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American Filler Metals Company presents all the technical information. data and applications to permit you to make your own evaluations and decisions. American Filler Metals Company assumes no liability for results or damages incurred from the use of any information contained herein. and is not to be mistaken as expressed or implied warranties for these or other applications. in whole or in part.Important Notice for All Users of This Book The information contained herein is intended for general information only and not for specification purposes. Go Back to Table of Contents 4 .

4 E2594-16 122 Click to Download 97 .Stainless Steel Electrodes Stainless Steel Coated Electrodes AFM Product AWS Classification Page AFM E308-16 AWS/SFA A5.4 E317L-16 112 AFM E320-16 AWS/SFA A5.4 E410-16 118 AFM E410NiMo-16 AWS/SFA A5.4 E385-16 117 AFM E410-16 AWS/SFA A5.4 E316H-16 110 AFM E316L-16 AWS/SFA A5.4 E320LR-16 114 AFM E330-16 AWS/SFA A5.4 E2209-16 120 AFM E2553-16 AWS/SFA A5.4 E410NiMo-16 119 AFM E2209-16 AWS/SFA A5.4 E309Mo-16 105 AFM E309LMo-16 AWS/SFA A5.4 E312-16 108 AFM E316-16 AWS/SFA A5.4 E309L-16 103 AFM E309Nb-16 AWS/SFA A5.4 E330-16 115 AFM E347-16 AWS/SFA A5.4 E347-16 116 AFM E385-16 AWS/SFA A5.4 E316L-16 111 AFM E317L-16 AWS/SFA A5.4 E309-16 102 AFM E309L-16 AWS/SFA A5.4 E320-16 113 AFM E320LR-16 AWS/SFA A5.4 E309Nb-16 104 AFM E309Mo-16 AWS/SFA A5.4 E316-16 109 AFM E316H-16 AWS/SFA A5.4 E308-16 99 AFM E308H-16 AWS/SFA A5.4 E309LMo-16 106 AFM E310-16 AWS/SFA A5.4 E308H-16 100 AFM E308L-16 AWS/SFA A5.4 E310-16 107 AFM E312-16 AWS/SFA A5.4 E308L-16 101 AFM E309-16 AWS/SFA A5.4 E2553-16 121 AFM E2594-16 AWS/SFA A5.

Electrode sizes 5/32 in [4. While use with alternating current is sometimes accomplished.Stainless Steel Electrodes Order of Mandatory Classification Designators AWS/SFA A5. The covering for these electrodes generally contains readily ionizing elements. Electrode sizes 5/32 in [4. both covering types were classified as -16 in the past because there was no classification alternative until the 1992 revision of AWS A5. The electrodes are usable with dcep (electrode positive) only.Direct Current Electrode Positive (DC.4. Usability Designation -16.Please see below “Usability Designation”.0 mm] and smaller may be used in all positions of welding. the operational differences between the two types have become significant enough to warrant a separate classification. in order to stabilize the arc for welding with alternating current. Straight Polarity) Usability Designation Usability Designation -15. such as potassium. they are not intended to qualify for use with this type of current. Go Back to Table of Contents 98 .0 mm] and smaller may be used in all positions of welding. Since both the -16 and the -17 electrode coverings permit ac operation. . E 308-16 • Welding Current DCEP .4 Designates an electrode. Designates the classification as to its composition. However. The covering of these electrodes is a modification of the -16 covering in that considerable silica replaces some of the titania of the -16 covering. Reverse Polarity) DCEN . Designates the classification as to usability with respect to position of welding & type of current. Usability Designation -17.Direct Current Electrode Negative (DC.

Recommended Amperage (DC+): Dia. 202.8 mm 14” 14” 100 ~ 140 130 ~ 180 Chemical Composition Requirements for Undiluted Weld Metal (%): C 0.4 mm 12” 50 ~ 80 1/8” 3.03 Mo 0.75 Cu 0. (inch) Dia. and 308. 4 containers per 40 Lb Master Carton.000 550 35 Standard Packaging: All sizes are packaged in 10 Lb containers.00 S 0. 302.50 ~ 2. 204. S M D S Go Back to Table of Contents 99 .00 ~ 21.04 Ni 9.08 Si 1.50 All values are considered maximum.0 mm 4. unless otherwise noted. 304.00 P 0.75 Mn 0. 301.4 Description: AFM E308-16 is used for welding austenitic stainless of 18/8 types such as AISI 201.00 Cr 18. (mm) Length AMPS 3/32” 2.00 ~ 11.Stainless Steel Electrodes AFM E308-16 AWS/SFA A5. 305. All-Weld-Metal Tension Test Requirements: Tensile Strength Elongation psi MPa (%) 80.2 mm 14” 70 ~ 110 5/32” 3/16” 4.

