12 views

Uploaded by thuaiyaalhinai

Flexural Analysis

save

- XUAN GANG
- Tan1 External Prestressing
- Structural Performance of Rotationally Restrained Steel Columns in Fire
- 9261F35Cd01
- Energy Absorption Capacity of Composite Beams
- Reinforcement Detailing for Openings in Beams 103
- Transverse Reinforcement
- DR Chap04 Shear Reinforcement
- project1tensiletestingofmaterials
- Composite Section Analysis
- SJ_Jan._2018_V._115_No._01
- Structure 2
- Polyurethene Foam Using LS-DYNA Material Models
- 3.2.6-Beam Design.pps
- Effect of Caging and Swimmer Bars on Flexural Response of RC Deep Beams
- TU BCE 4th Year Project Report on Structural Analysis and Design of Multi-Storied Building - Bigyan Upadhayay
- Mansouri Saffari 2015
- Aee Syllabus
- Bs 8110-1 1997 Ribbed Slabs
- 1
- Unit 10 ( TORSION )
- Cast-in-place Drilled Piers.pdf
- Design of I-Beam to Box-Column Connections Stiffened Externally.pdf
- Assessing the Effectiveness of Embedding CFRP Laminates in the Near Surface for Structural Strengthening
- Seismic Design of Steel Structures.pdf
- Bruhn Errata by Bill Gran
- Shear-force-in-a-beam.docx
- Snap Fit Desing
- Dynamic failure of Beam
- NUMERICAL INVESTIGATION OF THE MECHANICAL BEHAVIOR OF ROCK
- 12
- Lecture_1_Hydrologic_Cycle.pdf
- Handout 6 HMA Volumetrics
- 06 Chapter 7_Lateral Earth Pressure-m
- Handout 4 Aggregates
- Handout 1 the Basics
- Handout 9 HMA Mixing Plants-Summary-student Version
- Site Investigation
- Chapter 2-3 Cost Concepts and Design Economics
- 604-chap2
- 2 Components of Airport 1(1)
- 2_Components of Airport_1(1).pdf
- Review of Soil Mechanics Power Point Presentation
- Lecture 1 Hydrologic Cycle
- Lecture 1 Reading Material
- Dif_Part_1_L
- Design Project No 1-CIVL4146-Fl16
- Sample Lab Report
- General Instructions and Reports Format
- 2-Flexural Analysis of R.C. Beams (1)-Students
- دورات النيترجين والكربون
- Marshall Laboratory Batching Information
- 284169841-Head-Loss-in-Pipes.pdf
- 1 Introduction c
- ch04_Testbank
- الطيور المهاجرة تلمم شمل الجرح العربي.docx
- Tutorial 01 CIVL4146 Fl16
- units of concentration.pdf
- Lecture 2_Unit Conversions

You are on page 1of 20

**Flexural Analysis of R.C. Beams(2)
**

BY

Dr. A.W.HAGO

1

**Maximum moment capacity of a section
**

Following BS8110 in limiting depth the neutral axis, x=0.5d, then the

corresponding lever arm becomes:

Z=d - s/2= d-0.9X/2 =d – 0.45(0.5d) =0.775d

Hence, the maximum moment of resistance of the section is:

Substitute s = 0.9 x = 0.9 × 0.5d = 0.45d

M max = F ccz = 0.45 f cu b( 0.45d )( 0.775d )

= 0.156 f cu bd 2 = K ' f cu bd 2

∴ K' =

M max

= 0.156

2

bd f cu

**Which is the limiting value for K
**

for a singly reinforced section.

0.45 f cu

ε cc = 0.0035

ε sc

Neutral

axis

d

S=0.9x

b

x

M = 0.45 f cu bsz

Fcc

Ast

ε st

Section

Strains

Fst

Stress block

**If K>K’ compression reinforcement is required to prevent crushing of concrete.
**

2

9X/2 = d-0.5d =0.5d.775d 3 .Doubly Reinforced Rectangular Sections • When the applied bending moment M > 0. the design ultimate moment exceeds the moment of resistance of concrete and compression reinforcement is needed.9*0.156fcubd2. the maximum value allowed by the Code. The neutral axis of the beam will be fixed at X=0. Then the lever arm z=d-s/2= d-0.

...9 x) 0.(2) Fst = 0........(1) st and M =Fcc z + Fsc (d − d ')....405 = f cu bx 0.45d X=0....405 f= 0......Doubly reinforced rectangular sections b ε cc = 0....201 f cu bd cu b(0.95 f st Ast Fsc = f sc Asc But = Fcc 0...........45 = f cu b(0.45 f cu Fsc Fcc Neutral axis z Ast Fst ε st Section Strains Stress block For equilibrium: F= Fcc + Fsc .....5d ) ........9x =0.....0035 Asc d ε sc S=0.5d d‘ 0.....

