2. A.What are the three ways by which heat is transferred? Describe each. IV. Give example of each. Application: Find out why heat is transferred in a rock exposed to sunlight.

Developmental Activities: 1. Subject Matter: Speed A. During their motion. The speed of the same body over a period of time or distance is called its average speed. identifying. Calculate the average speed of walking person. Science Concepts/Ideas:  There are two ways of describing motion. Measure the time it took to cover the distance. it is the total distance that the body has traveled divided by the total time of travel.  It describes how fast the body changes its position with respect to its surrounding. Materials: Glass marble. watch References: Manual of Enhancement Activities and Experiments p. Can you describe your speed.SCIENCE VI Date: ____________ I. b. Checking of Assignments/Review: How is heat energy transferred in a convection turbine? Give more examples of energy transformation caused by heat. Release the marble from an inclined plane.  On way is by describing its speed. 49 Teachers' Module in Science and Health 6 pp. Procedure: A. comparing C. ruler. It is the measure of the distance (d) covered by a moving body in a given length of time (t). Speed is the rate of motion. inferring. . Values: Accuracy II. b. The speed of the body at any particular time or distance is called its instantaneous speed. Presentation: Activity: a. Preparatory Activity: 1. Objective:  Measure the speed of an object. B. Motivation: Camille is a fast runner. they sometimes speed up or slow down.48-49 III. Calculate the average speed of a rolling marble. Measure the distance he traveled in 10 seconds. Science Processes: Measuring. Camile? 2.

Application: Can you describe your speed when walking slowly? IV.c. Release the paper from a certain height and measure the time of fall. . Concept Formation: What is the speed of each object? How do we measure the speed of an object in motion? 4. 1. A runner running 50 km in 4 hours 3. 3. Assignment: Measure the time it takes you to walk from your house to the school. Evaluation: How do we measure speed? Solve the following? Give the average speed of each of the following. An Igorot walking at a speed of 5 km/hour V. Calculate the average speed of a falling sheet of paper. A car that travels 100 km in 2 112 hours 2.

Observe each picture. 47 a. Materials: Pictures References: Philippine Elementary Learning Competencies p. Objective:  Identify the specific direction of a moving object. where is the east? the west? the south? What are the main directions? 2. Science Concepts/Ideas:  An object in motion is changing its position. Motivation: If you are facing the north. B. describing C. Some forms of motion such as a speeding car can be seen clearly. what is his/her speed? B. Presentation: Activity 1: Manual of Enhancement Activities and Experiments. Subject Matter: Motion A.47 Teachers Module in Science and Health 6 p. Science Processes: Observing. Did the monkey move? What is your frame of reference? b. 34 Manuel of Enhancement Activities and Experiments 5 p. Did the pig move? What is your frame reference? .SCIENCE VI Date: ____________ I. p. Analysis/Discussion: a. Checking of Assignments/Review: What is the distance of our room from the gate? It takes one ten minutes to walk from the gate to the room.48 III. Preparatory Activity: 1. Developmental Activities: 1. Procedure: A. Values: Accuracy II. State your frame of references. An object may be moving to the south direction or opposite direction. comparing. Frame of reference is what an observer compares the position an object. Infer whether or not the animals moved.  One can however infer the occurrence of motion if there is a change in an object’s position with perfect to a frame of reference.

Did the horse move? What is your frame of reference? d. V. 1. Assignment: Make an illustration of an object that has moved. Give the specific direction where one is moving. Application: In what direction are you going if you go to the comfort room? to the library? to the school canteen? IV.c. Include your frame of reference. Concept Formation: When do you say that an object has moved? What is the meaning of frame of reference? Does the frame of reference identify the specific direction where one is going to? 4. . Which of the animals moved? What is the frame of reference? 2. Evaluation: Observe the other pictures and answer the questions. To what direction does each animal move? 3.

Subject Matter: Velocity A. Presentation: Activity: a. Objective:  Measure velocity of a moving object. if the body were going in different directions. Measure the distance connecting the starting point and the finishing point. Science Concepts/Ideas:  The other way of describing motion is by its velocity. Calculate the average speed of a person who walks 4 meters to the north then 3 meters to the east. b. 34 Manual of Enhancement Activities and Experiments p. Preparatory Activity: 1. Values: Accuracy II. comparing. Calculate the average velocity of the same person. Measure the time in seconds it takes the person to walk the total distance.SCIENCE VI Date: ____________ I. B. Motivation: Are speed and velocity the same in relation to motion? Let's find out the differences between them. Divide his displacement . Procedure: A. watch References: Philippine Elementary Learning Competencies p. Displacement differs in distance in that distance refers to the total path traveled by the moving body from starting point to terminal point. Materials: Person. Science Processes: Measuring. Because of this specific direction. the distance measured in calculating velocity is not the actual distance covered by the body. ruler. The difference is that the velocity has a specified direction while the speed has none. identifying. This is his displacement. 50 Teachers' Module in Science and Health p. describing C.49 III. What is measured is its displacement. Speed (S) and velocity (V) both describe the rate of motion of an object. Checking of Assignments/Review: When do you say that an object has moved? B. Developmental Activities: 1. 2.