00 ~ 11.8 mm 14” 14” 100 ~ 140 130 ~ 180 Chemical Composition Requirements for Undiluted Weld Metal (%): C 0.0 mm 4.000 550 35 Standard Packaging: All sizes are packaged in 10 Lb containers.00 S 0.04 Ni 9.75 Mn 0. All-Weld-Metal Tension Test Requirements: Tensile Strength Elongation psi MPa (%) 80. 4 containers per 40 Lb Master Carton.4 mm 12” 50 ~ 80 1/8” 3.00 P 0.03 Mo 0. S M D S Go Back to Table of Contents 100 . Carbon content in the range of 0.4 Description: AFM E30H8-16 is the same as AFM E308-16 except that the allowable carbon content has been restricted to the higher portion of the E308 range. (mm) Length AMPS 3/32” 2.04 ~ 0.50 ~ 2.75 Cu 0.08 Si 1.Stainless Steel Electrodes AFM E308H-16 AWS/SFA A5.00 Cr 18. (inch) Dia.50 All values are considered maximum. unless otherwise noted. AFM E308H-16 is used for welding Type 304H base metal.2 mm 14” 70 ~ 110 5/32” 3/16” 4.04 ~ 0. Recommended Amperage (DC+): Dia.00 ~ 21.08 provides higher tensile and creep strengths at elevated temperatures.

04 Ni 9.00 ~ 11. unless otherwise noted. The 0.4 Description: AFM E308L-16 has the same composition of the weld metal of AFM E308-16. is not as strong at elevated temperature as the columbium-stabilized alloys or 304H. (mm) Length AMPS 3/32” 2.00 S 0. 4 containers per 40 Lb Master Carton.75 Cu 0. A carbon content of 0.75 Mn 0.00 Cr 18. S M D S Go Back to Table of Contents 101 . All-Weld-Metal Tension Test Requirements: Tensile Strength Elongation psi MPa (%) 75.Stainless Steel Electrodes AFM E308L-16 AWS/SFA A5. except for the restricted carbon content.4 mm 12” 50 ~ 80 1/8” 3.2 mm 14” 70 ~ 110 5/32” 3/16” 4. This low carbon alloy. even though it is recognized that similar base metal specifications require a 0.8 mm 14” 14” 100 ~ 140 130 ~ 180 Chemical Composition Requirements for Undiluted Weld Metal (%): C 0. (inch) Dia.50 ~ 2.000 520 35 Standard Packaging: All sizes are packaged in 10 Lb containers.04 percent maximum carbon content of weld metal deposited by AFM E308L-16 reduces the possibility of intergranular carbide precipitation and thereby increases the resistance to intergranular corrosion without the use of stabilizers such as columbium (niobium) or titanium.04 Si 1. Recommended Amperage (DC+): Dia. however.0 mm 4.04 percent maximum has been shown to be adequate in weld metal.00 P 0.03 Mo 0.50 All values are considered maximum.03 percent limitation.00 ~ 21.

000 550 30 Standard Packaging: All sizes are packaged in 10 Lb containers. welding the clad side of Type 304 clad steels. such as joining Type 304 to carbon steel. unless otherwise noted. Recommended Amperage (DC+): Dia.00 ~ 14.Stainless Steel Electrodes AFM E309-16 AWS/SFA A5.75 Mn 0. It is used for welding dissimilar metals.2 mm 14” 70 ~ 110 5/32” 3/16” 4.15 Si 1. Occasionally.8 mm 14” 14” 100 ~ 140 130 ~ 180 Chemical Composition Requirements for Undiluted Weld Metal (%): C 0.0 mm 4.00 S 0.75 Cu 0.04 Ni 12. (mm) Length AMPS 3/32” 2.03 Mo 0.50 All values are considered maximum.00 Cr 22. 4 containers per 40 Lb Master Carton. All-Weld-Metal Tension Test Requirements: Tensile Strength Elongation psi MPa (%) 80.4 mm 12” 50 ~ 80 1/8” 3.00 P 0.00 ~ 25.4 Description: AFM E309-16 is commonly used for welding similar alloys in wrought or cast form. (inch) Dia. AFM E309-16 is used to weld Type 304 and similar base metals where severe corrosion conditions exist requiring higher alloy weld metal.50 ~ 2. and applying stainless steel sheet linings to carbon steel shells. S M D S Go Back to Table of Contents 102 .