.......95 f y and hence: 0..95 f y Ast z 0.......201 f cu bd (0..............(3) and taking moments about the centroid of tension steel equation 2 becomes: M =Fcc z + Fsc (d − d ').......................95 f y Ast = 0.....775d ) + f sc Asc (d − d ') ∴ M = 0. then f sc = 0..............................156 f cu bd 2 + f sc Asc z If the compression steel is yielding.............∴ 0.775d) we get: = 0....e.....(4) f sc (d − d ') f sc (d − d ') Multiplying both sides of equation (3) by z (i.....201 f cu bd + f sc Asc ...........156 f cu bd 2 ( K − K ') f cu bd 2 = ∴ Asc = .......156 f cu bd 2 + f sc Asc (d − d ') = M 1 + M 2 M − 0.95 f y z ....(5) 0.(2) = M 0..156 f cu bd 2 = Ast + Asc .............. 0.

187 compression steel yields. then in equation (4): f sc Esε= = 200000ε= 700 − 1400 sc sc d' d .0035(0.00219 = 0. If the compression steel is not yielding.0035 − 0.0035 − 0.95 × 460 d' ε sc= ε= = = 0.To see if compression steel is yielding.95 f y 0.00219 = ∴ = 0.0035( x − d ') 0.007 So with fy=460 N/mm2 steel.187 d 0.5d For yielding with fy=460 N/mm2 steel: 0.5d − d ') d' = = 0.007 y 200000 E d d ' 0.007 x d 0.0035 − 0. if d’/d < 0. we have from the strain diagram: = ε sc 0.

Solution 260 50 440 7 . If fcu=30 N/mm2 and fy= 460 N/mm2 design the reinforcement for the beam. Take d'=50mm.Example 1: A rectangular beam 260mm wide. 440mm effective depth is subjected to an ultimate design moment of 285 kNm.

8 .

9x Determine the ultimate moment of resistance of the cross-section shown in figure below given that the characteristic strengths are fy= 460 N/mm2 for the reinforcement and fcu = 30 N/mm2 for the concrete Solution: b= 280 Neutral axis Ast = 2410 Fst 0.Example 2: Analysis of a doubly reinforced section Asc = 628 X=0.45 f cu Fsc Fcc z ε st 9 .5d ε cc = 0.0035 d ‘=50 d= 510 ε sc S=0.

10 .

with the steel strains and stresses being calculated from strain and stress diagrams.lf the depth of neutral axis was such that the compressive or tensile steel had not yielded. it would have been necessary to try successive values of x until all forces balance. The steel stresses at balance would then be used to calculate the moment of resistance 11 .

..( 1 ) bd d bd Taking moments about the neutral axis ∴ M = Fcc ( x − 0.( 2 ) bd d d d For any value of x/d...405 f cu bx( 0....0035 For equilibrium of the section: Asc X d‘ ε sc 0..9x b Neutral axis F= Fcc + Fsc .....405 f cu bx Ast Fsc = f sc Asc Fst ε st Fst = f st Ast ∴ f st Ast = 0.45 x ) + Fsc ( x − d' ) + Fst ( d − x ) ∴ M = 0.Design Charts ε cc = 0.45 f cu S=0... As’/bd... equations (1) and (2) can be solved for As/bd and M/bd2 and a set of design charts can be plotted (as shown)..405 f cu + f sc sc ..(1) d st But: Fcc = 0..9 x ) = 0.55 x ) + f sc Asc ( x − d' ) + f st Ast ( d − x ) Dividing both sides by bd 2 we get: 2 A M x ∴ 2 = 0...405 f cu bx + f sc Asc Dividing both sides by bd we get: A A x ∴ f st st = 0............2275 f cu + f sc sc bd bd d A x x d' − + f st st 1 − .... Fsc Fcc ...... d’/d..45 f cu b( 0...... Steel stresses are to be obtained for any x/d 12 from the strain diagram and stress-strain curve for steel..

13 .

14 .

15 .

Example 3:Use of Design Charts The ultimate design moment to be resisted by the section shown is 300 kNm. Determine the area of tension reinforcement (As) required given the characteristic material strengths are fy = 460 N/mm2 and fcu = 40 N/mm2. b= 250 Solution: d= 700 16 .

17 .

18 .

Example 4:Use of Design Charts The ultimate design moment to be resisted by a beam section with b=250mm and d=700mm is 900 kNm. What is the x/d ratio of the beam so designed? Solution: 19 . Determine the area of tension reinforcement (As) required given the characteristic material strengths are fy = 460 N/mm2 and fcu=40 N/mm2.

20 .