Average velocity ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ 3. Average speed e. Average velocity V. Total time traveled 3. Assignment: Differentiate between speed and velocity. Evaluation: Analyze the problem and solve. How many steps did you make in all? How far are you from the starting point? IV. Displacement d. A Times Transit traveled 809 kms. to the south for 16 hours. Analysis /Discussion: a. Total distance traveled 2. 1. Total time of travel c.by his time of travel. Concept Formation: How does speed differ from velocity? How do we measure the velocity of a moving object? 4. Displacement 4. to the north and 76 kms. Application: Take 15 steps forward and 10 steps backward. Average speed 5. Total distance traveled b. .

inferring. Objective:  Infer that the motion of an object is determined by forces acting on it. Materials: Pictures Pulley String Paper clips Washers References: Science and Health VI Module and Worktext pp. Developmental Activities: 1. Presentation: Activity a. B. . Ask how do they know that an object has moved.  When two or more forces are applied simultaneously on a body such that there is no net force acting on it. Motivation: If you are going to observe the wall clock. why is it easy to say that the second hand of a clock is moving? 2. Science Concepts/Ideas:  A frame of reference is to what an observer compares the position of an object. Procedure: A. Never judge a book by its cover II. Values: Rely on evidences. Science Processes: Describing. Show figure 6. 148-151.  A body at rest is acted upon by a balanced system of forces. Preparatory Activity: 1. the system of forces is said to be unbalanced. B.3b.SCIENCE VI Date: ____________ I. comparing C. such that a net force results from their interaction.3a and 6.  When two forces are exerted upon a body. the system of forces is said to be balanced or in equilibrium. Checking of Assignments/Review: Cite examples on how heat energy can be transferred. 164-165 III. Subject Matter: System of Forces A. observing.

balance forces b.  Ask how do they know that an object moved. along a circular path and with constant acceleration. Newton's first law of motion states that a moving body will maintain its motion a. An observer said the bus has moved. way of measurement d. c. V.What can you infer from this observation? . There is a change in an object's texture. and gain acceleration. Observe figure 6.  Give the difference between balanced and unbalance forces. c. How do you know that an object has moved? a. d. 1.b. Application: Before judging things on people around you. There is a change in an object's position. unless acted upon by an outside force. Concept Formation:  The class can tell which objects moved.3b c. estimation 3. b. d. unbalanced forces . Observe and infer . There is a change in an object's weight.It there any change in the position of the animals? . 4. what would you do? IV. d. There is a change in an object's size. Evaluation: Choose the correct answer.Can you tell for sure which of the two animals moved? Why? 3. b. objects or bodies around you which are being acted upon by a. 2. but will gradually slow down because of friction. Infer which of the animals moved. starting point b. frame of reference c. we call this his a. He viewed the bus with respect to another object. Assignment: Make a list of things.3a and 6.

Preparatory Activity: 1. Ask how 60 they know that. ask if it continues roiling. then.SCIENCE VI Date: ____________ I. Checking of Assignments/Review: List of things. objects or bodies which are acted upon by balanced/unbalanced forces. what happen? . Materials: Plastic cups String Sand Drinking straw Inertia apparatus Various objects of different masses References: Science and Health VI III. inferring. Ask them if the ball moves. and therefore the lesser is its acceleration. respect for others II. Science Concepts/Ideas:  A body will not move unless acted upon by a force and when it is set into motion. objects have moved/which objects moved. B. Objective:  Observe that a body at rest tends to remain at re. observing. Let it roll once again.t and a body in motion tends to be in motions unless an outside force is applied on it Values: Handling materials with care. it will continue moving unless stopped' by a force. Motivation: Put a ball on the table. put a stick on its way.  It is easier to accelerate or decelerate a body with less mass than a body with a greater mass. Science Processes: Describing. comparing C. Procedure: A. Subject Matter: Mechanical Energy – Formation and Uses A. Developmental Activities: 1. Let it roll. which is called inertia or a body's resistance to acceleration. let it remain at rest. B.  Mass is a factor that affects a body's acceleration  The greater is the mass of a body’s the greater is its inertia.

Concept Formation: Explains what inertia is. then release. volume b. b. . Bring the two stones at the same height. The acceleration that results when a person is pushing a stalled car depends upon [A] the mass of the car. [B] the amount of force applied. speed V. 4.2. The two bodies must have the same a. . gravity d.What can you infer from these observation? . a. Suspend two plastic cups with equally long strings. weight b. [D] the inertia of the person pushing the car. [C] the gravity of the force. The quantity of material is matter is its a. [C] and [D] c. Use the drinking straw to blow against the plastic cups to set them in motion. b. Fill one plastic cup with sand.Which plastic cup has more mass? Which plastic cup has more inertia? . Evaluation: Choose the letter of the correct answer. Observe and infer. 1. [A] and [B] 3. force c. Assignment: The two stones of different sizes with equally long strings and suspended each on a stand. Application: How would you relate inertia to being a good leader? IV. [B]. mass c. Two bodies were dropped simultaneously from the same height and fell to the ground at the same time. [A]. [B] and [C] b. mass 2. Presentation: Activity: a. weight d.Why is weight not a factor to be considered in moving each plastic cup? 3. Tell the factor that affects acceleration.