4 containers per 40 Lb Master Carton. All-Weld-Metal Tension Test Requirements: Tensile Strength Elongation psi MPa (%) 75. unless otherwise noted.50 ~ 2.50 All values are considered maximum.8 mm 14” 14” 100 ~ 140 130 ~ 180 Chemical Composition Requirements for Undiluted Weld Metal (%): C 0.00 P 0. The 0. except for the restricted carbon content.75 Mn 0.00 ~ 25.00 S 0.03 Mo 0.000 520 30 Standard Packaging: All sizes are packaged in 10 Lb containers.4 mm 12” 50 ~ 80 1/8” 3.04 Ni 12.00 ~ 14.04 Si 1.75 Cu 0. S M D S Go Back to Table of Contents 103 .00 Cr 22. (mm) Length AMPS 3/32” 2.0 mm 4.2 mm 14” 70 ~ 110 5/32” 3/16” 4. Recommended Amperage (DC+): Dia.4 Description: AFM E309L-16 has the same composition of weld metal deposited by AFM E309-16 electrodes. (inch) Dia.Stainless Steel Electrodes AFM E309L-16 AWS/SFA A5.04 percent maximum carbon content of these weld deposits reduces the possibility of intergranular carbide precipitation and thereby increases the resistance to intergranular corrosion without the use of stabilizers such as columbium (niobium) and titanium. AFM E309L-16 is not as strong at elevated temperature as the columbiumstabilized alloys or high carbon content AFM E309-16 deposits.

03 Mo 0.00 Cr 22.75 Cu 0. except for the addition of columbium (niobium) and a reduction in the carbon limit.Stainless Steel Electrodes AFM E309Nb-16 AWS/SFA A5.70 ~ 1.00 ~ 14.50 Nb (Cb) + Ta 0.12 Si 1.50 ~ 2.04 Ni 12. (mm) Length AMPS 3/32” 2. All-Weld-Metal Tension Test Requirements: Tensile Strength Elongation psi MPa (%) 80. AFM E309Nb-16 electrodes are used also for welding Type 347 clad steels or for the overlay of carbon steel.00 All values are considered maximum.00 P 0. The columbium (niobium) provides resistance to carbide precipitation and thus increases intergranular corrosion resistance and also provides higher strength in elevated temperature service.2 mm 14” 70 ~ 110 5/32” 3/16” 4. E309Nb-XX was formerly named E309Cb-XXw.4 Description: AFM E309Nb-16 has the same composition of weld metal deposited by AFM E309-16.75 Mn 0. S M D S Go Back to Table of Contents 104 .000 550 30 Standard Packaging: All sizes are packaged in 10 Lb containers. The change was made conform to the worldwide uniform designation of the element nobium. 4 containers per 40 Lb Master Carton.0 mm 4.4 mm 12” 50 ~ 80 1/8” 3. unless otherwise noted.8 mm 14” 14” 100 ~ 140 130 ~ 180 Chemical Composition Requirements for Undiluted Weld Metal (%): C 0.00 ~ 25. Recommended Amperage (DC+): Dia. (inch) Dia.00 S 0.

Recommended Amperage (DC+): Dia.00 S 0.03 Mo 2.8 mm 14” 14” 100 ~ 140 130 ~ 180 Chemical Composition Requirements for Undiluted Weld Metal (%): C 0.Stainless Steel Electrodes AFM E309Mo-16 AWS/SFA A5.2 mm 14” 70 ~ 110 5/32” 3/16” 4.4 mm 12” 50 ~ 80 1/8” 3.00 Cr 22.50 All values are considered maximum. It is used for welding Type 316 clad steels or for the overlay of carbon steels.00 Cu 0.4 Description: AFM E309Mo-16 has the same composition of weld metal deposited by AFM E309-16.50 ~ 2.00 P 0.0 mm 4. except for the addition of molybdenum and a small reduction in the carbon limit. unless otherwise noted.00 ~ 25.04 Ni 12.00 ~ 14.12 Si 1. All-Weld-Metal Tension Test Requirements: Tensile Strength Elongation psi MPa (%) 80. (mm) Length AMPS 3/32” 2. (inch) Dia.75 Mn 0.00 ~ 3.000 550 30 Standard Packaging: All sizes are packaged in 10 Lb containers. 4 containers per 40 Lb Master Carton. S M D S Go Back to Table of Contents 105 .

4 Description: AFM E309LMo-16 has the same composition of weld metal deposited by AFM E309Mo-16. E309LMo-XX was formerly named E309MoL-XX.Stainless Steel Electrodes AFM E309LMo-16 AWS/SFA A5.75 Mn 0. Recommended Amperage (DC+): Dia.4 mm 12” 50 ~ 80 1/8” 3.00 ~ 3.04 Ni 12.12 Si 1.00 ~ 25. (mm) Length AMPS 3/32” 2.00 Cu 0.0 mm 4.00 S 0.00 Cr 22.50 All values are considered maximum. (inch) Dia.50 ~ 2. unless otherwise noted. The lower carbon content of the weld metal reduces the possibility of itergranular corrosion. All-Weld-Metal Tension Test Requirements: Tensile Strength Elongation psi MPa (%) 75.2 mm 14” 70 ~ 110 5/32” 3/16” 4.000 520 30 Standard Packaging: All sizes are packaged in 10 Lb containers. S M D S Go Back to Table of Contents 106 .00 ~ 14.00 P 0. except for the restricted carbon content.03 Mo 2.8 mm 14” 14” 100 ~ 140 130 ~ 180 Chemical Composition Requirements for Undiluted Weld Metal (%): C 0. 4 containers per 40 Lb Master Carton.