- XUAN GANGUploaded byLê Trung
- Tan1 External PrestressingUploaded byAnonymous eoQuq9t
- Structural Performance of Rotationally Restrained Steel Columns in FireUploaded byReaditReadit
- 9261F35Cd01Uploaded bycasanovavn
- Energy Absorption Capacity of Composite BeamsUploaded byvijayapandim
- Reinforcement Detailing for Openings in Beams 103Uploaded bystefengo
- Transverse ReinforcementUploaded byJohn John
- DR Chap04 Shear ReinforcementUploaded byrrj44
- project1tensiletestingofmaterialsUploaded byapi-357876479
- Composite Section AnalysisUploaded byMadusha Galappaththi
- SJ_Jan._2018_V._115_No._01Uploaded byনীল জোছনা
- Structure 2Uploaded byreena
- Polyurethene Foam Using LS-DYNA Material ModelsUploaded byaoki186
- 3.2.6-Beam Design.ppsUploaded byKalai Selvan
- Effect of Caging and Swimmer Bars on Flexural Response of RC Deep BeamsUploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- TU BCE 4th Year Project Report on Structural Analysis and Design of Multi-Storied Building - Bigyan UpadhayayUploaded byBigyan Upadhayay
- Mansouri Saffari 2015Uploaded byArnav Anuj Kasar
- Aee SyllabusUploaded byPalli Hemanth
- Bs 8110-1 1997 Ribbed SlabsUploaded bypennacchietti
- 1Uploaded byKarrar Monarch
- Unit 10 ( TORSION )Uploaded byZara Nabilah
- Cast-in-place Drilled Piers.pdfUploaded byBanderbill Fernando
- Design of I-Beam to Box-Column Connections Stiffened Externally.pdfUploaded byjuliocra23
- Assessing the Effectiveness of Embedding CFRP Laminates in the Near Surface for Structural StrengtheningUploaded byHamilton Costa
- Seismic Design of Steel Structures.pdfUploaded bySumanth
- Bruhn Errata by Bill GranUploaded byAdel ChirAd
- Shear-force-in-a-beam.docxUploaded byHawaiiChong
- Snap Fit DesingUploaded byGerman Lag
- Dynamic failure of BeamUploaded bymuhdqasim
- NUMERICAL INVESTIGATION OF THE MECHANICAL BEHAVIOR OF ROCKUploaded byxukyle

- 12Uploaded bythuaiyaalhinai
- Lecture_1_Hydrologic_Cycle.pdfUploaded bythuaiyaalhinai
- Handout 6 HMA VolumetricsUploaded bythuaiyaalhinai
- 06 Chapter 7_Lateral Earth Pressure-mUploaded bythuaiyaalhinai
- Handout 4 AggregatesUploaded bythuaiyaalhinai
- Handout 1 the BasicsUploaded bythuaiyaalhinai
- Handout 9 HMA Mixing Plants-Summary-student VersionUploaded bythuaiyaalhinai
- Site InvestigationUploaded bythuaiyaalhinai
- Chapter 2-3 Cost Concepts and Design EconomicsUploaded bythuaiyaalhinai
- 604-chap2Uploaded bythuaiyaalhinai
- 2 Components of Airport 1(1)Uploaded bythuaiyaalhinai
- 2_Components of Airport_1(1).pdfUploaded bythuaiyaalhinai
- Review of Soil Mechanics Power Point PresentationUploaded bythuaiyaalhinai
- Lecture 1 Hydrologic CycleUploaded bythuaiyaalhinai
- Lecture 1 Reading MaterialUploaded bythuaiyaalhinai
- Dif_Part_1_LUploaded bythuaiyaalhinai
- Design Project No 1-CIVL4146-Fl16Uploaded bythuaiyaalhinai
- Sample Lab ReportUploaded bythuaiyaalhinai
- General Instructions and Reports FormatUploaded bythuaiyaalhinai
- 2-Flexural Analysis of R.C. Beams (1)-StudentsUploaded bythuaiyaalhinai
- دورات النيترجين والكربونUploaded bythuaiyaalhinai
- Marshall Laboratory Batching InformationUploaded bythuaiyaalhinai
- 284169841-Head-Loss-in-Pipes.pdfUploaded bythuaiyaalhinai
- 1 Introduction cUploaded bythuaiyaalhinai
- ch04_TestbankUploaded bythuaiyaalhinai
- الطيور المهاجرة تلمم شمل الجرح العربي.docxUploaded bythuaiyaalhinai
- Tutorial 01 CIVL4146 Fl16Uploaded bythuaiyaalhinai
- units of concentration.pdfUploaded bythuaiyaalhinai
- Lecture 2_Unit ConversionsUploaded bythuaiyaalhinai