00 ~ 22.00 P 0.75 Cr 25. All-Weld-Metal Tension Test Requirements: Tensile Strength Elongation psi MPa (%) 80. unless otherwise noted.08 ~ 0.Stainless Steel Electrodes AFM E310-16 AWS/SFA A5.000 550 30 Standard Packaging: All sizes are packaged in 10 Lb containers.75 Mn 1. 4 containers per 40 Lb Master Carton.03 Ni 20.00 ~ 3.20 Si 0. S M D S Go Back to Table of Contents 107 .8 mm 14” 14” 100 ~ 140 130 ~ 180 Chemical Composition Requirements for Undiluted Weld Metal (%): C 0. (mm) Length AMPS 3/32” 2.00 Cu 0.00 ~ 2.03 Mo 2.0 mm 4. Recommended Amperage (DC+): Dia.50 All values are considered maximum.50 S 0.00 ~ 28. The weld deposit exhibits the same chemical analysis and oxidation resistance as the base plate metal.4 mm 12” 50 ~ 80 1/8” 3.2 mm 14” 70 ~ 110 5/32” 3/16” 4.4 Description: AFM E310-16 is used for welding type 310 stainless steel. (inch) Dia.

(inch) Dia.50 ~ 2.75 Cu 0.4 mm 12” 50 ~ 80 1/8” 3.8 mm 14” 14” 100 ~ 140 130 ~ 180 Chemical Composition Requirements for Undiluted Weld Metal (%): C 0.4 Description: AFM E312-16 was originally designed to weld cast alloys of similar composition. such as nickel.00 P 0. high in nickel.Stainless Steel Electrodes AFM E312-16 AWS/SFA A5.15 Si 1.00 Cr 28. Recommended Amperage (DC+): Dia. All-Weld-Metal Tension Test Requirements: Tensile Strength Elongation psi MPa (%) 95. AFM E312-16 gives a two-phase weld deposit with substantial amounts of ferrite in an austenitic matrix.000 660 22 Standard Packaging: All sizes are packaged in 10 Lb containers. 4 containers per 40 Lb Master Carton.03 Mo 0.04 Ni 8. Applications should be limited to service temperature below 800°F (420°C) to avoid formation of secondary brittle phases. (mm) Length AMPS 3/32” 2.50 S 0. the microstructure remains two-phase and thus highly resistant to weld metal cracks and fissures.00 ~ 32.75 Mn 0. S M D S Go Back to Table of Contents 108 .2 mm 14” 70 ~ 110 5/32” 3/16” 4. They have been found to be valuable in welding dissimilar metals. unless otherwise noted. Even with considerable dilution by austenite-forming elements.00 ~ 10.0 mm 4.50 All values are considered maximum.

2 mm 14” 70 ~ 110 5/32” 3/16” 4.03 Mo 2.Stainless Steel Electrodes AFM E316-16 AWS/SFA A5. (inch) Dia. (mm) Length AMPS 3/32” 2.00 P 0.50 All values are considered maximum.00 ~ 14.50 ~ 2. The presence of molybdenum provides creep resistance at elevated temperatures.00 ~ 20.0 mm 4.00 S 0. Recommended Amperage (DC+): Dia. They have been used successfully in certain applications involving special base metals for high-temperature service. 4 containers per 40 Lb Master Carton.04 Ni 11.08 Si 1.4 Description: AFM E316-16 is used for welding Type 316 and similar alloys.000 520 30 Standard Packaging: All sizes are packaged in 10 Lb containers.00 Cu 0.75 Mn 0. S M D S Go Back to Table of Contents 109 . unless otherwise noted.8 mm 14” 14” 100 ~ 140 130 ~ 180 Chemical Composition Requirements for Undiluted Weld Metal (%): C 0. All-Weld-Metal Tension Test Requirements: Tensile Strength Elongation psi MPa (%) 75.4 mm 12” 50 ~ 80 1/8” 3.00 ~ 3.00 Cr 17.

4 containers per 40 Lb Master Carton.00 Cr 17.50 All values are considered maximum.2 mm 14” 70 ~ 110 5/32” 3/16” 4. It is the same as AFM E316-16 except that the allowable carbon content has been restricted to the higher portion of the E316 range. Recommended Amperage (DC+): Dia.08 Si 1.00 P 0.00 ~ 3.00 ~ 14.4 mm 12” 50 ~ 80 1/8” 3.04 ~ 0.00 ~ 20.04 to 0. Carbon content in the range of 0.75 Mn 0.50 ~ 2. (inch) Dia.000 520 30 Standard Packaging: All sizes are packaged in 10 Lb containers. All-Weld-Metal Tension Test Requirements: Tensile Strength Elongation psi MPa (%) 75.00 Cu 0. unless otherwise noted. (mm) Length AMPS 3/32” 2.0 mm 4.4 Description: AFM E316H-16 is used for welding 316H base metal. S M D S Go Back to Table of Contents 110 .Stainless Steel Electrodes AFM E316H-16 AWS/SFA A5.8 mm 14” 14” 100 ~ 140 130 ~ 180 Chemical Composition Requirements for Undiluted Weld Metal (%): C 0.00 S 0.04 Ni 11.08 provides higher tensile and creep strengths at elevated temperatures.03 Mo 2.

75 Mn 0.04 percent carbon limit in the weld metal gives adequate protection against intergranular corrosion in most cases. All-Weld-Metal Tension Test Requirements: Tensile Strength Elongation psi MPa (%) 70.50 ~ 2. is not as strong at elevated temperatures as Type 316H.03 Mo 2.04 Si 1.4 mm 12” 50 ~ 80 1/8” 3.00 P 0.2 mm 14” 70 ~ 110 5/32” 3/16” 4.00 Cr 17. (mm) Length AMPS 3/32” 2. AFM E316L-16.00 ~ 14. The 0. S M D S Go Back to Table of Contents 111 .4 Description: AFM E316L-16 has the same composition as AFM E316-16.04 Ni 11.00 Cu 0.00 ~ 20. molybdenum-bearing austenitic alloys.0 mm 4. Tests have shown that 0.50 All values are considered maximum.Stainless Steel Electrodes AFM E316L-16 AWS/SFA A5. AFM E316L-16 is used principally for welding low carbon. however.8 mm 14” 14” 100 ~ 140 130 ~ 180 Chemical Composition Requirements for Undiluted Weld Metal (%): C 0. (inch) Dia. unless otherwise noted.00 ~ 3.04 percent maximum carbon content of weld metal deposited by these electrodes reduces the possibility of intergranular carbide precipitation and thereby increases the resistance to intergranular corrosion without the use of stabilizers such as columbium (niobium) or titanium.000 490 30 Standard Packaging: All sizes are packaged in 10 Lb containers. Recommended Amperage (DC+): Dia. 4 containers per 40 Lb Master Carton.00 S 0. except for the restricted carbon content.

0 mm 4.4 Description: AFM E317L-16 is usually used for welding alloys of similar composition and are utilized in severely corrosive environments (such as those containing haolgens) where crevice and pitting corrosion are of concern. however.00 ~ 14. unless otherwise noted. is not as strong at elevated temperatures as the columbium (niobium)-stabilized alloys or the standard Type 317 weld metal with a higher carbon content.00 S 0.00 Cr 18.75 Mn 0.50 ~ 2. (mm) Length AMPS 3/32” 2.03 Mo 3.00 ~ 21. All-Weld-Metal Tension Test Requirements: Tensile Strength Elongation psi MPa (%) 75.04 Si 1.Stainless Steel Electrodes AFM E317L-16 AWS/SFA A5. Recommended Amperage (DC+): Dia. S M D S Go Back to Table of Contents 112 .4 mm 12” 50 ~ 80 1/8” 3.00 P 0.2 mm 14” 70 ~ 110 5/32” 3/16” 4.8 mm 14” 14” 100 ~ 140 130 ~ 180 Chemical Composition Requirements for Undiluted Weld Metal (%): C 0.000 520 30 Standard Packaging: All sizes are packaged in 10 Lb containers. The 0.00 Cu 0. (inch) Dia.50 All values are considered maximum.04 percent maximum carbon content of weld metal deposited by these electrodes reduces the possibility of intergranular carbide precipitation and thereby increases the resistance to intergranular corrosion without the use of stabilizers such as columbium (niobium) or titanium. AFM E317L-16. 4 containers per 40 Lb Master Carton.00 ~ 4.04 Ni 12.

00 S 0. for applications where resistance to severe corrosion is required for a wide range of chemicals including sulfuric and sulfurous acids and their salts. 4 containers per 40 Lb Master Carton. such as alloy 20. 1.00 ~ 4. All values are considered maximum.00 Mn 0.00 ~ 21.00 Max. Recommended Amperage (DC+): Dia.8 mm 14” 14” 100 ~ 140 130 ~ 180 Chemical Composition Requirements for Undiluted Weld Metal (%): C 0. All-Weld-Metal Tension Test Requirements: Tensile Strength Elongation psi MPa (%) 80.50 ~ 2.0 mm 4.60 Cr 19.00 ~ 36.00 ~ 3.00 Cu 3. They can be used to weld both castings and wrought alloys of similar composition without postweld heat treatment. (mm) Length AMPS 3/32” 2.000 550 30 Standard Packaging: All sizes are packaged in 10 Lb containers.03 Mo 2. (inch) Dia.04 Ni 32.50 Nb (Cb) + Ta 8 x C Min.07 Si 0.Stainless Steel Electrodes AFM E320-16 AWS/SFA A5.2 mm 14” 70 ~ 110 5/32” 3/16” 4.4 mm 12” 50 ~ 80 1/8” 3. unless otherwise noted.00 P 0.4 Description: AFM E320-16 is primarily used to weld base metals of similar composition. S M D S Go Back to Table of Contents 113 .

0 mm 4. Consequently. however.00 ~ 4. These changes reduce the weld metal fissuring (while maintaining the corrosion resistance) frequently encountered in fully austenitic stainless steel weld metals.50 Nb (Cb) + Ta 8 x C Min.015 Mo 2.2 mm 14” 70 ~ 110 5/32” 3/16” 4.4 Description: AFM E320LR-16 weld metal deposits have the same basic composition as that deposited by AFM E320-16.03 Si 0. (mm) Length AMPS 3/32” 2. and Cb (Nb) and Mn are controlled within narrower ranges.40 Max.50 ~ 2.020 Ni 32.4 mm 12” 50 ~ 80 1/8” 3. S M D S Go Back to Table of Contents 114 .00 Mn 1.00 Cu 3. unless otherwise noted. welding practices typically used to deposit ferrite-containing austenitic stainless steel weld metals can be used.00 P 0.30 Cr 19. Recommended Amperage (DC+): Dia. the elements of C.00 ~ 21.00 ~ 36. Si. 0.Stainless Steel Electrodes AFM E320LR-16 AWS/SFA A5.00 S 0.8 mm 14” 14” 100 ~ 140 130 ~ 180 Chemical Composition Requirements for Undiluted Weld Metal (%): C 0. P. AFM E320LR-16 has a lower minimum tensile strength than AFM E320-16. 4 containers per 40 Lb Master Carton. (inch) Dia.00 ~ 3. and S are specified at lower maximum levels.000 520 30 Standard Packaging: All sizes are packaged in 10 Lb containers. All-Weld-Metal Tension Test Requirements: Tensile Strength Elongation psi MPa (%) 75. All values are considered maximum.

5 Cr. (inch) Dia.2 mm 14” 70 ~ 110 5/32” 3/16” 4.03 Mo 0.00 ~ 17.Stainless Steel Electrodes AFM E330-16 AWS/SFA A5.8 mm 14” 14” 100 ~ 140 130 ~ 180 Chemical Composition Requirements for Undiluted Weld Metal (%): C 0. 4 containers per 40 Lb Master Carton. All-Weld-Metal Tension Test Requirements: Tensile Strength Elongation psi MPa (%) 75.75 Mn 1.00 ~ 2.00 S 0.50 All values are considered maximum.75 Cu 0. S M D S Go Back to Table of Contents 115 . (mm) Length AMPS 3/32” 2.000 520 30 Standard Packaging: All sizes are packaged in 10 Lb containers. unless otherwise noted.00 Cr 14. AFM E330-16 is commonly used where heat-and scale-resisting properties above 1800°F (980°C) are required.04 Ni 33. highsulfur environments may adversely effect performance at elevated temperature. Repairs of defects in alloy castings and the welding of castings and wrought alloys of alloy 330 are the most common applications.25 Si 1.00 ~ 37.00 P 0. 15.18 ~ 0.4 Description: The nominal composition of the weld metal is 35 Ni. However. Recommended Amperage (DC+): Dia.4 mm 12” 50 ~ 80 1/8” 3.0 mm 4.

08 Si 1.4 Description: The nominal composition of this weld metal is 19.000 520 30 Standard Packaging: All sizes are packaged in 10 Lb containers.00 P 0. 10 Ni with Cb (Nb) or Cb (Nb) plus Ta added as a stabilizer.50 ~ 2.8 mm 14” 14” 100 ~ 140 130 ~ 180 Chemical Composition Requirements for Undiluted Weld Metal (%): C 0.2 mm 14” 70 ~ 110 5/32” 3/16” 4.Stainless Steel Electrodes AFM E347-16 AWS/SFA A5.00 Cr 18.03 Mo 0. Either of these additions reduces the possibility of intergranular chromium carbide precipitation and thus increases resistance to intergranular corrosion.00 S 0. Recommended Amperage (DC+): Dia. It is commonly used where maximum resistance to corrosion is required.00 ~ 21.0 mm 4. AFM E347-16 is usually used for welding alloys 347 and 321. unless otherwise noted.5 Cr.50 All values are considered maximum.00 ~ 11. (mm) Length AMPS 3/32” 2.4 mm 12” 50 ~ 80 1/8” 3.04 Ni 9. (inch) Dia.75 Mn 0. S M D S Go Back to Table of Contents 116 .75 Cu 0. All-Weld-Metal Tension Test Requirements: Tensile Strength Elongation psi MPa (%) 75. 4 containers per 40 Lb Master Carton.

4 mm 12” 50 ~ 80 1/8” 3. unless otherwise noted.8 mm 14” 14” 100 ~ 140 130 ~ 180 Chemical Composition Requirements for Undiluted Weld Metal (%): C 0.00 ~ 26. It can also be used for joining Type 904L base metal to other grades of stainless.Stainless Steel Electrodes AFM E385-16 AWS/SFA A5.03 Si 0.20 ~ 5. (inch) Dia. (mm) Length AMPS 3/32” 2.03 Ni 24.20 Cu 1.00 S 0. S M D S Go Back to Table of Contents 117 . The elements C.50 ~ 21.00 Mn 1.2 mm 14” 70 ~ 110 5/32” 3/16” 4.00 ~ 2. Si. All-Weld-Metal Tension Test Requirements: Tensile Strength Elongation psi MPa (%) 75. 4 containers per 40 Lb Master Carton.50 All values are considered maximum.02 Mo 4. P and S are specified at lower maximum levels to minimize weld metal hot cracking and fissuring (while maintaining corrosion resistance) frequently encountered in fully austenitic weld metals.50 P 0. AFM E385-16 also may be used to join Type 317L material where improved corrosion resistance in specific media is needed. Recommended Amperage (DC+): Dia.4 Description: AFM E385-16 is used primarily for welding Type 904L materials for the handling of sulphuric acid and many chloride-containing media.0 mm 4.20 ~ 2.90 Cr 19.000 520 30 Standard Packaging: All sizes are packaged in 10 Lb containers.

4 containers per 40 Lb Master Carton.00 ~ 13. (inch) Dia. Recommended Amperage (DC+): Dia.4 mm 12” 50 ~ 75 1/8” 3. (mm) Length AMPS 3/32” 2.50 P 0. Standard Packaging: All sizes are packaged in 10 Lb containers. S M D S Go Back to Table of Contents 118 . 414. hold for one hour. 416 and 420 alloys. Preheat and postheat treatments are required to achieve welds adequate ductility for many engineering purposes.00 All values are considered maximum.75 Cu 0. It is also used for surfacing of carbon steels to resist corrosion. or abrasion.Stainless Steel Electrodes AFM E410-16 AWS/SFA A5.8 mm 14” 14” 115 ~ 160 150 ~ 210 Chemical Composition Requirements for Undiluted Weld Metal (%): C 0. All-Weld-Metal Tension Test Requirements: Tensile Strength Elongation psi MPa (%) 75.000 450 20 Heat Treatment: Heat to 1350 to 1400°F(730 to 760°C). but also 403. 405.2 mm 14” 80 ~ 115 5/32” 3/16” 4.04 Ni 0. unless otherwise noted.0 mm 4. AFM E410-16 is most commonly used to weld alloy 410.12 Si 0.03 Mo 0.90 Cr 11. furnace cool at a rate of 100°F(60°C) per hour to 600°F(315°C) and air cool to ambient.70 S 0.4 Description: This 12 Cr alloy is an air-hardening steel.75 Mn 1. erosion.

2 mm 14” 80 ~ 115 5/32” 3/16” 4. Final postweld heat treatment should not exceed 1150°F (620°C).90 Cr 11. Standard Packaging: All sizes are packaged in 10 Lb containers. 4 containers per 40 Lb Master Carton. as ferrite has a deleterious effect on mechanical properties of this alloy.00 ~ 5. unless otherwise noted. and air cool to ambient. and 405 base metals.8 mm 14” 14” 115 ~ 160 150 ~ 210 Chemical Composition Requirements for Undiluted Weld Metal (%): C 0.75 Mn 1.4 mm 12” 50 ~ 75 1/8” 3.00 ~ 12.06 Si 0.70 Cu 0. All-Weld-Metal Tension Test Requirements: Tensile Strength Elongation psi MPa (%) 110.00 S 0. Higher temperatures may result in rehardening due to untempered martensite in the microstructure after cooling to room temperature. 410S. hold for one hour.000 760 15 Heat Treatment: Heat to 1100 to 1150°F (595 to 620°C).Stainless Steel Electrodes AFM E410NiMo-16 AWS/SFA A5. (inch) Dia.50 P 0. S M D S Go Back to Table of Contents 119 . The objective is to eliminate ferrite in the microstructure.03 Mo 0. Weld metal deposited by AFM E410NiMo-16 is modified to contain less chromium and more nickel than weld metal deposits by AFM E410-16. Recommended Amperage (DC+): Dia.40 ~ 0.0 mm 4. (mm) Length AMPS 3/32” 2.04 Ni 4.00 All values are considered maximum. as well as light gage Type 410.4 Description: AFM E410NiMo-16 is used for welding ASTM CA6NM castings or similar materials.

50 N 0. It combines increased tensile strength with improved resistance to pitting corrosive attack and to stress corrosion cracking.0 mm 4.20 Mn 0.03 Mo 2.4 Description: AFM E2209-16 is used primarily to weld duplex stainless steels which contain approximately 22 percent of chromium (grade 2205).2 mm 14” 80 ~ 120 5/32” 3/16” 4. unless otherwise noted. S M D S Go Back to Table of Contents 120 .04 Si 1.50 ~ 3. Recommended Amperage (DC+): Dia. All-Weld-Metal Tension Test Requirements: Tensile Strength Elongation psi MPa (%) 100. (mm) Length AMPS 3/32” 2.50 ~ 10.50 ~ 2.50 P 0.000 690 20 Standard Packaging: All sizes are packaged in 10 Lb containers.00 Cr 21. (inch) Dia. Weld metal deposited by AFM E2209-16 has “duplex” microstructure consisting of an austenite-ferrite matrix.00 Cu 0.Stainless Steel Electrode AFM E2209-16 AWS/SFA A5.08 ~ 0.4 mm 12” 50 ~ 80 1/8” 3.50 S 0.8 mm 14” 14” 100 ~ 160 150 ~ 210 Chemical Composition Requirements for Undiluted Weld Metal (%): C 0.04 Ni 8. 4 containers per 40 Lb Master Carton.75 All values are considered maximum.50 ~ 23.

4 Description: AFM E2553-16 is primarily used to weld duplex stainless steels which contain approximately 25 percent of chromium.06 Si 1.10 ~ 0.2 mm 14” 80 ~ 115 5/32” 3/16” 4. Weld metal deposited by AFM E2553-16 has “duplex” microstructure consisting of an austenite-ferrite matrix.90 N 0.50 Cu 1.50 All-Weld-Metal Tension Test Requirements: Tensile Strength Elongation psi MPa (%) 100. (inch) Dia.50 ~ 8. Mn 0.00 ~ 27.000 760 15 Standard Packaging: All sizes are packaged in 10 Lb containers.50 S 0. Recommended Amperage (DC+): Dia.4 mm 12” 50 ~ 75 1/8” 3.0 mm 4.00 Cr 24. S M D S Go Back to Table of Contents 121 .50 ~ 1.Stainless Steel Electrodes AFM E2553-16 AWS/SFA A5. unless otherwise noted.000 P 0. 4 containers per 40 Lb Master Carton. It combines increased tensile strength with improved resistance to pitting corrosive attack and to stress corrosion cracking.04 Ni 6.50 ~ 2. (mm) Length AMPS 3/32” 2.25 All values are considered maximum.03 Mo 2.8 mm 14” 14” 115 ~ 160 150 ~ 210 Chemical Composition Requirements for Undiluted Weld Metal (%): C 0.90 ~ 3.

01 / 0.Stainless Steel Electrodes AFM E2594-16 AWS/SFA A5. 4 containers per 40 Lb Master Carton. N 0.000 695 31 50 27 J 28 ~ 30 * Meets NACE MRO 175w Standard Packaging: All sizes are packaged in 10 Lb containers. S M D S Go Back to Table of Contents 122 . Typical Chemical Composition (%): C 0.025 Fe Bal. The welding wire is overalloyed 2 .4 Description: Superduplex grade 2594 electrodes provide matching chemistry and mechanical property characteristics to wrought superduplex alloys such as 2507 and Zeron 100 as well as superduplex casting alloys (ASTM A890).00 S/P 0.250 Cr 25. unless otherwise noted.3 percent in Nickel to provide the optimum ferrite/austenite ratio in the finished weld.00 Mo 3.25 All values are considered maximum. Ni 9.000 900 101.02 Cu 0.50 Mn 1. Typical Mechanical Properties of Weld Metal: Tensile Strength Yield Strength Elongation 4 D Reduction of Area Impact @ 20 o C Hardness HRC* psi MPa psi MPa (%) (%) > 130.90 Si 1.50 PREN 40 Min. This structure results in high tensile/yield strength and superior resistance to SCC and pitting corrosion.